3,382 results match your criteria Elder Abuse

Violence in the Great Recession.

Am J Epidemiol 2022 Jun 29. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 300 West Bank Office Building, 1300 S. 2nd St., Minneapolis, MN 55454, United States.

Substantial evidence suggests that economic hardship causes violence. However, a large majority of this research relies on observational studies that use traditional violence surveillance systems that suffer from selection bias and over-represent vulnerable populations, such as people of color. To overcome limitations of prior work, we employed a quasi-experimental design to assess the impact of the Great Recession on explicit violence diagnoses (injuries identified to be caused by a violent event) and proxy violence diagnoses (injuries highly correlated with violence) for child maltreatment, intimate partner violence (IPV), elder abuse, and their combination. Read More

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Self-neglect among older adults admitted to a Chinese comprehensive hospital in the COVID-19 pandemic era: a cross-sectional study.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 28:1-18. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

School of Nursing, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

This study aims to explore the prevalence of self-neglect and associated factors among older adults admitted to the hospital in the COVID-19 pandemic context. The cross-sectional study conducted at a Chinese comprehensive hospital between January and April 2021, 452 older adults were recruited to complete the Abrams Geriatric Self-Neglect Scale, Social Support Rate Scale, FRAIL scale, Barthel index, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore the factors associated with elder self-neglect. Read More

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Characterizing Elder Abuse in the UK: A Description of Cases Reported to a National Helpline.

J Appl Gerontol 2022 Jun 28:7334648221109513. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Royal Holloway, 3162University of London, UK.

The abuse of older adults by someone in a position of trust-also known as elder abuse (EA)-has a severe impact on victims and society. However, knowledge about EA in the UK is limited in comparison to other types of interpersonal violence and international knowledge. The present study utilized secondary data from a UK national EA helpline to investigate the characteristics of reported cases. Read More

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Culturally Responsive Opioid and Other Drug Prevention for American Indian/Alaska Native People: a Comparison of Reservation- and Urban-Based Approaches.

Prev Sci 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Epidemiology Research Branch, National Institute On Drug Abuse, North Bethesda, USA.

There are few substance use treatment and prevention programs for AI/AN people that integrate culturally based practices with evidence-based treatment and prevention. The National Institutes of Health's (NIH's) Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Prevention Cooperative supports two projects focused on AI/AN populations. One focuses on youth ages 15 to 20 years living within the Cherokee Nation reservation, a multicultural rural area in northeastern Oklahoma, and the second focuses on emerging adults ages 18 to 25 years living in diverse urban areas. Read More

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Elder abuse and hospitalization in rural Malaysia.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(6):e0270163. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Practice, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Our study aims to describe and determine factors associated with hospitalization among victims of elder abuse and neglect (EAN) in rural Malaysia. A cross sectional study based on the baseline data of the Malaysian Elder Mistreatment Project (MAESTRO) collected from November 2013 until July 2014 involving 1927 older adults in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan was conducted. EAN was determined using the modified Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS) and hospitalization rates were determined based on self-report. Read More

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Elder Mistreatment Prevention Rounds in Nursing Homes.

Am J Nurs 2022 Jul;122(7)

Terry Fulmer is president of the John A. Hartford Foundation in New York City, Alice Bonner is senior advisor for aging at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement in Boston, and Shreya Chandra and Tim Le are graduate interns at the John A. Hartford Foundation. Contact author: Terry Fulmer,

This new prevention paradigm could benefit all. Read More

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Measuring the diverse characteristics of county adult protective services programs.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 22;34(3):153-173. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences and School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, South Euclid, Ohio, USA.

Adult protective services (APS) programs vary markedly, yet few studies have quantified this diversity. In 2020, a survey of Ohio's 85 county-administered APS programs incorporated subsequent feedback from staff and described the programs in a systematic manner. This process resulted in a 100% response rate and illustrated an efficient approach to measuring organizational characteristics (e. Read More

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A Community-Based Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study of Elder Abuse Perpetration or Victimization Among Elders in Ethiopia, 2022.

Clin Interv Aging 2022 15;17:957-969. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Nursing, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Aman, South West Regional State, Ethiopia.

Background: Elderly abuse and comorbid problematic substance use, disability, and physical and mental illness have been major problems in low-income countries. In most countries, the elderly are the most neglected segment of the population, and there is insufficient information about elderly abuse perpetration or victimization in low-income countries like Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess elderly abuse perpetration or victimization among the elderly in Mizan Aman town, southwest Ethiopia. Read More

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Alertes pour maltraitances d’adultes vulnérables : évolution pendant l’épidémie de COVID-19 en France.

Sante Publique 2022 ;33(6):997-1003

Aim: The COVID-19 outbreak is likely to affect both the occurrence and the reporting of abuse or neglect in vulnerable adults in a variety of ways. This study aims to explore such effects based on the alerts reported to the national system dedicated to these situations by the Ministry of Solidarity and Health in France.

Method: The main characteristics of the situations of abuse or neglect (age and gender of the victims, main type of abuse or neglect, persons considered as responsible, place of occurrence) reported to the national system from March to December 2020, since the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak, have been compared to those observed during the same months from 2017 to 2019. Read More

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[Analysis of ageism during the pandemic, a global elder abuse].

Aten Primaria 2022 Jun;54(6):102320

GdT Atención al Mayor semFYC, Centro de Salud de Leiro-Ribadavia (Ourense) Servicio Galego de Saúde, Grupo I-Saúde, Fundación Biomédica Galicia Sur, Ourense, Galicia, España.

Ageism is a form of abuse which has negative influence on elderly people. Although COVID-19 affects people of all ages, it has increased ageism effects, reducing the access of the elderly to different resources, including health system. Ageism is associated to cost overruns, poorer health and early mortality. Read More

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RISE: A Conceptual Model of Integrated and Restorative Elder Abuse Intervention.

Gerontologist 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Division of Geriatrics and Primary Care, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA.

Despite a growing number of elder abuse cases nationwide, response programs such as Adult Protective Services (APS) lack a defined, prolonged intervention phase to address these complex situations. This paper presents RISE, a model of elder abuse intervention that works alongside APS or other systems that interact with at-risk older adults. Informed by an ecological-systems perspective and adapting evidence-based modalities from other fields (including motivational interviewing, teaming, restorative justice, goal attainment scaling), the RISE model intervenes at levels of the individual older adult victim, individual harmer, their relationship, and community to address elder abuse risk and strengthen systems of support surrounding the victim-harmer dyad. Read More

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Perceived social support and help-seeking among U.S. Chinese older adults who reported elder mistreatment.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 15;34(3):222-240. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Health Care Policy and Aging Research, Rutgers Institute for Health, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA.

This study aimed to examine the associations between perceived social support and help-seeking among U.S. Chinese older adults who reported elder mistreatment (EM). Read More

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A COVID-19-era rapid review: using Zoom and Skype for qualitative group research.

Public Health Res Pract 2022 Jun 15;32(2). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

The Anticipatory Care Action Learning Project, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.

Background And Objectives: How do qualitative researchers collect meaningful and representative data, and engage in action research, when constrained by cost, distance or unforeseen events? In our work investigating health and older-person services in Tasmania, we had to confront this question in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, redesigning our methodological approach to support participant engagement in qualitative group research to meet unpredictable pandemic isolation and ethics requirements.

Study Type: Rapid review.

Methods: We searched three academic databases, limited to the past 5 years, cross-referencing to identify strategies to support online qualitative group research and assess the suitability of videoconferencing (specifically through Zoom and Skype) as a tool for participant engagement in qualitative group research. Read More

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Implementing a financial decision-making scale in APS financial exploitation investigations: Use of the PARIHS conceptual framework.

Gerontologist 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Benton Harbor, Michigan, USA.

Background And Objectives: Adult Protective Services (APS) agencies investigate cases of financial exploitation, and a critical aspect of such investigations is often the assessment of decision-making abilities. This study examined APS workers' implementation of a 10-item financial decision-making screening tool, the Financial Decision Tracker (FDT), across a 34-month period: pre COVID-19, throughout COVID-19 restrictions, and for 1 year following the restrictions.

Research Design And Methods: Using the PARIHS implementation science conceptual framework, we examined aspects of context, facilitation, and evidence to determine how well APS workers were trained, certified, and skilled in using the FDT. Read More

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Ageism against older patients in nursing: conceptual differentiations and the role of moral sensitivity.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 9;34(3):198-221. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania.

Ageism in nursing is difficult to identify, prevent and combat. Using a mixed-method approach in two exploratory cross-sectional studies ( 512), we brought support for a proposed conceptual difference between ageism toward older adults and ageism toward older patients which may facilitate the identification of ageism in healthcare settings. We also investigated whether nurses' moral sensitivity could buffer the negative effect of socio-cognitive factors on ageism against older patients. Read More

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Elderly abuse, affecting factors and evaluation of life satisfaction: a cross-sectional study.

Psychogeriatrics 2022 Jun 5. Epub 2022 Jun 5.

Faculty of Medicine Department of Public Health, Kutahya Health Sciences University, Kutahya, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of abuse and its effect on life satisfaction in older adults living in our region.

Method: This research is a cross-sectional study. The participants of the study were an elderly population who applied to one 'family health centre'. Read More

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The Association of Opium Abuse with Mortality Amongst Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in Iranian Population.

J Prev (2022) 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Opioid abuse is a serious problem in the society. Since the first months of COVID-19 pandemic, several myths, rumors and misconceptions have been spread about the benefits of opium consumption for COVID-19 outcome. In addition, data are limited on the relationship between opium abuse and COVID-19 mortality amongst hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Long-term outcomes of mechanical versus biological valve prosthesis in native mitral valve infective endocarditis.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2022 12;56(1):132-137

Heart Center, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

. To study the long-term outcomes of mitral valve replacement with mechanical or biological valve prostheses in native mitral valve infective endocarditis patients. . Read More

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December 2022

Managing abusive experiences: a qualitative study among older adults in Sweden.

BMC Geriatr 2022 05 26;22(1):456. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Acute Internal Medicine and Geriatrics in Linköping, and Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Elder abuse is prevalent, and is associated with poor health outcomes. How an older adult is affected by abusive experiences is dependent on myriad factors, including aspects of the abuse itself, other life circumstances, coping strategies, and what kind of help the older adults receive to manage the experience. In this study, we sought to investigate how older adults themselves describe how they manage abusive experiences. Read More

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Psychological mistreatment by married children in Korea: using the contextual theory to explain mistreatment of aging parents and parents-in-law.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 24;34(3):174-197. Epub 2022 May 24.

Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Sejong, Korea.

Guided by the contextual theory of elder mistreatment, this study examined the psychological mistreatment (PM) of aging parents and parents-in-law by their married children and compared the risk factors of PM. We used nationally representative data on the adverse experiences of Korean adults in 2017 (n=2,974). Results showed similarities and differences in the PM of aging parents and parents-in-law. Read More

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Pragmatic Randomized Control Trial of a Coordinated Community Response: Increasing Access to Services for At-Risk Older Adults.

J Forensic Nurs 2022 Apr-Jun 01;18(2):91-98

School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Background: Elder abuse, neglect, and financial exploitation (EANF) impacts over five million community-dwelling older adults. Yet, no evidence-based intervention models exist that prevent EANF.

Objectives: In this article, we describe the assessment of process outcomes for a Community Complex Care Response Team (C3RT) model developed, via a practitioner-researcher partnership, to reduce instances of EANF victimization among higher risk community-dwelling older adults by identifying and coordinating their service needs. Read More

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Early Stages of COVID-19 Pandemic Had No Discernable Impact on Risk of Elder Abuse and Neglect Among Dementia Family Caregivers: A Daily Diary Study.

J Fam Violence 2022 May 11:1-11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT USA.

There is widespread concern that elder abuse and neglect (EAN) incidents increased during the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic due in part to increases in risk factors. Initial reports relying on administrative systems such as adult protective services records produced mixed results regarding whether or not there was a change in EAN incidents. Using data from an ongoing longitudinal study on EAN in dementia family caregiving that started before the pandemic, we assessed the hypothesis that the pandemic is related to a change in probability of EAN and EAN protective factors. Read More

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Ageism, moral sensitivity and nursing students' intentions to work with older people - A cross-sectional study.

Nurse Educ Today 2022 Jun 18;113:105372. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Al.I. Cuza, University of Iasi, Romania, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Str. Toma Cozma, nr. 3, Iasi 700554, Romania. Electronic address:

Background: Nursing students' intentions to work with older people are low, despite a worldwide need for gerontological nursing, with ageism being the main culprit. Romania lacks legislation to prevent and combat elder abuse in healthcare, although it is alleged to be rampant among nursing staff. There is also a lack of research on nursing students' ageism toward older people and intentions to work with them. Read More

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Responding to Elder Abuse in GERiAtric care (REAGERA) educational intervention for healthcare providers: a non-randomised stepped wedge trial.

BMJ Open 2022 05 4;12(5):e060314. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Acute Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, and Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linkoping, Sweden

Introduction: Elder abuse is prevalent and associated with different forms of ill health. Despite this, healthcare providers are often unaware of abusive experiences among older patients and many lack training about elder abuse. The overall aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention on healthcare providers' propensity to ask older patients questions about abusive experiences. Read More

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Financial fragility and scam susceptibility in community dwelling older adults.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2022 Mar-May;34(2):93-108. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

We tested the hypothesis that financial fragility is associated with higher scam susceptibility in older adults without dementia. Data came from nearly 900 community-dwelling participants from two ongoing cohort studies of aging. Financial fragility was determined by assessing an individual's ability to access $2,000 within a month for an unexpected expense. Read More

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Abuse and Discrimination Experienced by Older Women in the Era of COVID-19: A Two-Wave Representative Community Survey in Hong Kong.

Violence Against Women 2022 06 27;28(8):1750-1772. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

26680Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Although there is a growing volume of research on violence against women, violence against older women has received little attention to date. Little is known about the experience of elder abuse, discrimination, loneliness, and health among older women, in particular in the era of COVID-19 when our lives have been changed drastically. Using two waves of survey data ( = 1,498), this study compared the estimates of elder abuse and age discrimination before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, examined their associations with physical and mental health, and explored the mediating effects of loneliness on the associations in two independent samples of older women in Hong Kong. Read More

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Emergency assistance in situations of abuse, neglect, and self-neglect: exploring the complexity and challenges.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2022 Mar-May;34(2):124-151. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Social Work Site Leader at Providence Health Care, Mount St. Joseph Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Health and social care professionals are often called upon to provide emergency intervention without the adult's consent in situations of abuse, neglect, and self-neglect. Little is known about this process despite implications related to health care costs and individual rights. In this qualitative study, 17 health care professionals with experience enacting emergency legislation in BC were interviewed to better understand what leads to an emergency response and how these professionals carry out their role. Read More

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Evaluation of frailty, abuse and depression among community-dwelling older adults in a nortwest city of Turkey.

Psychogeriatrics 2022 Apr 16. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the frailty, abuse, and depression experienced by community-dwelling older adults and to raise awareness in society about the abuse of the elderly.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in three family health centres in a city centre in the northwest of Turkey. The sample consisted of 429 older adults. Read More

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The Relationship Between Financial Decision-Making and Financial Exploitation in Older Black Adults.

J Aging Health 2022 Jun 14;34(3):472-481. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Institute of Gerontology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

This study examined the relationship between contextual measure of financial decision-making and the financial exploitation experiences of older Blacks, and the convergent validity of mental health measures of contextual decision-making items. This cross-sectional study of 104 older Black adults included 52 cases of confirmed financial exploitation. Participants were matched on age and gender. Read More

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Prevalence patterns and associated factors of elder abuse in an urban slum of eastern India.

BMC Geriatr 2022 04 11;22(1):317. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Background: The prevalence of elder abuse in various parts of the world has been reported between 2.2 and 90.4%. Read More

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