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    1440 results match your criteria Dysmorphophobia

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    [Body dysmorphic disorder: Future prospects of medical care].
    Encephale 2017 Nov 1. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Secteur 4, CHS Sainte-Anne, site hôpital Henri-Ey, 15, avenue de la Porte de Choisy, 75013 Paris, France.
    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Read More

    Mosaic UPD(7q)mat in a patient with silver Russell syndrome.
    Mol Cytogenet 2017 17;10:36. Epub 2017 Oct 17.
    Department of Genetic and Metabolic Central Laboratory, Guangxi Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Guangxi Birth Defects Prevention and Control Institute, No 59, Xiangzhu Road, Nanning, China.
    Background: Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is one of the imprinting disorders characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth restriction, relative macrocephaly, body asymmetry and characteristic facial features. ~ 10% of SRS cases are known to be associated with maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 (UPD(7)mat). Mosaic maternal segmental UPD of 7q (UPD(7q)mat) is very rare, had only been described in one case before. Read More

    [Body experience and self-esteem after minimally invasive skin rejuvenation : Study of female patients using botulinum toxin A and/or dermal fillers].
    Hautarzt 2017 Oct 20. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    , Leipziger Str. 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Deutschland.
    Background: More and more people worldwide and also in Germany are using botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) and hyaluronic acid injections for skin rejuvenation.

    Objective: Study on body image and self-esteem of women with BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid filler treatment.

    Material And Methods: A total of 145 women who requested BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid injections completed a survey comprised of the body dysmorphic disorder questionnaire, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and questionnaires on the attitudes and motives on measures for optimization of the body and demographic features. Read More

    A comparison of body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery.
    Electron Physician 2017 Sep 25;9(9):5363-5368. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Loghman Educational Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Body dysmorphic disorder among patients referring for cosmetic surgeries is a disorder that if not diagnosed by a physician, can cause irreparable damage to the doctor and the patient.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to compare body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery.

    Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 212 patients referring to Loghman Hospital of Tehran for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery during the period from 2014 through 2016. Read More

    ALG9-CDG: New clinical case and review of the literature.
    Mol Genet Metab Rep 2017 Dec 6;13:55-63. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Medical Genetics, Cummings School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
    Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of metabolic diseases resulting from defects in glycan synthesis or processing. The number of subgroups and their phenotypic spectrums continue to expand with most related to deficiencies of N-glycosylation. ALG9-CDG (previously CDG-IL) is the result of a mutation in ALG9. Read More

    Do patients benefit from orthognathic surgery? A systematic review on the effects of elective orthognathic surgery on psychosocial functioning and patient satisfaction.
    Eur J Oral Sci 2017 Dec 11;125(6):411-418. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Centre for Special Care Dentistry, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    The main purpose of this systematic review was to determine the current state of evidence regarding patient satisfaction with, and the impact of, orthognathic surgery on psychosocial functioning of patients 17 yr of age and older. A secondary aim was to determine whether individuals with psychiatric disorders and mental health conditions are more likely to be dissatisfied with the treatment outcome than those without. We systematically searched PubMed, PsycInfo, and Embase for relevant studies (up to 6 June 2016). Read More

    The classification of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms in male and female adolescents.
    J Affect Disord 2018 Jan 23;225:429-437. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:
    Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was categorised in DSM-5 within the newly created 'obsessive-compulsive and related disorders' chapter, however this classification remains subject to debate. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test competing models of the co-occurrence of symptoms of BDD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety, and eating disorders in a community sample of adolescents, and to explore potential sex differences in these models.

    Methods: Self-report questionnaires assessing disorder symptoms were completed by 3149 Australian adolescents. Read More

    Associations between rejection sensitivity and mental health outcomes: A meta-analytic review.
    Clin Psychol Rev 2017 Nov 15;57:59-74. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    Department of Affective Disorders, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Huiai Hospital, Guangzhou, China; Laboratory of Emotion and Cognition, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Huiai Hospital, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:
    Rejection sensitivity is a personality disposition characterized by oversensitivity to social rejection. Using a three-level meta-analytic model, 75 studies were reviewed that examined associations between rejection sensitivity and five mental health outcomes: depression, anxiety, loneliness, borderline personality disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder. The results showed significant and moderate associations between rejection sensitivity and depression (pooled r=0. Read More

    Narrative: The Fear of Disfigurement in Cancer Patients.
    Indian J Palliat Care 2017 Jul-Sep;23(3):347-349
    Cipla Palliative Care and Training Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
    Fear of disfigurement affects patients with cancer, in whom the disease or its treatment leaves them permanently marked. Contrary to our thought, disfigurement is equally distressing to male patients, and it causes severe dislocation in their lives. We describe two cases in which disfigurement caused tremendous change in our patients; these cases underline the need for psychotherapy in patients suffering from cancer. Read More

    A multi-method analysis of distress tolerance in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Body Image 2017 Aug 18;23:50-60. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA. Electronic address:
    Distress tolerance (DT) is a transdiagnostic construct linked to multiple psychiatric disorders. We conducted three studies using different methods to investigate the relationship between DT and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Study 1 found a significant relationship between low DT and more severe BDD symptoms in an adult community sample (N=81). Read More

    [The prevalence of SHOX gene deletion in children with idiopathic short stature. A multicentric study].
    Orv Hetil 2017 Aug;158(34):1351-1356
    Csolnoky Ferenc Kórház Veszprém.
    Introduction: The isolated haploinsufficiency of the SHOX gene is one of the most common cause of short stature determined by monogenic mutations. The heterozygous deviation of the gene can be detected in 2-15% of patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS), in 50-90% of patients with Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis syndrome (LWS), and in almost 100% of patients with Turner syndrome.

    Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of SHOX gene haploinsufficiency in children with ISS, LWS and in patients having Turner syndrome phenotype (TF), but normal karyotype, and to identify the dysmorphic signs characteristic for SHOX gene deficiency. Read More

    The role of feared possible selves in obsessive-compulsive and related disorders: A comparative analysis of a core cognitive self-construct in clinical samples.
    Clin Psychol Psychother 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Increasingly, cognitive-behavioural models have been considering the role of beliefs about the self in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including sensitive domains of self-concept and feared self-perceptions. This has led to the development of the Fear of Self Questionnaire (FSQ; Aardema et al., ), which has shown strong internal consistency, divergent and convergent validity, and found to be a major predictor of unwanted thoughts and impulses (i. Read More

    ['Barbie Doll Syndrome'. A case report of body dysmorphic disorder].
    Neuropsychiatr 2017 Aug 8. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    Abteilung für Sozialpsychiatrie, Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universität Wien, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Österreich.
    Background: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. Read More

    Are Burnt-out Doctors Prone to Seek Cosmetic Surgery? A Cross-Sectional Study.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 Dec 4;41(6):1447-1453. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Laboratory of Hygiene, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Panepistimioupoli, 54124, Thessaloníki, Greece.
    Introduction: Studies have so far examined several psychosocial factors associated with an interest in aesthetic plastic surgery. Among them, gender, teasing history, marital status, education, social networks and body dysmorphic disorders are all predictors of interest in cosmetic surgery. Given the fact that professional status can influence health-related attitudes, our objective was firstly to identify if medical professionals are more likely to express interest in plastic surgery compared to non-medical professionals. Read More

    Body Image and Eating Disorders are Common among Professional and Amateur Athletes Using Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs: A Cross-Sectional Study.
    J Psychoactive Drugs 2017 Aug 4:1-12. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    a Professor, NESMOS (Neuroscience, Mental Health, and Sensory Organs) Department , Sapienza-University of Rome , Rome , Italy.
    The use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) is not uncommon in athletes and appears to be associated with several psychopathological disorders of unclear prevalence. In this multicenter, cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of body image disorders (BIDs) and eating disorders (EDs) in PIED-using athletes vs. PIED nonusers. Read More

    [The Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Plastic Surgery - A Systematic Review of Screening Methods].
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2017 Aug 1. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Berufsgenossenschaftliches Klinikum Bergmannstrost Halle, Klinik für Plastische und Handchirurgie, Brand-verletztenzentrum.
    Background The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is considered to be a sub-form of somatoform disorders. BDD can express itself in a delirious experience, an excessive evaluation and employment of the external appearance, in particular the face. Preliminary results suggest that individuals with BDD do not benefit from plastic surgery, so that aesthetic surgery often results in aggravation of their symptoms. Read More

    Recent advances in understanding and managing body dysmorphic disorder.
    Evid Based Ment Health 2017 Jul 20. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and disabling psychiatric disorder characterised by excessive and persistent preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's appearance, which are unnoticeable to others, and associated repetitive behaviours (eg, mirror checking). The disorder generally starts in adolescence, but often goes unnoticed and is severely underdiagnosed. Left untreated, BDD typically persists and causes marked functional impairment in multiple domains. Read More

    [Muscle Dysmorphia and Use of Ergogenics Substances. A Systematic Review].
    Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2017 Jul - Sep;46(3):168-177. Epub 2016 Aug 3.
    Facultad de Estudios Profesionales Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    The use of ergogenic substances (UES) is not restricted to achieving a better athletic performance, but also it is a behavior for body changing through muscle development; however, little is known about the relationship between muscle dysmorphia (MD) and UES. Therefore, it was conducted a systematic review of those empirical papers that have studied this relationship over the last decade (2004-2014). First it is highlighted that of the 22 articles analyzed, only 13 explicitly aimed this interest. Read More

    Association of Mental Health Status With Perception of Nasal Function.
    JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2017 Sep;19(5):369-377
    Rhinology and Skull Base Surgery, St Vincent's Centre for Applied Medical Research, University of New South Wales, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Importance: Mental health issues are thought to be overrepresented among patients undergoing rhinoplasty and may be associated with patient presentation prior to surgery.

    Objective: To assess the association of poor mental health with perception of nasal function.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: A cross-sectional study of patients presenting for airway assessment was performed from December 1, 2011, to October 31, 2015, at 2 tertiary rhinoplasty centers in Sydney, Australia. Read More

    Insight in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) relative to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and psychotic disorders: Revisiting this issue in light of DSM-5.
    Compr Psychiatry 2017 Aug 8;77:100-108. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University, Australia; Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre, Alfred Hospital and Monash University School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Australia; Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Australia; Department of Psychiatry, St. Vincent's Mental Health, Australia.
    Introduction: In DSM-5, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was reclassified under the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs), but little is known about the nature of BDD beliefs. This study aimed to compare level of insight in BDD and consider related implications for DSM-5 classification.

    Method: Participants were 27 BDD, 19 obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and 20 psychosis (SZ) participants as well as 42 non-clinical controls (NC), who completed the Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale (BABS) and Peters Delusions Inventory (PDI). Read More

    Sex Differences in the Presentation of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Community Sample of Adolescents.
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2017 May 25:1-13. Epub 2017 May 25.
    a Department of Psychology , Macquarie University.
    The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Read More

    Somatic symptom disorder in dermatology.
    Clin Dermatol 2017 May - Jun;35(3):246-251. Epub 2017 Jan 22.
    Department of Dermatology, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.
    Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is defined by the prominence of somatic symptoms associated with abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to the symptoms, resulting in significant distress and impairment. Individuals with these disorders are more commonly encountered in primary care and other medical settings, including dermatology practice, than in psychiatric and other mental health settings. What defines the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as abnormal is that they are excessive, that is, out of proportion to other patients with similar somatic symptoms, and that they result in significant distress and impairment. Read More

    Attentiveness of Dermatologists in the Middle East to Psychocutaneous Medicine.
    Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2017 Apr 27;19(2). Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Central Michigan University, Saginaw, Michigan, USA.
    Objective: Patients with skin diseases often have psychological problems and complications that require assessment and treatment. The main objective of this study was to explore attentiveness of dermatologists to psychiatric symptoms in their patients.

    Methods: A previously validated online questionnaire was used to explore the attitude and experience of dermatologists practicing in the Middle East toward the assessment of the psychiatric needs of their patients. Read More

    Are unwanted mental intrusions a transdiagnostic variable?
    Psicothema 2017 May;29(2):166-171
    Universidad de Valencia.
    Introduction: Unwanted mental intrusions (UMI) constitute the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). We sought to investigate the relationships between frequency and discomfort associated with the experience of the four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective.

    Method: A group of 438 university students and community participants (Mage= 29. Read More

    BMI at early puerperium: Body image, eating attitudes and mood states.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 May 21;37(4):428-434. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    e Department of Human and Social Sciences , University of Messina , Italy.
    The present study was aimed to verify if body weight could influence self-perception, in terms of body image, mood states, dissatisfaction with physical appearance and risk of eating disorders. In particular, we evaluated the differences between women of normal weight vs. overweight and obese during the delicate phase of puerperium to verify if there were different emotional structures, linked to BMI. Read More

    Psychocutaneous disease: Clinical perspectives.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 May;76(5):779-791
    Department of Dermatology, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; Department of Dermatology, Medical School of Jundiaí, São Paulo, Brazil; GK Dermatology, PC, South Weymouth, Massachusetts. Electronic address:
    Psychocutaneous disease, defined in this review as primary psychiatric disease with skin manifestations, is commonly encountered in dermatology. Dermatologists can play an important role in the management of psychocutaneous disease because patients visit dermatology for treatment of their skin problems but often refuse psychiatric intervention. This review describes common psychocutaneous syndromes, including delusional, factitious, obsessive-compulsive and related, and eating disorders, as well as psychogenic pruritus, cutaneous sensory (pain) syndromes, posttraumatic stress disorder, and sleep-wake disorders. Read More

    Self-report of temporomandibular joint clicking and psychological factors: is there an association?
    J Oral Rehabil 2017 Jul 10;44(7):511-516. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Oral Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    The objectives of this study were to test the hypothesis that self-reported TMJ clicking sounds in adolescents are positively associated with non-specific somatic symptoms, self-perception of body image and care-seeking behaviour. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 353 young adolescents (48·4% females) recruited from community (N = 272) and orthodontic clinic (N = 81) settings. Assessments included self-reported TMJ clicking, non-specific physical symptoms, body image concerns and for the clinic sample only, the source of motivation for treatment. Read More

    How individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) process their own face: a quantitative and qualitative investigation based on an eye-tracking paradigm.
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 2017 May 21;22(3):213-232. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    a Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry , University of Melbourne , Parkville , Australia.
    Introduction: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterised by repetitive behaviours and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived flaws in physical appearance. Based on an eye-tracking paradigm, this study aimed to examine how individuals with BDD processed their own face.

    Methods: Participants were 21 BDD patients, 19 obsessive-compulsive disorder patients and 21 healthy controls (HC), who were age-, sex-, and IQ-matched. Read More

    Structural and functional hyperconnectivity within the sensorimotor system in xenomelia.
    Brain Behav 2017 Mar 23;7(3):e00657. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Neuropsychology UnitDepartment of NeurologyUniversity Hospital ZurichZurichSwitzerland; Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP)University of ZurichZurichSwitzerland.
    Introduction: Xenomelia is a rare condition characterized by the persistent and compulsive desire for the amputation of one or more physically healthy limbs. We highlight the neurological underpinnings of xenomelia by assessing structural and functional connectivity by means of whole-brain connectome and network analyses of regions previously implicated in empirical research in this condition.

