226 results match your criteria Endoscopic Forehead Lift

Functional brow lifting.

Brandyn Dunn

Facial Plast Surg 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, United States.

Brow ptosis is an abnormal descent of the eyebrow resulting in a displeased appearance and/or functional deficit. While most cases of brow ptosis do not result in a functional impairment, functional brow surgery is generally reserved for individuals with severe brow asymmetry or visual field deficit related to excess soft tissue pushing downwards on the eyelid. A combination of both intrinsic and extrinsic anatomic factors contributes to an unfavorable brow shape, contour, and position. Read More

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An Algorithm for Correction of the Aging Upper Face.

Clin Plast Surg 2022 Jul;49(3):415-420

Case Western Reserve School of Medicine.

As the approach to the upper face has evolved in recent years, so has the focus of aesthetic brow procedures. Brow position was the primary focus early in the late twentieth century, with the coronal brow lift the primary means of surgical correction. In more recent years, improving or maintaining brow shape has taken on greater importance and has increasingly been addressed by contemporary techniques. Read More

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Subcutaneous Lateral Temporal Lift.

Clin Plast Surg 2022 Jul 13;49(3):365-375. Epub 2022 May 13.

Northwell Health System/Hofstra University, Zucker School of Medicine, Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, 1009 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10028, USA. Electronic address:

Over the past decades, the understanding of the nuances of forehead anatomy and facial aging has grown immensely. Safe and reliable options for forehead rejuvenation followed. Although noninvasive techniques are an important adjunct in forehead rejuvenation, the mainstay of treatment of the eyebrow is operative intervention. Read More

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Endoscopic Brow Lift.

Clin Plast Surg 2022 Jul;49(3):357-363

Cleveland Clinic Department of Plastic Surgery, Desk A 60, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

This article discusses the physiology of brow ptosis and compares how depressor muscle alteration combined with wide subperiosteal undermining leads to its correction. A detailed description and a series of videos illustrate the endoscopic technique. Long-term before and after photographs demonstrate the efficacy of the procedure. Read More

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The Hairline Brow Lift.

Clin Plast Surg 2022 Jul 13;49(3):349-356. Epub 2022 May 13.

Cleveland Clinic Department of Plastic Surgery, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195-0001, USA; Section of Cosmetic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Plastic Surgery, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195-0001, USA. Electronic address:

Effective rejuvenation of the upper face results when effective brow repositioning is combined with maintenance or improvement of brow shape. Endoscopic brow lift techniques have increased in popularity as surgeons have investigated less invasive surgical procedures. This article provides a comparison of hairline brow lift with other open and endoscopic techniques used for improving brow position. Read More

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Long - Term Evaluation of Endoscopic - and Pre - Trichial Open Forehead Lifts: a Morphometric Analysis.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University Medical Centre of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the long-term (average 6 years, range 3-11 years) follow-up results of both the endoscopic - and pre - trichial open forehead lift. Both the amount of eyebrow elevation, as well as patient satisfaction (FACE-Q questionnaires) were analyzed.

Methods: Preoperative and postoperative eyebrow positions of sixty-five patients were measured. Read More

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Aesthetic Analysis of Alteration of Eyebrow and Forehead Position After Endoscopic Eyebrow lift.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2022 Feb 4. Epub 2022 Feb 4.

SUI Plastic Surgery, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Some of the surgeons performing endoscopic brow lift believe that this technique does not lead to clinically significant enlargement of the forehead.

Purpose: The goal of this study is to determine the change in eyebrow and forehead height after endoscopic brow lift and to assess the durability of the result over time.

Methods: The pre- and postoperative photographs of 97 patients who underwent endoscopic brow lift from January 2016 to July 2020 were standardized and analyzed. Read More

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February 2022

Endoscopic Forehead Lift Using Pretrichial Vertical Incisions and Solid Suture Technique: Effective Fixation and Lesser Scar Formation.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Dec 13. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Doctorsmi Plastic Surgery Clinic, Daejeon, South Korea.

Abstract: Endoscopic forehead lift with frontal incisions behind anterior hairline has been used conventionally not to exposure scar on the forehead. Accordingly, patients with convex forehead, high hairline, and redundant forehead skin are regarded as not good candidates for endoscopic forehead lift. However, we introduce the advantages of pretrichial vertical incision on the forehead using techniques that minimize the risk of scar formation. Read More

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December 2021

Endoscopic Browlift in Patients With Receding Hairlines.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 Mar-Apr 01;33(2):615-619

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic.

Abstract: Patients with receding or high hairlines have traditionally been considered unfavorable candidates for endoscopic brow lift as this can further lengthen the hairline. We analyzed outcomes in patients that underwent a novel endoscopic brow lift technique with placement of incisions and anchoring Endotine Forehead Devices (CoApt Systems Inc, Palo Alto, CA, USA) directly at the natural forehead crease lines, in an effort to minimize elevation of the hairline, whereas providing well-hidden scars. We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent this new Endotine and incision placement between 2016 and 2020. Read More

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Forehead Lift for Asians.

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2021 Nov;29(4):487-495

Labom plastic surgery clinic, Gangnam-daero 600, Dongshin B/D 3F, Seoul, Korea.

Asians have anatomic and clinical characteristics to be considered before forehead lift. Because of the anatomic characteristics of Asians, for the better outcomes of blepharoplasty or augmentation rhinoplasty, forehead lift as a combined surgery must be considered beforehand. Forehead lift is frequently indicated in young Asian patients. Read More

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November 2021

Short- and Long-term Patient Satisfaction and Complications in 650 Endoscopic Forehead Lift Procedures.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Mar-Apr 01;38(2):138-145

Eye and Skull Base Research Centers, The Five Senses Institute, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: The aims are to compare short- versus long-term patient satisfaction and report temporary versus permanent complications in 650 patients with endoscopic forehead lift procedure (EFL).

Methods: This is a retrospective study on all of the consecutive patients with EFL. Patients with previous trauma and surgery and less than 2 years follow up were excluded. Read More

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The effect of laryngeal elevation training on swallowing function in patients with dysphagia.

J Laryngol Otol 2021 Jul 16;135(7):574-578. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Tokai University, Isehara, Japan.

Objective: To investigate the effect of laryngeal elevation training without highly loaded head lifting on swallowing function in patients with dysphagia.

Methods: Fifty-seven patients with dysphagia (36 men; mean age, 78.5 ± 11. Read More

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My Evolution with Endoscopic Brow-Lift Surgery.

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2021 May 24;29(2):163-178. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

University of Utah School of Medicine, 5445 South Highland Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84117, USA.

The endoscopic approach for forehead rejuvenation and brow lift has many advantages. It provided excellent exposure for release of periorbital soft tissues combined with endoscopic magnification, shorter scars, and reduced risk of alopecia and scalp sensory changes compared with the traditional open coronal brow lift. The technique has improved over the last 15 years with better fixation devices, a better understanding of the longevity, and decreased complications of the procedure. Read More

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Investigating Long-Term Brow Stabilization by Endotine-Assisted Endoscopic Brow Lift with Concomitant Upper Lid Blepharoplasty.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2021 Oct 25;130(10):1139-1147. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA, USA.

Objective: To determine whether Endotine-assisted endoscopic brow lift with concomitant upper lid blepharoplasty provides long-term brow elevation.

Methods: Pre- and post-operative photographs from 35 patients who underwent endoscopic brow lift using Endotine Forehead 3 mm implants with concomitant upper lid blepharoplasty were measured to determine changes in brow height with surgery and up to 55 months post-operatively. Photographs of 20 control subjects who did not undergo periorbital surgery and 11 control subjects who underwent upper blepharoplasty without brow lifting were also measured to provide a basis for comparison. Read More

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October 2021

Functional Reconstruction of Forehead and Midface Deficits Using the Endoscopic Technique and Bio-Absorbable Implants.

