136,826 results match your criteria Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention[Journal]


Autistic traits impact on olfactory processing in adolescent girls with Anorexia Nervosa restricting type.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Feb 11;274:20-26. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

IRCCS Fondazione Stella Maris, Pisa, Italy; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

The correct functioning of the chemosensory pathway is pivotal for the attitude towards feeding. In some neuropsychiatric disorders, abnormalities of the sensory processing dramatically affect feeding behavior; however, evidences for an olfactory involvement in Anorexia Nervosa (AN) are still controversial. We administered a complete olfactory testing battery, the Sniffin' Sticks Extended Test, to a cohort of 19 girls with Restrictive Anorexia Nervosa (AN-R) and 19 healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.026DOI Listing
February 2019

Measuring eating motives in older adults with and without functional impairments with The Eating Motivation Survey (TEMS).

Appetite 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institute for Biomedicine of Aging, Kobergerstraße 60, 90408, Nürnberg, Germany.

Gaining a better understanding which motives play a role in daily eating is crucial in order to develop personalized interventions promoting adequate diet. The Eating Motivation Survey (TEMS) is a comprehensive tool to assess manifold reasons for eating but has not been specifically applied in an older sample including very old persons and persons differing in functional status. Therefore, the first step of the study was to investigate whether the basic motives of TEMS are consistent in an older sample and comparable across older adults with and without functional impairments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.01.024DOI Listing
February 2019

Smartphone use while eating increases caloric ingestion.

Physiol Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Health Sciences Department, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras (UFLA), Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

The use of smartphones during meals may possibly influence the number of ingested calories. We evaluated the influence of smartphones' distraction during eating on caloric intake. Physical (masticatory parameters, sex and body mass index - BMI); environmental (with or without distraction) and psychological (stress levels) variables were evaluated as confounding factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.02.021DOI Listing
February 2019

A Step toward Understanding Diet Quality in Urban African-American Breast Cancer Survivors: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Baseline Data from the Moving Forward Study.

Nutr Cancer 2019 Feb 18:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

e Department of Medicine , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin , USA.

Purpose: Little is known about the dietary behaviors of African-American breast cancer survivors (AABCS). We sought to describe dietary intake and quality in AABCS and examine associations with demographic, social, lifestyle, and body composition factors to potentially inform the development of effective dietary interventions.

Methods: Baseline data from a prospective weight loss trial of 210 AABCS were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2018.1557217DOI Listing
February 2019

Respiratory patterns of European pear ( L. 'Conference') throughout pre- and post-harvest fruit development.

Heliyon 2019 Jan 30;5(1):e01160. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy (ATB), Max-Eyth-Allee 100, 14469 Potsdam, Germany.

Information on the developmental stage of pear pre-harvest and in shelf-life is crucial to determine the optimum timing of harvest, post-harvest treatment, and time of consumption ensuring high eating quality. In the present study, CO emission and fruit quality of European pear ( L.) 'Conference' were analysed pre- and post-harvest with emphasis on shelf life for three years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357215PMC
January 2019

The Relation between Dietary Patterns and Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders among Iranian Military Men.

Adv Biomed Res 2019 21;8. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Modern Epidemiology Research Center, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Assessing the relation between dietary habits and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) is less investigated among military personnel. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association of certain eating patterns and FGIDs in Iranian army men.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 600 army personnel working in Kerman ground forces military station number 05, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/abr.abr_180_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357671PMC
January 2019

A web-based intervention for carers of individuals with anorexia nervosa (We Can): Trial protocol of a randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of different levels of support.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 22;16:76-85. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Section of Eating Disorders, PO Box 59, 16, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a life-threatening mental disorder that is associated with substantial caregiver burden. Carers of individuals with AN report high levels of distress and self-blame, and insufficient knowledge to help their loved ones. However, carers can have a very important role to play in aiding recovery from AN, and are often highly motivated to assist in the treatment process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364327PMC

Healthy Teens @ School: Evaluating and disseminating transdiagnostic preventive interventions for eating disorders and obesity for adolescents in school settings.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 27;16:65-75. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

FernFH Distance Learning University of Applied Sciences, Wiener Neustadt, Austria.

Background: The worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity is at alarming levels. Nearly one in three children in Europe is overweight or obese. Disordered eating and body image concerns are equally widespread and increase risk for more chronic and severe weight-related problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364512PMC

Web-based indicated prevention of common mental disorders in university students in four European countries - Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 15;16:35-42. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Section of Eating Disorders, PO59, 16 De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom.

Background: Mental disorders and their symptoms are highly prevalent in the university student population, and the transition from secondary to tertiary education is associated with a rise in mental health problems. Existing web-based interventions for the prevention of common mental disorders in student populations often focus on just one disorder and have not been designed specifically for students. There is thus a need for transdiagnostic, student-specific preventative interventions that can be widely disseminated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364328PMC

Using internet-based self-help to bridge waiting time for face-to-face outpatient treatment for Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and related disorders: Study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 26;16:26-34. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Chemnitzer Str. 46, D-01187 Dresden, Germany.

Background: Eating disorders are serious conditions associated with an impaired health-related quality of life and increased healthcare utilization and costs. Despite the existence of evidence-based treatments, access to treatment is often delayed due to insufficient health care resources. Internet-based self-help interventions may have the potential to successfully bridge waiting time for face-to-face outpatient treatment and, thus, contribute to overcoming treatment gaps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364326PMC

everyBody-Tailored online health promotion and eating disorder prevention for women: Study protocol of a dissemination trial.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 26;16:20-25. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Klinische Psychologie & Psychotherapie, Chemnitzer Str. 46, 01187 Dresden, Germany.

Background: Although there is extensive evidence for the efficacy of online eating disorder (ED) prevention programs in clinical trials, these programs have rarely been adopted beyond the trial phase and offered to a wider audience. As risk factors for eating disorders are partly associated with overweight and overweight in turn is correlated to disordered eating, this study will offer a combined eating disorder prevention program which also promotes a balanced lifestyle to normal weight and overweight individuals alike. The efficacy of the program has been proven in previous trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364518PMC

Implementing online interventions in ICare: A biostatistical perspective.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 11;16:5-11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Institute of Biostatistics and Clinical Research, Schmeddingstraße 56, D-48149 Münster, Germany.

The implementation of research studies is a highly complex process. All decisions with respect to the study design impact the statistical analyses and interpretation of the results. Within the ICare research project (EU H2020 Grant agreement 634757) seven research trials are conducted to generate evidence on efficacy, effectiveness and the dissemination potential of online interventions targeting eating disorders, common mental health problems and resilience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.12.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364454PMC

The short inventory of grazing (SIG): development and validation of a new brief measure of a common eating behaviour with a compulsive dimension.

J Eat Disord 2019 7;7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

1School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, 2751 NSW Australia.

Background: Grazing, the repetitious and unplanned eating of small amounts of food with or without a sense of loss of control (LOC), is an eating pattern of recent interest which is highly prevalent in eating disorders and obesity. The current study aimed to (1) assess psychometric properties of a short inventory of grazing (SIG), consisting of a "grazing in general" item and a "compulsive/LOC grazing" item and (2) examine associations between compulsive and non-compulsive grazing and body mass index (BMI), eating disorder psychopathology, distress and health-related quality of life.

Methods: Participants recruited from a university and the community ( = 227; 75. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40337-019-0234-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366119PMC
February 2019

Low consumption of fruits and vegetables among adults in Uganda: findings from a countrywide cross-sectional survey.

Arch Public Health 2019 7;77. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

5Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda.

Introduction: Adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables has protective benefits against development of coronary heart disease, hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, approximately 2.7 million deaths annually can be attributed to inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13690-019-0332-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366031PMC
February 2019

Social Modeling of Food Intake: No Evidence for Moderation by Identification With the Norm Referent Group.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:159. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Normative information has a powerful effect on food intake and food selection. People tend to use the eating behavior of others as a reference for their own eating behaviors and match their intake to an eating partner. This is known as social modeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00159DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367267PMC
February 2019

Revision of the ant-eating spider genus Simon, 1893 (Araneae, Zodariidae).

Zookeys 2019 6(822):141-158. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Zoology, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Leuvensesteenweg 13, B-3080 Tervuren, Belgium Royal Museum for Central Africa Tervuren Belgium.

The zodariine spider genus Simon, 1893 is redescribed and diagnosed. The type species, Simon, 1893 from South Africa, was originally described from subadult specimens. Adults of both sexes of are described for the first time, based on recently collected material, and the genus is rediagnosed, redescribed, and its relationships discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.822.29835DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374355PMC
February 2019

Parameter estimation of a meal glucose-insulin model for TIDM patients from therapy historical data.

IET Syst Biol 2019 Feb;13(1):8-15

FIME, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Av. Universidad S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, 66455 San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, N.L., México.

The effect of meal on blood glucose concentration is a key issue in diabetes mellitus because its estimation could be very useful in therapy decisions. In the case of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), the therapy based on automatic insulin delivery requires a closed-loop control system to maintain euglycaemia even in the postprandial state. Thus, the mathematical modelling of glucose metabolism is relevant to predict the metabolic state of a patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/iet-syb.2018.5038DOI Listing
February 2019

Dairy cattle behavior classifications based on decision tree learning using 3-axis neck-mounted accelerometers.

Anim Sci J 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

United Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan.

Demand has been increasing recently for an automated monitoring system of animal behavior as a tool for the management of livestock animals. This study investigated the association between the behavior of dairy cattle and the acceleration data collected using three-axis neck-mounted accelerometers, as well as the feasibility of improving the precision of behavior classifications through machine learning. In total 38 Holstein dairy cows were used, and kept in four different farms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.13184DOI Listing
February 2019

Association of reported fish intake and supplementation status with the omega-3 index.

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2019 Mar 11;142:4-10. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

OmegaQuant, LLC, 5009W. 12th St., Suite 8, Sioux Falls, SD 57106, United States; Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD, United States.

Background: An Omega-3 Index (O3I; EPA+DHA as a % of erythrocyte total fatty acids) in the desirable range (8%-12%) has been associated with improved heart and brain health.

Objective: To determine the combination of fish intake and supplement use that is associated with an O3I of >8%.

Design: Two cross-sectional studies comparing the O3I to EPA+DHA/fish intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2019.01.002DOI Listing

Risk factors and self-perception for facial aging among Nepalese population.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Dermatology, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Background: Facial appearance has increasing importance to individuals and women, in particular. Till date, there are no reports of the extrinsic factors influencing skin aging in Nepalese population.

Objectives: To assess the risk factors and self-perception for facial aging in Nepalese population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12885DOI Listing
February 2019

My fitness pal usage in men: Associations with eating disorder symptoms and psychosocial impairment.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 10;33:13-17. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia.

My Fitness Pal (MFP) is a calorie-tracking smartphone application that is gaining popularity worldwide. Although MFP has the potential to be a cheap and efficient weight-loss tool, concerns that MFP could trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptoms have been raised. Preliminary research has documented associations between MFP use and eating disorder symptoms in women with eating disorders and in undergraduate students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Maternal executive function and the family food environment.

Appetite 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

The family food environment plays an important role in supporting children's dietary quality, regulating eating behaviors, and promoting a healthy weight status. However, relatively little is known regarding parent-level factors that support or hinder parents' ability to create health-promoting family food environments. The current study examines whether executive function among mothers, or mothers' capacity to control their thoughts, emotions, and actions, is associated with qualities of the family food environment that support children's healthy eating and weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Social support is associated with fewer reported symptoms and decreased treatment burden in adults with cystic fibrosis.

J Cyst Fibros 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

University of Colorado Denver, United States.

Background: Although social support has been linked to a variety of health outcomes in those with and without chronic illness, this construct has rarely been studied in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF), who may face a unique set of clinical and psychosocial barriers. The current study explored the relationships between social support, mental health, physical health, treatment activity, and disease-specific quality of life in a sample of adults with CF.

Methods: Participants in the study included 250 adults with CF who took part in a larger longitudinal study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Self-Reported Body Weight Changes, Perceptions, and Weight Loss Techniques among Stroke Survivors.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

VARRD Center for Visual and Neurocognitive Rehabilitation, Atlanta VA Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia; Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

Background: Little is known about the body weight goals and trends of stroke survivors, despite evidence that overweight and obesity can negatively influence poststroke rehabilitation outcomes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify self-reported body weight trends over time in stroke survivors and nonstroke controls (>50 years old) and describe the methods used to attempt to achieve body weight goals.

Methods: Self-reported body weight 1) at age 25 years, 2) 10 years prior to the current assessment, 3) 1 year prior to the current assessment, 4) current weight, and 5) age of heaviest body weight were collected from adults self-reporting a stroke in the 2011-2012 and 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (stroke: N = 387 and nonstroke: N = 5085). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.01.028DOI Listing
February 2019

Movie violence acutely affects food choices in young adults.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 10;33:7-12. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Nutrition Division, Department of Natural Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Lebanon.

Background: Extensive research has been conducted to investigate the effects of media violence on attitudes, behaviors, and cardiovascular health; however, only few studies have examined its effect on appetite, eating behavior and food preferences. Little attention has been given to understand how movie genre manipulates the physiology and the eating behavior of individuals. The present study aimed at investigating the acute effect of violence content in movies on appetite perception, heart rate and blood pressure, along with food preferences and intake in young individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Weight status moderates stress-eating in the absence of hunger associations in children.

Appetite 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Center for Human Growth and Development, 300 N. Ingalls Street, 10th Floor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA; Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA; Department of Nutritional Sciences, 1415 Washington Heights, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Objective: The association between stress and eating remains unclear in children potentially due to factors that may moderate the association. We examined whether weight status or sex moderated associations between response to a stress induction and eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), among low-income children.

Method: Children (n = 223; M age = 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparisons of bone density and body composition among adolescents with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: To compare bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition among adolescents: (a) with atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) versus anorexia nervosa (AN) and (b) those with and without a prior history of overweight.

Method: Electronic medical records of patients 9-20 years with AN or AAN who underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.

Results: A total of 286 adolescents with AN or AAN were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23048DOI Listing
February 2019

The myeloarchitecture of impulsivity: premature responding in youth is associated with decreased myelination of ventral putamen.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Impulsivity has been suggested as a neurocognitive endophenotype conferring risk across a number of neuropsychiatric conditions, including substance and behavioural addictions, eating disorders, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. We used a paradigm with interspecies translation validity (the four-choice serial reaction time task, 4CSRTT) to assess 'waiting' impulsivity in a youth sample (N = 99, aged 16-26 years). We collected magnetization prepared two rapid acquisition gradient echo (MP2RAGE) scans, which enabled us to measure R1, the longitudinal relaxation rate, a parameter closely related to tissue myelin content, as well as quantify grey matter volume. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41386-019-0343-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Emotional feeding as interpersonal emotion regulation: A developmental risk factor for binge-eating behaviors.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Emotional feeding is an interpersonal emotion regulation strategy wherein people provide food to others as a means of influencing the recipient's emotional response. Parental emotional feeding has been linked to higher levels of emotional eating in children and adolescents using cross-sectional, retrospective, and prospective designs; however, there is little research on emotional feeding as a developmental risk factor for emotional eating and binge-eating behaviors in adolescence and adulthood. This Idea Worth Researching article explores the rationale for studying emotional feeding as a lifespan construct and its potential implications for understanding eating disorder pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23044DOI Listing
February 2019

Obesity, visceral adiposity and carotid atherosclerosis.

J Diabetes Complications 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Cardiology, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Carotid artery atherosclerosis is a complex and multifactorial chronic disease. Our aim was to assess the associations between obesity, fat depots and carotid artery stenosis (CAS) in patients with high cardiovascular (CV) risk.

Methods: The study group included 391 patients (F/M: 136/255 pts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

[Food quality in the elderly population in Santiago of Chile].

Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Facultad de Ciencias para el Cuidado de la Salud, Universidad San Sebastián, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Introduction: With the increase in the elderly population of Chile, it is very important to evaluate the quality of food of this age group using simple and quick tools.

Objective: To compare the food quality of the elderly, according to gender and age.

Material And Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 458 elderly subjects ≥60 years-old of Santiago de Chile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regg.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019

The Impact of Work Organization, Job Stress, and Sleep on the Health Behaviors and Outcomes of U.S. Long-Haul Truck Drivers.

Health Educ Behav 2019 Feb 15:1090198119826232. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

4 College of Business Administration, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA.

Background: Compared with other occupations, long-haul truck drivers (LHTD) engage in excessively unhealthy behaviors and experience disproportionately poor health outcomes. Health promotion efforts targeting LHTDs focus on improving individual-level behaviors; however, this occupation is replete with adverse work organization characteristics, high job stress, and compromised sleep health, which are hypothesized to cause poor health behaviors and outcomes among LHTDs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the connections between work characteristics, job stress, and sleep outcomes, and health behaviors and physical and mental health outcomes among LHTDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1090198119826232DOI Listing
February 2019

Setting Policy Priorities for Front-of-Pack Health Claims and Symbols in the European Union: Expert Consensus Built by Using a Delphi Method.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 14;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

Despite the fact that front-of-pack nutrition labels such as health claims and symbols have received growing attention in consumer behavior research, comprehensive conclusions could not yet be drawn to develop concrete policy actions, owing to the complexity of the subject and a constantly changing market environment. In this study, evidence-based policy recommendations and communication guidelines have been derived from the findings of the EU FP7 project CLYMBOL ("Role of health-related CLaims and sYMBOLs in consumer behavior", Grant Agreement 311963), and have been evaluated and prioritized by European stakeholders using a three-round Delphi method. A moderate level of consensus was achieved and results suggest that policy priority should focus on ways to improve consumer motivation and interest in healthy eating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020403DOI Listing
February 2019

Influence of Eating Schedule on the Postprandial Response: Gender Differences.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 14;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Spain.

Ingestion of a meal induces conscious sensations depending of the characteristics of the meal and the predisposition of the eater. We hypothesized that the eating schedule plays a conditioning role, specifically, that an extemporaneous meal is less rewarding than when eaten at the habitual schedule. We conducted a randomized parallel trial in 10 women and 10 men comparing the responses to a consistent savoury lunch-type meal (stewed beans) eaten at the habitual afternoon schedule or at an unconventional time in the morning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020401DOI Listing
February 2019

[The person in philogenesis is not (omnivores), but the herbivores with the carnivores past and the fuzzy future. Biological function of trophology (nutrition) in ontogenesis.]

Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(10):596-604

«Northern (Arctic) Federal University. M.V. Lomonosov», Arkhangelsk.

According to the phylogenetic theory of general pathology, seven biological functions have been formed over billions of years. 1. biological function of trophology, nutrition; 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0869-2084-2018-63-10-596-604DOI Listing
January 2018

Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Body Image Disturbances Among South African Mothers and Their Daughters Living in Soweto, Johannesburg.

Fam Community Health 2019 Apr/Jun;42(2):140-149

MRC/Wits Developmental Pathways for Health Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa (Drs Cohen, Micklesfield, and Norris); and Centre for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Wits Education Campus, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa (Dr Gradidge).

In South African families, a phenomenon of mothers' acceptance of stoutness coexists with their daughters' appreciation for thinness. A sample of N = 615 mother-and-daughter pairs was recruited to conjointly identify the relationships toward body image and body mass index between both groups by assessing body weight satisfaction, body esteem, and eating disorders risk. We observed higher prevalence of obesity in mothers and higher eating disorders risk in daughters, while mother-daughter relationships were identified for body mass index and psychometric dimensions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FCH.0000000000000220DOI Listing
February 2019

Problematic Eating Behaviors Are More Prevalent in African American Women Who Are Overweight or Obese Than African American Women Who Are Lean or Normal Weight.

Fam Community Health 2019 Apr/Jun;42(2):81-89

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul.

Problematic eating behaviors such as overeating and loss of control over consumption can lead to obesity. Problematic eating behaviors among women of differing body mass indexes were explored through focus group methodology, the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS), and a taste test in a sample of low-income African American women (n = 45). Women who were overweight or obese (W-O/O) reported more problematic eating behaviors including eating in the absence of hunger, frequent overeating, and increased food thoughts than women who were lean or normal weight (W-L/N). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FCH.0000000000000222DOI Listing
February 2019

Abnormal Spontaneous Regional Brain Activity in Young Patients With Anorexia Nervosa.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Psychological and Social Medicine and Developmental Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany; Translational Developmental Neuroscience Section, Eating Disorder Research and Treatment Center, Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Functional MRI studies have repeatedly shown alterations in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). These alterations might be driven by baseline signal characteristics such as the (fractional) amplitude of low frequency fluctuations (fALFF/ALFF), as well as regional signal consistency [ie. regional homogeneity (ReHo)] within circumscribed brain regions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08908567193011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2019.01.011DOI Listing
February 2019
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[Unhealthy dietary habits among toddlers in Rome (Italy): a cross sectional study].

Ig Sanita Pubbl 2018 Jul-Aug;74(4):349-357

Istituto di Sanità Pubblica, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Roma, Italia.

Objective: To explore the nutrition and food habits of toddlers, in order to develop interventions to promote healthy eating starting from the early years of life.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 204 children aged from 3 months to 3 years, registered in 10 nursery schools in Rome, Italy. Children's diet-related behaviors and parent's food attitudes were evaluated using a 10-item questionnaire for parents. Read More

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February 2019

Findings from What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 support salad consumption as an effective strategy for improving adherence to dietary recommendations.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

US Department of Agriculture,Agricultural Research Service,Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center,Food Surveys Research Group,BARC-West - Building 005 - Room 102,Beltsville,MD20705-2350,USA.

Objective: To verify the previously untested assumption that eating more salad enhances vegetable intake and determine if salad consumption is in fact associated with higher vegetable intake and greater adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommendations.

Design: Individuals were classified as salad reporters or non-reporters based upon whether they consumed a salad composed primarily of raw vegetables on the intake day. Regression analyses were applied to calculate adjusted estimates of food group intakes and assess the likelihood of meeting Healthy US-Style Food Pattern recommendations by salad reporting status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003695DOI Listing
February 2019

Obesogenic food consumption among young children: the role of maltreatment.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2College for Public Health & Social Justice,Saint Louis University,St. Louis,MO,USA.

Objective: To determine whether children exposed to a greater variety of acts of parent-to-child physical and psychological maltreatment will be at greater risk of consuming obesogenic foods at a higher frequency.

Design: Survey research using a longitudinal panel design.

Setting: In-home interviews with primary caregivers in twenty large US cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000065DOI Listing
February 2019

Passenger or Patient? The Automobile: A New Frontier in Health Promotion.

Health Promot Pract 2019 Feb 15:1524839919830653. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

3 Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Americans spend trillions of minutes in cars annually, tens of billions of minutes traveling to health care providers, and hundreds of millions of minutes ridesharing (e.g., with Uber or Lyft). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524839919830653DOI Listing
February 2019

Research priorities of people living with Turner syndrome.

Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Oregon Health and Science University, School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.

Despite major discoveries, traditional biomedical research has not always addressed topics perceived as priorities by patients and their families. Patient-centered care is predicated on research taking such priorities into account. The present study surveyed women with Turner syndrome (TS; 18+ years; n = 543), parents of women with TS (n = 232), and parents of younger daughters with TS (<18 years; n = 563), regarding their priorities for research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.31676DOI Listing
February 2019

A qualitative, prospective study of children's understanding of weight gain.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

This study examined 3- to 5-year-old children's understandings of increases in body size via a qualitative prospective approach. A sample of 259 children (55.2% girls) was interviewed at 3, 4, and 5 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12279DOI Listing
February 2019

Consumption of barracuda in the Caribbean Sea linked to ciguatera fish poisoning among Filipino seafarers.

Western Pac Surveill Response J 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):12-15. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Health, Philippines.

Introduction: Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) is common in tropical and subtropical waters. On 13 November 2015, eight Filipino seafarers from a cargo ship sailing in the Caribbean Sea experienced a range of symptoms after consuming a barracuda. Upon their return to the Philippines, an investigation was conducted to describe the cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5365/wpsar.2016.7.2.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356041PMC
November 2018

A technology-assisted health coaching intervention vs. enhanced usual care for Primary Care-Based Obesity Treatment: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Obes 2019 4;6. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

1Veteran Affairs New York Harbor Healthcare System & NYU School of Medicine, New York, USA.

Background: Goals for Eating and Moving (GEM) is a technology-assisted health coaching intervention to improve weight management in primary care at the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) that we designed through prior rigorous formative studies. GEM is integrated within the patient-centered medical home and utilizes student health coach volunteers to counsel patients and encourage participation in VHA's intensive weight management program, MOVE!. The primary aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of GEM when compared to Enhanced Usual Care (EUC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0226-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360675PMC
February 2019
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Protective Effects of and Aqueous Extracts against Cadmium- and Mercury-Induced Toxicities.

Toxicol Res 2019 Jan 15;35(1):25-35. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

University of Bordeaux, CNRS, UMR 5805, EPOC, Arcachon Marine Station, 33120 Arcachon, France.

The extracts of and are widely used in the folk medicine. The potential protective effects of these extracts have been evaluated against cadmium in the yeast , and against mercurial contamination in zebrafish . In yeast, both extracts efficiently protected the Δ mutant strain exposed to cadmium chloride restoring the growth, the expression of stress-response genes and decreasing the level of oxidative stress. Read More

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http://www.toxicolres.org/journal/view.html?doi=10.5487/TR.2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5487/TR.2019.35.1.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354948PMC
January 2019
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Paucisymptomatic pulmonary and right ear tuberculosis in young woman suffering from anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Mar 29;14(3):423-426. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Tor Vergata University, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Department of Radiology, Viale Montpellier, 1, postal code 00133, Rome, Italy.

Nowadays tuberculosis has become a reemerging infectious disease due to the many forms of immunodeficiency. Patients with eating disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia are a susceptible group due to the immune impairment correlated with severe malnutrition and their prevalence and incidence is growing. We describe the case of a 31-year-old woman, with long-standing history of anorexia nervosa and bulimia, diagnosed with advanced pulmonary tuberculosis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19300433183039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.10.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354621PMC
March 2019
1 Read