759 results match your criteria Elbow Trauma Pediatric


[The treatment of elbow dislocations in children and adolescents : Consensus report of the pediatric trauma section of the German Trauma Society (DGU)].

Unfallchirurg 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Abteilung für Kinderchirurgie und Kinderurologie, Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Tübingen, Deutschland.

Dislocations of the elbow during growth are rare but because of associated fractures a range of therapeutic methods are employed. The postoperative care is even more varied, so the scientific working group of the section for pediatric trauma of the DGU developed the following recommendations for the treatment of elbow dislocations in children and adolescents based on own experience and a review of the literature. Diagnosis is made from radiographs with at least one (preferably lateral) view showing the dislocation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00113-019-0632-xDOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Tardy Ulnar Nerve Palsy.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

From the Orthopedic Department (Dr. Rubin, Dr. Orbach, Dr. Bor, and Prof. Rozen), Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel, and the Faculty of Medicine (Dr. Rubin, Dr. Bor, and Prof. Rozen), Technion, Haifa, Israel.

Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is a chronic clinical condition characterized by a delayed onset ulnar neuropathy after an injury to the elbow. Typically, tardy ulnar nerve palsy occurs as a consequence of nonunion of pediatric lateral condyle fractures at the elbow, which eventually lead to a cubitus valgus deformity. While the child grows, the deformity worsens and the ulnar nerve is gradually stretched until classic symptoms of ulnar nerve neuropathy appear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00138DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Current Approach to the Management of Forearm and Elbow Dislocations in Children.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Apr;35(4):293-298

Assistant Professor and Director of Ultrasound (Gottlieb), Department of Emergency Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL; Assistant Professor (Suleiman), Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Pediatric orthopedic injuries are a common reason for presentation to the emergency department. This article sequentially discusses 2 important upper extremity injuries that require prompt management in the emergency department. Radial head subluxations are discussed with a focus on current evidence for imaging, reduction techniques, and follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001805DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

An Unreported Variant of Convergent Dislocation of Elbow.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 Nov-Dec;8(6):79-81

Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, OrthoKids Clinic, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Introduction: Pediatric traumatic elbow dislocation is an uncommon injury accounting for 3-% of all pediatric elbow injuries. It can present as an isolated injury or in association with fractures of radius, ulna, or humerus. Posterolateral type is the most common accounting for 70% of all pediatric elbow dislocations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424311PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Functional outcome of the elbow in toddlers with transphyseal fracture of the distal humerus treated surgically.

J Child Orthop 2019 Feb;13(1):47-56

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, China.

Purpose: To quantitatively evaluate the upper extremity and elbow function with the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) in children with transphyseal fracture of the distal humerus (TFDH) treated surgically.

Methods: During the period between 2005 and 2015, a total of 16 patients (ten male, six female) met the inclusion criteria. Mean age at the time of injury was 18 months (11 to 37) and mean follow-up was 42. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/1863-2548.13.180156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376439PMC
February 2019

[Pale and pulseless hand after luxation of the left elbow in a 9‑year-old boy].

Unfallchirurg 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Klinik für Gefäßchirurgie und Gefäßmedizin, Schwarzwald-Baar-Klinikum Villingen-Schwenningen, Villingen-Schwenningen, Deutschland.

Background: Luxation of the elbow occurs around the age of 7 years instead of a supracondylar humeral fracture. The most common complication is a fracture of the medial epicondyle of the ulna in the sense of a bony avulsion of the ligament. There are only few case reports regarding collateral injuries of the brachial artery. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00113-019-0616-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00113-019-0616-xDOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Elbow flexion reconstruction with nerve transfer or grafting in patients with brachial plexus injuries: A systematic review and comparison study.

Microsurgery 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Division of Hand Surgery, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: Posttraumatic brachial plexus (BP) palsy was used to be treated by reconstruction with nerve grafts. For the last two decades, nerve transfers have gained popularity and believed to be more effective than nerve grafting. The aim of this systematic review was to compare elbow flexion restoration with nerve transfers or nerve grafting after traumatic BP injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/micr.30440DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Corrective osteotomies around the elbow in childhood and adolescence : Indications and techniques for posttraumatic deformities].

