138,217 results match your criteria Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention[Journal]


Meta-analytic review of dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs: Intervention, participant, and facilitator features that predict larger effects.

Clin Psychol Rev 2019 Apr 8;70:91-107. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Oregon Research Institute, United States.

Many trials have provided support for dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs. This meta-analytic review characterized the average intervention effects and tested whether various intervention, participant, and facilitator features correlated with larger effects to guide implementation of optimally effective versions of this program. We identified 56 trials that evaluated 68 dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs (7808 participants). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2019.04.004DOI Listing

BDNF Val66Met genetic variation and its plasma level in patients with morbid obesity: A case-control study.

Gene 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Obesity is a major public health concern worldwide. Genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors contribute to the multifactorial etiology of obesity. Evidence suggests an association between human Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Val66Met single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.04.045DOI Listing

Treating eating disorders in the real world - MaiStep: A skill-based universal prevention for schools.

Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131 Mainz, Germany.

Eating disorders are difficult to treat and often associated with morbidity and mortality. Universal prevention approaches are increasingly focusing on enhancing skills, but few eating disorder programs are available for under-15-year-olds. This study aimed to develop and examine a school-based universal prevention program ('MaiStep') for adolescent boys and girls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.04.008DOI Listing
April 2019
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No evidence that portion size influences food consumption in male Sprague Dawley rats.

Physiol Behav 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 9HN, UK; Neuroscience Program, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA. Electronic address:

In studies of eating behavior that have been conducted in humans, the tendency to consume more when given larger portions of food, known as the portion size effect (PSE), is one of the most robust and widely replicated findings. Despite this, the mechanisms that underpin it are still unknown. In particular, it is unclear whether the PSE arises from higher-order social and cognitive processes that are unique to humans or, instead, reflects more fundamental processes that drive feeding, such as conditioned food-seeking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.04.013DOI Listing

Compulsory treatment in eating disorders: Control, provocation, and the coercion paradox.

J Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

In eating disorders, the denial of the illness is a central phenomenon. In the most severe forms of anorexia, compulsory treatment may be necessary. The professional acceptance of involuntary treatment is controversial due to the fact that the autonomy of the patient is juxtaposed with the obligation of the health care practitioner to save lives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22783DOI Listing

The evolution of our understanding and treatment of eating disorders over the past 50 years.

Authors:
Andrea Marks

J Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Pediatrics, The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.

Although historical descriptions date back to the Hellenistic era, and Gull's naming of anorexia nervosa as a medical disorder to the late 19th century, it is only in the past 50 years that eating disorders have become widely recognized as the prevalent, potentially fatal, complex, and confounding biopsychosocial illnesses we confront today. This paper reviews the considerable advancements in our knowledge of eating disorders during three time periods: the "early years" of the 1960s and 1970s; the "middle years" of the 1980s and 1990s; and the 21st century to date. The recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition describes six major feeding and eating disorders. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jclp.22782
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22782DOI Listing
April 2019
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Behavioral and Cardiovascular Effects of a Behavioral Weight Loss Program for People Living with HIV.

AIDS Behav 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University and The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.

We recently reported that a 12-week internet weight loss program produced greater weight losses than education control in overweight/obese people living with HIV (PLWH) (4.4 kg vs 1.0 kg; p < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02503-xDOI Listing

The dynamics of self-control: within-participant modeling of binary food choices and underlying decision processes as a function of restrained eating.

Psychol Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Hellbrunner Straße 34, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

Successful self-control during food choice might require inhibition of impulses to avoid indulging in tempting but calorie-dense foods, and this might particularly apply to individuals restraining their food intake. Adopting a novel within-participant modeling approach, we tested 62 females during a mouse-tracking based binary food choice task. Subsequent ratings of foods on palatability, healthiness, and calorie density were modeled as predictors for both decision outcome (choice) and decision process (measures of self-control conflict) while considering the moderating role of restrained eating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01185-3DOI Listing

ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1 and REVOLUTA are the key regulatory genes associated with pitcher development in Nepenthes khasiana.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 19;9(1):6318. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Stress Physiology and Molecular Biology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 110067, India.

Nepenthes develops highly specialized insect-eating organs called pitchers that provide adequate insect-derived nutrients to the plants to offset low nutrient availability in their natural habitat. But so far, the molecular basis of Nepenthes pitcher development remains largely unknown. In an attempt to unravel the underlying mechanisms of pitcher formation, we made morphological observations of the developing N. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42779-6DOI Listing

What is the evidence for using bed rest as part of hospital treatment of severe anorexia nervosa?

Evid Based Ment Health 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Cotswold House, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust Adult Mental Health Services, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK.

Bed rest is commonly used on medical and paediatric wards as part of nursing management of the physically compromised patient with severe anorexia nervosa. The aim of this study was to review the evidence base of bed rest as an intervention in the management of severe anorexia nervosa. We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, PsychInfo, CINAHL, HMIC, AMED, HBE, BNI and guidelines written in English until April 2018 using the following terms: bed rest and anorexia nervosa. Read More

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http://ebmh.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/ebmental-2018-300064
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ebmental-2018-300064DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Associations Between Intuitive Eating Behaviors and Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among College Students.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess associations between intuitive eating behaviors and fruit and vegetable intake among college students.

Methods: Intuitive eating behaviors were measured with the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2), which reports a total and 4 subscale scores. Fruit and vegetable intake was measured with the National Institutes of Health Eating at America's Table Fruit and Vegetable screener. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2019.03.010DOI Listing

An End-to-End Image-Based Automatic Food Energy Estimation Technique Based on Learned Energy Distribution Images: Protocol and Methodology.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 18;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.

Obtaining accurate food portion estimation automatically is challenging since the processes of food preparation and consumption impose large variations on food shapes and appearances. The aim of this paper was to estimate the food energy numeric value from eating occasion images captured using the mobile food record. To model the characteristics of food energy distribution in an eating scene, a new concept of "food energy distribution" was introduced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040877DOI Listing

Modern Transference of Domestic Cooking Skills.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 18;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute for Global Food Security, School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5DL, UK.

As the primary source of learning cooking skills; it is vital to understand what mothers think about the transference of cooking skills to their children. The current analysis aimed to highlight mothers' perceptions of children's involvement and cooking practices within the home setting. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted on the island of Ireland (Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland [UK]) with 141 mothers aged 20-39 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040870DOI Listing

Convergent neural connectivity in motor impulsivity and high-fat food binge-like eating in male Sprague-Dawley rats.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Center for Addiction Research and Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Food intake is essential for survival, but maladaptive patterns of intake, possibly encoded by a preexisting vulnerability coupled with the influence of environmental variables, can modify the reward value of food. Impulsivity, a predisposition toward rapid unplanned reactions to stimuli, is one of the multifaceted determinants underlying the etiology of dysregulated eating and its evolving pathogenesis. The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is a major neural director of reward-driven behavior and impulsivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41386-019-0394-8DOI Listing

Abdominal vagal deafferentation alters affective behaviors in rats.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 7;252:404-412. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich-Vetsuisse, Zurich, Switzerland; Neuroscience Center Zurich, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: There is growing evidence for a role of abnormal gut-brain signaling in disorders involving altered mood and affect, including depression. Studies using vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) suggest that the disruption of vagal afferent signaling may contribute to these abnormalities. To test this hypothesis, we used a rat model of subdiaphragmatic vagal deafferentation (SDA), the most complete and selective vagal deafferentation method existing to date, to study the consequences of complete disconnection of abdominal vagal afferents on affective behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.015DOI Listing

Sweet cognition: The differential effects of glucose consumption on attentional food bias in individuals of lean and obese status.

Physiol Behav 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Center for Health and Community, Department of Psychiatry, UCSF, United States; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, UCSF, United States. Electronic address:

In general, glucose consumption improves cognitive performance; however, it is unknown whether glucose specifically enhances attentional food bias, and how this process may vary by BMI status. We hypothesized that glucose consumption would increase attentional food bias among individuals of obese BMI status more so than among individuals of lean BMI status. Participants (N = 35) completed the n-back, a working memory task modified to assess attentional food bias (ATT-Food), under fasting and glucose challenge conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.04.014DOI Listing

Dopamine drives binge-like consumption of a palatable food in experimental Parkinsonism.

Mov Disord 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Laboratorio di Neurofisiologia, IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy.

Background: Prolonged dopaminergic replacement therapy in PD results in pulsatile dopamine receptors stimulation in both dorsal and ventral striatum causing wearing off, motor fluctuations, and nonmotor side effects such as behavioral addictions. Among impulse control disorders, binge eating can be easily modeled in laboratory animals.

Objectives: We hypothesize that manipulation of dopamine levels in a 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats, as a model of PD characterized by a different extent of dopamine denervation between dorsal and ventral striatum, would influence both synaptic plasticity of the nucleus accumbens and binge-like eating behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mds.27683DOI Listing

Long-term outcome of inpatients with bulimia nervosa-Results from the Christina Barz Study.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich (LMU), Munich, Germany.

Objective: To assess the long-term outcome and identify outcome predictors in a very large sample of inpatients treated for bulimia nervosa (BN).

Method: Out of a total of 2,033 patients admitted consecutively to specialized treatment, 1,351 patients (mean age at treatment 25.94) were assessed for follow-up on average 11 (SD 6) years after admission. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/eat.23084
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23084DOI Listing
April 2019
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Associations between fatigue, sleep disturbance and eating style in adults with type 2 diabetes: A correlational study.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Aims And Objectives: To test the hypothesis that fatigue and sleep disturbance account for a significant amount of variation in eating styles among people with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Background: Healthy eating is an important component of diabetes self-care but remains a major challenge. In people with T2D, symptoms of fatigue and sleep disturbance are pervasive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14883DOI Listing

A History of Child and Adolescent Treatment Through a Distillation Lens: Looking Back to Move Forward.

J Behav Health Serv Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market St. 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Youth psychosocial treatments have proliferated over many decades and the time is ripe to examine the unique contribution of these treatments. Six hundred eighty-nine randomized clinical trials were examined from the PracticeWise Evidence-Based Services Database, an ongoing data source of youth psychosocial literature. A number of studies, treatment protocols, and practice elements across 11 youth problem areas (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11414-019-09659-3DOI Listing

Implementation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy in a Day Hospital Setting for Adolescents with Eating Disorders.

J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 1;28(1):21-29. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.

Objective: This article discusses the implementation and preliminary outcomes of a Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) informed program integrated with Family Based Therapy (FBT) for adolescents with eating disorders within a day hospital program (DHP).

Method: A retrospective analysis of hospital records between 2013-2015 provided descriptive characteristics of patients. Weight and percentage ideal body weight at admission and discharge, frequency of binge and purge episodes at discharge and readmissions were analysed. Read More

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Better Together: A Pilot Study on for Adults With Developmental Disabilities and Direct Support Professionals.

Nutr Metab Insights 2019 8;12:1178638819840036. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Riverside Methodist Hospital, OhioHealth, Columbus, OH, USA.

Adults with developmental disabilities face barriers to making healthy lifestyle choices that mirror the barriers faced by the direct support professionals who serve them. These two populations, direct support professionals and adults with developmental disabilities, are likely to lead inactive lifestyles, eat unhealthy diets, and be obese. Moreover, direct support professionals influence the nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and health behaviors of the adults with developmental disabilities whom they serve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178638819840036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454645PMC

Oral Health Behavior and Treatment Needs among Drug Addicts and Controls in Amritsar District: A Case-controlled Study.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):201-206

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, PGIDS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Background: Substance and drug abuse is associated with severe psychosocial problems, violence and health complications.

Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the oral hygiene status and sugar eating patterns among drug addicts with their age, gender and socio-economic status matched controls.

Settings And Design: The present study comprised of two groups-Group A comprised of 100 drug addicts and Group B included 100 controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_309_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454970PMC

Linking etiology with diabetes mellitus: Inferences from a matched case-control study.

Ayu 2018 Jul-Sep;39(3):139-145

Department of Kaya Chikitsa, State Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Lucknow University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

Background: Diabetes is one of the most rapidly increasing disease in the contemporary context. Its rapid global rise indicates that its cause are possibly closely associated with the routine lifestyle and eating habits. Diabetes is also possibly the medical condition, which presents with a preclinical phase having a possibility of reversal if its possible causes can be seriously understood and eliminated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ayu.AYU_106_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454911PMC

Sweet Cravings in Diabetes: Desserts that are not so Sinful.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):595-597

Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital, Karnal, India.

Desserts form an important and integral part of South East Asian cuisines and are often associated with festive eating and celebrations. Since most desserts are high in caloric content and contain refined carbohydrates and saturated or trans-fats, their consumption poses obvious challenges in diabetic individuals. Meals should not only meet the biological needs of an individual but should also be palatable, appealing and retain their hedonistic aspects of taste, smell and visual appeal. Read More

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April 2019
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Can front-of-pack nutrition labeling influence children's emotional associations with unhealthy food products? An experiment using emoji.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 20;120:217-225. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Embrapa Agroindústria de Alimentos, Avenida das Américas, 29501, CEP 23020-470 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Food products targeted at children are usually marketed using persuasive elements aimed at creating positive hedonic and emotional associations. For this reason, changes in children's emotional associations with unhealthy food products can discourage their consumption. In this context, the aim of the present study was to compare children's emotional associations with food products featuring different front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling schemes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.027DOI Listing

Improving nutrition and physical activity environments of family child care homes: the rationale, design and study protocol of the 'Healthy Start/Comienzos Sanos' cluster randomized trial.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 18;19(1):419. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Center for Health Equity Research, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI, 02912, USA.

Background: Early childhood is a crucial time to foster healthy eating and physical activity (PA) habits, which are critical for optimal child health, growth and development. Child care facilities are important settings to promote healthy eating and PA and prevent childhood obesity; however, almost all prior intervention studies have focused on child care centers and not family child care homes (FCCH), which care for over 1.6 million U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6704-6DOI Listing

Exploring the primary care experiences of adult patients with eating disorders: a qualitative analysis.

Eat Disord 2019 Apr 18:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a Department of Family and Community Medicine , University of Toronto , Toronto , Canada.

Eating disorders (EDs) are severe psychological conditions, often requiring specialized treatment. Patients with EDs generally first present in primary care before being referred to tertiary centres. Evidence suggests that family physicians do not identify most patients with clinical EDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10640266.2019.1605778DOI Listing

Physical Activity of Children with Physical Disabilities: Associations with Environmental and Behavioral Variables at Home and School.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Physical Education Unit, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

The purpose of this study was to examine the physical activity (PA) of children with physical disabilities (PD) and its associated environmental and behavioral factors at home and at school. One hundred and forty-seven Hong Kong children (mean age = 13.5 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081394DOI Listing

Relationship between Community or Home Gardening and Health of the Elderly: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Survey in Japan.

Authors:
Daisuke Machida

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Health and Nutrition, Takasaki University of Health and Welfare, Takasaki, Gunma 370-0033, Japan.

There have been many reports indicating the relationship between gardening and health or healthy lifestyles among adults in developed countries all over the world. However, Japanese evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between community or home gardening and health status or a healthy lifestyle using a web-based survey with Japanese elderly living in the community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081389DOI Listing

The effects of Astragalus Membranaceus Active Extracts on Autophagy-related Diseases.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 17;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Design and Evaluation, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, China.

Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved 'self-eating' process that maintains cellular, tissue, and organismal homeostasis. New studies on autophagy, mediated by subsets of autophagy proteins, are emerging in many physiological and pathological processes. Astragalus membranaceus (AM), also named Huangqi, is one of the fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine and its extracts have been proved to possess many biological activities related to autophagy, including anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anticancer, anti-photoaging, and improvement of cardiomyocyte function. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/8/1904
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081904DOI Listing
April 2019
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Associations of Adiposity and Diet Quality with Serum Ceramides in Middle-Aged Adults with Cardiovascular Risk Factors.

J Clin Med 2019 Apr 17;8(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.

Rates of adverse cardiovascular events have increased among middle-aged adults. Elevated ceramides have been proposed as a risk factor for cardiovascular events. Diet quality and weight status are inversely associated with several traditional risk factors; however, the relationship to ceramides is less clear. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/8/4/527
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8040527DOI Listing
April 2019
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Framework for integrating animal welfare into life cycle sustainability assessment.

Int J Life Cycle Assess 2018 20;23(7):1476-1490. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

4Institute of Environmental Engineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: This study seeks to provide a framework for integrating animal welfare as a fourth pillar into a life cycle sustainability assessment and presents three alternative animal welfare indicators.

Methods: Animal welfare is assessed during farm life and during slaughter. The indicators differ in how they value premature death. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11367-017-1420-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11367-017-1420-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435210PMC
November 2017
1 Read

Untangling Narcolepsy and Diabetes: Pathomechanisms with Eyes on Therapeutic Options.

Brain Res 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Student's Scientific Research Center (SSRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; NeuroImaging Network (NIN), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Narcolepsy (NA) is a primary sleep disorder characterized by loss of hypocretinergic/orexinergic neurons. NA is associated with an increased risk for metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus (DM). Proposed mechanisms for this association are alterations in food intake, disruption of energy balance, glucose tolerance, and insulin sensitivity, as well as inflammation and genetic factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2019.04.013DOI Listing

Food taboos during pregnancy.

Health Care Women Int 2019 Apr 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a College of Nursing , University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst , Massachusetts , USA.

Observing food taboos during pregnancy might have impacts on maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The author's purpose in this review was to explore the most common food taboos during pregnancy and potential health implications. PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science were searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2019.1574799DOI Listing

Disordered eating and the perinatal period: A systematic review and best evidence synthesis of mental health and psychosocial correlates.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: This paper systematically reviews the literature to date on the relationship between disordered eating and mental health, psychological and social factors during pregnancy and the post-partum period, as well as the direction of associations.

Methods: Peer reviewed articles were sourced from seven databases: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, Academic Search Complete, Scopus (MEDLINE), Web of Science, and Proquest. A quality review and best evidence synthesis was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2675DOI Listing

A controlled study of an integrated prevention program for improving disordered eating and body image among Mexican university students: A 3-month follow-up.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Biological and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Obesity and eating disorders are currently two significant health problems in Mexico. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an integrated prevention program on university students through an exploratory controlled study that targeted specific predisposing factors of disordered eating and obesity related to healthy eating, physical activity, body image satisfaction and perceived pressure to be thin. A total of 388 university students participated (264 females and 124 males) and were assigned either to an intervention condition or one of the two control conditions (study skills vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2674DOI Listing

Caloric compensation in infants: developmental changes around the age of 1 year and associations with anthropometric measurements up to 2 years.

Am J Clin Nutr 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, AgroSup Dijon, CNRS, INRA, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Dijon, France.

Background: Previous results based on dietary recall suggest that the ability to adjust eaten quantities to food energy density (ED) may deteriorate around the age of 1 y. However, this hypothesis has not been investigated experimentally.

Objectives: The first aim of the study was to describe changes in the short-term caloric compensation ability of infants around the age of 1 y. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy357DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms in Neurocognitive Disorders: Specific Patterns in Dementia Subtypes.

Open Med (Wars) 2019 4;14:307-316. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, H-4032, Hungary.

Background: Behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD) form an important sub-syndrome of dementia. We assessed the frequency and severity of BPSD in a random sample of Hungarian treatment-naïve dementia patients. Furthermore, we examined the relationship between cognitive symptoms and BPSD and the pattern of BPSD in specific types of dementias. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/med.2019.14.issue-1/med-2019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2019-0028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463819PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of a 3-month vigorous physical activity intervention on eating behaviors and body composition in overweight and obese boys and girls.

J Sport Health Sci 2019 Mar 29;8(2):170-176. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

GENUD Toledo Research Group, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo 45071, Spain.

Purpose: This study aims to analyze the effects of a 3-month vigorous physical activity (VPA) intervention on eating behavior and body composition in overweight and obese children and adolescents.

Methods: Forty-seven participants (7-16 years) took part in the study: 28 were assigned to the intervention group (IG) (10 boys and 18 girls) and 19 in a control group (CG) (8 boys and 11 girls). Body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), anthropometrics (body mass, height, and body mass index (BMI)), and eating behavior traits (Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21C) were determined before and after the VPA intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2017.09.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450925PMC

Estimating the potential impact of the UK government's sugar reduction programme on child and adult health: modelling study.

BMJ 2019 04 17;365:l1417. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre for Population Approaches to Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, Big Data Institute, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK.

Objective: To estimate the impact of the UK government's sugar reduction programme on child and adult obesity, adult disease burden, and healthcare costs.

Design: Modelling study.

Setting: Simulated scenario based on National Diet and Nutrition Survey waves 5 and 6, England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l1417DOI Listing
April 2019
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Sicca Syndrome Associated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy.

Oncologist 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Sjögren's Syndrome and Salivary Gland Dysfunction Unit, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: The objective of this study was to characterize the clinicopathologic features of sicca syndrome associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy.

Subjects, Materials, And Methods: Consecutive patients with new or worsening xerostomia in the setting of ICI treatment for benign or malignant neoplastic disease were evaluated, including labial salivary gland biopsy (LSGB).

Results: Twenty patients (14 male; median age 57 years) had metastatic melanoma ( = 10), metastatic carcinoma ( = 6), or recurrent respiratory papillomatosis ( = 4) and were being treated with avelumab ( = 8), nivolumab ( = 5), pembrolizumab ( = 4), nivolumab/ipilimumab ( = 2), and M7824, a biologic targeting programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and transforming growth factor ß ( = 1). Read More

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http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/lookup/doi/10.1634/th
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2018-0823DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Modulating autophagy in mesenchymal stem cells effectively protects against hypoxia- or ischemia-induced injury.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2019 Apr 17;10(1):120. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

In mammals, a basal level of autophagy, a self-eating cellular process, degrades cytosolic proteins and subcellular organelles in lysosomes to provide energy, recycles the cytoplasmic components, and regenerates cellular building blocks; thus, autophagy maintains cellular and tissue homeostasis in all eukaryotic cells. In general, adaptive autophagy increases when cells confront stressful conditions to improve the survival rate of the cells, while destructive autophagy is activated when the cellular stress is not manageable and elicits the regenerative capacity. Hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury and ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury initiate excessive autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and consequently induce a string of damage in mammalian tissues or organs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-019-1225-xDOI Listing

Healthy eating index versus alternate healthy index in relation to diabetes status and health markers in U.S. adults: NHANES 2007-2010.

Nutr J 2019 Apr 17;18(1):26. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, 0112 Skinner Building, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.

Background: It remains to be determined whether the Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 (AHEI-2010) or the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) is preferably recommended as means to assess dietary quality in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

Methods: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the AHEI-2010 provides a more accurate assessment of dietary quality than the HEI-2010 in relation to diabetes status, while controlling for health markers, sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. The 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used as a representative sample of U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-019-0450-6DOI Listing

Risks of Practices, Procedures and Processes that Lead to Outbreaks of Foodborne Diseases.

Authors:
Frank L Bryan

J Food Prot 1988 Aug;51(8):663-673

Food Safety Consultation and Training, 2022 Lavista Circle, Tucker, Georgia 30084.

Factors that contributed to outbreaks of foodborne diseases reported in the U.S. from 1977-1982 are identified and classified by disease and place where implicated foods were mishandled. Read More

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http://jfoodprotection.org/doi/abs/10.4315/0362-028X-51.8.66
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-51.8.663DOI Listing
August 1988
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Measuring Quality of Life in the Speaker with Dysarthria: Reliability and Validity of the European Portuguese Version of the QoL-DyS.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 17:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Cliniche "L. Sacco," Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: The impact of acquired dysarthria on the person's life and social participation is well recognized and is the key to the process of rehabilitation. Evaluation of the effectiveness of an intervention that addresses this impact is a challenge for clinicians and researchers.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the European Portuguese version of the Quality of Life in the Speaker with Dysarthria (QoL-DyS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495564DOI Listing

Tasting with your eyes: Sensory description substitutes for portion size.

Appetite 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Department of Social & Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, USA.

A field study conducted in a diner explored whether a sensory rich description of an indulgent dessert prompts consumers to be willing to pay just as much for a small serving as for a large serving. Diner customers (N = 809) who ordered an entrée received a free piece of chocolate cake if they filled out a questionnaire indicating the amount of cake they ate, their willingness to pay (WTP) for the cake, their fullness after eating, and other measures. A between-subjects 2 × 3 design varied the serving size of the cake (6 oz. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01956663183082
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.010DOI Listing
April 2019
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Introduction: Novel perspectives on the psychology and psychotherapy of eating disorders.

J Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Medical School, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

The aim of this introduction to this issue is to review and summarize significant new psychological perspectives and psychotherapeutic interventions in the treatment of eating disorder (EDs). In this issue, five novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of EDs are presented. These include a combination of psychodynamic psychotherapy and neuropsychology, two recent modifications of cognitive behavioral therapy (the MANTRA, and the conceptualization of change in patients with ED in terms of sense of agency), a specific group movement therapy, and an innovative rehabilitation treatment. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jclp.22786
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22786DOI Listing
April 2019
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Stopping the "revolving door": "Zeida Laderech," a unique rehabilitation house for young adults with severe and enduring eating disorders.

Authors:
Yael Latzer

J Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Social Work, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Science, Haifa University, Haifa, Israel.

A failure to maintain improvement achieved during acute treatment, followed by a "revolving door syndrome," is a common phenomenon in eating disorders (EDs). As a result, many patients develop a chronic course that is difficult to treat. To target these difficulties, we established a novel rehabilitation treatment model in Israel for patients with severe and enduring EDs, based on the "recovery theory" in mental health treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22791DOI Listing
April 2019
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