248,471 results match your criteria Emotion Washington D.C.[Journal]


Multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness are associated with facets of body image in British adults.

Body Image 2019 Feb 13;29:6-16. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Psychology and Sports Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK; Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.

Previous research has identified a relationship between interoception and body image, where lower interoceptive awareness (IA) is associated with negative body image. However, relationships between facets of interoception and positive body image remain unexplored, and men and older adults remain underrepresented. To overcome these limitations, we assessed relationships between multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness (IA) and multiple facets of body image in community adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

'Poetry in motion' a place in the classroom: Using poetry to develop writing confidence and reflective skills.

Nurse Educ Today 2019 Feb 6;76:73-77. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Electronic address:

Background: Non-traditional students entering nursing programmes at university often experience difficulties with the academic literacy requirements of their courses, in particular academic and reflective writing. Levels of student anxiety may also be affected by other issues including the pressures of managing work, family and study commitments.

Objectives: To explore how classroom-based poetry writing activities might support students in developing their skills as student-writers and reflective practitioners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2019.01.026DOI Listing
February 2019

Prenatal cannabinoid exposure and altered neurotransmission.

Neuropharmacology 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Drug Discovery and Development, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA; Center for Neuroscience Initiative, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA. Electronic address:

Marijuana is one of the most commonly used illicit drugs worldwide. In addition, use of synthetic cannabinoids is increasing, especially among adolescents and young adults. Although human studies have shown that the use of marijuana during pregnancy leads to adverse behavioral effects, such as deficiencies in attention and executive function in affected offspring, the rate of marijuana use among pregnant women is steadily increasing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2019.02.018DOI Listing
February 2019

A Longitudinal Examination of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Risky Sexual Behavior: Evaluating Emotion Dysregulation Dimensions as Mediators.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, Mail Stop 948, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH, 43606, USA.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to a wide array of risky and health-compromising behaviors, including risky sexual behavior (RSB). Cross-sectional studies reveal positive associations between emotion dysregulation and both PTSD and RSB. This study extended that work by exploring whether intermediate levels of emotion dysregulation across multiple dimensions account for the relation between baseline PTSD symptoms and RSB (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1392-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Psychometric evaluation of social cognitive measures for adults with autism.

Autism Res 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University Of Texas At Dallas, Richardson, Texas, 75080.

Although social cognition is frequently identified as a target in clinical trials and psychosocial interventions for adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), these efforts are hampered by a lack of consensus and validation of social cognitive measures. The current study provides psychometric evaluation of 11 frequently used measures encompassing different subdomains of social cognition. Adults with autism (N = 103) and typically developing controls (N = 95) completed 11 commonly used social cognitive tasks spanning the domains of emotion processing, social perception, and mentalizing/theory of mind. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aur.2084DOI Listing
February 2019

Emotional feeding as interpersonal emotion regulation: A developmental risk factor for binge-eating behaviors.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Emotional feeding is an interpersonal emotion regulation strategy wherein people provide food to others as a means of influencing the recipient's emotional response. Parental emotional feeding has been linked to higher levels of emotional eating in children and adolescents using cross-sectional, retrospective, and prospective designs; however, there is little research on emotional feeding as a developmental risk factor for emotional eating and binge-eating behaviors in adolescence and adulthood. This Idea Worth Researching article explores the rationale for studying emotional feeding as a lifespan construct and its potential implications for understanding eating disorder pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23044DOI Listing
February 2019

Musical pleasure and musical emotions.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Science and Technology of Music and Sound, UMR 9912, Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 75004 Paris, France

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1900369116DOI Listing
February 2019

Does Health Promotion Program Affect Local Resident' Emotions?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 14;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Research Center, Social Security Information Service, Seoul 04554, Korea.

Healthy cities continuously attempt to improve residents' health. Health is affected by psychological factors, such as happiness and emotions. Therefore, this study investigates the effects of healthy city program performance on individuals' emotions, as well as the correlation between healthy city program performance and emotions using personal happiness index as a parameter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040549DOI Listing
February 2019

Lestaurtinib (CEP-701) modulates the effects of early life hypoxic seizures on cognitive and emotional behaviors in immature rats.

