1,275 results match your criteria Eating Behaviors [Journal]


Self-efficacy and cooking confidence are associated with fruit and vegetable intake in a cross-sectional study with rural women.

Eat Behav 2019 Mar 1;33:34-39. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address:

Background: In comparison to their urban and suburban counterparts, midlife and older rural women are less likely to consume adequate fruit and vegetables (F&V). The present study aimed to examine the relationships between psychological, social, and environmental factors and F&V intake among midlife and older rural women in the United States.

Methods: This cross-sectional study utilized data from 513 midlife and older rural women (mean age = 67. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14710153183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Factor analysis of the eating disorder diagnostic scale in individuals with bipolar disorder.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 18;33:30-33. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Lindner Center of HOPE, 4075 Old Western Row Road, Mason, OH 45040, USA; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Purpose: To examine the potential factor structure of the Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale (EDDS) in a sample of individuals with bipolar disorder.

Method: Exploratory common factor analyses were conducted in a sample of 1031 people with bipolar disorder as defined by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR.

Results: Approximately 27% of participants had a comorbid eating disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Intuitive eating mediates the relationship between self-regulation and BMI - Results from a cross-sectional study in a community sample.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 18;33:23-29. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam, Germany. Electronic address:

Self-regulation is a dispositional skill of regulating attention and emotion to attain a certain goal. Poor self-regulation is associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) and is a risk factor for the development of obesity. Intuitive eating, an adaptive eating style characterized by eating in response to internal cues of hunger and satiety, is associated with a lower BMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Perceived family functioning among adolescents with and without loss of control eating.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 7;33:18-22. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, United States of America; Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado Boulder, United States of America.

Youth with loss of control eating (LOC) have poorer social relationships than youth without LOC. However, perceived family functioning among youth reporting LOC is relatively unexplored. We examined perceived family functioning among 990 twins (age = 17. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
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My fitness pal usage in men: Associations with eating disorder symptoms and psychosocial impairment.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 10;33:13-17. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia.

My Fitness Pal (MFP) is a calorie-tracking smartphone application that is gaining popularity worldwide. Although MFP has the potential to be a cheap and efficient weight-loss tool, concerns that MFP could trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptoms have been raised. Preliminary research has documented associations between MFP use and eating disorder symptoms in women with eating disorders and in undergraduate students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Movie violence acutely affects food choices in young adults.

Eat Behav 2019 Feb 10;33:7-12. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Nutrition Division, Department of Natural Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Lebanon.

Background: Extensive research has been conducted to investigate the effects of media violence on attitudes, behaviors, and cardiovascular health; however, only few studies have examined its effect on appetite, eating behavior and food preferences. Little attention has been given to understand how movie genre manipulates the physiology and the eating behavior of individuals. The present study aimed at investigating the acute effect of violence content in movies on appetite perception, heart rate and blood pressure, along with food preferences and intake in young individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
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Implicit evaluation of chocolate and motivational need states interact in predicting chocolate intake in everyday life.

Eat Behav 2019 Jan 26;33:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Snack food consumption has a high relevance for health and is partially controlled by implicit, motivational processes that make self-control difficult at certain times. Specifically, research suggests that individuals with a more positive implicit food evaluation consume more snack foods in the laboratory under conditions of high motivational needs (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019
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A review of food craving measures.

Authors:
Maija Taylor

Eat Behav 2019 01 19;32:101-110. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Bowling Green State University, 822 East Merry Avenue, 200 Psychology Building, BOWLING GREEN, OH 43403-0232, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: Summarize and evaluate self-report measures of food craving, provide suggestions on future directions for the field of food craving measurement, and deliver guidance on how to select a food craving measure.

Methods: Online bibliographical databases (PsycINFO and PubMed) were searched for peer-reviewed literature on self-report measures of food craving.

Results: There is a wide selection of food craving measures that researchers and clinicians can use to assess state, past, and trait food cravings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019
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Unpacking cognitive emotion regulation in eating disorder psychopathology: The differential relationships between rumination, thought suppression, and eating disorder symptoms among men and women.

