115,916 results match your criteria Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal [Journal]


Program implementer perspectives replicating evidence based sexual reproductive health programs.

Eval Program Plann 2018 Dec 6;73:80-87. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The Johns Hopkins Center for Child & Community Health, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 5200 Eastern Avenue, Suite 4200, Mason F. Lord Building, Center Tower, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States.

Purpose: Explore factors affecting implementation of evidence based adolescent sexual/reproductive health programs, from the perspectives of program implementers.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 program implementers delivering six sexual/reproductive health programs in New Jersey. Programs were delivered among 2698 primarily African American and Hispanic adolescents in school and community-based settings. Read More

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December 2018

Harmonization of pipeline for preclinical multicenter plasma protein and miRNA biomarker discovery in a rat model of post-traumatic epileptogenesis.

Epilepsy Res 2018 Nov 26;149:92-101. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

A.I. Virtanen Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

The Epilepsy Bioinformatics Study for Antiepileptogenic Therapy (EpiBioS4Rx) is an international, multicenter, multidisciplinary study aimed at preventing epileptogenesis (EpiBioS4Rx: https://epibios.loni.usc. Read More

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November 2018
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Bioengineered bladder patches constructed from multilayered adipose-derived stem cell sheets for bladder regeneration.

Acta Biomater 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Urology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Eastern Institute of Urologic Reconstruction, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200233 Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Cell-seeded scaffolds are a common route of cell transplantation for bladder repair and reconstruction. However, when cell suspensions are harvested, proteolytic enzymes often cause extracellular matrix damage and loss of intercellular junctions. To overcome this problem, we developed a bioengineered three-dimensional bladder patch comprising porous scaffolds and multilayered adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) sheets, and evaluated its feasibility for bladder regeneration in a rat model. Read More

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December 2018

Anthriscus sylvestris root extract reduces allergic lung inflammation by regulating interferon regulatory factor 4-mediated Th2 cell activation.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Herbal Medicine Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, 34054, Korea; Department of Pathology, College of Korean Medicine, Sangji University, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, 26339, Korea. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Anthriscus sylvestris L. Hoffmann (AS) is a perennial plant that grows in Asia and Eastern Europe. Its dried root is used to treat conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, and cough. Read More

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December 2018

Underestimated ecosystem carbon turnover time and sequestration under the steady state assumption: a perspective from long-term data assimilation.

Glob Chang Biol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China.

It is critical to accurately estimate carbon (C) turnover time as it dominates the uncertainty in ecosystem C sinks and their response to future climate change. In the absence of direct observations of ecosystem C losses, C turnover times are commonly estimated under the steady-state assumption (SSA), which has been applied across a large range of temporal and spatial scales including many at which the validity of the assumption is likely to be violated. However the errors associated with improperly applying SSA to estimate C turnover time and its covariance with climate as well as ecosystem C sequestrations have yet to be fully quantified. Read More

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December 2018
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The experience of Person-centred Practice in a 100% single-room environment in acute care settings - a narrative literature review.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Nursing Research and Practice Development, Ulster University, and South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust, Northern Ireland.

Aims And Objectives: To review published research into the staff and adult patient experience of person-centred practice in a 100% single-room environment in acute care.

Background: There has been a significant move towards the 100% single-room environment within healthcare systems. Furthermore, there has been a global move for developing person-centred practice in a range of healthcare settings. Read More

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December 2018
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Cross-country evidence on the social determinants of the post-socialist mortality crisis in Europe: a review and performance-based hierarchy of variables.

Sociol Health Illn 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Economics, University of Massachusetts, USA.

An unprecedented mortality crisis befell the former socialist countries between 1989 and 1995, representing one of the greatest demographic shocks of the period after the Second World War. While it is likely that country-level variation in the post-socialist mortality crisis in Eastern Europe can be explained by a constellation of political and socio-economic factors, no comprehensive review of the existing scholarly attempts at explaining these factors exists. We review 39 cross-national multi-variable peer reviewed studies of social determinants of mortality in post-socialist Europe in order to assess the social factors behind the post-socialist mortality crisis, determine the gaps in the existing literature and to make suggestions for future research. Read More

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December 2018

Demographic and genetic description of Greenland´s only indigenous Atlantic salmon Salmo salar population.

J Fish Biol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

A survey of the Kapisillit River system was conducted in 2005 and 2012 to study the only indigenous Atlantic salmon Salmo salar population in Greenland. Little is known about its characteristics or its relationship with other S. salar populations across the species range. Read More

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December 2018

Dexamethasone versus prednisone for children receiving asthma treatment in the paediatric inpatient population: protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e025630. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Introduction: Asthma exacerbations are a leading cause of paediatric hospitalisations. Corticosteroids are key in the treatment of asthma exacerbations. Most current corticosteroids treatment regimens for children admitted with asthma exacerbation consist of a 5-day course of prednisone or prednisolone. Read More

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December 2018

Association of postlunch napping duration and night-time sleep duration with cognitive impairment in Chinese elderly: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023188. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Director Office, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To analyse the independent and combined associations of postlunch napping duration and night-time sleep duration with risk of cognitive impairment among Chinese elderly.

Design: A cross-sectional study.

Setting: We analysed the data from Zhejiang Ageing and Health Cohort, a population-based survey of seven counties located in Zhejiang province in eastern China. Read More

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December 2018

survival duration in manure-amended soils is affected by spatiotemporal, agricultural, and weather factors: a multi-season, multi-site field study in the Mid-Atlantic U.S.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University of Maryland Eastern Shore Department of Agriculture, Princess Anne, MD.

Untreated biological soil amendments of animal origin (BSAAO), like manure, are commonly used to fertilize soils for growing fruit and vegetable crops, and can contain enteric bacterial foodborne pathogens. Little is known about the comparative longitudinal survival of pathogens in agricultural fields containing different types of BSAAO, and field data may be useful to determine intervals between manure application and harvest of produce intended for human consumption to minimize foodborne illness. This study generated 324 survival profiles from 12 different field trials at three different sites (UMES, PA, BARC) in the Mid-Atlantic U. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of Known Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Multiethnic Urban Youth in Edmonton: Findings From the WHY ACT NOW Project.

Can J Diabetes 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Indigenous and Global Health Research Group, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: The Canadian Diabetes Risk Assessment Questionnaire (CANRISK) is a validated, evidence-based, self-administered tool to assess the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in multiethnic Canadian adults. Identifying individuals at high risk for type 2 diabetes allows early intervention that improves modifiable risk factors. This study examined the risk factors for type 2 diabetes in multiethnic urban youth in Edmonton, Alberta. Read More

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October 2018

Prevalence, awareness, control and determinants of hypertension among primary health care professional nurses in Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2018 Nov 22;10(1):e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Fort Hare.

Background:  Nurses in primary health care settings are key stakeholders in the diagnosis and management of hypertensive patients. Unfortunately, the working conditions of nurses predispose them to stress, long hours of work, shift duties and unhealthy diets, which are drivers of hypertension. Yet nurses are often overlooked in health screening exercises, primarily because they are assumed to be informed and 'healthy'. Read More

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November 2018

Prevalence and risk factors for brucellosis seropositivity in cattle in Nyagatare District, Eastern Province, Rwanda.

J S Afr Vet Assoc 2018 Dec 5;89(0):e1-e8. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Rwanda.

A survey involving 120 small-scale dairy farmers was carried out to assess risk factors associated with brucellosis in cattle from selected sectors of Nyagatare District, Rwanda. A sample of cattle from nine selected sectors of Nyagatare was tested for brucellosis using the Rose Bengal Test. Of the respondents, 57. Read More

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December 2018

Experimental Endometriosis: Review of the Literature Through a Century and the Iranian Experience.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):536-543. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Although endometriosis is not a newly discovered disease, it has still remained enigmatic. Understanding the pathophysiology of this disease is still one of the challenges of gynecology and reproductive medicine. Therefore, the subject of endometriosis treatment faces many questions to be answered. Read More

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November 2018

Potential mechanisms underlying the protective effects of salvianic acid A against atherosclerosis in vivo and vitro.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 5;109:945-956. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Pain Medicine Center, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang 050051, China. Electronic address:

Salvianic acid A (SAA) is an active water-soluble constituent derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge that is used extensively in the treatment of angiocardiopathy in China. However, few reports have investigated the therapeutic effect and the underlying mechanisms of SAA on atherosclerosis (AS). This study examines the protective mechanisms of SAA on AS in vivo and in vitro. Read More

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January 2019

Potential phytochemicals in the fight against skin cancer: Current landscape and future perspectives.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 12;109:1381-1393. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, SBA School of Science and Engineering, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), DHA, Lahore, Pakistan.

