2,032 results match your criteria Dysmorphophobia


Trends in dermatological practice in work with patients with skin diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic: our experience and observations.

Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 2022 Jun;31(2):71-73

Department of Dermatovenereology, University Hospital Center Sestre Milosrdnice, Zagreb, Croatia.

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed many areas of life, including habits and trends in dermatological practice and dermatology patients' lifestyles. This article presents cases of patients infected with COVID-19, patients that developed lesions due to pandemic-related public health measures affecting the skin, and those that developed skin lesions after COVID-19 vaccination. One case concerned a female patient with widespread urticaria that had repeatedly gone to emergency rooms and had been administered corticosteroids and antihistamines for an undiagnosed COVID-19 infection that had been triggering her urticaria outbreaks. Read More

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What Have We Learned About the Genetics of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders in Recent Years?

Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ) 2021 Oct 5;19(4):384-391. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark (Mattheisen); Department of Psychiatry, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark (M. Pato, C. Pato); Department of Cell Biology, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, New York (Knowles).

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a complex, multifactorial disorder with onset in either childhood or early adulthood. Lifetime prevalence has been estimated to be around 2%-3%. groups OCD together with closely related disorders-body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder), hoarding disorder, and excoriation disorder (skin-picking disorder)-as obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs). Read More

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October 2021

Telephone-Administered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Case Series.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 16;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Psychology, Clinical Psychology with Focus on Psychotherapy Research, University of Zurich, Binzmühlestrasse 14, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but many patients do not receive appropriate treatment due to several treatment barriers and psychosocial care structures. Low-threshold interventions, including those from the field of e-mental health, could improve access to psychotherapy. In addition to internet-administered therapy, telephone-administered therapy may reduce treatment barriers, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Rapid Weight Loss and Severe Failure to Thrive Mimicking Lipodystrophy Syndrome in a 1-Year-Old Taiwanese Girl with Costello Syndrome.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Division of Genetics and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei 10449, Taiwan.

Costello syndrome (CS) is a type of RASopathy caused mainly by de-novo heterozygous pathogenic variants in the gene located on chromosome 11p15.5. The phenotype of CS is characterized by prenatal overgrowth, postnatal failure to thrive, curly or sparse fine hair, coarse facial features, and multisystem involvement, including cardiovascular, endocrine, and gastroenterological disorders. Read More

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Letter to the Editor: Depression As The First Symptom Of Frontal Lobe Grade 2 Malignant Glioma.

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2022 ;33(2):143-145

Dear Editor, Next to focal neurological symptoms, epileptic seizures and head aches, brain tumors can less frequently bring about cognitive changes, slowed speech, difficulty sustaining mental functioning and psychiatric symptoms of personality changes and. loss of interest in daily activities, these symptoms may be evaluated as anxiety or depression. Depression is known to be a complication of brain tumours and may sometimes be seen after the presentation of neurological symptoms linked to brain tumours, and sometimes after tumor treatment (Oğuz et al. Read More

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[Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders according to ICD-11 and DSM-5 : With brief consideration of the new obsessive-compulsive disorders olfactory reference disorder and hypochondriasis].

Authors:
M Zaudig

Nervenarzt 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Psychotherapeutisches Gesundheitszentrum München, Lindwurmstr. 83, 80337, München, Deutschland.

This article summarizes the current state of research with respect to the new obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD) grouping according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The ICD-11 grouping of OCRD is based on common clinical features, such as repetitive undesired thoughts and repetitive behavior and is supported by the literature and empirical data from the fields of imaging and genetics. The disorders in this grouping in ICD-11 include obsessive-compulsive disorder, pathological hoarding, body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, excoriation disorder, and as new disorders differing to DSM‑5, hypochondriasis, olfactory reference disorder and Tourette syndrome. Read More

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Neurocircuit dynamics of arbitration between decision-making strategies across obsessive-compulsive and related disorders.

Neuroimage Clin 2022 Jun 4;35:103073. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, 760 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada; Temerty Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, 8th floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada; Department of Women's and Children's Health, The Karolinska Institute, Tomtebodavägen 18A, 171 77 Solna, Sweden. Electronic address:

Obsessions and compulsions are central components of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive-compulsive related disorders such as body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Compulsive behaviours may result from an imbalance of habitual and goal-directed decision-making strategies. The relationship between these symptoms and the neural circuitry underlying habitual and goal-directed decision-making, and the arbitration between these strategies, remains unknown. Read More

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Psychometric Evaluation of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Modified for Body Dysmorphic Disorder for Adolescents (BDD-YBOCS-A).

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

National and Specialist OCD and Related Disorders Clinic for Young People, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

The Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Modified for Body Dysmorphic Disorder for Adolescents (BDD-YBOCS-A) is a clinician-rated measure of BDD symptom severity in youth. Despite widespread use in both research and clinical practice, its psychometric properties have not been formally evaluated. The current study examined the factor structure, reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of the BDD-YBOCS-A in 251 youths with BDD attending two specialist clinics. Read More

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Body dysmorphic disorder, muscle dysmorphia, weight and shape dissatisfaction and the use of appearance-enhancing drugs in the military: a systematic review.

BMJ Mil Health 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College London, London, UK

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and muscle dysmorphia (MD) are common but often underdiagnosed disorders. These disorders have rarely been explored in the context of military personnel by mental health researchers despite the emphasis on physical fitness in military populations. We conducted a comprehensive systematic literature review on scientific studies of BDD and MD and the accompanying symptoms within the military. Read More

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Obsessive-compulsive and related disorder symptoms in the perinatal period: prevalence and associations with postpartum functioning.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms are more likely to develop or be exacerbated during pregnancy and the postpartum period, which can cause significant distress and impairment. However, the disorders grouped with OCD in the DSM-5, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD; e.g. Read More

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An Evaluation of the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptom Scale as a Measure of Treatment Response and Remission in Psychotherapy and Medication Trials.

Behav Ther 2022 05 24;53(3):521-534. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

The Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptom Scale (BDD-SS) is a self-report tool that captures an array of representative behavioral and cognitive symptoms commonly displayed by individuals with BDD. The BDD-SS is regularly used among experts in the field, though its utility as a measure of treatment response has not yet been formally evaluated. Results from two clinical trials of BDD treatment were pooled from an archived database to create a sample of 220 BDD participants who received either psychosocial or medication-based interventions for BDD. Read More

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Peripheral oxytocin concentrations in psychiatric disorders - A systematic review and methanalysis: Further evidence.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2022 07 21;117:110561. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Brazil; National Institute for Science and Technology (INCT-TM, CNPq), Brasília, Brazil. Electronic address:

Increased interest in understanding how changes in the oxytocinergic system are associated with the etiology and progression of psychiatric disorders has currently boosted the publication of studies. We present a systematic literature review followed by meta-analyses assessing whether peripheral oxytocin (OXT) levels among psychiatric patients differ from healthy controls, considering the moderating role of methodological aspects and samples' characteristics. The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, SciELO, LILACS, and Scopus. Read More

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Short-term functions and long-term consequences of checking behavior as a transdiagnostic phenomenon: protocol for a systematic review.

BMJ Open 2022 04 19;12(4):e056732. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Institute of Psychology, Department of Experimental Clinical Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.

Introduction: Checking behaviour (CB) occurs in various mental health problems. Cognitive-behavioural models for these mental disorders share similar theoretical assumptions. Thus, they postulate a negative reinforcing effect of CB by reducing negative affect (ie, anxiety) and a maintenance of the pathology due to a lack of reality testing of concerns. Read More

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What scans see when patients see defects: neuroimaging findings in body dysmorphic disorder.

J Integr Neurosci 2022 Mar;21(2):45

Second Department of Neurology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54621 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by an individual's preoccupation with a perceived defect in their appearance which to others may be barely noticeable or even completely unnoticed. It confers significant disturbances of everyday functioning in affected persons. The present review study provides an overview of neuroimaging findings on BDD. Read More

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Social media and body dysmorphic disorder : Is there any link?

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 02;72(2):393

Final Year MBBS Student, Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS), Karachi, Pakistan.

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February 2022

Epidemiology of body dysmorphic disorder among adolescents: A study of their cognitive functions.

Brain Behav 2022 04 20;12(4):e01710. Epub 2022 Mar 20.

Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a preoccupation with an imagined defect in one's appearance. In case of a slight physical anomaly, the person would experience an excessive concern. This disorder causes cognitive dysfunction. Read More

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A prospective clinical cohort-based study of the prevalence of OCD, obsessive compulsive and related disorders, and tics in families of patients with OCD.

BMC Psychiatry 2022 03 17;22(1):190. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Post Trauma Center, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Background: The lifetime prevalence of obsessive - compulsive disorder (OCD) is currently estimated at 2 - 3% and the prevalence in first-degree family members is estimated to range between 10 and 11%. Separating OCD from other anxiety disorders and including it into the new "obsessive - compulsive and related disorders" (OCRDs) category has had a dramatic impact on the diagnosis, while also contributing to the better understanding of the genetics of these disorders. Indeed, grouping OCD with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), and body-focused repetitive behaviors such as trichotillomania (hair pulling), onychophagia (nail biting), and excoriation (skin picking) into the same diagnostic family has resulted in a much greater lifetime prevalence (> 9%). Read More

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"Motivations, demography, and clinical features of body dysmorphic disorder among people seeking cosmetic treatments: A study of 199 patients".

J Cosmet Dermatol 2022 Mar 4. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.

Background: Motivations for getting aesthetic medicine treatments concern not only the improvement of the physical appearance but also internal aspects such as feeling more confident or happier. Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a disorder that affects from 5 to 15% of aesthetic medicine clients and characterizes by an obsessive preoccupation with a non-visible or minimal defect in appearance.

Aims: The aim of the study was to assess the main motivations, demography, and clinical features of body dysmorphic disorder among people seeking cosmetic treatments. Read More

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Validation of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI) in Brazilian Women.

Body Image 2022 Jun 25;41:58-66. Epub 2022 Feb 25.

Department of Nutrition, University of Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil; Department of Psychology, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Despite high levels of body dissatisfaction and an increasing drive for muscularity among Brazilian women, most of the existing literature on muscle dysmorphia focuses on men and has mainly been conducted in Western and English-speaking regions. As a result, one of the most widely used assessment tools for symptoms of the disorder, the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI), has not yet been evaluated in Brazilian women-an at-risk population. In the present study, we perform a psychometric evaluation of the Brazilian Portuguese translation of the MDDI in a sample of 515 women. Read More

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Body Image Disorders and Anabolic Steroid Withdrawal Hypogonadism in Men.

Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 2022 03 8;51(1):205-216. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Hypogonadism commonly occurs during withdrawal from anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use, particularly when users have been taking AAS for prolonged periods. Mounting evidence now suggests that AAS-induced hypogonadism may persist for months or even years after last AAS use, and in some cases may be partially or completely irreversible. Treatment with human chorionic gonadotropin and clomiphene may help to restore hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis function, and these substances are widely used illicitly by AAS users at the end of a course of AAS as so-called postcycle therapy. Read More

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Editorial: Obsessive-Compulsive Related Disorders: Towards an Advancement of the Knowledge of These Internalizing Disorders.

Front Psychol 2022 8;13:849610. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Center for the Study of Stress, Trauma, and Resilience, Department of Counseling and Psychological Services, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, United States.

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February 2022

Psychosocial issues and body dysmorphic disorder in aesthetics: Review and debate.

Clin Dermatol 2022 Jan-Feb;40(1):4-10. Epub 2021 Aug 8.

Ronald O Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a serious and debilitating psychiatric condition that disproportionately presents in dermatologic and cosmetic surgery patients. BDD is currently underrecognized in cosmetic medical settings and is thought to be underdiagnosed by behavioral health professionals. The significant comorbidities associated with this disorder, as well as potential harm done to both patient and physician, raise ethical and medicolegal concerns regarding its treatment. Read More

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February 2022

The pediatric dermatology psychosocial screen: Promoting psychosocial coping and early identification of mental illness in pediatric dermatology patients.

Pediatr Dermatol 2022 Mar 17;39(2):226-230. Epub 2022 Feb 17.

Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background/objectives: The psychosocial impact of pediatric skin conditions can be difficult to assess accurately. There is currently no way to formally screen and provide stepped care specifically for psychosocial dysfunction or mental illness during dermatology clinics. The Psychosocial Screening Tool for Pediatric Dermatology (PDPS) was designed to identify patients in need of psychosocial support and to promote multidisciplinary care. Read More

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Perceived impact of COVID-19 pandemic on body dysmorphic disorder and anxiety among population seeking cosmetic procedures.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2022 Apr 18;21(4):1352-1355. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Skin Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: COVID-19-related anxiety and preventative actions like the widespread shutdown of beauty-related services emerged as a stressful condition for BDD patients seeking expert opinions.

Material And Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional investigation to assess anxiety symptoms (by CDAS) and BDD (via BDD-YBOCS questionnaire) in patients referred to the esthetic clinic.

Results: A total of 120 individuals (106 females and 14 males; mean age: 45. Read More

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Adverse childhood experiences and body dysmorphic symptoms: A meta-analysis.

Body Image 2022 Mar 24;40:267-284. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

University of Turin, Italy.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are considered a risk factor for the development of various forms of mental disorders, including body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). The aim of the present work was to examine the association between ACEs and BDD symptomatology and to identify features of studies that might moderate this association. We conducted a three-level meta-analysis of 27 articles that included 9167 participants. Read More

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Is Zoom Dysmorphia a new disorder?

Authors:
Olimpia Pino

Acta Biomed 2022 01 19;92(6):e2021303. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Parma (Italy).

Background And Aim: this editorial address the content of a recent letter about the main characteristic of Zoom dysmorphia phenomenon entitled "Zoom Dysmorphia: the rise of a new issue amidst the pandemic" that presents a compelling argument for conceptualizing this type of body dysmorphic disorder.

Methods: It is largely known that self-appraisal, self-worth, and self-esteem are essential resources for an individual in private life and social context; a misperception of one's own characteristic can influence behavior and modify some personality traits. In the present editorial it is examined the larger issue of the relationship with dysmorphic concern and appearance-focused behaviors together with the use of cosmetic interventions. Read More

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January 2022

Role of psychomotricity in the management of body image disorders in schizophrenia: a case report.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 26;40:184. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Laquintinie Hospital, Douala, Cameroon.

Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating psychiatric disorders affecting around 1% of people worldwide. Its causes and management are quite poorly controlled. Patients with schizophrenia often experience an alteration in their body image. Read More

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January 2022