Eat Behav 2019 01 15;32:95-100. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States of America.

While previous literature suggests that emotion dysregulation is a salient factor contributing to the onset and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), less is known about how maladaptive, cognitively oriented regulation strategies such as rumination and thought suppression may be uniquely related to ED symptoms in men and women. The present study sought to examine the independent associations of ruminative brooding and thought suppression with ED symptoms, after controlling for negative affect intensity, and assess whether these associations differ by gender. Participants were 263 undergraduates who completed a series of questionnaires, including measures of ED symptoms (Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale), ruminative brooding (Ruminative Response Scale), and thought suppression (White Bear Suppression Inventory). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019
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Binge eating-related concerns and depressive symptoms in young adulthood: Seven-year longitudinal associations and differences by race/ethnicity.

Eat Behav 2019 01 15;32:90-94. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine longitudinal associations between binge eating-related concerns (i.e., cognitions associated with binge eating, such as embarrassment over amount eaten and fear of losing control over eating) and depressive symptoms among U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019
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Patient expectations, eating disorder severity and personality features: Impact on eating pathology in psychological therapy for eating disorders.

Eat Behav 2019 01 11;32:85-89. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Eating Disorders Service, Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust, April House, 9 Bath Road, Bitterne, Southampton SO19 5ES, UK.

Many factors have been shown to impact treatment outcome in eating disorders, including illness related variables (e.g. symptom severity), and broader clinical features (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Parental intuitive eating behaviors and their association with infant feeding styles among low-income families.

Eat Behav 2019 01 11;32:78-84. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue MLC 7035, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3230 Eden Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA.

Introduction: Feeding styles, the attitudes and behaviors parents use to direct their child's eating, shape a child's ability to self-regulate food intake and affects their future risk of obesity. This study examined how parental intuitive eating, where parents follow their own hunger and satiety cues, relates to infant feeding styles in a low-income, predominately Black population.

Methods: Parents of healthy infants aged 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

An examination of emotion-related facets of impulsivity in binge eating disorder.

Eat Behav 2019 01 28;32:74-77. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1B 3X9, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: While research suggests a positive association between negative urgency (NU) and binge eating, the association between positive urgency (PU) and binge eating has been less well studied. Moreover, few studies have examined NU and PU in binge eating disorder (BED). The present study examined Whiteside and Lynam's (2001) five facets of impulsivity (including NU and PU) in individuals with BED and a control group with no history of an eating disorder (NED). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.12.006DOI Listing
January 2019
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Longitudinal associations between emotion regulation skills, negative affect, and eating disorder symptoms in a clinical sample of individuals with binge eating.

Eat Behav 2019 01 28;32:69-73. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

University of Minnesota Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, United States of America.

Objective: Although deficits in emotion regulation have been implicated in the maintenance of binge eating, few prospective studies have examined longitudinal associations between emotion regulation and eating disorder symptoms, which are needed to test these theoretical models.

Method: Using a naturalistic design, the current study utilized longitudinal multilevel analyses to examine whether improvements in emotion regulation during treatment are associated with decreased binge eating frequency and eating disorder cognitions in a heterogeneous sample of adults with binge eating (N = 97). Analyses also accounted for between- and within-person differences in negative affect to inform specific targets for intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.12.005DOI Listing
January 2019
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Low body esteem and dietary restraint among 7-year old children: The role of perfectionism, low self-esteem, and belief in the rewards of thinness and muscularity.

Eat Behav 2019 01 20;32:65-68. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Body image concerns and dietary restraint have been shown to emerge among young children (aged 5 to 8 years). However, to date, little is known regarding the way in which individual characteristics and endorsement of sociocultural appearance ideals are associated with these concerns and behaviors in this age group. The aim of the current study was to examine perceived rewards of thinness and muscularity as a mediator of the relationships between personality traits (perfectionism and self-esteem), and body esteem and dietary restraint among 7-year-old children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.12.004DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Weight suppression uniquely predicts body fat gain in first-year female college students.

Eat Behav 2019 01 29;32:60-64. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Oregon Research Institute, 1776 Millrace Dr., Eugene, OR 97403, United States of America.

Identifying predictors of increases in weight (or in fat mass) is important for understanding the genesis of obesity and for the design of prevention programs. We examined the predictive utility of 6 variables that have been predictive of weight gain in past research: depression, disinhibition, family history of overweight, body dissatisfaction, self-reported dieting and weight suppression (the difference between highest past and current weight). Percentage fat gain was evaluated with DEXA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.11.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

An examination of direct, indirect and reciprocal relationships between perfectionism, eating disorder symptoms, anxiety, and depression in children and adolescents with eating disorders.

Eat Behav 2019 01 19;32:53-59. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Objective: Perfectionism is a transdiagnostic factor across eating disorders, anxiety, and depression. Previous research has shown anxiety mediates the relationship between perfectionism and eating disorders in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between anxiety/depression, perfectionism and eating disorder symptoms in children and adolescents with eating disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.12.002DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Momentary predictors of binge eating: An attachment perspective.

Eat Behav 2019 01 19;32:44-52. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health, York University, 4700 Keele St., Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: According to attachment theory, individuals who are preoccupied with the possibility of rejection are prone to emotion dysregulation, which research has found to be related to disordered eating. The current study examined naturalistic momentary relationships between binge eating, depressive symptoms, emotion dysregulation, and attachment anxiety.

Method: Participants were 55 undergraduate women who owned a mobile phone and who had binge eaten at least once during the past 28 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.12.003DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Breaking habits with mindful snacking? An email-based intervention targeting unwanted snacking habits in an Australian sample.

Eat Behav 2019 01 30;32:37-43. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

CSIRO, Health and Biosecurity, Kintore Ave, Adelaide 5001, Australia.

Objective: To investigate the potential for an email-based, mindful eating exercise to improve unwanted snacking habits.

Method: Australian participants (N = 78, 86% female) with unwanted snacking habits engaged in a mindful eating email-based intervention, over a practice period of two weeks. All measures were completed using an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

An exploration of the psychometric properties of the SATAQ-4 among adolescent boys in Japan.

Eat Behav 2019 01 6;32:31-36. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

Research among Western adult and adolescent males suggests that sociocultural influences are implicated in the drive for muscularity and weight-change behaviors. However, few studies have examined these relationships among adolescent boys from non-Western backgrounds. The current study sought to assess the psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4), a 22-item, 5-factor measure of sociocultural influence on appearance ideals, among Japanese (n = 984) adolescent boys. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14710153183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.12.001DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Ethnic differences in eating disorder prevalence, risk factors, and predictive effects of risk factors among young women.

Eat Behav 2019 01 23;32:23-30. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, United States of America.

Findings regarding ethnic differences in eating disorder diagnoses and risk factors have been mixed. This study evaluated whether there are ethnic differences in eating disorder prevalence, risk factors, and the predictive relations of the risk factors to future eating disorder onset. We used a large sample of young women followed longitudinally over three years to increase sensitivity to detect differences and to provide the first test of ethnic differences in the relation of risk factors to future onset of eating disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.11.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6382562PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Evaluating an abbreviated three-factor version of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire in three samples.

Eat Behav 2019 01 14;32:18-22. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

A brief, three-factor structure for the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) has been identified that has stronger psychometric properties than the original four-factor EDE-Q structure. However, there is a need for independent replication of the brief version in different samples, and examination of how comparable the brief version is in women and men of diverse ages. This study compared factor structure fit and other psychometric properties between the original and brief versions in three independent samples of adults to evaluate the reliability and validity of this brief version. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.11.003DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Behind women's body image-focused shame: Exploring the role of fears of compassion and self-criticism.

Eat Behav 2019 01 7;32:12-17. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

CINEICC - Cognitive and Behavioural Centre for Research and Intervention, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Coimbra, Portugal.

Purpose: Recent studies seem to support that being open to compassion from self and others is key for psychological and social well-being. In particular, findings indicated that fears of affiliative emotions are associated with negative affect and difficulties in threat regulation. The current study examined a path model which tested the direct and indirect effect of fears of compassion on both externalized and internalized body image-related shame, and the potential mediator role of self-criticism on these relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.11.002DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Do body checking and avoidance behaviours explain variance in disordered eating beyond attitudinal measures of body image?

Eat Behav 2019 01 7;32:7-11. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

School of Psychology, Australian Catholic University, 115 Victoria Parade/Locked Bag 4115, Melbourne, Victoria 3065, Australia; Centre for Eating, Weight and Body Image, Australia.

Body checking and body avoidance, considered to be behavioural manifestations of core attitudinal disturbances of body image, are theorized to be important contributors to the development and maintenance of eating disorder symptoms. Currently, however, it is unclear whether body checking and body avoidance accounts for variance in disordered eating behaviours beyond core attitudinal components of body image (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.11.001DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Parental body dissatisfaction and controlling child feeding practices: A prospective study of Australian parent-child dyads.

Eat Behav 2019 01 28;32:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, United Kingdom.

The aim of the present study was to examine whether parents' reported use of controlling feeding practices (restrictive feeding and pressure to eat) change over 6 months, and whether parents' concerns about their own weight and shape are prospectively associated with increasing use of controlling feeding practices. Participants were 48 Australian parents (92% female; M = 37.8 years) who completed questionnaires twice, with a 6-month time lag, regarding a target child aged 7. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14710153183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.10.002DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Relationships between eating disorder-specific and transdiagnostic risk factors for binge eating: An integrative moderated mediation model of emotion regulation, anticipatory reward, and expectancy.

Eat Behav 2018 12 17;31:131-136. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States of America; Carter Psychology, Indianapolis, IN, United States of America.

Although relationships between negative affect, emotion dysregulation, and binge eating have been well-established, the mechanisms and individual risk factors that account for this relationship have yet to be elucidated. In addition to emotion dysregulation, altered reward functioning and negative affect eating expectancies (i.e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14710153183012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320675PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

"Toxic pleasures": A study of eating out behavior in Arab female university students and its associations with psychological distress and disordered eating.

Eat Behav 2018 12 1;31:125-130. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Social and Economic Survey Research Institute, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.

University years are a critical period in which young people establish independence and adopt lasting health behaviors. The aim of this study was to estimate the associations between eating out, psychological distress, and disordered eating behaviors among young Arab females in Qatar a rapidly developing small nation. A cross-sectional probability-based survey of 1615 Qatar University's female students assessed the frequency of eating out (main independent variable) and other eating behaviors in relation to two main dependent variables, disordered eating and psychological distress, which were measured using the Eating Attitudes Test and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.008DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Food craving frequency mediates the relationship between emotional eating and excess weight gain in pregnancy.

Eat Behav 2018 12 20;31:120-124. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

University at Albany, State University of New York, United States of America; Albany Medical College, United States of America.

An estimated 50% of pregnancies in the U.S. are associated with maternal weight gain that exceeds Institute of Medicine recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.09.004DOI Listing
December 2018
19 Reads

Food and Alcohol Disturbance (FAD) in the U.S. and France: Nationality and gender effects and relations to drive for thinness and alcohol use.

Eat Behav 2018 12 13;31:113-119. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, 4202 E Folwer Ave, PCD 4118G, Tampa, FL 33625, United States of America.

Objective: Food and Alcohol Disturbance (FAD), colloquially coined "drunkorexia," is a set of behaviors that encompasses restriction of calories, over-exercise, and other compensatory behaviors before, during, or after alcohol use to offset caloric intake or maximize intoxication. To date, this phenomenon has not been compared in a cross-cultural sample.

Method: The Compensatory Eating and Behaviors Related to Alcohol Consumption Scale (CEBRACS), Eating Disorder Inventory - Drive for Thinness Subscale (EDI-DT) and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test of Consumption (AUDIT-C) were completed by 502 American (73% female) and 365 French (68% female) college students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.09.002DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Starting university with high eating self-regulatory skills protects students against unhealthy dietary intake and substantial weight gain over 6 months.

Eat Behav 2018 12 15;31:105-112. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Behavioural Science & Health, University College London, London, UK; Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. Electronic address:

Background: There is consistent evidence that suggests first year students are at risk of weight gain, but the reasons for this vulnerability are still unclear. This study aimed to explore whether the ability to regulate eating behaviours is a predictor of weight and dietary changes in first year undergraduate students.

Methods: First year undergraduate students from universities situated in London were invited to complete a survey at the beginning of the academic year and at 6-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234330PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Examining the effect of cue exposure and introspective responses to cues on impulsivity in restrained and unrestrained eaters.

Eat Behav 2018 12 7;31:99-104. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Western Illinois University, United States of America.

The current study extends cue-reactivity research by evaluating impulsive valuation as an outcome of exposure to food cues. This study also separates introspection after viewing cues (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.09.001DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A preliminary trial of an online dissonance-based eating disorder intervention.

Eat Behav 2018 12 4;31:88-98. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Psychology, Cornell College, United States of America.

Objective: We conducted a controlled randomized preliminary trial of an expanded online version of the Body Project (n = 46) compared to an assessment-only control condition (n = 36) via a longitudinal design (baseline, postintervention, 2-month follow-up) in a community sample of women (N = 82) with clinical (n = 53) and subclinical (n = 29) eating disorder symptoms.

Method: The traditional content of the Body Project was modified to include verbal, written, and behavioral exercises designed to dissuade objectification and maladaptive social comparison and adapted to an online format. Body dissatisfaction, self-esteem, self-objectification, thin-ideal internalization, maladaptive social comparison, trait anxiety, positive affect, negative affect, and eating disorder symptomatology were evaluated in the control and the online expanded Body Project condition at baseline, postintervention, and 2-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.007DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Motivators, barriers and strategies of weight management: A cross-sectional study among Finnish adults.

Eat Behav 2018 12 31;31:80-87. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Business, Faculty of Social Sciences and Business Studies, University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Kuopio, Finland.

Background: Weight management (WM) is an ongoing global challenge. The purpose of this study was to analyze motivators, barriers, and strategies of WM among Finnish adults.

Methods: Data were collected in the 'KULUMA' (Consumers at the Weight Management Market) project among 667 community-dwelling adults in Eastern and Central Finland (Kuopio and Jyväskylä). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.009DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Approaches to restrictive feeding: Associations with child weight and eating behavior.

Eat Behav 2018 12 23;31:74-79. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5456, USA; Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 3845 SPH 1, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2029, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Identifying differences in how mothers communicate restriction of their children's eating may be important to understanding the effects of restriction on children's intake and weight status.

Objectives: To characterize mothers' restrictive statements by affect and directness, and examine cross-sectional associations between restrictive statement types and children's body mass index and eating behaviors.

Methods: Mother-child dyads (N = 223, mean child age 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226350PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

The role of depression, eating disorder symptoms, and exercise in young adults' quality of life.

Eat Behav 2018 12 18;31:68-73. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

George Mason University, USA.

Objective: Eating disorder (ED) symptoms are negatively associated with quality of life (QOL), while exercise is typically positively associated with QOL. Past studies have not examined the relative contribution of depression to this outcome. This study examined the influence of ED symptoms, exercise frequency, and exercise motivation on global QOL in undergraduates while accounting for the shared relationship between ED symptoms and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.005DOI Listing
December 2018
20 Reads

How eating behavior, food stimuli and gender may affect visual attention - An eye tracking study.

Eat Behav 2018 12 10;31:60-67. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Institute of Nutritional Medicine, Department of Nutritional Psychology, University of Hohenheim, Fruwirthstr. 12, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Confirmatory factor analysis and measurement invariance of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) in a non-clinical sample of non-Hispanic White and Hispanic women.

Eat Behav 2018 12 11;31:53-59. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Department of Psychology, MSCO3 2220, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Body dissatisfaction and eating disorder rates have increased in racial and ethnic minority groups, yet the validity of various commonly-used eating disorder instruments has not been established in these populations. One way to establish validity is to test for measurement invariance; namely, that the same constructs are being measured across groups. This study tested the measurement invariance of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) across non-Hispanic White and Hispanic women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.004DOI Listing
December 2018
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An examination of emotional and loss-of-control eating after sleeve gastrectomy surgery.

Eat Behav 2018 12 26;31:48-52. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Yale School of Medicine, Psychiatry Department, New Haven, CT, United States of America; Yale University, Department of Psychology, New Haven, CT, United States of America.

Emotional eating has been identified as a predictor of poorer weight loss outcomes in non-bariatric clinical samples. It is unknown, however, whether emotional eating contributes to poorer weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery or how it might be associated with loss-of-control (LOC) eating, a known predictor of post-surgical outcomes. This study examined the nature and significance of emotional eating among post-bariatric surgery patients with LOC eating. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14710153183000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.07.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247803PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

School-based versus after-school delivery of a universal wellness programme - A randomized controlled multi-arm trial.

Eat Behav 2018 12 10;31:41-47. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Tel Hai College, Upper Galilee, Israel; Brown School of Public Health and Community Medicine, the Hebrew University - Hadassah, Jerusalem, Israel.

Positive self-image and body image as well as high self-esteem and media literacy are considered protective factors against health-compromising behaviours. Investigation of the optimal setting for body image prevention programmes is important to maximize outcomes from such programmes. Most universal wellness programmes are school based and thus delivered to a "captive" population. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14710153183000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.003DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Postprandial gut hormone responses to Hass avocado meals and their association with visual analog scores in overweight adults: A randomized 3 × 3 crossover trial.

Eat Behav 2018 12 3;31:35-40. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate changes in postingestive gut hormone concentrations from the consumption of Hass avocado by addition or inclusion to lunch test meals, and to examine their association with measures of appetite sensation.

Methods: A randomized 3 × 3 crossover study was conducted with 26 healthy overweight adults. Participants consumed one of three test meals: avocado-free control (C); isoenergic avocado inclusive (AI); and, energy increased avocado added (AA) one week apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.08.001DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Poor dietary patterns at 1-5 years of age are related to food neophobia and breastfeeding duration but not age of introduction to solids in a relatively advantaged sample.

Eat Behav 2018 12 22;31:28-34. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Sturt Rd, Bedford Park, South Australia 5042, Australia; Centre for Children's Health Research, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland 4101, Australia.

Previous studies have investigated associations between individual foods or food group intake, and breastfeeding duration, age of solid introduction and food neophobia. This study aimed to investigate associations between whole dietary patterns in young children, and breastfeeding duration, age of solid introduction and food neophobia. Parents of children (N = 234) aged 1-5 years completed an online questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.06.005DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Association between depressive symptom clusters and food attentional bias.

Eat Behav 2018 12 3;31:24-27. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: The mechanisms underlying the depression-obesity relationship are unclear. Food attentional bias (FAB) represents one candidate mechanism that has not been examined. We evaluated the hypothesis that greater depressive symptoms are associated with increased FAB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.07.002DOI Listing
December 2018
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DSM-5 severity specifiers for anorexia nervosa and treatment outcomes in adult females.

Eat Behav 2018 12 23;31:18-23. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Department of Eating and Weight Disorders, Villa Garda Hospital, Via Montebaldo, 89, I-37016 Garda, Verona, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes across the BMI (body mass index)-based DSM-5 severity specifiers in a sample of adult females with anorexia nervosa (AN) treated with enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-E).

Method: One hundred and twenty-eight participants with AN (64 outpatients and 64 inpatients) were sub-categorised using DSM-5 severity specifiers and compared by baseline clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes at the end of treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups.

Results: No significant differences were found across the four severity groups for 'weight recovery' (i. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14710153173032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.07.006DOI Listing
December 2018
31 Reads

More rapid increase in BMI from age 5-15 is associated with elevated weight status at age 24 among non-Hispanic white females.

Eat Behav 2018 12 23;31:12-17. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Center for Childhood Obesity Research, The Pennsylvania State University, 129 Noll Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, United States; Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, United States.

Background: A rapidly increasing BMI trajectory throughout childhood is associated with negative health outcomes in adulthood such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether BMI trajectories from age 5-15 predicted changes in weight and BMI from adolescence to adulthood, and dieting-related behaviors in young adulthood.

Methods: Non-Hispanic White female participants from Early Dieting in Girls (n = 182), a longitudinal cohort study, were followed from age 5 to 15 and completed a follow-up survey at age 24. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.07.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226326PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

PTSD is associated with emotional eating among veterans seeking treatment for overweight/obesity.

Eat Behav 2018 12 18;31:8-11. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Yale School of Medicine, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, United States of America.

Both obesity and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among veterans. Veterans with PTSD are at higher risk for obesity and have poorer outcomes in obesity treatment. We examined emotional eating among veterans presenting for obesity treatment, and its relationship with PTSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.07.005DOI Listing
December 2018
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Factorial integrity and validation of the Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (EPSI).

Eat Behav 2018 12 17;31:1-7. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Eating Disorders Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, United States of America; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, United States of America.

The Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (EPSI) is a 45-item self-report measure of eating pathology designed to be sensitive in assessing symptoms among diverse populations of individuals with disordered eating. The current study represents the first external validation of the EPSI as well as the first to examine the factor structure in an outpatient eating disorder clinic sample. We conducted an exploratory factor analysis in three separate samples: an outpatient clinic sample (n = 284), a college sample (n = 296), and a community sample (n = 341) and compared the observed factor structures to the original 8-factor solution proposed by Forbush et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.07.004DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Sensation seeking, binge-type eating disorders, victimization, and PTSD in the National Women's Study.

Eat Behav 2018 08 4;30:120-124. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, United States.

Objective: Higher degrees of sensation seeking (SS) are reported in community and clinical samples of individuals with eating disorders with binge-type features (BTEDs), but no reports exist in representative probability samples of adult women. Additionally, SS has been linked to victimization and PTSD, also associated with BTEDs, yet interrelationships between these variables are unexplored.

Methods: A national, probability sample of 3006 adult women (≥18 y/o) completed structured telephone interviews including assessments for victimization, PTSD, bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.07.001DOI Listing
August 2018
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Body mass index as a moderator of the association between weight status misperception and disordered eating behaviors.

Eat Behav 2018 08 27;30:98-103. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Weight status under-perception is protective against disordered eating behaviors and weight gain; however, it is unclear whether under-perception may confer protection across all weight classes. This work explored body mass index as a moderator of the association between weight status perception accuracy and disordered eating behaviors among adults with overweight or obesity. A total of 572 adults (58. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.06.008DOI Listing
August 2018
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Using participant feedback to improve two selective eating disorder and obesity prevention programs.

Eat Behav 2018 08 26;30:93-97. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Oregon Research Institute, United States.

Objective: To examine qualitative feedback from participants of Healthy Weight and Project Health eating disorder/obesity prevention programs to guide refinements to increase program efficacy.

Method: Feedback was collected from college students with weight concerns randomly assigned to one of these interventions (N = 364, 72% female).

Results: Healthy Weight participants reported greater program satisfaction (p = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.06.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6152876PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Men who engage in both subjective and objective binge eating have the highest psychological and medical comorbidities.

Eat Behav 2018 08 3;30:115-119. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Counseling Psychology and Human Services, University of Oregon, United States of America; The Prevention Science Institute, University of Oregon, United States of America.

Data suggest that assessing for the presence of loss of control (LOC) while eating is more useful in identifying risk for excess weight gain and psychosocial comorbidities than focusing on the amount of food consumed during episodes of perceived overeating. Yet, most of this research has included children and women. The current study examined whether perceived overeating patterns with and without LOC were uniquely associated with eating- and weight-related comorbidities in a community sample of young men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.07.003DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads