36,981 results match your criteria Eclampsia


Maternal Outcomes by Race during Postpartum Readmissions.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Background: Maternal race may be an important risk factor for postpartum readmissions and associated adverse outcomes.

Objective: To determine the association of race with serious complications during postpartum readmissions.

Study Design: This repeated cross sectional analysis utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from 2012 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Influence of NKG2C gene deletion and CCR5Δ32 in Pre-eclampsia-Approaching the effect of innate immune gene variants in pregnancy.

Int J Immunogenet 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Laboratório de Imunobiologia e Imunogenética, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Departamento de Genética, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder that affects an important number of pregnant women worldwide. The exact causes of PE remain poorly understood. However, inflammation and deregulation of innate immune cells, such as natural killer (NK) cells, contribute to PE pathogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iji.12416DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: An individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts.

BJOG 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: To assess the separate and combined associations of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with the risks of pregnancy complications and their population impact.

Design: Individual participant data meta-analysis of 39 cohorts.

Setting: Europe, North America and Oceania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15661DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of a novel vital sign device on maternal mortality and morbidity in low-resource settings: a pragmatic, stepped-wedge, cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 Mar;7(3):e347-e356

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: In 2015, an estimated 303 000 women died in pregnancy and childbirth. Obstetric haemorrhage, sepsis, and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy account for more than 50% of maternal deaths worldwide. There are effective treatments for these pregnancy complications, but they require early detection by measurement of vital signs and timely administration to save lives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30526-6DOI Listing

Influence of forkhead box protein 3 polymorphisms (rs2232365, rs3761548) with the outcome of pregnancy: A meta-analysis.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Dysfunction of regulatory T cells (Tregs) may contribute to certain immune-related pregnancy complications. Forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) is the key transcription factor of Treg. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the possible association between FOXP3 polymorphisms -924A/G (rs2232365) and -3279C/A (rs3761548) and immune-related pregnancy complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28328DOI Listing
February 2019

Place-specific factors associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in Southern Mozambique: a retrospective cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e024042. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Medicine, Yale New Haven Health System, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Objectives: To identify and measure the place-specific determinants that are associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in the southern region of Mozambique.

Design: Retrospective cohort study. Choice of variables informed by literature and Delphi consensus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024042DOI Listing
February 2019

A retrospective study on evaluation of anti-hypertensive drugs used in gestational hypertension.

Pak J Pharm Sci 2019 Jan;32(1):213-215

Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

To evaluate the anti-hypertensive drugs used in pregnancy induced hypertension and to determine the safety of the anti-hypertensive drugs administered in gestational hypertensive patients. Pregnancy induced hypertension are very common in women and if unnoticed may lead to severe complications. The appropriate therapy is very much essential for the welfare of both the mother and the child. Read More

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January 2019
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How can we make pregnancy safe for women with Turner syndrome?

Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Endocrinology Department, Saint Antoine Hospital, Centre de Référence des Maladies Endocrines Rares de la Croissance, Filière FIRENDO, ENDO-ERN, Paris, France.

Pregnancy is a crucial issue in patients with Turner syndrome (TS). Although natural pregnancies have been reported in 4-7% of TS patients, most women will need assisted reproductive technologies (ART) with oocyte donation. The main issue is the maternal mortality rate that is higher than in the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.31682DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The ability of thromboelastography parameters to predict severe pre-eclampsia when measured during early pregnancy.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Anesthesiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To examine the predictive value of thromboelastography parameters during early pregnancy as potential markers of severe pre-eclampsia during late pregnancy.

Methods: An observational retrospective case-control study was conducted among pregnant women who attended a single hospital in Shanghai, China, between July 1, 2016, and February 31, 2018. Data were obtained from medical records and a structured questionnaire completed by the participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.12785DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Placental Growth Factor as an Indicator of Maternal Cardiovascular Risk After Pregnancy.

Circulation 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh, PA.

Background: Angiogenic placental growth factor (PlGF) concentrations rise during pregnancy, peaking at the end of mid-pregnancy. Low PlGF concentrations during pregnancy are associated with pregnancy complications with recognized later life cardiovascular risk. We hypothesized that low PlGF concentrations, especially in mid-pregnancy identify not only a subset of women at risk for pregnancy complications, but also women with greater cardiovascular risk factor burden after pregnancy regardless of pregnancy outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.036632DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

"Not taken seriously"-A qualitative interview study of postpartum Rwandan women who have experienced pregnancy-related complications.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(2):e0212001. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: There is limited knowledge on the women's experiences of pregnancy-related complications in Rwanda. This study aimed to investigate women's experiences and perceptions of specific complications during pregnancy and delivery and the consequences of these complications on postpartum health and family situation.

Methods: Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews (N = 15). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212001PLOS
February 2019
1 Read

Effects of nutritional nursing intervention based on glycemic load for patient with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Ginekol Pol 2019 ;90(1):46-49

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Yantai Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Yantai City, China.

Objectives: To determine the effects of nutritional nursing intervention based on glycemic load (GL) for patients with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Material And Methods: One hundred thirty-four patients diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus at our hospital were selected from March 2015 to March 2017 and randomly divided into the observation (n = 67) and control groups (n = 67). All of the patients in the observation and control groups received conventional nutritional nursing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/GP.2019.0007DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Decreased Filamin b expression regulates trophoblastic cells invasion through ERK/MMP-9 pathway in pre-eclampsia.

Ginekol Pol 2019 ;90(1):39-45

Department of Obstetrics, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, China.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of Filamin b in the placental placenta of patients with early or late onset pre-eclampsia (PE) and its potential effects on the pathophysiology of the disease.

Methods And Methods: Immunohistochemistry staining, western blot assays and real time PCR were used to detect the expression level of FLN-b. The expression levels of MMP-2, MMP-9 and ERK1/2 proteins from control and FLN-b-silenced JEG-3 cells were also detected by western blot and JEG-3 cell invasion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/GP.2019.0006DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome and Azathioprine.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2019 25;6(1):001032. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Serviço Medicina III, Hospital Prof. Doutor Fernando Fonseca, Lisbon, Portugal.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare syndrome that presents with neurological manifestations, often associated with arterial hypertension. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows bilateral white matter oedema in the posterior vascular territories. Immunosuppression, (pre) eclampsia and autoimmune diseases can be implicated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2019_001032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372047PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Maternal Death: Audit in a Tertiary Hospital.

Authors:
K Guha F Ashraf

Mymensingh Med J 2019 Jan;28(1):85-90

Dr Kaberi Guha, Junior Consultant, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital, Sher-E-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh; E- mail:

Maternal death audit in a tertiary hospital was conducted to improve the quality of maternal health care. In this descriptive type cross sectional study, maternal deaths were reviewed and factors responsible for maternal death were identified and noted in Rajshahi Medical College Hospital from July 2008 to June 2009. During the study period total 63 maternal deaths recorded among 7560 deliveries. Read More

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January 2019
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Fetomaternal Outcome in Eclampsia in Relationship with Gravidity.

Mymensingh Med J 2019 Jan;28(1):44-48

Dr Anonya Talukder, Junior Consultant, Department of Obs. and Gynae, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Eclampsia is a well-recognized major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Patient's age, occupational status, socioeconomic status, educational status, regular ANC (antenatal care) and gravidity may affect the outcome of mother and foetus. The purpose of this study is to see the fetomaternal outcome in eclampsia in relationship with gravidity. Read More

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January 2019
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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome due to hypercalcaemia: a rare cause.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 11;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-radiological entity described by Hinchey in late 90's, characterised by variable associations of seizure activity, consciousness impairment ranging from confusion to coma, headaches, visual abnormalities, nausea/vomiting and focal neurological signs. Common causes are accelerated hypertension, eclampsia, preeclampsia, cytotoxic drug use and autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus.We report a case of PRES in a 62-year-old female patient due to hypercalcemia secondary to vitamin D toxicity on treatment with calcium supplements and vitamin D for secondary hypoparathyroidism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223415DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The health of children conceived by ART: 'the chicken or the egg?'

Hum Reprod Update 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Fertility Clinic, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Blegdamsvej 9, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Worldwide, more than 7 million children have now been born after ART: these delivery rates are steadily rising and now comprise 2-6% of births in the European countries. To achieve higher pregnancy rates, the transfer of two or more embryos was previously the gold standard in ART. However, recently the practise has moved towards a single embryo transfer policy to avoid multiple births. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humupd/dmz001DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Causes and contributory factors of maternal mortality: evidence from maternal and perinatal death surveillance and response in Ogun state, Southwest Nigeria.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 11;19(1):63. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Ogun State Primary Health Care Board, Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Background: Nigeria still ranks second globally in the number of maternal deaths. Most maternal death reviews in Nigeria are isolated research based reports from a single health facility. This study determined causes and contributory factors of maternal mortality in Ogun statefollowing a periodic State-widematernal and perinatal deaths surveillance and response (MPDSR) review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2202-1DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A Regression Model for Prediction of Cesarean-Associated Blood Transfusion.

Am J Perinatol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women and Infants Hospital, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Objective:  To develop a model to predict cesarean-associated red blood cell transfusion.

Study Design:  Secondary analysis of all cesarean deliveries in the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network Cesarean Registry. Using a split-sample technique, the derivation group was used to identify associated factors and build predictive models, and the validation group was used to estimate classification errors and determine test characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678604DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Severe cardiovascular morbidity in women with hypertensive diseases during delivery hospitalization.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

New Haven CT, Yale School of Medicine.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death in the United States. (1) Identification of short-term indicators of cardiovascular morbidity has the potential to alter the course of this devastating disease among women. It has been established that hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease 10-30 years after delivery; however, little is known about the association of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy with cardiovascular (CV) morbidity during the delivery hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Gestational Weight Gain and Severe Maternal Morbidity at Delivery Hospitalization.

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; the Department of Reproductive Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; and the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York.

Objective: To examine whether women who varied from recommended gestational weight gain guidelines by the Institute of Medicine (IOM, now known as the National Academy of Medicine) were at increased risk of severe maternal morbidity during delivery hospitalization compared with those whose weight gain remained within guidelines.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using linked 2008-2012 New York City discharge and birth certificate data sets. Cases of severe maternal morbidity were identified using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria, which consists of 21 indicators of possible life-threatening diagnoses, life-saving procedures, or death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003114DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Adverse Maternal and Fetal Outcome in Patients with Eclampsia.

J Nepal Health Res Counc 2019 Jan 28;16(41):425-427. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, BPKIHS, Dharan, Sunsari, Nepal.

Background: Eclampsia is a multisystem disorder that may lead to deterioration of maternal condition, hypoxia and acidosis of fetus. Objective was to evaluate the risk factors associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcome in patients with eclampsia.

Methods: All patients with eclampsia were enrolled after informed consent from February 2013 to February 2014. Read More

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January 2019
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Trial of labor after cesarean section in risk pregnancies: a population-based cohort study.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Norway.

Introduction: In most pregnancies after a cesarean section, a trial of labor is an option. The objective of the study was to explore trial of labor and its failure in pregnancies with medical risk conditions, in a population with a high trial of labor rate.

Material And Methods: In a cohort study (n=57 109), using data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway 1989-2014, women with a second delivery after a first pregnancy cesarean section were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13565DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cerebral pontine infarctions during pregnancy - A case report and review of the literature.

Case Rep Womens Health 2019 Jan 23;21:e00097. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

University of South Alabama, Children's and Women's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 251 Cox Street, Mobile, AL 36604, United States.

Cerebrovascular disease is not uncommon during pregnancy as a result of either venous or arterial occlusion, or a hemorrhagic event, resulting in ischemia. Pregnancy may alter the prognosis of these neurologic disorders, with increased risks of morbidity and mortality for the mother and the developing fetus. Etiologies of stroke during pregnancy and the postpartum period include preeclampsia, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), amniotic fluid embolism, postpartum angiopathy, postpartum cardiomyopathy, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), cerebral venous thrombosis, CNS infections, and maternal thrombophilia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crwh.2019.e00097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358547PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Increased biosynthesis and accumulation of cholesterol in maternal plasma, but not amniotic fluid in pre-eclampsia.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 7;9(1):1550. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Preeclampsia is one of the most serious complications during pregnancy, defined as development of hypertension during late pregnancy affecting other organ systems (proteinuria, thrombocytopenia, renal insufficiency, liver involvement, cerebral symptoms or pulmonary edema). Preeclampsia is known to be associated with significant dyslipidemia, but the cause or mechanism of this metabolic aberration is not clear. Quantitative analysis of cholesterol precursors and metabolites can reveal metabolic signatures of cholesterol, and provide insight into cholesterol biosynthetic and degradation pathways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37757-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367404PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Successful rescue of antepartum eclampsia in a Chinese patient: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14301

Central Laboratory of Medicine, Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Zhenjiang, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, P.R. China.

Rationale: Eclampsia is a life-threatening complication of pregnancy. Eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality with most injury being associated with the seizures that mark the onset of the disease. It is vital that medical worker managing eclampsia have an understanding of the disease process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014301DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The clinical enigma of the "Flea catcher" by Georges de La Tour: a pregnant sinner with pre-eclampsia or a hypothyroid girl?

J Endocrinol Invest 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Endocrine Unit, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-019-01017-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Disbalance of redox processes in amniotic fluid at pre-eclampsia.]

Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(8):483-489

Rostov State Medical University, 344012, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

The parameters of pro and antioxidant processes in the amniotic fluid in the dynamics of physiological pregnancy and preeclampsia were studied. Spectrophotometric and fluorimetric methods were used to evaluate the activity of NADPH-oxidase, xanthine-oxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione-dependent enzyme systems, the content of antioxidant vitamins - retinol and α-tocopherol, lipid peroxidation products (LPP) - diene conjugates and Schiff bases, and parameters of peroxide chemiluminescence. It was found that with preeclampsia there is an increase in the activity of prooxidant enzymes NADPH-oxidase and xanthine-oxidase, a decrease in the activity of antioxidant enzymes SOD, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione transferase, and the content of fat-soluble vitamins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0869-2084-2018-63-8-483-489DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Reducing maternal deaths from hypertensive disorders: learning from confidential inquiries.

BMJ 2019 Feb 5;364:l230. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, London, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l230DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Emergency rural obstetric transfers in South Australia: a review of the clinical and precipitating factors.

Rural Remote Health 2019 Feb 6;19(1):4634. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Flinders University Rural Clinical School, Flinders University, Ral Ral Avenue, Renmark, SA 5341, Australia

Introduction: The provision of critical management of obstetric emergencies is a vital service for rural women and their families. Emergency obstetric transfers are indispensable to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity because local rural hospitals often do not have the resources or expertise to manage both maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, the transfer of a rural pregnant woman to a higher level, tertiary perinatal centre (TPC) is often stressful for the patient and costly for health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22605/RRH4634DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
0.868 Impact Factor

Blood pressure measurement in pregnancy and in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: devices, techniques and challenges.

Cardiovasc J Afr 2019 Jan 23;30:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Measurement of blood pressure is essential for clinical management of patients. To obtain an accurate blood pressure reading, the use of a validated device and an appropriate technique are required. This is of particular importance in pregnancy where the physiological changes affect vessel wall compliance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5830/CVJA-2018-067DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Associations of maternal vitamin D, PTH and calcium with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and associated adverse perinatal outcomes: Findings from the Born in Bradford cohort study.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 4;9(1):1205. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

MRC Integrated Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol, Rm OS11, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol, BS8 2BN, UK.

Vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulate mineral metabolism and are required to maintain calcium levels. Vitamin D deficiency is common, particularly during pregnancy, and has been associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We sought to determine whether maternal 25(OH)D, PTH and calcium concentrations at 26 weeks gestation are associated with adverse outcomes of pregnancy and establish whether these differ by ethnicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37600-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362043PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women with BMI >50: An international collaborative study.

PLoS One 2019 4;14(2):e0211278. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit (NPEU), Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objective: To examine the association between maternal BMI>50kg/m2 during pregnancy and maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Materials And Methods: An international cohort study was conducted using data from separate national studies in the UK and Australia. Outcomes of pregnant women with BMI>50 were compared to those of pregnant women with BMI<50. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211278PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361432PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Relationship between antithrombin activity and interval from diagnosis to delivery among pregnant women with early-onset pre-eclampsia.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2019 Feb 3. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toyama, Graduate School of Medicine, Toyama, Japan.

Objective: To determine the cutoff of antithrombin activity for predicting the interval from diagnosis of early-onset pre-eclampsia to delivery.

Methods: At Hokkaido University Hospital, Japan, data were retrospectively assessed on antithrombin activity measured at both diagnosis of pre-eclampsia and delivery among women with singleton pregnancy and pre-eclampsia (defined by combined gestational hypertension and proteinuria) between 2009 and 2017. The timing of delivery was determined by maternal and fetal well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.12780DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Age at Menarche and Blood Pressure in Pregnancy.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2019 Jan;15:134-140

Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K.

Objectives: To investigate whether age at menarche is related to maternal blood pressure in pregnancy and, if so, whether obesity and insulin resistance can modify the associations.

Study Design: Analysis of data collected from 438 pregnant women from the longitudinal and prospective Cambridge Baby Growth Study.

Main Outcome: Testing associations between questionnaire-derived age at menarche and blood pressure measurements in pregnancy collected from hospital notes, and investigating whether any associations were altered by maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and insulin resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2019.01.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352955PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Fetal human leukocyte antigen-C and maternal killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors in cases of severe preeclampsia.

Placenta 2019 Jan 22;75:27-33. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Centre for Immune Regulation and Reproductive Immunology (CIRRI), Department of Clinical Biochemistry, The ReproHealth Research Consortium ZUH, Zealand University Hospital, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Introduction: The pathogenesis of preeclampsia may involve inadequate trophoblast invasion caused by excessive inhibition of uterine natural killer cells (uNK) by extravillous trophoblast cells (EVT). This may be the result of a combination of maternal killer-cell immunoglobin-like receptor (KIR) AA genotype and fetal human leukocyte antigen-C2 (HLA-C2) genotype. A few studies have reported a significantly increased frequency of the maternal KIR AA/fetal HLA-C2 combination in cases of preeclampsia compared to controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2018.11.008DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Long-term neuropsychiatric morbidity in children exposed prenatally to preeclampsia.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 31;130:96-100. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 151, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Introduction: There are contradicting findings in the current literature regarding the association between in-utero exposure to preeclampsia and the long-term neuropsychiatric health of the offspring. The objective of this study is to assess whether prenatal exposure to preeclampsia increases the risk of long-term neuropsychiatric morbidity.

Methods: A retrospective population-based cohort study compared neuropsychiatric morbidity between singletons exposed and unexposed to preeclampsia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.016DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Resveratrol promotes trophoblast invasion in pre-eclampsia by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

J Cell Mol Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

Impairment spiral arteries remodelling was considered to be the underlying cause of pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia (PE). Resveratrol (RE) was reported that it could modulate cellar phenotype to ameliorate diverse human diseases. However, the biological function of RE in PE remains poorly understood. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jcmm.14175
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.14175DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Evaluation of soluble TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) levels to predict preeclampsia in early weeks of pregnancy.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2019 Mar 22;234:165-170. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Physiology, Basic Medical Science Institute, Karachi, Pakistan.

Introduction: Soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) is linked to endothelial dysfunction; a key factor in pre-eclamptic pathogenesis. This study aimed to compare sTWEAK levels during pregnancy to assess for its prognostic ability.

Materials And Methods: Sixty three high risk pregnant women were followed up from 12 weeks of gestation till term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2019.01.020DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Current and emerging pharmacotherapy for emergency management of preeclampsia.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2019 Feb 1:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

a Ritchie Centre, Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologySchool of Clinical Sciences , Monash University , Clayton , Australia.

Introduction: Preeclampsia is a disease specific to pregnancy characterised by new onset hypertension with maternal organ dysfunction and/or fetal growth restriction. It remains a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. For fifty years, antihypertensives have been the mainstay of treating preeclampsia, reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14656566.2019.1570134DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Cardiovascular disease and associated comorbid conditions as determinants of adverse  perinatal outcomes in pregnancy - an analysis of the results of the register of pregnant BEREG.

Ter Arkh 2018 Feb;90(1):9-16

Research Institute for complex issues of cardiovascular diseases.

Aim: the Aim of the BEREG Registry was to analyze the prevalence and structure of cardiovascular diseases, associated comorbid conditions and assess their effects on pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in real clinical practice.

Materials And Methods: In Tula city regional perinatal center the observation study named "Assessment of the clinical condition of the pregnant women with cardiovascular disease during gestation, at child delivery, at the early postpartum period and at twelve months after childbirth and assesment of perinatal outcomes, condition of the fetus and the newborn and the quality of treatment of these patients groups.  All eligibly pregnant women hospitalized in 2014 to "Tula regional perinatal center" have been recruited in the Registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/terarkh20189019-16DOI Listing
February 2018
1 Read

Pregnancy Induced Hypertension and Associated Factors among Women Attending Delivery Service at Mizan-Tepi University Teaching Hospital, Tepi General Hospital and Gebretsadik Shawo Hospital, Southwest, Ethiopia.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2019 Jan;29(1):831-840

MizanTepi University, College of Health Science, Department of Nursing, adult Health Hursing Unit.

Background: Disorders of pregnancy induced hypertensive are a major health problem in the obstetric population as they are one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The World Health Organization estimates that at least one woman dies every seven minutes from complications of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The objective of this study is to assess pregnancy induced hypertension and its associated factors among women attending delivery service at Mizan-Tepi University Teaching Hospital, Gebretsadikshawo Hospital and Tepi General Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v29i1.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341446PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Peripartum cardiomyopathy.

BMJ 2019 Jan 30;364:k5287. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare, often dilated, cardiomyopathy with systolic dysfunction that presents in late pregnancy or, more commonly, the early postpartum period. Although the condition is prevalent worldwide, women with black ancestry seem to be at greatest risk, and the condition has a particularly high incidence in Nigeria and Haiti. Other risk factors include pre-eclampsia, advanced maternal age, and multiple gestation pregnancy. Read More

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http://www.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmj.k5287
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k5287DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Antenatal care data sources and their policy and planning implications: a Palestinian example using the Lives Saved Tool.

BMC Public Health 2019 Jan 30;19(1):124. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Global Health Cluster, Division for Health Services, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O.Box 222 Skøyen, N-0213, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Policy making in healthcare requires reliable and local data. Different sources of coverage data for health interventions can be utilized to populate the Lives Saved Tool (LiST), a commonly used policy-planning tool for women and children's health. We have evaluated four existing sources of antenatal care data in Palestine to discuss the implications of their use in LiST. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6427-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354562PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Delivery or expectant management for prevention of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: an individual participant data meta-analysis.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Epidemiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Hypertensive disorders affect 3-10% of pregnancies. Delayed delivery carries maternal risks, while early delivery increases fetal risk so appropriate timing is difficult.

Objective: To compare immediate delivery and expectant management for prevention of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in hypertensive disease in pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.20224DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Roles of miR-210 in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia.

Arch Med Sci 2019 Jan 2;15(1):183-190. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Third Department of Obstetrical, Hebei Cangzhou Central Hospital, Hebei, China.

Introduction: This study aimed to explore the bio-function of miR-210 in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia and provide new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of pre-eclampsia.

Material And Methods: A JAR cell line cultured in standard or hypoxic conditions was used in this study. Expression levels of miR-210 and PTPN2 were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Read More

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https://www.termedia.pl/doi/10.5114/aoms.2018.73129
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aoms.2018.73129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348360PMC
January 2019
3 Reads