6,571 results match your criteria Encephalitis Japanese


Incidence of hospitalisation for severe complications of influenza virus infection in Japanese patients between 2012 and 2016: a cross-sectional study using routinely collected administrative data.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 17;9(1):e024687. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Yamanashi, Chuo City, Japan.

Objective: To calculate the incidence of hospitalisation due to acute respiratory failure, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), febrile seizures and encephalitis/encephalopathy among influenza-positive patients in Japan, where point-of-care tests are routinely used to diagnose influenza.

Design: A cross-sectional study using routinely collected data.

Setting: Japanese clinics and hospitals between 2012 and 2016. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02468
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024687DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Corrigendum: Human West Nile Virus Disease Outbreak in Pakistan, 2015-2016.

Front Public Health 2018 29;6:384. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Comparative Diagnostic and Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2018.00384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362614PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Pathogen-associated acute encephalitis syndrome: therapeutics and management.

Future Microbiol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Center for Advanced Research (CFAR) - Stem Cell/Cell Culture Unit, Faculty of Medicine, King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow 226003, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/fmb-2018-0334DOI Listing
February 2019

Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells as Model to Evaluate Species Tropism of Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2019 28;9. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Institute of Virology and Immunology (IVI), Bern, Switzerland.

Several mosquito-borne Flaviviruses such as Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), West Nile virus (WNV), Dengue Virus (DENV), and Zika virus (ZIKV) can cause severe clinical disease. Being zoonotic, Flaviviruses infect a wide variety of terrestrial vertebrates, which dependent of the virus-host interactions, can enhance ongoing epidemics and maintain the virus in the environment for prolonged periods. Targeted species can vary from amphibians, birds to various mammals, dependent on the virus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2019.00005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360178PMC
January 2019
1 Read

[Etiologic surveillance and analysis of acute meningitis and encephalitis syndrome in Jinan city in 2013-2016].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;53(2):174-178

Division of Expanded Immunization Program, Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Academy of Preventive Medicine, Shandong University; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan 250014, China.

To characterize the etiology and epidemiological characteristics of the acute meningitis and encephalitis syndrome (AMES) in Jinan city in 2013-2016. The epidemiological data, clinical diagnosis, serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens were collected from 3 577 AMES cases in 6 sentinel hospitals in Jinan city in 2013-2016. Samples of all cases were made sero-diagnosis for Immunoglobulin (Ig) M antibody to Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) and negative cases of JEV for enterovirus (EV), mumps virus (MuV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Acute meningitis and encephalitis syndrome surveillance disease burden in four China prefectures].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;53(2):164-168

Department of National Immunization Programme, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

To explore acute meningitis and encephalitis syndrome (AMES) surveillance in 4 China prefectures, to understand the epidemiological features and disease burden of () meningitis, () meningitis, haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) meningitis and Japanese encephalitis and provide evidence for related disease prevention and control. AMES surveillance were conducted in Jinan, Shandong Province and Yichang, Hubei Province in September 2006, and in 13 districts of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province and Guigang City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in April 2007. Six hospitals in each city were selected as monitoring pilot hospitals to carry out reports of suspected cases of acute meningitis and encephalitis, case investigation, blood specimens and cerebrospinal fluid specimen collection, anti-JEV IgM antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, , and Hib culture and polymerase chain reaction detection, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2019.02.008DOI Listing
February 2019
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[The progress and challenge of Japanese encephalitis control and prevention in China].

Authors:
H Y Wang

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;53(2):133-135

Department of Viral Encephalitis, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the important viral encephalitis in China. In the 1940s, JE was confirmed to be epidemic in China. In 1971, the annual incidence rate was 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Japanese encephalitis virus neuropenetrance is driven by mast cell chymase.

Nat Commun 2019 Feb 11;10(1):706. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-National University of Singapore Medical School, Singapore, 169857, Singapore.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a leading cause of viral encephalitis. However, the mechanisms of JEV penetration of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) remain poorly understood. Mast cells (MCs) are granulated innate immune sentinels located perivascularly, including at the BBB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-08641-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370868PMC
February 2019

Benzoxazine monomer derived carbon dots as a broad-spectrum agent to block viral infectivity.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2019 Feb 4;542:198-206. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, PR China; Key Laboratory of Preventive Veterinary Medicine in Hubei Province, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, PR China; The Cooperative Innovation Center for Sustainable Pig Production, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, PR China. Electronic address:

Multiple viruses can cause infection and death of millions annually. Of these, flaviviruses are found to be highly prevalent in recent years with no distinctive antiviral therapies. Therefore, there is a desperate need for broad-spectrum antiviral drugs that can be active against a large number of existing and emerging viruses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Activation of protein kinase R by hepatitis C virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.

Virology 2019 Mar 29;529:226-233. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Virology II, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1-23-1, Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan. Electronic address:

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) was shown to activate protein kinase R (PKR), which inhibits expression of interferon (IFN) and IFN-stimulated genes by controlling the translation of newly transcribed mRNAs. However, it is unknown exactly how HCV activates PKR. To address the molecular mechanism(s) of PKR activation mediated by HCV infection, we examined the effects of viral proteins on PKR activation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2019.01.024DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Astrocytes in Flavivirus Infections.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 6;20(3). Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology-Molecular Cell Physiology, Institute of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Zaloška 4, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Virus infections of the central nervous system (CNS) can manifest in various forms of inflammation, including that of the brain (encephalitis) and spinal cord (myelitis), all of which may have long-lasting deleterious consequences. Although the knowledge of how different viruses affect neural cells is increasing, understanding of the mechanisms by which cells respond to neurotropic viruses remains fragmented. Several virus types have the ability to infect neural tissue, and astrocytes, an abundant and heterogeneous neuroglial cell type and a key element providing CNS homeostasis, are one of the first CNS cell types to get infected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20030691DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Serological evidence of infection with dengue and Zika viruses in horses on French Pacific Islands.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Feb 7;13(2):e0007162. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

UMR 1161 Virology, ANSES, INRA, ENVA, ANSES Animal Health Laboratory, EURL for equine diseases, Maisons-Alfort, France.

New Caledonia and French Polynesia are areas in which arboviruses circulate extensively. A large serological survey among horses from New Caledonia and French Polynesia was carried out to investigate the seroprevalence of flaviviruses in the horse population. Here, 293 equine sera samples were screened for flaviviruses using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007162DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Flavivirus NS1 Triggers Tissue-Specific Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction Reflecting Disease Tropism.

Cell Rep 2019 Feb;26(6):1598-1613.e8

Division of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Flaviviruses cause systemic or neurotropic-encephalitic pathology in humans. The flavivirus nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) is a secreted glycoprotein involved in viral replication, immune evasion, and vascular leakage during dengue virus infection. However, the contribution of secreted NS1 from related flaviviruses to viral pathogenesis remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.01.036DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Anti-NMDAR Encephalitis in Association with Herpes Simplex Virus and Viral and Bacterial Zoonoses.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):102-103

Department of Neurology, Kuala Lumpur Hospital, Jalan Pahang, 50586 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Multiple co-infections can predispose a patient to autoimmune encephalitis. Out of thirty cases of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis seen at a single tertiary referral center, only two cases of co-infection with NMDAR encephalitis were identified. One of these cases was highly interesting due to the presence of more than one co-infections along with the presence of cortical dysfunction, seizures, and orofacial dyskinesias at the onset in a male in the absence of tumors, which was refractory to initial treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_232_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327714PMC
January 2019

Impact of SA 14-14-2 vaccination on the occurrence of Japanese encephalitis in India.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2019 Jan 25:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Indian Council of Medical Research, Department of Health Research , Vector Control Research Centre Field Station, Govt. of India , Madurai , India.

Japanese encephalitis virus is the major cause of encephalitis in India. To control the increasing incidence and fatal outbreaks, SA 14-14-2 vaccine was introduced initially in 104 endemic districts in phased manner from 2006 to 2011. As there is no data available before 2008 on the number of Japanese encephalitis (JE) cases excluding cases of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES), a four year average of the number of JE vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2018.1564435DOI Listing
January 2019

Epidemiology and pathological mechanisms of tick-borne encephalitis.

Authors:
Kentaro Yoshii

J Vet Med Sci 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Laboratory of Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University.

Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), a member of the genus Flavivirus within the family Flaviviridae, causes fatal encephalitis with severe sequelae in humans. TBEV is prevalent over a wide area of the Eurasian continent including Europe, Russia, Far-Eastern Asia, and Japan. While it was previously thought that TBEV was not endemic in Japan, the first confirmed case of serologically diagnosed TBE was reported in 1993 in the southern area of Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jvms/advpub/0/advpub_18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.18-0373DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Completion of multiple-dose travel vaccine series and the availability of pharmacist immunizers: A retrospective analysis of administrative data in Alberta, Canada.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(1):e0211006. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Pharmacists in a number of countries are being trained in the administration of injections with the aim of improving access and adherence to vaccinations. However, little is known about population-level adherence to multiple-dose travel vaccines, and whether the availability of pharmacist immunizers is associated with adherence. Health administrative data from Alberta, Canada, from April 2008 to May 2017 identified adults dispensed at least one vaccine for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis, or rabies. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211006PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343903PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Aerosol and Contact Transmission Following Intranasal Infection of Mice with Japanese Encephalitis Virus.

Viruses 2019 Jan 21;11(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Research Center of Swine Disease, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China.

The Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a causative agent of severe viral encephalitis in humans, has a biological cycle fluctuating between transmission in mosquitoes and avian species and amplification in pigs. Contact transmission of JEV was recently shown in pigs in the absence of arthropod vectors. Here, we show JEV transmission between infected and contact mice and further demonstrate that JEV transmission occurs between animals via aerosols, as both viral RNA and infectious JEV were detected in direct contact- and aerosol-exposed contact animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11010087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356382PMC
January 2019
3.279 Impact Factor

Complete assembly of a dengue virus type 3 genome from a recent genotype III clade by metagenomic sequencing of serum.

Wellcome Open Res 2018 10;3:44. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bangalore, 560065, India.

Mosquito-borne flaviviruses, such as dengue and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), cause life-threatening diseases, particularly in the tropics. Here we performed unbiased metagenomic sequencing of RNA extracted from the serum of four patients and the plasma of one patient, all hospitalized at a tertiary care centre in South India with severe or prolonged febrile illness, together with the serum from one healthy control, in 2014. We identified and assembled a complete dengue virus type 3 sequence from a case of severe dengue fever. Read More

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https://wellcomeopenresearch.org/articles/3-44/v1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.14438.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085601.2PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Novel synthetic nucleotides of notifiable dengue (1-4), Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever and Zika flaviviruses.

Future Sci OA 2019 Jan 13;5(1):FSO353. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Rakuno Gakuen University, Department of Radiation Biology-School of Veterinary Medicine, Ebetsu, 069-8501 Hokkaido, Japan.

Aim: To produce synthetic nucleotides of notifiable dengue virus (1-4 types), Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever and Zika flaviviruses. These notifiable flaviviruses, particularly dengue and Zika, are problematic mosquito-borne infections in the Philippines, as well as in those countries with tropical and subtropical climates.

Method: An algorithmic design formulation of overlap extension - polymerase chain reaction (OE-PCR) was performed to propagate 50-60 oligomer lengths of select notifiable flaviviral RNAs to DNA nucleotides via the two-step process of OE-PCR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/fsoa-2018-0081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6331751PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Dengue virus is an under-recognised causative agent of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES): Results from a four year AES surveillance study of Japanese encephalitis in selected states of India.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

CDC India, New Delhi, India.

