1,774 results match your criteria Dysmorphophobia


Therapeutic Implications Of Personality Disorders In Dermatology.

Dermatol Ther 2020 Jun 28:e13910. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

University of Guglielmo Marconi, Rome, Italy.

There is a significant psychiatric comorbidity that exists in multiple dermatological conditions, stemming from the patient's own psychological make up. This article reviews personality disorders and their types, which influence the course and prognosis of several psychodermatological disorders. Self-inflicted skin lesions, for example, are usually associated with obsessive-compulsive behavior, but they also share connections to Narcissistic and Borderline personality disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dth.13910DOI Listing

Examining memory performance in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD): A comparison study with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).

Asian J Psychiatr 2020 May 20;53:102110. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Behavioural Sciences and Mental Health-Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

The aim of this study is comparing directly the BDD and OCD disorders in terms of similarities and differences in memory function for the first time. 19 BDD patients, 15 OCD patients and 26 individuals in a healthy control group were recruited from three hospitals in Tehran. They were administered the following subtests of the Wechsler Memory Scale: logical memory (immediate and delayed), verbal paired association (immediate and delayed), digit span and spatial span as well as the Rey-Osterrieth complex figure test (RCFT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102110DOI Listing

An empirically derived recommendation for the classification of body dysmorphic disorder: Findings from structural equation modeling.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(6):e0233153. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Institute of Psychology, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Brunswick, Germany.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), together with its subtype muscle dysmorphia (MD), has been relocated from the Somatoform Disorders category in the DSM-IV to the newly created Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders category in the DSM-5. Both categorizations have been criticized, and an empirically derived classification of BDD is lacking. A community sample of N = 736 participants completed an online survey assessing different psychopathologies. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233153PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7269265PMC

Risk factors and temporal patterns of disordered eating differ in adolescent boys and girls: Testing gender-specific appearance anxiety models.

Dev Psychopathol 2020 Jun 3:1-12. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Adolescent dieting and disordered eating (DE) are risks for clinical eating disorders. In this five-wave longitudinal study, we tested gender-specific models linking early risk factors to temporal patterns of DE, considering appearance anxiety as a mediator. Participants were 384 Australian students (age 10 to 13; 45% boys) who reported their purging and skipping meals, experience with appearance-related teasing, media pressure, and appearance anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579420000188DOI Listing

Psychological aspects of aesthetic and cosmetic surgery: Clinical and therapeutic implications.

Dermatol Ther 2020 May 31:e13727. Epub 2020 May 31.

Dermatology Department, Mother Theressa Hospital, Tirana, Albania.

Recently there is a surge in cosmetic and aesthetic surgery procedures. Several patient seeking various cosmetics procedures present to aesthetic surgery clinics and demanding procedures which are out of proportion. Several of these patients have under-recognized or untreated psychiatric disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dth.13727DOI Listing

['Beauty' - a Topic for Psychiatry? Reflections on the Relation Between Psychopathology and the Body].

Authors:
Paul Hoff

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2020 ;109(7):504-508

Psychiatrische Universitätsklinik, Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik, Zürich.

'Beauty' - a Topic for Psychiatry? Reflections on the Relation Between Psychopathology and the Body Establishing a relation with one's own physicality is an essential element of our anthropological framework (conditio humana). This relation can be disturbed by critical life events as well as by mental disorders, which is here illustrated by clinical examples. Furthermore we discuss the prerequisites for a stable therapeutical relationship with this particular group of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a003492DOI Listing
January 2020

[Body Dysmorphic Disorder - Balance between Beauty Mania and Illness].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2020 ;109(7):499-503

Klinik für Plastische Chirurgie und Handchirurgie, Universitätsspital Zürich.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder - Balance between Beauty Mania and Illness The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) belongs to the somatoform disorders and is characterized by an excessive concern about a slight or not apparent defect in appearance. Typical areas of concern include the face, for example the skin texture or form and symmetry of a particular feature. Besides behavioral pecularities such as excessive checking of the defect in a mirror, the preoccupation causes clinically significant distress and impairment in social functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a003463DOI Listing
January 2020

Assessment of Wellbeing and Anxiety-related Disorders in Those Seeking Rhinoplasty: A Crowdsourcing-based Study.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Apr 21;8(4):e2737. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, USC MarinaRox Aesthetic Fellowship, Marina Del Rey, Calif.

