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    Presidential Address: Are the Obsessive-Compulsive Related Disorders Related to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder? A Critical Look at DSM-5's New Category.
    Behav Ther 2018 Jan 15;49(1):1-11. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Electronic address:
    The 5edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) includes a new class of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) that includes obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and a handful of other putatively related conditions. Although this new category promises to raise awareness of underrecognized and understudied problems, the empirical validity and practical utility of this new DSM category is questionable. This article critically examines the arguments underlying the new OCRD class, illuminates a number of problems with this class, and then discusses implications for clinicians and researchers. Read More

    [Investigation of tall stature in children: Diagnostic work-up, review of the main causes].
    Arch Pediatr 2018 Jan 29. Epub 2018 Jan 29.
    Service de pédiatrie multidisciplinaire, hôpital Timone Enfants, Assistance publique des hôpitaux de Marseille, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille, France.
    Tall stature is not a common motive for medical consultation, even though by definition 2.5 % of children in the general population are concerned. It is usually defined as height greater than+2 standard deviations (SD) using the appropriate growth chart for age and gender, or a difference greater than +2 SD between actual height and target height. Read More

    Attentional biases toward body images in males at high risk of muscle dysmorphia.
    PeerJ 2018 16;6:e4273. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    General Sport Administration of China's Key Laboratory of Sports Psychological and Physiological Regulation, School of Education and Psychology, Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjin, People's Republic of China.
    Objective: Although research on muscle dysmorphia (MD), a body dysmorphic disorder subtype, has recently increased, the causes and mechanisms underlying this disorder remain unclear. Results from studies examining disorders associated with body image suggest the involvement of self-schema in biasing attention toward specific body information. The present study examined whether individuals at higher risk of MD also display attentional biases toward specific types of body images. Read More

    Predictors and consequences of health anxiety symptoms: a novel twin modeling study.
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 2018 Mar 15;137(3):241-251. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Psychiatry, Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, The University of Melbourne and Melbourne Health, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Objective: The question of how to best conceptualize health anxiety (HA) from a diagnostic and etiological perspective remains debated. The aim was to examine the relationship between HA and the symptoms of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive-related disorders in a normative twin population.

    Method: Four hundred and ninety-six monozygotic adult twin pairs from the Australian Twin Registry participated in the study (age, 34. Read More

    [Disturbances of the body image: a cultural and historical comparison between the glass delusion and body dysmorphic disorder].
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 2017;59(12):759-766
    background Research on body dysmorphic disorder (bdd) shows that many debates in the field of psychology, sociology and philosophy already focus on the ways 'ideals of the perfect body' influence this disorder. However, more work needs to be done on the question in what ways bdd is culturally, historically and technologically mediated.

    Aim: To argue that norms and values of the perfect body and the ways a society prescribes how body and mind should be related, are technologically mediated through different time frames, which influence disorders of disturbances of the body image. Read More

    Set shifting and visuospatial organization deficits in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Psychiatry Res 2017 Nov 24;260:182-186. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital & Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Building 185 Cambridge Street, Suite 2000, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address:
    Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) over-attend to perceived defect(s) in their physical appearance, often becoming "stuck" obsessing about perceived flaws and engaging in rituals to hide flaws. These symptoms suggest that individuals with BDD may experience deficits in underlying neurocognitive functions, such as set-shifting and visuospatial organization. These deficits have been implicated as risk and maintenance factors in disorders with similarities to BDD but have been minimally investigated in BDD. Read More

    [Body dysmorphic disorder: Future prospects of medical care].
    Encephale 2017 Nov 1. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Secteur 4, CHS Sainte-Anne, site hôpital Henri-Ey, 15, avenue de la Porte de Choisy, 75013 Paris, France.
    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Read More

