56 results match your criteria Elejalde Syndrome


Congenital Hypopigmentary Disorders with Multiorgan Impairment: A Case Report and an Overview on Gray Hair Syndromes.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Mar 25;55(3). Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Health Sciences, Amedeo Avogadro University of Eastern Piedmont, 28100 Novara, Italy.

The term congenital hypopigmentary disorders refers to a wide group of heterogeneous hereditary diseases, clinically characterized by inborn pigmentary defects of the iris, hair, and/or skin. They include Gray Hair Syndromes (GHSs), a rare group of autosomal recessive genodermatosis hallmarked by inborn silvery gray hair. GHSs encompass Griscelli, Chediak⁻Higashi, Elejalde, and Cross syndromes, which are all characterized by a broad spectrum of severe multisystem disorders, including neurological, ocular, skeletal, and immune system impairment. Read More

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Light Microscopy and Polarized Microscopy: A Dermatological Tool to Diagnose Gray Hair Syndromes.

Int J Trichology 2017 Jan-Mar;9(1):38-41

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Rainbow Children's Tertiary Care Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Gray hair syndromes are rare syndromes which have an autosomal recessive inheritance and are characterized by pigmentary dilution of skin and hair, defects in immunological function, and nervous system defects. They comprise three disorders namely Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS), Griscelli syndrome (GPS), and Elejalde syndrome. Clinically, it is difficult to distinguish these disorders as their clinical features may overlap. Read More

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Spontaneous repigmentation of silvery hair in an infant with congenital hydrops fetalis and hypoproteinemia.

Cutis 2016 Jun;97(6):E1-5

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona, Spain.

Silvery hair is a characteristic finding of 3 rare autosomal recessive disorders: Chédiak-Higashi syndrome (CHS), Elejalde syndrome (ES), and Griscelli syndrome (GS). We report the case of a 2-month-old male infant with transient silvery hair and generalized hypopigmentation of the skin and eyes who did not have one of these classic causative disorders. The patient was delivered at 35 weeks' gestation with congenital hydrops fetalis associated with a chromosomal abnormality (46,XY,add[2],[p23]), hypothyroidism, hypoproteinemia, and hypogammaglobulinemia. Read More

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Silvery Hair with Speckled Dyspigmentation: Chediak-Higashi Syndrome in Three Indian Siblings.

Int J Trichology 2015 Jul-Sep;7(3):133-5

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Vijayanagara Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary, Karnataka, India.

Silvery hair is a common feature of Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS), Griscelli syndrome, and Elejalde syndrome. CHS is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by partial oculocutaneous albinism, frequent pyogenic infections, and the presence of abnormal large granules in leukocytes and other granule containing cells. A 6-year-old girl had recurrent respiratory infections, speckled hypo- and hyper-pigmentation over exposed areas, and silvery hair since early childhood. Read More

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December 2015

Elejalde syndrome (ES).

Dermatol Online J 2015 Feb 22;21(3). Epub 2015 Feb 22.

A.U.H.

Silvery hair and severe dysfunction of the central nervous system (Neuroectodermal melanolysosomal disease or Elejalde Syndrome) characterize this rare autosomal recessive syndrome. The main clinical features include silver-leaden hair, bronze skin after sun exposure, and neurologic involvement. Large granules of melanin unevenly distributed in the hair shaft are observed. Read More

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February 2015

Silvery grey hair: clue to diagnose immunodeficiency.

Int J Trichology 2012 Apr;4(2):83-5

Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Silvery hair is a common presentation of rare group of autosomal recessive disorders called Silvery hair syndromes including Griscelli syndrome (GS), Chediak-Higashi syndrome, and Elejalde syndrome. GS is characterized by a silvery grey sheen to hair, large clumped melanosomes in hair shaft, partial albinism, and variable cellular immunodeficiency. We report two cases of GS with classical clinical features and confirmatory findings by microscopic skin and hair examination. Read More

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Griscelli syndrome types 1 and 3: analysis of four new cases and long-term evaluation of previously diagnosed patients.

Eur J Pediatr 2012 Oct 19;171(10):1527-31. Epub 2012 Jun 19.

Division of Pediatric Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, 06100 Ankara, Turkey.