Background: Recently, it has been proposed that psychosocial concerns may motivate the demand for aesthetic rhinoplasty. Although successful operations often improve the quality of life and self-esteem symptoms in patients with sound mental health, they may actually result in unsatisfactory outcomes in those patients with significant depression, anxiety, or other severe psychological disorders. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of psychological disorders in patients seeking rhinoplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002737DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7209878PMC

Internet-based interpretation bias modification for body dissatisfaction: A three-armed randomized controlled trial.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jun 20;53(6):972-986. Epub 2020 May 20.

Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Psychology, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Muenster, Germany.

Objective: Appearance-related interpretation bias is postulated to play a role in the maintenance of body dissatisfaction (BD), a risk factor for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), and eating disorders (ED). Cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) has been shown to reduce maladaptive interpretation bias and symptoms in various emotional disorders. This study investigated the acceptability and efficacy of an easily disseminable, web-based CBM-I program for BD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23280DOI Listing

Awareness and experiences of cosmetic treatment providers with body dysmorphic disorder in Saudi Arabia.

PeerJ 2020 21;8:e8959. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic, and Hand Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is defined as a constant obsession with one's external appearance and flaws, and it falls under the criteria of neuropsychiatric disorders. Individuals suffering from this disorder may seek unnecessary cosmetic procedures from cosmetic treatment providers such as dermatologists or plastic surgeons. Cosmetic treatments have become readily available, which has led to an influx of undiagnosed BDD patients electing to undergo such treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8959DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7182027PMC

Influence of Physical Activity Interventions on Body Representation: A Systematic Review.

Front Psychiatry 2020 19;11:99. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Medical University Hospital Tübingen, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Tübingen, Germany.

Distorted representation of one's own body is a diagnostic criterion and corepsychopathology of disorders such as anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder. Previousliterature has raised the possibility of utilising physical activity intervention (PI) as atreatment option for individuals suffering from poor body satisfaction, which is traditionallyregarded as a systematic distortion in "body image." In this systematic review,conducted according to the PRISMA statement, the evidence on effectiveness of PI on body representation outcomes is synthesised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096574PMC

[The by law required assessment by a child psychiatrist before cosmetic interventions; retrospective file research].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2020 ;62(3):194-202

Background: Surgical and non-surgical cosmetic interventions are on the rise, also in minors. Therefore, the society, healthcare system and government are searching for an ethical-medical-legal framework. Numerous studies have shown the importance of patient selection. Read More

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January 2020

Transdiagnostic dimensions in obsessive-compulsive and related disorders: associations with internalizing and externalizing symptoms.

Psychol Med 2020 Mar 6:1-9. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Hierarchical structural models of psychopathology rarely extend to obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. The current study sought to examine the higher-order structure of the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) in DSM-5: obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), hoarding disorder (HD), body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder; HPD) and excoriation (skin-picking) disorder (SPD).

Methods: Adult patients in a partial hospital program (N = 532) completed a dimensional measure of the five OCRDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720000380DOI Listing

Application of a human mesoderm tissue elongation system in vitro derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells to risk assessment for teratogenic chemicals.

Chemosphere 2020 Jul 7;250:126124. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 466-8550, Japan; Voluntary Body for International Health Care in Universities, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address:

Toxic compounds from the mother's diet and medication in addition to genetic factors and infection during pregnancy remain risks for various congenital disorders and misbirth. To ensure the safety of food and drugs for pregnant women, establishment of an in vitro system that morphologically resembles human tissues has been long desired. In this study, we focused on dorsal mesoderm elongation, one of the critical early development events for trunk formation, and we established in vitro autonomous elongating tissues from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126124DOI Listing

Event-related EEG oscillations in body dysmorphic disorder.

Eur J Clin Invest 2020 Mar 12;50(3):e13208. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

First Department of Psychiatry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: Patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) exhibit differential attentional mechanisms compared to healthy subjects. The exact nature of this differentiation is unclear. To this end, EEG (electrophysiological) responses to prepulse inhibition (PPI: reflecting attentional modulation) and prepulse facilitation (PPF: indicating orienting activation) were recorded and analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eci.13208DOI Listing

Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Plastic Surgery: What to Know When Facing a Patient Requesting a Labiaplasty.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Feb;145(2):468e-469e

Division of Plastic Surgery, Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla. Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Scottsdale, Ariz. Division of Plastic Surgery, Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006490DOI Listing
February 2020

PANDAS versus Hashimoto`s encephalopathy: a diagnostic dilemma in a Saudi girl.

Authors:
Amal Y Kentab

Sudan J Paediatr 2019 ;19(2):149-155

Pediatric Neurology Division, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) is a rare recently recognised clinical syndrome with common presentations that include tics, Tourette's-like syndrome or obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is associated with various behavioural and psychiatric manifestations in children, such as separation anxiety disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Steroid responsive encephalopathy with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT) is a rare disorder in children associated also with various movement disorders and neuropsychiatric manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24911/SJP.106-1555859744DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6962273PMC
January 2019

One of the First Cases with PIK3CA-related Overgrowth Spectrum (PROS) in Saudi Arabia: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2020 Jan 7;12(1):e6586. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

General Pediatrics and Pediatric Genetics, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, SAU.

PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS) is an umbrella that includes a broad range of rare disorders, ranging from isolated digit enlargement to extensive overgrowth of the limbs, abdomen, or brain. One of these disorders is megalencephaly capillary malformation polymicrogyria syndrome (MCAP), which is characterized by cutaneous capillary malformations, megalencephaly, cortical brain malformations, abnormalities of somatic growth with body and brain asymmetry, developmental delay, and characteristic facial dysmorphism. The diagnosis of PROS syndrome is based on the clinical features of a patient and confirmed by a pathogenic variant in one PIK3CA allele in a biopsy of the affected tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948095PMC
January 2020

Correlation of the Standardized Cosmesis and Health Nasal Outcomes Survey With Psychiatric Screening Tools.

Aesthet Surg J 2020 Jan 9. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Background: Identifying mental health disorders, including body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), is important prior to rhinoplasty surgery, however, these disorders are underdiagnosed, and screening tools are underutilized in clinical settings.

Objective: To evaluate the correlation of a rhinoplasty outcomes tool (SCHNOS) with psychiatric screening tools.

Methods: Patients presenting for rhinoplasty consultation were prospectively enrolled and administered mental health instruments to assess depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7) and BDD (BDDQ-AS), as well as the SCHNOS rhinoplasty outcomes scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjaa004DOI Listing
January 2020

The color of skin: psychiatric ramifications.

Clin Dermatol 2019 Sep - Oct;37(5):437-446. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Mediprobe Research, London, Ontario, Canada.

Skin color is one of the major attributes that defines both individual distinctiveness and differences between groups. There is a preference for lighter skin world-wide, among both light- and dark-skinned individuals, further leading to skin-color bias based upon skin-color hierarchy within certain ethnoracial groups. The psychiatric and psychosocial ramifications of skin color are important in several situations, including (1) disorders of skin discoloration (eg, vitiligo), which can significantly affect the psychosocial development of the patient especially when it has its first onset during adolescence; (2) widespread use of skin-lightening products, which are used despite knowledge about serious toxicity from inorganic mercury and potent corticosteroids that are some of their main constituents; (3) indoor tanning, which is a recognized carcinogen and practiced by over 50% of university-age adults and 20% of adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2019.07.015DOI Listing

Serum oxytocin levels are elevated in body dysmorphic disorder and related to severity of psychopathology.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2020 03 6;113:104541. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Neuroendocrine Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, United States.

The neurobiological mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are not well-understood. Oxytocin is a central nervous system peptide which regulates socioemotional functioning and may mediate physiologic processes in a range of psychiatric disorders, particularly those characterized by interpersonal dysfunction. Examining the role of oxytocin in the development and maintenance of BDD may elucidate new targets for intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.104541DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6939310PMC

Elective Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery: ACOG Committee Opinion, Number 795.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 01;135(1):e36-e42

"Female genital cosmetic surgery" is a broad term that comprises numerous procedures, including labiaplasty, clitoral hood reduction, hymenoplasty, labia majora augmentation, vaginoplasty, and G-spot amplification. Both patient interest in and performance of cosmetic genital procedures have increased during the past decade. Lack of published studies and standardized nomenclature related to female genital cosmetic surgical procedures and their outcomes translates to a lack of clear information on incidence and prevalence and limited data on risks and benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003616DOI Listing
January 2020

Elective Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery: ACOG Committee Opinion Summary, Number 795.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2020 01;135(1):249-250

"Female genital cosmetic surgery" is a broad term that comprises numerous procedures, including labiaplasty, clitoral hood reduction, hymenoplasty, labia majora augmentation, vaginoplasty, and G-spot amplification. Both patient interest in and performance of cosmetic genital procedures have increased during the past decade. Lack of published studies and standardized nomenclature related to female genital cosmetic surgical procedures and their outcomes translates to a lack of clear information on incidence and prevalence and limited data on risks and benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003617DOI Listing
January 2020

PRRT2 gene variant in a child with dysmorphic features, congenital microcephaly, and severe epileptic seizures: genotype-phenotype correlation?

Ital J Pediatr 2019 Dec 4;45(1):159. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Pediatrics, University-Hospital "Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele", University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 78, 95124, Catania, Italy.

Background: Mutations in Proline-rich Transmembrane Protein 2 (PRRT2) have been primarily associated with individuals presenting with infantile epilepsy, including benign familial infantile epilepsy, benign infantile epilepsy, and benign myoclonus of early infancy, and/or with dyskinetic paroxysms such as paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia, paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia, and exercise-induced dyskinesia. However, the clinical manifestations of this disorder vary widely. PRRT2 encodes a protein expressed in the central nervous system that is mainly localized in the pre-synaptic neurons and is involved in the modulation of synaptic neurotransmitter release. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-019-0755-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6894132PMC
December 2019

ASC-1 Is a Cell Cycle Regulator Associated with Severe and Mild Forms of Myopathy.

Ann Neurol 2020 02 27;87(2):217-232. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Basic and Translational Myology Laboratory, UMR8251, University of Paris/National Center for Scientific Research, Paris, France.

Objective: Recently, the ASC-1 complex has been identified as a mechanistic link between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), and 3 mutations of the ASC-1 gene TRIP4 have been associated with SMA or congenital myopathy. Our goal was to define ASC-1 neuromuscular function and the phenotypical spectrum associated with TRIP4 mutations.

Methods: Clinical, molecular, histological, and magnetic resonance imaging studies were made in 5 families with 7 novel TRIP4 mutations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ana.25660DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6980348PMC
February 2020

Delusional themes in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD): Comparisons with psychotic disorders and non-clinical Controls.

Psychiatry Res 2020 02 18;284:112694. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University, Australia; Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Australia.

The prevailing nosological classification of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) encompasses an optional specifier "with absent insight/delusional beliefs" for patients who hold high conviction of the veracity of their disorder-specific beliefs. Yet limited research has examined the explicit nature of delusional beliefs in BDD. The current study therefore aimed to compare themes of delusional ideation in BDD relative to schizophrenia (SCZ) and healthy controls (HCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.112694DOI Listing
February 2020

Body dysmorphic disorder and facial aesthetic treatments in dental practice.

Br Dent J 2019 Nov;227(10):929-933

Clinical Psychologist, Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

There is a relatively high prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and it is known that this patient group regularly and frequently visit dental practitioners, especially those who advertise themselves as cosmetic or aesthetic practices. The market for facial aesthetics is hugely increasing both generally and within dental practices making it ever more likely that dentists will encounter this patient group frequently. Moreover, due to the nature of their concerns individuals within this group are likely to have contact with dentists (or other medical professionals in the physical health field) prior to any contact with mental health professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41415-019-0901-7DOI Listing
November 2019

Growth and Clinical Characteristics of Children with Floating-Harbor Syndrome: Analysis of Current Original Data and a Review of the Literature.

Horm Res Paediatr 2019 12;92(2):115-123. Epub 2019 Nov 12.

Unidade de Endocrinologia Genetica, Laboratorio de Endocrinologia Celular e Molecular LIM25, Disciplina de Endocrinologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo (FMUSP), Sao Paulo, Brazil,

Background: Floating-Harbor syndrome (FHS) is a rare condition characterized by dysmorphic facial features, short stature, and expressive language delay.

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe a cohort of patients with FHS and review the literature about the response to recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) therapy.

Methods: Anthropometric and laboratory data from 7 patients with FHS were described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503782DOI Listing

Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance, Self-Esteem and Symptoms of Body-Dysmorphic Disorders among Young Adults.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 10 31;16(21). Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, University of Basel, Psychiatric Clinics, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.

Beauty and an attractive body shape are particularly important during early adulthood, as both are related to greater mating success, positive social feedback, and higher self-esteem. The media may further influence common features of beauty. We tested whether higher body-dysmorphic disorder (BDD) scores were associated with sociocultural attitudes towards appearance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6862198PMC
October 2019
1 Read
2.063 Impact Factor

Effects of safety behavior fading on appearance concerns and related symptoms.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2020 Jan 31;88(1):65-74. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Appearance-related safety behaviors (SBs; e.g., mirror checking, grooming) have been implicated in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), eating disorders, and social anxiety disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000453DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Empirically defining treatment response and remission in body dysmorphic disorder.

Psychol Med 2019 Oct 30:1-7. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The number of clinical trials in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) has steadily increased in recent years. As the number of studies grows, it is important to define the most empirically useful definitions for response and remission in order to enhance field-wide consistency and comparisons of treatment outcomes across studies. In this study, we aim to operationally define treatment response and remission in BDD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719003003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7190405PMC
October 2019
1 Read
5.938 Impact Factor

Disordered eating attitudes correlate with body dissatisfaction among Kuwaiti male college students.

J Eat Disord 2019 22;7:37. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

2School of Human Nutrition, McGill University, 21111 Lakeshore Road, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Montreal, QC H9X3V9 Canada.

Background: The prevalence of disordered eating attitudes and body dissatisfaction based on muscularity and body fat was investigated among male college students in Kuwait with a range of body mass index values including underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese participants.

Methods: Data were collected, using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and the Bodybuilder Image Grid (BIG), from 400 male undergraduate students (84.8% Kuwaiti nationals) recruited from both public and private universities in Kuwait. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40337-019-0265-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6805684PMC
October 2019
54 Reads

Body dysmorphic disorder in patients attending a dermatology clinic in Nigeria: sociodemographic and clinical correlates.

An Bras Dermatol 2019 17;94(4):422-428. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder is a relatively common psychiatric disorder in the context of dermatology and cosmetic and plastic surgery but is underdiagnosed and underreported in Africa.

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder and symptoms of anxiety/depression and determine their sociodemographic and clinical correlates.

Methods: A systematic random sampling design was made to recruit 114 patients with skin diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20197919DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007018PMC
October 2019
1 Read

[The Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Plastic Surgery - A Systematic Review of Screening Methods].

Laryngorhinootologie 2019 May 16;98(5):325-332. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Berufsgenossenschaftliches Klinikum Bergmannstrost Halle, Klinik für Plastische und Handchirurgie, Brandverletztenzentrum, Deutschland.

Background:  The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is considered to be a sub-form of somatoform disorders. BDD can express itself in a delirious experience, an excessive evaluation and employment of the external appearance, in particular the face. Preliminary results suggest that individuals with BDD do not benefit from plastic surgery, so that aesthetic surgery often results in aggravation of their symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0834-4202DOI Listing
May 2019
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Disturbed Eating and Body Dysmorphic Symptoms in a Young Adult Sample Are Separable Constructs That Each Show a Mixture of Distributions.

Assessment 2019 Oct 14:1073191119879241. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

University of California Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Eating disorder and body dysmorphic disorder symptoms overlap and frequently co-occur clinically, yet whether they represent one or more underlying constructs in the general population is unknown. We examined relationships between these symptoms on underlying factor structures and dimensional distributions in a young adult sample of 328 students using the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q 6.0) and the Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (DCQ). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191119879241DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Genetics of Obesity.

Exp Suppl 2019 ;111:419-441

Obesity Center CGG, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Obesity is caused by an imbalance between energy intake and output, influenced by numerous environmental, biological, and genetic factors. Only a minority of people with obesity have a genetic defect that is the main cause of their obesity. A key symptom for most of these disorders is early-onset obesity and hyperphagia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25905-1_19DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Is perfectionism a risk factor for adolescent body dysmorphic symptoms? Evidence for a prospective association.

J Obsessive Compuls Relat Disord 2019 Jul;22:100445

National and Specialist OCD and Related Disorders Clinic for Young People, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

The current study tested the hypothesis that perfectionism is a risk factor for the development of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), as proposed by prevailing cognitive behavioural models. School students aged 14-16 years completed questionnaires 6 months apart (Time 1:  = 302; Time 2:  = 68) assessing perfectionism, BDD symptoms, and anxiety and depression. Robust regression models tested concurrent and prospective associations between perfectionism and BDD symptoms, with and without adjustment for coexisting anxiety and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocrd.2019.100445DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737990PMC
July 2019
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Patient-reported disease burden in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy.

Muscle Nerve 2019 12 30;60(6):724-731. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Department of Neurology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Introduction: There is currently little evidence regarding oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) disease burden reported by patients. In this study we aim to elicit direct patient input regarding OPMD disease burden.

Methods: We conducted semistructured interviews with 25 participants with genetically confirmed OPMD and a wide range of disease duration (15 ± 8 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.26712DOI Listing
December 2019
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Cognitive-behavioral roots of body image therapy and prevention.

Body Image 2019 Dec 11;31:309-320. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.

The existing array of evidence-based body image prevention and intervention approaches has evolved over time. However, the majority originated directly or indirectly from a cognitive-behavioral conceptualisation of body image pioneered by Thomas F. Cash. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.08.009DOI Listing
December 2019

Body dysmorphic disorder in patients with acne: a multicentre study.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2020 Feb 28;34(2):370-376. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Department of Dermatology, Sant Pau Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

Background And Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental disorder that is difficult to diagnose, causes a lot of suffering and is more prevalent in dermatology patients than in the general population. Our objective was to screen for possible cases of BDD in patients with acne and to determine the prevalence according to DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria, as well as to analyse the relationship between dermatological and sociodemographic variables.

Methods: A total of 245 patients diagnosed with acne in 11 dermatological centres in Spain were included in the study by members of the Aragon Psychodermatology Research Group and Spanish Research Group of Psychiatric Dermatology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15954DOI Listing
February 2020
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The association between muscle dysmorphia and eating disorder symptomatology: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Behav Addict 2019 Sep 11;8(3):351-371. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy.

Background And Aims: Research shows inconsistent findings about the link between muscle dysmorphia (MD) and eating disorder (ED) symptomatology. The aim of this study is to synthesize the scientific evidence available on this topic, the researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: The literature search enabled us to identify 39 published articles, which provided 36 independent estimations of the correlation between the two variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/2006.8.2019.44DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7044626PMC
September 2019
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Personality as a Predictor of Treatment Response to Escitalopram in Adults With Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

J Psychiatr Pract 2019 09;25(5):347-357

FANG, PORTH, WILHELM: Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA PHILLIPS: New York-Presbyterian Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY and Rhode Island Hospital and Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI.

Objective: Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) are the first-line pharmacotherapy for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), a common and severe disorder. However, predictors and correlates of treatment response are not well understood. A closer examination of baseline personality dimensions and disorders and of changes in personality during SRI treatment is needed to advance knowledge of this clinically important issue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRA.0000000000000415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6741445PMC
September 2019
3 Reads

The "Imperfect Beauty" in Eating Disorders.

Psychiatr Danub 2019 Sep;31(Suppl 3):447-451

Family Counseling Service of Foggia, via C. Baffi, 1, Foggia, Italy,

Not only philosophers, but also artists and scientists have always struggled to find a universal definition of beauty. Not even Darwin could find an answer to the question: are there any parameters of beauty that we can apply to every species. Nobody can give a valid definition for the perception of beauty in others. Read More

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September 2019

"Moments of Failure": Coping With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sleep Deprivation, and Being Overweight: A Qualitative Hermeneutic-Phenomenological Investigation Into Participant Perspectives.

J Addict Nurs 2019 Jul/Sep;30(3):185-192

Cinderella T. C. Zwennes, MANP/CA, Outpatient Clinic for Addiction Treatment and Mental Health at Alphen a/d Rijn, The Netherlands. Christien A. Loth, PhD, MANP, MN, LOTH Nursing Consultancy, Outpatient Clinic for Mental Health and Addictions, Groenlo, and Addictions Treatment at St-GGZVS/MANP Mental Health, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: People living with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have to cope with additional comorbid disorders. In daily practice, practitioners observe that ADHD not only causes a decline in participants' quality of life, but the presence of sleep and eating disorders also has an impact on daily functioning. The aims of this study are to give meaning to the experiences of participants who are living with ADHD and sleep deprivation and are overweight and to provide additional knowledge and data that will inform integrated treatment in the long term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JAN.0000000000000291DOI Listing
February 2020

A Novel Mobile Tool (Somatomap) to Assess Body Image Perception Pilot Tested With Fashion Models and Nonmodels: Cross-Sectional Study.

JMIR Ment Health 2019 Oct 29;6(10):e14115. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Laureate Institute for Brain Research, Tulsa, OK, United States.

Background: Distorted perception of one's body and appearance, in general, is a core feature of several psychiatric disorders including anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder and is operative to varying degrees in nonclinical populations. Yet, body image perception is challenging to assess, given its subjective nature and variety of manifestations. The currently available methods have several limitations including restricted ability to assess perceptions of specific body areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/14115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6915807PMC
October 2019
5 Reads