1,621 results match your criteria Dysmorphophobia


Appearance Teasing and Mental Health: Gender Differences and Mediation Effects of Appearance-Based Rejection Sensitivity and Dysmorphic Concerns.

Front Psychol 2019 20;10:579. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, School of Human and Social Sciences, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.

Appearance teasing is a common phenomenon in social interactions, especially in adolescence. Several studies have shown its negative impact on mental health as well as on body image. While these findings prove stable in various contexts, less evidence is available for possible gender differences in these relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00579DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435521PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The emergence of Exercise Addiction, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and other image-related psychopathological correlates in fitness settings: A cross sectional study.

PLoS One 2019 3;14(4):e0213060. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Centre for Clinical & Health Research Services, School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, United Kingdom.

Introduction: In a society that perpetuates the strive for a perfect appearance, a fit body has become synonymous with success, but simultaneously hard to achieve. This represents a fertile ground for the development of Exercise Addiction (EA) alongside other disorders, such as Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). This study aims to explore the diffusion of EA in fitness settings in the United Kingdom, Italy, Netherlands, Hungary and the previously unexplored association with appearance anxiety, BDD, self-esteem and the use of fitness supplements. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213060PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447162PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Body parts of clinical concern in anorexia nervosa versus body dysmorphic disorder: a cross-diagnostic comparison.

Australas Psychiatry 2019 Apr 1:1039856219839477. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Research Fellow, Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, and; Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, VIC, and; Department of Psychiatry, St. Vincent's Mental Health, Melbourne, VIC, and; Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, and; Department of Mental Health, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objectives:: Anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder share a hallmark clinical feature of severe body image disturbance. This study aimed to document major demographic and clinical characteristics in anorexia nervosa versus body dysmorphic disorder, and it was the first to compare specific body parts related to body image dissatisfaction across these disorders directly.

Methods:: Anorexia nervosa ( n=26) and body dysmorphic disorder ( n=24) patients were administered a range of clinical measures, including key questions about the specificities of their body image concerns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1039856219839477DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

A spontaneous pregnancy and successful delivery in a Chinese female with Silver-Russell syndrome accompanied by gestational diabetes mellitus.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2019 Mar 24:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

a Department of Endocrinology , The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University , Wenzhou , People's Republic of China.

Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation and typical dysmorphic features including body asymmetry, relative macrocephaly, protruding forehead, and feeding difficulties. Previous descriptions of SRS focus on the management of specific issues in children. Herein, we present clinical and metabolic characteristics of an adult woman with SRS accompanied by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09513590.2019.1590547DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Internet-based, therapist-guided, cognitive-behavioural therapy for body dysmorphic disorder with global eligibility for inclusion: an uncontrolled pilot study.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 23;9(3):e024693. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has been shown to be an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but access to treatment around the world is limited. One way to increase access is to administer CBT remotely via the internet. This study represents the first effort to remotely deliver a therapist-supported, internet-based CBT treatment with no restrictions on enrolment based on geographical location, and it aims to assess whether this treatment can be delivered safely across international borders, with outcomes comparable to previous BDD-NET trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024693DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Direct comparisons of anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder: A systematic review.

Psychiatry Res 2019 04 1;274:129-137. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Mental Health, St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are serious psychiatric conditions, both of which are associated with a disturbance of body image. The aim of this paper was to review those studies that have directly compared groups of individuals with AN and BDD, to determine similarities and differences in presentation between the two conditions. The literature was searched to September 2018, and studies were included if they were English language, empirical research papers published in peer-reviewed journals, specifically comparing AN and BDD patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.106DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Body dysmorphic disorder: The drive for perfection.

Authors:
Amanda Perkins

Nursing 2019 Mar;49(3):28-33

Amanda Perkins is an assistant professor of nursing at Vermont Tech in Randolph, Vt.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an obsessive-compulsive and related disorder that pushes people toward perfection, affecting 5 to 7.5 million people in the US. Individuals with BDD spend a great deal of time focusing on perceived flaws and ways in which to hide these flaws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NURSE.0000553273.24557.58DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Body-oriented gaze behaviors in men with muscle dysmorphia diagnoses.

J Abnorm Psychol 2019 Feb;128(2):140-150

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University.

Although muscle dysmorphia (MD) has been added as a specifier for body dysmorphic disorder in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, experimental research on psychopathological mechanisms is lacking. Because models of eating disorders (EDs) suggest parallels between MD and ED, body-oriented attentional biases, which are prominent in ED models, have been identified as potentially important maintaining factors. Specifically, we predicted the existence of biases toward subjectively negative areas of one's own body and positive areas of a bodybuilder in MD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/abn0000403DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

De Novo SOX4 Variants Cause a Neurodevelopmental Disease Associated with Mild Dysmorphism.

Am J Hum Genet 2019 Feb 17;104(2):246-259. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Surgery/Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

SOX4, together with SOX11 and SOX12, forms group C of SRY-related (SOX) transcription factors. They play key roles, often in redundancy, in multiple developmental pathways, including neurogenesis and skeletogenesis. De novo SOX11 heterozygous mutations have been shown to cause intellectual disability, growth deficiency, and dysmorphic features compatible with mild Coffin-Siris syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.12.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369454PMC
February 2019
4 Reads
10.931 Impact Factor

Evaluating the potential roles of body dissatisfaction in exercise avoidance.

Body Image 2019 Mar 14;28:110-114. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, United States.

Body dissatisfaction is linked to poor physical health, even after actual markers of health have been controlled for. This link is likely due to body dissatisfaction influencing health behaviors-more specifically, cardiovascular exercise. Modifiable reasons for this link have yet to be determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Long-term outcome of therapist-guided internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD-NET): a naturalistic 2-year follow-up after a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 15;9(1):e024307. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Most patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) do not receive evidence-based treatment. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) has found that a therapist-guided internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for BDD (BDD-NET) can be delivered safely via the internet with significant improvements in BDD symptom severity in the short term. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the therapeutic gains of BDD-NET are maintained 2 years after treatment. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02430
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340432PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

Appearance comparison and other appearance-related influences on body dissatisfaction in everyday life.

Body Image 2019 Mar 9;28:101-109. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia; Cairnmillar Institute, Hawthorn East, Victoria, 3123, Australia.

Although appearance comparisons, self-monitoring, and appearance-related comments have been linked to body dissatisfaction in prior studies, the combined and unique influences of these variables on state body dissatisfaction in daily life has yet to be explored. The present study addressed this gap, and also evaluated whether these state-based effects were stronger for individuals with trait-level body image disturbances (internalization and body dissatisfaction). Eighty-four women completed baseline measures of trait internalization and body dissatisfaction, and then reported momentary experiences of body dissatisfaction, appearance self-monitoring, appearance-related comments, and appearance-based comparisons at up to 10 random times daily for seven days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.002DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Intranasal oxytocin modulates higher order social cognition in body dysmorphic disorder.

Depress Anxiety 2019 02 7;36(2):153-161. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychiatry, OCD and Related Disorders Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric disorder with specific impairments in social cognition related to excessive concerns about one's appearance. Individuals with BDD have difficulty identifying emotional expressions and attribute internal factors for others' emotional expressions in self-referent (but not other-referent) scenarios. Given the role of oxytocin in regulating social approach behavior and social salience, we hypothesized that oxytocin would improve biases in emotion recognition, attributions, and threat interpretations in individuals with BDD, compared to healthy controls (HCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22876DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

High Prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Moderate to Severe Appearance-Related Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms Among Rhinoplasty Candidates.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, UNIFESP, Rua Botucatu 740, 2o. andar, São Paulo, São Paulo, CEP 04023-062, Brazil.

Background: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after procedures in plastic surgery by individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). The identification of BDD symptoms is a challenge for plastic surgeons. The purpose of this study was to use a specific instrument for detection of BDD symptoms as a screening tool in rhinoplasty candidates and estimate the prevalence and severity of BDD symptoms in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-018-1300-1DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Affect and worry during a checking episode: A comparison of individuals with symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, body dysmorphic disorder, illness anxiety disorder, and panic disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2019 02 25;272:349-358. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology, Division of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University, Knollstr. 15, 49069 Osnabrück, Germany.

Checking behavior (CB) occurs in a variety of disorders such as obsessive-compulsive (OCD), body dysmorphic (BDD), illness anxiety (IA), and panic disorder (PD), as well as anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Etiological models of these disorders - with the exception of those for PD - postulate that CB mainly occurs in situations characterized by negative affect and serves to regulate it. We aimed to test these assumptions: N = 386 individuals with a self-reported diagnosis of one of the disorders rated their affect at baseline, directly before a remembered CB episode, during, immediately afterwards, and 15 and 60 minutes afterwards, and rated their endorsement of different functions of CB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.132DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The efficacy of biofeedback approaches for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2019 02 20;272:237-245. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B's - PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães, Portugal. Electronic address:

Biofeedback is applied to target excessive and/or deficient physiological signals to help patients identifying and self-managing their symptoms. Biofeedback has been employed in psychiatric disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), mainly by using neural signals - neurofeedback. Recently, OCD has been integrated into the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCD&RD) category (body dysmorphic, hoarding, trichotillomania/hair-pulling, and excoriation/skin-picking disorders). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01651781183163
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.096DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

An Internet-based controlled trial of interpretation bias modification versus progressive muscle relaxation for body dysmorphic disorder.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 27;87(3):257-269. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: The current study extended upon previous research efforts by evaluating the utility and feasibility of an 8-session Internet-based interpretation bias modification (IBM) training protocol targeting evaluation- and appearance-related threat biases characteristic of the disorder compared to a progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) condition for treatment of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

Method: Fifty participants with BDD were recruited from across the United States and randomly assigned to eight sessions of either IBM or PMR. Assessments of interpretation bias, BDD symptoms, depression, and anxiety were administered at pretreatment, 1-week posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000372DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Stigmatisation and body image impairment in dermatological patients: protocol for an observational multicentre study in 16 European countries.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 22;8(12):e024877. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Institute of Medical Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.

Introduction: Patients with common skin diseases may have substantial psychosocial comorbidity and reduced quality of life. This study aims at exploring further the psychosocial burden of skin diseases by assessing stigmatisation and body image problems in a large sample of patients with skin disease across Europe.

Methods And Analysis: The study is an observational cross-sectional multicentre study across 16 European countries comparing stigmatisation and body image in patients with skin disease compared with controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024877DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307615PMC
December 2018
16 Reads

The effect of copy number variations in chromosome 16p on body weight in patients with intellectual disability.

J Hum Genet 2019 Mar 5;64(3):221-231. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Genomics Group, Fundación Investigación Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Syndromic monogenic obesity is a rare and severe early-onset form of obesity. It is characterized by intellectual disability, congenital malformations, and/or dysmorphic facies. The diagnosis of patients is challenging due to the genetic heterogenicity of this condition. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s10038-018-0545-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-018-0545-5DOI Listing
March 2019
17 Reads

Body Satisfaction, Performance Perception, and Weight Loss Behavior in Young Female Dancers.

Med Probl Perform Art 2018 12;33(4):225-230

20 Hope Ave. G1, Waltham, MA 02453, USA.

Objective: To understand the impact of body satisfaction and performance perception on intentional weight loss behavior and body mass index (BMI) in young female dancers.

