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    Real-Time Monitoring of Post-Surgical and Post-Traumatic Eye Injuries using Multi-Layered Electrical Biosensor Chip.
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Lack of current techniques for the early monitoring of bleb leaks and other post-traumatic or post-surgical ocular injury has posed an unmet clinical need for the development of new techniques. Present evaluation techniques use either subjective or non-quantitative approaches. At present, there are no FDA approved ocular devices that can directly measure ascorbic acid (AA) concentration levels for both tear film (TF) and aqueous humor (AH) at point-of-care (POC) level. Read More

    Bone contusion progression from traumatic knee injury: association of rate of contusion resolution with injury severity.
    Open Access J Sports Med 2017 27;8:9-15. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Duke University Medical School, Durham, NC, USA.
    Background: Bone contusions are frequently encountered in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation of knee anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Their role as indicators of injury severity remains unclear, primarily due to indeterminate levels of joint injury forces and to a lack of preinjury imaging.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to 1) quantify bone contusion pathogenesis following traumatic joint injuries using fixed imaging follow-ups, and 2) assess the feasibility of using longitudinal bone contusion volumes as an indicator of knee injury severity. Read More

    Application of a paraplegic gait orthosis in thoracolumbar spinal cord injury.
    Neural Regen Res 2016 Dec;11(12):1997-2003
    Department of Rehabilitation, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China.
    Paraplegic gait orthosis has been shown to help paraplegic patients stand and walk, although this method cannot be individualized for patients with different spinal cord injuries and functional recovery of the lower extremities. There is, however, a great need to develop individualized paraplegic orthosis to improve overall quality of life for paraplegic patients. In the present study, 36 spinal cord (below T4) injury patients were equally and randomly divided into control and observation groups. Read More

    Neurologic complications of acute environmental injuries.
    Handb Clin Neurol 2017 ;141:685-704
    Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:
    Environmental injuries can result in serious neurologic morbidity. This chapter reviews neurologic complications of thermal burns, smoke inhalation, lightning strikes, electric injury, near drowning, decompression illness, as well as heat stroke and accidental hypothermia. Knowing the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of such injuries is essential to proper management of primary and secondary medical complications. Read More

    Lightning Injury is a disaster in Bangladesh? - Exploring its magnitude and public health needs.
    F1000Res 2016 29;5:2931. Epub 2016 Dec 29.
    Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Background: Lightning injury is a global public health issue. Low and middle-income countries in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world are most affected by lightning. Bangladesh is one of the countries at particular risk, with a high number of devastating lightning injuries in the past years, causing high mortality and morbidity. Read More

    Low temperature plasma equipment applied on surgical hemostasis and wound healings.
    J Clin Biochem Nutr 2017 Jan 17;60(1):25-28. Epub 2016 Dec 17.
    Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Central 5-41, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba 305-8568, Japan; Electronics and Photonics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Central 5-41, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba 305-8568, Japan; Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-0856, Japan.
    Low temperature plasma (LTP) coagulation equipment, which avoids causing burn injuries to patients, has been introducing into minimally invasive surgery. The mechanism by which this equipment stops bleeding is to directly occupy the injury with the formed blood clots, and different from the mechanism of the common electrical hemostatic devices that cauterize the tissues around the bleeding to stem the blood flow. A noteworthy point is that LTP treatment with our equipment is not confined only to the blood coagulation system, but it has significant effects on the other blood components to form clots with or without hemolysis, and that there is a plasma current threshold that determines whether the treatment makes stable clots. Read More

    [Repair mechanisms of the wounds with exposed bone structures using an artificial dermis].
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Jan;97(4):308-312
    Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China.
    Objective: To investigate the repair mechanisms of the wounds with bone exposed by artificial dermis transplantation. Methods: Seventy two rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups of 24 rabbits, the wound model was made on the top of head. In the skin defect group (SD group), skin was removed and skull periosteum was retained. Read More

    Cell and Growth Factor Loaded Keratin Hydrogels for Treatment of Volumetric Muscle Loss (VML) in a Mouse Model.
    Tissue Eng Part A 2017 Feb 4. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    University of Virginia, Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Orthopaedic Surgery, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States.
    Wounds to the head, neck and extremities have been estimated to account for ~84% of reported combat injuries to military personnel. Volumetric muscle loss (VML), defined as skeletal muscle injuries in which tissue loss results in permanent functional impairment, are common among these injuries. The present standard of care entails the use of muscle flap transfers, which suffer from the need for additional surgery when using autografts or the risk of rejection when cadaveric grafts are used. Read More

    Injuries among electric power industry workers, 1995-2013.
    J Safety Res 2017 Feb 25;60:9-16. Epub 2016 Nov 25.
    EPRI, 942 Corridor Park Blvd, Knoxville, TN 37932, United States.
    Introduction: Workers in the electric power industry face many risks of injury due to the high diversity of work tasks performed in potentially hazardous and unpredictable work environments.

    Method: We calculated injury rates by age, sex, occupational group, and injury type among workers in the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI) Occupational Health and Safety Database (OHSD), which contains recordable injury, medical claims, and personnel data from 18 participating electric power companies from 1995 to 2013.

    Results: The OHSD includes a total of 63,193 injuries over 1,977,436 employee-years of follow-up, for an overall injury rate of 3. Read More

    Late complications of high-voltage electrical injury might involve multiple systems and be related to current path.
    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2016 Sep;29(3):192-194
    Department of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Delayed complications of electrical burns are mostly unexpected, and the link between the injury and the symptoms often goes unrecognized. A possible relation between source-ground sites and late clinical manifestations was recently emphasized. We report a unique case of combined intestinal-spinal delayed complications following a high-voltage electrical injury, a possible explanation being a greater current flow through the right hemisoma. Read More

    An experiment on rider stability while mounting: Comparing middle-aged and elderly cyclists on pedelecs and conventional bicycles.
    Accid Anal Prev 2017 Jan 24. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
    Engineering, Management & Education, The University of British Columbia, 1137 Alumni Ave, Kelowna BC V1 V 1V7, Canada. Electronic address:
    Pedelecs, popular among elderly cyclists, are associated with a higher injury risk than conventional bicycles. About 17% of these injuries are due to falls while (dis)mounting. Using instrumented bicycles, this study aimed to identify factors contributing to the stability of self-chosen mounting methods in four user groups: 30-45 versus 65+ years of age and males versus females. Read More

    Neurotological findings after electrical injury at the workplace.
    Laryngoscope 2017 Jan 24. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Objectives/hypothesis: Neurotological findings secondary to electrical injuries have rarely been reported in the world literature. We attempt to characterize the neurotological findings following electrical injury and to determine the role head injury and loss of consciousness play in this population's clinical presentation.

    Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

    An unusual case of simultaneous bilateral neck of femur fracture following electrocution injury-A case report and review of literature.
    J Orthop Case Rep 2016 Jul-Aug;6(3):70-72
    Department of Orthopaedics, JSS Hospital, Mysore, India.
    Introduction: Simultaneous bilateral fractures of the neck of femur is rare. Hypocalcemia, epilepsy, osteoporosis and electrical injuries are known to cause similar injuries.

    Case Report: We report a case of a 43-year-old male who sustained an electrical shock injury following which he fell from a height of around 4 feet. Read More

    A Mixed-Signal VLSI System for Producing Temporally Adapting Intraspinal Microstimulation Patterns for Locomotion.
    IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst 2016 Mar 9. Epub 2016 Mar 9.
    Neural pathways can be artificially activated through the use of electrical stimulation. For individuals with a spinal cord injury, intraspinal microstimulation, using electrical currents on the order of 125 μ A, can produce muscle contractions and joint torques in the lower extremities suitable for restoring walking. The work presented here demonstrates an integrated circuit implementing a state-based control strategy where sensory feedback and intrinsic feed forward control shape the stimulation waveforms produced on-chip. Read More

    Relationship between non-standard work arrangements and work-related accident absence in Belgium.
    J Occup Health 2017 Jan 21. Epub 2017 Jan 21.
    Department of Electrical energy, systems and automation, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Ghent University.
    Objectives: The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between indicators of non-standard work arrangements, including precarious contract, long working hours, multiple jobs, shift work, and work-related accident absence, using a representative Belgian sample and considering several socio-demographic and work characteristics.

