4,229 results match your criteria Dumping Syndrome


Acute and chronic effects of paracetamol exposure on Daphnia magna: how oxidative effects may modulate responses at distinct levels of organization in a model species.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal.

The modern usage of pharmaceutical drugs has led to a progressive increase in their presence and environment concentrations, particularly in the aquatic compartment which is the most common final dumping location for this specific class of chemicals. These substances, due to their chemical and biological properties, can exert mostly uncharacterized toxic effects to non-target aquatic species, given the diverse pathways they activate, and the large number of putative targets in the wild. Among drugs in the environment, paracetamol assumes a leading role, considering its widespread therapeutic use and consequently, environmental presence. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence and pathophysiology of early dumping in patients after primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass during a mixed-meal tolerance test.

Authors:
Ann M Rogers

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine Department of Surgery, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

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October 2018

Construction debris becomes growing concern of growing cities.

Waste Manag 2019 Jan 1;83:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

School of Civil Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China; School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia. Electronic address:

How can growing cities be expanded in a sustainable way? Huge waste generation has become a major challenge in many growing cities, particularly in developing countries. China's annual C&D waste generation was and estimated 2.4 billion tonnes in the past decade, which is 15 times more than municipal solid waste generation. Read More

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January 2019

Plastic Pirates sample litter at rivers in Germany - Riverside litter and litter sources estimated by schoolchildren.

Environ Pollut 2018 Nov 13;245:545-557. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica del Norte, Coquimbo, Chile; Millennium Nucleus Ecology and Sustainable Management of Oceanic Islands (ESMOI), Coquimbo, Chile; Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA), Coquimbo, Chile. Electronic address:

Rivers are an important source of marine anthropogenic litter, but the particular origins of riverine litter itself have not been well established. Here we used a citizen science approach where schoolchildren examined litter at riversides and identified possible sources at over 250 sampling spots along large and small rivers in Germany, during autumn 2016 and spring 2017. Litter densities have an overall median of 0. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Standard setting for a novel esophageal conduit questionnaire: CONDUIT Report Card.

J Patient Rep Outcomes 2018 Oct 24;2(1):51. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: The purpose of this study was to establish the clinical thresholds for five domains (dysphagia, reflux, dumping-hypoglycemia, dumping-GI symptoms, pain) to support the use of the CONDUIT questionnaire as a screening tool to identify patients who might benefit from an educational or clinical intervention.

Methods: A panel of 16 experts met to develop descriptions of "poor," "moderate," and "good" conduit performance. They were trained to use the modified and extended Angoff standard-setting method. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) from municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in the Philippines: Rapid review and assessment.

Waste Manag 2018 Oct 1;80:397-405. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Environmental and Natural Resources (DENR), Visayas Avenue, Diliman, 1100 Quezon City, Philippines.

Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is considered one of the serious environmental issues in the Philippines, with corresponding linkages to the climate change and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, methane (CH) linked with indiscriminate dumping of municipal solid waste has received the much attention with regard to public health and climate change. The impacts of black carbon (BC) are less documented and understood. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Ineffective waste site closures in Brazil: A systematic review on continuing health conditions and occupational hazards of waste collectors.

Waste Manag 2018 Oct 5;80:26-39. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

University of Brasilia, Department of Public Health of the Faculty of Ceilandia, Brasilia, Brasil.

There are approximately 15 million people engaged in waste collection or recycling activities in the world. Some of these dump sites are informal and people work in environments that are labor-intensive, unregulated, unregistered, low-paid, unrecorded, and environmentally hazardous. A systematic review was conducted to assess consequential health conditions and occupational risks that affect waste collectors in Brazil. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Diagnosis and treatment of chronic abdominal pain 5 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 Oct 14;14(10):1544-1551. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Department of Endocrinology, Morbid Obesity and Preventive Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Department of Pain Management and Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Knowledge of optimal diagnostic workup, etiology, and response to treatment of chronic abdominal pain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is limited.

Objective: To define the etiology of chronic abdominal pain presenting at the 5-year follow-up after RYGB and to evaluate response to treatment.

