58,072 results match your criteria Endometrial Carcinoma* Obstetrics and Gynecology


Pregnancy of Unknown Location: The Value of Frozen Section Analysis and Its Relation to Beta-hCG Levels and Endometrial Thickness.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel.

Objective:  Frozen section examination is a rapid method for identifying products of conception in endometrial curetting, yet its accuracy is inconclusive. The purposes of this study is to determine the accuracy of frozen section analysis of endometrial curetting in pregnancies of unknown location, and to verify the relation of β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) level and endometrial thickness to the assessed accuracy.

Methods:  We reviewed data from January 2009 to December 2014 of diagnostic curettages from women with suspected ectopic pregnancies sent for frozen section examination at a medical center. Read More

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December 2018

Multicenter experience with large panel next-generation sequencing in patients with advanced solid cancers in Japan.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: Application of next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) has recently become increasingly common in the field of clinical oncology in several countries around the world. In Japan also, a system for applying NGS to routine clinical practice is gradually being established. During this process, we introduced in Japan the tumor-profiling MSK-IMPACT (Memorial Sloan Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets) assay. Read More

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December 2018

A Matched Analysis on the Prognostic Impact of Race on Survival Endpoints of Women with Early-Stage Endometrial Cancer.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2018 Dec 12:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan,

Objective: To compare survival endpoints between African American (AA) and non-AA (NAA) women with endometrial carcinoma (EC) stage I-II using a robust matching analysis.

Methods And Materials: Patients were matched by stage, grade, adjuvant management (surveillance, vaginal brachytherapy or pelvic radiation treatment), age, and year of hysterectomy. Recurrence-free survival (RFS), disease-specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated. Read More

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December 2018

[Oral contraception and the risk of breast cancer. Review of the literature].

Magy Onkol 2018 Dec 10;62(4):258-263. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Uzsoki Utcai Kórház, Fõvárosi Onkoradiológiai Központ, Budapest, Hungary.

At present an estimated hundred millions of women worldwide use oral contraception, but the influence of hormonal contraception on carcinogenesis of breast is not fully understood. Previous studies of breast cancer risk show inconsistent findings - from zero elevation to approximately 30%-40% increase in risk. The beneficial effect on ovarian and endometrial cancer risk is apparent. Read More

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December 2018

Expression of programmed death-ligand 1 and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α proteins in endometrial carcinoma.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1063-S1069

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Al Menoufia, Egypt.

Background: Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) proteins mediate major alterations of tumor microenvironment including generation of immunosuppressive microenvironment and tumor hypoxia, respectively. These alterations play a crucial role in carcinogenesis and tumor progression.

Aims: The present study was designed to investigate the correlation between the expression of PD-L1 and HIF-1α proteins and the clinicopathologic variables in endometrial carcinoma. Read More

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December 2018

What abdominal radiologists should know about extragenital endometriosis-associated neuropathy.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Radiology, Hospital Sírio-Libanês, Adma Jafet, 91, Bela Vista, São Paulo, SP, 01308-050, Brazil.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to provide an overview of endometriosis-associated neuropathy and to review main anatomical concepts of intrapelvic peripheral nerves.

Methods: In this pictorial essay, we review the anatomy of pelvic nerves and imaging features of endometriosis-associated neuropathy. We also evaluate clinical findings, imaging features, and outcome of seven patients with endometriosis-associated neuropathy. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Bone marrow-derived stem cells contribute to regeneration of the endometrium.

Clin Exp Reprod Med 2018 Dec 30;45(4):149-153. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Stem cells are undifferentiated cells capable of self-renewal and differentiation into various cell lineages. Stem cells are responsible for the development of organs and regeneration of damaged tissues. The highly regenerative nature of the human endometrium during reproductive age suggests that stem cells play a critical role in endometrial physiology. Read More

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December 2018

Successful pregnancy after uterine artery embolization for uterine arterovenous malformation: a rare case report.

Int J Womens Health 2018 21;10:745-750. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Università degli studi di Salerno - Dipartimento di Medicina, Chirurgia e Odontoiatria "Scuola Medica Salernitana", Salerno, Italy,

Objective: This paper reports on a rare case of pregnancy after uterine artery embolization (UAE) for uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Debate exists about persistence of fertility in women after UAE. Adverse effects of this technique can modify both uterine echostructure, inducing necrosis and infarction, endometrial atrophy and uterine artery rupture, and ovarian reserve, causing persistent amenorrhea. Read More

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November 2018

Bcl-2 inhibitors enhance FGFR inhibitor-induced mitochondrial-dependent cell death in FGFR2 mutant endometrial cancer.

Mol Oncol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

School of Biomedical Science, Institute of Health & Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology located within the Translational Research Institute, Queensland, Australia.

Endometrial cancer is the most commonly diagnosed gynaecological malignancy. Unfortunately, 15-20% of women demonstrate persistent or recurrent tumours that are refractory to current chemotherapies. We previously identified activating mutations in Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 2 (FGFR2) in 12% (stage I/II) to 17% (stage III/IV) endometrioid ECs and found that these mutations are associated with shorter progression-free and cancer-specific survival. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Calcitonin administration improves endometrial receptivity via regulation of LIF, Muc-1 and microRNA Let-7a in mice.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Reproductive Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Calcitonin (CT) is one of the factors affecting the embryo implantation, but its effects on the implantation window have not been fully investigated. The current study investigated the effects of CT on the endometrium receptivity by morphological study and evaluation of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), mucin 1 (Muc-1), and microRNA (miRNA) Let-7a in the ovarian stimulation and the normal ovarian cycle. Then the mechanism of the CT effects through the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway was studied by using PP242. Read More

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December 2018

Risk of cancer after assisted reproduction: a review of the available evidences and guidance to fertility counselors.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018 Nov;22(22):8042-8059

Gynecological Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Aviano, Italy.

Objective: Infertile women requiring ovarian stimulation and assisted reproduction techniques (ART) are faced with difficult issues. The fear that using hormones could increase their risk of cancer is the most significant. One of the main challenges for assessing cancer risk after ART is the difficulty to separate it from the underlying condition of infertility per se. Read More

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November 2018

A window-of-opportunity clinical trial of dasatinib in women with newly diagnosed endometrial cancer.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Cancer Biology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Objective: To determine the extent of dasatinib uptake and effect on Src kinase activity in tumor, normal adjacent tissue, and blood in newly diagnosed endometrial cancer patients.

Methods: Dasatinib was dosed at 100 or 200 mg PO BID at 32 and 8 h preoperatively. Blood and tissue were collected pre-treatment and at surgery to assess active (pY419) and total Src protein (pharmacodynamics [PD]) and pharmacokinetics (PK). Read More

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December 2018

Pathways regulating the expression of the immunomodulatory protein glycodelin in non‑small cell lung cancer.

Int J Oncol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Translational Research Unit, Thoraxklinik at Heidelberg University Hospital, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany.

Glycodelin [gene name, progesterone associated endometrial protein (PAEP)] was initially described as an immune system modulator in reproduction. Today, it is also known to be expressed in several types of cancer, including non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this cancer type, the feasibility of its usage as a follow‑up biomarker and its potential role as an immune system modulator were described. Read More

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December 2018

Endometrial stromal sarcoma in a 27-year-old woman. Case report and literature review.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):933-938

Department of Obstetrics-Gynecology and Neonatology, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "St. John" Emergency Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania;

Endometrial stromal tumors are very rare, representing approximately 0.2% of uterine malignancies, having an incidence of one to two from a million of women. The diagnosis cannot be established by imaging, it is histopathological only, often necessitate supplementary immunohistochemistry tests. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

High prevalence of metabolic syndrome in women newly diagnosed with endometrial cancer.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2018 Nov 23;26:109-110. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Division of Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester M13 9WL, UK.

