14,753 results match your criteria Electrical Injuries


Infrared Spectral Characteristics of Electrical Injuries on Swine Skin Caused by Different Voltages Based on Machine Learning Algorithms.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Jun 25;34(6):619-624. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai 200063, China.

Objectives: To explore infrared spectrum characteristics of different voltages induced electrical injuries on swine skin by using Fourier transform infrared-microspectroscopy (FTIR-MSP) combined with machine learning algorithms, thus to provide a reference to the identification of electrical skin injuries caused by different voltages.

Methods: Electrical skin injury model was established on swines. The skin was exposed to 110 V, 220 V and 380 V electric shock for 30 s and then samples were took, with normal skin tissues around the injuries as the control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.06.009DOI Listing

Lightning-strike-induced acute lung injury: a case report.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2019 Mar;25(2):198-201

Department of Emergency Medicine, Ankara Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara-Turkey.

Lightning strike is an environmental electrical injury with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Lightning strike injuries are also considered to be high-voltage injuries. Respiratory injuries associated with lightning strikes include pulmonary edema, pulmonary contusion, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and pulmonary hemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/tjtes.2018.41861DOI Listing

An unusual work-related fatality: the importance of scene investigation combined with autopsy findings.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, Section of Legal Medicine, University of Turin, Corso Galileo Galilei 22, 10126, Torino, Italy.

Transorbital penetrating intracranial injuries are uncommon amongst the civilian population, but they can be found in fatal work-related accidents. An unusual case of accidental fatal penetrating intracranial injury in a 44-year-old man at work is reported. He was working in a building site driving a tractor with a rear- mounted flail mower. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-019-00100-xDOI Listing

In Vivo Label-free Functional Photoacoustic Monitoring of Ischemic Reperfusion.

J Biophotonics 2019 Mar 13:e201800454. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Singapore Bioimaging Consortium, Singapore.

Pressure ulcer (PU) formation is a common problem among patients confined to bed or restricted to wheelchairs. The ulcer forms when the affected skin and underlying tissues go through repeated cycles of ischemia and reperfusion, leading to inflammation. This theory is evident by intravital imaging studies performed in immune cell-specific, fluorescent reporter mouse skin with induced ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injuries. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jbio.201800454
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201800454DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The role of microsurgical flaps in primary burn reconstruction.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2018 Sep;31(3):233-237

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns Unit, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra (CHUC), Coimbra, Portugal.

Despite the wide and growing use of microsurgery, its application in primary burn reconstruction is not very frequent as it faces a number of additional challenges in this setting. A retrospective analysis of the clinical records of all patients submitted to microvascular free tissue transfer for primary burn reconstruction over an 8-year period (from January 2009 to December 2016) was performed. An evaluation of the indications, timing, principles of flap selection, complications and outcomes of free tissue transfer in primary burn reconstruction was made. Read More

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September 2018

Electrical burn injury: a comparison of outcomes of high voltage versus low voltage injury in an Indian scenario.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2018 Sep;31(3):174-177

Department of Plastic Surgery, Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital, Rajasthan, India.

Electrical burn injury (EBI) is a mutilating form of injury. The objective of this study was to evaluate the various aspects of EBI and analyse the differences between high voltage injury (HVI) and low voltage injury (LVI). A retrospective study was conducted by reviewing the medical records of all burn admissions from June 2016 to May 2017. Read More

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September 2018

Wireless Pressure Ulcer Sensor: Validation in an Animal Model.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Apr;82(4S Suppl 3):S215-S221

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

Pressure ulcers are increasingly prevalent in an aging population. The most commonly used method of pressure ulcer prevention is pressure off-loading achieved by physically turning bedbound patients or by using expensive, single application devices such as wheelchair cushions. Our aim is to approach the problem of pressure ulcer prevention in a new way: a wireless sensor worn by the patient at locations susceptible to pressure injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001882DOI Listing

Development of a battery-free ultrasonically powered functional electrical stimulator for movement restoration after paralyzing spinal cord injury.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2019 Mar 8;16(1):36. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Background: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is used to restore movements in paretic limbs after severe paralyses resulting from neurological injuries such as spinal cord injury (SCI). Most chronic FES systems utilize an implantable electrical stimulator to deliver a small electric current to the targeted muscle or nerve to stimulate muscle contractions. These implanted stimulators are generally bulky, mainly due to the size of the batteries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12984-019-0501-4DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
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Analyzing freeway crash severity using a Bayesian spatial generalized ordered logit model with conditional autoregressive priors.

Accid Anal Prev 2019 Mar 4;127:87-95. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

School of Traffic and Transportation, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha, Hunan, 410114, PR China. Electronic address:

This study develops a Bayesian spatial generalized ordered logit model with conditional autoregressive priors to examine severity of freeway crashes. Our model can simultaneously account for the ordered nature in discrete crash severity levels and the spatial correlation among adjacent crashes without fixing the thresholds between crash severity levels. The crash data from Kaiyang Freeway, China in 2014 are collected for the analysis, where crash severity levels are defined considering the combination of injury severity, financial loss, and numbers of injuries and deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2019.02.029DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Prevalence of behavioural risk factors for road-traffic injuries among the Iranian population: findings from STEPs 2016.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: To achieve Sustainable Development Goal 3.6 in Iran, we need to have a comprehensive understanding of the distribution of risky behaviours regarding road-traffic injuries at national and sub-national levels. Little is known about the road-use vulnerability patterns of road-traffic injuries in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz021DOI Listing

Cardiac Arrest in Special Circumstances-Recent Advances in Resuscitation.

Am J Ther 2019 Mar/Apr;26(2):e276-e283

Department of Emergency Medicine, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania.

Background: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in special circumstances includes the emergency intervention for special causes, special environments, and special patients. Special causes cover the potential reversible causes of cardiac arrest that must be identified or excluded during any resuscitation act. The special environments section includes recommendations for the treatment of cardiac arrest occurring in specific locations: cardiac surgery, catheterization laboratory, dialysis unit, dental surgery, commercial airplanes or air ambulances, playing field, difficult environment (eg, drowning, high altitude, avalanche, and electrical injuries) or mass casualty incident. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0000000000000927DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Computational evaluation of altered biomechanics related to articular cartilage lesions observed in vivo.

J Orthop Res 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Chondral lesions provide a potential risk factor for development of osteoarthritis. Despite the variety of in vitro studies on lesion degeneration, in vivo studies that evaluate relation between lesion characteristics and the risk for the possible progression of OA are lacking. Here, we aimed to characterize different lesions and quantify biomechanical responses experienced by surrounding cartilage tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jor.24273DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Bladder Neuromodulation in Acute Spinal Cord Injury via Transcutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation: Cystometrogram and Autonomic Nervous System Evidence From a Randomized Control Pilot Trial.

Front Neurosci 2019 19;13:119. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, United States.

Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation is used to decrease incontinence in chronic neurogenic bladder. We report the findings from a subset of patients in a randomized control trial of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) for bladder neuromodulation in acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in whom heart rate variability (HRV) was recorded before and after cystometrogram (CMG). The aim was to correlate autonomic nervous system (ANS) changes associated with the CMG changes after the trial using HRV analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390711PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Enhanced setup for wired continuous long-term EEG monitoring in juvenile and adult rats: application for epilepsy and other disorders.

BMC Neurosci 2019 Mar 4;20(1). Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Anatomy, Cell Biology and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Diana Tamari Sabbagh (DTS) Building, first floor, 117b, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut, 1107 2020, Lebanon.

Background: The electroencephalogram (EEG) is a widely used laboratory technique in rodent models of epilepsy, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and other neurological diseases accompanied by seizures. Obtaining prolonged continuous EEG tracings over weeks to months is essential to adequately answer research questions related to the chronobiology of seizure emergence, and to the effect of potential novel treatment strategies. Current EEG recording methods include wired and the more recent but very costly wireless technologies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12868-019-0490-zDOI Listing

Intraoperative neurophysiology monitoring in scoliosis surgery in children.

Clin Neurophysiol Pract 2019 25;4:11-17. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Dept. of Anaesthetics, Perth Children's Hospital, Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia.

Objective: Intraoperative neurophysiology monitoring (INM) is thought to reduce the risk of postoperative neurological deficits in children undergoing scoliosis and spine deformity surgery. INM is being used increasingly despite conflicting opinions, varied results, non-standard alarm criteria and concern regarding cost effectiveness. In this paper we present our experience with INM in scoliosis and spine deformation surgery in children, propose alert criteria and preferred anaesthetics in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cnp.2018.12.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383123PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Muscle and skin improve by home-based FES and full-body in-bed gym.

Biol Eng Med 2018 Jun 24;3(3). Epub 2018 May 24.

Anatomy Department, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Carbondale, Il, USA.

All progressive muscle contractile impairments, including advanced age-related muscle power decline, need permanent management. Most elderly persons, in particular octogenarians, spend small amounts of time in daily physical activity, resulting in a decline in body condition with more and more frequent hospitalizations and finally potentially forcing them to bed permanently. Further several neurological injuries, which are even more acutely debilitating than those problems related to aging, are responsible for early limitation of mobility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15761/BEM.1000S1003DOI Listing

Electrical stimulation for limb spasticity in children with traumatic brain injury: Study protocol for a systematic review of randomized controlled trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(8):e14515

Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Jiamusi University.

Background: Previous clinical studies have reported that electrical stimulation (ES) can be utilized to treat children with limbs spasticity (LS) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Currently, no systematic review has addressed the effect of ES in children with LS following TBI. Thus, this systematic review will assess the effect and safety of ES for the children with LS after TBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014515DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Bridging larger gaps in peripheral nerves using neural prosthetics and physical therapeutic agents.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Jul;14(7):1109-1115

School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Peripheral nerve injuries are relatively common and can be caused by a variety of traumatic events such as motor vehicle accidents. They can lead to long-term disability, pain, and financial burden, and contribute to poor quality of life. In this review, we systematically analyze the contemporary literature on peripheral nerve gap management using nerve prostheses in conjunction with physical therapeutic agents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.251186DOI Listing

Modeling Trans-Spinal Direct Current Stimulation in the Presence of Spinal Implants.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Trans-spinal Direct Current Stimulation (tsDCS) is a technique considered for the treatment of corticospinal damage or dysfunction. TsDCS aims to induce functional modulation in the corticospinal circuitry via a direct current (DC) generated electric field. To ensure subject safety, subjects with metallic implants are generally excluded from receiving neural DC stimulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNSRE.2019.2900377DOI Listing
February 2019

Pediatric Emergency Medicine Simulation Curriculum: Electrical Injury.

MedEdPORTAL 2018 Apr 27;14:10710. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine.

Introduction: Electrical injuries are rare but potentially life-threatening medical emergencies that require providers to manage a critically ill patient while recognizing and treating the unique sequelae associated with the diagnosis. This simulation case is designed to give pediatric and emergency medicine residents, fellows, attendings, and nurses the opportunity to practice these skills in a realistic setting.

Methods: This simulation-based curriculum was designed for a high-fidelity mannequin in an emergency department resuscitation room but can be adapted to fit a variety of learning environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10710DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342442PMC

Development of a Safe Syringe Disposal System Moving towards Automated Syringe Data Collection.

Healthc Inform Res 2019 Jan 31;25(1):47-50. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

MUNE Corp., Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: An automatic needle destroyer (ANDY) was developed to prevent needlestick injuries, and usability tests were conducted in several hospitals. The addition of extra features to the ANDY is in progress, such as data collection and automatic identification of used syringes. Thus, this report describes how the ANDY can be used to track the data of used syringes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4258/hir.2019.25.1.47DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372462PMC
January 2019

Validation of a methodology for neuro-urological and lumbosacral stimulation studies in domestic pigs: a humanlike animal model.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

7Neurosurgery, Pellegrin Hospital, Bordeaux, Nouvelle Aquitaine; and.

OBJECTIVESpinal cord injuries (SCIs) result in loss of movement and sensory feedback, but also organ dysfunction. Nearly all patients with complete SCI lose bladder control and are prone to kidney failure if intermittent catheterization is not performed. Electrical stimulation of sacral spinal roots was initially considered to be a promising approach for restoring continence and micturition control, but many patients are discouraged by the need for surgical deafferentation as it could lead to a loss of sensory functions and reflexes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.SPINE18676DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation: neuromodulation of the suprascapular nerve and brachial plexus for postoperative analgesia following ambulatory rotator cuff repair. A proof-of-concept study.

Reg Anesth Pain Med 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.

Background And Objectives: Percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) is an analgesic modality involving the insertion of a lead through an introducing needle followed by the delivery of electric current. This modality has been reported to treat chronic pain as well as postoperative pain following knee and foot surgery. However, it remains unknown if this analgesic technique may be used in ambulatory patients following upper extremity surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/rapm-2018-100121DOI Listing
February 2019
24 Reads

Restoration of upper-limb function after chronic severe hemiplegia: A case report on the feasibility of a brain-computer interface controlled functional electrical stimulation therapy.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Toronto Rehabilitation Institute - University Health Network.

Functional electrical stimulation therapy (FEST) is a state-of-the-art treatment for retraining motor function following neurological injuries. Recent literature suggests that FEST can be further improved with brain-computer interface (BCI) technology. In this case study, we assessed the feasibility of using BCI-triggered FEST (BCI-FEST) to restore upper-limb function in a 57-year old male with severe left hemiplegia resulting from a stroke six years prior to enrollment in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001163DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Investigating Clinical and Cost Burdens of Law Enforcement-Related K9 Injuries: The Impact of "the Bite" on a Community Hospital.

Am Surg 2019 Jan;85(1):64-70

The decision to introduce canines (K9s) to a law enforcement (LE) agency does not typically involve the evaluation of the fiscal or clinical impact on local hospitals. This study compared injury, cost, and care associated with K9s to a common nonlethal force method, the Thomas A Swift Electrical Rifle (TASER), to highlight the cost and resources required to treat both patient types. Patients treated for LE-related K9 and TASER injuries at a Level I community-based trauma center (2011-2016) were evaluated for level of care required (, surgeon/specialist), clinical interventions, proxy medical costs, and length of stay (LOS). Read More

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January 2019

Does injury pattern among major road trauma patients influence prehospital transport decisions regardless of the distance to the nearest trauma centre? - a retrospective study.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2019 Feb 13;27(1):18. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Neuroscience Research Australia, 139 Barker Street, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, 2031, Australia.

Background: Prehospital undertriage occurs when the required level of care for a major trauma patient is underestimated and the patient is transported to a lower-level emergency care facility. One possible reason is that the pattern of injuries exceeding a certain severity threshold is not easily recognizable in the field. The present study aims to examine whether the injury patterns of major road trauma patients are associated with trauma centre transport decisions in Sweden, controlling for the distance from the crash to the nearest trauma centre and other patient characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13049-019-0593-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375202PMC
February 2019

The use of PRP injections in the management of knee osteoarthritis.

Cell Tissue Res 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Centre for Biological Engineering, Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Epinal Way, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease involving joint damage, an inadequate healing response and progressive deterioration of the joint architecture that commonly affects the knee and/or hip joints. It is a major world public health problem and is predicted to increase rapidly with an ageing population and escalating rate of obesity. Autologous blood-derived products possess much promise in the repair and regeneration of tissue and have important roles in inflammation, angiogenesis, cell migration and metabolism in pathological conditions, including OA. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00441-019-02996-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-019-02996-xDOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

The use of adaptive neuro-stimulation for rebalancing posture and muscular tone in a soccer team.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Medical and Oral Science and Biotechnologies, "Gabriele d'Annunzio" University, Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.

Background: Posture and somatic structure could positively influence athletic gestures for their biomechanical implications. Working on neuromuscular activity, offers the possibility of intervention on postural control. The aim is demonstrating the possibility of interacting with the human body system through the spinal reflex pathway, starting from the stimulation of cutaneous receptors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09311-3DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Second-degree Skin Burn from A Radiofrequency Grounding Pad: A Case Report and Review of Risk Mitigation Strategies.

PM R 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

University of Utah, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Salt Lake City, UT.

Thermal radiofrequency neurotomy (RFN) is used for a variety of indications. Thermal energy is used to thermocoagulate a target structure. Current introduced into the body through the RFN electrode exits the body via an electrical dispersive pad (EDP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12143DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Reach out and grasp the opportunity: reconstructive hand surgery in tetraplegia.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2019 Feb 11:1753193419827814. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

3 Shirley Ryan Ability Lab, Northwestern University and Hines VA Medical Center Chicago, IL, USA.

Reconstructive upper extremity surgeries in tetraplegia are technically challenging because of the many complicated real-time decisions that need to be made, e.g. extent of release of donor muscle-tendon complex, routing of donor muscles, tissue preparation and optimization, tensioning of muscle-tendon units, balancing joints and suturing tendon-to-tendon attachments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753193419827814DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Gold nanorods reinforced silk fibroin nanocomposite for peripheral nerve tissue engineering applications.

Int J Biol Macromol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Medical Nanotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Technology in Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Nowadays, regenerating peripheral nerves injuries (PNIs) remain a major clinical challenges, which has gained a great attention between scientists. Here, we represent a nanocomposite based on silk fibroin reinforced gold nanorods (SF/GNRs) to evaluate the proliferation and attachment of PC12 cells. The morphological characterization of nanocomposites with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the fabricated scaffolds have porous structure with interconnected pores that is suitable for cell adhesion and growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.02.050DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Physiotherapy interventions for increasing muscle strength in people with spinal cord injuries: a systematic review.

Spinal Cord 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

John Walsh Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Study Design: A systematic review.

Objective: The aim of this review was to determine the effectiveness of physiotherapy (PT) interventions for increasing voluntary muscle strength in people with spinal cord injuries (SCI).

Methods: We included randomised controlled trials of PT interventions for people with SCI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41393-019-0242-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Maculopathy from an accidental exposure to welding arc.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 3;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Welding light can cause photic retinal injury. We report binocular maculopathy induced by a brief exposure to electric arc welding light in a patient who could not equipped with protective device because of narrow space. A 47-year-old man performed electric arc welding for approximately 10-15 min without wearing protective device because of narrow space and subsequently experienced eye discomfort and decreased visual acuity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227677DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Work-related burn injuries and claims for post-traumatic stress disorder in Korea.

Burns 2019 Mar 2;45(2):461-465. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of this study is to broaden our understanding of psychiatric disorders due to work-related burn injury compensated by the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance operated by the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (KCOMWEL).

Methods: Using the KCOMWEL electronic database, we collected data on psychiatric disorders due to work-related burn injury based on workers' compensation records from 2005 to 2014 and analyzed the characteristics of the claims.

Results: The average number of claims per year for post-traumatic stress disorder was 67 and the approval rate from 2005 to 2014 was 53. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.08.016DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A Surgical Instrument Cover for the Prevention of Thermal Injuries During Laparoscopic Operations.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

2 Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, Italy .

Introduction: Accidental thermal injuries are infrequent, nonetheless, dangerous complications in laparoscopic surgery. Burns are produced because of direct contact, lack of instrument insulation and capacitive coupling. Biological fluids on the surface of laparoscopic instruments behave as electric conductors on the sheath and may be responsible for accidental thermal injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2018.0742DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Self-Managed Strength Training for Active Duty Military With a Knee Injury: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial.

Mil Med 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

College of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Department of Neurology, 855 Monroe Ave, Suite 415, Memphis, TN.

Introduction: Knee injuries among active duty military are one of the most frequent musculoskeletal injuries and are often caused by exercise or intense physical activity or combat training. These injuries pose a threat to force readiness. Our objective was to assess feasibility (including recruitment and retention rates) of three self-managed strengthening strategies for knee injuries and determine if they resulted in improvements in lower extremity strength, function, pain, and activity compared to usual physical therapy (PT) in military members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy347DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Bmi1 marks gastric stem cells located in the isthmus in mice.

J Pathol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

In the mammalian stomach, the isthmus has been considered as a stem cell zone. However, various locations and proliferative activities of gastric stem cells have been reported. We focused here on the stem cell marker Bmi1, a polycomb group protein, aiming to elucidate the characteristics of Bmi1-expressing cells in the stomach and to examine their stem cell potential. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/path.5244DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Treatment of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve and brachial plexus traumatic injury.

Neurol India 2019 Jan-Feb;67(Supplement):S32-S37

Peripheral Nerve and Plexus Program, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Peripheral nerve and brachial plexus injuries typically cause severe impairment in the affected limb. The incidence of neuropathic pain is high, reaching up to 95% of cases, especially if cervical root avulsion has occurred. Neuropathic pain results from damage to the somatosensory system, and its progression towards chronicity depends upon disruptions affecting both the peripheral and central nervous system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.250699DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Epidemiologic study of hand and upper extremity injuries by power tools.

Arch Plast Surg 2019 Jan 15;46(1):63-68. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Background: Hand injuries caused by chain saws, electric saws, and hand grinders range from simple lacerations to tendon injuries, fractures, and even amputations. This study aimed to understand the distribution of various types of hand and upper extremity injuries caused by power tools, in order to help prevent them, by investigating the incidence and cause of power tool injuries treated over a 4-year period at a single institution in Korea.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients who visited a single institution for power tool-induced injuries from 2011 to 2014. Read More

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http://e-aps.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.5999/aps.2018.00815
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5999/aps.2018.00815DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369048PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Injuries Associated With Standing Electric Scooter Use.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Jan 4;2(1):e187381. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

National Clinician Scholars Program, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Importance: Since September 2017, standing electric scooters have proliferated rapidly as an inexpensive, easy mode of transportation. Although there are regulations for safe riding established by both electric scooter companies and local governments, public common use practices and the incidence and types of injuries associated with these standing electric scooters are unknown.

Objective: To characterize injuries associated with standing electric scooter use, the clinical outcomes of injured patients, and common use practices in the first US metropolitan area to experience adoption of this technology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7381DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Feasibility and safety of enzymatic debridement for the prevention of operative escharotomy in circumferential deep burns of the distal upper extremity.

Surgery 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, Department for Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Microsurgery, Burn Center, University of Heidelberg, Ludwigshafen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Burn-induced compartment syndrome is a severe sequela after circumferential burns of the extremities and is avoidable by immediate release of the underlying pressure under the eschar. Although the current gold standard is operative escharotomy, this procedure carries considerable morbidity. Our study evaluates the safety and effectiveness of immediate enzymatic debridement to prevent the need for operative escharotomy because of burn-induced compartment syndrome in selected patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2018.11.019DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

[HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRIC INJURY: MECHANISM OF INJURY, CLINICAL FEATURES AND INITIAL EVALUATION.]

Harefuah 2019 Jan;158(1):65-69

Trauma Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel.

Introduction: Electrical injury is an infrequent but potentially devastating form of multisystem injury associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite significant improvement in injury prevention and implementation of safety protocols at work places, electrical injury accounts for more than 500 deaths per year in the United States with a mortality rate of 10-30%. Electrical injuries are traditionally divided into low-voltage electric power injuries (less than 1,000V) and high-voltage )more than 1,000V). Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Effect of deep oscillation as a recovery method after fatiguing soccer training: A randomized cross-over study.

J Exerc Sci Fit 2018 Dec 16;16(3):112-117. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Henkestraße 91, 91052, Erlangen, Germany.

Background/objective: In soccer the recovery time between matches is often not long enough for complete restoration. Insufficient recovery can result in reduced performance and a higher risk of injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of Deep Oscillation (DO) as a recovery method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2018.10.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323303PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Intraoperative neuromonitoring versus visual nerve identification for prevention of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in adults undergoing thyroid surgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Jan 19;1:CD012483. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of General Surgery, University of Perugia, Terni, Italy, 05100.

Background: Injuries to the recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (RILN) remain one of the major post-operative complications after thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Damage to this nerve can result in a temporary or permanent palsy, which is associated with vocal cord paresis or paralysis. Visual identification of the RILN is a common procedure to prevent nerve injury during thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012483.pub2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353246PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

"Selfie"-related electrocution.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Forensic Medicine and criminalistics, University of Rijeka Faculty of Medicine, Brace Branchetta 20, 51 000, Rijeka, Croatia.

Electrical injuries contribute a small but significant fraction to all burn trauma cases, and an even smaller proportion to those that are lethal. Accidental death rates among teenagers are the highest of all age-groups, and taking a "selfie" has been a practice that has, on rare occasions, led to such a death, often from electrocution. The case of a young man and his friend, who were electrocuted after climbing onto the roof of a parked railway wagon to take selfies is reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0078-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Design and validation of a smart wearable device to prevent recurrent ankle sprain.

J Med Eng Technol 2018 Aug 16;42(6):461-467. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

b Department of Physical Therapy for Musculoskeletal Disorders and Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy , Cairo University , Giza , Egypt.

Lateral ankle sprain is one of the most common ankle injuries, especially in sports. When not treated properly, chronic ankle instability (CAI) may develop causing recurrent sprains and permanent damage to ankle ligaments. In this study, the design, implementation and validation of a smart wearable device connected to a smartphone application is described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03091902.2018.1546342DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

A randomized controlled trial of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for chronic urinary retention following traumatic brain injury.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(2):e14106

Department of Nephrology, The Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University, Yan'an, China.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) therapy for chronic urinary retention (CUR) following traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Methods: This 2-arm randomized controlled trial (RCT) enrolled 86 eligible patients with CUR following TBI. All included patients were randomly allocated to a treatment group (n = 43) or a sham group (n = 43). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336629PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Hospital-Based Emergency Department Visits With Pediatric Burns: Characteristics and Outcomes.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Division of Critical Care, Stead Family Children's Hospital, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the characteristics and outcomes in children presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with burn injuries.

Methods: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) for the years 2008 to 2013 was used. All patients younger than 18 years who visited a hospital-based ED with a burn injury were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001699DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
0.923 Impact Factor

The Etiology of Injuries in US Army Initial Entry Training.

US Army Med Dep J 2018 Jul-Dec(2-18):22-29

US Army Public Health Center.

Background: US Army initial entry training (IET) trainees engage in intense physical activities for 10 or more weeks prior to their assignment to operational units. Many trainees succumb to injury during IET. Injuries to the lower extremities and back have historically been the most common, and thus have been the focus of routine health surveillance. Read More

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January 2019
11 Reads