245,685 results match your criteria Emotion Washington D.C.[Journal]


Anomalous Bodily Maps of Emotions in Schizophrenia.

Schizophr Bull 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.

Objective: Embodied emotions arise from interoceptive and somatosensory processes, and are essential to the development of a stable sense of self. Emotional embodiment is therefore inherently interwoven with our sense of bodily self-awareness, and allows us to navigate complex social situations. Given that the core feature of schizophrenia (SZ) is characterized by the presence of bodily self-disturbances and social-emotional deficits, we hypothesized that embodiment of emotion would be disrupted in SZ. Read More

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December 2018
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Moving Beyond Role-Play: Evaluating the Use of Virtual Reality to Teach Emotion Regulation for the Prevention of Adolescent Risk Behavior Within a Randomized Pilot Trial.

J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Bradley/Hasbro Children's Research Center/Rhode Island Hospital and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Objective: The purpose of the current pilot study was to evaluate the acceptability and preliminary impact of using immersive virtual reality environments (IVREs) paired with a brief emotion regulation and risk reduction intervention (ER + IVRE) relative to this same intervention content paired with role-plays (ER + RP).

Methods: Eighty-five adolescents attending middle school (grades 6th-8th; ages 12-15 years) in an urban northeast city were recruited and randomized to ER + IVRE (n = 44) or ER + RP (n = 41) and had complete data. Data examining acceptability, feasibility, sexual knowledge and attitudes, and ER were collected at baseline and 3 months after intervention completion. Read More

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December 2018

A concise self-report scale can identify high expressed emotions and predict higher relapse risk in schizophrenia.

Compr Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5;89:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Social Work and Social Administration, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Purpose: Although high expressed emotions (EE) is one of the most significant predictors for schizophrenic relapse, the assessment of EE is often impeded by the demanding Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) that is required to be conducted by specifically trained staff. To enable a more efficient assessment of EE, we developed the 12-item Concise Chinese Level of Expressed Emotion Scale (CCLEES) and reported its predictive and concurrent validity in this study.

Methods: A one-year prospective study design was adopted. Read More

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December 2018

The same with age: Evidence for age-related similarities in interpersonal accuracy.

J Exp Psychol Gen 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

Interpersonal accuracy refers to the ability to make accurate perceptions about others' social and emotional qualities. Despite this broad definition, the measurement of interpersonal accuracy remains narrow, as most studies focus on the accurate perception of others' emotional states. Moreover, previous research has relied primarily upon traditional tasks consisting of posed, prototypic expressions and behaviors as stimuli. Read More

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December 2018

How mindfulness training promotes positive emotions: Dismantling acceptance skills training in two randomized controlled trials.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec;115(6):944-973

Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University.

Mindfulness meditation interventions-which train skills in monitoring present-moment experiences with a lens of acceptance-have shown promise for increasing positive emotions. Using a theory-based approach, we hypothesized that learning acceptance skills in mindfulness interventions helps people notice more positive experiences in daily life, and tested whether removing acceptance training from mindfulness interventions would eliminate intervention-related boosts in positive affect. In 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of stressed community adults, mindfulness skills were dismantled into 2 structurally equivalent interventions: (a) training in both monitoring and acceptance (Monitor + Accept) and (b) training in monitoring only (Monitor Only) without acceptance training. Read More

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December 2018

"Wisdom, bias, and balance: Toward a process-sensitive measurement of wisdom-related cognition": Correction to Brienza et al. (2017).

Authors:

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec;115(6):943

Reports an error in "Wisdom, bias, and balance: Toward a process-sensitive measurement of wisdom-related cognition" by Justin P. Brienza, Franki Y. H. Read More

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December 2018
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Motion fluency and object preference: Robust perceptual but fragile memory effects.

J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

In 8 experiments, we investigated motion fluency effects on object preference. In each experiment, distinct objects were repeatedly seen moving either fluently (with a smooth and predictable motion) or disfluently (with sudden and unpredictable direction changes) in a task where participants were required to respond to occasional brief changes in object appearance. Results show that (a) fluent objects are preferred over disfluent objects when ratings follow a moving presentation, (b) there is some evidence that object-motion associations can be learned with repeated exposures, (c) sufficiently potent motions can yield preference for fluent objects after a single viewing, and (d) learned associations do not transfer to situations where ratings follow a stationary presentation, even after deep levels of encoding. Read More

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December 2018

Age differences in everyday stressor-related negative affect: A coordinated analysis.

Psychol Aging 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biobehavioral Health and Medicine.

Advancing age is often characterized by preserved or even enhanced emotion regulation, which is thought to manifest in terms of age-related reductions in the within-person association between stressors and negative affect. Existing research from ecological momentary assessment and end-of-day daily diary studies examining such age-related benefits have yielded mixed results, potentially due to differences in samples, design, and measurement of everyday stressors and negative affect. We conducted a coordinated analysis of 5 ecological momentary assessments and 2 end-of-day daily diary studies to examine adult age differences in the within-person association between everyday stressors and negative affect. Read More

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December 2018

Feel free to write this down: Writing about a stressful experience does not impair change detection task performance.

Emotion 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis.

Acute stress impairs working memory (i.e., the ability to update and keep information in mind). Read More

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December 2018

Attending to emotional faces in the flanker task: Probably much less automatic than previously assumed.

Emotion 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute of Psychology.

Attention to emotional faces was tested in a series of 5 experiments using the flanker paradigm. Distraction and compatibility effects that were stronger for emotional compared to neutral faces were found in only one of the studies. No reliable differences were found between faces displaying different emotions. Read More

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December 2018

Higher well-being is related to reduced affective reactivity to positive events in daily life.

Emotion 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute of Psychology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.

Within the study of emotions, researchers have increasingly stressed the importance of studying individual differences in emotion dynamics and emotional responding and the way these relate to more stable differences in well-being. However, there is no clear picture regarding affective reactivity to positive events and how different emotional reactions relate to differences in well-being, particularly higher levels of well-being. Theoretical work and empirical findings from different lines of research (e. Read More

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December 2018

Prevention of anxiety and depression in school children: Effectiveness of the transdiagnostic EMOTION program.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway.

Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic program (EMOTION, Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression) targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in schoolchildren by comparing the intervention condition (EC) to a control condition (CC).

Method: A clustered randomized design was used with schools as the unit of randomization. Children ( = 1686) aged 8-12 years in 36 schools completed screening using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC-Child) and The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire Short version (SMFQ-Child). Read More

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December 2018

A self-regulation perspective on how and when regulatory focus differentially relates to citizenship behaviors.

J Appl Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Business Administration.

Although previous research suggests that regulatory focus matters for organizational citizenship behaviors, it is unclear how promotion and prevention focus relate to such behaviors. Integrating regulatory focus theory with theories of self-regulation, we propose a conceptual model that links trait promotion and prevention foci with specific citizenship behaviors through an emotion-related self-regulation mechanism. Using a sample of 227 nurses working in a hospital context, we observed that trait promotion focus and trait prevention focus predict helping and voice via differential effects on emotional exhaustion. Read More

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December 2018

Understanding others: emotion recognition abilities in humans and other animals.

Genes Brain Behav 2018 Dec 13:e12544. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Genetics of Cognition laboratory, Department of Neuroscience and Brain Technologies, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy.

Emotion recognition represents the ability to encode an ensemble of sensory stimuli providing information about the emotional state of another individual. This ability is not unique to humans. An increasing number of studies suggests that many aspects of higher order social functions, including emotion recognition, might be present in species ranging from primates to rodents, indicating a conserved role of these abilities in social animals. Read More

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December 2018

Valence matters: An electrophysiological study on how emotions influence cognitive performance in children.

Dev Psychobiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Emotional stimuli have been found to influence cognitive performance in children, but it is not clear whether this effect varies with the cognitive demands of the task. In this study, we examined how emotional expressions influenced cognitive performance and event-related potentials (ERPs) in early and middle childhood under varying cognitive control demands. Two groups of children (4. Read More

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December 2018

Stressors experienced by children with autism spectrum disorder in Taiwan: Perspectives of children and their parents.

Nurs Health Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Young Psychiatric Clinic, New Taipei, Taiwan.

Autism spectrum disorder has only recently been recognized as a developmental disability in Taiwan. We conducted an exploratory qualitative descriptive study with children (n = 14, mean age = 13.57 years) and their parents to understand stressors experienced by children with autism spectrum disorder in Taiwan. Read More

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December 2018

An integrative review of sibling responses to childhood cancer.

J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing, Undergraduate Division, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Topic: Siblings of children with cancer experience extraordinary responses and changes to their lives over the course of their family's cancer journey.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to conduct an integrative literature review to synthesize and analyze relevant findings related to the siblings' experiences of childhood cancer.

Sources Used: CINAHL, PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO were searched using the key terms: "sibling*" AND "pediatric*" AND "cancer" AND "experienc*" OR "experience*. Read More

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December 2018

Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Peritraumatic and Posttraumatic Emotions Questionnaires Among Active-Duty Military Personnel With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

The Peritraumatic Emotions Questionnaire (Peri-TEQ) and Posttraumatic Emotions Questionnaire (Post-TEQ) are self-report measures of emotions experienced during and after a traumatic event, respectively. The factor structure and psychometric properties of the Peri- and Post-TEQ were investigated among 474 military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following deployment. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted to test the factor structure of the scales. Read More

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December 2018

Cancer Survivors' Experiences with Breakdowns in Patient-Centered Communication.

Psychooncology 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Meyers Primary Care Institute, a partnership with University of Massachusetts Medical School, Reliant Medical Group and Fallon Health, Worcester, MA.

Objective: This study analyzed cancer survivors' communication experiences that fell short of being patient-centered. Patients' descriptions of communication 'breakdowns' were analyzed according to domain (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Balancing different expectations in ethically difficult situations while providing community home health care services: a focused ethnographic approach.

BMC Geriatr 2018 Dec 14;18(1):312. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Faculty for Health and Social Sciences, University in South-Eastern Norway, Post box 235, 3603, Kongsberg, Norway.

Background: The general opinion in society is that everyone has the right to live in their own home as long as possible. Provision of community home health care services is therefore increasingly common. Healthcare personnel encounter ethically difficult situations when providing care, but few studies describe such situations in the context of community home health care services. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of cardiac rehabilitation on 24-month all-cause hospital readmissions: A prospective cohort study.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2018 Dec 14:1474515118820176. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

1 Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Australia.

Background:: Ageing populations and increasing survival following acute coronary syndrome has resulted in large numbers of people living with cardiovascular disease and at high risk of hospitalizations. Rising hospital admissions have a significant financial cost to the healthcare system.

Aim:: The purpose of this study was to determine whether cardiac rehabilitation is protective against long-term hospital readmission (frequency and length) following acute coronary syndrome. Read More

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December 2018

Effective cascade screening through identification of a mutation in in a large family with a history of sudden death.

J Cardiol Cases 2016 Jan 1;13(1):9-13. Epub 2015 Oct 1.

Manchester Centre for Genomic Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is an inherited arrhythmogenic disorder which usually presents in the first or second decade of life with syncope, which is typically induced by emotional stress or exercise. We describe a large family with a history of three sudden unexpected deaths. Investigations in the sibling of a deceased individual affected by emotion-induced syncope revealed ventricular bigeminy. Read More

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January 2016

Correction to: Brief training in mindfulness may normalize a blunted error-related negativity in chronically depressed patients.

Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Dahlem Center for Neuroimaging of Emotions, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Maria Fissler and Emilia Winnebeck also are affiliated at Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany. Read More

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December 2018

Enabling Conversations: African American Patients' Changing Perceptions of Kidney Transplantation.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, 462 Grider Street, Buffalo, NY, 14215, USA.

Background: Racial disparities in access to kidney transplantation (KTX) among African Americans (AAs) have been attributed in part to insufficient patient education. Interventions are needed to provide AAs with culturally sensitive, understandable information that increases their capacity to pursue KTX. Research about the factors that activated patients to pursue KTX is necessary to inform such interventions; however, few studies have yielded this type of information. Read More

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December 2018
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Latent Classes of Lifetime Sexual Victimization Characteristics in Women in Emerging Adulthood: Differential Relations with Emotion Dysregulation.

Psychol Violence 2018 Sep 19;8(5):570-579. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, OH, U.S.A.

Objectives: The aims of the present study were to investigate latent classes of sexual victimization among young adult women based on characteristics of their victimization experiences (e.g., relationship with the perpetrator, nature of act, frequency), and examine differences in dimensions of emotion dysregulation across these classes and among non-victims. Read More

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September 2018

Healthy Life Centre participants' perceptions of living with overweight or obesity and seeking help for a perceived "wrong" lifestyle - a qualitative interview study.

BMC Obes 2018 6;5:42. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Science, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bjørnsons gate 45, 5528 Haugesund, Norway.

Background: Overweight and obesity are complex conditions, associated with a wide range of serious health issues. In contemporary society, body size is an important part of a person's self-representation. Lifestyle changes are difficult and long-term weight management is associated with a high risk of failure. Read More

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December 2018

Epigenetic modulation during hippocampal development.

Biomed Rep 2018 Dec 18;9(6):463-473. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Pharmacology, Medical School of Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434023, P.R. China.

The hippocampus is located in the limbic system and is vital in learning ability, memory formation and emotion regulation, and is associated with depression, epilepsy and mental retardation in an abnormal developmental situation. Several factors have been found to modulate the development of the hippocampus, and epigenetic modification have a crucial effect in this progress. The present review summarizes the epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation, histone acetylation, and non-coding RNAs, regulating all stages of hippocampal development, focusing on the growth of Ammons horn and the dentate gyrus in humans and rodents. Read More

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December 2018

Deprescribing conversations: a closer look at prescriber-patient communication.

Ther Adv Drug Saf 2018 Dec 20;9(12):687-698. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Facultés de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université de MontréalResearch Center of Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Background: Little is known about the initiation, style and content of patient and healthcare provider communication around deprescribing. We report the findings from a content analysis of audio-recorded discussions of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and benzodiazepine deprescribing in primary care.

Methods: Participants were healthcare providers ( = 13) from primary care practices ( = 3) and patients aged ⩾65 ( = 24) who were chronic users of PPIs or benzodiazepines. Read More

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December 2018

EmojiGrid: A 2D Pictorial Scale for the Assessment of Food Elicited Emotions.

Front Psychol 2018 28;9:2396. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Human Factors, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Soesterberg, Netherlands.

Research on food experience is typically challenged by the way questions are worded. We therefore developed the EmojiGrid: a graphical (language-independent) intuitive self-report tool to measure food-related valence and arousal. In a first experiment participants rated the valence and the arousing quality of 60 food images, using either the EmojiGrid or two independent visual analog scales (VAS). Read More

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November 2018
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Genetic and Environmental Influences on the Affective Regulation Network: A Prospective Experience Sampling Analysis.

Front Psychiatry 2018 28;9:602. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, Netherlands.

The study of networks of affective mental states that play a role in psychopathology may help model the influence of genetic and environmental risks. The aim of the present paper was to examine networks of affective mental states (AMS: "cheerful," "insecure," "relaxed," "anxious," "irritated," and "down") over time, stratified by genetic liability for psychopathology and exposure to environmental risk, using momentary assessment technology. Momentary AMS, collected using the experience sampling method (ESM) as well as childhood trauma and genetic liability (based on the level of shared genes and psychopathology in the co-twin) were collected in a population-based sample of female-female twin pairs and sisters (585 individuals). Read More

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November 2018

Bidirectional Cause-Effect Relationship Between Urinary Interleukin-6 and Mood, Irritation, and Mental Activity in a Breast Cancer Survivor.

Front Neurosci 2018 28;12:848. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Clinical Department of Medical Psychology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

This "integrative single-case study" investigated the bidirectional cause and effect relations between various emotional states (i.e., mood, irritation, mental activity) and urinary IL-6 levels in a 49-year-old female breast cancer survivor (woman) under conditions of "life as it is lived. Read More

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November 2018
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Food Parenting Practices among Parents with Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 12;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Applied Psychology, International Digital Laboratory, Warwick Manufacturing Group, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.

Given the links between parental obesity and eating psychopathology in their children, it is important to understand the mechanisms via which unhealthy relationships with eating are passed from generation to generation. The aim was to review research focusing on food-related parenting practices (FPPs) used by parents with overweight/obesity. Web of Science, PubMed and PsycINFO were searched. Read More

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December 2018

Facial Sadness Recognition is Modulated by Estrogen Receptor Gene Polymorphisms in Healthy Females.

Brain Sci 2018 Dec 7;8(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Departamento de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Guanajuato, León, Guanajuato 37320, Mexico.

Polymorphisms of the estrogen receptor and genes have been linked with cognitive deficits and affective disorders. The effects of these genetic variants on emotional processing in females with low estrogen levels are not well known. The aim was to explore the impact of the and genes on the responses to the facial emotion recognition task in females. Read More

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December 2018

Microbiome-The Missing Link in the Gut-Brain Axis: Focus on Its Role in Gastrointestinal and Mental Health.

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 7;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, 71-460 Szczecin, Poland.

The central nervous system (CNS) and the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract communicate through the gut-brain axis (GBA). Such communication is bi-directional and involves neuronal, endocrine, and immunological mechanisms. There is mounting data that gut microbiota is the source of a number of neuroactive and immunocompetent substances, which shape the structure and function of brain regions involved in the control of emotions, cognition, and physical activity. Read More

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December 2018

Positive and negative emotions in dairy cows: Can ear postures be used as a measure?

Behav Processes 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

World Animal Protection, 5(th) Floor, 222 Gray's Inn Rd, London, WC1X 8HB, United Kingdom.

Applying objective measures to assess the emotional states of animals is an important area of research and essential for improving animal welfare. In this study, we have built upon previous research to test whether ear postures can be used as an indicator of emotional states in dairy cows. By using a positive and negative contrast paradigm, we elicited the emotional states of excitement and frustration in 22 dairy cows. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of a 3-Day High-Altitude Trek on Xue Mountain (3886 m), Taiwan, on the Emotional States of Children: A Prospective Observational Study.

High Alt Med Biol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

15 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia , Vancouver, Canada .

Chao, Chun-Chieh, Lung Hung Chen, Yin-Chou Lin, Shih-Hao Wang, Shih-Hao Wu, Wen-Cheng Li, Kuo-Feng Huang, Te-Fa Chiu, and I-Chih Kuo. Impact of a 3-day high-altitude trek on Xue Mountain (3886 m), Taiwan, on the emotional states of children: A prospective observational study. High Alt Med Biol. Read More

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December 2018

Auditory-Induced Negative Emotions Increase Recognition Accuracy for Visual Scenes Under Conditions of High Visual Interference.

Authors:
Oliver Baumann

Front Psychol 2018 27;9:2374. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

The effect of emotion on memory is powerful and complex. While there seems to be agreement that emotional arousal generally increases the likelihood that events are remembered, it is somewhat disputed whether also the valence of emotions influences memory. Specifically, several experiments by Kensinger and colleagues have provided evidence for the hypotheses that negative valanced emotions facilitate the encoding of perceptual details. Read More

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November 2018

Disgust, stigma, and the politics of abortion.

Authors:
Anuradha Kumar

Fem Psychol 2018 Nov 19;28(4):530-538. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Ipas, USA.

Despite the growing body of research on the emotion of disgust - including its relationship to political ideology, moral judgment, matters of sex and sexuality, and death - the global reproductive rights movement has paid relatively little attention to the role disgust plays in the debate over abortion. By focusing on the right of a woman to make her own decision about an unwanted pregnancy, the pro-choice community has allowed anti-choice groups to define and frame the abortion procedure, abortion providers, and women who have abortions in terms associated with disgust. This commentary encourages further examination of what triggers disgust, its measurement, and ways of mitigating it, which could be useful for reducing abortion stigma, in future legal cases and in abortion research, advocacy, and communications. Read More

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November 2018

Information needs of young women vaccinated against HPV attending colposcopy: a qualitative study.

BMC Womens Health 2018 Dec 12;18(1):200. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK.

Background: Previous studies have shown that woman attending their first cervical screening or colposcopy appointment experience negative emotions, primarily anxiety and fear. With the introduction of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, it is unknown whether these emotions will have altered or whether the information needs of vaccinated women will have changed. The objective of this study is to determine the knowledge, understanding and concerns that young women have about HPV when attending colposcopy and whether their information needs are met. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of limited attention and delay on negative arousing false memories.

Cogn Emot 2018 Dec 13:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

a Department of Psychology , City University of London , London , UK.

Previous research has shown that, in comparison to neutral stimuli, false memories for high arousing negative stimuli are greater after very fast presentation and limited attention at study. However, full compared to limited attention conditions still produce comparably more false memories for all stimuli types. Research has also shown that emotional stimuli benefit from a period of consolidation. Read More

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December 2018

The complexity of reaching and maintaining a healthy body weight - the experience from adults with a mobility disability.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:33. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, P.O. Box 157, 221 00 Lund, SE Sweden.

Background: People with a disability affecting their mobility are more likely to be overweight or obese than those without a mobility disability. The guidelines on how to prevent and treat overweight/obese adults in the general population have not been adapted to the needs of people with a mobility disability. A reasonable useful first step in the process of adapting such guidelines is to conduct a qualitative study of the perceived needs of these people. Read More

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December 2018

Explaining Variations in Mindfulness Levels in Daily Life.

Mindfulness (N Y) 2018 22;9(6):1895-1906. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

2Interdisciplinary Center Psychopathology and Emotion regulation, Unversity of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Despite the apparent benefits of being mindful, people are often not very mindful. There seem to be forces that drive people toward as well as away from mindfulness. These forces are conceptualised in terms of competition for scarce attentional resources. Read More

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Differences in Functional Connectivity of the Insula Between Brain Wave Vibration in Meditators and Non-meditators.

Mindfulness (N Y) 2018 19;9(6):1857-1866. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

2Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The majority of meditation involves focusing attention on internal events or sensations and becoming aware of emotions. The insula cortex, through a functional connection with the prefrontal cortex and other brain regions, plays a key role in integrating external sensory information with internal bodily state signals and emotional awareness. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the resting-state functional connectivity of the insula with other brain regions in meditation practitioners and control subjects. Read More

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Turning the Mirror on the Architects: A Study of the Open-Plan Office and Work Behaviors at an Architectural Company.

Front Psychol 2018 20;9:2178. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Sustainability and Health Initiative (SHINE), Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States.

Following the rising cost of real estate and a desire to increase collaboration and communication among employees, the open-plan office has been trending over the past decades. Research about the impact of the open-plan office on humans is equivocal in endorsing this trend. The mixed results are further confounded following the specific job requirements, such as the need for privacy in jobs requiring a high level of concentration or, in contrast, the need for open workspace in jobs benefitting from team work and knowledge sharing. Read More

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November 2018

On Averting Negative Emotion: Remedying the Impact of Shifting Expectations.

Front Psychol 2018 20;9:2121. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Strategy and International Management Department, College of Business Administration, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

This paper examines how people anticipate negative emotions when faced with an uncertain outcome and try to manage their expectations. While extant research streams remain equivocal on whether managing expectations always succeeds, this research examines situations in which setting a low expectation can have an adverse emotional impact and suggests ways to alleviate this negative consequence. Using goal setting and a false-feedback paradigm, we show that, although individuals who set low goals to manage expectations can end up feeling more disappointed than those who set high goals (study 1), this negative impact can be avoided when individuals are reminded of their initial goals at feedback, or made aware of inaccuracies in forecasting their future emotion (studies 1 and 2). Read More

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November 2018

Moral Emotions and Social Economic Games in Paranoia.

Front Psychiatry 2018 21;9:615. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Impaired social cognitive processes are putative psychological mechanisms implicated in the formation and maintenance of paranoid beliefs. Paranoia denotes unfounded fears about the hostile intentions of others and is prevalent in a significant proportion of the general population. We investigated social cognition in healthy participants selectively recruited to have a broad occurrence of paranoid thinking ( = 89). Read More

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November 2018

A Novel hAPP/htau Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease: Inclusion of APP With Tau Exacerbates Behavioral Deficits and Zinc Administration Heightens Tangle Pathology.

Front Aging Neurosci 2018 22;10:382. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Psychology Department, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States.

The brains of those with Alzheimer's disease have amyloid and tau pathology; thus, mice modeling AD should have both markers. In this study, we characterize offspring from the cross of the J20 (hAPP) and rTg4510 (htau) strains (referred to as dual Tg). Behavior was assessed at both 3. Read More

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November 2018

The Temporal Dynamic Relationship Between Attention and Crowding: Electrophysiological Evidence From an Event-Related Potential Study.

Front Neurosci 2018 22;12:844. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education), Center of Studies for Psychology and Social Development, Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Visual crowding is the difficulty experienced in identifying a target flanked by other objects within the peripheral visual field. Despite extensive research conducted on this topic, the precise relationship between attention and crowding is still debatable. One perspective suggests that crowding is a bottom-up and pre-attentive process, while another suggests that crowding is top-down and attentional. Read More

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November 2018

An expressive-arts-based life-death education program for the elderly: A qualitative study.

Death Stud 2018 Dec 7:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

c Evangelical Lutheran Church Social Service , Hong Kong , China.

This study endeavors to investigate how healthcare workers, equipped with expressive arts methods, could foster life-death education for the elderly. Forty-nine older adults aged 60 or above joined a 10-session expressive arts-based life-death education program that was led by social workers equipped with expressive arts methods. An ethnographic research approach, with a post-treatment focus group (n = 17), was conducted with the participants. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of familiarization on odor hedonic responses and food choices in children with autism spectrum disorders.

Autism 2018 Dec 7:1362361318815252. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1 Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, France.

This study assessed whether olfactory familiarization can render food odors more pleasant, and consequently food more attractive, to children with autism spectrum disorder. Participants were first presented with a series of food odors (session 1). Then, they were familiarized on four occasions (time window: 5 weeks) with one of the two most neutral odors (the other neutral odor was used as control) (session 2). Read More

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December 2018