209 results match your criteria EJOP: European Journal of Oncology Pharmacy [Journal]


Improving Temporal Consistency of Preferences: The Influence of Mental Construal.

Authors:
Asli Elif Aydin

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):949-965. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Applied Sciences, Istanbul Bilgi University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Majority of the current literature on mental construal has focused on effects of varying construal levels on preference shifts whereas this research investigates the influence of mental construal on the change of preference consistency over time. Building on construal level theory, we propose that high-level construal, which creates abstract, and decontextualized mental representations, leads individuals to more consistent preferences than low-level construal, which creates concrete, and contextualized mental representations. Furthermore we examine the effect of having a matching versus non-matching construal level at two different evaluation instances, on achieving greater extents of consistency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266530PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

The Role of Prevolitional Processes in Video Game Playing: A Test of the Model of Goal-Directed Behavior and the Extended Model of Goal-Directed Behavior.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):932-948. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, Košice, Slovakia.

The aim of the current study is to investigate the relationship between prevolitional processes and video game playing. Models of attitude, the model of goal-directed behavior (MGB) and the extended model of goal-directed behavior (EMGB) are tested with structural equation models to analyze the process that leads to video game playing. More specifically, the roles of affective, motivational, habitual processes in video game playing and the goal underlying video game playing are examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266531PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Family Acculturation in Host and Immigrant Couples: Dyadic Research in an Italian Context.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):914-931. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Education Sciences, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

The purpose of this research is to study acculturation strategies and attitudes in central and peripheral domains of host and immigrant couples in an Italian context. The participants were 60 dyads (30 host couples and 30 immigrant couples) who completed a questionnaire based on the Relative Acculturation Extended Model (RAEM). Based on the analysis, we found that the general acculturation attitude preferred by immigrant couples is integration, and Italian couples prefer that immigrants adopt it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1553DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266520PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The Mediating Role of Self-Concept and Coping Strategies on the Relationship Between Attachment Styles and Perceived Stress.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):897-913. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to examine the role of attachment style, self-concept, and coping strategies, in order to explain the differences in perceived stress factors and stress symptoms, in a mediation model. Participants were 515 university students (302 female and 213 male) aged 17-28 years. The assessment instruments were: Social Comparison Scale, Ways of Coping Scale, Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-II, Brief Symptom Inventory and University Students Stress Factors Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266532PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The Prospective Association Between the Five Factor Personality Model With Health Behaviors and Health Behavior Clusters.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):880-896. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS, USA.

To examine the prospective association of personality with individual behavior, multibehavior and clustered health behavior profiles. A prospective study design was employed. Two hundred young adults provided baseline data and 126 (mean age: 21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266523PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Differential Effects of Workaholism and Work Engagement on the Interference Between Life and Work Domains.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):863-879. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, Educational Science & Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

This study analyzed the differences between workaholism and work engagement in relation to their influence on work-life interference. Workaholism is an addiction to work, characterized by obsessive attitude towards job, whereas work engagement concerns a positive pattern of thoughts and feelings about one's job; these two constructs thus represent pathological and healthy forms of heavy work investment, respectively. As a consequence, it was expected that workaholism and work engagement would have different effects on perceived interference between work and life domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1626DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266527PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Investigating the Effects of Cultural-Mindset Priming on Evaluation of Job Performance Behaviors.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):846-862. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Human Capital Consultant, Deloitte, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Recent reviews of performance evaluation process and practices indicate that there is substantial variability in the structure and formalization of performance evaluations in organizations across cultures and call for further exploration of the role of cultural variables on the performance evaluation process. In the current study, we use self-construal priming procedures to evaluate the effects of cultural mindset on the performance evaluation process. Specifically, the effects of independent (individualistic) and interdependent (collectivistic) mindset priming on relative importance given to performance behaviors when making judgments of overall job performance was investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266528PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Self-Esteem, Social Comparison, and Facebook Use.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):831-845. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Facebook use is very popular among young people, but many open issues remain regarding the individual traits that are antecedents of different behaviours enacted online. This study aimed to investigate whether the relationship between self-esteem and the amount of time on Facebook could be mediated by a tendency towards social comparison. Moreover, three different modalities of Facebook use were distinguished, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1592DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266525PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Perceptions of Close Relationship Through the Machiavellians´ Dark Glasses: Negativity, Distrust, Self-Protection Against Risk and Dissatisfaction.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):806-830. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Personality, Development and Clinical Psychology, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

It is commonly known from the literature that Machiavellian individuals have negative attitudes towards people and in general towards the world´s affairs. They are distrustful of the intentions of others, and they get cautiously involved into interpersonal interactions and take risks only if that may not have any severe negative consequence. It is also a fact that there are few ventures in life that potentially involve as much insecurity and personal vulnerability as the establishment and maintenance of close relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1550DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266533PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Self Representations and Music Performance Anxiety: A Study With Professional and Amateur Musicians.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):792-805. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Individual, social and situational factors might play an important role on the experience of anxiety during musical performances. The present research focused on the relationship between self-representations, including musical self, and performance anxiety among a sample of Italian professional and amateur musicians (N = 100; age, M = 23.40, 50% females). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1554DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266529PMC
November 2018
1 Read

On the Very-Long-Term Effect of Managing One's Own Memory: The Intention to Forget Improves Recognition After a Year's Delay.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):776-791. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Luisenklinik, Department of Psychology, Bad Duerrheim, Germany.

While such factors as demand characteristics, encoding, and retrieval inhibition were shown to be significant in producing the directed forgetting effect, no attention was paid to whether the intention to manage one's own memory, per se, matters. In the present article, we addressed this important gap in the literature. To control the quality of encoding we ensured that both the to-be-remembered (TBR) and to-be-forgotten (TBF) items were genuinely learned before the manipulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1606DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266526PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The Big Five, Aesthetic Judgment Styles, and Art Interest.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):764-775. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

The current study aimed to examine the associations between the Big Five personality dimensions, aesthetic judgment styles, and art interest. Participants (N = 253) were university students in Tehran, Iran. All participants completed measures of personality, aesthetic Judgment styles, and general interest in art. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266521PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Positive Variables in Adult Patients Who Are at Different Stages of a Naturalistic Psychotherapeutic Treatment.

Authors:
Vanesa C Gongora

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):748-763. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Universidad de Palermo, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

This study aimed twofold: 1) to study some positive variables (three paths to well-being, life satisfaction, overall well-being and meaning of life) in adult patients who are at different stages of a naturalistic cognitive behavioral psychotherapeutic treatment and 2) to analyze their relationship with the progress during treatment, therapeutic alliance and adherence to treatment from the therapist´s perspective. The sample was composed of 85 outpatients who were in psychotherapeutic treatment. Patients completed the Three Pathways to Well-being Scale, Meaning in Life Questionnaire, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Well-being Index and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1546DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266524PMC
November 2018
1 Read

In Defence of Machine Learning: Debunking the Myths of Artificial Intelligence.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Nov 30;14(4):734-747. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Information Engineering, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

There has been much hype, over the past few years, about the recent progress of artificial intelligence (AI), especially through machine learning. If one is to believe many of the headlines that have proliferated in the media, as well as in an increasing number of scientific publications, it would seem that AI is now capable of creating and learning in ways that are starting to resemble what humans can do. And so that we should start to hope - or fear - that the creation of fully cognisant machine might be something we will witness in our life time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i4.1823DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266534PMC
November 2018
1 Read

No Reliable Evidence for a Neanderthal-Châtelperronian Association at La Roche-à-Pierrot, Saint-Césaire.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 11;8(1):15134. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

UMR-5199, PACEA, Université de Bordeaux, Bâtiment B8, Allée Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, CS 50023, 33615, PESSAC CEDEX, France.

The demise of Neanderthals and their interaction with dispersing anatomically modern human populations remain some of the most contentious issues in palaeoanthropology. The Châtelperronian, now generally recognized as the first genuine Upper Palaeolithic industry in Western Europe and commonly attributed to the Neanderthals, plays a pivotal role in these debates. The Neanderthal authorship of this techno-complex is based on reported associations of Neanderthal skeletal material with Châtelperronian assemblages at only two sites, La Roche-à-Pierrot (Saint-Césaire) and the Grotte du Renne (Arcy-sur-Cure). Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-33084-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33084-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181958PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Editorial.

Authors:
Thomas Weisse

Eur J Protistol 2018 Oct 24;66:iii-iv. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

University of Innsbruck, Research Department for Limnology, Mondsee, Austria. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejop.2018.09.006DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Reconsidering the Differences Between Shame and Guilt.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):710-733. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council of Italy, Rome, Italy.

Although most researchers maintain that shame and guilt are distinct emotions, the debate on their differences is still open. We aim to show that some of the current distinctions between shame and guilt need to be redrawn, and their adaptive and social implications need to be revisited. We suggest the following distinguishing criteria: the kind of self-evaluation involved (inadequacy versus harmfulness); one's focus on the perceived discrepancy between actual and ideal self versus one's focus on the perceived responsibility for one's fault; and consequently the different domains of self-esteem involved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143989PMC
August 2018
1 Read

The Thorn in the Dyad: A Vision on Parent-Child Relationship in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):695-709. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Rovereto, Italy.

Parents and children form a family: their characteristics balance personal and family well-being with healthy levels of stress. Research on parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) demonstrated that higher levels of parental stress are associated with communication impairment, a core symptom of ASD. The aim of this article is to discuss the connection between non-verbal communication impairment and parental psychological distress, in families with children with ASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143990PMC
August 2018
21 Reads

The Impact of Personality in the Selection of Teacher Students: Is There More to it Than the Big Five?

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):680-694. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Differential Psychology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

The bandwidth-fidelity dilemma is a controversially discussed problem in personality measurement. In this study, we contrasted the utility of broad versus narrow personality traits in an admission exam for teacher students. We compared the Big Five and narrow personality constructs (social-communicative behavior, achievement behavior, health and recreation behavior), which were part of an assessment battery for teacher student selection (N = 1120), regarding overlap and predictive validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1536DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143985PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Exploring Performance Calibration in Relation to Better or Worse Than Average Effect in Physical Education.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):665-679. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.

The aim of this study was to explore students' calibration of sport performance in relation to better or worse than average effect in physical education settings. Participants were 147 fifth and sixth grade students (71 boys, 76 girls) who were tested in a soccer passing accuracy test after they had provided estimations for their own and their peers' performance in this test. Based on students' actual and estimated performance, calibration indexes of accuracy and bias were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1599DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143986PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Developing Value-Orientations in Family Therapy Trainees: A Three-Year Investigation.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):644-664. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Industrial and Organisational Psychology, UNISA, Pretoria, South Africa.

Family therapy has advanced as an important therapeutic approach in Europe and, in Germany, future family therapists enter a three-year-training programme every year. Family therapist trainees (FTTs) have hardly been studied in terms of their value-orientations (VOs) and how they see the world. This study aims at researching the value-orientation developments in FTTs during the three-year training period and based on the Schwartz value model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1519DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143993PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Emotional Intelligence and Self-Perception in Adolescents.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):632-643. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Emotional intelligence includes self-perception regarding attention to feelings, clarity of feelings and mood repair. The aim of this work is to study the relationship between emotional intelligence, self-concept, and self-esteem. The sample included 137 adolescents from Buenos Aires City, that attended middle school, with a mean age of 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143994PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Effect of Congruence Between Sound and Video on Heart Rate and Self-Reported Measures of Emotion.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):621-631. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, Universidad de San Buenaventura, Bogotá, Colombia.

Most studies of emotional responses have used unimodal stimuli (e.g., pictures or sounds) or congruent bimodal stimuli (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143982PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Mood Self-Assessment in Children From the Age of 7.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):599-620. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Laboratoire CLLE, Université de Toulouse CNRS, UT2J, Toulouse, France.

The evaluation of emotions is one of the main challenges facing theorists and applied psychology researchers. In children, in order to focus on subjective feelings, psychologists mainly use non-verbal scales that measure both the intensity and valence of the emotions felt. The use of these scales poses a main research questions: What is the children's knowledge of the emotion presented? In order to properly assess the emotional state of a child, it is first necessary to measure the child's understanding of the major characteristics of emotion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1408DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143991PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Associations Between Materialism, Gratitude, and Well-Being in Children of Overseas Filipino Workers.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):581-598. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau.

Children left behind by parents who are overseas Filipino workers (OFW) benefit from parental migration because their financial status improves. However, OFW families might emphasize the economic benefits to compensate for their separation, which might lead to materialism among children left behind. Previous research indicates that materialism is associated with lower well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1555DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143983PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Disordered Eating Behaviors Through the Lens of Self-Determination Theory.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):571-580. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.

This study aimed to verify a conceptual model of eating regulation based on the Self-Determination Theory. This model suggests that basic psychological needs satisfaction is related to general self-determined motivation and autonomous regulation toward eating, which in turn are associated with less disordered eating behaviors and attitudes and better satisfaction with life. Two hundred thirty-nine women without an eating disorder completed self-reported questionnaires. Read More

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https://ejop.psychopen.eu/article/view/1577
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143988PMC
August 2018
13 Reads

From Organizational Justice Perceptions to Turnover Intentions: The Mediating Effects of Burnout and Job Satisfaction.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):554-570. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET) - Research Institute, School of Humanities and Arts, National University of Rosario, Rosario, Argentina.

Turnover intentions (TI) stand as an insidious problem that impacts on the functioning of organizations and the well-being of their members. Currently, there is a growing interest in identifying the explanatory mechanisms of TI, in order to strengthen and retain valued employees for organizations. In line with this trend, the aim of the present study was to test an integrative serial multiple mediation model that examined the possible mediating role of burnout and job satisfaction in the relationships between organizational justice and TI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1490DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143992PMC
August 2018
1 Read

The Mediating Role of Perceived Social Support in the Relationships Between General Causality Orientations and Locus of Control With Psychopathological Symptoms.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):531-553. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The main aim of this study is to investigate the mediator role of perceived social support in the relationship between general causality orientations and locus of control with psychopathological symptoms. Total 751 participants were consisted of 558 female ages between 17 and 36 (Female M = 19.03, SD = 0. Read More

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https://ejop.psychopen.eu/article/view/1563
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143984PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

The Possible as a Field of Inquiry.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Aug 31;14(3):519-530. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Psychology, Webster University Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

In this editorial I introduce the possible as an emerging field of inquiry in psychology and related disciplines. Over the past decades, significant advances have been made in connected areas - counterfactual thinking, anticipation, prospection, imagination and creativity, etc. - and several calls have been formulated in the social sciences to study human beings and societies as systems that are open to possibility and to the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i3.1725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143987PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Therapists' Experiences in Their Work With Sex Offenders and People With Pedophilia: A Literature Review.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):498-514. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

This article presents a review of the literature that pertains to the experiences of therapists who work directly with child sex offenders and/or people with pedophilia. We draw together results from studies that attempted to identify how therapists experience such work and how they were personally impacted by it. Usually, such studies are embedded within one of the following theoretical frameworks: Secondary traumatic stress, compassion fatigue, vicarious traumatization and burnout. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016037PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Singleness, Religiosity, and the Implications for Counselors: The Indonesian Case.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):485-497. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Centre for Online Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

This paper explores the unique role of religiosity in assisting Indonesian singles (extensively refer to those who are never married) and how it relates to the counseling and therapeutic practices with never-married clients. Whereas the role of religiosity has been drawn into scholarly attention for its effectiveness in dealing with many situations that are particularly related to social stigma, little is known regarding its role in assisting singles to overcoming stigma due to their singleness. Indonesian society regards marriage as a social achievement and this perception places singles in an undervalued position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1530DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016032PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Testing Intergroup Threat Theory: Realistic and Symbolic Threats, Religiosity and Gender as Predictors of Prejudice.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):464-484. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

The School of Arts and Sciences, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.

The complex phenomenon of prejudice has been the focus of interest among social psychologists since the mid-20th century. The Intergroup Threat Theory (ITT) is one of the most efficient theoretical frameworks to identify the triggers of prejudice. In this study, using experimental design, we examined the effects of symbolic and realistic threats on prejudice that was measured by means of a modified social distance scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016028PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Group Psychodynamic Counselling as a Clinical Training Device to Enhance Metacognitive Skills and Agency in Future Clinical Psychologists.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):444-463. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Metacognitive skills and agency are among the main psychological abilities a clinical psychologist should have. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of group psychodynamic counselling as a clinical training device able to enhance metacognitive skills and agency in final-year undergraduates in clinical psychology within an educational context. Thirty-three final-year students of clinical psychology participated in an experiential laboratory lasting two months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016038PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

The Role of Autobiographical Story-Telling During Rehabilitation Among Hip-Fracture Geriatric Patients.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):424-443. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Orthopedic Institute "Gaetano Pini", Milan, Italy.

Hip fracture is one of the most common health care problems among elderly people. Literature shows that high self-efficacy expectations and positive affect are some of the key issues in functional recovery after hip fracture. The present investigation tested whether self-narration of such life-breaking event influences self-efficacy and depression during the process of rehabilitation. Read More

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https://ejop.psychopen.eu/article/view/1559
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1559DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016034PMC
June 2018
16 Reads

(Dis)Obedience in U.S. American Young Adults: A New Way to Describe Authority Relationships.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):404-423. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy.

The present research aims to investigate the psychosocial phenomena of obedience and disobedience in young adults residing in the United States, as a replication of a previous study by Pozzi, Fattori, Bocchiaro, and Alfieri (2014). We utilize social representation theory as a means to better understand and define (dis)obedience, a behavioral dimension of the concept of authority. The analysis was conducted using a concurrent mixed methods design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016029PMC
June 2018
9 Reads

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Research Tools: A Study on the Cultural Intelligence Scale Adaptation in Slovenian.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):386-403. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The article examines the cross-cultural transferability of a widely accepted cross-cultural assessment tool - the Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS) - using research conducted in Slovenia and insights from the American and Slovenian researchers who translated the tool into Slovene and adapted it for use in Slovenia. In the context of a qualitative focus group based study, the researchers look at the specific characteristics of CQS perceptions within the Slovenian sample (two focus groups - one in the capital and the other in the south of the country) and identify barriers to these perceptions and the specific characteristics of the perceptions of Slovenian citizens regarding cross-cultural interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1527DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016030PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Sickness Absence due to Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: The Exploration of a Predictive Psychological Model Including Negative Moods, Subjective Health and Work Efficacy in an Adult County Population (The HUNT Study).

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):373-385. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

University College Southeast Norway, School of Business and Social Sciences, Hønefoss, Norway.

The relation between musculoskeletal pain and sickness absence was tested in an adult county population. Maximal explained variance in absence from work due to chronic musculoskeletal pain (sickness absence) was tested in a model in which subjective health was expected to mediate the associations between such pain and dysphoria, respectively, and work efficacy. In turn, work efficacy was expected to mediate the link between subjective health and sickness absence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1470DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016039PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

The Centrality of Events Scale for Italian Adolescents: Integrating Traumatic Experience Into One's Identity and Its Relation to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptomatology.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):359-372. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

CRIdee, Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica, Milan, Italy.

Adolescents could develop areas of vulnerability, especially if they have had to deal with highly stressful and traumatic life events. Stressful experiences can work as traumatic memories that become central to one's life and core topics for one's identity and for the attribution of meaning to life experience. The present work evaluates (a) the internal structures of the 20-item Centrality of Event Scale in the Italian context and (b) the impact of stressful and traumatic experience during adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1465DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016033PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Freeze or Forget? Virtual Attack Effects in an Emotional Sternberg Task.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):342-358. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, Utrecht University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Emotionally salient stimuli have the ability to disrupt cognitive processing. This kind of disruption involves effects on working memory and may be related to mental health problems. To explore the nature of such emotional interference on working memory, a Virtual Attack Emotional Sternberg Task (VAEST) was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1473DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016026PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

The Illusion of Knowing in Metacognitive Monitoring: Effects of the Type of Information and of Personal, Cognitive, Metacognitive, and Individual Psychological Characteristics.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):317-341. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, National University of Ostroh Academy, Ostroh, Ukraine.

The aim of the paper is to analyse the illusion of knowing in metacognitive monitoring of the learning activity of university students (n = 262). The analysis focuses on the effects of the different types of information proposed and of personal, cognitive, metacognitive, and individual psychological characteristics of the participants. The research has shown that the illusion of knowing can occur in all types of metacognitive judgments, but is more evident in prospective judgments and depends on the type of information, its length and style, task type, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016031PMC
June 2018
21 Reads

Addiction, Passion, or Confusion? New Theoretical Insights on Exercise Addiction Research From the Case Study of a Female Body Builder.

Authors:
Attila Szabo

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):296-316. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Institute of Health Promotion and Sport Sciences, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Exercise addiction is widely studied in sport science and psychology, but at this time it is not recognized as an independently diagnosable mental or psychiatric disorder. Indeed, studies on exercise addiction assess a level of risk for disordered exercise behaviour, characterized by lack of control and negative personal consequences. It is argued that commitment and passion are two overlapping features of high exercise involvement which obscure the fine line between healthy and unhealthy exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1545DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016027PMC
June 2018
10 Reads

The Flow of Learning.

Authors:
Maciej Karwowski

Eur J Psychol 2018 Jun 19;14(2):291-295. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i2.1660DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016036PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Social Support and Symptom Severity Among Patients With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder or Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia: A Systematic Review.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):254-286. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

School of Criminology, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada.

Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (PD/A) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are characterized by major behavioral dysruptions that may affect patients' social and marital functioning. The disorders' impact on interpersonal relationships may also affect the quality of support patients receive from their social network. The main goal of this systematic review is to determine the association between social or marital support and symptom severity among adults with PD/A or OCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1252DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973527PMC
March 2018
18 Reads

The Flow Engine Framework: A Cognitive Model of Optimal Human Experience.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):232-253. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

LATI, University Paris Descartes, Paris, France.

Flow is a well-known concept in the fields of positive and applied psychology. Examination of a large body of flow literature suggests there is a need for a conceptual model rooted in a cognitive approach to explain how this psychological phenomenon works. In this paper, we propose the Flow Engine Framework, a theoretical model explaining dynamic interactions between rearranged flow components and fundamental cognitive processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973526PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Why Is Working Memory Performance Unstable? A Review of 21 Factors.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):188-231. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.

In this paper, we systematically reviewed twenty-one factors that have been shown to either vary with or influence performance on working memory (WM) tasks. Specifically, we review previous work on the influence of intelligence, gender, age, personality, mental illnesses/medical conditions, dieting, craving, stress/anxiety, emotion/motivation, stereotype threat, temperature, mindfulness training, practice, bilingualism, musical training, altitude/hypoxia, sleep, exercise, diet, psychoactive substances, and brain stimulation on WM performance. In addition to a review of the literature, we suggest several frameworks for classifying these factors, identify shared mechanisms between several variables, and suggest areas requiring further investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1472DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973525PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

The Mediational Role of Coping Strategies in the Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Risk of Internet Addiction.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):176-187. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Psychological, Educational and Training Sciences, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

The aim of the present study is to explore, through a mediation model, the relationship among self-esteem, coping strategies, and the risk of Internet addiction in a sample of 300 Italian university students. We submitted the data to a descriptive, mediational comparison between variables (t-test), and correlational statistical analyses. The results confirmed the effect of self-esteem on the risk of Internet addiction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1449DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973524PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Effects of Individual Differences and Job Characteristics on the Psychological Health of Italian Nurses.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):159-175. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Centre for Occupational and Health Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.

The Demand Resources and Individual Effects Model (DRIVE Model) is a transactional model that integrates Demands- Control-Support and Effort-Reward Imbalance models emphasising the role of individual (Coping Strategies; Overcommitment) and job characteristics (Job Demands, Social Support, Decision Latitude, Skill Discretion, Effort, Rewards) in the work-related stress process. The present study aimed to test the DRIVE Model in a sample of 450 Italian nurses and to compare findings with those of a study conducted in a sample of UK nurses. A questionnaire composed of Ways of Coping Checklist-Revised (WCCL-R); Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ); ERI Test; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1478DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973523PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Online Discussion and the Moral Pathway to Identity Politicization and Collective Action.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):143-158. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy.

Research on the mobilizing potential of the Internet has produced some controversy between optimistic vs. skeptical perspectives. Although some attention has been paid to the effects of online discussions on collective participation, very little is known about how people's experience of online interactions affects the key psychosocial predictors of collective action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1507DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973522PMC
March 2018
1 Read

To Seek or Not to Seek Advice: Talking About Romantic Issues During Emerging Adulthood.

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):125-142. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, CRIdee, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy.

The aim of the study was to explore whether and how emerging adults talk about their romantic relationships with their close others, especially their parents and friends, also considering gender differences. Data were collected via eight single-sex focus groups conducted with 50 Italian emerging adults (aged 18-25), and were analyzed using thematic analysis. Two main themes emerged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1454DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973521PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Mama Mach and Papa Mach: Parental Machiavellianism in Relation to Dyadic Coparenting and Adolescents' Perception of Parental Behaviour.

Authors:
András Láng

Eur J Psychol 2018 Mar 12;14(1):107-124. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Institute of Psychology, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

Parental personality is a main contributor to parenting outcomes. However, research on parental personality and parenting or coparenting behaviour is scarce. These few studies showed that disagreeableness and neuroticism are consequently related to negative parenting outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v14i1.1474DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5973520PMC
March 2018
1 Read