Griscelli syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by partial albinism. Three different types are caused by defects in three different genes. Patients with GS type 1 have primary central nervous system dysfunction, type 2 patients commonly develop hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, and type 3 patients have only partial albinism. Read More

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October 2012

Sibs with acrocephalopolydactylous dysplasia (Elejalde syndrome) in a non-consanguineous family.

Fetal Pediatr Pathol 2012 Jun 13;31(3):140-4. Epub 2012 Mar 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Sinai Children's Hospital, Chicago, Illinois 87020, USA.

Acrocephalopolydactylous dysplasia, (Elejalde syndrome) is a rare condition; only six cases have been reported to date. We describe two infants born with Elejalde syndrome (ES); compare the clinical, pathological, and histological findings with those of known cases of Elejalde syndrome. The post-mortem histology study of the skin shows hyperplasia of connective tissues, a diagnostic sign in this condition. Read More

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Silvery hair syndrome in two cousins: Chediak-Higashi syndrome vs Griscelli syndrome, with rare associations.

Int J Trichology 2011 Jul;3(2):107-11

Deparments of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, PESIMSR, Kuppakm, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Silvery hair is a rare clinical manifestation which is a common presentation in a group of rare syndromes which usually present in the pediatric age group together termed as "silvery hair syndrome," consisting of Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS), Griscelli syndrome (GS), and Elejalde disease. CHS is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterized by mild pigment dilution (partial oculocutaneous albinism), silvery blond hair, severe phagocytic immunodeficiency, bleeding tendencies, recurrent pyogenic infections, progressive sensory or motor neurological defects. Read More

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A role for myosin Va in cerebellar plasticity and motor learning: a possible mechanism underlying neurological disorder in myosin Va disease.

J Neurosci 2011 Apr;31(16):6067-78

Department of Physiology, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan.

Mutations of the myosin Va gene cause the neurological diseases Griscelli syndrome type 1 and Elejalde syndrome in humans and dilute phenotypes in rodents. To understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the neurological disorders in myosin Va diseases, we conducted an integrated analysis at the molecular, cellular, electrophysiological, and behavioral levels using the dilute-neurological (d-n) mouse mutant. These mice manifest an ataxic gait and clonic seizures during postnatal development, but the neurological disorders are ameliorated in adulthood. Read More

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The expanding spectrum of Elejalde syndrome: overlap with other disorders of overgrowth.

Clin Dysmorphol 2011 Apr;20(2):98-101

Department of Medical Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Perspectives on craniosynostosis: sutural biology, some well-known syndromes, and some unusual syndromes.

Authors:
M Michael Cohen

J Craniofac Surg 2009 Mar;20 Suppl 1:646-51

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Perspectives on craniosynostosis are discussed under the following headings: sutural biology (anatomic and genetic categories of synostosis; sutures, suture systems, and types of craniosynostosis; well-known syndromes (Muenke syndrome and Pfeiffer syndrome); and unusual syndromes (thanatophoric dysplasia, Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome, Crouzonodermoskeletal syndrome, Carpenter syndrome, Elejalde syndrome, hypomandibular faciocranial syndrome, and craniorhiny). Five of these syndromes are caused by fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) mutations; one is caused by ras-like in rat brain 23 (RAB23) mutations; and three have Mendelian patterns of inheritance, but the molecular basis remains unknown to date. Read More

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Neurodegenerative disorders with hair abnormalities: an emergency room consultation for dermatologists.

Int J Trichology 2009 Jan;1(1):30-2

Departments of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, SBMP Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, BLDE University, Bijapur, Karnataka, India.

Menke's syndrome and Elejalde disease are the two neurodegenerative disorders of dermatological interest. These patients present with characteristic hair changes which may be of diagnostic value in resource-poor setup where facilities for specific genetic analysis are not available. Simple light microscopic examination of hair may be a helpful diagnostic tool to pick up such cases. Read More

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January 2009

Griscelli syndrome-type 2 in twin siblings: case report and update on RAB27A human mutations and gene structure.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2008 Oct;41(10):839-48

Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular e Bioagentes Patogênicos, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.

Griscelli syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutation in the MYO5A (GS1, Elejalde), RAB27A (GS2) or MLPH (GS3) genes. Typical features of all three subtypes of this disease include pigmentary dilution of the hair and skin and silvery-gray hair. Whereas the GS3 phenotype is restricted to the pigmentation dysfunction, GS1 patients also show primary neurological impairment and GS2 patients have severe immunological deficiencies that lead to recurrent infections and hemophagocytic syndrome. Read More

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October 2008

Elejalde syndrome: clinical and histopathological findings in an Egyptian male.

Genet Couns 2007 ;18(2):179-88

Clinical Genetics Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Cairo, Egypt.

Elejalde syndrome is a rare disorder. An Egyptian male patient with Elejalde syndrome is presented. He had silvery hair since birth, generalized hypopigmentation, severe primary central nervous system dysfunction, and normal hematological and immunologic profiles. Read More

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October 2007

Syndromes and disorders associated with omphalocele (III): single gene disorders, neural tube defects, diaphragmatic defects and others.

Authors:
Chih-Ping Chen

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2007 Jun;46(2):111-20

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Omphalocele can be associated with single gene disorders, neural tube defects, diaphragmatic defects, fetal valproate syndrome, and syndromes of unknown etiology. This article provides a comprehensive review of omphalocele-related disorders: otopalatodigital syndrome type II; Melnick-Needles syndrome; Rieger syndrome; neural tube defects; Meckel syndrome; Shprintzen-Goldberg omphalocele syndrome; lethal omphalocele-cleft palate syndrome; cerebro-costo-mandibular syndrome; fetal valproate syndrome; Marshall-Smith syndrome; fibrochondrogenesis; hydrolethalus syndrome; Fryns syndrome; omphalocele, diaphragmatic defects, radial anomalies and various internal malformations; diaphragmatic defects, limb deficiencies and ossification defects of skull; Donnai-Barrow syndrome; CHARGE syndrome; Goltz syndrome; Carpenter syndrome; Toriello-Carey syndrome; familial omphalocele; Cornelia de Lange syndrome; C syndrome; Elejalde syndrome; Malpuech syndrome; cervical ribs, Sprengel anomaly, anal atresia and urethral obstruction; hydrocephalus with associated malformations; Kennerknecht syndrome; lymphedema, atrial septal defect and facial changes; and craniosynostosismental retardation syndrome of Lin and Gettig. Perinatal identification of omphalocele should alert one to the possibility of omphalocele-related disorders and familial inheritance and prompt a thorough genetic counseling for these disorders. Read More

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Elejalde syndrome--a case report.

Am J Med Genet A 2006 Oct;140(20):2223-6

Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty Hospital, Ostrava, Czech Republic.

Elejalde syndrome (McKusick 200995), also known as acrocephalopolydactylous dysplasia, is a rare condition. We describe a sixth patient with this syndrome which is characterized by craniosynostosis and hyperproliferation of fibroblasts in many tissues including skin, liver, kidney, and pancreas. The cause of the syndrome is the homozygous state of an autosomal recessive mutation. Read More

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October 2006

[Metabolic emergencies in the oncology patient].

Authors:
J L Elejalde

An Sist Sanit Navar 2004 ;27 Suppl 3:53-62

Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Virgen del Camino, Pamplona.

Amongst the principal metabolic situations that can require emergency attention in the oncology patient we find: hypercalcaemia, hyponatraemia, tumoural lysis syndrome, lactic acidosis, hyperuricaemia, renal failure, hyperammonaemia, hypermpotasaemia, etc. Hypercalcaemia is the most frequent metabolic complication in oncology, appearing in 10-30% of these patients. It has two main mechanisms, tumoural lysis and humoural hypercalcaemia mediated by PTHrP (a protein related to parathormone). Read More

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December 2005

Myosin Va is required for normal photoreceptor synaptic activity.

J Cell Sci 2004 Sep 17;117(Pt 19):4509-15. Epub 2004 Aug 17.

MRC Institute of Hearing Research, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK.

Myosin Va is an actin-based motor molecule, one of a large family of unconventional myosins. In humans, mutations in MYO5A cause Griscelli syndrome type 1 and Elejalde syndrome, diseases characterized by pigmentation defects and the prepubescent onset of severe neurological deficits that ultimately lead to a shortened lifespan. Mutations in the Myo5a gene in mouse cause the dilute series of mouse mutants, demonstrating that myosin Va is involved in pigmentation and neural function. Read More

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September 2004

Elejalde syndrome: report of a case and review of the literature.

Pediatr Dermatol 2004 Jul-Aug;21(4):479-82

Department of Dermatology, Hospital das Clínicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Elejalde syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive condition, with only 10 reported cases through 2001. It is characterized by silvery hair, pigment abnormalities, and profound central nervous system dysfunction. The differential diagnosis includes Griscelli and Chediak-Higashi syndromes, which present with silvery hair, pigment abnormalities, central nervous system alterations, and severe immunologic dysfunction. Read More

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November 2004

Syndromic albinism: a review of genetics and phenotypes.

Dermatol Online J 2003 Dec;9(5)

Department of Dermatology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, USA.

There are several syndromes of albinism associated with systemic pathology. These include Chediak-Higashi Syndrome (CHS), Hermansky-Pudlack Syndrome (HPS), Griscelli Syndrome (GS), Elejalde Syndrome (ES) and Cross-McKusick-Breen Syndrome (CMBS). In the last several years the genetic defects underlying some of these syndromes have been described. Read More

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December 2003

Griscelli syndrome without hemophagocytosis in an eleven-year-old girl: expanding the phenotypic spectrum of Rab27A mutations in humans.

Am J Med Genet A 2003 Feb;116A(4):329-33

Ege University Medical School, Division of Pediatric Immunology, Izmir, Turkey.

We present an eleven-year-old female patient who was referred to us with silvery hair, hepatosplenomegaly, neutropenia-thrombocytopenia, hypogammaglobulinemia and degenerative white matter disease, with a family history of a female sibling dying at the age of five and two living male cousins, ages 10 and 11. She had been followed up for her cytopenia the last three years and had totally recovered from a hemiplegic episode before admission. The family was of Arabic origin, and a second-degree consanguinity was reported between the parents. Read More

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February 2003

Evidence that Griscelli syndrome with neurological involvement is caused by mutations in RAB27A, not MYO5A.

Am J Hum Genet 2002 Aug 7;71(2):407-14. Epub 2002 Jun 7.

Heritable Disorders Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892-1830, USA.

Griscelli syndrome (GS), a rare autosomal recessive disorder, is characterized by partial albinism, along with immunologic abnormalities or severe neurological impairment or both. Mutations in one of two different genes on chromosome 15q can cause the different subtypes of GS. Most patients with GS display the hemophagocytic syndrome and have mutations in RAB27A, which codes for a small GTPase. Read More

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[Acrocephalopolydactylous dysplasia (Elejalde syndrome)].

Authors:
M Matsuo

Ryoikibetsu Shokogun Shirizu 2001 (33):115-6

Division of Medical Genetics, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center/Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo Women's Medical University.

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October 2001

12-year-old male with Elejalde syndrome (neuroectodermal melanolysosomal disease).

Am J Med Genet 2001 Feb;98(4):313-6

Department of Pediatrics, Medical Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Neuroectodermal melanolysosomal disease, also known as Elejalde syndrome, is a rare syndrome characterized by silvery hair, pigment abnormalities, and profound central nervous system dysfunction. It is similar to the Chediak-Higashi and Griscelli syndromes, although these syndromes are associated with severe immunologic dysfunction. We report on a 12-year-old male with Elejalde syndrome and compare the Elejalde, Chediak-Higashi, and Griscelli syndromes. Read More

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February 2001

Elejalde syndrome--a melanolysosomal neurocutaneous syndrome: clinical and morphological findings in 7 patients.

Arch Dermatol 1999 Feb;135(2):182-6

Department of Dermatology, National Institute of Pediatrics, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Silvery hair and severe dysfunction of the central nervous system (neuroectodermal melanolysosomal disease or Elejalde syndrome) characterize this rare autosomal recessive disease. Main clinical features include silver-leaden hair, bronze skin after sun exposure, and neurologic involvement (seizures, severe hypotonia, and mental retardation). Large granules of melanin unevenly distributed in the hair shaft are observed. Read More

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February 1999

[Pulmonary condensation in a patient with AIDS].

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 1997 Oct;15(8):429-30

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital de Navarra, Mendillorri, Navarra.

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October 1997