13,992 results match your criteria Duplicated Collecting Syndrome Imaging


TGMin: An efficient global minimum searching program for free and surface-supported clusters.

J Comput Chem 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Chemistry and Laboratory of Organic Optoelectronics & Molecular Engineering of the Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.

In this article, we introduce an efficient global-minimum structural search program named Tsinghua Global Minimum 2 (TGMin-2), which is the successor of the original TGMin algorithm that was developed in our group in 2011. We have introduced a number of new features and improvements into TGMin-2, including a symmetric structure generation algorithm that can produce good initial seeds for small- and medium-size clusters, the duplicated structure identification algorithm, and the improved structure adaption algorithm that was implemented in the original TGMin code. To predict the simulated photoelectron spectrum (PE spectrum) automatically, we also implemented a standalone program named AutoPES (Auto Photoelectron Spectroscopy), which can be used to simulate PE spectra and compare them with experimental results automatically. Read More

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December 2018

Sensory coding is impaired in rat absence epilepsy.

J Physiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences, GIN, F-38000, Grenoble, France.

Key Points: Absence epilepsy is characterized by the occurrence of spike-and-wave discharges concomitant with an alteration of consciousness and associated with cognitive comorbidities. In a genetic model of absence epilepsy in the rat, the GAERS, we showed that spike-and-wave discharges are initiated in the barrel field primary somatosensory cortex that codes whisker-related information therefore playing an essential role in rodents' interactions with their environment. Sensory-information processing is impaired in the epileptic barrel field primary somatosensory cortex of GAERS with a delayed sensory-evoked potential and a duplicated neuronal response to whisker-stimulation in in vivo extracellular recordings. Read More

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December 2018

Waardenburg Syndrome and Left Persistent Superior Vena Cava.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2018 15;8:44. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, University of Kentucky, Kentucky, USA.

Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder secondary to neural crest cell developmental abnormalities. It is predominantly described as an auditory-pigmentary syndrome with diverse patient presentation, typically involving congenital sensorineural hearing loss and pigmentation abnormalities of the skin, hair, and iris. Other developmental abnormalities that may be associated with this syndrome are Hirschsprung's disease and a myriad of cardiovascular congenital defects. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Complex Structural Variant Associated with Non-syndromic Canine Retinal Degeneration.

G3 (Bethesda) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of Pennsylvania.

Rod and cone photoreceptors are specialized retinal neurons that have a fundamental role in visual perception, capturing light and transducing it into a neuronal signal. Aberrant functioning of rod and/or cone photoreceptors can ultimately lead to progressive degeneration and eventually blindness. In man, many rod and rod-cone degenerative diseases are classified as forms of retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Exonic duplication of the OTC gene by a complex rearrangement that likely occurred via a replication-based mechanism: a case report.

BMC Med Genet 2018 Dec 12;19(1):210. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Molecular Genetics, Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, Fujita Health University, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake, Aichi, 470-1192, Japan.

Background: Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD) is an X-linked recessive disorder involving a defect in the urea cycle caused by OTC gene mutations. Although a total of 417 disease-causing mutations in OTC have been reported, structural abnormalities in this gene are rare. We here describe a female OTCD case caused by an exonic duplication of the OTC gene (exons 1-6). Read More

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December 2018

Structural Basis for the Limited Response to Oxidative and Thiol-Conjugating Agents by Triosephosphate Isomerase From the Photosynthetic Bacteria .

Front Mol Biosci 2018 27;5:103. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Guanajuato, Mexico.

In plants, the ancestral cyanobacterial triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) was replaced by a duplicated version of the cytosolic TPI. This isoform acquired a transit peptide for chloroplast localization and functions in the Calvin-Benson cycle. To gain insight into the reasons for this gene replacement in plants, we characterized the TPI from the photosynthetic bacteria (SyTPI). Read More

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November 2018

Effect of plant on decreasing the level of halitosis: A systematic review.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2018 Nov-Dec;15(6):379-384

Dental Students Research Center, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Tea is the second most consumed beverage. Polyphenolic catechins of green tea have a number of beneficial effects in oral cavity. This study aims to evaluate the clinical effects of green tea on halitosis through a systematic review of available literature. Read More

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December 2018

Draft Whole-Genome Shotgun Sequence of Streptomyces sp. Strain ETH9427.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Sep 27;7(12). Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Université de Lorraine, Inra, DynAMic, Nancy, France.

The draft genome of Streptomyces sp. strain ETH9427 was sequenced and assembled into three large scaffolds, a 7.745-Mb linear chromosome with terminal inverted repeats of 201 kb and two probable extrachromosomal elements. Read More

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September 2018

Vessel wall injury after stent retriever thrombectomy for internal carotid artery occlusion with a duplicated middle cerebral artery.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Divisions of Neurology, Saiseikai Fukuoka General Hospital, Fukuoka City, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: There is increasing experimental evidence that stent retriever thrombectomy (SRT) may cause arterial wall damage, although histopathological findings focused on vessel wall injury after SRT have not fully been reported in humans.

Case Description: We describe an autopsy case of an 82-year-old woman who presented with acute left intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion and received SRT. When we attempted to catheterize the M1 segment of the normal middle cerebral artery (MCA), we were not aware of a duplicated MCA, and the microcatheter was advanced into the main MCA trunk with a smaller caliber than that of the normal M1 segment. Read More

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December 2018

An inter-switch between hydrophobic and charged amino acids generated druggable small molecule binding pocket in chemokine paralog CXCL3.

Arch Biochem Biophys 2018 Dec 5;662:121-128. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, Uttarakhand, India; Centre for Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, Uttarakhand, India. Electronic address:

Multigene families such as chemokines arose as a result of gene duplication events, followed by mutations and selection. GRO chemokines are three duplicated CXCL genes, comprising of CXCL1, CXCL2 and CXCL3 proteins. Comparative structural analysis of the two closely related paralog chemokines CXCL2 and CXCL3 in the current study indicated a variable electrostatic surface between them, and a specific hydrophobic pocket on the surface of CXCL3 that can bind naphthalene derivatives. Read More

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December 2018

In vitro cytotoxicity of dental adhesives: A systematic review.

Dent Mater 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Full Professor, Endodontics and Geriatric Dentistry Department, Laboratory Experimental of Culture Cell (LECCel), Faculty of Dentistry, University Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: The increased demand for esthetics and minimally invasive tooth restorations resulted in a rapid development of adhesive dentistry. However, much controversy remains about the safe use and cytotoxic effects of different groups of dental adhesives. The present study performed a systematic review to identify the answer to the following question: are self-etch adhesives more cytotoxic than those employing the etch-and-rinse system?

Methods: This systematic review was performed in accordance with the PRISMA statement; a quality assessment for in vitro studies was conducted using the ToxRTool. Read More

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December 2018

Ultrasonography Superior Over Visual Assessment in Evaluation of Wound Healing After Dermabrasion.

J Surg Res 2019 Feb 11;234:202-209. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Ji'nan, China. Electronic address:

Background: Dermabrasion as one kind of treatment for partial thickness wounds is controversial. Visual assessment as the main way to evaluate the healing process of burn wounds is also inaccurate. In this study we try to explore whether dermabrasion accelerates healing in wounds of partial thickness and determine a reliable way to evaluate epithelialization. Read More

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February 2019

Identification, Expression, and Functional Analysis of the Group IId WRKY Subfamily in Upland Cotton ( L.).

Front Plant Sci 2018 21;9:1684. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Institute of Cotton Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Anyang, China.

WRKY transcription factors have diverse functions in regulating stress response, leaf senescence, and plant growth and development. However, knowledge of the group IId WRKY subfamily in cotton is largely absent. This study identified 34 group IId WRKY genes in the genome, and their genomic loci were investigated. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Correction: Yes and Lyn play a role in nuclear translocation of the epidermal growth factor receptor.

Oncogene 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

In Figure 4C, it was identified that the Histone H3 and α-Tubulin purification control blots for YES and LYN overexpressing cells were duplicated. The original Histone H3 control blot was found and confirmed the published results, however, the α-Tubulin control blot was not found. This error was determined to not impact the scientific findings of this figure. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Evolution of CYCLOIDEA-like genes in Fabales: Insights into duplication patterns and the control of floral symmetry.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2018 Nov 30;132:81-89. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China.

Cycloidea-like (CYC-like) genes are the key regulatory factors in the development of flower symmetry. Duplication and/or reduction of CYC-like genes have occurred several times in various angiosperm groups and are hypothesized to be correlated with the evolution of flower symmetry, which in turn has contributed to the evolutionary success of these groups. However, less is known about the evolutionary scenario of CYC-like genes in the whole Fabales, which contains four families with either symmetric or actinomorphic flowers. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Using the Albumin-Bilirubin (ALBI) grade as a prognostic marker for radioembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):840-846

Department of Radiation Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

Background: The Child-Pugh (CP) class is a commonly used scoring system to measure liver function in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We correlate the Albumin-Bilirubin (ALBI) grading system and CP to overall survival in our HCC patients receiving radioembolization.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated patients who received radioembolization for HCC between the years 2009-2014. Read More

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October 2018

Family history of venous thromboembolism in the paediatric population: The need for a standardized definition.

Thromb Res 2018 Nov 16;173:91-95. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Positive family history is known to be an independent risk factor for venous thromboembolic (VTE) that may or may not reflect an underlying hereditary disorder. However, there is no clear standardized definition of what constitutes a positive family history for VTE in children. We aimed to assess the current published definitions of positive family history as a risk factor for VTE in children and ascertain if any consensus exists. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Purge Haplotigs: allelic contig reassignment for third-gen diploid genome assemblies.

BMC Bioinformatics 2018 Nov 29;19(1):460. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

The Australian Wine Research Institute, PO Box 197, Glen Osmond, SA, 5064, Australia.

Background: Recent developments in third-gen long read sequencing and diploid-aware assemblers have resulted in the rapid release of numerous reference-quality assemblies for diploid genomes. However, assembly of highly heterozygous genomes is still problematic when regional heterogeneity is so high that haplotype homology is not recognised during assembly. This results in regional duplication rather than consolidation into allelic variants and can cause issues with downstream analysis, for example variant discovery, or haplotype reconstruction using the diploid assembly with unpaired allelic contigs. Read More

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November 2018

Duplicated Myosin V Genes in Teleosts Show Evolutionary Rate Variations among the Motor and Cargo Binding Domains.

Genome Biol Evol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Texas State University San Marcos, Department of Biology, United States.

We analyzed evolutionary rates of conserved, duplicated myosin V (myo5) genes in nine teleost species to examine the outcomes of duplication events. Syntenic analysis and ancestral chromosome mapping suggest one tandem gene duplication event leading to the appearance of myo5a and myo5c, two rounds of whole genome duplication for vertebrates, and an additional round of whole genome duplication for teleosts account for the presence and location of the myo5 genes and their duplicates in teleosts and other vertebrates and the timing of the duplication events. Phylogenetic analyses reveal a previously unidentified myo5 clade that we refer to now as myo5bb. Read More

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November 2018

CIRCE element evolved for the coordinated transcriptional regulation of bacterial duplicate groELs.

Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech 2018 Oct 26;1861(10):928-937. Epub 2018 Aug 26.

State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Institute of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China. Electronic address:

Chaperonin groEL genes are duplicated in approximately 20% of bacteria, and the duplicates are differentially transcribed due to their divergent functions. The coordinated regulation of this differential transcription is as yet undetermined. In this study, we reported that the controlling inverted repeat of chaperone expression (CIRCE) element (the HrcA-binding site located upstream of the promoter) evolved for the transcriptional regulation of duplicate groELs. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Evolutionary diversity and novelty of DNA repair genes in asexual Bdelloid rotifers.

BMC Evol Biol 2018 Nov 28;18(1):177. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Josephine Bay Paul Center for Comparative Molecular Biology and Evolution, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA, USA.

Background: Bdelloid rotifers are the oldest, most diverse and successful animal taxon for which males, hermaphrodites, and traditional meiosis are unknown. Their degenerate tetraploid genome, with 2-4 copies of most loci, includes thousands of genes acquired from all domains of life by horizontal transfer. Many bdelloid species thrive in ephemerally aquatic habitats by surviving desiccation at any life stage with no loss of fecundity or lifespan. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Characteristics of the complete mitochondrial genome of (Neuroptera, Ascalaphidae) and its phylogenetic implications.

PeerJ 2018 14;6:e5914. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

College of Chemistry and Life Science, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China.

The owlflies (Family Ascalaphidae) belong to the Neuroptera but are often mistaken as dragonflies because of morphological characters. To date, only three mitochondrial genomes of Ascalaphidae, namely ; ; , are published in GenBank, meaning that they are greatly under-represented in comparison with the 430 described species reported in this family. In this study, we sequenced and described the complete mitochondrial genome of (Neuroptera, Ascalaphidae). Read More

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November 2018

Genetically encodable bioluminescent system from fungi.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Dec 26;115(50):12728-12732. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia;

Bioluminescence is found across the entire tree of life, conferring a spectacular set of visually oriented functions from attracting mates to scaring off predators. Half a dozen different luciferins, molecules that emit light when enzymatically oxidized, are known. However, just one biochemical pathway for luciferin biosynthesis has been described in full, which is found only in bacteria. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Open ureteroureterostomy for repair of upper-pole ectopic ureters in children with duplex systems: is stenting really necessary?

Authors:
N C Wong L H Braga

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, McMaster Children's Hospital and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Ectopic upper-pole (UP) ureters in duplex kidneys can be managed surgically by ipsilateral distal ureteroureterostomy (U-U) with or without ureteric stenting. Evidence to support routine stenting during this procedure is lacking.

Objective: The authors present their outcomes of children with ectopic UP ureters who underwent ipsilateral distal U-U. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Pediatric partial nephrectomy for upper urinary tract duplication anomalies: a comparison between different surgical approaches and techniques.

Urology 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Division of Pediatric Urology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Objective: To review and compare four different surgical approaches for partial nephrectomy of a nonfunctioning moiety in children with upper urinary tract duplication anomalies.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of all pediatric patients who underwent open (OPN), laparoscopic (LPN), robotic (RPN), or laparoendoscopic single site (LESS-PN) partial nephrectomy for the treatment of a nonfunctioning moiety in a duplicated collecting system at two medical centers between 2007 and 2017. Patient demographics, perioperative data, surgical techniques, complications, and results were compared. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

[Trisomy 9p and clinical heterogeneity: case report of an unusual presentation].

Orv Hetil 2018 Nov;159(47):1994-2000

II. Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika, Genetikai Részleg, Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Budapest, Pf. 2., 1428.

Whole or partial trisomy of the short arm of chromosome 9 (9p) is considered to be one of the more frequent chromosome abnormalities compatible with life. The duplication may affect various organs, however the most common symptoms are certain specific facial dysmorphisms and abnormalities of the fingers, toes and nails. A one month old boy presented with failure to thrive, jaundice, ventricular septal defect (VSD) and dysmorphic face. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Partially Obstructed Longitudinal Vaginal Septum Presenting in Adulthood With Complaint of Urinary Incontinence.

Urology 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

University of Pennsylvania, Division of Urology, Philadelphia, PA.

A longitudinal vaginal septum can be obstructive or nonobstructive. We report on an adult woman who presented with involuntary fluid loss per vagina and had a partially obstructive longitudinal vaginal septum. A 36-year-old nulliparous female presented with malodorous, clear, leakage per vagina that she described as "urinary incontinence. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

The effect of diet on BPH, LUTS and ED.

World J Urol 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Urology, Weill Cornell Medical College New York-Presbyterian, 425 East 61st Street, 12th Floor, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

Objective: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and erectile dysfunction (ED) are common conditions that increase in the aging population. Several environmental factors have been linked to the development and progression of BPH and ED. Several studies have shown potential direct and indirect influences of several micronutrients and macronutrients on the risk of developing these conditions. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Legume Cytosolic and Plastid Acetyl-Coenzyme-A Carboxylase Genes Differ by Evolutionary Patterns and Selection Pressure Schemes Acting before and after Whole-Genome Duplications.

Genes (Basel) 2018 Nov 21;9(11). Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Genomics, Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 60-479 Poznań, Poland.

Acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase, E.C.6. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Does short message service improve focused antenatal care visit and skilled birth attendance? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 22;15(1):191. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Faculty of Medicine, the university of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: In low resource circumstances, non-adherence for available health services is a major cause of inefficiency in health care delivery. MHealth has been projected as a possible solution to support women during pregnancy, birth and puerperium period, to increase the uptake of essential maternal services.

Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of short message services (SMS)on Focused Antenatal Care (FANC) visits and the attendance of skilled birth professionals in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads
1.616 Impact Factor

Functional interplay between ribosomal protein paralogues in the eRpL22 family in Drosophila melanogaster.

Fly (Austin) 2018 Nov 22:1-21. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

a Department of Biological Sciences , Lehigh University , Bethlehem , PA , USA.

Duplicated ribosomal protein (RP) genes in the Drosophila melanogaster eRpL22 family encode structurally-divergent and differentially-expressed rRNA-binding RPs. eRpL22 is expressed ubiquitously and eRpL22-like expression is tissue-restricted with highest levels in the adult male germline. We explored paralogue functional equivalence using the GAL4-UAS system for paralogue knockdown or overexpression and a conditional eRpL22-like knockout in a heat- shock flippase/FRT line. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Pharmacokinetics of Sodium Selenite Administered Orally in Blood and Tissues of Selenium-Deficient Ducklings.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, People's Republic of China.

Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for humans and animals. Appropriate amount of Se in the body can prevent a variety of diseases. However, Se deficiency leads to pathological changes such as skeletal muscle necrosis and pancreatic atrophy in livestock and poultry. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Lack of G1/S control destabilizes the yeast genome via replication stress-induced DSBs and illegitimate recombination.

J Cell Sci 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland

The protein Swi6 in is a cofactor in two complexes that regulate the transcription of the G1/S transition genes. It also ensures proper oxidative and cell wall stress responses. Previously, we found Swi6 to be crucial for the survival of genotoxic stress. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Transposition of Duplicated Thumb for Reconstruction of Asymmetric Radial Polydactyly.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S13-S17

From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: In this study, we present the long-term functional and aesthetic outcomes in patients with complicated asymmetric radial polydactyly treated with this surgical technique involving the transposition of a duplicated thumb.

Methods: We evaluated 6 thumbs in 6 patients who underwent radial polydactyly reconstruction using the transposition of duplicated thumb procedure between 2001 and 2017. The procedure was used when one of the thumbs was not obviously dominant over the other, with one having a better proximal portion and the other having a better distal portion. Read More

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January 2019
6 Reads

Resolving the complex Bordetella pertussis genome using barcoded nanopore sequencing.

Microb Genom 2018 Nov 21;4(11). Epub 2018 Nov 21.

1​Department of Biology and Biochemistry and the Milner Centre for Evolution, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

The genome of Bordetella pertussis is complex, with high G+C content and many repeats, each longer than 1000 bp. Long-read sequencing offers the opportunity to produce single-contig B. pertussis assemblies using sequencing reads which are longer than the repetitive sections, with the potential to reveal genomic features which were previously unobservable in multi-contig assemblies produced by short-read sequencing alone. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Patient experiences of living with coronary stent.

J Vasc Nurs 2018 Dec 13;36(4):181-185. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Cardiologist, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, KhorramAbad, Iran.

Cardiovascular disease is among the most important disorders in the developed world and the main cause of death and disability in all countries considered. Using coronary stent in cardiovascular patients, as an effective treatment, has greatly reduced the requirement for cardiac surgery. The study was carried out to explore lived experiences of patients living with coronary stents. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

Segmental variation in a duplicated pseudogene generates antigenic variants.

Infect Immun 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health and Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman Washington, 99164.

is a prototypical highly antigenically variant bacterial pathogen, dependent on sequential generation of Major Surface Protein-2 (Msp2) outer membrane variants to establish persistent infection. Msp2 is encoded by a single expression site and diversity is achieved by gene conversion of chromosomally encoded pseudogenes. Analysis of the full complement of pseudogenes in the St. Read More

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November 2018

Finite element analysis of the human orbit. Behavior of titanium mesh for orbital floor reconstruction in case of trauma recurrence.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Aix Marseille université, IFSTTAR, LBA, 13015 Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: The authors' main purpose was to simulate the behavior of a titanium mesh implant (TMI) used to reconstruct the orbital floor under the stress of a blunt trauma.

Materials And Methods: The orbital floor of a previously validated finite element model (FEM) of the human orbit was numerically fractured and reconstructed by a simplified TMI. Data from a CT scan of the head were computed with MICMICS (Materialise, Louvain, Belgium) software to re-create the skull's geometry. Read More

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November 2018

Author Correction: Non-collinear spin states in bottom-up fabricated atomic chains.

Nat Commun 2018 11 19;9(1):4925. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Physics, Hamburg University, Jungiusstrasse 9A, 20355, Hamburg, Germany.

The original version of this Article contained an error in Fig. 3 in which Fig. 3b and Fig. Read More

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November 2018

A high-quality chromosome-level genome assembly of a generalist herbivore, Trichoplusia ni.

Mol Ecol Resour 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Department of Entomology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY, 14456, USA.

The cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni, is a globally distributed highly polyphagous herbivore and an important agricultural pest. T. ni has evolved resistance to various chemical insecticides, and is one of the only two insect species that have evolved resistance to the biopesticide Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) in agricultural systems and has been selected for resistance to baculovirus infections. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Light-use efficiency and energy partitioning in rice is cultivar dependent.

Photosynth Res 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Departamento de Biología Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República, Garzón 809, Montevideo, Uruguay.

One of the main limitations of rice yield in regions of high productive performance is the light-use efficiency (LUE). LUE can be determined at the whole-plant level or at the photosynthetic apparatus level (quantum yield). Both vary according to the intensity and spectral quality of light. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

A systematic review of comorbidity between cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Scientific Institute I.R.C.C.S, "Eugenio Medea", "La Nostra Famiglia", Unit for Severe Disabilities in Developmental Age and Young Adults (Developmental Neurology and Neurorehabilitation), Brindisi Research Centre, Brindisi, Italy. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the incidence and prevalence of comorbidity between Cerebral Palsy (CP), Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Methods: We searched for articles indexed in PubMed, EBSCOhost, Scopus, Web of Science and other potentially relevant internet sources using a combination of expressions including "cerebral palsy" AND "autism" OR "ASD" OR "pervasive development disorder" AND "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" OR "ADHD".

Results: We identified 2542 studies on CP and ASD and 998 studies on CP and ADHD. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Sample Entropy of Speed Power Spectrum as a Measure of Laparoscopic Surgical Instrument Trajectory Smoothness.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:5410-5413

In this study the complexity of the speed power spectrum is assessed as a metric for measuring trajectory smoothness. There are a variety of published methods for analyzing trajectory smoothness but many lack validity. This preliminary study took an information theoretic approach to assess trajectory smoothness by applying the sample entropy measure to the speed power spectrum of simulated and experimental trajectories. Read More

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Genome-wide analysis of the soybean CRK-family and transcriptional regulation by biotic stress signals triggering plant immunity.

PLoS One 2018 15;13(11):e0207438. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Departamento de Biología Molecular, Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Cysteine-rich receptor-like kinases (CRKs) are transmembrane proteins that exhibit ectodomains containing the domain of unknown function 26 (DUF26). The CRKs form a large subfamily of receptor-like kinases in plants, and their possible functions remain to be elucidated. Several lines of evidence suggest that CRKs play important roles in plant defense responses to environmental stress, including plant immunity. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Anaerobic Bacterial Clinical Isolates From 2014 to 2016, Including Recently Named or Renamed Species.

Ann Lab Med 2019 Mar;39(2):190-199

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Research Institute of Bacterial Resistance, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Anaerobic bacterial resistance trends may vary across regions or institutions. Regional susceptibility patterns are pivotal in the empirical treatment of anaerobic infections. We determined the antimicrobial resistance patterns of clinically important anaerobic bacteria, including recently named or renamed anaerobes. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Identification and Characterization of NDM-1-producing Hypervirulent (Hypermucoviscous) in China.

Ann Lab Med 2019 Mar;39(2):167-175

Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China.

Background: Carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent (hypermucoviscous) (CR-HMKP) poses a significant public health challenge. We investigated its epidemiology and molecular characteristics in a tertiary care hospital in eastern China.

Methods: CR-HMKP were identified among 106 non-duplicated carbapenem-resistant isolates (from June 2013 to September 2017) using the string test. Read More

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The effects of particle density in moxa smoke on the ultrastructure of knee cartilage and expressions of TNF-α, IL-1b, BAX, and Bcl-2 mRNA in a rat model for osteoarthritis.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Knee Joint, Luoyang Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Luoyang, Henan, China.

Background: The effectiveness of smokeless moxa and other means to reduce exposure are extensively investigated with regards to the health consequences of inhalation of moxa smoke, and clinical studies indicate that classical moxibustion is superior to smokeless moxa. This study aims to quantify the effects of particle density in moxa smoke on the clinical outcome with an established model, demonstrated to be effective for classical moxibustion.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of particle density in moxa smoke on the ultrastructure of knee cartilage and expression of cytokine, tissue necrosing factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1b), apoptosis regulator, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), and BAX in a rat model for inflammatory joint disease. Read More

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November 2018
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The many nuanced evolutionary consequences of duplicated genes.

Mol Biol Evol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Gene duplication is seen as a major source of structural and functional divergence in genome evolution. Under the conventional models of sub- or neofunctionalizaton, functional changes arise in one of the duplicates after duplication. However, we suggest here that the presence of a duplicated gene can result in functional changes to its interacting partners. Read More

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November 2018

TRUS-guided drainage of the ectopic ureter entering the prostatic urethra and TRUS-guided transurethral neo-orifice formation using holmium laser.

J Ultrason 2018 ;18(74):255-264

Department of General and Transplant Surgery and Nutritional Treatment, Medical University of Lublin, Poland.

A fifty-nine year-old male was hospitalized for exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis. As a gigantic cyst of the pancreatic tail was identified, it was fused with the jejunal loop. Due to persistent fever and severe symptoms in the storage and voiding phases, the patient was referred to a urologist. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads