115,925 results match your criteria Eastern Equine Encephalitis
Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Neuroscience, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, room G03.124, 3484 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Objective: Complications following pediatric cranioplasty after craniectomy with either autologous bone flaps or cranial implants are reported to be common, particularly bone flap resorption. However, only sparse data are available regarding cranioplasty strategies, complications, and outcomes. This manuscript describes a Canadian-Dutch multicenter pediatric cohort study with autografts and cranial implant cranioplasties following craniectomies for a variety of indications. Read More
J Rheumatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
From the Division of Rheumatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore; Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina; Kezar Life Sciences, South San Francisco; Division of Immunology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California; Rheumatology Research, Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; Global Patient Outcomes and Real World Evidence, Eli Lilly and Co., Indianapolis, Indiana; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Dermatology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA; Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Medical Centre, Sydney, Australia; Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Bath; Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Musculoskeletal Statistics Unit: The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen; Department of Rheumatology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; Sorbonne Université; Rheumatology Department, Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France; VU Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Global Medical Affairs, Pfizer Inc., Montreal, Quebec; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute; Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, and School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa; Musculoskeletal Health and Outcomes Research, St. Michael's Hospital and Institute for Work and Health; Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto; University of Toronto; Krembil Research Institute; Psoriatic Arthritis Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Rheumatology, St. Vincent's University Hospital and Conway Institute for Biomolecular Research, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. AMO is a Jerome L. Greene Foundation Scholar and is supported in part by a research grant from the US National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases of the US National Institutes of Health under award number P30-AR070254 (Core B), a Rheumatology Research Foundation Scientist Development award, and a Staurulakis Family Discovery award. A.M. Orbai, MD, MHS, Division of Rheumatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; R. Holland, MB, ChB, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Medical Centre; Y.Y. Leung, MD, PhD, Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Singapore General Hospital; W. Tillett, BSc, MBChB, PhD, MRCP, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases; N. Goel, MD, Patient Research Partner, Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, and Kezar Life Sciences; R. Christensen, BSc, MSc, PhD, Professor of Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology, and Musculoskeletal Statistics Unit: The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, and Department of Rheumatology, Odense University Hospital; N. McHugh, MBChB, MD, FRCP, FRCPath, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases; L. Gossec, MD, PhD, Sorbonne Université, and Rheumatology Department, Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, AP-HP; M. de Wit, PhD, Patient Research Partner, VU Medical Centre; P. Højgaard, MD, The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital; L.C. Coates, MBChB, PhD, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford; P.J. Mease, MD, Rheumatology Research, Swedish Medical Center and University of Washington School of Medicine; J. Birt, PharmD, Global Patient Outcomes and Real World Evidence, and Eli Lilly and Co.; L. Fallon, PhD, Global Medical Affairs, Pfizer Inc.; O. FitzGerald, MD, FRCPI, FRCP(UK), Newman Clinical Research Professor, Department of Rheumatology, St. Vincent's University Hospital, and Conway Institute for Biomolecular Research, University College Dublin; A. Ogdie, MD, MSCE, University of Pennsylvania; B. Shea, PhD, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, and School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa; V. Strand, MD, Division of Immunology, Stanford University; K. Callis Duffin, MD, Department of Dermatology, University of Utah; P. Tugwell, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, and School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, and Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute; D. Beaton, BScOT, PhD, Musculoskeletal Health and Outcomes Research, St. Michael's Hospital and Institute for Work and Health, and Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, and the Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto; D.D. Gladman, MD, FRCPC, Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Senior Scientist, Krembil Research Institute, and Director, Psoriatic Arthritis Program, University Health Network. Address correspondence to Dr. A.M. Orbai, MD, MHS, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Rheumatology, Director Psoriatic Arthritis Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, 5200 Eastern Ave., MFL Center Tower Suite 4100, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA. E-mail: Accepted for publication November 6, 2018.
Objective: The Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (GRAPPA) and Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) psoriatic arthritis (PsA) working group is developing a Core Outcome Measurement Set for PsA clinical trials [randomized controlled trials (RCT) and longitudinal observational studies (LOS)] using the OMERACT Filter 2.1 instrument selection algorithm. Our objective was to assess the Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease questionnaire (PsAID12) for the measurement of the core domain PsA-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Read More
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Ma Liu Shui, Hong Kong
Background And Purpose: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), which predict future intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), may guide anticoagulant decisions for atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to evaluate the risk of warfarin-associated ICH in Chinese patients with AF with CMBs.
Methods: In this prospective, observational, multicentre study, we recruited Chinese patients with AF who were on or intended to start anticoagulation with warfarin from six hospitals in Hong Kong. Read More
Neurobiol Aging 2018 Nov 17;75:98-108. Epub 2018 Nov 17.
Institute of Biomedicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) increases the risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Human AD brains show reduced glucose metabolism as measured by [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-2-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). Here, we used 14-month-old wild-type (WT) and APP/PS1 (APP/PS1) transgenic mice to investigate how a single dose of intranasal insulin modulates brain glucose metabolism using FDG-PET and affects spatial learning and memory. Read More
Lancet Respir Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Background: Although the burden of influenza is often discussed in the context of historical pandemics and the threat of future pandemics, every year a substantial burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and other respiratory conditions (like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are attributable to seasonal influenza. The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017 is a systematic scientific effort to quantify the health loss associated with a comprehensive set of diseases and disabilities. In this Article, we focus on LRTIs that can be attributed to influenza. Read More
Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of cardiology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Objectives: We aimed to assess real-world clinical outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in Japan.
Background: Data are limited concerning procedural safety and valve performance following TAVR in Japanese. A program by an on-site proctor and procedure screening system was applied during TAVR introduction. Read More
Neuromuscul Disord 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
Roche Innovation Center, Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Grenzacherstrasse 124, CH-4070 Basel, Switzerland.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare genetic and progressively debilitating neuromuscular disease. It is the leading genetic cause of death among infants. In SMA, low levels of survival of motor neuron (SMN) protein lead to motor neuron death and muscle atrophy as the SMN protein is critical to motor neuron survival. Read More
J Hepatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200438, China. Electronic address:
J Safety Res 2018 Dec 28;67:45-56. Epub 2018 Sep 28.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, P.O. Box 40, FI-00032 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:
Introduction: Young workers are exposed to various occupational hazards, often with limited experience and skills. In this study, we investigated the effects of the Attitude to Work Program on the safety competencies of young workers. Based on the social cognitive theory, the intervention was developed to help young people adopt an active role in preventing occupational hazards and overcoming barriers to safe work. Read More
Carbohydr Polym 2019 Feb 10;206:539-547. Epub 2018 Nov 10.
Laboratory of Enzyme Chemistry, G.B. Elyakov Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Far-Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russian Federation. Electronic address:
The laminarans are neutral water-soluble β-D-glucans of brown algae possessing potent immunomodulating, radioprotective, and anticancer activities. The aim of the present study was to investigate in vitro anticancer, radioprotective, and radiosensitizing activities of laminaran from brown alga Dictyota dichotoma and its sulfated derivative. The native and sulfated laminarans by themselves at non-toxic doses possessed significant anticancer activity against melanoma cells. Read More
Eval Program Plann 2018 Dec 6;73:80-87. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The Johns Hopkins Center for Child & Community Health, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 5200 Eastern Avenue, Suite 4200, Mason F. Lord Building, Center Tower, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States.
Purpose: Explore factors affecting implementation of evidence based adolescent sexual/reproductive health programs, from the perspectives of program implementers.
Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 program implementers delivering six sexual/reproductive health programs in New Jersey. Programs were delivered among 2698 primarily African American and Hispanic adolescents in school and community-based settings. Read More
Epilepsy Res 2018 Nov 26;149:92-101. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
A.I. Virtanen Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
The Epilepsy Bioinformatics Study for Antiepileptogenic Therapy (EpiBioS4Rx) is an international, multicenter, multidisciplinary study aimed at preventing epileptogenesis (EpiBioS4Rx: https://epibios.loni.usc. Read More
Acta Biomater 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Urology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Eastern Institute of Urologic Reconstruction, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200233 Shanghai, China. Electronic address:
Cell-seeded scaffolds are a common route of cell transplantation for bladder repair and reconstruction. However, when cell suspensions are harvested, proteolytic enzymes often cause extracellular matrix damage and loss of intercellular junctions. To overcome this problem, we developed a bioengineered three-dimensional bladder patch comprising porous scaffolds and multilayered adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) sheets, and evaluated its feasibility for bladder regeneration in a rat model. Read More
J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Herbal Medicine Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, 34054, Korea; Department of Pathology, College of Korean Medicine, Sangji University, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, 26339, Korea. Electronic address:
Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Anthriscus sylvestris L. Hoffmann (AS) is a perennial plant that grows in Asia and Eastern Europe. Its dried root is used to treat conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, and cough. Read More
Glob Chang Biol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China.
It is critical to accurately estimate carbon (C) turnover time as it dominates the uncertainty in ecosystem C sinks and their response to future climate change. In the absence of direct observations of ecosystem C losses, C turnover times are commonly estimated under the steady-state assumption (SSA), which has been applied across a large range of temporal and spatial scales including many at which the validity of the assumption is likely to be violated. However the errors associated with improperly applying SSA to estimate C turnover time and its covariance with climate as well as ecosystem C sequestrations have yet to be fully quantified. Read More
J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Nursing Research and Practice Development, Ulster University, and South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust, Northern Ireland.
Aims And Objectives: To review published research into the staff and adult patient experience of person-centred practice in a 100% single-room environment in acute care.
Background: There has been a significant move towards the 100% single-room environment within healthcare systems. Furthermore, there has been a global move for developing person-centred practice in a range of healthcare settings. Read More
Sociol Health Illn 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Economics, University of Massachusetts, USA.
An unprecedented mortality crisis befell the former socialist countries between 1989 and 1995, representing one of the greatest demographic shocks of the period after the Second World War. While it is likely that country-level variation in the post-socialist mortality crisis in Eastern Europe can be explained by a constellation of political and socio-economic factors, no comprehensive review of the existing scholarly attempts at explaining these factors exists. We review 39 cross-national multi-variable peer reviewed studies of social determinants of mortality in post-socialist Europe in order to assess the social factors behind the post-socialist mortality crisis, determine the gaps in the existing literature and to make suggestions for future research. Read More
J Fish Biol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
A survey of the Kapisillit River system was conducted in 2005 and 2012 to study the only indigenous Atlantic salmon Salmo salar population in Greenland. Little is known about its characteristics or its relationship with other S. salar populations across the species range. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e025630. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
Introduction: Asthma exacerbations are a leading cause of paediatric hospitalisations. Corticosteroids are key in the treatment of asthma exacerbations. Most current corticosteroids treatment regimens for children admitted with asthma exacerbation consist of a 5-day course of prednisone or prednisolone. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023188. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Director Office, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.
Objective: To analyse the independent and combined associations of postlunch napping duration and night-time sleep duration with risk of cognitive impairment among Chinese elderly.
Design: A cross-sectional study.
Setting: We analysed the data from Zhejiang Ageing and Health Cohort, a population-based survey of seven counties located in Zhejiang province in eastern China. Read More
Appl Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of Maryland Eastern Shore Department of Agriculture, Princess Anne, MD.
Untreated biological soil amendments of animal origin (BSAAO), like manure, are commonly used to fertilize soils for growing fruit and vegetable crops, and can contain enteric bacterial foodborne pathogens. Little is known about the comparative longitudinal survival of pathogens in agricultural fields containing different types of BSAAO, and field data may be useful to determine intervals between manure application and harvest of produce intended for human consumption to minimize foodborne illness. This study generated 324 survival profiles from 12 different field trials at three different sites (UMES, PA, BARC) in the Mid-Atlantic U. Read More
Can J Diabetes 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.
Indigenous and Global Health Research Group, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:
Objectives: The Canadian Diabetes Risk Assessment Questionnaire (CANRISK) is a validated, evidence-based, self-administered tool to assess the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in multiethnic Canadian adults. Identifying individuals at high risk for type 2 diabetes allows early intervention that improves modifiable risk factors. This study examined the risk factors for type 2 diabetes in multiethnic urban youth in Edmonton, Alberta. Read More
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2018 Nov 22;10(1):e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Fort Hare.
Background: Nurses in primary health care settings are key stakeholders in the diagnosis and management of hypertensive patients. Unfortunately, the working conditions of nurses predispose them to stress, long hours of work, shift duties and unhealthy diets, which are drivers of hypertension. Yet nurses are often overlooked in health screening exercises, primarily because they are assumed to be informed and 'healthy'. Read More
J S Afr Vet Assoc 2018 Dec 5;89(0):e1-e8. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
School of Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Rwanda.
A survey involving 120 small-scale dairy farmers was carried out to assess risk factors associated with brucellosis in cattle from selected sectors of Nyagatare District, Rwanda. A sample of cattle from nine selected sectors of Nyagatare was tested for brucellosis using the Rose Bengal Test. Of the respondents, 57. Read More
Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):536-543. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
Although endometriosis is not a newly discovered disease, it has still remained enigmatic. Understanding the pathophysiology of this disease is still one of the challenges of gynecology and reproductive medicine. Therefore, the subject of endometriosis treatment faces many questions to be answered. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 5;109:945-956. Epub 2018 Nov 5.
Pain Medicine Center, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang 050051, China. Electronic address:
Salvianic acid A (SAA) is an active water-soluble constituent derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge that is used extensively in the treatment of angiocardiopathy in China. However, few reports have investigated the therapeutic effect and the underlying mechanisms of SAA on atherosclerosis (AS). This study examines the protective mechanisms of SAA on AS in vivo and in vitro. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 12;109:1381-1393. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, SBA School of Science and Engineering, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), DHA, Lahore, Pakistan.
Skin cancer is a life threatening disease and their prevalence and risk has been increasing over the past three decades causing significant loss to human health worldwide. Mostly skin cancer has developed resistance against chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Therefore, development of novel, cost effective and efficient treatment methods are needed. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 31;270:831-841. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Special Education Department, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
The matter of whether different coping styles are correlated with increased Internet addiction or not remains a topic of debate. Most researchers have argued that Internet addiction is linked to low positive coping and high negative coping; however, others have rejected this opinion. Consequently, this meta-analysis examined the link between coping style and Internet addiction to address this controversy. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 25;270:705-714. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Psychiatry, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China.
Circadian rhythm disruption, manifested as circadian misalignment, difficulty initiating sleep, and sleep-wake irregularity, is often left unrecognized in patients with schizophrenia. Studies have shown multiple adverse consequences of sleep irregularity, but limited data is available on schizophrenia. This is a secondary analysis of a case-control study of 66 schizophrenia patients with delayed sleep-wake phase (with or without meeting criteria for the disorder) and normal sleep-wake phase (mean age = 44. Read More
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Endocrinology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.
Objective: To monitor the impact of a cautious iodine fortification (IF) on the incidence of overt hypothyroidism in two sub-populations with different levels of preexisting iodine deficiency (ID).
Design: A 20 years (1997-2016) prospective population-based study identified all new cases of diagnosed overt biochemical hypothyroidism in two open cohorts: a Western cohort with moderate ID (n=309,434, January 1st, 1997) and an Eastern cohort with mild ID (n=224,535, January 1st, 1997). A diagnostic algorithm was applied to all thyroid function tests performed within the study areas and possible new cases were verified individually. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:418-426. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Electronic address:
The spatial distribution, composition and source of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) including polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorinated pesticides (OCPs) of the sedimentary microplastics (0.25-5 mm) in Hong Kong were investigated. The concentration of ΣPAHs ranged between 70. Read More
Eur J Cancer 2018 Dec 11;107:79-85. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Cancer Medicine, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Paris-Sud University, Villejuif, France.
Background: Bone metastases (BMs) are associated with significant morbidity and shorter survival in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Our purpose was to identify prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) in RCC patients with BMs.
Methods: Data from patients with BMs from RCC treated at Gustave Roussy between April 1992 and March 2016 were retrospectively collected. Read More
Eur J Pharm Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
School of Pharmacy, Promis Centre, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:
Several kinds of process disturbances can occur during (continuous) tablet manufacturing, i.e. unintentional or intentional disturbances. Read More
Mol Phylogenet Evol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Laboratorio de Biología Acuática, Facultad de Biología, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Edificio "R" planta baja, Ciudad Universitaria, Morelia, Michoacán, 58030, México; Laboratorio Nacional de Análisis y Síntesis Ecológica para la Conservación de Recursos Genéticos de México, Escuela Nacional de Estudios Superiores, Unidad Morelia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 27-3 (Xangari), 58089, Morelia, Michoacán, México.
We examined the role of geographic barriers and historical processes on the diversification of Apogon species within the tropical eastern Pacific (TEP). Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences were used in Bayesian and Maximum likelihood analyses to generate a phylogenetic hypothesis for Apogon species. Bayesian inferences were used to date the cladogenetic events. Read More
Int J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Virology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan980-8575; Collaborating Research Center for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, 9002 Research Drive, Filinvest Corporate City, Alabang, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines 1781.
Background: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among adults worldwide. However, the distribution of etiology of CAP varies from one country to another with limited data from rural areas.
Methods: A prospective hospital-based study on adult CAP was conducted in Leyte, Central Philippines from May 2010 to May 2012. Read More
Midwifery 2018 Dec 4;70:22-30. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:
Background: Postnatal care is critical to detect and manage postpartum complications in the early stages as well as to prevent potentially life-threatening health conditions that lead to maternal death. However, postnatal care utilization is persistently low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study is to assess the magnitude and correlates of postnatal care utilization among reproductiveaged women in Kersa district, in eastern Ethiopia. Read More
J Pain Symptom Manage 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Division of Palliative Care, Dept of Medicine, University of Ottawa; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Bruyère Continuing Care; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Bruyère Research Institute; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Ottawa Hospital Research Institute; Ottawa, ON, Canada.
Context: Based on the clinical care pathway of delirium in palliative care (PC), a published analytic framework (AF) formulated research questions in key domains and recommended a scoping review to identify evidence gaps.
Objectives: To produce a literature map for key domains of the published AF: screening; prognosis and diagnosis; management and the health-related outcomes.
Methods: A standard scoping review framework was used by an interdisciplinary study team of nurse and physician delirium researchers, an information specialist and review methodologists to conduct the review. Read More
Antiviral Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany; German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Hamburg-Luebeck-Borstel, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany. Electronic address:
The summer of 2018 in Germany was the second hottest and driest on record. These generally extremely favorable climatic conditions most likely triggered the further expansion and the efficient propagation of the zoonotic arthropod-borne West Nile virus in many Southern/Southeastern and even Central European countries. WNV infections were detected for the first time in resident wild and aviary birds, such as common blackbirds, northern goshawks and great grey owls in Eastern and Southeastern Germany. Read More
Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
School of Medicine, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Eastern Finland, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:
The myeloid master regulator CCAAT enhancer-binding protein alpha (CEBPA) is known as a pioneer factor. In this study, we report the CEBPA cistrome of THP-1 human monocytes after stimulation with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) ligand 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)D) for 2, 8 and 24 h. About a third of the genomic VDR binding sites co-located with those of CEBPA. Read More
J Dev Behav Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Pediatrics, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.
Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) can adversely affect children's cognitive development, but links between IPV exposure and language development in the earliest years of life remain unknown. The present study examined the effects of IPV and the quality of the home environment on children's language development at age 3 years.
Methods: In a prospective, 5-panel, longitudinal study of 79 mother-child dyads assessed prenatally to age 3 years, we examined standardized measures of receptive and expressive language development at age 3 years. Read More
J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway.
Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic program (EMOTION, Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression) targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in schoolchildren by comparing the intervention condition (EC) to a control condition (CC).
Method: A clustered randomized design was used with schools as the unit of randomization. Children ( = 1686) aged 8-12 years in 36 schools completed screening using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC-Child) and The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire Short version (SMFQ-Child). Read More
Small 2018 Dec 14:e1804146. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200093, China.
A large potential can be generated when one end of 1D and/or 2D semiconducting nanostructures such as zinc oxide (ZnO) and molybdenum disulfide is exposed to a wide spectrum of chemical molecules. A nanoenergy generator that comprises vertically aligned ZnO nanowires and poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl-co-2-hydroxypropyl acrylate) is fabricated, and it can generate electricity from various molecules including gaseous species exhaled from human breath. The generated voltage, which depends sensitively on the molecular dipole moment of adsorbed chemical species and surface coverage, is significantly larger than the streaming or piezoelectric potentials and is powerful enough to directly drive a single carbon nanotube field-effect transistor. Read More
Hepatol Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Hepatic Surgery VI, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
Background: Because of the rarity of hepatic vein tumor thrombus (HVTT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, little is known about HVTT. Thus, the survival benefit of liver resection (LR) versus TACE for HCC patients with HVTT or inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (IVCTT) remains controversial. We aimed to explore the survival benefits of LR versus TACE for the treatment of these patients. Read More
Australas J Ageing 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Eastern Health - Allied Health Clinical Research Office, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Objective: To determine the effect of seated exercise on impairment, activity and participation levels of older adults living with a health condition or impairment.
Methods: A systematic search of health databases combined concepts of seated exercise and controlled trials. Selected trials were appraised for quality and results synthesised by calculating standardised mean differences (SMD) and conducting meta-analyses where appropriate. Read More
Mol Nutr Food Res 2018 Dec 12:e1800605. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
S. Noerman, Dr. O. Kärkkäinen, Prof. T. Nurmi, Prof. T.-P. Tuomainen, Prof. S. Voutilainen, Dr. K. Hanhineva, Dr. J. K. Virtanen, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
Scope: Higher egg intake was previously associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the prospective, population-based Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) in eastern Finland. We explored potential compounds that could explain this association using non-targeted LC-MS-based metabolic profiling.
Methods And Results: We analyzed 239 baseline serum samples from the KIHD in 4 groups: subjects with higher (mean intake 1 egg/d) or lower (mean intake 2 eggs/wk) egg intake who developed T2D (cases) or remained heatlhy (controls) during the mean follow-up of 19. Read More
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2018 Dec 13:e27588. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is being increasingly recognized in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). In a retrospective cohort study, we identified bilateral central venous catheter (CVC) placement as an independent risk factor for VTE. At our institution, the only indication for bilateral CVC placement in children with SCD is erythrocytapheresis. Read More
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Laboratory of Genetics, Department of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Piedmont, Novara, Italy.
Context: The Gli-family of zinc-finger transcription factors regulates the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signalling pathway that plays a key role in early pituitary and ventral forebrain development. Heterozygous GLI2 loss of function mutations in humans have been reported in holoprosencephaly (HPE), HPE-like phenotypes associated with pituitary anomalies and combined pituitary hormone deficiency with or without other extra pituitary findings.
Objective: The aim of this study was the search for GLI2 mutations in a cohort of Italian CPHD patients and the assessment of a pathogenic role for the identified variants through in vitro studies. Read More
J Food Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Key Laboratory of Environment Correlative Dietology, Ministry of Education, China.
Chili is an indispensable condiment in Chinese dishes. Due to regional environmental and cultural differences, there are certain differences in the regional food spicy degree. This study analyzed the pungency degree of dishes in 21 regions of China and created a pungency degree map using experiments and statistics. Read More
CA Cancer J Clin 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Scientific Vice President, Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA.
The prevalence of excess body weight and the associated cancer burden have been rising over the past several decades globally. Between 1975 and 2016, the prevalence of excess body weight in adults-defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m -increased from nearly 21% in men and 24% in women to approximately 40% in both sexes. Notably, the prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m ) quadrupled in men, from 3% to 12%, and more than doubled in women, from 7% to 16%. Read More