220 results match your criteria EJOP: European Journal of Oncology Pharmacy [Journal]


"Dysrationalia" Among University Students: The Role of Cognitive Abilities, Different Aspects of Rational Thought and Self-Control in Explaining Epistemically Suspect Beliefs.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):159-175. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Split, Split, Croatia.

The aim of the study was to investigate the role that cognitive abilities, rational thinking abilities, cognitive styles and self-control play in explaining the endorsement of epistemically suspect beliefs among university students. A total of 159 students participated in the study. We found that different aspects of rational thought (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396694PMC
February 2019

Relating Rational and Experiential Thinking Styles With Trait Emotional Intelligence in Broader Personality Space.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):140-158. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

The usual distinction between rational and intuitive thinking styles is still a subject of scientific debate, as there is no consensus about their nature, mutual relations and relations to other personality constructs. Cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST) proposes rational and experiential thinking styles as original personality constructs not fully explainable by five-factor personality models. Following CEST, we aimed to examine: 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396701PMC
February 2019

Who Believes in ESP: Cognitive and Motivational Determinants of the Belief in Extra-Sensory Perception.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):120-139. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Media and Communications, Singidunum University, Belgrade, Serbia.

Many people believe in extra-sensory perception, e.g. the ability to communicate with thoughts, to sense future events or locate radiation with the help of a V-shaped piece of wood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1689DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396695PMC
February 2019

The Differential Effects of Good Luck Belief on Cognitive Performance in Boys and Girls.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):108-119. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Institute of Applied Psychology, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.

There is evidence that inducing a luck-related superstition leads to better performance on a variety of motor dexterity and cognitive tasks. However, some replication efforts have failed to succeed. At the same time, our previous findings suggest that the effect of good luck belief on cognitive performance interacts with gender. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396703PMC
February 2019

How (Ir)rational Is it to Believe in Contradictory Conspiracy Theories?

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):94-107. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

There is evidence that not only believing in one conspiracy theory (CT) makes a person more probable to believe in others, however unrelated their content is, but that people can even believe in contradictory CTs about a single event. After piloting locally relevant conspiracy theories on a convenient Serbian speaking sample (N = 152), we sought to replicate this finding on a larger sample (N = 252), but introduced several changes. We differentiated necessarily and probably mutually exclusive CTs, and interviewed the participants who answered contradictory to understand the reasoning behind it. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1690DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396697PMC
February 2019

Traumatic Rift: How Conspiracy Beliefs Undermine Cohesion After Societal Trauma?

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):82-93. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Faculty of Psychology and Education, University Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium.

Collective traumas may often lead to deep societal divides and internal conflicts. In this article, we propose that conspiracy theories emerging in response to victimizing events may play a key role in the breakdown of social cohesion. We performed a nationally representative survey in Poland (N = 965) two years after the Smoleńsk airplane crash in which the Polish president was killed, together with 95 political officials and high-ranking military officers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1699DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396693PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Conspiracy Mentality in Post-Conflict Societies: Relations With the Ethos of Conflict and Readiness for Reconciliation.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):59-81. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Hercegovina.

After almost 20 years since the end of the armed conflicts in former Yugoslavia, we are witnesses to the fact that the main causes of the conflicts have not been overcome. Reconciliation between ethnic groups that had been in conflict by means of economic and political cooperation, must have a psychological foundation. This study investigates the relations between Conspiracy Mentality, basic lexical social attitudes, and the factors important for Croatian-Serbian and Kosovo Albanian-Serbian reconciliation, i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1695DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396702PMC
February 2019

Refinement of Outcome Bias Measurement in the Parental Decision-Making Context.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):41-58. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Laboratory for Experimental Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

The aim of this study was twofold: one was to test the impact of the involvement on the parental outcome bias, and the second was to refine the measurement of outcome bias, normally reported as the difference between evaluations of a single decision, with different outcomes assigned to it. We introduced the evaluation of a decision without an outcome, to induce theoretically normative evaluation, unbiased by outcome, from which the evaluation shift could be calculated in either direction. To test this refinement in the parental decision-making context, we produced childcare dilemmas with varying levels of complexity, since the rise of complexity induces stronger bias. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1698DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396696PMC
February 2019

A Cue for Rational Reasoning: Introducing a Reference Point in Cognitive Reflection Tasks.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):25-40. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

The dual process framework posits that we reason using the quick System 1, and the deliberate System 2, both of which are part of our "adaptive toolbox". The Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) estimates which system was used to solve a reasoning problem. Usually, the CRT tasks are solved incorrectly by using System 1, and correctly through System 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1701DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396699PMC
February 2019

Individual Differences in Anchoring Effect: Evidence for the Role of Insufficient Adjustment.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):8-24. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Faculty for Special Education and Rehabilitation, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Although the anchoring effect is one of the most reliable results of experimental psychology, researchers have only recently begun to examine the role of individual differences in susceptibility to this cognitive bias. Yet, first correlational studies yielded inconsistent results, failing to identify any predictors that have a systematic effect on anchored decisions. The present research seeks to remedy methodological shortcomings of foregoing research by employing modified within-subject anchoring procedure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396698PMC
February 2019

Irrational Beliefs.

Eur J Psychol 2019 Feb 28;15(1):1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Institute of Psychology and Laboratory for the Study of Individual Differences, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Irrational beliefs are often used as an umbrella term that comprises a variety of psychological constructs: from specific cognitive biases to a wider class of epistemologically suspect beliefs (superstitions, paranormal and pseudoscientific beliefs, conspiracy theories etc.) or cognitive styles (analytical versus intuitive thinking), but also unsubstantiated self-related beliefs. This collection of papers illustrates this diversity well. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v15i1.1903DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396700PMC
February 2019

Improving Temporal Consistency of Preferences: The Influence of Mental Construal.

Authors:
Asli Elif Aydin

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):949-965. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Applied Sciences, Istanbul Bilgi University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Majority of the current literature on mental construal has focused on effects of varying construal levels on preference shifts whereas this research investigates the influence of mental construal on the change of preference consistency over time. Building on construal level theory, we propose that high-level construal, which creates abstract, and decontextualized mental representations, leads individuals to more consistent preferences than low-level construal, which creates concrete, and contextualized mental representations. Furthermore we examine the effect of having a matching versus non-matching construal level at two different evaluation instances, on achieving greater extents of consistency. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266530PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

The Role of Prevolitional Processes in Video Game Playing: A Test of the Model of Goal-Directed Behavior and the Extended Model of Goal-Directed Behavior.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):932-948. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, Košice, Slovakia.

The aim of the current study is to investigate the relationship between prevolitional processes and video game playing. Models of attitude, the model of goal-directed behavior (MGB) and the extended model of goal-directed behavior (EMGB) are tested with structural equation models to analyze the process that leads to video game playing. More specifically, the roles of affective, motivational, habitual processes in video game playing and the goal underlying video game playing are examined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266531PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Family Acculturation in Host and Immigrant Couples: Dyadic Research in an Italian Context.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):914-931. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Education Sciences, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

The purpose of this research is to study acculturation strategies and attitudes in central and peripheral domains of host and immigrant couples in an Italian context. The participants were 60 dyads (30 host couples and 30 immigrant couples) who completed a questionnaire based on the Relative Acculturation Extended Model (RAEM). Based on the analysis, we found that the general acculturation attitude preferred by immigrant couples is integration, and Italian couples prefer that immigrants adopt it. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1553DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266520PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

The Mediating Role of Self-Concept and Coping Strategies on the Relationship Between Attachment Styles and Perceived Stress.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):897-913. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to examine the role of attachment style, self-concept, and coping strategies, in order to explain the differences in perceived stress factors and stress symptoms, in a mediation model. Participants were 515 university students (302 female and 213 male) aged 17-28 years. The assessment instruments were: Social Comparison Scale, Ways of Coping Scale, Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-II, Brief Symptom Inventory and University Students Stress Factors Scale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266532PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The Prospective Association Between the Five Factor Personality Model With Health Behaviors and Health Behavior Clusters.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):880-896. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS, USA.

To examine the prospective association of personality with individual behavior, multibehavior and clustered health behavior profiles. A prospective study design was employed. Two hundred young adults provided baseline data and 126 (mean age: 21. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266523PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Differential Effects of Workaholism and Work Engagement on the Interference Between Life and Work Domains.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):863-879. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Educational Science & Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

This study analyzed the differences between workaholism and work engagement in relation to their influence on work-life interference. Workaholism is an addiction to work, characterized by obsessive attitude towards job, whereas work engagement concerns a positive pattern of thoughts and feelings about one's job; these two constructs thus represent pathological and healthy forms of heavy work investment, respectively. As a consequence, it was expected that workaholism and work engagement would have different effects on perceived interference between work and life domains. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1626DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266527PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Investigating the Effects of Cultural-Mindset Priming on Evaluation of Job Performance Behaviors.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):846-862. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Human Capital Consultant, Deloitte, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Recent reviews of performance evaluation process and practices indicate that there is substantial variability in the structure and formalization of performance evaluations in organizations across cultures and call for further exploration of the role of cultural variables on the performance evaluation process. In the current study, we use self-construal priming procedures to evaluate the effects of cultural mindset on the performance evaluation process. Specifically, the effects of independent (individualistic) and interdependent (collectivistic) mindset priming on relative importance given to performance behaviors when making judgments of overall job performance was investigated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266528PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Self-Esteem, Social Comparison, and Facebook Use.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):831-845. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Facebook use is very popular among young people, but many open issues remain regarding the individual traits that are antecedents of different behaviours enacted online. This study aimed to investigate whether the relationship between self-esteem and the amount of time on Facebook could be mediated by a tendency towards social comparison. Moreover, three different modalities of Facebook use were distinguished, i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1592DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266525PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Perceptions of Close Relationship Through the Machiavellians´ Dark Glasses: Negativity, Distrust, Self-Protection Against Risk and Dissatisfaction.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):806-830. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Personality, Development and Clinical Psychology, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

It is commonly known from the literature that Machiavellian individuals have negative attitudes towards people and in general towards the world´s affairs. They are distrustful of the intentions of others, and they get cautiously involved into interpersonal interactions and take risks only if that may not have any severe negative consequence. It is also a fact that there are few ventures in life that potentially involve as much insecurity and personal vulnerability as the establishment and maintenance of close relationships. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1550DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266533PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Self Representations and Music Performance Anxiety: A Study With Professional and Amateur Musicians.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):792-805. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Individual, social and situational factors might play an important role on the experience of anxiety during musical performances. The present research focused on the relationship between self-representations, including musical self, and performance anxiety among a sample of Italian professional and amateur musicians (N = 100; age, M = 23.40, 50% females). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1554DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266529PMC
November 2018
1 Read

On the Very-Long-Term Effect of Managing One's Own Memory: The Intention to Forget Improves Recognition After a Year's Delay.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):776-791. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Luisenklinik, Department of Psychology, Bad Duerrheim, Germany.

While such factors as demand characteristics, encoding, and retrieval inhibition were shown to be significant in producing the directed forgetting effect, no attention was paid to whether the intention to manage one's own memory, per se, matters. In the present article, we addressed this important gap in the literature. To control the quality of encoding we ensured that both the to-be-remembered (TBR) and to-be-forgotten (TBF) items were genuinely learned before the manipulation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1606DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266526PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The Big Five, Aesthetic Judgment Styles, and Art Interest.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):764-775. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

The current study aimed to examine the associations between the Big Five personality dimensions, aesthetic judgment styles, and art interest. Participants (N = 253) were university students in Tehran, Iran. All participants completed measures of personality, aesthetic Judgment styles, and general interest in art. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266521PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Positive Variables in Adult Patients Who Are at Different Stages of a Naturalistic Psychotherapeutic Treatment.

Authors:
Vanesa C Gongora

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):748-763. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Universidad de Palermo, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

This study aimed twofold: 1) to study some positive variables (three paths to well-being, life satisfaction, overall well-being and meaning of life) in adult patients who are at different stages of a naturalistic cognitive behavioral psychotherapeutic treatment and 2) to analyze their relationship with the progress during treatment, therapeutic alliance and adherence to treatment from the therapist´s perspective. The sample was composed of 85 outpatients who were in psychotherapeutic treatment. Patients completed the Three Pathways to Well-being Scale, Meaning in Life Questionnaire, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Well-being Index and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1546DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266524PMC
November 2018
1 Read

In Defence of Machine Learning: Debunking the Myths of Artificial Intelligence.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):734-747. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Information Engineering, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

There has been much hype, over the past few years, about the recent progress of artificial intelligence (AI), especially through machine learning. If one is to believe many of the headlines that have proliferated in the media, as well as in an increasing number of scientific publications, it would seem that AI is now capable of creating and learning in ways that are starting to resemble what humans can do. And so that we should start to hope - or fear - that the creation of fully cognisant machine might be something we will witness in our life time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1823DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266534PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

No Reliable Evidence for a Neanderthal-Châtelperronian Association at La Roche-à-Pierrot, Saint-Césaire.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 11;8(1):15134. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

UMR-5199, PACEA, Université de Bordeaux, Bâtiment B8, Allée Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, CS 50023, 33615, PESSAC CEDEX, France.

The demise of Neanderthals and their interaction with dispersing anatomically modern human populations remain some of the most contentious issues in palaeoanthropology. The Châtelperronian, now generally recognized as the first genuine Upper Palaeolithic industry in Western Europe and commonly attributed to the Neanderthals, plays a pivotal role in these debates. The Neanderthal authorship of this techno-complex is based on reported associations of Neanderthal skeletal material with Châtelperronian assemblages at only two sites, La Roche-à-Pierrot (Saint-Césaire) and the Grotte du Renne (Arcy-sur-Cure). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-33084-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33084-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181958PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Editorial.

Authors:
Thomas Weisse

Eur J Protistol 2018 Oct 24;66:iii-iv. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

University of Innsbruck, Research Department for Limnology, Mondsee, Austria. Electronic address:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejop.2018.09.006DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Reconsidering the Differences Between Shame and Guilt.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):710-733. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council of Italy, Rome, Italy.

Although most researchers maintain that shame and guilt are distinct emotions, the debate on their differences is still open. We aim to show that some of the current distinctions between shame and guilt need to be redrawn, and their adaptive and social implications need to be revisited. We suggest the following distinguishing criteria: the kind of self-evaluation involved (inadequacy versus harmfulness); one's focus on the perceived discrepancy between actual and ideal self versus one's focus on the perceived responsibility for one's fault; and consequently the different domains of self-esteem involved. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143989PMC
August 2018
1 Read

The Thorn in the Dyad: A Vision on Parent-Child Relationship in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):695-709. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Rovereto, Italy.

Parents and children form a family: their characteristics balance personal and family well-being with healthy levels of stress. Research on parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) demonstrated that higher levels of parental stress are associated with communication impairment, a core symptom of ASD. The aim of this article is to discuss the connection between non-verbal communication impairment and parental psychological distress, in families with children with ASD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143990PMC
August 2018
27 Reads

The Impact of Personality in the Selection of Teacher Students: Is There More to it Than the Big Five?

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):680-694. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Differential Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

The bandwidth-fidelity dilemma is a controversially discussed problem in personality measurement. In this study, we contrasted the utility of broad versus narrow personality traits in an admission exam for teacher students. We compared the Big Five and narrow personality constructs (social-communicative behavior, achievement behavior, health and recreation behavior), which were part of an assessment battery for teacher student selection (N = 1120), regarding overlap and predictive validity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1536DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143985PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Exploring Performance Calibration in Relation to Better or Worse Than Average Effect in Physical Education.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):665-679. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.

The aim of this study was to explore students' calibration of sport performance in relation to better or worse than average effect in physical education settings. Participants were 147 fifth and sixth grade students (71 boys, 76 girls) who were tested in a soccer passing accuracy test after they had provided estimations for their own and their peers' performance in this test. Based on students' actual and estimated performance, calibration indexes of accuracy and bias were calculated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1599DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143986PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Developing Value-Orientations in Family Therapy Trainees: A Three-Year Investigation.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):644-664. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Industrial and Organisational Psychology, UNISA, Pretoria, South Africa.

Family therapy has advanced as an important therapeutic approach in Europe and, in Germany, future family therapists enter a three-year-training programme every year. Family therapist trainees (FTTs) have hardly been studied in terms of their value-orientations (VOs) and how they see the world. This study aims at researching the value-orientation developments in FTTs during the three-year training period and based on the Schwartz value model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1519DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143993PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Emotional Intelligence and Self-Perception in Adolescents.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):632-643. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Emotional intelligence includes self-perception regarding attention to feelings, clarity of feelings and mood repair. The aim of this work is to study the relationship between emotional intelligence, self-concept, and self-esteem. The sample included 137 adolescents from Buenos Aires City, that attended middle school, with a mean age of 13. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143994PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Effect of Congruence Between Sound and Video on Heart Rate and Self-Reported Measures of Emotion.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):621-631. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, Universidad de San Buenaventura, Bogotá, Colombia.

Most studies of emotional responses have used unimodal stimuli (e.g., pictures or sounds) or congruent bimodal stimuli (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143982PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Mood Self-Assessment in Children From the Age of 7.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):599-620. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Laboratoire CLLE, Université de Toulouse CNRS, UT2J, Toulouse, France.

The evaluation of emotions is one of the main challenges facing theorists and applied psychology researchers. In children, in order to focus on subjective feelings, psychologists mainly use non-verbal scales that measure both the intensity and valence of the emotions felt. The use of these scales poses a main research questions: What is the children's knowledge of the emotion presented? In order to properly assess the emotional state of a child, it is first necessary to measure the child's understanding of the major characteristics of emotion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1408DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143991PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Associations Between Materialism, Gratitude, and Well-Being in Children of Overseas Filipino Workers.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):581-598. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau.

Children left behind by parents who are overseas Filipino workers (OFW) benefit from parental migration because their financial status improves. However, OFW families might emphasize the economic benefits to compensate for their separation, which might lead to materialism among children left behind. Previous research indicates that materialism is associated with lower well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1555DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143983PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Disordered Eating Behaviors Through the Lens of Self-Determination Theory.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):571-580. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.

This study aimed to verify a conceptual model of eating regulation based on the Self-Determination Theory. This model suggests that basic psychological needs satisfaction is related to general self-determined motivation and autonomous regulation toward eating, which in turn are associated with less disordered eating behaviors and attitudes and better satisfaction with life. Two hundred thirty-nine women without an eating disorder completed self-reported questionnaires. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://ejop.psychopen.eu/article/view/1577
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143988PMC
August 2018
20 Reads

From Organizational Justice Perceptions to Turnover Intentions: The Mediating Effects of Burnout and Job Satisfaction.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):554-570. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) - Research Institute, School of Humanities and Arts, National University of Rosario, Rosario, Argentina.

Turnover intentions (TI) stand as an insidious problem that impacts on the functioning of organizations and the well-being of their members. Currently, there is a growing interest in identifying the explanatory mechanisms of TI, in order to strengthen and retain valued employees for organizations. In line with this trend, the aim of the present study was to test an integrative serial multiple mediation model that examined the possible mediating role of burnout and job satisfaction in the relationships between organizational justice and TI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1490DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143992PMC
August 2018
1 Read

The Mediating Role of Perceived Social Support in the Relationships Between General Causality Orientations and Locus of Control With Psychopathological Symptoms.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):531-553. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The main aim of this study is to investigate the mediator role of perceived social support in the relationship between general causality orientations and locus of control with psychopathological symptoms. Total 751 participants were consisted of 558 female ages between 17 and 36 (Female M = 19.03, SD = 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://ejop.psychopen.eu/article/view/1563
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143984PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

The Possible as a Field of Inquiry.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):519-530. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, Webster University Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

In this editorial I introduce the possible as an emerging field of inquiry in psychology and related disciplines. Over the past decades, significant advances have been made in connected areas - counterfactual thinking, anticipation, prospection, imagination and creativity, etc. - and several calls have been formulated in the social sciences to study human beings and societies as systems that are open to possibility and to the future. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143987PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Therapists' Experiences in Their Work With Sex Offenders and People With Pedophilia: A Literature Review.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):498-514. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

This article presents a review of the literature that pertains to the experiences of therapists who work directly with child sex offenders and/or people with pedophilia. We draw together results from studies that attempted to identify how therapists experience such work and how they were personally impacted by it. Usually, such studies are embedded within one of the following theoretical frameworks: Secondary traumatic stress, compassion fatigue, vicarious traumatization and burnout. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016037PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Singleness, Religiosity, and the Implications for Counselors: The Indonesian Case.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):485-497. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Centre for Online Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

This paper explores the unique role of religiosity in assisting Indonesian singles (extensively refer to those who are never married) and how it relates to the counseling and therapeutic practices with never-married clients. Whereas the role of religiosity has been drawn into scholarly attention for its effectiveness in dealing with many situations that are particularly related to social stigma, little is known regarding its role in assisting singles to overcoming stigma due to their singleness. Indonesian society regards marriage as a social achievement and this perception places singles in an undervalued position. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1530DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016032PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Testing Intergroup Threat Theory: Realistic and Symbolic Threats, Religiosity and Gender as Predictors of Prejudice.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):464-484. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

The School of Arts and Sciences, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.

The complex phenomenon of prejudice has been the focus of interest among social psychologists since the mid-20th century. The Intergroup Threat Theory (ITT) is one of the most efficient theoretical frameworks to identify the triggers of prejudice. In this study, using experimental design, we examined the effects of symbolic and realistic threats on prejudice that was measured by means of a modified social distance scale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016028PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Group Psychodynamic Counselling as a Clinical Training Device to Enhance Metacognitive Skills and Agency in Future Clinical Psychologists.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):444-463. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Metacognitive skills and agency are among the main psychological abilities a clinical psychologist should have. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of group psychodynamic counselling as a clinical training device able to enhance metacognitive skills and agency in final-year undergraduates in clinical psychology within an educational context. Thirty-three final-year students of clinical psychology participated in an experiential laboratory lasting two months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016038PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

The Role of Autobiographical Story-Telling During Rehabilitation Among Hip-Fracture Geriatric Patients.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):424-443. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Orthopedic Institute "Gaetano Pini", Milan, Italy.

Hip fracture is one of the most common health care problems among elderly people. Literature shows that high self-efficacy expectations and positive affect are some of the key issues in functional recovery after hip fracture. The present investigation tested whether self-narration of such life-breaking event influences self-efficacy and depression during the process of rehabilitation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://ejop.psychopen.eu/article/view/1559
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1559DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016034PMC
June 2018
21 Reads

(Dis)Obedience in U.S. American Young Adults: A New Way to Describe Authority Relationships.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):404-423. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy.

The present research aims to investigate the psychosocial phenomena of obedience and disobedience in young adults residing in the United States, as a replication of a previous study by Pozzi, Fattori, Bocchiaro, and Alfieri (2014). We utilize social representation theory as a means to better understand and define (dis)obedience, a behavioral dimension of the concept of authority. The analysis was conducted using a concurrent mixed methods design. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016029PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Research Tools: A Study on the Cultural Intelligence Scale Adaptation in Slovenian.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):386-403. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The article examines the cross-cultural transferability of a widely accepted cross-cultural assessment tool - the Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS) - using research conducted in Slovenia and insights from the American and Slovenian researchers who translated the tool into Slovene and adapted it for use in Slovenia. In the context of a qualitative focus group based study, the researchers look at the specific characteristics of CQS perceptions within the Slovenian sample (two focus groups - one in the capital and the other in the south of the country) and identify barriers to these perceptions and the specific characteristics of the perceptions of Slovenian citizens regarding cross-cultural interaction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1527DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016030PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Sickness Absence due to Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: The Exploration of a Predictive Psychological Model Including Negative Moods, Subjective Health and Work Efficacy in an Adult County Population (The HUNT Study).

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):373-385. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

University College Southeast Norway, School of Business and Social Sciences, Hønefoss, Norway.

The relation between musculoskeletal pain and sickness absence was tested in an adult county population. Maximal explained variance in absence from work due to chronic musculoskeletal pain (sickness absence) was tested in a model in which subjective health was expected to mediate the associations between such pain and dysphoria, respectively, and work efficacy. In turn, work efficacy was expected to mediate the link between subjective health and sickness absence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1470DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016039PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

The Centrality of Events Scale for Italian Adolescents: Integrating Traumatic Experience Into One's Identity and Its Relation to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptomatology.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):359-372. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

CRIdee, Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica, Milan, Italy.

Adolescents could develop areas of vulnerability, especially if they have had to deal with highly stressful and traumatic life events. Stressful experiences can work as traumatic memories that become central to one's life and core topics for one's identity and for the attribution of meaning to life experience. The present work evaluates (a) the internal structures of the 20-item Centrality of Event Scale in the Italian context and (b) the impact of stressful and traumatic experience during adolescence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1465DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016033PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Freeze or Forget? Virtual Attack Effects in an Emotional Sternberg Task.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):342-358. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, Utrecht University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Emotionally salient stimuli have the ability to disrupt cognitive processing. This kind of disruption involves effects on working memory and may be related to mental health problems. To explore the nature of such emotional interference on working memory, a Virtual Attack Emotional Sternberg Task (VAEST) was used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1473DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016026PMC
June 2018
6 Reads