Epilepsy Behav 2019 Feb 12;92:332-340. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Anatomy, Cell biology and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; Division of Child Neurology, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Hypoxic encephalopathy of the newborn is a major cause of long-term neurological sequelae. We have previously shown that CEP-701 (lestaurtinib), a drug with an established safety profile in children, attenuates short-term hyperexcitability and tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) receptor activation in a well-established rat model of early life hypoxic seizures (HS). Here, we investigated the potential long-term neuroprotective effects of a post-HS transient CEP-701 treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2019.01.023DOI Listing
February 2019

Integrated cognitive behavioral therapy for ADHD in adult substance use disorder patients: Results of a randomized clinical trial.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 5;197:28-36. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Background: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) frequently co-occurs with Substance Use Disorders (SUDs). Standard ADHD pharmacotherapies are not effective in patients with this comorbidity and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has not been tested in this population. This RCT aimed to compare the efficacy of Integrated CBT (CBT/Integrated) directed at adult ADHD and SUD with CBT directed at SUD only (CBT/SUD) in patients with SUD and ADHD (SUD + ADHD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.023DOI Listing
February 2019

Appearance and modulation of a reactive temporal-lobe 8-10-Hz tau-rhythm.

Neurosci Res 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060-0812, Hokkaido, Japan.

Spontaneous 8- to 10-Hz "tau-rhythm" in magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings has been reported to originate in the auditory cortex and be suppressed by sound. For unknown reasons however, tau-rhythm is often difficult to detect. In this study, we sought to characterize its emergence and auditory reactivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neures.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Acute Exercise Prevents Angry Mood Induction but Does Not Change Angry Emotions.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Kinesiology, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Introduction: Exercise is well-known to enhance a variety of mood states, but few studies have been specifically designed to investigate whether acute aerobic exercise alters feelings of anger. The goal of this study was to determine the magnitude of the effects of acute exercise on both angry mood and angry emotions.

Methods: Angry mood and angry emotions were assessed in 16 men with elevated trait anger who viewed a variety of emotionally evocative scenic pictures before and after 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001922DOI Listing
February 2019

Emotional Experiences of Mothers Living With HIV and the Quest for Emotional Recovery: A Qualitative Study in Lima, Peru.

J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Carmen Contreras, BA, is Director of Intervention Projects, Socios En Salud, Partners In Health, Lima, Peru. Nancy Rumaldo, BA, is a Project Coordinator, Socios En Salud, Partners In Health, Lima, Peru. Michael Masao Lindeborg, BA, is an MD candidate, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Milagros Mendoza, BA, is a Project Manager, Socios En Salud, Partners In Health, Lima, Peru. David Roy Chen, BA, is an MD candidate, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA. Olga Saldaña, RN, is a Field Coordinator, Socios En Salud, Partners In Health, Lima, Peru. Milagros Wong, RN, is a Project Manager, Socios En Salud, Partners In Health, Lima, Peru. Maribel Muñoz, RN, is a Project Manager, Socios En Salud Partners In Health, Lima, Peru. Elizabeth Schrier, BA, is a Research Assistant, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Leonid Lecca, MD, MPH, is a Lecturer on Global Health and Social Medicine, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, and Executive Director of Socios En Salud, Partners In Health, Lima, Peru. Arachu Castro, PhD, MPH, is the Samuel Z. Stone Endowed Chair of Public Health in Latin America, Department of Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, and Director of the Collaborative Group for Health Equity in Latin America (CHELA), Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Sonya Sunhi Shin, MD, MPH, is an Associate Physician of Infectious Disease, Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Adrianne Katrina Nelson, MPH, Msc, is a Research Manager, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Little evidence exists about the emotional experiences of mothers with HIV, and a better understanding is essential to support their emotional health and treatment adherence. We describe the emotional experiences of eight mothers who initiated antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy or within a few years of childbirth in Lima, Peru. An interpretive phenomenological approach was used, and the following themes emerged: (a) emotions involved in diagnosis and disclosure, (b) the meaning of motherhood with HIV, (c) the mothers' roles in seeking and maintaining relationships with partners and families, and (d) mechanisms for resilience and emotional recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JNC.0000000000000051DOI Listing
February 2019
1.228 Impact Factor

Association Between Repeated Episodes of Gastroenteritis and Mental Health Problems in Childhood and Adolescence.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Ludmer Centre for Neuroinformatics and Mental Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Sackler Institute for Epigenetics & Psychobiology, McGill University, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) and Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability and Neurodevelopment (MAVAN) cohorts were used to determine if repeated exposure to gastroenteritis in early life could predict risk for psychiatric problems in childhood and in ALSPAC adolescents. We determined if inflammatory biomarkers moderate the association between repeated gastroenteritis and mental health in adolescents from ALSPAC.

Method: Episodes of gastroenteritis from birth to 30 and 36 months were reported by mothers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2019.01.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Apathy Associated With Impaired Recognition of Happy Facial Expressions in Huntington's Disease.

J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2019 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences,School of Psychological Sciences,Monash University,Melbourne,Australia.

Objectives: Previous research has demonstrated an association between emotion recognition and apathy in several neurological conditions involving fronto-striatal pathology, including Parkinson's disease and brain injury. In line with these findings, we aimed to determine whether apathetic participants with early Huntington's disease (HD) were more impaired on an emotion recognition task compared to non-apathetic participants and healthy controls.

Methods: We included 43 participants from the TRACK-HD study who reported apathy on the Problem Behaviours Assessment - short version (PBA-S), 67 participants who reported no apathy, and 107 controls matched for age, sex, and level of education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355617718001224DOI Listing
February 2019

Detecting Happiness Using Hyperspectral Imaging Technology.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2019 15;2019:1965789. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

College of Computer and Information Science, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) technology can be used to detect human emotions based on the power of material discrimination from their faces. In this paper, HSI is used to remotely sense and distinguish blood chromophores in facial tissues and acquire an evaluation indicator (tissue oxygen saturation, StO) using an optical absorption model. This study explored facial analysis while people were showing spontaneous expressions of happiness during social interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1965789DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350538PMC
January 2019

Puzzle-Solving Activity as an Indicator of Epistemic Confusion.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:163. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.

When students perform complex cognitive activities, such as solving a problem, epistemic emotions can occur and influence the completion of the task. Confusion is one of these emotions and it can produce either negative or positive outcomes, according to the situation. For this reason, considering confusion can be an important factor for educators to evaluate students' progression in cognitive activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00163DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365428PMC
January 2019

The Relationship Between Assistance Satisfaction and Negative Affect in Long-Term Social Assistance Recipients in China: The Moderating Role of Self-Acceptance.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:109. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

School of Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China.

Public welfare in China is less universal, comprehensive, and generous when compared with other welfare regimes, especially for individuals with occupational disease. The assistance satisfaction of Chinese pneumoconiosis patients, a typical group of long-term social assistance recipients, has been linked to diminished health and psychological well-being. Self-acceptance is theorized to promote well-being, which may buffer the negative consequences of negative emotion on assistance satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365466PMC
January 2019

Positive and negative contexts predict duration of pig vocalisations.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 14;9(1):2062. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Emotions are mental states occurring in response to external and internal stimuli and thus form an integral part of an animal's behaviour. Emotions can be mapped in two dimensions based on their arousal and valence. Whilst good indicators of arousal exist, clear indicators of emotional valence, particularly positive valence, are still rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38514-wDOI Listing
February 2019

How context influences the interpretation of facial expressions: a source localization high-density EEG study on the "Kuleshov effect".

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 14;9(1):2107. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Food and Drug Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Few studies have explored the specificities of contextual modulations of the processing of facial expressions at a neuronal level. This study fills this gap by employing an original paradigm, based on a version of the filmic "Kuleshov effect". High-density EEG was recorded while participants watched film sequences consisting of three shots: the close-up of a target person's neutral face (Face_1), the scene that the target person was looking at (happy, fearful, or neutral), and another close-up of the same target person's neutral face (Face_2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37786-yDOI Listing
February 2019

How is patient-centred care addressed in women's health? A theoretical rapid review.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 13;9(2):e026121. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Louise Temerty Breast Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Purpose: Efforts are needed to reduce gendered inequities and improve health and well-being for women. Patient-centred care (PCC), an approach that informs and engages patients in their own health, is positively associated with improved care delivery, experiences and outcomes. This study aimed to describe how PCC for women (PCCW) has been conceptualised in research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026121DOI Listing
February 2019
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Design and methods of the 'monitoring outcomes of psychiatric pharmacotherapy' (MOPHAR) monitoring program - a study protocol.

BMC Health Serv Res 2019 Feb 14;19(1):125. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Wilhelmina Hospital Assen, Assen, The Netherlands.

Background: At many outpatient departments for psychiatry worldwide, standardized monitoring of the safety of prescribed psychotropic drugs is not routinely performed in daily clinical practice. Therefore it is unclear to which extent the drugs used by psychiatric outpatients are prescribed effectively and safely. These issues warrant structured monitoring of medication use, (pre-existing) co-morbidities, effectiveness and side effects during psychiatric outpatient treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3951-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Revisiting the past and back to the future: Horizons of cognition and emotion research.

Cogn Emot 2019 Feb 14:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Institute of Psychology, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena , Jena , Germany.

To commemorate that Cognition & Emotion was established three decades ago, we asked some distinguished scholars to reflect on past research on the interface of cognition and emotion and prospects for the future. The resulting papers form the Special Issue on Horizons in Cognition and Emotion Research. The contributions to Horizons cover both the field in general and a diversity of specific topics, including affective neuroscience, appraisal theory, automatic evaluation, embodied emotion, emotional disorders, emotion-linked attentional bias, emotion recognition, emotion regulation, lifespan development, motivation, and social emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2019.1574398DOI Listing
February 2019

Positive psychological states in the arc from mindfulness to self-transcendence: extensions of the Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory and applications to addiction and chronic pain treatment.

Curr Opin Psychol 2019 Jan 14;28:184-191. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States.

The Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory (MMT) is a temporally dynamic process model of mindful positive emotion regulation that elucidates downstream cognitive-affective mechanisms by which mindfulness promotes health and resilience. Here we review and extend the MMT to explicate how mindfulness fosters self-transcendence by evoking upward spirals of decentering, attentional broadening, reappraisal, and savoring. Savoring is highlighted as a key, potential means of inducing absorptive experiences of oneness between subject and object, amplifying the salience of the object while imbuing the sensory-perceptual field with affective meaning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Cognitive failures in response to emotional contagion: Their effects on workplace accidents.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Feb 11;125:165-173. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Sapienza University of Rome, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to examine contagion of positive and negative emotions among employees as an antecedent of cognitive failures and subsequent workplace accidents. Using emotional contagion theory and the neural model of emotion and cognition, we tested the proposition that higher contagion of anger (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2019.01.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Exercise Testing Oversights Underlie Missed and Delayed Diagnosis of Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia in Young Sudden Cardiac Arrest Survivors.

Heart Rhythm 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Departments of Cardiovascular Medicine (Division of Heart Rhythm Services), Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine (Division of Pediatric Cardiology), and Molecular Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics (Windland Smith Rice Sudden Death Genomics Laboratory), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:

Background: Catecholamingergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is characterized by adrenergically-induced VT, syncope, and sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). In the absence of structural disease, exercise-provoked premature ventricular contractions in bigeminy/couplets and non-sustained VT are highly predictive of CPVT.

Objective: To determine the number of missed/delayed CPVT diagnoses attributable to exercise testing oversights in a cohort of young SCA survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2019.02.012DOI Listing
February 2019

The predictive value of neural reward processing in exposure therapy outcome: Results from a randomized controlled trial.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, EURON, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, the Netherlands; Faculty of Psychology, Center for Experimental and Learning Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Exposure is the gold standard treatment for phobic anxiety and is thought to represent the clinical application of extinction learning. Reward sensitivity might however also represent a predictive factor for exposure therapy outcome, as this therapy promotes positive experiences and involves positive comments by the therapist. We hypothesized that high reward sensitivity, as expressed by elevated reward expectancy and reward value, can be associated with better outcome to exposure therapy specifically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Linking childhood emotional abuse and depressive symptoms: The role of emotion dysregulation and interpersonal problems.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0211882. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America.

Childhood abuse is a major public health problem that has been linked to depression in adulthood. Although different types of childhood abuse often co-occur, few studies have examined their unique impact on negative mental health outcomes. Most studies have focused solely on the consequences of childhood physical or sexual abuse; however, it has been suggested that childhood emotional abuse is more strongly related to depression. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211882PLOS
February 2019
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Neurophysiological Differences in Emotional Processing by Cochlear Implant Users, Extending Beyond the Realm of Speech.

Ear Hear 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Objective: Cochlear implants (CIs) restore a sense of hearing in deaf individuals. However, they do not transmit the acoustic signal with sufficient fidelity, leading to difficulties in recognizing emotions in voice and in music. The study aimed to explore the neurophysiological bases of these limitations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000701DOI Listing
February 2019

The Unique Effects of Maternal ADHD Symptoms and Emotion Dysregulation on Parenting Behavior.

J Atten Disord 2019 Feb 14:1087054719829820. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 University of Maryland, College Park, USA.

Objective: Separate literatures have examined the associations between maternal ADHD symptoms and parenting and maternal emotion regulation (ER) and parenting. This study examined the effects of both maternal ADHD symptoms and ER on parenting.

Method: This cross-sectional study used a multi-method evaluation of parenting behavior to examine the independent and interactive effects of maternal ADHD symptoms and ER on self-reported and observed parenting among 79 demographically diverse families of 5- to 10-year-old children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1087054719829820DOI Listing
February 2019

Jeremy David Safran (1952-2018).

Am Psychol 2019 Feb-Mar;74(2):257

Adelphi University.

Present an obituary for Jeremy David Safran (1952-2018). In 1993, Safran became full professor and director of clinical training at the New School for Social Research. At the New School, he developed the program with an affiliation to Beth Israel Medical Center, where he was a principal consultant on a psychotherapy research program founded by Arnold Winston and directed by me. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000373DOI Listing
February 2019

The danger of interpreting detection differences between image categories: A brief comment on "Mind the snake: Fear detection relies on low spatial frequencies" (Gomes, Soares, Silva, & Silva, 2018).

Emotion 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University.

Using breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS; a perceptual suppression technique), Gomes, Soares, Silva, and Silva (2018) showed that human observers have an advantage in detecting images of snakes (constituting an evolutionarily old threat) over birds. In their study, images of snakes and birds were filtered to contain either coarse-scale or fine-grained information. The preferential detection of snakes relied on coarse-scale (rather than fine-grained) information, which was taken as support for the existence of an evolutionarily old subcortical pathway dedicated to snake detection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/emo0000550DOI Listing
February 2019

Seeking Formula for Misinformation Treatment in Public Health Crises: The Effects of Corrective Information Type and Source.

Health Commun 2019 Feb 14:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication , University of Georgia.

An increasing lack of information truthfulness has become a fundamental challenge to communications. Insights into how to debunk this type of misinformation can especially be crucial for public health crises. To identify corrective information strategies that increase awareness and trigger actions during infectious disease outbreaks, an online experiment (N = 700) was conducted, using a U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2019.1573295DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictors of early response in conjoint and separated models of family-based treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychiatry and UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Objective: Early response, as indicated by early weight gain, in family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN) predicts remission at end of treatment. However, little is known about what factors contribute to early response. Further, no previous studies have examined early response to separated forms of FBT. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2668
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2668DOI Listing
February 2019
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Identifying category representations for complex stimuli using discrete Markov chain Monte Carlo with people.

Behav Res Methods 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.

With the explosion of "big data," digital repositories of texts and images are growing rapidly. These datasets present new opportunities for psychological research, but they require new methodologies before researchers can use these datasets to yield insights into human cognition. We present a new method that allows psychological researchers to take advantage of text and image databases: a procedure for measuring human categorical representations over large datasets of items, such as arbitrary words or pictures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13428-019-01201-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Executive Functions in Insomnia Disorder: A Systematic Review and Exploratory Meta-Analysis.

Front Psychol 2019 30;10:101. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Executive functions (EFs) are involved in the control of basic psychological processes such as attention and memory and also contribute to emotion regulation. Research on the presence of EFs impairments in insomnia yielded inconsistent results. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the literature on three EFs: inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility in adults with insomnia in order to investigate the presence and magnitude of insomnia-related EFs impairments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363670PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Emotional Content and Source Memory for Language: Impairment in an Incidental Encoding Task.

Front Psychol 2019 30;10:65. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Psychology and CRAMC, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain.

Research into the effects of emotion on source memory (i.e., memory for certain contextual details of a stimulus, such as its location, color, or temporal context) has yielded inconsistent findings. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363679PMC
January 2019
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Corrigendum: The Perspectives Associated With the Computer-Based Diagnostic Method of Depressive Disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2019 29;10:12. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362615PMC
January 2019

Relative preservation of facial expression recognition in posterior cortical atrophy.

Neurology 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

From the Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychiatry (P.P., V.P.), University of Colorado, Denver; Memory and Aging Center (P.P., K.G., S.M.S., B.L.M., C.M., K.P.R.), University of California, San Francisco; and Stanford Neuroscience Health Center (C.F.), Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA.

Objective: To compare recognition of facial expression (FE) vs recognition of facial identity (FI) in posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), with the hypothesis that FE recognition would be relatively preserved in PCA.

Methods: In this observational study, FI and expression recognition tasks were performed by 194 participants in 4 groups, including 39 with Alzheimer disease (AD) (non-PCA), 49 with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), 15 with PCA, and 91 healthy controls. Between-group differences in test scores were compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000007075DOI Listing
February 2019

Valence, arousal, and dominance ratings for facial stimuli.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Feb 13:1747021819829012. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA.

A total of 1,363 images from seven sets of facial stimuli were normed using the self-assessment manikin procedure. Each participant provided valence, arousal, and dominance ratings for 120-130 faces displaying various emotional expressions (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021819829012DOI Listing
February 2019

Emotion regulation and motives for illicit drug use in opioid-dependent patients.

Cogn Behav Ther 2019 Feb 14:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

a Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences , Boston University , Boston , MA , USA.

Refining the mechanisms behind illicit drug use is an important factor for improving the quality of clinical care. Research in alcohol, marijuana, and nicotine use disorders have linked coping motives (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16506073.2019.1579256DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of stress hormones on the structure and function of the human brain.

Authors:
Oliver T Wolf

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2006 Sep;1(5):623-632

a University of Bielefeld, Department of Psychology, Postfach 10 01 31 D-33501, Bielefeld, Germany.

In response to stress, the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis is activated and glucocorticoids are secreted. These hormones exert multiple effects in the periphery as well as the brain. Acutely, they enhance memory consolidation, but at the same time the ability to retrieve previously learned information is reduced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/17446651.1.5.623DOI Listing
September 2006

Effects of mother-offspring and father-offspring dynamics on emerging adults' adjustment: The mediating role of emotion regulation.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(2):e0212331. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Early Childhood Education, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

The present study tested a theoretical model of emotion regulation between parent-offspring dynamics and emerging adults' adjustment. The mediating role of emotion regulation strategies, including cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, were investigated for the effects of mother-offspring and father-offspring dynamics on emerging adults' adjustment. A sample of 352 Chinese emerging adults in Hong Kong (230 female, 121 male) participated in this study. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212331PLOS
February 2019

Impaired Recognition of Negative Facial Expressions is Partly Related to Facial Perception Deficits in Adolescents with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder.

J Autism Dev Disord 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Accumulating studies have reported facial emotion recognition or facial perception impairments in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To clarify the specificity of the emotion recognition impairment, this study examined the relationships between facial emotion recognition and facial perception abilities in ASD. Twenty-two adolescents with high-functioning ASD (20 males) and 22 typically developing (TD) adolescents (16 males) aged 11-18 years undertook a facial emotion labeling task and a facial perception test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03915-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring caregiving-related experiences among Chinese American and European American family caregivers of persons with mental illness.

Transcult Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13:1363461519827690. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

San Jose State University.

Family caregivers (FCs) of people with mental illness (PMI) experience caregiving-related distress. These challenges tend to be greater for Asian American families due to acculturative stress and structural barriers to services. However, little is known about caregiving-related experiences among FCs of PMI within a cultural context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1363461519827690DOI Listing
February 2019

Sociocultural Perceptions and Enablers to Seeking Mental Health Support Among Bhutanese Refugees in Western Massachusetts.

Int Q Community Health Educ 2019 Feb 13:272684X18819962. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

3 School of Community and Global Health, Claremont Graduate University, CA, USA.

This qualitative study aimed to identify cultural influences on seeking mental health support among Bhutanese refugees resettled in Western Massachusetts. Bhutanese refugees aged 18 years or older were recruited for eight focus group discussions, organized by age and gender ( N = 67, 49.3% female, mean age = 38, SD = 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272684X18819962DOI Listing
February 2019

The Nature of Facial Emotion Recognition Impairments in Children on the Autism Spectrum.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA.

This study examined socio-emotional skills, utilizing a facial emotion recognition (FER) task featuring unfamiliar and familiar faces, in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) compared to typically developing (TD) children. Results showed that the TD children were more proficient on the FER overall whereas ASD children recognized familiar expressions more precisely than unfamiliar ones. Further, ASD children did not differ from TD children in recognizing happy expressions but ASD children were less skilled with recognizing negative expressions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-019-00870-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Neural correlates of chemotherapy-induced emotion regulation impairment in breast cancer patients.

Am J Cancer Res 2019 1;9(1):171-179. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Oncology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University Hefei 230601, Anhui, China.

To investigate the chemotherapy-induced emotion regulation impairment and its neural correlates in breast cancer (BC) patients by event-related potentials (ERP), seventeen BC patients were investigated on emotion regulation paradigms while undergoing the recording of an event-related potential (ERP) both before and after chemotherapy. The performance of behavioral and ERP was compared for the data collected before and after chemotherapy (BCB and BCA, respectively). The correlation of the difference between the peak and the latency of each component before and after chemotherapy were compared with the difference in behavior (RT and AR). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356929PMC
January 2019