4,432 results match your criteria Encephalocele


Effects of Sleep Deprivation (SD) on Rats via ERK1/2 Signaling Pathway.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Apr 19;25:2886-2895. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Neurology, Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Yantai, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Sleep deprivation (SD) is common in humans, and sleep loss has a significant influence on health and produces related diseases. Orexin-A has been demonstrated to play a role in physiological processes, including feeding, sleep/wake cycle, and energy metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of SD on rats and to define the underlying mechanism. Read More

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https://www.medscimonit.com/abstract/index/idArt/913839
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.913839DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Transsphenoidal encephalocele, colpocephaly and corpus callosum agenesis in a midline cleft lip and palate patient: A very rare case.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 Sep-Dec;51(3):334-335

Department of Plastic Surgery, Shija Hospitals and Research Institute, Imphal West, Manipur, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijps.IJPS_118_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440357PMC

Giant Encephalocoele: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature.

Asian J Neurosurg 2019 Jan-Mar;14(1):289-291

Department of Neurosurgery, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, PMSSY Super Speciality Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Giant encephalocoeles are rare entities with only one case series and few case reports reported in medical literature. Encephalocoeles, which reach a size larger than the head size, are be called Giant encephalocoeles. We report a case of a 6 month old child who had giant encephalocoele with delayed motor milestones in the form of inability to hold neck. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_87_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417334PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Occipital mass in antenatal sonography.

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Staten Island University Hospital Northwell Health, Staten Island, NY, USA.

Biophysical profile (BPP) with ultrasound performed for a 32-year-old G5P3013 admitted at 31 weeks gestation with preterm, premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) noted an extracalvarial mass concerning for an encephalocele. Fetal MRI demonstrated edema over the occiput with no definable lesion visualized. Preterm labor requiring Cesarean delivery resulted in a live male neonate at 33 weeks gestation. Read More

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https://www.medra.org/servlet/aliasResolver?alias=iospress&a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NPM-1872DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Impact of bilateral nasal polyposis on the interoptic and interzygomatic distance.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Mathematical Investigation Center (CIMAT), National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), Mexico City, Mexico.

Purpose: To identify and determine variations on eye distance in patients with bilateral nasal polyposis (BNP) compared to a healthy control group.

Methods: This is a case-control study that included 20 BNP patients and 40 healthy controls. We included all patients with BNP confirmed by pathology and a computed tomography scan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05390-zDOI Listing

Misdiagnosed Extranasal Mass: Report of A 2-Year Old Child with Maltreated Rare Nasal Neuroglial Heterotopia.

World J Plast Surg 2019 Jan;8(1):122-124

Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/wjps.8.1.122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409150PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The Prevalence of Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence in Patients With Mastoid Encephalocele or Cerebrospinal Fluid Otorrhea.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Apr;40(4):485-490

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Objective: To evaluate the association between mastoid encephalocele or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea and concurrent superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD).

Study Design: Retrospective case-control study with chart and imaging review.

Setting: University-affiliated tertiary referral center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002155DOI Listing

Prevalence of temporal bone tegmen defects among patients with Marfan syndrome.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 12:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

d "Sackler" Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck, and Maxillofacial Surgery , Tel Aviv "Sourasky" Medical Center, Tel Aviv University , Tel Aviv , Israel.

Background: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder affecting connective tissue. The composition of the dura can change. Consequently, lumbo-sacral dural herniations and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are encountered, however, they have yet to been described in the temporal bone. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016489.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1575524DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Nasal Framework Osteotomy: An Innovative Approach to Manage an Extremely Long Nose With Meningoencephalocele.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Buali Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Nasal encephalocele is an uncommon congenital deformity in which the intracranial soft tissue components herniate through the skull base into the nasal cavity. Nasal encephaloceles can form large extracranial masses that necessitate early neurosurgical intervention. They also can cause deformation of the nasal bridge, causing elongation of the nose or severe orbital deformities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

A prenatally diagnosed case of Meckel-Gruber syndrome with novel compound heterozygous pathogenic variants in the TXNDC15 gene.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2019 Mar 9:e614. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Background: Meckel-Gruber syndrome (MKS) is a well-known rare disease that can be detected on prenatal ultrasound. Meckel-Gruber syndrome has very heterogeneous etiology; at least, 17 genes have been described in association with MKS. The characteristic findings in fetuses affected by MKS are encephalocele (usually occipital), postaxial polydactyly, and polycystic dysplastic kidneys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.614DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Brain herniation into the nasal cavity secondary to a large convexity meningioma.

Authors:
Ali Akhaddar

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Avicenne Military Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco and Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat, Morocco. Electronic address:

Acquired (non traumatic) brain herniation through the ethmoid is rarely associated with an intracranial mass away from the anterior skull base. A 55-year-old diabetic woman presented with progressive frontal headache, anosmia, and blurred vision without rhinorrhea. Brain MRI showed an intracranial tumor of the left frontal convexity associated with a herniation of the frontal brain (encephalocele) into the left nasal cavity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.045DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
2.417 Impact Factor

Association of maternal chronic arsenic exposure with the risk of neural tube defects in Northern China.

Environ Int 2019 May 23;126:222-227. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Institute of Reproductive and Child Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University/Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, Beijing 100191, PR China.

Numerous animal studies have shown that high arsenic exposure can induce neural tube defect (NTD) formation. However, epidemiological evidence related to this finding is scarce. The key objective of our study is to evaluate whether maternal arsenic exposure is associated with NTD risk in Northern China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.02.016DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Temporal bone meningoencephaloceles and cerebrospinal fluid leaks: experience in a tertiary care hospital.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Mar 19;133(3):192-200. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck Surgery,All India Institute of Medical Sciences,New Delhi,India.

Objective: To recount experience with cerebrospinal fluid otorrhoea and temporal bone meningoencephalocele repair in a tertiary care hospital.

Method: A retrospective review was conducted of 16 cerebrospinal fluid otorrhoea and meningoencephalic herniation patients managed surgically from 1991 to 2016.

Results: Aetiology was: congenital (n = 3), post-traumatic (n = 2), spontaneous (n = 1) or post-mastoidectomy (n = 10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215119000203DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Retinal Detachment After Cyclophotocoagulation in a Child with Knobloch Syndrome.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):161-162

Glaucoma Division, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Knobloch syndrome (KS) is typically characterized by high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, and macular abnormalities. We report a case of glaucoma in KS, which represents the fourth reported case and the first description of the retinal events after the glaucoma procedure. Retinal detachment followed standard cyclophotocoagulation procedure for glaucoma in a 2-month-old boy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_263_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348939PMC

An unusual presentation of bobble-head doll syndrome in a patient with hydranencephaly and Chiari 3 malformation.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 May 6;35(5):879-882. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, P.O Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Bobble-head doll syndrome is a rare movement disorder that is usually associated with lesions involving the third ventricle. It is characterised by stereotypical rhythmic up-and-down or side-to-side head movements. The pathophysiology and anatomical basis for this unusual manifestation is still a subject of intense scrutiny. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04054-xDOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Medicinal signalling cells: they work, so use them.

Authors:
Arnold I Caplan

Nature 2019 02;566(7742):39

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/d41586-019-00490-6DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Short-term results of patients with neural tube defects followed-up in the Konya region, Turkey.

Birth Defects Res 2019 Mar 1;111(5):261-269. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Selçuk University, Selçuklu Medical Faculty, Konya, Turkey.

Background: Additional congenital anomalies have often been found in patients with neural tube defect (NTD). We aimed to find out the clinical features, short term prognosis, treatment approaches, and systemic anomalies of NTD patients in the Konya region.

Method: A total of 186 newborn babies with NTD were retrospectively included in the study and all were assessed in detail for congenital anomalies and clinical features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bdr2.1462DOI Listing
March 2019
18 Reads

Japan should put the brakes on stem-cell sales.

Authors:

Nature 2019 01;565(7741):535-536

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/d41586-019-00332-5DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

A Case of Mesial Temporal Lobe Sclerosis Following Temporal Bone Encephalocele Repair for Medically Refractory Seizures.

Cureus 2018 Nov 22;10(11):e3623. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Otolaryngology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, USA.

The aim of this report is to present a case of mesial temporal lobe sclerosis (MTS) causing medically refractory seizures, which was initially disguised as temporal lobe encephalocele secondary to prior otologic surgery. Temporal lobe encephaloceles are characterized by a defect within the middle cranial fossa that results in the abnormal communication of the meninges into the pneumatized skull base. After the temporal lobe encephalocele repair, the patient continued to have seizures and was subsequently diagnosed with mesial temporal lobe sclerosis. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/15214-a-case-of-mesial-tempo
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3623DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344067PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Management of median and paramedian craniofacial clefts.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2019 Apr 9;72(4):676-684. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Division of Plastic, Reconstructive and Esthetic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, 4 Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland.

