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    Lamellar ichthyosis in a female neonate without a collodion membrane.
    Dermatol Online J 2018 Feb 15;24(2). Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California.
    The term, autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI), describes a group of rare genetic skin diseases of cornification involving hyperkeratotic scaling at birth. The defective skin barrier function may lead to dehydration, body temperature instability, and high susceptibility to infections. In most cases of ARCI, neonates are born with a collodion membrane covering the body, often presenting with ectropion and eclabium. Read More

    Outcomes From Lateral Eyelid Coupling for Facial Paralysis Using the Modified Tarsoconjunctival Flap.
    JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2018 Apr 5. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento.
    Importance: In the setting of facial paralysis, inadequate eyelid closure and lower eyelid ectropion can lead to corneal exposure and impaired quality of life. Repair of paralytic ectropion is challenging, and an ideal surgical approach for all cases has not been identified.

    Objective: To assess the patient-reported outcomes and eyelid position improvement in patients with flaccid facial paralysis undergoing lateral eyelid coupling with a tarsal strip canthoplasty and modified tarsoconjunctival flap to correct eyelid malposition. Read More

    Modified Abbé flap for reconstruction of Cupid's bow and vermilion tubercle in secondary cleft lip deformity.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2018 Mar 20;19(1):13-19. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: Abbé flap technique is one of the most challenging operations to correct horizontal deficiencies in secondary cleft lip deformity. Since its first introduction, the operative method was dynamically modified from simple variation to complete conceptual change, but conventional Abbé flap has many drawbacks in esthetic and functional aspect. Our purpose was reconstructing the symmetry of Cupid's bow and central vermilion tubercle with minimal sequalae. Read More

    Development of asymmetric stent for treatment of eccentric plaque.
    Biomed Mater Eng 2018 ;29(3):299-317
    Division of Human Mechanical Systems and Design, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.
    The selection of stent and balloon type is decisive in the stenting process. In the treatment of an eccentric plaque obstruction, a symmetric expansion from stent dilatation generates nonuniform stress distribution, which may aggravate fibrous cap prone to rupture. This paper developed a new stent design to treat eccentric plaque using structural transient dynamic analysis in ANSYS. Read More

    A Novel Method for Lower Blepharoplasty: Repositioning of the Orbital Septum Using Inverted T-Shaped Plication.
    Aesthet Surg J 2018 Mar 16. Epub 2018 Mar 16.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Numerous techniques have been used for lower blepharoplasty. The techniques can be classified into four principles: excision of excess fat, septal reset, orbital fat repositioning, and reinforcement of the attenuated orbital septum.

    Objectives: We modified the conventional approach of septal reinforcement to utilize an inverted T-shaped plication with preservation of the orbital fat, repositioning the septum below the arcus marginalis to refine tear-trough deformity. Read More

    Ophthalmologic Complications Associated With Oculofacial Plastic and Esthetic Surgeries.
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Mar 16. Epub 2018 Mar 16.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myung-Gok Eye Research Institute, Konyang University College of Medicine.
    Purpose: To assess the ophthalmologic complications after oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries, including their incidence and management.

    Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 110 patients who presented with ocular complications followed by oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries from January 2014 to December 2015. The incidence and management of complications after each surgery or procedure were analyzed. Read More

    Angle closure glaucoma in congenital ectropion uvea.
    Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 9;10:215-220. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, United States.
    Purpose: Congenital ectropion uvea is a rare anomaly, which is associated with open, but dysplastic iridocorneal angles that cause childhood glaucoma. Herein, we present 3 cases of angle-closure glaucoma in children with congenital ectropion uvea.

    Observations: Three children were initially diagnosed with unilateral glaucoma secondary to congenital ectropion uvea at 7, 8 and 13 years of age. Read More

    Hübner's tarsomarginal grafts in eyelid reconstruction: 94 cases.
    J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Mar 9. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
    Department of plastic surgery, CHU d'Angers, 4, rue Larrey, 49933 Angers cedex, France.
    Background: Preserving the integrity of the eyelid margin in eyelid reconstruction remains a challenge for plastic surgeons. In 1976, Hübner described a technique to repair full-thickness eyelid defects using a tarsomarginal graft covered with a local flap. This simple technique addresses both functional and aesthetic requirements of eyelid reconstruction by using tissue from the contralateral eyelid. Read More

