9,431 results match your criteria Endophthalmitis


Pediatric open-globe injury in a university-based tertiary hospital.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12:1120672118818013. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background:: To investigate epidemiology, etiology, and outcomes after repair of pediatric open-globe injury.

Methods:: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients ⩽18 years who underwent primary open-globe repair.

Results:: A total of 213 patients were identified. Read More

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December 2018

Intraocular lens dislocation: a novel in-situ scleral refixation technique using a 25 Gauge trocar in the anterior chamber.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2018 23;3(1):e000174. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Dipartimento Neuromuscoloscheletrico e Organi di Sensi, Università degli Study di Firenze, Florence, Italy.

Objective: Intraocular lens (IOL) repositioning using a closed-eye approach could be carried out in some selected cases. Our study focuses on the efficacy and safety of a IOL closed-eye repositioning technique using scleral suture, which is performed using a trocar as an intrastromal limbal guide.

Methods And Analysis: Thirty-one eyes of 31 patients with late IOL dislocation operated on between January 2015 and May 2017 were included in this retrospective non-comparative consecutive case series study. Read More

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November 2018

The Role of Pneumococcal Virulence Factors in Ocular Infectious Diseases.

Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis 2018 13;2018:2525173. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA.

is a gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic pathogen that can cause severe infections such as pneumonia, meningitis, septicemia, and middle ear infections. It is also one of the top pathogens contributing to bacterial keratitis and conjunctivitis. Though two pneumococcal vaccines exist for the prevention of nonocular diseases, they do little to fully prevent ocular infections. Read More

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November 2018

Safety of high-dose intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide as low-cost alternative to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents in lower-middle-income countries.

Clin Ophthalmol 2018 26;12:2383-2391. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of high-dose intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) as affordable low-cost alternative to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-vascular endothelial growth factor [anti-VEGF] agents) in lower-middle-income countries.

Patients And Methods: This was a retrospective interventional non-comparative case series. The study recruited patients who received 20 mg IVTA for treating various retinal and optic nerve diseases over the past 5 years. Read More

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November 2018

Endophthalmitis incidence of cancer patients after cataract surgery: A nationwide matched cohort study in Taiwan.

Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taiwan; Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taiwan; Biostatistics Core Laboratory, Molecular Medicine Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare the incidence rate of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery between cancer cohort and matched non-cancer cohort.

Design: matched cohort study METHODS: Patients with cataract surgery of both eyes among a nationwide cancer cohort and 1:1 matched non-cancer cohort were enrolled from the year of 1998 to 2012 in Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Both the cancer group and the control group were followed for three months after the cataract surgery to obtain the rate of endophthalmitis. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

[Outcomes of 27G(+) transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy for posterior segment disease].

Authors:
J P Liu Y Shao X R Li

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;54(12):918-922

Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, College of Optometry and Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University Eye Institute, Tianjin 300384, China.

To report the clinical outcomes and safety profile of 27G(+) transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV) in eyes with posterior segment disease. Prospective, interventional case series. Eyes undergoing 27G(+) TSV for a vitreoretinal surgery indication were included from Dec 2015 to Mar 2016. Read More

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December 2018

A Review of Antimicrobial Therapy for Infectious Uveitis of the Posterior Segment.

Med Hypothesis Discov Innov Ophthalmol 2018 ;7(4):140-155

UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK.

Treatment of infectious posterior uveitis represents a therapeutic challenge for ophthalmologists. The eye is a privileged site, maintained by blood ocular barriers, which limits penetration of systemic antimicrobials into the posterior segment. In addition, topical and subconjunctival therapies are incapable of producing sufficient drug concentrations, intraocularly. Read More

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January 2018

Endogenous endophthalmitis due to Klebsiella pneumoniae from an infected gallbladder.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 16;53(6):e258-e260. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta. Electronic address:

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December 2018
2 Reads

Laser flare photometry: a cost-effective method for early detection of endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF agents.

J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2018 Dec 4;8(1):23. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Inflammatory and Retinal Eye Diseases, Centre for Ophthalmic Specialised Care (COS) at Montchoisi Teaching Center, Rue Charles-Monnard 6, 1003, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents is the most common intraocular procedure worldwide, inevitably causing more cases of post-injection endophthalmitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of laser flare photometry in monitoring inflammation after intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents, particularly to detect early stage post-injection endophthalmitis. A retrospective case review was performed of all patients who underwent flare assessment by laser flare photometry before and after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab or aflibercept at the Centre for Ophthalmic Specialized Care in Lausanne, Switzerland, between January 2015 and May 2018. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The dangers of sublethal carvacrol exposure: increases in virulence of during endophthalmitis.

Int J Biochem Mol Biol 2018 8;9(2):11-21. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Biology, Ball State University Muncie, IN 47306, USA.

can cause endophthalmitis through secretion of virulence factors, including hemolysin BL (Hbl) and nonhemolytic entertoxin (Nhe). Carvacrol is an extract from oregano oil, with potential for curtailing endophthalmitis, due to antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory qualities. However, sublethal levels of carvacrol increases virulence. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

[Complications of intracameral cefuroxime in cataract surgery].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):104-110

Volga District Medical Centre, Federal Medical and Biological Agency, 2 Nizhnevolgskaya Naberegnaya, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation, 603001.

Intracameral injection of cefuroxime during phacoemulsification is considered effective in preventing endophthalmitis. Its widespread usage has led to the accumulation of data on local and systemic adverse reactions. The analysis of complications of cataract surgery with cefuroxime injections described in literature has allowed identifying a few different clusters of toxic and allergic reactions to intracameral cefuroxime for the first time. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Polyvinyl alcohol-iodine induced corneal epithelial injury in vivo and its protection by topical rebamipide treatment.

PLoS One 2018 29;13(11):e0208198. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kanazawa Medical University, Kahoku, Ishikawa, Japan.

Periocular povidone-iodine (PI) and polyvinyl alcohol-iodine (PAI) have had a major role in the prevention of endophthalmitis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the corneal epithelial toxicity of PAI in a rabbit eye model using corneal resistance (CR) measurement, which is a good indicator of cell barrier function. Rabbit eyes were administered PAI solution at 4-, 6-, 8-, or 16-fold dilution with physiological saline solution (saline) or saline alone (control), to the conjunctival sac with/without wash-out with saline. Read More

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November 2018

Emergency management: acute endophthalmitis.

Community Eye Health 2018 ;31(103):68-69

Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon & Honorary Senior Lecturer: Ophthalmology Department, The Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, UK.

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January 2018

Effects of intravitreal Bevacizumab in Gram-positive and Gram-negative models of ocular inflammation.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Background: Exogenous endophthalmitis is a potential complication of intraocular surgery and frequently results in visual impairment. Current treatment involves administration of intravitreal (IVT) antibiotics with or without vitrectomy surgery. Evidence for the use of adjunctive anti-inflammatory agents is conflicting. Read More

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November 2018

Detection of Endophthalmitis in a Newborn Using Handheld Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018 Sep-Dec;9(3):439-443. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México, Hospital Dr. Luis Sanchez Bulnes, Mexico, Mexico.

In a newborn with candidemia, two retinal lesions were seen without external inflammatory signs or reaction in the anterior chamber or vitreous. However, handheld spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (HH SD-OCT) images show that one of the retinal lesions had a "firework display" projecting to the vitreous that was not identified in indirect ophthalmoscopy. This finding suggested a endophthalmitis. Read More

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October 2018

Challenges in the Polyene- and Azole-Based Pharmacotherapy of Ocular Fungal Infections.

J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

1 Department of Pharmaceutics and Drug Delivery, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi , Oxford, Mississippi.

Polyenes and azoles constitute 2 major drug classes in the antifungal armamentarium used to treat fungal infections of the eye such as fungal keratitis, endophthalmitis, conjunctivitis, and blepharitis. These classes of drugs have come to occupy an important niche in ophthalmic antifungal therapy due to their broad spectrum of activity against a variety of filamentous and yeast-like fungi. Natamycin suspension (Natacyn), a polyene antifungal drug, is currently the only US FDA-approved formulation for treating ophthalmic fungal infections, whereas the other polyene and azole antifungals such as amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole are routinely used off-label in the clinical setting. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

TRAUMATIC CORNEAL LACERATION IN NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA.

J West Afr Coll Surg 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):72-84

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria.

Background: Corneal laceration is a partial or full thickness corneal injury resulting from direct or indirect ocular trauma. Cornea laceration generally leads to the development of corneal opacity which is a significant cause of blindness worldwide, particularly in developing countries where facility for corneal transplant is not readily available. Clinical outcomes depend on causes, the part of cornea involved, and availability of skilled human resource and presence of corneal transplant services. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Burkholderia Cepacia Endophthalmitis: An Unusual Presentation.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):504-507

Department of Ophthalmology, Mission Nethralaya, Shillong, Meghalaya, India.

Purpose: To report three cases of endophthalmitis following uneventful phacoemulsification surgery.

Case Report: Three cases presented with blurriness of vision 2 to 3 weeks following phacoemulsification. Vitreous culture confirmed the diagnosis. Read More

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November 2018

The role of pars plana vitrectomy in the management of fungal endogenous endophthalmitis.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 26:1120672118815105. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose:: To identify the causative microorganism of fungal endogenous endophthalmitis in our tertiary referral uveitis center and review the therapeutic role of pars plana vitrectomy in patients with fungal endogenous endophthalmitis.

Methods:: Seven eyes of six cases were identified as fungal endogenous endophthalmitis through positive cultures of ocular fluids and clinical presentations. The final anatomical and functional results were evaluated. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

A Retrospective Study of 199 Xen45 Stent Implantations From 2014 to 2016.

J Glaucoma 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Ophthalmology.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine the postoperative course after Xen45 Gel Stent implantation at the Medical University of Graz from 2014-2016.

Methods: Single-center, retrospective study. All patients with Xen implantation between 2014 and 2016 were included. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Clinical presentations, management outcomes, and diagnostic dilemma in Kocuria endophthalmitis.

J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2018 Nov 20;8(1):21. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Center for Vitreoretinal Diseases, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500034, India.

Aim: To describe the clinical presentations and management outcomes of Kocuria endophthalmitis and discuss diagnostic dilemmas DESIGN: Retrospective interventional comparative case series INTERVENTION: Eight unilateral cases with culture-proven Kocuria endophthalmitis from January 2013 to December 2017 underwent vitrectomy/vitreous biopsy and intravitreal antibiotic with or without additional procedures. The undiluted vitreous was subjected to microbiologic evaluation.

Main Outcome Measures: The mean age at presentation, etiology, number of interventions, interval between inciting event and presentation, type of intravitreal antibiotic used, and anatomic and functional outcomes were reported. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis: The role of prophylactic antibiotic eye drops.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, The Alfred, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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November 2018
3 Reads

Complete Genome Sequence of Massilia oculi sp. nov. CCUG 43427 (=DSM 26321), the Type Strain of M. oculi, and Comparison with Genome Sequences of Other Massilia Strains.

Curr Microbiol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture by Ministry of Agriculture of China, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Massilia oculi sp. nov. of type strain CCUG 43427 is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonspore-forming bacterium, which was recently isolated from the eye of a patient suffering from endophthalmitis and was described as novel species in Massilia genus. Read More

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November 2018

Anterior chamber fibrinoid syndrome after cataract extraction in a patient on ibrutinib for B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Nov 16;12(1):349. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Scheie Eye Institute, University of Pennsylvania, 51 N. 39th St, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: Ibrutinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor commonly used in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Based on the published literature, it has a very sound ophthalmologic safety profile. In the following, we describe a case of anterior chamber fibrinoid syndrome in a patient on ibrutinib for B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia after uncomplicated cataract extraction. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Infectious postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery performed over 7 years. The role of azithromycin versus ciprofloxacin eye drops.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 31;31(6):499-505. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Santiago Grau, Department of Pharmacy, Hospital del Mar, Parc de Salut Mar, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: Although topical antibiotics have been used as antimicrobial prophylaxis after ocular surgery, recent studies have determined that intracameral cefuroxime at the end of surgery significantly reduce the risk to suffer an infection and suggest that the use of topical antibiotics in the prophylaxis of infectious postoperative endophthalmitis (IPOE) is controversial. Moreover, there is no evidence to confirm the higher effectiveness of topical ciprofloxacin, considered the standard of care, or topical azithromycin in preventing IPOE of cataract surgeries.

Methods: IPOE topical prophylaxis was performed with two different strategies: with azithromycin from January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2014 (group I) and with ciprofloxacin from January 1st, 2015 to January 31st, 2017 (group II). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

[Vitrectomy for endophthalmitis : Incubation time and prognosis following intravitreal injection vs. cataract surgery].

Ophthalmologe 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz und der Medizinischen Fakultät Mannheim der Universität Heidelberg, Klinikum Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Bremserstr. 79, 67063, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Deutschland.

Background: Bacterial endophthalmitis is a rare but devastating complication following intraocular surgery. Guidelines on the diagnostics and treatment are based mainly on experience of endophthalmitis treatment following cataract surgery.

Objective: In this study we analyzed infectious endophthalmitis cases following either intravitreal operative drug injection (IVOM) or cataract surgery for possible differences in the clinical course and prognosis. Read More

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November 2018

Cluster endophthalmitis due to following intravitreal bevacizumab: outcomes of patients from North India.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Advanced Eye Center, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India

Purpose: To study features, management and outcomes of cluster endophthalmitis following intravitreal bevacizumab (BCZ) injection in North India.

Methods: In this retrospective study, 28 patients (23 men) (mean age of 59.07±13 years) who received intravitreal injection of BCZ were included. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Visual and ocular morbidity in severe open-globe injuries presenting to a regional eye centre in New Zealand.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, New Zealand National Eye Centre, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Importance: Open-globe injuries (OGI) are a leading cause of monocular blindness world-wide with considerable cost to the individual and society.

Background: To characterize the epidemiology, severity and outcomes of OGI treated at a major ophthalmology centre in New Zealand.

Design: Retrospective study. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Relevance of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein in patients with active uveitis.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, Erasmus Medical Center, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Purpose: To relate erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) values to different uveitis entisties.

Methods: A retrospective study of patients with a first episode of active uveitis visiting the Erasmus University Medical Center, uveitis clinic, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, was performed. Levels of ESR and CRP were determined within 2 weeks and 1 week after onset of uveitis, respectively. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Effectiveness and Safety of Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant (Ozurdex) in Patients with Diabetic Macular Edema: A Real-World Experience.

Ophthalmologica 2019 8;241(1):9-16. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Retina Private Office, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: There are few real-life studies on the intravitreal 0.7-mg dexamethasone implant for the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME) conducted in Latin America. We aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of this implant in clinical practice. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of open globe injuries in Japan.

Jpn J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan.

Purpose: To describe the epidemiology and clinical outcomes of open globe injuries (OGIs) in Japan over 10 years, and examine preoperative factors influencing the visual prognosis after surgery.

Study Design: Retrospective, observational, multicenter case-series study.

Methods: Patients' data were entered into a computerized database for review and statistical analyses. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Budget impact analysis of dexamethasone intravitreal implant for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema.

Farm Hosp 2018 11 1;42(6):244-250. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Pricing and Market Access, Allergan, S.A.U., Tres Cantos, Madrid.

Objective: To assess the economic impact following the inclusion of an intravitreal implant of dexamethasone for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema in a healthcare area in Spain.

Method: A 3-year budget impact model was designed to estimate healthcare  direct costs for adult patients with diabetic macular oedema from the National  Health System perspective. The approved therapies in use  (aflibercept/ranibizumab/dexamethasone) were considered. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Orbital Cellulitis: Clinical Manifestations and Outcomes in a Tertiary Medical Center in Taiwan.

J Ophthalmol 2018 2;2018:4237573. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Branch, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Purpose: To report six cases of orbital cellulitis without preceding endophthalmitis.

Method: Retrospective chart review.

Results: We reported four females and two males admitted to our hospital for orbital cellulitis proven by computed tomographies and bacterial cultures from May 1995 to March 2017. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Recalcitrant Endogenous Trichosporon Endophthalmitis in 2 Immunocompromised Patients.

Ophthalmol Retina 2018 Jul 21;2(7):746-748. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University Medical Center, 635 West 165 Street, New York, New York, 10032.

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July 2018
4 Reads

The Malaysian cataract surgery registry: incidence and risk factors of postoperative infectious endophthalmitis over a 7-year period.

Int J Ophthalmol 2018 18;11(10):1685-1690. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Clinical Research Centre, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur 53000, Malaysia.

Aim: To report the incidence, risk factors and visual outcomes for postoperative endophthalmitis (POE) based on 7-year data from the Malaysian Ministry of Health Cataract Surgery Registry (MOH CSR).

Methods: Data was collected from the web-based MOH CSR. All consecutive cataract surgery patients from 1 June 2008 to 31 December 2014 were identified. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Incidence and Risk Factors of Intraocular Foreign Body-Related Endophthalmitis in Southern China.

J Ophthalmol 2018 30;2018:8959108. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510060, China.

Purpose: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of intraocular foreign body- (IOFB-) related endophthalmitis.

Methods: A total of 1701 patients diagnosed with IOFB between January 1, 2005 and June 30, 2015 were included. Two groups of patients were defined according to the presence or absence of endophthalmitis, and a comparison of personal information, IOFB characteristics, and wound location were performed. Read More

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September 2018
9 Reads

CLINICAL PRESENTATIONS, DIAGNOSIS, AND MANAGEMENT OUTCOMES OF CURVULARIA ENDOPHTHALMITIS AND A REVIEW OF LITERATURE.

Retina 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Center for Vitreoretinal Diseases, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

Purpose: To describe the clinical presentation and management of Curvularia endophthalmitis and compare with previous published literature.

Methods: Retrospective interventional comparative case series and literature review. Eight cases with culture-proven Curvularia endophthalmitis from January 2000 to March 2018 underwent vitrectomy/vitreous biopsy, intravitreal antibiotic with or without additional procedures as appropriate. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Identification of Species in a Patient with Endophthalmitis following Penetrating Injury with Retained Intraocular Metallic Foreign Body.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 25;2018:3027846. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of species in a patient with endophthalmitis. A 47-year-old man presented to the ophthalmology department with decreased vision, redness, and minimal pain in his right eye after a foreign body struck his eye following working using a hammer and chisel. Broad-spectrum polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing targeting 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid-(rRNA-) encoding gene on an undiluted vitreous sample revealed 100% identity with GenBank sequences of species including , , and . Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads

A multi-centre interventional case series of 259 ab-interno Xen gel implants for glaucoma, with and without combined cataract surgery.

Eye (Lond) 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

University Hospital Southampton, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK.

Aims: To assess the efficacy of Xen in reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) in varying glaucoma subtypes. To assess the effect of combined phacoemulsification. To determine the frequency of complications and explore further bleb management needed. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read
1.900 Impact Factor

Interface infectious keratitis after anterior and posterior lamellar keratoplasty. Clinical features and treatment strategies. A review.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Ophthalmology Unit, Azienda USL - IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Interface infectious keratitis (IIK) is a novel corneal infection that may develop after any type of lamellar keratoplasty. Onset of infection occurs in the virtual space between the graft and the host where it may remain localised until spreading with possible risk of endophthalmitis. A literature review identified 42 cases of IIK. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Intracameral antibiotics for prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis in Australia: a review.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 21. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.

Postoperative endophthalmitis is a severe complication which may result in loss of vision. Intracameral antibiotics have been shown to reduce the risk of this complication and are extensively used worldwide, with vancomycin, cefuroxime and moxifloxacin most commonly used. Choices in Australia are currently limited to vancomycin and cefazolin, since cefuroxime and moxifloxacin are not available. Read More

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October 2018

Aspergillus aortitis in an immunocompetent patient presenting with acute endophthalmitis.

Infect Dis Rep 2018 Sep 24;10(2):7750. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

is a common environmental mold most often recognized as an infectious agent in patients with severe immune compromise. We present a case of an immunocompetent patient presenting with endogenous endophthalmitis in the absence of other infectious symptoms. The search for a systemic source revealed an ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Role of topical antibiotics in prophylaxis against endophthalmitis following intravitreal antibiotics.

Pak J Med Sci 2018 Sep-Oct;34(5):1283-1287

Dr. Ume Sughra, FCPS, MPH. Assistant Professor, Research Associate, Al-Shifa School of Public Health, Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Objective: To compare the prophylactic use of antibiotic with placebo to prevent post intra-vitreal endophthalmitis and other complications.

Methods: A prospective, cohort study was conducted at Ophthalmology Department, Fauji Foundation Hospital (FFH), from June 2016 to July 2017. A total of 1082 eyes of 673 patients were enrolled in this study. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Case Report: Penetrating Corneal Injury Under an Intact Laser-assisted in Situ Keratomileusis Flap.

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Nov;95(11):1083-1086

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Significance: As the prevalence of post-laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) patients rises, recognition of possible traumatic complications and their management in this population becomes increasingly relevant. Penetrating injuries and intraocular foreign bodies are possible in post-LASIK corneas despite an intact anterior corneal surface. However, with prompt recognition and treatment, excellent visual recovery can be achieved. Read More

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November 2018

Association of Cataract Surgical Outcomes With Late Surgeon Career Stages: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Importance: Evidence suggests that the quality of some aspects of care provided by physicians may decrease during their late career stage. However, to our knowledge, data regarding the association of advancing surgeon career phase with cataract surgical outcomes have been lacking.

Objective: To investigate whether an increase in cataract surgical adverse events occurs during later surgeon career stages. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Genetic diversity and persistent colonization of Enterococcus faecalis on ocular surfaces.

Jpn J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 15;62(6):699-705. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-15 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-8511, Japan.

Purpose: Enterococcus faecalis causes severe acute endophthalmitis and often leads to poor visual outcomes. Conjunctival bacterial cultures occasionally grow atypical bacteria including E. faecalis, which can potentially contribute to the development of postoperative endophthalmitis. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Complicated bilateral fungal emphysematous pyelonephritis in a 55-year-old diabetic female: A case report and review of literature.

Curr Med Mycol 2018 Jun;4(2):32-35

Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medial Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background And Purpose: Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare and serious disease causing acute renal failure. Diabetes is a major risk factor for this infection.

Case Report: Herein, we present the case of a 55-year-old female patient with diabetes and EPN caused by . Read More

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June 2018
9 Reads

Chronic postcataract endophthalmitis caused by species in an immunocompetent patient.

Int Med Case Rep J 2018 8;11:259-262. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan,

Objective: species are abundant, generally saprophytic, and widely distributed in the environment. On rare occasions, they cause endophthalmitis in immunocompromised patients or in immunocompetent patients with uncontrolled diabetic mellitus or immunosuppressive agents. We report a case of endophthalmitis caused by species in an immunocompetent patient without any disorders. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Re: Xu et al.: Endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors (Ophthalmology. 2018;125:1279-1286).

Ophthalmology 2018 Nov;125(11):e80-e81

Department of Ophthalmology, Samaya Specialized Center, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

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November 2018

[A case of liver abscess complicated by suppurative endophthalmitis].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2018 Aug;26(8):624-625

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, Shanghai 200072, China.

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