1,568 results match your criteria Dysmorphophobia


The effect of copy number variations in chromosome 16p on body weight in patients with intellectual disability.

J Hum Genet 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Genomics Group, Fundación Investigación Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Syndromic monogenic obesity is a rare and severe early-onset form of obesity. It is characterized by intellectual disability, congenital malformations, and/or dysmorphic facies. The diagnosis of patients is challenging due to the genetic heterogenicity of this condition. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Personality Disorders among Individuals Seeking Cosmetic Botulinum Toxin Type A (BoNTA) Injection, a Cross-Sectional Study.

Eurasian J Med 2018 Oct;50(3):164-167

Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.

Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and histrionic personality disorders are the most frequent personality disorders in patients seeking cosmetic interventions. Botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) injection for cosmetic purpose is the most popular among non-surgical cosmetic procedures and is also the second common aesthetic treatment in Iran. The current study aimed to assess personality disorders in people who were referred for BoNTA injection in Ardabil, Iran. Read More

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October 2018

Functional links of obsessive, dysmorphic, hypochondriac, and eating-disorders related mental intrusions.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2018 Jan-Apr;18(1):43-51. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Research and Treatment Unit for Obsessions and Compulsions (I'TOC), Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

Unwanted mental intrusions (UMIs) are the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). The aim was to examine the similarities and differences in the functional links of four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective. : 438 university students and community participants ( = 29. Read More

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October 2017

Application of a transdiagnostic treatment for emotional disorders to body dysmorphic disorder: A randomized controlled trial.

J Affect Disord 2018 Nov 7;245:637-644. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Family Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a common disorder which is associated with a high rate of comorbidity and functional impairment. Although research shows that cognitive-behavioral therapy can be an efficacious treatment for BDD, there is growing evidence that dysregulated emotion is a core deficit. The Unified Protocol for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) is a transdiagnostic, emotion focused cognitive-behavioral therapy protocol that has been developed to target emotion regulation processes that play an important role in the development and maintenance of many emotional disorders METHODS: : In the present study, 128 patients meeting criteria for BDD were randomized to either the UP (n = 64) or waitlist/treatment-as-usual (WL/TAU) condition. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI): Validation of a German version with a focus on gender.

PLoS One 2018 16;13(11):e0207535. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a condition that is characterized by body image disturbance, a drive for muscularity and excessive exercising. It leads to considerable functional impairment. Most previous studies focused on male samples. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Keloid negatively affects body image.

Burns 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM) - Plastic Surgery Division, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background/objectives: Keloid is a healing disorder that occurs exclusively in humans. This pathology is considered a benign cicatricial neoplasm, whose physiopathogenesis has not yet completely clarified. Its disfiguring appearance often could potentially cause a disturbance in the patient regarding his/her body image. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A Systematic Review of the Utility of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Broadly Defined Obsessive-Compulsive-Related Disorders.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2018 Oct 18;20(5). Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Rua Visconde de Pirajá, 547, Sala 617, Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro, CEP: 22410-003.

Objective: To assess the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in DSM-5 obsessive-compulsive-related disorders (OCRDs) and conditions subsumed under an "extended" OCD spectrum, including tic disorders and self-injurious behaviors.

Data Sources: A systematic search of the MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, and LILACS databases and other sources was performed between June 6 and July 2, 2017. Search terms included (Autis*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Self-injur*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Tic* OR Tourette) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Body Dysmorphic Disorder OR Dysmorphophobi*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Hoard*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Trichotillomani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Skin Picking OR Excoriation) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Grooming) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Kleptomani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), and (Pyromani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive). Read More

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October 2018
14 Reads

Screening for Body Dysmorphic Disorders in Acne Patients: A Pilot Study.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Grupo de Investigación en Psicodermatología de Aragón, Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud de Aragón, Zaragoza, España; Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, España.

Introduction: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental health condition that is difficult to diagnose; it can cause a great deal of suffering, and treatment is often complex and challenging.

Material And Method: The study population comprised 81 consecutive dermatology out-patients who met the inclusion criteria for participation. Participants were treated at hospitals in both urban (Zaragoza) and rural areas (Alcañiz). Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Influencing Factors of Social Anxiety Disorder and Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Nonclinical Brazilian Population.

Psychol Rep 2018 Nov 2:33294118805003. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Portugal; Research in Education and Community Intervention, Portugal.

The aims of this study were twofold: (i) to investigate the prevalence of social anxiety disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in a nonclinical, Brazilian population and (ii) to examine the effects of selected factors such as sociodemographic characteristics (sex, age, marital status, workload, education, and income), body mass index, current diet, physical activity, and use of aesthetic treatment. A total of 428 adults (279 women and 149 men) aged 18 to 60 years ( M = 31.51, SD = 10. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

An experimental test of the role of appearance-related safety behaviors in body dysmorphic disorder, social anxiety, and body dissatisfaction.

J Abnorm Psychol 2018 Nov 11;127(8):770-780. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, Florida State University.

Individuals with appearance concerns engage in "safety behaviors" (SBs) aimed at checking, hiding, fixing, and reducing threat associated with their perceived flaw in appearance. Appearance-related SBs are important in contemporary accounts of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), though they are also relevant to social anxiety (SAD) and eating disorders. The present study examined the extent to which appearance-related SBs contribute to the development of disorder-specific symptoms and maladaptive cognitions. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The Health Threat Posed by the Hidden Epidemic of Anabolic Steroid Use and Body Image Disorders Among Young Men.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Harvard Medical School Director, Research Program in Men's Health: Aging and Metabolism Director, Boston Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Context: The prevalence of body image disorders and anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use is increasing, despite the evidence of their serious adverse health effects and despite the passage of laws regulating their sales. Here we review the evolution of the dual emerging epidemics of body image disorders and AAS use, adverse health effects of AAS, and the need for an integrated health policy and regulatory response to stem these epidemics.

Evidence Acquisition: We searched for studies published in English language prior to June 2018. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

The relationship between body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder: A systematic review of direct comparative studies.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 21;52(11):1030-1049. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

2 Department of Psychiatry, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective:: Current nosology conceptualises body dysmorphic disorder as being related to obsessive-compulsive disorder, but the direct evidence to support this conceptualisation is mixed. In this systematic review, we aimed to provide an integrated overview of research that has directly compared body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Method:: The PubMed database was searched for empirical studies which had directly compared body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder groups across any subject matter. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Mirror exposure therapy for body image disturbances and eating disorders: A review.

Clin Psychol Rev 2018 Nov 29;65:163-174. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Eating and Weight Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Mirror exposure therapy is a clinical trial validated treatment component that improves body image and body satisfaction. Mirror exposure therapy has been shown to benefit individuals with high body dissatisfaction and patients with eating disorders (ED) in clinical trials. Mirror exposure is an optional component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Read More

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November 2018
14 Reads

Prevalence of bullying in a pediatric sample of body dysmorphic disorder.

Compr Psychiatry 2018 Nov 25;87:12-16. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Bio Behavioral Institute, 935 Northern Boulevard, Suite 102 Great Neck, New York 11021, USA; Hofstra University, 1000 Fulton Avenue, Hempstead, New York, USA.

Little is known about etiological factors in Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Cognitive behavioral and diathesis-stress models have implicated teasing and bullying as significant early environmental stressful triggers. Due to these implications, this study aimed to assess the emergence of BDD in children during early development, and to see if bullying experiences played a role in its development. Read More

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November 2018
20 Reads

Critical Review of the Use of Second-Generation Antipsychotics in Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Drugs R D 2018 Sep;18(3):167-189

Fairleigh Dickinson University School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Florham Park, NJ, USA.

Currently, all second-generation antipsychotics are approved for schizophrenia. Many are also approved for bipolar disorder, with some also approved as adjunctive treatment for depression and autism-related irritability. Second-generation antipsychotics are increasingly being prescribed for indications other than those approved by the Food and Drug Administration, such as in dementia, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder to name a few. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Perspectives in cosmetic dermatology: What is in front of the mirror?

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Oct 24;17(5):672-674. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Dermatology Residency Training Program, Larkin Community Hospital, South Miami, Florida.

Managing patient expectations can be a difficult task and is one that cosmetic dermatologists frequently encounter. Misinformation and unrealistic expectations can oftentimes exist regarding cosmetic procedures and their results. These misconceptions can result in patient dissatisfaction and frustration on the physician's behalf. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Is There Any Relationship Between Body Image Perception, Eating Disorders, and Muscle Dysmorphic Disorders in Male Bodybuilders?

Am J Mens Health 2018 Sep 13;12(5):1746-1758. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

2 Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Bodybuilding has increasingly become popular between males since male body shape has become a subject of interest in the last decades. Bodybuilders have desired to gain more muscle and paid attention to their body shape. Based on this purpose, they have string rules that include restrictive eating and excessive exercise program. Read More

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September 2018
9 Reads

Aberrant Dynamic Connectivity for Fear Processing in Anorexia Nervosa and Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2018 26;9:273. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) share distorted perceptions of appearance with extreme negative emotion, yet the neural phenotypes of emotion processing remain underexplored in them, and they have never been directly compared. We sought to determine if shared and disorder-specific fronto-limbic connectivity patterns characterize these disorders. FMRI data was obtained from three unmedicated groups: BDD ( = 32), weight-restored AN ( = 25), and healthy controls (HC; = 37), while they viewed fearful faces and rated their own degree of fearfulness in response. Read More

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June 2018
6 Reads

Semilobar holoprosencephaly with cebocephaly associated with maternal early onset preeclampsia: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Jul 7;12(1):207. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bahir Dar University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: The term holoprosencephaly was proposed by DeMyer and Zeman. It is a developmental defect of the embryonic forebrain with heterogeneous etiology including genetic and environmental factors. It is commonly associated with midfacial defects and has a spectrum of presentations. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

[Perception and distortion of body image in Spanish women dancers based on academic year and age].

Nutr Hosp 2018 May 16;35(3):661-668. Epub 2018 May 16.

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Introduction: young dancers are at a higher risk of developing body image distortion.

Objective: to analyze body image perception and distortion in dancer students based on academic year and age.

Methods: two hundred and ninety-eight women dancers between 11 and 24 years, who were studying between the 1st and 6th year of Professional Program, were evaluated. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Non-weight-related body image concerns and Body Dysmorphic Disorder prevalence in patients with Anorexia Nervosa.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Sep 31;267:120-125. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and patients with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) are both characterized by body image disturbance and dissatisfaction; furthermore, these disorders share clinical features and frequently co-occur. However, few studies have explored the relation between AN and BDD. Therefore, the first aim of the study was assessing the prevalence of BDD and presence of non-weight-related body image concerns in patients with AN. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Escalation from normal appearance related intrusive cognitions to clinical preoccupations in Body Dysmorphic Disorder: A cross-sectional study.

Psychiatry Res 2018 07 21;265:137-143. Epub 2018 Apr 21.

Department of Personality Psychology, Research Unit for Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders (I'TOC), Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

Current cognitive approaches to Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) assume that appearance-related intrusive cognitions and their functional consequences characterize the disorder, in a similar way that obsessive intrusive thoughts characterize the Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). This study explores whether normal but unwanted appearance-related intrusive thoughts (AITs), escalate to clinical AITs when they are dysfunctionally appraised and instigate counterproductive neutralizing strategies. From a sample of 344 non-clinical individuals who reported a highly upsetting AIT during the past three months two subgroups were extracted according to their high (n = 68) and low (n = 276) vulnerability to BDD. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Patients Screening Positive for Body Dysmorphic Disorder Show No Significant Health-Related Quality of Life Gain after Functional Septorhinoplasty at a Tertiary Referral Center.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Jun 27;34(3):318-324. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric disorder defined by an excessive concern about one's physical appearance, especially regarding slight or imagined abnormities of the body. This study was conducted to compare postoperative quality of life (QOL) changes after primary septorhinoplasty among patients screening positive and those screening negative for BDD. Two common instruments for the screening of BDD were used namely the Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (DCQ) and the BDD Concern Questionnaire (BDDQ). Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Pharmacological Treatment Of Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

Curr Neuropharmacol 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Autism and Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Program Anxiety and Depression Program Albert Einstein College of Medicine Montefiore Medical Center. United States.

Body dysmorphic disorder is a challenging disorder that manifests as erroneously perceived flaws in one's physical appearance and repetitive behaviors in response to appearance concerns. This disorder is also frequently comorbid with other psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder and autism spectrum disorder. It is currently understood to arise from a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors. Read More

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April 2018
5 Reads

Body dysmorphic disorder in the cosmetic practice.

G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2018 Aug 18;153(4):506-515. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Dermatology, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA -

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with a slight or imagined flaw in appearance that causes significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. The disease is more prevalent among patients who seek aesthetic procedures as compared with population standards or individuals that are not interested in aesthetic surgery. Several studies have indicated that BDD symptoms typically worsen after an aesthetic procedure because the preoccupation shifts to a different body area. Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

New perspectives in the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder.

F1000Res 2018 23;7:361. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Autism and Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Program, Anxiety and Depression Program, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montiefiore Medical Center, The Bronx, New York, USA.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a disabling illness with a high worldwide prevalence. Patients demonstrate a debilitating preoccupation with one or more perceived defects, often marked by poor insight or delusional convictions. Multiple studies have suggested that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and various cognitive behavioral therapy modalities are effective first-line treatments in decreasing BDD severity, relieving depressive symptoms, restoring insight, and increasing quality of life. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

Treatment course and its predictors in patients with somatoform disorders: A routine outcome monitoring study in secondary psychiatric care.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Aim: Somatoform disorders are common and often chronic. It would be helpful to distinguish those patients who are likely to have a positive treatment course from those who are likely to follow a negative course. Such studies of different somatoform disorders are scarce, especially in secondary psychiatric care. Read More

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March 2018
6 Reads

Effects of an Appearance-Focused Interpretation Training Intervention on Eating Disorder Symptoms.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2018 Nov 13;46(6):676-689. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Department of Psychology,Florida State University,Tallahassee,FL,USA.

Background: Previous research suggests that computerized interpretation bias modification (IBM) techniques may be useful for modifying thoughts and behaviours relevant to eating pathology; however, little is known about the utility of IBM for decreasing specific eating disorder (ED) symptoms (e.g. bulimia, drive for thinness). Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

[Body image disorder in 100 Tunisian female breast cancer patients].

Bull Cancer 2018 Apr 7;105(4):350-356. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Université Manar I, faculté de médecine de Tunis, hôpital Razi, Cité des Orangers, 2010 Mannouba, Tunisie.

Introduction: This study aimed at tracking the prevalence of body image disorder in a population of Tunisian women followed for breast cancer and the factors associated with it.

Patients End Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Salah-Azaiez Institute in Tunis, over a period of four months. One hundred outpatients followed for confirmed breast cancer were recruited. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads
0.640 Impact Factor

Thinness and muscularity internalization: Associations with disordered eating and muscle dysmorphia in men.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 04 23;51(4):352-357. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, San Diego State University/University of California, San Diego, California.

Objective: The tripartite influence model of body image identifies internalization of societal body ideals as a risk factor for developing body dissatisfaction, and subsequent disordered eating behavior. In men, internalization of two dimensions of body image ideals, thinness and muscularity, is associated with body dissatisfaction and eating concerns. However, it is unknown how thinness and muscularity internalization interact in predicting muscle dysmorphia and disordered eating in men. Read More

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April 2018
8 Reads

Presidential Address: Are the Obsessive-Compulsive Related Disorders Related to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder? A Critical Look at DSM-5's New Category.

Behav Ther 2018 01 15;49(1):1-11. Epub 2017 Jun 15.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Electronic address:

The 5 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) includes a new class of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) that includes obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and a handful of other putatively related conditions. Although this new category promises to raise awareness of underrecognized and understudied problems, the empirical validity and practical utility of this new DSM category is questionable. This article critically examines the arguments underlying the new OCRD class, illuminates a number of problems with this class, and then discusses implications for clinicians and researchers. Read More

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January 2018
7 Reads

[Investigation of tall stature in children: Diagnostic work-up, review of the main causes].

Arch Pediatr 2018 Feb 1;25(2):163-169. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Service de pédiatrie multidisciplinaire, hôpital Timone Enfants, Assistance publique des hôpitaux de Marseille, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille, France.

Tall stature is not a common motive for medical consultation, even though by definition 2.5 % of children in the general population are concerned. It is usually defined as height greater than+2 standard deviations (SD) using the appropriate growth chart for age and gender, or a difference greater than +2 SD between actual height and target height. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Risk and resiliency factors related to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: The identity disruption model.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 04 2;51(4):322-330. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Objective: The current study examined a theoretical model (the identity disruption model) linking negative early life experiences to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating via self-concept clarity and sociocultural factors (internalization of beauty ideals and appearance comparison tendencies).

Method: 1,023 participants (52% women) completed a series of questionnaires online, including measures of negative early life experiences and childhood abuse, self-concept clarity, internalization of beauty ideals, appearance comparison tendencies, sociocultural pressure to improve one's appearance, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating.

Results: Structural equation modeling indicated that self-reported early adversity was associated with lower self-concept clarity, which in turn was associated with greater internalization of beauty ideals and more frequent appearance comparisons. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

The Contribution of Social Media to Body Dissatisfaction, Eating Disorder Symptoms, and Anabolic Steroid Use Among Sexual Minority Men.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2018 Mar 24;21(3):149-156. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

3 College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University , Melbourne, Australia .

Social media has been associated with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms among young women and adolescent girls. However, despite notable evidence of susceptibility to body image pressures, it remains unknown whether these associations generalize to sexual minority men. A nationwide sample of 2,733 sexual minority men completed an online survey advertised to Australian and New Zealand users of a popular dating app. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Attentional biases toward body images in males at high risk of muscle dysmorphia.

PeerJ 2018 16;6:e4273. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

General Sport Administration of China's Key Laboratory of Sports Psychological and Physiological Regulation, School of Education and Psychology, Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjin, People's Republic of China.

Objective: Although research on muscle dysmorphia (MD), a body dysmorphic disorder subtype, has recently increased, the causes and mechanisms underlying this disorder remain unclear. Results from studies examining disorders associated with body image suggest the involvement of self-schema in biasing attention toward specific body information. The present study examined whether individuals at higher risk of MD also display attentional biases toward specific types of body images. Read More

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January 2018
7 Reads

["How Beautiful Must I be?"- Physical Attractiveness and Mental Health in Adolescents].

Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 2018 Jan;67(1):18-30

Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie des Kindes- und Jugendalters der Universität zu Köln Robert-Koch-Straße 10 50931 Köln Deutschland Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie - Uniklinik Köln.

"How Beautiful Must I be?"- Physical Attractiveness and Mental Health in Adolescents Physical attractiveness is a high priority for young people. The beauty ideals and presentations spread in the media often reinforce self-doubt and self-insecurity. In 730 adolescents (age 13 to 20 years) it was measured, how they experience appearance-related social pressure (FASD), the extent to which physical deficits are perceived (BDDQ), and how these features are related to mental symptoms (SDQ). Read More

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January 2018
8 Reads

Predictors and consequences of health anxiety symptoms: a novel twin modeling study.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2018 Mar 15;137(3):241-251. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, The University of Melbourne and Melbourne Health, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.

Objective: The question of how to best conceptualize health anxiety (HA) from a diagnostic and etiological perspective remains debated. The aim was to examine the relationship between HA and the symptoms of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive-related disorders in a normative twin population.

Method: Four hundred and ninety-six monozygotic adult twin pairs from the Australian Twin Registry participated in the study (age, 34. Read More

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March 2018
24 Reads

Clinical and cytogenetic features of 516 patients with suspected Turner syndrome - a single-center experience.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2018 Jan;31(2):167-173

Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, Rua Tessália Vieira de Camargo, 126, 13083-887 Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Clinical suspicion of Turner syndrome (TS) may be challenging. Short stature and absent puberty are not mandatory and the dysmorphic picture is widely variable. The aim of the study was to describe a representative sample of patients with suspected TS in a single center and to verify which set of features may help discriminate those with TS. Read More

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January 2018
14 Reads

[Influence of the dance discipline on body image distortion and dissatisfaction in preadolescents, adolescents and young women dancers].

Nutr Hosp 2017 Nov 16;34(5):1442-1447. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Universidad Católica de Murcia.

Background: Dance discipline could modulate the presence of alterations in body image, which is a factor relationship with eating disorders.

Objective: To analyze the body image distortion and dissatisfaction in student dancers based on dance discipline.

Methods: Two hundred and ninety-eight preadolescents, adolescents and young classical, contemporary and Spanish dancers took part in the study. Read More

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November 2017
2 Reads

Screening Tool to Determine Risk of Having Muscle Dysmorphia Symptoms in Men Who Engage in Weight Training at a Gym.

Clin J Sport Med 2018 03;28(2):168-173

Department of Pharmacology, Pediatrics and Organic Chemistry, Miguel Hernández University, Alicante, Spain.

Objective: Although 2 screening tests exist for having a high risk of muscle dysmorphia (MD) symptoms, they both require a long time to apply. Accordingly, we proposed the construction, validation, and implementation of such a test in a mobile application using easy-to-measure factors associated with MD.

Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Read More

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March 2018
13 Reads

[Disturbances of the body image: a cultural and historical comparison between the glass delusion and body dysmorphic disorder].

Authors:
E I Müller

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2017;59(12):759-766

background Research on body dysmorphic disorder (bdd) shows that many debates in the field of psychology, sociology and philosophy already focus on the ways 'ideals of the perfect body' influence this disorder. However, more work needs to be done on the question in what ways bdd is culturally, historically and technologically mediated.

Aim: To argue that norms and values of the perfect body and the ways a society prescribes how body and mind should be related, are technologically mediated through different time frames, which influence disorders of disturbances of the body image. Read More

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August 2018
9 Reads

A prospective study of adolescents' body dysmorphic symptoms: Peer victimization and the direct and protective roles of emotion regulation and mindfulness.

Body Image 2018 Mar 13;24:17-25. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

School of Applied Psychology & Menzies Health Institute of Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.

In this study, we examined whether peer appearance-related victimization was associated with adolescents' increasing body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms over 12 months. Also, given emotion regulation and mindfulness have been associated with less body dissatisfaction, we expected that they would protect against the negative impact of peer victimization on BDD symptoms. Participants were 367 Australian adolescents (M=13years). Read More

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March 2018
10 Reads

Set shifting and visuospatial organization deficits in body dysmorphic disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2018 02 24;260:182-186. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital & Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Building 185 Cambridge Street, Suite 2000, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address:

Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) over-attend to perceived defect(s) in their physical appearance, often becoming "stuck" obsessing about perceived flaws and engaging in rituals to hide flaws. These symptoms suggest that individuals with BDD may experience deficits in underlying neurocognitive functions, such as set-shifting and visuospatial organization. These deficits have been implicated as risk and maintenance factors in disorders with similarities to BDD but have been minimally investigated in BDD. Read More

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February 2018
14 Reads

Different Facets of Body Image Disturbance in Binge Eating Disorder: A Review.

Nutrients 2017 Nov 28;9(12). Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Universität Osnabrück, Knollstr. 52, D-49069 Osnabrück, Germany.

The goal of the present review is to give an overview of the current findings on various facets of body image disturbance in Binge Eating Disorder such as body dissatisfaction, overconcern with weight and shape, body-related checking and avoidance behavior, misperception of body size, and body-related cognitive bias. In addition, treatments for a disturbed body image in BED and evidence of body image disturbance in youth with binge eating are reviewed. The results show that a disturbed body image in BED is present in the form of overconcern with weight and shape. Read More

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November 2017
4 Reads

Delay in an Eating Disorder Diagnosis: The Reason Was a "Shox".

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2018 Apr 14;31(2):138-139. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Adolescent Medicine, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Electronic address:

Background: Patients' underlying medical conditions might affect the presentation and progression of an eating disorder.

Case: We describe a patient with an undiagnosed, rare, genetic skeletal dysplasia with effects on body mass index that likely led to body image distortion and delayed the diagnosis of an eating disorder.

Summary And Conclusion: It is critical to fully assess disordered eating in the context of each patient's clinical status. Read More

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April 2018
8 Reads

Misoplegia.

Front Neurol Neurosci 2018 16;41:23-27. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

In 1974, Critchley described misoplegia as the phenomenon in which a hemiplegic patient develops a morbid dislike towards the offending immobile limbs. Patients with misoplegia may employ, but more commonly strike their paretic limbs not recognized as self. The pathophysiological mechanism is not well understood. Read More

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July 2018
10 Reads

[Body dysmorphic disorder: Future prospects of medical care].

Encephale 2018 Jun;44(3):288-290

Secteur 4, CHS Sainte-Anne, site hôpital Henri-Ey, 15, avenue de la Porte de Choisy, 75013 Paris, France.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Read More

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June 2018
14 Reads

Evaluation of the Body Parts That Preoccupy Adolescents With Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2017 Oct 26;19(5). Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Central Michigan University College of Medicine, Saginaw, Michigan, USA.

Objective: To evaluate which body parts preoccupy adolescents with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

Methods: Patients admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital who agreed to take part in the study completed the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (child and adolescent version) and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Diagnostic Module. Patients also completed a questionnaire that addressed age at onset, coping strategies, history of sexual abuse, amount of time patients spent thinking about their perceived defects, and the area of the body that the participants were preoccupied with and the specific coping strategy used. Read More

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October 2017
9 Reads