4,190 results match your criteria Early Human Development[Journal]


Neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants in southern China: A multicenter study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 13;133:5-10. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Neonatology, The First People's Hospital of Hechi, Hechi, Guangxi, China.

Objective: To assess treatment outcomes and associated factors of extremely preterm infants (EPIs) in GuangXi, China.

Methods: This was a retrospective study consisting of 131 eligible cases with gestational age (GA) between 22 and 28 weeks, and infants were followed until 18-24 months. Data including clinical characteristics, perinatal factors and after-birth conditions were collected from the neonatal intensive care unit in 10 hospitals in Guangxi from January 1st 2010 until May 31st 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Does nuchal cord at birth increase the risk for cerebral palsy?

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 13;133:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Background: Nuchal cord is a common finding in pregnancy. It is unclear whether a nuchal cord at birth causes birth asphyxia and raises the risk for developing cerebral palsy of the offspring.

Aim: To evaluate the incidence of cerebral palsy in children born with and without nuchal cord. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Association of CYP19A1 single-nucleotide polymorphism with digit ratio (2D:4D) in a sample of men and women from Ningxia (China).

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 12;132:58-65. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

School of Basic Medicine, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia 750004, China; Key Laboratory of Fertility Preservation and Maintenance of the Ministry of Education, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia 750004, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: 2D:4D is an anthropometric indicator that may reflect the level of intrauterine sexual hormone exposure before birth. The aromatase gene (CYP19A1) mainly encodes cytochrome P450 aromatase, a key enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of androgens to estrogens in vivo and affects the development of 2D:4D. Studying the association between six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CYP19A1 and digit ratios in the normal population of China will provide some basis for the biological basis of digit ratio development and promote the practical application of digit ratios. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183068
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Non-invasive estimation of brain-volume in infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 12;132:52-57. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department for Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care Medicine, Klinik und Poliklinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Neurological development is determined by brain growth. Methods to measure total brain volume (TBV) in clinical settings are limited. MR-imaging represents the gold-standard. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.020DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Ethnography with children: Some considerations.

Authors:
Gillian M Martin

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, University of Malta, Malta. Electronic address:

This paper introduces the key methodological challenges related to working with children within an ethnographic research design. After briefly identifying in-depth contextually rich data as the key aim of any ethnographic research, some of the particular challenges related to working with children are explored. These are described along two key axes: ethical issues related to power dynamics loaded in favour of the adult researcher, and practical, logistical barriers to generating data that are a true reflection of the young child's ideas and beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.017DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Interpretative phenomenological analysis: Its attraction and relevance to the medical field.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

University of Malta, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

This paper describes the use of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) in qualitative research and its adaptability to medical research. Whilst presenting the main tenets of the approach, it also highlights its' strengths in helping medical professionals gain rich information about their service users' needs, symptoms and experiences, via research. It discusses the application of IPA on various levels such as by contextualising quantitative data or gaining insight into patients' understanding of clinical guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.012DOI Listing
April 2019
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A longitudinal study of antenatal and perinatal risk factors in early childhood cognition: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 8;132:45-51. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

School of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand; Centre for Longitudinal Research - He Ara ki Mua, University of Auckland, Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Background: Poor maternal health, disadvantageous exposures during pregnancy and unfavourable perinatal events are associated with adverse trajectories in offspring cognitive development.

Aim: To examine longitudinal associations between antenatal maternal, perinatal and maternal health characteristics and children's early cognitive development across executive control, motor ability and receptive language domains.

Study Design, Subjects And Outcome Measures: Analyses comprised interview and observational data from 4587 children and their mothers enrolled in the longitudinal Growing Up in New Zealand cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Associations between gross motor skills and cognitive development in toddlers.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 6;132:39-44. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Early Start, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia; Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Background: The early years of life are critical for motor and cognitive development. A better understanding is needed on the associations between the control and development of motor and cognitive tasks.

Aim: This study aimed to examine the association between gross motor skills and cognitive development in toddlers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.04.005DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Are fetal mortality and a trend towards reduced birth weight of infants associated with climate changes in Japan?

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 6;132:37-38. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Juliane Marie Center for Children, Women and Reproduction, Rigshospitalet, Section 5712, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782193015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.04.003DOI Listing
April 2019
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WASP (write a scientific paper): The ongoing process of ethical decision-making in qualitative research: Ethical principles and their application to the research process.

Authors:
Lorleen Farrugia

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Malta, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

The nature of qualitative research is fundamentally different from quantitative research. In depth understanding and exploration of specific phenomena or their significance usually involve a data collection process with a select few participants with whom the researcher interacts over an extended period of time. The participants are not anonymous to the researcher and they also reveal personal information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.011DOI Listing

WASP (write a scientific paper): An introduction to set-theoretic methods and qualitative comparative analysis.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, Malta. Electronic address:

This paper provides an introduction to set-theoretic methods with respect to their application to research in the qualitative paradigm, as part of a series of papers on qualitative research being featured in Early Human Development. It discusses the philosophical assumptions underlying set-theoretic methods and the properties that make them well-suited for use in the analysis of qualitative data. It also takes a closer look at qualitative comparative analysis (QCA), a cross-case analysis method that has arguably been most widely applied among the set-theoretic methods and has also been gaining ground in the health field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.010DOI Listing

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Qualitative research and evidence based practice: implications and contributions.

Authors:
Marta Sant

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Psychology, c/o Room 215, Old Humanities Buildings, University of Malta, Msida MSD2080, Malta. Electronic address:

Qualitative methodologies are commonly used in the social sciences. This paper discusses how this type of research can enhance evidence-based practice in health care settings. Examples taken from qualitative studies are included in order to demonstrate how such research can be applied to medical settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.009DOI Listing

The effect of labor medications on normal newborn behavior in the first hour after birth: A prospective cohort study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 3;132:30-36. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Loma Linda University, School of Medicine, 11234 Anderson St, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Skin-to-skin contact after birth between mother and baby has immediate and long-term advantages. Widström's 9 Stages of Newborn Behavior offer an opportunity to evaluate a baby in the natural, expected and optimal habitat. Intrapartum drugs, including fentanyl administered via epidural and synthetic oxytocin (synOT), have been studied in relation to neonatal outcomes with conflicting results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.019DOI Listing
April 2019
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Proportionality at birth and left ventricular hypertrophy in healthy adolescents.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 3;132:24-29. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA; Vascular Biology Center, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Perinatal growth has important implications for cardiac development. Low birth weight is associated with cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality, and animal studies have shown that fetal growth restriction is associated with cardiac remodeling in the perinatal period leading to a permanent loss of cardiomyocyte endowment and compensatory hypertrophy.

Aims: To determine associations of birthweight (BW) and multiple proportionality indexes (body mass index (BMI); weight/length and Ponderal index (PI); weight/length) at birth on one hand, with left ventricular (LV) structure and function during adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.018DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads
1.931 Impact Factor

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Using correspondence analysis to investigate qualitative data elicited through photographs.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Mathematics, Faculty of Science, University of Malta, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Images can be helpful for eliciting data in the form of responses from participants. Sometimes photographs can help participants speak about issues, events, thoughts and emotions which they find difficult to talk about. This paper discusses how photos can be used and how the data collected through their use in a discussion can be analysed using Correspondence Analysis (CA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.013DOI Listing

WASP (write a scientific paper): Sampling in qualitative research.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, Malta. Electronic address:

This paper outlines key concepts and considerations pertaining to sampling in qualitative research as part of a series of articles on qualitative research methods aimed at a medical and health sciences audience with a predominantly quantitative background. Planning of the sampling approach, including within-case sampling, multiple-case sampling, sample size considerations and qualitative sampling strategies are addressed. Concepts specific to the qualitative paradigm, including the iterative approach and saturation are discussed and a framework for evaluating the rigour of qualitative sampling strategies is presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.016DOI Listing

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Collecting qualitative data using focus groups.

Authors:
Mary Anne Lauri

Early Hum Dev 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Psychology, Faculty for Social Wellbeing, University of Malta, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Qualitative data is important to understand certain phenomena. While quantitative data is important to understand the prevalence of attitudes and behaviour in psychosocial medical research, qualitative data can help understand and explain the reasons behind attitudes behaviour. One of the methods of collecting qualitative data is the focus group discussion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Discourse analysis.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Sociology, Faculty of Arts, University of Malta, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Discourse analysis enables the identification of what social actors say and do but also of what they represent in terms of values and motivation Such an analysis can also unearth ideological representations which legitimize the reproduction of social structures, irrespective of whether such representations reflect some objective reality or not. In their turn, such structures are contingent and incomplete, and are subject to changes. Discourse analysis examines their political and historical construction and functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.014DOI Listing
March 2019
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Nutritive and non-nutritive sucking patterns associated with pacifier use and bottle-feeding in full-term infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Mar 28;132:18-23. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Pathology, Graduate Program in Adult Health, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, MA 65080-805, Brazil.

Background: The current literature does not provide accurate information about the association between use of artificial nipples and sucking patterns in infants.

Aims: We aimed to investigate whether pacifier use and/or bottle-feeding were associated with nutritive sucking (NS) and non-nutritive sucking (NNS) patterns.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.007DOI Listing

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Qualitative versus quantitative analyses.

Authors:
Victor Grech

Early Hum Dev 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Academic Department of Paediatrics, Mater Dei Hospital, Malta. Electronic address:

Quantitative and qualitative analyses and research are conventionally regarded as fundamentally different techniques. However, their objectives and applications overlap, and the decision of which of the two methods to apply depends not only on the nature and volume of data that is to be collected, but also the actual type of data and the resources at hand. Indeed, the outright combination of the two methods is becoming increasingly common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.008DOI Listing

Postnatal N‑acetylcysteine does not provide neuroprotection in extremely low birth weight infants: A follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Mar 27;132:13-17. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Stenbäckinkatu 11, 00290 Helsinki, Finland; Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Lund University, Klinikgatan 12, 22185 Lund, Sweden, and Folkhälsan Research Center, Biomedicum, Haartmansgatan 8, 00014 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

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Development of a novel Periconceptual Nutrition Score (PENS) to examine the relationship between maternal dietary quality and fetal growth.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Mar 22;132:6-12. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

UCD Centre for Human Reproduction, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Cork Street, Dublin 8, Ireland.

Background: Maternal nutrition may influence intrauterine fetal development. To date, the relationship between contemporary European dietary guidelines and fetal growth has not been examined.

Aims: To develop a novel Periconceptual Nutrition Score (PENS) to assess maternal dietary quality in early pregnancy and examine its relationship with fetal growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Neurodevelopment medium-term outcome after parechovirus infection.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Mar 22;132:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Pediatrics and Infectious Diseases, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain; Fundación IdiPaz, Spain; Red de Investigación Traslacional en Infectología Pediátrica (RITIP), Spain; TEDDY Network, European Network of Excellence for Pediatric Clinical Research, Italy.

Aim: Human parechoviruses (HPeV) are responsible for fever without a source (FWS), sepsis-like illness and encephalitis in neonates and children under 3 months of age. Short-term outcome is generally good, but there is great concern about medium and long- term outcome of infants after HPeV infection. The aim of this study is to assess the medium-term outcome in infants following HPeV infection without encephalitis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Early cerebral and intestinal oxygenation in the risk assessment of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 11;131:75-80. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Beatrix Children's Hospital, Division of Neonatology, Hanzeplein 1, 9713 GZ Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background And Aim: Predicting necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) might help in preventing its devastating consequences. We aimed to investigate whether early cerebral and intestinal tissue oxygen saturation (rSO) and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) predict the onset of NEC.

Study Design: Prospective observational case-control study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Associations between preterm infant stress, epigenetic alteration, telomere length and neurodevelopmental outcomes: A systematic review.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 11;131:63-74. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, 231 Glenbrook Road, U-2026, Storrs, CT 06269, USA.

Background: Every year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm (<37 weeks' gestational age [GA]) globally. These preterm infants are exposed to repeated stressful and often painful procedures as part of routine life-saving care within the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Preterm birth continues to be a major health issue associated with increased risk of neurodevelopmental and behavioral disorders such as cerebral palsy, cognitive impairment, autism spectrum disorders and psychiatric disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.003DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Measuring for nonsynostotic head deformities in preterm infants during NICU management: A pilot study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 8;131:56-62. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Physical Therapy, Wichita State University, 213 N. Mead St, Wichita, KS 67202, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Research has focused on the presence of nonsynostotic head deformities (NHD: plagiocephaly, dolichocephaly, brachycephaly) in preterm infants at discharge and within the first year after discharge. However, there is limited data on NHD in preterm neonates during neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stay.

Aim: To acquire quantitative data on head shapes among preterm neonates during NICU hospital stay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.03.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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The digit ratio (2D:4D) relationship with testosterone is moderated by physical training: Evidence of prenatal organizational influences on activational patterns of adult testosterone in physically-active women.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 8;131:51-55. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Hamlyn Centre, Imperial College, UK; University of Canberra - Research Institute for Sport and Exercise, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia; School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, UK.

Background: The 2nd to 4th digit ratio (2D:4D) is regarded as a sexually dimorphic trait governed by prenatal testosterone (T) and estradiol exposure. However, relationships between the 2D:4D and adult sex hormone concentrations are inconsistent in females. Environmental contingencies (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.008DOI Listing

The 2nd to 4th digit length ratio (2D:4D) among children of Seveso women exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 5;131:45-50. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Center for Environmental Research & Children's Health (CERCH), School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) during sensitive developmental windows, such as in utero, may influence disease later in life but direct measurement of fetal hormones is not feasible. The ratio of the length of the second finger digit to the fourth digit (2D:4D), a sexually dimorphic trait, is a biomarker of androgen levels and the androgen/estrogen balance in utero. However, it is unclear whether in utero EDC exposure might alter 2D:4D ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435417PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Changes in total serum bilirubin during phototherapy in late preterm and term infants with non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinemia.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 2;131:41-44. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Background: There is no standardized method for total serum bilirubin (TSB) monitoring during phototherapy for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and national guidelines give heterogeneous indications.

Aim: To assess the hypothesis that TSB values do not exceed exsanguino-transfusion (EXT) threshold during phototherapy and that it is possible to decrease its monitoring frequency in jaundiced infants.

Study Design: We carried out a prospective observational study in which changes in TSB during phototherapy for non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinemia were recorded in a cohort of late preterm and term infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.007DOI Listing

Effect of a surveillance system for decreasing neonatal nosocomial infections.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 28;131:36-40. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Valencia, Spain.

Background: Nosocomial infection in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants is a common complication with high morbimortality. New strategies to reduce its occurrence have recently led to the development of neonatal surveillance programs.

Aims: To determine whether the NeoKissEs surveillance system implementation in our neonatal unit has been associated with a decrease in nosocomial infection in VLBW infants, as well as a reduction in the use of antibiotics and central venous catheters (CVC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Postnatal nutritional deficit is an independent predictor of bronchopulmonary dysplasia among extremely premature infants born at or less than 28 weeks gestation.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 27;131:29-35. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; The Ritchie Centre, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the relationship between growth, nutritional and fluid intake in the first month of life and the likelihood of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Design & Settings: This is a retrospective case-control study conducted in a tertiary perinatal centre between January 2011 and December 2013.

Patients: Thirty-three preterm infants without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) were identified and matched with those with BPD, based on period of birth within a cohort of infants with a birth weight of ≤1000 g and gestational age ≤28 weeks that were admitted to the unit during the study period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.005DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads
1.931 Impact Factor

Visual assessment in Down Syndrome: The relevance of early visual functions.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 26;131:21-28. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Developmental Neuroscience, IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation, Pisa, Italy.

Background: Children with Down Syndrome (DS) have a high prevalence of ocular disorders, and even when ophthalmological deficits (i.e. refractive errors or strabismus) are corrected, visual acuity seems to have a different developmental trend compared to typical children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.020DOI Listing
April 2019
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The acute effects of physiotherapy on general movement patterns in preterm infants: A single-blind study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 21;131:15-20. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Hacettepe University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Department, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: The General Movement Assessment (GMA) is a video analysis method developed by Heinz Prechtl that examines the infant's spontaneous movements. In recent years, although many studies have been performed in preterm infants by applying GMA, few studies have shown the effects of early intervention on GMA.

Aims: Current study was planned to determine the acute effects of a single-session early physiotherapy approach on preterm infants' general spontaneous movements, and to reveal the change in Motor Optimality Scale (MOS) score including FMs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Write a Scientific Paper (WASP): Miscellaneous practical and material aspects - part 2.

Authors:
Grech Victor

Early Hum Dev 2019 02;129:79-80

University of Malta and Consultant Paediatric Cardiologist, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida Malta. Electronic address:

This WASP (Write a Scientific Paper) Best Practice Guidelines (BPG) will wrap up all of the aspects pertaining to qualitative analyses as well as some more theoretical aspects of paper writing. These include types of studies and their importance in the hierarchy of evidence base as practiced in medicine. In addition, two papers review very practical aspects of paper writing including which journals to target (and why), and realistic methods for dealing with editors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

The value of delta neutrophil index in neonatal sepsis diagnosis, follow-up and mortality prediction.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 13;131:6-9. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Health Sciences, Etlik Zubeyde Hanim Women's Health Teaching and Research Hospital, 06010, Ankara, Turkey; Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Yildirim Beyazit University, 06800, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The complete blood cell count (CBC) and peripheral blood smear were the most commonly ordered tests for the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. Delta neutrophil index (DNI) shows leucocyte differentiation and calculated while CBC is performed.

Aims: We aimed to evaluate the value of DNI in neonatal sepsis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.003DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Patent ductus arteriosus and small for gestational age infants: Treatment approaches and outcomes.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 13;131:10-14. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Stollery Children's Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: The current treatment approach in patent ductus arteriosus suggests the identification of high-risk infants that may benefit the most from treatment. Small for gestational age infants are a high-risk population in which the treatment approach to the patent ductus arteriosus and outcomes have not been described.

Aim: To compare the patent ductus arteriosus treatment approach and outcomes in small for gestational age and appropriate for gestational age infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.002DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Combined predictors of neurodevelopment in very low birth weight preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 8;130:109-115. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

School of Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, San Martin de Porres, Lima 15102, Peru; Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Alexander von Humboldt", Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, San Martin de Porres, Lima 15102, Peru; Center for Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the combined prognostic value of neurological examination, head circumference and cranial ultrasound for neurodevelopmental delay (NDD) in very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) preterm infants.

Methods: Prospective follow-up study. Preterm infants with VLWB were assessed for NDD using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning test at 24 months of corrected age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.019DOI Listing
March 2019
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Three-hourly feeding intervals are associated with faster advancement in very preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 04 2;131:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Division, CHOC Children's, Orange, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the effect of two-hourly (Q2H) vs. three-hourly (Q3H) feeding on time to achieve full enteral feeding, growth metrics and respiratory tolerance in very preterm infants with birth weight ≤ 1250 g.

Study Design: Retrospective study review of 18 months before and after a change in our feeding guideline from Q3H to Q2H feedings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435383PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Long-term neuropsychiatric morbidity in children exposed prenatally to preeclampsia.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 1;130:96-100. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 151, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Introduction: There are contradicting findings in the current literature regarding the association between in-utero exposure to preeclampsia and the long-term neuropsychiatric health of the offspring. The objective of this study is to assess whether prenatal exposure to preeclampsia increases the risk of long-term neuropsychiatric morbidity.

Methods: A retrospective population-based cohort study compared neuropsychiatric morbidity between singletons exposed and unexposed to preeclampsia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.016DOI Listing
March 2019
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The reliability and validity of Bayley-III cognitive scale in China's male and female children.

Early Hum Dev 2019 02 31;129:71-78. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Chaucer Building 4013, Burton Street, Nottingham NG1 4BU, UK.

Background: Since publication in 2006, the Bayley-III scale has been used widely in pediatric populations worldwide; however, there have been very few studies which examined the usefulness and the potential sex differences in a Chinese context.

Aims: To assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley-III cognitive scale, and detect possible sex differences in term children so as to provide evidence for clinical and research use in China.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: Of the 1589 children from 3 healthcare institutions that were initially recruited, a total of 1444 children were included in the final analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.017DOI Listing
February 2019
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Behavior problems and executive function impairments in preterm compared to full term preschoolers.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 29;130:87-95. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1265 Welch Road, MSOB X109, MC 5415, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Background: Children born preterm (PT) are at high risk for behavior problems and deficits in executive function (EF), a set of cognitive processes that guide goal-directed behaviors. Behavior differences have been found as early as 2 years in PT children; EF differences have been found in infancy. Whether behavior problems and EF deficits co-occur at young ages has not been fully investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.014DOI Listing

Predicting text reading skills at age 8 years in children born preterm and at term.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 29;130:80-86. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1265 Welch Road, Postal Code 5415, Stanford, CA 94305, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Children born preterm are at risk for developing reading difficulties and for decrements in other cognitive skills compared to children born at term.

Aims: To assess how domains of function, often negatively impacted by preterm birth, predict reading development in children born preterm and at term.

Study Design: Longitudinal descriptive cohort study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402954PMC
March 2019
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Perinatal risk factors for visuospatial attention and processing dysfunctions at 1 year of age in children born between 26 and 32 weeks.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 28;130:71-79. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus MC - Sophia Children's Hospital, PO Box 2060, 3000 CB Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Children born preterm are at risk of visuospatial attention orienting and processing dysfunctions, which can be quantified early in life using visually-guided eye movement responses.

Aims: To identify the prevalence and perinatal risk factors for visuospatial attention orienting and processing dysfunctions in children born preterm of 1 year of corrected age (CA).

Study Design: 123 children born between 26 and 33 weeks of gestation underwent a nonverbal visuospatial test at 1y CA, using an eye tracking-based paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.015DOI Listing

Cultural translation and adaptation of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale Thai version.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 28;130:65-70. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Research Center in Back, Neck, Other Joint Pain and Human Performance (BNOJPH), School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand. Electronic address:

Background: The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) is a widely used screening tool used to measure gross-motor maturation for clinical and research usage in various countries. A cross-cultural translation and adaptation process is essential to produce reliable and applicable translated assessment tools.

Aims: The purposes of this cross-sectional study were to obtain the Alberta Infant Motor Scale Thai version and to determine its reliability, validity, and applicability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.018DOI Listing
March 2019
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Relationship between cytokine profiles of cord blood and cord S100B levels in preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 02 23;129:65-70. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019
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The fetal electrocardiogram to detect the effects of betamethasone on fetal heart rate variability.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 22;130:57-64. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maxima Medical Center, Veldhoven, the Netherlands; Eindhoven MedTech Innovation Center (e/MTIC), Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

Background: Betamethasone is widely used to enhance fetal lung maturation in case of threatened preterm birth. Antenatal corticosteroids are known to reduce fetal heart rate variability (fHRV) in the days following administration. Since decreased fHRV is a marker for fetal distress, this transient decrease of fHRV can cause unnecessary medical intervention. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.011DOI Listing
March 2019
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Infants born to women with substance use: Exploring early neurobehavior with the Dubowitz neurological examination.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 21;130:51-56. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, PL 52, 20521 Turku, Finland. Electronic address:

Background: There is a special concern regarding substance using pregnant women due to the possible adverse effects on the infant. While the immediate effects of prenatal substance exposure are well known, the long-term data on the infants' neurodevelopment is inconclusive.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to assess early neurobehavior of infants of mothers with substance use using the Dubowitz examination and to follow their neuromotor development until one year of age. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183034
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.019DOI Listing
March 2019
11 Reads

Neonatal outcomes of antenatal corticosteroids in preterm multiple pregnancies compared to singletons.

Early Hum Dev 2019 03 18;130:44-50. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Departamento de Neonatología, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile.

Background: Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) during preterm labour reduce neonatal mortality and morbidity. Evidence on preterm multiple pregnancies is limited and contradictory.

Objective: Compare the effect of ACS on very low birth weight infant's (VLBW) mortality and morbidity among singleton and multiple pregnancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.008DOI Listing
March 2019
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Evaluation of Moro reflex with an objective method in late preterm and term infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 02 16;129:60-64. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read