193 results match your criteria Drug-Induced Pigmentation

Cryotherapy for long-standing drug-induced lip pigmentation: a fast, safe and inexpensive procedure.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Dermatology, Karabuk Training and Research Hospital, Karabuk, Turkey.

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[Treatment of pigmentation disorders in association with systemic diseases].

Hautarzt 2020 Dec;71(12):932-943

Carol-Davila-Universität für Medizin und Pharmazie, Bukarest, Rumänien.

Pigmentation disorders are a frequent skin problem and incorporate a broad spectrum of diseases, caused by an abnormal melanin pigmentation or also non-melanin pigmentation of the skin. Both hypermelanosis and hypomelanosis can be hereditary or acquired. This article summarizes the treatment approaches that are used in the majority of acquired pigmentation disorders of the skin. Read More

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December 2020

Cutaneous manifestations in pediatric oncology patients.

Pediatr Dermatol 2021 Jan 12;38(1):58-65. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Dermatology Department, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey.

Background/objectives: Oncology patients present with various skin manifestations related to primary disease and treatments. Although these skin toxicities are well described in adults, studies of pediatric oncology patients are limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cutaneous findings in pediatric oncology patients receiving chemotherapy. Read More

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January 2021

Ashy dermatosis-like hyperpigmentation in a patient taking hydroxyurea.

JAAD Case Rep 2020 Sep 25;6(9):797-800. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

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September 2020

Oral pigmented lesions: a retrospective analysis from Brazil.

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2021 May 1;26(3):e284-e291. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Oral Diagnosis and Pathology Federal University of Rio de Janeiro School of Dentistry Av. Carlos Chagas Filho 373, Prédio do CCS, Bloco K, 2° andar, Sala 56 Ilha da Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro/RJ. 21.941-902

Background: Pigmented lesions are uncommon in the oral mucosa, and studies investigating the incidence and types of these lesions are desired to improve the diagnostic knowledge of clinicians. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of oral pigmented lesions in a Brazilian population.

Material And Methods: A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. Read More

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Oral and nail pigmentations: a useful parallelism for the clinician.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2020 01 17;18(1):7-14. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Dermatology, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Oral (OP) and nail (NP) pigmentations may occur simultaneously in physiological or pathological conditions, and may be a sign of underlying syndromic conditions that necessitate further investigation and treatment. Interestingly, the nail unit and oral cavity show a clinical parallelism that may help the clinician to conduct a correct examination and reach a prompt diagnosis. Both OP and NP can manifest clinically with focal or diffuse involvement and are due to external factors (exogenous pigmentation, drug-induced pigmentation) or endogenous factors (racial pigmentation, post-inflammatory pigmentation, nevi, genetic conditions and other disorders). Read More

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January 2020

The color of skin: brown diseases of the skin, nails, and mucosa.

Clin Dermatol 2019 Sep - Oct;37(5):487-506. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Department of Dermatology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Brown diseases comprise disorders leading to hyperpigmentation in skin and nails. Melasma is an acquired skin disorder that is characterized by brownish macules that typically occur on the face. Schamberg disease, also known as progressive pigmented purpura, is characterized by brown pigmentation with pepper spots on their edges. Read More

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Proton pump inhibitor-induced erythema dyschromicum perstans-like pigmentation.

JAAD Case Rep 2019 Aug 5;5(8):701-703. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York.

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A rare cutaneous phototoxic rash after vandetanib therapy in a patient with thyroid cancer: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Aug;98(31):e16392

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute.

Rationale: Vandetanib is effective for treating symptomatic or progressive medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) in patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease, but its toxicity such as photosensitivity reactions should be considered. It is a rare adverse effect of this drug but might cause severe morbidity and even mortality.

Patient Concerns: A 26-year man with MTC developed phototoxic rashes on the sun-exposed areas of his shin after 15 days from the initiation of vandetanib treatment. Read More

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Drug-Induced Hyperpigmentation: Review and Case Series.

J Am Board Fam Med 2019 Jul-Aug;32(4):628-638

From the Department of Medicine, Dermatology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Valladolid, Spain (RMGG); Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain (SCM).

Background: Hyperpigmentation is a common dermatologic problem that may have substantial impact on the patient, since it affects the appearance and quality of life, and may influence treatment adherence. There are few studies of drug-induced hyperpigmentation.

Methods: We studied drug-induced hyperpigmentation in patients attending an outpatient dermatology clinic in the Western Area of Valladolid (Spain) from August 1, 2017 to April 20, 2018. Read More

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An Update on Drug-Induced Pigmentation.

Am J Clin Dermatol 2019 Feb;20(1):75-96

Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital, 3031 W. Grand Blvd., Suite 800, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA.

Drug-induced pigmentation accounts for up to 20% of all cases of acquired pigmentation. A thorough review of medical history and previous and ongoing medications as well as a complete skin examination can guide diagnosis. Implicated agents include alkylating/cytotoxic agents, analgesics, antiarrhythmics, anticoagulants, antiepileptics, antimalarials, antimicrobials, antiretrovirals, metals, prostaglandin analogs, and psychotropic agents, among others. Read More

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February 2019

Frequency of Pathologic Changes in the Oral Cavity in Patients Subjected to Long-term Pharmacologic Immunosuppressive Therapy After Kidney, Liver, and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2018 Sep 11;50(7):2176-2178. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

Department of General and Transplantation Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: Patients subjected to long-term immunosuppressive therapy after organ and cells transplantation are more susceptible than healthy people to the development of the pathologic changes in the oral cavity, including precancerous lesions, oral cancers, lesions following viral infections (herpes simplex virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and cytomegalovirus), fungal infections mainly caused by Candida albicans, drug-induced gingival overgrowth, stomatitis, and tongue disorders.

Material And Methods: Clinical case material included 38 patients after kidney, liver, or blood-forming cells transplantation subjected to various immunosuppressive therapy schemes. The study comprised standard case taking and physical examination of the patient, including detailed intraoral and extraoral stomatological examinations. Read More

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September 2018

Photodermatoses in skin of colour.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Nov 15;32(11):1879-1886. Epub 2018 Jul 15.

Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA.

Photodermatoses represent a heterogeneous collection of disorders unified by the characteristic of being provoked through exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Generally, these conditions are classified into the following categories: immunologically mediated photodermatoses, chemical- and drug-induced photosensitivity, photoaggravated dermatoses and photosensitivity associated with defective DNA repair mechanisms or chromosomal instabilities. The list of photodermatoses is extensive, and each individual photodermatosis is understood to a different extent. Read More

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November 2018

Case Report: Dermoscopic features of oral lichen planus - the evolution of mucoscopy.

F1000Res 2018 6;7:284. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia.

Dermoscopy, a non-invasive technique for cutaneous diagnosis is being increasingly studied in various disorders of the skin, nails and scalp. However, it has been under-utilized for the diagnosis and characterization of mucosal disorders. The dermoscopic characterization of cutaneous lichen planus and its variants has been well documented with Wickham's striae constituting the hallmark of the condition. Read More

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Sparfloxacin-induced nail pigmentation: A case of fixed drug eruption?

Husain Yahya

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jan-Mar;17(1):40-42

Dermatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna, Nigeria.

Sparfloxacin, a synthetic, second generation, broad spectrum aminodifluoroquinolone antibiotic, has excellent penetration into respiratory tissues and has good activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and atypical bacteria. Although it is indicated for the treatment of adult community-acquired pneumonia and acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, its use has been limited by phototoxicity which is more common with it than with other quinolones. We report a case of a 20-year-old Nigerian woman who developed a diffuse blue-black nail pigmentation of thumb and big toe nails, 2 weeks after completing therapy with sparfloxacin, and a recurrence of the pigmentation in the same nails 1 year after taking the drug again. Read More

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Drug-associated hyperpigmentation of the oral mucosa: report of four cases.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2018 03 3;125(3):e54-e66. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe 4 patients with oral mucosa hyperpigmentation associated with 4 drug classes and to review the relevant literature.

Study Design: Two patients under imatinib and hydroxychloroquine treatment exhibited diffuse palatal hyperpigmentation and 2 patients treated with minocycline and golimumab showed multifocal pigmented macules. In all cases, biopsy was performed. Read More

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Long-term mucocutaneous adverse effects of imatinib in Indian chronic myeloid leukemia patients.

Int J Dermatol 2018 Mar 20;57(3):332-338. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Department of Hematology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Short-term mucocutaneous adverse effects are well documented with imatinib. However, studies on long-term adverse effects and in the ethnic population are lacking.

Objective: To study the long-term mucocutaneous adverse effects of imatinib and factors predicting these adverse effects. Read More

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Hyperpigmentation of the hard palate mucosa in a patient with chronic myeloid leukaemia taking imatinib.

Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Dec 5;39(1):37. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Maxillo-Facial and Dental Unit, Fondazione Ca' Granda IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Via Commenda 10, 20122 Milan, Italy.

Background: Imatinib mesylate is an inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase Bcr-Abl and a first-line treatment for Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). Dermatological side effects include superficial oedema, pustular eruption, lichenoid reactions, erythroderma, and skin rash. Depigmentation of the skin and/or mucosa is uncommon, and hyperpigmentation is rare. Read More

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December 2017

[News Skin lesions : a case report of fixed drug eruption].

Rev Med Brux 2017;38(5):439-441

Service de Gériatrie, Hôpital André Vésale, C.H.U. de Charleroi.

Fixed drug eruption is an erythematous eruption of one or more centimetric rounded or oval lesions well demarcated, recurrent at the same place and leaving a residual purple pigmentation. Diagnosis is clinical. Skin biopsy is not essential except in doubtful cases (eg bullous drug eruption can simulate Lyell Syndrome or mucosal reminiscent of erythema multiforme). Read More

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January 2017

Minocycline-Induced Blue-Gray Discoloration.

Skin Appendage Disord 2017 Aug 22;3(3):161-162. Epub 2017 Apr 22.

Dermatology Division, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

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Minocycline induced lupus with yellow colored chylous exudative pleural effusion.

Respir Med Case Rep 2017 14;22:113-116. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Geriatrics Department, Kaplan Medical Center, Affiliated with The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, Rehovot, Israel.

Ninety years old male was admitted to hospital due to breathlessness. The prominent findings were extensive blue-grey skin pigmentation and large left chylothorax. Drug induced lupus was diagnosed due to either minocycline chronic treatment or no alternative illness to explain his sub-acute disease. Read More

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Oral pigmentation in physiologic conditions, post-inflammatory affections and systemic diseases.

G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2018 Oct 19;153(5):666-671. Epub 2017 Apr 19.

Section of Dermatology, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy -

Melanocytes are found throughout the oral mucosa but usually go unnoticed because of their relatively low level of pigment production. When focally or generally active in pigment production or proliferation they may be responsible for several affections in the oral mucosae ranging from physiologic pigmentation, systemic diseases to malignant neoplasms. The diagnosis of oral pigmentations (OP) is usually challenging for the physician, but a careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal the first manifestation of underlying systemic diseases. Read More

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October 2018

The effects of synthetic cannabinoid UR-144 on the human body-A review of 39 cases.

Forensic Sci Int 2017 Apr 7;273:e18-e21. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Institute of Forensic Research, Westerplatte 9, 31-033 Krakow, Poland.

UR-144 [(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone] is a synthetic cannabinoid, which has been detected in many 'legal highs', seized from the global drug market since the beginning of 2012. It has gained popularity as a 'legal' alternative to classic cannabis in countries where it was not controlled. Despite the widespread distribution of this substance, the data on its effects on the human body are scarce. Read More

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Skin depigmentation associated with toceranib phosphate in a dog.

Vet Dermatol 2017 Aug 6;28(4):400-e95. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, 220 Trowbridge Road, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

Background: Drug-induced depigmentation is frequently observed in humans undergoing tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy, whereas it is not reported in dogs. The skin depigmentation can occur after the first week of treatment and it is reversible within a few weeks after drug discontinuation.

Objectives: To report the clinical and histopathological features of an episode of cutaneous adverse drug reaction associated with short term administration of toceranib phosphate. Read More

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Successful treatment of minocycline-induced pigmentation with combined use of Q-switched and pulsed dye lasers.

Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2017 03 23;33(2):117-119. Epub 2017 Jan 23.

Department of Dermatology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

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Acute skin and hair symptoms followed by severe, delayed eye complications in subjects using the synthetic opioid MT-45.

Br J Dermatol 2017 Apr 14;176(4):1021-1027. Epub 2016 Dec 14.

Dermatology Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The introduction of unclassified new psychoactive substances (NPS) on the recreational drugs market through open online sale ('legal highs' or 'Internet drugs') continues unabated and represents a growing health hazard. The use of NPS has resulted in numerous, severe, adverse events and fatalities, due to unintended overdose or unknown toxic side-effects.

Objectives: To try to find a possible common underlying cause for the skin-hair-eye symptoms complex observed in three men. Read More

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Minocycline pigmentation of the vulva masquerading as a melanocytic lesion.

JAAD Case Rep 2016 Jul 17;2(4):337-9. Epub 2016 Aug 17.

Department of Dermatology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

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