63,923 results match your criteria Duodenum


Clinical spectrum of adult patients with annular pancreas: Findings from a large single institution cohort.

Pancreatology 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Annular pancreas (AnnP) is a rare congenital abnormality that results from the presence of a complete or partial ring of pancreatic tissue surrounding the descending portion of the duodenum. While the clinical presentation and management of AnnP in neonates and infants has been well described, the complete spectrum of clinical presentation of AP in adults is not very clear. We aimed to describe the clinical spectrum of presentation and management of adult patients with AnnP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2018.12.009DOI Listing
January 2019

Symptomatic involvement of the stomach and duodenum as initial presentation of AL amyloidosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 17;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida, USA.

Primary systemic or amyloid light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a multisystem disorder with myriad presentations. Although it can involve the upper gastrointestinal tract in 8% of cases, symptomatic involvement is exceedingly rare. We chronicle here a case of postprandial epigastric pain associated with AL amyloidosis involving the stomach and duodenum. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22755
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227550DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection: A retrospective analysis of the Hamburg Modification.

Surgery 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany.

Background: Chronic pancreatitis remains a challenging inflammatory disease, causing progressive, irreversible fibrosis of the pancreatic parenchyma. Several surgical options for treatment have been established, but duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resections seem to be the most favorable option other than pancreatoduodenectomy. The aim of this retrospective analysis is to evaluate the outcomes of the Hamburg modification of duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resections. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00396060183078
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2018.11.009DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Against the Odds: A Novel Technique to Perform Cholangiography from a Percutaneous Approach through the Cystic Duct.

Cureus 2018 Nov 12;10(11):e3577. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Interventional Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, USA.

Percutaneous cholangiography is typically performed via a transhepatic approach and is reserved for patients with contraindications to traditional cholangiogram imaging modalities. For those with suspected cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis who cannot undergo magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis, percutaneous cholecystostomy with cholangiogram is a viable option. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography may also be precluded due to anatomic or obstructive limitations, in which case, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) may be indicated for diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333255PMC
November 2018

Replaced gastroduodenal artery with continuation as accessory left hepatic artery: a rare anatomical variant.

CVIR Endovasc 2018 30;1(1):23. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Ave, Staten Island, NY 10305 USA.

Background: Presented here is a rare case of a gastroduodenal artery (GDA) replaced to the superior mesenteric artery with continuation into an accessory left hepatic artery. To the authors' knowledge, this rare anomaly is not described previously. Replaced GDA is reported, however without continuation into an accessory LHA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s42155-018-0032-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319521PMC
November 2018

Annular Pancreas in an Adult Presenting with Acute Pancreatitis.

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Oct 31;12(10):11-16. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Radiology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

Annular pancreas is a rare congenital condition in which tissue from the head of the pancreas partially or completely surrounds the second part of the duodenum. This condition has a variable clinical presentation in adults and children. Radiologists should be aware of the imaging findings in adults as an annular pancreas can be overlooked or misdiagnosed in this patient population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v12i10.3461DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312117PMC
October 2018

Emergency Presentation of Gastric Ectopic Pancreas.

Cureus 2018 Nov 8;10(11):e3565. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Surgery, Papa Giovanni Xxiii Hospital, Bergamo, ITA.

Ectopic pancreas is a rare embryological abnormality apparently not in association with others. Stomach and duodenum are the most common organs involved. Symptoms are nonspecific. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/14601-emergency-presentation
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325026PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Effects of 7S and 11S on the intestine of weaned piglets after injection and oral administration of soybean antigen protein.

Anim Sci J 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

College of Animal Science and technology, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, China.

Soybeans are used increasingly in food products because of their health benefits. In this study, we investigated the effect of soybean antigen protein on weaned piglet intestine. Seventy piglets were randomly divided into seven groups with 10 piglets each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.13130DOI Listing
January 2019

Endoscopic foregut surgery and interventions: The future is now. The state-of-the-art and my personal journey.

Authors:
Kenneth J Chang

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Jan;25(1):1-41

H.H. Chao Comprehensive Digestive Disease Center, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA 92868, United States.

In this paper, I reviewed the emerging field of endoscopic surgery and present data supporting the contention that endoscopy can now be used to treat many foregut diseases that have been traditionally treated surgically. Within each topic, the content will progress as follows: "lessons learned", "technical considerations" and "future opportunities". Lessons learned will provide a brief background and update on the most current literature. Read More

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https://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v25/i1/1.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i1.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328959PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

[Pathological features of duodenal-type follicular lymphoma].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan;48(1):22-25

Department of Pathology, Guangdong General Hospital/Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510080, China.

To investigate the clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis of duodenal-type follicular lymphoma. Four cases of duodenal-type follicular lymphoma diagnosed at Guangdong General Hospital from 2014 to 2015 with detailed clinical data were included. The histomorphology, immunophenotype, treatment and prognoses were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5807.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Perforation of the duodenum 2 weeks after lumen-apposing metal stent placement for malignant pyloric stricture.

Gastrointest Endosc 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Section of Digestive Disease, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019

Color masking improves classification of celiac disease in videocapsule endoscopy images.

Comput Biol Med 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Medicine - Celiac Disease Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Videocapsule endoscopy images are useful to detect pathologic alterations, including villous atrophy, in the small intestinal mucosa, which is helpful for diagnosing celiac disease. In prior work, quantitative videocapsule analysis was found useful to classify celiac versus control images. However, the effect of dark/extraneous substances on classification efficacy requires remediation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2018.12.011DOI Listing
December 2018

Magnified endoscopy with narrow-band imaging for the differential diagnosis of superficial non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2019 Jan 13:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

a Division of Endoscopy , Shizuoka Cancer Center , Shizuoka , Japan.

Background And Aim: Differentiation of low-grade adenoma (Vienna category 3, C3) and high-grade adenoma/carcinoma (C4/5) among superficial non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (SNADETs) using magnified endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (MNBI) is not established. The aim of this study is to clarify the diagnostic ability of MNBI to differentiate between C3 and C4/5 among SNADETs.

Methods: A total of 585 MNBI images taken from 156 SNADETs were evaluated in a test and validation phase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2018.1557740DOI Listing
January 2019

Duodenal somatostatinoma presenting as obstructive jaundice with the coexistence of a gastrointestinal stromal tumour in neurofibromatosis type 1: a case with review of the literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 10;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Science Center School of Medicine, Lubbock, Texas, USA.

Somatostatinomas are rare neuroendocrine tumours, mostly located in the pancreas or duodenum, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 40 million. Duodenal somatostatinomas (DSs) are usually found in association with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), tuberous sclerosis and Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) have also been described in NF1, but the association with somatostatinoma is very uncommon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226702DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Dietary Verbascoside Influences Gut Morphology and the Expression of α-Transducin and α-Gustducin in the Small Intestine of Weaned Piglets Exposed to n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids-Induced Oxidative Stress.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Jan 10;9(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, University of Milan, Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milan, Italy.

Reducing oxidative stress is an important goal in post-weaning piglets; previous studies have reported that verbascoside decreases oxidative stress in piglets. The effect of verbascoside on gut morphology and α-transducin and α-gustducin expression in weaned piglets fed high dosages of sunflower oil, inducing oxidative stress, was evaluated. A diet with 9% sunflower oil (T1), the same diet supplemented with 5 mg of verbascoside/kg feed (T2) and a diet containing starch (control-CTR) were employed. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/1/20
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9010020DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with computed tomography (CT) for interobserver agreement of gross tumor volume delineation in pancreatic cancer: a multi-institutional contouring study on behalf of the AIRO group for gastrointestinal cancers.

Acta Oncol 2019 Jan 11:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a Department of Radiotherapy , 'SS Annunziata' Hospital 'G. D'Annunzio' University , Chieti , Italy.

Background: Due to the high soft tissue resolution, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could improve the accuracy of pancreatic tumor delineation in radiation treatment planning. A multi-institutional study was proposed to evaluate the impact of MRI on inter-observer agreement in gross tumor volume (GTV) and duodenum delineation for pancreatic cancer compared with computer tomography (CT).

Material And Methods: Two clinical cases of borderline resectable (Case 1) and unresectable (Case 2) pancreatic cancer were selected. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0284186X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2018.1546899DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Diagnosis and grading of acute graft-versus-host disease in endoscopic biopsy series throughout the upper and lower intestine in patients after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a systematic approach.

Leuk Lymphoma 2019 Jan 11:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

d 3rd Medical Department, Hematology, Oncology and Pneumology , University Medical Center Mainz , Mainz , Germany.

Intestinal graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a potentially life-threatening condition after allogenic hematological stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). Although efforts have been made to determine the best sites for endoscopic biopsies, an approach involving all accessible anatomical regions is lacking. We investigated 22 complete biopsy series, each comprising biopsies from 10 different sites of the upper and lower intestine from 21 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2018.1535118DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Multifocal gastrointestinal varices: a rare manifestation of immunoglobulin G4-related disease.

Postgrad Med 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a Department of Internal Medicine , National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University , Tainan , Taiwan.

Multifocal gastrointestinal varices are uncommon and often associated with liver cirrhosis. They consist of varices at the gastroesophageal region and the other sites (i.e. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00325481.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00325481.2019.1568018DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Collision Tumor of Adenocarcinoma and Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor in the Small Bowel.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2018 Sep-Dec;12(3):715-721. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

We report a very rare case of collision tumor composed of primary adenocarcinoma of the jejunum and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The patient was a 63-year-old man who visited our hospital for epigastralgia and vomiting. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a mass in the upper jejunum, with gastric and duodenal dilatation. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495246
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495246DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323411PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Therapeutic Challenges in the Management of Bleeding Duodenal Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor: a Case Report and Review of Literature.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Pathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012, India.

Introduction: Duodenum is an uncommon site for the gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Though the principles of management are the same of that elsewhere in the gastrointestinal tract, the anatomical complexity poses challenges in deciding the most appropriate treatment. A bleeding GIST further compounds the difficulty in managing such patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12029-018-00197-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Crohn's Disease Manifesting as a Duodenal Obstruction: An Unusual Case.

Gastroenterology Res 2018 Dec 17;11(6):436-440. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Academic Affiliate of The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Clinical Affiliate of The Mount Sinai Hospital, 121 Dekalb Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA.

We describe a case of a 31-year-old man who presented with a 3-year history of worsening upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting: symptoms that were resistant to medical treatment and unexplained despite a thorough diagnostic evaluation. Then, an upper gastrointestinal series with small bowel follow-through showed proximal duodenal dilation and distal decompression of the duodenum, suggestive of a partial duodenal obstruction. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a transition point in the distal duodenum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/gr1105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306109PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Percutaneous extraction of residual post-cholecystectomy gallstones through the T-tube tract.

Pol J Radiol 2018 7;83:e183-e188. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Medical University in Lublin, Poland.

Purpose: In the present study, the effectiveness and safety of minimally invasive percutaneous extraction of residual post-cholecystectomy gallstones through the T-tube tract were assessed.

Material And Methods: Between 2000 and 2015, 12 patients (seven women and five men, mean age 78 ± 8 years) after open cholecystectomy with common bile duct exploration and T-tube drainage underwent percutaneous extraction of residual gallstones through the T-tube tract.

Results: The intervention was successful in 92% (11/12). Read More

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https://www.termedia.pl/doi/10.5114/pjr.2018.75811
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pjr.2018.75811DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323596PMC
May 2018
1 Read

IVC Filter Perforation Through the Duodenum.

Intern Med 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Emergency Department, Okayama Saiseikai General Hospital, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2228-18DOI Listing
January 2019

Endoscopic Management of Combined Biliary and Duodenal Obstruction.

Clin Endosc 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Gastroenterology, Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India.

Combined obstruction of the bile duct and duodenum is a common occurrence in periampullary malignancies. The obstruction of gastric outlet or duodenum can follow, occur simultaneously, or precede biliary obstruction. The prognosis in patients with combined obstruction is particularly poor. Read More

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http://www.e-ce.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.5946/ce.2018.102
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5946/ce.2018.102DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Use of Lactobacillus crispatus to produce a probiotic cheese as potential gender food for preventing gynaecological infections.

PLoS One 2019 9;14(1):e0208906. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Cesena, Italy.

This research is aimed to evaluate the suitability of Squacquerone cheese to support the viability of Lactobacillus crispatus BC4, a vaginal strain endowed with a strong antimicrobial activity against urogenital pathogens and foodborne microorganisms, in order to recommend a gender food for woman wellbeing. The viability of L. crispatus BC4, used as adjunct culture, was evaluated during the refrigerated storage of Squacquerone cheese, as well as when the cheese was subjected to simulated stomach-duodenum passage tested by the patented Simulator of the Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208906PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326422PMC
January 2019

Expression of amino acid and sugar transporters, aminopeptidase, and the di- and tri-peptide transporter PepT1; differences between modern fast growing broilers and broilers not selected for rapid growth.

Poult Sci 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, 10300 Baltimore Ave, Beltsville MD 20705.

Within the last 60 yr genetics of broilers have changed to produce rapid growing birds that achieve market weight in 6 wk or less. To investigate the differences in factors that play a role in nutrient processing and uptake between modern fast growing (Ross) and slow growing broilers not selected for growth (ACRBC), a study was carried comparing the expression of 13 genes that encode amino acid transporters (ASCT1, ATBo,+, BoAT, bo, +AT, CAT1, CAT2, EAAT3, γ+LAT1, and LAT1) and sugar transporters (GLUT2 and GLUT5), as well as aminopeptidase (APN) and the di- and tri-peptide transporter PepT1. The growth rate of Ross birds was approximately 4 times greater than that of ACRBCs, and the feed conversion ratio (FCR) was greater in ACRBCs at all-time points measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pey583DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of rate and extent of starch digestion on broiler chicken performance.

Poult Sci 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Saskatchewan, SK S7N5A8, Canada.

Dietary starch with lower rate and extent of digestion improves broiler feed efficiency, but previous results might have been confounded by non-starch components of the grains. Therefore, the objective of this research was to study the effects of starch digestion on broilers using semi-purified starch. Semi-purified wheat (WS, rapidly digested) and pea (PS, slowly digested) starch were combined to create 6 WS:PS ratios (100:0, 80:20, 60:40, 40:60, 20:80, and 0:100) in starter, grower and finisher diets. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ps/advance-article/doi/10.3382/ps/p
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pey580DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Pneumobilia Caused by Blunt Abdominal Trauma.

J Belg Soc Radiol 2019 Jan 2;103(1). Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Cliniques St Pierre Ottignies, BE.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/jbsr.1661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319309PMC
January 2019

Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pneumothorax: Report of two cases and literature review.

JGH Open 2018 Dec 15;2(6):329-332. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences Patna India.

Pneumothorax is a very rare complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Here, we report two cases of pneumothorax following ERCP and sphincterotomy for choledocholithiasis. Patient was treated successfully with laprotomy and repair of a rent in the posterolateral wall of the second portion of duodenum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgh3.12095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308074PMC
December 2018
1 Read

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHRONIC GASTRODUODENITIS IN ADOLESCENTS WITH FOOD HYPERSENSITIVITY.

Georgian Med News 2018 Nov(284):93-97

O. Bogomolets National Medical University, Department of Pediatrics №1, Kyiv; 2SI "Academician O.M. Lukyanova Institute of pediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology of NAMS of Ukraine"; 3National Cancer Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The aim of our work was to evaluate the morphological features of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum in children with chronic diseases of the gastroduodenal zone on the background of food hypersensitivity. Morphological study was conducted for 50 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years who were in inpatient treatment in the gastroenterology department. In order to verify the diagnosis, all children were checked by fibroesophagogastroduodenoscopy of the upper digestive tract with biopsy of the mucous membrane of the stomach antrum and the descending part of the duodenum. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Dietary effects of commercial probiotics on growth performance, digestibility, and intestinal morphometry of broiler chickens.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Institute of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Food Science, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines.

This study compared five commercially available probiotics vis-à-vis antibiotic growth promotant (AGP) supplementation and absence of feed additive based on efficiency, intestinal morphometry, and energy digestibility in improving broiler chicken production. A total of 630 straight run (Cobb) day-old broiler chicks were distributed to seven treatments following a completely randomized design, with ten replicates per treatment and nine birds per replicate per cage. Dietary treatments consisted of basal diet in combination with the following: without probiotics and AGP supplementation (treatment 1); 75 ppm each of chlorotetracycline (CTC) and Zn bacitracin (treatment 2); probiotic A, Bacillus subtilis (treatment 3); probiotic B, Bacillus subtilis (treatment 4); probiotic C, Enterococcus faecium (treatment 5); and probiotic D, Bacillus subtilis (treatment 6); probiotic E, Enterococcus faecium, Bifidobacterium spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-018-01791-0DOI Listing
January 2019

Diagnostic value of the acute angle between the prestenotic and poststenotic duodenum in neonatal annular pancreas.

Eur Radiol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Medical Ultrasonics, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, No. 9 Jin Sui Road, Guangzhou, 510623, China.

Objectives: To analyze the ability of upper gastrointestinal (GI) saline-contrast ultrasound (US) to detect neonatal annular pancreas.

Methods: Sixty-two neonates, who presented duodenal obstruction and were examined by upper GI saline-contrast US before treatment, were retrospectively analyzed and categorized into four groups according to their final diagnosis: group A, annular pancreas (n = 28); group B, duodenal atresia (n = 2); group C, descending duodenal septum (n = 25); and group D, normal (n = 7). The ultrasonic characteristics were analyzed that especially focused on whether the angle between the prestenotic and poststenotic descending duodenum (at or below a derived cutoff) could identify neonatal annular pancreas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5922-0DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Digital tomosynthesis for detection of ingested foreign objects in the emergency department: a case of razor blade ingestion.

Emerg Radiol 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Radiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, 325 9th Ave, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA.

A 46-year-old schizophrenic male presented to the emergency department (ED) after deliberate ingestion of an undetermined number of open razor blades. Abdominal radiograph revealed one razor blade but raised suspicion of a second blade which was subsequently confirmed by digital tomosynthesis (DTS), seen as two razor blades superimposed upon each other placed at slightly different angles. A careful search was made during endoscopy and the two razor blades were retrieved from the stomach and duodenum, respectively. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10140-018-01664-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-018-01664-xDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Histologic diagnosis and grading of esophageal acute graft-versus-host disease.

Virchows Arch 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

3rd Medical Department, Hematology, Oncology and Pneumology, University Medical Center Mainz, Langenbeckstrasse 1, 55101, Mainz, Germany.

Acute intestinal graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a serious threat after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). Although criteria for the histological diagnosis and grading of GvHD are well established for most parts of the gastrointestinal tract, evidence-based criteria have not yet been defined for the esophagus. Here, we evaluated esophageal biopsies obtained from 51 patients who underwent alloHSCT and compared the findings with those within the stomach and duodenum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-018-2507-xDOI Listing
January 2019

Endoscopy-assisted laparoscopic submucosal dissection for a duodenal epithelial tumor.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.

We present the case of a 46-year-old obese woman with a 3.5-cm adenoma in the descending part of the duodenum who was treated with a totally laparoscopic approach. The preoperative examination revealed a pedunculated superficial tumor on the side of pancreas from the inferior duodenal angulus to 5 cm proximal to the papilla that was associated with massive blood flow. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12675DOI Listing
January 2019

Per oral endoscopic tumor (POET) resection for treatment of upper gastrointestinal subepithelial tumors.

Surg Endosc 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Division of Upper GI and Metabolic Surgery, Department of Surgery and State Key Laboratory of Digestive Diseases, Institute of Digestive Disease, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R., The People's Republic of China.

Background: Endoscopic submucosal tunneling has evolved to allow endoscopic resection of subepithelial tumors of gastrointestinal tract without full-thickness perforation. This study aimed to investigate safety and efficacy of submucosal tunnel resection for these tumors.

Method: Patients with subepithelial tumors (SET) located in esophagus, gastric cardia, lesser curvature, and antrum were recruited. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00464-018-06627-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-018-06627-4DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Breast Cancer Resistance Protein and Multidrug Resistance Protein 2 Determine the Disposition of Esculetin-7-O-glucuronide and 4-Methylesculetin-7-O-glucuronide.

Drug Metab Dispos 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Joint Laboratory for Translational Cancer Research of Chinese Medicine of the Ministry of Education;

Esculetin-7-O-glucuronide (ET-G) and 4-Methylesculetin-7-O-glucuronide (4-ME-G) are the main glucuronide of esculetin (ET) and 4-methylesculetin (4-ME), respectively. The disposition mediated by efflux transporters for glucuronide has significant influence on the pharmacokinetic profile and efficacy of bioactive compounds. In the current study, transporter gene knockout mice and Caco-2 cells were used to explore the effects of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) on the disposition of ET-G and 4-ME-G. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/dmd.118.083493DOI Listing
January 2019

Duodenal obstruction induced by retroperitoneal progression of bladder cancer: a report of two cases.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Jan 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Kawaharacho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Bladder cancer usually forms a papillary structure. Progression along the cavity or membranous structures surrounding the bladder, rectum, or retroperitoneum without formation of a discrete mass is rare. We here present two patients with duodenal obstruction caused by retroperitoneal progression of bladder cancer, in both of whom computed tomography revealed bladder and rectal wall thickening with a malignant target sign, thickened mesorectal fascia with abnormal tissue stranding, and increased perirectal fat density. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-018-1874-8DOI Listing
January 2019

Pseudomelanosis intestini "from pylorus to jejunum:" A rare endoscopic finding in a patient with GI bleeding.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Sep-Oct;7(5):1120-1122

Department of Gastroenterology, Providence-Providence Park Hospital, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Southfield, Michigan, USA.

Pseudomelanosis of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a rare condition used to describe the accumulation of pigment deposits in the intestinal mucosa. Its underlying cause is not well understood. It has been described in association with gastrointestinal hemorrhage, chronic kidney disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and medications such as hydralazine, ferrous sulfate, and furosemide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_53_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259497PMC
January 2019

Silent colonic perforation and enterocutaneous fistula by a ball point pen 13 years after ingestion in a patient with schizophrenia.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Sep-Oct;7(5):1093-1095

Department of Surgery, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Patients with mental illness do not get medical and surgical attention as required. Here is a case of poor, unemployed gentleman with an ulcer which was carefully evaluated and treated appropriately. The presentation is novel in many other ways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_132_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259548PMC
January 2019

Bypassing major venous occlusion and duodenal lesions in rats, and therapy with the stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157, L-NAME and L-arginine.

World J Gastroenterol 2018 Dec;24(47):5366-5378

Department of Pharmacology, Medical Faculty, University of Zagreb, Zagreb 10000, Croatia.

Aim: To investigate whether duodenal lesions induced by major venous occlusions can be attenuated by BPC 157 regardless nitric oxide (NO) system involvement.

Methods: Male Wistar rats underwent superior anterior pancreaticoduodenal vein (SAPDV)-ligation and were treated with a bath at the ligated SAPDV site (BPC 157 10 μg, 10 ng/kg per 1 mL bath/rat; L-NAME 5 mg/kg per 1 mL bath/rat; L-arginine 100 mg/kg per 1 mL bath/rat, alone and/or together; or BPC 157 10 μg/kg instilled into the rat stomach, at 1 min ligation-time). We recorded the vessel presentation (filled/appearance or emptied/disappearance) between the 5 arcade vessels arising from the SAPDV on the ventral duodenum side, the inferior anterior pancreaticoduodenal vein (IAPDV) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) as bypassing vascular pathway to document the duodenal lesions presentation; increased NO- and oxidative stress [malondialdehyde (MDA)]-levels in duodenum. Read More

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https://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v24/i47/5366.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v24.i47.5366DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305534PMC
December 2018
4 Reads
2.369 Impact Factor

Growth performance and intestinal morphology of Hyline chickens fed diets with different diet particle sizes.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China.

The effect of feed particle size on the growth performance and intestinal morphology of Hyline chickens was studied. Sixty one-day-old chickens were randomly assigned into two groups with five replicates per group and six chickens per replicate. The control group (CG) was fed pelleted feed and the experimental group (EG) was fed crumbled feed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.13046DOI Listing
December 2018

Limited shedding of an S-InDel strain of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in semen and questions regarding the infectivity of the detected virus.

Vet Microbiol 2019 Jan 11;228:20-25. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Anses, Laboratory of Ploufragan/Plouzané, BP53, 22440, Ploufragan, France; Université Bretagne Loire, 35000, Rennes, France. Electronic address:

PEDV is mainly transmitted by the oro-fecal route although PEDV shedding in semen has already been shown for an S-non-InDel PEDV strain infection. The aim of this study was to determine if PEDV can be shed in semen from SPF (specific pathogens free) boars infected by a French S-InDel PEDV strain (PEDV/FR/001/2014) and in case of positive semen to determine the infectivity of that semen. Both infected boars had diarrhea after inoculation and shed virus in feces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.09.025DOI Listing
January 2019

Effects of coccidial vaccination and dietary antimicrobial alternatives on the growth performance, internal organ development, and intestinal morphology of Eimeria-challenged male broilers.

