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    A Modified Bifurcated Periosteal Flap for Simultaneous Reconstruction of Upper and Lower Lateral Canthal Tendons.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Feb 22. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital, and Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Nagakute, Japan.
    A bifurcated periosteal flap is useful for simultaneous reconstruction of the upper and lower lateral canthal tendons. The original technique harvested the flap horizontally from the frontal process of the zygoma, which mostly resulted in an insufficient flap length because of the narrowness of the zygoma. Here, the authors report the use of a modified bifurcated periosteal flap, raised from the superolateral orbital rim. Read More

    Surgical treatment of a rare case of bilateral ptosis due to localized ocular amyloidosis.
    Saudi J Ophthalmol 2016 Jul-Sep;30(3):201-203. Epub 2016 Apr 21.
    Ophthalmology Unit, NESMOS Department St. Andrea Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, University of Rome "Sapienza", Via di Grottarossa 1035, Rome 00189, Italy.
    We describe a rare case of a 31-year old woman with bilateral ptosis due to localized amyloidosis. She referred a nine-year history of ptosis and surgical treatment with frontalis suspension three years previously. Following complete ophthalmological examination and evaluation of the ptosis we carried out tarsal and fornix biopsy, which revealed accumulation of a weakly eosinophilic amyloid positive substance. Read More

    Long-term outcome of allogeneic cultivated limbal epithelial transplantation for symblepharon caused by severe ocular burns.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 Jan 31;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 5 Yanerdao Road, 266071, Qingdao, China.
    Background: The therapeutic effects of allogeneic cultivated limbal epithelial transplantation (CLET) for symblephara at different degrees caused by ocular burns were evaluated in this study.

    Methods: A series of interventional cases were involved in this retrospective study. Eighty eyes (80 patients) with symblephara underwent CLET and the success rates of surgical treatment as well as corneal conditions and risk factors for recurrent symblepharon were analyzed. Read More

    Posterior Medial Canthal Thermoplasty.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jan 25. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    Royal Eye Infirmary, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, United Kingdom, PL6 8AJ.
    Purpose: To describe a new, simple, quick, and minimally invasive surgical technique for managing medial canthal tendon laxity.

    Methods: The technique works by creating a directed posterior lamellar scar. Sutures are preplaced in firm medial canthal tissue, and a triangular diathermy burn is made between this fixation point and the medial tarsal plate (sparing the canaliculus). Read More

    Congenital entropion and hypotropia secondary to duplication of the inferior rectus muscle.
    J AAPOS 2017 Feb 9;21(1):85-87. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
    Congenital anomalies of the extraocular muscles apart from congenital fibrosis are relatively rare. Duplication of extraocular muscles is a particularly rare congenital anomaly that has been rarely reported in the literature. We present a case of unilateral congenital entropion and hypotropia resulting from duplication of the inferior rectus muscle. Read More

    Success rate of nurse-led everting sutures for involutional lower lid entropion.
    Eye (Lond) 2017 Jan 13. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
    Bristol Eye Hospital, Bristol, UK.
    PurposeTo evaluate safety and long-term recurrence rate of entropion in patients having everting sutures (ES) for involutional entropion by ophthalmic nurses in a real clinical setting.Patients and methodsRetrospective notes review of all patients who had an outpatient ES by our trained ophthalmic nurses over 2 year's time period. Outcome measures were complication and recurrence rates. Read More

    A New Technique for Total Reconstruction of the Lower Lid.
    Ann Plast Surg 2017 Feb;78(2):171-177
    From the *Division of Plastic Surgery, Bodrum Acibadem Hospital, Muğla; and †Division of Plastic Surgery, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey.
    Background: Although several methods have been described for total lower eyelid reconstruction, it remains as a major challenge in reconstructive surgery. Here, we present a new technique, the Mutaf unequal Z-plasty procedure for reconstruction of defects of the lower eyelid.

    Methods: In this technique, 2 skin flaps designed in an unequal Z-plasty manner are used to provide skin coverage. Read More

    Identifying Patient Perceived Barriers to Trichiasis Surgery in Kongwa District, Tanzania.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jan 4;11(1):e0005211. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.
    Background: Trachomatous trichiasis (TT), inturned eyelashes from repeated infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, is the leading infectious cause of blindness in the world. Though surgery will correct entropion caused by trachoma, uptake of TT surgery remains low. In this case-control study, we identify barriers that prevent TT patients from receiving sight-saving surgery. Read More

    Use of Botulinum Neurotoxin in Ophthalmology.
    Turk J Ophthalmol 2016 Dec 1;46(6):282-290. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is the first biological toxin used in the treatment of ophthalmic diseases and to decrease skin wrinkles as an aesthetic agent. When used appropriately, it weakens the force of muscular contraction and/or inhibits glandular secretion. The most common areas for botulinum toxin treatment are the upper face, including the glabella, forehead, brows, and lateral canthal lines, or crow's feet. Read More

    Factors Associated with Surgical Outcomes in Congenital Ptosis: A 10-Year Study of 319 Cases.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2016 Dec 28. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To evaluate the 10-year results of surgery for congenital ptosis and identify factors associated with excellent outcomes and recurrence.
 DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series.
 METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 319 patients who underwent surgical correction at a tertiary medical center for congenital ptosis. Read More

    Lower Eyelid Complications in Facial Fracture Surgery.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Dec 23. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    *Stockholms Craniofacial Center, Department of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital †Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm ‡Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Background: Facial fractures may lead to sequelae due to the trauma but also as a result of surgery. Complications to lower eyelid incisions include ectropion, scleral show, entropion, canthal malposition, and lid edema. The aim of this study was to compare the occurrence of such complications depending on whether a subciliary or transconjunctival incision was used for surgical access. Read More

    Analysis of Extended Transconjunctival Approach With Lateral Paracanthal Incision: A Study Among Classical Methods of Orbital Approach and New Method.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):2050-2054
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
    Although the subcilliary or conventional transconjunctival approach has been widely used, it often fails to get acceptable visual fields or scars. This study directly compared the extended transconjunctival approach accompanied by lateral paracanthal incision with other traditional approaches in terms of surgical fields, the outcomes and complications. This retrospective chart review included 113 patients (82 males and 31 females; mean age: 38. Read More

    DEBS - a unification theory for dry eye and blepharitis.
    Clin Ophthalmol 2016 9;10:2455-2467. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Nassau University Medical Center, Hofstra University School of Medicine, East Meadow, NY, USA.
    For many years, blepharitis and dry eye disease have been thought to be two distinct diseases, and evaporative dry eye distinct from aqueous insufficiency. In this treatise, we propose a new way of looking at dry eye, both evaporative and insufficiency, as the natural sequelae of decades of chronic blepharitis. Dry eye is simply the late form and late manifestation of one disease, blepharitis. Read More

    Histopathological changes in involutional lower eyelid entropion: the tarsus is thickened!
    Can J Ophthalmol 2016 Dec 4;51(6):482-486. Epub 2016 Oct 4.
    University Eye Clinic, University Hospital "Sveti Duh" Zagreb, School of Medicine Osijek, University J.J. Strossmayer Osijek, Osijek, Croatia.
    Objective: Evaluation of histopathological changes in lower eyelid involutional entropion.

    Design: Case-control, comparative study at a single institution.

    Participants: A total of 20 consecutive patients with previously untreated involutional lower eyelid entropion and 20 matching patients with lateral lower eyelid basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Read More

    Periorbital Scar Correction.
    Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2017 Feb;25(1):25-36
    Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA; Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address:
    Periorbital scarring with eyelid retraction can have serious visual effects and can lead to loss of vision or even loss of the eye. Understanding of eyelid anatomy and the delicate balance of its structural supports is critical for the identification of the eyelid disorder responsible for the cicatrix and helps to guide treatment. The 2-finger test and lateral distraction of the lid can also be of significant help in proper diagnosis of the underlying disorder. Read More

    Long-Term Results for Entropion Repair by Tarsal Margin Rotation With Posterior Lamella Superadvancement.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Nov 15. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
    *Department of Ophthalmology, California Pacific Medical Center; and †Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
    Purpose: To report the long-term stability of tarsal margin rotation and posterior lamellar superadvancement (TMR PLS) for the repair of upper eyelid cicatricial entropion.

    Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed from January 2000 through December 2014 to identify all patients who had TMR PLS at the authors' institution. Charts were reviewed for demographic information, recurrence of entropion or trichiasis, and surgical complications. Read More

    Epidemiology of ocular disorders presumed to be inherited in three large Italian dog breeds in Italy.
    Vet Ophthalmol 2016 Nov 11. Epub 2016 Nov 11.
    Ophthalmology, Centro Veterinario Torinese, Lungo Dora Pietro Colletta 147, Torino, 10153, Italy.
    Objective: To describe the epidemiology and the types of eye disorders that are presumed to be inherited (PIED) in three large Italian dog breeds.

    Animals: Three large Italian dog breeds: Neapolitan Mastiff (FCI code: 197), Maremma Sheepdog (FCI code: 201), and Italian Corso dog (FCI code: 343).

    Procedures: All dogs that underwent a complete ophthalmic examination between 1992 and 2012 were included in this prospective observational study. Read More

    Modified lateral tarsal strip for involutional entropion and ectropion surgery.
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017 Mar 5;255(3):619-625. Epub 2016 Nov 5.
    Ophthalmology Service, Hospital Cruz Roja, Madrid, Spain.
    Purpose: Our purpose was to assess our outcomes in involutional lower eyelid ectropion and entropion surgery after horizontal eyelid tightening by a modified tarsal strip technique.

    Methods: A prospective study of 88 eyelids with ectropion and 96 with entropion was performed. Patients were randomly distributed into two groups: the control group included 90 eyelids (46 entropion and 44 ectropion) and the other group of 94 eyelids (50 entropion and 44 ectropion). Read More

    Marginal Entropion: A Frequently Overlooked Eyelid Malposition.
    Turk J Ophthalmol 2015 Oct 5;45(5):203-207. Epub 2015 Oct 5.
    Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, İzmir, Turkey.
    Objectives: To evaluate the clinical findings and outcomes of surgical treatment in patients with marginal entropion.

    Materials And Methods: Patients with impairment of the natural square-shaped eyelid margin morphology, anterior migration of mucocutaneous junction and mild lid inversion toward the ocular surface were diagnosed as having marginal entropion. Patients with shortened fornices, cicatricial changes or subconjunctival fibrosis were excluded. Read More

    [Immunological evaluation during treatment of a case of borderline lepromatous leprosy].
    Rev Alerg Mex 2016 Oct-Dec;63(4):413-419
    Hospital San Angel Inn Chapultepec. Ciudad de México, México.
    Background: Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous infection that affects skin and peripheral nerves. Its prevalence has declined, but is still observed mainly in poor rural areas.

    Case Report: A male city dweller with photophobia and chronic dermatosis in the face: nodular and erythematous lesions, pustules, keratitis and entropion, partial eyebrows loss, and edema on eyelids, chin, and nose bridge. Read More

    Involvement of inward upper eyelid push on the lower eyelid during eyelid closure in development of involutional lower eyelid entropion.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2016 Nov 16;26(6):520-522. Epub 2016 Mar 16.
    Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital & Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Aichi - Japan.
    Purpose: To examine whether an inward upper eyelid push on the lower eyelid margin during eyelid closure is involved in involutional lower eyelid entropion.

    Methods: This prospective observational study included 34 sides from 27 patients with involutional lower eyelid entropion. The positional relationship between the upper and the affected lower eyelid margins during eyelid closure were examined before and after posterior layer advancement of the lower eyelid retractors. Read More

    The prevalence of glaucoma in patients undergoing surgery for eyelid entropion or ectropion.
    Clin Interv Aging 2016 12;11:1429-1432. Epub 2016 Oct 12.
    Division of Orbital and Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Purpose And Design: The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of known glaucoma in patients undergoing ectropion or entropion surgical repair. In this study, retrospective review of case series was performed.

    Participants: All patients who underwent ectropion or entropion surgery in a tertiary medical center between 2007 and 2014 were included. Read More

    [Effects of epicanthoplasty on trichiasis of the lower eyelids with epicanthus].
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2016 Sep;96(36):2906-2908
    Plastic and Cosmetic Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.
    Objective: To investigate the effects of epicanthoplasty on the trichiasis caused by the entropion of lower eyelid with epicanthus. Methods: Epicanthoplasty was used to correct the trichiasis of lower eyelid with epicanthus from February 2010 to October 2015. Total of 72 patients were enrolled in this study, among whom 42 were male and 30 were female, and aged 8 to 58 years. Read More

    Maximal levator resection in unilateral congenital ptosis with poor levator function.
    Br J Ophthalmol 2016 Sep 6. Epub 2016 Sep 6.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA.
    Background/aims: Surgical treatments for the correction of congenital ptosis with poor levator function, including frontalis suspension or maximal levator resection, remain controversial. We evaluated the postoperative surgical and cosmetic outcomes after maximal levator resection for unilateral congenital ptosis with poor levator function.

