Case Rep Pediatr 2021 29;2021:6620353. Epub 2021 Apr 29.
Department of Pediatrics, Tohoku University Hospital, 1-1,Seiryo-Cho,Aoba-Ku, Sendai 980-8574, Japan.
Thoracic empyema usually occurs as a complication of bacterial pneumonia, but in rare cases, it is caused by hematogenous dissemination secondary to nonpulmonary diseases. Congenital chylothorax or chylothorax in children is associated with maldevelopment of the lymphatic system, nonimmune hydrops fetalis, several syndromes including Down syndrome, Noonan syndrome, or Turner syndrome, a complication of thoracic surgery, right heart failure with high central venous pressure, or tumors. There are very few reports of empyema associated with preexisting chylothorax. Read More