16,103 results match your criteria Electrical Injuries


Effect of thoracic spinal cord injury on forelimb somatosensory evoked potential.

Brain Res Bull 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, American University of Sharjah, ESB-2018, Engineering Science Building, American University of Sharjah, University City, Sharjah, 26666, United Arab Emirate. Electronic address:

In this paper, we investigate the forelimbs somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) signals, which are representative of the integrity of ascending sensory pathways and their stability as well as function, recorded from corresponding cortices, post thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI). We designed a series of distinctive transection SCI to investigate whether forelimbs SSEPs change after right T10 hemi-transection, T8 and T10 double hemi-transection and T8 complete transection in rat model of SCI. We used electrical stimuli to stimulate median nerves and recorded SSEPs from left and right somatosensory areas of both cortices. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Model-Based Optimization of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Inspiratory Muscle Activation.

Neuromodulation 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objective: High-frequency spinal cord stimulation (HF-SCS) is a potential method to provide natural and effective inspiratory muscle pacing in patients with ventilator-dependent spinal cord injuries. Experimental data have demonstrated that HF-SCS elicits physiological activation of the diaphragm and inspiratory intercostal muscles via spinal cord pathways. However, the activation thresholds, extent of activation, and optimal electrode configurations (i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An Interpretable Experimental Data Augmentation Method to Improve Knee Health Classification Using Joint Acoustic Emissions.

Ann Biomed Eng 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332, USA.

The characteristics of joint acoustic emissions (JAEs) measured from the knee have been shown to contain information regarding underlying joint health. Researchers have developed methods to process JAE measurements and combined them with machine learning algorithms for knee injury diagnosis. While these methods are based on JAEs measured in controlled settings, we anticipate that JAE measurements could enable accessible and affordable diagnosis of acute knee injuries also in field-deployable settings. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Review article: Paramedic pain management of femur fractures in the prehospital setting: A systematic review.

Emerg Med Australas 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Paramedicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Femur shaft and neck of femur (NOF) fractures are often undertreated in the prehospital setting. These injuries can present unique clinical and logistical concerns in the prehospital setting. This systematic review aimed to investigate paramedic prehospital pain management of patients who had suffered NOF or femur fractures, and to investigate which interventions are effective. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dual-contrast computed tomography enables detection of equine posttraumatic osteoarthritis in vitro.

J Orthop Res 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

To prevent the progression of posttraumatic osteoarthritis, assessment of cartilage composition is critical for effective treatment planning. Posttraumatic changes include proteoglycan (PG) loss and elevated water content. Quantitative dual-energy computed tomography (QDECT) provides a means to diagnose these changes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of functional electro-stimulation combined with blood flow restriction in affected muscles by spinal cord injury.

Neurol Sci 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Motor Behavior Studies Center/Physiology Education Post Graduation Program, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Muscle atrophy is a great consequence of spinal cord injuries (SCI) due to immobility. SCI's detrimental effects on large muscle groups may lead to secondary effects such as glucose intolerance, increased risk of metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. Exercising with blood flow restriction (BFR) has been proposed as an effective method to induce hypertrophy using low training loads, with little or no muscle damage. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Analysis of electric scooter injuries admitted to the emergency service.

Ir J Med Sci 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Electric scooters (e-scooters) have become popular within a short time. With its growing popularity, the number of admissions to emergency services due to e-scooter injuries has also increased. In this study, we aimed to analyze the clinical and demographic characteristics of e-scooter injuries applied to our emergency department. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Supervised machine learning-based prediction for in-hospital pressure injury development using electronic health records: A retrospective observational cohort study in a university hospital in Japan.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Mar 26;119:103932. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Graduate School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Building 5, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1130033, Japan; Global Nursing Research Center, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1130033, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: In hospitals, nurses are responsible for pressure injury risk assessment using several kinds of risk assessment scales. However, their predictive validity is insufficient to initiate targeted preventive strategy for each patient. The use of electronic health records with machine learning technique is a promising strategy to provide automated clinical decision-making aid. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Electricity induced burns and lung injury: A rare autopsy observation.

J Burn Care Res 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

Electrocutions injuries are frequently encountered in a domestic setting or as an occupational hazard. Electrocutions injuries sustained in occupational settings are often associated with significant morbidity and mortality globally. Autopsy diagnosis of electrocution is mostly based on gross and histopathological changes in the entry and exit wounds. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Electrical Stimulation Promotes Stem Cell Neural Differentiation in Tissue Engineering.

Stem Cells Int 2021 20;2021:6697574. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Chinese Education Ministry, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, No. 37, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China.

Nerve injuries and neurodegenerative disorders remain serious challenges, owing to the poor treatment outcomes of neural stem cell regeneration. The most promising treatment for such injuries and disorders is stem cell-based therapies, but there remain obstacles in controlling the differentiation of stem cells into fully functional neuronal cells. Various biochemical and physical approaches have been explored to improve stem cell-based neural tissue engineering, among which electrical stimulation has been validated as a promising one both in vitro and in vivo. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effect of Prolonged Pressure on Hemodynamics of Sacral Tissues Assessed by Diffuse Optical Imaging: A Pilot Study.

Authors:
B Day L Pollonini

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1269:335-339

Department of Engineering Technology, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

Pressure injuries (PIs) are wounds resulting from prolonged pressure exerting on the skin and underlying tissues over bony prominences (e.g., lower back, heels, shoulders) in bed-bound patients and wheelchair users. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Road accidents in children involving light electric vehicles cause more severe injuries than other similar vehicles.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Pediatric Emergency Department, Meir Medical Center, Tchernichovsky 59 St., 4428164, Kfar Saba, Israel.

Road accidents in Israel were responsible for 23% of injuries in pediatric population between 2013 and 2017. In recent years, the massive entrance of e-bike and other light electric vehicles (called collectively LEV) into the roads is significantly changing the epidemiology of road accidents among children. The study aims to describe the causes, injury types, and other epidemiological characteristics of children injured in road accident and compare injuries of LEV to regular bicycles and other light non-electric vehicles (called collectively LNEV). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Taser barb penetration causing phalangeal fracture.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 7;14(5). Epub 2021 May 7.

Trauma and Orthopaedics, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK

We present an unusual case of phalangeal fracture resulting from direct penetration by the barb of a conducted electrical weapon (Taser). When a Taser is triggered, compressed gas propels two barbs with trailing insulated wires which deliver a pulsed electrical discharge on contact. A 51-year-old man presented with a single barb of the Taser embedded in the diaphysis of the proximal phalanx and an associated open fracture. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Injuries related to electric scooter and bicycle use in a Washington, DC, emergency department.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 May 7:1-6. Epub 2021 May 7.

Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Objective: E-scooter use has grown rapidly in the United States. Its rise in popularity has coincided with the promotion of cycling in many cities, but more needs to be known about how these transportation modes compare to determine if cycling should serve as an appropriate benchmark for policy decisions and safety expectations regarding e-scooters.

Methods: We examined characteristics of adults seeking treatment in a Washington, DC, emergency department (ED) for injuries associated with riding e-scooters during 2019 ( = 99) or bicycles during 2015-2017 ( = 337). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Infrared Thermal Imaging for Evaluation of Clubfoot After the Ponseti Casting Method-An Exploratory Study.

Front Pediatr 2021 20;9:595506. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Conservative treatment, Ponseti method, has been considered as a standard method to correct the clubfoot deformity among Orthopedic society. Although the result of conservative methods have been reported with higher success rates than surgical methods, many more problems have been reported due to improper casting, casting pressure or bracing discomfort. Nowadays, infrared thermography (IRT) is widely used as a diagnostic tool to assess musculoskeletal disorders or injuries by detecting temperature abnormalities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation following stroke: a systematic review of current guidelines and practical clinical recommendations.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Rehabilitation Unit, ULSS (Local Health Authority) Euganea - Camposampiero Hospital, Padua, Italy.

Introduction: Stroke is the third leading cause of adult disability world-wide, and lower extremity motor impairment is one of the major determinants of long-term disability. Although robotic therapy is becoming more and more utilized in research protocols for lower limb stroke rehabilitation, the gap between research evidence and its use in clinical practice is still significant. The aim of this study was to determine the scope, quality, and consistency of guidelines for robotic lower limb rehabilitation after stroke, in order to provide clinical recommendations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

People Lifting Patterns-A Reference Dataset for Practitioners.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;21(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

R&D Center, Polish-Japanese Academy of Information Technology, 02-008 Warszawa, Poland.

Many health professionals do not use correct person transfer techniques in their daily practice. This results in damage to the paraspinal musculature over time, resulting in lower back pain and injuries. In this work, we propose an approach for the accurate multimodal measurement of people lifting and related motion patterns for ergonomic education regarding the application of correct patient transfer techniques. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Spinal cord injury by direct damage during trigger point injection: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211012367

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Taegu, Republic of Korea.

Trigger point injection (TPI) is commonly administered for myofascial pain syndrome management, but occasionally leads to complications, including bleeding, muscle hematoma, vasovagal syncope, skin infections, and pneumothorax. This report presents a case of TPI-induced iatrogenic spinal cord injury (SCI). A 59-year-old woman received TPI for myofascial pain on both thoracolumbar paraspinal muscles. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Thermotolerant wheat cultivar (Triticum aestivum L. var. WR544) response to ozone, EDU, and particulate matter interactive exposure.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 May 4;193(6):318. Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, 110067, New Delhi, India.

The present study was conducted to assess the response of thermotolerant wheat cultivar (Triticum aestivum L. var. WR544) to individual and combination of ambient ground level ozone (AO) and particulate matter (PM) air pollutants with ethylene diurea (EDU) used as an ozone stress mitigator. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A case report of cervicothoracic penetrating injury with retention of foreign body.

BMC Surg 2021 May 3;21(1):232. Epub 2021 May 3.

Departments of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining, 272029, Shandong, China.

Background: Cervicothoracic penetrating injury, considered to be relatively rare, has a complicated mechanism that is difficult to treat. In this report, a special case of cervicothoracic injury caused by foreign body penetration was elucidated. In this case, the injury location and the involved foreign body were exceptionally particular, which induced a challenging process of diagnosis and treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epidemiology and Injury Pattern of E-Scooter Injuries - Initial Results.

Z Orthop Unfall 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Trauma and Hand Surgery, Geriatric Trauma Center, Schön Clinic Hamburg Eilbek, Hamburg, Germany.

Aim: Since the introduction of shared electric scooters in Germany in June 2019, surgeons have been treating injuries caused by these devices.

Methods: In our Institution, we implemented the first registry to examine the pattern of injuries and to gather epidemiological data on persons injured while riding electric scooters. We conducted a prospective analysis of all patients treated in our Emergency Department for an injury sustained while riding an electric scooter between June 2019 and June 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Self-curling electroconductive nerve dressing for enhancing peripheral nerve regeneration in diabetic rats.

Bioact Mater 2021 Nov 14;6(11):3892-3903. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Spine Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510630, China.

Conductive scaffolds have been shown to exert a therapeutic effect on patients suffering from peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs). However, conventional conductive conduits are made of rigid structures and have limited applications for impaired diabetic patients due to their mechanical mismatch with neural tissues and poor plasticity. We propose the development of biocompatible electroconductive hydrogels (ECHs) that are identical to a surgical dressing in this study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

A Solution for the Remote Care of Frail Elderly Individuals via Exergames.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 12;21(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Electrical, Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering and Naval Architecture Department (DITEN), Università degli Studi di Genova, Via all'Opera Pia 11a, I-16145 Genoa, Italy.

Internet of Things (IoT) solutions are a concrete answer to many needs in the healthcare framework since they enable remote support for patients and foster continuity of care. Currently, frail elderly people are among end users who most need and would benefit from IoT solutions from both a social and a healthcare point of view. Indeed, IoT technologies can provide a set of services to monitor the healthcare of the elderly or support them in order to reduce the risk of injuries, and preserve their motor and cognitive abilities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Raspberry Pi-Based Traumatic Brain Injury Detection System for Single-Channel Electroencephalogram.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 15;21(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Computing and Software Systems, University of Washington, Bothell, WA 98011, USA.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a common cause of death and disability. However, existing tools for TBI diagnosis are either subjective or require extensive clinical setup and expertise. The increasing affordability and reduction in the size of relatively high-performance computing systems combined with promising results from TBI related machine learning research make it possible to create compact and portable systems for early detection of TBI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Narrative Review of the History of Skin Grafting in Burn Care.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Apr 15;57(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, TX 77550, USA.

Thermal injuries have been a phenomenon intertwined with the human condition since the dawn of our species. Autologous skin translocation, also known as skin grafting, has played an important role in burn wound management and has a rich history of its own. In fact, some of the oldest known medical texts describe ancient methods of skin translocation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Burn-induced hypermetabolism and skeletal muscle dysfunction.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Canada; Departments of Surgery and Immunology, University of Toronto, Canada; Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Canada; Ross Tilley Burn Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada.

Critical illnesses, including sepsis, cancer cachexia and burn injury, invoke a milieu of systemic metabolic and inflammatory derangements that ultimately results in increased energy expenditure leading to fat and lean mass catabolism. Burn injuries present a unique clinical challenge given the magnitude and duration of the hypermetabolic response in comparison to other forms of critical illness, which drastically increase the risk of morbidity and mortality. Skeletal muscle metabolism is particularly altered as a consequence of burn-induced hypermetabolism as it primarily provides a main source of fuel in support of wound healing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Tensile mechanical analysis of anisotropy and velocity dependence of the spinal cord white matter: a biomechanical study.

Neural Regen Res 2021 Dec;16(12):2557-2562

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Minami-Kogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi, Japan.

In spinal cord injuries, external forces from various directions occur at various velocities. Therefore, it is important to physically evaluate whether the spinal cord is susceptible to damage and an increase in internal stress for external forces. We hypothesized that the spinal cord has mechanical features that vary under stress depending on the direction and velocity of injury. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Therapeutic approach to electric burn with platelet rich plasma, grafts and hyperbaric oxygenation.

Medicina (B Aires) 2021 ;81(2):297-300

Servicio de Cirugía, Hospital de Quemados Arturo U. Illia, Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail:

Contact electrical burns are more severe than other forms of contact burn injury. Moreover, treatment of hand burns is an important therapeutic challenge. We present a 17 year-old female of low voltage electric hand injury, admitted 5 days after injury. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Emergency department visits in Reykjavik for electric scooter related injuries during the summer of 2020].

Laeknabladid 2021 May;107(5):234-238

The Emergency Department, Landspítali University Hospital in Reykjavík, Iceland.

Introduction: Electric scooters have become popular in Iceland. The aim of the current study was to gather data on the incidence, causes, and severity of injuries due to the use of electric scooters in the Reykjavik area during the summer of 2020.   MATERIAL AND METHODS: Individuals presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) at Landspitali between June 1 and August 31 were asked about the location and cause of accident, use of protective equipment, and use of recreational drugs and alcohol. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF