J Neuroradiol 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.
Service de Radiologie, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Chemin du Grand-Revoyet, Pierre-Bénite 69495, France; INSA-Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, UJM-Saint Etienne, CNRS, Inserm, CREATIS UMR 5220, U1206, Université de Lyon, Pierre-Bénite F-69495, France. Electronic address:
Objectives: To determine whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can help to distinguish early stage autoimmune (AI) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitides.
Methods: This case-control study included patients from a multi-center cohort of AI encephalitides whose initial MRI including DWI was performed within ten days after symptoms onset. They were compared with patients with HSV encephalitis enrolled prospectively in a single-center from June, 2020 to December, 2020. Read More