Authors:
D W Sommerfeldt

Unfallchirurg 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Abt. für Kinder- und Jugendtraumatologie, Altonaer Kinderkrankenhaus gGmbH, Bleickenallee 38, 22763, Hamburg, Deutschland.

Evidence-based literature on counseling and treatment of pediatric and adolescent patients with posttraumatic deformities is scarce; however, especially around the elbow with its low remodeling potential, the number of patients with malunions presenting in outpatient clinics is not rare at all. In this review the more frequent indications for corrective surgery around the pediatric elbow are described and treatment proposals are made from the perspective of an interregional reference center for pediatric and adolescent trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00113-019-0608-xDOI Listing
February 2019

External Fixator-assisted Ulnar Osteotomy: A Novel Technique to Treat Missed Monteggia Fracture in Children.

Orthop Surg 2019 Feb 4;11(1):102-108. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Objective: The treatment of missed Monteggia fracture remains a challenge, despite the various surgical methods described. The purpose of this study was to explore a new surgical technique utilizing external fixator-assisted ulnar osteotomy and to assess the surgical results in a case series.

Methods: Thirteen patients with missed Monteggia fractures were treated at our institution using this new surgical technique from August 2012 to January 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/os.12426DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Ulnar Collateral Ligament Insertional Injuries in Pediatric Overhead Athletes: Are MRI Findings Predictive of Symptoms or Need for Surgery?

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2019 Apr 30;212(4):867-873. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1 Department of Radiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital-Columbia University Medical Center, 622 W 168th St, MC-28, New York, NY 10032.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) insertion below the articular margin (so-called T sign) exists in the pediatric population and whether MRI features can be used to identify insertional UCL injuries in overhead athletes that are symptomatic or require surgery.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective review of elbow MR images of patients younger than 21 years from 2011 to 2017 yielded 26 control subjects who were not overhead athletes and 97 overhead athletes. According to the clinical diagnosis, 50 of the overhead athletes had symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.20474DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Comparison of Surgical Encounter Direct Costs for Three Methods of Cubital Tunnel Decompression.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 02;143(2):503-510

Salt Lake City, Utah From the Department of Orthopaedics, Division of Public Health, and the Department of Pediatric Research Enterprise, School of Medicine, University of Utah.

Background: In situ decompression, subcutaneous transposition, and submuscular transposition for cubital tunnel syndrome have historically yielded similar outcomes. The authors' null hypothesis is that no differences exist in surgical encounter total direct costs for in situ decompression, subcutaneous transposition, and submuscular transposition.

Methods: Adult patients treated surgically for cubital tunnel syndrome by four fellowship-trained hand surgeons between August of 2011 and December of 2016 were identified by CPT code (64718) at their tertiary academic institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005196DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352723PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Trends in the Orthopaedic Surgery Fellowship Match 2013 to 2017.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2018 Dec 13;2(12):e080. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH (Dr. Wera), Aon Corporation, Chicago, IL (Mrs. Eisinger), American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society, Chicago, IL (Mrs. Oreluk), and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Florida, Jacksonville, FL (Dr. Cannada).

Introduction: This study describes trends in the postgraduate orthopaedic surgery fellowship match from 2013 to 2017.

Methods: We determined the numbers of applicants and positions in Adult Reconstruction/Oncology, Foot and Ankle, Pediatrics, Shoulder and Elbow, Spine, Sports Medicine, and Trauma. We also defined the odds of matching in each subspecialty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-18-00080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336575PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The use of static progressive and serial static orthoses in the management of elbow contractures after complex fracture dislocation injuries: A pediatric case study.

J Hand Ther 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

Introduction: Contractures are the most common complication after traumatic injury to the elbow. Although evidence supporting the use of static progressive and serial static orthoses to help recover range of motion after these complex injuries is growing, there is currently a paucity of literature exploring its efficacy in pediatric populations.

Case Description: The following case study presents the results of the use of static progressive and serial static orthoses with a young patient who presented with both elbow extension and flexion contractures after a complex fracture dislocation injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jht.2018.09.004DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Conservative versus surgical treatment of Gartland type 2 supracondylar humeral fractures: What can help us choosing?

J Orthop 2019 Jan-Feb;16(1):31-35. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Sant'Andrea Hospital, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

Background: Pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures (PSHF) are most common elbow fractures among children and adolescents. While there is substantial agreement on treating type 1 and type 3 fractures (conservatively and surgically, respectively), the debate on optimal treatment of Gartland type 2 fractures is still open.We wanted to review our cases, analyzing outcomes and seeking for parameters that could help surgeons treating these injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jor.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324759PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Comparison of treatment methods for pediatric Monteggia fracture: Met vs missed radial head dislocation.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(2):e13942

Department of Pediatric Surgery.

Various methods are applied in the treatment of fresh and neglected Monteggia fractures. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of various treatment methods, and assess the complexity associated with missed radial head dislocation.All fracture patients were reviewed between Jan 2012 and Dec 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336613PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Surgical management of Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fractures in older children: a retrospectively study.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Pediatric Orthopedic, Wuhan Puai Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong Science and Technology University, Wuhan, China.

The aim of this study was to analyse the management of Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fractures in children older than 10 years at our paediatric orthopaedics and to determine the clinical and radiographic long-term effects following open reduction by the small medial approach and cross-fixation with three kirschner wires. Eighty-three cases of Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fractures in children older than 10 years were treated by open reduction by the small medial approach and cross-fixation with three kirschner wires from January 2010 to December 2015. All patients were followed up from 12 to 15 months (mean: 13 months). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPB.0000000000000582DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Ulnar osteotomy and the ilizarov mini-fixator for pediatric chronic monteggia fracture-dislocations.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(1):e13978

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Treatment of chronic Monteggia fracture-dislocations remains controversial in skeletally immature patients. The present study aimed to review the clinical outcomes of surgical treatment with an Ilizarov mini-fixator for chronic Monteggia fracture-dislocations in children. From April 2003 to March 2014, 5 pediatric patients (4 males, 1 female) with chronic Monteggia fracture-dislocation were treated with an Ilizarov mini-fixator at our institution. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201901040-0005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013978DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344151PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Application of computer simulation in the treatment of traumatic cubitus varus deformity in children.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(1):e13882

Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Hong Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Shaanxi, Xi'an, China.

Cubitus varus deformity is common in children. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of computer simulation based on three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) reconstruction with regard to preoperative planning and surgical treatment in children with traumatic cubitus varus deformity.The study included 13 patients with traumatic cubitus varus deformity between January 2012 and January 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013882DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344149PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Septic elbow arthritis in children: Epidemiology and outcome.

Arch Pediatr 2019 Jan 13;26(1):38-43. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Orthopedics department, Sahloul University, Hospital Sousse Tunisia, 4045 Sousse, Tunisia.

Introduction: Septic elbow arthritis is a rare disease, especially in children. The aim of this study was to report the functional outcome of our pediatric population with both demographic and microbiological features.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all our cases of pediatric septic elbow arthritis between 2007 and 2017. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0929693X183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.11.001DOI Listing
January 2019
18 Reads

Pure Medial Elbow Dislocation without Concomitant Fracture in a 10-Year-Old Child.

Indian J Orthop 2018 Nov-Dec;52(6):678-681

Department of Radiology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Pediatric elbow dislocations are rare injuries and are often accompanied by concomitant fractures. We report a rare case of medial dislocation of the right elbow without accompanying fracture in a 10.5-year-old boy after fall from a bicycle. Read More

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http://www.ijoonline.com/text.asp?2018/52/6/678/244983
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_534_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6241057PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Adolescent Pitcher Recovery from Partial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Tear after Platelet-Rich Plasma.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2018 Dec;17(12):407-409

Georgetown University School of Medicine, MedStar National Rehabilitation Network, Washington, DC.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), as a regenerative treatment for partial ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears, is validated to lead to faster clinical recovery and return to play in adult athletes. However, studies examining such a role of PRP in younger pediatric and adolescent athletes are scarce. A 14-year-old adolescent throwing athlete, a right-handed pitcher, presented with chronic right medial elbow pain discovered to be secondary to a partial UCL tear, as identified on both ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000549DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Outcome following excision of the radial head in children with open physes for impaired elbow motion.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2019 Mar 27;28(3):525-529. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Paediatric and Adolescent Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Background: Only few reports have described the outcome of pediatric patients following radial head resection. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess clinical and radiologic outcome of patients with open physes following resection of the radial head.

Materials And Methods: Skeletally immature patients treated with resection of the radial head were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.08.045DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Early detection of median nerve compression by Electroneurography can improve outcome in children with Mucopolysaccharidoses.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 11 21;13(1):209. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, CHU Trousseau, APHP, Paris, France.

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common complication of the mucopolysaccharidoses. In severe or attenuated mucopolysaccharidoses patients, clinical symptoms of CTS usually appear at a late stage of median nerve compression. Relying on CTS symptoms is often too late and there is a risk of axonal damage and further irreversible sequelae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13023-018-0937-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249914PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Opioid Use Following Operatively Treated Pediatric Elbow and Femur Fractures.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Apr;39(4):e253-e257

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, MO.

Background: Opioids are a commonly utilized component of pain management following pediatric extremity fractures, yet an increasing number of adolescents and children are falling victim to their negative effects. The purpose of this study was to examine opioid use in the pediatric fracture population by determining and comparing the average hospital opioid dosage utilized in the operative pediatric elbow and femur fractures and determining and comparing the average dose prescribed following operative treatment of elbow and femur fractures.

Methods: All elbow and femur fractures treated operatively between January and December 2016 were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001290DOI Listing
April 2019
16 Reads

Utility of the Three-Point Index in the determination of reduction loss during the conservative treatment of pediatric forearm mid-third fractures.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Sep;24(5):474-480

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Health Sciences University Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul.

Background: Forearm fractures constitute approximately 40% of all pediatric fractures. Generally, in conservative treatment,a plaster cast is applied with the elbow in 90° flexion. Success of the treatment depends on theprevention of the reduction in the correct position and suitable duration of the plaster cast. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/tjtes.2018.84553DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

[Meta analysis of surgical treatment for old Monteggia fracture in children].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct;98(38):3096-3101

Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To analysis the treatment effect of the ulnar osteotomy and ring-shaped ligament reconstruction for the treatment of old Monteggia fracture in children by using Meta analyze, and the difference of clinical curative effect was compared in order to provide the basis for the selection of clinical treatment options for old Monteggia fractures in children. We searched databases such as CNKI, Wanfang database, Medline, PubMed, Embase and Science through computer, at the same time, the references of relevant documents were retrieved manually, and the data processing was carried out by the RevMan5.3 statistical software provided by the Cochrane cooperation network by incorporating the exclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.38.011DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

The Frequency and Reason For Amputations in Electrically Burned Pediatric Patients.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Jan;40(1):107-111

Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Hospitals for Children-Galveston® Galveston, Texas.

Electrical injuries induce substantial morbidity and mortality. Amputations are often necessary to enable survival and based on tissue nonviability, development of life-threatening infection, or expected nonfunctional outcome. They analyzed occurrence and type of amputations in their institution for electrical and nonelectrical pediatric burns and the number of reconstructive operations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/iry056DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Transferring the Motor Branch of the Opponens Pollicis to the Terminal Division of the Deep Branch of the Ulnar Nerve for Pinch Reconstruction.

J Hand Surg Am 2019 Jan 23;44(1):9-17. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Center of Biological and Health Sciences, Department of Neurosurgery, University of the South of Santa Catarina (Unisul), Tubarão, SC, Brazil.

Purpose: With ulnar nerve injuries, paralysis of the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and the adductor pollicis (ADP) muscles weakens pinch. The likelihood that these muscles will be reinnervated following ulnar nerve repair around the elbow is very low. To overcome this obstacle, we propose a more distal repair: transferring the opponens pollicis motor branch (OPB) to the terminal division of the deep branch of the ulnar nerve (TDDBUN). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.09.010DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

A Pediatric Medial Epicondyle Fracture Cadaveric Study Comparing Standard AP Radiographic View With the Distal Humerus Axial View.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Mar;39(3):e205-e209

Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO.

Background: Controversy exists with regard to the amount of fracture displacement that warrants surgical fixation of medial epicondyle fractures. Inaccurate determination of degree of displacement on plain radiographs may account for the disputed management. Recently, a novel distal humerus axial radiograph technique has been developed to improve the accuracy of radiographs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001274DOI Listing
March 2019
16 Reads

Utility of a long arm extension cast in management of pediatric fractures: A technique revisited.

Trauma Case Rep 2018 Oct 29;17:14-17. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Orthopaedics, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

A long arm cast with the elbow extended is a useful but often forgotten technique to manage some pediatric fractures. Specifically, proximal forearm fractures of both the radius and ulna, olecranon fractures, flexion-type supracondylar fractures and type II Monteggia fractures are well managed in this manner. Although some of these fractures are seen infrequently, timely diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent complications. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23526440183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2018.09.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178488PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Detection of Traumatic Pediatric Elbow Joint Effusion Using a Deep Convolutional Neural Network.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2018 Dec 9;211(6):1361-1368. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

1 Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine of USC, 1441 Eastlake Ave, Ste 2315B, Los Angeles, CA 90033.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine whether a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) trained on a dataset of limited size can accurately diagnose traumatic pediatric elbow effusion on lateral radiographs.

Materials And Methods: A total of 901 lateral elbow radiographs from 882 pediatric patients who presented to the emergency department with upper extremity trauma were divided into a training set (657 images), a validation set (115 images), and an independent test set (129 images). The training set was used to train DCNNs of varying depth, architecture, and parameter initialization, some trained from randomly initialized parameter weights and others trained using parameter weights derived from pretraining on an ImageNet dataset. Read More

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https://www.ajronline.org/doi/10.2214/AJR.18.19974
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.19974DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Advantages and disadvantages of the prone position in the surgical treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures in children. A literature review.

Injury 2018 Nov 27;49 Suppl 3:S37-S42. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Orthopedic and Traumatology Unit, Cesare Arrigo Children's Hospital, Spalto Marengo 46, Alessandria, Italy.

Introduction: Supracondylar humerus fractures are the most common elbow injuries in children. The widely adopted approach for Gartland III extension type consists of closed reduction and percutaneous pinning; the pin configuration can be lateral or crossed in relationship with the habit of the surgeons. Iatrogenic injury of the ulnar nerve is the most common risk during the insertion of the medial pin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.09.046DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Platelet-Rich Plasma for Elbow Pathologies: a Descriptive Review of Current Literature.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2018 Dec;11(4):598-606

Laboratory of Applied Biomechanics, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, UniversitàdegliStudi di Milano, Via Mangiagalli 31, 20133, Milan, Italy.

Purpose Of Review: Platelet-rich plasma is used in many orthopedic pathologies such as tendinopathies and ligament injuries. The clinical results reported in the scientific literature are, however, confusing. The aim of this manuscript is to provide a narrative literature review regarding the role of PRP in the most common elbow soft tissue pathologies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12178-018-9520-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220004PMC
December 2018
27 Reads

Novel preclinical murine model of trauma-induced elbow stiffness.

J Exp Orthop 2018 Sep 18;5(1):36. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1215 21st Ave. South, Suite 4200 MCE, South Tower, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

Background: Peri-articular injury may result in functional deficits and pain. In particular, post-traumatic elbow stiffness is a debilitating condition, precluding patients from performing activities of daily living. As such, clinicians and basic scientists alike, aim to develop novel therapeutic interventions to prevent and treat elbow stiffness; thereby reducing patient morbidity. Read More

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https://jeo-esska.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40634-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40634-018-0155-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143496PMC
September 2018
8 Reads

Long-term follow-up of corrective ulnar osteotomy for missed Monteggia fractures in children.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2018 Nov 14;27(11):e337-e343. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Pellenberg, Belgium.

Background: Pediatric Monteggia fractures are relatively rare and are commonly missed. Radial head subluxation can persist with long-term consequences if these fractures are left untreated. We evaluated the long-term treatment outcomes after open reduction with ulnar osteotomy for missed Monteggia fractures during childhood. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10582746183050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2018.06.029DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Standardization of Care of Common Pediatric Fractures.

Orthop Clin North Am 2018 Oct 16;49(4):477-490. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Orthopaedic Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, ML 2017, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.

Distal radius fractures are the most common site of fracture in the pediatric population. Supracondylar humerus fractures are the most common pediatric elbow fracture. Although there is abundant literature discussing treatment and outcomes of these fractures, there is only emerging literature specifically discussing the variation in care among surgeons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocl.2018.05.009DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Functional and radiological results of percutaneous K-wire aided Métaizeau technique in the treatment of displaced radial neck fractures in children.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Nov 11;52(6):428-434. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Bursa High Specialty Research and Training Hospital, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Yildirim, Bursa, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the radiological and functional results and the efficiency of paediatric radial neck fracture fixation following reduction with the Métaizeau technique together with percutaneous K-wire applied under fluoroscopy to ensure minimum soft tissue damage.

Methods: The study included 20 patients with Judet Type 3, Type 4a and Type 4b fractures operated on with the Métaizeau technique aided by percutaneous K-wire between 2007 and 2014. The mean age of the patients was 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aott.2018.07.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318545PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Pediatric and Adolescent T-type Distal Humerus Fractures.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2017 Nov 1;1(8):e040. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (Dr. Popkin, Dr. Rosenwasser), and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern, Children's Medical Center, Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, TX (Dr. Ellis).

Although fractures of the elbow are extremely common in pediatric patients, the T-type distal humerus fracture is rare and offers unique challenges. The mechanism of injury may be similar to the adult counterpart and is usually caused by a fall onto a flexed elbow or from a direct blow. Diagnosing these injuries may be difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-17-00040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6132339PMC
November 2017
18 Reads

Peripheral nerve injuries in the pediatric population: a review of the literature. Part II: entrapment neuropathies.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 12;35(1):37-45. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain.

Introduction: Entrapment neuropathies are infrequent in children, and therefore remain unrecognized. The incidence of radial, median, and cubital mononeuropathies are all similar. Despite the rarity of such cases, extensive, albeit scattered, literature has accumulated concerning entrapment neuropathies in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3975-7DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Conservative treatment of a pathologic fracture of the scaphoid bone in a child: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e12161

Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Lenval University Children's Hospital.

Rationale: Tumors of the scaphoid are rare, and some can cause pathological fractures. No cases of pathological fractures of the scaphoid have been reported in children. The most common treatment for pathologic fractures of the scaphoid bone associated with a benign lesion in adults is surgical, with intralesional curettage associated with autologous bone grafting and internal fixation. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201809070-0005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133437PMC
September 2018
38 Reads

Minimum Clinically Important Difference: Current Trends in the Orthopaedic Literature, Part II: Lower Extremity: A Systematic Review.

JBJS Rev 2018 Sep;6(9):e2

Department of Orthopedics, Mayo Clinic-Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona.

Background: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) attempts to define the patient's experience of treatment outcomes. Efforts at calculating the MCID have yielded multiple and inconsistent MCID values. The purposes of this review were to describe the usage of the MCID in the most recent orthopaedic literature, to explain the limitations of its current uses, and to clarify the underpinnings of the MCID calculation, so as to help practitioners to understand and utilize the MCID and to guide future efforts to calculate the MCID. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01874474-201809000-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.RVW.17.00160DOI Listing
September 2018
20 Reads

Minimum Clinically Important Difference: Current Trends in the Orthopaedic Literature, Part I: Upper Extremity: A Systematic Review.

JBJS Rev 2018 Sep;6(9):e1

Department of Orthopaedics, Mayo Clinic-Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona.

Background: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) attempts to define the patient's experience of treatment outcomes. Efforts at calculating the MCID have yielded multiple and inconsistent MCID values. The purposes of this review were to describe the usage of the MCID in the most recent orthopaedic literature, to explain the limitations of its current uses, and to clarify the underpinnings of MCID calculation. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01874474-201809000-0000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.RVW.17.00159DOI Listing
September 2018
24 Reads

Pediatric Elbow Injuries.

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2018 Aug 23;39(4):384-396. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Department of Radiology, UMass Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, MA.

Elbow trauma in children is one of the most commonly encountered musculoskeletal injuries in pediatric radiology. However, elbow injuries in children can be misdiagnosed due to secondary ossification centers unique to pediatric patients. Familiarity of the normal elbow anatomy in children is crucial for an accurate diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sult.2018.03.005DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

[Isolated irreducible anterior radial head dislocation in a child: a rare case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2018 08;116(4):e630-e634

Instituto de Ortopedia y Traumatología "Carlos Ottolenghi", Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires.

Anterior radial head dislocation in pediatric population is related to Monteggia fracture-dislocations. Isolated radial head dislocation is uncommon. Sometimes, radial head dislocation becomes irreducible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2018.e630DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Impact of a Canadian Pediatric Society Position Statement on Trampoline-related Injuries at IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Cureus 2018 May 10;10(5):e2609. Epub 2018 May 10.

Emergency Department, IWK Health Centre.

Introduction: In 2007, the Canadian Pediatric Society (CPS) advised against the recreational use of trampolines at home and reaffirmed that statement in 2013. We evaluated the impact of this position statement on trampoline-related injuries at the IWK Health Centre in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Methods: We completed a retrospective analysis (2001-2015) using the IWK Health Centre's Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039218PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Arthroscopic Elbow Contracture Release in the Pediatric Patient.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Oct;38(9):e507-e513

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Mount Sinai Icahn School of Medicine, New York, NY.

Background: Elbow contracture is a sequelae of elbow trauma in pediatric patients. Arthroscopic contracture release has been shown to provide equivalent results to open contracture release with less associated morbidity and complications in the adult population. However, open contracture release is still commonly utilized in pediatric patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001216DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Unusual cause of elbow pain in a baseball pitcher.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 29;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Sports Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

An adolescent, right hand-dominant, baseball pitcher presented to sports medicine clinic with posterolateral right elbow pain over 4 months. He rated his pain as 8/10 with pitching, especially at the late cocking phase of throwing. Prior to consult, he had rested 3 months from pitching, progressing to strengthening exercises, with no pain relief. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224287DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Surgical approaches for open reduction and internal fixation of intra-articular distal humerus fractures in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Injury 2018 Aug 19;49(8):1381-1391. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Biostatistics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: A number of surgical approaches have been described for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of intra-articular distal humerus (IDH) fractures in adults. However, there is no consensus as to which approach is better in terms of functional outcomes and complications. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the functional outcomes and types and rates of complications are influenced by the choice of surgical approach for ORIF of IDH fractures (AO/OTA types 13 B & C). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.06.018DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Spanning External Fixation for the Treatment of Open Joint Injuries in Pediatric Burn Patients.

Cureus 2018 Apr 16;10(4):e2484. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, The University of Texas Medical Branch.

In this article, we report a case series on spanning external fixation for the treatment of open joint burn injuries in a pediatric population. We reviewed the case logs of all orthopedic surgeons from 2000 to 2010 at a burn hospital to identify pediatric patients with open joints secondary to burn injuries. Nine patients who sustained open joint injuries after a burn and treated with a spanning external fixator (SEF) were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6003790PMC
April 2018
20 Reads

Measurement Reliability in Pediatric Lateral Condyle Fractures of the Humerus.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Sep;38(8):e429-e433

Pediatric Orthopedics and Scoliosis Center, Rady Children's Hospital.

Background: Lateral condyle fractures of the distal humerus are the second most common pediatric elbow fracture. A difference of 1 or 2 mm in fracture displacement measurement may change the operative or nonoperative management of a minimally displaced fracture. The goal of this study was to determine the interobserver and intraobserver agreement in the measurements of displacement of lateral condyle fractures of the humerus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001200DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads