1,926 results match your criteria Dysthymic Disorder


BODY DYSMORPHOPHOBIC DISORDER AND OTHER NON-PSYCHOTIC MENTAL DISORDERS IN PERSONS WITH COSMETIC DEFECTS AND DEFORMITIES OF THE NOSE.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(6):1414-1419

POLTAVA STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, POLTAVA, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: To explore the features of non-psychotic mental disorders in people with cosmetic defects and deformities of the external nose in order to optimize their treatment and rehabilitation measures.

Patients And Methods: Material and methods: The authors examined 99 persons who reffered to a plastic surgeon for cosmetic rhinoplasty. The first group (Group I) included 30 individuals; they did not have cosmetic defects of the nose; however, these individuals fixed unreasonably great attention on the nose and persistently demanded to change its shape. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Analysis of Mental Health Disease Trends Using BeGraph Software in Spanish Health Care Centers: Case Study.

JMIR Med Inform 2021 Jun 16;9(6):e15527. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Signal Theory and Communications, and Telematics Engineering, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.

Background: In the era of big data, networks are becoming a popular factor in the field of data analysis. Networks are part of the main structure of BeGraph software, which is a 3D visualization application dedicated to the analysis of complex networks.

Objective: The main objective of this research was to visually analyze tendencies of mental health diseases in a region of Spain, using the BeGraph software, in order to make the most appropriate health-related decisions in each case. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

DetectaWeb-Distress Scale: A Global and Multidimensional Web-Based Screener for Emotional Disorder Symptoms in Children and Adolescents.

Front Psychol 2021 15;12:627604. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Emotional disorder symptoms are highly prevalent and a common cause of disability among children and adolescents. Screening and early detection are needed to identify those who need help and to improve treatment outcomes. Nowadays, especially with the arrival of the COVID-19 outbreak, assessment is increasingly conducted online, resulting in the need for brief online screening measures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of depressive symptoms, dysthymia and major depressive disorders among homeless people.

BMJ Open 2021 02 23;11(2):e040061. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Public Health, Curtin University Faculty of Health Sciences, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Objectives: To assess the global prevalence estimates of depressive symptoms, dysthymia and major depressive disorders (MDDs) among homeless people.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Data Sources: Databases including PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were systematically searched up to February 2020 to identify relevant studies that have reported data on the prevalence of depressive symptoms, dysthymia and MDDs among homeless people. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

A man with dysthymia (with negative evaluation of allmost all through his live) induced depression in his sensitive spouse.

Vnitr Lek 2020 ;66(7):46-54

Long lasting, low intensity depressive episodes have been diversely integrated according to the classifications types or the psychodynamic points of view. The concept of anxious persistent lasting depression, neurotic depressive states, neurotic depression have been unified into the dysthymic disorder category of the DSM classification. This concept unification have been a topic of dispute considering that dysthymic disorder was a restrictive, heterogeneous an extensively comorbid diagnosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Relationship between neural responses to stress and mental health symptoms in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures after traumatic brain injury.

Epilepsia 2021 01 25;62(1):107-119. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Department of Neurology, UAB Epilepsy Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Objective: To utilize traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a model for investigating functioning during acute stress experiences in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) and to identify neural mechanisms underlying the link between changes in processing of stressful experiences and mental health symptoms in PNES.

Methods: We recruited 94 participants: 50 with TBI only (TBI-only) and 44 with TBI and PNES (TBI + PNES). Participants completed mood (Beck Depression Inventory-II), anxiety (Beck Anxiety Inventory), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom (PTSD Checklist-Specific Event) assessments before undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging during an acute psychosocial stress task. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Simulation study to demonstrate biases created by diagnostic criteria of mental illnesses: major depressive episodes, dysthymia, and manic episodes.

BMJ Open 2020 11 10;10(11):e037022. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Department of Chest Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

Objectives: Composite diagnostic criteria alone are likely to create and introduce biases into diagnoses that subsequently have poor relationships with input symptoms. This study aims to understand the relationships between the diagnoses and the input symptoms, as well as the magnitudes of biases created by diagnostic criteria and introduced into the diagnoses of mental illnesses with large disease burdens (major depressive episodes, dysthymic disorder, and manic episodes).

Settings: General psychiatric care. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Long-term morbidity in major affective and schizoaffective disorders following hospitalization in first psychotic episodes.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2021 01 28;143(1):50-60. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

International Consortium for Mood & Psychotic Disorders, Mailman Research Center, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA, USA.

Objective: To evaluate morbidity during long-term follow-up with clinical treatment of affective and schizoaffective disorder subjects followed from hospitalization for first major psychotic episodes.

Methods: We followed adult subjects systematically at regular intervals from hospitalization for first-lifetime episodes of major affective and schizoaffective disorders with initial psychotic features. We compiled % of days with morbidity types from detailed records and life charts, reviewed earliest antecedent morbidities, compared both with final diagnoses and initial presenting illness types, and evaluated morbidity risk factors with regression modeling. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Spatial working memory performance in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder.

J Affect Disord 2021 01 29;278:470-476. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Developmental Neuropsychiatry Program, Royal Children's Hospital.

Background: Spatial working memory (SWM) is known to be impaired in children with Major depressive disorder (MDD), and, separately, Dysthymic disorder (DD) (DSM V persistent depressive disorder equivalent). Yet, it remains unclear whether MDD or DD is associated with worse SWM impairment, whether DD adds to the SWM impairments evident in MDD and whether these findings are evident in children as well as adolescents with MDD and DD.

Methods: The association of SWM and its strategy and spatial span components is explored in carefully defined children and adolescents (age 6-16 years) with MDD alone (N = 29), MDD and DD (N = 130), DD alone (N = 154) compared to healthy typically developing participants (N = 107), controlling for age, gender, full scale IQ and social adversity status. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Parent- and child-reported anxiety disorders differentiating major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder in children and adolescents.

Australas Psychiatry 2020 Sep 22:1039856220960367. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Developmental Neuropsychiatry Program, Royal Children's Hospital, Australia.

Objective: To date, specific parent- and child-defined anxiety disorders associated with dysthymic disorder (DD; DSM-5 persistent depressive disorder equivalent) with and without major depressive disorder (MDD) have not been investigated in children and adolescents.

Method: In a cross-sectional study, we compared point prevalence rates of parent- and child-reported anxiety disorders in DD alone ( = 154), MDD alone ( = 29), comorbid DD and MDD ( = 130) and anxiety disorders alone ( = 126) groups.

Results: DD alone and MDD alone did not differ with respect to comorbid anxiety disorders from parent and child reports, while parent-reported panic disorder (PD) was significantly increased in the DD and MDD group compared to the other three groups as was child-reported post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to the MDD alone and anxiety disorders alone groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Effectiveness and moderators of individual cognitive behavioral therapy versus treatment as usual in clinically depressed adolescents: a randomized controlled trial.

Sci Rep 2020 09 9;10(1):14815. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, PO Box 80.140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

We examined if manualized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) was more effective than Treatment As Usual (TAU) for clinically depressed adolescents within routine care. This multisite Randomized controlled trail included 88 clinically depressed adolescents (aged 12-21 years) randomly assigned to CBT or TAU. Multiple assessments (pre-, post treatment and six-month follow-up) were done using semi-structured interviews, questionnaires and ratings and multiple informants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Review of dysthymia and persistent depressive disorder: history, correlates, and clinical implications.

Lancet Psychiatry 2020 09;7(9):801-812

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany; Center for Basics in Neuromodulation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Persistent depressive disorder is a chronic mood disorder that is common and often more disabling than episodic major depression. In DSM-5, the term subsumes several chronic depressive presentations, including dysthymia with or without superimposed major depressive episodes, chronic major depression, and recurrent major depression without recovery between episodes. Dysthymia can be difficult to detect in psychiatric and primary care settings until it intensifies in the form of a superimposed major depressive episode. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Predicting marriage and divorce in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

J Sex Marital Ther 2021 12;47(1):90-98. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Obsessive, Compulsive, and Anxiety Spectrum Research Program, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Single ( = 472, 51.7%), married or living in stable cohabitation ( = 375, 41.1%) and divorced or separated ( = 66, 7. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Treatment of double depression: A meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2020 09 8;291:113262. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

University of Notre Dame, United States.

Background: Double depression (DD), the co-existence of DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD) and dysthymia, is a poorly known and sparsely studied phenomenon. Nevertheless, it is prevalent in clinical samples of patients with depression. Thus, it is important to understand the efficacy of its treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Efficacy of a Guided Web-Based Self-Management Intervention for Depression or Dysthymia: Randomized Controlled Trial With a 12-Month Follow-Up Using an Active Control Condition.

J Med Internet Res 2020 07 14;22(7):e15361. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.

Background: An increasing number of studies suggest that web-based interventions for patients with depression can reduce their symptoms and are expected to fill currently existing treatment gaps. However, evidence for their efficacy has mainly been derived from comparisons with wait-list or treatment as usual controls. In particular, designs using wait-list controls are unlikely to induce hope and may even have nocebo effects, making it difficult to draw conclusions about the intervention's efficacy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A comparison of the three year course between chronic depression and depression with multiple vs. few prior episodes.

Psychiatry Res 2020 09 15;291:113235. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Lübeck University, 23538 Lübeck, Germany. Electronic address:

This study tested the hypothesis that chronic depression (CD) is more similar to depression with multiple prior episodes (ME) than to depression with few prior episodes (FE). Data from participants (n = 1013) with mild to moderate depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ-9] score 5 - 14) who took part in a randomized control trial of an internet intervention for depression (EVIDENT trial) were re-analyzed. The MINI-interview was conducted to diagnose CD (n = 376). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

From dysthymia to treatment-resistant depression: evolution of a psychopathological construct.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2020 Aug - Sep;32(5-6):471-476. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania "L. Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Dysthymia is a psychopathological construct historically described and often reconsidered through the centuries. Its first description is dated back to 400 b.C. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diagnostic classification of irritability and oppositionality in youth: a global field study comparing ICD-11 with ICD-10 and DSM-5.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Mar 12;62(3):303-312. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Severe irritability has become an important topic in child and adolescent mental health. Based on the available evidence and on public health considerations, WHO classified chronic irritability within oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in ICD-11, a solution markedly different from DSM-5's (i.e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effect of vitamin D supplement on negative emotions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Depress Anxiety 2020 06 4;37(6):549-564. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, Yunlin, Taiwan.

Background: The several meta-analyses of the effect of vitamin D on depression have produced inconsistent results and studies dealing with anxiety were not incorporated. There has been no comprehensive analysis of how results are affected by the nature of the sample or the dosage and duration of supplementation. The study is aimed to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation reduces negative emotions and to analyze the possible influence of sample and regimen. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Associations Between Psychiatric Disorders and Enuresis in Taiwanese Children: A National Population-Based Study.

Clin Epidemiol 2020 18;12:163-171. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Psychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may negatively impact drug compliance and the prognosis of enuresis. However, existing studies regarding associations between lifetime psychiatric disorders and childhood enuresis are primarily from Western countries, and studies from Taiwan are lacking.

Methods: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort analysis using the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2010. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2020

Network structure of depression symptomology in participants with and without depressive disorder: the population-based Health 2000-2011 study.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2020 Oct 11;55(10):1273-1282. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 9, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.

Purpose: Putative causal relations among depressive symptoms in forms of network structures have been of recent interest, with prior studies suggesting that high connectivity of the symptom network may drive the disease process. We examined in detail the network structure of depressive symptoms among participants with and without depressive disorders (DD; consisting of major depressive disorder (MDD) and dysthymia) at two time points.

Methods: Participants were from the nationally representative Health 2000 and Health 2011 surveys. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Bupropion-Induced Spontaneous Ejaculations.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2020 01 2;22(1). Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Iqraa International Hospital and Research Centre, Calicut, Kerala, India.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

Affective temperaments (TEMPS-A) in panic disorder and healthy probands: Genetic modulation by variation.

World J Biol Psychiatry 2020 12 31;21(10):790-796. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Objectives: Temperamental traits as ascertained by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-Questionnaire (TEMPS-A) have been suggested as promising intermediate phenotypes of mental disorders. In anxiety disorders, however, TEMPS scales and their genetic underpinnings are still understudied.

Methods: TEMPS-A scores in 109 patients with panic disorder (PD) were compared to a sample of 536 healthy probands. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

The prevalence of comorbid depression in patients with diabetes: A meta-analysis of observational studies.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2019 Nov - Dec;13(6):3113-3119. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in patients with diabetes, which can exacerbate and accelerate adverse diabetes complaints by reducing self-care behaviors and medication adherence. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression in Iranian patients with diabetes. The search was conducted in the databases of Scientific Information Database (SID), MagIran, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Duloxetine in Psychiatric Disorders: Expansions Beyond Major Depression and Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2019 25;10:772. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Italy.

Duloxetine hydrochloride (DUL) is an antidepressant included in the pharmacological class of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and chronic musculoskeletal pain. The aim of this review was to elucidate current evidences on the use of DUL in the treatment of a variety of psychiatric disorders. This systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2019

Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders and Associated Factors among the Youth in Ravansar, Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2019 08 1;22(8):435-442. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Mental disorders contribute significantly to the burden of diseases in Iran. Therefore, the current study aims to assess the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and their associated factors among youth in Kermanshah province of Iran.

Methods: The current study is a part of the first phase of Ravansar Cohort (a part of the PERSIAN Youth Cohort) including 2991 participants aged 15 to 34 from Ravansar district in western Iran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Long-Term Effects of Multimodal Treatment on Psychopathology and Health-Related Quality of Life of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Front Psychol 2019 24;10:2037. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Department of Developmental and Clinical Child Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Aim: The current study aimed to examine the association between long-term (36 months) multimodal (pharmacological and psychological) treatment and psychopathology and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from the perspectives of both the children and parents.

Methods: The sample consisted of 23 children with ADHD (21 boys, 2 girls, mean age = 13.46 years, = 2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2019

Prevalence and recognition of depressive disorders among Chinese older adults receiving primary care: A multi-center cross-sectional study.

J Affect Disord 2020 01 2;260:26-31. Epub 2019 Sep 2.

Institute of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China. Electronic address:

Background: In recent years, there have been increasing calls for integrating late-life mental health services into primary care in China, but data on the epidemiology of depressive disorders in older adults receiving primary care are very limited. This study examined prevalence, correlates and recognition of depressive disorders among Chinese older adults receiving primary care.

Methods: A total of 752 older patients (65+ years) were consecutively recruited from 13 primary care clinics in Wuhan, China, and interviewed with the Chinese Mini-international Neuropsychiatric Interview 5. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

[Epidemiological survey of mental disorders in the rural left behind elderly aged 60 years and older in Gansu].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Aug;99(31):2429-2434

Department of Psychiatric, Tianshui Third People's Hospital, Tianshui 741000, China.

To investigate the prevalence, demographic characteristics and social life function of mental disorders in the rural left behind elderly aged 60 years and older in Gansu. Between November 2017 and June 2018, a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to randomly select the rural left behind elderly aged 60 years and older in Gansu, and totally 6 000 elderly were enrolled. By using the extended general health questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the American Handbook for Diagnosis and Statistics of Mental Disorders (DSM-Ⅳ) Axis Ⅰ Disorders Formal Clinical Examination Patient Edition, all the included subjects were screened and diagnosed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF