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    Congenital Ichthyosis: A Case Treated Successfully With Acitretin.
    Iran J Pediatr 2016 Oct 26;26(5):e2442. Epub 2016 Jul 26.
    Department of Pediatrics, Adana Numune Research and Training Hospital, Adana, Turkey.
    Introduction: Lamellar ichthyosis (collodion baby) is a cornification disorder classified under the category of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis and characterized by hyperkeratosis. Early-stage retinoid treatment has been shown to improve survival in these patients. In this article, a lamellar ichthyosis case is presented of an infant who had the symptoms at birth and was treated successfully with acitretin. Read More

    Micro Free Orbital Fat Grafts to the Tear Trough Deformity during Lower Blepharoplasty.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Feb 13. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    1.Private Practice, Atlanta, GA 2.Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA.
    Background: The tear trough deformity is challenging in lower eyelid rejuvenation. Surgical treatment has evolved with more modern techniques preserving orbital fat and using autologous fat transposition. The author reviewed his own experience in targeting the tear trough in lower lid blepharoplasty and presented a new technique that incorporates the addition of micro free fat grafts which adds direct volume to the underlying anatomical depression using a transcutaneous skin-muscle approach. Read More

    Congenital upper eyelids ectropion in Down's syndrome.
    GMS Ophthalmol Cases 2017 3;7:Doc03. Epub 2017 Feb 3.
    Department of Oculoplastic and Orbit, Institute of Ophthalmology, "Conde de Valenciana", México City, México.
    Congenital bilateral ectropion of the upper eyelids is a rare, benign condition reported in ophthalmic literature. It is more frequently associated with Down's syndrome, ichthyosis, and sporadic cases in newborns from black population. We report three cases of congenital bilateral upper eyelid ectropion associated with Down's syndrome. Read More

    Recurrent Conjunctival Myofibrosarcoma Managed With Triple Application of Episcleral Brachytherapy.
    Cornea 2017 Feb 8. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
    *Department of Ophthalmic Oncology, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; †Department of Pathology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Northwestern Medicine, Chicago, IL; and §Department of Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.
    Purpose: To report a case of recurrent conjunctival myofibrosarcoma treated with wide surgical excision, cryotherapy, and triple sequential applications of episcleral brachytherapy.

    Methods: A single case of recurrent conjunctival myofibrosarcoma.

    Results: A 54-year-old man with a history of a renal transplant presented with a recurrent conjunctival tumor. Read More

    Activation of p38 and Erk Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Signaling in Ocular Rosacea.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2017 Feb;58(2):843-848
    Department of Ophthalmology, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York, United States 5Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York, United States.
    Purpose: Rosacea-related cutaneous inflammation is a common cause of ocular surface disease. Currently, there are no specific pharmacologic therapies to treat ocular rosacea. Here, we aimed at determining the differences in intracellular signaling activity in eyelid skin from patients with and without ocular rosacea. Read More

    Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy following head and neck radiation therapy.
    Orbit 2017 Feb 6;36(1):30-34. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    a Department of Ophthalmology, Division of Oculoplastic Surgery , University of Washington , Seattle , Washington , USA.
    This article determines the efficacy of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (endoDCR) in patients who have undergone adjuvant external beam radiation therapy (XRT) following head and neck cancer resection. A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent endoDCR between 2006 and 2014 at a tertiary referral center. Cases were reviewed and selected for the following inclusion criteria: history of adjuvant sinonasal XRT following head and neck cancer resection, preoperative probing and irrigation demonstrating nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO), postoperative probing and irrigation following silicone tube extubation. Read More

    [Long-term results of the compatibility of a coralline hydroxyapatite implant as eye replacement].
    Ophthalmologe 2017 Feb 3. Epub 2017 Feb 3.
    Augenklinik, Asklepios Klinik Barmbek, Hamburg, Deutschland.
    Background: Coralline hydroxyapatite has been used since 1983 as volume replacement. Through 2001, a total of 200 hydroxyapatite implants were used in our department.

    Objective: This prospective study was undertaken to measure the subjective and objective long-term tolerance of this implant. Read More

    Comparison Between Botulinum Toxin A Injection and Lacrimal Punctal Plugs for the Control of Post-LASIK Dry Eye Manifestations: A Prospective Study.
    Ophthalmol Ther 2017 Feb 2. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
    Introduction: Laser in situ keratomelieusis (LASIK) is one of the commonest refractive procedures performed nowadays. The dry eye problem is nearly universal in all patients after LASIK and it can be so annoying that the post-operative patient satisfaction is sometimes precluded. Conventional treatment includes the use of artificial tears. Read More

    A young Botswana patient with congenital iris ectropion uvea.
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 29;25:42. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    Department of Anaesthesia and Critical care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana.
    Congenital iris ectropion is a rare condition; non-progressive anomaly characterised by the presence of iris pigment epithelium on the anterior surface of the iris stroma and is frequently associated with anterior iris insertion, dysgenesis of the drainage angle and glaucoma. This paper describes unusual case of bilateral case of congenital iris ectropion in adult patient with pupillary abnormality, normal anterior chamber angle structure and with no evidence of glaucoma. Read More

    [Surgery of Lower Eyelid Ectropion with the Tarsal Strip Procedure, Using Absorbable or Non-Absorbable Sutures for Periosteal Fixation].
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2017 Jan 30;234(1):59-63. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    Augenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus, TU Dresden.
    Purpose Tightening of the lower eyelid is often performed and many techniques are available. This paper describes the outcome of lower eyelid ectropion repair using the lateral tarsal strip procedure. Periosteal fixation of the tarsal strip can be performed with absorbable or non-absorbable sutures. Read More

    Posterior Medial Canthal Thermoplasty.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jan 25. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    Royal Eye Infirmary, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, United Kingdom, PL6 8AJ.
    Purpose: To describe a new, simple, quick, and minimally invasive surgical technique for managing medial canthal tendon laxity.

    Methods: The technique works by creating a directed posterior lamellar scar. Sutures are preplaced in firm medial canthal tissue, and a triangular diathermy burn is made between this fixation point and the medial tarsal plate (sparing the canaliculus). Read More

    A New Technique for Total Reconstruction of the Lower Lid.
    Ann Plast Surg 2017 Feb;78(2):171-177
    From the *Division of Plastic Surgery, Bodrum Acibadem Hospital, Muğla; and †Division of Plastic Surgery, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey.
    Background: Although several methods have been described for total lower eyelid reconstruction, it remains as a major challenge in reconstructive surgery. Here, we present a new technique, the Mutaf unequal Z-plasty procedure for reconstruction of defects of the lower eyelid.

    Methods: In this technique, 2 skin flaps designed in an unequal Z-plasty manner are used to provide skin coverage. Read More

    Acceptable clinical outcomes and recommended reconstructive strategies for secondary maxillary reconstruction with vascularized fibula osteomyocutaneous flap: A retrospective analysis.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Mar 14;70(3):341-351. Epub 2016 Dec 14.
    Department of Oral Maxillofacial - Head Neck Oncology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:
    Background: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical outcomes and evaluated the reconstructive strategies in patients who underwent secondary maxillary reconstruction with a vascularized fibula osteomyocutaneous flap (VFOF).

    Methods: From May of 2001 to June of 2014, 34 patients who underwent secondary maxillary reconstruction with VFOF, with or without titanium mesh, were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups of maxillary reconstruction, according to different planning and treatment strategies. Read More

    Lower Eyelid Complications in Facial Fracture Surgery.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Dec 23. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    *Stockholms Craniofacial Center, Department of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital †Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm ‡Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Background: Facial fractures may lead to sequelae due to the trauma but also as a result of surgery. Complications to lower eyelid incisions include ectropion, scleral show, entropion, canthal malposition, and lid edema. The aim of this study was to compare the occurrence of such complications depending on whether a subciliary or transconjunctival incision was used for surgical access. Read More

    Management of Zygomatic Fractures in Young Patients: Technical Modifications for Aesthetic and Functional Results.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):2073-2077
    *Department of Medicine and Surgery, Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery†Department of Medicine and Surgery‡Department of Medicine and Surgery, Unit of Plastic Surgery, University of Salerno, Salerno§Department of Medicine and Surgery, Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery, Antonio Cardarelli Hospital, Naples, Italy||Department of BioMolecular Sciences¶Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.
    Introduction: The zygomaticomaxillary complex is very vulnerable to injury because of its intrinsically prominent convexity. There are 2 different surgical approaches for the therapy of these fractures: closed reduction and open reduction. In the open reduction 2 or 3 fixation points with related incisions are usually necessary in dislocated fractures: osteosynthesis must be performed starting from zygomaticofrontal suture when dislocated at this site, followed by zygomatic body fixation on the anterior sinus wall, anterior orbital floor margin fixation, and finally orbital floor reconstruction in case of eye globe dislocation with diplopia. Read More

    Analysis of Extended Transconjunctival Approach With Lateral Paracanthal Incision: A Study Among Classical Methods of Orbital Approach and New Method.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):2050-2054
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
    Although the subcilliary or conventional transconjunctival approach has been widely used, it often fails to get acceptable visual fields or scars. This study directly compared the extended transconjunctival approach accompanied by lateral paracanthal incision with other traditional approaches in terms of surgical fields, the outcomes and complications. This retrospective chart review included 113 patients (82 males and 31 females; mean age: 38. Read More

    DEBS - a unification theory for dry eye and blepharitis.
    Clin Ophthalmol 2016 9;10:2455-2467. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Nassau University Medical Center, Hofstra University School of Medicine, East Meadow, NY, USA.
    For many years, blepharitis and dry eye disease have been thought to be two distinct diseases, and evaporative dry eye distinct from aqueous insufficiency. In this treatise, we propose a new way of looking at dry eye, both evaporative and insufficiency, as the natural sequelae of decades of chronic blepharitis. Dry eye is simply the late form and late manifestation of one disease, blepharitis. Read More

    Improved Management of Harlequin Ichthyosis With Advances in Neonatal Intensive Care.
    Pediatrics 2017 Jan 20;139(1). Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    Department of Dermatology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York;
    Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is the most severe phenotype of the autosomal recessive congenital ichthyoses. HI is caused by mutations in the lipid transporter adenosine triphosphate binding cassette A 12 (ABCA12). Neonates are born with a distinct clinical appearance, encased in a dense, platelike keratotic scale separated by deep erythematous fissures. Read More

    The Need for Overcorrection When Using a Suborbital Cervicofacial Hike Flap.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Jan;28(1):122-124
    *Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, New York University †Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwell Health, New York, NY.
    Background: The senior author has previously described a deep-plane cervicofacial hike flap as a workhorse for reconstruction mid-cheek defects. One important modification commonly used involves overcorrection of the defect in order to reduce the incidence of ectropion. This report outlines the senior author's experience in surgical treating complex cheek defects with an overcorrected deep-plane cervicofacial hike flap. Read More

    Ectropion and Conjunctival Mass in a Patient with Primary Bilateral Conjunctival Amyloidosis.
    Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2016 16;2016:5610753. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Background. Amyloidosis is a group of disorders characterized by deposition of an extracellular protein, known as amyloid, in an abnormal fibrillar form with highly characteristic histopathologic staining properties. The clinical presentation can vary from a focal, localized lesion where amyloidosis has minor clinical consequences to extensive systemic disease that can involve any organ system of the body. Read More

    Indication for and Limitation of the Facial Dismasking Flap Approach for Skull Base Surgery to Achieve the Best Esthetical and Functional Results.
    Ann Plast Surg 2017 Jan;78(1):49-53
    From the *Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, †Department of Otolaryngology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo; ‡Department of Neurosurgery and Head, and §Department of Neck Surgery, Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan.
    Background: The facial dismasking flap (FDF) approach to operations on the deep skull base region consists of a coronal incision and a circumpalpebral incision. This approach provides a wide surgical field for extirpation of deep extended craniofacial tumors without leaving any undesirable scars on the face. Therefore, the FDF approach can provide satisfactory esthetical and functional results. Read More

    Unclassified Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome: A CASE SERIES and Review of Literature.
    Semin Ophthalmol 2016 Dec 8:1-8. Epub 2016 Dec 8.
    b Glaucoma Diagnostics Service , LV Prasad Eye Institute , Bhubaneswar , Odisha , India.
    Purpose: To report anterior segment features in unclassified anterior segment dysgenesis with overlapping features of Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome and other developmental anomalies.

    Methods: This retrospective study included those with atypical or overlapping features in one or both eyes, which were identified as unclassified ASD. Typical ARS was defined as the presence of posterior embryotoxon with or without iris changes like stromal hypoplasia, corectopia, polycoria, or ectropion uvea with or without systemic features. Read More

    Single-stage soft tissue reconstruction and orbital fracture repair for complex facial injuries.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Feb 11;70(2):e1-e6. Epub 2016 Nov 11.
    Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. Electronic address:
    Background: Orbital fractures with open periorbital wounds cause significant morbidity. Timing of debridement with fracture repair and soft tissue reconstruction is controversial. This study focuses on the efficacy of early single-stage repair in combined bony and soft tissue injuries. Read More

    Concomitant extraspinal hyperostosis and osteoporosis in a patient with congenital ichthyosis.
    Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab 2016 May-Aug;13(2):157-159. Epub 2016 Oct 5.
    The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
    Ichthyosiform dermatosis is a term referred to a group of disorders that have as their basis a disorder of keratinization (1). These conditions which are present at birth result in a generalized dry, scaly skin without any inflammation. There are several types of ichthyosis based on their clinical presentation and mode of inheritance. Read More

    Management lacrimal sac abscesses using lacrimal probe and crawford silicon tube.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2016 Nov 30;16(1):211. Epub 2016 Nov 30.
    Eye Center, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, No. 88 Jiefang Rd, Hangzhou, 310009, China.
    Background: Treatment of lacrimal sac abscess of the traditional surgical approach may result in complications from cutaneous fistula formation, damage the sac, cause skin scarring and even have the potential for inducing cicatricial ectropion. We designed a new treatment scheme that is expected to achieve internal drainage with the use of lacrimal probe and crawford silicon tube.

    Methods: A prospective study was performed for the management of lacrimal sac abscesses. Read More

    Personalized Reconstruction of Traumatic Orbital Defects Based on Precise Three-Dimensional Orientation and Measurements of the Globe.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Jan;28(1):172-179
    *Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medical University; Research Institute of Facial Restoration and Reconstruction, Fujian Medical University †Department of Mathematics Physical and Computer Education, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China.
    Objective: The aim of the study was to precisely assess the severity of traumatic orbital defects and techniques for personalized orbital reconstruction.

    Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 97 patients with traumatic orbital defects who were treated in our hospital between July 2003 and June 2012. Pre- and postoperative spiral computed tomography scans were performed in all patients. Read More

    Periorbital Scar Correction.
    Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2017 Feb;25(1):25-36
    Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA; Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address:
    Periorbital scarring with eyelid retraction can have serious visual effects and can lead to loss of vision or even loss of the eye. Understanding of eyelid anatomy and the delicate balance of its structural supports is critical for the identification of the eyelid disorder responsible for the cicatrix and helps to guide treatment. The 2-finger test and lateral distraction of the lid can also be of significant help in proper diagnosis of the underlying disorder. Read More

    Epidemiology of ocular disorders presumed to be inherited in three large Italian dog breeds in Italy.
    Vet Ophthalmol 2016 Nov 11. Epub 2016 Nov 11.
    Ophthalmology, Centro Veterinario Torinese, Lungo Dora Pietro Colletta 147, Torino, 10153, Italy.
    Objective: To describe the epidemiology and the types of eye disorders that are presumed to be inherited (PIED) in three large Italian dog breeds.

    Animals: Three large Italian dog breeds: Neapolitan Mastiff (FCI code: 197), Maremma Sheepdog (FCI code: 201), and Italian Corso dog (FCI code: 343).

    Procedures: All dogs that underwent a complete ophthalmic examination between 1992 and 2012 were included in this prospective observational study. Read More

    Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Characteristics of Iris Melanocytic Tumors.
    Ophthalmology 2017 Feb 14;124(2):197-204. Epub 2016 Nov 14.
    Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To evaluate tumor vasculature with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in malignant iris melanomas and benign iris lesions.

    Design: Cross-sectional observational clinical study.

    Participants: Patients with iris lesions and healthy volunteers. Read More

    Lipograft in cicatricial ectropion.
    Ann Ital Chir 2016 ;87:466-469
    Aim: Cicatricial ectropion is secondary to an excessive scar contraction after trauma, burns, skin conditions, scarring skin tumours, medication, allergies, blepharoplasty complications 1,2. The estimates for ectropion incidence following removal of eyelid lesions have been reported as varying from 2.5% to 7% 3. Read More

    Use of Cyanoacrylate Glue Casting for Stabilization of Periocular Skin Grafts and Flaps.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Nov 10. Epub 2016 Nov 10.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.
    Purpose: To examine a novel technique for periocular skin graft and flap stabilization using cyanoacrylate glue applied to the host bed around the perimeter of the graft or flap to create an immobile cast in the immediate postoperative period to promote successful graft take and stable anatomic position.

    Methods: Retrospective review was performed of a single surgeon's patients who underwent periocular skin graft or flap between August 1, 2011, and February 29, 2016, in which cyanoacrylate glue was applied postoperatively for graft stabilization. Data examined included indication for procedure, location and size of graft, postoperative complications, and length of follow up postoperatively. Read More

    Mutations in CPAMD8 Cause a Unique Form of Autosomal-Recessive Anterior Segment Dysgenesis.
    Am J Hum Genet 2016 Dec 10;99(6):1338-1352. Epub 2016 Nov 10.
    Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London EC1V 9EL, UK. Electronic address:
    Anterior segment dysgeneses (ASDs) comprise a spectrum of developmental disorders affecting the anterior segment of the eye. Here, we describe three unrelated families affected by a previously unclassified form of ASD. Shared ocular manifestations include bilateral iris hypoplasia, ectopia lentis, corectopia, ectropion uveae, and cataracts. Read More

    Modified lateral tarsal strip for involutional entropion and ectropion surgery.
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2016 Nov 5. Epub 2016 Nov 5.
    Ophthalmology Service, Hospital Cruz Roja, Madrid, Spain.
    Purpose: Our purpose was to assess our outcomes in involutional lower eyelid ectropion and entropion surgery after horizontal eyelid tightening by a modified tarsal strip technique.

    Methods: A prospective study of 88 eyelids with ectropion and 96 with entropion was performed. Patients were randomly distributed into two groups: the control group included 90 eyelids (46 entropion and 44 ectropion) and the other group of 94 eyelids (50 entropion and 44 ectropion). Read More

    Acquired ectropion uveae and secondary glaucoma due to trauma: report of 3 cases.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2017 Jan 19;27(1):e1-e4. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
     Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade - Serbia.
    Purpose: To investigate the possible association between acquired ectropion uveae and blunt trauma to the eye. We present 3 cases of acquired ectropion uveae that occurred after blunt trauma to the eye. There are no previously published data on possible association of these conditions. Read More

    Rare metastatic sites of renal cell carcinoma: urethra and spermatic cord.
    Urologia 2016 Nov 8;83(4):214-217. Epub 2016 Oct 8.
     Department of Urology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena - Italy.
    Introduction: About 20% of patients with a diagnosis of primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) present directly with metastatic disease. The aim of the present manuscript is to describe, for the first time a RCC metastasis located to the distal female urethra and to present an update on metastatic locations to the male spermatic cord.

    Materials And Methods: We report two cases of rare RCC metastases. Read More

    The prevalence of glaucoma in patients undergoing surgery for eyelid entropion or ectropion.
    Clin Interv Aging 2016 12;11:1429-1432. Epub 2016 Oct 12.
    Division of Orbital and Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Purpose And Design: The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of known glaucoma in patients undergoing ectropion or entropion surgical repair. In this study, retrospective review of case series was performed.

    Participants: All patients who underwent ectropion or entropion surgery in a tertiary medical center between 2007 and 2014 were included. Read More

    Tarsal Strip Versus Tarsal Belt in Ectropion Correction: A Statistical Evaluation.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Oct 14. Epub 2016 Oct 14.
    *Plastic Surgeon, Rome †Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.
    Two surgical procedures for ectropion correction are compared: the widespread "lateral tarsal strip" and the more recently introduced "tarsal belt" techniques. A retrospective interventional patient series of 40 patients with mono or bilateral ectropion are investigated.Distances of lower lid margin from interpupillary line before surgery and after 1, 6, 12, and 24 months in tarsal belt and lateral tarsal strip surgical procedure are compared. Read More

    [Local Rotating Flaps in Oculoplastic Surgery].
    Cesk Slov Oftalmol Fall 2016;72(3):72-79
    Aim: In the contemporary medicine, strong emphasis is put on early closing of body surface defects, which contributes to good and early healing, but, of course, closes the entrance gate for possible infection as well. The easiest closing of the defect is the direct suture of the emerged wound. But some defects are of such an extent, so their closure is necessary to handle other way than simple suture, e. Read More

    How Important Is the Etiology in the Treatment of Epiphora?
    J Ophthalmol 2016 10;2016:1438376. Epub 2016 Aug 10.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Uludağ University School of Medicine, 16059 Bursa, Turkey.
    Purpose. There are several etiological factors that cause epiphora, and treatment differs according to the cause. We aimed to evaluate the etiology of epiphora and the treatment modalities of the affected patients. Read More

    Cystoid macular edema associated with iridocorneal endothelial syndrome: a case report.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2016 Sep 1;16(1):155. Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake City, Aichi, 470-1192, Japan.
    Background: Iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome occurs mainly in young and middle-aged women and typically presents as a unilateral disease characterized by abnormalities of the iris and corneal endothelium. While the ICE syndrome is known to be associated with glaucoma and bullous keratopathy, to our knowledge, only two cases of ICE syndrome complicated with cystoid macular edema (CME) have been reported to date. In this paper, we report a case of ICE syndrome complicated with CME treated at our institution. Read More

    Novel FOXC2 Mutation in Hereditary Distichiasis Impairs DNA-Binding Activity and Transcriptional Activation.
    Int J Biol Sci 2016 6;12(9):1114-20. Epub 2016 Aug 6.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
    Distichiasis presents as double rows of eyelashes arising from aberrant differentiation of the meibomian glands of the eyelids, and it may be sporadic or hereditary. FOXC2 gene mutations in hereditary distichiasis are rarely reported. Here, we examined two generations of a Chinese family with hereditary distichiasis but without lymphedema or other features of LD syndrome. Read More

    [The problem of oculo-orbital trauma due to motor vehicle accidents involving commercial motorbikes in Douala, Cameroon].
    J Fr Ophtalmol 2016 Sep 25;39(7):596-602. Epub 2016 Aug 25.
    Hôpital central de Yaoundé, 6000 Yaoundé, Cameroun.
    Unlabelled: A prospective and longitudinal study was carried from January 2 to December 31, 2013 in which victims of commercial motor bike accidents presenting to the Laquintinie Hospital in Douala were examined in search of oculo-orbital injuries with the double goal of identifying and evaluating the physical impact of the observed oculo-orbital lesions.

    Results: We included 88 cases with oculo-orbital trauma due to commercial motor bike accident. There were 71 males (80. Read More

    [Surgical strategy for postburn facial scar contracture].
    Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2016 Aug;32(8):452-5
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003, China.
    Postburn facial scar contracture, which can cause disfigurement and functional impairment, is a major therapeutic challenge. Except for some scars with severe functional impairments such as ectropion of lid, obstruction of nostril, microstomia, and so on, other kinds of facial scars are recommended to be reconstructed after they become sufficiently softened. The selection of specific methods depends on the characteristics of the facial scar. Read More

    Reconstruction of facial soft tissue: comparison between conventional procedures and the facelift technique.
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Nov 17;54(9):1006-1011. Epub 2016 Aug 17.
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Academic Hospital of the University of Hanover, Klinikum Lippe, Röntgenstr. 18, 32756 Detmold Germany; Medical Faculty University RWTH, Aachen, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074 Aachen Germany.
    We compared the result of replacement using a modified facelift technique with those of other commonly used surgical techniques for the treatment of defects of the soft tissue of the infraorbital and cheek region. We made a retrospective observational study of 86 patients who had defects of the facial soft tissue after excision of malignant tumours. Procedures used for reconstructions included non-vascularised skin grafts, local flaps, facelift technique, and microvascular free flaps, and we evaluated morbidity; duration of hospital stay; the need for, and duration of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU); and functional and aesthetic outcomes. Read More

    Ectropion in Facial Tissue Expansion in the Pediatric Population: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Treatment Options.
    Ann Plast Surg 2017 Mar;78(3):280-283
    From the *Division of Plastic Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California; and †Children's Healthcare Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.
    Background: Despite advances in the field of tissue expansion, the face is especially difficult to reconstruct using this technique due to its dynamic nature and high incidence of distortional scarring. This article aimed to review complications seen in pediatric facial tissue expansion, specifically ectropion, as well as its restorative treatment.

    Methods: A retrospective chart review of pediatric patients treated by tissue expansion for congenital facial lesions, trauma, or burns at Children's Hospital Los Angeles from January 2000 to present was performed. Read More

    Radiation Therapy for Primary Eyelid Cancers in Tunisia.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2016 ;17(7):3643-6
    Radiation oncology department, Salah Azaiez Institute, Tunis, Tunisia Email :
    Management of eyelid cancers is based on surgery and/or radiotherapy (RT). The treatment objective is to control tumors with acceptable functional and esthetic outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of radiation therapy in management of epithelial eyelid cancers, reviewing retrospectively the clinical records of patients treated in our institution from January 1989 to December 2013. Read More

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