257,318 results match your criteria East African Medical Journal [Journal]
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 8;219:557-566. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Biology Institute, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), 28789 East Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250103, Shandong Province, PR China; Key Laboratory for Drug Screening Technology of Shandong Academy of Sciences, 28789 East Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250103, Shandong Province, PR China. Electronic address:
α-Bisabolol, an unsaturated monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol, is a common ingredient in many pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). Despite being widely used, little is known about its toxic effects on organisms and aquatic environment. In this study, we investigated the developmental toxicity of α-Bisabolol, especially its effects on the cardiac development using zebrafish embryos as a model. Read More
Conscious Cogn 2018 Dec 11;67:77-85. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Psychology and Counselling, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:
We applied continuous flash suppression (CFS) during an interocular transfer paradigm to evaluate the importance of awareness and the contribution of early versus late visual structures in size recognition. Specifically, we tested if size judgements of a visible target could be influenced by a congruent or incongruent prime presented to the same or different eye. Without CFS, participants categorised a target as "small" or "large" more quickly when it was preceded by a congruent prime - regardless of whether the prime and target were presented to the same or different eye. Read More
J Mol Graph Model 2018 Dec 8;87:192-196. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
In the present work, we have studied a new allotrope of graphene, denoted as T-graphene (TG) flake as a versatile material in hydrogen storage. Recently, the metallic character of TG has been revealed. Our results show that the Li-decoration has a significant effect on the electronic properties of TG flake. Read More
J Psychiatr Res 2018 Dec 7;109:178-184. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 316 Physics Rd #262, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
During adolescence, peer approval becomes increasingly important and may be perceived as contingent upon appearance in girls. Concurrently, girls experience hormonal changes, including an increase in progesterone. Progesterone has been implicated in affiliative behavior but inconsistently associated with body image concerns. Read More
Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 27;54:71-77. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Columbia University Medical Center, 177 Fort Washington Ave, Milstein Hospital - 4 Hudson North, New York, NY 10032, United States of America.
Purpose: To report the effect of partial splenic embolization (PSE) on hematological indices and the procedure's safety in pre- and post-liver transplant (LT) patients.
Materials And Methods: A single-center retrospective study evaluating all patients who underwent PSE over a 16-year period was performed. Inclusion criteria were splenomegaly confirmed by imaging and at least one of the following cytopenias: hemoglobin ≤10 g/dL, WBC count ≤1500 μL, or platelet count ≤100,000 μL. Read More
Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Dec 7;126:734-742. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450000, PR China. Electronic address:
A porphyrin-based covalent organic framework (denoted as p-COF) was synthesized by a simple oil-bath method and exploited as a novel sensing layer for immobilizing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting aptamer strands to detect trace EGFR and living michigan cancer foundation-7 (MCF-7) cells for the first time. p-COF presented a nanosheet-like structure, large cavities, rich nitrogen-bearing groups, high electrochemical activity, excellent bioaffinity, low toxicity, and good stability in aqueous solution; the microstructural features of this material enabled strong immobilization of the aptamer strands. Interactions between the aptamer strands and EGFR significantly changed the electrochemical signals of the modified electrode due to the formation of an aptamer-EGFR complex. Read More
J Microbiol Methods 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China. Electronic address:
The yeast Starmerella bombicola is known to produce sophorolipids (SLs) by fermentation method. In the fermentative production of SLs, at least three phases i.e. Read More
Neurosci Lett 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada. Electronic address:
Testosterone exerts neuroprotective effects on the brain, but the mechanisms by which these effects are exerted appear to be different in males and females. While in females they involve local conversion to estradiol, in males they may be androgen receptor-dependent, or mediated through metabolism to neurosteroids such as 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol (3α-diol), which acts through different mechanisms than testosterone itself. Recently, we demonstrated that 3α-diol can protect neurons and neuronal-like cells against oxidative stress-induced neurotoxicity associated with prolonged phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Division of Public Health, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, and Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Background: The smoking prevalence among men in China is high, but the head and neck cancer incidence rates are low. This study's purpose was to investigate the impact of tobacco, betel quid, and alcohol on head and neck cancer risk in East Asia.
Methods: A multicenter case-control study (921 patients with head and neck cancer and 806 controls) in East Asia was conducted. Read More
New Phytol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
Plants mount coordinated immune responses to defend against pathogens. However, the cellular components required for plant immunity are not fully understood. The jasmonate-mimicking coronatine (COR) toxin produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. Read More
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2018 Nov 1;46(6):234-41. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Ph. D., Director of the Department of Psychiatry East of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile.
After defining that fundamental element of psychic life which is intentionality, based on original descriptions by Franz Brentano and Edmund Husserl, the authors try to show the way in which this phenomenon is respectively altered in schizophrenia and in depression. For understanding what occurs with respect to this in schizophrenia it is first necessary to focus on what Husserl calls “the consciousness of the interior or immanent time”. The current of consciousness is not a mere succession of “nows”, but of a process of dynamic self-organization, which begins to be developed as, for example, a lecture or a melody is heard. Read More
J Fish Biol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
A survey of the Kapisillit River system was conducted in 2005 and 2012 to study the only indigenous Atlantic salmon Salmo salar population in Greenland. Little is known about its characteristics or its relationship with other S. salar populations across the species range. Read More
Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Communication, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA.
Introduction As mounting evidence underscores the importance of both men and women taking steps before pregnancy to improve reproductive outcomes, public health priorities are shifting toward a more gender-inclusive program of promoting preconception health (PCH). This study examined whether prescriptive gender stereotypes, defined as men's and women's beliefs about PCH behavioral norms each gender should uphold, were positively associated with intentions to engage in behaviors to protect a future child's health. Methods Data came from a June 2017 online survey of 609 U. Read More
Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
Purpose: This project's purpose was to determine the effects of a home-based reflexology intervention on symptom-related use of health services and work-related productivity during the 11-week study.
Methods: A total of 256 patients were randomized to four weekly reflexology sessions (each lasting 30 min, delivered by lay caregivers who received two training sessions by a professional reflexologist) or attention control. The Conventional Health Service and Productivity Costs Form was used to collect information on health service utilization and out-of-pocket expenditure of symptom management. Read More
Virchows Arch 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Medical Mycology Research Center, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.
The renal cell carcinomas associated with Xp11 translocations (Xp11 translocation RCCs) harbor gene fusions involving TFE3, a member of the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MiTF) family. In the present study, we identified a novel partner of TFE3, Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1 (EWSR1), in an Xp11 translocation RCC. A 57-year-old Japanese woman without special disease history was referred to us for treatment of an RCC. Read More
Clin Neuroradiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Neurosurgery, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, 525 East 68th Street, 10065, New York, NY, USA.
Correction to:Clin Neuroradiol 2018 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00062-018-0709-x The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Read More
Spinal Cord 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Kids Rehab, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, NSW, Australia.
Study Design: Literature review.
Objectives: Globally map key paediatric spinal cord damage epidemiological measures and provide a framework for an ongoing repository of data.
Setting: Worldwide, initiative of ISCoS Prevention Committee. Read More
Nat Commun 2018 Dec 14;9(1):5310. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China.
Ring-closure and ring-expansion techniques are the two routes for extensive synthesis of cyclic polymers. Here, we report an alternative blocking-cyclization technique referred to as the third route to prepare cyclic polymers with regulated ring size and ring number by ring-opening metathesis polymerization of di- and monofunctional monomers in a one-pot process, where the polymer intermediates bearing two single-stranded blocks are efficiently cyclized by the cyclizing unit of propagated ladderphane to generate corresponding mono-, bis-, and tricyclic polymers, and the well-defined ladderphane structure plays a crucial role in forming the cyclic topology. Monocyclic polymer is further modified via Alder-ene reaction and the cyclic molecular topology is clearly demonstrated. Read More
Nat Commun 2018 Dec 14;9(1):5313. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
MSU-DOE Plant Research Lab, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
Defining convergent and divergent mechanisms underlying the biogenesis and function of endomembrane organelles is fundamentally important in cell biology. In all eukaryotes, the Trans-Golgi Network (TGN) is the hub where the exocytic and endocytic pathways converge. To gain knowledge in the mechanisms underlying TGN biogenesis and function, we characterized TGNap1, a protein encoded by a plant gene of unknown function conserved with metazoans. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e025230. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department for Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK.
Introduction: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a potentially devastating condition caused by compression of the cauda equina nerve roots. This can result in bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction plus lower limb weakness, numbness and pain. CES occurs infrequently, but has serious potential morbidity and medicolegal consequences. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e021443. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK.
Introduction: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects 0.7% of the general population, and up to 40% of people prescribed opioid substitution therapy (OST) in Scotland. In conventional care, less than 10% of OST users are tested for HCV and less than 25% of these initiate treatment. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e021057. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Centre for Primary Care, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
Objectives: Our research determined whether the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination Version III (ACE-III) Urdu eliminated cultural bias through a qualitative assessment of its understanding and acceptability within the British Urdu-speaking population, employing cognitive interviews.
Method: We aimed to recruit 25 participants fluent in speaking and writing Urdu, over the age of 60 years, able to give informed consent and who did not have a history of cognitive impairment. Participants were administered the ACE-III Urdu, and cognitive interviews were conducted, which involve obtaining verbal data on the individual's perception of the assessment overall, their understanding of the mental processes behind how they interpreted questions within the assessment and how they produced appropriate responses. Read More
Appl Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of Maryland Eastern Shore Department of Agriculture, Princess Anne, MD.
Untreated biological soil amendments of animal origin (BSAAO), like manure, are commonly used to fertilize soils for growing fruit and vegetable crops, and can contain enteric bacterial foodborne pathogens. Little is known about the comparative longitudinal survival of pathogens in agricultural fields containing different types of BSAAO, and field data may be useful to determine intervals between manure application and harvest of produce intended for human consumption to minimize foodborne illness. This study generated 324 survival profiles from 12 different field trials at three different sites (UMES, PA, BARC) in the Mid-Atlantic U. Read More
Genome Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden.
The evolutionary history of a gene helps predict its function and relationship to phenotypic traits. Although sequence conservation is commonly used to decipher gene function and assess medical relevance, methods for functional inference from comparative expression data are lacking. Here, we use RNA-seq across seven tissues from 17 mammalian species to show that expression evolution across mammals is accurately modeled by the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, a commonly proposed model of continuous trait evolution. Read More
Vaccine 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
VCS Pathology, VCS Foundation, 265 Faraday Street, Carlton South, Victoria 3053, Australia; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia. Electronic address:
Australia's transition to primary human papillomavirus (HPV) based cervical screening, has for the first time, provided a passive mechanism for monitoring the impact of vaccination on infection prevalence among women attending screening. We assessed oncogenic HPV prevalence by single year of age in the first 7 months of the program, using data collected from a large screening laboratory in Victoria, Australia, which is routinely screening using cobas 4800, cobas 6800 and Seegene assays. Among 116,052 primary screening samples from women aged 25-74, 9. Read More
Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
The Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, 500 Hofstra Blvd, Hempstead, NY 11549, USA; Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, 350 Community Dr, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA.; Department of Psychiatry, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, 500 Hofstra Blvd, Hempstead, NY 11549, USA.. Electronic address:
Introduction: Technology-delivered healthcare interventions may enhance dissemination of evidence-based treatments in low-resource areas. These interventions may be accessed 'on-demand,' including after hours. Patients with schizophrenia do engage with technological aids but when/how they would utilize these tools is not known. Read More
J Geriatr Oncol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Oncology, University and General Hospital, Udine, Italy; Department of Oncology, San Bortolo General Hospital, ULSS8 Berica - East District, Vicenza, Italy. Electronic address:
Objectives: Although gastric cancer (GC) incidence rises with age, older patients are poorly represented in clinical trials, whose results are therefore difficult to translate into standard management of older patients. Purpose of this study was to compare clinico-pathological features and survival outcomes between older and non-older patients with advanced GC treated with at least two chemotherapy lines.
Materials And Methods: Clinico-pathological characteristics, basal values, and treatment data of older (≥70 years at second-line start) and non-older patients were compared using chi-square test or 2-tailed Fisher exact test. Read More
J Sex Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Division of Urology, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, East Orange, NJ, USA. Electronic address:
Background: Removal of the penile prosthesis reservoir can be technically challenging because of its difficult locations either deep in the pelvis or high in the abdominal wall.
Aim: To describe a detailed surgical technique for reservoir removal through a penoscrotal approach.
Methods: We describe our preferred method for removal of prosthetic reservoir and present a retrospective review of patient outcomes after reservoir removal. Read More
Injury 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Division of Orthopaedics, Department of Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa; Countess of Chester Hospital, Chester, UK.
Introduction: The management of long bone lower limb fractures secondary to gunshot wounds (GSWs) in the civilian setting are complex and there is currently no consensus regarding the optimal approach to managing such fractures. This study aims to address the relationship of implant related sepsis in fractures secondary to GSWs.
Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed on both Pubmed and Scopus databases that look at fractures caused by GSWs in the lower limb. Read More
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2018 Oct - Dec;36-37:85-90. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Division of Esophageal and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. Electronic address:
Despite the rise in incidence of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell cancer of the oesophagus remains the commonest cell type worldwide and is predominant in the East. Except for very early tumours where endoscopic therapy can be performed with curative intent, in more advanced but potentially curative cancers, treatment for mid and upper third tumours is primarily surgery with extended lymphadenectomy, together with multimodal therapies such as preoperative chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. Definitive chemoradiotherapy is utilized in those who decline surgery or in those who are unfit for major procedures. Read More
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 13;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Sports Taekwondo, Graduate School of Physical Education, Kyung Hee University, Seocheon-dong 1, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea.
Family types in Asian countries are rapidly changing as the society is changing. Thus, in this study, we analyzed and compared how the newly evolving family types (multicultural/dual-income) affect adolescents' online game addiction, delinquency, and online gaming (eSports) participation motivation. Multiple regression analysis was performed to examine the causal relationships between the variables, and multivariate analysis of variance and analysis of variance were performed for comparative analyses. Read More
Nutrients 2018 Dec 13;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, School of Human Environmental Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.
Because supermarkets are a critical part of the community food environment, the purpose of this paper is to examine the association between accessibility to the supermarket where participants were surveyed, frequency of shopping at the supermarket, and self-reported and objectively-assessed fruit and vegetable consumption. Accessibility was assessed using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) measured distance and multiple versions of the modified Retail Food Environment Index (mRFEI), including a localized road network buffer version. Frequency of shopping was assessed using self-report. Read More
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 13;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Integrative Biology, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Ave, SCA 110, Tampa, FL 33620, USA.
Fecal pollution of recreational waters can cause scenic blight and pose a threat to public health, resulting in beach advisories and closures. Fecal indicator bacteria (total and fecal coliforms, , and enterococci), and alternative indicators of fecal pollution ( and bacteriophages) are routinely used in the assessment of sanitary quality of recreational waters. However, fecal indicator bacteria (FIB), and alternative indicators are found in the gastrointestinal tract of humans, and many other animals and therefore are considered general indicators of fecal pollution. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 28;109:2270-2277. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No.11 North 3rd Ring East Road, Chao-Yang District, Beijing, 100029, China. Electronic address:
With increasing air pollution, chronic bronchitis (CB) has become a major public health problem worldwide. Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of Bergenin (Ber) on chronic bronchitis. To facilitate understanding of the pathogenesis underlying CB as well as to elucidate the Ber therapeutic mechanism, it is crucial to confirm the rational biomarkers of CB and its treatment. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 9;270:947-953. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Michigan State University, 293 Farm Lane, East Lansing, MI 48824, United States.
Online social networking sites (SNSs), such as Facebook, provide frequent and copious social reinforcers (e.g., "likes") delivered at variable time intervals. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 30;270:845-851. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK. Electronic address:
The frequent association of depression with somatic symptoms suggests that body psychotherapy may be an appropriate therapeutic intervention for people with chronic depression. Using a subset of twenty-three participants from a randomized controlled trial that had demonstrated the effectiveness of such an intervention in reducing depressive symptoms, the present study investigated whether it may also impact aspects of construing which have been associated with depression. Patients presenting with chronic depression were randomly allocated to a treatment group or a waiting list group, which received body psychotherapy after a period on a waiting list. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 31;270:831-841. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Special Education Department, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
The matter of whether different coping styles are correlated with increased Internet addiction or not remains a topic of debate. Most researchers have argued that Internet addiction is linked to low positive coping and high negative coping; however, others have rejected this opinion. Consequently, this meta-analysis examined the link between coping style and Internet addiction to address this controversy. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1917-1924
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous gammaherpesvirus that is associated with a variety of malignancies. Chronic active virus infection (CAEBV) is an EBV-associated T or NK cell lymphoproliferative diseases that occur most often in children and young adults in East Asia. It is still not known why this ubiquitous virus causes CAEBV in certain individuals. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Dec;74(12):2003-2007
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), caused by infection with CCHF virus (CCHFV), is viral hemorrhagic fever with high case fatality rate. CCHFV is classified to Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Nairovirus. CCHF is endemic to Africa, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, central Asia, and southern Asia. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Dec;74(12):1973-1978
Nipah and Hendra virus were first identified in mid 1990s in Australia and Malaysia, caus- ing epidemics with high mortality rate in affected animals and humans. Since their first emer- gence, they continued to re-emerge in Australia and South East Asia almost every year. Nipah and Hendra virus were classified in the new genus Henipavirus because of their un- common features amongst Paramyxoviridae. Read More
Nihon Rinsho 2016 Dec;74(12):1967-1972
The human coronavirus (HCoV) contains HCoV-229E, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-OC43, HCoV- HKU1, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. HCoV-229E, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-HKU1 are pathogens of common cold. During 2002-2003, a new coronavirus, the SARS-CoV, was found to be the cause of an acute, severe frequently fatal respiratory disease with prominent systemic symptoms (severe acute respiratory syndrome). Read More
Pract Midwife 2017 May;20(5):27-29
Consider the impact on your pregnancy, birth and puerperium of living in a remote or rural area. A substantial minority of people in Scotland live in such areas, which has considerable implications for provision of health services and the staff at the front line of the profession. In the winter of 2011, Jo Lironi joined the team of midwives at Caithness General Hospital (CGH) in the North East Highlands of Scotland. Read More
Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi 2017 Mar;63(1):3-21
Dutch researcher Christiaan Eijkman realized that a form of Polyneuritis closely resembling Beriberi occurred among chickens that were fed with cooked, instead of raw rice. He found that the cause of this illness lay in the nutritional differences between rice that still had its bran layer, and polished white rice. He also found that this bran layer had a therapeutic effect. Read More
Nat Prod Commun 2016 Oct;11(10):1561-1564
In the present study, the physiological effects on 32 humans exposed to experimental stress provoked by inhalation of the essential oils of East Indian sandalwood (Santalum album L.), Western Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum R.Br. Read More
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Project Manager (India), Global Snakebite Initiative, East Coast Road, Mamallapuram, Chennai, India.
Snakebite is a serious problem in rural India where several highly venomous species are commonly found in and around agricultural areas where prey such as rodents and amphibians are abundant. Four snake species, referred to as the Big Four, are responsible for the most serious and fatal bites: spectacled cobra (Naja naja), Russell's viper (Daboia russelii), common krait (Bungarus caeruleus) and saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus). A polyvalent antivenom is made to treat these bites but public awareness and distribution of this life-saving drug is inadequate. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 2;271:484-501. Epub 2018 Dec 2.
Department of Clinical, Educational, and Health Psychology, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK; North East London Foundation Trust, London, UK.
Understanding variables predicting drop-out or unfavourable outcome following treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN) may help to improve upon intervention efforts. However, the current literature has demonstrated sparse and inconsistent significant findings. The current systematic review and meta-analysis summarised the evidence base examining baseline predictors of drop-out and outcome in AN treatment. Read More
Clin Imaging 2018 Dec 1;54:57-62. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 3208C Medical Sciences Building 1, B1D502, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5030, United States of America. Electronic address:
Introduction: Childhood pneumonia is a major cause of death in the 3rd world, and undernourishment increases the severity of the condition. We considered axillary thickness as a simple measurement to evaluate nutritional status that can be performed simultaneously with lung ultrasound. Our goal was to determine the distribution of axillary thickness in a cohort of children to determine a threshold for malnutrition. Read More
Mol Phylogenet Evol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
CAS Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 416, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China; Missouri Botanical Garden,4344 Shaw Blvd., St. Louis, Missouri 63110, U.S.A. Electronic address:
Arachniodes (Dryopteridaceae) is one of the most confusing and controversial fern genera in terms of its circumscription, nomenclature, and taxonomy. Estimates of species number range from 40 to 200. Previous molecular works included only 2-17 accessions representing 2-12 species of Arachniodes and allied genera, leaving most of the Asian species remain unsampled and the infragneric relationships unclear. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 28;657:498-508. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Sichuan Climate Centre, Chengdu 610071, China.
The alpine wetlands on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are ecosystems vulnerable to global climate change. It has been recognized that future climate change may have a significant impact on methane (CH) emissions from the plateau, while less attention has been paid to predicting temporal and spatial variations in CH emissions from TP natural wetlands. In this study, we used an integrated model framework based on the CH4MOD, TOPMODEL and TEM models to predict CH emissions from potential natural wetlands on the TP under IPCC AR5 scenarios from 2006 to 2100. Read More