4,157 results match your criteria Early Human Development[Journal]


Write a Scientific Paper (WASP): Miscellaneous practical and material aspects - part 2.

Authors:
Grech Victor

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb;129:79-80

University of Malta and Consultant Paediatric Cardiologist, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida Malta. Electronic address:

This WASP (Write a Scientific Paper) Best Practice Guidelines (BPG) will wrap up all of the aspects pertaining to qualitative analyses as well as some more theoretical aspects of paper writing. These include types of studies and their importance in the hierarchy of evidence base as practiced in medicine. In addition, two papers review very practical aspects of paper writing including which journals to target (and why), and realistic methods for dealing with editors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

The value of delta neutrophil index in neonatal sepsis diagnosis, follow-up and mortality prediction.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 13;131:6-9. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Health Sciences, Etlik Zubeyde Hanim Women's Health Teaching and Research Hospital, 06010, Ankara, Turkey; Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Yildirim Beyazit University, 06800, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The complete blood cell count (CBC) and peripheral blood smear were the most commonly ordered tests for the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. Delta neutrophil index (DNI) shows leucocyte differentiation and calculated while CBC is performed.

Aims: We aimed to evaluate the value of DNI in neonatal sepsis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Patent ductus arteriosus and small for gestational age infants: Treatment approaches and outcomes.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 13;131:10-14. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Stollery Children's Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: The current treatment approach in patent ductus arteriosus suggests the identification of high-risk infants that may benefit the most from treatment. Small for gestational age infants are a high-risk population in which the treatment approach to the patent ductus arteriosus and outcomes have not been described.

Aim: To compare the patent ductus arteriosus treatment approach and outcomes in small for gestational age and appropriate for gestational age infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Combined predictors of neurodevelopment in very low birth weight preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 8;130:109-115. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

School of Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, San Martin de Porres, Lima 15102, Peru; Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Alexander von Humboldt", Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, San Martin de Porres, Lima 15102, Peru; Center for Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the combined prognostic value of neurological examination, head circumference and cranial ultrasound for neurodevelopmental delay (NDD) in very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) preterm infants.

Methods: Prospective follow-up study. Preterm infants with VLWB were assessed for NDD using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning test at 24 months of corrected age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.019DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Three-hourly feeding intervals are associated with faster advancement in very preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 2;131:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Division, CHOC Children's, Orange, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the effect of two-hourly (Q2H) vs. three-hourly (Q3H) feeding on time to achieve full enteral feeding, growth metrics and respiratory tolerance in very preterm infants with birth weight ≤ 1250 g.

Study Design: Retrospective study review of 18 months before and after a change in our feeding guideline from Q3H to Q2H feedings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.021DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Maternal glycemic control in diabetic pregnancies and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preschool aged children. A prospective cohort study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 1;130:101-108. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Long-term neuropsychiatric morbidity in children exposed prenatally to preeclampsia.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 31;130:96-100. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 151, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Introduction: There are contradicting findings in the current literature regarding the association between in-utero exposure to preeclampsia and the long-term neuropsychiatric health of the offspring. The objective of this study is to assess whether prenatal exposure to preeclampsia increases the risk of long-term neuropsychiatric morbidity.

Methods: A retrospective population-based cohort study compared neuropsychiatric morbidity between singletons exposed and unexposed to preeclampsia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.016DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The reliability and validity of Bayley-III cognitive scale in China's male and female children.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 31;129:71-78. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Chaucer Building 4013, Burton Street, Nottingham NG1 4BU, UK.

Background: Since publication in 2006, the Bayley-III scale has been used widely in pediatric populations worldwide; however, there have been very few studies which examined the usefulness and the potential sex differences in a Chinese context.