Plast Surg (Oakv) 2020 Aug 18;28(3):142-147. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Division of Facial Plastic Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Objectives: Functional deficits of the forehead and midface can pose significant problems for patients varying from mild asymmetry to various degrees of functional impairment including total paralysis. Our objectives were to analyse the use of bio-absorbable implants to reconstruct forehead and midface deficits, all of which were for functional (noncosmetic) reasons.

Methods: This study was a retrospective case series between 2008 and 2018. Read More

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Endoscopic Facial Rejuvenation: Endoforehead, the Functional Lift. Case Reports.

Nicanor G Isse

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2020 08;44(4):1162-1170

, 50 Alessandro Place, Suite 230, Pasadena, CA, 91105, USA.

Endoscopic techniques have only very recently been applied to aesthetic plastic surgery procedures, especially in carpal tunnel release, in forehead plasties , and in breast augmentation operations. The author briefly outlines his experiences with endoscopic forehead lifts, first reported at surgical conferences in Los Angeles and Buenos Aires in 1992, and now totaling 61 cases performed in the 11 months just prior to the submission of this article. This endoscopic approach to forehead lifting has provided similar and comparable results to conventional coronal forehead lift operations , by means of small incisions made in the scalp area with minimal and fewer complications. Read More

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Consideration of Nasal Contour in Endoscopic Forehead Rejuvenation.

Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med 2021 Mar-Apr;23(2):98-102. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

TOC Eye and Face, Austin, Texas, USA.

Preliminary studies have suggested an improvement in nasal aesthetics after endoscopic forehead lifting. We aimed to assess subjective and objective changes in nasal contour after minimally invasive forehead rejuvenation. We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent endoscopic forehead lifting by four surgeons at a single surgery center from 2004 to 2018. Read More

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Clinical Evaluation of 225 Sub-SMAS Facelifts with No Temporal Incision.

Eric Swanson

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Feb 26;8(2):e2640. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Swanson Center, Leawood, KS.

Background: Despite their name, "short scar" procedures leave scars in the temples and the postauricular scar often requires extension. Redraping the orbicularis muscle for periorbital rejuvenation increases the risk of facial nerve injury. This retrospective cohort study was undertaken to clinically evaluate a surgical approach that eliminates the temporal incision. Read More

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February 2020

Techniques of Eyebrow Lifting: A Narrative Review.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2020 Apr-Jun;15(2):218-235. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Eye and Skull Base Research Centers, The Five Senses Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

None of brow lift techniques are completely satisfactory because of their limited effectiveness, lack of longevity, and potential complications. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive review of the literature on the pros and cons of the most popular techniques in brow and forehead lift. Relevant original articles in the PubMed database (English language) were sought using the search terms "eyebrow lift", "forehead lift", "periorbital rejuvenation", "eyebrow ptosis", "blepharoplasty and eyebrow change", "surgical eyebrow lift", and "non-surgical eyebrow lift", No date limitation was considered. Read More

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Pressure ulcer following circumferential head dressing.

Orbit 2020 Oct 30;39(5):350-356. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Eye Research Center, The Five Senses Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To report four patients with forehead pressure ulcer (PU) following encircling head dressing and review the literature.

Methods: Uneventful endoscopic forehead lift procedure was performed with moderate skin elevation in three patients. Left upper eyelid crease incision was made to remove the sub-brow dermoid cyst uneventfully in one patient. Read More

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October 2020

A Novel Endoscopic Forehead Lift Technique for Patients with Upper Facial Wrinkles: Morphometric Evaluation and Patient-Reported Outcome using FACE-Q Scales.

Facial Plast Surg 2020 Jun 7;36(3):226-234. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Chinese patients more frequently complain of forehead wrinkles than eyebrow and upper eyelid ptosis. Besides the commonly used brow-lifting technique, a novel technique to satisfy the demands of Chinese patients is needed. In this article, we introduce our novel endoscopic forehead lift procedure and analyze the morphometric evaluation and patient-reported outcomes. Read More

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Endoscopic Temporal Brow Lift: Surgical Indications, Technique, and 10-Year Outcome Analysis.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 12;144(6):1305-1310

From the Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute.

Background: Brow-lift techniques have evolved from the most invasive approach, such as a coronal brow lift, to a minimally invasive technique, such as an endoscopic brow lift over the past century. Although an endoscopic brow lift offers the advantage of being minimally invasive, it suffers from a high recurrence rate. The authors present their experience of combining an endoscopic and temporal brow lift approach for long-lasting results, and discuss the surgical indication, techniques, and outcome of an endoscopic temporal brow lift. Read More

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December 2019

Gliding Brow Lift (GBL): A New Concept.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019 12 11;43(6):1536-1546. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.

Background: Creating the ideal aesthetic eyebrow shape and position is an important goal in facial rejuvenation. One challenge of an eyebrow lift is to find a predictable procedure that balances the advantages and disadvantages of the available strategies. The gliding brow lifting (GBL) is a technique that provides minimal incisions, an effective and stable eyebrow lift, and offers the advantage of precise reshaping of the eyebrow. Read More

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December 2019

The K-Wire Fixation Technique for Endoscopic Brow Lift: A Long-Term Follow-Up.

Aesthet Surg J 2020 09;40(10):1051-1060

Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA.

Background: Many techniques have been presented for fixation during endoscopic brow lift, but no singular technique has become dominant.

Objectives: The authors described a technique for fixation for endoscopic brow lift that is inexpensive, easy to use, and versatile and has minimal morbidity.

Methods: The charts of 284 patients who underwent the K-wire fixation technique between December 1996 and September 2018 were reviewed. Read More

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September 2020

Endoscopic Brow Lift Fixation With Mitek Suture Anchors: A 9-Year Experience of a New "Ideal" Technique.

Plast Surg (Oakv) 2019 May 4;27(2):100-106. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA.

Purpose: In recent years, the endoscopic technique has emerged as a minimally invasive approach to forehead rejuvenation, although the specific need for and mode of brow fixation for endoscopic brow lifts remain under considerable debate. An ideal fixation device should provide non-palpable long-lasting fixation and allow retention of the device post-operatively without the need for removal. It should also allow precise intraoperative adjustment for symmetry and correction of brow ptosis. Read More

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Eyebrow-lift With Frontal Muscle Plication.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2019 Mar;21(2):163-164

Department of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clínicas, Medical School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

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Face-neck lifting and ancillary procedures: A series of 203 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(39):e12333

Professor of Plastic Surgery, A-Plast Estetik, Istanbul, Turkey.

Various methods and ancillary procedures have been defined in the era of face-lifting surgery.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the esthetic outcomes of our face-neck cases and the importance of adding ancillary procedures based on individual assessment.We conducted a retrospective review of 203 face-neck cases, basically following the endoscopic and open principles of Vasconez. Read More

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September 2018

Minimal Incisions Vertical Endoscopic Lifting (MIVEL) for the Management of Lateral Canthal and Lower Eyelid Malposition.

Aesthet Surg J 2019 04;39(5):472-480

The purpose of this article is to describe the necessary steps to correct both primary and postblepharoplasty lateral canthal and lower eyelid malpositions at the time of endoscopic face lifting. Endoscopic surgery is traditionally considered only for brow and forehead lifting. However, in our practice we have successfully expanded the indications of the minimal incision vertical endoscopic lifting technique from being primarily indicated for forehead/brow elevation to also treating both primary and secondary lower eyelid and lateral canthal malpositions. Read More

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Endoscopic Browplasty.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Apr 9;34(2):139-144. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Lindsay House Surgery Center for Plastic Surgery, Rochester, New York.

The endoscopic brow lift has become an established procedure that can safely and reliably rejuvenate the upper third of the face. The authors discuss relevant anatomy and considerations for patient selection to optimize surgical outcomes. A detailed review of surgical technique is presented, and the potential complications and means to reduce them are discussed. Read More

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