1,457 results match your criteria Entropion


The better surgical timing and approach for orbital fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Transl Med 2022 May;10(10):564

Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jiamusi University, Jiamusi, China.

Background: A large number of empirical studies on the surgical timing and approach of orbital fracture have been published, but which surgical timing and approach is better is still a dispute. We use a systematic review and meta-analysis to solve this problem.

Methods: We performed a systematic search in the databases of PubMed, Cochrane Clinical Trials Database, Embase, and Web of Science for relevant literature. Read More

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The Effect of Lower Eyelid Malposition Repair on Palpebral Fissure Size Changes.

Beyoglu Eye J 2022 27;7(2):109-114. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Sciences, Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of changes in the horizontal and vertical palpebral fissure dimensions on surgical success performed due to entropion and ectropion of the lower eyelid.

Methods: The present research was conducted as a retrospective and interventional case series who had undergone involutional lower eyelid malposition repair with a lateral tarsal strip (LTS) alone, LTS with a medial spindle, and LTS with the advancement of the lower eyelid retractors. The subjects' medical records, including demographic and clinic characteristics, pre-operative assessment of horizontal eyelid laxity, and surgical outcomes, were reviewed. Read More

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Clostridial panophthalmitis - An unusual case of localised malignant oedema in Merino lambs associated with Clostridium chauvoei.

Aust Vet J 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Young Rural Lands Protection Board, Young, New South Wales, Australia.

The authors report an unusual case of Clostridium chauvoei causing severe panophthalmitis in Merino lambs. More than half of the lambs affected survived, which is unusual for clostridial disease; however, there have been reports in humans that the mortality risk for ocular gas gangrene is lower than when other body parts are affected. A combination of factors in this case included environmental contamination (specific to a particular paddock), genetics predisposing to entropion (lambs born of maiden 2-year-old ewes with some inbreeding), the practice of manually everting eyelids for the entropion and vaccination strategies. Read More

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Using A Modified Quickert Procedure Combined with Prolapsed Fat and Preseptal Orbicularis Muscle Removal to Correct Involutional Lower Eyelid Entropion in Asians.

Biomed J 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan.

Purpose: To propose a modified Quickert procedure combined with prolapsed fat and preseptal orbicularis muscle removal which corrects involutional lower eyelid entropion, and to validate the procedure as an adequate surgical management according to anatomical deformities and pathogenesis of Asian patients.

Patients And Methods: Ninety-five patients (45 men, 50 women; 108 eyelids [55 right eyes, 53 left eyes]) who underwent this modified surgical procedure with a minimum follow-up period of 2 months were examined. All pre- and post-operative evaluations and surgical procedure were performed exclusively from the same oculoplastic surgeon. Read More

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Outcomes of Lateral Tarsal Strip in Conjunction with a Minimal Skin Muscle Excision Underlying Cauterization in Korean Patients with Involutional Entropion.

Front Surg 2022 12;9:870751. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, Guro Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

We reviewed the medical records of 53 involutional entropion patients, who underwent lateral tarsal strip (LTS) with a minimal skin muscle excision by cauterization from March 2014 to December 2017, to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of LTS in conjunction with a minimal skin muscle excision using cautery in patients with involutional entropion. We evaluated the success rate, complications, recurrence rate, and degree of satisfaction of our technique. Of 53 patients, there were 5 bilateral cases for a total of 58 eyelids. Read More

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Corneal Complications Secondary to Involutional Entropion at Presentation.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Orbital, Plastic and Lacrimal Unit, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose: To determine the frequency and significance of corneal complications at presentation of involutional entropion in an Australian population. Patient demographics and duration of symptoms were collated to assess how these factors related to presentations.

Methods: Case records were retrospectively interrogated at an Oculoplastic Ophthalmology practice over a 15-year period to identify patients with lower eyelid involutional entropion. Read More

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Prevalence and characteristics of ocular diseases in Sphynx cats: A retrospective assessment (2012-2021) and comparison with non-Sphynx cats.

Vet Ophthalmol 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Purpose: To describe the prevalence of ocular diseases in Sphynx cats, and compare disease characteristics with other feline breeds.

Methods: Medical records of Sphynx cats presented to an ophthalmology referral center between 1/2012 and 4/2021 were examined. Cats of other breeds examined during the same period served as controls. Read More

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Evaluation of the postoperative course of East Asian eyelid reconstruction with free tarsoconjunctival graft transplantation: A Japanese single-centre retrospective study.

JPRAS Open 2022 Sep 28;33:6-16. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Division of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, 1-757 Asahimachidori, Chuo-ku, Niigata-shi, Niigata 951-8510, Japan.

Although eyelid reconstruction by transplanting an autologous free tarsoconjunctival graft (FTG) is a well-established technique, few studies have examined the postoperative course of FTG transplantation for East Asian eyelids, including those of Japanese patients. Therefore, this study investigated complication and reoperation rates after FTG transplantation in the reconstruction of East Asian (Japanese) eyelids. This study included 42 eyelids wherein posterior lobe reconstruction after resection of a malignant tumour of the eyelid was performed by FTG transplantation between 2007 and 2019 at Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital. Read More

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September 2022

Navigational Transmaxillary Endoscopic Approach for Inferomedial Tumors.

Front Oncol 2022 27;12:804070. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Orbital tumors encompass a heterogeneous range of histopathology and usually variable in location. Traditionally, transconjunctival medial orbitotomy is used to access the medial orbital wall. However, it creates potential risk of soft tissue sequelae such as scarring, lid contracture, or entropion/ectropion. Read More

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Ophthalmic involvement in PHACES syndrome: prevalence, spectrum of anomalies, and outcomes.

J AAPOS 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada; Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: To highlight prevalence, spectrum of anomalies, and outcome of ophthalmic involvement in PHACES syndrome (posterior fossa malformations, infantile hemangiomas, arterial, cardiac, eye, and sternal anomalies).

Methods: A retrospective, noncomparative, single-institution observational case series of children with PHACES was conducted from 2000 to 2019. Data on ocular presentations, interventions and visual outcomes were collected. Read More

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Single-Staged Surgical Correction of Eyelid Sequelae Along With Lid Margin Mucous Membrane Grafting in Steven-Johnson Syndrome and Other Cicatricial Ocular Surface Diseases.

Cornea 2022 Apr 21. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Cornea and Anterior Segment Services, Dr Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to study the outcome of single-staged entropion surgery along with lid margin mucous membrane grafting for cicatrizing ocular surface disease.

Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of patients who underwent single-staged surgical correction of cicatricial entropion along with lid margin mucous membrane grafting for lid margin keratinization.

Results: Twenty-six eyes of 19 patients were studied. Read More

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Comment on: Recurrent upper eyelid trachomatous entropion repair: long-term efficacy of a five-step approach.

Eye (Lond) 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.

Institut d'Ophtalmologie Tropicale d'Afrique, University of the Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.

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Upper Eyelid Reconstruction Surgeries; Comparison Of Outcomes Between Reverse Tenzel Flap Versus Cutler Beard Flap Procedure.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2022 Jan-Mar;34(1):36-40

Department of Ophthalmology, Layton Rahmatullah Benevolent Trust, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: Objective of this study was to compare Reverse Tenzel flap and Cutler Beard flap for upper eyelid defects.

Methods: This interventional study was carried out at occuloplasty department of LRBT (Layton Rahamatullah Benevoloent Trust), Karachi. Patients diagnosed with upper eye lid defect between 50 and 75 years were included after ethical approval from institutional ethical review committee and briefing patients about study dynamics. Read More

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Quantitative analysis of morphological and functional alterations of the meibomian glands in eyes with marginal entropion.

PLoS One 2022 14;17(4):e0267118. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To quantitatively analyze morphological and functional alterations of the meibomian glands in eyes with marginal entropion and their changes after surgery.

Methods: Sixty eyes of 52 patients with marginal entropion and underwent meibography and interferometer were included. One-hundred and seventeen age- and sex-matched eyes with minimal to mild meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) were recruited as control eyes. Read More

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Bidirectional tightening of the anterior lamella for involutional lower eyelid entropion.

Can J Ophthalmol 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Involutional entropion of the lower eyelid is commonly encountered in the elderly population. An ideal surgical method is supposed to address the underlying horizontal and vertical lower lid laxity simultaneously. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of bidirectional tightening of the anterior lamella to correct involutional lower lid entropion. Read More

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Epidemiology and clinical presentation of feline presumed hereditary or breed-related ocular diseases in France: retrospective study of 129 cats.

J Feline Med Surg 2022 Mar 8:1098612X221080598. Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, CHUV-AC, Ophthalmology Unit, Maisons-Alfort F-94700, France.

Objectives: This study aimed to describe the epidemiology and clinical presentation of presumed hereditary or presumed breed-related ocular diseases in a population of cats in France.

Methods: Medical records from between September 2013 and August 2017 were reviewed to identify cats with at least one presumed hereditary or breed-related ocular disease. Cats with concurrent, or a history of, ocular or systemic infectious diseases were excluded. Read More

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8-0 polyglactin 910 suture in entropion repair: long term follow up and rates of recurrence.

Eye (Lond) 2022 Mar 5. Epub 2022 Mar 5.

Portsmouth Hospitals University NHS Trust, Portsmouth, PO6 3LY, UK.

Objectives: The choice of suture is an important consideration in entropion repair, with implications on wound strength, inflammation and scar formation. There is no consensus on the best suture material or gauge of suture at present. We aim to assess the long-term outcome of entropion repair using 8-0 polyglactin sutures, with specific focus on rates of recurrence, wound dehiscence, infection and scarring. Read More

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Drug induced cicatrizing conjunctivitis: A case series with review of etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and management.

Ocul Surf 2022 04 2;24:83-92. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Centre for Ocular Regeneration, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India; The Cornea Institute, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Electronic address:

Drug induced cicatrizing conjunctivitis (DICC) is defined as a disease in which conjunctival cicatrization develops as a response to the chronic use of inciting topical and, rarely, systemic medications. DICC accounts for up to one third of cases of pseudopemphigoid, a large group of cicatrizing conjunctival diseases sharing similar clinical features to those of mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) but generally without the morbidity of progressive scarring or the need for systemic immunosuppression. The preservatives in topical anti-glaucoma medications (AGM) are the most frequently implicated inciting causes of DICC although topical antivirals, vasoconstrictors and mydriatics and some systemic drugs have been implicated. Read More

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A novel interlamellar oral mucosa graft surgery technique using fibrin glue for the treatment of trichiasis.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 Feb 14. Epub 2022 Feb 14.

Ophthalmology Department, Complexo Hospitalar Ouro Verde "Prefeito Edivaldo Orsi", Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients with trichiasis treated with a modified interlamellar oral mucosa graft surgery technique using fibrin glue.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted at the Oculoplastic Department of Ouro Verde Hospital Complex. Patients with recurrent trichiasis without entropion who did not respond to conventional therapy, underwent intermarginal lamellar splitting of the eyelid and oral mucous graft insertion with fibrin glue replacing sutures. Read More

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February 2022

Neonatal corneal ulcer secondary to congenital entropion.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Mar 29;25:101371. Epub 2022 Jan 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose: To describe a case of central corneal ulceration in a newborn secondary to congenital entropion.

Observations: Corneal ulcers during infancy are rare and may occur secondary to congenital structural anomalies, including congenital entropion. Correct anatomic eyelid position in newborns is challenging to determine with closed eyelids, and eyelid squeezing during crying and discomfort adds to this challenge. Read More

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Mantle cell lymphoma presenting as bilateral upper eyelid entropion.

Orbit 2022 Feb 2. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Department of Eye Pathology, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK.

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February 2022

Lower lid entropion in dogs: A modified technique of the combined Hotz-Celsus and wedge resection procedure.

Vet Rec 2022 Jun 29;190(11):e1383. Epub 2022 Jan 29.

Eye Veterinary Clinic, Leominster, UK.

Background: This study aimed to describe a modification of the combined Hotz-Celsus and wedge resection technique for the treatment of lower lid entropion in dogs and evaluate its success rate.

Methods: To reduce tissue trauma, facilitate tissue handling and shorten the surgical time, shortening of the eyelid was performed by excising a rectangular piece of the eyelid margin only, in the central section, extending to but not below the first Hotz-Celsus incision. The eyelid margin surgical wound was then sutured before excision of the Hotz-Celsus crescent which had been surgically scored at the start of surgery. Read More

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Modified procedure of anterior orbital exenteration enables eye socket reconstruction: A retrospective cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jan;101(4):e28698

Department of Ophthalmology, Fudan Eye & ENT Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Abstract: The conventional procedure of anterior orbital exenteration is unfavorable for eye socket reconstruction, whereas a modified procedure enables socket reconstruction and prosthesis fitting. Our study aims to compare the cosmetic outcomes between these 2 surgical techniques.We retrospectively recruited patients treated with modified or conventional exenteration during January 2015 to May 2021 in our hospital. Read More

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January 2022

Congenital Tarsal Kink Syndrome: Literature Review and Case Report.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jan 1;9(1). Epub 2022 Jan 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 050474 Bucharest, Romania.

Background: The congenital tarsal kink syndrome is a rare form of congenital upper eyelid entropion associated with cardiovascular, musculoskeletal or central nervous system disorders. This syndrome must be recognized and surgically treated as a perinatal emergency to avoid associated complications-corneal ulcer, corneal leucoma, secondary amblyopia and decreased vision among children.

Methods: A literature review was conducted to clarify the diagnosis particularities and the corrective surgery options of the congenital entropion on the upper eyelid. Read More

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January 2022

Severe absence of intra-orbital fat in a patient with orbital venous malformation: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Dec;9(35):11024-11028

Department of Ophthalmology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China.

Background: The orbital venous malformation is quite common in orbital diseases. Clinically, it is usually characterized by proptosis. However, among patients with distensible venous malformations, if the lesions continuously progress, they may induce enlargement of the orbital bone or orbital lipoatrophy, which in turn leads to enophthalmos. Read More

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December 2021

Comment on: Recurrent upper eyelid trachomatous entropion repair: long-term efficacy of a five-step approach.

Eye (Lond) 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Corneoplastic Unit, Queen Victoria Hospital, Holtye Road, East Grinstead, RH19 3DZ, England.

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January 2022

Reply: Recurrent upper eyelid trachomatous entropion repair: long-term efficacy of a five-step approach.

Eye (Lond) 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

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January 2022

Bilateral Enophthalmos as an Unusual Presenting Feature of Non-Hodgkin's Orbital Lymphoma.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 May-Jun 01;38(3):e82-e85. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Orbital, Plastic and Lacrimal Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Lymphoma is the commonest orbital malignancy. The typical presentation is proptosis or swelling, which warrants imaging and confirmation by tissue biopsy. Enophthalmos is a much rarer clinical sign and if bilateral and symmetrical can often present late. Read More

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Experience of orbital floor fractures in a UK level one trauma centre: a focus on the surgical approach and lid-related complications.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 May 15;60(4):482-487. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Oral & Maxillofacial Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, University Hospitals of Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Mindelsohn Way, Birmingham B15 2TH, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

The two surgical approaches to access orbital fractures are transconjunctival and transcutaneous. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of orbital repairs with a focus on lid-related complications and their management. A retrospective analysis was carried out over a five-year period (January 2015 to January 2020) to assess all consecutive orbital repairs in our unit. Read More

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