14,642 results match your criteria Electrical Injuries


"Selfie"-related electrocution.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Forensic Medicine and criminalistics, University of Rijeka Faculty of Medicine, Brace Branchetta 20, 51 000, Rijeka, Croatia.

Electrical injuries contribute a small but significant fraction to all burn trauma cases, and an even smaller proportion to those that are lethal. Accidental death rates among teenagers are the highest of all age-groups, and taking a "selfie" has been a practice that has, on rare occasions, led to such a death, often from electrocution. The case of a young man and his friend, who were electrocuted after climbing onto the roof of a parked railway wagon to take selfies is reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0078-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Design and validation of a smart wearable device to prevent recurrent ankle sprain.

J Med Eng Technol 2019 Jan 16:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

b Department of Physical Therapy for Musculoskeletal Disorders and Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy , Cairo University , Giza , Egypt.

Lateral ankle sprain is one of the most common ankle injuries, especially in sports. When not treated properly, chronic ankle instability (CAI) may develop causing recurrent sprains and permanent damage to ankle ligaments. In this study, the design, implementation and validation of a smart wearable device connected to a smartphone application is described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03091902.2018.1546342DOI Listing
January 2019

Hospital-Based Emergency Department Visits With Pediatric Burns: Characteristics and Outcomes.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Division of Critical Care, Stead Family Children's Hospital, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the characteristics and outcomes in children presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with burn injuries.

Methods: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) for the years 2008 to 2013 was used. All patients younger than 18 years who visited a hospital-based ED with a burn injury were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001699DOI Listing
January 2019
0.923 Impact Factor

The Etiology of Injuries in US Army Initial Entry Training.

US Army Med Dep J 2018 Jul-Dec(2-18):22-29

US Army Public Health Center.

Background: US Army initial entry training (IET) trainees engage in intense physical activities for 10 or more weeks prior to their assignment to operational units. Many trainees succumb to injury during IET. Injuries to the lower extremities and back have historically been the most common, and thus have been the focus of routine health surveillance. Read More

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January 2019
3 Reads

Translocation of the soleus muscular branch of the tibial nerve to repair high common peroneal nerve injury.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Haining Road 100, Shanghai, 200080, People's Republic of China.

Background: This study was performed to evaluate the clinical effect of translocating the soleus muscular branch of the tibial nerve to repair the deep peroneal nerve.

Methods: Eight patients were treated for high common peroneal nerve injury. The deep peroneal nerve was separated out from the common peroneal nerve if no injury occurred upon opening the epineurium of the common peroneal nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-018-03797-xDOI Listing
January 2019

A method of untethering by skipping the area of positive responses on electrical stimulation during surgery of lumbosacral lipomatous malformation: 'hopping on a stepping stone'.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: In complex lumbosacral lipomatous malformation or retethering, 'crotch' dissection, an incision on the dura or lipoma at the site lateral to the lipoma-cord fusion line saving underlying roots, is often not easy. Attempts of this dissection in complex and obscured conditions may cause damage to the spinal cord or nerve roots. A method for caudal extension of untethering while positive areas on electrical stimulation were encountered during crotch dissection of lumbosacral lipomatous malformation is described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.137DOI Listing
January 2019

If electric cars are the answer, what was the question?

Authors:
Sarah J Jones

Br Med Bull 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Public Health Wales, Capital Quarter 2, Tyndall Street, Cardiff, UK.

Introduction: Roads facilitate trade, development and communication, as well as spread illness and disease, but since mass car use began, the disbenefits, including injuries, pollution and physical inactivity have been significantly magnified. Electric cars are now being seen by many as the solution to the problems associated with internal combustion engine cars.

Sources Of Data: This article reviews existing literature to determine the extent to which a switch to electrification can solve many of the problems that cars have wrought. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldy044DOI Listing
January 2019

Epidemiology and outcomes of burn injuries at a tertiary burn care center in Bangladesh.

Burns 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

New York Medical College, 40 Sunshine Cottage Rd, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA.

Globally, burns are among some of the most devastating injuries and account for more than 265,000 deaths worldwide. In Bangladesh alone, nearly 3000 people die annually from burn-related injuries. This study was conducted at the National Institute of Burn and Plastic Surgery in Dhaka, Bangladesh in June of 2016. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03054179183036
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.12.011DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Penetrating facial trauma from a Taser barb.

Authors:
F Campbell S Clark

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Head and Neck Centre, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9WL.

The Taser X26 (Axon) is a conducted energy device that is used by the police forces in the United Kingdom to deliver a high voltage shock that will disable a person. Injuries related to its use are uncommon but can be serious, the extent of the damage caused being related to the structures targeted and the length of deployment of the electrical charge. We describe a 15-year-old boy who had a penetrating midfacial injury after deployment of a Taser, the barb of which became embedded in the subtarsal region of his left cheek. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02664356183068
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.12.009DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Impact of seizure-related injuries on quality of life.

Neurol Sci 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology Epilepsy Division, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Our aim is to assess the types and frequency of seizure-related injuries and to determine their effects on Quality of Life (QoL).

Methods: Fifty-seven patients with epilepsy were included to our study. The demographic and clinical data of all the participants were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-018-3697-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Time is spine: a review of translational advances in spinal cord injury.

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Dec;30(1):1-18

1Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, and.

Acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating event with far-reaching physical, emotional, and economic consequences for patients, families, and society at large. Timely delivery of specialized care has reduced mortality; however, long-term neurological recovery continues to be limited. In recent years, a number of exciting neuroprotective and regenerative strategies have emerged and have come under active investigation in clinical trials, and several more are coming down the translational pipeline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.SPINE18682DOI Listing
December 2018

Dual-Frequency Ultrasound Induces Neural Stem/Progenitor Cell Differentiation and Growth Factor Utilization by Enhancing Stable Cavitation.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Electrical Engineering , Chang Gung University , Taoyuan , Taiwan.

Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) have the potential to serve as the basic materials for treating severe neural diseases and injuries. Ultrasound exposure is an effective therapy for nonunion fractures and healing fresh wounds through an easy and noninvasive application. According to the results of our preliminary study, low-intensity ultrasound (LIUS) promotes the attachment and differentiation of NSPCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.8b00483DOI Listing
January 2019

Weak direct current (DC) electric fields as a therapy for spinal cord injuries: review and advancement of the oscillating field stimulator (OFS).

Authors:
Jianming Li

Neurosurg Rev 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Center for Paralysis Research, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, 408 S. University St., West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.

Traumatic injury to the spinal cord remains a catastrophic event that has lifelong consequences. While decades of research have elucidated much of the pathophysiology associated with spinal cord injury (SCI), there still remains no clinically approved treatments for restoring lost sensorimotor function. The traditional dogma suggests central nervous system (CNS) neurons do not regenerate after injury but active areas of research aim to overcome this biological bottleneck. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10143-018-01068-yDOI Listing
January 2019

A retrospective review of fatal electrocution cases at Tygerberg Forensic Pathology Services, Cape Town, South Africa, over the 5-year period 1 January 2008 - 31 December 2012.

S Afr Med J 2018 Nov 26;108(12):1042-1045. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Tonga Hospital, Mpumalanga, South Africa.

Background: Electrocution as a cause of death has been discussed extensively in the international literature. However, research on this topic in South Africa (SA) is scarce.

Objectives: To address the need for further research in this field and emphasise the necessity for preventive measures by determining the demographic and pathological profile of fatal electrocution cases seen in the Tygerberg Forensic Pathology Services, Western Cape Province, SA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i12.13131DOI Listing
November 2018

The aetiology of posterior glenohumeral dislocations and occurrence of associated injuries.

Bone Joint J 2019 Jan;101-B(1):15-21

Tallaght University Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

Aims: The glenohumeral joint is the most frequently dislocated articulation, but possibly due to the lower prevalence of posterior shoulder dislocations, approximately 50% to 79% of posterior glenohumeral dislocations are missed at initial presentation. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the most recent evidence involving the aetiology of posterior glenohumeral dislocations, as well as the diagnosis and treatment.

Materials And Methods: A systematic search was conducted using PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane (January 1997 to September 2017), with references from articles also evaluated. Read More

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https://online.boneandjoint.org.uk/doi/10.1302/0301-620X.101
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B1.BJJ-2018-0984.R1DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Emergency Medical Services Experience With Barb Removal After Taser Use By Law Enforcement: A Descriptive National Study.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2018 Dec 28:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

4Department of Pediatrics,University of Utah School of Medicine,Salt Lake City,Utah USA.

Background: Conducted electrical weapons (CEWs), including Thomas A. Swift Electric Rifles (TASERs), are increasingly used by law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the US and world-wide. Little is known about the experience of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) providers with these incidents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X18001176DOI Listing
December 2018

Between-side differences in trunk rotational power in athletes trained in asymmetric sports.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Sports Technology Institute, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia.

Background: The asymmetric loading of trunk muscles in sports like golf or tennis may cause side-to-side imbalances in rotational muscle strength and endurance. Such imbalances may be compounded by the presence of low back pain (LBP) and related injuries. However, trunk rotational power is a better predictor of athlete performance, and therefore its ability to reveal these asymmetries/dysbalances should be investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BMR-181131DOI Listing
December 2018

Augmented reality game-related injury.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 28;11(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust, Salisbury, UK.

There are an increasing number of injuries associated with ambulatory mobile phone use. Pokémon Go is one of the first widely used mobile phone augmented reality games and generated substantial media interest. We present a case of electrical burns in a Pokémon Go player and review literature on ambulatory mobile phone injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-224012DOI Listing
November 2018

An Approach Towards Reducing Road Traffic Injuries and Improving Public Health Through Big Data Telematics: A Randomised Controlled Trial Protocol.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):495-501. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Deaths due to road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major public health concern around the world. Developing countries are over-represented in these statistics. Punitive measures are traditionally employed to lower RTA related behavioural risk factors. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads
1.108 Impact Factor

The effect of additional activation of the plantar intrinsic foot muscles on foot kinematics in flat-footed subjects.

Foot (Edinb) 2018 Nov 6;38:19-23. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Mihara-shi, Hiroshima 723-0053, Japan.

Background: Strengthening exercises of the plantar intrinsic foot muscles (PIFMs) are often prescribed to flat-footed subjects because of the capacity of the PIFMs to support the medial longitudinal arch (MLA). However, it is unclear whether the capacity of the PIFMs to support the MLA is enough to change the foot kinematics in flat-footed subjects. To confirm this, the current study examined changes in foot kinematics in flat-footed subjects during standing and gait accompanied by changes in the activity of the PIFMs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foot.2018.11.002DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The impact of non-thermal injuries in combined burn trauma: A retrospective analysis over the past 35 years.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, Burn Center, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland; University of Zurich, Pestalozzistrasse 3, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Combined burn trauma is rather uncommon and frequently difficult to manage. Historically combined burn trauma contributed to high mortality rates in severely injured patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, mechanisms and impact of non-thermal injuries in patients with severe burns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2018.10.022DOI Listing
November 2018

Thrombin and the Protease-Activated Receptor-1 in Organophosphate-Induced Status Epilepticus.

J Mol Neurosci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurology, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer, 52621, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Organophosphates (OP) are a major threat to the health of soldiers and civilians due to their use as chemical weapons in war and in terror attacks. Among the acute manifestations of OP poisoning, status epilepticus (SE) is bearing the highest potential for long-term damages. Current therapies do not prevent brain damage and seizure-related brain injuries in OP-exposed humans. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12031-018-1228-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12031-018-1228-6DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Balance, gait, and falls in spinal cord injury.

Handb Clin Neurol 2018 ;159:367-384

Rehabilitation Center Affoltern am Albis, University Children's Hospital Zurich - Eleonore Foundation, Affoltern am Albis, Switzerland.

This chapter covers balance, gait, and falls in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) from a clinical perspective. First, the consequences of an SCI on functioning are explained, including etiology, clinical presentation, classification, and epidemiologic data. Then, the specific aspects of balance disorders, gait disorders, and falls are discussed with respect to motor complete (cSCI) and incomplete (iSCI) SCI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63916-5.00024-0DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

The role of menisci in knee contact mechanics and secondary kinematics during human walking.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2018 Nov 22;61:58-63. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing System Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710054, Shaanxi, China; Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK; Tribology Research Institute, School of Mechanical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China.

Background: Meniscectomy is likely to result in an increase of joint loading on articular cartilage and initiates cartilage damages. However, the induced alterations in knee contact mechanics and secondary kinematics after the meniscal removal are still unclear during a walking gait. In this study, the role of menisci on the knee contact mechanics and secondary kinematics were investigated during a walking simulation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02680033183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2018.11.009DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Flexibility of Finger Activation Patterns Elicited through Non-invasive Multi-Electrode Nerve Stimulation.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:1428-1431

The inability to effectively activate and control skeletal muscles is a common impairment following a variety of neurological conditions or injuries. One common approach to restoring or augmenting this impairment is the use of external electrical stimulation of the muscles, called functional electrical stimulation (FES). Typically targeted directly at the anatomical muscle belly, existing methodologies often involve high current amplitudes, limited superficial muscle activation, and early onset of muscle fatigue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2018.8512479DOI Listing

Muscle oxygenation during hybrid arm and functional electrical stimulation-evoked leg cycling after spinal cord injury.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(43):e12922

Clinical Exercise and Rehabilitation Unit, Discipline of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

This study compared muscle oxygenation (StO2) during arm cranking (ACE), functional electrical stimulation-evoked leg cycling (FES-LCE), and hybrid (ACE+FES-LCE) exercise in spinal cord injury individuals. Eight subjects with C7-T12 lesions performed exercises at 3 submaximal intensities. StO2 was measured during rest and exercise at 40%, 60%, and 80% of subjects' oxygen uptake (VO2) peak using near-infrared spectroscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012922DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221724PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

An End-to-end System for Automatic Characterization of Iba1 Immunopositive Microglia in Whole Slide Imaging.

Neuroinformatics 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Urologic Sciences, University of British Columbia, 2775 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9, Canada.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Detailed studies of the microglial response after TBI require high throughput quantification of changes in microglial count and morphology in histological sections throughout the brain. In this paper, we present a fully automated end-to-end system that is capable of assessing microglial activation in white matter regions on whole slide images of Iba1 stained sections. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12021-018-9405-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12021-018-9405-xDOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Reversible dilative cardiomyopathy after electrical injury: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Nov 8;12(1):333. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Plastic, Hand Surgery and Burn Care Unit, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Ratzeburger Alle 160, Lübeck, Germany.

Background: Dilative cardiomyopathy is an uncommon cardiac complication of electric shock.

Case Presentation: We report a case of a 12-year-old German boy with a high voltage injury who developed a four-chamber dilative cardiomyopathy, which was diagnosed on the 13th week postburn. One year after the accident, echocardiography showed a normal function of his heart with 64% ejection fraction and normal cavities' dimensions. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1861-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223010PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy in the management of acute burns.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Sep;24(5):412-416

Department of General Surgery, İnönü University Faculty of Medicine, Malatya-Turkey.

Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes and efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy in the management of acute burns.

Methods: Patients with acute burns who have received negative pressure wound therapy at the Dr. Lutfi Kırdar Kartal Research and Training Hospital Tertiary Burn Care Center between January 2014 and December 2015 were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/tjtes.2017.78958DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

Comparison of the application of artificial ossicles and autologous ossicles in the reconstruction of a damaged ossicular chain.

Authors:
L Zhao J Li S Gong

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Oct;132(10):885-890

Department of Otolaryngology,Head and Neck Surgery,Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University,China.

Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effect that the titanium partial ossicular reconstruction prosthesis and autologous ossicles have on hearing loss after reconstruction of a damaged ossicular chain.

Methods: Forty-two medical records of treatments carried out from 2013 to 2015 for ossicular chain damage with facial nerve paralysis due to temporal bone fractures were reviewed. The study assessed: causes of damage, pre-operative pure tone audiometry findings, types of intra-operative ossicular chain damage, intra-operative ossicular chain repair methods (titanium partial ossicular reconstruction prosthesis or autologous ossicles) and post-operative pure tone audiometry results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118001627DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Tibial plateau fractures in elderly people: an institutional retrospective study.

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Nov 1;13(1):276. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 YiShan Road, Shanghai, 200233, China.

Background: Tibial plateau fractures are the most common intra-articular fractures, which require careful evaluation and preoperative planning. The treatment of tibial plateau fractures in elderly patients is challenging, and the comprehension of epidemiology and morphology can be helpful. This study described the characteristics of geriatric tibial plateau fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-018-0986-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211492PMC
November 2018

Points & Pearls: Electrical injuries in the emergency department: an evidence-based review

Emerg Med Pract 2018 Nov 1;20(Suppl 11):1-2. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY

Electrical injuries can be caused by exposure to current from low-voltage and high-voltage sources as well as lightning strikes, and the circumstances of the exposure will dictate management strategies. Human tissues have varying resistance characteristics and susceptibility to damage, so injuries may be thermal, electrical, and/or mechanical, potentially causing burns, thrombosis, tetany, falls, and blast injury. This issue reviews the types of trauma seen with electrical injury and how body systems can be affected by occult or delayed effects, and the optimal evidence-based resuscitation and management strategies associated with each. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Accumulation of high magnitude acceleration events predicts cerebrovascular reactivity changes in female high school soccer athletes.

Brain Imaging Behav 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 4907, USA.

Mitigating the effects of repetitive exposure to head trauma has become a major concern for the general population, given the growing body of evidence that even asymptomatic exposure to head accelerations is linked with increased risk for negative life outcomes and that risk increases as exposure is prolonged over many years. Among women's sports, soccer currently exhibits the highest growth in participation and reports the largest number of mild traumatic brain injuries annually, making female soccer athletes a relevant population in assessing the effects of repetitive exposure to head trauma. Cerebrovascular biomarkers may be useful in assessing the effects of repetitive head trauma, as these are thought to contribute directly to neurocognitive symptoms associated with mild traumatic brain injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11682-018-9983-0DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Impact of Burn-Related Amputations on Return to Work: Findings From the Burn Injury Model System National Database.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Jan;40(1):21-28

Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Amputations following a burn injury, although infrequent, may affect community reintegration and create a barrier to returning to work. The objective of this study was to compare patient and injury characteristics, quality of life, and employment status for those with and without amputation using a national longitudinal database of people with burn injuries. In this retrospective review of prospectively collected data, group differences were examined using descriptive statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iry057DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Penile strangulation: about two patients living in rural areas].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 13;30:128. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Aristide Le Dantec, Dakar, Senegal.

Penile strangulation is a clinical condition requiring emergency management. Several metallic or non-metallic objects can be placed around the penis to improve sexual performance or for auto-erotic purposes. We report the case of two schizophrenic patients aged 25 and 33years hospitalized in the Emergency Department due to penile strangulation by metal ring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.128.14362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201598PMC
November 2018

La particularité de cicatrisation des pertes de substance cutanées dans les brûlures électriques: notre expérience.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2018 Jun;31(2):122-126

Service de Chirurgie Plastique, Réparatrice et Esthétique, CHU Habib Bourguiba, Sfax, Tunisie.

Electrical burns are a major cause of bodily harm due to the mechanism and effect of the lesions. This prompts us to study these lesions and their management in order to reduce the morbidity caused by this type of accident. We conducted a retrospective descriptive observational study of patients hospitalized for electrical burns. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6199006PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

The Frequency and Reason For Amputations in Electrically Burned Pediatric Patients.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Jan;40(1):107-111

Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Hospitals for Children-Galveston® Galveston, Texas.

Electrical injuries induce substantial morbidity and mortality. Amputations are often necessary to enable survival and based on tissue nonviability, development of life-threatening infection, or expected nonfunctional outcome. They analyzed occurrence and type of amputations in their institution for electrical and nonelectrical pediatric burns and the number of reconstructive operations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iry056DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Predicting Employment Status of Injured Workers Following a Case Management Intervention.

Saf Health Work 2018 Sep 20;9(3):347-351. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Social Security Research Centre, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: The success of an injury intervention program can be measured by the proportion of successful return to work (RTW). This study examined factors of successful return to employment among workers suffering from work-related injuries.

Methods: Data were obtained from the Social Security Organization, Malaysia database consisting of 10,049 RTW program participants in 2010-2014. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S20937911163032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2017.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6129999PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Dielectrophoretic characterization and separation of monocytes and macrophages using 3D carbon-electrodes.

Electrophoresis 2019 Jan 6;40(2):315-321. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Monocyte heterogeneity and its prevalence are revealed as indicator of several human diseases ranking from cardiovascular diseases to rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney diseases, autoimmune multiple sclerosis, and stroke injuries. When monocytes and macrophages are characterized and isolated with preserved genetic, phenotypic and functional properties, they can be used as label-free biomarkers for precise diagnostics and treatment of various diseases. Here, the dielectrophoretic responses of the monocytes and macrophages were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elps.201800324DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Electrical injuries in the emergency department: an evidence-based review.

Emerg Med Pract 2018 Nov 1;20(11):1-20. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oklahoma University School of Community Medicine, the University of Oklahoma, Tulsa, OK.

Electrical injuries can be caused by exposure to current from low-voltage and high-voltage sources as well as lightning strikes, and the circumstances of the exposure will dictate management strategies. Human tissues have varying resistance characteristics and susceptibility to damage, so injuries may be thermal, electrical, and/or mechanical, potentially causing burns, thrombosis, tetany, falls, and blast injury. This issue reviews the types of trauma seen with electrical injury and how body systems can be affected by occult or delayed effects, and the optimal evidence-based resuscitation and management strategies associated with each. Read More

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November 2018

Diagnosis of traumatic brain injury using miRNA signatures in nanomagnetically isolated brain-derived extracellular vesicles.

Lab Chip 2018 12 25;18(23):3617-3630. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. and Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

The accurate diagnosis and clinical management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is currently limited by the lack of accessible molecular biomarkers that reflect the pathophysiology of this heterogeneous disease. To address this challenge, we developed a microchip diagnostic that can characterize TBI more comprehensively using the RNA found in brain-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs). Our approach measures a panel of EV miRNAs, processed with machine learning algorithms to capture the state of the injured and recovering brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8lc00672eDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334845PMC
December 2018

Practices and complications of pubic hair removal among Saudi women.

BMC Womens Health 2018 Oct 22;18(1):172. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 80215, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Pubic hair grooming, including the complete removal of pubic hair, has become an increasingly common practice, particularly among young women. Although widespread, there is limited data regarding the methods, products, reasons, and complications of pubic hair removal, particularly among Saudi women. The objective was to examine pubic hair removal practices and the prevalence of its complications among Saudi women living in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12905-018-0661-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196448PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

An Unusual Foreign Object Attached to a Child's Finger: Emergency Department Management and Subsequent Intervention.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Arnot Health, Arnot Ogden Medical Center, Elmira, NY.

Strangulation injuries due to foreign objects are uncommon presentations of hand and finger injuries presenting to the emergency department (ED). Ring avulsion and hair tourniquet injuries are more commonly recognized mechanisms of strangulation, and algorithms for subsequent management and emergent treatment exist for these injuries. It is important to distinguish between hand injuries that can be managed in the setting of the ED and those that need emergent surgical management upon patient presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001567DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in management of neuropathic pain in patients with post traumatic incomplete spinal cord injuries.

Pak J Med Sci 2018 Sep-Oct;34(5):1177-1180

Syed Muhammad Ilyas, MSPT. Chief Executive Officer, Paraplegic Center, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) in management of neuropathic pain in post-traumatic incomplete spinal cord injury patients.

Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted at from January 2017 to June 2017 at Paraplegic Center Hayatabad, Peshawar. Total 60 incomplete spinal cord injured patients with diagnosis of neuropathic pain were subjected to high frequency TENS of 80 HZ. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.15659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191807PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Elevations in MicroRNA Biomarkers in Serum Are Associated with Measures of Concussion, Neurocognitive Function and Subconcussive Trauma over a single NCAA Division I Season in Collegiate Football Players.

J Neurotrauma 2018 Oct 20. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 1685, Bethesda, Maryland, United States ;

This prospective controlled observational cohort study assessed the performance of a novel panel of serum microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers on indicators of concussion, subconcussive impacts and neurocognitive function in collegiate football players over the playing season. Male collegiate student football athletes participating in a Division I Football Bowl Subdivision of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) were enrolled. There were a total of 53 participants included in the study, 30 non-athlete control subjects and 23 male collegiate student football athletes. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/neu.2018.6072
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2018.6072DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

A patient with extensive neck defects Management of this unusual clinical situation.

Ann Ital Chir 2018 ;89:337-341

Among all thermal burn injuries, electrical burns are the most unpredictable and are characterized by the damage of depressing and functionally important anatomical structures, as well as an extensive volume of tissue damage. The tactics of treating such post-burn defects require always an individual and non-standard approach. In this article, a clinical example of the plastic closure of a neck defect is presented, as a result of a high-voltage electric burn received, with counter skin-muscular flaps based on m. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Histological indicators of cutaneous lesions caused by electrocution, flame burn and impact abrasion.

Med Sci Law 2018 Oct;58(4):216-221

2 Department of Pathology and Lab medicine, AIIMS, Bhopal, India.

Cutaneous electrocution marks are the key indicator that aid forensic pathologists in establishing electrocution as the cause of death, especially when crime scene and internal autopsy findings do not provide significant information. The gross findings of electrocution mark are often confused with impact abrasion and the burns produced by high voltage flash are often indistinguishable with flame burns. The present study aims to identify cutaneous light microscopic histological indicators, which are peculiar to electrocution marks, burns and impact abrasions. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0025802418776116
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0025802418776116DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Early redox activities modulate Xenopus tail regeneration.

Nat Commun 2018 10 16;9(1):4296. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Dermatology, Institute for Regenerative Cures, University of California, Davis, 95616, CA, USA.

Redox state sustained by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is crucial for regeneration; however, the interplay between oxygen (O), ROS and hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF) remains elusive. Here we observe, using an optic-based probe (optrode), an elevated and steady O influx immediately upon amputation. The spatiotemporal O influx profile correlates with the regeneration of Xenopus laevis tadpole tails. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06614-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191437PMC
October 2018

Occupational fatal injuries associated with mobile hand-fed wood chippers.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Dec 16;61(12):978-985. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Bureau of Occupational Health and Injury Prevention, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York.

Background: Workers are killed every year in wood chipper-related incidents despite the repeated hazard warnings. In-depth, comprehensive, and up-to-date studies are needed to identify causal, risk, and contributing factors and assess the current control measures so that an effective and proactive prevention approach can be developed.

Methods: Cases were identified from four online databases and manually reviewed to characterize and categorize the fatal events. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajim.22913
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22913DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Physiotherapy in the neurotrauma intensive care unit: A scoping review.

J Crit Care 2018 Dec 3;48:390-406. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, 1400 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 1C7, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: This scoping review summarizes the literature on the safety and effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in patients with neurological and/or traumatic injuries in the intensive care unit (ICU), identifies literature gaps and provides recommendations for future research.

Materials And Methods: We searched five databases from inception to June 2, 2018. We included published retrospective studies, case studies, observation and randomized controlled trials describing physiotherapy interventions in ICU patients with neurotrauma injuries. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08839441183015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2018.09.037DOI Listing
December 2018
27 Reads