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November 2018

Cardiovascular disease in women diagnosed with endometrial cancer.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2018 Nov 4;26:108. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Du Cane Road, W12 0HS London, United Kingdom.

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November 2018

Structural uterine changes in postpartum endometritis in cows.

Vet World 2018 Nov 22;11(10):1473-1478. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Agrobiotechnology, Agrarian Technological Institute, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

Aim: The purpose of this work was to study the dynamics of structural manifestations of acute cases of postpartum endometritis in cows.

Materials And Methods: The light and electron microscopy methods were used when studying structural changes in the endometrium in case of postpartum endometritis in seven cows. Sections of endometrial specimens for light microscopy, 5-7 µm thick, were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and also by Van Gieson's. Read More

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November 2018

Human epidemiological evidence about the associations between exposure to organochlorine chemicals and endometriosis: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 6;123:209-223. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

LABERCA, Oniris, INRA, Université Bretagne-Loire, 44307 Nantes, France.

Background: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disease characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue that affects women during their reproductive years, having a strong impact on their lives, fertility and healthcare costs. The aetiology remains largely unknown, but current evidence suggests that it is multi-causal and oestrogen-dependent. Many epidemiologic studies have explored associations between organochlorine chemicals (OCCs) and endometriosis, but the findings are inconsistent. Read More

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December 2018

A pilot study of levonorgestrel concentrations and bleeding patterns in women with epilepsy using a levonorgestrel IUD and treated with antiepileptic drugs.

Contraception 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York City, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: We explored levonorgestrel (LNG) concentrations, bleeding patterns and endometrial thickness in women with epilepsy (WWE) initiating a LNG-intrauterine device (IUD) co-administered with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs).

Study Design: This pilot study included 20 WWE ages 18 to 45 years with well-controlled seizures and stable AED regimens initiating a 52 mg LNG-IUD (20mcg/d initial release). We collected blood and measured endometrial thickness before IUD placement and 21 days, 3 and 6 months thereafter. Read More

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December 2018

Disseminating universal genetic testing to a diverse, indigent patient population at a county hospital gynecologic oncology clinic.

Gynecol Oncol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

The Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective: The universal genetic testing initiative (UGTI) is a quality improvement effort to increase rates of guideline-based genetic counseling (GC) and genetic testing (GT) of patients with potentially hereditary cancers. The UGTI was disseminated to a county hospital gynecologic oncology clinic that serves a diverse, indigent patient population.

Methods: Using the Model for Improvement quality improvement framework, interventions including integrated GC, clinic tracking, assisted GC referrals, and provider education were tested over 26 months. Read More

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December 2018

Effectiveness of hysteroscopic techniques for endometrial polyps removal: the italian multicenter Trial.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Women's Health and Territorial Medicine, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

Study Objective: To compare the effectiveness and safety of different techniques of hysteroscopic polypectomy.

Design: Multicenter, prospective observational trial (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2).

Setting: 19 Italian Gynecologic Departments (University-Affiliated or Public Hospitals). Read More

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December 2018

Does Surgical Treatment of Atypical Endometrial Hyperplasia Require Referral to a Gynecologic Oncologist?

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine; Winston-Salem, NC.

Patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) in the United States are commonly referred to a gynecologic oncologist given a moderate risk of concurrent carcinoma. However, selective referral of patients to non-oncologic gynecologic surgeons for surgical treatment of AEH may offer increased access to care without compromising clinical outcomes. Non-oncologic surgeons who consider providing surgical treatment for AEH must be able to offer minimally invasive surgery when appropriate and have sufficient surgical volume to deliver optimal clinical outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Vilaprisan in women with uterine fibroids: the randomized phase 2b ASTEROID 1 study.

Fertil Steril 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Bayer, Berlin, Germany.

Objectives: To assess the safety and efficacy of four vilaprisan doses (0.5-4.0 mg) in women with uterine fibroids. Read More

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December 2018

Pathogenesis of endometriosis: the genetic/epigenetic theory.

Fertil Steril 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, and Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Objective: To study the pathophysiology of endometriosis.

Design: Overview of observations on endometriosis.

Setting: Not applicable. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Lynch syndrome: What is new?]

Bull Cancer 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

AP-HP, Sorbonne université, hôpital Saint-Antoine, et service d'oncologie médicale, 184, rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine, 75012 Paris, France; Sorbonne université, unité Mixte de Recherche Scientifique 938 et SIRIC CURAMUS, Centre de recherche Saint-Antoine, équipe instabilité des microsatellites et cancer, équipe labellisée par la Ligue Nationale contre le cancer, Inserm, 75012 Paris, France.

Lynch syndrome is a genetic condition defined by a germline mutation of an MMR (MisMatch Repair) gene leading to a defective DNA MMR system. Therefore, it is characterized by the predisposition to a spectrum of cancers, primarily colorectal cancer (CRC) and endometrial cancer (EC). Lynch syndrome-related CRC accounts for 3% of all CRC. Read More

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December 2018
0.635 Impact Factor

Diet and risk of breast, endometrial and ovarian cancer: UK Women's Cohort Study.

Br J Nutr 2018 Dec 11:1-24. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1Nutritional Epidemiology Group,School of Food Science & Nutrition,University of Leeds,Leeds,UK.

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December 2018

Gynecologists are afraid of prescribing hormone replacement to endometrial/ovarian cancer survivors despite national guidelines-a survey in Sweden.

Ups J Med Sci 2018 Dec 10:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

a Department of Women's and Children's Health , Uppsala University , Uppsala , Sweden.

Background: Prolonged survival in ovarian and endometrial cancer patients increases the importance of paying attention to quality of life. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after gynecologic cancer has been controversial. With this survey, we sought to describe Swedish gynecologists' and gynecologic oncologists' attitudes towards prescribing HRT to these cancer survivors and see if prescribing practice is consistent with the available evidence and national guidelines. Read More

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December 2018

Impairment of the antifibrotic prostaglandin E pathway may influence neutrophil extracellular traps-induced fibrosis in the mare endometrium.

Domest Anim Endocrinol 2018 Nov 3;67:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Morphology and Function, CIISA- Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Prostaglandin E (PGE) has contradictory effects in many organs. It may have proinflammatory, anti-inflammatory, or anti-fibrotic roles, depending on the type of receptors to which it binds. By signaling through its receptors EP2 and EP4, PGE mediates anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic actions. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Extent of Lymphadenectomy and Postoperative Major Complications Among Women with Endometrial Cancer Treated with Minimally Invasive Surgery.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Northwestern University, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chicago, IL, USA; Robert H Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; Center for Healthcare Studies, Institute for Public Health in Medicine, Chicago, IL.

Background: In patients with endometrial cancer sentinel lymphadenectomy is used to accurately prognosticate extent of disease and has been proposed as a method to decrease the incidence of medical and surgical complications associated with more extensive lymphadenectomy. It is unknown if patients who undergo traditional lymphadenectomy experience major postoperative complications at the same rates as those who undergo sentinel lymphadenectomy or those who do not undergo lymphadenectomy.

Objective: To compare the incidence of major postoperative complications among endometrial cancer patients undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy with traditional lymphadenectomy versus sentinel or no lymphadenectomy. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Hysteroscopy for treating subfertility associated with suspected major uterine cavity abnormalities.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 5;12:CD009461. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Academic Centre for General Practice, Cochrane Belgium, Kapucijnenvoer 33, blok J bus 7001, Leuven, Belgium, 3000.

Background: Observational studies suggest higher pregnancy rates after the hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septum or intrauterine adhesions, which are present in 10% to 15% of women seeking treatment for subfertility.

Objectives: To assess the effects of the hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps, submucous fibroids, uterine septum or intrauterine adhesions suspected on ultrasound, hysterosalpingography, diagnostic hysteroscopy or any combination of these methods in women with otherwise unexplained subfertility or prior to intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

Search Methods: We searched the following databases from their inception to 16 April 2018; The Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Studies Online, ; MEDLINE, Embase , CINAHL , and other electronic sources of trials including trial registers, sources of unpublished literature, and reference lists. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Oral and intrauterine progestogens for atypical endometrial hyperplasia.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 4;12:CD009458. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 20, Section Three, Ren Min Nan Lu Avenue, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, 610041.

Background: Endometrial carcinoma is the most common gynaecologic malignancy in the world and develops through preliminary stages of endometrial hyperplasia. Atypical endometrial hyperplasia suggests a significant pre-malignant state with frank progression to endometrial carcinoma, and tends to occur at a young age. Oral progestins have been used as conservative treatment in young women with atypical endometrial hyperplasia, but they are associated with poor tolerability and side effects that may limit their overall efficacy. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Mismatch repair deficiency and aberrations in the Notch and Hedgehog pathways are of prognostic value in patients with endometrial cancer.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208221. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Hellenic Foundation for Cancer Research/Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of the Hedgehog (Gli, Patched-1, Shh, Smo) and Notch (Jag1, Notch2, Notch3) pathway members, in comparison to a panel of proteins (ER, PgR, HER2/neu, Ki67, p53, p16, PTEN and MMR) previously suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer, in association with clinical outcome and standard clinicopathological characteristics. A total of 204 patients with histological diagnosis of endometrial cancer treated from 2004 to 2013 were included. The evaluation of protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

My Womban's Life: Understanding Human Endometrial Function.

Authors:
Lois Salamonsen

Reproduction 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

L Salamonsen, Centre for Reproductive Health, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Clayton, Australia.

The focus of my life in science, has been to improve reproductive health for women, with an emphasis on the endometrium, the most dynamic tissue in the human body: its remarkable cyclical remodelling is essential for establishment of pregnancy. The most notable events in a woman's endometrial cycle are menstruation and endometrial repair, regeneration of the endometrium during the proliferative phase, attainment of receptivity by the mid-secretory phase of the cycle and the embryo-maternal interactions that initiate peri-implantation events within the microenvironment of the uterine cavity. I have contributed to understanding the molecular and cellular changes underpinning these events, and how disturbance of them leads to menstrual disorders, infertility and endometrial diseases including abnormal uterine bleeding, endometriosis and endometrial cancer. Read More

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December 2018

Robotic surgery in the management of complex pelvic endometriosis.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 20;44. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Urology, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain.

Introduction: Endometriosis consists in the proliferation of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity, predominantly in the ovaries but also in the urinary bladder or bowel. About 10% of fertile women are affected and the main symptoms are pain, menstrual disorders and infertility. Surgery is the treatment option for those symptomatic patients in which medical treatment had no success. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

An update and systematic review on the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.

JBRA Assist Reprod 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, IR Iran.

Objectives: Primary dysmenorrhea is a painful uterine contraction caused by endometrial laceration. Drug therapies and complementary medicine have been used to treat dysmenorrhea. The aim of this study was to investigate and offer an updated perspective on the treatments for dysmenorrhea. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Transdermal versus oral estrogen: clinical outcomes in patients undergoing frozen-thawed single blastocyst transfer cycles without GnRHa suppression, a prospective randomized clinical trial.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Reproductive Genetics Centre, Istanbul Memorial Hospital, Piyale Pasa Bulvari, 34385, Okmeydani, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To conduct a non-inferiority study to compare the clinical outcomes of transdermal estrogen patch and oral estrogen in patients undergoing frozen-thawed single blastocyst transfer non-donor cycles without GnRHagonist (GnRHa) suppression.

Methods: A total of 317 women with irregular menses or anovulatory cycle undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) non-donor cycles without GnRHa suppression were involved in a prospective randomized clinical trial between May 2017 and October 2017. The trial was conducted in an ART and Reproductive Genetics Centre within a private hospital. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Malignant transformation of adenomyosis: literature review and meta-analysis.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Gynecology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.

Purpose: To review and analyze risk factors and the pathology of malignant transformation of adenomyosis.

Methods: In this paper, the relevant research on current risks factors and the pathology of malignant transformation of adenomyosis was reviewed and analyzed by metaanalysis. All studies included were retrieved from the PUBMED. Read More

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December 2018

The incidence and predictors of gynecologic malignancies among postmenopausal patients with endometrial fluid collection.

Authors:
Zhe Li Lei Li

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Shuaifuyuan No 1, Dongcheng District, Beijing, China.

Objective: To investigate the incidence and predictors of gynecologic malignancies among postmenopausal patients with endometrial fluid collection (EFC).

Methods: All patients with EFC diagnosed by transvaginal sonography (TVS) were retrospectively reviewed if they had undergone biopsy of the endometrium from January 2008 to January 2016 in a tertiary teaching hospital. Follow-up ended in June 2017. Read More

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December 2018
1.279 Impact Factor

Age at First Birth and the Risk of Endometrial Cancer Incidence: A Pooled Analysis of Two Prospective Cohort Studies among Japanese Women.

J Cancer 2018 27;9(23):4422-4429. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Informatics and Public Health, Tohoku University School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Age at first birth has been increasing among women in developed countries. Meanwhile, endometrial cancer has also been increasing worldwide, being one of the most common female hormone-related cancers. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between age at first birth and the risk of endometrial cancer among Japanese women, and to examine the hypothesis that the recent increase in endometrial cancer incidence can be partly explained by the trend for increasing age at first birth. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

A two-step strategy for identification of plasma protein biomarkers for endometrial and ovarian cancer.

Clin Proteomics 2018 1;15:38. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

1Department of Immunology, Genetics, and Pathology, Biomedical Center, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab) Uppsala, Uppsala University, Box 815, 75108 Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Over 500,000 women worldwide are diagnosed with ovarian or endometrial cancer each year. We have used a two-step strategy to identify plasma proteins that could be used to improve the diagnosis of women with an indication of gynecologic tumor and in population screening.

Methods: In the discovery step we screened 441 proteins in plasma using the proximity extension assay (PEA) and five Olink Multiplex assays (CVD II, CVD III, INF I, ONC II, NEU I) in women with ovarian cancer (n = 106), endometrial cancer (n = 74), benign ovarian tumors (n = 150) and healthy population controls (n = 399). Read More

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December 2018

T cell dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B infection and liver cancer: evidence from transcriptome analysis.

J Med Genet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Cancer Center, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background: T cell dysfunction occurs in many diseases, especially in chronic virus infection and cancers. However, up to now, little is known on the distinctions in T cell exhaustion between cancer and chronic virus infection. The objective of this study is to explore the transcriptional similarities and differences in exhausted CD8 +T cell between chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Read More

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December 2018

Recurrent Implantation Failure-update overview on etiology, diagnosis, treatment and future directions.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2018 Dec 5;16(1):121. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, 52621, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) refers to cases in which women have had three failed in vitro fertilization (IVF) attempts with good quality embryos. The definition should also take advanced maternal age and embryo stage into consideration. The failure of embryo implantation can be a consequence of uterine, male, or embryo factors, or the specific type of IVF protocol. Read More

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December 2018

Efficient treatment of chronic endometritis through a novel approach of intrauterine antibiotic infusion: a case series.

BMC Womens Health 2018 Dec 5;18(1):197. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Centre for Human Reproduction, Genesis Athens Clinic, 14-16, Papanikoli 15232, Athens, Greece.

Background: Early diagnosis and efficient management of Chronic Endometritis (CE) in patients seeking fertility treatment are two components every practitioner wishes to address. With respect to endometrial restoration, antibiotic treatment appears to perform well. However, regarding the improvement of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) success rates, literature evidence is inconclusive, and consensus on optimal treatment has yet to be reached. Read More

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December 2018

Glycodelin as a Serum and Tissue Biomarker for Metastatic and Advanced NSCLC.

Cancers (Basel) 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Translational Research Unit, Thoraxklinik at University Hospital Heidelberg, D-69126 Heidelberg, Germany.

A major part of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with mono- or multimodal concept develop therapy resistance. Despite the abundance of biomarkers investigated in the past, there is still a need for valid NSCLC biomarkers. Glycodelin, an immunosuppressive endometrial protein, has been shown to be also expressed in NSCLC. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

One-step nucleic acid amplification vs ultrastaging in the detection of sentinel lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancer patients.

J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital Pilsen, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background And Objectives: Utilisation of the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) molecular biology method for the detection of the metastatic involvement of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in endometrial cancer (EC) patients. A comparison with histopathological ultrastaging and a description of the clinical consequences.

Methods: Surgically treated EC patients underwent detection of SLNs. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Aromatase inhibitor therapy for endometrial stromal sarcoma - two-centre experience.

Ginekol Pol 2018 ;89(11):607-610

Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Medical University of Gdansk, Poland.

Objectives: Endocrine therapy is the recommended systemic treatment for steroid receptor positive endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS). There is no current consensus on the optimal hormonal therapy for ESS. The literature offers several reports on advanced/recurrent/metastatic ESS patients treated with progestins, whereas data on the efficacy of aromatase inhibitors are scarce. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

The preoperative serum CA125 can predict the lymph node metastasis in endometrioid-type endometrial cancer.

Ginekol Pol 2018 ;89(11):599-606

Etlik Zubeyde Hanim Women's Health Training and Research Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Department of Gynecology, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate the predictive value of preoperative CA125 in extra-uterine disease and its association with poor prognostic factors in endometrioid-type endometrial cancer (EC).

Material And Methods: A total of 423 patients with pathologically proven endometrioid-type EC were included in the study. The association between preoperative CA125 level and surgical-pathological factors was evaluated. Read More

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January 2018
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The effect of orexin B on steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, p450 side chain cleavage enzyme and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase gene expression, progesterone and androstenedione secretion by the porcine uterus during early pregnancy and the oestrous cycle.

J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Animal Anatomy and Physiology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of orexin B (OXB) on progesterone (P4) and androstenedione (A4) secretion by porcine endometrial and myometrial tissue explants and on the expression of key steroidogenic proteins and enzymes involved in steroid production. The hormones secretion and the expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), P450 side-chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD3B1) was analyzed on days 10 to 11, 12 to 13, 15 to 16, 27 to 28 of pregnancy and during the luteal phase of the oestrous cycle (days 10 to 11). Endometrial and myometrial explants were cultured in vitro in the presence of OXB (1, 10 or 100 nM) and OXB (1, 10 or 100 nM) with 1 µM of JNJ (OX2R antagonist). Read More

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December 2018

Molecular characterization of endometrial cancer and therapeutic implications.

Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, University of Minnesota School of Medicine.

Purpose Of Review: The present article reviews genomic subtyping of endometrial carcinoma and new molecular markers with therapeutic and prognostic implications.

Recent Findings: Endometrial cancer has historically been classified through histology into endometrioid (type 1) and nonendometrioid (type II, mainly serous) subtypes. Molecular classification through genomic analysis now allows for a major advance in characterization; four distinct subgroups have been identified: polymerase ε (POLE) ultramutated, microsatellite unstable, copy number low/microsatellite stable, and copy number high/'serous-like'. Read More

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November 2018

Investigation of platelet-rich plasma in increasing proliferation and migration of endometrial mesenchymal stem cells and improving pregnancy outcome of patients with thin endometrium.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Reproductive Medicine, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University, Yantai, Shandong, China.

Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains abundant growth factors and is gradually used in the field of reproduction. A thin endometrium is recognized as a critical factor in embryo implantation failure. Endometrial mesenchymal stem cells (EnMSCs), which were isolated from human menstrual blood, are highly proliferative and show multiple differentiation capacity. Read More

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December 2018
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