    Methods: We compared structural and functional connectivity between 13 xenomelic men with matched controls using diffusion tensor imaging combined with fiber tractography and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

    [Validation of the Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS) in a German Sample: Psychometric Properties and Association with Eating Behavior, Body Image and Self-Esteem].
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 2017 Feb 13;67(2):91-97. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Abt. für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universitätsklinik Tübingen.
    The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS [14]) is the most commonly used validated measure of body-related social comparison habits. Here we investigate reliability and construct validity of the PACS in a German sample. Participants (n=75 men, n=75 women and n=25 women with a confirmed diagnosis of anorexia nervosa) completed the PACS along with measures of eating disorder pathology, body image and self-esteem. Read More

    The Menstrual Cycle-Response and Developmental Affective-Risk Model: A multilevel and integrative model of influence.
    Psychol Rev 2017 Mar;124(2):215-244
    Universita Degli Studi di Padova.
    An integrative developmental model is presented in which menstrual cycle-related symptoms are hypothesized to result in a cascade of developmental challenges that contribute to increased affective symptoms among adolescent girls, and to long-term developmental sequelae. To provide the basis for this model a broad foundation is developed considering (a) psychological symptoms and disorders associated with reproductive events across the life span, and (b) the many and complicated effects that female reproductive steroids (estrogen & progesterone) have which trigger a variety of physical and psychological changes that are commonly associated with the menstrual cycle. The Menstrual Cycle-Response and Developmental Affective-Risk Model is driven by 3 central concepts: (a) individual differences in response to steroids are very large and thus require analysis of individual response, rather than group-level tendencies; (b) the menstrual cycle itself represents an important and complex set of biological, physical, psychological, behavioral, and social changes, and should not be studied exclusively as changing steroid levels; and (c) the effects of the menstrual cycle during adolescence and early adulthood may have long-term developmental consequences. Read More

    Obesity in Children and the 'Myth of Psychological Maladjustment': Self-Esteem in the Spotlight.
    Curr Obes Rep 2017 Mar;6(1):63-70
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds School of Medicine, Level 10, Worsley Building, Clarendon Way, Leeds, LS2 9NL, UK.
    Purpose Of Review: There are contrasting views regarding the psychological well-being of children with obesity. Responding to limitations of existing evidence, Jane Wardle in 2005 argued for a 'myth of psychological maladjustment'. This review looks again at self-esteem. Read More

    Body dysmorphic disorder: history and curiosities.
    Wien Med Wochenschr 2017 Oct 20;167(Suppl 1):5-7. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Nuclear Physics, Sub-nuclear and Radiation, G. Marconi University, Rome, Italy.
    Body dysmorphic disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with an absent or minimal physical deformity. It causes severe distress and impairs normal functioning. In the last centuries, this disorder has been mentioned in the medical literature by important mental health practitioners by different names, such as "dysmorphophobia" or "dermatologic hypochondriasis". Read More

    A review of penile elongation surgery.
    Transl Androl Urol 2017 Feb;6(1):69-78
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
    Penile elongation surgery is less commonly performed in the public sector, but involves a collaborative approach between urology and plastic surgery. Congenital and acquired micropenis are the classic surgical indications for penile elongation surgery. The goal of intervention in these patients is to restore a functional penis size in order to allow normal standing micturition, enable satisfying sexual intercourse and improve patient quality of life. Read More

    The Development of Body Image and Weight Bias in Childhood.
    Adv Child Dev Behav 2017 9;52:269-298. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Negative body image attitudes are related to the onset of disordered eating, poor self-esteem, general mental health problems, and obesity. In this chapter, we will review the nature of body image attitudes in girls and boys in early (approximately 3-7 years old) and later childhood (approximately 8-11 years old). The body image attitudes explored in this chapter include body image attitudes related to the self, with a focus on body dissatisfaction, and body image attitudes related to others, with a focus on weight bias. Read More

    Subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder in adolescents: Prevalence and impact.
    Psychiatry Res 2017 May 31;251:125-130. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:
    The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14.6 years, 63. Read More

    A systematic review of visual processing and associated treatments in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 2017 07 12;136(1):16-36. Epub 2017 Feb 12.
    Brain and Psychological Sciences Research Centre, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.
    Objective: Recent advances in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have explored abnormal visual processing, yet it is unclear how this relates to treatment. The aim of this study was to summarize our current understanding of visual processing in BDD and review associated treatments.

    Method: The literature was collected through PsycInfo and PubMed. Read More

    Association Between Internet Use and Body Dissatisfaction Among Young Females: Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey.
    J Med Internet Res 2017 Feb 9;19(2):e39. Epub 2017 Feb 9.
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.
    Background: Recent research suggests Internet exposure, including Facebook use, is positively correlated with body dissatisfaction, especially among girls and young women. Canada has one of the highest Internet access rates in the world, yet no previous study has examined this relationship using nationally representative data.

    Objective: Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between Internet use and body dissatisfaction among a national, population-based sample of Canadian females 12-29 years of age. Read More

    Attentional biases in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD): Eye-tracking using the emotional Stroop task.
    Compr Psychiatry 2017 Apr 23;74:151-161. Epub 2017 Jan 23.
    Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia; Brain and Psychological Sciences Research Centre, Swinburne University, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia; Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre, Level 4, 607 St. Kilda Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia; Department of Psychiatry, St. Vincent's Mental Health, PO Box 2900, Fitzroy, VIC 3065, Australia.
    Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterised by repetitive behaviours and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived defects or flaws in physical appearance. This study aimed to examine attentional biases in BDD via the emotional Stroop task with two modifications: i) incorporating an eye-tracking paradigm, and ii) employing an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) control group.

    Method: Twenty-one BDD, 19 OCD and 21 HC participants, who were age-, sex-, and IQ-matched, were included. Read More

    Clinical Practice Guideline: Improving Nasal Form and Function after Rhinoplasty Executive Summary.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Feb;156(2):205-219
    17 Department of Research and Quality, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA.
    Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work. Read More

    Clinical Practice Guideline: Improving Nasal Form and Function after Rhinoplasty.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Feb;156(2_suppl):S1-S30
    17 Department of Research and Quality, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA.
    Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work. Read More

    Body Dysmorphic, Obsessive-Compulsive, and Social Anxiety Disorder Beliefs as Predictors of In Vivo Stressor Responding.
    J Nerv Ment Dis 2017 Jun;205(6):471-479
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, OH.
    This study tested the potential transdiagnostic nature of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and social anxiety disorder (SAD) beliefs, in addition to testing the specificity of those beliefs, in predicting how individuals responded to symptom-specific stressors. Participants included 127 adults (75% women) with a broad range of symptom severity. Path analysis was used to evaluate whether specific maladaptive beliefs predicted distress in response to symptom-relevant stressors over and above other beliefs and baseline distress. Read More

    Cognitive-behavioural therapy and recovery of a delusional dysmorphophobia case.
    Psicothema 2017 Feb;29(1):23-28
    Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío.
    Background: We present the application of cognitive-behavioural therapy in a clinical case diagnosed with delusional dysmorphophobia.

    Method: The psychometric scales used for evaluation were the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia, Beck Anxiety and Depression inventories, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale along with the degree of conviction in the delusional belief and in alternative explanations, and social functioning measured by patient reporting. The therapy included cognitive and behavioural techniques: evidence analysis, search for alternative explanations, logical and functional analysis, reality testing, progressive relaxation techniques, in vivo and imaginal exposure therapy. Read More

    Cosmetic Professionals' Awareness of Body Dysmorphic Disorder.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Feb;139(2):336-342
    Groningen and Maastricht, The Netherlands From the Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Groningen; the Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University; the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Groningen and University Medical Centre Groningen.
    Background: Preoccupation with a perceived appearance flaw is the main feature of body dysmorphic disorder. The majority of these patients seek and often receive some sort of cosmetic procedure, although this condition is considered to be a contraindication. This study evaluates cosmetic professionals' recognition of body dysmorphic disorder and the way they act on this. Read More

    Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale for patients seeking esthetic surgery: cross-cultural validation study.
    Sao Paulo Med J 2016 Nov-Dec;134(6):480-490. Epub 2016 Jul 21.
    MD, PhD. Full Professor, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Context And Objective:: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale.

    Design And Setting:: Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. Read More

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