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    1 OF 28

    Are unwanted mental intrusions a transdiagnostic variable?
    Psicothema 2017 May;29(2):166-171
    Universidad de Valencia.
    Introduction: Unwanted mental intrusions (UMI) constitute the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). We sought to investigate the relationships between frequency and discomfort associated with the experience of the four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective.

    Method: A group of 438 university students and community participants (Mage= 29. Read More

    Self-report of TMJ clicking and psychological factors: is there an association?
    J Oral Rehabil 2017 Apr 7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Department of Oral Sciences.
    The objectives of the current study were to test the hypothesis that self-reported TMJ clicking sounds in adolescents are positively associated with non-specific somatic symptoms, self-perception of body image, and care-seeking behaviour. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 353 young adolescents (48.4% females) recruited from community (N=272) and orthodontic clinic (N=81) settings. Read More

    Body dysmorphic disorder: history and curiosities.
    Wien Med Wochenschr 2017 Feb 20. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Nuclear Physics, Sub-nuclear and Radiation, G. Marconi University, Rome, Italy.
    Body dysmorphic disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with an absent or minimal physical deformity. It causes severe distress and impairs normal functioning. In the last centuries, this disorder has been mentioned in the medical literature by important mental health practitioners by different names, such as "dysmorphophobia" or "dermatologic hypochondriasis". Read More

    A review of penile elongation surgery.
    Transl Androl Urol 2017 Feb;6(1):69-78
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
    Penile elongation surgery is less commonly performed in the public sector, but involves a collaborative approach between urology and plastic surgery. Congenital and acquired micropenis are the classic surgical indications for penile elongation surgery. The goal of intervention in these patients is to restore a functional penis size in order to allow normal standing micturition, enable satisfying sexual intercourse and improve patient quality of life. Read More

    Subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder in adolescents: Prevalence and impact.
    Psychiatry Res 2017 May 31;251:125-130. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:
    The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14.6 years, 63. Read More

    A systematic review of visual processing and associated treatments in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 2017 Feb 12. Epub 2017 Feb 12.
    Brain and Psychological Sciences Research Centre, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.
    Objective: Recent advances in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have explored abnormal visual processing, yet it is unclear how this relates to treatment. The aim of this study was to summarize our current understanding of visual processing in BDD and review associated treatments.

    Method: The literature was collected through PsycInfo and PubMed. Read More

    Clinical Practice Guideline: Improving Nasal Form and Function after Rhinoplasty Executive Summary.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Feb;156(2):205-219
    17 Department of Research and Quality, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA.
    Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work. Read More

    Clinical Practice Guideline: Improving Nasal Form and Function after Rhinoplasty.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Feb;156(2_suppl):S1-S30
    17 Department of Research and Quality, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA.
    Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work. Read More

    Cognitive-behavioural therapy and recovery of a delusional dysmorphophobia case.
    Psicothema 2017 Feb;29(1):23-28
    Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío.
    Background: We present the application of cognitive-behavioural therapy in a clinical case diagnosed with delusional dysmorphophobia.

    Method: The psychometric scales used for evaluation were the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia, Beck Anxiety and Depression inventories, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale along with the degree of conviction in the delusional belief and in alternative explanations, and social functioning measured by patient reporting. The therapy included cognitive and behavioural techniques: evidence analysis, search for alternative explanations, logical and functional analysis, reality testing, progressive relaxation techniques, in vivo and imaginal exposure therapy. Read More

    Psychological and Psychiatric Traits in Post-bariatric Patients Asking for Body-Contouring Surgery.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 Feb 28;41(1):90-97. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Department of Neurosciences, Clinic of Plastic Surgery, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35100, Padova, Italy.
    Backgrounds: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin. The authors investigated psychological and psychiatric traits in post-bariatric patients undergoing body-contouring surgery to underline the strong correlation between psychiatry and obesity and avoid unsatisfactory results in post-bariatric patients. Read More

    Truncating de novo mutations in the Krüppel-type zinc-finger gene ZNF148 in patients with corpus callosum defects, developmental delay, short stature, and dysmorphisms.
    Genome Med 2016 12 13;8(1):131. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC+), PO Box 5800, 6202, AZ, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Background: Krüppel-type zinc finger genes (ZNF) constitute a large yet relatively poorly characterized gene family. ZNF genes encode proteins that recognize specific DNA motifs in gene promotors. They act as transcriptional co-activators or -repressors via interaction with chromatin remodeling proteins and other transcription factors. Read More

    Mixed vascular nevus syndrome: a report of four new cases and a literature review.
    Quant Imaging Med Surg 2016 Oct;6(5):515-524
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies "G. F. Ingrassia", Section of Radiology, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
    Background: Mixed vascular nevus (or nevus vascularis mixtus) represents an admixture of cutaneous vascular malformations of the telangiectatic type and angiospastic spots of nevus anemicus. It can occur as an purely cutaneous trait or as a hallmark of a neurocutaneous phenotype (mixed vascular nevus syndrome) characterised by the combination of: (I) paired vascular (telangiectatic and anemic) twin nevi and brain abnormalities of the Dyke-Davidoff-Masson type (i.e. Read More

    Primary Carnitine Deficiency and Newborn Screening for Disorders of the Carnitine Cycle.
    Ann Nutr Metab 2016 9;68 Suppl 3:5-9. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    Department of Pediatrics and Pathology, ARUP Laboratories, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
    Carnitine is needed for transfer of long-chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane for subsequent β-oxidation. Carnitine can be synthesized by the body and is also obtained in the diet through consumption of meat and dairy products. Defects in carnitine transport such as those caused by defective activity of the OCTN2 transporter encoded by the SLC22A5 gene result in primary carnitine deficiency, and newborn screening programmes can identify patients at risk for this condition before irreversible damage. Read More

    Cognitive dysfunction in body dysmorphic disorder: new implications for nosological systems and neurobiological models.
    CNS Spectr 2017 Feb 30;22(1):51-60. Epub 2016 Nov 30.
    2Department of Psychology,School of Life and Medical Sciences,University of Hertfordshire,Hatfield,UK.
    Introduction Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a debilitating disorder, characterized by obsessions and compulsions relating specifically to perceived appearance, and which has been newly classified within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders grouping. Until now, little research has been conducted into the cognitive profile of this disorder.

    Methods: Participants with BDD (n=12) and participants without BDD (n=16) were tested using a computerized neurocognitive battery investigating attentional set-shifting (Intra/Extra Dimensional Set Shift Task), decision-making (Cambridge Gamble Task), motor response-inhibition (Stop-Signal Reaction Time Task), and affective processing (Affective Go-No Go Task). Read More

    [Nursing care of body image disorders].
    Soins Psychiatr 2016 Nov - Dec;37(307):44-46
    Unité des troubles du comportement alimentaire, Clinique des maladies mentales et de l'encéphale, centre hospitalier Sainte-Anne, 1, rue Cabanis, Paris 75014, France. Electronic address:
    Anorexia causes body image disorders. The re-appropriation and acceptance of the body and its changes require specific care. Mirrors, 'morphing' software, photography, videography and the trying on of clothes in a store are tools which can help the patient reconstruct themselves. Read More

    [Anorexia in males].
    Soins Psychiatr 2016 Nov - Dec;37(307):20-21
    Unité des troubles du comportement alimentaire, Clinique des maladies mentales et de l'encéphale, centre hospitalier Sainte-Anne, 1, rue Cabanis, Paris 75014, France. Electronic address:
    Anorexia nervosa is often considered as a women disease, whereas 10% of the cases are men. There are much more researches in this field for a couple of decades. "Bigorexia", which combines food control and need for muscles, seems to be more frequent above men. Read More

    An interactive training programme to treat body image disturbance.
    Br J Health Psychol 2017 Feb 3;22(1):60-76. Epub 2016 Nov 3.
    School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, UK.
    Objectives: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a life-threatening mental health condition. A core feature is a disturbance of body image, such that sufferers see themselves as fatter than they actually are.

    Design: We tested the effectiveness of a novel training programme to recalibrate our participants' perception of body size. Read More

    Obsessive-compulsive skin disorders: a novel classification based on degree of insight.
    J Dermatolog Treat 2016 Oct 24:1-5. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
    b Department of Dermatology, Psoriasis and Skin Treatment Center , University of California San Francisco , San Francisco , CA , USA.
    Individuals with obsessive-compulsive features frequently visit dermatologists for complaints of the skin, hair or nails, and often progress towards a chronic relapsing course due to the challenge associated with accurate diagnosis and management of their psychiatric symptoms. The current DSM-5 formally recognizes body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, neurotic excoriation and body focused repetitive behavior disorder as psychodermatological disorders belonging to the category of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. However there is evidence that other relevant skin diseases such as delusions of parasitosis, dermatitis artefacta, contamination dermatitis, AIDS phobia, trichotemnomania and even lichen simplex chronicus possess prominent obsessive-compulsive characteristics that do not necessarily fit the full diagnostic criteria of the DSM-5. Read More

    Screening for Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Dermatology Outpatient Setting at a Tertiary Care Centre.
    J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2016 Jul-Sep;9(3):188-191
    Department of Dermatology and STD, VM Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Context: A distressing pre-occupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance with a marked negative effect on the patient's life is the core symptom of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

    Aim: To screen the patients attending a dermatology clinic at a tertiary care centre for BDD using the BDD-dermatology version (DV) questionnaire.

    Settings And Design: This cross-sectional study enrolled 245 consecutive patients from the dermatology outpatients clinic. Read More

    Compliance of community teams with specialist service recommendations for obsessive-compulsive and body dysmorphic disorders.
    BJPsych Bull 2016 Oct;40(5):245-248
    South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust.
    Aims and method To examine how often referring community mental health teams (CMHTs) utilised treatment recommendations made by the national highly specialised service for patients with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). We analysed all patient notes for admissions to the unit (August 2012-August 2014) and recorded how many treatment recommendations were implemented by CMHTs prior to admission and at 6 months post-discharge. Results Overall, 66% of our recommendations were met by CMHTs prior to admission and 74% after discharge. Read More

    Identifying candidate genes for 2p15p16.1 microdeletion syndrome using clinical, genomic, and functional analysis.
    JCI Insight 2016 Mar 17;1(3):e85461. Epub 2016 Mar 17.
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.; Child and Family Research Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
    The 2p15p16.1 microdeletion syndrome has a core phenotype consisting of intellectual disability, microcephaly, hypotonia, delayed growth, common craniofacial features, and digital anomalies. So far, more than 20 cases of 2p15p16. Read More

    De Novo Truncating Variants in ASXL2 Are Associated with a Unique and Recognizable Clinical Phenotype.
    Am J Hum Genet 2016 Oct 29;99(4):991-999. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    Institute of Human Genetics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.
    The ASXL genes (ASXL1, ASXL2, and ASXL3) participate in body patterning during embryogenesis and encode proteins involved in epigenetic regulation and assembly of transcription factors to specific genomic loci. Germline de novo truncating variants in ASXL1 and ASXL3 have been respectively implicated in causing Bohring-Opitz and Bainbridge-Ropers syndromes, which result in overlapping features of severe intellectual disability and dysmorphic features. ASXL2 has not yet been associated with a human Mendelian disorder. Read More

    Managing patients with delusional infestations in an integrated Psychodermatology clinic is much more cost effective than a general dermatology or primary care setting.
    Br J Dermatol 2016 Sep 28. Epub 2016 Sep 28.
    Dr Anthony Bewley, Consultant Dermatologist, Royal London Hospital Hospital, London, FRCP.
    Delusional Infestation (DI) is a condition whereby patients hold a fixed, false belief of being infested with living organisms (1) . Patients classically present with excoriated skin at various stages of the healing process, together with evidence of their infestation (the specimen sign(2) ) such as skin debris, insects or insect parts.. Read More

    Body Image and Body Contouring Procedures.
    Aesthet Surg J 2016 Oct;36(9):1039-47
    From the Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University College of Public Health, Philadelphia, PA.
    Dissatisfaction with physical appearance and body image is a common psychological phenomena in Western society. Body image dissatisfaction is frequently reported by those who have excess body weight, but also is seen in those of normal body weight. For both groups of individuals, this dissatisfaction impacts self-esteem and quality of life. Read More

    Discomfort and adaptation in psoriatic patients: an inchoate supportive care trial.
    Clin Ter 2016 Jul-Aug;167(4):105-12
    Introduction: Psoriasis produces functional and aesthetic damages which cause psychosocial discomfort and require new adjustment factors.

    Aims: We describe the correlation among discomfort and personality factors as traits, coping, defense mechanism (DM) and resilience in Ps (skin psoriasis) and PsA (psoriatic arthritis) patients.

    Materials And Methods: A random sample, age between 45-60, with 1:1 female/male, includes 3 groups each of 90 subjects: - single psoriasis (Ps, average 50. Read More

    Prevalence and correlates of body dysmorphic disorder in a community sample of adolescents.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2016 Aug 31. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder typically begins in adolescence, yet little is known about the prevalence and correlates of the disorder in this age group. The current study aimed to explore the presenting features of adolescents meeting probable criteria for body dysmorphic disorder in a large community sample, and compare levels of comorbid psychopathology, quality of life and mental health service use between adolescents with probable body dysmorphic disorder and those without.

    Method: Questionnaires were completed at school by 3149 adolescents: 63% male, aged 12-18 years (M = 14. Read More

    [Body dysmorphic disorder: clinical aspects, nosological dimensions and controversies with anorexia nervosa].
    Rev Med Chil 2016 May;144(5):626-33
    There is strong evidence about the co-existence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and eating disorders (ED), particularly with anorexia nervosa (AN). An exhaustive review of the specialised literature regarding these disorders was carried out. The results show that their co-occurrence implies a more complex diagnosis and treatment, a more severe clinical symptomatology and a worse prognosis and outcome. Read More

    A critical review of cosmetic treatment outcomes in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Body Image 2016 Dec 10;19:1-8. Epub 2016 Aug 10.
    King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neurosciences, London SE5 8AF, UK.
    A high proportion of individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) undergo cosmetic treatments in an attempt to 'fix' perceived defect/s in their physical appearance. Despite the frequency with which such procedures are sought, few studies have prospectively examined the outcomes of cosmetic procedures in individuals with BDD. This article aims to critically review the literature and discuss the current debate that exists on outcomes of cosmetic treatment for individuals with BDD. Read More

    Degree connectivity in body dysmorphic disorder and relationships with obsessive and compulsive symptoms.
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2016 Oct 8;26(10):1657-66. Epub 2016 Aug 8.
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are categorized within the same major diagnostic group and both show regional brain hyperactivity in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the basal ganglia during symptom provocation. While recent studies revealed that degree connectivity of these areas is abnormally high in OCD and positively correlates with symptom severity, no study has investigated degree connectivity in BDD. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to compare the local and distant degree of functional connectivity in all brain areas between 28 unmedicated BDD participants and 28 demographically matched healthy controls during a face-processing task. Read More

    Body dysmorphic disorder in different settings: A systematic review and estimated weighted prevalence.
    Body Image 2016 Sep 4;18:168-86. Epub 2016 Aug 4.
    The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
    Our aim was to systematically review the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a variety of settings. Weighted prevalence estimate and 95% confidence intervals in each study were calculated. The weighted prevalence of BDD in adults in the community was estimated to be 1. Read More

    Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale for patients seeking esthetic surgery: cross-cultural validation study.
    Sao Paulo Med J 2016 Jul;0
    MD, PhD. Full Professor, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Context And Objective: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale.

    Design And Setting: Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. Read More

    Development and Validation of the Expectations of Aesthetic Rhinoplasty Scale.
    Arch Plast Surg 2016 Jul 20;43(4):365-70. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: There is a growing concern in the field of aesthetic surgery about the need to measure patients' expectations preoperatively. The present study was designed to develop and validate the Expectations of Aesthetic Rhinoplasty Scale (EARS), and to compare expectations between rhinoplasty patients with and without body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

    Methods: In total, 162 college students and 20 rhinoplasty candidates were recruited. Read More

    Practice and Educational Gaps in Dermatology: Disorders of the Hair.
    Dermatol Clin 2016 Jul;34(3):275-9
    Department of Dermatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 North St Clair Street, Suite 1600, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:
    Clinical practice gaps exist in the care of hair patients. Attitude gaps include a relative lack of dermatologists interested in caring for patients with hair complaints, a potential underestimation of the effect of hair disorders on the quality of patients' lives, and potential failure to recognize the presentation of body dysmorphic disorder among patients with hair complaints. Knowledge gaps regarding the prevalence and presentation of hair loss disorders may lead to a delay in diagnosis and treatment of hair patients. Read More

    A systematic review of body dissatisfaction and sociocultural messages related to the body among preschool children.
    Body Image 2016 Sep 25;18:86-95. Epub 2016 Jun 25.
    Deakin University, Burwood, Australia.
    This systematic review examines body dissatisfaction and the influence of sociocultural messages related to body image among preschool children. The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines and 16 studies were included in the final analysis. Findings suggest that children under the age of 6 years old experience body dissatisfaction, however, the proportion of children who are dissatisfied varied from around 20% to 70%, depending on the method of assessment. Read More

    The impact of doll style of dress and familiarity on body dissatisfaction in 6- to 8-year-old girls.
    Body Image 2016 Sep 24;18:78-85. Epub 2016 Jun 24.
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, United States; Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, United States. Electronic address:
    We tested the impact of exposure to dolls of different body types and wardrobes on girls' body dissatisfaction. In Study 1, 112 girls (6 to 8 years old) were randomized to one of four conditions: thin (Barbie™) or full-figured (Tracy™) dolls dressed in a swimsuit or modest clothing. In Study 2, a different cohort of girls (n=112) was exposed to one of four conditions containing unfamiliar dolls of different body size (thin vs. Read More

    Pharmacological and psychotherapeutic interventions for management of obsessive-compulsive disorder in adults: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.
    Lancet Psychiatry 2016 Aug 16;3(8):730-9. Epub 2016 Jun 16.
    Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK.
    Background: Several interventions are available for management of obsessive-compulsive disorder in adults, but few studies have compared their relative efficacy in a single analysis. We aimed to simultaneously compare all available treatments using both direct and indirect data.

    Methods: In this systematic review and network meta-analysis, we searched the two controlled trials registers maintained by the Cochrane Collaboration Common Mental Disorders group for trials published up to Feb 16, 2016. Read More

    'I will be at death's door and realize that I've wasted maybe half of my life on one body part': the experience of living with body dysmorphic disorder.
    Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2016 Sep 17;20(3):191-8. Epub 2016 Jun 17.
    d Faculty of Medicine and Health , School of Health Sciences, Örebro University , Örebro , Sweden.
    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of patients living with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), including their experiences with the health care system.

    Methods: Fifteen individuals with BDD were interviewed, and interpretive description was used to analyse the interviews.

    Results: The following six themes were identified: being absorbed in time-consuming procedures, facing tension between one's own ideal and the perceived reality, becoming the disorder, being restricted in life, attempting to reduce one's problems and striving to receive care. Read More

    Penile traction therapy for Peyronie's disease-what's the evidence?
    Transl Androl Urol 2016 Jun;5(3):303-9
    1 Department of Urology, Section of Andrology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey ; 2 Department of Urology, Başkent University Alanya Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.
    Penile traction therapy (PTT) is a new therapeutic option for men with Peyronie's disease (PD). However, it has a long history of use in other fields of medicine including bone, skin, skeletal muscle, and Dupuytren's. Mechanotransduction, or gradual expansion of tissue by traction, leads to the formation of new collagen tissue by cellular proliferation. Read More

    Body Image and Body Dysmorphic Concerns.
    Acta Derm Venereol 2016 Aug;96(217):47-50
    Department of Psychology and Sociology, University of Zaragoza, C/ San Juan Bosco, 7, ES-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
    Most people would like to change something about their bodies and the way that they look, but for some it becomes an obsession. A healthy skin plays an important role in a person's physical and mental wellbeing, whereas a disfiguring appearance is associated with body image concerns. Skin diseases such as acne, psoriasis and vitiligo produce cosmetic disfigurement and patients suffering these and other visible skin conditions have an increased risk of depression, anxiety, feelings of stigmatization and self-harm ideation. Read More

    Eumorphic Plastic Surgery: Expectation Versus Satisfaction in Body Dysmorphic Disorder.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2016 Aug 1;40(4):592-601. Epub 2016 Jun 1.
    First Department, Rizzoli Institute, Bologna, Italy.
    Background: Eumorphic Plastic Surgery aims at improving the severe psychosocial pain caused by a deformity. Dysmorphopathology is an increasingly relevant problem facing the plastic surgeon.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the perioperative questionnaires created by the senior author and to present a cohort of plastic surgery patients suffering from dysmorphopathies. Read More

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