    Methods: A retrospective, interventional case series was performed. Read More

    Transconjunctival Approach for Zygomatic Fracture: A Single Surgeon's Experience of More Than 20 Years.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2016 Jun 21;4(6):e757. Epub 2016 Jun 21.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Saga University Hospital, Saga, Japan.
    Background: To let experts evaluate a single surgeon's experience with a combined transconjunctival and intraoral upper vestibular approach in the repair of zygomatic fractures encountered in 46 East Asian patients whom he treated over the past 20 years.

    Methods: Patients were identified from a database, and a retrospective case note review was conducted. A total of 67 conjunctival and secondary incisions were made on 46 patients for repair of zygomatic fractures. Read More

    Posterior layer advancement of lower eyelid retractors with transcanthal canthopexy for involutional lower eyelid entropion.
    Eye (Lond) 2016 Nov 15;30(11):1469-1474. Epub 2016 Jul 15.
    Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital & Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Nagakute, Japan.
    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to examine the surgical outcome of posterior layer advancement of the lower eyelid retractors (LER) with transcanthal canthopexy for involutional lower eyelid entropion.Patients and methodsFifty-one eyelids of 41 patients with involutional entropion and vertical and horizontal laxities that underwent posterior layer advancement of the LER with transcanthal canthopexy were retrospectively reviewed. As a control, we also reviewed previously reported data from 47 entropic eyelids of 37 patients with vertical and horizontal laxities that were successfully corrected using LER advancement and a lateral tarsal strip procedure. Read More

    Modified Hughes procedure for reconstruction of large full-thickness lower eyelid defects following tumor resection.
    Eur J Med Res 2016 Jun 30;21(1):27. Epub 2016 Jun 30.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Background: Tarsoconjunctival flap advancement, or the Hughes procedure, is among the techniques of choice for reconstructing full-thickness lower eyelid defects so as to restore normal anatomy and function with the best possible cosmetic outcome. The purpose of this study is to report the outcome of a series of patients treated with a modified Hughes procedure following malignant tumor removal.

    Methods: This retrospective study included 45 consecutive cases of modified Hughes procedures performed between January 2013 and October 2015. Read More

    Correction of involutional entropion with retractor redirection.
    Orbit 2016 Aug 20;35(4):207-11. Epub 2016 Jun 20.
    a Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital , Chang Gung University, College of Medicine , Taoyuan , Taiwan.
    The study aims to report the surgical outcome of a retractor redirection procedure for involutional entropion repair for Asians. The study included all cases diagnosed with involutional entropion and significant ocular irritation who presented from 2008 to 2012. Sixty-seven eyelids in 54 patients were included in this study. Read More

    Surgical Outcomes of Deep Superior Sulcus Augmentation Using Acellular Human Dermal Matrix in Anophthalmic or Phthisis Socket.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jul;27(5):1120-4
    *Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, Daejeon †College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul ‡Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, Bucheon §Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
    Patients with anophthalmic or phthisis socket suffer from cosmetic problems. To resolve those problems, the authors present the surgical outcomes of deep superior sulcus (DSS) augmentation using acellular dermal matrix in patients with anophthalmic or phthisis socket. The authors retrospectively reviewed anophthalmic or phthisis patients who underwent surgery for DSS augmentation using acellular dermal matrix. Read More

    Lower Eyelid Malposition Following Orbital Fracture Surgery: A Retrospective Analysis Based on 198 Surgeries.
    Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2016 Jun 3;9(2):109-12. Epub 2015 Nov 3.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    The aim of this study is to analyze the development of lower eyelid malposition following reconstruction of orbital fractures, in relation to the incisions used for access. A total of 198 surgical orbital floor reconstructions were performed in 175 patients between 2001 and 2011. Preoperative and postoperative presence of lower eyelid malposition of patients was reported. Read More

    Lower Lid Malposition: Causes and Correction.
    Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2016 May;24(2):163-71
    Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 6420 Rockledge Drive, Suite 4920, Bethesda, MD 20817, USA. Electronic address:
    Lower lid malposition is a common yet demanding problem that both functional and cosmetic eyelid surgeons will face. It encompasses a spectrum of lower eyelid conditions ranging from lower lid retraction to frank ectropion and entropion. The causes of lower lid malposition are numerous, and the problem can be challenging to correct even for experienced surgeons. Read More

    Modified tarsotomy for the treatment of severe cicatricial entropion.
    Eye (Lond) 2016 Jul 22;30(7):992-7. Epub 2016 Apr 22.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
    PurposeTo analyze the efficacy of modified tarsotomy for the management of severe cicatricial entropion.MethodsTwenty-seven eyelids of 18 patients who underwent modified tarsotomy between March 2011 and July 2013 were retrospectively assessed. The data collected included patient demographics, etiology of cicatricial entropion, and surgical history. Read More

    [Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid - a Retrospective Study].
    Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2016 Feb;72(1):283-92
    Introduction: Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP) is rare, severe, sight threatening autoimmune disease of the conjunctiva, which affects elderly patients, more often women.

    Aim: To evaluate the success rate of stabilisation of ocular findings in patients with OCP.

    Methods: Retrospective study of patients from Centre of Conjunctival and Corneal Diseases at Department of Ophthalmology, General University Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University in Prague in 1992-2013 was performed. Read More

    Tarsoaponeurectomy as an alternative in difficult blepharoptosis cases.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2016 Mar 31;16:34. Epub 2016 Mar 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Etfal Street 34280, Sisli, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of tarsoaponeurectomy in patients with unsuccessful results after repetitive surgery or who developed post-traumatic blepharoptosis.

    Methods: The files of 107 patients (136 eyes) on whom surgery was performed between January 2010 and December 2014 due to blepharoptosis were scanned retrospectively. Among these patients, the files and operational notes of eight patients who underwent surgery through the method of tarsoaponeurectomy were examined in detail. Read More

    Lateral tarsotomy: a practical alternative to lateral canthotomy to increase orbital access.
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2016 Jul 16;122(1):e1-4. Epub 2016 Feb 16.
    Assistant Professor, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
    Objective: Transconjunctival approach to the lower one-third of the orbit is commonly used to avoid transcutaneous incisions when surgical access is needed. A lateral canthotomy is used in conjunction with this approach if increased lateral exposure is required. A major disadvantage to lateral canthotomy is difficulty in resuspension of the lateral canthal tendon, which can lead to unaesthetic outcomes. Read More

    A Simple New Technique for Treatment of Tarsal Kink Syndrome.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Mar 4. Epub 2016 Mar 4.
    *Royal Eye Infirmary, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, United Kingdom; and †Ophthalmology Department, University General Hospital of Alexandroupoli, Alexandroupoli, Greece.
    Congenital tarsal kink syndrome is a rare type of upper eyelid entropion associated with keratitis due to trichiasis. The authors describe a new technique for treatment of congenital horizontal tarsal kink syndrome by means of absorbable everting sutures via a posterior approach. A neonate was referred to eye clinic with right eye redness and corneal opacity since birth. Read More

    Manual Provocation Test for Intermittent Involutional Entropion.
    Cornea 2016 Apr;35(4):510-2
    Department of Ophthalmology, Lions Eye Institute, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY.
    Purpose: To describe the manual provocation test (MPT), a novel test for intermittent involutional entropion of the lower eyelid.

    Methods: Retrospective review of patients with intermittent entropion who presented with ocular irritation and documented inward eyelid rotation by them or their referring physicians, but who had no apparent entropion at the time of initial consultation. Results of the MPT were recorded for this group, and then evaluated prospectively in an age-matched comparison group of patients presenting for blepharoplasty who had no history of entropion. Read More

    Anterior lamellar recession, blepharoplasty, and supratarsal fixation for cicatricial upper eyelid entropion without lagophthalmos.
    Eye (Lond) 2016 Apr 12;30(4):627-31. Epub 2016 Feb 12.
    Eye Research Center, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Purpose: To assess the results of anterior lamellar recession, blepharoplasty, and supratarsal fixation procedure in patients with upper eyelid cicatricial entropion without lagophthalmos.

    Methods: In a prospective interventional case series, 52 eyelids (32 patients) were included (April 2009-December 2010). Excluded were patients with previous eyelid surgeries, lagophthalmos, and <12 months of follow-up. Read More

    One-Stage Alternatives to the Hughes Procedure for Reconstruction of Large Lower Eyelid Defects: Surgical Techniques and Outcomes.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Mar-Apr;32(2):145-9
    *University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, United Kingdom; †Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom; ‡Drummoyne Day Surgery Centre, Sydney, Australia; and §Sydney Eye Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
    Purpose: To present the results of 1-stage surgical advancement flaps for the repair of large full thickness lower eyelid defects. These avoid the disadvantages of the 2-stage Hughes procedure and provide favorable functional and aesthetic outcomes.

    Methods: A retrospective case series of 36 lower eyelid repairs performed on 31 patients by a single surgeon in Sydney, Australia is presented. Read More

    Senile lower lid entropion successfully treated with botulinum toxin A.
    J Cosmet Dermatol 2016 Jun 18;15(2):158-61. Epub 2016 Jan 18.
    Dermaplast Medical Center, Bologna, Italy.
    Background: Spasmodic senile entropion (SE) is characterized by the inward turning of the eyelid. SE typically occurs spontaneously, but sometimes after ocular surgery. As of today, it is still lacking a gold standard technique. Read More

    Shared buccal mucosal graft for simultaneous repair of severe upper and lower eyelid cicatricial entropion.
    Orbit 2016 28;35(1):24-8. Epub 2015 Dec 28.
    b Oculoplastic & Orbital Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology , UT Southwestern Medical Center , Dallas , Texas , USA.
    Purpose: Cicatricial entropion is typically an acquired condition that can affect the upper and lower eyelids. The purpose of this prospective study is to examine the effect of shared buccal mucosal grafts for simultaneous repair of severe upper and lower eyelid cicatricial entropion on eyelid position.

    Methods: Patients at the University of Texas-Southwestern Medical Center Aston Ophthalmology clinic were identified who were diagnosed with cicatricial entropion. Read More

    Comparison of Surgical Outcome Between Quickert Suture and Quickert Suture With Modified Lateral Tarsal Strip in Involutional Lower Eyelid Entropion.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jan;27(1):198-200
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myung-Gok Eye Research Institute, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul †Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Bucheon, South Korea.
    Purpose: To evaluate the surgical outcome between Quickert suture and Quickert suture with modified lateral tarsal strip in involutional lower eyelid entropion.

    Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 76 patients (94 eyes) who had undergone Quickert suture (Group 1) and on 38 patients (44 eyes) who had undergone Quickert suture with modified lateral tarsal strip (Group 2) for correction of involutional lower eyelid entropion from January 2011 to December 2013.

    Results: In Group 1, recurrence rate is 25. Read More

    The Versatile Lid Crease Approach to Upper Eyelid Margin Rotation.
    Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2015 Oct-Dec;22(4):407-9
    Oculoplastic Division, King Khaled Eye Specialists Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; Department of Ophthalmology, Healthcare complex Palencia, Palencia, Spain.
    Lid margin rotational procedures have been used to correct cicatricial trachomatous entropion since the 19(th) century. There are two basic types of surgeries used for lid margin rotation. The first type is based on through-and-through approach combining tarsotomy and the use of sutures on the anterior lamella. Read More

    Adjuvant Role of Amniotic Membrane Transplantation in Acute Ocular Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: A Randomized Control Trial.
    Ophthalmology 2016 Mar 11;123(3):484-91. Epub 2015 Dec 11.
    Vision Eye Institute, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, North West Academic Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Purpose: To evaluate the adjuvant role of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in cases of acute ocular Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS).

    Design: Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial.

    Participants: Twenty-five patients (50 eyes) with acute ocular SJS who presented within 4 weeks of onset of symptoms were recruited. Read More

    Upper lid crease approach for margin rotation in trachomatous cicatricial entropion without external sutures.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2015 Nov-Dec;78(6):367-70
    King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Purpose: To describe the use of a lid crease incision for upper eyelid margin rotation in cicatricial entropion combining internal traction on the anterior lamella, tarsotomy, and tarsal overlap without external sutures.

    Methods: Surgical description: The main steps of the procedure consisted of exposure of the entire tarsal plate up to the eyelashes followed by tarsotomy through the conjunctiva. A double-armed 6. Read More

    Clinical presentation of a patient with cutis laxa with systemic involvement: a case report.
    Rom J Morphol Embryol 2015 ;56(3):1205-10
    Department of Oncology, "St. Apostle Andrew" Clinical Emergency Hospital, "Ovidius" University, Constanta, Romania;
    Cutis laxa (CL) or elastolysis is a rare inherited or acquired connective tissue disorder in which the skin becomes inelastic and hangs loosely in folds (Mitra et al., 2013). The clinical presentation and the type of inheritance show considerable heterogeneity (Shehzad et al. Read More

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