Background: Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) surveillance in India has indicated that Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) accounts for 5-35% of AES cases annually; the etiology remains unknown in the remaining cases. We implemented comprehensive AES surveillance to identify other etiological agents of AES, with emphasis on dengue virus.

Methods: Serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens were collected from patients enrolled prospectively in AES surveillance from 2014-2017 at selected sites of three high burden states of India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
2.330 Impact Factor

Japanese Encephalitis- and Dengue-Associated Acute Encephalitis Syndrome Cases in Myanmar.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Virology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan.

This study was conducted to find the burden of dengue virus (DENV) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) among children under the age of 13, who presented with acute encephalitis syndrome at Mandalay Children Hospital in Myanmar in 2013. Molecular and serological investigations were performed on 123 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples collected from these patients. By neutralization tests and/or virus isolation, four (3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0530DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

New strains of Japanese encephalitis virus circulating in Shanghai, China after a ten-year hiatus in local mosquito surveillance.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Jan 9;12(1):22. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; WHO Collaborating Centre for Tropical Diseases; National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Science and Technology; Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health, Shanghai, 20025, People's Republic of China.

Background: Continuous vector pathogen surveillance is essential for preventing outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases. Several mosquito species acting as vectors of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), dengue virus, Zika virus, malaria parasites and other pathogens are primary mosquito species in Shanghai, China. However, few surveys of human pathogenic arboviruses in mosquitoes in Shanghai have been reported in the last ten years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3267-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327439PMC
January 2019
3.430 Impact Factor

Expanded table: Some vaccines for travelers.

Authors:

Med Lett Drugs Ther 2018 Nov 19;60(1560):e192-e194. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

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November 2018
9 Reads

Vaccines for travelers.

Authors:

Med Lett Drugs Ther 2018 Nov;60(1560):185-192

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November 2018
10 Reads

Memantine can relieve the neuronal impairment caused by neurotropic virus infection.

J Med Virol 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Neurotropic viruses, such as the rabies virus (RABV) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), induce neuronal dysfunction and complication, causing neuronal damage. Currently, there are still no effective clinical treatments for neuronal injury caused by neurotropic viruses. Memantine, a drug capable of passing through the blood-brain barrier, noncompetitively and reversibly binds to n-methyl- d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jmv.25396
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25396DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads
2.347 Impact Factor

First evidence of the presence of genotype-1 of Japanese encephalitis virus in Culex gelidus in Indonesia.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Jan 8;12(1):19. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Background: Japanese encephalitis has become a public health threat in Indonesia. Three genotypes have been recorded in Indonesia, i.e. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3285-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325860PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Experimental Evaluation of the Role of Ecologically-Relevant Hosts and Vectors in Japanese Encephalitis Virus Genotype Displacement.

Viruses 2019 Jan 6;11(1). Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a flavivirus that is maintained via transmission between spp. mosquitoes and water birds across a large swath of southern Asia and northern Australia. Currently JEV is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable encephalitis in humans in Asia. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/11/1/32
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11010032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356879PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Japanese Encephalitis Virus-Induced Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Neuropediatrics 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Zunyi Medical University, First Affiliated Hospital, Zunyi, Guizhou Province, China.

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis (anti-NMDARe) was originally described as a paraneoplastic disease with more than 50% cases involving a tumor. However, tumor incidence in anti-NMDARe in children is much lower. Herpes simplex virus-induced anti-NMDARe has been well-described; however, findings on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV)-induced anti-NMDARe are scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1675607DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Changing paradigm in the epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in a non-endemic region.

J Vector Borne Dis 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):203-207

ICMR-Centre for Research in Medical Entomology, Madurai, India.

Background & Objectives: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic disease. The JE virus (JEV) does not cause any disease among its natural hosts and transmission continues through mosquitoes belonging to Culex vishnui subgroup. This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of JEV in mosquitoes and humans in the Thanjavur district, a non-endemic region for JE, in Tamil Nadu, by using standard available assays. Read More

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http://www.jvbd.org/text.asp?2018/55/3/203/249130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-9062.249130DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Prevalence of disease vectors in Lakshadweep Islands during post-monsoon season.

J Vector Borne Dis 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):189-196

Department of Life Sciences, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background & Objectives: : Increase of vector-borne diseases (VBDs) in India has posed a question on the situation in Lakshadweep Islands, where VBDs are reported from time-to-time. The present investigation was aimed to assess the faunastic situation of the prevailing vectors along with their breeding sites in different islands of the Lakshadweep.

Methods: : Extensive surveys were carried out from November 2017 to January 2018 (post-monsoon season) randomly in the nine inhabited islands of Lakshadweep for conducting faunastic studies on mosquitoes and to know the basic binomics like breeding and resting preference of mosquitoes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-9062.249127DOI Listing
February 2019

Infectious Disease: Mosquito-Borne Viral Illnesses.

FP Essent 2019 Jan;476:11-17

University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine Department of Family Medicine, 414 E. Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069.

Due to rapid globalization and ease of travel, mosquito-borne viral infections are now a concern for family physicians throughout the United States. Zika virus infection is one such concern. It is spread via mosquito bites or by sexual contact with an infected individual. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Small molecules targeting the flavivirus E protein with broad-spectrum activity and antiviral efficacy in vivo.

ACS Infect Dis 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Vaccines and antivirals to combat dengue, Zika, and other flavivirus pathogens present a major, unmet medical need. Vaccine development has been severely challenged by the antigenic diversity of these viruses and the propensity of non-neutralizing, cross-reactive antibodies to facilitate cellular infection and increase disease severity. As an alternative, direct-acting antivirals targeting the flavivirus envelope protein, E, have the potential to act via an analogous mode of action without the risk of antibody-dependent enhancement of infection and disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsinfecdis.8b00322DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

[The etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of neurological complications in Behçet disease and its related disorder Sweet disease].

Authors:
Kinya Hisanaga

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2019 Jan 29;59(1):1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Departments of Neurology and Clinical Research Center, National Hospital Organization Miyagi Hospital.

Behçet disease, and its related disorder Sweet disease, are multisystem inflammatory conditions characterized by muco-cutaneous symptoms. When neuropsychiatric symptoms appear, the two conditions are referred to as neuro-Behçet disease and neuro-Sweet disease. While diagnosing these conditions according to their diagnostic criteria, muco-cutaneous symptoms must be observed; however, neuropsychiatric symptoms may precede muco-cutaneous symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001238DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The distribution of important sero-complexes of flaviviruses in Malaysia.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Flaviviruses (FVs) are arthropod-borne viruses of medical and veterinary importance. Numerous species of FVs have been isolated from various host; mainly humans, animals, ticks, and mosquitoes. Certain FVs are extremely host-specific; at the same time, some FVs can infect an extensive range of species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-018-01786-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
0.817 Impact Factor

Selection and Characterization of Anti-Dengue NS1 Single Domain Antibodies.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 27;8(1):18086. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering, US Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC, 20375, USA.

Reliable detection and diagnosis of dengue virus (DENV) is important for both patient care and epidemiological control. Starting with a llama immunized with a mixture of recombinant nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) antigen from the four DENV serotypes, a phage display immune library of single domain antibodies was constructed and binders selected which exhibited specificity and affinity for DENV NS1. Each of these single domain antibodies was evaluated for its binding affinity to NS1 from the four serotypes, and incorporated into a sandwich format for NS1 detection. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-35923-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35923-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308234PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Differential Expression Levels of Inflammatory Chemokines and TLRs in Patients Suffering from Mild and Severe Japanese Encephalitis.

Viral Immunol 2019 Jan/Feb;32(1):68-74. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Arbovirology and Rickettsiology Group, ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre , Dibrugarh, Assam, India .

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a vector-borne viral disease with clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to severe neurological symptoms and even leading to death. The exact pathophysiology for diverse clinical spectrum of the disease is complex and has not yet been defined. Studies have postulated that during JE infection, inflammatory cytokines and chemokines are produced after the initial recognition of viral antigens through the engagement of toll-like receptors (TLR) pathways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vim.2018.0103DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

MHC binding peptides for designing of vaccines against virus: A computational approach.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2018 Dec 3;25(8):1546-1551. Epub 2016 Feb 3.

Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Integral University, Lucknow 226026, Uttar Pradesh, India.

(JE), a viral disease has seen a drastic and fatal enlargement in the northern states of India in the current decade. The better and exact cure for the disease is still in waiting. For the cause an strategy in the development of the peptide vaccine has been taken here for the study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1319562X160004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.01.041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302886PMC
December 2018
7 Reads
0.741 Impact Factor

[Surveillance data on notifiable infectious diseases among students aged 6-22 years in China, 2011-2016].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;39(12):1589-1595

Division of Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Early Warning on Infectious Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of notifiable infectious diseases among Chinese students from 2011 to 2016 and to provide reference for the effective prevention and control programs on infectious disease among students. Both morbidity and mortality of notifiable infectious diseases among Chinese students aged 6-22 years from 2011 to 2016 were analyzed, with main characteristics of the disease described. During 2011 to 2016, morbidities of Categories A, B and C infectious diseases among the Chinese students aged 6-22 years showed a decreasing trend, from 248. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.12.010DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Drug Repurposing for Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection by Systems Biology Methods.

Molecules 2018 Dec 18;23(12). Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Bioinformatics, College of Informatics, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.

Japanese encephalitis is a zoonotic disease caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). It is mainly epidemic in Asia with an estimated 69,000 cases occurring per year. However, no approved agents are available for the treatment of JEV infection, and existing vaccines cannot control various types of JEV strains. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/23/12/3346
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules23123346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320907PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Insecticide resistance status of three vectors of Japanese encephalitis in east central India.

Med Vet Entomol 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Vector Control Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Medical Complex, Indira Nagar, Puducherry, India.

Japanese encephalitis (JE) has been reported in different districts of Odisha state (east central India) since 1992. During 2016, a major outbreak of JE and acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) occurred in the Malkangiri district of Odisha, causing 103 deaths in children, of which 37 were caused by JE and 66 by AES. Information on insecticide resistance in JE vectors is important for the selection of appropriate insecticides for use in vector control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mve.12352DOI Listing
December 2018

Differential replication efficiencies between Japanese encephalitis virus genotype I and III in avian cultured cells and young domestic ducklings.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12 18;12(12):e0007046. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Swine Infectious Diseases, Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Shanghai, PR China.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) genotype dominance has shifted to genotype I (GI) from genotype III (GIII) in China as demonstrated by molecular epidemiological surveillance. In this study, we performed a serological survey in JEV-non-vaccinated pigs to confirm JEV genotype shift at the sero-epidemiological level. The average ratio of GI/GIII infection was 1. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007046
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314627PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Japanese Encephalitis Virus-induced let-7a/b interacted with the NOTCH-TLR7 pathway in microglia and facilitated neuronal death via caspase activation.

J Neurochem 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Faridabad, India.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) released from the activated microglia upon neurotropic virus infection may exacerbate the neuronal damage. Here, we identified let-7a and let-7b (let-7a/b) as one of the essential miRNAs over-expressed upon Japanese Encephalitis virus (JEV) infection and released in the culture supernatant of the JEV-infected microglial cells through extracellular vesicles. The let-7a/b was previously reported to modulate inflammation in microglial cells through Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) pathways; although their role in accelerating JEV pathogenesis remain unexplored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnc.14645DOI Listing
December 2018

The Multifaceted Roles of Autophagy in Flavivirus-Host Interactions.

Authors:
Po-Yuan Ke

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 7;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology and Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan.

Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved cellular process in which intracellular components are eliminated via lysosomal degradation to supply nutrients for organelle biogenesis and metabolic homeostasis. Flavivirus infections underlie multiple human diseases and thus exert an immense burden on public health worldwide. Mounting evidence indicates that host autophagy is subverted to modulate the life cycles of flaviviruses, such as hepatitis C virus, dengue virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus and Zika virus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms19123940DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321027PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Japanese Encephalitis Virus NS1' Protein Antagonizes Interferon Beta Production.

Virol Sin 2018 Dec 12;33(6):515-523. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-borne virus and the major cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. NS1', a 52-amino acid C-terminal extension of NS1, is generated with a -1 programmed ribosomal frameshift and is only present in members of the Japanese encephalitis serogroup of flaviviruses. Previous studies demonstrated that NS1' plays a vital role in virulence, but the mechanism is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12250-018-0067-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335221PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Platelet factor 4 promotes rapid replication and propagation of Dengue and Japanese encephalitis viruses.

EBioMedicine 2019 Jan 5;39:332-347. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Disease Biology Laboratory, Regional Centre for Biotechnology, National Capital Region Biotech Science Cluster, Faridabad, India. Electronic address:

Background: Activated platelets release cytokines/proteins including CXCL4 (PF4), CCL5 and fibrinopeptides, which regulate infection of several pathogenic viruses such as HIV, H1N1 and HCV in human. Since platelet activation is the hallmark of Dengue virus (DV) infection, we investigated the role of platelets in DV replication and also in a closely related Japanese Encephalitis virus (JEV).

Methods And Findings: Microscopy and PCR analysis revealed a 4-fold increase in DV replication in primary monocytes or monocytic THP-1 cells in vitro upon incubation with either DV-activated platelets or supernatant from DV-activated platelets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.11.049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354622PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Isolation and Genome Phylogenetic Analysis of Arthropod-Borne Viruses, Including Akabane Virus, from Mosquitoes Collected in Hunan Province, China.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2019 Jan 11;19(1):62-72. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1 State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

This study investigated the abundance of mosquitoes and circulation of mosquito-borne arboviruses from 16 villages in 8 cities of Hunan Province, China, in July-August of 2010 and in August of 2011. In total, 16,076 mosquitoes consisting of seven species from four genera were collected by ultraviolet-light trap. Culex quinquefasciatus was the most common species, accounting for 50. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/vbz.2018.2267
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2018.2267DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

West Nile virus in Algeria: a comprehensive overview.

New Microbes New Infect 2019 Jan 21;27:9-13. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

UMR VITROME, Aix-Marseille Université, IRD, Service de Santé des Armées, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, IHU Méditerranée-Infection, Marseille, France.

West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne virus belonging to the genus related to the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of family. It is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes. The virus is maintained in a mosquito-bird-mosquito transmission cycle. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S20522975183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmni.2018.10.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260397PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

A cross-sectional study to assess the awareness and practices related to adult immunization among nursing students in a metropolitan city.

J Educ Health Promot 2018 29;7:129. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Community Medicine, Seth G. S. Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases in adults is the need of the hour. The student nurses by virtue of training are the frontline health workers dealing with patient care. They are exposed to maximum risk of contracting the diseases. Read More

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http://www.jehp.net/text.asp?2018/7/1/129/244389
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_55_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225393PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Antigenic relationship among zoonotic flaviviruses from Italy.

Infect Genet Evol 2019 Mar 2;68:91-97. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK.

Here we report studies of the antigenic relationship of West Nile virus (WNV) and Usutu virus (USUV), two zoonotic flaviviruses from Italy, together with a Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) strain and compared them with their genetic relationship using the immunodominant viral E protein. Thirty-nine isolates and reference strains were inactivated and used to immunize rabbits to produce hyper immune sera. Serum samples were tested by neutralization against all isolates and results visualized by generating antigenic map. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2018.11.023DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads