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    1 OF 285

    A Wearable Body Controlling Device for Application of Functional Electrical Stimulation.
    Sensors (Basel) 2018 Apr 18;18(4). Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    Department of Veterinary Medicine & Biological Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA.
    In this research, we describe a new balancing device used to stabilize the rear quarters of a patient dog with spinal cord injuries. Our approach uses inertial measurement sensing and direct leg actuation to lay a foundation for eventual muscle control by means of direct functional electrical stimulation (FES). During this phase of development, we designed and built a mechanical test-bed to develop the control and stimulation algorithms before we use the device on our animal subjects. Read More

    Protective Effect of Moderate Exogenous Electric Field Stimulation on Activating Netrin-1/DCC Expression Against Mechanical Stretch-Induced Injury in Spinal Cord Neurons.
    Neurotox Res 2018 Apr 7. Epub 2018 Apr 7.
    Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, 100083, China.
    Nerve cells detect and respond to electric field stimulation and extrinsic chemical guidance cues during development and regeneration; therefore, the development and optimization of an approach for functional neuronal regeneration are necessary for a nerve injury. In this study, we proposed using electric field stimulation to repair a nerve injury triggered by serious mechanical stretch loading. A device that provides continuous mechanical stretch and constant electric field stimulation was designed. Read More

    Stretchable Transparent Electrode Arrays for Simultaneous Electrical and Optical Interrogation of Neural Circuits in Vivo.
    Nano Lett 2018 Apr 9. Epub 2018 Apr 9.
    School of Life Sciences , Tsinghua University , Beijing 100084 , China.
    Recent developments of transparent electrode arrays provide a unique capability for simultaneous optical and electrical interrogation of neural circuits in the brain. However, none of these electrode arrays possess the stretchability highly desired for interfacing with mechanically active neural systems, such as the brain under injury, the spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Here, we report a stretchable transparent electrode array from carbon nanotube (CNT) web-like thin films that retains excellent electrochemical performance and broad-band optical transparency under stretching and is highly durable under cyclic stretching deformation. Read More

    Erythropoietin protects retina against ceramide 2-induced damage in rat.
    Curr Mol Med 2018 Mar 22. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
    Department of Ophthalmology of Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji Eye Institute, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai. China.
    Ceramide plays critical roles in cell proliferation, senescence and apoptosis, and is implicated in neurodegenerative diseases, etc. To clarify if ceramide plays some roles in retinal diseases, we established in vivo and in vitro retinal injury models with ceramide 2 (C2) treatment. In addition, Erythropoietin (EPO), which showed protective effects on retinal cells and blood-retinal barrier (BRB), was also tested for its protection and possible mechanism(s) in these models. Read More

    The effect of pelvic floor muscle training and intravaginal electrical stimulation on urinary incontinence in women with incomplete spinal cord injury: an investigator-blinded parallel randomized clinical trial.
    Int Urogynecol J 2018 Mar 24. Epub 2018 Mar 24.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev, Denmark.
    Introduction And Hypothesis: Urinary incontinence is a prevalent problem in women with spinal cord injury. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) alone and combined with intravaginal electrical stimulation (IVES) on urinary incontinence in women with incomplete spinal cord injury.

    Methods: In this investigator-blinded randomized clinical trial, we recruited women aged 18-75 with incomplete spinal cord injury and urinary incontinence from a single spinal cord injury clinic in Denmark. Read More

    Motor Cortex Stimulation Regenerative Effects in Peripheral Nerve Injury: An Experimental Rat Model.
    World Neurosurg 2018 Mar 20. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    Laboratory of Research in Neurosciences (Mechanisms and Application of Neuromodulation), Faculty of Medicine, St. Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon; Department of Neurosurgery, Hôtel-Dieu de France Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:
    Background: Immediate microsurgical nerve suture remains the gold standard after peripheral nerve injuries. However, functional recovery is delayed, and it is satisfactory in only 2/3 of cases. Peripheral electrical nerve stimulation proximal to the lesion enhances nerve regeneration and muscle reinnervation. Read More

    Label-free photoacoustic microscopy for in-vivo tendon imaging using a fiber-based pulse laser.
    Sci Rep 2018 Mar 19;8(1):4805. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
    Advanced Photonics Research Institute, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 123 Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju, 61005, South Korea.
    Tendons are tough, flexible, and ubiquitous tissues that connect muscle to bone. Tendon injuries are a common musculoskeletal injury, which affect 7% of all patients and are involved in up to 50% of sports-related injuries in the United States. Various imaging modalities are used to evaluate tendons, and both magnetic resonance imaging and sonography are used clinically to evaluate tendons with non-invasive and non-ionizing radiation. Read More

    [Effects of decompression combined with electro-acupuncture on rat with acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury].
    Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Jan;31(1):67-73
    China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, China;
    Objective: To explore the effect and underlying mechanism of decompression(DE)combined with Governor Vessel(GV)electro-acupuncture(EA) on rats with acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury.

    Methods: Thirty SPF rats were randomly divided into 5 groups(control group A, B and experiment group C, D, E), 6 rats in each group. The model of acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury were made by forcing a balloon catheter put in atlas pillow clearance. Read More

    Automatic application of neural stimulation during wheelchair propulsion after SCI enhances recovery of upright sitting from destabilizing events.
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 2018 Mar 12;15(1):17. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.
    Background: The leading cause of injury for manual wheelchair users are tips and falls caused by unexpected destabilizing events encountered during everyday activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of automatically restoring seated stability to manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI) via a threshold-based system to activate the hip and trunk muscles with electrical stimulation during potentially destabilizing events.

    Methods: We detected and classified potentially destabilizing sudden stops and turns with a wheelchair-mounted wireless inertial measurement unit (IMU), and then applied neural stimulation to activate the appropriate muscles to resist trunk movement and restore seated stability. Read More

    Ultrastructural brain abnormalities and associated behavioral changes in mice after low-intensity blast exposure.
    Behav Brain Res 2018 Mar 8;347:148-157. Epub 2018 Mar 8.
    Department of Pathology & Anatomical Sciences, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65212, USA; Truman VA Hospital Research Service, Columbia, MO 65201, USA. Electronic address:
    Explosive blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), a "signature wound" of recent military conflicts, commonly affects service members. While past blast injury studies have provided insights into TBI with moderate- to high-intensity explosions, the impact of primary low-intensity blast (LIB)-mediated pathobiology on neurological deficits requires further investigation. Our prior considerations of blast physics predicted ultrastructural injuries at nanoscale levels. Read More

    An epidemiological study on home injuries among children of 0-14 years in South Delhi.
    Indian J Public Health 2018 Jan-Mar;62(1):4-9
    Director Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India.
    Background: Injuries are an important public health problem worldwide, accounting for 5 million deaths, of which unintentional injuries account for 0.8 million deaths in children. Though there are many factors responsible for injury in the home, the environment plays an important role. Read More

    Use of motor evoked potentials during lateral lumbar interbody fusion reduces postoperative deficits.
    Spine J 2018 Apr 3. Epub 2018 Apr 3.
    Capital Region Special Surgery PLLC, 1220 New Scotland Rd, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA.
    Background Context: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) has gained rather widespread acceptance as a method to mitigate risk to the lumbar plexus during lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) surgery. The most common approach to IONM involves using only electromyography (EMG) monitoring, and the rate of postoperative deficit remains unacceptably high. Other test modalities, such as transcranial electric motor-evoked potentials (tcMEPs) and somatosensory-evoked potentials, may be more suitable for monitoring neural integrity, but they have not been widely adopted during LLIF. Read More

    A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Study to Assess the Effect of Anodal and Cathodal Electrical Stimulation on Periwound Skin Blood Flow and Pressure Ulcer Size Reduction in Persons with Neurological Injuries.
    Ostomy Wound Manage 2018 Feb;64(2):10-29
    Department of Medical Biophysics, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice.
    The use of electrical stimulation (ES) should be considered for treating nonhealing pressure ulcers (PUs), but optimal ES wound treatment protocols have yet to be established. A randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effects of cathodal and anodal high-voltage monophasic pulsed current (HVMPC) on periwound skin blood flow (PSBF) and size reduction of Stage 2 to Stage 4 PUs of at least 4 weeks' duration. Persons >18 years of age, hospitalized with neurological injuries, at high risk for PU development (Norton scale <14 points; Waterlow scale >15 points), and with at least 1 Stage 2 to Stage 4 PU were eligible to participate in the study. Read More

    Could the correct side of mediolateral episiotomy be determined according to anal sphincter EMG?
    Int Urogynecol J 2018 Feb 26. Epub 2018 Feb 26.
    Rīga Stradiņš University, Riga, Latvia.
    Introduction And Hypothesis: Mediolateral episiotomy is one of the most frequent surgical interventions performed in obstetrics. There is conflicting evidence as to whether mediolateral episiotomy reduces the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASI). Recent studies suggest that functional asymmetry of pelvic floor innervation exists in healthy women and is strongly associated with postpartum incontinence when the trauma occurs on the dominant side of innervation. Read More

    Measurement of Microvascular Endothelial Barrier Dysfunction and Hyperpermeability In Vitro.
    Methods Mol Biol 2018 ;1717:237-242
    Department of Surgery, Texas A&M University Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Baylor Scott and White Research Institute, Temple, TX, USA.
    Loss of microvascular endothelial barrier integrity leads to vascular hyperpermeability and vasogenic edema in a variety of disease processes including trauma, ischemia and sepsis. Understanding these principles gives valuable information on pathophysiology and therapeutic drug development. While animal models of traumatic and ischemic injuries are useful to understand vascular dysfunctions associated with such injuries, in vitro barrier integrity assays are reliable and helpful adjuncts to understand the cellular and molecular changes and signaling mechanisms that regulate barrier function. Read More

    Eye injuries from electrical weapon probes: Incidents, prevalence, and legal implications.
    J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Apr 14;55:52-57. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    School of Criminal Justice, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, United States.
    Purpose: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including burn injuries and trauma associated with uncontrolled fall impacts. However, the prevalence of significant eye injury has not been investigated.

    Methods: We searched for incidents of penetrating eye injury from TASER conducted electrical weapon (CEW) probes via open source media, litigation filings, and a survey of CEW law-enforcement master instructors. Read More

    Volume Resuscitation in Patients With High-Voltage Electrical Injuries.
    Ann Plast Surg 2018 Mar;80(3 Suppl 2):S113-S118
    Volume resuscitation of patients with high-voltage electrical injuries (>1000 V) is a more complex challenge than standard burn resuscitation. High voltages penetrate deep tissues. These deep injuries are not accounted for in resuscitation formulae dependent on percentage of cutaneous burn. Read More

    Various surgical techniques to create an aesthetic appearance at the donor site of anterolateral thigh free flaps based on the oblique branch: Twenty-one clinical case reports.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(7):e9885
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi, Guizhou, People's Republic of China.
    Rationale: Reducing the morbidity associated with anterolateral thigh (ALT) donor sites by performing aesthetic restoration has become a popular research topic. Various surgical techniques have been developed allowing for direct closure of the donor site. However, closure techniques for ALT donor sites based on the oblique branch have not been systematically reported. Read More

    Recovery of an injured corticofugal tract from the supplementary motor area in a patient with traumatic brain injury: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(7):e9063
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Rationale: We report on a patient with traumatic brain injury who showed motor recovery concurrent with recovery of injured corticofugal tracts (CFTs), diagnosed by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT).

    Patient Concerns: Four weeks after onset, when the patient started rehabilitation, he showed severe weakness of both upper and lower extremities [Motricity Index (MI, full score: 100/100): 9/30].

    Diagnoses: A 29-year-old male patient underwent conservative management for traumatic hemorrhages in both frontal lobes and right thalamus resulting from a car accident. Read More

    Accessing and operating agricultural machinery: advancements in assistive technology for users with impaired mobility.
    Assist Technol 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    a Purdue University , West Lafayette , IN.
    This research focused on the advancements made in enabling agricultural workers with impaired mobility to access and operate off-road agricultural machinery. Though not a new concept, technological advancements in remote-controlled lifts, electronic actuators, electric over hydraulic controllers, and various modes of hand controls have advanced significantly allowing operators with limited mobility to resume a high level of productivity in agricultural-related enterprises. In the U. Read More

    Arm Cycling Combined with Passive Leg Cycling Enhances VO in Persons with Spinal Cord Injury Above the Sixth Thoracic Vertebra.
    Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2018 20;24(1):86-95. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Trondheim, Norway.
    : To test whether passive leg cycling (PLC) during arm cycling ergometry (ACE) affects peak oxygen uptake (VO) differently in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) at/above the 6th thoracic vertebra (T6) and below T6. We conducted a cross-sectional study, analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression models. Between- and within-group differences were examined during (a) ACE only, (b) ACE combined with PLC (ACE-PLC), and (c) ACE combined with functional electrical stimulation cycling (FES hybrid). Read More

    The behaviour of pelvic floor muscles during uterine contractions in spontaneous and oxytocin-induced labour.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Feb 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    c Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Uşak University , İstanbul , Turkey.
    Term pregnant women were divided into oxytocin infusion and control groups. The electrical activities of pelvic floor muscles (PFM) were recorded at rest and during contractions electromyographically. The beginning and the end of each contraction were marked on the recorded electromyographic trace. Read More

    Therapeutic electrical stimulation of injured peripheral nerve tissue using implantable thin-film wireless nerve stimulators.
    J Neurosurg 2018 Feb 9:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
    OBJECTIVE Electrical stimulation of peripheral nerve tissue has been shown to accelerate axonal regeneration. Yet existing methods of applying electrical stimulation to injured peripheral nerves have presented significant barriers to clinical translation. In this study, the authors examined the use of a novel implantable wireless nerve stimulator capable of simultaneously delivering therapeutic electrical stimulation of injured peripheral nerve tissue and providing postoperative serial assessment of functional recovery. Read More

    Akinetic mutism following prefrontal injury by an electrical grinder a case report: A diffusion tensor tractography study.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(6):e9845
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Rationale: A 72-year-old male had suffered from head trauma resulting from injury to his frontal area by an electrical grinder while working at his home.

    Patient Concerns: He lost consciousness for approximately 10 minutes and experienced continuous post-traumatic amnesia.

    Diagnoses: He was diagnosed as traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage in both frontal lobes, intraventricular hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage, and underwent decompressive craniectomy and hematoma removal. Read More

    Relationship of Spinal Cord Injury Level and Duration to Peak Aerobic Capacity with Arms-Only and Hybrid FES-Rowing.
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Feb 5. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
    Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Spaulding Hospital Cambridge.
    Objective: To assess the relationship of spinal cord injury level and duration to peak aerobic capacities during arms-only (AO) rowing compared to hybrid Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) rowing.

    Design: Comparison of peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak), peak ventilation (VEpeak), peak respiratory exchange ratio (RERpeak), and peak heart rate (HRpeak) were measured during AO-rowing and FES-rowing obtained from graded exercise tests.

    Results: Peak aerobic values were strongly related to injury level and injury duration for both AO-rowing (r=0. Read More

    High-voltage electric stimulation of the donor site of skin grafts accelerates the healing process. A randomized blinded clinical trial.
    Burns 2018 May;44(3):636-645
    Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation and Functional Performance, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, São Paulo University, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil; Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, São Paulo University, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Severe burns benefit from skin grafting, and grafting surgery is of great importance in the treatment of these injuries. As a result, there is formation of an additional wound at the donor site, which is painful and susceptible to infection. However, the therapeutic approach to these problems at donor sites for skin grafting is insufficiently explored in the literature. Read More

    In vivo automated quantification of thermally damaged human tissue using polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography.
    Comput Med Imaging Graph 2018 Mar 10;64:22-28. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:
    Over the decades numerous technologies have been performed for the quantification of skin injuries, but their poor sensitivity, specificity and accuracy limits their applications. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be potential tool for the identification but the modern high-speed OCT system acquires huge amount of data, which will be very time-consuming and tedious process for human interpretation. Our proposed method opens the possibility of fully automated quantitative analysis based on morphological features of thermally damaged tissue, which will become biomarker for the removal of non-viable skin. Read More

    Utility and safety of a novel surgical microscope laser light source.
    PLoS One 2018 1;13(2):e0192112. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.
    Objective: Tissue injuries caused by the thermal effects of xenon light microscopes have previously been reported. Due to this, the development of a safe microscope light source became a necessity. A newly developed laser light source is evaluated regarding its effectiveness and safety as an alternative to conventional xenon light source. Read More

    Neurophysiological and cognitive impairment following repeated sports concussion injuries in retired professional rugby league players.
    Brain Inj 2018 1;32(4):498-505. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    e Monash Alfred Psychiatric Research Centre, The Alfred and Central Clinical School , Monash University , Melbourne, Australia.
    Background: Concussion is regarded as a common injury in rugby league, however no studies have explored the long-term neurophysiological and cognitive effects of repeated concussion injuries in this sport.

    Methods: Former professional rugby athletes (n = 25) were compared to 25 age-matched participants with no history of a concussion. All participants completed standardised motor dexterity, reaction time, and cognitive tasks for working memory, associative learning and rule acquisition and reversal. Read More

    Data on evolutionary relationships between hearing reduction with history of disease and injuries among workers in Abadan Petroleum Refinery, Iran.
    Data Brief 2018 Feb 10;16:817-821. Epub 2017 Dec 10.
    Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
    The present work examined data obtained during the analysis of Hearing Reduction (HR) of Abadan Petroleum Refinery (Abadan PR) workers of Iran with a history of disease and injuries. To this end, all workers in the refinery were chosen. In this research, the effects of history of disease and injury including trauma, electric shock, meningitis-typhoid disease and genetic illness as well as contact with lead, mercury, CO and alcohol consumption were evaluated (Lie, et al. Read More

    Injury Mortality in Vietnam: Patterns and Trends, 2005-2013.
    J Public Health Manag Pract 2018 Mar/Apr;24 Suppl 2 Supplement, Public Health in Vietnam:S44-S51
    Center for Injury Policy and Prevention Research, Hanoi University of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam (Drs Pham and La, Mr Nguyen, and Ms Tran); Health Environment Management Administration, Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam (Dr Luong); and Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, Health Systems Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland (Dr Bachani).
    Context: Injury is a growing public health problem worldwide. Deaths due to injuries account for 10% of the world's mortality. More than 90% of the world's injury-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries such as Vietnam. Read More

    The pathology of torture.
    Forensic Sci Int 2018 Mar 18;284:85-96. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    Ontario Forensic Pathology Service and Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:
    Detainees may be subjected to torture and extra-judicial execution by State actors and terrorists. But, the pathology of torture has not been well-described. This is due to the lack of autopsies performed on victims of torture, mostly due to the disposal of the bodies of the victims by their torturers. Read More

    Electrical stimulation-a mapping system for hand dysfunction in tetraplegia.
    Spinal Cord 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Swiss Paraplegic Centre, Nottwil, Switzerland.
    Study Design: Retrospective data analysis OBJECTIVES: To define the distribution of the motor points and excitability of the key wrist and finger actuators in order to detect upper (UMN) and lower motor neuron (LMN) lesions potentially influencing the development of a tenodesis grasp.

    Setting: A rehabilitation centre for spinal cord injuries, Nottwil, Switzerland.

    Methods: Forearm muscles of 32 patients with tetraplegia (AIS A-D) were tested bilaterally with electrical stimulation (ES) to differentiate whether UMN or LMN was present. Read More

    An integrated multi-layer 3D-fabrication of PDA/RGD coated graphene loaded PCL nanoscaffold for peripheral nerve restoration.
    Nat Commun 2018 01 22;9(1):323. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China.
    As a conductive nanomaterial, graphene has huge potentials in nerve function restoration by promoting electrical signal transduction and metabolic activities with unique topological properties. Polydopamine (PDA) and arginylglycylaspartic acid (RGD) can improve cell adhesion in tissue engineering. Here we report an integrated 3D printing and layer-by-layer casting (LBLC) method in multi-layered porous scaffold fabrication. Read More

    The Application of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) for Bone Fracture Repair: Past and Perspective Findings.
    Ann Biomed Eng 2018 Apr 22;46(4):525-542. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Electrical and Biomedical Engineering, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, 3000, Australia.
    Bone fractures are one of the most commonly occurring injuries of the musculoskeletal system. A highly complex physiological process, fracture healing has been studied extensively. Data from in vivo, in vitro and clinical studies, have shown pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) to be highly influential in the fracture repair process. Read More

    E-Bike-Related Trauma in Children and Adults.
    J Emerg Med 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Background: Electric bike (e-bike) usage is growing worldwide, and so is the e-bike-related injury rate.

    Objective: This study was undertaken to characterize e-bike-related injuries.

    Methods: Data of all e-bike-related injuries presenting to our level I trauma center between 2014 and 2016 were collected and analyzed. Read More

    Patterns of burns and scalds in Mongolian children: a hospital-based prospective study.
    Trop Med Int Health 2018 Mar 8;23(3):334-340. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Department of Global Public Health, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
    Objective: To describe the circumstances of burn injury occurrence among Mongolian children and the products involved.

    Methods: Study participants were children aged 15 years and younger who were admitted to the Burn Unit of the National Trauma Orthopedic Research Center from August 2015 to July 2016. We collected data on participant demographics and the aetiology and clinical features of their burn injuries, and we analysed the data based on the NOMESCO Classification model. Read More

    Contralateral lumbo-umbilical flap: A versatile technique for volar finger coverage.
    Indian J Plast Surg 2017 May-Aug;50(2):201-206
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
    Background: While contemplating any difficult soft tissue reconstruction, patient comfort and compliance is of paramount importance. Reconstruction of the volar aspect of fingers and hand by the ipsilateral pedicled flaps (groin flap, abdominal flaps) is demanding as the flap inset is difficult for the surgeon and very uncomfortable for the patient. This often leads to flap complications. Read More

    Paradigms for restoration of somatosensory feedback via stimulation of the peripheral nervous system.
    Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Apr 27;129(4):851-862. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Laboratory for Biomedical Microtechnology, Department of Microsystems Engineering-IMTEK, University of Freiburg, Georges-Koehler-Allee 102, 79110 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address:
    The somatosensory system contributes substantially to the integration of multiple sensor modalities into perception. Tactile sensations, proprioception and even temperature perception are integrated to perceive embodiment of our limbs. Damage of somatosensory networks can severely affect the execution of daily life activities. Read More

    Development of Self-Assembled Nanoribbon Bound Peptide-Polyaniline Composite Scaffolds and Their Interactions with Neural Cortical Cells.
    Bioengineering (Basel) 2018 Jan 13;5(1). Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    Department of Chemistry, Fordham University, 441 East Fordham Road, Bronx, New York, NY 10458, USA.
    Degenerative neurological disorders and traumatic brain injuries cause significant damage to quality of life and often impact survival. As a result, novel treatments are necessary that can allow for the regeneration of neural tissue. In this work, a new biomimetic scaffold was designed with potential for applications in neural tissue regeneration. Read More

    Assessing sensorimotor excitability after spinal cord injury: a reflex testing method based on cycling with afferent stimulation.
    Med Biol Eng Comput 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Sensorimotor Function Group, Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos, 45072, Toledo, Spain.
    Several studies have examined spinal reflex modulation during leg cycling in healthy and spinal cord injury (SCI) subjects. However, the effect of cutaneous plantar afferent input on spinal excitability during leg cycling after SCI has not been characterised. The aim of the study was to test the feasibility of using controlled leg cycling in combination with plantar cutaneous electrical stimulation (ES) cycling to assess lower limb spinal sensorimotor excitability in subjects with motor complete or incomplete SCI. Read More

    Shoulder Functional Electrical Stimulation During Wheelchair Propulsion in Spinal Cord Injury Subjects.
    Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2017 ;23(2):168-173
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, FLENI Rehabilitation Institute, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) propel their wheelchairs by generating a different level of muscle activity given their multiple deficits in muscle strength. Exercise training programs seem to be effective in improving wheelchair propulsion capacity. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) therapy is a complementary tool for rehabilitation programs. Read More

    Long-term Prognosis of Pulpal Status of Traumatized Teeth Exhibiting Contradictory Results between Pulp Sensibility Test and Ultrasound Doppler Flowmetry: A Retrospective Study.
    J Endod 2018 Mar 12;44(3):395-404. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Microscope Center, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Science Research Center, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address:
    Introduction: In this retrospective study, we investigated long-term (over 3 years) follow-up results of teeth that exhibited contradictory results between the pulp sensibility test (thermal or electric pulp test) and ultrasound Doppler flowmetry (UDF) until 1 year after trauma to inspect the prognosis of the pulp.

    Methods: Data were collected from the records of trauma patients in our hospital between February 2012 and May 2015. The teeth that had continuously shown contrasting results on the pulp sensibility test and UDF until 1 year after trauma were chosen for the study. Read More

    Road traffic injuries among riders of electric bike/electric moped in southern China.
    Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Jan 15:1-6. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    f Center for Injury Research and Policy and Center for Pediatric Trauma Research , The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University College of Medicine , Columbus , Ohio.
    Objective: Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries have become a burgeoning public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and potential risk factors of electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries among electric bike/moped riders in southern China.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was used to interview 3,151 electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Read More

    Pediatric Electric Bicycle Injuries: The Experience of a Large Urban Tertiary Care Pediatric Hospital.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Background: Electric bicycles (E-bikes) are one of a wide range of light electric vehicles that provide convenient local transportation and attractive recreational opportunities. The aim of this study was to report E-bike-related injuries in children presenting to a trauma center.

    Methods: Retrospective observational study, from December 2014 to November 2015, which included all pediatrics patients admitted to the emergency department with an injury related to E-bike use, was performed. Read More

    The Feasibility and Usability of RunningCoach: A Remote Coaching System for Long-Distance Runners.
    Sensors (Basel) 2018 Jan 10;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
    Studies have shown that about half of the injuries sustained during long-distance running involve the knee. Cadence (steps per minute) has been identified as a factor that is strongly associated with these running-related injuries, making it a worthwhile candidate for further study. As such, it is critical for long-distance runners to minimize their risk of injury by running at an appropriate running cadence. Read More

    Retrospective Review of Free Anterolateral Thigh Flaps for Limb Salvage in Severely Injured High-Voltage Electrical Burn Patients.
    Ann Plast Surg 2018 Mar;80(3):232-237
    From the Burns and Plastic Reconstruction Unit, the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.
    Background: High-voltage electrical injuries usually cause extensive and devastating damages to the extremities. Timely and effective coverage of the wounds to maximally preserve the viable tissue is important for salvage and the ultimate functional outcome of the involved extremities. In this study, free anterolateral thigh flaps with a single-perforator pedicle were conducted to maximize tissue salvage and decrease late skeletal and neuromuscular complications of the involved extremities injured by high-voltage electricity. Read More

    Cycle Training Using Implanted Neural Prostheses: Team Cleveland.
    Eur J Transl Myol 2017 Dec 6;27(4):7087. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Advanced Platform Technology Center, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
    Recently our laboratory team focused on training five individuals with complete spinal cord injuries for an overground FES bike race in the 2016 Cybathlon held in Zurich Switzerland. A unique advantage team Cleveland had over other teams was the use of implanted pulse generators that provide more selective activation of muscles compared to standard surface stimulation. The advancements in muscle strength and endurance and ultimately cycling power our pilots made during this training period helped propel our competing pilot to win gold at the Cybathlon and allowed our pilots to ride their bikes outside within their communities. Read More

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