Poult Sci 2018 Dec 22. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, 39762.

Effects of the coccidial vaccination and dietary antimicrobial alternatives on growth performance, internal organ development, and intestinal morphology of male broilers subjected to an Eimeria challenge were determined. A total of 1,120 one d-old Ross × Ross 708 male broilers were randomly distributed to 80 floor pens (10 treatments, 8 replication pens/treatment, and 14 chicks/pen). A 2 × 5 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to determine the main and interaction effects of the coccidial vaccination (vaccinated or non-vaccinated) and the dietary additive [1) corn and soybean-meal basal diet, 2) basal diet + antimicrobials (bacitracin and salinomycin), 3) basal diet + probiotics (3 Bacillus subtilis strains), 4) basal diet + prebiotics (mannan-oligosaccharides and β-glucans), and 5) basal diet + probiotics + prebiotics]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pey552DOI Listing
December 2018
1.672 Impact Factor

Endoscopy for treating minor post-cholecystectomy biliary fistula A review of the literature.

Ann Ital Chir 2018 Jun 25;7. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Aim: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallstone disease is the most common surgical procedures performed in Western countries and bile leaks remain a significant cause of morbidity. A recognized treatment for minor biliary injury is internal biliary decompression by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of endoscopic strategy in the management of minor biliary injuries. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

A primary retroperitoneal anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma with tumor thrombosis.

Onco Targets Ther 2018 12;11:9007-9011. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of General Surgery, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China,

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a T cell subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Typically, lymphoma rarely infiltrates vascular structure. In this article, we present a case of retroperitoneal ALK-positive ALCL with splenic venous tumor thrombosis. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/a-primary-retroperitoneal-anaplast
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S183298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296199PMC
December 2018
4 Reads
1.342 Impact Factor

Feasibility of Laparoscopic Combined Para-Orthotopic Pancreas and Orthotopic Kidney Transplantation: Initial Research with a Pig Model.

Ann Transplant 2018 Dec 27;23:879-887. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Institute of Urology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of laparoscopic combined para-orthotopic pancreas and orthotopic kidney transplantation in a pig model. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twelve white female pigs, (4-5 months old, weight range 40-45 kg) were used as donors and recipients, and 6 laparoscopic-combined pancreas and kidney transplantations were performed. After bilateral nephrectomy, the pancreatic artery and vein were anastomosed to the right renal artery and vein, respectively, and the pancreatic fluid was diverted to the duodenum or jejunum. Read More

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https://www.annalsoftransplantation.com/abstract/index/idArt
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AOT.913221DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

[A Case of Mixed Adenoneuroendocrine Carcinoma(MANEC)of the Duodenum with Rapid Liver Metastases after Pancreatoduodenectomy].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(12):1747-1750

Dept. of Surgery, Kumamoto Chuo Hospital.

A 62-year-old man presented at our hospitalwith generalfatigue and tarry stool. Gastrointestinalendoscopy revealed a tumor in the first portion of the duodenum. Histologically, biopsy specimens indicated adenocarcinoma, and a subtotal stomach- preserving pancreatoduodenectomy was performed. Read More

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December 2018

Age-related changes in the gut microbiota of the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus).

Microbiologyopen 2018 Dec 25:e778. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China.

The composition of the intestinal microbial community may vary across developmental stages. In this study, we explored how this microbial community shifted along the intestinal tract of the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) at various ages. Next-generation sequencing was used to sequence the bacterial 16S rRNA gene from different kind of samples, including the stomach, duodenum, ileum, and rectum. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mbo3.778
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mbo3.778DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The impact of Bacillus subtilis 18 isolated from Tibetan yaks on growth performance and gut microbial community in mice.

Microb Pathog 2018 Dec 21;128:153-161. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, PR China; College of Animals Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Tibet Agricultural and Animal Husbandry University, Linzhi, Tibet, 860000, PR China. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Bacillus subtilis 18 (BS-18) isolated from free-ranging Tibetan yaks in high altitude regions of Tibet (3600 m) on growth performance and gut microbial community in mice. In this study, mice (15-day-old) were used as an animal model and raised under standard conditions. A total of 20 KM mice were divided equally into two groups: control group (feed and drink freely), experimental group (feed and drink freely + 1 × 10 CFU/day BS-18). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2018.12.031DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read