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    1339 results match your criteria Dysmorphophobia

    1 OF 27

    Subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder in adolescents: Prevalence and impact.
    Psychiatry Res 2017 Jan 31;251:125-130. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:
    The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14.6 years, 63. Read More

    A systematic review of visual processing and associated treatments in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 2017 Feb 12. Epub 2017 Feb 12.
    Brain and Psychological Sciences Research Centre, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.
    Objective: Recent advances in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have explored abnormal visual processing, yet it is unclear how this relates to treatment. The aim of this study was to summarize our current understanding of visual processing in BDD and review associated treatments.

    Method: The literature was collected through PsycInfo and PubMed. Read More

    Clinical Practice Guideline: Improving Nasal Form and Function after Rhinoplasty Executive Summary.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Feb;156(2):205-219
    17 Department of Research and Quality, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA.
    Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work. Read More

    Clinical Practice Guideline: Improving Nasal Form and Function after Rhinoplasty.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Feb;156(2_suppl):S1-S30
    17 Department of Research and Quality, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA.
    Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work. Read More

    Cognitive-behavioural therapy and recovery of a delusional dysmorphophobia case.
    Psicothema 2017 Feb;29(1):23-28
    Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío.
    Background: We present the application of cognitive-behavioural therapy in a clinical case diagnosed with delusional dysmorphophobia.

    Method: The psychometric scales used for evaluation were the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia, Beck Anxiety and Depression inventories, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale along with the degree of conviction in the delusional belief and in alternative explanations, and social functioning measured by patient reporting. The therapy included cognitive and behavioural techniques: evidence analysis, search for alternative explanations, logical and functional analysis, reality testing, progressive relaxation techniques, in vivo and imaginal exposure therapy. Read More

    Psychological and Psychiatric Traits in Post-bariatric Patients Asking for Body-Contouring Surgery.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 Feb 28;41(1):90-97. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Department of Neurosciences, Clinic of Plastic Surgery, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35100, Padova, Italy.
    Backgrounds: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin. The authors investigated psychological and psychiatric traits in post-bariatric patients undergoing body-contouring surgery to underline the strong correlation between psychiatry and obesity and avoid unsatisfactory results in post-bariatric patients. Read More

    Mixed vascular nevus syndrome: a report of four new cases and a literature review.
    Quant Imaging Med Surg 2016 Oct;6(5):515-524
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies "G. F. Ingrassia", Section of Radiology, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
    Background: Mixed vascular nevus (or nevus vascularis mixtus) represents an admixture of cutaneous vascular malformations of the telangiectatic type and angiospastic spots of nevus anemicus. It can occur as an purely cutaneous trait or as a hallmark of a neurocutaneous phenotype (mixed vascular nevus syndrome) characterised by the combination of: (I) paired vascular (telangiectatic and anemic) twin nevi and brain abnormalities of the Dyke-Davidoff-Masson type (i.e. Read More

    Primary Carnitine Deficiency and Newborn Screening for Disorders of the Carnitine Cycle.
    Ann Nutr Metab 2016 9;68 Suppl 3:5-9. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    Department of Pediatrics and Pathology, ARUP Laboratories, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
    Carnitine is needed for transfer of long-chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane for subsequent β-oxidation. Carnitine can be synthesized by the body and is also obtained in the diet through consumption of meat and dairy products. Defects in carnitine transport such as those caused by defective activity of the OCTN2 transporter encoded by the SLC22A5 gene result in primary carnitine deficiency, and newborn screening programmes can identify patients at risk for this condition before irreversible damage. Read More

    Cognitive dysfunction in body dysmorphic disorder: new implications for nosological systems and neurobiological models.
    CNS Spectr 2017 Feb 30;22(1):51-60. Epub 2016 Nov 30.
    2Department of Psychology,School of Life and Medical Sciences,University of Hertfordshire,Hatfield,UK.
    Introduction Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a debilitating disorder, characterized by obsessions and compulsions relating specifically to perceived appearance, and which has been newly classified within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders grouping. Until now, little research has been conducted into the cognitive profile of this disorder.

    Methods: Participants with BDD (n=12) and participants without BDD (n=16) were tested using a computerized neurocognitive battery investigating attentional set-shifting (Intra/Extra Dimensional Set Shift Task), decision-making (Cambridge Gamble Task), motor response-inhibition (Stop-Signal Reaction Time Task), and affective processing (Affective Go-No Go Task). Read More

    Obsessive-compulsive skin disorders: a novel classification based on degree of insight.
    J Dermatolog Treat 2016 Oct 24:1-5. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
    b Department of Dermatology, Psoriasis and Skin Treatment Center , University of California San Francisco , San Francisco , CA , USA.
    Individuals with obsessive-compulsive features frequently visit dermatologists for complaints of the skin, hair or nails, and often progress towards a chronic relapsing course due to the challenge associated with accurate diagnosis and management of their psychiatric symptoms. The current DSM-5 formally recognizes body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, neurotic excoriation and body focused repetitive behavior disorder as psychodermatological disorders belonging to the category of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. However there is evidence that other relevant skin diseases such as delusions of parasitosis, dermatitis artefacta, contamination dermatitis, AIDS phobia, trichotemnomania and even lichen simplex chronicus possess prominent obsessive-compulsive characteristics that do not necessarily fit the full diagnostic criteria of the DSM-5. Read More

    Screening for Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Dermatology Outpatient Setting at a Tertiary Care Centre.
    J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2016 Jul-Sep;9(3):188-191
    Department of Dermatology and STD, VM Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Context: A distressing pre-occupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance with a marked negative effect on the patient's life is the core symptom of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

    Aim: To screen the patients attending a dermatology clinic at a tertiary care centre for BDD using the BDD-dermatology version (DV) questionnaire.

    Settings And Design: This cross-sectional study enrolled 245 consecutive patients from the dermatology outpatients clinic. Read More

    Compliance of community teams with specialist service recommendations for obsessive-compulsive and body dysmorphic disorders.
    BJPsych Bull 2016 Oct;40(5):245-248
    South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust.
    Aims and method To examine how often referring community mental health teams (CMHTs) utilised treatment recommendations made by the national highly specialised service for patients with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). We analysed all patient notes for admissions to the unit (August 2012-August 2014) and recorded how many treatment recommendations were implemented by CMHTs prior to admission and at 6 months post-discharge. Results Overall, 66% of our recommendations were met by CMHTs prior to admission and 74% after discharge. Read More

    Identifying candidate genes for 2p15p16.1 microdeletion syndrome using clinical, genomic, and functional analysis.
    JCI Insight 2016 Mar 17;1(3):e85461. Epub 2016 Mar 17.
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.; Child and Family Research Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
    The 2p15p16.1 microdeletion syndrome has a core phenotype consisting of intellectual disability, microcephaly, hypotonia, delayed growth, common craniofacial features, and digital anomalies. So far, more than 20 cases of 2p15p16. Read More

    De Novo Truncating Variants in ASXL2 Are Associated with a Unique and Recognizable Clinical Phenotype.
    Am J Hum Genet 2016 Oct 29;99(4):991-999. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    Institute of Human Genetics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.
    The ASXL genes (ASXL1, ASXL2, and ASXL3) participate in body patterning during embryogenesis and encode proteins involved in epigenetic regulation and assembly of transcription factors to specific genomic loci. Germline de novo truncating variants in ASXL1 and ASXL3 have been respectively implicated in causing Bohring-Opitz and Bainbridge-Ropers syndromes, which result in overlapping features of severe intellectual disability and dysmorphic features. ASXL2 has not yet been associated with a human Mendelian disorder. Read More

    Managing patients with delusional infestations in an integrated Psychodermatology clinic is much more cost effective than a general dermatology or primary care setting.
    Br J Dermatol 2016 Sep 28. Epub 2016 Sep 28.
    Dr Anthony Bewley, Consultant Dermatologist, Royal London Hospital Hospital, London, FRCP.
    Delusional Infestation (DI) is a condition whereby patients hold a fixed, false belief of being infested with living organisms (1) . Patients classically present with excoriated skin at various stages of the healing process, together with evidence of their infestation (the specimen sign(2) ) such as skin debris, insects or insect parts.. Read More

    Body Image and Body Contouring Procedures.
    Aesthet Surg J 2016 Oct;36(9):1039-47
    From the Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University College of Public Health, Philadelphia, PA.
    Dissatisfaction with physical appearance and body image is a common psychological phenomena in Western society. Body image dissatisfaction is frequently reported by those who have excess body weight, but also is seen in those of normal body weight. For both groups of individuals, this dissatisfaction impacts self-esteem and quality of life. Read More

    Discomfort and adaptation in psoriatic patients: an inchoate supportive care trial.
    Clin Ter 2016 Jul-Aug;167(4):105-12
    Introduction: Psoriasis produces functional and aesthetic damages which cause psychosocial discomfort and require new adjustment factors.

    Aims: We describe the correlation among discomfort and personality factors as traits, coping, defense mechanism (DM) and resilience in Ps (skin psoriasis) and PsA (psoriatic arthritis) patients.

    Materials And Methods: A random sample, age between 45-60, with 1:1 female/male, includes 3 groups each of 90 subjects: - single psoriasis (Ps, average 50. Read More

    Prevalence and correlates of body dysmorphic disorder in a community sample of adolescents.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2016 Aug 31. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder typically begins in adolescence, yet little is known about the prevalence and correlates of the disorder in this age group. The current study aimed to explore the presenting features of adolescents meeting probable criteria for body dysmorphic disorder in a large community sample, and compare levels of comorbid psychopathology, quality of life and mental health service use between adolescents with probable body dysmorphic disorder and those without.

    Method: Questionnaires were completed at school by 3149 adolescents: 63% male, aged 12-18 years (M = 14. Read More

    [Body dysmorphic disorder: clinical aspects, nosological dimensions and controversies with anorexia nervosa].
    Rev Med Chil 2016 May;144(5):626-33
    There is strong evidence about the co-existence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and eating disorders (ED), particularly with anorexia nervosa (AN). An exhaustive review of the specialised literature regarding these disorders was carried out. The results show that their co-occurrence implies a more complex diagnosis and treatment, a more severe clinical symptomatology and a worse prognosis and outcome. Read More

    A critical review of cosmetic treatment outcomes in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Body Image 2016 Dec 10;19:1-8. Epub 2016 Aug 10.
    King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neurosciences, London SE5 8AF, UK.
    A high proportion of individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) undergo cosmetic treatments in an attempt to 'fix' perceived defect/s in their physical appearance. Despite the frequency with which such procedures are sought, few studies have prospectively examined the outcomes of cosmetic procedures in individuals with BDD. This article aims to critically review the literature and discuss the current debate that exists on outcomes of cosmetic treatment for individuals with BDD. Read More

    Degree connectivity in body dysmorphic disorder and relationships with obsessive and compulsive symptoms.
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2016 Oct 8;26(10):1657-66. Epub 2016 Aug 8.
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are categorized within the same major diagnostic group and both show regional brain hyperactivity in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the basal ganglia during symptom provocation. While recent studies revealed that degree connectivity of these areas is abnormally high in OCD and positively correlates with symptom severity, no study has investigated degree connectivity in BDD. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to compare the local and distant degree of functional connectivity in all brain areas between 28 unmedicated BDD participants and 28 demographically matched healthy controls during a face-processing task. Read More

    Body dysmorphic disorder in different settings: A systematic review and estimated weighted prevalence.
    Body Image 2016 Sep 4;18:168-86. Epub 2016 Aug 4.
    The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
    Our aim was to systematically review the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a variety of settings. Weighted prevalence estimate and 95% confidence intervals in each study were calculated. The weighted prevalence of BDD in adults in the community was estimated to be 1. Read More

    Development and Validation of the Expectations of Aesthetic Rhinoplasty Scale.
    Arch Plast Surg 2016 Jul 20;43(4):365-70. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: There is a growing concern in the field of aesthetic surgery about the need to measure patients' expectations preoperatively. The present study was designed to develop and validate the Expectations of Aesthetic Rhinoplasty Scale (EARS), and to compare expectations between rhinoplasty patients with and without body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

    Methods: In total, 162 college students and 20 rhinoplasty candidates were recruited. Read More

    Practice and Educational Gaps in Dermatology: Disorders of the Hair.
    Dermatol Clin 2016 Jul;34(3):275-9
    Department of Dermatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 North St Clair Street, Suite 1600, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:
    Clinical practice gaps exist in the care of hair patients. Attitude gaps include a relative lack of dermatologists interested in caring for patients with hair complaints, a potential underestimation of the effect of hair disorders on the quality of patients' lives, and potential failure to recognize the presentation of body dysmorphic disorder among patients with hair complaints. Knowledge gaps regarding the prevalence and presentation of hair loss disorders may lead to a delay in diagnosis and treatment of hair patients. Read More

