8,819 results match your criteria Ear Reconstruction

Management of Ear Trauma.

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of California San Francisco - Fresno, Community Regional Medical Center, 215 North Fresno Street, Ste. 490, Fresno, CA 93701, USA. Electronic address:

Facial trauma remains a common reason for visits to the emergency department or urgent care facility. The ear remains susceptible to trauma given its delicate anatomy and position in the maxillofacial region. Understanding the anatomy and recognizing the circumstances regarding the mechanism of injury help dictate treatment. Read More

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Fabrication of 3D Models for Microtia Reconstruction Using Smartphone-Based Technology.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2021 Jun 10:34894211024051. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Baylor College of Medicine Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Texas Children's Hospital Department of Surgery, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective: Microtia reconstruction is technically challenging due to the intricate contours of the ear. It is common practice to use a two-dimensional tracing of the patient's normal ear as a template for the reconstruction of the affected side. Recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) surface scanning and printing have expanded the ability to create surgical models preoperatively. Read More

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A new method to determine the optimal orientation of Slim Modiolar cochlear implant electrode array insertion.

Ideggyogy Sz 2021 May;74(5-6):191-195

University of Szeged, Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, Szeged.

Background And Purpose: Our goal was to determine the optimal orientation of insertion of the Slim Modiolar electrode and develop an easy-to-use method to aid implantation surgery. In some instances, the electrode arrays cannot be inserted in their full length. This can lead to buckling, interscalar dislocation or tip fold-over. Read More

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Reconstruction of the external auditory canal: The tragal flap revisited and review of contemporary reconstructive techniques.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 May 31;42(6):103094. Epub 2021 May 31.

Thyroid, Head, and Neck Cancer (THANC) Foundation, 10 Union Square East, Suite 5B, New York, NY 10003, USA; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 10 Union Square East, Suite 5B, New York, NY 10003, USA.

Background: Primary malignancies arising in the external auditory canal (EAC) are rare and usually are treated surgically. We review techniques to reconstruct the EAC following ablative surgery, and introduce a rarely utilized tragal skin flap which has particular advantages for reconstruction of limited anterior EAC defects.

Methods: The terms "tragal flap", "external auditory canal", "preauricular tragal flap", "reconstructive techniques" were searched on PubMed and Google Scholar. Read More

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Management Strategy of Local Subcutaneous Effusion After Auricle Reconstruction.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Jun 7:1455613211022104. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Ear Reconstruction, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Thirty-three Badachu Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, China.

Objectives: Microtia is a severe congenital malformation of the external ear, and auricular reconstruction is still a challenge for plastic surgeons because of the complicated procedures and rare conditions. This study aimed to describe the location of subcutaneous effusion after auricular reconstruction and explore the clinical efficacy of the indwelling needle puncture drainage method in the treatment of local subcutaneous effusion.

Methods: From January 2017 to December 2019, 1240 patients (1296 affected sides) who underwent auricular reconstruction using autogenous cartilage framework in the Plastic Surgery Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College were selected. Read More

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Auricular reconstruction after Mohs micrographic surgery: analysis of 101 cases.

An Bras Dermatol 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Dermatology Service, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil; Postgraduate Program in Internal Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil; Private Practice, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Background: The ear is a region that has a high prevalence of cutaneous carcinomas and several guidelines indicate Mohs micrographic surgery as the first-choice treatment in such cases. Although the technique allows maximum preservation of healthy tissue, many auricular surgical wounds constitute a challenge due to the peculiar local anatomy, with evident curves and reliefs. Auricular reconstruction should prioritize function before aesthetics, but without leaving the latter aside, since postoperative distortions can have a significant psychological impact. Read More

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State of the art of clinical applications of Tissue Engineering in 2021.

Tissue Eng Part B Rev 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven, 60182, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Leuven, Belgium;

Tissue engineering (TE) was introduced almost 30 years ago as a potential technique for regenerating human tissues. However, despite promising laboratory findings, the complexity of the human body, scientific hurdles, and lack of persistent long-term funding still hamper its translation towards clinical applications. In this report, we compile an inventory of clinically applied TE medical products relevant to surgery. Read More

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Auricular reconstruction: where are we now? A critical literature review.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Institute of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Canterbury Christchurch University, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK.

Purpose: Deformities of the external ear can affect psychosocial well-being and hearing. Current gold-standard reconstructive treatment is autologous costal cartilage grafting despite the vast morbidity profile. Tissue engineering using stem cells and 3D printing can create patient-specific reconstructed auricles with superior cosmetic outcomes and reduced morbidity. Read More

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The history of nasal reconstruction.

David A Shaye

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, University Teaching Hospital of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda.

Purpose Of Review: Total nasal reconstruction is a unique plastic surgery challenge of the highest order. The history of nasal reconstruction dates back to ancient times and it remains a fundamental challenge today. This article reviews the historical context of nasal reconstruction, and highlights how the essential tenets of this art have been conserved over millennia. Read More

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Characterization of pain after tympanoplasty and tympanomastoidectomy and analysis of risk factors. A prospective cohort study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: To characterize postoperative pain after tympanoplasty and tympanomastoidectomy and correlate between pain severity and various technical aspects of the surgery.

Methods: We carried out a prospective cohort study of patients undergoing ear surgery in a tertiary referral center between 7/2018 and 7/2019. Patients filled in a pain questionnaire and scored pain intensity on a visual analog scale preoperatively and on postoperative days (POD) 1-4, 21, and 49. Read More

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Sarcoidosis of the ear, nose and throat: A review of the literature.

Clin Otolaryngol 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Charing Cross Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

Objectives: Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic inflammatory disease with extrathoracic manifestations, most commonly affecting the young and middle-aged, female and Black populations. Diagnosis usually requires evidence of non-caseating granulomata and, when treated, prognosis is usually favourable. We aim to establish the incidence, clinical features and optimal treatment of ENT manifestations of this disease. Read More

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Microsurgical Management of Early Onset Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma of the Oral Tongue: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2021 May 28:34894211021261. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Objectives: Alveolar soft part sarcoma is a rare subset of soft tissue sarcomas, typically presenting in subjects 15 to 35 years of age. Usual presentation sites are the trunk, extremities, and the head and neck. Subjects younger than 5 years are rarely affected. Read More

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Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia of the External Auditory Canal; Reconstruction of a Complex Defect.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 26:1455613211016721. Epub 2021 May 26.

42709Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud (FUCS), Hospital San José, Bogotá, Colombia.

Angiolymphoid hyperplasia (AH) was first described by Wells and Whimster in 1969 as a benign vasoproliferative pathology with a varied infiltrate of eosinophils, lymphocytes, and plasmatic cells. Clinical presentation has been described in the literature as small red-bluish nodules, less than 3 cm in diameter that can bleed in 25% of the cases and be pruritic and painful in 37% and 20% of the cases, respectively. Particularly, AH can appear in the ear; nevertheless, other regions have been affected, including the scalp, lips, tongue, orbit, muscle, and bone. Read More

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Modified Chondrocutaneous Flaps for Middle Helical Rim Defects.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 May 21;9(5):e3592. Epub 2021 May 21.

Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Neb.

This article describes a unique approach for reconstruction of large helical rim defects. By raising bilateral chondrocutaneous flaps of the helical rim while including a semicircular chondrocutaneous excision of the adjacent scapha and antihelix, large defects can be repaired with minimal loss to the overall external ear circumference. This is a technically simple and reliable method that has resulted in excellent cosmetic outcomes and minimal morbidity in our practice. Read More

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Harefuah 2021 May;160(5):316-322

The Ear and Hearing Center, A.R.M.-Advanced Otolaryngology Head and Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery, Assuta Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Introduction: Cholesteatoma is the most severe middle ear disease. In most cases cholesteatoma results from under-aeration of the middle ear cleft. It is characterized by otorrhea and hearing loss, and may lead to severe complications, intra- and extra-cranial. Read More

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A novel approach to earlobe reconstruction using the V to Y advancement flap.

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 May 19;50(1):32. Epub 2021 May 19.

Division of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, QEII Health Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, 3rd floor Dickson Building, 5820 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 1Y9, Canada.

Background: The V to Y advancement flap offers an excellent option for reconstructing defects of the lobule and adjacent structures of the external ear. We demonstrate its utility for small defects of the earlobe including those extending to the antitragal and conchal bowl regions. To our knowledge use of this technique for earlobe reconstruction has not been reported. Read More

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[THE function and morphology study of eustachian tube based on sonotubometry and multi-slice spiral CT in normal subjects].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;56(5):431-435

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China.

In order to assess ET more comprehensively, sonotubometry (STM)combined with CT images were applied to investigate the opening features of eustachian tube (ET) in normal subjects. STM was also used as a monitor training ET opening maneuver and optimizing CT scan parameters. Following ET opening training monitored by STM, STM data of ET opening duration and maximum sound pressure from 13 healthy volunteers (10 males and 3 females, 22 to 26 years old) were acquired using maneuvers of swallowing and Valsalva in standing and supine positions. Read More

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Rabbit as an animal model for the study of biological grafts in pelvic floor dysfunctions.

Sci Rep 2021 May 18;11(1):10545. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Carrer Sant Quintí, 89, 08041, Barcelona, Spain.

The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of the New Zealand White (NZW) rabbit for studying implanted biomaterials in pelvic reconstructive surgery; and to compare the occurrence of graft-related complications of a commercial polypropylene (PP) mesh and new developed human dermal matrix implanted at vaginal and abdominal level. 20 white female NZW rabbits were randomized into two groups, experimental group (human acellular dermal matrices-hADM-graft) and control group (commercial PP graft). In each animal, grafts were surgically implanted subcutaneously in the abdominal wall and in the vaginal submucosa layer for 180 days. Read More

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Precisely Closed Reduction of Nasal Bone Fracture Assisted With Plain Film Measurements Under the Picture Archiving and Communication System.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 18:1455613211012111. Epub 2021 May 18.

Concordia Middle School, Chia-Yi City.

Objectives: To prevent aesthetic and functional deformities, precisely closed reduction is crucial in the management of nasal fractures. Plain film radiography (PF), ultrasonography (USG), and computed tomography can help confirm the diagnosis and classification of fractures and assist in performing closed reduction. However, no study in the literature reports on precisely closed reduction assisted with PF measurements under the picture archiving and communication system (PACS). Read More

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Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor (IMT) of the Trachea Excised by Transtracheal Surgery: Case Report.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 19:1455613211014076. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, 12847Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Japan.

This report describes an extremely rare case of a primary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the trachea. The patient underwent surgical resection by a transtracheal approach and reconstruction with esophageal tracheoplasty. This case report highlights the rarity of such tumors and a minimally invasive and safe surgical technique for tumors around the central neck structures. Read More

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Genomic reconstruction of fossil and living microorganisms in ancient Siberian permafrost.

Microbiome 2021 05 17;9(1):110. Epub 2021 May 17.

Princeton University, B88, Guyot Hall, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA.

Background: Total DNA (intracellular, iDNA and extracellular, eDNA) from ancient permafrost records the mixed genetic repository of the past and present microbial populations through geological time. Given the exceptional preservation of eDNA under perennial frozen conditions, typical metagenomic sequencing of total DNA precludes the discrimination between fossil and living microorganisms in ancient cryogenic environments. DNA repair protocols were combined with high throughput sequencing (HTS) of separate iDNA and eDNA fraction to reconstruct metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) from ancient microbial DNA entrapped in Siberian coastal permafrost. Read More

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Reducing the risk of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea following translabyrinthine surgery of the posterior fossa.

World J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Apr 6;7(2):82-87. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery & Communication Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

Objective: To describe the procedure and results of an adapted closure and reconstruction technique for translabyrinthine surgery that focuses on identifying and managing potential pathways for CSF egress to the middle ear and Eustachian tube.

Methods: Retrospective review of a cohort of translabyrinthine acoustic neuroma cases that were reconstructed using this technique.

Results: In addition to meticulous packing of potential conduits using soft tissue, hydroxyapatite cement is used to seal opened air cell tracts prior to obliteration of the mastoid defect using adipose tissue. Read More

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Automatic Detection of Fiducial Landmarks Toward the Development of an Application for Digitizing the Locations of EEG Electrodes: Occipital Structure Sensor-Based Work.

Front Neurosci 2021 29;15:526257. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

The Clinical Hospital of Chengdu Brain Sciences, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

The reconstruction of electrophysiological sources within the brain is sensitive to the constructed head model, which depends on the positioning accuracy of anatomical landmarks known as fiducials. In this work, we propose an algorithm for the automatic detection of fiducial landmarks of EEG electrodes on the 3D human head model. Our proposal combines a dimensional reduction approach with a perspective projection from 3D to 2D object space; the eye and ear automatic detection in a 2D face image by two cascades of classifiers and geometric transformations to obtain 3D spatial coordinates of the landmarks and to generate the head coordinate system, This is accomplished by considering the characteristics of the scanner information. Read More

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Self-position awareness based presence and interaction in virtual reality.

Virtual Real 2020 Jun 31;24:255-262. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

The Schepens Eye Research Institute, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, USA.

The awareness of self-position, which refers to the location of our cyclopean eye, is essential to the experience of being immersed and for interacting with a virtual environment. Currently, individual variability in the cyclopean eye location is not considered when presenting virtual reality (VR) content. The effect of the cyclopean eye shift was analyzed with theoretical and experimental methods, and it was found that human vision is sensitive to the visual direction offset caused by the cyclopean eye shift. Read More

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Evaluation of respiratory system anomalies associated with microtia in a Chinese specialty clinic population.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jul 11;146:110762. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Auricular Reconstruction, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 100043, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Background: Microtia is a congenital malformation of the external ear often with one or more associated congenital anomalies. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics and prevalence of respiratory anomalies in patients with microtia, and clarify the importance of this association in the perioperative period of patients' external ear reconstruction surgery.

Methods: Data were collected from 923 microtia patients between August 2017 and December 2020 in the Department of Auricular Reconstruction at the Plastic Surgery Hospital of Peking Union Medical College. Read More

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Narrowing and Operated Appearance of the Middle Nasal Third after Hump Resection without Middle Vault Reconstruction.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jun;147(6):1310-1318

From Rhinology and Facial Plastic Surgery, Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen; and the Finesse Center for Facial Plastic Surgery.

Background: Little is known about the incidence of narrowing and an operated appearance of the dorsum after hump resections if the dorsum is not reconstructed with spreader grafts or spreader flaps.

Methods: Patients who had undergone a composite hump resection (n = 22) or a component hump resection (n = 25) were interviewed and photographed with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Four expert rhinoplasty surgeons and four laypersons rated the appearance of the middle third of the dorsum on the preoperative and postoperative en face photographs. Read More

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Single-stage repair of large full thickness lower eyelid defects using free tarsoconjunctival graft and transposition flap: experience and outcomes.

Orbit 2020 Dec 1:1-6. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Illinois Eye and Ear Infirmary, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

: Lid-sharing approaches are often advocated for repair of large full thickness lower eyelid defects, however result in temporary visual obstruction and the need for a second-stage procedure. The authors describe and report outcomes using a one-stage technique utilizing a free tarsoconjunctival graft (TCG) and musculocutaneous transposition flap (MCT) to repair defects up to 90% of the lower eyelid.: A retrospective chart review on patients that had undergone full thickness lower eyelid reconstruction using a TCG and MCT between the dates of 1/1/2015 to 3/1/2020 was performed. Read More

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December 2020

Effect of a boomerang-shaped Conchal cartilage graft for Type three Tympanoplasty on Hearing.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 30;25(2):e289-e295. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India.

 Chronic suppurative otitis media atticoantral disease (CSOM-AAD) is often associated with ossicular erosion resulting in significant hearing loss. Absence of the stapes suprastructure is a poor prognostic indicator of hearing outcome, which necessitates an effective reconstruction technique for ossicular continuity and restoration of middle ear volume. In the present study, we used a boomerang-shaped conchal cartilage graft. Read More

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[Mastoid cavity obliteration with allogenic and autologous material].

Laryngorhinootologie 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Klinik für Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde, Kopf- und Halschirurgie "Otto Körner", Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Rostock, Germany.

Introduction: Surgical obliteration is the treatment of choice for symptomatic mastoid cavities. Various methods and materials are available. Allogeneic material is easily available but can lead to wound infections due to rejection, granulation and inflammatory reactions. Read More

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Long-Term Quality of Life after Endoscopic Pituitary Adenoma Surgery with Nasoseptal Flap Reconstruction.

Rambam Maimonides Med J 2021 Apr 29;12(2). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Introduction: Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EETS) on the pituitary gland is considered safe and efficacious. The nasoseptal flap (NSF) is sometimes used to prevent or repair postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. Few investigators have quantified long-term quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes regarding sinonasal measures after EETS, with or without involvement of the NSF. Read More

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