Methods: Young female dancers who visited an injury prevention center were provided a questionnaire including three questions designed to elicit their body satisfaction, perception of weight toward performance, and any intentional weight loss behavior. Binary responses (yes/no) were compared between the three questions using chi-square analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21091/mppa.2018.4033DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Personality Disorders among Individuals Seeking Cosmetic Botulinum Toxin Type A (BoNTA) Injection, a Cross-Sectional Study.

Eurasian J Med 2018 Oct;50(3):164-167

Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.

Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and histrionic personality disorders are the most frequent personality disorders in patients seeking cosmetic interventions. Botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) injection for cosmetic purpose is the most popular among non-surgical cosmetic procedures and is also the second common aesthetic treatment in Iran. The current study aimed to assess personality disorders in people who were referred for BoNTA injection in Ardabil, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.17373DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263231PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Functional links of obsessive, dysmorphic, hypochondriac, and eating-disorders related mental intrusions.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2018 Jan-Apr;18(1):43-51. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Research and Treatment Unit for Obsessions and Compulsions (I'TOC), Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

Unwanted mental intrusions (UMIs) are the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). The aim was to examine the similarities and differences in the functional links of four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective. : 438 university students and community participants ( = 29. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2017.09.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220904PMC
October 2017
4 Reads

Social Media and Body Dissatisfaction: Investigating the Attenuating Role of Positive Parent-Adolescent Relationships.

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Mar 26;48(3):527-536. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Danita Supervised Living, Timon Youth Care, Adriaan Kluitstraat 38, 3052 RD, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Previous research has shown that adolescents´ social media use predicts increased body dissatisfaction. However, little is known about social environmental factors that may attenuate this relationship. This study examines one such potential moderating social environmental factor: positive parent-adolescent relationships. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10964-018-0956-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0956-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394528PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Use of antipsychotic drugs in dermatology.

Clin Dermatol 2018 Nov - Dec;36(6):765-773. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Antipsychotic drugs can be beneficial in dermatology because of their both central nervous system and peripheral effects. All antipsychotic drugs have a central postsynaptic dopamine D2 receptor blocking effect, which underlies their antipsychotic action. The antipsychotic drugs have varying degrees of histamine H1-receptor, cholinergic muscarinic receptor, and α1-adrenergic receptor blocking effects, which can affect cutaneous perception and the autonomic reactivity of the skin and can be potentially beneficial in the management of certain histamine or sympathetically mediated dermatologic manifestations (eg, urticaria, pruritus, hyperhidrosis). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0738081X183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2018.08.006DOI Listing
March 2019
26 Reads

Application of a transdiagnostic treatment for emotional disorders to body dysmorphic disorder: A randomized controlled trial.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 7;245:637-644. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Family Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a common disorder which is associated with a high rate of comorbidity and functional impairment. Although research shows that cognitive-behavioral therapy can be an efficacious treatment for BDD, there is growing evidence that dysregulated emotion is a core deficit. The Unified Protocol for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) is a transdiagnostic, emotion focused cognitive-behavioral therapy protocol that has been developed to target emotion regulation processes that play an important role in the development and maintenance of many emotional disorders METHODS: : In the present study, 128 patients meeting criteria for BDD were randomized to either the UP (n = 64) or waitlist/treatment-as-usual (WL/TAU) condition. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183141
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.058DOI Listing
February 2019
17 Reads

Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI): Validation of a German version with a focus on gender.

PLoS One 2018 16;13(11):e0207535. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a condition that is characterized by body image disturbance, a drive for muscularity and excessive exercising. It leads to considerable functional impairment. Most previous studies focused on male samples. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207535PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239320PMC
April 2019
25 Reads

Keloid negatively affects body image.

