19,887 results match your criteria Echinococcosis


Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of 50 Patients with Surgically Treated Cystic Echinococcosis from Basrah Province, Iraq.

J Epidemiol Glob Health 2018 Dec;8(3-4):196-202

School of Veterinary Medicine, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is recognised worldwide as a neglected disease of public health concern, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The objectives of this study were to describe, using a questionnaire survey, the characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, and practices of patients with CE from Basrah Province, Iraq. We interviewed 50 patients, 31 female and 19 male, of whom, 74% originated from rural areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2991/j.jegh.2018.08.101DOI Listing
December 2018

Laparoscopic cystectomy for pancreatic echinococcosis: A case report and literature review.

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2019 Feb 28;23(1):87-90. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Surgery, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widely endemic helminthic disease caused by infection with the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm. Following ingestion of eggs, hydatid cysts develop, most frequently in the liver and lungs, but occasionally in other organs. Infection of the pancreas by hydatid cysts is very rare, even in endemic areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2019.23.1.87DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405372PMC
February 2019

Predictive factors of occult cystobiliary fistula after conservative surgical treatment of the hepatic hydatid cyst A retrospective study of 105 patients.

Ann Ital Chir 2019 ;90:52-56

Objectives: The objective of our study was to determine the predictive factors of their occurrence during conservative surgical treatment of the hepatic hydatid cyst (HHC).

Patients And Methods: We carried out a retrospective review of patients who had undergone conservative surgical treatment of the HHC during 6 years. Univariate analyzes were used to determine the predictive factors of an occult cystobiliary fistula (CBF). Read More

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January 2019

In vitro evaluation on the scolicidal effect of Myrtus communis L. and Tripleurospermum disciforme L. methanolic extracts.

Exp Parasitol 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Research Center for Hydatid Disease in Iran, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. Electronic address:

Hydatid disease, a zoonotic disease, is still endemic in many developing countries that is caused by the metacestode of Echinococcus (E.) granulosus. Surgical management is one of the best choices for the treatment of the hydatidosis and using effective scolicidal agents during hydatid surgery is essential to prevent the secondary infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Case Report: Rare Presentation of Multivisceral Echinococcosis.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, People's Hospital of Qinghai Province, Xining, China.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a common, chronic, and endemic zoonotic disease usually localized in a single organ; multivisceral cases are rare, especially outside the liver or lung. Here, we describe an unusual case of a 43-year-old Tibetan man with echinococcosis of the infratemporal fossa, heart, liver, pancreas, abdomen, and pelvic cavity. He only presented with diminished vision of the left eye, especially when chewing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0673DOI Listing

Knowledge Domain and Emerging Trends on Echinococcosis Research: A Scientometric Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 8;16(5). Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China.

The echinococcosis of humans and animals is a chronic helminthic disease caused by the larva of genus tapeworms. It is a globally distributed disease which is an important socioeconomic and public health problem in many low and middle-income countries. This research aimed to firstly quantitatively analyze the publications with bibliometrics software and evaluated the hot topics and emerging trends of echinococcosis research from 1980 to 2017. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/5/842
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050842DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

FDG-PET/MRI Imaging for the Management of Alveolar Echinococcosis: Initial Clinical Experience at a Reference Centre in Austria.

Trop Med Int Health 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

Background: [ F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) imaging provides important information about the size and metabolic activity of lesions caused by Echinococcus multilocularis and is therefore recommended for the initial assessment and follow-up of human alveolar echinococcosis (AE). The introduction of positron emission tomography / magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) into clinical practice in affluent health care systems provides an alternative dual imaging modality, which has not yet been evaluated for AE.

Objective: Here we describe the initial clinical experience with comparative PET/CT and PET/MR imaging in four human AE patients at an Austrian reference center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13228DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The role of fibroblast growth factor signalling in Echinococcus multilocularis development and host-parasite interaction.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Mar 8;13(3):e0006959. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

University of Würzburg, Institute of Hygiene and Microbiology, Würzburg, Germany.

Background: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a lethal zoonosis caused by the metacestode larva of the tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. The infection is characterized by tumour-like growth of the metacestode within the host liver, leading to extensive fibrosis and organ-failure. The molecular mechanisms of parasite organ tropism towards the liver and influences of liver cytokines and hormones on parasite development are little studied to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006959DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Calmodulin-specific small interfering RNA induces consistent expression suppression and morphological changes in Echinococcus granulosus.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 7;9(1):3894. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Research Center for Hydatid Disease in Iran, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, 7616914115, Iran.

Among parasitic helminths, biological features of Echinococcus granulosus have been a focus of particular interest in biology and medicine. The determinants and underlying molecular mechanisms of Echinococcus development in different host settings is largely unknown. The phenomenal bi-directional development of E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40656-wDOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Spinal Hydatid Cyst Disease : Challenging Surgery - an Institutional Experience.

J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2019 Mar 27;62(2):209-216. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Hydatid cyst disease is caused by the parasite Echinococcus granulosus. It is rarely seen in the vertebral system, occurring at a rate of 0.2-1%. Read More

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http://jkns.or.kr/journal/view.php?doi=10.3340/jkns.2017.024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2017.0245DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Multi-Epitope Fusion Protein Eg mefAg-1 as a Serodiagnostic Candidate for Cystic Echinococcosis in Sheep.

Korean J Parasitol 2019 Feb 26;57(1):61-67. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730046, China.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) in sheep is a hazardous zoonotic parasitic disease that is caused by Echinococcus granulosus (Eg). At present, serological test is an important diagnostic method for Eg infection in domestic animals. Here, a fusion protein Eg mefAg-1 harboring 8 dominant B-cell epitopes of Eg such as antigen B, tetraspanin 1, tetraspanin 6, reticulon and Eg95 was produced in E. Read More

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http://parasitol.kr/journal/view.php?doi=10.3347/kjp.2019.57
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2019.57.1.61DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A calcified cyst in the liver.

Eur J Intern Med 2019 03 7;61:e1-e2. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2018.07.007DOI Listing

Closing the Brief Case: Incidental Finding of Cystic Echinococcosis during Evaluation for Hepatitis.

J Clin Microbiol 2019 Mar 27;57(3). Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Pathology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01571-18DOI Listing
March 2019
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The Brief Case: Incidental Finding of Cystic Echinococcosis during Evaluation for Hepatitis.

J Clin Microbiol 2019 Mar 27;57(3). Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Pathology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01551-18DOI Listing
March 2019
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Doughnut sign of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis on FDG PET/CT: Clinical case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(8):e14561

Department of Nuclear Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Rationale: A characteristic metabolic finding of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) correlates with morphologic features on CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Patient Concerns: A young man from an endemic area was admitted to our hospital due to right upper quadrant pain for 2 months.

Diagnosis: CT and MRI revealed a heterogeneous mass with calcification, consisting of central necrosis and peripheral solid inflammatory tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014561DOI Listing
February 2019

Intracoronary Hydatid Cyst Resulted in Coronary Artery Disease in a Young Patient.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Jan-Feb;34(1):107-110

Departament Cardiovascular Surgery, Doktor Siyami Ersek Gogus Kalp ve Damar Cerrahisi Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi Ringgold Standard Institution, Istanbul, Turkey.

Among all cystic echinococcosis cases, only 0.5%-2% exhibit a cardiac involvement. Only 10% of these become symptomatic. Read More

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http://www.bjcvs.org/pdfRBCCV/v34n1a20.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385834PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Pattern of Relapse in Hepatic Hydatidosis: Analysis of 238 Cases in a Single Hospital.

J Gastrointest Surg 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of HBP and Liver Transplant Surgery, Hospital Universitario Infanta Cristina, University of Extremadura, Avda de Elvas s/n, 06080, Badajoz, Spain.

Introduction: Hydatidosis is a chronic disease that is endemic and prevalent in certain regions of the world. Surgical treatment is the best option, although its main problem is that there is a high rate of recurrence. The objective of the present study was to assess its therapeutic management and the factors related to its postoperative morbidity and relapse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-019-04163-7DOI Listing
February 2019
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Author Correction: T-cell tolerance and exhaustion in the clearance of Echinococcus multilocularis: role of inoculum size in a quantitative hepatic experimental model.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 27;9(1):3424. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

State Key Laboratory Incubation Base of Xinjiang Major Diseases Research, and WHO Collaborating Centre on Prevention and Case Management of Echinococcosis, Clinical Medicine Institute, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China.

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39975-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391374PMC
February 2019
1 Read

In Vitro and in Vivo Effect of MAPK Signal Transduction Pathway Inhibitors on Echinococcus multilocularis.

J Parasitol 2019 Feb;105(1):146-154

1  Department of Parasitology, School of Basic Medicine, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, Guangxi 541004, People's Republic of China.

To evaluate the effect of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway inhibitors against alveolar echinococcosis in vitro and in vivo, Echinococcus multilocularis metacestode cysts and protoscolices were obtained from infected mice. Protein chip technology was utilized to screen for key highly expressed target proteins in the MAPK pathway in this parasite and their corresponding inhibitors. Four-week-old Balb/c female mice used for the in vivo experiment underwent inoculation of E. Read More

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February 2019
2 Reads

Epidemiology of dog-mediated zoonotic diseases in Algeria: a One Health control approach.

New Microbes New Infect 2019 Mar 18;28:17-20. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Ecole Supérieure en Sciences de l'Aliment et des Industries Agro-alimentaires, ESSAIA El-Harrach, Algeria.

Globally, human-dog interactions cause significant social, economic and human health costs. Public health problems linked with dogs include mainly zoonotic diseases. Recently the concept of a global and integrative approach to improve the health and well-being of people, animals and the environment has been strongly endorsed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmni.2019.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374641PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Risk Factors for Human Cystic Echinococcosis in Latvia.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

1 Department of Infectology and Dermatology, Riga Stradiņš University, Riga, Latvia.

Despite the importance of Echinococcus spp. in the Baltic States, little is known about the locally relevant risk factors for contracting the human disease they can cause. The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of selected potential risk factors in individuals diagnosed with cystic echinococcosis (CE) in 1999-2015 and matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2018.2354DOI Listing
February 2019
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Echinococcus granulosus in the Endangered Patagonian Huemul ( Hippocamelus bisulcus).

J Wildl Dis 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

1 Instituto de Medicina Preventiva Veterinaria, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic parasitic disease associated with Echinococcus granulosus. The parasite is maintained by domestic and wild canids as definitive hosts with several ungulate species as intermediate hosts in domestic and peridomestic transmission cycles. In Chile, CE is endemic, and the role of livestock and dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) in the cycle and the accidental infection of humans are widely documented at rural sites. Read More

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February 2019
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Hodgkin's lymphoma, nephrotic syndrome, and echinococcosis cysts: an unusual association and literature review.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2019 Feb 20:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a Pediatrics Department A, Soroka University Medical Center, and Faculty of Health Sciences , Ben-Gurion University of the Negev , Beer Sheva , Israel.

We present a 5-year-old female with minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS). Within several months, she became steroid-dependent with progression of edema and ascites. Imaging studies revealed abnormal solid mass and liver cysts and she was diagnosed with both abdominal Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHD) and large hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08880018.2019.1571541DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Outcomes of different surgical resection techniques for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis with inferior vena cava invasion.

HPB (Oxford) 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Liver Surgery, Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China. Electronic address:

Background: Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) lesions with inferior vena cava (IVC) invasion require combined resection of the liver and IVC. The outcomes of different surgical treatments, including in situ, ante situm and ex vivo resection, remain unclear.

Methods: A total of 71 consecutive HAE patients who underwent hepatectomy with retrohepatic IVC resection were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2018.10.023DOI Listing
February 2019

Inhibitory Effect of Ionizing Radiation on Hydatid Cyst.

Diseases 2019 Feb 18;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Nursing teaching and Research, School of Basic Medicine, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, Guangxi 541004, China.

Background: Heavy ion radiation has more advantages than traditional radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer, mainly because of its superior biological effects. However, there is currently no reliable evidence that heavy ion radiation can induce cell death in hydatid cysts at the cellular and molecular level. In addition, we believe heavy ion therapy could be a potential alternative approach for the treatment of hydatid cysts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diseases7010023DOI Listing
February 2019

Osseous cystic echinococcosis: A case series study at a referral unit in Spain.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 02 19;13(2):e0007006. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

National Referral Unit of Tropical Diseases, Infectious Diseases Department, Ramón y Cajal University Hospital, IRICYS, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is present in all continents, except for the Antarctica. Characteristically, CE lesions are found in the liver and the lungs, but virtually any part of the body may be affected (the spleen, kidneys, heart, central nervous system, bones, among others). It is estimated that the incidence of bone involvement in CE is 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396934PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Identification and molecular characterization of Echinococcus canadensis G6/7 in dogs from Corsica, France.

Parasitol Res 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

ANSES LRFSN, National Reference Laboratory for Echinococcus spp., Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, Wildlife surveillance and eco-epidemiology unit, Technopôle Agricole et Vétérinaire, B.P. 40009, 54220, Malzéville, France.

Recent surveys at slaughterhouses confirmed the presence of three different species of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato in France: E. granulosus sensu stricto, E. ortleppi, and E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-019-06261-6DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Comparison between Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto (G1) and E. canadensis (G6) mitochondrial genes (cox1 and nad1) and their related protein models using experimental and bioinformatics analysis.

Comput Biol Chem 2019 Apr 5;79:103-109. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Proteomics Research Center, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) as a zoonotic parasitic disease, remains a health challenge in many parts of the world. There are different species of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato with different pathogenicity and host preferences.Different procedures have been applied for characterization of Echinococcus taxa in which two mitochondrial genes, cox1 and nad1 have been used more common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2019.02.002DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Albendazole-lipid nanocapsules: Optimization, characterization and chemoprophylactic efficacy in mice infected with Echinococcus granulosus.

Exp Parasitol 2019 Mar 12;198:79-86. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Unidad de Investigación y Desarrollo en Tecnología Farmacéutica, UNITEFA-CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, 5000, HUA-Córdoba, Argentina; Departamento de Ciencias Farmacéuticas, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, 5000, HUA-Córdoba, Argentina. Electronic address:

Cystic echinococcosis (CE), which is caused during the metacestode larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus, is a life-threatening disease and is very difficult to treat. At present, the FDA-approved antihelmintic drugs are mebendazole (MBZ), albendazole (ABZ) and its principal metabolite ABZ sulfoxide (ABZSO), but as these have a therapeutic efficacy over 50%, underlining the need for new drug delivery systems. The aim of this work was the optimization and characterization of previously developed ABZ lipid nanocapsules (ABZ-LNCs) and evaluate their efficacy in mice infected with E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2019.02.002DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The scolicidal activity of the essential oil obtained from the needles of Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe on hydatid cyst.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 May 11;235:243-247. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Gazi University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, Etiler 06330, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro activity of the essential oil of Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana against protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. In traditional Turkish folk medicine, the essential oils and resin of P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.02.018DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Hunting Poses Only a Low Risk for Alveolar Echinococcosis.

Front Public Health 2019 29;7. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Pathobiology, Institute of Parasitology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

The Austrian province of Tyrol belongs to the areas where the alveolar echinococcosis (AE) caused by the fox tapeworm () is highly endemic. In Central Europe and since 2011 in Austria, a growing incidence of human cases of AE has been observed, presumably linked with increasing fox populations infected by the fox tapeworm . Hunting and the related activities put hunters in a high-risk group, and they are considered particularly vulnerable for the contraction of an AE. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361863PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Echinococcosis: Advances in the 21st Century.

Clin Microbiol Rev 2019 03 13;32(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Infectious Diseases Division, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Echinococcosis is a zoonosis caused by cestodes of the genus (family Taeniidae). This serious and near-cosmopolitan disease continues to be a significant public health issue, with western China being the area of highest endemicity for both the cystic (CE) and alveolar (AE) forms of echinococcosis. Considerable advances have been made in the 21st century on the genetics, genomics, and molecular epidemiology of the causative parasites, on diagnostic tools, and on treatment techniques and control strategies, including the development and deployment of vaccines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/CMR.00075-18DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
17.406 Impact Factor

[Major liver resections in cystic echinococcosis of the liver].

Chirurg 2019 Mar;90(Suppl 2):64

Klinik für Allgemein‑, Viszeral- und Gefäßchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Am Klinikum 1, 07747, Jena, Deutschland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00104-019-0904-6DOI Listing
March 2019
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Hepatic alveolar hydatid disease (Echinococcus multilocularis), a mimic of liver malignancy: a review for the radiologist in non-endemic areas.

Clin Radiol 2019 Apr 10;74(4):247-256. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Imaging, University College London Hospital (UCLH) NHS Trust, London, UK.

Alveolar hydatid disease or alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the parasite Echinococcus multilocularis and is increasingly seen as an imported disease in non-endemic areas such as the UK. It is rare compared to cystic echinococcosis (CE), but like CE commonly affects the liver. AE does have imaging features that can aid in diagnosis, but is often initially misdiagnosed as liver malignancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2019.01.007DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Isolated Cerebral Alveolar Echinococcosis.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Jan 14;6(1):ofy349. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Infectious Diseases Department, CHU de Caen, Caen, France.

Cerebral alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is rare and mostly associated with liver involvement. We report an exceptional case of a 62-year-old man with a hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia harboring a primary cerebral AE mimicking neurocysticercosis with >100 cerebral lesions and without liver involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofy349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355661PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Cystic echinococcosis in unaccompanied minor refugees from Afghanistan and the Middle East to Germany, July 2016 through June 2017.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Augustenburgerplatz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is not covered by current refugee screening protocols. After we had detected CE among several refugees attending our clinic from Afghanistan and the Middle East, serological examinations for CE were performed for apparently healthy unaccompanied minor refugees from these regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00492-8DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of Toxoplasma and Echinococcus IgG antibodies in slaughterhouse workers, a serosurvey in Northeast Iran

Ann Parasitol 2018 ;64(4):391–397

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Azadi Square, 9177948564 Mashhad, Iran

Cystic echinococcosis and toxoplasmosis are two human parasitic diseases. Butchers and slaughterhouse workers are in close contact with body fluids and tissues of ruminants. To investigate the prevalence of Toxoplasma and Echinococcus IgG antibodies in slaughterhouse workers in Northeast of Iran, Mashhad, 2016. Read More

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January 2018
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Towards green drugs against cestodes: Effectiveness of Pelargonium roseum and Ferula gummosa essential oils and their main component on Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces.

Vet Parasitol 2019 Feb 17;266:84-87. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

School of Pharmacy, University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy.

Cystic echinococcosis is of great public health importance. Surgery is the efficient treatment for this infection. To minimize the risk of cyst intraoperative leakage, using scolicidals is crucial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.12.019DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Validation of a one-step PCR assay for the molecular identification of Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto G1-G3 genotype.

Mol Biol Rep 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

OIE and National Reference Laboratory for Echinococcosis (CeNRE), Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna, Sassari, Italy.

The Italian National Reference Center for Echinococcosis (CeNRE, Sassari, Italy) set up a diagnostic protocol of "one-step-PCR" useful for the detection of E. granulosus sensu stricto (E.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-019-04625-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

SonoVue® Does Not Appear to Cross the Placenta as Observed During an Examination Aimed at Confirming a Diagnosis of Liver Echinococcosis in a Pregnant Woman.

Ultraschall Med 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Radiology, Interdisciplinary Ultrasound Center, Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU), Munich, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0837-0791DOI Listing
February 2019
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Preliminary Studies on the Prevalence and Genotyping of Infection in Stray Dogs in Van Province, Turkey.

J Vet Res 2018 Dec 31;62(4):497-502. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Van Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, 65040, Turkey.

Introduction: is a zoonotic helminth of the family living in the small intestines of dogs. The hydatid cyst, which is the larval form of this parasite, is observed in sheep, goat, cattle, and many other organisms including humans. It causes a disease called cystic echinococcosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jvetres-2018-0061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364166PMC
December 2018

Molecular determination of suspected alveolar echinococcosis requiring surgical treatment in human cases from Poland

Ann Parasitol 2018 ;64(4):339-342

Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, ul. Nowogrodzka 73, 02-018 Warsaw, Poland

In this study five cases of suspected alveolar echinococcosis from Poland in which surgical treatment was needed, previously diagnosed by means of imaging and serological techniques, were analyzed in terms to identify the causative agent. Samples of the parasite tissues taken perioperatively from the liver lesions were used for the histopathological and molecular examinations. The sequences of all isolates were identical to Echinococcus multilocularis; all nad1 sequences have been deposited in GenBank The histopathological examination revealed Passpositive fragments of laminated layers typical for E. Read More

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January 2018
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Genotyping of human cystic echinococcosis in northeastern Iran

Ann Parasitol 2018 ;64(4):323-329

Thoracic Surgery, Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Mashad University of Medical Sciences, Mashad, Iran

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a human public health problem in northeast of Iran and there is limited information regarding the genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus senso lato (s.l.) in human in this region. Read More

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January 2018
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Is ex vivo liver resection and autotransplantation a valid alternative treatment for end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in Europe?

J Hepatol 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

National Reference Centre for Echinococcosis and WHO-Collaborating Centre for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcosis, Parasitology-Mycology Laboratory and Visceral Surgery Department, Besançon University Hospital and University Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 25030 Besançon, France.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01688278183263
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2018.12.011DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Dispersion of Echinococcus granulosus eggs from infected dogs under natural conditions in Patagonia, Argentina.

J Helminthol 2019 Feb 4:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Cátedra de Microbiología y Parasitología,Centro Universitario de Estudios Microbiológicos y Parasitológicos (CUDEMYP-Centro Asociado CIC), Universidad Nacional de La Plata,60 y 120, B1900, La Plata,Argentina.

Cystic echinococcosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus is a major zoonosis of public health significance in the Patagonian region of Argentina. This investigation sought to test the hypothesis that the persistence and dispersion of the parasite eggs can be explained by physical and meteorological parameters along with final host infection and behaviour. This observational study was carried out over a five-year period within an enclosure where two dogs harbouring a worm burden ranging from 100 to 1000 mature adult E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X19000038DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Sound Around the World: Ultrasound for Tropical Diseases.

Infect Dis Clin North Am 2019 Mar;33(1):169-195

Center for Tropical Diseases, IRCSS, Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Via Don A Sempreboni 5, Negrar, Verona 37024, Italy.

Ultrasound for diagnosis and staging of schistosomiasis and echinococcosis have paved the way over the past several decades for the application of ultrasound in tropical diseases. Until recently, the size and cost of ultrasound systems limited the application in low-resource settings. The increase in portable ultrasound systems has given more clinicians access to ultrasound, and clinically based protocols for the care of patients have emerged, such as focused assessment with sonography for HIV/TB and tropical cardiac ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idc.2018.10.008DOI Listing
March 2019
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Brucellosis in an adult female from Fate Bell Rock Shelter, Lower Pecos, Texas (4000-1300 BP).

Authors:
Christine Jones

Int J Paleopathol 2019 Mar 31;24:252-264. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Texas A&M University-Central Texas, 1001 Leadership Place, Killeen, TX, 76549, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: This project is a case study discussing the differential diagnosis of multiple osteolytic vertebral lesions typical of brucellosis from an adult female from Fate Bell Rock Shelter in the Lower Pecos, Texas (4000-1300 BP).

Materials: One middle to late adult female with exceptional preservation of the vertebrae.

Methods: All skeletal remains were observed with low power magnification and the vertebrae were examined in greater detail using computed tomography (CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2019.01.005DOI Listing
March 2019
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Evaluation of direct costs associated with alveolar and cystic echinococcosis in Austria.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 01 31;13(1):e0007110. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Tropical Medicine, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine & I. Department of Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a globally occurring zoonosis, whereas alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is endemic only in certain parts of the Northern Hemisphere. The socioeconomic impact of human echinococcosis has been shown to be considerable in highly endemic regions. However, detailed data on direct healthcare-related costs associated with CE and AE are scarce for high income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354963PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the diagnosis of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(5):e14325

Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.

To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) compared with ultrasound (US) in the diagnosis of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE).Thirty-one patients with 43 hepatic AE lesions between January 2010 and September 2017 were included in the study. All lesions which were histopathologically proven to be hepatic AE were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014325DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380766PMC
February 2019
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Hydatidosis in slaughtered sheep and goats in India: prevalence, genotypic characterization and pathological studies.

J Helminthol 2019 Jan 31:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Veterinary Parasitology,DGCN College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya Palampur (H.P.),India.

The present study determined the prevalence of hydatid cysts in different organs of slaughtered hilly 'Gaddi' breed small ruminants-sheep (n = 230) and goats (n = 197)-in Kangra Valley of the north-western Himalayas, India. Hydatid cysts were found in 12.2% (n = 28) of sheep and 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X18001219DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read