    Aesthetic Surgery in Transplant Patients: A Single Center Experience.
    Exp Clin Transplant 2018 Mar;16(Suppl 1):194-197
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
    Objectives: Transplant patients, like the nontransplant population, can have surgical interventions for body shape disorders. Studies on aesthetic surgeries in transplant patients are scarce. Our aim was to share our experiences with various aesthetic procedures in solid-organ transplant recipients. Read More

    Anoplasty for Post-hemorrhoidectomy Low Anal Stenosis: A New Technique.
    World J Surg 2018 Mar 5. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
    Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 24923, 13110, Safat, Kuwait.
    Background: Post-hemorrhoidectomy anal stenosis though rare is very disturbing and devastating complication. Many surgical procedures have been described, but despite good results, many complications can ensue like flap necrosis, mucosal ectropion, and restenosis.

    Objective: We report a new simple technique for repair of severe/moderate anal stenosis which requires no extensive flap mobilization or many sutures. Read More

    The vertical orbicularis oculi muscle turn-over procedure for the correction of paralytic ectropion of the lower eyelid.
    Arch Plast Surg 2018 Mar 5;45(2):135-139. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan.
    Background: Static reconstruction surgery that tightens the tension of the inferior tarsus, thereby raising the lax lower eyelid, is a common treatment for paralytic ectropion of the lower eyelid. We present one such operative procedure, in which an orbicularis oculi muscle flap was used.

    Methods: The surgical technique involves partial resection of the tarsus and the skin, as well as a superior-based orbicularis oculi muscle flap that is sutured to the firm tissue present on the Whitnall tubercle. Read More

    Long-Term Follow-Up of Lateral Canthal Resuspension.
    Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) 2018 Mar-Apr;7(2):90-94. Epub 2018 Feb 26.
    Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California.
    Purpose: To evaluate the long-term results of lateral canthal resuspension over time.

    Design: A cohort study of adults (n = 25, 45 eyelids) undergoing lateral canthal resuspension.

    Methods: Marginal reflex distance 2 (MRD2), inferior scleral show, lateral canthal height, lateral canthal angle, horizontal palpebral aperture, and lateral scleral triangle area were measured preoperatively and at postoperative week 1, month 3, and the final follow-up visit. Read More

    Lateral tarsal strip versus Bick's procedure in correction of eyelid malposition.
    Eye (Lond) 2018 Feb 21. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    Royal Eye Infirmary, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, PL6 8DH, UK.
    Objectives: To compare the functional and anatomical outcomes of lateral tarsal strip (LTS) with Bick's procedure in treatment of eyelid malposition.

    Methods: A retrospective, consecutive case series of patients who underwent LTS and Bick's procedure for all types of involutional lower eyelid malposition, at two centers between January 2012 and 2015. Statistical analyses of differences between groups were performed using the Fisher's exact test to compare non-continuous variables and Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables. Read More

    Comparison of preseptal and retroseptal transconjunctival approaches in patients with isolated fractures of the orbital floor.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Mar 24;46(3):388-390. Epub 2017 Dec 24.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Transconjunctival approach has become a standard procedure to access fractures of orbit and the infraorbital rim. The transconjunctival incision can be performed pre- or retroseptally. Both approaches have been described combined with modifications such as transcaruncular or detachment of the lateral canthus for wider exposure of the orbital walls and rim. Read More

    Correction of a Posttraumatic Orbital Deformity Using Three-Dimensional Modeling, Virtual Surgical Planning with Computer-Assisted Design, and Three-Dimensional Printing of Custom Implants.
    Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2018 Mar 3;11(1):78-82. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, Tennessee.
    We describe a case of complex, posttraumatic skull and orbital deformities that were evaluated and treated with advanced computer technology, including virtual surgical planning, three-dimensional (3D) modeling, and printed patient custom implants (PCI) fabricated by 3D printing. A 50-year-old man presented to our craniofacial referral center 1 year after failed reduction of complex left orbital, zygomatic, and frontal bone fractures due to a motorcycle collision. The patient's chief complaint was debilitating diplopia in all fields of gaze. Read More

    Ophthalmologic Approach in Epidermolysis Bullosa: A Cross-Sectional Study With Phenotype-Genotype Correlations.
    Cornea 2018 Apr;37(4):442-447
    Cornea Department, Fundación Oftalmológica Los Andes, Santiago, Chile.
    Purpose: This study describes ophthalmologic and systemic clinical findings in different subtypes of epidermolysis bullosa (EB) establishing genotype-phenotype correlations.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 58 patients with EB together with the Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Association, Chile. Data were stratified by major subtypes such as "simplex epidermolysis bullosa" (EBS), "junctional epidermolysis bullosa" (JEB), "recessive and dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa" and "dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa" (DDEB), and "Kindler syndrome" (KS). Read More

    Floppy Eyelid Syndrome: An Unfamiliar Entity for Plastic Surgeons.
    Ann Plast Surg 2018 Feb;80(2S Suppl 1):S40-S47
    Background: Floppy eyelid syndrome (FES) is typically characterized by chronic eye irritation and an increased laxity of the upper eyelid that can be easily everted by applying minimal upward traction. However, it is a clinical entity that is less known to most plastic surgeons. Blepharoptosis is one of the most common features, which links to FES, for which a thorough differential diagnosis has become important in directing proper medical treatment. Read More

    The Reliability of the Transconjunctival Approach for Orbital Exposure: Measurement of Positional Changes in the Lower Eyelid.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2017 Dec 23;18(4):249-254. Epub 2017 Dec 23.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
    Background: Lower eyelid incisions are widely used for the orbital approach in periorbital trauma and aesthetic surgery. In general, the subciliary approach is known to cause disposition of the lower eyelid by scarring the anterior lamella in some cases. On the other hand, many surgeons believe that a transconjunctival approach usually does not result in such complications and is a reliable method. Read More

    Variants in members of the cadherin-catenin complex, CDH1 and CTNND1, cause blepharocheilodontic syndrome.
    Eur J Hum Genet 2018 Feb 18;26(2):210-219. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    Department of Genetics, Center for Molecular Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, 3584CG, The Netherlands.
    Blepharocheilodontic syndrome (BCDS) consists of lagophthalmia, ectropion of the lower eyelids, distichiasis, euryblepharon, cleft lip/palate and dental anomalies and has autosomal dominant inheritance with variable expression. We identified heterozygous variants in two genes of the cadherin-catenin complex, CDH1, encoding E-cadherin, and CTNND1, encoding p120 catenin delta1 in 15 of 17 BCDS index patients, as was recently described in a different publication. CDH1 plays an essential role in epithelial cell adherence; CTNND1 binds to CDH1 and controls the stability of the complex. Read More

    Apremilast Use in a Case of Cicatricial Ectropion Secondary to Severe Lamellar Ichthyosis.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 01 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, West Virginia University.
    Ichthyosis is a cutaneous disorder characterized by excessive amounts of dry thickened skin surface scales. Ocular manifestations of ichthyosis include cicatricial ectropion, which may cause exposure keratoconjunctivitis and rarely corneal perforation. Topical emollients, anti-inflammatory ointments, and systemic retinoids have been used to control the disease process, while surgical correction with donor graft has been reserved for severe cases involving corneal exposure. Read More

    Reversible cicatricial ectropion associated with EGFR inhibitors.
    Orbit 2018 Jan 16:1-4. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Columbia University Medical Center , New York , New York , USA.
    The management of cicatricial ectropion resulting from epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors is unclear. We describe two cases of bilateral cicatricial ectropion following the use of an EGFR inhibitor who were treated with oral doxycycline, topical ophthalmic steroid and antibiotic ointment to the eyelids, and topical facial steroid cream with lubrication. The first case resolved with discontinuation of panitumumab infusions along with institution of the aforementioned regimen. Read More

    Severe ectropion in lamellar ichthyosis managed medically with oral acitretin.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Mar 15;35(2):e117-e120. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Amritsar, India.
    Congenital ectropion is commonly associated with lamellar ichthyosis. Severe eyelid ectropion may cause corneal exposure, keratopathy, and permanent corneal scarring. We report a neonate with severe, bilateral, congenital ectropion and eclabium managed using oral retinoids. Read More

    Superiorly based nasolabial island flap for reconstruction of the lateral lower eyelid
    Turk J Med Sci 2017 Dec 19;47(6):1673-1680. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Background/aim: Various flap procedures have been described and used for the lower eyelids; however, the nasolabial flap is rarely employed. We herein aimed to present the clinical results of using the superiorly based nasolabial island flap for repair of surgical defects extending to the lateral lower eyelid. Materials and methods: Nine patients with a mean age of 62 +- 6 years underwent surgery for reconstruction of the lower eyelid. Read More

    Association between oral fluoroquinolone use and lateral canthal tendon rupture: case report.
    Orbit 2018 Jan 5:1-3. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences , Washington , DC , USA.
    It is well established and documented that fluoroquinolone use is associated with the development of tendinopathy. However, little is known about the possible effects of this class of antibiotics on the orbit. We present a case of lateral canthal tendon rupture that presented with an acute right lower eyelid ectropion in a young, renal compromised patient in the setting of recent fluoroquinolone use for pneumonia. Read More

    Bending the Arc of the Trilobed Flap Through External Interlobe Angle Inequality.
    Dermatol Surg 2017 Dec 28. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Dermatology, St. Louis University School of Medicine, Anheuser Busch Institute, St. Louis, Missouri.
    Background: The trilobed flap is a useful repair option for distal nasal defects. In certain cases, however, the placement of its quaternary defect may risk compression of the internal nasal valve or induction of ectropion. In this study, we propose a modified design of the trilobed flap, which uses unequal external interlobe angles. Read More

    Cicatricial ectropion in a patient treated with dupilumab.
    Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2017 Sep 22;7:120-122. Epub 2017 Jun 22.
    Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue/i-13, Cleveland, OH 44195, United States.
    Purpose: To describe a case of bilateral conjunctivitis and cicatricial ectropion associated with dupilumab therapy for atopic dermatitis.

    Observations: Severe hyperemia of the conjunctiva and eyelid margins, as well as cicatricial ectropion, began two months after starting weekly dupilumab injections for atopic dermatitis. The findings worsened over the next several months and improved after discontinuing dupilumab. Read More

    A proteomic profile of postpartum cervical repair in mice.
    J Mol Endocrinol 2018 Jan;60(1):17-28
    Department of BiologyAppalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA
    A timely and complete uterine cervical tissue repair postpartum is of necessity to prevent obstetrical complications, such as cervicitis, ectropion, hemorrhage, repeated miscarriages or abortions and possibly preterm labor and malignancies. We recently characterized the morphological alterations, as well as changes in angiogenic expression profile in a mice uterine cervix during the immediate postpartum period. Here, we build on this previous study using a proteomic analysis to profile postpartum tissue changes in mice cervix during the same period, the first 48 h of postpartum. Read More

    Inflammatory foreign body reaction caused by resorbable materials used for orbital fractures repair: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e8822
    aDepartment of Ophthalmology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicinebShanghai Key Laboratory of Orbital Diseases and Ocular Oncology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
    Rationale: Resorbable materials have been recommended for orbital fractures repair. Many literatures reported the advantages of resorbable materials in clinical applications, but few reports about complications.

    Patient Concerns: In this study, we encountered a 14-year-old boy treated for the orbital fracture by using resorbable plate, in whom inflammatory foreign body reaction was detected. Read More

    Recurrent Lower Eyelid Ectropion After Graft Surgery Using Autogenous Palmaris Longus Tendon.
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Mar;29(2):e195-e196
    Department of Ophthalmology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
    A 78-year-old male experienced right lower eyelid ectropion following right facial trauma from a fall 5 years ago, for which he underwent autogenous palmaris longus tendon graft surgery at another clinic. Recurrence was noted 3 years after surgery. On first examination, there was outward turning of the lateral half of the right lower eyelid margin. Read More

    Phenotype expansion and development in Kosaki overgrowth syndrome.
    Clin Genet 2018 Apr;93(4):919-924
    Department of Medical Genetics, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland.
    We expand the Kosaki overgrowth syndrome (KOGS) phenotype by over 70% to include 24 unreported KOGS symptoms, in a first male patient, the third overall associated with the PDGFRB c.1751C>G p.(Pro584Arg) mutation. Read More

    The Lateral Tarsal Strip for Paralytic Ectropion in Patients with Leprosy.
    Ann Dermatol 2017 Dec 30;29(6):742-746. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Department of Dermatology, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.
    Background: In patients with leprosy, paralysis of the facial nerve results in the lower eyelid ectropion and lagophthalmos as a sequela even when the leprosy is cured. Paralytic ectropion causes many functional and cosmetic eye problems, leading to blindness if left untreated.

    Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy of surgical correction of paralytic ectropion, the lateral tarsal strip, in patients with leprosy. Read More

    Vertical-to-Horizontal Rotational Myocutaneous Flap for Repairing Cicatricial Lower Lid Ectropion: A Novel Surgical Technique.
    Biomed Res Int 2017 18;2017:8614580. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and complications of a novel surgical technique for cicatricial lower lid ectropion that uses a vertical-to-horizontal (V-to-H) rotational myocutaneous flap procedure (Tsai procedure).

    Methods: We performed the V-to-H rotational myocutaneous flap procedure on 20 eyelids in 20 patients with mild to moderate cicatricial lower lid ectropion. A vertical myocutaneous flap was created from the anterior lamella of the vertical pedicle in the lateral third of the lower eyelid. Read More

    Prevalence and associated factors of external punctal stenosis among elderly patients in Turkey.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2017 Sep-Oct;80(5):296-299
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey.
    Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of external punctal stenosis (EPS) in the elderly population and investigate associated factors.

    Methods: A total of 278 patients ≥65 years of age were evaluated for evidence of EPS from January to July 2016. Associated systemic, ocular, demographic, and lifestyle factors were investigated. Read More

    Diseases of the retina and the optic nerve associated with obstructive sleep apnea.
    Sleep Med Rev 2018 Apr 29;38:113-130. Epub 2017 May 29.
    Grenoble Alpes University, HP2 Laboratory, INSERM U1042, Grenoble, France; Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Grenoble, Grenoble, France. Electronic address:
    Many associations between ocular disorders and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been studied, such as nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, glaucoma, papilledema, retinal vein occlusion, eyelid hyperlaxity, lower-eyelid ectropion and recurrent corneal erosions. The objective of this review is to synthetize the possible vascular disorders of the retina and the optic nerve associated with sleep apnea patients and to discuss the underlying pathophysiological hypotheses. Main mechanisms involved in the ocular complications of OSA are related to intermittent hypoxia, sympathetic system activation, oxidant stress, and deleterious effects of endothelin 1. Read More

    Comparison of Polypropylene Sling with Combined Transconjunctival Retractor Plication and Lateral Tarsal Strip for Correction of Involutional Lower Eye Lid Ectropion.
    Open Ophthalmol J 2017 31;11:285-297. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Gurunanak eye center, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi-110002, India.
    Purpose: The study aims to compare the effectiveness and complications of transconjunctival retractor plication (TRP) with lateral tarsal strip (LTS) and the polypropylene sling (PS) surgery for treatment of involutional lower lid ectropion.

    Method: A prospective randomised pilot study was conducted on 30 eyes of 30 patients suffering from epiphora having horizontal eyelid laxity >6mm and age >50 years at a tertiary care centre from December 2014 to March 2015. They were randomly divided into two equal groups for TRP with LTS (group A) and PS (group B). Read More

    Entropion and ectropion repair: a snapshot of surgical practice in the United Kingdom.
    Orbit 2018 Apr 20;37(2):105-109. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    a Department of Oculoplastic and Orbital Surgery, Bristol Eye Hospital , University Hospitals Bristol NHS Trust , Bristol , UK.
    We aim to provide a snapshot of the current surgical practice for correction of entropion and ectropion, the two most common oculoplastic procedures carried out in the UK, by surveying 135 consultant oculoplastic surgeons via the tool Survey Monkey. Forty-seven (35%) consultants responded. For entropion, 44% of surgeons opted for lateral tarsal strip (LTS) + everting sutures (ES). Read More

    Ophthalmic manifestations in Rothmund-Thomson syndrome: Case report and review of literature.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct;65(10):1025-1027
    Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Minto Eye Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    A 24-year-old male patient presented to us with diminution of vision in both eyes with watering and photophobia for the past 8 years. General physical examination showed short stature and poikiloderma. Ocular findings include photophobia with reflex tearing, dry eye, cicatricial ectropion, symblepharon approaching pupillary area of cornea, and multiple superficial punctuate erosions on the cornea. Read More

    Subcuticular Suture Technique: Alternative to Frost Suture to Prevent Ectropion After Transcutaneous Incision of Lower Eyelid.
    J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2017 Dec 16;16(4):508-509. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MCODS, Manipal, India.
    Introduction: An ectropion is a complication that can arise from reconstruction in the infraorbital region. Often, this complication occurs despite proper positioning of the lower lid at the time of closure. Various transcutaneous approaches to orbit skeleton have investigated in view of complication arising from them. Read More

    Congenital ectropion uveae with glaucoma: a case report.
    Int Ophthalmol 2017 Oct 12. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India.
    Congenital ectropion uveae (CEU) is a rare anomaly characterized by ectropion uveae, iris hypoplasia, iridotrabecular dysgenesis and glaucoma. The apparent ectropion uveae results from the spread of iris pigment epithelium beyond the iris ruff and onto the anterior surface of the iris. Conclusion Open-angle glaucoma results due to angle dysgenesis, so patients should be carefully examined periodically for its early detection. Read More

    [Urethral ectropion may hide a carcinoma!]
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 3;27:249. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Université Mohammed V, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Rabat, Hopital Ibn Sina, Service d'Urologie B, Rabat, Maroc.
    The incidence of female urethral cancer is rare and accounts for 0.02% of all women's cancers. It is dominated by epidermoid carcinoma, which most commonly develops in the distal portion of the urethra, extending to inguinal lymph nodes. Read More

    Cyto-colpo-histologic correlation: about an analytical study of 120 colposcopies.
    Tunis Med 2016 Oct;94(10):616-620
    Problem: Cervical cancer is the second gynecological cancer Tunisian women after breast. This is a sexually transmitted disease including the role of HPV has been proven. Cervical cancer screening is possible due to the accessibility of the cervix with a speculum examination and implementation of cervical smear. Read More

    The Versatility of Cheek Rotation Flaps.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2016 Dec 23;17(4):190-197. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
    Background: The cheek rotation flap has sufficient blood flow and large flap size and it is also flexible and easy to manipulate. It has been used for reconstruction of defects on cheek, lower eyelid, or medial and lateral canthus. For the large defects on central nose, paramedian forehead flap has been used, but patients were reluctant despite the remaining same skin tone on damaged area because of remaining scars on forehead. Read More

    Is Orbital Floor Reconstruction With Titanium Mesh Safe?
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Oct;28(7):e692-e694
    *Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital †College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
    To reconstruct the orbital floor defects there are a lot of reconstruction materials, the surgeon must choose one of them. The authors share their experience with 10 patients suffering from orbital trauma causing orbital floor fracture; those fractures were reconstructed using titanium mesh. No complications were encountered postoperatively apart from 1 patient with ectropion. Read More

    Outcomes of lower eyelid retractor recession and lateral horn lysis in lower eyelid elevation for facial nerve palsy.
    Eye (Lond) 2018 Feb 1;32(2):338-344. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Corneoplastic Unit, Queen Victoria Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, East Grinstead, UK.
    PurposeTo report outcomes and complications of lower eyelid retractor recession and lateral horn lysis (RR) for lower eyelid elevation in patients with facial nerve palsy (FNP).Patients and methodsRetrospective review. Patients with FNP undergoing RR alone (group 1) or with adjunctive procedures (canthal suspension-group 2, tarsorrhaphy-group 3, and full-thickness skin graft-group 4) during a 5-year period were included. Read More

    Outcomes of two surgical techniques for major trichiasis treatment.
    Orbit 2018 Feb 30;37(1):36-40. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    a Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu , Universidade Estadual Paulista , Botucatu, Sao Paulo State , Brazil.
    The purpose of this article is to analyze the outcomes of two surgical techniques to treat major trichiasis. A retrospective chart review of 67 patients (89 eyelids) with major trichiasis was performed who underwent surgical treatment using one of two techniques: intermarginal split lamella with graft (ISLG group) or lid lamella resection (LLR group). There were 30 lids in the ISLG group with mean patient age of 71. Read More

    "The influence of orbital vector on involutional entropion and ectropion".
    Orbit 2018 Feb 30;37(1):53-58. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    a Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.
    Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of orbital vector and other biometric parameters (i.e. axial globe length, axial globe projection) on the development of involutional entropion or ectropion. Read More

    Punctal Ectropion repair using the Raus-Garito clamp.
    Orbit 2018 Feb 30;37(1):15-20. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    c Department of Oculoplastic Surgery, Moorfields Eye Hospital , London , United Kingdom.
    Purpose: To evaluate the results from the correction of ectropion of the punctum lacrimale in lower eyelids with a new surgical clamp.

    Design: Prospective study.

    Methods: Eighty eight eyelids in 55 patients with mild and moderate ectropion were included in the study. Read More

    Reconstruction of midface defects with the osteocutaneous radial forearm flap: Evaluation of long term outcomes including patient reported quality of life.
    Microsurgery 2017 Oct 26;37(7):752-762. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
    Background: Maxillectomy defects significantly impair quality of life. Prosthetics can overcome some of these issues, but has limitations. The role of the osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap (OC-RFFF) has been established for reconstruction of smaller maxillectomy defects, but its role in larger defects is not well defined. Read More

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