194,232 results match your criteria Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America[Journal]


Caffeine-stimulated muscle IL-6 mediates alleviation of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Key Laboratory of Pu-erh Tea Science, the Ministry of Education, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China; State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources in Yunnan, Kunming, China; Pu'erh Tea Research Institute, Pu'erh, China. Electronic address:

Caffeine intake is associated with a reduced risk developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. We report here that caffeine markedly improved high fat diet-induced NAFLD in mice resulting in a 10-fold increase in circulating IL-6 levels, leading to STAT3 activation in the liver. Interestingly, the expression of IL-6 mRNA was not increased in the liver, but increased substantially in the muscles of caffeine-treated mice. Read More

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December 2018
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Double mild stimulation and egg collection in the same cycle for management of poor ovarian responders.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health, Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of double stimulations during the follicular and luteal phases in women with poor ovarian response (POR) in in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles.

Basic Procedures: This prospective clinical study was performed in Royan Institute from October 2014 to January 2016. 121 patients were diagnosed as POR on the basis of Bologna criteria were included. Read More

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December 2018

Idebenone and T2D: A new insulin-sensitizing drug for personalized therapy.

Pharmacol Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

International Center for T1D, Pediatric Clinical Research Center Romeo ed Enrica Invernizzi, "L. Sacco" Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Transplantation Research Center, Nephrology Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States; Endocrinology Division, ASST Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Association of allostatic load with health-related quality of life in patients with arterial hypertension: a cross-sectional analysis.

Swiss Med Wkly 2018 Dec 15;148:w14689. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Graz, Austria / Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria.

Aims Of The Study: Allostatic load (AL), as a marker of cumulative stress, is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, and reduced health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in healthy adults. In patients with hypertension, AL and its association with HrQoL have not been investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to (1) explore AL in a cohort of hypertensive patients and to (2) determine its association with HrQoL, while controlling for other health-related variables. Read More

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December 2018

Ulnar Artery Occlusion and severity markers of vasculopathy in Systemic sclerosis: a multicenter cross-sectional study.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Immunology, CHU Rennes, Univ Rennes, France.

Objective: to evaluate the association of ulnar artery occlusion (UAO) assessed by Doppler Ultrasonography (dUS) with the severity markers of systemic sclerosis (SSc) METHODS: 204 unselected patients fulfilling 2013 ACR/EULAR classification criteria for SSc were included in this cross-sectional multicenter study. All patients benefit from bilateral hand dUS evaluating the presence of UAO and clinical/paraclinical visceral evaluation according to current guidelines. Univariable and multivariable ordinal regression models were conducted, grading the severity of UAO as "no UAO", "only one UAO" and "UAO on both hands" and assessing its association with clinical features of SSc. Read More

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December 2018
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A comparative effectiveness study of degludec and insulin glargine 300U/mL in insulin-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Clinical Research, Endocrine and Metabolic Consultants, Rockville, MD, USA.

Aims: To compare the real-world effectiveness of insulin degludec (degludec) and glargine 300 units/mL (glargine U300) in insulin-naïve adult patients with type 2 diabetes in routine US clinical practice.

Materials And Methods: CONFIRM is a non-interventional comparative effectiveness study following US patients across the continuum of care, through electronic medical records from multiple health systems and integrated delivery networks. Propensity-score matching controlled for confounding. Read More

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December 2018

Calcitriol loading before total parathyroidectomy with autotransplant in patients with end stage kidney disease: Does it prevent postoperative hypocalcaemia?

Intern Med J 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Endocrine and General Surgery, Department of Surgery, John Hunter Hospital and Newcastle Private Hospital, Lookout Road New Lambton Heights, New South Wales, Australia, 2305.

Background: Hungry bone syndrome (HBS) is one of the most serious complications following parathyroidectomy for severe hyperparathyroidism. There is a lack of literature informing the treatment and risk factors for this condition and the ideal pre-operative strategy for prevention.

Aims: The primary aims of this study were to examine the incidence of HBS with pre-operative calcitriol loading for 10 days and to determine the risk factors for HBS. Read More

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December 2018

Nasal insulin administration does not affect hepatic glucose production at systemic fasting insulin levels.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases of the Helmholtz Center Munich at the University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

Aim: Pharmacologic administration of insulin as nasal spray in humans has demonstrated a modulation of endogenous glucose production via the brain when systemic insulin levels are high. Results are conflicting under fasting insulin concentrations. To evaluate effects of brain insulin on endogenous glucose production in fasting humans with focus on hepatic glucose release, we performed a randomized, placebo controlled, blinded, cross-over experiment. Read More

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December 2018
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Variability in sleep disturbance, physical activity and quality of life according to level of depressive symptoms in women with Type 2 diabetes.

Diabet Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine.

Aims: To examine (1) the prevalence of depressive symptoms in women with Type 2 diabetes, (2) the associations between depressive symptoms and the following dependent variables: sleep disturbance; physical activity; physical health-related; and global quality of life, and (3) the potential moderating effects of antidepressants and optimism on the relationship between depressive symptoms and dependent variables.

Methods: Participants in the Women's Health Initiative who had Type 2 diabetes and data on depressive symptoms (N=8895) were included in the analyses. In multivariable linear regression models controlling for sociodemographic, medical and psychosocial covariates, we examined the main effect of depressive symptoms, as well as the interactions between depressive symptoms and antidepressant use, and between depressive symptoms and optimism, on sleep disturbance, physical activity, physical health-related quality of life and global quality of life. Read More

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December 2018
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A molecular approach combined with American Thyroid Association classification better stratifies recurrence risk of classic histology papillary thyroid cancer.

Cancer Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Background: Prognosis among patients with differentiated thyroid cancer is widely variable. Better understanding of biologic subtypes is necessary to stratify patients and improve outcomes.

Methods: In patients diagnosed with classic histology papillary thyroid cancer treated from 1973 to 2009, BRAF V600E mutation status was determined on surgical tumor specimens by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic polymorphisms of miRNA let7a-2 and pri-mir-34b/c are associated with an increased risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma and clinical/pathological features.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

microRNAs (miRNAs) as a group of short noncoding RNAs are crucial molecules in transcriptional and translational regulation of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Evidence showed there was an association between the miRNA polymorphisms and various cancers, including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The present study aims to evaluate the possible effects of let7a-2 rs1143770 and pri-mir-34b/c rs4938723 polymorphisms on PTC susceptibility. Read More

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December 2018

From avatars to body swapping: The use of virtual reality for assessing and treating body-size distortion in individuals with anorexia.

J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy.

In the last 30 years, virtual reality (VR) has offered innovative solutions for assessing and treating body representation disturbances in anorexia nervosa (AN). The most recent and innovative trend is the exploitation of the so-called VR-based body swapping illusion. The aim of this case study was to report the use of this VR protocol within a multidisciplinary treatment of AN. Read More

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December 2018

Comparative metabolomics of scab-resistant and susceptible apple cell cultures in response to scab fungus elicitor treatment.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17844. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Plant Molecular Biology Group, Biotechnology Department, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India.

Apple scab disease caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis is a devastating disease that seriously affects quality and yield of apples. In order to understand the mechanisms involved in scab resistance, we performed gas chromatography-mass spectrometry based metabolomics analysis of the cell culture of scab resistant cultivar 'Florina' and scab susceptible cultivar 'Vista Bella' both prior -to and -following treatment with V. inaequalis elicitor (VIE). Read More

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December 2018
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Serum alkaline phosphatase relates to cardiovascular risk markers in children with high calcium-phosphorus product.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17864. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Pediatric Endocrinology group, (Girona Biomedical Research Institute) IDIBGI, Girona, Spain.

Although alkaline phosphatase (ALP) correlates with cardiovascular risk in adults, there are no studies in children. We evaluated the association between serum ALP levels, calcium-phosphorus product (Ca*P) and cardiovascular risk markers in healthy children. Children aged 7. Read More

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December 2018

Identification of the salusin-β receptor using proteoliposomes embedded with endogenous membrane proteins.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17865. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Protosera Inc., 4-3-22 Nishinakajima, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka, 532-0011, Japan.

Although orphan G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been used as targets to discover unidentified natural ligands, increasing numbers of non-GPCRs have been found to mediate important biological functions. Bioinformatics of genome and cDNA resources predict putative bioactive peptides, demanding an alternative approach to efficiently unravel cell surface targets. In silico analysis of a full-length cDNA library previously allowed us to identify salusin-β, a parasympathomimetic/pro-atherosclerotic peptide with unique physicochemical properties. Read More

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December 2018

Human sex reversal is caused by duplication or deletion of core enhancers upstream of SOX9.

Nat Commun 2018 Dec 14;9(1):5319. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, 3052, VIC, Australia.

Disorders of sex development (DSDs) are conditions affecting development of the gonads or genitalia. Variants in two key genes, SRY and its target SOX9, are an established cause of 46,XY DSD, but the genetic basis of many DSDs remains unknown. SRY-mediated SOX9 upregulation in the early gonad is crucial for testis development, yet the regulatory elements underlying this have not been identified in humans. Read More

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December 2018

Injury factors alter miRNAs profiles of exosomes derived from islets and circulation.

Aging (Albany NY) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China.

Islets damage is a major abnormality underling diabetes. Recent studies suggested the value of exosomes in diagnosis. This study aimed to investigate the impact of injury factors on the miRNA profiles of islet exosomes and determine whether circulating exosomal miRNAs is suitable as biomarkers of islets damage. Read More

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December 2018

Hypoglycemic side effects of sulfonylureas and repaglinide in ageing patients - knowledge and self-management.

J Physiol Pharmacol 2018 Aug 9;69(4). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Thuringia Clinic Saalfeld "Georgius Agricola", Department of Internal Medicine II, Division of Gastroenterology, Teaching Hospital of the University of Jena, Saalfeld/Saale, Germany.

Insulinotropic oral antidiabetics (OAD) such as sulfonylureas and (SU) glinides are among the frequently prescribed OAD. Side effects are the potential to induce hypoglycemias and weight gain. The aim was to assess the self-managing skills in case of a hypoglycemic event in an elderly type 2 diabetic patient population. Read More

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Informed shared decision-making programme for patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care: cluster randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024004. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Health Sciences and Education, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Objective: To translate an informed shared decision-making programme (ISDM-P) for patients with type 2 diabetes from a specialised diabetes centre to the primary care setting.

Design: Patient-blinded, two-arm multicentre, cluster randomised controlled trial of 6 months follow-up; concealed randomisation of practices after patient recruitment and acquisition of baseline data.

Setting: 22 general practices providing care according to the German Disease Management Programme (DMP) for type 2 diabetes. Read More

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December 2018

Pancreas Volume Declines During the First Year After Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes and Exhibits Altered Diffusion at Disease Onset.

Diabetes Care 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN

Objective: This study investigated the temporal dynamics of pancreas volume and microstructure in children and adolescents with recent-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) and individuals without diabetes, including a subset expressing autoantibodies associated with the early stages of T1D.

Research Design And Methods: MRI was performed in individuals with recent-onset stage 3 T1D ( = 51; median age 13 years) within 100 days after diagnosis (mean 67 days), 6 months, and 1 year postdiagnosis. Longitudinal MRI measurements were also made in similarly aged control participants ( = 57) and in autoantibody-positive individuals without diabetes ( = 20). Read More

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December 2018

A versatile mouse model of epitope-tagged histone H3.3 to study epigenome dynamics.

J Biol Chem 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Nat'l Inst of Child Health & Human Developoment, Division of Developmental Biology, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, United States.

The variant histone H3.3 is incorporated into the genome in a transcription dependent manner. This histone is thus thought to play a role in epigenetic regulation. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic Nicotinamide N-Methyltransferase () Deficiency in Male Mice Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Diet-Induced Obesity but Does Not Affect Glucose Tolerance.

Diabetes 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Sanofi Research and Development, Industriepark Hoechst, H823, D-64926 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Antisense oligonucleotide knockdown (ASO-KD) of nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice has been reported to reduce weight gain, plasma insulin and improve glucose tolerance. Using NNMT-ASO-KD or NNMT knockout mice (NNMT), we tested the hypothesis that deletion protects against diet-induced obesity and its metabolic consequences in males and females on obesity-inducing diets. We also examined samples from a human weight reduction (WR) study for adipose (a) expression and plasma 1-methylnicotinamide (MNAM) levels. Read More

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December 2018

A genome-Wide Association Study Confirming a Strong Effect of HLA and Identifying Variants in on Chromosome 12q13.13 Associated with Susceptibility to Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes.

Diabetes 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, Japan

The first genome-wide association study of fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus was performed in Japanese individuals. As previously reported using a candidate gene approach, a strong association was observed with multiple SNPs in the HLA region, and the strongest association was observed with rs9268853 in the class II DR region (P=1.56 x 10, odds ratio [OR] 3. Read More

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December 2018
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A Call for Improved Reporting of Human Islet Characteristics in Research Articles.

Diabetes 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Cellular Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, U.K.

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December 2018

Parathyroid carcinoma.

Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Medicine and Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is a rare disease with an indolent behavior due to the low malignant potential. The etiology is unknown. Somatic mutations of CDC73 gene, the same gene involved in the hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome, can be identified in up to 70% of patients with PC and in one-third of cases the mutations are germline. Read More

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December 2018

Adherence to low carbohydrate diet in relation to glioma: A case-control study.

Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular -Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Observational studies that investigated the association between adherence to low carbohydrate diet and odds of glioma are sparse. This is particularly relevant in developing countries where dietary carbohydrate intake is very high.

Objective: This study was, therefore, conducted to investigate the association between adherence to low carbohydrate dietary pattern and odds of glioma among Iranian adults. Read More

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November 2018

G protein-coupled receptors in arthropod vectors: omics and pharmacological approaches to elucidate ligand-receptor interactions and novel organismal functions.

Curr Opin Insect Sci 2018 Oct 26;29:12-20. Epub 2018 May 26.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-3128, United States.

Regulation of many physiological processes in animals, certainly those controlled by neuropeptide hormones, involves G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Our work focusing on endocrine regulation of diuresis and water balance in mosquitoes and ticks started in 1997 with the kinin receptor, at the dawn of the omics era. After the genomic revolution, we began work on the endocrinology of reproduction in the red imported fire ant. Read More

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October 2018

Corrigendum to "Data mining: Seasonal and temperature fluctuations in thyroid-stimulating hormone". [Clinical Biochemistry (2018) 59-63].

Clin Biochem 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, No. 1 Shuaifu Yuan, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730, China.

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December 2018

Huge Ectopic Parathyroid Adenoma.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):547-548. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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November 2018

An Approach Towards Reducing Road Traffic Injuries and Improving Public Health Through Big Data Telematics: A Randomised Controlled Trial Protocol.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):495-501. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Deaths due to road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major public health concern around the world. Developing countries are over-represented in these statistics. Punitive measures are traditionally employed to lower RTA related behavioural risk factors. Read More

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November 2018
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Zebrafish Mutants Carrying Leptin a (lepa) Gene Deficiency Display Obesity, Anxiety, Less Aggression and Fear, and Circadian Rhythm and Color Preference Dysregulation.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 13;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Chemistry, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung-Li 32023, Taiwan.

Leptin, a hormone secreted by peripheral adipose tissues, regulates the appetite in animals. Recently, evidence has shown that leptin also plays roles in behavioral response in addition to controlling appetite. In this study, we examined the potential function of leptin on non-appetite behaviors in zebrafish model. Read More

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December 2018
2.862 Impact Factor

Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) as Novel Potential Biomarker of Early Predictors of Metabolic Syndrome.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 13;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Endocrinology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.

There is a mechanistic link between the gut-derived metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and obesity-related diseases, suggesting that the TMAO pathway may also be linked to the pathogenesis of obesity. The Visceral Adiposity Index (VAI), a gender-specific indicator of adipose dysfunction, and the Fatty Liver Index (FLI), a predictor of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), are early predictors of metabolic syndrome (MetS). In this cross-sectional observational study, we investigated TMAO levels in adults stratified according to Body Mass Index (BMI) and the association of TMAO with VAI and FLI. Read More

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December 2018

Barriers from Multiple Perspectives Towards Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, Physical Activity and Dietary Habits When Living in Low Socio-Economic Areas in Europe. The Feel4Diabetes Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 13;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

This study investigated barriers towards health behaviours (physical activity, limiting sedentary behaviour and healthy dietary habits) experienced by young European families living in vulnerable areas, from multiple perspectives (parents, teachers, local community workers). Focus groups were conducted in six European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Greece and Spain). In each country, three focus groups were conducted with parents, one with teachers and one with local community workers. Read More

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December 2018

Resistin impairs activation of protein C by suppressing EPCR and increasing SP1 expression.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 5;109:930-937. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Andrology, Liaocheng People's Hospital, Liaocheng 252000, China.

Endothelial cells are vital to blood coagulation and maintain whole body hemostasis. Binding of endothelial cells to endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) and thrombomodulin (TM) is essential to the formation of activated protein C (APC), one of the key factors regulating blood coagulation. In our study, we showed that resistin, an adipocyte hormone, suppresses thrombin-induced protein C activation in endothelial cells. Read More

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January 2019

An introduction to the role of immunology in medical anthropology and molecular epidemiology.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 28;109:2203-2209. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran; Department of Anatomical Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran. Electronic address:

Medical anthropology is a multi-disciplinary approach to the medical sciences and humanities. Immunology is of the basic medical sciences dealing with anthropology as a science which involves in recognition of self and non-self. We performed this review paper to introduce the role of immunology in medical anthropology and molecular epidemiology. Read More

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January 2019

Effect of oral magnesium sulfate administration on blood glucose hemostasis via inhibition of gluconeogenesis and FOXO1 gene expression in liver and muscle in diabetic rats.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 26;109:1819-1825. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran; Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address:

The present study was designed to investigate the possible role of Mg in suppression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxy kinase (PEPCK) enzyme via inhibition of FOXO1gene expression in liver and we also examined whether Mg contributes to decrease blood glucose in muscle via inhibiting FOXO1 gene and protein expression. Fifty rats in five groups of experiment were considered as; non-diabetic control (NDC), Mg-treated non-diabetic control (Mg-NDC), chronic diabetic (CD), Mg-treated chronic diabetic (Mg-CD), and insulin-treated chronic diabetic (Ins-CD). Streptozotocin (STZ) was used for diabetes induction. Read More

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January 2019

Screening for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using transient elastography.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Gastroenterology and Hepatology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: The recommendation in regards to screening for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients differs in major guidelines.

Aim: To study the prevalence of NALFD and advanced fibrosis among T2DM patients.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of consecutive adult T2DM patients attending the Diabetes Clinic of a university hospital. Read More

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December 2018
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Endoscopic vacuum therapy with open-pore film drainage for colonic anastomotic leakage in a morbidly obese patient.

Endoscopy 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department for General, Visceral and Oncological Surgery, Klinikum St. Georg gGmbH, Leipzig, Germany.

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December 2018

Calreticulin regulates syncytialization through control of the synthesis and transportation of E-cadherin in BeWo cells.

Endocrinology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wakayama Medical University.

During placental development, mononuclear cytotrophoblasts differentiate and fuse to syncytiotrophoblasts (STB) to form syncytia, which secrete human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Decreased maternal perfusion of the placenta, which leads to placental dysfunction, induces changes in trophoblast syncytialization. Our previous study showed that calreticulin (CRT), a Ca2+-binding molecular chaperone found in the endoplasmic reticulum, is expressed in the human placenta and is involved in regulating extravillous trophoblast invasion, although its role in villous trophoblasts remains unclear. Read More

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December 2018

New Year's Resolutions-New Year Reviewers-New Year of Review.

Endocrinology 2019 Jan;160(1):36-37

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

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January 2019
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Increased incidence rate of hypothyroidism after iodine fortification in Denmark. A 20 year prospective population-based study.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Endocrinology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.

Objective: To monitor the impact of a cautious iodine fortification (IF) on the incidence of overt hypothyroidism in two sub-populations with different levels of preexisting iodine deficiency (ID).

Design: A 20 years (1997-2016) prospective population-based study identified all new cases of diagnosed overt biochemical hypothyroidism in two open cohorts: a Western cohort with moderate ID (n=309,434, January 1st, 1997) and an Eastern cohort with mild ID (n=224,535, January 1st, 1997). A diagnostic algorithm was applied to all thyroid function tests performed within the study areas and possible new cases were verified individually. Read More

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December 2018

The IRS/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway mediates olanzapine-induced hepatic insulin resistance in male rats.

Life Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pharmacy, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China; Endocrinology and Metabolism Group, Sydney Institute of Health Sciences, Sydney Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia. Electronic address:

Aims: Chronic treatment with antipsychotics, especially most of atypical ones, leads to development of metabolic abnormalities. Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic widely used in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The mechanisms underlying olanzapine-induced metabolic adverse effects in the liver, however, remain unclear. Read More

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December 2018
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Neutrophils Restrict Tumor-Associated Microbiota to Reduce Growth and Invasion of Colon Tumors in Mice.

Gastroenterology 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Molecular & Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor MI; Internal Medicine Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor MI; Rogel Cancer Center. University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor MI. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Neutrophils are among the most prevalent immune cells in the microenvironment of colon tumors, are believed to promote growth of colon tumors, and their numbers correlate with outcomes of patients with colon cancer. Trials of inhibitors of neutrophil trafficking are under way in patients with cancer, but it is not clear how neutrophils contribute to colon tumorigenesis.

Methods: Colitis-associated colon cancer was induced mice with conditional deletion of neutrophils (LysMCre;Mcl1) and wild-type littermates (LysMCre;Mcl1, control mice) by administration of azoxythmethane and/or dextran sulfate sodium. Read More

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December 2018

Novel aspects of PCSK9 and lipoprotein receptors in renal disease-related dyslipidemia.

Cell Signal 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Dept. of Nephrology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with a profound impact on quality of life. Cardiovascular disease is established as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. Dyslipidemia is frequently observed in CKD patients, suggesting a causal relation between dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease in CKD patients. Read More

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December 2018

Estrogens Are for More Than Just Reproductive Endocrinology.

Authors:
Robert S Bowen

Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2019 Jan;47(1)

Pilgram Marpeck School of STEM Truett McConnell University Cleveland, GA.

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January 2019

Replication of newly proposed TNM staging system for medullary thyroid carcinoma: a nationwide study.

Endocr Connect 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

C Godballe, Department of ORL Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

A recent study proposed new TNM groupings for better survival discrimination among stage groups for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and validated these groupings in a population-based cohort in the United States. However, it is unknown how well the groupings perform in populations outside the United States. Consequently, we conducted the first population-based study aiming to evaluate if the recently proposed TNM groupings provide better survival discrimination than the current American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system (seventh and eighth edition) in a nationwide MTC cohort outside the United States. Read More

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December 2018

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and pituitary hypoplasia as recurrent features in Ulnar-Mammary syndrome.

Endocr Connect 2018 Dec;7(12):1432-1441

IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Service of Medical Genetics, Milan, Italy.

Ulnar-mammary syndrome (UMS) is characterized by ulnar defects, and nipple or apocrine gland hypoplasia, caused by TBX3 haploinsufficiency. Signs of hypogonadism were repeatedly reported, but the mechanisms remain elusive. We aim to assess the origin of hypogonadism in two families with UMS. Read More

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December 2018

Nanoparticle-mediated lysosomal reacidification restores mitochondrial turnover and function in β cells under lipotoxicity.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 14:fj201801292R. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Chronic exposure of pancreatic β cells to high concentrations of free fatty acids leads to lipotoxicity (LT)-mediated suppression of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. This effect is in part caused by a decline in mitochondrial function as well as by a reduction in lysosomal acidification. Because both mitochondria and lysosomes can alter one another's function, it remains unclear which initiating dysfunction sets off the detrimental cascade of LT, ultimately leading to β-cell failure. Read More

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December 2018
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