15,468 results match your criteria Electrical Injuries


Human Gait Control Using Functional Electrical Stimulation Based on Controlling the Shank Dynamics.

Basic Clin Neurosci 2020 Jan-Feb;11(1):1-14. Epub 2020 Jan 1.

Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.

Introduction: Efficient gait control using Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is an open research problem. In this research, a new intermittent controller has been designed to control the human shank movement dynamics during gait.

Methods: In this approach, first, the three-dimensional phase space was constructed using the human shank movement data recorded from the healthy subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.32598/bcn.11.1.173.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253817PMC
January 2020

The Epidemiology of Burn Injuries in Saudi Arabia: A Systematic Review.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Division of Plastic and Hand Surgery King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Burns are potentially catastrophic injuries that disproportionately affect non-Western countries. We summarize results on the epidemiology of burn injuries in Saudi Arabia of all eligible papers through 2019, specifically evaluating the age and gender of patients, the location and mechanism of injury, burn size and severity and outcomes.

Methods: Between July 5th and July 10th, 2019, a comprehensive literature review was performed on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google scholar, and the Cochrane library. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa084DOI Listing

Evaluating the risks of arrhythmia following electrical injury: Two cases of electrical injuries in the upper limbs.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2020 8;8:2050313X20920421. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, Urayasu, Japan.

Electrical injuries induce ventricular arrhythmias, which are lethal. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the risk of arrhythmias at initial presentation to the emergency department in cases of electrical injuries. Here, we report two cases with electrical injuries, where current flowed between the upper limbs, requiring 24-h hospitalization for arrhythmia monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X20920421DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7234342PMC

Dexamethasone eluting 3D printed metal devices for bone injuries.

Ther Deliv 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Drug Discovery & Development, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA.

Additively manufactured (3D printed), stainless steel implants were coated with dexamethasone using gelatin, chondroitin sulfate for use in bone graft surgeries. The drug and polymers were deposited on the implants with a rough surface using a high precision air brush. The gelatin-chondroitin sulfate layers were cross-linked using glutaraldehyde. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/tde-2020-0014DOI Listing

Are Motorized Scooters Associated With More Severe Craniomaxillofacial Injuries?

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 May 1. Epub 2020 May 1.

Chairman and George Guttman Professor of Craniofacial Surgery, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to compare the severity of craniomaxillofacial injuries between accidents involving motorized and nonmotorized standup scooters.

Materials And Methods: We performed a 20-year cross-sectional study of the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Injuries from powered and unpowered standup scooters were included in the present study if they had involved the head, face, eyeball, mouth, or ear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2020.04.035DOI Listing

Brief Electrical Stimulation triggers an effective regeneration of Leech CNS.

eNeuro 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Faculty of Engineering, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

The search for therapeutic strategies to promote neuronal regeneration following injuries towards functional recovery is of great importance. Brief low-frequency electrical stimulation (ES) has been reported as a useful method to improve neuronal regeneration in different animal models, however the effect of ES on single neuron behavior has not been shown. Here we study the effect of brief electrical stimulation (ES) on neuronal regeneration of the central nervous system (CNS) of adult medicinal leeches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/ENEURO.0030-19.2020DOI Listing

A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of an Education Program for the Use of Electrical Stimulation Therapy to Heal Pressure Injuries.

Wound Manag Prev 2020 Jan;66(1):14-23

St. Joseph's Health Care London, London, Ontario.

Electrical stimulation (E-Stim) involves applying low levels of electrical current. Despite high-level recommendations for E-stim use in many pressure injury (PrI) best practice treatment guidelines, clinicians seldom use E-Stim.

Purpose: This quasi-experimental design study aimed to determine whether an educational program could improve health care providers' knowledge and attitudes regarding the use of E-Stim for treating PrIs in community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury living in 1 region of Ontario, Canada. Read More

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January 2020

Characteristics and Injury Patterns in Electric-Scooter Related Accidents-A Prospective Two-Center Report from Germany.

J Clin Med 2020 May 22;9(5). Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.

Since the introduction of rental E-scooters in Germany in mid-June 2019, the safety of this new means of transport has been the subject of extensive public debate. However, valid data on injuries and usage habits are not yet available. This retrospective two-center study included a total of 76 patients who presented to the emergency department following E-scooter-related accidents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051569DOI Listing

A case report of heterotopic ossification caused by high voltage electric injury.

J Burn Care Res 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Southeast Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Zhangzhou, China.

This case report described the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with ectopic bone injury due to high pressure electric shock. A 24-years-old male patient suffered from burns that covered 50% of total body surface area, including on limbs and torso, after coming into contact with 10 Kv high-voltage electricity. A repeated Meek micrografting technique (MEEK) was applied for wound healing; skin grafts were cut into micrografts and expanded at a ratio of 1:4 to cover large areas after burn trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa076DOI Listing

The effect of exercise on cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with chronic spinal cord injury: A systematic review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department for Health, University of Bath. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the effects of exercise on individual cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) risk factors in adults with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI).

Data Sources: English language searches of PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Scopus (01/01/1970 to 31/07/2019).

Study Selection: Articles were included if they met the following criteria: (1) original articles with statistical analysis, (2) participants were adults with a SCI sustained ≥ 1-year ago, (3) exercise intervention duration ≥ 2 weeks, and (4) included any CMS risk factor as an outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.020DOI Listing

Home-based rehabilitation using smart wearable knee exercise device with electrical stimulation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(20):e20256

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si.

Introduction: Rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is critical to patient outcome. Despite its importance; however, hospital-based rehabilitation is limited, with barriers, including distance and cost. With recent technological advancements, wearable devices have actively been used to address these barriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020256DOI Listing

Basic fibroblast growth factor and agarose gel promote ​the ability of immune privilege of allogeneic cartilage transplantation in rats.

J Orthop Translat 2020 May 9;22:73-80. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Linggong Road, Dalian, Liaoning, China.

Objective: Allogeneic cartilage transplantation is used to treat severe osteochondral defects or cartilaginous injury. However, acute immune rejection has been a key problem interfering with graft healing.

Methods: Full-thickness osteochondral defects were performed in Sprague Dawley rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jot.2019.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231919PMC

Crane Principle Revisited.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Apr 22;8(4):e2741. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Scalp and forehead defects represent one of the most complex defects for reconstruction. The nature of these sites being hair bearing, together with the complicated nature of the injuries, for example, electrical burns and motor vehicle accidents, and of course the aesthetic concern being in the face, all add to the complexity of reconstruction.

Methods: This is a case series representing the experience of the authors in using the "crane principle" in the reconstruction of various defects in the forehead and the scalp presented to emergency department, Cairo University Hospital, for the period between January 2018 and January 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002741DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7209862PMC

Fully Automated Segmentation of Globes for Volume Quantification in CT Images of Orbits using Deep Learning.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

From the Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering (L.U., A.B.)

Background And Purpose: Fast and accurate quantification of globe volumes in the event of an ocular trauma can provide clinicians with valuable diagnostic information. In this work, an automated workflow using a deep learning-based convolutional neural network is proposed for prediction of globe contours and their subsequent volume quantification in CT images of the orbits.

Materials And Methods: An automated workflow using a deep learning -based convolutional neural network is proposed for prediction of globe contours in CT images of the orbits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A6538DOI Listing

Wearable Stretch Sensors for Human Movement Monitoring and Fall Detection in Ergonomics.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 19;17(10). Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Agricultural and Biomedical Engineering, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA.

Wearable sensors are beneficial for continuous health monitoring, movement analysis, rehabilitation, evaluation of human performance, and for fall detection. Wearable stretch sensors are increasingly being used for human movement monitoring. Additionally, falls are one of the leading causes of both fatal and nonfatal injuries in the workplace. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103554DOI Listing

3D Graphene Scaffolds for Skeletal Muscle Regeneration: Future Perspectives.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2020 5;8:383. Epub 2020 May 5.

Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Although skeletal muscle can regenerate after injury, in chronic damages or in traumatic injuries its endogenous self-regeneration is impaired. Consequently, tissue engineering approaches are promising tools for improving skeletal muscle cells proliferation and engraftment. In the last decade, graphene and its derivates are being explored as novel biomaterials for scaffolds production for skeletal muscle repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2020.00383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214535PMC

Foetal neural progenitors contribute to postnatal circuits formation ex vivo: an electrophysiological investigation.

Mol Brain 2020 May 19;13(1):78. Epub 2020 May 19.

Neuron Physiology and Technology Lab, International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Neuroscience, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136, Trieste, Italy.

Neuronal progenitor cells (NPC) play an essential role in homeostasis of the central nervous system (CNS). Considering their ability to differentiate into specific lineages, their manipulation and control could have a major therapeutic impact for those CNS injuries or degenerative diseases characterized by neuronal cell loss. In this work, we established an in vitro co-culture and tested the ability of foetal NPC (fNPC) to integrate among post-mitotic hippocampal neurons and contribute to the electrical activity of the resulting networks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13041-020-00619-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7236481PMC

Brain Injury and Dementia in Pakistan: Current Perspectives.

Front Neurol 2020 30;11:299. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, and Monash Biomedical Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, accounting for 50-75% of all cases, with a greater proportion of individuals affected at older age range. A single moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with accelerated aging and increased risk for dementia. The fastest growth in the elderly population is taking place in China, Pakistan, and their south Asian neighbors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00299DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205019PMC

Environmental change interventions to prevent unintentional home injuries among children in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Child Care Health Dev 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Centre for Academic Child Health, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK.

Introduction: Unintentional home injury is an important cause of death and disability among children, especially those living in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). This systematic review aimed to synthesise evidence about the effectiveness of environmental interventions to prevent unintentional child injury and/or reduce injury hazards in the home in LMICs.

Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled before and after (CBA) studies published up to 1 April 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cch.12772DOI Listing

Preparation and modeling of electrospun polyhydroxybutyrate/polyaniline composite scaffold modified by plasma and printed by an inkjet method and its cellular study.

J Biomater Sci Polym Ed 2020 May 13:1-23. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Polymerization Engineering, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, Tehran, Iran.

The reconstruction of the nerve tissue engineering scaffold is always of particular interest due to the inability to recover and repair neural tissues after being damaged by diseases or physical injuries. The primary purpose of this study was obtaining a model used to predict the diameter of the fibers of electrospun polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) scaffolds. Accordingly, the range of operating parameters, namely the applied voltage, the distance between the nozzle to the collector, and solution concentration, was designed for the electrospinning process at three different levels, giving seventeen experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09205063.2020.1764162DOI Listing

[Comparison of brain injuries in rat cardiac arrest models induced by asphyxia and electrical stimulation].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2020 Mar;32(3):336-340

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, Hubei, China. Corresponding author: Yu Zhui, Email:

Objective: To compare the severity of brain injury between asphyxia and electrical stimulation induced cardiac arrest in rats.

Methods: Forty-two healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomized into sham group (n = 6), asphyxia group (n = 18) and electrical stimulation group (n = 18). Rats in each group were given invasive mechanical ventilation and femoral blood vessels catheterization for monitoring blood pressure and fluid infusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn121430-20200302-00204DOI Listing

Monopolar stray energy in robotic surgery.

Surg Endosc 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Surgery, the University of Colorado School of Medicine & the Rocky Mountain Regional Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 1700 North Wheeling St, Mail Stop 112, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

Introduction: Stray energy transfer from monopolar radiofrequency energy during laparoscopy can be potentially catastrophic. Robotic surgery is increasing in popularity; however, the risk of stray energy transfer during robotic surgery is unknown. The purpose of this study was to (1) quantify stray energy transfer using robotic instrumentation, (2) determine strategies to minimize the transfer of energy, and (3) compare robotic stray energy transfer to laparoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-020-07605-5DOI Listing

Effect of Shenfu Injection on Porcine Renal Function after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 22;2020:3789268. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Shengli Clinical Medical College, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350001, China.

Objective: To comprehensively evaluate the protective effect of Shenfu injection (SFI) on renal ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) through neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and to explore effective monitoring of early renal injuries after CPR.

Methods: Thirty healthy minipigs were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham operation (SO) ( = 6), control ( = 12), and SFI ( = 12). The SO group underwent only catheterization, whereas the control and SFI groups were subjected to program-controlled electrical stimulation to establish a cardiac arrest (CA) model due to ventricular fibrillation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3789268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193270PMC

Electric Scooter Orthopaedic Injury Demographics at an Urban Level I Trauma Center.

J Orthop Trauma 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.

Objectives: This study highlights demographics and Orthopaedic injuries of electric scooter related trauma that presented to our institution over a 27-month period.

Design: Retrospective Review.

Setting: Urban Level 1 Trauma Center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001803DOI Listing

Emergency department visits resulting from electric scooter use in a major southeast metropolitan area.

Emerg Radiol 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1364 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.

Purpose: To determine the frequency, characteristics, and resource use related to the emergency department (ED) encounters resulting from electric scooter use in a major metropolitan area.

Methods: This Institutional Review Board-approved study was conducted at a four-hospital healthcare system. Our clinical data warehouse was retrospectively searched from 5/3/2018 (the date electric scooters were introduced) through 8/15/2019 for various forms of the word "scooter" in triage notes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-020-01783-4DOI Listing

Development of a skin temperature map for dermatomes in individuals with spinal cord injury: a cross-sectional study.

Spinal Cord 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Laboratory, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas-Unicamp, Campinas, Brazil.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Objective: The aim of this study was to map the skin temperature (Tsk) of individuals with SCI and compare able-bodied individuals, and among the groups to demonstrate the effects of differences in the levels of injury (paraplegia and tetraplegia with high and low injuries).

Setting: Outpatient clinic, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41393-020-0471-1DOI Listing

Significant Remodeling Affects the Circulating Glycosaminoglycan Profile in Adult Patients with both Severe and Mild Forms of Acute Pancreatitis.

J Clin Med 2020 May 1;9(5). Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Diagnostisc, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Jedności 8, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland.

Acute pancreatitis (AP) manifests itself either as a mild, self-limiting inflammation or a severe, systemic inflammatory process that is associated with various complications and a high mortality rate. It is unknown whether these two forms of the disease can differ in the profile of circulating glycosaminoglycans, which are molecules with huge biological reactivity due to a high density of negative electric charge. Plasma glycosaminoglycans were characterized/quantified in 23 healthy controls, 32 patients with mild AP, and 15 individuals with severe disease using electrophoresis with enzymatic identification (chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate) or an ELISA-based test (hyaluronan). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051308DOI Listing

The prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in adapted Sports athletes based on clinical diagnostic.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Electrical studies are often used to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). We noticed differences in results when we considered the clinical tests.

Objectives: What's the prevalence of CTS in adapted sports athletes based on clinical diagnostic? Is there any relationship between the presence of symptoms and the use of wheelchairs, the type of sport practiced, dominance and how long the sport had been practiced?

Hypothesis: The prevalence of CTS in adapted sports athletes is close to that of the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2020.02.004DOI Listing

Characterization of Facial Trauma Associated with Standing Electric Scooter Injuries.

Ophthalmology 2020 Feb 14. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Shiley Eye Institute and Viterbi Family Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California; Division of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California; Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.02.007DOI Listing
February 2020
6.135 Impact Factor

Factors associated with injuries among preschool children in Egypt: demographic and health survey results, 2014.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 1;20(1):595. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Childhood injuries are a significant and growing global public health problem, often with high morbidity and, at times, mortality. A large proportion of injuries in preschool children occur in or around the home. We aimed to identify socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with preschool children injuries in Egypt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08658-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193349PMC
May 2020
2.264 Impact Factor

Death due to fractal wood burning: an emerging public health problem.

J Burn Care Res 2020 Apr 30. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

The art of pyrography, burning designs in wood, dates back to prehistory. Risks of traditional techniques included cutaneous burns and airway injury. Fractal woodburning is a niche technique utilizing a high-voltage electrical source to burn branched designs into wood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iraa066DOI Listing

Characterization and Classification of Electrophysiological Signals Represented as Visibility Graphs Using the Maxclique Graph.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2020 15;8:324. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Área Académica de Matemáticas y Física, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Mexico.

Detection, characterization and classification of patterns within time series from electrophysiological signals have been a challenge for neuroscientists due to their complexity and variability. Here, we aimed to use graph theory to characterize and classify waveforms within biological signals using maxcliques as a feature for a deep learning method. We implemented a compact and easy to visualize algorithm and interface in Python. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2020.00324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7174547PMC

Relative Risk of High-Danger Industries in China from 2004 to 2016.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Apr 27;17(9). Epub 2020 Apr 27.

The First Work Zone of the Second Oil Extraction Plant, Daqing Oilfield of CNPC, Daqing 163000, China.

Accidents in high-danger industries in China occur frequently and cause loss of life, injuries, and economic loss. One of the most important reasons causing severe safety situations is the lack of knowledge on macro industry risk in the practice and academic field in China. In order to solve this problem, the method to calculate group risk and individual risk, concerning risk aversion, is discussed, selected, and improved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093017DOI Listing
April 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

Self-Contained Neuromusculoskeletal Arm Prostheses.

N Engl J Med 2020 04;382(18):1732-1738

From the Biomechatronics and Neurorehabilitation Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology (M.O.-C., E.M.), the Department of Hand Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital (P.S.), and the Department of Orthopedics, Gothenburg University (R.B.) - all in Gothenburg, Sweden; the Clinical Laboratory for Bionic Extremity Reconstruction, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna (O.A.); and the Center for Extreme Bionics, Biomechatronics Group, MIT Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge (R.B.).

We report the use of a bone-anchored, self-contained robotic arm with both sensory and motor components over 3 to 7 years in four patients after transhumeral amputation. The implant allowed for bidirectional communication between a prosthetic hand and electrodes implanted in the nerves and muscles of the upper arm and was anchored to the humerus through osseointegration, the process in which bone cells attach to an artificial surface without formation of fibrous tissue. Use of the device did not require formal training and depended on the intuitive intent of the user to activate movement and sensory feedback from the prosthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1917537DOI Listing

Mitigating the Consequences of Subconcussive Head Injuries.

Annu Rev Biomed Eng 2020 Jun 29;22:387-407. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA.

Subconcussive head injury represents a pathophysiology that spans the expertise of both clinical neurology and biomechanical engineering. From both viewpoints, the terms injury and damage, presented without qualifiers, are synonymously taken to mean a tissue alteration that may be recoverable. For clinicians, concussion is evolving from a purely clinical diagnosis to one that requires objective measurement, to be achieved by biomedical engineers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-bioeng-091219-053447DOI Listing

Orthopaedic and brain injuries over last 10 seasons in the National Football League (NFL): number and effect on missed playing time.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2020 5;6(1):e000684. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.

Objective: To examine trends in number and seriousness of major injuries in the National Football League (NFL) over seasons 2010-2019 and the effect of rule changes to injuries to the leg, back, arm and head.

Methods: We calculated, from publicly available weekly injury reports, the number of players that were injured and playing time missed, that is, the number of weeks on average that an injured player had to sit out, as a function of injury to a specific body part. Using classical time series analysis techniques, we fitted injury data with linear and non-linear functions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000684DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7173995PMC

Dental and maxillofacial injuries associated with electric-powered bikes and scooters in Israel: A report for 2014-2019.

Dent Traumatol 2020 Apr 26. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Background/aims: Electric-Powered Bikes and powered scooters present a new method of transportation and are becoming commonly used worldwide. However, the reports on traumatic dental injuries related to their use are scarce. The aim of this study was to report the frequency and severity of dental and maxillofacial injuries associated with electric-powered bikes and scooters in Israel between the years 2014 and 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12562DOI Listing

Analysis of fatal factors influencing accidents involving two-wheel electric vehicle drivers at intersections.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2020 Apr 8;45:101696. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Shandong Tianhong Judicial Expertise Center, Weihai, Shandong Province 264209, PR China.

With the development of society, the convenience offered by two-wheel electric vehicles has made them an ideal road-transportation option for daily short-distance travel. However, this also poses various road-safety concerns. This study aims to analyse the main factors causing fatal injuries at intersections for two-wheel electric vehicle drivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2020.101696DOI Listing
April 2020
1.441 Impact Factor

Utilisation précoce de l’irm pour l’évaluation du niveau d’amputation des membres dans la prise en charge des brûlures électriques à haute tension.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2019 Sep;32(3):234-236

Service de Chirurgie Plastique, Reconstructrice et Esthétique, CHU de Nantes, France.

High-voltage electrical burns are rare, but the functional prognosis is often disastrous. Electrical currents are responsible for a wide range of injuries and their clinical assessment is difficult. For a case of severe electrical burn, and based on the literature, the authors performed an early MRI to elaborate their surgical strategy and avoid multiple surgeries by determining the level of amputation. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7155411PMC
September 2019

Les brûlures électriques par haut voltage de l’enfant, à propos de trois cas.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2019 Sep;32(3):190-196

Service de Réanimation Polyvalente Pédiatrique, CHU Ibn Sina, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université Mohamed V, Rabat, Maroc.

High-voltage electrical burn injuries are rare emergencies in pediatric units and always associated with a poor prognosis. Recklessness, lack of knowledge about electric currents and the lack of safety around public electricity infrastructures are the three main factors contributing to the occurrence of high-voltage electrical accidents in children. Mortality is due to acute cardiac and renal complications, and trauma associated with falls. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7155399PMC
September 2019

Influence of gender difference on outcomes of adult burn patients in a developing country.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2019 Sep;32(3):175-178

National Burn Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of gender on outcomes among adult burn patients. A retrospective study was conducted on 5061 adult burn patients (16 - 64 years old) admitted to the Vietnam National Burn Hospital over a three-year period (2016 - 2018). Demographic data, burn features and outcome including complications, length of hospital stay and mortality of male and female groups were compared. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7155400PMC
September 2019

La prise en charge d´un afflux massif de brûlés en provenance d´une prison pour mineurs au Maroc.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2019 Sep;32(3):171-174

Service de Chirurgie Plastique Réparatrice et des Brûlés, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ibn Sina, Rabat, Maroc.

Massive influx of burns (thermal, chemical or electrical) is a potential crisis situation in the world in peacetime. In fact, burn is one of the most frequently encountered injuries following natural or human disasters. The management of a massive influx of burn victims is considered to be a real challenge, not only from a medical point of view but also from a logistical and organizational point of view. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7155412PMC
September 2019

Near Infrared Spectroscopy Enables Differentiation of Mechanically and Enzymatically Induced Cartilage Injuries.

Ann Biomed Eng 2020 Apr 16. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, Finland.

This study evaluates the feasibility of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy to distinguish between different cartilage injury types associated with post-traumatic osteoarthritis and idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA) induced by mechanical and enzymatic damages. Bovine osteochondral samples (n = 72) were subjected to mechanical (n = 24) and enzymatic (n = 36) damage; NIR spectral measurements were acquired from each sample before and after damage, and from a separate control group (n = 12). Biomechanical measurements were then conducted to determine the functional integrity of the samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10439-020-02506-zDOI Listing

Supporting front crawl swimming in paraplegics using electrical stimulation: a feasibility study.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2020 Apr 16;17(1):51. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Technische Universität Berlin, Control Systems Group, Einsteinufer 17, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Participation in physical and therapeutic activities is usually severely restricted after a spinal cord injury (SCI). Reasons for this are the associated loss of voluntary motor function, inefficient temperature regulation of the affected extremities, and early muscle fatigue. Hydrotherapy or swim training offer an inherent weight relief, reduce spasticity and improve coordination, muscle strength and fitness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12984-020-00682-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164248PMC

Smart Sensors for Smart Grid Reliability.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Apr 13;20(8). Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Laboratoire d'Electrotechnique et d'Electronique de Puissance, Centrale Lille, Arts et Metiers Paristech, Universitey Lille, HEI, EA 2697 - L2EP, F-59000 Lille, France.

Sensors for monitoring electrical parameters over an entire electricity network infrastructure play a fundamental role in protecting smart grids and improving the network's energy efficiency. When a short circuit takes place in a smart grid it has to be sensed as soon as possible to reduce its fault duration along the network and to reduce damage to the electricity infrastructure as well as personal injuries. Existing protection devices, which are used to sense the fault, range from classic analog electro-mechanics relays to modern intelligent electronic devices (IEDs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20082187DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218892PMC

Negative pressure wound therapy for patients with hard-to-heal wounds: a systematic review.

J Wound Care 2020 Apr;29(4):206-212

Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare (IQ Healthcare) Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Objective: Despite the lack of evidence, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is commonly used in patients with hard-to-heal wounds. In our medical centre, one third of patients with abdominal wounds infected postoperatively end this therapy prematurely due to negative experiences and prefer standard wound care. This study was designed to explore the effects of NPWT on quality of life (QoL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2020.29.4.206DOI Listing

Investigation of Machine Learning Approaches for Traumatic Brain Injury Classification via EEG Assessment in Mice.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Apr 4;20(7). Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, CA 92607, USA.

Due to the difficulties and complications in the quantitative assessment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its increasing relevance in today's world, robust detection of TBI has become more significant than ever. In this work, we investigate several machine learning approaches to assess their performance in classifying electroencephalogram (EEG) data of TBI in a mouse model. Algorithms such as decision trees (DT), random forest (RF), neural network (NN), support vector machine (SVM), K-nearest neighbors (KNN) and convolutional neural network (CNN) were analyzed based on their performance to classify mild TBI (mTBI) data from those of the control group in wake stages for different epoch lengths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20072027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7180997PMC

Detection of Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury from Resting-State Eye-Closed Electroencephalography.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2020 11;2020:8923906. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Neurosciences, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the injuries that can bring serious consequences if medical attention has been delayed. Commonly, analysis of computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is required to determine the severity of a moderate TBI patient. However, due to the rising number of TBI patients these days, employing the CT scan or MRI scan to every potential patient is not only expensive, but also time consuming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8923906DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7086426PMC

Determination of Electrocution Using Fourier Transform Infrared Microspectroscopy and Machine Learning Algorithm.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Feb;36(1):35-40

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Key Laboratory of Forensic Science, Ministry of Justice, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai 200063, China.

Abstract: Objective To analyze the differences among electrical damage, burns and abrasions in pig skin using Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (FTIR-MSP) combined with machine learning algorithm, to construct three kinds of skin injury determination models and select characteristic markers of electric injuries, in order to provide a new method for skin electric mark identification. Methods Models of electrical damage, burns and abrasions in pig skin were established. Morphological changes of different injuries were examined using traditional HE staining. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2020.01.008DOI Listing
February 2020

Efficacy of electrical stimulation of denervated muscle: A multicenter, double-blind, randomized clinical trial.

Muscle Nerve 2020 Jun 24;61(6):773-778. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A, Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized clinical trial to investigate the efficacy of electrical stimulation of denervated muscle (ESDM) on recovery of patients with peripheral nerve injuries.

Methods: We enrolled 38 patients with traumatic peripheral nerve injuries with axonal damage and clinical impairment of two muscles, who were randomly treated with real or sham electrical stimulation (ES). Clinical and neurophysiological examinations were performed before treatment, at the end of treatment, and 3 mo posttreatment, by the same physician who was blinded to the ES allocation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.26880DOI Listing