Arch Craniofac Surg 2016 Dec 23;17(4):190-197. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Background: The cheek rotation flap has sufficient blood flow and large flap size and it is also flexible and easy to manipulate. It has been used for reconstruction of defects on cheek, lower eyelid, or medial and lateral canthus. For the large defects on central nose, paramedian forehead flap has been used, but patients were reluctant despite the remaining same skin tone on damaged area because of remaining scars on forehead. Read More
a Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of orbital vector and other biometric parameters (i.e. axial globe length, axial globe projection) on the development of involutional entropion or ectropion. Read More
Department of Ophthalmology, HanGil Eye Hospital (Hospital Director: Joonhong Sohn) 35, Bupyeong-daero, Bupyeong-gu, Bupyeong-dong, Incheon, Republic of Korea; Department of Ophthalmology, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of the Quickert suture (Q-suture) with that of the lateral tarsoligamentous sling in treating lower eyelid involutional entropion in Asians.
Method: We reviewed the charts of all patients who underwent repair of an involutional lower eyelid entropion in Hangil Eye Hospital between September 2011 and March 2016. A single surgeon (S. Read More
This article examines the effectiveness of skin-muscle flap excision in conjunction with a lateral tarsal strip for the treatment of involutional entropion. Ninety-six eyelids in 83 consecutive patients with involutional entropion were treated using a standardized surgical procedure. All patients underwent lower eyelid tightening with a lateral tarsal strip, dissection of a skin-muscle flap inferiorly through a subciliary incision and excision of redundant skin as well as orbicularis muscle. Read More
Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of combination of autologous tissue reconstruction of tarsal plate with temporal flap on repair of full-thickness lower eyelid defect. Methods: Eleven patients (11 eyes) underwent hard palate mucosa or ear cartilage combined the emporal flap with the orbicularis oculi muscle to repair full-thickness defect of palpebra inferior. Of the 11 patients, 6 had more than 75% eyelid defect area, and 5 had more than 50% eyelid defect area. Read More
Purpose Of Review: To provide a concise review of the oculoplastic manifestations of ocular graft versus host disease (GVHD), and to discuss their management.
Recent Findings: Ocular GVHD occurs as a common immune-mediated complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that presents as a Stevens-Johnson-like syndrome in the acute phase or a Sjögren-like syndrome in the chronic phase. Cicatricial conjunctivitis may be underreported in ocular GVHD. Read More
It has been demonstrated that topical administration of rebamipide, which is an antiulcer agent, increases the mucin level of the tear film and ameliorates ocular surface conditions such as lid wiper epitheliopathy. The aim of the present study was to analyze the changes in goblet cell number, cell proliferation, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induced by topical rebamipide addition to the lid wiper of humans. A total of 30 eyelid tissue samples were obtained during involutional entropion surgeries, fixed in paraformaldehyde, embedded in paraffin and divided into two groups: Rebamipide or non-rebamipide. Read More
Introduction: The goal of this study is to assess functional and aesthetic results of anterior lamellar resection with lid margin splitting of the upper lid in the treatment of cicatricial trachomatous entropion.
Patients And Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study of a series of 26 consecutive patients treated between January 2014 and December 2015. All patients were operated for cicatricial trachomatous entropion in our tertiary center using the technique of the anterior lamellar resection with lid margin splitting of the upper eyelid. Read More
Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
*Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinic, Iowa City, Iowa, †Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio, and §Department of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.A.
Purpose: To describe the role and efficacy of scleral contact lenses (SCLs) in the treatment of progressive keratopathy in patients who have undergone periocular surgical procedures, to investigate the financial impact of these surgical interventions, and to demonstrate the role of oculoplastic surgery in improving scleral contact lens fit.
Methods: A retrospective medical record review was performed to identify patients who both received SCLs and were examined by the oculoplastics service at the University of Iowa between January 1990 and December 2015. Inclusion criteria also required a minimum of 12 months of patient follow up after being fit with a SCL. Read More
Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
*Division of Ophthalmology, Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, and †Department of Ophthalmology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, U.S.A.
A 50-year-old male presented with bilateral cicatricial entropion with subepithelial fibrosis and fornix foreshortening. Conjunctival biopsy showed lymphocytic infiltrate along the interface of the epithelium and lamina propria with linear, shaggy fibrinogen deposition along the epithelial basement membrane zone, supporting a diagnosis of lichen planus. The patient was treated with commercially available topical cyclosporine for 5 months after which bilateral lower eyelid splitting procedure with recession of the anterior lamella and complete excision of the lower eyelid lashes was performed. Read More
Purpose: To evaluate the aesthetic and functional results of the Köllner-Hughes tarsoconjonctival flap technique for large defects of over three-quarter of the lower eyelid.
Patients And Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of a series of 15 patients treated between January 2013 and December 2015. We included all patients who underwent reconstructive surgery for a tumor involving more than three-quarter of the lower eyelid and sparing the canthi. Read More
Prof Lalit Prakash Agarwal drafted the National Programme for Prevention of Visual Impairment and Control of Blindness (now called National Programme for Control of Blindness) in India in 1976, first of its kind in the world. With his vision well ahead of his time, he brought the concept of super-specialty in Indian ophthalmology. He founded Dr. Read More
Purpose: We report the first case of human infection and keratitis secondary to Trametes betulina, a rare filamentous fungus.
Methods: Clinical examination including external and slit-lamp examination and corneal scrapings with microbiologic evaluation were performed on a patient with chronic allergic conjunctivitis, entropion and a long-standing corneal ulcer resistant to treatment.
Results: The culture from the corneal scraping revealed a basidiomycetous fungus which was submitted for identification. Read More
Introduction: Although some studies addressed the differences between subciliary and transconjunctival approaches, no previous prospective comparative study on displaced zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fracture that repaired by three-point internal fixation using also upper gingivolabial incision and upper eye lid incision. So, the effect of these incisions on the comparison was not investigated.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare transconjunctival and subciliary approaches for open reduction and internal rigid fixation (OR/IF) of ZMC fractures. Read More
Aims: To describe a novel technique for involutional entropion (IE) correction and present a retrospective case study.
Patients And Methods: The entropion eyelid was corrected by repairing the thin preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) of the lower eyelid. Patients underwent correction with this method from 2005 to 2014 and were followed up for 2 years postoperatively. Read More
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 May 16;70(5):692-698. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
Head & Neck Cosmetic Surgery Center of Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Chinese Peking Union Medical College, 33 Badachu Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100144, PR China. Electronic address:
Background: Blepharoptosis is defined as an abnormally low-lying upper eyelid margin in the primary gaze, causing vertical narrowing of the palpebral fissure. It is difficult to achieve consistently satisfactory results in moderate or severe cases despite many surgical methods being available to correct them.
Methods: Between January 2001 and December 2014, a retrospective cohort study was conducted using medical records and perioperative photographs of 235 patients. Read More
Background: The clinical picture of blepharoptosis varies from a cosmetic problem to severe visual dysfunction depending on the pathogenesis and the degree of ptosis.
Objective: To study the type, pattern and causes of ptosis in patients seeking oculopastic care in western Terai of Nepal Patients and methods: A retrospective descriptive hospital based was carried out over a period of 2 years in oculoplastic clinic in Lumbini Eye Institute, Bhairahawa. Demographic variables including the age of the patient, gender, laterality of the eye(s), visual acuity, presence of refractive error and or amblyopia, type of ptosis and previous ptosis surgery were recorded. Read More
A bifurcated periosteal flap is useful for simultaneous reconstruction of the upper and lower lateral canthal tendons. The original technique harvested the flap horizontally from the frontal process of the zygoma, which mostly resulted in an insufficient flap length because of the narrowness of the zygoma. Here, the authors report the use of a modified bifurcated periosteal flap, raised from the superolateral orbital rim. Read More
We describe a rare case of a 31-year old woman with bilateral ptosis due to localized amyloidosis. She referred a nine-year history of ptosis and surgical treatment with frontalis suspension three years previously. Following complete ophthalmological examination and evaluation of the ptosis we carried out tarsal and fornix biopsy, which revealed accumulation of a weakly eosinophilic amyloid positive substance. Read More
Background: The therapeutic effects of allogeneic cultivated limbal epithelial transplantation (CLET) for symblephara at different degrees caused by ocular burns were evaluated in this study.
Methods: A series of interventional cases were involved in this retrospective study. Eighty eyes (80 patients) with symblephara underwent CLET and the success rates of surgical treatment as well as corneal conditions and risk factors for recurrent symblepharon were analyzed. Read More
Purpose: To describe a new, simple, quick, and minimally invasive surgical technique for managing medial canthal tendon laxity.
Methods: The technique works by creating a directed posterior lamellar scar. Sutures are preplaced in firm medial canthal tissue, and a triangular diathermy burn is made between this fixation point and the medial tarsal plate (sparing the canaliculus). Read More
Congenital anomalies of the extraocular muscles apart from congenital fibrosis are relatively rare. Duplication of extraocular muscles is a particularly rare congenital anomaly that has been rarely reported in the literature. We present a case of unilateral congenital entropion and hypotropia resulting from duplication of the inferior rectus muscle. Read More
PurposeTo evaluate safety and long-term recurrence rate of entropion in patients having everting sutures (ES) for involutional entropion by ophthalmic nurses in a real clinical setting.Patients and methodsRetrospective notes review of all patients who had an outpatient ES by our trained ophthalmic nurses over 2 year's time period. Outcome measures were complication and recurrence rates. Read More
Background: Although several methods have been described for total lower eyelid reconstruction, it remains as a major challenge in reconstructive surgery. Here, we present a new technique, the Mutaf unequal Z-plasty procedure for reconstruction of defects of the lower eyelid.
Methods: In this technique, 2 skin flaps designed in an unequal Z-plasty manner are used to provide skin coverage. Read More
Background: Trachomatous trichiasis (TT), inturned eyelashes from repeated infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, is the leading infectious cause of blindness in the world. Though surgery will correct entropion caused by trachoma, uptake of TT surgery remains low. In this case-control study, we identify barriers that prevent TT patients from receiving sight-saving surgery. Read More
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is the first biological toxin used in the treatment of ophthalmic diseases and to decrease skin wrinkles as an aesthetic agent. When used appropriately, it weakens the force of muscular contraction and/or inhibits glandular secretion. The most common areas for botulinum toxin treatment are the upper face, including the glabella, forehead, brows, and lateral canthal lines, or crow's feet. Read More
*Stockholms Craniofacial Center, Department of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital †Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm ‡Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Background: Facial fractures may lead to sequelae due to the trauma but also as a result of surgery. Complications to lower eyelid incisions include ectropion, scleral show, entropion, canthal malposition, and lid edema. The aim of this study was to compare the occurrence of such complications depending on whether a subciliary or transconjunctival incision was used for surgical access. Read More
Although the subcilliary or conventional transconjunctival approach has been widely used, it often fails to get acceptable visual fields or scars. This study directly compared the extended transconjunctival approach accompanied by lateral paracanthal incision with other traditional approaches in terms of surgical fields, the outcomes and complications. This retrospective chart review included 113 patients (82 males and 31 females; mean age: 38. Read More
For many years, blepharitis and dry eye disease have been thought to be two distinct diseases, and evaporative dry eye distinct from aqueous insufficiency. In this treatise, we propose a new way of looking at dry eye, both evaporative and insufficiency, as the natural sequelae of decades of chronic blepharitis. Dry eye is simply the late form and late manifestation of one disease, blepharitis. Read More
Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2017 Feb;25(1):25-36
Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA; Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address:
Periorbital scarring with eyelid retraction can have serious visual effects and can lead to loss of vision or even loss of the eye. Understanding of eyelid anatomy and the delicate balance of its structural supports is critical for the identification of the eyelid disorder responsible for the cicatrix and helps to guide treatment. The 2-finger test and lateral distraction of the lid can also be of significant help in proper diagnosis of the underlying disorder. Read More
Purpose: To report the long-term stability of tarsal margin rotation and posterior lamellar superadvancement (TMR PLS) for the repair of upper eyelid cicatricial entropion.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed from January 2000 through December 2014 to identify all patients who had TMR PLS at the authors' institution. Charts were reviewed for demographic information, recurrence of entropion or trichiasis, and surgical complications. Read More
Purpose: Our purpose was to assess our outcomes in involutional lower eyelid ectropion and entropion surgery after horizontal eyelid tightening by a modified tarsal strip technique.
Methods: A prospective study of 88 eyelids with ectropion and 96 with entropion was performed. Patients were randomly distributed into two groups: the control group included 90 eyelids (46 entropion and 44 ectropion) and the other group of 94 eyelids (50 entropion and 44 ectropion). Read More
Objectives: To evaluate the clinical findings and outcomes of surgical treatment in patients with marginal entropion.
Materials And Methods: Patients with impairment of the natural square-shaped eyelid margin morphology, anterior migration of mucocutaneous junction and mild lid inversion toward the ocular surface were diagnosed as having marginal entropion. Patients with shortened fornices, cicatricial changes or subconjunctival fibrosis were excluded. Read More
Background: Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous infection that affects skin and peripheral nerves. Its prevalence has declined, but is still observed mainly in poor rural areas.
Case Report: A male city dweller with photophobia and chronic dermatosis in the face: nodular and erythematous lesions, pustules, keratitis and entropion, partial eyebrows loss, and edema on eyelids, chin, and nose bridge. Read More
Purpose: To examine whether an inward upper eyelid push on the lower eyelid margin during eyelid closure is involved in involutional lower eyelid entropion.
Methods: This prospective observational study included 34 sides from 27 patients with involutional lower eyelid entropion. The positional relationship between the upper and the affected lower eyelid margins during eyelid closure were examined before and after posterior layer advancement of the lower eyelid retractors. Read More
Purpose And Design: The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of known glaucoma in patients undergoing ectropion or entropion surgical repair. In this study, retrospective review of case series was performed.
Participants: All patients who underwent ectropion or entropion surgery in a tertiary medical center between 2007 and 2014 were included. Read More
Objective: To investigate the effects of epicanthoplasty on the trichiasis caused by the entropion of lower eyelid with epicanthus. Methods: Epicanthoplasty was used to correct the trichiasis of lower eyelid with epicanthus from February 2010 to October 2015. Total of 72 patients were enrolled in this study, among whom 42 were male and 30 were female, and aged 8 to 58 years. Read More
Background/aims: Surgical treatments for the correction of congenital ptosis with poor levator function, including frontalis suspension or maximal levator resection, remain controversial. We evaluated the postoperative surgical and cosmetic outcomes after maximal levator resection for unilateral congenital ptosis with poor levator function.
Methods: A retrospective, interventional case series was performed. Read More
Background: To let experts evaluate a single surgeon's experience with a combined transconjunctival and intraoral upper vestibular approach in the repair of zygomatic fractures encountered in 46 East Asian patients whom he treated over the past 20 years.
Methods: Patients were identified from a database, and a retrospective case note review was conducted. A total of 67 conjunctival and secondary incisions were made on 46 patients for repair of zygomatic fractures. Read More
PurposeThe purpose of this study was to examine the surgical outcome of posterior layer advancement of the lower eyelid retractors (LER) with transcanthal canthopexy for involutional lower eyelid entropion.Patients and methodsFifty-one eyelids of 41 patients with involutional entropion and vertical and horizontal laxities that underwent posterior layer advancement of the LER with transcanthal canthopexy were retrospectively reviewed. As a control, we also reviewed previously reported data from 47 entropic eyelids of 37 patients with vertical and horizontal laxities that were successfully corrected using LER advancement and a lateral tarsal strip procedure. Read More
Background: Tarsoconjunctival flap advancement, or the Hughes procedure, is among the techniques of choice for reconstructing full-thickness lower eyelid defects so as to restore normal anatomy and function with the best possible cosmetic outcome. The purpose of this study is to report the outcome of a series of patients treated with a modified Hughes procedure following malignant tumor removal.
Methods: This retrospective study included 45 consecutive cases of modified Hughes procedures performed between January 2013 and October 2015. Read More