Aims: To assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley-III cognitive scale, and detect possible sex differences in term children so as to provide evidence for clinical and research use in China.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: Of the 1589 children from 3 healthcare institutions that were initially recruited, a total of 1444 children were included in the final analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.017DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Behavior problems and executive function impairments in preterm compared to full term preschoolers.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 29;130:87-95. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1265 Welch Road, MSOB X109, MC 5415, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Background: Children born preterm (PT) are at high risk for behavior problems and deficits in executive function (EF), a set of cognitive processes that guide goal-directed behaviors. Behavior differences have been found as early as 2 years in PT children; EF differences have been found in infancy. Whether behavior problems and EF deficits co-occur at young ages has not been fully investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019

Predicting text reading skills at age 8 years in children born preterm and at term.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 29;130:80-86. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1265 Welch Road, Postal Code 5415, Stanford, CA 94305, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Children born preterm are at risk for developing reading difficulties and for decrements in other cognitive skills compared to children born at term.

Aims: To assess how domains of function, often negatively impacted by preterm birth, predict reading development in children born preterm and at term.

Study Design: Longitudinal descriptive cohort study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Perinatal risk factors for visuospatial attention and processing dysfunctions at 1 year of age in children born between 26 and 32 weeks.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 28;130:71-79. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus MC - Sophia Children's Hospital, PO Box 2060, 3000 CB Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Children born preterm are at risk of visuospatial attention orienting and processing dysfunctions, which can be quantified early in life using visually-guided eye movement responses.

Aims: To identify the prevalence and perinatal risk factors for visuospatial attention orienting and processing dysfunctions in children born preterm of 1 year of corrected age (CA).

Study Design: 123 children born between 26 and 33 weeks of gestation underwent a nonverbal visuospatial test at 1y CA, using an eye tracking-based paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.015DOI Listing
January 2019

Cultural translation and adaptation of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale Thai version.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 28;130:65-70. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Research Center in Back, Neck, Other Joint Pain and Human Performance (BNOJPH), School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand. Electronic address:

Background: The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) is a widely used screening tool used to measure gross-motor maturation for clinical and research usage in various countries. A cross-cultural translation and adaptation process is essential to produce reliable and applicable translated assessment tools.

Aims: The purposes of this cross-sectional study were to obtain the Alberta Infant Motor Scale Thai version and to determine its reliability, validity, and applicability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019

Relationship between cytokine profiles of cord blood and cord S100B levels in preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 23;129:65-70. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019

The fetal electrocardiogram to detect the effects of betamethasone on fetal heart rate variability.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 21;130:57-64. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maxima Medical Center, Veldhoven, the Netherlands; Eindhoven MedTech Innovation Center (e/MTIC), Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

Background: Betamethasone is widely used to enhance fetal lung maturation in case of threatened preterm birth. Antenatal corticosteroids are known to reduce fetal heart rate variability (fHRV) in the days following administration. Since decreased fHRV is a marker for fetal distress, this transient decrease of fHRV can cause unnecessary medical intervention. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.011DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Infants born to women with substance use: Exploring early neurobehavior with the Dubowitz neurological examination.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 21;130:51-56. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, PL 52, 20521 Turku, Finland. Electronic address:

Background: There is a special concern regarding substance using pregnant women due to the possible adverse effects on the infant. While the immediate effects of prenatal substance exposure are well known, the long-term data on the infants' neurodevelopment is inconclusive.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to assess early neurobehavior of infants of mothers with substance use using the Dubowitz examination and to follow their neuromotor development until one year of age. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183034
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.019DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Neonatal outcomes of antenatal corticosteroids in preterm multiple pregnancies compared to singletons.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 18;130:44-50. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Departamento de Neonatología, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile.

Background: Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) during preterm labour reduce neonatal mortality and morbidity. Evidence on preterm multiple pregnancies is limited and contradictory.

Objective: Compare the effect of ACS on very low birth weight infant's (VLBW) mortality and morbidity among singleton and multiple pregnancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of Moro reflex with an objective method in late preterm and term infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 16;129:60-64. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants with intestinal failure at 12 and 26 months corrected age.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 16;130:38-43. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Group for Improvement of Intestinal Function and Treatment (GIFT), The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Survival rates of infants with intestinal failure (IF) are increasing, yet multiple medical factors may impact development.

Aims: This study examines neurodevelopmental outcomes at 12-15 and 26-32 months corrected age in a cohort of children with IF.

Study Design: Prospective single centre neurodevelopmental assessments of children admitted to an intestinal rehabilitation program between 2011 and 2013. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.020DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Blood pressure of 12-year-old children born after foetal growth restriction due to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy; relation to neonatal, life style, and family characteristics.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 16;130:33-37. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Introduction: Children born from pregnancies that were complicated by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP, i.e. pre-eclampsia or HELLP syndrome) are at risk for elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) in childhood. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Bioavailability of endotracheal epinephrine in an ovine model of neonatal resuscitation.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 15;130:27-32. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Pediatrics, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA, United States of America.

Background: Distressed infants in the delivery room and those that have completed postnatal transition are both resuscitated according to established neonatal resuscitation guidelines, often with endotracheal (ET) epinephrine at the same dose. We hypothesized that ET epinephrine would have higher bioavailability in a post-transitional compared to transitioning newborn model due to absence of fetal lung liquid and intra-cardiac shunts.

Methods: 15 term fetal (transitioning newborn) and 6 postnatal lambs were asphyxiated by umbilical cord and ET tube occlusion respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The associations between left-hand digit ratio (2D:4D) and puberty characteristics among Chinese girls.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 15;130:22-26. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, China. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of this study was to analyse the associations of left-hand digit ratio (2D:4D), digit length and puberty characteristics to show the role of prenatal hormones in development among Chinese girls.

Method: A total of 318 Chinese girls aged 8-15 years were recruited using a stratified cluster sampling method. The index finger (2D), ring finger (4D) of the left hand, oestradiol and testosterone were measured, and age at menarche (AAM), breast (high and low) and pubic hair (high and low) development were recorded. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Relations between mode of birth delivery and timing of developmental milestones and adiposity in preadolescence: A retrospective study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 12;129:52-59. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, United States of America; Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Cesarean delivery (CS) is an increasingly common mode of delivery comprising over 30% of all deliveries in the U.S. The long-term impact of this delivery mode on child development remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6382526PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Sustained inflations during delivery suite stabilisation in prematurely-born infants - A randomised trial.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 11;130:17-21. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

MRC & Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, Kings College London, London, United Kingdom; Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, United Kingdom; NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: Sustained inflations at initial stabilisation in the delivery suite may reduce the need for intubation and result in a shorter duration of initial ventilation, but have not been compared to routine UK practice.

Aims: To compare the early efficacy of sustained inflation during stabilisation after delivery to UK practice.

Study Design: A randomised trial was performed of a fifteen second sustained inflation compared to five inflations lasting 2 to 3 s, each intervention could be repeated once if no chest rise was apparent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Parents' presence and participation in medical rounds in 11 European neonatal units.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 10;130:10-16. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Department of Paediatrics, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Background: Parents' involvement during hospital care is beneficial for preterm infants and their parents. Although parents are encouraged to be present in many neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), little is known about their role during medical rounds.

Aims: To study parents' presence in the NICU, the degree of parents' participation during medical rounds, and to identify underlying factors for participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Spontaneous movements in the first four months of life: An accelerometric study in moderate and late preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Jan 10;130:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Moderate preterm infants (MPI) and late preterm infants (LPI) account for the majority of children born preterm. Up to 5% of MPI and LPI are estimated to manifest neurodevelopmental impairments. However, information about normal early motor development in these patients is lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Development of executive functions from childhood to adolescence in very preterm-born individuals - A longitudinal study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 11;129:45-51. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Division of Neuropediatrics, Development and Rehabilitation, Children's University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Switzerland.

Preterm-born individuals are at risk for poorer executive functions. Longitudinal studies investigating whether preterm-born individuals present persistent cognitive deficits, or a transient delay of development are scarce. We assessed developmental trajectories of executive functions (inhibition, working memory, cognitive flexibility) in 29 very preterm-born individuals (<32 weeks' gestation) and 25 term-born controls longitudinally over two time points, namely in childhood (7-12 years of age, TP1) and adolescence (13-16 years of age, TP2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.012DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

IVF procedures are not, but subfertility is associated with neurological condition of 9-year-old offspring.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 9;129:38-44. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Paediatrics, Division Developmental Neurology, Hanzeplein 1, Groningen 9713 GZ, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is not associated with neurological abnormalities in offspring's early childhood. Yet, it is unclear whether this is also true for school age. Neither do we know the role of parental subfertility in offspring's neurological development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.017DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Perinatal outcome and long-term pediatric morbidity of pregnancies with a fibroid uterus.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 9;129:33-37. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Background: Uterine fibroids are a common morbidity in women and its prevalence is increasing with age. As maternal age rises, fibroids become more prevalent during pregnancy.

Aim: To assess perinatal outcome and long-term health of children to mothers with uterine fibroids during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
1.931 Impact Factor

Maturational patterns in right ventricular strain mechanics from the fetus to the young infant.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 4;129:23-32. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Nebraska College of Medicine and Children's hospital and Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States of America.

Aim: To test the hypothesis that right ventricular (RV) function has age-specific patterns of development, we tracked the evolution of RV strain mechanics by 2D-speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) in healthy subjects from mid-gestation through one year of age.

Methods: We conducted a prospective longitudinal echocardiography study in 50 healthy subjects at five time periods across gestation (16-20 weeks, 21-25 weeks, 26-30 weeks, 31-35 weeks, and 36-40 weeks) and four time periods following delivery (1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year of age). We characterized RV function by measuring RV global and free wall longitudinal strain and systolic strain rate, and segmental longitudinal strain at the apical-, mid-, and basal- ventricular levels of the free wall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.015DOI Listing
February 2019
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Functional outcome at school age of preterm-born children treated with low-dose dexamethasone in infancy.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 29;129:16-22. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Beatrix Children's Hospital, Department of Neonatology, In-house Postcode: CA 51, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700, RB, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Surviving preterm born children, postnatally exposed to high doses of dexamethasone, show an increased risk of neurodevelopmental impairments. Regarding treatment with low doses of dexamethasone, no data exist on outcomes at school age.

Aim: To assess the functional outcome at school age of preterm-born children treated with low-dose dexamethasone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.016DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Visual perceptive skills account for very preterm children's mathematical difficulties in preschool.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 27;129:11-15. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Neonatology, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam & Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Emma Neuroscience Group at Emma Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Amsterdam Reproduction & Development, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Clinical Neuropsychology Section, de Boelelaan 1117, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Psychosocial Department, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Already in preschool, very preterm (VP) children perform worse than term born-children on preschool mathematical skills tests. Strong associations have been found between preschool mathematical skills, cognition and visual-motor integration.

Aims: To compare VP children and their term-born peers on preschool mathematical achievement at the corrected age of five years, and determine whether cognitive, visual-perceptive, visual-motor, and motor-coordination skills, account for any significant differences observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.018DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Letter to the Editor: Neuropathology of Sudden Unexpected Postnatal Collapse.

Early Hum Dev 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Institute of Pathology, Hospital of Rovereto (Trento), Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.011DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Neurodevelopmental outcome and adaptive behaviour in extremely low birth weight infants at 2 years of corrected age.

Early Hum Dev 2019 01 22;128:81-85. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

NICU Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Italy; University of Milan, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Italy. Electronic address:

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.013DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Gene expression profiling reveals differential patterns between microcystic congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and congenital lobar emphysema.

Early Hum Dev 2019 01 22;128:77-80. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Translational Medicine Center, Guangdong Women and Children Hospital, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), especially type-III, shares similar sonographic features with congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) in routine ultrasound scan. Thus, prenatal differentiation of CLE from a microcystic CCAM is challenging and difficult in practice. Discovery of molecular biomarkers has important clinical significance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.014DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Write a Scientific Paper (WASP): Interdisciplinarity as it may become - As visualized in science fiction.

Authors:
Victor Grech

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 20;129:100-102. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

University of Malta and Consultant Paediatric Cardiologist, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Interdisciplinarity, the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity, is generally encouraged, but there are many pitfalls in the path of the would-be interdisciplinarian. Science fiction, has repeatedly warned of indulgence in super-specialization. This paper will review the genre's depiction of some protagonists who have reified the interdisciplinary paradigm within science fiction, and some lessons that may be learned from these narratives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Write a Scientific Paper (WASP): Which journal to target and why?

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 20;129:90-92. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Publishing scholarly work is a requisite in academia. Identifying a suitable journal for a particular paper can be difficult. Authors need to initially establish whether they want to publish in a subscription-based or an open access journal, which requires a clear understanding of the pros and cons of both options as well as issues relating to copyright licences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Write a scientific paper (WASP): Editor's perspective of submissions and dealing with editors.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 19;129:93-95. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Once an author/s submits a manuscript to a journal, editorial and review processes are initiated which will determine acceptance or rejection of a manuscript. Understanding the editor's perspective and role enables authors to appreciate the factors that can ensure that the submitted manuscript meets the editor's expectations. This increases the chances that the manuscript passes the initial scrutiny and is forwarded for peer review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019
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Body composition and cognition in preschool-age children with congenital gastrointestinal anomalies.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 17;129:5-10. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States.

Background: Children with congenital gastrointestinal anomalies (CGIAs) experience multiple stressors while hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units during an essential time of growth and development. Early stress and inadequate nutrition are linked to altered growth patterns and later neurodevelopmental delays. In other at-risk populations, improved fat-free mass (FFM) accretion is associated with improved cognitive outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6382521PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Association between prenatal opioid exposure, neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome, and neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes at 5-8 months of age.

Early Hum Dev 2019 01 13;128:69-76. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States of America.

Background: While use of prescription opioids and medication assisted therapy (MAT) for opioid use disorder in pregnancy, as well as the incidence of neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS) continue to rise, little is known about outcomes for children with NOWS beyond the newborn period.

Methods: We examined 1) prenatal MAT exposure vs. unexposed healthy controls [HC]; and 2) treatment for NOWS and NOWS severity on infant neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes at 5-8 months of age in 78 maternal-infant pairs from the ENRICH prospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.10.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348117PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Write a Scientific Paper (WASP) - What can I publish [1]? Types of studies.

Authors:
Victor Grech

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 10;129:81-83. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Academic Department of Paediatrics, Mater Dei Hospital, Malta. Electronic address:

As an experienced writer, one is often asked the question "what can I publish" by younger and inexperienced colleagues who must publish. This paper will briefly review the reasons why academics publish and will then outline what kind of papers one may be able to publish with relative ease, using personal experience and citing first hand material as a practical guide. Potential authors must cultivate "a lean and hungry look" as competition from fellow writers is stiff, and editors are choosy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183072
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Write a Scientific Paper (WASP): Academic hoax and fraud.

Authors:
Victor Grech

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 11;129:87-89. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of Malta, Msida, Malta; Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Academics may deliberately hoax colleagues with false research, so as to forcibly and dramatically make a particular point. Moreover, false research may a process of deliberate and outright fraud. This paper will review a few examples as cautionary tales for academics and researchers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
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Write a Scientific Paper (WASP): Past and anticipated trends in cardiology service requirements at Mater Dei Hospital, Malta.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 10;129:103-105. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Mater Dei Hospital, Malta. Electronic address:

Introduction: The requirement for medical services fluctuates. This study was carried out in order to attempt to extrapolate the service requirements for various cardiology services at Mater Dei Hospital, Malta over the coming five years, based on service demands from previous years.

Methods: Past annual data was obtained from hospital records for various services (to 2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Audiovisual speech perception and language acquisition in preterm infants: A longitudinal study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 01 9;128:93-100. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Preterm infants have a higher risk of language delay throughout childhood. The ability to integrate audiovisual speech information is associated with language acquisition in term infants; however, the relation is still unclear in preterm infant.

Aim And Methods: This study longitudinally investigated visual preference for audiovisual congruent and incongruent speech during a preferential looking task using eye-tracking in preterm and term infants at 6, 12, and 18 months of corrected age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.11.001DOI Listing
January 2019
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Write a Scientific Paper (WASP): An overview of differences in styles between the sciences and the humanities.

Authors:
Victor Grech

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 9;129:96-99. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

University of Malta, Msida, Malta; Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Researchers who cross a discipline may experience culture shock at the different worlds of science and medicine. This paper outlines the differences in concepts and philosophies and in presentation styles. The acute difficulties when attempting to read or write works in different disciplines are also addressed, as well as the differences in perceptions and values when approaching written works in unfamiliar branches of academia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019
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Telomere length and salivary cortisol stress reactivity in very preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 7;129:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

0-3 Center for the at-Risk Infant, Scientific Institute IRCCS Eugenio Medea, via Don Luigi Monza 20, 23842 Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy.

During the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) stay, very preterm (VPT) infants are exposed to life-saving yet pain-inducing skin-breaking procedures (i.e., NICU pain-related stress) which contribute to the programming of hypo-responsive HPA axis development during the first months of life. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183053
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Digit ratio (2D:4D) moderates the change in handgrip strength on an aggressive stimulus: A study among Polish young adults.

Early Hum Dev 2019 01 6;128:62-68. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Anthropology, Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wroclaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Background: The ratio of the lengths of second finger (2D) to the fourth (4D) is a putative indicator of foetal hormonal exposure. The link between 2D:4D and physical strength or sports performance in not consistent. It was suggested that the association of 2D:4D with the sporting and physical ability is better demonstrated in the context of challenge and competition, either real or simulated. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.11.009DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Reliability and agreement of ages and stages questionnaires®: Results in late preterm and term-born infants at 24 and 48 months.

Early Hum Dev 2019 01 4;128:55-61. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

SCIAS, Hospital de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Aim: To evaluate the reliability of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ-3) 24 and 48 month intervals translated to Spanish by Brookes Publishing, and the agreement between both questionnaires, comparing late preterm (LPI) and term-born infants (terms).

Methods: Two cohort samples of healthy LPI and terms that were born in a private hospital in Barcelona, Spain. Internal consistency was analyzed by Cronbach's alpha scores and Pearson product- moment correlation between the domain scores and the overall score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.11.008DOI Listing
January 2019
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Write a Scientific Paper (WASP) - what can I publish (2)? Hierarchies of evidence.

Early Hum Dev 2019 Feb 8;129:84-86. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

University of Malta, Consultant Paediatric Cardiologist, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta. Electronic address:

Evidence-based published data is the prime source used for clinical decision making, the issuance of guidelines and the drafting new policies. A number of different study designs are used to perform and publish research studies, corresponding to the research question being investigated. Over the decades, a hierarchical system of evidence has been established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Behavioral problems are associated with cognitive and language scores in toddlers born extremely preterm.

Early Hum Dev 2019 01 4;128:48-54. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship of parent-reported child behaviors on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to cognition, language, and motor skills on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - III (Bayley-III) in toddlers born extremely preterm.

Study Design: Toddlers born extremely preterm (gestational ages 22 0/7 to 26 6/7 weeks) were tested at 22-26 months corrected age with Bayley-III while parents completed the CBCL. Socio-demographic variables and medical history were recorded. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03783782183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.11.007DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Associations of gestational age with child health and neurodevelopment among twins: A nationwide Japanese population-based study.

Early Hum Dev 2019 01 20;128:41-47. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Neonatology, Okayama Medical Center, National Hospital Organization, Okayama, Japan.

Background: The prevalence of multiple births has recently increased. However, the association between gestational age and long-term morbidity among twins remains unclear.

Aims: To examine the association of gestational age with child health and neurological development in early childhood among twins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.11.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read