113,831 results match your criteria Duodenal Ulcers
Dig Endosc 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Upper GI and Metabolic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Institute of Digestive Disease.
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is technically challenging due to lack of depth perception. This report investigated effect of 3D endoscope for ESD and translate the technique from bench to clinical. In preclinical porcine experiment, the performance of ESD using 3D endoscope was compared between experienced and novice endoscopist. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13466
Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Jichi Medical University Hospital.
Little is known concerning the prognostic significance of the degree of lymphatic vessel invasion in pancreatic head cancer. To address this gap in knowledge, we retrospectively examined 60 patients with locally advanced, surgically resectable pancreatic head cancer who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy and lymph node (LN) dissection.All cases were histopathologically diagnosed as ductal adenocarcinoma, stage II (25 pT3N0 cases, 35 pT3N1 cases). Read More
Poult Sci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Adaptation Physiology Group, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, NL-6700AH Wageningen, the Netherlands.
The current study aimed to investigate whether diet density affects growth performance and nutrient digestion during the first wk after hatch and digestive organ weight at 7 d of age. Effects were studied using a dose-response design consisting of 5 dietary fat levels (3.5, 7. Read More
Poult Sci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.
There is limited information on the effects of enteric pathogen on bone quality in rapidly growing broiler chicks. We examined tibia and femur attributes (length, diameter, relative weight of ash content [AC] to the BW, ash concentration [AP]) and serum bone-turnover markers including receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) for resorption, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) for mineralization, and selected serum metabolites in 14-day-old broilers challenged with Eimeria. A total of 160 (80 males and 80 females) 1-day-old Ross × Ross 708 chicks were used. Read More
Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018 ;61(3):111-113
Department of Medicine E, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.
Duodenal Switch procedure is a type of bariatric surgery that was reserved for severely morbid obese people. Patients undergoing this procedure are at high risk for nutrient deficiencies. In this report we present a case of a patient who had developed polyneuropathy, generalized muscle weakness, Wernicke encephalopathy, myocardial dysfunction and pericardial effusion six years following this operation. Read More
J Virol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), a member of the group of alphacoronaviruses, is the pathogen of a highly contagious gastrointestinal swine disease. The elucidation of the events associated with the intestinal epithelial response to PEDV infection has been limited by the absence of good porcine intestinal models that recapitulate the multicellular complexity of the gastrointestinal tract. Here, we generated swine enteroids from the intestinal crypt stem cells of the duodenum, jejunum, or ileum, and found that the generated enteroids are able to satisfactorily recapitulate the complicated intestinal epithelium and are susceptible to infection by PEDV. Read More
Neuromodulation 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.
Background/aims: Patients with gastroparesis often have biliary/pancreatic and small bowel symptoms but the effects of gastric electrical stimulation on small bowel electrical activity of the mid-gut have not been studied. Animal model aim: Establish gastric and upper small bowel/biliary slow wave activity relationships with electrical stimulation. Human study aim: Demonstrate improvement in symptoms associated with proximal small bowel dysmotility in gastric stimulated patients. Read More
Environ Toxicol Chem 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A8, Canada.
Previous studies have suggested that understanding soil metal speciation, rather than relying solely on total metal content, can improve the accuracy and utility of contaminated site risk assessments. Since soil properties and reaction time can alter metal speciation, then speciation should influence metal bioaccessibility. For example, under gastrointestinal conditions, it is expected that metal species will differ in bioaccessibility depending upon their stability in acidic pH environments. Read More
Front Pediatr 2018 20;6:355. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Pediatric Department, Anna Meyer Children's Hospital, Florence, Italy.
Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a systemic vasculitis, commonly affecting children. Gastrointestinal manifestations are observed in 50-75% of patients; it is well known they may occur before skin lesions in about 20% of cases during the first vasculitic episode. Relapses occur in about one third of patients, typically within 4 months from the initial presentation and with milder symptoms. Read More
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne 2018 Dec 30;13(4):542-545. Epub 2018 May 30.
Department of Digestive Surgery, Amiens University Hospital, Amiens, France.
Management of a perforated duodenal ulcer is most commonly performed by laparoscopy and consists of suture of the perforation after performing lavage of the peritoneal cavity. In most cases, a flap is created, and an omental flap is usually the preferred choice because of its simplicity and its proximity to the site of duodenal perforation. However, in some cases, the greater omentum cannot be used due to the severity of peritonitis or due to previous surgical removal. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 22;9:2624. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Sean N. Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is an emerging treatment for food allergy. While desensitization is achieved in most subjects, many experience gastrointestinal symptoms and few develop eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease. It is unclear whether these subjects have subclinical gastrointestinal eosinophilia (GE) at baseline. Read More
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1220, Université Paul Sabatier, UPS, Institut de Recherche en Santé Digestive et Nutrition (IRSD), CHU Purpan, Place du Docteur Baylac, CS 60039, 31024, Toulouse Cedex 3, France.
Bisphenol S, an industrial chemical, has raised concerns for both human and ecosystem health. Yet, health hazards posed by bisphenol S (BPS) exposure remain poorly studied. Compared to all tissues, the intestine and the liver are among the most affected by environmental endocrine disruptors. Read More
Asian J Surg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.
To clarify the anatomic concept of Toldt fascia, based on the literature review and the surgical anatomic dissection using laparoscopic or robotic approach. We undertook review of the historic literature and surgical videos from 250 patients with colorectal cancer operated on laparoscopically or robotically to discuss the surgical implications of Toldt fascia in complete mesocolic excision for colon cancer. Toldt fascia, sandwiched by the overlying mesothelial layer of the mesocolon and underlying mesothelial layer of the retroperitoneum, comprised loose fibrous tissues with minute vessels inside, and was contiguous from the ileocecal mesentery radix to the upper rectum. Read More
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;47(12):941-944
Department of Pathology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.
To investigate the clinicopathological features of gangliocytic paraganglioma(GP). Clinical data and pathological diagnosis of the 4 cases of GP were obtained through the medical record inquiry from January 2011 to December 2017 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Routine HE staining and immunohistochemistry of CKpan, Syn, CgA, CD56, NSE and NF were performed. Read More
Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):309-314. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Cobalamin is a member of the B-group of vitamins and a cofactor for metabolic processes like nucleic acid synthesis, amino acid synthesis, and the citric acid cycle. Mammals are unable to synthesize cobalamin and therefore rely on adequate food intake. Cobalamin absorption is a complex process in the stomach, duodenum, and ileum, requiring a functional exocrine pancreas. Read More
Digestion 2018 Dec 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hematology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan.
Background/aims: Behçet's disease (BD) with intestinal lesions and Crohn's disease (CD) share clinical features. However, no report has compared the 2 diseases with regard to lesions of the upper gastrointestinal tract (UGT). We aimed to evaluate endoscopic and histologic findings of UGT in CD and BD. Read More
Diabetes Ther 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Divisions of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medizinische Universitat Graz, Graz, Austria.
Introduction: A 60-cm endoscopically implantable duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (Endobarrier™, GI Dynamics, Lexington, MA, USA) has been introduced as a therapeutic option to support weight loss for a selected group of obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The sleeve prevents contact between chyme and the intestinal mucosa of the upper gastrointestinal tract. The primary aim of this study is to elucidate the changes in insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function after EndoBarrier™ implantation in obese patients with T2DM; changes in gut permeability and gut microbiome are also to be examined. Read More
Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Dec 20;52(6):473-474. Epub 2018 Oct 20.
2Department of Gastroenterology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Groove pancreatitis is a rare form of chronic pancreatitis that affects the groove area adjacent to the second part of the duodenum. Clinical and biochemical features often overlap with other subsets of chronic pancreatitis, while the imaging features resemble that of carcinoma of the head of pancreas. We present a 38-year-old man with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and loss of weight who underwent F-FDG PET/CT to rule out a pancreatic malignancy. Read More
Int J Obes (Lond) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Unit for Multidisciplinary Research in Biomedicine (UMIB), Endocrine, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
Background/objective: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is the most effective bariatric intervention to treat morbid obesity and related disorders. Single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is a new bariatric procedure devised with the purpose of simplifying the complexity of the BPD-DS technique while maintaining its efficacy. However, whether BPD-DS and SADI-S result in similar fasting and post-prandial hormone profiles has not yet been studied. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2011 Apr 13;3(2):e103-e105. Epub 2011 Jan 13.
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine, 6-20-2 Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan.
An 81-year-old woman on anticoagulant therapy after mechanical heart valve replacement was admitted because of acute aortic dissection. Anticoagulant therapy had to be continued with heparin even after admission. Gastrointestinal hemorrhage occurred suddenly and she developed hemorrhagic shock. Read More
Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Dec 10:e13523. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Brazil.
Background: Toxoplasma gondii infection can occur through the ingestion of raw meat that contains tissue cysts or food that contains oocysts. Through the ingestion of oocysts, the parasite crosses the intestinal barrier, where the enteric nervous system is located. The objective was to investigate the kinetics of neuronal and glial responses during acute T. Read More
J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2018 Dec 10:e22261. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.
Novel substituted thiophene derivatives (1, 2a-e, 3, and 4) were synthesized and their structures were characterized by infrared radiation, nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass analysis. These novel substituted thiophene derivatives were effective inhibitor compounds of the carbonic anhydrase I and II isozymes (hCA I and II), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzyme with K values in the range of 447.28 to 1004. Read More
Dig Endosc 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Saiseikai Kanazawa Hospital, Kanazawa, Japan.
An 81-year-old woman presented with occasional mild abdominal pain and diarrhea. Computed tomography revealed a large tumor in the stomach and duodenum (Figure 1). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a gastric volvulus (Figure 2) and invagination of the head of the tumor into the duodenum (Figure 2). Read More
Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2018 Dec 22;7(3):445-449. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados en Salud Animal, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, Mexico.
(Cringoli and Quesada 1991) (Protozoa, Apicomplexa, Eimeriidae) is reported and described from captive canaries forma (Linnaeus 1758) in Mexico. The oöcysts are subspherical, 25.5 × 23. Read More
Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (11):66-67
Chair of faculty-based surgery #2, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.
The article presents the outcome in patient with duodenal congenital abnormality caused by defective intrauterine rotation of the intestinal tube with premature turn of back intestine. Read More
Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (11):39-43
Chair of Faculty-Based Surgery of the Volgograd State Medical University, Volgograd, Russia.
Aim: To improve the outcomes in patients with perforated duodenal ulcers.
Material And Methods: Cohort study included 456 patients with perforated duodenal ulcer. High risk of mortality was determined in 9% of patients (n=40) considering Boey diagnostic criteria (1982, 1987). Read More
Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (11):31-34
Pirogov Samara City Clinical Hospital #1, Samara, Russia.
Peritonitis due to perforated duodenal ulcer was taken as a model. Patients were conditionally divided into three groups depending on the time after perforation: 6-12, 13-24 and over 24 hours. Analysis of microflora and pH of abdominal exudate was performed immediately after laparotomy. Read More
J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Shock Trauma Centre, University of Maryland.
Introduction: The operative management of duodenal trauma remains controversial. Our hypothesis is that a simplified operative approach could lead to better outcomes.
Methods: We conducted an international multicenter study, involving thirteen centers. Read More
Pancreas 2019 Jan;48(1):131-134
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York.
Our group observed the first case of synchronous gastric neuroendocrine tumor (NET) and duodenal gastrinoma with autoimmune chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), in the absence of Helicobacter pylori infection. Demographic, clinical, endoscopic, and pathologic data were abstracted from the electronic medical record at Mount Sinai Hospital from 2013 to 2015. The patient's anonymity was carefully protected, and informed consent was obtained for publication of protected health information. Read More
J Clin Invest 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Hepcidin is the master regulator of iron metabolism. It plays a key role in the regulation of iron transport across the duodenal epithelium, which in turn is dependent on the oxygen-regulated transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α). In this issue of the JCI, Schwartz and colleagues show that duodenal HIF-2α is itself regulated by hepcidin, thereby indicating that this transcription factor is not only regulated by oxygen, but also by iron. Read More
Ultrason Sonochem 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China; Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Quality Science and Processing Technology in Special Starch, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China; China-Ireland International Cooperation Centre for Food Material Science and Structure Design, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China. Electronic address:
Complex starch is gaining research attention due to its unique physicochemical and functional properties. Lotus seed starch (LS) suspensions (6.7%, w/v) with added green tea polyphenols (GTPs) (10%, w/w) were subjected to ultrasound (200-1000 W)-microwave (150-225 W) (UM) treatment for 15 min. Read More
J Surg Res 2019 Feb 27;234:13-19. Epub 2018 Sep 27.
Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri. Electronic address:
Background: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) results from extensive bowel resection. Patients with SBS require total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for survival. Understanding mechanisms contributing to TPN-associated liver injury and gut atrophy are critical in developing SBS therapies. Read More
Br Poult Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
a Department of Animal and Rangeland Sciences , Oregon State University , Corvallis , OR 97331.
Flaxseed is a rich source of α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3 n-3). Feeding flaxseed to hens can increase n-3 fatty acids (FA) in eggs. However, non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) in flaxseed decrease nutrient digestibility and can have a negative impact on egg n-3 FA incorporation. Read More
J Phys Chem B 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
The pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (Pdx1) is an essential pancreatic transcription factor. The C-terminal intrinsically disordered domain of Pdx1 (Pdx1-C) has a heavily biased amino acid composition; most notably, 18 of 83 residues are proline, including a hexa-proline cluster near the middle of the chain. For these reasons, Pdx1-C is an attractive target for structure characterization, given the availability of suitable methods. Read More
Surg Case Rep 2018 Dec 5;4(1):140. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Shizuoka Cancer Center, 1007, Shimo-Nagakubo, Sunto-Nagaizumi, Shizuoka, 4118777, Japan.
Background: No reports have so far described arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the pancreas caused by a tumor. We herein report a case of pancreatoduodenectomy for a patient who developed duodenal hemorrhage due to AVM developed around serous cystic neoplasm (SCN) of the pancreas.
Case Presentation: A 79-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of anemia (Hb 7. Read More
Front Integr Neurosci 2018 21;12:57. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
The John B. Pierce Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States.
In most species, including humans, food preference is primarily controlled by nutrient value. In particular, glucose-containing sugars exert exquisitely strong effects on food choice via gut-generated signals. However, the identity of the visceral signals underlying glucose's rewarding effects remains uncertain. Read More
Gen Comp Endocrinol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Agricultural University, No. 61 Daizong Street, Taian, 271018, PR China. Electronic address:
Ghrelin, one of the most important appetite regulating peptides, is involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis. The anorexia effect of ghrelin in chickens is contrary to that of ghrelin in mammals. In the present study, the effects of feeding status and dietary energy level on plasma total ghrelin levels and expression were studied in broilers. Read More
Cell J 2019 Apr 18;21(1):49-56. Epub 2018 Nov 18.
The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran. Electronic
Objective: Fast Free-of-Acrylamide Clearing Tissue (FACT) is a recently developed protocol for the whole tissue three-dimensional (3D) imaging. The FACT protocol clears lipids using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to increase the penetration of light and reflection of fluorescent signals from the depth of cleared tissue. The aim of the present study was using FACT protocol in combination with imaging of auto-fluorescency of red blood cells in vessels to image the vasculature of a translucent mouse tissues. Read More
VideoGIE 2018 Dec 22;3(12):375-377. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Endoscopy, Shonan Fujisawa Tokushukai Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.
mSystems 2018 Nov-Dec;3(6). Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Universität Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.
Clinical interventions in the stomach have been linked to fecal microbiota alterations, suggesting a function of the stomach in gastrointestinal (GI) homeostasis. We sought to determine the taxonomic bacterial biogeography of the upper GI tract, including different sites within the human stomach (cardia, corpus, and antrum), adjacent upstream (esophagus) and downstream (duodenum) locations, and luminal contents (aspirate), as well as whole-stomach samples from mice and gerbils. Qualitative and quantitative DNA- and RNA-based taxonomic microbiota analyses were combined to study the relationship of relative and absolute bacterial abundances and transcriptionally active bacterial microbiota components in the stomach of humans and mice. Read More
Endosc Int Open 2018 Dec 23;6(12):E1395-E1397. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Hopital Avicenne, Department of Gastroenterology, Bobigny, France.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with a preexisting duodenal stent is particularly challenging and has a low success rate. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) has been increasingly used as an alternative to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage after failed ERCP. EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CD) and EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) have been reported to have similar efficacity. Read More
J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):871-874
Multiple Organ Transplant Center, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Periampullary carcinoma includes neoplasms arising from head of pancreas, distal common bile duct, duodenum and ampulla of Vater. We report a case of a 41-year-old male, medically free who presented to our hospital as a case of obstructive jaundice, weight loss, headache and blurred vision. Clinical evaluation revealed memory loss and ataxia. Read More
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Inflammation and Immunity, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA; Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition, Digestive Diseases and Surgery Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Background & Aims: Little is know about the effects of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) for strictures of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). We performed a pooled analysis of the efficacy and safety of EBD for UGI CD-associated strictures.
Methods: We searched the EMBASE, Medline and Cochrane library, as well as bibliographies of relevant articles, for cohort studies of adults with CD and strictures of the stomach, or duodenum (up to the ligament of Treitz) who underwent EBD through December 2016. Read More
Neuropeptides 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Histology and Embryology, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.
Stress increases the apelin content in gut, while exogenous peripheral apelin has been shown to induce cholecystokinin (CCK) release. The present study was designed to elucidate (i) the effect of acute stress on enteric production of apelin and CCK, (ii) the role of APJ receptors in apelin-induced CCK release depending on the nutritional status. CCK levels were assayed in portal vein blood samples obtained from stressed (ARS) and non-stressed (NS) rats previously injected with APJ receptor antagonist F13A or vehicle. Read More
J Visc Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Service de chirurgie générale, viscérale et endocrinienne, Pierre et Marie Curie Sorbonne universités (Paris 6), CHU de Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:
Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 Nov 22;14(11):1783-1784. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.