18,806 results match your criteria Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica[Journal]
Hepatol Commun 2018 Dec 27;2(12):1583-1600. Epub 2018 Sep 27.
Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine Cedars Sinai Medical Center Los Angeles CA.
Prohibitin1 () is a mitochondrial chaperone with diverse functions that include cell proliferation, apoptosis, and mitochondrial homoeostasis. Liver-specific knockout (KO) mice develop spontaneous injury and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our previous work demonstrated that PHB1 negatively regulates the H19-insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2)-H19-IGF2 axis signaling pathway and E-box activity in hepatocytes and HCC cells. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 30;9:2834. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Centro de Investigaciones Sobre Enfermedades Infecciosas, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Mexico.
Endoreplication is a cell cycle program in which cells replicate their genomes without undergoing mitosis and cytokinesis. For the normal development of many organisms (from fungi to humans) and the formation of their organs, endoreplication is indispensable. The aim of the present study was to explore whether endoreplication and DNA synthesis are relevant processes during the induction of trained innate immunity in human monocytes and in the mosquito cell line. Read More
EBioMedicine 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory (LINC), Department of Neurology, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Clinical University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Electronic address:
Background: Excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (EAAT) plays a pivotal role in glutamate clearance in the adult brain, thereby preventing excitotoxic effects. Considering the high efficacy of EAAT for glutamate uptake, we hypothesized that the expression of this transporter in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for systemic administration could yield a cell-based glutamate-grabbing therapy, combining the intrinsic properties of these cells with excitotoxic protection.
Methods: To address this hypothesis, EAAT-encoding cDNA was introduced into MSCs and human embryonic kidney 293 cells (HEK cells) as the control cell line. Read More
Arch Med Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Unidad de Investigación Médica en Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias, Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad Pediatría, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad de México, México.
Objective: To describe clinical cases with neurological manifestations associated with Borrelia burgdorferi infection in a large cohort of children and adults from Mexico.
Material And Methods: Patients with neurological manifestation (cranial neuritis, radiculoneuritis, meningitis and encephalomyelitis) were recruited in one pediatric and two general hospitals, during January 2006-December 2015. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were drawn from each patient at inclusion. Read More
Gac Sanit 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Unidad de Investigación AP-OSIs, Hospital Alto Deba, Arrasate-Mondragón, Gipuzkoa, España; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Biodonostia, San Sebastián, España; Red de Investigación en Servicios de Salud en Enfermedades Crónicas (REDISSEC), España; Unidad de Gestión Sanitaria, Hospital Alto Deba, Arrasate-Mondragón, Gipuzkoa, España.
This study aimed to explain a joint statistical procedure (two-part models and Cholesky decomposition) to incorporate second-order uncertainty from covariate adjusted mean utility functions in probabilistic cost-effectiveness models. First, two-part models were applied to obtain parameters for the utility function. Second, a new set of correlated parameters for each simulation was obtained by Cholesky decomposition. Read More
Ann Nutr Metab 2018 Dec 14;74(1):69-79. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clínico Universitario San Carlos and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), Madrid,
Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), enhanced with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and nuts, on a composite of adverse maternofoetal outcomes of women with normoglycemia during pregnancy.
Methods: This was a sub-analysis of the St Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus Prevention Study. Only normoglycemic women were analysed (697). Read More
Neurobiol Dis 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, Institut de Neurociències, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED, ISCIII), Spain; Vall d'Hebron Institute of Research, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) and hyperphosphorylated Tau protein (P-Tau). Our recent data showed a differential accumulation of Tau protein phosphorylated at Thr231 in distinct hippocampal neurons in VLW mice-an animal model that overexpresses mutated human Tau. Here we demonstrate that, in VLW mice, the accumulation of human P-Tau in the pyramidal cells induces the phosphorylation of murine Tau at Thr231 (pThr231) in hippocampal interneurons. Read More
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Grupo REGICOR, Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), Barcelona, Spain; CIBERCV de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), Madrid, España.
Gastroenterology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Unit of Internal Medicine and Hepatology (UIMH), Department of Medicine - DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. Electronic address:
Background And Aims: Bacterial infections are common and life-threatening in patients with cirrhosis. Little is known about the epidemiology of bacterial infections in different regions. We performed a multicenter prospective intercontinental study to assess the prevalence and outcomes of bacterial and fungal infections in patients with cirrhosis. Read More
Clin Chim Acta 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Instituto de Neurociencias de Alicante, Universidad Miguel Hernández-CSIC, 03550 Sant Joan d'Alacant, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Spain. Electronic address:
Reelin is a glycoprotein associated with synaptic plasticity and neurotransmission. The malfunctioning of reelin signaling in the brain is likely to contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reelin binding to Apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (ApoER2) activates downstream signaling and induces the proteolytic cleavage of ApoER2, resulting in the generation of soluble fragments. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17864. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Pediatric Endocrinology group, (Girona Biomedical Research Institute) IDIBGI, Girona, Spain.
Although alkaline phosphatase (ALP) correlates with cardiovascular risk in adults, there are no studies in children. We evaluated the association between serum ALP levels, calcium-phosphorus product (Ca*P) and cardiovascular risk markers in healthy children. Children aged 7. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022775. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de enfermedades hepáticas y digestivas (CIBERehd), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain.
Introduction: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a major disorder following stroke. OD can produce alterations in both the efficacy and safety of deglutition and may result in malnutrition, dehydration, frailty, respiratory infections and pneumonia. These complications can be avoided by early detection and treatment of OD in poststroke patients, and hospital stays, medication and mortality rates can be reduced. Read More
Semergen 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Grupo EpiChron de Investigación en Enfermedades Crónicas, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud (IACS), ISS Aragón, Zaragoza, España; Centro de Salud Delicias Sur, Zaragoza, España.
Brain Behav Immun 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia, Institut de Neurociències, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, 08193, Spain. Electronic address:
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is an extracellular lipid mediator involved in many physiological functions by signaling through six known G-protein-coupled receptors (LPA-LPA). In the central nervous system (CNS), LPA mediates a wide range of effects, including neural progenitor cell physiology, astrocyte and microglia activation, neuronal cell death, axonal retraction, and contributions to pain, schizophrenia and hydrocephalus. We recently reported that LPA-LPA signaling mediates functional deficits and myelin loss after spinal cord injury (SCI). Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208847. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Group of Translational Research in Respiratory Medicine, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova de Lleida,IRBLleida, Universitat de Lleida, Lleida, Catalonia, Spain.
Introduction: Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is a common reason for presentation to emergency departments (ED), but the management of these episodes is often heterogeneous regardless of their potential impact on short-term adverse outcomes.
Methods: This was a longitudinal, retrospective study of all patients >40 years old admitted to the ED of two Spanish teaching hospitals for an AECOPD between January 1st and May 31st, 2016. All data were collected from electronic medical records. Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):592-597
Centro de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Cuernavaca, México.
There is solid evidence documenting relationships between the food and beverage industry and academia that shows that industry sponsored research is likely to bias results in favor of industry. In Latin America, examples of these situations have been documented in Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador, among others. Due to the urgent need for studying and managing relationships between the food and beverage industry and the field of health and nutrition research, in 2017, the President of the Latin American Society of Nutrition (SLAN) appointed a Conflict of Interest Committee (CCI). Read More
Salud Publica Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;60(5):500-509
Unidad de Investigación de Enfermedades Metabólicas, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán. Ciudad de México, México.
Objective: To develop and validate an easy-to-use risk score to detect prediabetes and undiagnosed diabetes in Mexican population.
Materials And Methods: Using information from the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán's cohort study of 10 234 adults, risk factors were identified and included in multiple logistic regression models stratified by sex. The beta coefficients of the final model were multiplied by 10, thus obtaining the weights of each variable in the score. Read More
Int J Dermatol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, University of Lleida, IRBLleida, Lleida & CIBERONC, Lleida, Spain.
Background: Recent epidemiological studies suggest that past data where superficial spreading melanoma was by far the most common subtype of melanoma may not reflect current patterns of sun exposure or other risk factors more involved in other subtypes of melanoma as lentigo maligna (LM) or lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM).
Methods: In order to measure the current situation in our country, all cases of LM and LMM diagnosed in 23 hospitals in Catalonia, from 2000 to 2007, were recorded.
Results: Although for the global period LM/LMM represented only 8. Read More
Transpl Infect Dis 2018 Dec 12:e13034. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Sevilla.
We describe a case of one patient with cystic fibrosis who developed a pan-resistant Burkholderia Cepacia Complex rapidly progressive bacteraemic pneunonia, following bilateral lung transplantation. Patient was treated with a targeted combination antibiotic therapy (meropenem plus ceftazidime/avibactam plus high doses of nebulized colistimethate sodium). The disease evolution was complicated by multiple organ system dysfunction. Read More
FEBS J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Gene regulation in cardiovascular remodeling and inflammation group, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC), Madrid, Spain.
Previous studies have demonstrated that activation of calcineurin induces pathological cardiac hypertrophy. In these studies, loss-of-function was mostly achieved by systemic administration of the calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporin A. The lack of conditional knockout models for calcineurin function has impeded progress toward defining the role of this protein during the onset and the development of cardiac hypertrophy in adults. Read More
Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 14;11(1):638. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Fundación Mundo Sano, Paraguay, 1535, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Background: Intestinal parasites (IP) have been reported in point studies from different provinces of Argentina. The presence of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) was detected in many of these studies, including varied prevalences of all five species of STH in the north were the climate is more appropriate for transmission. Nonetheless, Argentina lacks a comprehensive prevalence map of STH. Read More
Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Benito Almirante, Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron Passeig de la Vall d'Hebron, 119-129 - 08035 Barcelona, Spain.
Objective: Clostridium difficile infections have a high recurrence rate, which can complicate the prognosis of affected patients. It is therefore important to establish an early detection and an appropriate therapeutic strategy. The objective of this manuscript was to gather the opinion of an expert group about the predictive factors of poor progression, as well as when to use fidaxomicin in different groups of high-risk patients. Read More
Front Aging Neurosci 2018 28;10:380. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Department of Neurology, Donostia Universitary Hospital, San Sebastián, Spain.
Many factors may converge in healthy aging in the oldest old, but their association and predictive power on healthy or functionally impaired aging has yet to be demonstrated. By detecting healthy aging and in turn, poor aging, we could take action to prevent chronic diseases associated with age. We conducted a pilot study comparing results of a set of markers (peripheral blood mononuclear cell or PBMC telomere length, circulating Aβ peptides, anti-Aβ antibodies, and ApoE status) previously associated with poor aging or cognitive deterioration, and their combinations, in a cohort of "neurologically healthy" (both motor and cognitive) nonagenarians ( = 20) and functionally impaired, institutionalized nonagenarians ( = 38) recruited between 2014 and 2015. Read More
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Dec;36 Suppl 2:31-36
Departamento de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid.
Because lifelong therapy is needed in HIV infection, high long-term adherence is necessary. Darunavir/co-bicistat/emtricitabina/tenofovir alafenamide (Symtuza) is the first triple therapy combining a protease inhibitor (PI) in a single tablet regimen. This drug combines the potency and high genetic barrier of the most effective PI, darunavir, with the renal and bone safety of tenofovir alafenamide. Read More
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Dec;36 Suppl 2:3-9
Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Fundación Lucha contra el Sida, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, España. Electronic address:
Darunavir is the gold standard protease inhibitor in antiretroviral treatment. It has undergone complete development through randomised clinical trials throughout the entire spectrum of HIV infection, with 2 different dosages and clear indications of when to use each one of them. It has been studied in mono, dual and triple therapy. Read More
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Dec;36 Suppl 2:22-30
Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas-Medicina Interna, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia-INCLIVA. Electronic address:
Because of the development of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the last few years, we now have safe, effective short- and long-term options and also simple regimens, with most combinations being administered once daily in one or 2 tablets and almost no treatment failures. Nevertheless, there are still reasons to switch an effective ART in patients who have been suppressed, a switch that must always be made without losing virological efficacy. With longer survival and the need for lifelong treatment, it is important to have simple and safe treatment options to improve the quality of life in patients with HIV. Read More
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Dec;36 Suppl 2:17-21
Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), Málaga; UGC de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Microbiología Clínica y Medicina Preventiva, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga. Electronic address:
The management of HIV infection is based on the administration of lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART). Single-tablet regimens (STR) reduce pill burden and maximise long-term adherence. Cobicistat-boosted darunavir with emtricitabine and tenofovir alafenamide co-formulation (DRV/c/FTC/TAF), with trade name Symtuza, is the first STR based on a protease inhibitor (PI). Read More
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Dec;36 Suppl 2:10-16
Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona; Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca, Barcelona.
Symtuza is the first and only treatment for HIV-1 that combines 2 nucleos(t)ide analogues (emtricitabine and tenofovir alafenamide) together with a boosted protease inhibitor (darunavir/cobicistat) in a once-daily single tablet regimen (STR). This combination is active against a wide variety of HIV strains and, in turn, avoids bone and renal toxicity associated with the use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, combining efficacy, convenience, tolerability and high genetic barrier. Pharmacokinetic studies of its components show a favourable profile, allowing its use in a wide variety of patients and clinical situations. Read More
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Dec;36 Suppl 2:1-2
Unidad de VIH, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España.
Biosensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;8(4). Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Laboratory, CIC biomaGUNE, 20014 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain.
Medical imaging is an active field of research that fosters the necessity for novel multimodal imaging probes. In this line, nanoparticle-based contrast agents are of special interest, since those can host functional entities either within their interior, reducing potential toxic effects of the imaging tracers, or on their surface, providing high payloads of probes, due to their large surface-to-volume ratio. The long-term stability of the particles in solution is an aspect usually under-tackled during probe design in research laboratories, since their performance is generally tested briefly after synthesis. Read More
Nutrients 2018 Dec 11;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Digestive Diseases Service, Hospital Clínico Universitario "Lozano Blesa", Zaragoza, 50009 Aragón, Spain.
Iron plays a key role in many physiological processes; cells need a very exact quantity of iron. In patients with inflammatory bowel disease, anaemia is a unique example of multifactorial origins, frequently being the result of a combination of iron deficiency and anaemia of chronic disease. The main cause of iron deficiency is the activity of the disease. Read More
Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Hospital Cosme Argerich, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Osteoporosis is characterized by the loss of bone mass, deterioration of the bone microarchitecture, and an increased risk of fractures; these later complications are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The asymptomatic and progressive nature of osteoporosis underscores the importance of identifying this entity in early stages. Despite the various treatments available, the prevention of the disease represents the most important aspect of management. Read More
Int J Public Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, 5858 chemin de la Côte des Neiges, Montreal, QC, H3S 1Z1, Canada.
Oncotarget 2018 Nov 13;9(89):35922-35940. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
SNARE proteins are essential components of the machinery that regulates vesicle trafficking and exocytosis. Their role is critical for the membrane-fusion processes that occur during neurotransmitter release. However, research in the last decade has also unraveled the relevance of these proteins in membrane expansion and cytoskeletal rearrangements during developmental processes such as neuronal migration and growth cone extension and attraction. Read More
Anaerobe 2018 Dec 2;54:197-200. Epub 2018 Jul 2.
Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.
Despite the wide implementation of MALDI-TOF MS for the rapid and reliable identification of most microorganisms, some taxonomic groups such as the Porphyromonas genus remain largely untested. In this study we evaluated the performance of MALDI-TOF MS on this genus using a collection of 39 isolates sent for routine identification to our institution over a 16-year period. All of them were identified by DNA-sequencing analysis of the 16S rRNA gene plus the hsp60 gene when the previous one did not yield species-level assignment. Read More
Cir Esp 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Servicio de Epidemiología y Evaluación, IMIM-Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, España; Red de Investigación en Servicios de Salud en Enfermedades Crónicas (REDISSEC), España.
Introduction: Currently, variability in surgical practice is a problem to be solved. The aim of this study is to describe the variability in the surgical treatment of breast cancer and to analyze the factors associated with it.
Methods: The study population included 1057 women diagnosed with breast cancer and surgically treated. Read More
Oxid Med Cell Longev 2018 5;2018:3265918. Epub 2018 Nov 5.
Departamento de Neuroquímica, Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía Manuel Velasco Suárez, Ciudad de México, Mexico.
After spinal cord injury (SCI), some self-destructive mechanisms start leading to irreversible neurological deficits. It is known that oxidative stress and apoptosis play a major role in increasing damage after SCI. Metallothioneins I and II (MT) are endogenous peptides with known antioxidant, neuroprotective capacities. Read More
JMIR Res Protoc 2018 Dec 6;7(12):e12464. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Smoking Cessation Unit, Medical-Surgical Unit of Respiratory Diseases, Virgen del Rocío University Hospital, Sevilla, Spain.
Background: Smoking is considered the main cause of preventable illness and early deaths worldwide. The treatment usually prescribed to people who wish to quit smoking is a multidisciplinary intervention, combining both psychological advice and pharmacological therapy, since the application of both strategies significantly increases the chance of success in a quit attempt.
Objective: We present a study protocol of a 12-month randomized open-label parallel-group trial whose primary objective is to analyze the efficacy and efficiency of usual psychopharmacological therapy plus the Social-Local-Mobile app (intervention group) applied to the smoking cessation process compared with usual psychopharmacological therapy alone (control group). Read More
Reumatol Clin 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital del Mar/Parc de Salut-Mar/IMIM, Barcelona, España.
Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects multiple organs and systems. B cells have a critical role in the pathogenesis of SLE. Rituximab (RTX) is a drug composed of chimeric monoclonal antibodies against the CD20 protein, producing a depletion of B lymphocytes. Read More
Med Clin (Barc) 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Sección de Aparato Digestivo, Hospital General de Tomelloso, Tomelloso, Ciudad Real, España; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas CIBEREHD, España. Electronic address:
Eosinophilic oesophagitis is a unique form of non-IgE-mediated food allergy characterised by oesophageal eosinophilic infiltration. The prevalence of EoE has grown to currently represent the first cause of dysphagia and food impaction in children and young adults. Avoiding food triggers is the only therapy targeting the cause of the disease, but none of the currently available food allergy tests adequately predicts food triggers for EoE. Read More
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario de la Santa Creu, Vic, Barcelona, España; Grupo de Investigación en Cronicidad de la Catalunya Central (C3RG), España.
Myasthenia gravis (MG), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) have been classically considered as exceptional or unusual diseases in people with a geriatric profile. Over the past 25 years, several population-based studies have been conducted in the Osona area (Barcelona), which, for the first time, has led to describing the high global incidences in the elderly, especially those over 80 years-old. The results suggest the possibility of underdiagnosis of these neuromuscular diseases in the elderly, a fact that could be especially relevant in the case of MG and GBS, since they are 2potentially reversible entities with high mortality in the event of underdiagnosis and absence of treatment. Read More
Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2018 Jul-Sep;38(3):301-305
Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú; Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú.
Non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae (NOVC) strains are an uncommon cause of gastroenteritis. However, they have been recently associated with severe extraintestinal infections in immunocompromised hosts. Among them, bacteremia in cirrhotic patients is noteworthy. Read More
Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2018 Jul-Sep;38(3):297-300
Hospital Guillermo Kaelin de la Fuente. Lima, Perú; Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima, Perú.
Primary gastric choriocarcinoma (PGC) is an extremely rare and highly invasive tumor with rapid hematogenous spread. We present the case of a 57-year-old female patient who started with hematemesis and progressive episodes of melena, weight loss and epigastralgia. It is derived from the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases where gastroscopy and biopsy are performed. Read More
Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2018 Jul-Sep;38(3):253-260
Departamento de Cirugía Oncológica Abdominal, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas. Lima, Perú.
The study objective was to evaluate the prognostic value of lymph node ratio (LNR) in patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical gastrectomy D2.
Materials And Methods: We reviewed retrospectively 498 medical records of patients with gastric cancer who were attended at the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases (INEN) between 2008 and 2011and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were distributed into 4 groups according to their LNR, LNR0: 0, LNR1: 0-0. Read More
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 Dec 10;73(suppl 1):e548s. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Instituto do Cancer do Estado de Sao Paulo ICESP, Centro de Investigacao Translacional em Oncologia, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.
Objectives: Oxidative stress results from an imbalance between the generation and elimination of oxidant species. This condition may result in DNA, RNA and protein damage, leading to the accumulation of genetic alterations that can favor malignant transformation. Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus types is associated with inflammatory responses and reactive oxygen species production. Read More
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2018 26;13:3837-3844. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Pneumology Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron/Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain,
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of morning symptoms in COPD using the Capacity of Daily Living during the Morning (CDLM) questionnaire and to determine the clinical variables that are related to CDLM scores.
Methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional, and multicenter study conducted in stable COPD patients. CDLM scores ranged from 0 to 5 and were transformed into a qualitative variable according to tertile values to compare patient characteristics. Read More
Diab Vasc Dis Res 2018 Dec 11:1479164118816659. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
1 Instituto de Investigación en Reumatología y del Sistema Musculo Esquelético, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, México.
Objective:: The identification of circulating microRNAs related to abnormal metabolic function may be useful in the context of ageing, adiposity and insulin resistance. The miR-33 a/b has been shown to control the expression of genes involved in fatty acid biosynthesis, impaired metabolism and insulin resistance. In this study, we aimed to identify differences in circulating miR-33 a/b levels according to age-related metabolic impairment and increased adiposity. Read More
Audiol Neurootol 2018 Dec 11;23(5):285-289. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Neuro-Otology Unit, Division of Brain Sciences, Charing Cross Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, London, United
Gaze stabilization during head movements is provided by the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Clinical assessment of this reflex is performed using the video Head Impulse Test (vHIT). To date, the influence of different fixation distances on VOR gain using the vHIT has not been explored. Read More
Br J Dermatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Background: Reprogramming of energy metabolism to enhanced aerobic glycolysis has been defined as a hallmark of cancer.
Objective: To investigate the role of the mitochondrial proteins, β-subunit of the H -ATP synthase (β-F1-ATPase), and heat-shock protein 60 (HSP60), and the glycolytic markers, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2), as well as the bioenergetic cellular (BEC) index, in melanoma progression.
Material And Methods: The expression of energy metabolism proteins were assessed on a set of different melanoma cells representing the natural biological history of the disease: primary cultures of melanocytes, radial (WM35) and vertical (WM278) growth phases, and poorly (C81-61-PA) and highly (C8161-HA) aggressive melanoma cells. Read More