9 results match your criteria Echinoderm Envenomation

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A case of elevated liver function tests after crown-of-thorns (Acanthaster planci) envenomation.

Wilderness Environ Med 2008 ;19(4):275-9

Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

The crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) inhabits coral reefs, largely throughout the Indo-Pacific region. Its dorsal surface is covered with stout thorn-like spines. When handled or stepped on by humans, the spines can puncture the skin, causing an immediate painful reaction, followed by inflammation and possible infection. Read More

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January 2009

[Venomous and poisonous animals. V. Envenomations by venomous marine invertebrates].

R Bédry L de Haro

Med Trop (Mars) 2007 Jun;67(3):223-31

I'Unité de Surveillance Continue Polyvalente, Clinique mutualiste, Pessac.

Epidemiological information about marine envenomation is generally less extensive in Europe than in tropical countries where this type of injury is more severe and the need for medical attention is more frequent. For this reason use of the regional poison control centers in the areas where envenomation occurs must be encouraged. The purpose of this review is to describe envenomation by poisonous marine invertebrates (cephalopods, sea urchins, cone shells, jellyfish, anemones, star-fish, corals, and worms). Read More

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Sea urchin granuloma.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2006 Sep-Oct;48(5):303-6

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, SC, and Hospital Vital Brazil, Instituto Butantan, SP, Brazil.

Injuries caused by venomous and poisonous aquatic animals may provoke important morbidity in humans. The phylum Echinoderma include more than 6000 species of starfish, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbers some of which have been found responsible for injuries to humans. Initial injuries by sea urchins are associated with trauma and envenomation, but later effects can be observed. Read More

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Sea urchin envenomation.

Anthony Morocco

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2005 ;43(2):119-20

Department of Emergency Medicine, Guam Memorial Hospital, Oka, Tamuning, Guam.

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Sea-urchin envenomation.

Vet Hum Toxicol 2003 Dec;45(6):307-9

Division of Clinical Toxicology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan.

Sea-urchin stings may produce injurious and venomous wounds. Although numerous writers refer to the danger of pedicellarial stings, there is little worth-while clinical data. We report a case of sea-urchin injury with severe local reaction and acute hepatitis. Read More

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December 2003

[Marine life envenomations: example in New Caledonia].

F Rual

Med Trop (Mars) 1999 ;59(3):287-97

Université de Bordeaux II-Victor Ségalen, France.

Marine life in the waters of New Caledonia is extraordinarily rich. However some of the animals inhabiting this wonderland are dangerous including a number of venomous species. A retrospective study conducted at the Territorial Hospital in Noumea for the three-year period between 1995 and 1998 showed that nearly 200 people/year were victims of envenomation by marine animals. Read More

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Marine envenomations.

K W Kizer

J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1983-1984;21(4-5):527-55

As man takes increasing advantage of the waters of the world for recreational, commercial and scientific purposes, the hazards of human contact with inhabitants must be appreciated. Many invertebrate and vertebrate animal species have developed natural defense mechanisms, some of which involve envenomation, with a few species posing the threat of serious injury or death. This paper discusses the more common and more serious marine envenomations encountered worldwide, including toxicology of the associated venoms and a discussion of current treatment recommendations. Read More

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October 1984
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