135,256 results match your criteria Eating Behaviors [Journal]


Gliquidone Alleviates Diabetic Nephropathy by Inhibiting Notch/Snail Signaling Pathway.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2085-2097. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Background/aims: Diabetic nephropathy is a common complication of diabetes. This study explored the renal protective effect and possible mechanism of gliquidone in mice with diabetic nephropathy.

Methods: Animal model of diabetic nephropathy was established in KKAy mice. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Disgust, impulsivity and depressive dimensions in subjects at risk for bulimia nervosa and/or binge eating disorder.

Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Nov 27;39:32-34. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Achrafieh, Lebanon.

Purpose: the study aims to assess the depressive symptoms, the disgust feeling and the impulsivity index in subjects showing a high risk of binge eating disorder (BED) and/or bulimia nervosa (BN) through a cross-sectional study of 150 participants.

Results: There was no significant difference regarding age, sex, employment and marital status between subjects at high risk for BED/BN (Group A) and controls (Group B). However, participants in group A presented higher scores of depressions (p = 0. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The self-care dilemma of type 2 diabetic patients: The mechanism of self-regulation resource depletion.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208690. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China.

Self-care is important for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients' disease prognosis, but there is a common phenomenon of self-regulation failure in T2DMs. In order to figure this problem out, the current study explored the interaction between self-regulation resource depletion and diabetes self-care based on the limited resource model of self-regulation. 104 patients were surveyed using the Self-Regulatory Fatigue Scale (SRF-S) and the Diabetes Self-care Scale (DSCS) in study 1. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Aberrations in the female reproductive organs and a role of telocytes in a rat model of anorexia nervosa.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):115-125

Department of Pathophysiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Czysta 18, Kraków, Poland.

Background: Anorexia nervosa is a widely prevalent eating disorder that o en leads to life-threatening complications. Since it mostly concerns females, many authors have focused on studying the reproductive system in anorexic women. Recently discovered telocytes may give a new insight into the pathophysiology of gynecological complications in these patients. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

[Problematic Eating Behaviors after Bariatric Surgery: A National Study with a Portuguese Sample].

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):633-640. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Centro de Investigação em Psicologia. Escola de Psicologia. Universidade do Minho. Braga. Portugal.

Introduction: Bariatric surgery is the most effective method for the treatment of morbid obesity. However, the development of eating psychopathology and the emergence of problematic eating behaviours have been reported in the literature. The aim of this crosssectional study was to characterize the post-bariatric population in terms of the frequency of problematic eating behaviours over time and to understand the related psychological features. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

The development and validation of a measure of eating disorder-specific interpersonal problems: The Interpersonal Relationships in Eating Disorders (IR-ED) Scale.

Psychol Assess 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield.

Clinical reports suggest that interpersonal problems are associated with the onset and maintenance of eating pathology, but existing measures of such problems have limited links to eating pathology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an eating-specific measure of interpersonal problems. The new measure, the Interpersonal Relationships in Eating Disorders scale (IR-ED), was administered to a large community sample, a nonclinical replication sample, and a clinical group of eating disorder patients. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Family-based treatment: Where are we and where should we be going to improve recovery in child and adolescent eating disorders.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychiatry and UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, California.

Objective: Family therapy has long been advocated as an effective intervention for eating disorders. A specific form of family therapy, one that utilizes family resources, has proven especially effective for adolescents with anorexia or bulimia nervosa (AN and BN). First developed in London, a behaviorally focused adaptation, called family-based treatment (FBT), has been manualized and systematically studied in six randomized clinical trials for adolescent AN and two for adolescent BN. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Eating pathology and associations with long-term changes in weight and quality of life in the longitudinal assessment of bariatric surgery study.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota.

Objective: This study examines the course of eating pathology and its associations with change in weight and health-related quality of life following bariatric surgery.

Method: Participants (N = 184) completed the eating disorder examination-bariatric surgery version (EDE-BSV) and the medical outcomes study 36-Item short form health survey (SF-36) prior to and annually following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) for up to 7 years.

Results: The prevalence of ≥ weekly loss of control (LOC) eating, picking/nibbling, and cravings declined post-RYGB and remained lower through 7 years (LOC: 5. Read More

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December 2018

The QTc interval and risk of cardiac events in bulimia nervosa: A long-term follow-up study.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: An association between bulimia nervosa (BN) and prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) in the electrocardiogram has been suggested, but results of previous studies are conflicting, and the risk of cardiac events in patients with BN has yet to be investigated.

Method: We estimated mean QTc interval and relative risk of borderline (QTc >440 ms) and prolonged QTc (QTc >460 ms) between adult women with BN (N = 531) and healthy controls (N = 123). In follow-up analyses, we investigated the risk of a primary endpoint (syncope, ventricular tachycardia, and cardiac arrest) and all-cause mortality in patients with BN (N = 702) compared with a population-based cohort derived from the Danish Civil Register (N = 7,020). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

How Snakes Find Prey Underwater: Sea Snakes Use Visual and Chemical Cues for Foraging.

Zoolog Sci 2018 Dec;35(6):483-486

1 Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University, 2-24 Tanaka Sekiden-cho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8203, Japan.

Fully aquatic adaptation generally leads amniotes to change sensory modalities drastically. Terrestrial snakes rely heavily on chemical cues to locate and recognize prey, but little is known about how sea snakes find prey fishes underwater. Sea snakes of the genus Hydrophis are fish-eating marine elapids which adapted from land to water approximately 5-10 million years ago. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

APOLO-Teens, a web-based intervention for treatment-seeking adolescents with overweight or obesity: study protocol and baseline characterization of a Portuguese sample.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus Gualtar, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal.

Purpose: APOLO-Teens is an ongoing web-based program combining a manualized intervention delivered by Facebook, a self-monitoring web application and monthly chat sessions to optimize treatment as usual for adolescents with overweight and obesity. The aims of this paper are twofold: (1) to describe the study protocol of the APOLO-Teens randomized controlled effectiveness trial and (2) to present baseline descriptive information of the Portuguese sample.

Methods: APOLO-Teens includes adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years with BMI percentile ≥ 85 (N = 210; 60. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Weight Bias Internalization Among Adolescents Seeking Weight Loss: Implications for Eating Behaviors and Parental Communication.

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2271. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Mary Himmelstein, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Hartford, CT, United States.

Emerging evidence has demonstrated a high prevalence of weight bias internalization (WBI) among adults, as well as consistent links between internalization and adverse psychological and physical health. However, research examining WBI in youth and its impact on their health is scarce, especially among youth seeking weight loss treatment who may be particularly vulnerable to weight stigma from peers and parents. To address this research gap, the present study assessed WBI in a weight loss treatment-seeking sample of adolescents, examining associations between internalization and adolescents' eating behaviors and parental weight-related communication. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Autonomic dysfunction in programmed hypertension.

J Hum Hypertens 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Medical Sciences & Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Hypertension is an important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Its high prevalence, combined with the significant morbidity and mortality associated with secondary complications, make it a major public health concern. Despite decades of research, over 95% of all cases of hypertension remain of unknown etiology, necessitating that treatments target the established symptoms and not the cause. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Self-silencing and women's health: A review.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5:20764018814271. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India.

The connection between gender and health has intrigued health professionals in the last few decades. Silencing-the-self theory has brought a considerable clarity in this matter. After around three decades of the theory, the literature related to the theory has immensely flourished and has covered different branches of psychology. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

It Is Time to Make Policy for Healthier Food Environments in Australian Universities.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

The obesogenic food environment is likely driving excessive weight gain in young adults. Our study aimed to investigate the nutritional quality of current food and drink offerings in an Australian university. This cross-sectional study included baseline environmental audits of 30 food outlets and 62 vending machines across campus. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

TAS1R1 and TAS1R3 Polymorphisms Relate to Energy and Protein-Rich Food Choices from a Buffet Meal Respectively.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia QLD 4072, Australia.

Eating behaviour in humans is a complex trait that involves sensory perception. Genetic variation in sensory systems is one of the factors influencing perception of foods. However, the extent that these genetic variations may determine food choices in a real meal scenario warrants further research. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Active Image-Assisted Food Records in Comparison to Regular Food Records: A Validation Study against Doubly Labeled Water in 12-Month-Old Infants.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, SE 901 85 Umeå, Sweden.

Overreporting of dietary intake in infants is a problem when using food records (FR), distorting possible relationships between diet and health outcomes. Image-assisted dietary assessment may improve the accuracy, but to date, evaluation in the pediatric setting is limited. The aim of the study was to compare macronutrient and energy intake by using an active image-assisted five-day FR against a regular five-day FR, and to validate image-assistance with total energy expenditure (TEE), was measured using doubly labeled water. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Disordered Eating Attitudes and Behavioral and Neuroelectric Indices of Cognitive Flexibility in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

Impairment in cognitive flexibility is a trait characteristic among individuals with diagnosed eating disorders. However, the extent to which these relationships exist in individuals with overweight or obesity remains unclear. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge characterizing the neural underpinnings of these relationships. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Watch what you watch: The effect of exposure to food-related television content on the accessibility of a hedonic eating goal.

Appetite 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR), University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Trimbos Institute, Netherlands Institute for Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: This study examined whether seeing food-related TV content affected the accessibility of a hedonic eating goal differently for people scoring relatively high or low on eating restraint (i.e., chronic dieting) and perceived self-regulatory success (i. Read More

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November 2018

Symptoms of 'food addiction' in binge eating disorder using the Yale Food Addiction Scale version 2.0.

Appetite 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada.

'Food addiction' refers to the idea that certain highly palatable foods can trigger an addictive-like process in susceptible individuals. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and clinical significance of 'food addiction' symptoms in binge eating disorder (BED) using the second version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS 2.0). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The Food Parenting Inventory: Factor structure, reliability, and validity in a low-income, Latina sample.

Appetite 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates, Houston, TX, 77030-2600, USA. Electronic address:

Currently, a number of questionnaires exist assessing a wide range of food parenting practices with young children. In 2016, a concept map covering three food parenting domains-coercive control, parental structure, and autonomy support-was published along with a critical review of the literature. Mapping existing food parenting questionnaires onto these concepts showed that the major focus had been on coercive control. Read More

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November 2018

Can't take my eyes off you - How task irrelevant pictures of food influence attentional selection.

Authors:
Jessica Sänger

Appetite 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Institute of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address:

By means of event-related potentials (ERPs), the present study intended to extend previous findings on how the different processing stages of attentional selection are altered by the participants' motivational state depending on their saturation level. Forty-four normal-weight (mean BMI: 21.34, SD = 1. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Hunger enhances automatic processing of food and non-food stimuli: A visual mismatch negativity study.

Appetite 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Institute of Psychology, University of Tartu, Näituse 2, 50409, Tartu, Estonia. Electronic address:

Automatic detection of important and unexpected stimuli in the visual environment is crucial for survival. We sought to explore whether visual food stimuli are detected already in the pre-attentive stimulus processing phase, and whether hunger enhances such automatic detection. To attain these goals, we adapted an electroencephalography paradigm - visual mismatch negativity (vMMN). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Monitoring eating and activity: Links with disordered eating, compulsive exercise, and general wellbeing among young adults.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.

Objective: To explore the relationships between the use of food intake and activity monitoring tools with compulsive exercise, eating psychopathology, and psychological wellbeing.

Method: Participants (N = 352; mean age 21.90 years) indicated their use of activity and food intake monitoring tools, and completed the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET), Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Geophagy among nonhuman primates: A systematic review of current knowledge and suggestions for future directions.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Anthropology, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

Objectives: Geophagy, the intentional consumption of earth, is widely practiced among humans and other mammals, but its causes are not well understood. Given the growing number of reports of geophagy among nonhuman primates (NHP), we sought to (1) advance and codify our understanding of the patterns and functional and evolutionary significance of geophagy among NHP and (2) provide a research agenda for a more unified approach to its study.

Methods: We systematically reviewed all available literature on NHP geophagy, extracted available data on taxa, geography, climate, diet, sex, age-class, reproductive status, and the characteristics of the earth. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Fetal size and eating behaviour in childhood: a prospective cohort study.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry & Psychology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Although studies showed that an adverse intrauterine environment increases the obesity risk in adulthood, little is known about consequences of fetal growth and birth size for eating behaviour. We examined whether fetal and birth size are associated with childhood eating behaviour.

Methods: Participants were 4350 mother-child dyads of the prospective cohort study Generation R. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Outbreak investigation of ceftriaxone-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi and its risk factors among the general population in Hyderabad, Pakistan: a matched case-control study.

Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Dec;18(12):1368-1376

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: Pakistan is currently facing the largest outbreak of ceftriaxone-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi described to date. Here we aimed to report the outbreak investigation done in Hyderabad, Pakistan, and identify disease risk factors.

Methods: We did an age-matched case-control (1:4) study, in which cases of ceftriaxone-resistant S Typhi were identified from active sentinal sites (three hospitals in Hyderabad, Pakistan), community, and laboratory-based surveillance. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Nutrition for Travel- from Jetlag to Catering.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2018 Dec 3:1-24. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

4 High Performance Sport New Zealand.

Domestic and international travel represents a regular challenge to high performance track and field athletes, particularly when associated with the pressure of competition or the need to support specialized training (e.g. altitude or heat adaptation). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Evaluative conditioning as a body image intervention for adolescents with eating disorders.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1046-1055

Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University.

Objective: The aim was to investigate whether a computer-based evaluative conditioning intervention improves body image in adolescents with an eating disorder. Positive effects were found in earlier studies in healthy female students in a laboratory and a field setting. This study is the first to test evaluative conditioning in a clinical sample under less controlled circumstances. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Teachers' Perceived and Desired Roles in Nutrition Education.

J Sch Health 2019 Jan;89(1):68-76

Department of Nutrition and Integrative Physiology, University of Utah, 250 South 1850 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112.

Background: Elementary teachers have the potential to influence children's eating habits. This study examined teacher views and practices regarding nutrition education.

Methods: An online survey was administered to K-6 teachers (N = 628) in 55 public elementary schools in a large city in the western United States. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Determinants of Physical Activity for Latino and White Middle School-Aged Children.

J Sch Health 2019 Jan;89(1):3-10

Department of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 135 Mabel Lee Hall, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588-0236.

Background: Physical activity (PA) has long been acknowledged to contribute health benefits among children. However, research has consistently shown that PA declines as children grow older. Thus, this study examined the factors which are associated to children's PA in order to identify potential barriers to PA. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

The Self and Eating Disorders.

J Pers 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

In our review, we focus on self-related constructs in the context of eating disorders with four aims. First, we examine a variety of self-related constructs that have been theoretically and empirically linked to the development and course of eating disorders. In addition to the more well-researched constructs of self-esteem and self-efficacy, we also report on findings related to selflessness, contingent self-worth, self-objectification, ego-syntonicity, self-concept clarity, self-compassion, social comparison, self-oriented perfectionism/self-criticism, and narcissism. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Dietary patterns and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma among US men and women.

Hepatology 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Although adherence to healthy dietary guidelines has been associated with a reduced risk of several health outcomes including cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers, little is known about the role of dietary patterns in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. We prospectively assessed the associations of 3 key commonly used a priori dietary patterns, the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), Alternate Mediterranean Diet (AMED), and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) with risk of incident hepatocellular carcinoma in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study and the Nurses' Health Study, two large prospective cohort studies. Diet was assessed almost every 4 years using validated food frequency questionnaires. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Compulsive exercise in eating disorders: proposal for a definition and a clinical assessment.

J Eat Disord 2018 28;6:42. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Schoen Clinic Roseneck, Am Roseneck 6, Prien am Chiemsee, Germany.

Background: Compulsive exercise has been recognized as a highly prevalent symptom in eating disorders (ED) for over 100 years and is associated with poor short-term and long-term treatment outcome. Progress in understanding and treatment of compulsive exercise will remain limited as long as no consensus framework for definition and assessment of compulsive exercise exists, as results cannot be compared across clinical studies.Based on existing literature, it was our aim to propose a transdiagnostic definition and a clinical assessment for compulsive exercise, that can be applied to adolescent and adult patients with ED. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Subcutaneous insulin administration in infants and toddlers.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1840-1842

Department of Endocrinology, Bharti Hospital, Karnal, India.

Management of diabetes in infants and toddlers requires the administration of multiple subcutaneous insulin injections and frequent monitoring of blood glucose. However, there are significant unique challenges in managing insulin injections in this age group due to unpredictable eating and activity patterns, less subcutaneous fat, increased risk of hypoglycaemia, and the child's inability to communicate symptoms and comprehend the need for insulin. Insulin pumps and pen devices are preferable to insulin syringes. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous mandible with two-implant retained fixed hybrid prosthesis: A case report.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1828-1832

Section of Dentistry, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital.

Removable complete dentures have been the most costeffective treatment option for edentulous jaws since decades. However, certain problems are encountered by the patients such as stability of the lower dentures resulting in poor masticatory efficiency. Ridge resorption and inadequate bony support are the long-term complications comprising the stability of the denture and patient finding it difficult to control denture movement during speaking and eating reducing patient compliance. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Orofacial operant behaviors and electrophysiological properties of trigeminal ganglion neurons following masseter muscle inflammation in rats.

Neurosci Lett 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Departments of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35294, United States. Electronic address:

Orofacial muscle pain is a significant clinical problem because it affects eating, speaking, and other orofacial functions in patients. However, mechanisms underlying orofacial muscle pain are not fully understood. In the present study we induced orofacial muscle pain by injecting Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) into masseter muscle of rats and assessed pain by the orofacial operant test. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Dietary Habits and Physical Activity are Associated With the Risk of Breast Cancer Among Young Iranian Women: A Case-control Study on 1010 Premenopausal Women.

Clin Breast Cancer 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Bahar Center for Education, Research and Treatment, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Several studies conducted in developed countries introduced diet and physical inactivity as major risk factors for several types of cancers. However, the impact of diet and physical inactivity on the risk of breast cancer (BC) is understudied, and the limited findings are controversial. In addition, no or limited knowledge is available from the developing world. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads
2.107 Impact Factor

'I've worked so hard, I deserve a snack in the worksite cafeteria': A focus group study.

Appetite 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

This study obtained insight in motivation regarding food choices of Dutch employees, especially when visiting the worksite cafeteria. We also aimed to know why employees visit the worksite cafeteria. These insights are useful for intervention development to encourage healthier purchases in worksite cafeterias. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Clients.

Aust J Prim Health 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

The therapeutic relationship plays a unique and pivotal role in the treatment and recovery of individuals with mental illness. The aim of the questionnaire was to understand clients' perceptions of the factors affecting the formation of the therapeutic relationship during treatment or recovery from self-reported anorexia nervosa. Former or current individuals diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, 18 years and over, were invited to participate in an online questionnaire developed by the researchers. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hidden addictions, improving eating disorder services and overcoming challenges in autism spectrum disorders.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Dec;35(4):267

2Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and North Dublin Mental Health Services,Ashlin Centre,Beaumont Road,Dublin 9,Ireland.

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December 2018
1 Read

Eating disorder services for young people in Ireland: perspectives of service providers, service users and the general adolescent population.

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Dec;35(4):301-309

1School of Medicine,University College Dublin,Belfield,Dublin 4,Ireland.

Objectives: This paper illuminates how national eating disorder (ED) policy translates into day-to-day practice by exploring how ED services are experienced by those who deliver and use them.

Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used, which combined qualitative and quantitative techniques. The paper collates data from three studies: (i) an interview study exploring the lived experiences of young people with EDs (n=8), their parents (n=5) and their healthcare professionals (n=3); (ii) a national survey of health professionals' perspectives on existing ED services (n=171); (iii) a nationwide survey of secondary-school students' eating concerns and patterns of help-seeking (n=290). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of a pilot interprofessional education programme for eating disorder training in mental health services.

Authors:
S McDevitt V Passi

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 Dec;35(4):289-299

2Warwick Medical School,University of Warwick,Coventry,UK.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an Interprofessional Education (IPE) programme in eating disorders for mental health practitioners using a case-based learning approach.

Methods: A total of 25 mental health clinicians were asked to evaluate their IPE programme as part of training for the National Clinical Programme in Eating Disorders. They completed a Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS), a learner reaction questionnaire after each session and a final open evaluation at 4 months. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Biological rhythm and emotional and behavioral problems among schoolchildren in Southern Brazil.

Chronobiol Int 2018 Dec 3:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Health and Behavior , Universidade Católica de Pelotas , Pelotas , Brazil.

Emotional and behavioral problems have been considered an indicative of mental disorder in children. Mental health problems affect 10-20% of children and adolescents living in low-income and middle-income countries. Evidence suggests that disruptions in the biological rhythm may be a primary cause of emotional and behavioral changes, which affects several psychological functions and moods. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Shared associations between histories of victimisation among people with eating disorder symptoms and higher weight.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 2:4867418814961. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

7 Translational Health Research Institute, School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background:: The success of integrated prevention initiatives for eating disorders and obesity is hampered by a lack of shared risk factor research. Bullying and sexual abuse are potentially potent shared risk factors for the spectrum of eating and weight disorders.

Methods:: A representative sample of N = 3005 South Australian males and females ≥15 years was interviewed about their height, weight, eating disorder symptoms, lifetime experiences of bullying and sexual abuse and mental and physical health-related quality of life. Read More

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December 2018

The Effects of Substance Abuse on Blood Glucose Parameters in Patients with Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 29;15(12). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Family Care & Mental Health, University of Greenwich, London SE9 2UG, UK.

: People who abuse substances are at increased risk of metabolic syndrome and diabetes resulting partly from increased cell damage and due to the effects of opioids on glucose homeostasis. Therefore, people with diabetes who abuse substances may carry greater health risks than the general population resulting from their effect on glucose metabolism. These substances may be in the form of cannabis, hallucinogens, opioids, and stimulants. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A randomized clinical trial of cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives in donor site of connective tissue grafts.

J Periodontol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Dental Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Background: The purpose was to compare patient-centered outcomes, early wound healing and post-operative complications at palatal donor area of subepithelial connective tissue grafts (CTG) between cyanoacrylates tissue adhesives and Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sutures.

Methods: 36 patients who required harvesting of CTG were enrolled in this randomized clinical trial and assigned to one of two groups. In the "suture" group, wound closure was achieved with standardized continuous interlocking 6-0 PTFE sutures, while in the "cyanoacrylate" group, a high viscosity blend of n-butyl and 2-octyl cyanoacrylate was applied until hemostasis was achieved. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Food healthiness versus tastiness: Contrasting their impact on more and less successful healthy shoppers within a virtual food shopping task.

Appetite 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine Research Group, School of Psychology, Curtin University, Kent St, Bentley, WA, 6102, Australia. Electronic address:

A virtual shopping task was employed to illuminate why women who intend to shop healthily are differentially successful in doing so. Female undergraduates (N = 68) performed a modified approach and avoidance task that employed food items differing in healthiness and tastiness, and yielded relative speed to select and reject food items in a stylised supermarket. Participants categorised a food item either in terms of healthiness or tastiness, then pulled (selected) or pushed (rejected) the item using a joystick. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Ghrelin Enhances Food Odor Conditioning in Healthy Humans: An fMRI Study.

Cell Rep 2018 Dec;25(10):2643-2652.e4

Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada. Electronic address:

Vulnerability to obesity includes eating in response to food cues, which acquire incentive value through conditioning. The conditioning process is largely subserved by dopamine, theorized to encode the discrepancy between expected and actual rewards known as the reward prediction error (RPE). Ghrelin is a gut-derived homeostatic hormone that triggers hunger and eating. Read More

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December 2018
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