    A systematic review of body dissatisfaction and sociocultural messages related to the body among preschool children.
    Body Image 2016 Sep 25;18:86-95. Epub 2016 Jun 25.
    Deakin University, Burwood, Australia.
    This systematic review examines body dissatisfaction and the influence of sociocultural messages related to body image among preschool children. The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines and 16 studies were included in the final analysis. Findings suggest that children under the age of 6 years old experience body dissatisfaction, however, the proportion of children who are dissatisfied varied from around 20% to 70%, depending on the method of assessment. Read More

    The impact of doll style of dress and familiarity on body dissatisfaction in 6- to 8-year-old girls.
    Body Image 2016 Sep 24;18:78-85. Epub 2016 Jun 24.
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, United States; Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, United States. Electronic address:
    We tested the impact of exposure to dolls of different body types and wardrobes on girls' body dissatisfaction. In Study 1, 112 girls (6 to 8 years old) were randomized to one of four conditions: thin (Barbie™) or full-figured (Tracy™) dolls dressed in a swimsuit or modest clothing. In Study 2, a different cohort of girls (n=112) was exposed to one of four conditions containing unfamiliar dolls of different body size (thin vs. Read More

    Pharmacological and psychotherapeutic interventions for management of obsessive-compulsive disorder in adults: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.
    Lancet Psychiatry 2016 Aug 16;3(8):730-9. Epub 2016 Jun 16.
    Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK.
    Background: Several interventions are available for management of obsessive-compulsive disorder in adults, but few studies have compared their relative efficacy in a single analysis. We aimed to simultaneously compare all available treatments using both direct and indirect data.

    Methods: In this systematic review and network meta-analysis, we searched the two controlled trials registers maintained by the Cochrane Collaboration Common Mental Disorders group for trials published up to Feb 16, 2016. Read More

    Penile traction therapy for Peyronie's disease-what's the evidence?
    Transl Androl Urol 2016 Jun;5(3):303-9
    1 Department of Urology, Section of Andrology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey ; 2 Department of Urology, Başkent University Alanya Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.
    Penile traction therapy (PTT) is a new therapeutic option for men with Peyronie's disease (PD). However, it has a long history of use in other fields of medicine including bone, skin, skeletal muscle, and Dupuytren's. Mechanotransduction, or gradual expansion of tissue by traction, leads to the formation of new collagen tissue by cellular proliferation. Read More

    Body Image and Body Dysmorphic Concerns.
    Acta Derm Venereol 2016 Aug;96(217):47-50
    Department of Psychology and Sociology, University of Zaragoza, C/ San Juan Bosco, 7, ES-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
    Most people would like to change something about their bodies and the way that they look, but for some it becomes an obsession. A healthy skin plays an important role in a person's physical and mental wellbeing, whereas a disfiguring appearance is associated with body image concerns. Skin diseases such as acne, psoriasis and vitiligo produce cosmetic disfigurement and patients suffering these and other visible skin conditions have an increased risk of depression, anxiety, feelings of stigmatization and self-harm ideation. Read More

    Eumorphic Plastic Surgery: Expectation Versus Satisfaction in Body Dysmorphic Disorder.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2016 Aug 1;40(4):592-601. Epub 2016 Jun 1.
    First Department, Rizzoli Institute, Bologna, Italy.
    Background: Eumorphic Plastic Surgery aims at improving the severe psychosocial pain caused by a deformity. Dysmorphopathology is an increasingly relevant problem facing the plastic surgeon.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the perioperative questionnaires created by the senior author and to present a cohort of plastic surgery patients suffering from dysmorphopathies. Read More

    Stress exposure and generation: A conjoint longitudinal model of body dysmorphic symptoms, peer acceptance, popularity, and victimization.
    Body Image 2016 Sep 26;18:14-8. Epub 2016 May 26.
    Griffith University, School of Applied Psychology and Menzies Health Institute of Queensland, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
    This study examined the bidirectional (conjoint) longitudinal pathways linking adolescents' body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms with self- and peer-reported social functioning. Participants were 367 Australian students (45.5% boys, mean age=12. Read More

    The cost and impact of compulsivity: A research perspective.
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2016 May 10;26(5):800-9. Epub 2016 Feb 10.
    Highly Specialized Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Service, Hertfordshire Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust, Rosanne House, Parkway, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL8 6HG, UK; University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL10 9AB, UK.
    Compulsivity is the defining feature of various psychiatric disorders including Obsessive Compulsive Related Disorders (OCRDs), and other compulsive, impulsive, and addictive disorders. These disorders are disabling, chronic conditions with an early onset and high rates of comorbidity, misdiagnoses, and delay in treatment onset. Disorders of compulsivity are responsible for considerable socioeconomic burden to society. Read More

    Body Dysmorphic Disorder in aesthetic rhinoplasty: Validating a new screening tool.
    Laryngoscope 2016 Aug 25;126(8):1739-45. Epub 2016 May 25.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Objectives/hypothesis: To validate a new screening tool for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in patients seeking aesthetic rhinoplasty.

    Study Design: We performed a prospective instrument validation study in an academic rhinology clinic.

    Methods: The Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire-Aesthetic Surgery (BDDQ-AS) is a seven-item short questionnaire validated in 116 patients undergoing aesthetic rhinoplasty. Read More

    Research-to-policy translation for prevention of disordered weight and shape control behaviors: A case example targeting dietary supplements sold for weight loss and muscle building.
    Eat Behav 2016 Apr 6. Epub 2016 Apr 6.
    Multi-Service Eating Disorders Association, Newton, MA, USA.
    New approaches to universal eating disorders prevention and interventions targeting macro-environmental change are greatly needed, and research-to-policy translation efforts hold promise for advancing both of these goals. This paper describes as a policy-translation case example an academic-community-government partnership of the Strategic Training Initiative for the Prevention of Eating Disorders, Multi-Service Eating Disorders Association, and the office of Massachusetts Representative Kay Khan, all based in Massachusetts, USA. The partnership's research-to-policy translation project focused on dietary supplements sold for weight loss and muscle building, which have been linked with serious injury and death in consumers. Read More

    Associations between Chinese/Asian versus Western mass media influences and body image disturbances of young Chinese women.
    Body Image 2016 Jun 22;17:175-83. Epub 2016 Apr 22.
    Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China.
    In this study, we evaluated associations of experiences with mass media imported from Western nations such as the United States versus mass media from China and other Asian countries with eating and body image disturbances of young Chinese women. Participating women (N=456) completed self-report measures of disordered eating, specific sources of appearance dissatisfaction (fatness, facial features, stature), and Western versus Chinese/Asian mass media influences. The sample was significantly more likely to report perceived pressure from, comparisons with, and preferences for physical appearance depictions in Chinese/Asian mass media than Western media. Read More

    [Dysmorphic disorder].
    Orthod Fr 2016 Mar 15;87(1):115-7. Epub 2016 Apr 15.
    The term "dysmorphic disorder" is used in psychiatry to define an obsessive fear of being ugly or deformed. Orthognathic surgery can entail varying degrees of facial change in patients. However, it is widely acknowledged that some patients find it difficult to adjust to the changes, either as a result of what they see in the mirror or of comments from those around them. Read More

    A daily diary study of self-compassion, body image, and eating behavior in female college students.
    Body Image 2016 Jun 12;17:152-60. Epub 2016 Apr 12.
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address:
    Although self-compassion is associated with healthier body image and eating behavior, these findings have generally emerged at the between-persons level only. The present study investigated the unique contributions of within-person variability in self-compassion, and between-persons differences in self-compassion, to body image and eating behavior. Over seven days, 92 female college students completed nightly measures of self-compassion, self-esteem, dietary restraint, intuitive eating, body appreciation, body satisfaction, and state body image. Read More

    Psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4) in French women and men.
    Body Image 2016 Jun 12;17:143-51. Epub 2016 Apr 12.
    Université Jean Jaures, Toulouse, France.
    This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4), a measure of internalization of societal appearance ideals, in French men and women. French college students completed a translation of the 22-item SATAQ-4 and measures of body image and eating concerns. Exploratory analyses among women (N=207) indicated a 20-item scale with the original five factors: Internalization: Thin/Low Body Fat, Internalization: Muscular/Athletic, Pressures: Family, Pressures: Media, Pressures: Peers. Read More

    Augmentation Phalloplasty With Autologous Dermal Fat Graft in the Treatment of "Small Penis".
    Ann Plast Surg 2016 Feb;77 Suppl 1:S60-5
    From the 2nd Department of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.
    Background: Our objective is to report on the efficacy and safety of dermal fat graft in augmentation phalloplasty performed on patients who presented complaining of "small penis," and evaluate the cosmetic and psychological outcomes of it.

    Methods: From April 2010 and January 2015, 23 Chinese adult patients aged 18 to 33 years (average, 23 years) with subjective perception of small penis were included; all who requested an increase in the penile dimension underwent penile elongation (suprapubic skin advancement-ligamentolysis) and girth enhancement by dermal fat graft. Besides objective measurement, Male Genital Image Scale was used to facilitate selection of patients and evaluate the outcome, respectively. Read More

    The effect of digital alteration disclaimer labels on social comparison and body image: Instructions and individual differences.
    Body Image 2016 Jun 7;17:136-42. Epub 2016 Apr 7.
    University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    The current study aimed to investigate the effect of digital alteration disclaimer labels appended to fashion magazine advertisements, as well as instructional condition, on women's social comparison and body dissatisfaction. Participants were 378 female undergraduate students who viewed 11 thin ideal advertisements with either no disclaimer, a generic disclaimer, or a more detailed specific disclaimer. There were three instructional conditions: neutral, distractor, and social comparison. Read More

    Strong is the new skinny: A content analysis of fitspiration websites.
    Body Image 2016 Jun 2;17:132-5. Epub 2016 Apr 2.
    University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States. Electronic address:
    "Fitspiration" websites are media that aim to inspire people to live healthy and fit lifestyles through motivating images and text related to exercise and diet. Given the link between similar Internet content (i.e. Read More

    Self-compassion, body image, and disordered eating: A review of the literature.
    Body Image 2016 Jun 31;17:117-31. Epub 2016 Mar 31.
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Unit 1020, Storrs, CT 06269-1030, United States. Electronic address:
    Self-compassion, treating oneself as a loved friend might, demonstrates beneficial associations with body image and eating behaviors. In this systematic review, 28 studies supporting the role of self-compassion as a protective factor against poor body image and eating pathology are reviewed. Findings across various study designs consistently linked self-compassion to lower levels of eating pathology, and self-compassion was implicated as a protective factor against poor body image and eating pathology, with a few exceptions. Read More

    Body Image Disorders and Surgical Timing in Patients Affected by Poland Syndrome: Data Analysis of 58 Case Studies.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Apr;137(4):1273-82
    Genoa, Italy From the Departments of Integrated Surgical and Diagnostic Sciences and Health Sciences, University of Genoa; the Plastic Surgery Department, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino-IST Genova; and the Pediatric Surgery Department, Istituto Giannina Gaslini Genova.
    Background: Poland syndrome is a congenital anomaly of pectoralis muscles, breast, chest, and upper arm. Several studies have reported that patients affected by chest wall deformities often experience body image disorders and decreased quality of life. Cosmetic corrective surgery is generally postponed until physical development is achieved, and latissimus dorsi flap surgery is usually suggested. Read More

    Altering Visual Perception Abnormalities: A Marker for Body Image Concern.
    PLoS One 2016 22;11(3):e0151933. Epub 2016 Mar 22.
    School of Psychological Sciences and Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
    The body image concern (BIC) continuum ranges from a healthy and positive body image, to clinical diagnoses of abnormal body image, like body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). BDD and non-clinical, yet high-BIC participants have demonstrated a local visual processing bias, characterised by reduced inversion effects. To examine whether this bias is a potential marker of BDD, the visual processing of individuals across the entire BIC continuum was examined. Read More

    A systematic review of the impact of the use of social networking sites on body image and disordered eating outcomes.
    Body Image 2016 Jun 18;17:100-10. Epub 2016 Mar 18.
    School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
    A large body of literature has demonstrated mass media effects on body image and disordered eating. More recently, research in this area has turned to 'new' forms of media, such as the Internet, and particularly Social Networking Sites (SNSs). A systematic search for peer-reviewed articles on SNS use and body image and eating disorders resulted in 20 studies meeting specific inclusion criteria. Read More

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