    Copy Number Variation in Syndromic Forms of Psychiatric Illness: The Emerging Value of Clinical Genetic Testing in Psychiatry.
    Am J Psychiatry 2017 Nov;174(11):1036-1050
    From the Department of Psychiatry and the Department of Clinical Genetics, Erasmus University Medical Center (Erasmus MC), Rotterdam, the Netherlands; the Department of Psychiatry and the Center for Precision Neuropsychiatry, Columbia University, New York; New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York; the Departments of Psychiatry, Neuroscience, and Human Genetics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York; the Clinical Neuroscience Center, Pilgrim Psychiatric Center, West Brentwood, N.Y.; the Department of Genetics, Center for Molecular Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Delta Psychiatric Center, Portugaal, the Netherlands; the Department of Human Genetics, Donders Center for Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; and the Department of Clinical Genetics, School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

    Mosaic UPD(7q)mat in a patient with silver Russell syndrome.
    Mol Cytogenet 2017 17;10:36. Epub 2017 Oct 17.
    Department of Genetic and Metabolic Central Laboratory, Guangxi Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Guangxi Birth Defects Prevention and Control Institute, No 59, Xiangzhu Road, Nanning, China.
    Background: Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is one of the imprinting disorders characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth restriction, relative macrocephaly, body asymmetry and characteristic facial features. ~ 10% of SRS cases are known to be associated with maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 (UPD(7)mat). Mosaic maternal segmental UPD of 7q (UPD(7q)mat) is very rare, had only been described in one case before. Read More

    [Body experience and self-esteem after minimally invasive skin rejuvenation : Study of female patients using botulinum toxin A and/or dermal fillers].
    Hautarzt 2017 Dec;68(12):959-967
    , Leipziger Str. 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Deutschland.
    Background: More and more people worldwide and also in Germany are using botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) and hyaluronic acid injections for skin rejuvenation.

    Objective: Study on body image and self-esteem of women with BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid filler treatment.

    Material And Methods: A total of 145 women who requested BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid injections completed a survey comprised of the body dysmorphic disorder questionnaire, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and questionnaires on the attitudes and motives on measures for optimization of the body and demographic features. Read More

    A comparison of body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery.
    Electron Physician 2017 Sep 25;9(9):5363-5368. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Loghman Educational Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Body dysmorphic disorder among patients referring for cosmetic surgeries is a disorder that if not diagnosed by a physician, can cause irreparable damage to the doctor and the patient.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to compare body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery.

    Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 212 patients referring to Loghman Hospital of Tehran for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery during the period from 2014 through 2016. Read More

    ALG9-CDG: New clinical case and review of the literature.
    Mol Genet Metab Rep 2017 Dec 6;13:55-63. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Medical Genetics, Cummings School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
    Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of metabolic diseases resulting from defects in glycan synthesis or processing. The number of subgroups and their phenotypic spectrums continue to expand with most related to deficiencies of N-glycosylation. ALG9-CDG (previously CDG-IL) is the result of a mutation in. Read More

    Do patients benefit from orthognathic surgery? A systematic review on the effects of elective orthognathic surgery on psychosocial functioning and patient satisfaction.
    Eur J Oral Sci 2017 Dec 11;125(6):411-418. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Centre for Special Care Dentistry, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    The main purpose of this systematic review was to determine the current state of evidence regarding patient satisfaction with, and the impact of, orthognathic surgery on psychosocial functioning of patients 17 yr of age and older. A secondary aim was to determine whether individuals with psychiatric disorders and mental health conditions are more likely to be dissatisfied with the treatment outcome than those without. We systematically searched PubMed, PsycInfo, and Embase for relevant studies (up to 6 June 2016). Read More

    The classification of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms in male and female adolescents.
    J Affect Disord 2018 Jan 23;225:429-437. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:
    Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was categorised in DSM-5 within the newly created 'obsessive-compulsive and related disorders' chapter, however this classification remains subject to debate. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test competing models of the co-occurrence of symptoms of BDD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety, and eating disorders in a community sample of adolescents, and to explore potential sex differences in these models.

