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    New perspectives in the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder.
    F1000Res 2018 23;7:361. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Autism and Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Program, Anxiety and Depression Program, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montiefiore Medical Center, The Bronx, New York, USA.
    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a disabling illness with a high worldwide prevalence. Patients demonstrate a debilitating preoccupation with one or more perceived defects, often marked by poor insight or delusional convictions. Multiple studies have suggested that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and various cognitive behavioral therapy modalities are effective first-line treatments in decreasing BDD severity, relieving depressive symptoms, restoring insight, and increasing quality of life. Read More

    Treatment course and its predictors in patients with somatoform disorders: A routine outcome monitoring study in secondary psychiatric care.
    Clin Psychol Psychother 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Aim: Somatoform disorders are common and often chronic. It would be helpful to distinguish those patients who are likely to have a positive treatment course from those who are likely to follow a negative course. Such studies of different somatoform disorders are scarce, especially in secondary psychiatric care. Read More

    Effects of an Appearance-Focused Interpretation Training Intervention on Eating Disorder Symptoms.
    Behav Cogn Psychother 2018 Mar 13:1-14. Epub 2018 Mar 13.
    Department of Psychology,Florida State University,Tallahassee,FL,USA.
    Background: Previous research suggests that computerized interpretation bias modification (IBM) techniques may be useful for modifying thoughts and behaviours relevant to eating pathology; however, little is known about the utility of IBM for decreasing specific eating disorder (ED) symptoms (e.g. bulimia, drive for thinness). Read More

    [Body image disorder in 100 Tunisian female breast cancer patients].
    Bull Cancer 2018 Apr 7;105(4):350-356. Epub 2018 Mar 7.
    Université Manar I, faculté de médecine de Tunis, hôpital Razi, Cité des Orangers, 2010 Mannouba, Tunisie.
    Introduction: This study aimed at tracking the prevalence of body image disorder in a population of Tunisian women followed for breast cancer and the factors associated with it.

    Patients End Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Salah-Azaiez Institute in Tunis, over a period of four months. One hundred outpatients followed for confirmed breast cancer were recruited. Read More

    Presidential Address: Are the Obsessive-Compulsive Related Disorders Related to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder? A Critical Look at DSM-5's New Category.
    Behav Ther 2018 01 15;49(1):1-11. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Electronic address:
    The 5 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) includes a new class of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) that includes obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and a handful of other putatively related conditions. Although this new category promises to raise awareness of underrecognized and understudied problems, the empirical validity and practical utility of this new DSM category is questionable. This article critically examines the arguments underlying the new OCRD class, illuminates a number of problems with this class, and then discusses implications for clinicians and researchers. Read More

    [Investigation of tall stature in children: Diagnostic work-up, review of the main causes].
    Arch Pediatr 2018 Feb 1;25(2):163-169. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Service de pédiatrie multidisciplinaire, hôpital Timone Enfants, Assistance publique des hôpitaux de Marseille, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille, France.
    Tall stature is not a common motive for medical consultation, even though by definition 2.5 % of children in the general population are concerned. It is usually defined as height greater than+2 standard deviations (SD) using the appropriate growth chart for age and gender, or a difference greater than +2 SD between actual height and target height. Read More

    Attentional biases toward body images in males at high risk of muscle dysmorphia.
    PeerJ 2018 16;6:e4273. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    General Sport Administration of China's Key Laboratory of Sports Psychological and Physiological Regulation, School of Education and Psychology, Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjin, People's Republic of China.
    Objective: Although research on muscle dysmorphia (MD), a body dysmorphic disorder subtype, has recently increased, the causes and mechanisms underlying this disorder remain unclear. Results from studies examining disorders associated with body image suggest the involvement of self-schema in biasing attention toward specific body information. The present study examined whether individuals at higher risk of MD also display attentional biases toward specific types of body images. Read More

    Predictors and consequences of health anxiety symptoms: a novel twin modeling study.
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 2018 Mar 15;137(3):241-251. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Psychiatry, Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, The University of Melbourne and Melbourne Health, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Objective: The question of how to best conceptualize health anxiety (HA) from a diagnostic and etiological perspective remains debated. The aim was to examine the relationship between HA and the symptoms of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive-related disorders in a normative twin population.

    Method: Four hundred and ninety-six monozygotic adult twin pairs from the Australian Twin Registry participated in the study (age, 34. Read More

    [Disturbances of the body image: a cultural and historical comparison between the glass delusion and body dysmorphic disorder].
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 2017;59(12):759-766
    background Research on body dysmorphic disorder (bdd) shows that many debates in the field of psychology, sociology and philosophy already focus on the ways 'ideals of the perfect body' influence this disorder. However, more work needs to be done on the question in what ways bdd is culturally, historically and technologically mediated.

    Aim: To argue that norms and values of the perfect body and the ways a society prescribes how body and mind should be related, are technologically mediated through different time frames, which influence disorders of disturbances of the body image. Read More

    Set shifting and visuospatial organization deficits in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Psychiatry Res 2017 Nov 24;260:182-186. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital & Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Building 185 Cambridge Street, Suite 2000, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address:
    Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) over-attend to perceived defect(s) in their physical appearance, often becoming "stuck" obsessing about perceived flaws and engaging in rituals to hide flaws. These symptoms suggest that individuals with BDD may experience deficits in underlying neurocognitive functions, such as set-shifting and visuospatial organization. These deficits have been implicated as risk and maintenance factors in disorders with similarities to BDD but have been minimally investigated in BDD. Read More

    Delay in an Eating Disorder Diagnosis: The Reason Was a "Shox".
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2018 Apr 14;31(2):138-139. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Adolescent Medicine, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Electronic address:
    Background: Patients' underlying medical conditions might affect the presentation and progression of an eating disorder.

    Case: We describe a patient with an undiagnosed, rare, genetic skeletal dysplasia with effects on body mass index that likely led to body image distortion and delayed the diagnosis of an eating disorder.

    Summary And Conclusion: It is critical to fully assess disordered eating in the context of each patient's clinical status. Read More

    [Body dysmorphic disorder: Future prospects of medical care].
    Encephale 2017 Nov 1. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Secteur 4, CHS Sainte-Anne, site hôpital Henri-Ey, 15, avenue de la Porte de Choisy, 75013 Paris, France.
    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Read More

    Copy Number Variation in Syndromic Forms of Psychiatric Illness: The Emerging Value of Clinical Genetic Testing in Psychiatry.
    Am J Psychiatry 2017 Nov;174(11):1036-1050
    From the Department of Psychiatry and the Department of Clinical Genetics, Erasmus University Medical Center (Erasmus MC), Rotterdam, the Netherlands; the Department of Psychiatry and the Center for Precision Neuropsychiatry, Columbia University, New York; New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York; the Departments of Psychiatry, Neuroscience, and Human Genetics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York; the Clinical Neuroscience Center, Pilgrim Psychiatric Center, West Brentwood, N.Y.; the Department of Genetics, Center for Molecular Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Delta Psychiatric Center, Portugaal, the Netherlands; the Department of Human Genetics, Donders Center for Neuroscience, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; and the Department of Clinical Genetics, School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

    Mosaic UPD(7q)mat in a patient with silver Russell syndrome.
    Mol Cytogenet 2017 17;10:36. Epub 2017 Oct 17.
    Department of Genetic and Metabolic Central Laboratory, Guangxi Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Guangxi Birth Defects Prevention and Control Institute, No 59, Xiangzhu Road, Nanning, China.
    Background: Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is one of the imprinting disorders characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth restriction, relative macrocephaly, body asymmetry and characteristic facial features. ~ 10% of SRS cases are known to be associated with maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 (UPD(7)mat). Mosaic maternal segmental UPD of 7q (UPD(7q)mat) is very rare, had only been described in one case before. Read More

    [Body experience and self-esteem after minimally invasive skin rejuvenation : Study of female patients using botulinum toxin A and/or dermal fillers].
    Hautarzt 2017 Dec;68(12):959-967
    , Leipziger Str. 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Deutschland.
    Background: More and more people worldwide and also in Germany are using botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) and hyaluronic acid injections for skin rejuvenation.

    Objective: Study on body image and self-esteem of women with BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid filler treatment.

    Material And Methods: A total of 145 women who requested BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid injections completed a survey comprised of the body dysmorphic disorder questionnaire, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and questionnaires on the attitudes and motives on measures for optimization of the body and demographic features. Read More

    A comparison of body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery.
    Electron Physician 2017 Sep 25;9(9):5363-5368. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Anesthesiology, Loghman Educational Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Body dysmorphic disorder among patients referring for cosmetic surgeries is a disorder that if not diagnosed by a physician, can cause irreparable damage to the doctor and the patient.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to compare body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery.

    Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 212 patients referring to Loghman Hospital of Tehran for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery during the period from 2014 through 2016. Read More

    Body-scaled action in obesity during locomotion: Insights on the nature and extent of body representation disturbances.
    J Psychosom Res 2017 Nov 4;102:34-40. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Research Laboratory in Biomechanics and Rehabilitation, Orthopedic Rehabilitation Unit, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Ospedale San Giuseppe, Piancavallo (VCO), Italy.
    Objective: Conscious perception of our own body, also known as body image, can influence body-scaled actions. Certain conditions such as obesity are frequently accompanied by a negative body image, leaving open the question if body-scaled actions are distorted in these individuals.

    Methods: To shed light on this issue, we asked individuals affected by obesity to process dimensions of their own body in a real action: they walked in a straight-ahead direction, while avoiding collision with obstacles represented by door-like openings that varied in width. Read More

    Are eating disorders "all about control?" The elusive psychopathology of nonfat phobic presentations.
    Int J Eat Disord 2017 11 30;50(11):1306-1312. Epub 2017 Sep 30.
    Eating Disorders Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, 02114.
    Objective: There are a subset of individuals with eating disorders (EDs) who do not overevaluate body shape/weight (i.e., nonfat phobic ED; NFP-ED). Read More

    ALG9-CDG: New clinical case and review of the literature.
    Mol Genet Metab Rep 2017 Dec 6;13:55-63. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Medical Genetics, Cummings School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
    Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of metabolic diseases resulting from defects in glycan synthesis or processing. The number of subgroups and their phenotypic spectrums continue to expand with most related to deficiencies of N-glycosylation. ALG9-CDG (previously CDG-IL) is the result of a mutation in . Read More

    Do patients benefit from orthognathic surgery? A systematic review on the effects of elective orthognathic surgery on psychosocial functioning and patient satisfaction.
    Eur J Oral Sci 2017 Dec 11;125(6):411-418. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Centre for Special Care Dentistry, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    The main purpose of this systematic review was to determine the current state of evidence regarding patient satisfaction with, and the impact of, orthognathic surgery on psychosocial functioning of patients 17 yr of age and older. A secondary aim was to determine whether individuals with psychiatric disorders and mental health conditions are more likely to be dissatisfied with the treatment outcome than those without. We systematically searched PubMed, PsycInfo, and Embase for relevant studies (up to 6 June 2016). Read More

    The classification of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms in male and female adolescents.
    J Affect Disord 2018 01 23;225:429-437. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:
    Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was categorised in DSM-5 within the newly created 'obsessive-compulsive and related disorders' chapter, however this classification remains subject to debate. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test competing models of the co-occurrence of symptoms of BDD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety, and eating disorders in a community sample of adolescents, and to explore potential sex differences in these models.

    Methods: Self-report questionnaires assessing disorder symptoms were completed by 3149 Australian adolescents. Read More

    Gender differences in disordered eating behaviors and body dissatisfaction among adolescents with type 1 diabetes: Results from diabetes MILES youth-Australia.
    Int J Eat Disord 2017 10 30;50(10):1183-1193. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.
    Objective: To examine gender differences in disordered eating behaviors (DEB) and body dissatisfaction in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. While evidence shows that female youth with type 1 diabetes are more prone to DEB compared to their peers without diabetes, little is known about male adolescents.

    Method: In a national online survey, adolescents (13-19 years) with type 1 diabetes for ≥1 year completed the Diabetes Eating Problem Survey-Revised (DEPS-R), and the Body Mass Index Silhouette Matching Test (BMI-SMT) and items on binge eating and insulin omission. Read More

    Visual processing of one's own body over the course of time: Evidence for the vigilance-avoidance theory in adolescents with anorexia nervosa?
    Int J Eat Disord 2017 10 29;50(10):1205-1213. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University, Osnabrück, Germany.
    Objective: The vigilance-avoidance theory postulates a specific threat-related pattern of attention deployment, characterized by initial orientation towards fear-evoking stimuli and subsequent directing of attention away from them. The current eye-tracking study was the first to examine the applicability of the theory for patients with eating disorders, who perceive their own body as a highly aversive, threat-evoking stimulus.

    Method: N = 56 female adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and n = 43 healthy controls (HC) aged 13-18 viewed own-body pictures while their eye movements were recorded. Read More

    Associations between rejection sensitivity and mental health outcomes: A meta-analytic review.
    Clin Psychol Rev 2017 Nov 15;57:59-74. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    Department of Affective Disorders, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Huiai Hospital, Guangzhou, China; Laboratory of Emotion and Cognition, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Huiai Hospital, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:
    Rejection sensitivity is a personality disposition characterized by oversensitivity to social rejection. Using a three-level meta-analytic model, 75 studies were reviewed that examined associations between rejection sensitivity and five mental health outcomes: depression, anxiety, loneliness, borderline personality disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder. The results showed significant and moderate associations between rejection sensitivity and depression (pooled r=0. Read More

    Narrative: The Fear of Disfigurement in Cancer Patients.
    Indian J Palliat Care 2017 Jul-Sep;23(3):347-349
    Cipla Palliative Care and Training Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
    Fear of disfigurement affects patients with cancer, in whom the disease or its treatment leaves them permanently marked. Contrary to our thought, disfigurement is equally distressing to male patients, and it causes severe dislocation in their lives. We describe two cases in which disfigurement caused tremendous change in our patients; these cases underline the need for psychotherapy in patients suffering from cancer. Read More

    A multi-method analysis of distress tolerance in body dysmorphic disorder.
    Body Image 2017 Dec 18;23:50-60. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA. Electronic address:
    Distress tolerance (DT) is a transdiagnostic construct linked to multiple psychiatric disorders. We conducted three studies using different methods to investigate the relationship between DT and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Study 1 found a significant relationship between low DT and more severe BDD symptoms in an adult community sample (N=81). Read More

    [The prevalence of SHOX gene deletion in children with idiopathic short stature. A multicentric study].
    Orv Hetil 2017 Aug;158(34):1351-1356
    Csolnoky Ferenc Kórház Veszprém.
    Introduction: The isolated haploinsufficiency of the SHOX gene is one of the most common cause of short stature determined by monogenic mutations. The heterozygous deviation of the gene can be detected in 2-15% of patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS), in 50-90% of patients with Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis syndrome (LWS), and in almost 100% of patients with Turner syndrome.

    Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of SHOX gene haploinsufficiency in children with ISS, LWS and in patients having Turner syndrome phenotype (TF), but normal karyotype, and to identify the dysmorphic signs characteristic for SHOX gene deficiency. Read More

    The role of feared possible selves in obsessive-compulsive and related disorders: A comparative analysis of a core cognitive self-construct in clinical samples.
    Clin Psychol Psychother 2018 Jan 9;25(1):e19-e29. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Increasingly, cognitive-behavioural models have been considering the role of beliefs about the self in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including sensitive domains of self-concept and feared self-perceptions. This has led to the development of the Fear of Self Questionnaire (FSQ; Aardema et al., ), which has shown strong internal consistency, divergent and convergent validity, and found to be a major predictor of unwanted thoughts and impulses (i. Read More

    ['Barbie Doll Syndrome'. A case report of body dysmorphic disorder].
    Neuropsychiatr 2018 Mar 8;32(1):44-49. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    Abteilung für Sozialpsychiatrie, Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universität Wien, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Österreich.
    Background: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. Read More

    Are Burnt-out Doctors Prone to Seek Cosmetic Surgery? A Cross-Sectional Study.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 Dec 4;41(6):1447-1453. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Laboratory of Hygiene, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Panepistimioupoli, 54124, Thessaloníki, Greece.
    Introduction: Studies have so far examined several psychosocial factors associated with an interest in aesthetic plastic surgery. Among them, gender, teasing history, marital status, education, social networks and body dysmorphic disorders are all predictors of interest in cosmetic surgery. Given the fact that professional status can influence health-related attitudes, our objective was firstly to identify if medical professionals are more likely to express interest in plastic surgery compared to non-medical professionals. Read More

    Body Image and Eating Disorders are Common among Professional and Amateur Athletes Using Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs: A Cross-Sectional Study.
    J Psychoactive Drugs 2017 Nov-Dec;49(5):373-384. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    a Professor, NESMOS (Neuroscience, Mental Health, and Sensory Organs) Department , Sapienza-University of Rome , Rome , Italy.
    The use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) is not uncommon in athletes and appears to be associated with several psychopathological disorders of unclear prevalence. In this multicenter, cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of body image disorders (BIDs) and eating disorders (EDs) in PIED-using athletes vs. PIED nonusers. Read More

    [The Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Plastic Surgery - A Systematic Review of Screening Methods].
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2017 Dec 1;49(6):415-422. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Berufsgenossenschaftliches Klinikum Bergmannstrost Halle, Klinik für Plastische und Handchirurgie, Brandverletztenzentrum.
    Background: The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is considered to be a sub-form of somatoform disorders. BDD can express itself in a delirious experience, an excessive evaluation and employment of the external appearance, in particular the face. Preliminary results suggest that individuals with BDD do not benefit from plastic surgery, so that aesthetic surgery often results in aggravation of their symptoms. Read More

    The role of appearance schematicity in the internalization of media appearance ideals: A panel study of preadolescents.
    J Adolesc 2017 Oct 24;60:27-38. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Leuven School for Mass Communication Research, Faculty of Social Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Individuals who are more strongly invested in their appearance, appearance schematics, have a tendency to engage in appearance-related comparison. Appearance schematicity consists of two components. The self-evaluative component concerns the degree to which appearance is central to self-worth, referred to as dysfunctional appearance beliefs. Read More

    Recent advances in understanding and managing body dysmorphic disorder.
    Evid Based Ment Health 2017 Jul 20. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and disabling psychiatric disorder characterised by excessive and persistent preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's appearance, which are unnoticeable to others, and associated repetitive behaviours (eg, mirror checking). The disorder generally starts in adolescence, but often goes unnoticed and is severely underdiagnosed. Left untreated, BDD typically persists and causes marked functional impairment in multiple domains. Read More

    [Muscle Dysmorphia and Use of Ergogenics Substances. A Systematic Review].
    Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2017 Jul - Sep;46(3):168-177. Epub 2016 Aug 3.
    Facultad de Estudios Profesionales Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    The use of ergogenic substances (UES) is not restricted to achieving a better athletic performance, but also it is a behavior for body changing through muscle development; however, little is known about the relationship between muscle dysmorphia (MD) and UES. Therefore, it was conducted a systematic review of those empirical papers that have studied this relationship over the last decade (2004-2014). First it is highlighted that of the 22 articles analyzed, only 13 explicitly aimed this interest. Read More

    Association of Mental Health Status With Perception of Nasal Function.
    JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2017 Sep;19(5):369-377
    Rhinology and Skull Base Surgery, St Vincent's Centre for Applied Medical Research, University of New South Wales, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Importance: Mental health issues are thought to be overrepresented among patients undergoing rhinoplasty and may be associated with patient presentation prior to surgery.

    Objective: To assess the association of poor mental health with perception of nasal function.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: A cross-sectional study of patients presenting for airway assessment was performed from December 1, 2011, to October 31, 2015, at 2 tertiary rhinoplasty centers in Sydney, Australia. Read More

    Facial Identity and Self-Perception: An Examination of Psychosocial Outcomes in Cosmetic Surgery Patients.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2017 Jun;16(6):617-620

    The psychosocial health of patients undergoing cosmetic procedures has often been linked to a host of pre-existing conditions, including the type of procedure being performed. Age, gender, and the psychological state of the patients also contribute to the perceived outcome. Specifically, the presence or absence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) has been identified as an independent marker for unhappiness following cosmetic procedures. Read More


    Experiential avoidance and dysfunctional beliefs in the prediction of body image disturbance in a nonclinical sample of women.
    Body Image 2017 Sep 29;22:72-77. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 235 E. Cameron Ave, Davie Hall (CB 3270), Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3270, United States. Electronic address:
    Body image disturbance (BID) refers to persistent dissatisfaction, distress, and dysfunction related to some aspect(s) of one's physical appearance. Cognitive models of BID highlight the importance of dysfunctional beliefs in maintaining BID. Relational Frame Theory (RFT), in contrast, posits that psychological distress is sustained by the unwillingness to experience aversive internal experiences (i. Read More

    Insight in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) relative to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and psychotic disorders: Revisiting this issue in light of DSM-5.
    Compr Psychiatry 2017 08 8;77:100-108. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University, Australia; Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre, Alfred Hospital and Monash University School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Australia; Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Australia; Department of Psychiatry, St. Vincent's Mental Health, Australia.
    Introduction: In DSM-5, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was reclassified under the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs), but little is known about the nature of BDD beliefs. This study aimed to compare level of insight in BDD and consider related implications for DSM-5 classification.

    Method: Participants were 27 BDD, 19 obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and 20 psychosis (SZ) participants as well as 42 non-clinical controls (NC), who completed the Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale (BABS) and Peters Delusions Inventory (PDI). Read More

    Muscle dysmorphia and psychopathology: Findings from an Italian sample of male bodybuilders.
    Psychiatry Res 2017 Oct 17;256:231-236. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy.
    The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the risk of muscle dysmorphia and psychopathological symptoms in an Italian sample of male bodybuilders.

    Method: The sample was recruited online (145 men with a mean age of 30.0 years) and participants were asked to fill out the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI), Symptom Cheklist-90-R (SCL-90-R), Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES-II), and to provide other socio-demographic data. Read More

    Effects of muscle dysmorphia, social comparisons and body schema priming on desire for social interaction: an experimental approach.
    BMC Psychol 2017 Jun 15;5(1):19. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    Department of Applied Psychology: Health, Development, Enhancement, and Intervention, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a relatively young diagnosis referring to the desire for a high degree in lean muscle mass, while simultaneously believing that one is insufficiently muscular, mostly found in men. It goes along with a risk for social withdrawal to maintain rigid exercise and dietary regimen. The aim of the current study was thus, to explore differences in men with and without a risk for muscle dysmorphia regarding their desire for social interaction. Read More

    Long-Term Outcomes of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescent Body Dysmorphic Disorder.
    Behav Ther 2017 07 10;48(4):462-473. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London; Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm Health Care Services.
    Emerging evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious treatment for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in the short term, but longer-term outcomes remain unknown. The current study aimed to follow up a group of adolescents who had originally participated in a randomized controlled trial of CBT for BDD to determine whether treatment gains were maintained. Twenty-six adolescents (mean age = 16. Read More

    Sex Differences in the Presentation of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Community Sample of Adolescents.
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2017 May 25:1-13. Epub 2017 May 25.
    a Department of Psychology , Macquarie University.
    The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Read More

    Correlates of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology in natural bodybuilders: Distinguishing factors in the pursuit of hyper-muscularity.
    Body Image 2017 Sep 20;22:1-5. Epub 2017 May 20.
    Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:
    Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Read More

    Face and Object Perception in Body Dysmorphic Disorder versus Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: The Mooney Faces Task.
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2017 Jul 22;23(6):471-480. Epub 2017 May 22.
    1Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry,University of Melbourne,Parkville,Victoria,Australia.
    Objectives: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by repetitive behaviors and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived defects or flaws in physical appearance. There are some similarities, but also important differences, between BDD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), not just in terms of core clinical symptoms, but possibly in the domain of perception. This study compared the nature and extent of perceptual anomalies in BDD versus OCD and health controls (HC), using a modified Mooney task. Read More

    Body dysmorphic disorder in the dermatology patient.
    Clin Dermatol 2017 May - Jun;35(3):298-301. Epub 2017 Jan 21.
    Former Clinical Professor of Dermatology , and of Dermatology in Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Clinical Professor of Dermatology, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, New Jersey. Electronic address:
    Body dysmorphic disorder is primarily a psychiatric disorder, in which the patient believes that some normal or very near normal aspect of his or her physical appearance is distorted or ugly. Should there be a minor abnormality, it is grossly exaggerated in the mind of the patient, causing feelings of shame and embarrassment and leading daily to spending hours at the mirror, or any reflecting surface, as the patient tries to conceal or remove the perceived abnormality through the development of ritualistic behavior. Although other organs can be involved-for example, the shape of the nose or a portion of an ear- the skin, hair, and nails are most commonly involved, while the patient constantly seeks reassurance about appearance from friends and family. Read More

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