Setting: Oslo University Hospital (tertiary referral center for obesity surgery). Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Vertical distribution of heavy metals in seawater column during IBA construction in land reclamation - Re-exploration of a large-scale field trial experiment.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 2;654:356-364. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Civil Engineering, 23 College Walk, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia. Electronic address:

Data from large-scale field trial experiments simulating the application of incineration bottom ash (IBA) for land reclamation were re-explored, to understand the spot-specific leaching characteristics and re-adsorption of heavy metals associated with various reclamation scenarios. Data showed that IBA leaching changed significantly as a function of seawater depth rather than time. The application of a chute had a minor effect on the total metal leached amounts; however, it would magnify the gradient of leaching concentrations across depths. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Dysregulated glucose homeostasis in congenital central hypoventilation syndrome.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec;31(12):1325-1333

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Lady Cilento Children's Hospital, South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder of autonomic control. A hypoglycaemic seizure in a 4-year-old girl with CCHS led to a more detailed examination of glycaemic control in a cohort of children with CCHS. Methods We conducted an observational cohort study of glucose homeostasis in seven children (3 months to 12 years) with genetically confirmed CCHS using a combination of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), fasting studies and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Prevalence and pathophysiology of early dumping in patients after primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass during a mixed-meal tolerance test.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, Heelkunde Friesland Groep, Medical Center Leeuwarden, Leewarden, the Netherlands; Department of Endocrinology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Background: Early dumping is a poorly defined and incompletely understood complication after Roux-en-Y gastric (RYGB).

Objective: We performed a mixed-meal tolerance test in patients after RYGB to address the prevalence of early dumping and to gain further insight into its pathophysiology.

Setting: The study was conducted in a regional hospital in the northern part of the Netherlands. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Tailored One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass: 3-Year Outcomes of 94 Patients.

Obes Surg 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

First Propaedeutic Surgical Clinic, Hippocratio Athens General Hospital, Athens Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 114 Vassilissis Sophias Avenue, 115 27, Athens, Greece.

Background: One anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) claims its place among bariatric operations, proving itself a safe and effective procedure.

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data regarding 94 patients who underwent surgery in a single surgical unit. Tailoring of the biliopancreatic limb length decided upon preoperative BMI was applied. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Use of water quality index and multivariate statistical techniques for the assessment of spatial variations in water quality of a small river.

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Nov 13;190(12):718. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Environmental Impact and Sustainability Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nehru Marg, Nagpur, 440020, India.

Rapid urban development has led to a critical negative impact on water bodies flowing in and around urban areas. In the present study, 25 physiochemical and biological parameters have been studied on water samples collected from the entire section of a small river originating and ending within an urban area. This study envisaged to assess the water quality status of river body and explore probable sources of pollution in the river. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Assessment of methane emissions and energy recovery potential from the municipal solid waste landfills of Delhi, India.

Bioresour Technol 2019 Jan 27;272:611-615. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, India. Electronic address:

Rising rate of MSW generation and unscientific disposal in the open dumping sites are responsible for emission of high concentrations of methane in developing countries. IPCC Default method (DM), First-order decay (FOD) and LandGEM were used to estimate methane emissions from the unengineered landfill sites of Delhi-Okhla, Bhalswa and Ghazipur between 1984 and 2015. During the period, the total CH emissions was found to be 1288. Read More

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January 2019

Microbial diversity and antibiotic resistance in a final effluent-receiving lake.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 6;650(Pt 2):2951-2961. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Wastewater treatment plants have been recognised as hotspots for antibiotic resistance genes and antibiotic-resistant bacteria which enter the environment. However, the persistence of these genes and bacteria in receiving ecosystems remains poorly understood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of final effluent release on microbial diversity and the antibiotic resistance gene pool in a final effluent-receiving lake. Read More

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February 2019
3 Reads

Patient Dumping Is Still a Problem.

Authors:
Fran Kritz

Am J Nurs 2018 Nov;118(11):16-17

Nurse-led transitional care may be one solution. Read More

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November 2018

Electronic Waste Governance under "One Country, Two Systems": Hong Kong and Mainland China.

Authors:
Natalie W M Wong

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Oct 24;15(11). Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Public Policy, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

China is one of the largest e-waste dumping sites in the world, and Hong Kong, a semi-autonomous territory in China, is also affected by illegal e-waste disposal and transfer. While the Chinese government implemented a waste import ban in January 2018, Hong Kong has not enforced Chinese policies under the "One Country, Two Systems" framework. Drawing on a policy network approach, this paper provides an explanatory framework for e-waste governance in Hong Kong and China, and identifies the major obstacles to shaping effective transboundary e-waste control and prevention. Read More

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October 2018

Heavy Metal Exposure Alters the Uptake Behavior of 16 Priority Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by Pak Choi ( Brassica chinensis L.).

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Nov 29;52(22):13457-13468. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

School of Environment , Tsinghua University , Beijing 100084 , P.R. China.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals (HMs) are predominant pollutants normally coexisting at electronic waste dumping sites or in agricultural soils irrigated with wastewater. The accumulation of PAHs and HMs in food crops has become a major concern for food security. This study explored the hydroponic uptake of 16 priority PAHs and 5 HMs (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn) by pak choi ( Brassica chinensis L. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads
5.330 Impact Factor

Characterization of the role of phosphogypsum foam in the transport of metals and radionuclides in the Southern Mediterranean Sea.

J Hazard Mater 2019 Feb 2;363:258-267. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Géosciences Environnement Toulouse (GET), Université de Toulouse, UMR 5563 CNRS/UPS/IRD/CNES, 14 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France.

The Gabes Gulf had received huge quantities of phosphogypsum discharged from fertilizer plants. Dumping phosphogypsum in coastal waters leads to the formation of foam layers which can float on the surface and be passively transported to distant areas. This is the first attempt at geochemical and mineralogical characterization of these industrial foams in order to understand their role in the dynamic and behavior of contaminants in marine environment. Read More

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February 2019
5 Reads

Patient-reported outcome domains for the esophageal CONDUIT report card: a prospective trial to establish domains.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2018 Oct 10;16(1):197. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Background: Health-related quality of life (QoL) deteriorates immediately after esophagectomy. Patients may benefit from periodic assessments to detect increased morbidity on the basis of subjective self-reports. Using input from patients and health care providers, we developed a brief prototype for the esophageal conduit questionnaire (Mayo Clinic Esophageal Conduit Outcomes Noting Dysphagia/Dumping, and Unknown outcomes with Intermittent symptoms over Time after esophageal reconstruction [CONDUIT] Report Card) and previously used it in comparative research. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Thyasira tokunagai as an ecological indicator for the quality of sediment and benthic communities in the East Sea-Byeong, Korea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2018 Oct 14;135:873-879. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Research Center, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Ansan 15627, Republic of Korea.

The biomass and abundance of molluscan species were identified to evaluate the ecological quality of the surface sediment at the East Sea-Byeong ocean dumping site, Korea. To identify the dominant molluscan species, sediment samples were collected at nine selected stations during five expeditions in 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015. In total, 16 molluscan species, including Aplacophora, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, and Scaphopoda, were observed. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Dumping to the abyss: single-use marine litter invading bathyal plains of the Sardinian margin (Tyrrhenian Sea).

Mar Pollut Bull 2018 Oct 11;135:845-851. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Dipartimento di Scienze della vita e dell'ambiente, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Via Tommaso Fiorelli 1, 09126 Cagliari, Italy.

This study reports data on benthic litter abundance, composition and distribution obtained during deep-sea trawl surveys conducted along the Sardinian continental margin down to the bathyal plain, at depths comprised from 740 to 1740 m. None of the investigated sites was litter free. Density ranged from a minimum of 4 to a maximum of >1300 litter items per km, with a mean value of 258 ± 59 items. Read More

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October 2018

Bioaccumulation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and its metabolites leaking from corroded munition in transplanted blue mussels (M. edulis).

Mar Pollut Bull 2018 Oct 24;135:1072-1078. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Institute of Toxicology and Pharmacology for Natural Scientists, University Medical School Schleswig-Holstein, Brunswiker Str. 10, 24105 Kiel, Germany.

Bioaccumulation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and its main metabolites 2-amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene (2-ADNT) and 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene (4-ADNT) leaking from corroded munitions at a munitions dumping site (Kolberger Heide, Germany) was evaluated in transplanted blue mussels (Mytilus edulis). Six moorings with mussel bags were placed east and west at varying positions near the mine mound. In order to monitor any differences resulting from changing seasons, three exposure times were chosen. Read More

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October 2018

Plant Physiology: One Way to Dump Salt.

Authors:
Colin Brownlee

Curr Biol 2018 Oct;28(19):R1145-R1147

Marine Biological Association, the Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK. Electronic address:

Soil salinization is a major challenge to global food security. The quinoa plant tolerates saline conditions by dumping excess salt into specialised bladder cells on the leaves. The pathways and transporters underlying this one-way accumulation system are now becoming clearer. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Applications of peptide hormone ligands for the treatment of dumping and short bowel syndrome.

Curr Opin Pharmacol 2018 Sep 28;43:118-123. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Translational Research Center for Gastrointestinal Disorders (TARGID), University of Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; Leuven Intestinal Failure and Transplantation Center (LIFT), University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Dumping syndrome is a common and debilitating complication of upper gastrointestinal surgery. Accelerated gastric emptying and dysregulated secretion of gastrointestinal (GI) hormones are involved in its pathophysiology. Pasireotide, a novel somatostatin analogue, improved dumping in a phase-2 study. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

[Deterioration of Healthcare Service Quality Provided by Occupational Physicians Due to Dumping by Health Checkup and Switching Health Checkup Organizations].

Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi 2018 ;73(3):413-420

Faculty of Sustainability Studies, Hosei University.

Introduction: From 2007, competitive bidding for procurement became widely employed by the Japanese Government, and health check providers for government workers are selected every year by this method. Deterioration of health check quality due to excessive price competition is a serious concern. The National Federation of Industrial Health Organization (Zeneiren) conducted an investigative research on the contracting of health check providers and occupational physicians in workplaces in 2015-2016 in an effort to prevent low-cost but low-quality health checks. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Understanding the Molecular Basis of Salt Sequestration in Epidermal Bladder Cells of Chenopodium quinoa.

Curr Biol 2018 Oct 20;28(19):3075-3085.e7. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology and Biophysics, University of Wuerzburg, Julius-von-Sachs Platz 2, 97082 Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Soil salinity is destroying arable land and is considered to be one of the major threats to global food security in the 21st century. Therefore, the ability of naturally salt-tolerant halophyte plants to sequester large quantities of salt in external structures, such as epidermal bladder cells (EBCs), is of great interest. Using Chenopodium quinoa, a pseudo-cereal halophyte of great economic potential, we have shown previously that, upon removal of salt bladders, quinoa becomes salt sensitive. Read More

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October 2018
15 Reads

Impact of sexually antagonistic genital morphologies on female reproduction and wild population demography.

Evolution 2018 Nov 4;72(11):2449-2461. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8578, Japan.

Sexual conflict is a strong driver of evolution. The evolutionary outcomes of sexual conflict can, in turn, influence ecological processes within populations, for example, demography. However, evidence for the latter hypothesis is scarce, especially in the wild. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Endoscopic Gastrojejunal Revisions Following Gastric Bypass: Lessons Learned in More Than 100 Consecutive Patients.

J Gastrointest Surg 2018 Sep 13. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Visceral Surgery, Hirslanden Clinic Beau-Site, Schaenzlihalde 1, CH-3013, Berne, Switzerland.

Background: Weight regain and dumping after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are long-term challenges thought to be due to dilation of the gastrojejunal anastomosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility, safety, and outcomes of endoscopic gastrojejunal revisions (EGRs) after its introduction in a tertiary bariatric surgery center.

Methods: From January 2016 to March 2018, we reviewed the electronic records of all patients undergoing EGR with the OverStitch suturing device. Read More

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September 2018
5 Reads

Transient severe distributive shock due to early dumping syndrome: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Sep 13;12(1):259. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Institute of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.

Background: Early dumping syndrome characterized by palpitation, dizziness, cold sweat, feebleness, and abdominal symptoms, occurs within 30 minutes after meals in patients who have undergone gastrectomy. This case report describes the case of a patient who presented with severe distributive shock due to early dumping syndrome; he recovered within a few hours after massive fluid infusion and vasopressor administration.

Case Presentation: Our patient was a 68-year-old Japanese man who underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer and was diagnosed as having late dumping syndrome. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Phytoremediation of waste dumping site soil and landfill leachate by using cattail (Typha latifolia).

Environ Technol 2018 Sep 10:1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

a Department of Civil Engineering , University of Manitoba , Winnipeg , MB , Canada.

In this study, cattail (Typha latifolia) was used to remove Na and Cl from polluted soil (PS) in a solid waste open dumping site. Hydroponic system was also evaluated to remove Na and Cl from landfill leachate. The results indicated that the cattail grown in PS had higher biomass yield of 44. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Mentorship Programs in Bariatric Surgery Reduce Perioperative Complication Rate at Equal Short-Term Outcome-Results from the OPTIMIZE Trial.

Obes Surg 2018 Sep 5. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of General-, Visceral- and Thoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of coaching on outcome in low volume centers of excellence and to evaluate the influence of mentorship programs on the center development.

Background: The number of bariatric procedures has increased steadily in the last years. Providing nationwide bariatric care on a high professional level needs structures to train and guide upcoming centers and ensure high quality in patient care. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of resection of the gastroesophageal junction and jejunal interposition (Merendino procedure) as a rescue procedure in patients with a failed redo antireflux procedure. A single-center experience.

BMC Surg 2018 Aug 30;18(1):70. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Centre for Digestive Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital and Division of Surgery, Department of Clinical Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockhom, Sweden.

Background: Primary antireflux surgery has high success rates but 5 to 20% of patients undergoing antireflux operations can experience recurrent reflux and dysphagia, requiring reoperation. Different surgical approaches after failed fundoplication have been described in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate resection of the gastroesophageal junction with jejunal interposition (Merendino procedure) as a rescue procedure after failed fundoplication. Read More

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August 2018
6 Reads

Physiological Considerations and In Vitro Strategies for Evaluating the Influence of Food on Drug Release from Extended-Release Formulations.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2018 Oct 28;19(7):2885-2897. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Pharmacy, School of Health Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, 157 84, Athens, Greece.

Food effects on oral drug bioavailability are a consequence of the complex interplay between drug, formulation and human gastrointestinal (GI) physiology. Accordingly, the prediction of the direction and the extent of food effects is often difficult. With respect to novel formulations, biorelevant in vitro methods can be extremely powerful tools to simulate the effect of food-induced changes on the physiological GI conditions on drug release and absorption. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Hydrothermal Treatment of Arsenic Sulfide Residues from Arsenic-Bearing Acid Wastewater.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 08 28;15(9). Epub 2018 Aug 28.

School of Minerals Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China.

Arsenic sulfide residue (ASR), a by-product from the treatment of arsenic-bearing acidic wastewater, is abundantly generated but not properly disposed of in China. The utilization of such high-content arsenic waste residue is limited by the market. The traditional methods of stabilization/solidification (S/S) by lime cement or iron salt have a large mass/volume addition, high dumping cost and secondary pollution risk. Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

A cost compensation model for construction and demolition waste disposal in South China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Aug 20. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

School of Management, Guangzhou University, 510006, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Construction and demolition waste (C&D waste) is a worldwide issue that concerns the sustainable development of the construction industry. In this paper, detailed formulas are listed for calculating the costs of four typical kinds of disposal routes of C&D waste. They are illegal dumping, controlled dumping (landfill), centralized recycling, and on-site recycling. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Jejunal pouch reconstruction after total gastrectomy is associated with better short-term absorption capacity and quality of life in early-stage gastric cancer patients.

BMC Surg 2018 Aug 20;18(1):63. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Wuhan, 430014, People's Republic of China.

Background: No consensus exists regarding the best reconstruction style after total gastrectomy (TG). Roux-en-Y oesophagojejunostomy is a simple option for gastrointestinal tract reconstruction. Recently, jejunal pouch reconstruction has been suggested as an appropriate approach. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Households' knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward solid waste management in suburbs of Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Waste Manag Res 2018 Oct 16;36(10):993-1000. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

3 Department of Economic Development, Royal University of Phnom Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

This study developed logistic regression models to analyse the relationship between 12 observed variables on knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward solid waste management in the suburbs of Phnom Penh city. We interviewed 800 households, including 200 collection service users and 600 non-service users. The determinants of how individuals are aware of, think of, and behave were assessed in the models based on the values of estimated coefficient and probability of t-statistics. Read More

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October 2018

Economic analysis and life cycle impact assessment of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal: A case study of Mumbai, India.

Waste Manag Res 2018 Dec 16;36(12):1177-1189. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India.

Municipal solid waste (MSW) management is a major concern in Indian cities. This work rigorously assesses the relative costs and the environmental and health benefits of alternative MSW management methods. Management of MSW over the next 20 years for the city of Greater Mumbai was considered. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

Ecological risk assessment of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in the soil-plant system after reclamation of dredged sediment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Oct 15;25(29):29181-29191. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, 250359, China.

The Shayinghe River is an important tributary of the Huaihe River in China. The concentrations of potential toxic elements (PTEs), such as As, Hg, Pb, Cu, Zn, Cr, and Cd in soils and dominant vegetation from mud-dumping areas reclaimed with dredged sediments, and areas without mud-dumping (non-mud-dumping areas) adjacent to the Shayinghe River were investigated. The potential ecological risk index (ERI) and transfer coefficient (TC) were calculated and evaluated. Read More

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October 2018
9 Reads

Mercury contamination in the sludge of drinking water treatment plants dumping into a reservoir in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Oct 11;25(28):28713-28724. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

EMBRAPA-Solos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Although sludge piles from drinking water treatment plants can contain harmful substances, in many countries, their disposal methods are still unregulated. Besides aluminum, which is a major constituent in these residues, many other contaminants-like trace metals-can be present and may result from the quality of the raw materials used for water treatment. The application of these chemicals for the treatment of drinking water can generate toxic sludge and contaminate the produced water. Read More

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October 2018

Emerging public health threat of e-waste management: global and Indian perspective.

Rev Environ Health 2018 Dec;33(4):321-329

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

Background Electrical and electronic waste or e-waste is emerging as a major public health threat worldwide because of rapid advances in technology leading to the generation of large amount of wastes and a lack of knowledge in handling of these wastes. Objective The current review discusses the current e-waste problem worldwide, as a public health concern, with a specific focus on India and recommendations to have effective e-waste management. Methods This is a traditional review study. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Post-Prandial Hyperinsulinaemic Hypoglycaemia after Oesophageal Surgery in Children.

Horm Res Paediatr 2018 Aug 9:1-5. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Endocrinology Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Post-prandial hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (PPHH) is a recognized complication of various gastric surgeries in children, but rarely reported after oesophageal atresia repair. We report 2 children diagnosed with PPHH after oesophageal surgery and the challenges of their management. Case 1: A 2-year-old boy diagnosed with oesophageal atresia at birth was surgically repaired requiring 6 oesophageal dilatations in the first year of life. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Where Children Play: Young Child Exposure to Environmental Hazards during Play in Public Areas in a Transitioning Internally Displaced Persons Community in Haiti.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 08 3;15(8). Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

Globally, gastrointestinal (GI) infections by enteric pathogens are the second-leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age (≤5 years). While GI pathogen exposure in households has been rigorously examined, there is little data about young children's exposure in public domains. Moreover, public areas in low-income settings are often used for other waste disposal practices in addition to human feces, such as trash dumping in areas near households. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Environmental genotoxicity and cytotoxicity levels in herring (Clupea harengus), flounder (Platichthys flesus) and cod (Gadus morhua) inhabiting the Gdansk Basin of the Baltic Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2018 Aug 17;133:65-76. Epub 2018 May 17.

Nature Research Centre, Akademijos 2, 08412 Vilnius, Lithuania.

Frequencies of eight nuclear abnormalities (NAs) reflecting environmental genotoxicity and cytotoxicity, were examined in 739 specimens of herring (Clupea harengus), flounder (Platichthys flesus) and cod (Gadus morhua) collected between 2009 and 2017 at 50 study stations located in the Gulf of Gdansk and the southern part of the Gdansk Deep (the Baltic Sea). The highest levels of geno-cytotoxicity were recorded in fish caught at stations located in close proximity to chemical and conventional munitions dumping sites or in zones polluted by Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs). The values of NAs were significantly higher (up to 51-fold compared with the reference level) in herring caught at seven stations and in cod from one station located close to the munitions dumping sites. Read More

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August 2018
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Ammunition detection using high frequency multibeam snippet backscatter information.

Mar Pollut Bull 2018 Aug 19;133:481-490. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Geomar Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Wischhofstraße 1-3, Kiel 24148, Germany. Electronic address:

The present study reports the evaluation of snippet backscatter information gathered with a high-frequency multibeam echosounder system (200-400 kHz) due to their usability to detect ammunition of different sizes in shallow coastal waters. Besides the feasibility of the snippet backscatter data, it was focused on the attainable horizontal accuracy in comparison to side-scan sonar and autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) surveys. The data was collected in shallow coastal waters of up to 18 m water depth (Baltic Sea) close to an ammunition dumping site characterized by an almost flat seafloor covered with sand and silt sediments. Read More

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Survey of the Extent of the Persisting Effects of Methylmercury Pollution on the Inhabitants around the Shiranui Sea, Japan.

Toxics 2018 Jul 20;6(3). Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University, 3-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8530, Japan.

In 1956 methylmercury poisoning, known as Minamata disease, was discovered among the inhabitants around the Shiranui Sea, Kyushu, Japan. Although about five hundred thousand people living in the area had supposedly been exposed to methylmercury, administrative agencies and research institutes had not performed any subsequent large scale, continuous health examination, so the actual extent of the negative health effects was not clearly documented. In 2009, we performed health surveys in order to examine residents in the polluted area and to research the extent of the polluted area and period of pollution. Read More

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Sequential application of soil washing and phytoremediation in the land of fires.

J Environ Manage 2018 Jan 16;206:1081-1089. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Via Claudio21, 80125 Napoli, Italy.

This paper presents an experimental study aimed at verifying the efficiency of a double-stage remediation process to be applied in former agricultural sites contaminated by illegal dumping of industrial wastes. The process, which includes an EDDS (Ethylenediamine-N,N'-disuccinic acid) enhanced washing, followed by a phytoremediation treatment, is applied at the lab scale for the remediation of a soil sampled in a territory known as Land of Fires (Italy) contaminated with Cu (∼400 mg kg) and Zn (∼250 mg kg). Phytoremediation is conducted using Lactuca sativa to verify, together with process efficiency, the potential risks due to metal accumulation in edible species. Read More

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January 2018
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Environmental benign synthesis, characterization and mechanism studies of green calcium hydroxide nano-plates derived from waste oyster shells.

J Environ Manage 2018 Oct 12;223:947-951. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Center for Carbon Mineralization, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Continuous dumping of oyster shells in open fields has been a global issue, causing serious problems in the water and human health. The conversion of those wastes into value-added products is highly desirable. Here, Green Calcium Hydroxide Nano-plates (GCHNPs) were first synthesized from waste oyster shells by a chemical precipitation method in an aqueous medium at 90 °C without using any additives. Read More

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October 2018

946  nm Nd:YAG laser with cavity dumping.

Opt Lett 2018 Jul;43(14):3457-3460

An end-pumped Nd:YAG 946 nm laser with pulse duration of 1.6 ns, output energy of 2.5 mJ, and pulse repetition rate of 50 Hz is described. Read More

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