135,382 results match your criteria Eating Disorder Anorexia


An exploration of the longitudinal relation between parental feeding practices and child anthropometric adiposity measures from the West Midlands Active Lifestyle and Healthy Eating in Schoolchildren (WAVES) Study.

Am J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec;108(6):1316-1323

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Background: Some research suggests that parent or carer feeding practices may influence children's weight patterns, but longitudinal evidence is limited and inconsistent.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between various parent or carer feeding practices when a child is aged 7-8 y and proxy measurements of child adiposity at age 8-9 y (weight status, waist-to-height ratio, and body fat percentage).

Design: The study was a secondary analysis of data from the West Midlands Active Lifestyle and Healthy Eating in Schoolchildren (WAVES) Study comprising a diverse sample of parents and carers and their children from 54 primary schools in the West Midlands, England [n = 774 parent-child dyads (53% of the WAVES study sample)]. Read More

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December 2018

Metformin induces weight loss associated with gut microbiota alteration in non-diabetic obese women: a randomized double-blind clinical trial.

Eur J Endocrinol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

B Larijani, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

Objective: The increasing prevalence of obesity over the past few decades constitutes a global health challenge. Pharmacological therapy is recommended to accompany life-style modification for obesity management. Here, we perform a clinical trial to investigate the effects of metformin on anthropometric indices and gut microbiota composition in non-diabetic, treatment-naive obese women with a low calorie diet (LCD). Read More

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December 2018

[Eating disorders and fertility].

Psychiatr Hung 2018 ;33(4):331-339

Semmelweis Egyetem, Magatartástudomanyi Intezet, Budapest, Hungary, E-mail:

Common gynecological complications of various eating disorders include infertility, unwanted pregnancy, miscarriage, sexual dysfunction and complications in the treatment of gynecological cancers. Women with eating disorders typically see their gynecologists because of menstrual and other endocrine disorders or unexplained gastrointestinal symptoms, and often report on psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression or decreased libido). In spite of anovulation, menstruation may occur and ovulation without menstruation may be possible, which may lead to an increased incidence of unwanted pregnancies in case of prior or current eating disorders. Read More

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January 2018

Variation in the prevalence and abundance of acanthocephalans in brown-nosed coatis Nasua nasua and crab-eating foxes Cerdocyon thous in the Brazilian Pantanal.

Braz J Biol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Laboratório de Biologia e Parasitologia de Mamíferos Silvestre Reservatórios, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - IOC, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz - FIOCRUZ, Avenida Brasil, 4365, Manguinhos, CEP 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Host infection by parasites is influenced by an array of factors, including host and environmental features. We investigated the relationship between host sex, body size and age, as well as seasonality on infection patterns by acanthocephalan in coatis (Procyonidae: Nasua nasua) and in crab-eating foxes (Canidae: Cerdocyon thous ) from the Brazilian Pantanal wetlands. Between 2006 and 2009, we collected faecal samples from these hosts and analyzed for the presence of acanthocephalan eggs. Read More

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December 2018

[Nutritional adequacy and food waste in Early Childhood Education Centers].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4177-4188

Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Alagoas. BR 104 Norte Km 97, Tabuleiro do Martins. 57072-900 Maceió AL Brasil.

Analyzing quantitative and qualitative aspects of school meals represents the initial stage to ensure that the National School Food Program (PNAE) is an effective space for the promotion of healthy eating habits and establishing individual rights. The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutritional adequacy of meals served and consumed, as well as quantifying food waste in Child Daycare Centers in Maceió, in the state of Alagoas. All meals served and consumed by 359 children (aged 17 to 63 months) were analyzed by the direct weighing method for three non-consecutive days in all institutions. Read More

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December 2018

Healthy Eating Index: adaptation for children aged 1 to 2 years.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4095-4106

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Departamento de Saúde Pública, UFMA. São Luís MA Brasil.

The goal was to adapt the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) to the US Dietary Guidelines for Brazilian children. Cross-sectional study conducted in a population-based sample of 1185 children 13-35 months old of São Luís municipality (MA). A 24-hour dietary recall Survey measured the food consumption and set the intrapersonal variance diet. Read More

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December 2018

Eating patterns and nutrient intake for older people: analysis with different methodological approaches.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4085-4094

Departamento de Bioestatística, Instituto de Biociências de Botucatu, Unesp. Botucatu SP Brasil.

This study aims to analyse the eating patterns and nutrient intake in different eating patterns of elderly persons. This is a cross-sectional study with elderly people from Botucatu, São Paulo state, Brazil. The mean daily nutrient intake of individuals with high adherence to the eating patterns identified by factor analysis was analysed, comparing the intake by analysis of variance. Read More

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December 2018

POSTOPERATIVE CHANGES IN INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA AND USE OF PROBIOTICS IN ROUX-EN-Y GASTRIC BYPASS AND SLEEVE VERTICAL GASTRECTOMY: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1400. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Postgraduate Program in Food and Nutrition.

Introduction: Studies suggest that weight loss induced by bariatric surgery and the remission of some comorbidities may be related to changes in the microbiota profile of individuals undergoing this procedure. In addition, there is evidence that manipulation of the intestinal microbiota may prove to be a therapeutic approach against obesity and metabolic diseases.

Objective: To verify the changes that occur in the intestinal microbiota of patients undergoing bariatric surgery, and the impact of the usage of probiotics in this population. Read More

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December 2018

Beneficial effects of leptin substitution on impaired eating behavior in lipodystrophy are sustained beyond 150 weeks of treatment.

Cytokine 2019 Jan 24;113:400-404. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Medicine, University Hospital Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address:

Aim: Metreleptin treatment in lipodystrophy patients improves eating behavior with increased satiety and reduced hunger. However, no data are available whether effects are maintained beyond 52 weeks of treatment.

Methods: A prospective study with measurements at baseline and at >150 weeks of metreleptin treatment was performed. Read More

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January 2019

Does the recall of caregiver eating messages exacerbate the pathogenic impact of shame on eating and weight-related difficulties?

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

CINEICC, Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Behavioural Intervention, Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação, Universidade de Coimbra, Rua do Colégio Novo, Apartado 6153, 3001-802, Coimbra, Portugal.

Purpose: The central role of caregiver eating messages has been recognized on later individual's eating behaviour, body image and weight status. Additionally, shame is a painful emotion also associated with the development and maintenance of body image and eating-related difficulties. The main aim of the present study was to explore the moderator effect of the recall of caregiver eating messages on the associations between external shame, body weight and shape-related concerns, and the adoption of inflexible eating rules. Read More

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December 2018

Determinants of sporadic infections in Denmark: a nationwide case-control study among children and young adults.

Clin Epidemiol 2018 21;10:1695-1707. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Prevention, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark,

Background: Each year more than 4,000 cases of campylobacteriosis are reported in Denmark, making it the most common bacterial gastrointestinal infection. Here we describe a case-control study to identify sources of infection with a focus on environmental factors.

Methods: From January to December 2016, we conducted a prospective case-control study among Danish persons aged 1-30 years. Read More

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November 2018

Diets high in vegetables, fruits, cereals, and tubers as a protective factor for metabolic syndrome in bank employees.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2018 21;11:781-790. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Postgraduate Program in Public Health, Postgraduate Program in Nutrition and Health, Department of Health Integrated Education, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil,

Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing, and its development may be related to westernized diets and working conditions.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of dietary patterns in bank employees with the presence of MetS, considering sociodemographic and behavioral factors as well as laboratory tests.

Subjects And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 515 bankers. Read More

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November 2018

Dietary intake and food sources of one-carbon metabolism nutrients in preschool aged children.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Background: It is hypothesised that epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation may underlie the relationship between early-life nutrition and child cognitive outcomes. This study aimed to identify dietary patterns associated with the intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients in children aged 2-3 years.

Methods: A validated 120-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires at 2-3 years of age were used to estimate the intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients (methionine, folate, choline and vitamins B2, B6, B12) and to quantify mean number of serves consumed of the food groups specified by the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE). Read More

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December 2018

Lifestyle interventions in Muslim patients with metabolic syndrome-a feasibility study.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Experimental & Clinical Research Center - a joint co-operation between Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin and Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Lindenberger Weg 80, 13125, Berlin, Germany.

Obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type-2 diabetes mellitus are common in Muslim patients living in Germany, most of whom are of Turkish origin. Lifestyle interventions must be tailored to religion and ethnicity. We tested the body weight-reducing effect of a 30% calorie-reduced intake diet, adjusted to individual energy expenditure, eating habits, and food preferences in a Turkish-background cohort. Read More

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December 2018

Association of night eating habits with metabolic syndrome and its components: a longitudinal study.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 11;18(1):1366. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1 Shikatacho, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan.

Background: Night time eating is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome and obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether dinner immediately before bed, snacks after dinner, or combinations of both were associated with metabolic syndrome and its components in a large Japanese cohort.

Methods: We enrolled 8153 adults aged 40-54 years who participated in specific medical checkups in an Okayama facility from 2009 to 2010 and from 2013 to 2014. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of parental migration on oral health outcomes of left-behind school-aged children in Luchuan, southern China.

BMC Oral Health 2018 Dec 11;18(1):207. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College &Hospital of Stomatology, Guangxi Key Laboratory of the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Oral and Maxillofacial Research, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Treatment and Research for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Disease, Guangxi Medical University, 10 Shuangyong Road, 530021, Nanning, Guangxi Province, China.

Background: With rapid urbanization in China, an increasing number of rural adults have migrated to cities to seek job opportunities, leaving their school-aged children behind. These left-behind children (LBC) without one or both parents usually receive less attention from their caregivers. Whether the parental migration affects the children's oral health is not well understood. Read More

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December 2018

Cortisol Stress Reactivity to the Trier Social Stress Test in Obese Adults.

Obes Facts 2018 Dec 11;11(6):491-500. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Objective: Approximately 600 million adults worldwide suffer from obesity. In addition to individual's eating behavior and lack of physical activity in the development of obesity and overweight, psychosocial stress as well as hormonal stress reactivity must also be considered as important contributing factors. In the current study we compared the cortisol stress response pathway in a psychosocial stress induction (Trier Social Stress Test; TSST) with obese individuals and normal-weight controls. Read More

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December 2018
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Microbiota modulation by eating patterns and diet composition: impact on food intake.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2018 Dec 19;315(6):R1254-R1260. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Foods and Nutrition, University of Georgia , Athens, Georgia.

There is accumulating evidence that the gut microbiota and its composition dynamics play a crucial role in regulating the host physiological functions and behavior. Diet composition is the primary modulator of bacterial richness and abundance in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Macronutrient (fat, sugar, and protein) and fiber contents are especially important in determining microbiota composition and its effect on health outcomes and behavior. Read More

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December 2018
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First Nations students' perceptions of school nutrition policy implementation: A mixed methods study.

Nutr Diet 2018 Nov;75(5):533-540

Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Aim: School nutrition policies can improve healthy food access for Indigenous First Nations children in Canada. This study explored First Nations students' perceptions of a school nutrition policy.

Methods: The research was a process evaluation of school nutrition policy implementation using a mixed-methods design. Read More

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November 2018

Functional fat injection under local anesthesia to treat severe postsurgical dysphagia, a case report.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Division of Otorhinolaryngology, San Giuseppe Hospital, IRCCS Multimedica, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Background: In this study, we present the first application of functional fat injection performed under local anesthesia in the treatment of severe dysphagia secondary to head and neck cancer surgery.

Methods: Functional fat injection was performed using a transcervical approach. Control of injection depth and site was performed through a transnasal flexible endoscope. Read More

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December 2018
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Saws, scissors and sharks: Late Paleozoic experimentation with symphyseal dentition.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

CR2P UMR 7207 (MNHN, CNRS, UPMC, Sorbonne Université), Département Origines et Evolution, Muséum National d'Histoire naturelle, CP 48, 57 rue Cuvier, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France.

Sharks of Late Paleozoic oceans evolved unique dentitions for catching and eating soft bodied prey. A diverse but poorly preserved clade, edestoids are noted for developing biting teeth at the midline of their jaws. Helicoprion has a continuously growing root to accommodate more than 100 crowns that spiraled on top of one another to form a symphyseal whorl supported and laterally braced within the lower jaw. Read More

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December 2018
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Integrating self-management into daily life following primary treatment: head and neck cancer survivors' perspectives.

J Cancer Surviv 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

School of Nursing and Human Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Self-management may help cancer survivors to better deal with challenges to their physical, functional, social and psychological well-being presented by cancer and its treatment. Nonetheless, little is known about how people integrate cancer self-management practices into their daily lives. The aim of this study was to describe and characterise the processes through which head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors attempt to integrate self-management into their daily lives following primary treatment. Read More

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December 2018
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Factors associated with regular physical activity participation among people with severe mental ill health.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK.

Purpose: People with severe mental ill health (SMI) are less physically active and more sedentary than the general population. There is limited research investigating the correlates of physical activity (PA) in people with SMI impeding the development of successful interventions. This study aimed to assess the factors associated with regular participation of PA among a large sample of people with SMI. Read More

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December 2018

Therapeutic abortion and ectopic pregnancy: alternative sources for fetal stem cell research and therapy in Iran as an Islamic country.

Cell Tissue Bank 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Cell Therapy and Regenerative Medicine Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Regenerative medicine as a background of stem cell research and therapy has a long history. A wide variety of diseases including Parkinson's disease, heart diseases, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, diabetes mellitus and etc. are candidate to be treated using different types of stem cells. Read More

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December 2018
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Feasibility and potential efficacy of commercial mHealth/eHealth tools for weight loss in African American breast cancer survivors: pilot randomized controlled trial.

Transl Behav Med 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, USA.

Weight management after breast cancer (BC) treatment in African American (AA) women is crucial to reduce comorbid conditions and health disparities. We examined feasibility and potential efficacy of commercial eHealth/mHealth tools for weight management in AA BC survivors in New Jersey. Participants (N = 35) were randomized to an intervention (SparkPeople) plus activity tracker, Fitbit Charge (n = 18), or wait-list active control group (Fitbit only, n = 17). Read More

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December 2018

["We eat in this way because…". Understanding eating behaviors of Chilean women of low socioeconomic status].

Rev Med Chil 2018 Aug;146(8):882-889

Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, School of Applied Health Science, University of Illinois, Champaign, ILL, Estados Unidos de Norteamérica.

Background: The prevalence of obesity is higher in women than in men, especially in those of lower socioeconomic status. It is established that this group tends to have a less healthy diet.

Aim: To explore the eating behaviors of low-income Chilean women. Read More

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Double autosomal trisomy with mosaicism 47,XY(+8)∕47,XY(+21). Morphological and genetic changes of a rare case.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):985-988

Department of Preclinical Disciplines, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Oradea, Romania;

The co-occurrence in the same individual of two numerical chromosomal abnormalities (double aneuploidy) is a very rare condition, especially for autosomes. Clinical presentations are variable depending on the predominating aneuploidy. The authors present a rare case of a male infant with multiple congenital anomalies: craniofacial dysmorphism, short neck, agenesis of the corpus callosum, ventricular septal defect, bilateral broad hallux, large first interdigital space of the toes, plantar furrows, prominent calcaneus and right kidney agenesis. Read More

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January 2018

Eating disorders in biological males: clinical presentation and consideration of sex differences in a pediatric sample.

J Eat Disord 2018 26;6:40. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

1Provincial Specialized Eating Disorders Program for Children & Adolescents, British Columbia Children's Hospital, Box 178, 4500 Oak St., Vancouver, BC V6H 3N1 Canada.

Background: The growing body of research on eating disorders among male adolescents reveals some sex differences in clinical presentation. The current study set out to replicate and extend recent research on the clinical and medical characteristics of male youth with eating disorders, and examine sex differences between biological males and females in a tertiary pediatric eating disorder treatment setting.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted with all biological males who were admitted to the Eating Disorders Programs at British Columbia Children's Hospital (2003-2015) or the Looking Glass Residence (2011-2015). Read More

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November 2018
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Fitspiration and thinspiration: a comparison across three social networking sites.

J Eat Disord 2018 26;6:39. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

3Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N.W, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4 Canada.

Background: Fitspiration, or images and text promoting health and fitness, and thinspiration, or images and text promoting thinness, have both received criticism for their negative effects on body image and dieting behaviors. In this study, we critically examined and compared the content of fitspiration and thinspiration on three social networking sites (SNS).

Methods: Fitspiration and thinspiration posts ( = 360) from three photo-sharing SNS (Instagram, Tumblr, and Twitter) were collected quasi-randomly on four days over two weeks. Read More

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November 2018
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Exaggerated envy and guilt measured by economic games in Japanese women with anorexia nervosa.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 6;12:19. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin-Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) patients are assumed to express high levels of guilt and envy. Ultimatum game (UG) is a standard behavioral task that focuses on interpersonal behavior when splitting a sum of money between two players. UG studies consistently demonstrate that people tend to decrease their inequity in outcomes, one explanation being that economically irrational decision-making may partly arise from the emotions guilt and envy. Read More

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December 2018
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Perspectives of Older Adults on Aging Well: A Focus Group Study.

J Aging Res 2018 4;2018:9858252. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: With increasing number of older adults worldwide, promoting health and well-being becomes a priority for aging well. Well-being and physical and mental health are closely related, and this relation may become more vital at older ages as it may contribute to aging well. The state of well-being is a multifaceted phenomenon that refers to an individual's subjective feelings, and exploring perspectives of older adults on aging well is developing to be an important area of research. Read More

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November 2018
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Not the Function of Eating, but Spontaneous Activity and Energy Expenditure, Reflected in "Restlessness" and a "Drive for Activity" Appear to Be Dysregulated in Anorexia Nervosa: Treatment Implications.

Authors:
Regina C Casper

Front Psychol 2018 23;9:2303. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is uncommon as a syndrome, despite widespread dieting or voluntary food restriction, especially among female adolescents. This suggests that restriction of caloric intake might not be the only component driving weight loss in AN. Historical observations and experimental evidence from energy expenditure studies and recordings from movement sensors reviewed in this paper reveal that AN is associated with motor activity levels and with an energy output not significantly different from that in normal-weight healthy age-matched controls. Read More

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November 2018

Relationship between early menarche, obesity, and disordered eating behaviors: a school-based cross-sectional survey in Northern Saudi Arabia.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2018 15;11:743-751. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Science and Technology Unit, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,

Background: Obesity and disordered eating (DE) behaviors are serious health concerns, regularly observed among female adolescents, which could progress to adverse psychological and nutritional sequels.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of obesity and the self-reported DE behaviors among high school female students and to evaluate their self-perception of body image, peer pressures, and need for dietary consultation.

Methods: This is a school-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2018. Read More

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November 2018

OSC37: Investigation with Questionnaires on Symptoms of "Physical Frailty" and "Eating Behaviors".

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2018 Oct;18(Suppl 1):S23

Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Rehabilitation, Tokushima University Graduate School of Oral Sciences, Tokushima, Japan.

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October 2018
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Users' preferences and design recommendations to promote engagements with mobile apps for diabetes self-management: Multi-national perspectives.

PLoS One 2018 10;13(12):e0208942. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia.

Background: Mobile phone applications (apps) offer motivation and support for self-management of diabetes mellitus (DM), but their use is limited by high attrition due to insufficient consideration of end-users perspectives and usability requirements. This study aimed to examine app usage and feature preferences among people with DM, and explore their recommendations for future inclusions to foster engagement with diabetes apps.

Methods: The study was conducted internationally on adults with type 1 or type 2 DM using online questionnaire (quantitative) to investigate usage and preferences for app features that support diabetes self-management and semi structured telephone interview (qualitative) to explore suggestions on fostering engagement and specific educational information for inclusion into diabetes apps. Read More

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December 2018

Hepatitis E prevalence in French Polynesian blood donors.

PLoS One 2018 7;13(12):e0208934. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

CHU Toulouse, Hôpital Purpan, Laboratoire de virologie, Centre national de référence du virus de l'hépatite E, Toulouse, France.

The HEV seroprevalence in mainland France is elevated (22.4%). In contrast, anti-HEV seroprevalence appears to be lower in Oceania. Read More

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December 2018
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Practice and lived experience of menstrual exiles (Chhaupadi) among adolescent girls in far-western Nepal.

PLoS One 2018 10;13(12):e0208260. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Health Promotion and Policy, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, United States of America.

Background: Menstrual exile, also known as Chhaupadi, is a tradition of "untouchability" in far-western Nepal. Forbidden from touching other people and objects, women and girls are required to live away from the community, typically in a livestock shed, during menstruation. We assessed the lived experiences of Chhaupadi among Nepalese adolescent girls in the far-western Achham district of Nepal, observed the safety and sanitation of their living spaces during Chhaupadi, and assessed the perceptions of local adult stakeholders towards the practice of Chhaupadi. Read More

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December 2018
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Effectiveness of a brief behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain over the Christmas holiday period: randomised controlled trial.

BMJ 2018 Dec 10;363:k4867. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK.

Objective: To test the effectiveness of a brief behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain over the Christmas holiday period.

Design: Two group, double blinded randomised controlled trial.

Setting: Recruitment from workplaces, social media platforms, and schools pre-Christmas 2016 and 2017 in Birmingham, UK. Read More

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December 2018

Inpatients' assessment of outcome at psychiatric institutions: an analysis of predictors following a national cross-sectional survey in Norway.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 9;8(12):e023587. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department for health services research, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Objectives: The objective was to assess the importance of different types of predictors for patient-reported outcome, both background factors at the patient level and healthcare predictors related to structure and processes of healthcare.

Design: Cross-sectional patient experience survey.

Setting: All 280 secondary care institutions in Norway providing inpatient care for adult psychiatric patients. Read More

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December 2018

Ethnic differences in eating disorder prevalence, risk factors, and predictive effects of risk factors among young women.

Eat Behav 2018 Nov 23;32:23-30. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, United States of America.

Findings regarding ethnic differences in eating disorder diagnoses and risk factors have been mixed. This study evaluated whether there are ethnic differences in eating disorder prevalence, risk factors, and the predictive relations of the risk factors to future eating disorder onset. We used a large sample of young women followed longitudinally over three years to increase sensitivity to detect differences and to provide the first test of ethnic differences in the relation of risk factors to future onset of eating disorders. Read More

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November 2018

Sleep deprivation: prevalence and associated factors among adolescents in Saudi Arabia.

Sleep Med 2018 Oct 10;53:165-171. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Aldara Hospital and Medical Center, Saudi Arabia; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: A limited number of studies have examined sleep deprivation (SD) among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. This study estimates SD prevalence and associated factors within a nationally representative sample of adolescents in Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A secondary data analysis of Jeeluna®, a national cross-sectional school-based survey, was undertaken. Read More

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October 2018
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The use of a positive mood induction video-clip to target eating behaviour in people with bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder: An experimental study.

Appetite 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London (KCL), London, United Kingdom.

Recent theoretical models and empirical research have indicated that momentary negative affect increases the likelihood of binge eating episodes for individuals with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. However, relatively little research has explored the potential for positive mood to serve a protective effect in reducing the likelihood of overeating behaviour in bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. The current study included 30 women with bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder in a within-subjects crossover design. Read More

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December 2018
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Informal support for older adults is negatively associated with walking and eating during hospitalization.

Geriatr Nurs 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The Cheryl Spencer Department of Nursing, University of Haifa, 199 Aba Khoushy Ave. Mount Carmel, Haifa 3498838, Israel.

Processes related to daily care of older adults during hospitalization, such as mobility and nutrition, have long-term consequences for their health and functioning. Although instrumental support provided by family members during hospitalization is highly prevalent, its relationship to older adults' actual walking and eating is unknown. Data on walking level (walking outside vs. Read More

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December 2018
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Predictors of bone health in a community sample of mid-life adult women - The effects of disordered eating, a past history of anorexia nervosa and lowest ever BMI.

Authors:
Neville H Golden

J Psychosom Res 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, The Marron and Marty Elizabeth Kendrick Professor of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States. Electronic address:

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December 2018
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Comparison of Laparoscopic and Open Approach in Treating Gallbladder Cancer.

J Surg Res 2019 Feb 16;234:269-276. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Changzhou First People's Hospital, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Background: Preliminary study on the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and radical cholecystectomy in stage Tis-T3 gallbladder cancer (GBC).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 102 patients with GBC from August 2008 to August 2017 in the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. The clinical and pathological data of laparoscopic surgery and open surgery were compared. Read More

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February 2019
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Poor Adherence to Dietary Guidelines Among French-Speaking Adults in the Province of Quebec, Canada: The PREDISE Study.

Can J Cardiol 2018 Dec;34(12):1665-1673

Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada; School of Nutrition, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Regular monitoring of the population's food and nutrient intake is essential to develop effective nutrition-focused public health policies. The aim of this study was to provide dietary intake estimates using an age- and sex-representative sample of French-speaking adults with Internet access from 5 administrative regions in the province of Quebec, Canada.

Methods: PRÉDicteurs Individuels, Sociaux et Environnementaux (PREDISE) is a multicentre cross-sectional study that used a Web-based approach to collect individual, social, and environmental data on factors associated with adherence to dietary recommendations. Read More

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December 2018

Seroprevalence and Related Factors of Toxoplasma gondii in Pigeons Intended for Human Consumption in Northern China.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1 College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing, PR China.

Toxoplasma gondii, the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, is carried by a range of intermediate hosts, including pigeons. Eating raw or undercooked pigeon meat, as is common in regions of China, can easily pass on a potentially fatal T. gondii infection. Read More

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December 2018
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Multi-institutional Evaluation of Medialization Laryngoplasty in the Elderly.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 11:194599818817762. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

3 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Objective: To evaluate voice outcomes of medialization laryngoplasty in the elderly population (65 years and older) and to identify swallow outcomes, complication rates, and predictors of voice outcomes.

Study Design: Case series with chart review.

Setting: Two tertiary academic medical centers. Read More

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December 2018
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Mindfulness Meditation and Psychopathology.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Center for Healthy Minds, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison,Wisconsin 53703, USA; email: , , , ,

Mindfulness meditation is increasingly incorporated into mental health interventions, and theoretical concepts associated with it have influenced basic research on psychopathology. Here, we review the current understanding of mindfulness meditation through the lens of clinical neuroscience, outlining the core capacities targeted by mindfulness meditation and mapping them onto cognitive and affective constructs of the Research Domain Criteria matrix proposed by the National Institute of Mental Health. We review efficacious applications of mindufulness meditation to specific domains of psychopathology including depression, anxiety, chronic pain, and substance abuse, as well as emerging efforts related to attention disorders, traumatic stress, dysregulated eating, and serious mental illness. Read More

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December 2018