Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2006 Sep-Oct;48(5):303-6
Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, SC, and Hospital Vital Brazil, Instituto Butantan, SP, Brazil.
Injuries caused by venomous and poisonous aquatic animals may provoke important morbidity in humans. The phylum Echinoderma include more than 6000 species of starfish, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbers some of which have been found responsible for injuries to humans. Initial injuries by sea urchins are associated with trauma and envenomation, but later effects can be observed. Read More