    Methods: This study was based on the data of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS). For the analysis, the sample was restricted to 3343 respondents from Belgium who were all employed workers. Read More

    Clinically Relevant Levels of 4-Aminopyridine Strengthen Physiological Responses in Intact Motor Circuits in Rats, Especially After Pyramidal Tract Injury.
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2017 Jan 1:1545968316688800. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    1 Burke Medical Research Institute, White Plains, NY, USA.
    Background: 4-Aminopyridine (4-AP) is a Food and Drug Administration-approved drug to improve motor function in people with multiple sclerosis. Preliminary results suggest the drug may act on intact neural circuits and not just on demyelinated ones.

    Objective: To determine if 4-AP at clinically relevant levels alters the excitability of intact motor circuits. Read More

    A BCI-based Environmental Control System for Patients with Severe Spinal Cord Injuries.
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2017 Jan 9. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    This study proposes an event-related potential (ERP) BCI-based environmental control system that integrates household electrical appliances, a nursing bed, and an intelligent wheelchair to provide daily assistance to paralyzed patients with severe spinal cord injuries (SCIs).

    Methods: An asynchronous mode is used to switch the environmental control system on or off or to select a device (e.g. Read More

    Interplay between Cortical Spreading Depolarization and Seizures.
    Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2017 Jan 14;95(1):1-5. Epub 2017 Jan 14.
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Cortical spreading depolarization (CSD) is an electrophysiologic phenomenon found mostly in the setting of neurologic injury resulting in the disturbance of ion homeostasis and leading to changes in the local vascular response. The bioelectric etiology of CSD shares similarities to those in epileptic disorders, yet the relationship between seizures and CSD is unclear, with several studies observing cortical depression before, during, and after seizure activity, thus obscuring our understanding of whether CSD activity potentiates or limits seizures and vice versa. Cortical sampling has exhibited how the redistribution of ion concentrations in the intra- and extracellular environments interplay between the excitation of seizures and the electrical depression of CSD. Read More

    Pressure ulcer image segmentation technique through synthetic frequencies generation and contrast variation using toroidal geometry.
    Biomed Eng Online 2017 Jan 6;16(1). Epub 2017 Jan 6.
    DeustoTech - Fundación Deusto, Avda/Universidades 24, 48007, Bilbao, Spain.
    Background: Pressure ulcers have become subject of study in recent years due to the treatment high costs and decreased life quality from patients. These chronic wounds are related to the global life expectancy increment, being the geriatric and physical disable patients the principal affected by this condition. Injuries diagnosis and treatment usually takes weeks or even months by medical personel. Read More

    Measurement of electrocardiograms in a bath through tap water utilizing capacitive coupling electrodes placed outside the bathtub wall.
    Biomed Eng Online 2017 Jan 11;16(1):12. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
    NPO Research Institute of Life Benefit, 6-11-7-1 Sumikawa, Minami-ku, Sapporo, 005-0006, Japan.
    Background: Taking a bath sometimes poses a risk for subjects with chronic cardiopulmonary disorders, due to the thermal effect and water pressure on his/her body. The ECG measurement would be helpful for the early recognition of abnormal cardiac beats and respiratory conditions. This paper describes a new attempt to improve on previous bathtub ECG measurement techniques that had electrodes placed inside the bathtub that were intrusive to the subjects' bathing experience. Read More

    Hybrid brain-computer interface for biomedical cyber-physical system application using wireless embedded EEG systems.
    Biomed Eng Online 2017 Jan 7;16(1). Epub 2017 Jan 7.
    Centre for Health Technologies, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology, Sydney, NSW, 2007, Australia.
    Background: One of the key challenges of the biomedical cyber-physical system is to combine cognitive neuroscience with the integration of physical systems to assist people with disabilities. Electroencephalography (EEG) has been explored as a non-invasive method of providing assistive technology by using brain electrical signals.

    Methods: This paper presents a unique prototype of a hybrid brain computer interface (BCI) which senses a combination classification of mental task, steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) and eyes closed detection using only two EEG channels. Read More

    Evaluation of PVA biodegradable electric conductive membranes for nerve regeneration in axonotmesis injuries: the rat sciatic nerve animal model.
    J Biomed Mater Res A 2017 Jan 12. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
    Departmento de Clínicas Veterinárias, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas de Abel Salazar (ICBAS), Universidade do Porto (UP), Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, nº 228, Porto, 4050-313, Portugal.
    The therapeutic effect of three polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) membranes loaded with electrically conductive materials - carbon nanotubes (PVA-CNTs) and polypyrrole (PVA-PPy) - were tested in vivo for neuro-muscular regeneration after an axonotmesis injury in the rat sciatic nerve. The membranes electrical conductivity measured was 1.5 ± 0. Read More

    Electrical Stimulation to Reduce the Overload in Upper Limbs During Sitting Pivot Transfer in Paraplegic: A Preliminary Study.
    Eur J Transl Myol 2016 Sep 5;26(4):6223. Epub 2016 Aug 5.
    NTAAI, Faculdade de Ceilândia, Universidade de Brasília , Brasília, Brazi.
    Transfer is a key ability and allows greater interact with the environment and social participation. Conversely, paraplegics have great risk of pain and injury in the upper limbs due to joint overloads during activities of daily living, like transfer. The main goal of this study is to verify if the use of functional electrical stimulation (FES) in the lower limbs of paraplegic individuals can assist the sitting pivot transfer (SPT). Read More

    Trunk Motion System (TMS) Using Printed Body Worn Sensor (BWS) via Data Fusion Approach.
    Sensors (Basel) 2017 Jan 8;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 8.
    Laboratory of Wearable Technologies and Neuromusculoskeletal Research, School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran 11155-9567, Iran.
    Human movement analysis is an important part of biomechanics and rehabilitation, for which many measurement systems are introduced. Among these, wearable devices have substantial biomedical applications, primarily since they can be implemented both in indoor and outdoor applications. In this study, a Trunk Motion System (TMS) using printed Body-Worn Sensors (BWS) is designed and developed. Read More

    Swimming Pool Electrical Injuries: Steps Toward Prevention.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Jan 9. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    From the *DeWitt-Daughtry Department of Surgery, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami; and †Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Miami, FL.
    Objective: Electrical injuries in swimming pools are an important pediatric public health concern. We sought to (1) improve our understanding of the clinical presentation and outcomes following and (2) describe the epidemiology of swimming pool electrical injuries in the United States.

    Methods: We reviewed 4 cases of pediatric (<18 y old) electrical injury from a single, urban level 1 pediatric trauma center. Read More

    Management of screwdriver-induced penetrating brain injury: a case report.
    BMC Surg 2017 Jan 10;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou City, 213003, China.
    Background: Penetrating brain injury (PBI) can be caused by several objects ranging from knives to chopsticks. However, an assault with long and electric screwdriver is a peculiar accident and is relatively rare. Because of its rarity, the treatments of such injury are complex and nonstandardized. Read More

    Perioperative factors associated with hidden blood loss in intertrochanteric fracture patients.
    Musculoskelet Surg 2017 Jan 7. Epub 2017 Jan 7.
    Department of Orthopedics, Capital Medical University Teaching Hospital, Beijing Electric Power Hospital of State Grade, Beijing, 100073, China.
    Background: The actual total blood loss after a hip fracture has been found to be considerably larger than that observed during surgery and collected in drainage postoperatively. However, no previous studies have offered reasonable explanations for the deficit between a large hemoglobin drop and a small intraoperative blood loss. The aim was to quantify blood loss associated with hip injuries and surgery, and to identify the relative risk factors for perioperative hidden blood loss. Read More

    Hoverboards: spectrum of injury and association with an uncommon fracture.
    Pediatr Radiol 2017 Jan 6. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
    Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave., Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA.
    Background: Self-balancing electric scooters, commonly known as hoverboards, are a new and popular consumer item with recognized fall hazards. The spectrum of injuries associated with hoverboard use has not been studied.

    Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the spectrum of radiologically apparent injuries associated with hoverboard use. Read More

    Long-term paired associative stimulation can restore voluntary control over paralyzed muscles in incomplete chronic spinal cord injury patients.
    Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2016 14;2:16016. Epub 2016 Jul 14.
    BioMag Laboratory, HUS Medical Imaging Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital , Helsinki, Finland.
    Emerging therapeutic strategies for spinal cord injury aim at sparing or restoring at least part of the corticospinal tract at the acute stage. Hence, approaches that strengthen the weak connections that are spared or restored are crucial. Transient plastic changes in the human corticospinal tract can be induced through paired associative stimulation, a noninvasive technique in which transcranial magnetic brain stimulation is synchronized with electrical peripheral nerve stimulation. Read More

    The Neurostimulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee (NACC) Safety Guidelines for the Reduction of Severe Neurological Injury.
    Neuromodulation 2017 Jan 2;20(1):15-30. Epub 2017 Jan 2.
    Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
    Introduction: Neurostimulation involves the implantation of devices to stimulate the brain, spinal cord, or peripheral or cranial nerves for the purpose of modulating the neural activity of the targeted structures to achieve specific therapeutic effects. Surgical placement of neurostimulation devices is associated with risks of neurologic injury, as well as possible sequelae from the local or systemic effects of the intervention. The goal of the Neurostimulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee (NACC) is to improve the safety of neurostimulation. Read More

    Satellite Cells Contribution to Exercise Mediated Muscle Hypertrophy and Repair.
    Cell J 2017 26;18(4):473-484. Epub 2016 Sep 26.
    Exercise Physiology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Aerospace and Subaquatic Medicine Faculty, Aerospace Medicine Research Center, AJA Medical Sciences University, Tehran, Iran.
    Satellite cells (SCs) are the most abundant skeletal muscle stem cells. They are widely recognized for their contributions to maintenance of muscle mass, regeneration and hypertrophy during the human life span. These cells are good candidates for cell therapy due to their self-renewal capabilities and presence in an undifferentiated form. Read More

    Right Hemispheric Leukoencephalopathy as an Incidental Finding Following a Lightning Strike.
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2016 Dec 13;4(4):692-694. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
    Biomedical and Experimental Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine in Tirana, Tirana, Albania.
    Background: Lightning injuries may produce a variety of medical conditions, and specific neurological complications have been identified, with the character of immediate aftershock effects or even long-term consequences.

    Aim: The authors describe the incidental finding following a routine unenhanced brain MRI performed to a young female patient, suffering from a headache.

    Case Report: Diffuse white matter changes with the character of a leukoencephalopathy were seen, which strictly interested only the right cerebral hemisphere. Read More

    Effect of unmodulated 5-KHz alternating currents versus Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on mechanical and thermal pain, tactile threshold, and peripheral nerve conduction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial.
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016 Dec 22. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
    Sensorimotor Function Group, Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos, Toledo 45072, Spain, Stoke Mandeville Spinal Research, National Spinal Injuries Centre, Aylesbury HP218AL. UK, Harris Manchester College, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TDUK.
    Objective: To investigate the effect of unmodulated 5-KHz alternating current on mechanical pain threshold (MPT), heat pain threshold (HPT), tactile threshold (TT), and peripheral nerve conduction (PNC) compared to TENS and sham stimulation SETTING: National referral center DESIGN: Randomised double-blind placebo controlled crossover trial.

    Participants: Thirty-eight healthy volunteers. No dropouts or adverse events were reported. Read More

    Characterization of blunt chest trauma in a long-term porcine model of severe multiple trauma.
    Sci Rep 2016 Dec 21;6:39659. Epub 2016 Dec 21.
    Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, RWTH Aachen University, Germany.
    Chest trauma has a significant relevance on outcome after severe trauma. Clinically, impaired lung function typically occurs within 72 hours after trauma. However, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still not fully elucidated. Read More

    Feasibility of Using Lokomat Combined with Functional Electrical Stimulation for the Rehabilitation of Foot Drop.
    Eur J Transl Myol 2016 Jun 5;26(3):6221. Epub 2016 Aug 5.
    Integrative Neuroscience group, SMI®, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University , Denmark.
    This study investigated the clinical feasibility of combining the electromechanical gait trainer Lokomat with functional electrical therapy (LokoFET), stimulating the common peroneal nerve during the swing phase of the gait cycle to correct foot drop as an integrated part of gait therapy. Five patients with different acquired brain injuries trained with LokoFET 2-3 times a week for 3-4 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention evaluations were performed to quantify neurophysiological changes related to the patients' foot drop impairment during the swing phase of the gait cycle. Read More

    Towards Parameters and Protocols to Recommend FES-Cycling in Cases of Paraplegia: A Preliminary Report.
    Eur J Transl Myol 2016 Jun 13;26(3):6085. Epub 2016 Jun 13.
    NTAAI, Faculdade de Ceilândia, Universidade de Brasília , Brasília, Brazil.
    Functional Electrical Stimulation assisted cycling (FES-Cycling) is increasingly becoming an alternative option recommended to people with spinal cord injury struggling with paraplegia and interested in practicing sports. In order to propose preconditions to guide FES-Cycling recommendation, we aimed to investigate some features and their potential relationships with responsiveness to Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES). Fourteen volunteers attended a public recruitment forum to be assessed about their responsiveness through the 16-sessions of NMES. Read More

    Evaluation of Laser-Assisted Trans-Nail Drug Delivery with Optical Coherence Tomography.
    Sensors (Basel) 2016 Dec 12;16(12). Epub 2016 Dec 12.
    Department of Dermatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou 33305, Taiwan.
    The nail provides a functional protection to the fingertips and surrounding tissue from external injuries. The nail plate consists of three layers including dorsal, intermediate, and ventral layers. The dorsal layer consists of compact, hard keratins, limiting topical drug delivery through the nail. Read More

    Multimodality scoring of chondral injuries in the equine fetlock joint ex vivo.
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2016 Dec 10. Epub 2016 Dec 10.
    Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Diagnostic Imaging Center, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:
    Objective: We investigate the potential of a prototype multimodality arthroscope, combining ultrasound, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and arthroscopic indentation device, for assessing cartilage lesions, and compare the reliability of this approach with conventional arthroscopic scoring ex vivo.

    Design: Areas of interest (AIs, N = 43) were selected from equine fetlock joints (N = 5). Blind-coded AIs were independently scored by two equine surgeons employing International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) scoring system via conventional arthroscope and multimodality arthroscope, in which high-frequency ultrasound and OCT catheters were attached to an arthroscopic indentation device. Read More

    Nonmissile Penetrating Head Injuries: Surgical Management and Review of the Literature.
    World Neurosurg 2016 Dec 5. Epub 2016 Dec 5.
    Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China. Electronic address:
    Background: Nonmissile penetrating head injuries (NPHIs) in the civilian population are rare but potentially fatal. Although numerous cases have been reported in the literature, the surgical management of such injuries is still ambiguous, especially with development of surgical techniques. Here, we report 5 cases of NPHIs managed with different surgical techniques and review the literature on surgical treatment of these injuries to outline the appropriate management for these patients from a neurosurgical perspective. Read More

    Caustic esophageal injury by impaction of cell batteries.
    Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2016 Dec;108(12):811-812
    UGC de Aparato Digestivo-Endoscopia Digestiva, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío.
    The ingestion of cell batteries can cause serious complications (fistula, perforation or stenosis) at the esophageal level. The damage starts soon after ingestion (approximately 2 hours) and is directly related to the amount of time the battery is lodged in said location, the amount of electrical charge remaining in the battery, and the size of the battery itself. Injury is produced by the combination of electrochemical and chemical mechanisms and pressure necrosis. Read More

    An Investigation of Health and Safety Measures in a Hydroelectric Power Plant.
    Saf Health Work 2016 Dec 30;7(4):331-339. Epub 2016 Apr 30.
    Open University of Malaysia/Accra Institute of Technology, Accra-North Accra, Accra, Ghana.
    Background: Occupational risk management is known as a catalyst in generating superior returns for all stakeholders on a sustainable basis. A number of companies in Ghana implemented health and safety measures adopted from international companies to ensure the safety of their employees. However, there exist great threats to employees' safety in these companies. Read More

    Lakartidningen 2016 Dec 1;113. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Arbets- och miljömediciin - Universitetssjukhuset Örebro, Sweden Arbets- och miljömediciin - Universitetssjukhuset Örebro, Sweden.
    Immediate and delayed outcomes after electrical injury. A guide for clinicians In Sweden about 300 electrical injuries are recorded each year at the Swedish National Electrical Safety Board. Most of our knowledge of the health consequences of these arise from clinical case series. Read More

    Association of pain, social support and socioeconomic indicators in patients with spinal cord injury in Iran.
    Spinal Cord 2017 Feb 6;55(2):180-186. Epub 2016 Dec 6.
    Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.