Burns 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM) - Plastic Surgery Division, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background/objectives: Keloid is a healing disorder that occurs exclusively in humans. This pathology is considered a benign cicatricial neoplasm, whose physiopathogenesis has not yet completely clarified. Its disfiguring appearance often could potentially cause a disturbance in the patient regarding his/her body image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.10.009DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

A Systematic Review of the Utility of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Broadly Defined Obsessive-Compulsive-Related Disorders.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2018 Oct 18;20(5). Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Rua Visconde de Pirajá, 547, Sala 617, Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro, CEP: 22410-003.

Objective: To assess the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in DSM-5 obsessive-compulsive-related disorders (OCRDs) and conditions subsumed under an "extended" OCD spectrum, including tic disorders and self-injurious behaviors.

Data Sources: A systematic search of the MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, and LILACS databases and other sources was performed between June 6 and July 2, 2017. Search terms included (Autis*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Self-injur*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Tic* OR Tourette) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Body Dysmorphic Disorder OR Dysmorphophobi*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Hoard*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Trichotillomani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Skin Picking OR Excoriation) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Grooming) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Kleptomani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), and (Pyromani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive). Read More

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http://www.psychiatrist.com/PCC/article/Pages/2018/v20n05/18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.18r02342DOI Listing
October 2018
35 Reads

Screening for Body Dysmorphic Disorders in Acne Patients: A Pilot Study.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2019 Jan - Feb;110(1):28-32. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Grupo de Investigación en Psicodermatología de Aragón, Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud de Aragón, Zaragoza, España; Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, España.

Introduction: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental health condition that is difficult to diagnose; it can cause a great deal of suffering, and treatment is often complex and challenging.

Material And Method: The study population comprised 81 consecutive dermatology out-patients who met the inclusion criteria for participation. Participants were treated at hospitals in both urban (Zaragoza) and rural areas (Alcañiz). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ad.2018.08.001DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Influencing Factors of Social Anxiety Disorder and Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Nonclinical Brazilian Population.

Psychol Rep 2018 Nov 2:33294118805003. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Portugal; Research in Education and Community Intervention, Portugal.

The aims of this study were twofold: (i) to investigate the prevalence of social anxiety disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in a nonclinical, Brazilian population and (ii) to examine the effects of selected factors such as sociodemographic characteristics (sex, age, marital status, workload, education, and income), body mass index, current diet, physical activity, and use of aesthetic treatment. A total of 428 adults (279 women and 149 men) aged 18 to 60 years ( M = 31.51, SD = 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033294118805003DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

In the Mirror: Depression With Dysmorphia and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2018 Oct 11;20(5). Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

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http://www.psychiatrist.com/PCC/article/Pages/2018/v20n05/17
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.17l02260DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

The influence of the aesthetic body shape model on adolescents with eating disorders.

Nutr Hosp 2018 Oct 5;35(5):1131-1137. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa Zaragoza.

Introduction: the relevance of sociocultural factors with respect to etiology, development and treatment of eating disorders has been supported by many studies.

Objectives: the aims of this study were: a) to analyze the different effects of the aesthetic body shape model on adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) vs bulimia nervosa (BN); b) to analyze possible differences, regarding that body shape model, between patients with purging behaviors vs non purging types of patients; and c) to explore the relationship between the influence of the aesthetic body shape model and other clinically relevant variables such as body dissatisfaction, eating attitudes and personality traits.

Methods: the sample comprised 104 adolescents suffering from AN and BN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1826DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

An experimental test of the role of appearance-related safety behaviors in body dysmorphic disorder, social anxiety, and body dissatisfaction.

J Abnorm Psychol 2018 Nov 11;127(8):770-780. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, Florida State University.

Individuals with appearance concerns engage in "safety behaviors" (SBs) aimed at checking, hiding, fixing, and reducing threat associated with their perceived flaw in appearance. Appearance-related SBs are important in contemporary accounts of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), though they are also relevant to social anxiety (SAD) and eating disorders. The present study examined the extent to which appearance-related SBs contribute to the development of disorder-specific symptoms and maladaptive cognitions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/abn0000387DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

The Health Threat Posed by the Hidden Epidemic of Anabolic Steroid Use and Body Image Disorders Among Young Men.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2019 Apr;104(4):1069-1074

Research Program in Men's Health: Aging and Metabolism, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Context: The prevalence of body image disorders and anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use is increasing, despite the evidence of their serious adverse health effects and despite the passage of laws regulating their sales. Here we review the evolution of the dual emerging epidemics of body image disorders and AAS use, adverse health effects of AASs, and the need for an integrated health policy and regulatory response.

Evidence Acquisition: We searched for studies published prior to June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-01706DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

The relationship between body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder: A systematic review of direct comparative studies.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 21;52(11):1030-1049. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

2 Department of Psychiatry, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective:: Current nosology conceptualises body dysmorphic disorder as being related to obsessive-compulsive disorder, but the direct evidence to support this conceptualisation is mixed. In this systematic review, we aimed to provide an integrated overview of research that has directly compared body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Method:: The PubMed database was searched for empirical studies which had directly compared body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder groups across any subject matter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004867418799925DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Mirror exposure therapy for body image disturbances and eating disorders: A review.

Clin Psychol Rev 2018 11 29;65:163-174. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Eating and Weight Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Mirror exposure therapy is a clinical trial validated treatment component that improves body image and body satisfaction. Mirror exposure therapy has been shown to benefit individuals with high body dissatisfaction and patients with eating disorders (ED) in clinical trials. Mirror exposure is an optional component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02727358183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2018.08.006DOI Listing
November 2018
25 Reads

Prevalence of bullying in a pediatric sample of body dysmorphic disorder.

Compr Psychiatry 2018 Nov 25;87:12-16. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Bio Behavioral Institute, 935 Northern Boulevard, Suite 102 Great Neck, New York 11021, USA; Hofstra University, 1000 Fulton Avenue, Hempstead, New York, USA.

Little is known about etiological factors in Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Cognitive behavioral and diathesis-stress models have implicated teasing and bullying as significant early environmental stressful triggers. Due to these implications, this study aimed to assess the emergence of BDD in children during early development, and to see if bullying experiences played a role in its development. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010440X183014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2018.08.014DOI Listing
November 2018
33 Reads

Critical Review of the Use of Second-Generation Antipsychotics in Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Drugs R D 2018 Sep;18(3):167-189

Fairleigh Dickinson University School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Florham Park, NJ, USA.

Currently, all second-generation antipsychotics are approved for schizophrenia. Many are also approved for bipolar disorder, with some also approved as adjunctive treatment for depression and autism-related irritability. Second-generation antipsychotics are increasingly being prescribed for indications other than those approved by the Food and Drug Administration, such as in dementia, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder to name a few. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40268-018-0246-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131117PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

An initial investigation of the unique relationship between disgust propensity and body dysmorphic disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2018 11 17;269:237-243. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107 W. Call Street, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. Electronic address:

Disgust is a universal emotion that has received recent empirical attention for its potential role in various forms of psychopathology. We conducted two studies using varying methods to explore the relationship between disgust propensity, a construct related to obsessive-compulsive symptomatology, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Study 1 found a significant and unique (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.08.056DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Comparing the efficacy of a brief self-esteem and self-compassion intervention for state body dissatisfaction and self-improvement motivation.

Body Image 2018 Dec 23;27:67-76. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

School of Psychology, Australian Catholic University, Queensland, Australia.

This study explored the efficacy of reflective writing tasks for reducing state body dissatisfaction and improving self-improvement motivation. Participants (N = 153) were exposed to a threatening body image scenario, after which they reported their state body dissatisfaction. Following randomisation to one of three interventions (self-esteem, self-compassion, or positive distraction control), participants completed the state body dissatisfaction measures again along with a measure of self-improvement motivation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.08.008DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

"You look great!": The effect of viewing appearance-related Instagram comments on women's body image.

Body Image 2018 Dec 20;27:61-66. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.

Instagram is an increasingly popular social networking site where users post and share photos. The aim of the present study was to experimentally investigate the effect of viewing appearance-related comments accompanying Instagram images on women's body image. Participants were 128 female undergraduate students who viewed a set of attractive images paired with a brief positive comment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.08.009DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

The Influence of Trauma on Autobiographical Memory in the Assessment of Somatoform Disorders According to DSM IV Criteria.

Psychiatr Q 2018 12;89(4):991-1005

Aplysia onlus, GIFT Institute of Integrative Medicine, p.za Cairoli 12, 56127, Pisa, Italy.

Recalling an event impairs an individual's later ability to recall related knowledge. Impairment in this retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) produces a dysfunction in autobiographical memory. This, like somatic symptoms, has been documented in trauma and sexual abuse survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11126-018-9597-0DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Understandings and experiences of visible difference and romantic relationships: A qualitative exploration.

Body Image 2018 Dec 18;27:32-42. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Frenchay Campus Coldharbour Lane, Bristol, BS16 1QY, UK.

The association between disfigurement ('visible difference') and romantic relationships has received relatively little consideration in the research literature. This qualitative research, conducted in the United Kingdom, explored participants' accounts of their visible difference and romantic life. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 participants who had a variety of visible differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.08.002DOI Listing
December 2018
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Eating disorders in males: an overview of research over the period 2007-2017.

Riv Psichiatr 2018 Jul-Aug;53(4):177-191

Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Bologna.

Introduction: Despite the extensive literature, the gender differences in eating disorders (ED) have been poorly investigated. Most of the studies, in fact, have been conducted so far on female samples, emphasizing the misleading belief that such disorders are of exclusive relevance of women.

Aim: The review aim at highlighting as this preconception is still widespread among the male patients and the clinicians and as it represents an impediment to a correct diagnosis and a proper treatment planning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1708/2954.29694DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

A network approach to eating disorder symptomatology: Do desire for thinness and fear of gaining weight play unique roles in the network?

Body Image 2018 Dec 4;27:1-9. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States.

This study used network analyses to test the hypotheses that desire for thinness and fear of gaining weight are related but distinct constructs that play a central role in disordered eating. Data from a sample of 251 college women were used. Sparse undirected eating disorder symptom networks were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.07.004DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Perspectives in cosmetic dermatology: What is in front of the mirror?

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Oct 24;17(5):672-674. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Dermatology Residency Training Program, Larkin Community Hospital, South Miami, Florida.

Managing patient expectations can be a difficult task and is one that cosmetic dermatologists frequently encounter. Misinformation and unrealistic expectations can oftentimes exist regarding cosmetic procedures and their results. These misconceptions can result in patient dissatisfaction and frustration on the physician's behalf. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12713DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Is There Any Relationship Between Body Image Perception, Eating Disorders, and Muscle Dysmorphic Disorders in Male Bodybuilders?

Am J Mens Health 2018 09 13;12(5):1746-1758. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

2 Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Bodybuilding has increasingly become popular between males since male body shape has become a subject of interest in the last decades. Bodybuilders have desired to gain more muscle and paid attention to their body shape. Based on this purpose, they have string rules that include restrictive eating and excessive exercise program. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/155798831878686
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1557988318786868DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142149PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Aberrant Dynamic Connectivity for Fear Processing in Anorexia Nervosa and Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2018 26;9:273. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) share distorted perceptions of appearance with extreme negative emotion, yet the neural phenotypes of emotion processing remain underexplored in them, and they have never been directly compared. We sought to determine if shared and disorder-specific fronto-limbic connectivity patterns characterize these disorders. FMRI data was obtained from three unmedicated groups: BDD ( = 32), weight-restored AN ( = 25), and healthy controls (HC; = 37), while they viewed fearful faces and rated their own degree of fearfulness in response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6028703PMC
June 2018
9 Reads