    Methods: Self-report questionnaires assessing disorder symptoms were completed by 3149 Australian adolescents. Read More

    Associations between rejection sensitivity and mental health outcomes: A meta-analytic review.
    Clin Psychol Rev 2017 Nov 15;57:59-74. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    Department of Affective Disorders, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Huiai Hospital, Guangzhou, China; Laboratory of Emotion and Cognition, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Huiai Hospital, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:
    Rejection sensitivity is a personality disposition characterized by oversensitivity to social rejection. Using a three-level meta-analytic model, 75 studies were reviewed that examined associations between rejection sensitivity and five mental health outcomes: depression, anxiety, loneliness, borderline personality disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder. The results showed significant and moderate associations between rejection sensitivity and depression (pooled r=0. Read More

    Narrative: The Fear of Disfigurement in Cancer Patients.
    Indian J Palliat Care 2017 Jul-Sep;23(3):347-349
    Cipla Palliative Care and Training Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
    Fear of disfigurement affects patients with cancer, in whom the disease or its treatment leaves them permanently marked. Contrary to our thought, disfigurement is equally distressing to male patients, and it causes severe dislocation in their lives. We describe two cases in which disfigurement caused tremendous change in our patients; these cases underline the need for psychotherapy in patients suffering from cancer. Read More

    A multi-method analysis of distress tolerance in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Body Image 2017 Dec 18;23:50-60. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA. Electronic address:
    Distress tolerance (DT) is a transdiagnostic construct linked to multiple psychiatric disorders. We conducted three studies using different methods to investigate the relationship between DT and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Study 1 found a significant relationship between low DT and more severe BDD symptoms in an adult community sample (N=81). Read More

    [The prevalence of SHOX gene deletion in children with idiopathic short stature. A multicentric study].
    Orv Hetil 2017 Aug;158(34):1351-1356
    Csolnoky Ferenc Kórház Veszprém.
    Introduction: The isolated haploinsufficiency of the SHOX gene is one of the most common cause of short stature determined by monogenic mutations. The heterozygous deviation of the gene can be detected in 2-15% of patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS), in 50-90% of patients with Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis syndrome (LWS), and in almost 100% of patients with Turner syndrome.

    Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of SHOX gene haploinsufficiency in children with ISS, LWS and in patients having Turner syndrome phenotype (TF), but normal karyotype, and to identify the dysmorphic signs characteristic for SHOX gene deficiency. Read More

    The role of feared possible selves in obsessive-compulsive and related disorders: A comparative analysis of a core cognitive self-construct in clinical samples.
    Clin Psychol Psychother 2018 Jan 9;25(1):e19-e29. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Increasingly, cognitive-behavioural models have been considering the role of beliefs about the self in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including sensitive domains of self-concept and feared self-perceptions. This has led to the development of the Fear of Self Questionnaire (FSQ; Aardema et al., ), which has shown strong internal consistency, divergent and convergent validity, and found to be a major predictor of unwanted thoughts and impulses (i. Read More

    ['Barbie Doll Syndrome'. A case report of body dysmorphic disorder].
    Neuropsychiatr 2017 Aug 8. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    Abteilung für Sozialpsychiatrie, Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universität Wien, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Österreich.
    Background: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. Read More

    Are Burnt-out Doctors Prone to Seek Cosmetic Surgery? A Cross-Sectional Study.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 Dec 4;41(6):1447-1453. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Laboratory of Hygiene, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Panepistimioupoli, 54124, Thessaloníki, Greece.
    Introduction: Studies have so far examined several psychosocial factors associated with an interest in aesthetic plastic surgery. Among them, gender, teasing history, marital status, education, social networks and body dysmorphic disorders are all predictors of interest in cosmetic surgery. Given the fact that professional status can influence health-related attitudes, our objective was firstly to identify if medical professionals are more likely to express interest in plastic surgery compared to non-medical professionals. Read More

    Body Image and Eating Disorders are Common among Professional and Amateur Athletes Using Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs: A Cross-Sectional Study.
    J Psychoactive Drugs 2017 Nov-Dec;49(5):373-384. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    a Professor, NESMOS (Neuroscience, Mental Health, and Sensory Organs) Department , Sapienza-University of Rome , Rome , Italy.
    The use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) is not uncommon in athletes and appears to be associated with several psychopathological disorders of unclear prevalence. In this multicenter, cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of body image disorders (BIDs) and eating disorders (EDs) in PIED-using athletes vs. PIED nonusers. Read More

    [The Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Plastic Surgery - A Systematic Review of Screening Methods].
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2017 Dec 1;49(6):415-422. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Berufsgenossenschaftliches Klinikum Bergmannstrost Halle, Klinik für Plastische und Handchirurgie, Brandverletztenzentrum.
    Background: The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is considered to be a sub-form of somatoform disorders. BDD can express itself in a delirious experience, an excessive evaluation and employment of the external appearance, in particular the face. Preliminary results suggest that individuals with BDD do not benefit from plastic surgery, so that aesthetic surgery often results in aggravation of their symptoms. Read More

    The role of appearance schematicity in the internalization of media appearance ideals: A panel study of preadolescents.
    J Adolesc 2017 Oct 24;60:27-38. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Leuven School for Mass Communication Research, Faculty of Social Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Individuals who are more strongly invested in their appearance, appearance schematics, have a tendency to engage in appearance-related comparison. Appearance schematicity consists of two components. The self-evaluative component concerns the degree to which appearance is central to self-worth, referred to as dysfunctional appearance beliefs. Read More

    Recent advances in understanding and managing body dysmorphic disorder.
    Evid Based Ment Health 2017 Jul 20. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and disabling psychiatric disorder characterised by excessive and persistent preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's appearance, which are unnoticeable to others, and associated repetitive behaviours (eg, mirror checking). The disorder generally starts in adolescence, but often goes unnoticed and is severely underdiagnosed. Left untreated, BDD typically persists and causes marked functional impairment in multiple domains. Read More

    [Muscle Dysmorphia and Use of Ergogenics Substances. A Systematic Review].
    Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2017 Jul - Sep;46(3):168-177. Epub 2016 Aug 3.
    Facultad de Estudios Profesionales Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    The use of ergogenic substances (UES) is not restricted to achieving a better athletic performance, but also it is a behavior for body changing through muscle development; however, little is known about the relationship between muscle dysmorphia (MD) and UES. Therefore, it was conducted a systematic review of those empirical papers that have studied this relationship over the last decade (2004-2014). First it is highlighted that of the 22 articles analyzed, only 13 explicitly aimed this interest. Read More

    Association of Mental Health Status With Perception of Nasal Function.
    JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2017 Sep;19(5):369-377
    Rhinology and Skull Base Surgery, St Vincent's Centre for Applied Medical Research, University of New South Wales, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Importance: Mental health issues are thought to be overrepresented among patients undergoing rhinoplasty and may be associated with patient presentation prior to surgery.

    Objective: To assess the association of poor mental health with perception of nasal function.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: A cross-sectional study of patients presenting for airway assessment was performed from December 1, 2011, to October 31, 2015, at 2 tertiary rhinoplasty centers in Sydney, Australia. Read More

    Insight in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) relative to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and psychotic disorders: Revisiting this issue in light of DSM-5.
    Compr Psychiatry 2017 08 8;77:100-108. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University, Australia; Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre, Alfred Hospital and Monash University School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Australia; Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Australia; Department of Psychiatry, St. Vincent's Mental Health, Australia.
    Introduction: In DSM-5, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was reclassified under the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs), but little is known about the nature of BDD beliefs. This study aimed to compare level of insight in BDD and consider related implications for DSM-5 classification.

    Method: Participants were 27 BDD, 19 obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and 20 psychosis (SZ) participants as well as 42 non-clinical controls (NC), who completed the Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale (BABS) and Peters Delusions Inventory (PDI). Read More

    Long-Term Outcomes of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescent Body Dysmorphic Disorder.
    Behav Ther 2017 07 10;48(4):462-473. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London; Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm Health Care Services.
    Emerging evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious treatment for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in the short term, but longer-term outcomes remain unknown. The current study aimed to follow up a group of adolescents who had originally participated in a randomized controlled trial of CBT for BDD to determine whether treatment gains were maintained. Twenty-six adolescents (mean age = 16. Read More

    Sex Differences in the Presentation of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Community Sample of Adolescents.
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2017 May 25:1-13. Epub 2017 May 25.
    a Department of Psychology , Macquarie University.
    The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Read More

    Body dysmorphic disorder in the dermatology patient.
    Clin Dermatol 2017 May - Jun;35(3):298-301. Epub 2017 Jan 21.
    Former Clinical Professor of Dermatology , and of Dermatology in Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Clinical Professor of Dermatology, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, New Jersey. Electronic address:
    Body dysmorphic disorder is primarily a psychiatric disorder, in which the patient believes that some normal or very near normal aspect of his or her physical appearance is distorted or ugly. Should there be a minor abnormality, it is grossly exaggerated in the mind of the patient, causing feelings of shame and embarrassment and leading daily to spending hours at the mirror, or any reflecting surface, as the patient tries to conceal or remove the perceived abnormality through the development of ritualistic behavior. Although other organs can be involved-for example, the shape of the nose or a portion of an ear- the skin, hair, and nails are most commonly involved, while the patient constantly seeks reassurance about appearance from friends and family. Read More

    Somatic symptom disorder in dermatology.
    Clin Dermatol 2017 May - Jun;35(3):246-251. Epub 2017 Jan 22.
    Department of Dermatology, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.
    Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is defined by the prominence of somatic symptoms associated with abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to the symptoms, resulting in significant distress and impairment. Individuals with these disorders are more commonly encountered in primary care and other medical settings, including dermatology practice, than in psychiatric and other mental health settings. What defines the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as abnormal is that they are excessive, that is, out of proportion to other patients with similar somatic symptoms, and that they result in significant distress and impairment. Read More

    A randomized controlled trial of The Body Project: More Than Muscles for men with body dissatisfaction.
    Int J Eat Disord 2017 08 8;50(8):873-883. Epub 2017 May 8.
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida.
    Objective: Pressures for men to conform to a lean, muscular ideal have, in part, contributed to eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia symptoms, yet few programs have been developed and empirically evaluated to help men. This study investigated the acceptability and efficacy of a cognitive dissonance-based (DB) intervention in reducing eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia risk factors in men with body dissatisfaction.

    Method: Men were randomized to a two-session DB intervention (n = 52) or a waitlist control condition (n = 60). Read More

    An etiological model of disordered eating behaviors among Brazilian women.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 4;116:164-172. Epub 2017 May 4.
    Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
    The Tripartite Influence Model posits that parents, peers and media influences mediated by internalization and appearance social comparison are predictors of body dissatisfaction, a key risk factor for eating disorders. However, the Tripartite Influence Model has not been tested in Brazil where the people are known to have high levels of body image and appearance concerns. This study aimed to test an adapted Tripartite Influence Model of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating behaviors among Brazilian women. Read More

    Men, Muscles, and Eating Disorders: an Overview of Traditional and Muscularity-Oriented Disordered Eating.
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 2017 Jun;19(6):32
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California Street, San Francisco, CA, 94118, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: There is growing recognition that eating disorder (ED) symptoms, particularly those of a muscularity-oriented nature, are more common in men than previously understood. The purpose of the current review is to describe contemporary directions and implications of research on traditional and muscularity-oriented ED symptoms among males.

    Recent Findings: Evidence indicates that ED symptoms occur in a substantial minority of men. Read More

    Attentiveness of Dermatologists in the Middle East to Psychocutaneous Medicine.
    Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2017 Apr 27;19(2). Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Central Michigan University, Saginaw, Michigan, USA.
    Objective: Patients with skin diseases often have psychological problems and complications that require assessment and treatment. The main objective of this study was to explore attentiveness of dermatologists to psychiatric symptoms in their patients.

    Methods: A previously validated online questionnaire was used to explore the attitude and experience of dermatologists practicing in the Middle East toward the assessment of the psychiatric needs of their patients. Read More

    Are unwanted mental intrusions a transdiagnostic variable?
    Psicothema 2017 May;29(2):166-171
    Universidad de Valencia.
    Introduction: Unwanted mental intrusions (UMI) constitute the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). We sought to investigate the relationships between frequency and discomfort associated with the experience of the four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective.

    Method: A group of 438 university students and community participants (Mage= 29. Read More

    BMI at early puerperium: Body image, eating attitudes and mood states.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 May 21;37(4):428-434. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    e Department of Human and Social Sciences , University of Messina , Italy.
    The present study was aimed to verify if body weight could influence self-perception, in terms of body image, mood states, dissatisfaction with physical appearance and risk of eating disorders. In particular, we evaluated the differences between women of normal weight vs. overweight and obese during the delicate phase of puerperium to verify if there were different emotional structures, linked to BMI. Read More

    Psychocutaneous disease: Clinical perspectives.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 May;76(5):779-791
    Department of Dermatology, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; Department of Dermatology, Medical School of Jundiaí, São Paulo, Brazil; GK Dermatology, PC, South Weymouth, Massachusetts. Electronic address:
    Psychocutaneous disease, defined in this review as primary psychiatric disease with skin manifestations, is commonly encountered in dermatology. Dermatologists can play an important role in the management of psychocutaneous disease because patients visit dermatology for treatment of their skin problems but often refuse psychiatric intervention. This review describes common psychocutaneous syndromes, including delusional, factitious, obsessive-compulsive and related, and eating disorders, as well as psychogenic pruritus, cutaneous sensory (pain) syndromes, posttraumatic stress disorder, and sleep-wake disorders. Read More

    Self-report of temporomandibular joint clicking and psychological factors: is there an association?
    J Oral Rehabil 2017 Jul 10;44(7):511-516. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Oral Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    The objectives of this study were to test the hypothesis that self-reported TMJ clicking sounds in adolescents are positively associated with non-specific somatic symptoms, self-perception of body image and care-seeking behaviour. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 353 young adolescents (48·4% females) recruited from community (N = 272) and orthodontic clinic (N = 81) settings. Assessments included self-reported TMJ clicking, non-specific physical symptoms, body image concerns and for the clinic sample only, the source of motivation for treatment. Read More

    How individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) process their own face: a quantitative and qualitative investigation based on an eye-tracking paradigm.
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 2017 May 21;22(3):213-232. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    a Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry , University of Melbourne , Parkville , Australia.
    Introduction: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterised by repetitive behaviours and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived flaws in physical appearance. Based on an eye-tracking paradigm, this study aimed to examine how individuals with BDD processed their own face.

    Methods: Participants were 21 BDD patients, 19 obsessive-compulsive disorder patients and 21 healthy controls (HC), who were age-, sex-, and IQ-matched. Read More

    Structural and functional hyperconnectivity within the sensorimotor system in xenomelia.
    Brain Behav 2017 03 23;7(3):e00657. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Neuropsychology UnitDepartment of NeurologyUniversity Hospital ZurichZurichSwitzerland; Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP)University of ZurichZurichSwitzerland.
    Introduction: Xenomelia is a rare condition characterized by the persistent and compulsive desire for the amputation of one or more physically healthy limbs. We highlight the neurological underpinnings of xenomelia by assessing structural and functional connectivity by means of whole-brain connectome and network analyses of regions previously implicated in empirical research in this condition.

    Methods: We compared structural and functional connectivity between 13 xenomelic men with matched controls using diffusion tensor imaging combined with fiber tractography and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

    [Validation of the Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS) in a German Sample: Psychometric Properties and Association with Eating Behavior, Body Image and Self-Esteem].
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 2017 Feb 13;67(2):91-97. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Abt. für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universitätsklinik Tübingen.
    The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS [14]) is the most commonly used validated measure of body-related social comparison habits. Here we investigate reliability and construct validity of the PACS in a German sample. Participants (n=75 men, n=75 women and n=25 women with a confirmed diagnosis of anorexia nervosa) completed the PACS along with measures of eating disorder pathology, body image and self-esteem. Read More

    Patient-identified events implicated in the development of body dysmorphic disorder.
    Body Image 2017 Jun 8;21:19-25. Epub 2017 Mar 8.
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, 185 Cambridge Street, Suite 2000, Boston, MA 02114, United States.
    Little is known about the causes of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but researchers have proposed a diathesis-stress model. This study uses a patient-centered approach to identify stressful events to which patients attribute the development of their BDD symptoms. An Internet-recruited sample of 165 adults with BDD participated. Read More

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