1,195 results match your criteria Elective Abortion


Women's perspectives on the management and consequences of hyperemesis gravidarum - a descriptive interview study.

Scand J Prim Health Care 2019 Mar 1:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

b PharmacoEpidemiology and Drug Safety Research Group, Department of Pharmacy , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.

Objective: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) affects 0.3-3% of pregnant women and is a leading cause of hospitalization in early pregnancy. The aim of the study was to investigate women's treatment and management of HG, as well as the consequences of HG on women's daily life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02813432.2019.1569424DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

HPV vaccination and sexual health in France: Empowering girls to decide.

Vaccine 2019 Mar 23;37(13):1792-1798. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

AP-HP, Cochin Hospital, Maison de Solenn, Paris, France; CESP, Fac. de médecine - Univ. Paris-Sud, Fac. de médecine - UVSQ, INSERM, Université Paris-Saclay, 94805 Villejuif, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Objective: Vaccination coverage against HPV in France is among the lowest in the industrialized world, although the public authorities have recently become aware of this issue. Few studies have looked at teenaged girls' representations of this vaccination, even though they are the most concerned by it. This qualitative study explored the experiences and representations of HPV vaccination by adolescent girls seeing doctors at least occasionally. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0264410X193021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.02.020DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Psychological implications of abortion: a longitudinal study on two cohorts of women who recur to elective and therapeutic abortion.

Riv Psichiatr 2018 Nov-Dec;53(6):324-330

Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Objective: The aim of this work was to identify risk predictors of a negative psychological outcome among personal, situational and systemic characteristics of women who choose to interrupt a pregnancy by elective (e.g., not feeling ready for giving birth) or therapeutic means (e. Read More

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http://www.rivistadipsichiatria.it/articoli.php?archivio=yes
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1708/3084.30766DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Retained Intrauterine Device (IUD): Triple Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2018 5;2018:9362962. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, 234 East 149th Street, Bronx, New York 10451, USA.

Background: Throughout the world, intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs) are a frequently used, reversible, popular contraceptive method. They are usually placed without major complications. Uterine perforation is a rarely observed complication. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criog/2018/9362962/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9362962DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304543PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Laparoscopic ovariectomy in dogs in late gestation.

BMC Vet Res 2019 Jan 8;15(1):19. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Dr Chariar's Pet Specialty Clinic, Thane, Maharashtra, 400607, India.

Background: Surgical sterilization of stray dogs is the most widely used technique to control stray dog population. Although ovariectomy is an effective technique for elective sterilization of female dogs, most stray dog population control programs generally utilize ovariohysterectomy for spaying female dogs. In the context of stray dog sterilization, laparoscopic ovariectomy has been utilized and reported to be cost-effective compared to programs utilizing open surgical approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1770-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325880PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Altered crosstalk of estradiol and progesterone with Myeloid-derived suppressor cells and Th1/Th2 cytokines in early miscarriage is associated with early breakdown of maternal-fetal tolerance.

Am J Reprod Immunol 2018 Dec 27:e13081. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Molecular & Human Genetics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Problem: Decline in myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and Th2 cytokines levels lead to early miscarriage (EM) but how the hormonal milieu of the body regulates MDSCs and Th1/Th2 cytokine balance is still a matter of investigation.

Method Of Study: Peripheral blood and decidua samples were collected from 20 EM patients, and 20 healthy pregnant women opted for elective abortion. MDSCs and G-MDSCs levels were analyzed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and Th1/Th2 cytokines levels were determined in serum via flow cytometry. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aji.13081
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aji.13081DOI Listing
December 2018
19 Reads
2.438 Impact Factor

Why We Should Stop Using the Term "Elective Abortion".

Authors:
Katie Watson

AMA J Ethics 2018 Dec 1;20(12):E1175-1180. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

An associate professor of medical social sciences, medical education, and obstetrics and gynecology at the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University in Chicago, Illinois, where she is also a faculty member in the Medical Humanities and Bioethics Graduate Program.

In abortion care, the term "elective" is often used as a moral judgment that determines which patients are entitled to care. Secular health care organizations that attempt to avoid controversy by allowing "therapeutic" but not "elective" abortions are using medical terminology to reinforce regressive social norms concerning motherhood and women's sexuality because what distinguishes pregnant women with medical indications for abortion is that they originally wanted to become mothers or, in cases of rape, that they did not consent to sex. Secular health care organizations should stop denying the moral agency of patients and physicians who conclude abortion is morally acceptable and should only use the word when billing codes require it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/amajethics.2018.1175DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Impact of cancer in the management of delivery: 10 years of variations.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Dec 20:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

a Dipartimento di Scienze Chirurgiche , Università degli Studi di Torino, AOU Città della Scienza e della Salute di Torino , Torino , Italy.

Importance: The active-during-pregnancy-cancer (ADPC) is a condition that complicates the 0.1% of pregnancies. Abortion, preterm delivery and cesarean section (CS) are common attitudes for these patients, because of scarcity of evidence-based studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2018.1536117DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Pregnancy Outcomes in Men and Women Treated With Teriflunomide. A Population-Based Nationwide Danish Register Study.

Front Immunol 2018 23;9:2706. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry, Department of Neurology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark.

The majority of persons diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience their first MS symptoms in the reproductive age. Teriflunomide (TFL, Aubagio), was first released in Denmark for relapsing-remitting MS in December 2013. TFL treatment is contraindicated in women of childbearing potential who are not using reliable contraception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.02706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266987PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Chronic tubal pregnancy manifesting as a heterogeneous adnexal mass with prominent neovascularization in a woman with a negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin level.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2019 Mar 6;45(3):729-733. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gifu Prefectural Tajimi Hospital, Tajimi, Japan.

A 41-year-old woman (gravida 2, para 1) underwent elective termination of pregnancy at approximately 7 weeks of gestation. At 1 month after the elective abortion, she was referred due to abnormal results in a cervical cytological examination. Transvaginal ultrasonography showed a heterogeneous mass of 16 mm in diameter in the left adnexal region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.13869DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Birth outcomes after inadvertent use of category X drugs contraindicated in pregnancy: Where is the real risk?

Turk J Pediatr 2018 ;60(3):298-305

Department of Pharmacology, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.

Öztürk Z, Ölmez E, Gürpınar T, Vural K. Birth outcomes after inadvertent use of category X drugs contraindicated in pregnancy: Where is the real risk? Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 298-305. Drugs contraindicated in pregnancy are medicines that should be avoided by pregnant women, since they carry a concern for teratogenicity or there is no indication for their use during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2018.03.010DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

The role of the PD-1/PD-L1 axis in macrophage differentiation and function during pregnancy.

Hum Reprod 2019 Jan;34(1):25-36

Family Planning Research Institute, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, PR China.

Study Question: What is the role of the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-1 ligand-1 (PD-L1) axis in macrophage polarization during early pregnancy?

Summary Answer: PD-1 signaling is a major regulator of macrophage differentiation and function, and it is critical for the success of a pregnancy.

What Is Known Already: The predominance of decidual macrophages (DMs) with an M2 phenotype is an important contributor to maternal-fetal tolerance during early pregnancy.

Study Design, Size, Duration: Twenty-four women with recurrent miscarriage (RM) and 70 women undergoing elective termination of an early normal pregnancy (NP) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/dey347DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Live birth after hysteroscopy performed inadvertently during early pregnancy: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2018 Oct;6(12):559-563

Department of Neurosurgery, People's Hospital of Deyang City, Deyang 618000, Sichuan Province, China.

Generally, hysteroscopy is not appropriate for pregnant women without an indication. What if a patient undergoes hysteroscopy accidentally during the early gestational period? We here report a rare case of a woman who continued pregnancy after a diagnostic hysteroscopy was performed in early pregnancy and delivered a healthy baby. The patient had a history of infertility and oligomenorrhea, probably due to a previous induced abortion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v6.i12.559DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212613PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Early blastulation (EB) of day 4 embryo is predictive of outcomes in single embryo transfer (SET) cycles.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Oct;57(5):705-708

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Infertility and Reproductive Endocrinology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; MacKay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, Taiwan; MacKay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether the early blastulation (EB) of day 4 embryo is a useful predictor for outcomes in fresh elective single embryo transfer (eSET) cycles.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively enrolled patients undergoing fresh SET cycles in our hospital from April 2014 to September 2016 and met with the following criteria: 1) age <38 years, 2) first IVF/ICSI cycle, 3) at least two blastocysts with morphological grading better than or equal to 4BB.

Results: A total of 81 patients were included. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10284559183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2018.08.016DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) regulates trophoblast viability, proliferation, and migration and is downregulated in spontaneous abortion.

Am J Reprod Immunol 2019 Jan 17;81(1):e13048. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Problem: Human pregnancy is a complex biological process, and spontaneous abortion is the most common complication of pregnancy. LncRNAs have been identified that play key roles in a variety of human diseases. Recently, lncRNAPVT1 was reported to relate to the pathogenesis and progression of pregnancy. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aji.13048
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aji.13048DOI Listing
January 2019
21 Reads

A Cross-Sectional Study of the Psychosocial Problems Following Abortion.

Indian J Psychiatry 2018 Apr-Jun;60(2):217-223

Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: Twenty percent of pregnant women undergo an abortion. Reviews of previous studies on the effects of abortion on mental health have been inconclusive. Little research has been carried out in this direction in our country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_361_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6102968PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

"Without any indication": stigma and a hidden curriculum within medical students' discussion of elective abortion.

Soc Sci Med 2018 Oct 10;214:26-34. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Harvard Medical School/Brigham and Women's Hospital, Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address:

Pregnancy termination is a common, beneficial medical procedure, but abortion care in the United States is stigmatized. Language, including categorization of some abortions as elective, may both reflect and convey stigma. We present a history of the term "elective" in reference to abortion, followed by data demonstrating its use by a sample of contemporary medical trainees and an analysis of the term's relationship to abortion stigma, medical training, and patient access to abortion care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.07.014DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

The Risk of Elective Abortion in Women With Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis: A Nationwide Cohort Study.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2019 Feb;25(3):561-567

Center for Clinical Epidemiology, Odense University Hospital, and Research Unit of Clinical Epidemiology, Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Backgroud: Women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) might have an increased tendency to choose an elective abortion due to a fear that their fetus could be harmed by use of medications, disease flares during pregnancy, or for genetic reasons. We examined the risk of elective abortions in women with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) compared with women without IBD.

Methods: This nationwide cohort study, based on Danish health registries, comprises all registered pregnancies from 1996 through 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izy263DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pentalogy of Cantrell associated with unilateral anophthalmia: Case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(31):e11511

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Rationale: Pentalogy of Cantrell, a very rare congenital condition, has an estimated incidence of 5.5 per 1 million live births. It includes five defects: a midline supraumbilical wall defect, a diaphragmatic defect, a cleft distal sternum, a defect in the diaphragmatic pericardium, and an intracardiac defect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011511DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081174PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Correlates of individual-level abortion stigma among women seeking elective abortion in Nigeria.

Int J Womens Health 2018 12;10:361-366. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Program Unit, Ipas Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria.

Objective: This study aimed to measure individual-level abortion stigma (ILAS) and determine its correlates among women receiving safe elective abortion services.

Patients And Methods: Data were collected from a cross-section of women who received safe elective abortion services in select intervention health facilities. Respondents were recruited through a self-selection sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S143388DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6047614PMC

Pregnancy outcomes among HIV-infected women who conceived on antiretroviral therapy.

PLoS One 2018 18;13(7):e0199555. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Division of Infectious Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America.

As antiretroviral therapy (ART) expands in resource-limited settings, understanding the impact of ART on pregnancy outcomes is critical. We analyzed women who became pregnant on ART while enrolled in a clinical trial (HPTN 052, ACTG A5208, and ACTG A5175); the majority of women were from Africa, with a median age of 29 years. Eligible women were on ART at conception and had a documented date of a last menstrual period and a pregnancy outcome. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0199555PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051581PMC
December 2018
19 Reads
3.234 Impact Factor

Is Abortion Included in Maternal and Child Health Curricula in the United States?

Matern Child Health J 2018 Nov;22(11):1556-1562

Ipas, P.O. Box 9990, 300 Market Street, Chapel Hill, 27515, NC, USA.

Purpose The purpose of this study is to assess whether Maternal and Child Health (MCH) graduate programs address abortion content in their programs' foundational courses, elective courses, and general curricula. Description Between January and March 2017, we conducted a descriptive study with faculty from the 13 Centers of Excellence in Maternal and Child Health Education, Science and Practice (COEs). We reviewed syllabi and discussed foundational and elective course content via email and key informant interviews with COE faculty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-018-2578-yDOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Stabilizing cumulative incidence estimation of pregnancy outcome with delayed entries.

Biom J 2018 Jul 8. Epub 2018 Jul 8.

Institute of Statistics, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

A pregnancy may end up with (at least) three possible events: live birth, spontaneous abortion, or elective termination, yielding a competing risks issue when studying an association between a risk factor and a pregnancy outcome. Cumulative incidences (probabilities to end up with the different outcomes depending on gestational age) can be estimated via the Aalen-Johansen estimate. Another issue is that women are usually not entering such an observational study from the first day of pregnancy, resulting in delayed entries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bimj.201700237DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Use of Aborted Fetal Tissue in Vaccines and Medical Research Obscures the Value of All Human Life.

Linacre Q 2018 Feb 28;85(1):13-17. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Franciscan University of Steubenville, Steubenville, OH, USA.

This opinion addresses the licitness, quasi-benefits, and consequences of using aborted fetal tissue in vaccines and in medical research. The Catholic Church permits temporary use of vaccines generated using aborted fetal tissue to protect children from preventable diseases until alternative vaccines that do not use aborted fetal tissue are available. In medical research, cell lines that were generated from elective abortions should be avoided and alternative cell lines of licit origin utilized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0024363918761715DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6027112PMC
February 2018

Abortion induces reactivation of inflammation in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Dec 3;89(12):1272-1278. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Multiple Sclerosis Clinical and Research Unit, Department of Systems Medicine, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.

Objective: To investigate clinical and radiological outcomes of women with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) undergoing abortion.

Methods: An independent, multicentre retrospective study was conducted collecting data from eight Italian MS centres. We compared the preconception and postabortion annualised relapse rate (ARR) and number of Gadolinium enhancing (Gd+) lesions, by analyses of covariance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-318468DOI Listing
December 2018
26 Reads

Early missed abortion is associated with villous angiogenesis via the HIF-1α/VEGF signaling pathway.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2018 Sep 27;298(3):537-543. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, 6 Shuangyong Road, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Purpose: To analyze the effects of the hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway on villous angiogenesis in early missed abortion.

Methods: Immunohistochemical assays were performed to detect the expression of micro-vessel density (MVD), HIF-1α, and VEGF in villous tissue samples from 30 missed abortions and 30 elective abortions in early pregnancy. We further analyzed the correlation between HIF-1α/VEGF and MVD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-018-4802-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6096576PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Characterization of human decidual mast cells and establishment of a culture system.

Allergol Int 2018 Sep 18;67S:S18-S24. Epub 2018 May 18.

Allergy and Immunology Project Team, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Center for Institutional Research and Medical Education, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Although rodent decidual mast cells (MCs) reportedly play an important role in implantation and placenta formation, the characterization of human decidual MCs has been not well clarified. The aims of this study were to investigate the distribution and characteristics of MCs in human decidua and to establish a culture system for decidua-derived MCs.

Methods: Decidual tissues were obtained from patients who underwent a legal elective abortion (6th week to 9th week of pregnancy), and decidual MCs were enzymatically dispersed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alit.2018.05.001DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Development of an algorithm to identify pregnancy episodes and related outcomes in health care claims databases: An application to antiepileptic drug use in 4.9 million pregnant women in France.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2018 Jul 15;27(7):763-770. Epub 2018 May 15.

Université de Lorraine, université Paris-Descartes, Apemac, EA 4360, Nancy, France.

Purpose: Access to claims databases provides an opportunity to study medication use and safety during pregnancy. We developed an algorithm to identify pregnancy episodes in the French health care databases and applied it to study antiepileptic drug (AED) use during pregnancy between 2007 and 2014.

Methods: The algorithm searched the French health care databases for discharge diagnoses and medical procedures indicative of completion of a pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pds.4556DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055607PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Dichorionic twins discordant for body-stalk anomaly: a management challenge.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 May 12;2018. Epub 2018 May 12.

Department of Pathology, CGC Genetics Centro de Genetica Clinica, Porto, Portugal.

Body-stalk anomaly is a sporadic and rare maldevelopment disorder characterised by large abdominal wall defect, spinal deformity and rudimentary umbilical cord. It is considered a lethal condition as there are only few reports of survival but there was at least one case of long-term survival after neonatal surgery.Differential diagnosis includes isolated omphalocele or gastroschisis, short umbilical cord, amniotic band, limb body-wall complex and other polymalformative syndromes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223825DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Elective Abandonment: A Male Counterpart to Abortion.

New Bioeth 2018 Jul 9;24(2):122-134. Epub 2018 May 9.

a St Mary's University , Twickenham , UK.

Two of the most influential arguments in favour of the permissibility of abortion were put forward in the latter half of the twentieth century by Judith Jarvis Thomson and Mary Anne Warren. The implications of these arguments for unwilling putative fathers have largely not been considered. Some have argued that Thomson's defence of abortion might allow a man under certain circumstances to terminate his parental responsibilities and rights. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/20502877.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20502877.2018.1472853DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Dengue vaccination during pregnancy - An overview of clinical trials data.

Vaccine 2018 05 30;36(23):3345-3350. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Sanofi Pasteur Global Pharmacovigilance, Lyon, France.

Background: The live, attenuated, tetravalent dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV) is licensed in several endemic countries and contraindicated during pregnancy. Inadvertent vaccination during pregnancy may occur during clinical trials that include women of childbearing age. The potential risk associated with dengue vaccination in pregnancy remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.04.050DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Patients with Unexplained Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion Show Decreased Levels of Microrna-146a-5p in the Deciduae.

Ann Clin Lab Sci 2018 Mar;48(2):177-182

Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Immune intolerance of the fetal-placental unit may be a contributing cause of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA).

Objectives: This study is to investigate the relevance of the miR-146a-5p/IFN-γ pathway to URSA.

Material And Methods: Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and western blot were performed to compare the levels of miR-146a-5p, IFN-γ, IRAK1, and TRAF6 in the deciduae of URSA (n=29) and healthy women (n=35) after an elective abortion. Read More

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March 2018
7 Reads

Group B Streptococcus tricuspid valve endocarditis with subsequent septic embolization to the pulmonary artery: A case report following elective abortion.

Obstet Med 2018 Mar 1;11(1):39-44. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

Division of Infectious Diseases, McGill University Health Center, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Canada.

Background: Tricuspid valve endocarditis caused by Group B streptococcus is a rare clinical entity with poor prognosis and has been previously reported following gynecologic procedures.

Case Summary: We report a case of an 18-year-old female diagnosed with Group B streptococcus tricuspid valve endocarditis with septic emboli following an elective therapeutic abortion. After six weeks of treatment with ceftriaxone, she returned with recurrent symptoms and was found to have embolized a sizable vegetation to the pulmonary artery with probable lung infarction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753495X17714711DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5888840PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Abortion may be associated with elevated risk of future hypothyroidism.

Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):41-43

Department of Medicine, Dr. RPGMC, Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Objective: Fetal microchimerism during pregnancy and abortion has been linked with autoimmune hypothyroidism in females. We conducted a case-control study to investigate the odds of "abortion in the past" in the newly diagnosed hypothyroid females compared to their age-matched euthyroid controls.

Methods: All consecutive newly diagnosed hypothyroid females, over 1 year, were enrolled as cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_43_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5869800PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Nursing and Hospital Abortions in the United States, 1967-1973.

J Hist Med Allied Sci 2018 Oct;73(4):412-436

Karissa Haugeberg, Department of History, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118.

Before elective abortion was legalized nationally in 1973 with the U.S. Supreme Court decision Roe v. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jhmas/article/73/4/412/4951734
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhmas/jry014DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Tuboperitoneal fistula, ectopic pregnancy, and remnants of fallopian tube: a confocal microtomography analysis and 3D reconstruction of human fallopian tube pathologies.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Apr 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

f Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine , Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP) , São Paulo , Brazil.

Objective: The aim of this study was to provide a three-dimensional (3D) microscopic reconstruction of morphological modifications of the fallopian tube (FT) following surgical sterilization (including tuboperitoneal fistula) and ectopic pregnancy (EP) using confocal microtomography (micro-CT).

Methods: Six specimens of FT from elective and emergency surgeries were selected: three remnants of the FT (RFT) from surgical sterilization, including one presenting tuboperitoneal fistula, and three FTs with EP. The specimens were fixed in formalin and stained with Lugol solution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2018.1455181DOI Listing
April 2018
18 Reads

Serial Uterine Artery Embolization for the Treatment of Placenta Percreta in the First Trimester: A Case Report.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 Aug 19;41(8):1280-1284. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, NJ, USA.

Two patients with placenta percreta underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) for abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) in the first trimester. Patient 1 had a 9-week cervical ectopic, while Patient 2 had a 9-week cesarean scar pregnancy. Elective termination of pregnancy was performed in both patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-018-1929-9DOI Listing
August 2018
21 Reads

Effect of Primary Elective Cesarean Delivery on Placenta Accreta: A Case-Control Study.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Mar;131(6):672-676

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

Background: Cesarean section (CS) is an independent risk factor for placenta accreta. Some researchers think that the timing of primary cesarean delivery is associated with placenta accreta in subsequent pregnancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of placenta accreta following primary CS without labor, also called primary elective CS, in a pregnancy complicated with placenta previa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0366-6999.226902DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5865312PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Impact of Improved Survival in Congenital Heart Disease on Incidence of Disease.

Cardiol Rev 2018 Mar/Apr;26(2):82-85

Survival rates and life expectancies for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) have dramatically increased, and these patients are now reaching reproductive age. As they reproduce, questions pertaining to recurrent risk of disease and the impact on incidence rates have emerged. Recurrence rates for CHD have been estimated at 3% to 5%, although, due to the complex genetics underlying CHD, this range may represent an underestimation of the true risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CRD.0000000000000178DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Elective abortion: Clinical practice guidelines from the French College of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF).

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Mar 31;222:95-101. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital de la Conception, 147 bd Baille, 13005 Marseille, France.

The number of elective abortions has been stable for several decades. Many factors explain women's choice of abortion in cases of unplanned pregnancies. Early initiation of contraceptive use and a choice of contraceptive choices appropriate to the woman's life are associated with lower rates of unplanned pregnancies. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03012115183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.01.017DOI Listing
March 2018
14 Reads

Reasons for Abortion: Religion, Religiosity/Spirituality and Attitudes of Male Secondary School Youth in South Africa.

J Relig Health 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Discipline of Psychology, School of Applied Human Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

This study focused on the relationship between religion, religiosity/spirituality (R/S), and attitudes of a sample of South African male secondary school youth toward women's rights to legal abortion in different situations. We distributed 400 self-administered questionnaires assessing the main variables (attitudes toward reasons for abortion and R/S) to the target sample in six different secondary schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The responses of a final sample of 327 learners were then analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-017-0547-1DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

A prospective study of the frequency of severe pain and predictive factors in women undergoing first-trimester surgical abortion under local anaesthesia.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Feb 15;221:123-128. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

University of Rennes 1, Faculty of Medicine, F-35043 Rennes, France; CHU Rennes, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, F-35033 Rennes, France.

Objective: To determine the frequency of severe pain among women and to identify the associated predictive factors during first-trimester surgical abortion under local anaesthesia (LA).

Study Design: A prospective cohort study from November 2013 to January 2014 at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Rennes, France. The study population was composed of one hundred and ninety-four patients who underwent an elective first-trimester surgical abortion under LA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.12.024DOI Listing
February 2018
10 Reads

Prenatal diagnosis of an 8q22.2-q23.3 deletion associated with bilateral cleft lip and palate and intrauterine growth restriction on fetal ultrasound.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2017 Dec;56(6):843-846

Department of Medical Research, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Bioengineering, Tatung University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: We present prenatal diagnosis of an interstitial 8q22.2-q23.3 deletion associated with bilateral cleft lip and palate and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) on fetal ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2017.10.026DOI Listing
December 2017
9 Reads

Fertility outcomes following pelvic embolization in women with acquired uterine arteriovenous malformation.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2017 Dec;56(6):831-835

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: Acquired uterine arteriovenous malformation (UAVM) is a rare, life-threatening disease. Angiography with uterine arterial embolization (UAE) is the diagnostic tool and a choice of fertility-sparing treatment. Here, we present a series of five successful pregnancies after embolization of UAVM. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10284559173026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2017.10.023DOI Listing
December 2017
7 Reads

Analysis of cystic hygroma diagnosed in the prenatal period: 5-years' experience at a tertiary hospital in Southeastern Turkey.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Jun 27;32(11):1800-1805. Epub 2017 Dec 27.

c Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine , Gaziantep University , Gaziantep , Turkey.

Purpose: Our aim was to evaluate the association of cystic hygroma (CH) with fetal malformations and also to investigate the outcome of fetuses with CH diagnosed in the prenatal period.

Methods: We divided the CH patients into two main groups as isolated CH or CH associated with the congenital structural abnormality (CSA) by measuring the thickness of CH and showing other fetal abnormalities. Pregnancy outcomes were recorded as spontaneous abortion, elective termination, intrauterine death, live birth, postnatal death, and lost to follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2017.1418315DOI Listing
June 2019
9 Reads

Human-specific subcellular compartmentalization of P-element induced wimpy testis-like (PIWIL) granules during germ cell development and spermatogenesis.

Hum Reprod 2018 02;33(2):258-269

Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Leiden University Medical Center, Einthovenweg 20, Leiden 2333 ZC, The Netherlands.

Study Question: What is the dynamics of expression of P-element induced wimpy testis-like (PIWIL) proteins in the germline during human fetal development and spermatogenesis?

Summary Answer: PIWIL1, PIWIL2, PIWIL3 and PIWIL4 were expressed in a sex-specific fashion in human germ cells (GC) during development and adulthood. PIWILs showed a mutually exclusive pattern of subcellular localization. PIWILs were present in the intermitochondrial cement and a single large granule in meiotic GC and their expression was different from that observed in mice, highlighting species-differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/dex365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5850288PMC
February 2018
16 Reads

Exposure to cox-2 inhibitors (coxibs) during the first trimester and pregnancy outcome: a prospective observational cohort study.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2018 Apr 7;74(4):489-495. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Pharmakovigilanz- und Beratungszentrum für Embryonaltoxikologie, Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

Purpose: Cox-2-inhibitors (coxibs) are not recommended in pregnancy but early exposure may occur, for instance in unplanned pregnancies. Experience in pregnancy is limited leading to concerns in patients and their health care providers. Therefore, further data on coxibs and their effects on embryogenesis are needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00228-017-2385-1DOI Listing
April 2018
19 Reads

Assessing the safety of hepatitis B vaccination during pregnancy in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), 1990-2016.

Vaccine 2018 01 27;36(1):50-54. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Immunization Safety Office (ISO), Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), United States.

Background: The safety of hepatitis B vaccination during pregnancy has not been well studied.

Objective: We characterized adverse events (AEs) after hepatitis B vaccination of pregnant women reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a spontaneous reporting surveillance system.

Methods: We searched VAERS for AEs reports involving pregnant women who received hepatitis B vaccine from January 1, 1990-June 30, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.11.039DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

Down-regulation of miR-378a-3p induces decidual cell apoptosis: a possible mechanism for early pregnancy loss.

Hum Reprod 2018 01;33(1):11-22

Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University Medical College, Hangzhou 310006, P.R. China.

Study Question: Do microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to human early pregnancy loss (EPL)?

Summary Answer: miR-378a-3p expression is regulated by progesterone and is down-regulated in ducidua of EPL patients which may contribute to decidual apoptosis through Caspase-3 activation.

What Is Known Already: A variety of miRNAs have been demonstrated to be associated with the development of decidualization and placental formation. However, little has been reported on the roles of miRNA in the pathogenesis of EPL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/dex347DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads