135,463 results match your criteria Eating and Weight Disorders [Journal]


Dietary Patterns and Anthropometric Measures of Indian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

J Autism Dev Disord 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Studies in Food Science and Nutrition, University of Mysore, Mysuru, India.

Research literature on dietary patterns & eating habits of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in India is limited. To explore this, a pilot study (n = 53) which included 45 boys and 8 girls (age group of 2-13 years) was conducted. Three day food records, Food Frequency Questionnaire and Children Eating Behavior Inventory were used to assess the dietary intakes and mealtime behavior problems respectively. Read More

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December 2018

Young adult e-cigarette users: perceptions of stress, body image, and weight control.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Westat Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Georgetown University Medical Center, 1600 Research Boulevard, Rockville, MD, 20850-3129, USA.

Objective: With the rise in electronic cigarette (ENDS) use among US young adults, more research is needed on expectations for use and perceptions related to body image, weight control, and stress relief.

Methods: College students (N = 230; modal age 21 years; 68% female) completed an online survey assessing cigarette smoking and ENDS, dieting and body image, perceptions about flavors, stress, weight gain prevention, and appetite regulation.

Sample Characteristics: Dual use (cigarette and ENDS) was reported by n = 69 (30. Read More

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December 2018

Unhealthy lifestyle and oxidative damage in childhood obesity.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Purpose: Oxidized LDL cholesterol (oxLDL) has been considered as a sensor of oxidative stress (OS) in childhood obesity. We integrated and related our oxLDL existing results previously assessed in overweight/obese children to lifestyle variables to investigate OS-related lifestyle variables.

Methods: 178 Caucasian children/adolescents have been evaluated and according to BMI percentiles have been classified as normal weight (BMI < 75th); overweight (BMI 75-97th) and obese (BMI > 97th). Read More

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December 2018

Family functioning, moods, and binge eating among urban adolescents.

J Behav Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

School of Community and Global Health, Claremont Graduate University, 675 W. Foothill Blvd., Ste. 310, Claremont, CA, 91711, USA.

This study builds upon prior research on associations between moods, family functioning, and binge eating, using ecological momentary assessment to examine moderating effects of family functioning on associations between moods and binge eating. This study was conducted among a nonclinical sample of urban adolescents. Family functioning was assessed using five constructs adopted from the FACES-IV measure: 'family cohesion,' 'family flexibility' 'family communication,' 'family satisfaction,' and 'family balance. Read More

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December 2018

Eating-related distress in advanced cancer patients with cachexia and family members: a survey in palliative and supportive care settings.

Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Palliative Medicine, Osaka City General Hospital, 2-13-22 Miyakojima-hondori, Miyakojima-ku, Osaka City, Osaka, 534-0021, Japan.

Purpose: Few studies have investigated nutrition impact symptoms and eating-related distress among advanced cancer patients and their families. This is a questionnaire survey to examine the severity of nutrition impact symptoms and the prevalence of eating-related distress among them in palliative and supportive care settings.

Methods: Questionnaires for patients and their families were preliminarily developed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Food restriction, but not seasonality, modulates the acute phase response of a neotropical bat.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências Universidade Estadual Paulista Julho de Mesquita Filho, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil.

Season and food intake are known to affect immune response of vertebrates yet their effects on metabolic rate have been rarely explored. We tested the effect of season and acute food restriction and their interaction on the energetic cost of immune response activation of a tropical vertebrate, the Seba's short-tailed fruit bat (Carollia perspicillata). We specifically stimulated the acute phase response (APR) with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to measure metabolic changes along with changes in body temperature (T), body mass (M), white blood cell counts and the Neutrophil/Lymphocyte ratio (N/L). Read More

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December 2018

A dual-process psychobiological model of temperament predicts liking and wanting for food and trait disinhibition.

Appetite 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Kelvin Grove Campus, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, QLD, 4059, Australia. Electronic address:

A dual-process model of temperament, incorporating the Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS), Behavioural Activation System (BAS) and effortful control (EC), may help to predict hedonic responses to palatable food and trait disinhibition.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine if the BIS, BAS and EC predicted liking and wanting for high-fat, sweet foods in adults with overweight and obesity, and if collectively, these variables predicted the eating behaviour trait of Disinhibition.

Methods: 168 adults (104 females, mean BMI = 33. Read More

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December 2018

Distribution of mycotoxins produced by Penicillium spp. inoculated in apple jam and crème fraiche during chilled storage.

Int J Food Microbiol 2018 Dec 7;292:13-20. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Department of Agrobiotechnology (IFA-Tulln), Center for Analytical Chemistry, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria.

Estimations of consumer exposure to mycotoxins through surveillance of mycotoxins in the food trade are well described, but the exposure due to mouldy food in private homes is not known, and may result from removing visible mould on food and eating the rest. In this study, we followed the growth of Penicillium expansum on the surface of apple jam and Penicillium verrucosum on crème fraiche, as well as production and distribution of fungal metabolites throughout the sample (approx. 6 cm high divided into three equal layers), using a multianalyte method, over time (up to 28 days) and at 4, 8 and 15 °C. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The effect of different post-exercise beverages with food on ad libitum fluid recovery, nutrient provision, and subsequent athletic performance.

Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

This study investigated the effect of consuming either water or a carbohydrate (CHO)-electrolyte sports beverage ('Sports Drink') ad libitum with food during a 4 h post-exercise recovery period on fluid restoration, nutrient provision and subsequent endurance cycling performance. On two occasions, 16 endurance-trained cyclists; 8 male [M] (age: 31 ± 9 y; VO: 54 ± 6 mL·kg·min) and 8 female [F] (age: 33 ± 8 y; VO: 50 ± 7 mL·kg·min); lost 2.3 ± 0. Read More

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December 2018

Prospective instrumental evaluation of swallowing, tongue function, and QOL measures following transoral robotic surgery alone without adjuvant therapy.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

THANC Foundation, New York, New York.

Background: Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has been utilized to deintensify treatment. No studies have measured swallow safety and efficiency, nor assessed the functional impact of TORS alone.

Methods: This prospective cohort underwent baseline and 1-month postsurgery assessments including modified barium swallow evaluation, using the Dynamic Imaging Grade of Swallowing Toxicity (DIGEST) rating system, tongue range of motion assessment, the Performance Status Scale (PSS), and quality of life with the MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI). Read More

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December 2018

Factors predicting early dropout from dialectical behaviour therapy in individuals with borderline personality disorder.

Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2018 Nov 1;46(6):226-33. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona (Spain) Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona (Spain) Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica- Sant Pau (IIB-SANT PAU), Barcelona (Spain) Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM (Spain).

Background: Dialectical behaviour therapy skills training (DBT-ST) has proven effective to treat individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, therapy still faces the problem of early dropout. The aim of the present study is to examine which factors are associated with early dropout from DBT-ST in a sample of subjects with BPD. Read More

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November 2018

How Do Family Strengths-Oriented Therapeutic Conversations (FAM-SOTC) Advance Psychiatric Nursing Practice?

J Nurs Scholarsh 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Psychiatric Clinical Nurse Specialist, Landspitali University Hospital, Landspitali-The National University Hospital in Iceland, Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Division, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Purpose: Family nursing interventions, focusing on therapeutic conversations, have been found to benefit primary caregivers dealing with chronic and acute illnesses. Less is known, however, about the benefit of these interventions for partner caregivers. The aims of this study were to develop and test the Family Strengths-Oriented Therapeutic Conversation (FAM-SOTC) intervention for partner caregivers of young individuals with eating disorders (EDs). Read More

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December 2018
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Selenium-Mercury Balance in Commercial Fish Species from the Turkish Waters.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Fisheries Technology, Faculty of Aquatic Sciences, Istanbul University, Ordu st. No: 8, 34134 Laleli-Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

The interactions between selenium (Se) and mercury (Hg) were assessed in order to interpret public health risk, associated with dietary mercury exposure due to fish consumption. For this purpose, the mass and molar concentrations of Se and Hg were determined in the edible tissues of six species of fish, collected from the commercial fishing grounds of Turkey. The Se/Hg molar ratios and selenium health benefit values (Se-HBVs) were also calculated. Read More

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December 2018
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Exploring the genetic diversity of Tylodelphys (Diesing, 1850) metacercariae in the cranial and body cavities of Mexican freshwater fishes using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences, with the description of a new species.

Parasitol Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Avenida Universidad 3000, 04510, Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico.

Members of the genus Tylodelphys Diesing, 1850 are endoparasites of fish-eating birds, particularly ciconiids, anhingids, and podicipedids across the globe. Metacercariae of Tylodelphys spp. were collected from the cranial and body cavities of freshwater fishes in central and northern Mexico; adults were recovered from the intestine of two species of freshwater diving birds of the family Podicipedidae, commonly known as grebes, in two locations of central Mexico. Read More

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December 2018

Efficacy of a Parent-Based, Indicated Prevention for Anorexia Nervosa: Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 14;20(12):e296. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.

Background: Web-based preventive interventions can reduce risk and incidence of bulimia and binge eating disorders among young high-risk women. However, their specific effects on core symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) are rather weak.

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an indicated, parent-based, Web-based preventive program Eltern als Therapeuten (E@T) in reducing risk factors and symptoms of AN. Read More

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December 2018

Adherence to low carbohydrate diet in relation to glioma: A case-control study.

Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular -Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Observational studies that investigated the association between adherence to low carbohydrate diet and odds of glioma are sparse. This is particularly relevant in developing countries where dietary carbohydrate intake is very high.

Objective: This study was, therefore, conducted to investigate the association between adherence to low carbohydrate dietary pattern and odds of glioma among Iranian adults. Read More

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November 2018
4.476 Impact Factor

Diet, Physical Activity, and Daylight Exposure Patterns in Night-Shift Workers and Day Workers.

Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Division of Environmental Epidemiology (EEPI), Utrecht University, Yalelaan, CM Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Night-shift work has been reported to have an impact on nutrition, daylight exposure, and physical activity, which might play a role in observed health effects. Because these exposures show diurnal variation, and shift work has been related with disturbances in the circadian rhythm, the timing of assessment of these factors requires careful consideration. Our aim was to describe the changes in patterns of diet, physical activity, and daylight exposure associated with night-shift work. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and correlates of anemia among adolescents in Nepal: Findings from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208878. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Paediatrics, the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Anemia is regarded as major public health problem among adolescents in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) but there is limited primary data in many countries, including Nepal. This study investigated the prevalence and correlates of anemia in a nationally representative sample of adolescents within the 2014 National Adolescent Nutrition Survey in Nepal. A total of 3780 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years were selected from a cross-sectional survey through multi-stage cluster sampling. Read More

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December 2018

Pre-treatment patient characteristics as predictors of drop-out and treatment outcome in individual and family therapy for adolescents and adults with anorexia nervosa: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 2;271:484-501. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Clinical, Educational, and Health Psychology, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK; North East London Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Understanding variables predicting drop-out or unfavourable outcome following treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN) may help to improve upon intervention efforts. However, the current literature has demonstrated sparse and inconsistent significant findings. The current systematic review and meta-analysis summarised the evidence base examining baseline predictors of drop-out and outcome in AN treatment. Read More

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December 2018

Design and methodology of a cluster-randomized trial in early care and education centers to meet physical activity guidelines: Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE).

Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, United States.

Strategies are needed to help early care and education centers (ECEC) comply with policies to meet daily physical activity and fruit and vegetable guidelines for young children. This manuscript describes the design and methodology of Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE), a 12-session cluster-randomized controlled crossover design trial using community-based participatory research (CBPR) to test a garden-based ECEC physical activity and fruit and vegetables promotion intervention for young children aged 3-5 years in 20 sites. The SAGE curriculum uses the plant lifecycle as a metaphor for human development. Read More

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December 2018
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Delivering in-school interventions to improve dietary behaviours amongst 11- to 16-year-olds: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

The Staffordshire Centre for Psychological Research and Centre for Health Psychology, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Childhood obesity is a global health concern, which has both short- and long-term health consequences for the individual, and is a potential burden on health care services and the wider economy. The school environment is a setting where changes can be applied to dietary behaviours, as schools have direct and intensive contact with children. This systematic review evaluated school-based interventions designed to improve dietary behaviours among adolescents (11- to 16-year-olds). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Eating pathology and psychological outcomes in young adults in self-regulation interventions using daily self-weighing.

Health Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Warren Alpert Medical School.

Objective: Self-regulation interventions encouraging daily weighing prevent weight gain in young adults; however, concerns have been raised that such interventions may have undesirable effects on eating pathology, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQL). The present study examined whether self-regulation interventions and self-weighing frequency were associated with these indices in normal weight individuals and those with overweight or obesity.

Methods: Young adults ( = 599), 18-35 years with a body mass index (BMI) 21. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
3.590 Impact Factor

[Analysis of infants with moderate to severe laryngomalacia].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1406-1409

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361003, China.

To investigate the clinical features and the treatment of moderate-severe laryngeallacia, and the application of CO₂laser supraglotation in laryngeallacia.Collecting the clinical data of 18 infants with moderate-to-severe laryngeallacia diagnosed in our hospital,10 cases were moderate. Eight cases were severe children; according to the classification of laryngeallacia, most of them were mixed type, including 2 cases of type Ⅱ, 3 cases of type Ⅲ, 5 cases of typeⅠ + type Ⅱ, 7 cases of typeⅡ+ type Ⅲ, and 1 case of typeⅠ+ typeⅡ + type Ⅲ. Read More

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September 2018

Prevalence and correlates of a positive screen for eating disorders among Syrian refugees.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Notre Dame University-Louaize, Zouk Mosbeh, Lebanon.

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of a positive screen for eating disorders (EDs) in a sample of Syrian refugees living in North Lebanon. The study was conducted on a convenience sample of 450 (84.67% women and 15. Read More

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December 2018

The centrality of health behaviours: A network analytic approach.

Br J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Objectives: Since behavioural risk factors are the foremost causes of disability and premature mortality, developing new perspectives for understanding them is of utmost importance. This paper describes an innovative approach that conceptualizes health-related behaviours as nodes in a weighted network.

Design & Methods: Using self-reported data from a representative sample (n = 374), a network of 37 health behaviours was analysed, with the aim of identifying 'central' nodes, that is, behaviours that are likely to co-occur with others and potentially influence them. Read More

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December 2018

Relationship between oral intake, patient perceived swallowing impairment, and objective videofluoroscopic measures of swallowing in patients with head and neck cancer.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Swallowing Systems Core, Departments of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences and Neurology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Background: We aimed to: (1) examine relationships between the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), Eating Assessment Tool-10 (EAT-10), and objective measures of swallowing (Modified Barium Swallow Impairment Profile [MBSImP©] and penetration-aspiration scale [PAS]) in patients with head and neck cancer, (2) compare outcomes between oral intake vs tube-dependent patients, and (3) compare outcomes across time points.

Methods: A total of 58 patients with head and neck cancer completed the FOIS, EAT-10, and underwent a standardized videofluoroscopy (VFSS). VFSS were analyzed using the PAS and MBSImP©. Read More

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December 2018

A controlled study of the Collaborative Care Skills Workshops versus Psycho-educational Workshops among Spanish caregivers of relatives with an eating disorder.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Usera Mental Health Center, 12 de Octubre University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a negative reaction to the illness would be reduced through the "Collaborative Care Skills Workshops" programme among Spanish caregivers of relatives with an eating disorder. Caregivers were randomly allocated to either the skill-based workshops (n = 32) or psycho-educational workshops (n = 31), and assessments were carried out over time (T vs. T vs. Read More

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December 2018

What young Australians think about a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Medicine, Deakin University, Victoria.

Objective: To determine support for a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among young Australian adults and the potential impact on SSB consumption if a tax is introduced.

Methods: Cross-sectional convenience survey of Australians aged 18-30 years sampled in the City of Greater Geelong, Australia, in November-December 2017.

Results: A total of 1,793 responses were recorded. Read More

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December 2018

Grasping the weight cut-off for anorexia nervosa in children and adolescents.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov, Denmark.

Objective: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 suggests the 5th age-adjusted body mass index (BMI) percentile as the numeric cut-off for anorexia nervosa (AN) in children and adolescents. We aimed to investigate the degree to which the 5th age-adjusted percentile as the numeric cut-off for AN in youths reflects the clinical population of patients accepted for treatment.

Method: From a specialized eating disorder clinic, 305 patients with AN below 18 years of age were grouped according to age-adjusted BMI percentiles [below the 5th (low), above the 10th (high), and between the 5th and the 10th (medium)]. Read More

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December 2018

Relationship between Functional Improvement and Cognition in Short-Stay Nursing Home Residents.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Objectives: Improving function is an important outcome of postacute care in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), but cognitive impairment can limit a resident's ability to improve during a postacute care stay. Our objective was to examine the association between residents' cognitive status on admission and change in self-care and mobility during a Medicare-covered SNF stay.

Design: Retrospective analysis of Medicare beneficiaries who had a new SNF stay between January and June 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Prospects for early childhood feeding interventions: An exploration of parent's concerns and acceptability towards social media intervention opportunities.

Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of Queensland, School of Medicine, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: The present study aims to (i) consult with parents regarding child feeding concerns, as relevant to child feeding interventions, (ii) determine parents' willingness to participate in online and social media-based interventions and (iii) determine differences in intervention acceptability based on geographic diversity and demographic characteristics.

Methods: Three hundred thirty Australian parents of children (2.0-5. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence of hepatitis E virus infection among blood donors in a high endemic area of Central Italy.

J Viral Hepat 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy.

In Europe, autochthonous hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is mainly a food-borne zoonosis, but it is also transmitted by blood transfusion. Despite the numerous prevalence surveys, only a few studies have investigated HEV incidence. We aimed to determine HEV incidence and risk factors among blood donors in a hyperendemic area in Central Italy. Read More

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December 2018

Household food insecurity and coping strategies among pensioners in Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 14;18(1):1373. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Health, Behaviour and Society, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Ethiopia is currently facing new challenges related to food insecurity among the urban poor. Pensioners are segments of the population with reduced income and working capacity because of advancement of age and other related problems. There is no empirical evidence on Jimma Town pensioner's household food insecurity and coping strategies. Read More

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December 2018

Association between time-related work factors and dietary behaviors: results from the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS).

Environ Health Prev Med 2018 Dec 14;23(1):62. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Environmental Health, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-1 Iseigaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, 807-8555, Japan.

Background: Few studies have examined the association of workhours and shift work (referred to here as "time-related work factors") with dietary behaviors. We aimed to investigate this association, as well as the dietary behaviors among individuals with occupations characterized by time-related work factors.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of geophagy and knowledge about its health effects among native Sub-Saharan Africa, Caribbean and South America healthy adults living in France.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Service de Médecine Interne et des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Reims, 51092, Reims, France.

Geophagy is widespread among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, South America and the Caribbean and may persist in western countries. This practice may be associated with adverse effects such as anaemia, constipation or intestinal occlusion. We aimed to determine the prevalence of geophagy and the level of knowledge about its health effects among healthy adults originating from these countries and attending a travel medicine and international vaccination consultation in France. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Reduced resting-state connectivity in areas involved in processing of face-related social cues in female adolescents with atypical anorexia nervosa.

Transl Psychiatry 2018 Dec 13;8(1):275. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Atypical anorexia nervosa (AN) has a high incidence in adolescents and can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Neuroimaging could improve our knowledge regarding the pathogenesis of eating disorders (EDs), however research on adolescents with EDs is limited. To date no neuroimaging studies have been conducted to investigate brain functional connectivity in atypical AN. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Convergent evolution of an extreme dietary specialisation, the olfactory system of worm-eating rodents.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 13;8(1):17806. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution (ISEM, UMR 5554 CNRS-IRD-UM), Université de Montpellier, Place E. Bataillon - CC 064 - 34095, Montpellier Cedex 5, France.

Turbinal bones are key components of the mammalian rostrum that contribute to three critical functions: (1) homeothermy, (2) water conservation and (3) olfaction. With over 700 extant species, murine rodents (Murinae) are the most species-rich mammalian subfamily, with most of that diversity residing in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Their evolutionary history includes several cases of putative, but untested ecomorphological convergence, especially with traits related to diet. Read More

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December 2018
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Examining the Effects of Mindful Eating Training on Adherence to a Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet in Type 2 Diabetes: the DELISH Study Protocol.

JMIR Res Protoc 2018 Sep 19. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine1545 Divisadero Street, 4th Floor, San Francisco, US.

Background: Diet patterns have a profound influence on glycemic control for individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and craving-related eating is an important obstacle to dietary adherence. A growing body of research suggests that carbohydrate-restricted (CR) diets can improve glycemic control and reduce medication dependence in T2DM. However, limited data speak to the effects of long-term adherence to CR diets. Read More

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September 2018

A priori-defined Mediterranean-like dietary pattern predicts cardiovascular events better in north Europe than in Mediterranean countries.

Int J Cardiol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, Italy; Dipartimento di Scienze Farmacologiche e Biomolecolari, Università di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: The Mediterranean Diet (MD) is a model of healthy eating contributing to a favorable health status, but its clinical usefulness is still debated. The aim of this study was to relate the adherence to MD with the incidence of cardio/cerebro-vascular events (VEs) in north and south European participants of the IMPROVE study.

Methods: IMPROVE is an observational, longitudinal, prospective cohort study involving 3703 individuals from five European countries (Finland, Sweden, Netherlands, France and Italy). Read More

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November 2018

Effects of Azithromycin on Behavior, Pathologic Signs, and Changes in Cytokines, Chemokines, and Neutrophil Migration in C57BL/6 Mice Exposed to Dextran Sulfate Sodium.

Comp Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Here we characterized the murine dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) model of acute colitis. Specifically, we evaluated azithromycinand metronidazole treatment regimens to assess their effects on animal wellbeing, pathologic changes, barrier function,cytokine and chemokine profiles, and neutrophil migration in colon tissue. Azithromycin treatment significantly reduced theseverity of colitis, as assessed through body weight change, water consumption, macroscopic lesions, and animal behaviors(activity level, climbing, and grooming), but did not alter food consumption or feeding behavior. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Food Parenting Practices among Parents with Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 12;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Applied Psychology, International Digital Laboratory, Warwick Manufacturing Group, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.

Given the links between parental obesity and eating psychopathology in their children, it is important to understand the mechanisms via which unhealthy relationships with eating are passed from generation to generation. The aim was to review research focusing on food-related parenting practices (FPPs) used by parents with overweight/obesity. Web of Science, PubMed and PsycINFO were searched. Read More

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December 2018

Relative Density of Away from Home Food Establishments and Food Spend for 24,047 Households in England: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 11;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Box 285 Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK.

Eating away from home is a risk factor for poor diet quality and obesity. With an ever-increasing proportion of household food spend directed toward eating out, the proliferation of these food establishments may contribute to their use, a potential precursor to less healthy food choices and low overall diet quality. However few studies are conducted at the national level and across a range of away from home food sources. Read More

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December 2018

Types of Milk and/or Its Substitutes Are Given to Children (6⁻36 Months) in Nurseries in Poland: Data from the Research and Education Project "Eating Healthy, Growing Healthy".

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 9;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS), 159C Nowoursynowska St, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the types of milk and/or its substitutes given to children (aged 6⁻36 months) in nurseries in Poland. : The study was conducted in 211 nurseries across Poland. The supply of milk and its substitutes was checked in ten-day menus and inventory documents. Read More

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December 2018

Who Is Serving Us? Food Safety Rules Compliance Among Brazilian Food Truck Vendors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília (UnB), Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasilia DF 70910-900, Brazil.

The rise of food trucks as an eating out option requires knowledge of this sector. Balancing the reality of the food truck sector with access to safe food should guide actions and public policies to cater to its peculiarities. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the Brazilian food truck vendors' profile regarding their socioeconomic status and compliance with food safety rules. Read More

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December 2018
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Exercise and the Timing of Snack Choice: Healthy Snack Choice is Reduced in the Post-Exercise State.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 7;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA.

Acute exercise can induce either a compensatory increase in food intake or a reduction in food intake, which results from appetite suppression in the post-exercise state. The timing of food choice-choosing for immediate or later consumption-has been found to influence the healthfulness of foods consumed. To examine both of these effects, we tested in our study whether the timing of food choice interacts with exposure to exercise to impact food choices such that choices would differ when made prior to or following an exercise bout. Read More

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December 2018

Apatinib for treating advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma after failed chemotherapy: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13372

Department of Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

Rationale: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) originates from the secondary branch of the bile duct and the intrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells, and is a rare pathological type of primary liver cancer. Recently, apatinib has been successfully used for a variety of malignancies.

Patient Concerns: A 23-year-old female was noted with intermittent right upper abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and vomiting after eating for more than 1 month. Read More

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December 2018

Are orthorexia nervosa symptoms associated with cognitive Inflexibility?

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 4;271:464-468. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Psychology, Texas State University, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX, USA. Electronic address:

This study investigated whether symptoms of orthorexia nervosa, a conjectured disorder characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors regarding healthy eating, are associated with cognitive inflexibility. Participants (25 in the orthorexia symptoms group, 25 in the control group) completed the Eating Habits Questionnaire and computerized versions of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and the Trail Making Test. Of the 11 variable measurements from these cognitive tests, only one significantly differed between the groups, with the orthorexia symptoms group making more errors than the control group on the first part of the Trail Making Test that does not actually require any set shifting. Read More

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December 2018
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Disentangling orthorexia nervosa from healthy eating and other eating disorder symptoms: Relationships with clinical impairment, comorbidity, and self-reported food choices.

Appetite 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Penn State College of Medicine, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, United States.

Background: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is characterized by obsessions about eating healthily and rigid adherence to a perceived healthy diet. This study uses the Eating Habits Questionnaire to investigate the relationship of ON symptoms with self-reported food intake, eating-related impairment, obsessive compulsive disorder symptoms (OCD), gender, and BMI while controlling for other eating disordered symptoms. The aim of this study is to provide further evidence for the construct of ON as distinct from other forms of disordered eating. Read More

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December 2018

Adherence with a low-FODMAP diet in irritable bowel syndrome: are eating disorders the missing link?

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

GI Physiology Unit.

Objectives: The low-FODMAP diet has emerged as an option for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This diet is very restrictive, and compliance is usually low. Preliminary findings suggest an association between eating disorders (EDs) and the risk of developing IBS. Read More

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December 2018