26,320 results match your criteria Drug Eruptions


Non-pigmenting and pigmenting fixed drug eruptions due to clarithromycin.

Contact Dermatitis 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Dermatology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Approach to allergic contact dermatitis caused by topical medicaments.

Can Fam Physician 2021 Jun;67(6):414-419

Medical Director of the Contact Dermatitis Clinic at St Paul's Hospital in Vancouver.

Objective: To provide an approach to identifying topical medicament ingredients that cause allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and to recognizing common clinical scenarios in which these ingredients might present.

Sources Of Information: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients patch tested at the Contact Dermatitis Clinic at St Paul's Hospital in Vancouver, BC, between November 2016 and June 2019. Data from the North American Contact Dermatitis Group from 2015 to 2016 and The Ottawa Hospital patch test clinic from 2000 to 2010 were also reviewed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Skin biopsies in acute myeloid leukemia patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy are safe and effect patient management.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 7;11(1):11940. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Institute of Hematology, Davidoff Cancer Center, Rabin Medical Center - Beilinson Hospital, 39 Zeev Jabotinsky St., 4941492, Petach Tikva, Israel.

There is paucity of data regarding the diagnostic yield and safety of skin biopsies in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), though skin eruptions are common in these patients. We evaluated 216 patients treated in our hemato-oncology unit at a tertiary medical center between 2007 and 2018 and identified 35 patients who underwent 37 skin biopsies. The majority of biopsies were performed during induction treatment for AML (n = 26, 70%), whereas the remainder of biopsies were done prior to induction initiation (n = 8, 22%) or during consolidation chemotherapy (n = 3, 8%). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Acute arthritis, skin rash and Lofgren's syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 7;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Sarcoidosis is an autoimmune multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology, which mainly affects the adults in the age group of 20-39 years. The disease can affect any organ in the body but mainly presents as bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, pulmonary infiltrates, cutaneous lesions, ocular manifestations and arthropathy. Lofgren's syndrome is an uncommon initial presentation of sarcoidosis which is recognised by the classical triad of acute arthritis, erythema nodosum and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cutaneous manifestations related to the COVID-19 pandemic: a review article.

Cutan Ocul Toxicol 2021 Jun;40(2):168-174

Dermatology Department of Razi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Skin lesions are either caused by COVID-19 disease or they can be due to other driving forces related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Aim: Considering the fact that the reported data in different articles for the type and prevalence of skin manifestations related to the COVID-19 pandemic are inconsistent, we have described the mechanism and type of skin lesions related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: In this review article, we have searched the Medline database (PubMed) for the combination of the following key terms "Dermatological Manifestation", "cutaneous Manifestation", "Skin Manifestation", "COVID-19", "SARS-CoV-2". Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diffuse adverse cutaneous reactions induced by zoledronic acid administration: a case report : Eruptions cutanées diffuses induites par l'administration de l'acide zolédronique.

Osteoporos Int 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Rheumatology department, Ibn Rochd University Hospital, Hassan II University of Medecine and Pharmacy, Casablanca, Morocco.

Zoledronic acid, an amino-bisphosphonate, is an antiresorptive drug given intravenously. It is commonly used for the treatment of severe postmenopausal osteoporosis, and it is also used for other types of osteoporosis, management of bone metastasis, multiple myeloma, hypercalcemia, and Paget's disease. The use varies according to these diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Polymeric Gels and Their Application in the Treatment of Psoriasis Vulgaris: A Review.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 12;22(10). Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland.

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease, and it is especially characterized by the occurrence of red, itchy, and scaly eruptions on the skin. The quality of life of patients with psoriasis is decreased because this disease remains incurable, despite the rapid progress of therapeutic methods and the introduction of many innovative antipsoriatic drugs. Moreover, many patients with psoriasis are dissatisfied with their current treatment methods and the form with which the drug is applied. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Recognition and Management of Severe Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reactions (Including Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis).

Med Clin North Am 2021 Jul;105(4):577-597

Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, 3810 Springhurst Boulevard, Suite 200, Louisville, KY 40241, USA.

Severe cutaneous adverse reactions to medications (SCARs) include drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis. They are all non-immunoglobulin E mediated hypersensitivity reaction patterns, distinguished from simple cutaneous drug eruptions by immunologic pathogenesis and internal organ involvement. Herein the clinical features, diagnostic workup, and management considerations are presented for each of these major SCARs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Recalcitrant paradoxical pustular psoriasis induced by infliximab: Two case reports.

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(15):3655-3661

Department of Dermatology, Midwest Center for Dermatology and Cosmetic Surgery, Clinton Township, MI 48038, United States.

Background: Paradoxical psoriasis induced by tumor necrosis factor alpha antagonists is a rare side effect of those drugs and has similarities with and differences from classical psoriasis in clinical and pathological characteristics. Treating severe paradoxical psoriasis is challenging because the reported cases are rare, with treatment experience being only anecdotal.

Case Summary: We report 2 cases of paradoxical psoriasis caused by infliximab. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Toxic epidermal necrolysis-like acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus: two cases report.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 4;38:236. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Dermatology and Venereology Department, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.

Toxic epidermal necrolysis-like acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (TEN-like ACLE) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Because of its rarity, little is known about this entity. In this report, we describe a case of two women previously diagnosed with SLE that presented TEN-like skin lesions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 presenting as acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis associated with multiorgan dysfunction in a 44-year-old female patient.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2021 24;63:e42. Epub 2021 May 24.

Fundación Cardioinfantil, Instituto de Cardiología, Bogotá, Colombia.

Acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is an unusual cutaneous reaction, most often related with a hypersensitivity reaction to commonly used drugs. It is characterized by an abrupt onset of a pustular rash within hours or days after drug exposure and usually resolves spontaneously within 1-2 weeks after drug discontinuation. Some cases associated with systemic involvement and shock have been reported. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of Clinical Spectrum of Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reactions in Patients Presenting at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan.

Cureus 2021 Apr 19;13(4):e14568. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, PAK.

Introduction: Cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADRs) are the most common adverse drug reactions reported in the literature. CADRs have resulted in disabling infirmities during hospitalization and complications following outdoor drug therapy. The pattern of CADRs and the responsible drugs usually changes with the introduction of newer drugs and evolving clinical practices. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is a prognostic predictor in emergency department patients with cutaneous adverse drug reaction.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 May 12;47:279-283. Epub 2021 May 12.

Dermatology Department, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in emergency department (ED) patients with cutaneous adverse drug reactions to identify the severe patients at an early stage.

Methods: In this retrospective study, patients aged 18 and over who admitted to the ED of a university hospital with the diagnosis of cutaneous adverse drug reaction were included. For included patients, clinical findings and ED admission complete blood count results were recorded. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Azathioprine hypersensitivity syndrome: report of two cases.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 19;14(5). Epub 2021 May 19.

Pharmacy, Cairns Base Hospital, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Azathioprine hypersensitivity syndrome is a rare but potentially severe side effect of azathioprine use. It has a variable and non-specific presentation making it difficult to distinguish from sepsis or disease relapse. High clinical suspicion is therefore required for recognition and prompt cessation of azathioprine for symptom resolution. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A case of bortezomib (Velcade)-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome confirmed by patch test.

Asia Pac Allergy 2021 Apr 21;11(2):e17. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Bortezomib, a highly selective reversible inhibitor of the proteasome complex, is used to the current standard of care in the treatment of multiple myeloma. Although its most commonly reported side effects are gastrointestinal symptoms, peripheral neuropathy, neuropathic pain, and thrombocytopenia, cutaneous adverse reactions are also frequently seen. However, severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCAR) such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) occur very rarely. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19: The experience from Iran.

Clin Dermatol 2021 Jan-Feb;39(1):23-32. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Dermatology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Autoimmune Bullous Diseases Research Center, Razi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Iran were detected on February 19, 2020. Soon the entire country was hit with the virus. Although dermatologists were not immediately the frontline health care workers, all aspects of their practice were drastically affected. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pleomorphicskin eruptions in a COVID-19 affected patient: Case report and review of the literature.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Covid Unit, Istituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata-IRCCS, FLMM, Rome, Italy.

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19), during its course, may involve several organs, including the skin with a petechial skin rash, urticaria and erythematous rash, or varicella-like eruption, representing an additional effect of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, as commonly observed in other viral diseases. Considering that symptomatic patients with COVID-19 generally undergo multidrug treatments, the occurrence of a possible adverse drug reaction presenting with cutaneous manifestations should be contemplated. Pleomorphic skin eruptions occurred in a 59-year-old Caucasian woman, affected by a stable form of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection, treated with a combination of hydroxychloroquine sulfate, darunavir, ritonavir, sarilumb, omeprazole, ceftriaxone, high-flow oxygen therapy devices, filgrastim (Zarzio®) as a single injection, and enoxaparin. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pityriasis rubra pilaris post-infection due COVID-19: case report.

Colomb Med (Cali) 2021 Mar 18;52(1):e7014577. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima, Perú. Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola Lima Peru.

Case Description: 32-month-old boy, IgG positive for SARS-CoV-2, presented to the emergency department with dermatologic lesions.

Clinical Findings: Four days before admission, he presented skin eruptions with redness and pruritus on hands and feet. Generalized papular erythema was evidenced, upper extremities with diffuse erythematosquamous plaques, palmoplantar keratoderma, so he was evaluated by a dermatologist who diagnosed pityriasis rubra pilaris. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Adult Female With Upper Extremity Skin Lesion.

Ann Emerg Med 2021 05;77(5):548-560

Department of Emergency Medicine, MedStar Health, Washington, DC; Department of Emergency Medicine, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cutaneous Manifestations of COVID-19.

Cutis 2021 Feb;107(2):90-94

Ms. Schwartzberg is from the New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury. Dr. Lin is from the Department of Dermatology, St. John's Episcopal Hospital, Far Rockaway, New York. Dr. Jorizzo is from the Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and Weill Cornell Medicine Dermatology, New York, New York.

Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) present with multisystem signs and symptoms, including dermatologic manifestations. The recent literature has revealed that dermatologic manifestations of COVID-19 often are early onset and provide helpful cues to a timely diagnosis. We compiled the relevant emerging literature regarding the dermatologic manifestations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) so that physicians can be aware of the various clinical cutaneous presentations in this time of high incidence of COVID-19. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Clinical profile of cutaneous adverse events of immune checkpoint inhibitors in a single tertiary center.

J Dermatol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Dermatology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Programmed death 1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have demonstrated their efficacy in the treatment of various malignancies. Despite their benefits, their immunomodulatory activities can cause unpredictable cutaneous adverse events (CAE). This study aimed to identify characteristics of CAE in patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors through the medical records, photographs, and pathology reports. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Life-threatening DRESS syndrome with kidney damage following severe COVID-19 in a patient with Down syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 19;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Research and Education, Clinica Internacional SA, Lima, Peru

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Vaccines and Cutaneous Adverse Reactions: A Review.

Dermatitis 2021 May-Jun 01;32(3):133-139

We are entering a new stage of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic with the initiation of large-scale vaccination programs globally. In these circumstances, even rare adverse effects of vaccines may be encountered more often, if millions of people are to be vaccinated in a short period. Vaccination has the potential for causing cutaneous adverse effects. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effectiveness of EVOSKIN®Palm and sole moisturizing cream in treating capecitabine-associated hand-foot syndrome: a randomized double-blind clinical trial.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Mar;10(3):3009-3017

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgical Oncology, Affiliated Cancer Hospital and Institute of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: This study sought to test the effectiveness of EVOSKIN®Palm and sole moisturizing cream (PSMC) in preventing and treating hand-foot syndrome (HFS) during capecitabine chemotherapy.

Methods: Stage II/III colorectal cancer patients receiving capecitabine adjuvant chemotherapy were randomly allocated to receive either EVOSKINPSMC or physiological saline treatments for their hands and feet. Treatment was initiated along with adjuvant chemotherapy and continued till the end of chemotherapy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Increased respiratory morbidity associated with exposure to a mature volcanic plume from a large Icelandic fissure eruption.

Nat Commun 2021 04 12;12(1):2161. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Chief Epidemiologist, Directorate of Health, Centre for Health Threats and Communicable Diseases, Reykjavík, Iceland.

The 2014-15 Holuhraun eruption in Iceland was the largest fissure eruption in over 200 years, emitting prodigious amounts of gas and particulate matter into the troposphere. Reykjavík, the capital area of Iceland (250 km from eruption site) was exposed to air pollution events from advection of (i) a relatively young and chemically primitive volcanic plume with a high sulphur dioxide gas (SO) to sulphate PM (SO) ratio, and (ii) an older and chemically mature volcanic plume with a low SO/SO ratio. Whereas the advection and air pollution caused by the primitive plume were successfully forecast and forewarned in public advisories, the mature plume was not. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Risk factors for pegylated liposomal doxorubicin-induced moderate to severe hand-foot syndrome in breast cancer patients: assessment of baseline clinical parameters.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 7;21(1):362. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Medical Oncology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, 150081, China.

Background: Hand-foot syndrome (HFS) is a side effect of skin related to pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) application. Moderate to severe hand-foot syndrome (MSHFS) might have a serious impact on patients' quality of life and treatment. However, information on risk factors for the development of MSHFS is still limited. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epidemiology and risk factors for the development of cutaneous toxicities in patients treated with immune-checkpoint inhibitors: A United States population-level analysis.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Background: A variety of dermatoses have been reported in the growing number of patients treated with immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), but the current understanding of cutaneous immune-related adverse events (irAEs) is limited.

Objective: To determine the cumulative incidence, distribution, and risk factors of cutaneous irAEs after ICI initiation.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients in a national insurance claims database including cancer patients treated with ICIs and matched controls. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Severe acute limb ischemia resulting in rescue disarticulation in a patient with Nicolau syndrome following intramuscular penicillin injection: a case report].

Pan Afr Med J 2020 24;37:378. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Santé, Université Nazi Boni, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.

We here report the case of a 9-year-old child suffering from Nicolau syndrome involving the left pelvic limb with severe acute limb ischemia following intramuscular benzathine penicillin injection into the buttock. Given the rarity of acute limb ischemia in children, this case of complicated Nicolau syndrome combining acute arterial thrombosis and severe rhabdomyolysis leading to rescue hip dislocation is very interesting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Severe Generalized Bullous Fixed Drug Eruption Treated with Cyclosporine: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Dermatol 2021 Jan-Apr;13(1):154-163. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Paediatrics, Children's Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Generalized bullous fixed drug eruptions (GBFDEs) are rare in the paediatric population. We present the case of a 7-year-old girl with GBFDE believed to be secondary to oral ibuprofen, who experienced rapid resolution of lesions and cessation of blistering with a 3-week course of oral cyclosporine. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a paediatric case of GBFDE treated with cyclosporine. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF