81 results match your criteria Emerging health threats journal[Journal]


Hospital preparedness in community measles outbreaks-challenges and recommendations for low-resource settings.

Emerg Health Threats J 2015 15;8:24173. Epub 2015 Apr 15.

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

We have reviewed various strategies involved in containment of measles in healthcare facilities during community outbreaks. The strategies that are more applicable to resource-poor settings, such as natural ventilation, mechanical ventilation with heating and air-conditioning systems allowing unidirectional air-flow, and protection of un-infected patients and healthcare workers (HCWs), have been examined. Ventilation methods need innovative customization for resource-poor settings followed by validation and post-implementation analysis for impact. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4400300PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v8.24173DOI Listing
September 2015
12 Reads
2 Citations

Detection of blaIMP4 and blaNDM1 harboring Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in a university hospital in Malaysia.

Emerg Health Threats J 2015 10;8:26011. Epub 2015 Mar 10.

Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia;

Background : Antibiotic resistance among Enterobacteriaceae posts a great challenge to the health care service. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is attracting significant attention due to its rapid and global dissemination. The infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, thus creating challenges for infection control and managing teams to curb the infection. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4357264PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v8.26011DOI Listing
September 2015
19 Reads

Two vicious circles contributing to a diagnostic delay for tuberculosis patients in Arkhangelsk.

Emerg Health Threats J 2014 26;7:24909. Epub 2014 Aug 26.

Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Setting: Delay in tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis increases the infectious pool in the community and the risk of development of resistance of mycobacteria, which results in an increased number of deaths.

Objective: To describe patients' and doctors' perceptions of diagnostic delay in TB patients in the Arkhangelsk region and to develop a substantive model to better understand the mechanisms of how these delays are linked to each other.

Design: A grounded theory approach was used to study the phenomenon of diagnostic delay. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4147085PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v7.24909DOI Listing
March 2015
8 Reads

Human brucellosis among pyrexia of unknown origin cases and occupationally exposed individuals in Goa Region, India.

Emerg Health Threats J 2014 22;7:23846. Epub 2014 Apr 22.

Department of Veterinary Public Health, ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Old Goa, India;

Background: Brucellosis is a widespread zoonotic infection. This disease is endemic in many parts of Asia, including India. Brucellosis is a major cause of pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3999952PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v7.23846DOI Listing
October 2014
30 Reads

Infectious disease burden in Gujarat (2005-2011): comparison of selected infectious disease rates with India.

Emerg Health Threats J 2014 19;7:22838. Epub 2014 Mar 19.

Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, India.

Background: India is known to be endemic to numerous infectious diseases. The infectious disease profile of India is changing due to increased human environmental interactions, urbanisation and climate change. There are also predictions of explosive growth in infectious and zoonotic diseases. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3962030PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v7.22838DOI Listing
October 2014
6 Reads
3 Citations

Quantifying the effect of media limitations on outbreak data in a global online web-crawling epidemic intelligence system, 2008-2011.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 Nov 8;6:21621. Epub 2013 Nov 8.

Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Center for Biomedical Informatics, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA;

Background: This is the first study quantitatively evaluating the effect that media-related limitations have on data from an automated epidemic intelligence system.

Methods: We modeled time series of HealthMap's two main data feeds, Google News and Moreover, to test for evidence of two potential limitations: first, human resources constraints, and second, high-profile outbreaks "crowding out" coverage of other infectious diseases.

Results: Google News events declined by 58. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.21621
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3822088PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.21621DOI Listing
November 2013
6 Reads

EpiBasket: how e-commerce tools can improve epidemiological preparedness.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 Oct 31;6:19748. Epub 2013 Oct 31.

Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Paris, France; Division of Infectious Disease, Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Early-warning on Infectious Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

Background: Should an emerging infectious disease outbreak or an environmental disaster occur, the collection of epidemiological data must start as soon as possible after the event's onset. Questionnaires are usually built de novo for each event, resulting in substantially delayed epidemiological responses that are detrimental to the understanding and control of the event considered. Moreover, the public health and/or academic institution databases constructed with responses to different questionnaires are usually difficult to merge, impairing necessary collaborations. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3816197PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19748DOI Listing
October 2013
3 Reads

Human enterovirus 71 epidemics: what's next?

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 Sep 10;6:19780. Epub 2013 Sep 10.

Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) epidemics have affected various countries in the past 40 years. EV71 commonly causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children, but can result in neurological and cardiorespiratory complications in severe cases. Genotypic changes of EV71 have been observed in different places over time, with the emergence of novel genotypes or subgenotypes giving rise to serious outbreaks. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3772321PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19780DOI Listing
September 2013
2 Reads

What we are watching--five top global infectious disease threats, 2012: a perspective from CDC's Global Disease Detection Operations Center.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 Jul 3;6:20632. Epub 2013 Jul 3.

Division of Global Disease Detection and Emergency Response, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Disease outbreaks of international public health importance continue to occur regularly; detecting and tracking significant new public health threats in countries that cannot or might not report such events to the global health community is a challenge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Global Disease Detection (GDD) Operations Center, established in early 2007, monitors infectious and non-infectious public health events to identify new or unexplained global public health threats and better position CDC to respond, if public health assistance is requested or required. At any one time, the GDD Operations Center actively monitors approximately 30-40 such public health threats; here we provide our perspective on five of the top global infectious disease threats that we were watching in 2012: 1 avian influenza A (H5N1), 2 cholera, 3 wild poliovirus, 4 enterovirus-71, and 5 extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis11†Current address: Division of Integrated Biosurveillance, Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, US Department of Defense, Silver Spring, MD, USA. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3701798PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.20632DOI Listing
July 2013
12 Reads

Changing of the guard.

Authors:
Nathaniel Hupert

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 Feb 8;6:1-2. Epub 2013 Feb 8.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3568676PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.20449DOI Listing
February 2013
3 Reads

Sustaining a regional emerging infectious disease research network: a trust-based approach.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 25;6. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

Health Systems Research Institute, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand.

The Asia Partnership on Emerging Infectious Diseases Research (APEIR) was initiated in 2006 to promote regional collaboration in avian influenza research. In 2009, the partnership expanded its scope to include all emerging infectious diseases. APEIR partners include public health and animal researchers, officials and practitioners from Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19957DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557956PMC
May 2013
4 Reads

The Southern African Centre for infectious disease surveillance: a one health consortium.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 25;6. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

SACIDS at Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Formed in 2008, the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS) is a One Health consortium of academic and research institutions involved with infectious diseases of humans and animals. Operating in partnership with world-renowned centres of research in industrialised countries, its mission is to harness innovations in science and technology for improving southern Africa's capacity to detect, identify, monitor (DIM) and manage the risk posed by infectious diseases of humans, animals, and ecosystems. The consortium's major capacity development activities include a series of One Health-based Master of Science (MSc) courses and a five-year DIM-driven research program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557954PMC
May 2013
8 Reads

The evolution and expansion of regional disease surveillance networks and their role in mitigating the threat of infectious disease outbreaks.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 25;6. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

Rockefeller Foundation Southeast Asia and Africa Regional Offices, USA.

We examine the emergence, development, and value of regional infectious disease surveillance networks that neighboring countries worldwide are organizing to control cross-border outbreaks at their source. The regional perspective represented in the paper is intended to serve as an instructive framework for others who decide to launch such networks as new technologies and emerging threats bring countries even closer together. Distinct from more formal networks in geographic regions designated by the World Health Organization (WHO), these networks usually involve groupings of fewer countries chosen by national governments to optimize surveillance efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557911PMC
May 2013
16 Reads

Enhanced surveillance for detection and management of infectious diseases: regional collaboration in the middle East.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 25;6. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

Ministry of Health, Israel; Braun School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem.

Formed before international negotiations of the revised International Health Regulations (IHR), the Middle East Consortium for Infectious Disease Surveillance (MECIDS) is a regional collaboration aimed at facilitating implementation of the revised IHR and, more broadly, improving the detection and control of infectious disease outbreaks among neighboring countries in an area of continuous dispute. Initially focused on enhancing foodborne disease surveillance, MECIDS has expanded the scope of its work to also include avian and pandemic influenza and other emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. Here, we describe the history and governance of MECIDS, highlighting key achievements over the consortium's seven-year history, and discuss the future of MECIDS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19955DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557910PMC
May 2013
10 Reads

Creating a global dialogue on infectious disease surveillance: connecting organizations for regional disease surveillance (CORDS).

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 25;6. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

Fondation Merieux USA, Inc., USA.

Connecting Organizations for Regional Disease Surveillance (CORDS) is an international non-governmental organization focused on information exchange between disease surveillance networks in different areas of the world. By linking regional disease surveillance networks, CORDS builds a trust-based social fabric of experts who share best practices, surveillance tools and strategies, training courses, and innovations. CORDS exemplifies the shifting patterns of international collaboration needed to prevent, detect, and counter all types of biological dangers - not just naturally occurring infectious diseases, but also terrorist threats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19912DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557909PMC
May 2013
15 Reads

Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance (MBDS): a trust-based network.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 25;6. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Health, Lao PDR.

The Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance (MBDS) network was formally established in 2001 through a Memorandum of Understanding signed by six Ministers of Health of the countries in the Greater Mekong sub-region: Cambodia, China (Yunnan and Guangxi), Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. The main areas of focus of the network are to: i) improve cross-border infectious disease outbreak investigation and response by sharing surveillance data and best practices in disease recognition and reporting, and by jointly responding to outbreaks; ii) develop expertise in epidemiological surveillance across the countries; and iii) enhance communication between the countries. Comprised of senior health officials, epidemiologists, health practitioners, and other professionals, the MBDS has grown and matured over the years into an entity based on mutual trust that can be sustained into the future. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19944
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19944DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557908PMC
May 2013
19 Reads

Southeastern European Health Network (SEEHN) Communicable Diseases Surveillance: a decade of bridging trust and collaboration.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 25;6. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

Regional Development Center of Communicable Diseases Surveillance and Control, Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania.

The communicable disease threats and changes that began emerging in south-east Europe in the early 1990s - after a decade of war and while political and health systems region-wide were undergoing dramatic changes - demanded a novel approach to infectious disease surveillance. Specifically, they called for an approach that was focused on cross-border collaboration and aligned with European Union standards and requirements. Thus, the Southeastern European Health network (SEEHN) was established in 2001 as a cooperative effort among the governments of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19950DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557907PMC
May 2013
18 Reads

Regional initiatives in support of surveillance in East Africa: The East Africa Integrated Disease Surveillance Network (EAIDSNet) Experience.

Emerg Health Threats J 2013 25;6. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

East African Community Secretariat, Arusha, Tanzania.

The East African Integrated Disease Surveillance Network (EAIDSNet) was formed in response to a growing frequency of cross-border malaria outbreaks in the 1990s and a growing recognition that fragmented disease interventions, coupled with weak laboratory capacity, were making it difficult to respond in a timely manner to the outbreaks of malaria and other infectious diseases. The East Africa Community (EAC) partner states, with financial support from the Rockefeller Foundation, established EAIDSNet in 2000 to develop and strengthen the communication channels necessary for integrated cross-border disease surveillance and control efforts. The objective of this paper is to review the regional EAIDSNet initiative and highlight achievements and challenges in its implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557906PMC
May 2013
13 Reads

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing bacteria in a tertiary care hospital in Madrid: epidemiology, risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 18;5. Epub 2012 Jul 18.

Department of General Surgery, 'La Princesa' University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria have been increasingly reported as causal agents of nosocomial infection worldwide. Resistance patterns vary internationally, and even locally, from one institution to the other. We investigated the clinical isolates positive for ESBL-producing bacteria in our institution, a tertiary care hospital in Madrid (Spain), during a 2-year period (2007-2008). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.11589DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3400742PMC
August 2012
11 Reads

Human resources issues and Australian Disaster Medical Assistance Teams: results of a national survey of team members.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 31;5. Epub 2012 May 31.

Anton Breinl Centre for Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

Background: Calls for disaster medical assistance teams (DMATs) are likely to continue in response to international disasters. As part of a national survey, this study was designed to evaluate Australian DMAT experience in relation to the human resources issues associated with deployment.

Methods: Data was collected via an anonymous mailed survey distributed via State and Territory representatives on the Australian Health Protection Committee, who identified team members associated with Australian DMAT deployments from the 2004 South East Asian Tsunami disaster. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.18147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3366111PMC
August 2012
2 Reads

Nano-technology and nano-toxicology.

Authors:
Robert L Maynard

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 29;5. Epub 2012 May 29.

Honorary Professor, Birmingham University, UK.

Rapid developments in nano-technology are likely to confer significant benefits on mankind. But, as with perhaps all new technologies, these benefits are likely to be accompanied by risks, perhaps by new risks. Nano-toxicology is developing in parallel with nano-technology and seeks to define the hazards and risks associated with nano-materials: only when risks have been identified they can be controlled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.17508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3365440PMC
August 2012
2 Reads

Bangladesh arsenic mitigation programs: lessons from the past.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 30;5. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

Centre of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Ensuring access to safe drinking water by 2015 is a global commitment by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In Bangladesh, significant achievements in providing safe water were made earlier by nationwide tubewell-installation programme. This achievement was overshadowed in 1993 by the presence of arsenic in underground water. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.7269
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.7269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3342680PMC
August 2012
4 Reads

Dead or alive: animal sampling during Ebola hemorrhagic fever outbreaks in humans.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 30;5. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

Wildlife Health Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Nanaimo, BC, Canada.

There are currently no widely accepted animal surveillance guidelines for human Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) outbreak investigations to identify potential sources of Ebolavirus (EBOV) spillover into humans and other animals. Animal field surveillance during and following an outbreak has several purposes, from helping identify the specific animal source of a human case to guiding control activities by describing the spatial and temporal distribution of wild circulating EBOV, informing public health efforts, and contributing to broader EHF research questions. Since 1976, researchers have sampled over 10,000 individual vertebrates from areas associated with human EHF outbreaks and tested for EBOV or antibodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.9134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3342678PMC
August 2012
7 Reads

Effects of power frequency electromagnetic fields on melatonin and sleep in the rat.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 20;5. Epub 2012 Apr 20.

Department of Psychology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA, USA.

Background: Studies investigating the effect of power frequency (50-60 Hz) electromagnetic fields (EMF) on melatonin synthesis in rats have been inconsistent with several showing suppression of melatonin synthesis, others showing no effect and a few actually demonstrating small increases. Scant research has focused on the ensuing sleep patterns of EMF exposed rats. The present study was designed to examine the effects of extremely low power frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) on the production of melatonin and the subsequent sleep structure in rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.10904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3334267PMC
August 2012
2 Reads

Is it reliable to assess visual attention of drivers affected by Parkinson's disease from the backseat?-a simulator study.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 27;5. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.

Background: Current methods of determining licence retainment or cancellation is through on-road driving tests. Previous research has shown that occupational therapists frequently assess drivers' visual attention while sitting in the back seat on the opposite side of the driver. Since the eyes of the driver are not always visible, assessment by eye contact becomes problematic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.15343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3290114PMC
August 2012
10 Reads

Logistic support provided to Australian disaster medical assistance teams: results of a national survey of team members.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 13;5. Epub 2012 Feb 13.

Anton Breinl Centre for Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

Background: It is likely that calls for disaster medical assistance teams (DMATs) continue in response to international disasters. As part of a national survey, the present study was designed to evaluate the Australian DMAT experience and the need for logistic support.

Methods: Data were collected via an anonymous mailed survey distributed via State and Territory representatives on the Australian Health Protection Committee, who identified team members associated with Australian DMAT deployments from the 2004 Asian Tsunami disaster. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.9750DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3280040PMC
August 2012
2 Reads

Tetanus seropositive prevalence and perceived protection from emergency admissions.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 9;5. Epub 2012 Feb 9.

Genesys Regional Medical Center, Grand Blanc, MI, USA.

Background: Emergency physicians see many people who present to the emergency department stating that they are immunized against tetanus, when in fact, they are not. The patient history is not dependable for determining true tetanus status and simple patient surveys do not provide actual prevalence. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of tetanus status by antibody titer seropositivity and quantify such status among patients reporting tetanus protection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.7718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3278263PMC
August 2012
8 Reads

Optimism of health care workers during a disaster: a review of the literature.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 24;5. Epub 2012 Jan 24.

Israeli Center for Technology Assessment in Health Care (ICTAHC), The Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Optimism has several orientations. One such outlook is a general tendency to regard the world as a positive place, accepting difficulties as mere challenges instead of impassable barriers. Among health care workers, optimism improves their level of functioning, their patients' satisfaction, and their therapeutic results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.7270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3267412PMC
August 2012
3 Reads

Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of health professionals in relation to A/H1N1 influenza and its vaccine.

Emerg Health Threats J 2012 11;5. Epub 2012 Jan 11.

Araba Research Unit, Araba University Hospital, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.

Objective: To determine the intention of health professionals, doctors and nurses, concerning whether or not to be vaccinated against A/H1N1 influenza virus, and their perception of the severity of this pandemic compared with seasonal flu.

Material And Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out based on an questionnaire e-mailed to health professionals in public healthcare centres in Vitoria between 6 and 16 November 2009; the percentage of respondents who wanted to be vaccinated and who perceived the pandemic flu to carry a high risk of death were calculated.

Results: A total of 115 people completed the questionnaire of whom 61. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.7266
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v5i0.7266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3257874PMC
August 2012
20 Reads

Seroepidemiological survey of human brucellosis in and around Ludhiana, India.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Sep 28;4:7361. Epub 2011 Sep 28.

Department of Microbiology and Veterinary Public Health, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia;

Studies have been done on public health significance of brucellosis using serology with little or no emphasis to risk factors. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate seroprevalence of brucellosis and assess epidemiological variables associated with human brucellosis. After obtaining verbal consent, 241 peripheral blood samples were collected from occupationally exposed groups with and without pyrexia of unknown origin. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3185330PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7361DOI Listing
September 2011
3 Reads

Track 4: informatics.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Apr 11;4:7176. Epub 2011 Apr 11.

Public Health, Seattle & King County, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168227PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7176DOI Listing
April 2011
2 Reads

Track 3: applications of methodologies to new domains.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Apr 11;4:7175. Epub 2011 Apr 11.

Public Health, Seattle & King County, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168226PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7175DOI Listing
April 2011
2 Reads

Track 2: public health surveillance.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Apr 11;4:7174. Epub 2011 Apr 11.

Public Health, Seattle & King County, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168218PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7174DOI Listing
April 2011
2 Reads

Track 1: analytics / research methodologies.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Apr 11;4:7173. Epub 2011 Apr 11.

Public Health, Seattle & King County, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168223PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7173DOI Listing
April 2011
2 Reads

Swine flu: lessons we need to learn from our global experience.

Authors:
Peter Collignon

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Jul 5;4:7169. Epub 2011 Jul 5.

Infectious Diseases Unit and Microbiology Department, The Canberra Hospital, Garran, ACT, Australia; Canberra Clinical School, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia;

There are important lessons to be learnt from the recent 'Swine Flu' pandemic. Before we call it a pandemic, we need to have appropriate trigger points that involve not only the spread of the virus but also its level of virulence. This was not done for H1N1 (swine flu). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168221PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7169DOI Listing
July 2011
2 Reads

Rickettsia felis, an emerging flea-transmitted human pathogen.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Jul 1;4:7168. Epub 2011 Jul 1.

Australian Rickettsial Reference Laboratory, Geelong Hospital, Geelong, VIC, Australia;

Rickettsia felis was first recognised two decades ago and has now been described as endemic to all continents except Antarctica. The rickettsiosis caused by R. felis is known as flea-borne spotted fever or cat-flea typhus. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168219PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7168DOI Listing
July 2011
2 Reads

Health care logistics: who has the ball during disaster?

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 May 10;4:7167. Epub 2011 May 10.

Medical Service Corps, US Army, APO, AE, USA;

In contemporary organizations, a wide gamut of options is available for sustaining and supporting health care operations. When disaster strikes, despite having tenable plans for routine replenishment and operations, many organizations find themselves ill-prepared, ill-equipped, and without effective mechanisms in place to sustain operations during the immediate aftermath of a crisis. Health care operations can be abruptly halted due to the non-availability of supply. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7167
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168225PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7167DOI Listing
May 2011
3 Reads

Lessons from the pandemic: the need for new tools for risk and outbreak communication.

Authors:
Thomas Abraham

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Oct 17;4:7160. Epub 2011 Oct 17.

Public Health Communication Programme, Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong;

The influenza pandemic of 2009 revealed shortcomings in the existing guidelines for risk and outbreak communication. Concepts such as building trust proved hard to achieve in practice, whereas other issues such as communicating through the internet and coping with the political fallout of disease outbreaks are not dealt with in existing guidelines. This article surveys the current guidelines and makes recommendations for additional tools and guidelines to be developed in four areas: integrating long-term behavior change models with outbreak communications; research to develop a better understanding of communicating through the internet; research to understand how to use communications to build trust; and developing guidelines and principles to understand the political nature of disease outbreaks. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3198506PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7160DOI Listing
October 2011
4 Reads

Bats, emerging infectious diseases, and the rabies paradigm revisited.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Jun 20;4:7159. Epub 2011 Jun 20.

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA;

The significance of bats as sources of emerging infectious diseases has been increasingly appreciated, and new data have been accumulated rapidly during recent years. For some emerging pathogens the bat origin has been confirmed (such as lyssaviruses, henipaviruses, coronaviruses), for other it has been suggested (filoviruses). Several recently identified viruses remain to be 'orphan' but have a potential for further emergence (such as Tioman, Menangle, and Pulau viruses). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168224PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7159DOI Listing
June 2011
5 Reads

Use of media and public-domain Internet sources for detection and assessment of plant health threats.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Sep 5;4:7157. Epub 2011 Sep 5.

Division of Integrated Biodefense, Imaging Science and Information Systems, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.

Event-based biosurveillance is a recognized approach to early warning and situational awareness of emerging health threats. In this study, we build upon previous human and animal health work to develop a new approach to plant pest and pathogen surveillance. We show that monitoring public domain electronic media for indications and warning of epidemics and associated social disruption can provide information about the emergence and progression of plant pest infestation or disease outbreak. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168368PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7157DOI Listing
September 2011
3 Reads

Deficient crisis-probing practices and taken-for-granted assumptions in health organisations.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Apr 18;4:7135. Epub 2011 Apr 18.

Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute and the School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia;

The practice of crisis-probing in proactive organisations involves meticulous and sustained investigation into operational processes and management structures for potential weaknesses and flaws before they become difficult to resolve. In health organisations, crisis probing is a necessary part of preparing to manage emerging health threats. This study examined the degree of pre-emptive probing in health organisations and the type of crisis training provided to determine whether or not they are prepared in this area. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7135
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3166879PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7135DOI Listing
April 2011
14 Reads

Environmental risk factors for autism.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Apr 20;4:7111. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA;

Autism is a devastating childhood condition that has emerged as an increasing social concern just as it has increased in prevalence in recent decades. Autism and the broader category of autism spectrum disorders are among the increasingly seen examples in which there is a fetal basis for later disease or disorder. Environmental, genetic, and epigenetic factors all play a role in determining the risk of autism and some of these effects appear to be transgenerational. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7111
Publisher Site
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168222PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7111DOI Listing
April 2011
8 Reads

Impact of open manganese mines on the health of children dwelling in the surrounding area.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 May 6;4:7110. Epub 2011 May 6.

Department of Propedeutics of Children Diseases, Dnipropetrovsk State Medical Academy, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.

Introduction: Chronic manganese (Mn) exposure is a health hazard associated with the mining and processing of Mn ores. Children living in an area with increased environmental exposure to Mn may have symptoms of chronic toxicity that are different from adults who experience occupational exposure. The aim of the study was to compare health outcomes in a pediatric population living near open Mn mines with a group of children from a reference area and then to develop and implement preventive/rehabilitation measures to protect the children in the mining region. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3166881PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7110DOI Listing
May 2011
4 Reads

Can environmental or occupational hazards alter the sex ratio at birth? A systematic review.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Apr 20;4:7109. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

More than 100 studies have examined whether environmental or occupational exposures of parents affect the sex ratio of their offspring at birth. For this review, we searched Medline and Web of Science using the terms 'sex ratio at birth' and 'sex ratio and exposure' for all dates, and reviewed bibliographies of relevant studies to find additional articles. This review focuses on exposures that have been the subject of at least four studies including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins, pesticides, lead and other metals, radiation, boron, and g-forces. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3168220PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7109DOI Listing
April 2011
2 Reads

Automated detection of influenza-like illness using clinical surveillance markers at a Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Emerg Health Threats J 2011 Apr 20;4:7108. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA;

Background: Using demographic and clinical measures from emergency department evaluations, we developed an automated surveillance system for influenza-like illness (ILI).

Methods: We selected a random sample of patients who were seen at the Durham, NC Veterans Affairs Medical Center between May 2002 and October 2009 with fever or a respiratory ICD-9 diagnosis code and divided this into subsets for system development and validation. Comprehensive chart reviews identified patients who met a standard case definition for ILI. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3166878PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.7108DOI Listing
April 2011
4 Reads