9,221 results match your criteria Emerging infectious diseases[Journal]


Infectious Dose of African Swine Fever Virus When Consumed Naturally in Liquid or Feed.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May 17;25(5). Epub 2019 May 17.

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a contagious, rapidly spreading, transboundary animal disease and a major threat to pork production globally. Although plant-based feed has been identified as a potential route for virus introduction onto swine farms, little is known about the risks for ASFV transmission in feed. We aimed to determine the minimum and median infectious doses of the Georgia 2007 strain of ASFV through oral exposure during natural drinking and feeding behaviors. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/5/18-1495_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.181495DOI Listing
May 2019
10 Reads

Genetic Characterization of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, South Korea, 2018.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May 17;25(5). Epub 2019 May 17.

We evaluated genetic variation in Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) imported to South Korea in 2018 using specimens from a patient and isolates from infected Caco-2 cells. The MERS-CoV strain in this study was genetically similar to a strain isolated in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2017. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/5/18-1534_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.181534DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Human Monkeypox in Sierra Leone after 44-Year Absence of Reported Cases.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May 17;25(5). Epub 2019 May 17.

We note the reemergence of human monkeypox in Sierra Leone following a 44-year absence of reported disease. The persons affected were an 11-month-old boy and, several years later, a 35-year-old man. The reappearance of monkeypox in this country suggests a need for renewed vigilance and awareness of the disease and its manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.180832DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Estimating Risk to Responders Exposed to Avian Influenza A H5 and H7 Viruses in Poultry, United States, 2014-2017.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May 17;25(5). Epub 2019 May 17.

In the United States, outbreaks of avian influenza H5 and H7 virus infections in poultry have raised concern about the risk for infections in humans. We reviewed the data collected during 2014-2017 and found no human infections among 4,555 exposed responders who were wearing protection. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/5/18-1253_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.181253DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Need for Aeromedical Evacuation High-Level Containment Transport Guidelines.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May 17;25(5). Epub 2019 May 17.

Circumstances exist that call for the aeromedical evacuation high-level containment transport (AE-HLCT) of patients with highly hazardous communicable diseases. A small number of organizations maintain AE-HLCT capabilities, and little is publicly available regarding the practices. The time is ripe for the development of standards and consensus guidelines involving AE-HLCT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.181948DOI Listing

Human-Origin Influenza A(H3N2) Reassortant Viruses in Swine, Southeast Mexico.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Apr 17;25(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

The genetic diversity of influenza A viruses circulating in swine in Mexico complicates control efforts in animals and presents a threat to humans, as shown by influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus. To describe evolution of swine influenza A viruses in Mexico and evaluate strains for vaccine development, we sequenced the genomes of 59 viruses and performed antigenic cartography on strains from 5 regions. We found that genetic and antigenic diversity were particularly high in southeast Mexico because of repeated introductions of viruses from humans and swine in other regions in Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2504.180779DOI Listing

Francisella tularensis Transmission by Solid Organ Transplantation, 2017.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Apr 17;25(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

In July 2017, fever and sepsis developed in 3 recipients of solid organs (1 heart and 2 kidneys) from a common donor in the United States; 1 of the kidney recipients died. Tularemia was suspected only after blood cultures from the surviving kidney recipient grew Francisella species. The organ donor, a middle-aged man from the southwestern United States, had been hospitalized for acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome, pneumonia, and multiorgan failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2504.181807DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Resurgence of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases in Venezuela as a Regional Public Health Threat in the Americas.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Apr 17;25(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Venezuela's tumbling economy and authoritarian rule have precipitated an unprecedented humanitarian crisis. Hyperinflation rates now exceed 45,000%, and Venezuela's health system is in free fall. The country is experiencing a massive exodus of biomedical scientists and qualified healthcare professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2504.181305DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of Political Instability in Venezuela on Malaria Resurgence at Ecuador-Peru Border, 2018.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Apr 17;25(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Mass migration from Venezuela has increased malaria resurgence risk across South America. During 2018, migrants from Venezuela constituted 96% of imported malaria cases along the Ecuador-Peru border. Plasmodium vivax predominated (96%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2504.181355DOI Listing

Formaldehyde and Glutaraldehyde Inactivation of Bacterial Tier I Select Agents in Tissues.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May 17;25(5). Epub 2019 May 17.

For safety, Select Agents in tissues must be inactivated and viability tested before the tissue undergoes further processing and analysis. In response to the shipping of samples of "inactivated" Bacillus anthracis that inadvertently contained live spores to nonregulated entities and partners worldwide, the Federal Register now mandates in-house validation of inactivation procedures and standardization of viability testing to detect live organisms in samples containing Select Agents that have undergone an inactivation process. We tested and validated formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde inactivation procedures for animal tissues infected with virulent B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.180928DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Distribution, Host-Seeking Phenology, and Host and Habitat Associations of Haemaphysalis longicornis Ticks, Staten Island, New York, USA.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Apr 17;25(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Haemaphysalis longicornis, an invasive Ixodid tick, was recently reported in the eastern United States. The emergence of these ticks represents a potential threat for livestock, wildlife, and human health. We describe the distribution, host-seeking phenology, and host and habitat associations of these ticks on Staten Island, New York, a borough of New York City. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2504.181541DOI Listing

Acute and Delayed Deaths after West Nile Virus Infection, Texas, USA, 2002-2012.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2)

Infection with West Nile virus (WNV) has a well-characterized acute disease process. However, long-term consequences are less understood. We searched death records for 4,142 residents of Texas, USA, infected with WNV during 2002-2012 and identified 557 (13%) deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181250DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346437PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Clinical Characteristics of Ratborne Seoul Hantavirus Disease.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):387-388

Although Seoul orthohantavirus is the only globally spread hantavirus pathogen, few confirmed human infections with this virus have been reported in Western countries, suggesting lower medical awareness of the milder, transient, and often chameleon-like symptoms of this zoonosis. We describe lesser known clinical and laboratory characteristics to help improve underreporting of this virus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181643DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346471PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Pin-Site Myiasis Caused by Screwworm Fly in Nonhealed Wound, Colombia.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):379-380

Pin-site myiasis is an underreported complication of surgical interventions. We present a case of myiasis caused by the New World screwworm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax) in a pin site of a chronic nonhealed wound 12 years after the intervention. This infection apparently was the result of poor perfusion of the leg. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346439PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Antibodies in Roe Deer, the Netherlands.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):342-345

To increase knowledge of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) circulation in the Netherlands, we conducted serosurveillance in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) during 2017 and compared results with those obtained during 2010. Results corroborate a more widespread occurrence of the virus in 2017. Additional precautionary public health measures have been taken. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/2/18-1386_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181386DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346459PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Clinical Manifestations, Antimicrobial Drug Susceptibility Patterns, and Outcomes in Melioidosis Cases, India.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):316-320

We studied the clinical manifestations and outcomes of 114 patients with culture-confirmed melioidosis treated at a tertiary hospital in southern India. Diabetes mellitus is the main risk factor, and chronic melioidosis mimicking tuberculosis was more common than acute disease. Septicemia and respiratory involvement were associated with poor outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.170745DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346473PMC
February 2019

Cytauxzoon felis Infection in Domestic Cats, Yunnan Province, China, 2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):353-354

We performed a molecular survey for Cytauxzoon felis infection in 311 domestic cats in Yunnan Province, China, in 2016 and found a prevalence of 21.5%. C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346479PMC
February 2019

Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Dogs, South Korea.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):376-378

Of 103 serum samples collected from dogs in South Korea, 3 (2.9%) were positive for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) and 22 (21.4%) were positive for antibodies against SFTSV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180859DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346443PMC
February 2019

Oropouche Virus-Associated Aseptic Meningoencephalitis, Southeastern Brazil.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):380-382

Oropouche fever is a neglected arthropodborne disease and zoonosis responsible for several outbreaks of a febrile disease in Central and South America. We present a clinical case of aseptic meningoencephalitis in an immunocompetent patient that resulted from Oropouche virus acquired in northern Brazil but diagnosed in a nonendemic region. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/2/18-1189_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346467PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Severe Respiratory Illness Associated with Human Metapneumovirus in Nursing Home, New Mexico, USA.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):383-384

Human metapneumovirus is an emerging pathogen that causes upper and lower respiratory illness. Nursing home outbreaks of infection with this virus can cause severe illness and lead to poor patient outcomes. We report an outbreak investigation in a nursing home during 2018 and infection control guidelines to assist in disease control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346448PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Public Health-Driven Research and Innovation for Next-Generation Influenza Vaccines, European Union.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2)

Influenza virus infections are a major public health threat. Vaccination is available, but unpredictable antigenic changes in circulating strains require annual modification of seasonal influenza vaccines. Vaccine effectiveness has proven limited, particularly in certain groups, such as the elderly. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/2/18-0359_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346458PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

East/Central/South African Genotype in a Chikungunya Outbreak, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2017.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):370-372

In 2017, an unprecedented increase in febrile illness was observed in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Real-time reverse transcription PCR confirmed that 603 (40.2%) of 1,500 cases were chikungunya fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180188DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346441PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Rift Valley Fever Reemergence after 7 Years of Quiescence, South Africa, May 2018.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):338-341

Phylogenetic analysis of Rift Valley fever virus partial genomic sequences from a patient infected in South Africa in May 2018 suggests reemergence of an endemic lineage different from that of the epidemic in South Africa during 2010-2011. Surveillance during interepidemic periods should be intensified to better predict future epidemics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346436PMC
February 2019

Submicroscopic Malaria in Migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa, Spain.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):349-352

In a screening program, we detected submicroscopic malaria in 8.9% of recent migrants to Spain from sub-Saharan Africa. Hemoglobinopathies and filarial infection occurred more frequently in newly arrived migrants with submicroscopic malaria than in those without. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180717DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346455PMC
February 2019

Dolphin Morbillivirus in Eurasian Otters, Italy.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):372-374

We report biomolecular evidence of dolphin morbillivirus in 4 wild Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) from southern Italy; 2 animals showed simultaneous immunohistochemical reactivity against morbilliviral antigen. These cases add further concern and support to the progressively expanding host range of dolphin morbillivirus in the western Mediterranean Sea. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/2/18-0256_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346476PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Molecular Detection and Species Determination of Malaria Parasites, Venezuela.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):355-357

In southeastern Venezuela, malaria cases have increased since 2013. We found that 46% of 352 blood samples from symptomatic patients in 1 municipality tested positive for Plasmodium spp. In addition, the number of cases increased by 10 times in 4 years (2014-2017) and by 3 times in 1 year (2016-2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181279DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346456PMC
February 2019

Little Evidence of Zika Virus Infection in Wild Long-Tailed Macaques, Peninsular Malaysia.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):374-376

We tested a sample of 234 wild long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) trapped in Peninsular Malaysia in 2009, 2010, and 2016 for Zika virus RNA and antibodies. None were positive for RNA, and only 1.3% were seropositive for neutralizing antibodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180258DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346475PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Cumulative Incidence of West Nile Virus Infection, Continental United States, 1999-2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):325-327

Using reported case data from ArboNET and previous seroprevalence data stratified by age and sex, we conservatively estimate that ≈7 million persons in the United States have been infected with West Nile virus since its introduction in 1999. Our data support the need for public health interventions and improved surveillance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180765DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346444PMC
February 2019

Vector Competence of Aedes caspius and Ae. albopictus Mosquitoes for Zika Virus, Spain.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):346-348

We assessed the vector competence of Aedes caspius and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes in Spain for the transmission of Zika virus. Whereas Ae. albopictus mosquitoes were a competent vector, Ae. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/2/17-1123_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.171123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346449PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

West Nile Virus Infection in Travelers Returning to United Kingdom from South Africa.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):367-369

West Nile virus (WNV) is an arthropod-transmitted flavivirus that causes West Nile fever and may infrequently cause neuroinvasive disease in humans. We present 2 cases of confirmed WNV infection, 1 of severe encephalitis and 1 of mild febrile illness, in a couple returning to the United Kingdom from South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.172101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346434PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Lyme Disease Emergence after Invasion of the Blacklegged Tick, Ixodes scapularis, Ontario, Canada, 2010-2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):328-332

Analysis of surveillance data for 2010-2016 in eastern Ontario, Canada, demonstrates the rapid northward spread of Ixodes scapularis ticks and Borrelia burgdorferi, followed by increasing human Lyme disease incidence. Most spread occurred during 2011-2013. Continued monitoring is essential to identify emerging risk areas in this region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180771DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346472PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Echinococcus multilocularis Infection, Southern Ontario, Canada.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):265-272

Alveolar echinococcosis, the disease caused by infection with the intermediate stage of the Echinococcus multilocularis tapeworm, is typically fatal in humans and dogs when left untreated. Since 2012, alveolar echinococcosis has been diagnosed in 5 dogs, 3 lemurs, and 1 chipmunk in southern Ontario, Canada, a region previously considered free of these tapeworms. Because of human and animal health concerns, we estimated prevalence of infection in wild canids across southern Ontario. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180299DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346450PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Differential Shedding and Antibody Kinetics of Zika and Chikungunya Viruses, Brazil.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):311-315

In seroconversion panels obtained from patients from Brazil, diagnostic testing for Zika virus infection was improved by combining multiple antibody isotypes, techniques, and antigens, but sensitivity remained suboptimal. In contrast, chikungunya virus diagnostic testing was unambiguous. Recurrent recent arbovirus infections suggested by serologic data and unspecific symptoms highlight the need for exhaustive virologic testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180166DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346451PMC
February 2019

Human Pasteurellosis Health Risk for Elderly Persons Living with Companion Animals.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):229-235

The necessity for diagnosis and treatment of this infection is emphasized by the high number of complications and death rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346445PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Kosovo, 2013-2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):321-324

During 2013-2016, a total of 32 patients were treated for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Prishtina, Kosovo; 11 died. In the 11 patients who died, findings included viral loads >1 × 10/mL, lactate dehydrogenase >2,700 U/mL, bleeding, and impaired consciousness. Ribavirin therapy had no noticeable effect in this small patient sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.171999DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346452PMC
February 2019

Zika Virus IgM Detection and Neutralizing Antibody Profiles 12-19 Months after Illness Onset.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):299-303

Data on the duration of detectable Zika virus-specific IgM in infected persons are limited. Neutralizing antibody cross-reactivity occurs between Zika virus and related flaviviruses, but the degree to which this confounds diagnosis is uncertain. We tested serum specimens collected 12-19 months after illness onset from patients with confirmed Zika virus disease for Zika virus IgM and Zika virus and dengue virus neutralizing antibodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181286DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346474PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Trends of Human Plague, Madagascar, 1998-2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):220-228

Madagascar is more seriously affected by plague, a zoonosis caused by Yersinia pestis, than any other country. The Plague National Control Program was established in 1993 and includes human surveillance. During 1998-2016, a total of 13,234 suspected cases were recorded, mainly from the central highlands; 27% were confirmed cases, and 17% were presumptive cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.171974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346457PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Atypical Cowpox Virus Infection in Smallpox-Vaccinated Patient, France.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):212-219

We report a case of atypical cowpox virus infection in France in 2016. The patient sought care for thoracic lesions after injury from the sharp end of a metallic guardrail previously stored in the ground. We isolated a cowpox virus from the lesions and sequenced its whole genome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.171433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346447PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Zika Virus Epidemic in Pregnant Women, Dominican Republic, 2016-2017.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):247-255

Zika virus infection during pregnancy may result in birth defects and pregnancy complications. We describe the Zika virus outbreak in pregnant women in the Dominican Republic during 2016-2017. We conducted multinomial logistic regression to identify factors associated with fetal losses and preterm birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346438PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Macrophage Activation Marker Soluble CD163 Associated with Fatal and Severe Ebola Virus Disease in Humans.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):290-298

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is associated with elevated cytokine levels, and hypercytokinemia is more pronounced in fatal cases. This type of hyperinflammatory state is reminiscent of 2 rheumatologic disorders known as macrophage activation syndrome and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, which are characterized by macrophage and T-cell activation. An evaluation of 2 cohorts of patients with EVD revealed that a marker of macrophage activation (sCD163) but not T-cell activation (sCD25) was associated with severe and fatal EVD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181326DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346465PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Oasis Malaria, Northern Mauritania.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):273-280

A malaria survey was conducted in Atar, the northernmost oasis city in Mauritania, during 2015-2016. All febrile patients in whom malaria was suspected were screened for malaria by using rapid diagnostic testing and microscopic examination of blood smears and later confirmed by PCR. Of 453 suspected malaria cases, 108 (23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180732DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346463PMC
February 2019

International Biological Reference Preparations for Epidemic Infectious Diseases.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):205-211

Recent years have seen unprecedented investment in research and development for countermeasures for high-threat pathogens, including specific and ambitious objectives for development of diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccines. The inadequate availability of biological reference materials for these pathogens poses a genuine obstacle in pursuit of these objectives, and the lack of a comprehensive and equitable framework for developing reference materials is a weakness. We outline the need for internationally standardized biological materials for high-threat pathogens as a core element of global health security. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/2/18-0798_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180798DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346470PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Lassa Fever in Travelers from West Africa, 1969-2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):245-248

Lassa virus is a rodentborne arenavirus responsible for human cases of Lassa fever, a viral hemorrhagic fever, in West Africa and in travelers arriving to non-Lassa-endemic countries from West Africa. We describe a retrospective review performed through literature search of clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of all imported Lassa fever cases worldwide during 1969-2016. Our findings demonstrate that approximately half of imported cases had distinctive clinical features (defined as fever and >1 of the following: pharyngitis, sore throat, tonsillitis, conjunctivitis, oropharyngeal ulcers, or proteinuria). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346466PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Bat Influenza A(HL18NL11) Virus in Fruit Bats, Brazil.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):333-337

Screening of 533 bats for influenza A viruses showed subtype HL18NL11 in intestines of 2 great fruit-eating bats (Artibeus lituratus). High concentrations suggested fecal shedding. Genomic characterizations revealed conservation of viral genes across different host species, countries, and sampling years, suggesting a conserved cellular receptor and wide-ranging occurrence of bat influenza A viruses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.181246DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346480PMC
February 2019

Biomphalaria pfeifferi Snails and Intestinal Schistosomiasis, Lake Malawi, Africa, 2017-2018.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Mar 17;25(3):613-615. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Two surveys conducted in 2017 and 2018 demonstrated Biomphalaria pfeifferi snails in Lake Malawi in Africa. Epidemiologic examination of 175 local children at 3 primary schools confirmed emergence of intestinal schistosomiasis. These findings highlight autochthonous transmission of Schistosoma mansoni flukes in Lake Malawi and the need to revise international travel advice. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/3/18-1601_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2503.181601DOI Listing
March 2019
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Increased Risk for Invasive Group A Streptococcus Disease for Household Contacts of Scarlet Fever Cases, England, 2011-2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Mar 17;25(3):529-537. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

The incidence of scarlet fever in England and Wales is at its highest in 50 years. We estimated secondary household risk for invasive group A Streptococcus (iGAS) disease within 60 days after onset of scarlet fever. Reports of scarlet fever in England during 2011-2016 were matched by residential address to persons with laboratory-confirmed iGAS infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2503.181518DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
6.751 Impact Factor

Acute Flaccid Myelitis Associated with Enterovirus D68 in Children, Argentina, 2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Mar 17;25(3):573-576. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

After a 2014 outbreak of severe respiratory illness caused by enterovirus D68 in the United States, sporadic cases of acute flaccid myelitis have been reported worldwide. We describe a cluster of acute flaccid myelitis cases in Argentina in 2016, adding data to the evidence of association between enterovirus D68 and this polio-like illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2503.170897DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads