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    Accessing and operating agricultural machinery: advancements in assistive technology for users with impaired mobility.
    Assist Technol 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    a Purdue University , West Lafayette , IN.
    This research focused on the advancements made in enabling agricultural workers with impaired mobility to access and operate off-road agricultural machinery. Though not a new concept, technological advancements in remote-controlled lifts, electronic actuators, electric over hydraulic controllers, and various modes of hand controls have advanced significantly allowing operators with limited mobility to resume a high level of productivity in agricultural-related enterprises. In the U. Read More

    Arm Cycling Combined with Passive Leg Cycling Enhances VOin Persons with Spinal Cord Injury Above the Sixth Thoracic Vertebra.
    Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2018 20;24(1):86-95. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Trondheim, Norway.
    : To test whether passive leg cycling (PLC) during arm cycling ergometry (ACE) affects peak oxygen uptake (VO) differently in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) at/above the 6th thoracic vertebra (T6) and below T6.We conducted a cross-sectional study, analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression models. Between- and within-group differences were examined during (a) ACE only, (b) ACE combined with PLC (ACE-PLC), and (c) ACE combined with functional electrical stimulation cycling (FES hybrid). Read More

    The behaviour of pelvic floor muscles during uterine contractions in spontaneous and oxytocin-induced labour.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Feb 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    c Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Uşak University , İstanbul , Turkey.
    Term pregnant women were divided into oxytocin infusion and control groups. The electrical activities of pelvic floor muscles (PFM) were recorded at rest and during contractions electromyographically. The beginning and the end of each contraction were marked on the recorded electromyographic trace. Read More

    Therapeutic electrical stimulation of injured peripheral nerve tissue using implantable thin-film wireless nerve stimulators.
    J Neurosurg 2018 Feb 9:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
    OBJECTIVE Electrical stimulation of peripheral nerve tissue has been shown to accelerate axonal regeneration. Yet existing methods of applying electrical stimulation to injured peripheral nerves have presented significant barriers to clinical translation. In this study, the authors examined the use of a novel implantable wireless nerve stimulator capable of simultaneously delivering therapeutic electrical stimulation of injured peripheral nerve tissue and providing postoperative serial assessment of functional recovery. Read More

    Akinetic mutism following prefrontal injury by an electrical grinder a case report: A diffusion tensor tractography study.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(6):e9845
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Rationale: A 72-year-old male had suffered from head trauma resulting from injury to his frontal area by an electrical grinder while working at his home.

    Patient Concerns: He lost consciousness for approximately 10 minutes and experienced continuous post-traumatic amnesia.

    Diagnoses: He was diagnosed as traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage in both frontal lobes, intraventricular hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage, and underwent decompressive craniectomy and hematoma removal. Read More

    Relationship of Spinal Cord Injury Level and Duration to Peak Aerobic Capacity with Arms-Only and Hybrid FES-Rowing.
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Feb 5. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
    Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Spaulding Hospital Cambridge.
    Objective: To assess the relationship of spinal cord injury level and duration to peak aerobic capacities during arms-only (AO) rowing compared to hybrid Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) rowing.

    Design: Comparison of peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak), peak ventilation (VEpeak), peak respiratory exchange ratio (RERpeak), and peak heart rate (HRpeak) were measured during AO-rowing and FES-rowing obtained from graded exercise tests.

    Results: Peak aerobic values were strongly related to injury level and injury duration for both AO-rowing (r=0. Read More

    High-voltage electric stimulation of the donor site of skin grafts accelerates the healing process. A randomized blinded clinical trial.
    Burns 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation and Functional Performance, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, São Paulo University, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil; Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, São Paulo University, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Severe burns benefit from skin grafting, and grafting surgery is of great importance in the treatment of these injuries. As a result, there is formation of an additional wound at the donor site, which is painful and susceptible to infection. However, the therapeutic approach to these problems at donor sites for skin grafting is insufficiently explored in the literature. Read More

    In vivo automated quantification of thermally damaged human tissue using polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography.
    Comput Med Imaging Graph 2018 Mar 10;64:22-28. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:
    Over the decades numerous technologies have been performed for the quantification of skin injuries, but their poor sensitivity, specificity and accuracy limits their applications. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be potential tool for the identification but the modern high-speed OCT system acquires huge amount of data, which will be very time-consuming and tedious process for human interpretation. Our proposed method opens the possibility of fully automated quantitative analysis based on morphological features of thermally damaged tissue, which will become biomarker for the removal of non-viable skin. Read More

    Utility and safety of a novel surgical microscope laser light source.
    PLoS One 2018 1;13(2):e0192112. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.
    Objective: Tissue injuries caused by the thermal effects of xenon light microscopes have previously been reported. Due to this, the development of a safe microscope light source became a necessity. A newly developed laser light source is evaluated regarding its effectiveness and safety as an alternative to conventional xenon light source. Read More

    Neurophysiological and cognitive impairment following repeated sports concussion injuries in retired professional rugby league players.
    Brain Inj 2018 1;32(4):498-505. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    e Monash Alfred Psychiatric Research Centre, The Alfred and Central Clinical School , Monash University , Melbourne, Australia.
    Background: Concussion is regarded as a common injury in rugby league, however no studies have explored the long-term neurophysiological and cognitive effects of repeated concussion injuries in this sport.

    Methods: Former professional rugby athletes (n = 25) were compared to 25 age-matched participants with no history of a concussion. All participants completed standardised motor dexterity, reaction time, and cognitive tasks for working memory, associative learning and rule acquisition and reversal. Read More

    Data on evolutionary relationships between hearing reduction with history of disease and injuries among workers in Abadan Petroleum Refinery, Iran.
    Data Brief 2018 Feb 10;16:817-821. Epub 2017 Dec 10.
    Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
    The present work examined data obtained during the analysis of Hearing Reduction (HR) of Abadan Petroleum Refinery (Abadan PR) workers of Iran with a history of disease and injuries. To this end, all workers in the refinery were chosen. In this research, the effects of history of disease and injury including trauma, electric shock, meningitis-typhoid disease and genetic illness as well as contact with lead, mercury, COand alcohol consumption were evaluated (Lie, et al. Read More

    Injury Mortality in Vietnam: Patterns and Trends, 2005-2013.
    J Public Health Manag Pract 2018 Mar/Apr;24 Suppl 2 Supplement, Public Health in Vietnam:S44-S51
    Center for Injury Policy and Prevention Research, Hanoi University of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam (Drs Pham and La, Mr Nguyen, and Ms Tran); Health Environment Management Administration, Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam (Dr Luong); and Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, Health Systems Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland (Dr Bachani).
    Context: Injury is a growing public health problem worldwide. Deaths due to injuries account for 10% of the world's mortality. More than 90% of the world's injury-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries such as Vietnam. Read More

    The pathology of torture.
    Forensic Sci Int 2018 Mar 18;284:85-96. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    Ontario Forensic Pathology Service and Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:
    Detainees may be subjected to torture and extra-judicial execution by State actors and terrorists. But, the pathology of torture has not been well-described. This is due to the lack of autopsies performed on victims of torture, mostly due to the disposal of the bodies of the victims by their torturers. Read More

    Electrical stimulation-a mapping system for hand dysfunction in tetraplegia.
    Spinal Cord 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Swiss Paraplegic Centre, Nottwil, Switzerland.
    Study Design: Retrospective data analysis OBJECTIVES: To define the distribution of the motor points and excitability of the key wrist and finger actuators in order to detect upper (UMN) and lower motor neuron (LMN) lesions potentially influencing the development of a tenodesis grasp.

    Setting: A rehabilitation centre for spinal cord injuries, Nottwil, Switzerland.

    Methods: Forearm muscles of 32 patients with tetraplegia (AIS A-D) were tested bilaterally with electrical stimulation (ES) to differentiate whether UMN or LMN was present. Read More

    The Application of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) for Bone Fracture Repair: Past and Perspective Findings.
    Ann Biomed Eng 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Electrical and Biomedical Engineering, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, 3000, Australia.
    Bone fractures are one of the most commonly occurring injuries of the musculoskeletal system. A highly complex physiological process, fracture healing has been studied extensively. Data from in vivo, in vitro and clinical studies, have shown pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) to be highly influential in the fracture repair process. Read More

    E-Bike-Related Trauma in Children and Adults.
    J Emerg Med 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Background: Electric bike (e-bike) usage is growing worldwide, and so is the e-bike-related injury rate.

    Objective: This study was undertaken to characterize e-bike-related injuries.

    Methods: Data of all e-bike-related injuries presenting to our level I trauma center between 2014 and 2016 were collected and analyzed. Read More

    Patterns of burns and scalds in Mongolian children: a hospital-based prospective study.
    Trop Med Int Health 2018 Jan 20. Epub 2018 Jan 20.
    Department of Global Public Health, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
    Objective: To describe the circumstances of burn injury occurrence among Mongolian children and the products involved.

    Methods: Study participants were children aged 15 years and younger who were admitted to the Burn Unit of the National Trauma Orthopedic Research Center from August 2015 to July 2016. We collected data on participant demographics and the aetiology and clinical features of their burn injuries, and we analysed the data based on the NOMESCO Classification model. Read More

    Contralateral lumbo-umbilical flap: A versatile technique for volar finger coverage.
    Indian J Plast Surg 2017 May-Aug;50(2):201-206
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
    Background: While contemplating any difficult soft tissue reconstruction, patient comfort and compliance is of paramount importance. Reconstruction of the volar aspect of fingers and hand by the ipsilateral pedicled flaps (groin flap, abdominal flaps) is demanding as the flap inset is difficult for the surgeon and very uncomfortable for the patient. This often leads to flap complications. Read More

    Paradigms for restoration of somatosensory feedback via stimulation of the peripheral nervous system.
    Clin Neurophysiol 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Laboratory for Biomedical Microtechnology, Department of Microsystems Engineering-IMTEK, University of Freiburg, Georges-Koehler-Allee 102, 79110 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address:
    The somatosensory system contributes substantially to the integration of multiple sensor modalities into perception. Tactile sensations, proprioception and even temperature perception are integrated to perceive embodiment of our limbs. Damage of somatosensory networks can severely affect the execution of daily life activities. Read More

    Development of Self-Assembled Nanoribbon Bound Peptide-Polyaniline Composite Scaffolds and Their Interactions with Neural Cortical Cells.
    Bioengineering (Basel) 2018 Jan 13;5(1). Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    Department of Chemistry, Fordham University, 441 East Fordham Road, Bronx, New York, NY 10458, USA.
    Degenerative neurological disorders and traumatic brain injuries cause significant damage to quality of life and often impact survival. As a result, novel treatments are necessary that can allow for the regeneration of neural tissue. In this work, a new biomimetic scaffold was designed with potential for applications in neural tissue regeneration. Read More

    Assessing sensorimotor excitability after spinal cord injury: a reflex testing method based on cycling with afferent stimulation.
    Med Biol Eng Comput 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Sensorimotor Function Group, Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos, 45072, Toledo, Spain.
    Several studies have examined spinal reflex modulation during leg cycling in healthy and spinal cord injury (SCI) subjects. However, the effect of cutaneous plantar afferent input on spinal excitability during leg cycling after SCI has not been characterised. The aim of the study was to test the feasibility of using controlled leg cycling in combination with plantar cutaneous electrical stimulation (ES) cycling to assess lower limb spinal sensorimotor excitability in subjects with motor complete or incomplete SCI. Read More

    Shoulder Functional Electrical Stimulation During Wheelchair Propulsion in Spinal Cord Injury Subjects.
    Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2017 ;23(2):168-173
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, FLENI Rehabilitation Institute, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) propel their wheelchairs by generating a different level of muscle activity given their multiple deficits in muscle strength. Exercise training programs seem to be effective in improving wheelchair propulsion capacity. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) therapy is a complementary tool for rehabilitation programs. Read More

    Long-term Prognosis of Pulpal Status of Traumatized Teeth Exhibiting Contradictory Results between Pulp Sensibility Test and Ultrasound Doppler Flowmetry: A Retrospective Study.
    J Endod 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Microscope Center, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Science Research Center, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address:
    Introduction: In this retrospective study, we investigated long-term (over 3 years) follow-up results of teeth that exhibited contradictory results between the pulp sensibility test (thermal or electric pulp test) and ultrasound Doppler flowmetry (UDF) until 1 year after trauma to inspect the prognosis of the pulp.

    Methods: Data were collected from the records of trauma patients in our hospital between February 2012 and May 2015. The teeth that had continuously shown contrasting results on the pulp sensibility test and UDF until 1 year after trauma were chosen for the study. Read More

    Road Traffic Injuries among Riders of Electric Bike/Electric Moped in Southern China.
    Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    f Center for Injury Research and Policy and Center for Pediatric Trauma Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University College of Medicine , Columbus , OH , USA.
    Objective Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries have become a burgeoning public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and potential risk factors of electric bike/moped -related road traffic injuries among electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Methods A cross-sectional study was used to interview 3,151 electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Read More

    Pediatric Electric Bicycle Injuries: The Experience of a Large Urban Tertiary Care Pediatric Hospital.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Background: Electric bicycles (E-bikes) are one of a wide range of light electric vehicles that provide convenient local transportation and attractive recreational opportunities. The aim of this study was to report E-bike-related injuries in children presenting to a trauma center.

    Methods: Retrospective observational study, from December 2014 to November 2015, which included all pediatrics patients admitted to the emergency department with an injury related to E-bike use, was performed. Read More

    The Feasibility and Usability of RunningCoach: A Remote Coaching System for Long-Distance Runners.
    Sensors (Basel) 2018 Jan 10;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
    Studies have shown that about half of the injuries sustained during long-distance running involve the knee. Cadence (steps per minute) has been identified as a factor that is strongly associated with these running-related injuries, making it a worthwhile candidate for further study. As such, it is critical for long-distance runners to minimize their risk of injury by running at an appropriate running cadence. Read More

    Retrospective Review of Free Anterolateral Thigh Flaps for Limb Salvage in Severely Injured High-Voltage Electrical Burn Patients.
    Ann Plast Surg 2018 Mar;80(3):232-237
    From the Burns and Plastic Reconstruction Unit, the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.
    Background: High-voltage electrical injuries usually cause extensive and devastating damages to the extremities. Timely and effective coverage of the wounds to maximally preserve the viable tissue is important for salvage and the ultimate functional outcome of the involved extremities. In this study, free anterolateral thigh flaps with a single-perforator pedicle were conducted to maximize tissue salvage and decrease late skeletal and neuromuscular complications of the involved extremities injured by high-voltage electricity. Read More

    Cycle Training Using Implanted Neural Prostheses: Team Cleveland.
    Eur J Transl Myol 2017 Dec 6;27(4):7087. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Advanced Platform Technology Center, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
    Recently our laboratory team focused on training five individuals with complete spinal cord injuries for an overground FES bike race in the 2016 Cybathlon held in Zurich Switzerland. A unique advantage team Cleveland had over other teams was the use of implanted pulse generators that provide more selective activation of muscles compared to standard surface stimulation. The advancements in muscle strength and endurance and ultimately cycling power our pilots made during this training period helped propel our competing pilot to win gold at the Cybathlon and allowed our pilots to ride their bikes outside within their communities. Read More

    Acute repair of traumatic pan-brachial plexus injury: technical considerations and approaches.
    Neurosurg Focus 2018 Jan;44(VideoSuppl1):V4
    Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
    Particularly challenging after complete brachial plexus avulsion is reestablishing effective hand function, due to limited neurological donors to reanimate the arm. Acute repair of avulsion injuries may enable reinnervation strategies for achieving hand function. This patient presented with pan-brachial plexus injury. Read More

    Changes in transcranial electrical motor-evoked potentials during the early and reversible stage of permanent spinal cord ischemia predict spinal cord injury in a rabbit animal model.
    Exp Ther Med 2017 Dec 27;14(6):5429-5437. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, Shandong 276003, P.R. China.
    The present study examined changes in the transcranial electrical motor-evoked potentials (TceMEP) waveform to predict neurological deficits and histopathological changes during the early and reversible stage of different levels of permanent spinal cord ischemic injury in a rabbit animal model. A total of 24 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into four groups of 6 rabbits each. Group 1 underwent a ligation of the lumbar artery at three levels (L1-L3), group 2 underwent a ligation of the lumbar artery at four levels (L1-L4) and group 3 underwent a ligation of the lumbar artery at five levels (L1-L5). Read More

    Injuries Associated with Police Use of Force.
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2017 Dec 28. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Wake Forest School of Medicine, Dept of Emergency Medicine Wake Forest School of Medicine, Dept of Emergency Medicine University of Missouri-St. Louis, Dept of Criminology LSU Shreveport, Dept of Emergency Medicine LSU Shreveport, Dept of Emergency Medicine High Point University, Dept of Physician Assistant Studies St. Luke's University Health Network, Dept of Emergency Medicine Maricopa Medical Center, Dept. of Surgery.
    Background: Use of Force [UOF] by police can result in serious injuries and fatalities. The risk of significant injuries associated with different force modalities is poorly defined. We sought to determine the incidence of police UOF and compare the likelihood of significant injury with different force modalities. Read More

    Disturbance-Estimated Adaptive Backstepping Sliding Mode Control of a Pneumatic Muscles-Driven Ankle Rehabilitation Robot.
    Sensors (Basel) 2017 Dec 28;18(1). Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Faculty of Engineering, Environment and Computing, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK.
    A rehabilitation robot plays an important role in relieving the therapists' burden and helping patients with ankle injuries to perform more accurate and effective rehabilitation training. However, a majority of current ankle rehabilitation robots are rigid and have drawbacks in terms of complex structure, poor flexibility and lack of safety. Taking advantages of pneumatic muscles' good flexibility and light weight, we developed a novel two degrees of freedom (2-DOF) parallel compliant ankle rehabilitation robot actuated by pneumatic muscles (PMs). Read More

    Ontemporary Utilization of Resuscitative Thoracotomy: Results from the AAST Aortic Occlusion for Resuscitation in Trauma and Acute Care Surgery (AORTA) Multicenter Registry.
    Shock 2017 Dec 26. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Travis AFB Medical Center; University of Tennessee - Memphis; University of Texas - Houston; University of Maryland; University of Florida, Jacksonville; University of Southern California; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Loma Linda University.
    Introduction: Several reviews of Resuscitative thoracotomy (RT) use over the last 5 decades have been conducted, most recently the evidence-based practice management guideline (PMG) of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST). The present study was designed to examine contemporary RT utilization and outcomes compared to historical data (n = 10,238) from the EAST PMG review from published series 1974 - 2013.

    Methods: The AAST AORTA registry was utilized to identify patients undergoing RT in the ED from Nov 2013 to Dec 2016. Read More

    [Clinical research of features of magnetic resonance imaging of high-voltage electrical burns in limbs at early stage].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Dec;33(12):750-756
    Department of Radiology, Shanghai Electric Power Hospital, Shanghai 200050, China.
    To analyze the features of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of patients with high-voltage electrical burns in limbs at early stage.Thirty-eight patients with high-voltage electrical burns, conforming to the study criteria, were hospitalized in our unit from March 2013 to August 2016. T(1) weighted imaging (T(1)WI), T(2)WI, fat-suppression T(2)WI plain scan, and fat-suppression T(1)WI enhanced scan of MRI were performed in 78 limbs, including 56 upper limbs and 22 lower limbs at post injury hour 72. Read More

    [Changes of platelet rheological behavior and the interventional effects of ulinastatin in rats with high-voltage electrical burns].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Dec;33(12):744-749
    Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Burns Treatment Project Technology Research Center of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang 050031, China.
    To explore the influence of high-voltage electrical burns on the number of platelet aggregation, β-thromboglobulin (β-TG) and platelet factor 4 (PF-4) and the interventional effects of ulinastatin in rats with high-voltage electrical burns.A total of 240 Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into sham injury (SI) group, simple electrical burn (SEB) group, normal saline (NS) group, and ulinastatin (UTI) group according to the random number table, with 60 rats in each group. The electrical current was applied to the outside proximal part of left forelimb of rats and exited from the outside proximal part of right hind limb of rats. Read More

    [Wound repair and functional reconstruction of high-voltage electrical burns in wrists].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Dec;33(12):738-743
    Department of Burns, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China.
    To explore the methods and effects of wound repair and functional reconstruction of high-voltage electrical burns in wrists.From January 2009 to June 2016, 71 patients with high-voltage electrical burns in wrists were hospitalized, with 118 wrist wounds including 21 of type Ⅰ, 69 of type Ⅱ, 9 of type Ⅲ, and 19 of type Ⅳ. According to the wrist injuries, different surgical operations were performed. Read More

    [Epidemiological investigation on 2 133 hospitalized patients with electrical burns].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Dec;33(12):732-737
    Department of General Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.
    To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of the hospitalized patients with electrical burns in Institute of Burns of Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital (hereinafter referred to as Institute of Burns of Wuhan Third Hospital), so as to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of electrical burns.Medical records of all hospitalized burn patients in Institute of Burns of Wuhan Third Hospital from January 2004 to December 2016 were collected. Genders, ages, social categories, seasons of injury, total burn areas, depths of wounds, electrical voltages of injury, sites of wound, treatment methods, amputation rates, lengths of hospital stay, operation costs, hospitalization costs, and treatment outcomes of the electrical burn patients were collected. Read More

    [Prevention and treatment of electrical burn injury: much progresses achieved yet further efforts still needed].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Dec;33(12):728-731
    Institute of Burns, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.
    Electrical burn injury is very common, including electrical contact burn, electrical arc burn, and lightning burn, etc. Electrical burn patients account for 0.04 to 5 percent of all burn victims in the developed countries, while it hit up to 27 percent in the developing countries, much more than the global average of 4. Read More

    Electric or traumatic injury? The role of histopathological investigations.
    Med Leg J 2017 Jan 1:25817217743856. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    1 Institute of Legal Medicine, Magna Græcia University, Catanzaro, Italy.
    Analysis of wounds is crucial in forensic medicine to prove how an injury was caused. In many cases, microscopic analysis may be decisive. It is often difficult to distinguish macroscopic skin lesions resulting from electrical, mechanical and from thermal trauma where these occur simultaneously and to formulate a correct differential diagnosis. Read More

    Intensity matters: Therapist-dependent dose of spinal transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.
    PLoS One 2017 15;12(12):e0189734. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Toledo Physiotherapy Research Group (GIFTO), Nursing and Physiotherapy School, Castilla La Mancha University, Toledo, Spain.
    The intensity used during transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in both, clinical practice and research studies, is often based on subjective commands such as "strong but comfortable sensation". There is no consensus regarding the effectiveness dose of TENS. The objective was to determine the difference in the effect of spinal TENS on soleus H-reflex modulation when applied by two therapists instructed to apply the stimulation at a "strong but comfortable" intensity. Read More

    Posterior capsular rupture and spontaneous posterior dislocation of lens following electrical injury.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Dec 13;2017. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    Lenticular changes are often seen following electrical injury. We report an unusual case of electrical injury with late spontaneous posterior dislocation of lens nucleus with intact anterior capsule with ruptured posterior capsule in the right eye and anterior subcapsular cataract in the left eye. The right eye was managed with pars plana vitrectomy with cortical matter removal with multipiece intraocular lens insertion in ciliary sulcus. Read More

    Biocompatible Electroactive Tetra(aniline)-Conjugated Peptide Nanofibers for Neural Differentiation.
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Jan 20;10(1):308-317. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Institute for Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago , Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States.
    Peripheral nerve injuries cause devastating problems for the quality of patients' lives, and regeneration following damage to the peripheral nervous system is limited depending on the degree of the damage. Use of nanobiomaterials can provide therapeutic approaches for the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries. Electroactive biomaterials, in particular, can provide a promising cure for the regeneration of nerve defects. Read More

    Inter-day reliability of surface electromyography recordings of the lumbar part of erector spinae longissimus and trapezius descendens during box lifting.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Dec 11;18(1):519. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Physical Activity and Human Performance group - SMI, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7, 9220, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Background: Low back pain and neck-shoulder pain are the most reported types of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, and performing heavy lifting at work and working with trunk rotation increase the risk of developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Surface electromyography (sEMG) provides information about the electrical activity of muscles. Thus it has the potential to retrieve indirect information about the physical exposure of specific muscles of workers during their actual work. Read More

    Waste management, informal recycling, environmental pollution and public health.
    J Epidemiol Community Health 2018 Mar 8;72(3):237-243. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    UCL Department of Geography, University College London, London, UK.
    With rapid population growth, especially in low-income and middle-income countries, the generation of waste is increasing at an unprecedented rate. For example, annual global waste arising from waste electrical and electronic equipment alone will have increased from 33.8 to 49. Read More

    A mysterious case of complex regional pain syndrome in a 9-year-old girl.
    Disabil Rehabil 2017 Dec 7:1-3. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    a Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine , Medical University Vienna , Vienna , Austria.
    Purpose: To describe the clinical manifestation and the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome type II in childhood.

    Methods: Using information on the symptoms, diagnosis, rehabilitation and outcome of a young patient with complex regional pain syndrome type II.

    Results: A 9-year -old girl had severe pain in the region of the left foot, signs of a common fibular nerve entrapment, hyperalgesia not limited to the distribution of the injured nerve, weakness and temperature asymmetry unknown origin. Read More

    A multisession evaluation of an adaptive competitive arm rehabilitation game.
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 2017 Dec 6;14(1):128. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wyoming, 1000 E University Avenue, Laramie, WY, 82071, USA.
    Background: People with neurological injuries such as stroke should exercise frequently and intensely to regain their motor abilities, but are generally hindered by lack of motivation. One way to increase motivation in rehabilitation is through competitive exercises, but such exercises have only been tested in single brief sessions and usually did not adapt difficulty to the patient's abilities.

    Methods: We designed a competitive arm rehabilitation game for two players that dynamically adapts its difficulty to both players' abilities. Read More

    Electrical stimulation improved cognitive deficits associated with traumatic brain injury in rats.
    Brain Behav 2017 Nov 5;7(11):e00667. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
    Department of NeurosurgeryTianjin Neurological InstituteTianjin Medical University General HospitalTianjinChina.
    Introduction: Cognitive deficits associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI) reduce patient quality of life. However, to date, there have been no effective treatments for TBI-associated cognitive deficits. In this study, we aimed to determine whether electrical stimulation (ES) improves cognitive deficits in TBI rats. Read More

    Electrical Stimulation for Pressure Injuries: A Health Technology Assessment.
    • Authors:
    Ont Health Technol Assess Ser 2017 8;17(14):1-106. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Background: Pressure injuries (bedsores) are common and reduce quality of life. They are also costly and difficult to treat. This health technology assessment evaluates the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, budget impact, and lived experience of adding electrical stimulation to standard wound care for pressure injuries. Read More

    Combined therapy involving electroacupuncture and treadmill exercise attenuates demyelination in the corpus callosum by stimulating oligodendrogenesis in a rat model of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia.
    Exp Neurol 2018 Feb 2;300:222-231. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Department of Korean Medical Science, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Republic of Korea; Graduate Training Program of Korean Medicine for Healthy-aging, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Republic of Korea; Korean Medical Science Research Center for Healthy-Aging, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    We investigated whether electroacupuncture (EA) and treadmill (TM) exercise improve behaviors related to motor and memory dysfunction in a cerebral palsy-like rat model via activation of oligodendrogenesis. A neonatal hypoxia-ischemia model was created using Sprague-Dawley rats (P7), and these underwent EA stimulation and treadmill training from 3 to 5weeks after hypoxia-ischemia induction. EA treatment was delivered via electrical stimulation (2Hz, 1mA) at two acupoints, Baihui (GV20) and Zusanli (ST36). Read More

    High-voltage electrical injury: Modified surgical technique for optimal defect closuring of extra-large cranial defect.
    Dermatol Ther 2017 Nov 28. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, 4002, Bulgaria.
    Electrical burns are group of traumatic injuries with a mortality rate of 3-15%. High-voltage induced extensive electric burns are rarely seen in the cranial area, compared to upper and lower limbs, but extremely difficult for treatment, due to the limited flexibility in this area. The spectrum of therapeutic interventions in electrical burns in general, evolving initial necrectomy, decompression, and aggressive debridement with early skin coverage is usually not enough in cases of extensive cranial defects. Read More

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