195 results match your criteria EJOP: European Journal of Oncology Pharmacy [Journal]


No Reliable Evidence for a Neanderthal-Châtelperronian Association at La Roche-à-Pierrot, Saint-Césaire.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 11;8(1):15134. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

UMR-5199, PACEA, Université de Bordeaux, Bâtiment B8, Allée Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, CS 50023, 33615, PESSAC CEDEX, France.

The demise of Neanderthals and their interaction with dispersing anatomically modern human populations remain some of the most contentious issues in palaeoanthropology. The Châtelperronian, now generally recognized as the first genuine Upper Palaeolithic industry in Western Europe and commonly attributed to the Neanderthals, plays a pivotal role in these debates. The Neanderthal authorship of this techno-complex is based on reported associations of Neanderthal skeletal material with Châtelperronian assemblages at only two sites, La Roche-à-Pierrot (Saint-Césaire) and the Grotte du Renne (Arcy-sur-Cure). Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Editorial.

Authors:
Thomas Weisse

Eur J Protistol 2018 Oct 24;66:iii-iv. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

University of Innsbruck, Research Department for Limnology, Mondsee, Austria. Electronic address:

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October 2018

Reconsidering the Differences Between Shame and Guilt.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):710-733. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council of Italy, Rome, Italy.

Although most researchers maintain that shame and guilt are distinct emotions, the debate on their differences is still open. We aim to show that some of the current distinctions between shame and guilt need to be redrawn, and their adaptive and social implications need to be revisited. We suggest the following distinguishing criteria: the kind of self-evaluation involved (inadequacy versus harmfulness); one's focus on the perceived discrepancy between actual and ideal self versus one's focus on the perceived responsibility for one's fault; and consequently the different domains of self-esteem involved. Read More

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The Thorn in the Dyad: A Vision on Parent-Child Relationship in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):695-709. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Rovereto, Italy.

Parents and children form a family: their characteristics balance personal and family well-being with healthy levels of stress. Research on parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) demonstrated that higher levels of parental stress are associated with communication impairment, a core symptom of ASD. The aim of this article is to discuss the connection between non-verbal communication impairment and parental psychological distress, in families with children with ASD. Read More

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August 2018
15 Reads

The Impact of Personality in the Selection of Teacher Students: Is There More to it Than the Big Five?

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):680-694. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Differential Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

The bandwidth-fidelity dilemma is a controversially discussed problem in personality measurement. In this study, we contrasted the utility of broad versus narrow personality traits in an admission exam for teacher students. We compared the Big Five and narrow personality constructs (social-communicative behavior, achievement behavior, health and recreation behavior), which were part of an assessment battery for teacher student selection (N = 1120), regarding overlap and predictive validity. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Exploring Performance Calibration in Relation to Better or Worse Than Average Effect in Physical Education.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):665-679. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.

The aim of this study was to explore students' calibration of sport performance in relation to better or worse than average effect in physical education settings. Participants were 147 fifth and sixth grade students (71 boys, 76 girls) who were tested in a soccer passing accuracy test after they had provided estimations for their own and their peers' performance in this test. Based on students' actual and estimated performance, calibration indexes of accuracy and bias were calculated. Read More

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Developing Value-Orientations in Family Therapy Trainees: A Three-Year Investigation.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):644-664. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Industrial and Organisational Psychology, UNISA, Pretoria, South Africa.

Family therapy has advanced as an important therapeutic approach in Europe and, in Germany, future family therapists enter a three-year-training programme every year. Family therapist trainees (FTTs) have hardly been studied in terms of their value-orientations (VOs) and how they see the world. This study aims at researching the value-orientation developments in FTTs during the three-year training period and based on the Schwartz value model. Read More

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August 2018
6 Reads

Emotional Intelligence and Self-Perception in Adolescents.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):632-643. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Emotional intelligence includes self-perception regarding attention to feelings, clarity of feelings and mood repair. The aim of this work is to study the relationship between emotional intelligence, self-concept, and self-esteem. The sample included 137 adolescents from Buenos Aires City, that attended middle school, with a mean age of 13. Read More

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Effect of Congruence Between Sound and Video on Heart Rate and Self-Reported Measures of Emotion.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):621-631. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, Universidad de San Buenaventura, Bogotá, Colombia.

Most studies of emotional responses have used unimodal stimuli (e.g., pictures or sounds) or congruent bimodal stimuli (e. Read More

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Mood Self-Assessment in Children From the Age of 7.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):599-620. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Laboratoire CLLE, Université de Toulouse CNRS, UT2J, Toulouse, France.

The evaluation of emotions is one of the main challenges facing theorists and applied psychology researchers. In children, in order to focus on subjective feelings, psychologists mainly use non-verbal scales that measure both the intensity and valence of the emotions felt. The use of these scales poses a main research questions: What is the children's knowledge of the emotion presented? In order to properly assess the emotional state of a child, it is first necessary to measure the child's understanding of the major characteristics of emotion. Read More

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Associations Between Materialism, Gratitude, and Well-Being in Children of Overseas Filipino Workers.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):581-598. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau.

Children left behind by parents who are overseas Filipino workers (OFW) benefit from parental migration because their financial status improves. However, OFW families might emphasize the economic benefits to compensate for their separation, which might lead to materialism among children left behind. Previous research indicates that materialism is associated with lower well-being. Read More

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Disordered Eating Behaviors Through the Lens of Self-Determination Theory.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):571-580. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.

This study aimed to verify a conceptual model of eating regulation based on the Self-Determination Theory. This model suggests that basic psychological needs satisfaction is related to general self-determined motivation and autonomous regulation toward eating, which in turn are associated with less disordered eating behaviors and attitudes and better satisfaction with life. Two hundred thirty-nine women without an eating disorder completed self-reported questionnaires. Read More

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August 2018
4 Reads

From Organizational Justice Perceptions to Turnover Intentions: The Mediating Effects of Burnout and Job Satisfaction.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):554-570. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) - Research Institute, School of Humanities and Arts, National University of Rosario, Rosario, Argentina.

Turnover intentions (TI) stand as an insidious problem that impacts on the functioning of organizations and the well-being of their members. Currently, there is a growing interest in identifying the explanatory mechanisms of TI, in order to strengthen and retain valued employees for organizations. In line with this trend, the aim of the present study was to test an integrative serial multiple mediation model that examined the possible mediating role of burnout and job satisfaction in the relationships between organizational justice and TI. Read More

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The Mediating Role of Perceived Social Support in the Relationships Between General Causality Orientations and Locus of Control With Psychopathological Symptoms.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):531-553. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The main aim of this study is to investigate the mediator role of perceived social support in the relationship between general causality orientations and locus of control with psychopathological symptoms. Total 751 participants were consisted of 558 female ages between 17 and 36 (Female M = 19.03, SD = 0. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

The Possible as a Field of Inquiry.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):519-530. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, Webster University Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

In this editorial I introduce the possible as an emerging field of inquiry in psychology and related disciplines. Over the past decades, significant advances have been made in connected areas - counterfactual thinking, anticipation, prospection, imagination and creativity, etc. - and several calls have been formulated in the social sciences to study human beings and societies as systems that are open to possibility and to the future. Read More

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Therapists' Experiences in Their Work With Sex Offenders and People With Pedophilia: A Literature Review.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):498-514. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

This article presents a review of the literature that pertains to the experiences of therapists who work directly with child sex offenders and/or people with pedophilia. We draw together results from studies that attempted to identify how therapists experience such work and how they were personally impacted by it. Usually, such studies are embedded within one of the following theoretical frameworks: Secondary traumatic stress, compassion fatigue, vicarious traumatization and burnout. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Singleness, Religiosity, and the Implications for Counselors: The Indonesian Case.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):485-497. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Centre for Online Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

This paper explores the unique role of religiosity in assisting Indonesian singles (extensively refer to those who are never married) and how it relates to the counseling and therapeutic practices with never-married clients. Whereas the role of religiosity has been drawn into scholarly attention for its effectiveness in dealing with many situations that are particularly related to social stigma, little is known regarding its role in assisting singles to overcoming stigma due to their singleness. Indonesian society regards marriage as a social achievement and this perception places singles in an undervalued position. Read More

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Testing Intergroup Threat Theory: Realistic and Symbolic Threats, Religiosity and Gender as Predictors of Prejudice.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):464-484. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

The School of Arts and Sciences, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.

The complex phenomenon of prejudice has been the focus of interest among social psychologists since the mid-20th century. The Intergroup Threat Theory (ITT) is one of the most efficient theoretical frameworks to identify the triggers of prejudice. In this study, using experimental design, we examined the effects of symbolic and realistic threats on prejudice that was measured by means of a modified social distance scale. Read More

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Group Psychodynamic Counselling as a Clinical Training Device to Enhance Metacognitive Skills and Agency in Future Clinical Psychologists.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):444-463. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Metacognitive skills and agency are among the main psychological abilities a clinical psychologist should have. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of group psychodynamic counselling as a clinical training device able to enhance metacognitive skills and agency in final-year undergraduates in clinical psychology within an educational context. Thirty-three final-year students of clinical psychology participated in an experiential laboratory lasting two months. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

The Role of Autobiographical Story-Telling During Rehabilitation Among Hip-Fracture Geriatric Patients.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):424-443. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Orthopedic Institute "Gaetano Pini", Milan, Italy.

Hip fracture is one of the most common health care problems among elderly people. Literature shows that high self-efficacy expectations and positive affect are some of the key issues in functional recovery after hip fracture. The present investigation tested whether self-narration of such life-breaking event influences self-efficacy and depression during the process of rehabilitation. Read More

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June 2018
12 Reads

(Dis)Obedience in U.S. American Young Adults: A New Way to Describe Authority Relationships.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):404-423. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy.

The present research aims to investigate the psychosocial phenomena of obedience and disobedience in young adults residing in the United States, as a replication of a previous study by Pozzi, Fattori, Bocchiaro, and Alfieri (2014). We utilize social representation theory as a means to better understand and define (dis)obedience, a behavioral dimension of the concept of authority. The analysis was conducted using a concurrent mixed methods design. Read More

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June 2018
7 Reads

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Research Tools: A Study on the Cultural Intelligence Scale Adaptation in Slovenian.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):386-403. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The article examines the cross-cultural transferability of a widely accepted cross-cultural assessment tool - the Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS) - using research conducted in Slovenia and insights from the American and Slovenian researchers who translated the tool into Slovene and adapted it for use in Slovenia. In the context of a qualitative focus group based study, the researchers look at the specific characteristics of CQS perceptions within the Slovenian sample (two focus groups - one in the capital and the other in the south of the country) and identify barriers to these perceptions and the specific characteristics of the perceptions of Slovenian citizens regarding cross-cultural interaction. Read More

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Sickness Absence due to Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: The Exploration of a Predictive Psychological Model Including Negative Moods, Subjective Health and Work Efficacy in an Adult County Population (The HUNT Study).

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):373-385. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

University College Southeast Norway, School of Business and Social Sciences, Hønefoss, Norway.

The relation between musculoskeletal pain and sickness absence was tested in an adult county population. Maximal explained variance in absence from work due to chronic musculoskeletal pain (sickness absence) was tested in a model in which subjective health was expected to mediate the associations between such pain and dysphoria, respectively, and work efficacy. In turn, work efficacy was expected to mediate the link between subjective health and sickness absence. Read More

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The Centrality of Events Scale for Italian Adolescents: Integrating Traumatic Experience Into One's Identity and Its Relation to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptomatology.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):359-372. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

CRIdee, Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica, Milan, Italy.

Adolescents could develop areas of vulnerability, especially if they have had to deal with highly stressful and traumatic life events. Stressful experiences can work as traumatic memories that become central to one's life and core topics for one's identity and for the attribution of meaning to life experience. The present work evaluates (a) the internal structures of the 20-item Centrality of Event Scale in the Italian context and (b) the impact of stressful and traumatic experience during adolescence. Read More

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Freeze or Forget? Virtual Attack Effects in an Emotional Sternberg Task.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):342-358. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, Utrecht University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Emotionally salient stimuli have the ability to disrupt cognitive processing. This kind of disruption involves effects on working memory and may be related to mental health problems. To explore the nature of such emotional interference on working memory, a Virtual Attack Emotional Sternberg Task (VAEST) was used. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

The Illusion of Knowing in Metacognitive Monitoring: Effects of the Type of Information and of Personal, Cognitive, Metacognitive, and Individual Psychological Characteristics.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):317-341. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, National University of Ostroh Academy, Ostroh, Ukraine.

The aim of the paper is to analyse the illusion of knowing in metacognitive monitoring of the learning activity of university students (n = 262). The analysis focuses on the effects of the different types of information proposed and of personal, cognitive, metacognitive, and individual psychological characteristics of the participants. The research has shown that the illusion of knowing can occur in all types of metacognitive judgments, but is more evident in prospective judgments and depends on the type of information, its length and style, task type, etc. Read More

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June 2018
11 Reads

Addiction, Passion, or Confusion? New Theoretical Insights on Exercise Addiction Research From the Case Study of a Female Body Builder.

Authors:
Attila Szabo

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):296-316. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Institute of Health Promotion and Sport Sciences, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Exercise addiction is widely studied in sport science and psychology, but at this time it is not recognized as an independently diagnosable mental or psychiatric disorder. Indeed, studies on exercise addiction assess a level of risk for disordered exercise behaviour, characterized by lack of control and negative personal consequences. It is argued that commitment and passion are two overlapping features of high exercise involvement which obscure the fine line between healthy and unhealthy exercise. Read More

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June 2018
9 Reads

The Flow of Learning.

Authors:
Maciej Karwowski

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):291-295. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland.

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Social Support and Symptom Severity Among Patients With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder or Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia: A Systematic Review.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):254-286. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

School of Criminology, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada.

Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (PD/A) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are characterized by major behavioral dysruptions that may affect patients' social and marital functioning. The disorders' impact on interpersonal relationships may also affect the quality of support patients receive from their social network. The main goal of this systematic review is to determine the association between social or marital support and symptom severity among adults with PD/A or OCD. Read More

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March 2018
10 Reads

The Flow Engine Framework: A Cognitive Model of Optimal Human Experience.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):232-253. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

LATI, University Paris Descartes, Paris, France.

Flow is a well-known concept in the fields of positive and applied psychology. Examination of a large body of flow literature suggests there is a need for a conceptual model rooted in a cognitive approach to explain how this psychological phenomenon works. In this paper, we propose the Flow Engine Framework, a theoretical model explaining dynamic interactions between rearranged flow components and fundamental cognitive processes. Read More

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March 2018
6 Reads

Why Is Working Memory Performance Unstable? A Review of 21 Factors.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):188-231. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.

In this paper, we systematically reviewed twenty-one factors that have been shown to either vary with or influence performance on working memory (WM) tasks. Specifically, we review previous work on the influence of intelligence, gender, age, personality, mental illnesses/medical conditions, dieting, craving, stress/anxiety, emotion/motivation, stereotype threat, temperature, mindfulness training, practice, bilingualism, musical training, altitude/hypoxia, sleep, exercise, diet, psychoactive substances, and brain stimulation on WM performance. In addition to a review of the literature, we suggest several frameworks for classifying these factors, identify shared mechanisms between several variables, and suggest areas requiring further investigation. Read More

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The Mediational Role of Coping Strategies in the Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Risk of Internet Addiction.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):176-187. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Psychological, Educational and Training Sciences, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

The aim of the present study is to explore, through a mediation model, the relationship among self-esteem, coping strategies, and the risk of Internet addiction in a sample of 300 Italian university students. We submitted the data to a descriptive, mediational comparison between variables (t-test), and correlational statistical analyses. The results confirmed the effect of self-esteem on the risk of Internet addiction. Read More

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Effects of Individual Differences and Job Characteristics on the Psychological Health of Italian Nurses.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):159-175. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Centre for Occupational and Health Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.

The Demand Resources and Individual Effects Model (DRIVE Model) is a transactional model that integrates Demands- Control-Support and Effort-Reward Imbalance models emphasising the role of individual (Coping Strategies; Overcommitment) and job characteristics (Job Demands, Social Support, Decision Latitude, Skill Discretion, Effort, Rewards) in the work-related stress process. The present study aimed to test the DRIVE Model in a sample of 450 Italian nurses and to compare findings with those of a study conducted in a sample of UK nurses. A questionnaire composed of Ways of Coping Checklist-Revised (WCCL-R); Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ); ERI Test; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used. Read More

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Online Discussion and the Moral Pathway to Identity Politicization and Collective Action.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):143-158. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy.

Research on the mobilizing potential of the Internet has produced some controversy between optimistic vs. skeptical perspectives. Although some attention has been paid to the effects of online discussions on collective participation, very little is known about how people's experience of online interactions affects the key psychosocial predictors of collective action. Read More

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To Seek or Not to Seek Advice: Talking About Romantic Issues During Emerging Adulthood.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):125-142. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, CRIdee, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy.

The aim of the study was to explore whether and how emerging adults talk about their romantic relationships with their close others, especially their parents and friends, also considering gender differences. Data were collected via eight single-sex focus groups conducted with 50 Italian emerging adults (aged 18-25), and were analyzed using thematic analysis. Two main themes emerged. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Mama Mach and Papa Mach: Parental Machiavellianism in Relation to Dyadic Coparenting and Adolescents' Perception of Parental Behaviour.

Authors:
András Láng

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):107-124. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Institute of Psychology, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

Parental personality is a main contributor to parenting outcomes. However, research on parental personality and parenting or coparenting behaviour is scarce. These few studies showed that disagreeableness and neuroticism are consequently related to negative parenting outcomes. Read More

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Culturally Competent Practice: A Mixed Methods Study Among Students, Academics and Alumni of Clinical Psychology Master's Programs in the Netherlands.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):88-106. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

This is the first research into preparation for multicultural clinical psychology practice in Europe. It applies the theory of multicultural counselling competency (MCC) to a case study in the Netherlands. It was hypothesized that cross-cultural practice experience, identification as a cultural minority, and satisfaction with cultural training was associated with MCC. Read More

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March 2018
15 Reads

Psychological Well-Being, Multiple Identities, and Discrimination Among First and Second Generation Immigrant Muslims.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):66-87. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy.

Given the growing number of Muslim immigrants in Western countries, there is a need for research focusing on their psychological well-being and correlates. The present study investigated whether perceived discrimination is associated with depression and satisfaction with migration through the mediating role of several identity dimensions (ethnic, national, and religious) among 204 first and second generation adult Muslim immigrants living in Italy. They participated in structured interviews, and a multi-group path analysis model was conducted using Mplus. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

More Is not Always Better: The Differentiated Influence of Empathy on Different Magnitudes of Creativity.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):54-65. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Institute for Psychology, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.

Recently, researchers have argued about the importance of social aspects in creativity. Based on these arguments, one could hypothesize that if creativity is indeed about social aspects, then a social ability, such as empathy, will be relevant for creativity as an "interface" allowing the person to connect with others. A thorough review of the literature suggests that the association between empathic abilities and creativity may not be as straightforward as this hypothesis and also two recent empirical studies have suggested. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Staying Streetwise: Accurate Judgments of Approaching Aggression in Older Age.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):44-53. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.

The extant literature has generally demonstrated that young adults can detect the trait aggression of another person with limited information. However, there is little research that investigates the life course persistence of aggression detection accuracy. Here, we aimed to explore the accuracy of older adults at detecting potential aggressors. Read More

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Guilt and Proneness to Shame: Unethical Behaviour in Vulnerable and Grandiose Narcissism.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):28-43. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

CHTD Research Group, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Narcissists are described as individuals with dysfunctional personality traits such as lack of psychological awareness and empathy. Theories of ethical behaviour assume that unethical actions trigger moral emotions of guilt and shame. Currently, there is a lack of knowledge on moral emotions as dispositional traits and their potential influences on behaviour in individuals with narcissistic traits. Read More

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Aging Anxieties and Disturbed Eating in Female Students: It's not all About Aging Appearance Concern.

Authors:
Béré Mahoney

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):7-27. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Worcester, Worcester, United Kingdom.

Fear and anxiety about aging have increased amongst female university students and these personal aging concerns are associated with disturbed eating, also prevalent in this group. Evidence suggests concern about aging appearance could account for the link between aging anxiety and problem eating in young women due to their belief in the thin - youth ideal. However, whether appearance concern is the strongest aging anxiety predictor of global and specific disturbed eating behaviors is unclear. Read More

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Needed in Psychology: Theoretical Precision.

Authors:
Jaan Valsiner

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):1-6. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

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A Window Into the Bright Side of Psychology: Interview With Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi.

Eur J Psychol 2017 Nov 30;13(4):810-821. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

The University of Wroclaw, Wrocław, Poland.

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi is one of the most eminent psychologists of the modern era. His ideas, such as flow, or the systems model of creativity, have inspired numerous studies, theoretical analyses as well as pedagogic and psychological interventions. Alongside Martin Seligman, he founded positive psychology and continues to work to promote it. Read More

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November 2017

Daydream Believer: Rumination, Self-Reflection and the Temporal Focus of Mind Wandering Content.

Eur J Psychol 2017 Nov 30;13(4):794-809. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Current research into mind-wandering is beginning to acknowledge that this process is one of heterogeneity. Following on from previous findings highlighting the role of self-focus during mind wandering, the present study aimed to examine individual differences in rumination and self-reflection and the impact such styles of self-focus may have on mind-wandering experiences. Thirty-three participants were required to complete the Sustained Attention Response Task (SART), aimed at inducing mind-wandering episodes, whilst also probing the content of thought in terms of temporal focus. Read More

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November 2017

The Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS-V) and Its Use in Latin American Adolescents: Alcohol Consumption Pattern as an External Criterion for Its Validation.

Eur J Psychol 2017 Nov 30;13(4):776-793. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

National Council of Scientific and Technique Research (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Sensation Seeking is a trait defined by the seeking of varied, novel, complex, and intense situations and experiences, and the willingness to take physical, social, and financial risks for the sake of such experience. The Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS-V) is the most widely used measure to assess this construct. In previous studies a variety of psychometric limitations were found when using the SSS-V with Latin American population. Read More

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November 2017

The Association Between Physical Activity and Cognitive Function With Considerations by Social Risk Status.

Eur J Psychol 2017 Nov 30;13(4):767-775. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS, USA.

We evaluated the association between physical activity and cognitive function among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population, with consideration by social risk. Read More

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November 2017

Cross-Cultural Variation in Political Leadership Styles.

Eur J Psychol 2017 Nov 30;13(4):749-766. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Guided by gaps in the literature with regard to the study of politicians the aim of the research is to explore cross-cultural differences in political leaders' style. It compares the MLQ (Avolio & Bass, 2004) scores of elected political leaders (N = 140) in Bulgaria and the UK. The statistical exploration of the data relied on multivariate analyses of covariance. Read More

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November 2017
1 Read

Conceptual Referents, Personality Traits and Income-Happiness Relationship: An Empirical Investigation.

Authors:
Dilwar Hussain

Eur J Psychol 2017 Nov 30;13(4):733-748. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India.

One of the ongoing debates in social indicator and subjective well-being research is concerned with the weak relationship between objective (such as income) and subjective indicators of well-being (such as life satisfaction). Empirical studies show that the relationship between subjective and the traditional objective well-being indicators is weak. This relationship is found to be very complex and far from clear. Read More

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November 2017