Background: Median and paramedian craniofacial clefts are associated with hypertelorism, anterior encephalocele, positional abnormalities of the maxilla, and nasal deformity. Cleft lip and palate, eyelid coloboma, and widow's peak are frequently present.

Methods: The authors collected data from 30 patients (mean age, 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.01.001DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Transcranial cerebellar herniation following craniotomy: Case report and literature review.

Neurocirugia (Astur) 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, 12 de Octubre University Hospital, Av. De Córdoba s/n, 28041 Madrid, Spain.

To report a case of post-surgical encephalocele through craniotomy burr holes following the resection of a meningioma of the posterior fossa. A 49-year-old female presented in the emergency room with cephalea. The MRI showed a meningioma of the convexity of the posterior fossa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neucir.2018.12.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Comparison of Dural Splitting and Duraplasty in Patients with Chiari Type I Malformation: Relationship between Tonsillo-Dural Distance and Syrinx Cavity.

Turk Neurosurg 2019 ;29(2):229-236

Mustafa Kemal University, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Hatay, Turkey.

Aim: To compare the clinical and radiological results of dural splitting and duraplasty in patients with Chiari Type I Malformation.

Material And Methods: This study includes 113 adult patients with Chiari Type I malformation treated between 2009 and 2013. The patients were divided into two groups according to the surgical method (Group 1: dural splitting, Group 2: duraplasty). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.23319-18.2DOI Listing

The Use of the Exoscope in Lateral Skull Base Surgery: Advantages and Limitations.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Feb;40(2):236-240

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai.

Objective: We describe our experience using the extracorporeal video microscope, the "exoscope" for various applications within the field of lateral skull base surgery.

Study Design: A retrospective case series was performed investigating patient demographics, indications for surgery, procedure type, operative time, approach to the skull base, complications, adequacy of visualization, and surgeon comfortability.

Patients: Six cases were performed with a three dimensional surgical exoscope, obviating the use of a traditional binocular microscope. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002095DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Tectocerebellar dysraphia with occipital encephalocele: a phenotypic variant of the TMEM231 gene mutation induced Joubert syndrome.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosciences, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Al Zahrawi Street, Riyadh, 11211, Saudi Arabia.

There are few reported cases of tectocerebellar dysraphia with occipital encephalocele (TCD-OE) in the literature. This malformation was first described by Padget and Lindburg in 1972 and consists of an occipital encephalocele, a cerebellar midline defect, inverted cerebellum, and deformity of the tectum. Occurrence is believed to be sporadic with a male predominance and a usually poor prognosis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-019-04048-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04048-9DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Iatrogenic meningoencephalocele after traumatic perforation of the cribriform plate during nasal intubation of a preterm infant.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 15;118:120-123. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Strasbourg, France.

Traumatic iatrogenic meningoencephaloceles infants are rare and there is no consensus on management in the literature. This article presents a case of a meningoencephalocele diagnosed 15 months after a traumatic perforation of the cribriform plate due to a difficult intubation of a preterm infant that was treated by an endoscopic endonasal surgery. A close collaboration between pediatricians and ENT surgeons appears essential for early diagnosis and management. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876183062
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.12.016DOI Listing
March 2019
14 Reads

Sublabial transsphenoidal microsurgical technique to treat congenital transsphenoidal encephalocele: a technical note.

Neurosurg Rev 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife Radiosurgery, San Raffaele Health Institute, Vita-Salute University, Via Olgettina 60, 20132, Milan, Italy.

Encephalocele is a rare malformation consisting in herniation of cranial contents through a cranial defect. A transsphenoidal location is uncommon, representing 5% of all basal encephaloceles. The surgical treatment of transsphenoidal encephaloceles is challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10143-018-01075-zDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Frontoethmoidal encephalocele presenting in concert with schizencephaly.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 4;9:246. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: Schizencephaly is a rare defect which is identified as clefts that are lined with grey matter extending from the ependyma of the cerebral ventricles to the pia mater. An encephalocele occurs due to failure of neural tube closure resulting in a gap through which cerebrospinal fluid and meninges can bulge into a pouch. There have been rare instances when these two defects have presented simultaneously. Read More

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http://surgicalneurologyint.com/surgicalint-articles/frontoe
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_242_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293601PMC
December 2018
16 Reads

The effect of folic acid deficiency on FGF pathway via Brachyury regulation in neural tube defects.

FASEB J 2019 Apr 28;33(4):4688-4702. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Child Development and Nutriomics, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

Folate deficiency in early development leads to disturbance in multiple processes, including neurogenesis during which fibroblast growth factor (FGF) pathway is one of the crucial pathways. Whether folic acid (FA) directly affects FGF pathways to influence neurodevelopment and the possible mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we presented evidence that in human FA-insufficient encephalocele, the FGF pathway was interfered. Read More

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https://www.fasebj.org/doi/10.1096/fj.201801536R
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.201801536RDOI Listing
April 2019
20 Reads
5.043 Impact Factor

Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea due to Transethmoidal Encephalocele Following Occipital Meningioma Resection in an Adult: A Case Report.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2019 Mar 24;80(2):138-140. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, J. E. Purkyne University, Masaryk Hospital, Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic.

Transethmoidal encephalocele is a rare condition in adult patients. It is usually diagnosed during childhood by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea, meningitis, a nasal mass, or seizures. We present a case of an adult woman with CSF rhinorrhea following resection of an occipital meningioma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676621DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Beals syndrome with middle and inner ear dysplasia and encephalocele: A case report and review of imaging findings.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 10;117:26-29. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Radiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, 525 East 68th Street, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

A 10-year-old male with history of Beals syndrome presented with hearing loss and was found to have middle and inner ear dysplasia and left temporal encephalocele on imaging. Beals syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder caused by a mutation in the fibrillin-2 gene. Skeletal manifestations of Beals have been reported, including anomalies of the long bones, calvarium, and spine. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876183057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Repair of a Transclival Meningocele Through a Transoral Approach: Case Report and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 19;123:259-264. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Neurosurgical Department, "Agia Sophia" Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: Transclival meningoceles and related primary spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks at the clivus are extremely rare lesions, with only a few cases reported in the literature.

Case Description: An infant presented with nasal airway obstruction and meningitis secondary to cerebrospinal fluid leak from a transclival meningocele. The radiologic investigation and surgical repair of the lesion are reported, along with intraoperative findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.025DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Management of sphenoid lateral recess encephalocoeles.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Feb;27(1):37-46

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Purpose Of Review: Sphenoid sinus lateral recess encephalocoeles (SSLRE) are rare occurrences and pose unique challenges due to limited surgical access for endoscopic endonasal repair and also the lack of consensus on optimal perioperative managements specifically in the spontaneous cases, which are also believed to be a variant of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Endoscopic endonasal approaches have largely replaced the transcranial route and the techniques are continuously being refined to reduce the neurovascular morbidity and improve outcome.

Recent Findings: Transpetrygoid is the most utilized approach with modifications suggested to limit bone removal, exposure and preservation of the neurovascular structures as dictated by the extent of the lateral recess. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000508DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Bilateral orbital glial heterotopia: A rare case report.

Oman J Ophthalmol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):288-290

Department of Histopathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Glial heterotopia is a rare congenital mass that often presents as a unilateral mass lesion in or around the nose. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice. However, before any surgical intervention for suspected glial heterotopia, distinction should be made both clinically and radiologically from the pathologically related encephalocele to prevent the risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak and meningitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ojo.OJO_214_2017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219331PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Maternal periconceptional consumption of sprouted potato and risks of neural tube defects and orofacial clefts.

Nutr J 2018 11 28;17(1):112. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Peking University Institute of Reproductive and Child Health, National Health Commission Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, Beijing, 100191, China.

Background: The association between maternal consumption of sprouted potato during periconceptional period on the development of neural tube defects (NTDs) or orofacial clefts (OFCs) remains unclear. We aimed to examine the association between maternal consumption of sprouted potatoes during periconceptional period and risks of NTDs or OFCs.

Methods: Subjects included 622 NTD cases, 135 OFC cases and 858 nonmalformed controls, were recruited from a case-control study in Shanxi Province of northern China between 2002 and 2007. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0420-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262956PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Sequential Neuroimaging of the Fetus and Newborn With In Utero Zika Virus Exposure.

JAMA Pediatr 2019 Jan;173(1):52-59

Division of Fetal and Transitional Medicine, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC.

Importance: The evolution of fetal brain injury by Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is not well described.

Objectives: To perform longitudinal neuroimaging of fetuses and infants exposed to in utero maternal ZIKV infection using concomitant magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography (US), as well as to determine the duration of viremia in pregnant women with ZIKV infection and whether the duration of viremia correlated with fetal and/or infant brain abnormalities.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A cohort of 82 pregnant women with clinical criteria for probable ZIKV infection in Barranquilla, Colombia, and Washington, DC, were enrolled from June 15, 2016, through June 27, 2017, with Colombian women identified by community recruitment and physician referral and travel-related cases of American women recruited from a Congenital Zika Program. Read More

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http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4138DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Persisting Embryonal Infundibular Recess Masquerading as a Nasal Mass.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1219-1221

Department of Neurosurgery, Aster Medcity, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Persisting embryonal infundibular recess (PEIR) is a rare anomaly of the development of the posterior pituitary wherein there is a defect in the third ventricular floor. Earlier reports have found PEIR descending only up to the sella. However, this is the first case of PEIR presenting as a pulsatile nasal mass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_92_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208221PMC
November 2018
21 Reads

Moulded Osteomyofascial Pedicled Split (MOPS) Craniotomy Flap in Reconstruction of Anterior Cranial Fossa Defects: Pilot Study of a Novel Technique.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1011-1017

Department of Neurosurgery, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Introduction: Anterior cranial fossa (ACF) defects still remains a reconstructive challenge to neurosurgeons due to the difficult location, inaccessibility, and unfavorable vascular anatomy. Usual reconstructive methods reported complications such as recurrent cerebrospinal fluid leak due to bone resorption and tissue breakdown. This is mainly due to the avascularity of the bone graft and inability to provide bony structural support for the skull base. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_23_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208263PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Sex differences in the prevalence of neural tube defects and preventive effects of folic acid (FA) supplementation among five counties in northern China: results from a population-based birth defect surveillance programme.

BMJ Open 2018 Nov 8;8(11):e022565. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Institute of Reproductive and Child Health, Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Objectives: Sex differences in prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) have previously been recognised; however, the different susceptibility of men and women have not been examined in relation to the effects of folic acid (FA) supplementation. We hypothesised that FA may have a disproportionate effect that alters the sex-specific prevalence of NTDs.

Setting: Data from two time points, before (2003-2004) and after (2011-2016) the start of the supplementation programme, were obtained from a population-based birth defect surveillance programme among five counties in northern China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231556PMC
November 2018
8 Reads
2.063 Impact Factor

[Lateral extended transsphenoidal endoscopic approach through the pterygopalatine fossa in surgery for meningoencephalocele of the lateral sphenoid recess].

Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2018;82(5):96-103

Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute, Moscow, Russia.

Meningoencephalocele is a hernial protrusion of the medulla and meninges through a defect in the skull bones. Due to poor accessibility of meningoencephalocele located in the lateral sphenoid recess region, modern surgical treatment of this pathology prefers to use endoscopic transsphenoidal approaches.

Material And Methods: The study included 4 patients with meningoencephalocele of the lateral recess of the sphenoid sinus (1 male and 3 females; mean age, 46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/neiro20188205196DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads

Maternal genitourinary infections and risk of birth defects in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

Birth Defects Res 2018 11 6;110(19):1443-1454. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Congenital Malformations Registry, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York.

Background: Genitourinary infections (GUIs) are common among sexually active women. Yet, little is known about the risk of birth defects associated with GUIs.

Methods: Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multisite, population-based, case-control study, we assessed self-reported maternal GUIs in the month before through the third month of pregnancy (periconception) from 29,316 birth defect cases and 11,545 unaffected controls. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/bdr2.1409
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bdr2.1409DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Identification and Management of Cranial Anomalies in Perinatology.

Clin Perinatol 2018 12 18;45(4):699-715. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. Electronic address:

Neonatal skull and head shape anomalies are rare. The most common cranial malformations encountered include craniosynostosis, deformational plagiocephaly, cutis aplasia, and encephalocele. Improved prenatal imaging can diagnose morphologic changes as early as the second trimester. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00955108183139
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clp.2018.07.008DOI Listing
December 2018
23 Reads

Endoscopic Endonasal Repair of a Persistent Craniopharyngeal Canal and Sphenoid Meningoencephalocele: Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 1;122:196-202. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Pathology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, India.

Background: A persistent craniopharyngeal canal (PCC) is a rare cause of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea in children. The condition often coexists with other midline facial defects, such as cleft palate. Children with PCC may also have pituitary dysfunction or neoplasms, such as craniopharyngiomas within the canal. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183243
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.138DOI Listing
February 2019
17 Reads

An Audit of Neural Tube Defects in the Republic Of Ireland for 2012-2015.

Ir Med J 2018 03 14;111(3):712. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

UCD Centre for Human Reproduction, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Cork Street, Dublin 8.

Neural tube defects (NTD) are potentially preventable in two-thirds of cases by periconceptional maternal Folic Acid (FA) supplementation. A national audit for the years 2009-11 showed no decline in NTD rates over twenty years. The aim of this national audit was to determine trends/rates and inform revision of national FA supplementation and food fortification strategies. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

A dural arteriovenous fistula associated with an encephalocele presenting as otitis media with effusion.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Nov 16;132(11):1032-1035. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Otolaryngology,London,UK.

Objective: This case report illustrates an unusual case of a dural arteriovenous fistula and an associated encephalocele presenting as otitis media with effusion.Case reportA 53-year-old man presented with right-sided hearing loss and aural fullness of 2 years' duration. Examination revealed ipsilateral post-auricular pulsatile tenderness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118001822DOI Listing
November 2018

Isolated Orbital Roof Fracture: Can It Be Catastrophic?

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):935-937

Department of Neurosurgery, Kerala Institute of Medical Science, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

Orbital encephalocele is a rare catastrophic complication of orbital roof fractures. Early diagnosis of this posttraumatic orbital encephalocele is very crucial because this condition if untreated leads to rapid loss of vision. Whenever displaced orbital roof fracture is identified in a head injury patient, an orbital encephalocele should be suspected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_101_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159092PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Trans-Sellar Trans-Sphenoidal Herniation of Third Ventricle with Cleft Palate and Microophthalmia: Report of a Case and Review of Literature.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):782-785

Department of Neurosurgery, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Trans -sellar trans-sphenoidal encephalocele is an extremely rare entity. We present the case of an 18-month old boy who presented with a trans-sellar, trans-sphenoidal encephalocele associated with cleft lip, cleft palate and microphthalmia. This patient was treated successfully by a trans-cranial extra-dural route. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1793-5482.238003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159010PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Chiari malformation clusters describe differing presence of concurrent anomalies based on Chiari type.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 29;58:165-171. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Orthopaedic and Neurologic Surgery, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Chiari malformations are structural defects in the posterior fossa where the cerebellum displaces caudally into the foramen magnum and upper spinal canal. These malformations are classified by severity as Types 1-4, each presenting with different associated and/or concurrent conditions and anomalies. The aim of this study was to utilize a nationwide database to study patients with Chiari malformations including their concurrent diagnoses and associated anomalies. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09675868183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.06.045DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Neuroradiological findings in patients with "non-lesional" focal epilepsy revealed by research protocol.

Clin Radiol 2019 Jan 28;74(1):78.e1-78.e11. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, UK; The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK.

Aim: To evaluate whether a dedicated epilepsy research protocol with expert image re-evaluation can increase identification of patients with lesions and to attempt to ascertain the potential reasons why lesions were not identified previously on earlier clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Materials And Methods: Forty-three patients (26 female) with focal refractory epilepsy who had failed at least two trials of anti-epileptic drug treatments were studied. Patients were recruited prospectively into the study if previous clinical MRI was deemed to be "non-lesional" by the clinicians involved in the initial assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2018.08.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Giant Occipital Encephalocele with Chiari Malformation Type 3.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):619-621

Department of Neurosciences, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Encephaloceles are rare embryological mesenchymal developmental anomalies resulting from inappropriate ossification in the skull through which herniate the intracranial contents of the sac. Occipital encephaloceles are described as giant when they are larger than the head from which they arise, and they pose a great surgical challenge. Herein, we present a case of a giant occipital encephalocele in a neonate with Chiari malformation Type 3 to highlight the problems encountered in its management and the outcome of the surgery. Read More

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http://www.ruralneuropractice.com/text.asp?2018/9/4/619/2398
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_103_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126286PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

A Brief Review of Giant Occipital Encephalocele.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):455-456

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College and Associated Kamla Nehru and Hamidia Hospitals, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_189_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126288PMC
October 2018