69,413 results match your criteria Duodenum

Effects of intracerebroventricular injection of corticotrophin releasing factor on the gene expression of ghrelin and corticotrophin releasing factor receptors in broiler chickens.

Anim Biosci 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Animal Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018, China.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) on the feed intake of broiler chickens and explore its influencing mechanism.

Methods: The study included two trials. In trial 1, 32 male broiler chickens (Arbor Acres, Gallus gallus domesticus) were ventricle buried tubes, and they were allowed to recover for 3 days. Read More

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Effect of Bacillus species-fermented products and essential oils on growth performance, gut morphology, cecal short-chain fatty acid levels, and microbiota community in broilers.

Poult Sci 2022 May 21;101(8):101970. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Biotechnology and Animal Science, National Ilan University, Yilan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

In this study, the effects of Bacillus species-fermented products (synbiotics [SYNs]) and essential oils (EOs) on the growth performance, gut morphology, cecal short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) levels, and microbiota of broilers were investigated. A total of 180 one-day-old unsexed broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to 5 dietary treatments as follows: basal diet (control group), basal diet plus enramycin (10 mg/kg; A group), basal diet plus SYNs (3 × 10 CFU spore/kg of feed; SYN group), basal diet plus EOs (100 mg/kg; EO group), and basal diet plus SYNs and EOs (SYN + EO group), with 6 replicate cages per treatment group and 6 birds per cage. The SYN+EO treatment resulted in a higher (P = 0. Read More

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Synergistic effect of probiotic, chicory root powder and coriander seed powder on growth performance, antioxidant activity and gut health of broiler chickens.

PLoS One 2022 27;17(6):e0270231. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary science, PV Narsimha Rao Telangana Veterinary University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad.

Gut health plays an important role on production and performance of broilers. This trial was undertaken with an aim to evaluate the synergistic effect of probiotic, chicory root powder and coriander seed powder on the performance and gut health of broiler chicken. For this purpose, a total of 240 day-old broiler chicks were randomly allotted to six dietary treatments with 8 replicates of 5 birds in each. Read More

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The analysis of prognostic factors of primary small intestinal gastrointestinal stromal tumors with R0 resection: A single-center retrospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 24;101(25):e29487. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Hernia and Colorectal Surgery, The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, People's Republic of China.

Objective: We aim to assess factors that affect overall survival in patients with primary small intestinal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) who had undergone R0 resection.

Method: A retrospective analysis reviewed the data of 82 consecutive confirmed GIST patients at a single medical center in China from January 2012 to June 2020. The survival curve was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and independent prognostic factors were confirmed using the Cox regression model. Read More

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Lower gastrointestinal bleeding in a male with jejunal Dieulafoy's lesion after successful surgical resection: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 24;101(25):e29474. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Introduction: Dieulafoy's lesion (DL) presented with small bowel bleeding constitutes a group of rare and potentially life-threatening prognosis. Several case series have described this condition, yet it remains unclear as to what is the optimal treatment and predicted outcome for patients who have been diagnosed.

Patient Concerns: We present a 21-year-old male experiencing bloody stool for 1 day. Read More

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Mixed Adenoneuroendocrine Cancer of the Duodenum Causing Gastric Outlet Obstruction.

ACG Case Rep J 2022 Jun 23;9(6):e00787. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, AdventHealth Orlando, Orlando, FL.

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Impact of Using Unedited CT-Based DIR-Propagated Autocontours on Online ART for Pancreatic SBRT.

Front Oncol 2022 8;12:910792. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Radiotherapy, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Purpose: To determine the dosimetric impact of using unedited autocontours in daily plan adaptation of patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy using tumor tracking.

Materials And Methods: The study included 98 daily CT scans of 35 LAPC patients. All scans were manually contoured (MAN), and included the PTV and main organs-at-risk (OAR): stomach, duodenum and bowel. Read More

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A Rare Case of Extended Retroperitoneal Biloma Due to Spontaneous Perforation of Common Bile Duct, Mimicking a Strangulated Right Inguinal Hernia: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2022 Jun 27;23:e936255. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of General Surgery, Venizeleio General Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

BACKGROUND Biloma is the collection of bile outside the biliary tree as a result of visceral perforation. The most common site of disruption is the gallbladder, whereas common bile duct lesions usually occur following medical procedures or trauma. Spontaneous perforation of the common bile duct has been previously reported in the literature. Read More

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Low inclusion levels of Tenebrio molitor larvae meal in laying Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica, Gould, 1837) diet improve the intestinal morphometry, enzymatic activity and caecal short chain fatty acids profile.

Res Vet Sci 2022 Jun 18;149:51-59. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Napoli Federico II, via F. Delpino 1, 80137 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address:

One hundred twenty, 12 weeks old laying Japanese quails (JQ) were equally divided into 4 groups (6 replicates of 5 birds/group). The control group (CON) fed a corn-soybean diet; TML1.4, TML2. Read More

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The uncommon diagnosis of hiatal hernia associated pancreatitis: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 20;96:107328. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of General Surgery, Jendouba Hospital, Tunisia; Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Tunis El Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia.

Introduction And Importance: Hiatal hernia (HH) contents commonly include stomach, transverse colon, small intestine, and spleen but herniation of the pancreas is an extremely rare phenomenon, even rarer when HH is associated with acute pancreatitis.

Case Presentation: A 56-year-old female with hypertension and gastroesophageal reflux disease presented with abdominal pain, vomiting and chest discomfort evolving for 24 h. Physical examination revealed left-upper quadrant tenderness without guarding. Read More

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Alginate-Based Hydrogel as Delivery System for Therapeutic Bacterial RNase.

Polymers (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan 420008, Russia.

To deliver therapeutic proteins into a living body, it is important to maintain their target activity in the gastrointestinal tract after oral administration. Secreted ribonuclease from (binase) has antitumor and antiviral activity, which makes it a promising therapeutic agent. This globular protein of small molecular weight (12. Read More

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Gluten Induces Subtle Histological Changes in Duodenal Mucosa of Patients with Non-Coeliac Gluten Sensitivity: A Multicentre Study.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 15;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55907, USA.

Histological changes induced by gluten in the duodenal mucosa of patients with non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) are poorly defined. To evaluate the structural and inflammatory features of NCGS compared to controls and coeliac disease (CeD) with milder enteropathy (Marsh I-II). Well-oriented biopsies of 262 control cases with normal gastroscopy and histologic findings, 261 CeD, and 175 NCGS biopsies from 9 contributing countries were examined. Read More

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Time from Injury to Initial Operation May Be the Sole Risk Factor for Postoperative Leakage in AAST-OIS 2 and 3 Traumatic Duodenal Injury: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 14;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School and Hospital, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61469, Korea.

: Traumatic duodenal injury is a rare disease with limited evidence. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors for postoperative leakage and outcomes of pyloric exclusion after duodenal grade 2 and 3 injury. : We reviewed a prospectively collected trauma database for the period January 2004-December 2020. Read More

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Licorice Extract Supplementation Affects Antioxidant Activity, Growth-Related Genes, Lipid Metabolism, and Immune Markers in Broiler Chickens.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 17;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Poultry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect on growth performance, blood parameters, antioxidant and lysosomal activity, histology and immunohistochemistry of liver and intestine, and the gene expression profile of broiler chickens. A total of 180 Cobb500 broiler chicks (one-week-old) were used in this study. Chicks were distributed randomly into three treatment groups; the first group received drinking water without any supplementation (control group). Read More

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Intracholecystic versus Intravenous Indocyanine Green (ICG) Injection for Biliary Anatomy Evaluation by Fluorescent Cholangiography during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Case-Control Study.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 17;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy.

(1) Background: Fluorescence cholangiography has been proposed as a method for improving the visualization and identification of extrahepatic biliary anatomy in order to possibly reduce injuries and related complications. The most common method of indocyanine green (ICG) administration is the intravenous route, whereas evidence on direct ICG injection into the gallbladder is still quite limited. We aimed to compare the two different methods of ICG administration in terms of the visualization of extrahepatic biliary anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), analyzing differences in the time of visualization, as well as the efficacy, advantages, and disadvantages of both modalities. Read More

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Localized Small Bowel Adenocarcinoma Management: Evidence Summary.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 11;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Gastroenterology and Digestive Oncology, European Georges Pompidou Hospital, AP-HP Centre, 75015 Paris, France.

Small bowel cancers are rare diseases whose prognosis is poorer than that of colon cancers. Due to disease rarity, there is little data on small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) treatment, and most recommendations come from expert agreements or analogies to the management of colon cancer. Although relatively high rates of local recurrence are observed for duodenal malignancies, distant metastatic relapse remains common and requires adjuvant systemic therapy. Read More

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Effects of Dietary Fucoidan Supplementation on Serum Biochemical Parameters, Small Intestinal Barrier Function, and Cecal Microbiota of Weaned Goat Kids.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Jun 20;12(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

College of Coastal Agriculture Science, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524088, China.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of fucoidan supplementation on serum biochemical parameters, small intestinal barrier function, and cecal microbiota of weaned goat kids. A total of 60 2-month-old weaned castrated male goat kids (Chuanzhong black goat) were used in this 30-day experiment. The goat kids were randomly divided into four groups: a control group (CON) fed the basal diet, and three other groups supplemented with 0. Read More

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Norcantharidin down-regulates iron contents in the liver and spleen of lipopolysaccharide-treated mice.

Redox Rep 2022 Dec;27(1):119-127

Research Center for Medicine and Biology, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, People's Republic of China.

Objective: The inhibiting effect of Norcantharidin (NCTD) on IL-6 (interleukin-6) and STAT3 and the involvement of the IL-6/STAT3 pathway in hepcidin expression prompted us to speculate that NCTD could affect iron metabolism.

We examined the effects of NCTD on serum iron (SI) and transferrin (Tf) saturation, iron and ferritin light chain (FTL), transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), ferroportin 1 (Fpn1), iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) and hepcidin, as well as IL-6 and STAT3 in the liver, spleen and duodenum of mice treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vivo, using RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis.

NCTD could increase SI and Tf saturation and reduce tissue iron and FTL content by affecting expression of cell-iron transport proteins TfR1, DMT1 and Fpn1. Read More

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December 2022

Case report of metastatic melanoma presenting as an unusual cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage in an elderly gentleman.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 4;78:103920. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Internal Medicine. Grand Strand Medical Center, Myrtle Beach, SC, 29572, USA.

Introduction: and Importance: Melanomas are capable of metastasizing to both regional and distant sites and are notably known to metastasize to the skin, lungs, brain, liver, bone, and gastrointestinal tract. Metastatic melanoma is infrequently diagnosed , and usually found only on evaluation at autopsy.

Case Presentation: Here we present the case of a 64-year-old male who originally presented with melena, fatigue, exertional dyspnea and one episode of near-syncope. Read More

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Long-term remission of primary refractory ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

J Clin Exp Hematop 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Hematology, Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan.

ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALK+ ALCL) has a favorable prognosis in general; however, some cases are resistant to chemotherapy, which leads to a poor clinical outcome. We herein report the case of a 32-year-old male with aggressive ALK+ ALCL who presented with hemorrhage from a large tumor in the duodenum and multiple tumors in the lungs, mediastinum, and peritoneal cavity. Although induction chemotherapy resulted in a marked reduction of the tumor lesions, premature progression with massive pulmonary infiltration and central nervous system invasion occurred immediately after the completion of chemotherapy. Read More

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Endoscopic Resection of Upper Gastrointestinal Extraluminal Tumors.

Gastrointest Endosc 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Endoscopy Center and Endoscopy Research Institute, Shanghai Collaborative Innovation Center of Endoscopy, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Endoscopic resection is a feasible treatment for gastrointestinal extraluminal tumors, but remains a challenging procedure with limited data. In this study, we assessed the safety and efficacy of endoscopic resection for extraluminal tumors in the upper gastrointestinal tract.

Methods: From May 2016 to December 2021, 109 patients undergoing endoscopic resection for extraluminal tumors in the upper gastrointestinal tract were retrospectively included. Read More

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A Case of a gastropancreatic fistula in the setting of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Aug 11;17(8):2874-2877. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

St. Joseph's University Medical Center, Department of Gastroenterology, 703 Main Street, Paterson, NJ 07503 USA.

Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are mucin producing tumors which arise from epithelial cells of the main pancreatic duct, pancreatic branch ducts, or both. They are characterized by mucin-producing columnar cells, papillary ductal proliferation, cyst formation, and varying degrees of dysplasia. IPMNs are classified as main duct or branch duct based upon the pancreatic duct anatomy which the IPMN is arising from. Read More

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More Active Intestinal Immunity Developed by Obese Mice Than Non-Obese Mice After Challenged by .

Front Vet Sci 2022 3;9:851226. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China.

Obese mice presented lower mortality to non-fatal pneumonia induced by () than the non-obese mice. However, it remained obscure whether the intestine contributed to the protective effect of obese mice with infection. The 64 non-obese (NOB) mice were divided into NOB-uninfected and NOB- groups, while 64 high-fat diet-induced obesity (DIO) mice were divided into DIO-uninfected and DIO- groups. Read More

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Bouveret syndrome: approaching the obstructive duodenal gallstone.

Trauma Surg Acute Care Open 2022 26;7(1):e000945. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, USA.

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Protective Effect of Lemon Essential Oil and Its Major Active Component, D-Limonene, on Intestinal Injury and Inflammation of -Challenged Mice.

Front Nutr 2022 2;9:843096. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Animal Science and Technology College, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, China.

Inflammatory diseases are a major threat to public health. Natural plant essential oils (EOs) possess anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. The objective of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect and mode of action of lemon essential oil (LEO), and its main active component, d-limonene, with different doses on intestinal inflammation of mice. Read More

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Incidence and prognosis of patients with small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors in a population based nationwide study.

Cancer Epidemiol 2022 Jun 16;79:102197. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Landspitali University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumours (SI-NETs) are the most frequent malignant tumours of the small intestine. Population based studies on SI-NETs are scarce. We aimed to examine the incidence, presentation of disease and prognosis of SI-NET and to determine patient prognosis in those undergoing emergency or elective surgery. Read More

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The optimal dietary arginine level of laying hens fed with low-protein diets.

J Anim Sci Biotechnol 2022 Jun 17;13(1):63. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Animal Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention, 61 Daizong Street, Taian City, 271018, Shandong Province, China.

Background: Arginine (Arg) is an essential amino acid (EAA) in poultry, an important substrate for protein synthesis and a precursor of several molecules. Supplementation of EAAs with low protein (LP) diet increases the utilization efficiency of dietary crude protein (CP). However, if the EAA requirement is changed in hens fed a LP diet remains to be elucidated. Read More

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FAM111A is dispensable for electrolyte homeostasis in mice.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 17;12(1):10211. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Physiology, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Autosomal dominant mutations in FAM111A are causative for Kenny-Caffey syndrome type 2. Patients with Kenny-Caffey syndrome suffer from severe growth retardation, skeletal dysplasia, hypoparathyroidism, hypocalcaemia, hyperphosphataemia and hypomagnesaemia. While recent studies have reported FAM111A to function in antiviral response and DNA replication, its role in regulating electrolyte homeostasis remains unknown. Read More

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Volumetric computed tomography analysis for gastroduodenal and pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm formation: A retrospective single-center study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 17;101(24):e29539. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract: Gastroduodenal artery aneurysms (GDAA) and pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms (PDAA) are rare, have high rupture risks, and are located in the arcade between the celiac artery and the superior mesenteric artery. Pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms are associated with celiac artery stenosis, and it is hypothesized that these celiac lesions might contribute to the formation of aneurysms. In contrast, a few studies have reported an association between a gastroduodenal artery aneurysm and celiac lesions. Read More

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Distinct cases of gangliocytic paraganglioma in the duodenum: Two case reports.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Aug 11;17(8):2855-2858. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Johns Hopkins Medicine, The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, 601 North Caroline Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.

Gangliocytic paraganglioma (GP) is a rare, benign neuroendocrine tumor that commonly arises in the second portion of the duodenum. Despite its favorable prognosis, there have been instances of lymph node and liver metastasis as well as 1 reported fatal case. The immunohistochemical and morphological resemblance between GP and neuroendocrine tumor G1 makes it critical to properly recognize and differentiate between the 2. Read More

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