Skin cancer is a life threatening disease and their prevalence and risk has been increasing over the past three decades causing significant loss to human health worldwide. Mostly skin cancer has developed resistance against chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Therefore, development of novel, cost effective and efficient treatment methods are needed. Read More

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January 2019
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The relationship between coping style and Internet addiction among mainland Chinese students: A meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 31;270:831-841. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Special Education Department, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

The matter of whether different coping styles are correlated with increased Internet addiction or not remains a topic of debate. Most researchers have argued that Internet addiction is linked to low positive coping and high negative coping; however, others have rejected this opinion. Consequently, this meta-analysis examined the link between coping style and Internet addiction to address this controversy. Read More

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December 2018

Correlates of sleep irregularity in schizophrenia.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 25;270:705-714. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Circadian rhythm disruption, manifested as circadian misalignment, difficulty initiating sleep, and sleep-wake irregularity, is often left unrecognized in patients with schizophrenia. Studies have shown multiple adverse consequences of sleep irregularity, but limited data is available on schizophrenia. This is a secondary analysis of a case-control study of 66 schizophrenia patients with delayed sleep-wake phase (with or without meeting criteria for the disorder) and normal sleep-wake phase (mean age = 44. Read More

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December 2018

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

Authors:
Saijo Masayuki

Nihon Rinsho 2016 Dec;74(12):2003-2007

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), caused by infection with CCHF virus (CCHFV), is viral hemorrhagic fever with high case fatality rate. CCHFV is classified to Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Nairovirus. CCHF is endemic to Africa, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, central Asia, and southern Asia. Read More

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December 2016

Attitudes of Nephrology Nurses Toward Patient Exercise During Hemodialysis.

Nephrol Nurs J 2016 Jul-Aug;43(4):331-337

Senior Research Fellow at Eastern Health-Deakin University Nursing and Midwifery Research Centre, Victoria, Australia.

Exercise programs are rare in hemodialysis clinics. The study goals were to 1) explore nephrology nurses' attitudes toward exercise; 2) compare the attitudes between nephrology nurses who had been exposed and those who had not been exposed to an patient exercise program; and 3) measure the psychometric properties of a survey tool to measure nephrology nurses' attitudes toward intradialytic exercise. Nephrology nurse attitudes were positive toward patients' exercising; however, they did not believe it was their responsibility to conduct the exercise program. Read More

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December 2018

Leguminous Plants in the Indonesian Archipelago: Traditional Uses and Secondary Metabolites.

Nat Prod Commun 2017 Mar;12(3):461-472

Indonesia is one of the richest countries with respect to plants resources. People from various ethnic, language, and religious groups have used the plants. as alternative medicines, health foods and beverages for hundreds of years. Read More

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Increased incidence rate of hypothyroidism after iodine fortification in Denmark. A 20 year prospective population-based study.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Endocrinology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.

Objective: To monitor the impact of a cautious iodine fortification (IF) on the incidence of overt hypothyroidism in two sub-populations with different levels of preexisting iodine deficiency (ID).

Design: A 20 years (1997-2016) prospective population-based study identified all new cases of diagnosed overt biochemical hypothyroidism in two open cohorts: a Western cohort with moderate ID (n=309,434, January 1st, 1997) and an Eastern cohort with mild ID (n=224,535, January 1st, 1997). A diagnostic algorithm was applied to all thyroid function tests performed within the study areas and possible new cases were verified individually. Read More

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December 2018

Spatial distribution and source identification of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) on sedimentary microplastic in Hong Kong.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:418-426. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Electronic address:

The spatial distribution, composition and source of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) including polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorinated pesticides (OCPs) of the sedimentary microplastics (0.25-5 mm) in Hong Kong were investigated. The concentration of ΣPAHs ranged between 70. Read More

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December 2018
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Prognosis of renal cell carcinoma with bone metastases: Experience from a large cancer centre.

Eur J Cancer 2018 Dec 11;107:79-85. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cancer Medicine, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Paris-Sud University, Villejuif, France.

Background: Bone metastases (BMs) are associated with significant morbidity and shorter survival in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Our purpose was to identify prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) in RCC patients with BMs.

Methods: Data from patients with BMs from RCC treated at Gustave Roussy between April 1992 and March 2016 were retrospectively collected. Read More

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December 2018

The effects of unintentional and intentional process disturbances on tablet quality during long continuous manufacturing runs.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Pharmacy, Promis Centre, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:

Several kinds of process disturbances can occur during (continuous) tablet manufacturing, i.e. unintentional or intentional disturbances. Read More

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December 2018

Diversification of the genus Apogon (Lacepède, 1801) (Apogonidae: Perciformes) in the tropical eastern Pacific.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Laboratorio de Biología Acuática, Facultad de Biología, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Edificio "R" planta baja, Ciudad Universitaria, Morelia, Michoacán, 58030, México; Laboratorio Nacional de Análisis y Síntesis Ecológica para la Conservación de Recursos Genéticos de México, Escuela Nacional de Estudios Superiores, Unidad Morelia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 27-3 (Xangari), 58089, Morelia, Michoacán, México.

We examined the role of geographic barriers and historical processes on the diversification of Apogon species within the tropical eastern Pacific (TEP). Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences were used in Bayesian and Maximum likelihood analyses to generate a phylogenetic hypothesis for Apogon species. Bayesian inferences were used to date the cladogenetic events. Read More

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December 2018

Etiology and epidemiology of community-acquired pneumonia in adults requiring hospital admission: a prospective study in rural Central Philippines.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Virology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan980-8575; Collaborating Research Center for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, 9002 Research Drive, Filinvest Corporate City, Alabang, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines 1781.

Background: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among adults worldwide. However, the distribution of etiology of CAP varies from one country to another with limited data from rural areas.

Methods: A prospective hospital-based study on adult CAP was conducted in Leyte, Central Philippines from May 2010 to May 2012. Read More

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December 2018

Magnitude and correlates of postnatal care utilization among reproductive aged women in a rural district in eastern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study.

Midwifery 2018 Dec 4;70:22-30. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Postnatal care is critical to detect and manage postpartum complications in the early stages as well as to prevent potentially life-threatening health conditions that lead to maternal death. However, postnatal care utilization is persistently low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study is to assess the magnitude and correlates of postnatal care utilization among reproductiveaged women in Kersa district, in eastern Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018

A scoping review to map empirical evidence regarding key domains and questions in the clinical pathway of delirium in palliative care.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Palliative Care, Dept of Medicine, University of Ottawa; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Bruyère Continuing Care; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Bruyère Research Institute; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Ottawa Hospital Research Institute; Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Context: Based on the clinical care pathway of delirium in palliative care (PC), a published analytic framework (AF) formulated research questions in key domains and recommended a scoping review to identify evidence gaps.

Objectives: To produce a literature map for key domains of the published AF: screening; prognosis and diagnosis; management and the health-related outcomes.

Methods: A standard scoping review framework was used by an interdisciplinary study team of nurse and physician delirium researchers, an information specialist and review methodologists to conduct the review. Read More

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December 2018

West Nile virus epizootic in Germany, 2018.

Antiviral Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany; German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Hamburg-Luebeck-Borstel, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany. Electronic address:

The summer of 2018 in Germany was the second hottest and driest on record. These generally extremely favorable climatic conditions most likely triggered the further expansion and the efficient propagation of the zoonotic arthropod-borne West Nile virus in many Southern/Southeastern and even Central European countries. WNV infections were detected for the first time in resident wild and aviary birds, such as common blackbirds, northern goshawks and great grey owls in Eastern and Southeastern Germany. Read More

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December 2018

Modulation of vitamin D signaling by the pioneer factor CEBPA.

Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Medicine, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Eastern Finland, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:

The myeloid master regulator CCAAT enhancer-binding protein alpha (CEBPA) is known as a pioneer factor. In this study, we report the CEBPA cistrome of THP-1 human monocytes after stimulation with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) ligand 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)D) for 2, 8 and 24 h. About a third of the genomic VDR binding sites co-located with those of CEBPA. Read More

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December 2018
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Effects of Intimate Partner Violence and Home Environment on Child Language Development in the First 3 Years of Life.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.

Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) can adversely affect children's cognitive development, but links between IPV exposure and language development in the earliest years of life remain unknown. The present study examined the effects of IPV and the quality of the home environment on children's language development at age 3 years.

Methods: In a prospective, 5-panel, longitudinal study of 79 mother-child dyads assessed prenatally to age 3 years, we examined standardized measures of receptive and expressive language development at age 3 years. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prevention of anxiety and depression in school children: Effectiveness of the transdiagnostic EMOTION program.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway.

Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic program (EMOTION, Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression) targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in schoolchildren by comparing the intervention condition (EC) to a control condition (CC).

Method: A clustered randomized design was used with schools as the unit of randomization. Children ( = 1686) aged 8-12 years in 36 schools completed screening using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC-Child) and The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire Short version (SMFQ-Child). Read More

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December 2018

Molecule-Driven Nanoenergy Generator.

Small 2018 Dec 14:e1804146. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200093, China.

A large potential can be generated when one end of 1D and/or 2D semiconducting nanostructures such as zinc oxide (ZnO) and molybdenum disulfide is exposed to a wide spectrum of chemical molecules. A nanoenergy generator that comprises vertically aligned ZnO nanowires and poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl-co-2-hydroxypropyl acrylate) is fabricated, and it can generate electricity from various molecules including gaseous species exhaled from human breath. The generated voltage, which depends sensitively on the molecular dipole moment of adsorbed chemical species and surface coverage, is significantly larger than the streaming or piezoelectric potentials and is powerful enough to directly drive a single carbon nanotube field-effect transistor. Read More

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December 2018

Liver resection versus transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatic vein or inferior vena cava tumor thrombus: a propensity score matching analysis.

Hepatol Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Hepatic Surgery VI, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Because of the rarity of hepatic vein tumor thrombus (HVTT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, little is known about HVTT. Thus, the survival benefit of liver resection (LR) versus TACE for HCC patients with HVTT or inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (IVCTT) remains controversial. We aimed to explore the survival benefits of LR versus TACE for the treatment of these patients. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

To sit or not to sit? A systematic review and meta-analysis of seated exercise for older adults.

Australas J Ageing 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Eastern Health - Allied Health Clinical Research Office, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To determine the effect of seated exercise on impairment, activity and participation levels of older adults living with a health condition or impairment.

Methods: A systematic search of health databases combined concepts of seated exercise and controlled trials. Selected trials were appraised for quality and results synthesised by calculating standardised mean differences (SMD) and conducting meta-analyses where appropriate. Read More

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December 2018

Metabolic Profiling of High Egg Consumption and the Associated Lower Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Middle-Aged Finnish Men.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2018 Dec 12:e1800605. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

S. Noerman, Dr. O. Kärkkäinen, Prof. T. Nurmi, Prof. T.-P. Tuomainen, Prof. S. Voutilainen, Dr. K. Hanhineva, Dr. J. K. Virtanen, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Scope: Higher egg intake was previously associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the prospective, population-based Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) in eastern Finland. We explored potential compounds that could explain this association using non-targeted LC-MS-based metabolic profiling.

Methods And Results: We analyzed 239 baseline serum samples from the KIHD in 4 groups: subjects with higher (mean intake 1 egg/d) or lower (mean intake 2 eggs/wk) egg intake who developed T2D (cases) or remained heatlhy (controls) during the mean follow-up of 19. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of erythrocytapheresis on natural anticoagulant levels in children with sickle cell disease: A pilot study.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2018 Dec 13:e27588. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is being increasingly recognized in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). In a retrospective cohort study, we identified bilateral central venous catheter (CVC) placement as an independent risk factor for VTE. At our institution, the only indication for bilateral CVC placement in children with SCD is erythrocytapheresis. Read More

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December 2018

Novel GLI2 mutations identified in patients with Combined Pituitary Hormone Deficiency (CPHD): evidence for a pathogenic effect by functional characterization.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratory of Genetics, Department of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Piedmont, Novara, Italy.

Context: The Gli-family of zinc-finger transcription factors regulates the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signalling pathway that plays a key role in early pituitary and ventral forebrain development. Heterozygous GLI2 loss of function mutations in humans have been reported in holoprosencephaly (HPE), HPE-like phenotypes associated with pituitary anomalies and combined pituitary hormone deficiency with or without other extra pituitary findings.

Objective: The aim of this study was the search for GLI2 mutations in a cohort of Italian CPHD patients and the assessment of a pathogenic role for the identified variants through in vitro studies. Read More

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December 2018

Regional Pungency Degree in China and Its Correlation with Typical Climate Factors.

J Food Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Key Laboratory of Environment Correlative Dietology, Ministry of Education, China.

Chili is an indispensable condiment in Chinese dishes. Due to regional environmental and cultural differences, there are certain differences in the regional food spicy degree. This study analyzed the pungency degree of dishes in 21 regions of China and created a pungency degree map using experiments and statistics. Read More

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December 2018

Global patterns in excess body weight and the associated cancer burden.

CA Cancer J Clin 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Scientific Vice President, Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA.

The prevalence of excess body weight and the associated cancer burden have been rising over the past several decades globally. Between 1975 and 2016, the prevalence of excess body weight in adults-defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m -increased from nearly 21% in men and 24% in women to approximately 40% in both sexes. Notably, the prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m ) quadrupled in men, from 3% to 12%, and more than doubled in women, from 7% to 16%. Read More

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December 2018
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PI3K-AKT-FOXO1 pathway targeted by skeletal muscle microRNA to suppress proteolytic gene expression in response to carbohydrate intake during aerobic exercise.

Physiol Rep 2018 Dec;6(23):e13931

Military Nutrition Division, U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts.

Ingesting protein and carbohydrate together during aerobic exercise suppresses the expression of specific skeletal muscle microRNA and promotes muscle hypertrophy. Determining whether there are independent effects of carbohydrate and protein on microRNA will allow for a clearer understanding of the mechanistic role microRNA serve in regulating skeletal muscle protein synthetic and proteolytic responses to nutrition and exercise. This study determined skeletal muscle microRNA responses to aerobic exercise with or without carbohydrate, and recovery whey protein (WP). Read More

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December 2018

Environmental Conditions Affecting Re-release from Particulate Matter of 4-Nonylphenol into an Aqueous Medium.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of Redlands, 1200 E. Colton Ave., Redlands, CA 92373, USA.

4-Nonylphenol (4-NP) is a persistent organic pollutant with endocrine disrupting properties. This non-polar product of microbial degradation derived from the surfactant nonylphenol polyethoxylate (NPE), 4-NP is capable of long range transport attached to particulates. Bioactive concentrations of 4-NP have been found in the surface water, soils, snow and particulate matter of the Eastern Sierra Nevada Mountains (SNM), hundreds of miles from its origins. Read More

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December 2018

The oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome: Further clinical characterization and additional evidence suggesting a nontraditional mode of inheritance.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Centre de Génétique et Centre de Référence Anomalies du Développement et Syndromes Malformatifs de l'Interrégion Est, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon, Dijon, France.

The oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome (OAFNS) is a rare disorder characterized by the association of frontonasal dysplasia (widely spaced eyes, facial cleft, and nose abnormalities) and oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS)-associated features, such as preauricular ear tags, ear dysplasia, mandibular asymmetry, epibulbar dermoids, eyelid coloboma, and costovertebral anomalies. The etiology is unknown so far. This work aimed to identify molecular bases for the OAFNS. Read More

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December 2018

Using the behavior change wheel to identify barriers to and potential solutions for primary care clinical guideline use in four provinces in South Africa.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 14;18(1):965. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18A, 17177, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Clinical practice guidelines risk having little impact on healthcare if not effectively implemented. Theory informed, targeted implementation may maximise their impact. Our study explored barriers to and facilitators of guideline implementation and use by South African primary care nurses and allied healthcare workers in four provinces in South Africa. Read More

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December 2018

Balancing different expectations in ethically difficult situations while providing community home health care services: a focused ethnographic approach.

BMC Geriatr 2018 Dec 14;18(1):312. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Faculty for Health and Social Sciences, University in South-Eastern Norway, Post box 235, 3603, Kongsberg, Norway.

Background: The general opinion in society is that everyone has the right to live in their own home as long as possible. Provision of community home health care services is therefore increasingly common. Healthcare personnel encounter ethically difficult situations when providing care, but few studies describe such situations in the context of community home health care services. Read More

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December 2018

Feeding behavior of Geoffroy's marmoset (Callithrix geoffroyi) in an Atlantic forest fragment of South-eastern Brazil.

Primates 2000 Jan;41(1):27-38

Department of Zoology, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270901, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

We report on the diet and feeding behaviour of a group of Geoffroy's marmosets (Callithrix geoffroyi) in an Atlantic forest fragment in south-eastern Brazil, studied during the period February 1993 to Januaray 1994. Major food categories were gums (68.6%) fruits (15%), and small animal prey (invertebrates 14. Read More

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January 2000