    Objectives: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. Read More

    Brain hemorrhage after electrical burn injury: Case report and probable mechanism.
    Surg Neurol Int 2016 9;7(Suppl 28):S759-S762. Epub 2016 Nov 9.
    Radioneurosurgery Unit, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, "Dr. Manuel Velasco Suarez", Mexico City, Mexico.
    Background: High-voltage electric injury may induce lesion in different organs. In addition to the local tissue damage, electrical injuries may lead to neurological deficits, musculoskeletal damage, and cardiovascular injury. Severe vascular damage may occur making the blood vessels involved prone to thrombosis and spontaneous rupture. Read More

    Early debridement and delayed primary vascularized cover in forearm electrical burns: A prospective study.
    World J Crit Care Med 2016 Nov 4;5(4):228-234. Epub 2016 Nov 4.
    Aniruddh Mene, Gautam Biswas, Atul Parashar, Department of Plastic Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India.
    Aim: To look into the management options of early debridement of the wound, followed by vascularized cover to bring in fresh blood supply to remaining tissue in electrical burns.

    Methods: A total of 16 consecutive patients sustaining full thickness forearm burns over a period of one year were included in the study group. Debridement was undertaken within 48 h in 13 patients. Read More

    Helicopter Transport in Regionalized Burn Care: One Program's Perspective.
    Air Med J 2016 Nov - Dec;35(6):355-359. Epub 2016 Nov 10.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.
    Background: The decision to use helicopter EMS (HEMS) for the transport of burn patients is a complex decision. This analysis sought to evaluate burn patients flown to burn centers who met predetermined criteria for patients who likely benefit from HEMS care.

    Methods: A retrospective transport chart review of all burn transports covering the preceding nine and a half years was conducted to evaluate for HEMS appropriate criteria defined as patients requiring advanced airway management, ventilator support, facial burns, inhalation injury, circumferential burns, electrical or chemical burn, or major burns. Read More

    Comparison of muscle involvement and posture between the conventional deadlift and a 'walk-in' style deadlift machine.
    J Strength Cond Res 2016 Nov 16. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    1Department of Physical Education, University of South Carolina Upstate.
    The deadlift exercise is one of the most effective exercises for developing lower-body strength; however, technique errors can lead to low back injuries. The use of a 'walk-in' deadlift machine removes the weight bar by using a lever system with independent handles on either side of the body. Theoretically, this would allow alignment of the load with the center of gravity, encouraging a more upright torso and decreasing the involvement of the low back extensors. Read More

    [Long-term prognosis in patients with vasovagal syncope after pacemaker implantation].
    Pol Merkur Lekarski 2016 Nov;41(245):243-247
    Department of Electrocardiology, Medical University of Lodz.
    Patients with syncope, without presence of a structural or primary electrical disease, have a very good prognosis. On the other hand, recurring syncope has a negative impact on quality of life and involves a real risk of physical injuries. Vasovagal syncope usually requires no medical therapy and the most commonly recommended instruction include avoidance of fainting triggers, exercise that mainly provoke leg muscles tension, increase salt consumption and drink indicated amount of fluids. Read More

    Harnessing neural activity to promote repair of the damaged corticospinal system after spinal cord injury.
    Neural Regen Res 2016 Sep;11(9):1389-1391
    Department of Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience, City University of New York School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
    As most spinal cord injuries (SCIs) are incomplete, an important target for promoting neural repair and recovery of lost motor function is to promote the connections of spared descending spinal pathways with spinal motor circuits. Among the pathways, the corticospinal tract (CST) is most associated with skilled voluntary functions in humans and many animals. CST loss, whether at its origin in the motor cortex or in the white matter tracts subcortically and in the spinal cord, leads to movement impairments and paralysis. Read More

    Clinical and demographic features of burn injuries in karachi: a six-year experience at the burns centre, civil hospital, Karachi.
    Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2016 Mar;29(1):4-9
    Department of Biostatistics and Research, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
    Burn injuries are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, with 195,000 deaths annually. This study was conducted to identify the demographics of burn victims and the effect of different variables on the outcome of their injuries. 4016 patients admitted to the Burns Centre, Civil Hospital Karachi from January 2006 to December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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