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    1 OF 103

    White Matter Tract Pathology in Pediatric Anoxic Brain Injury from Drowning.
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    From the Research Imaging Institute (M.I., M.D.W., C.G.F., F.S.S., P.T.F.) and Department of Radiological Sciences (M.I., P.T.F.), University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas; Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute (J.H.M.), Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan; South Texas Veterans Healthcare System (P.T.F.), San Antonio, Texas; and Shenzhen University School of Medicine (P.T.F.), Shenzhen, People's Republic of China.
    Background And Purpose: Although drowning is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in young children, the neuropathologic consequences have not been fully determined. The purpose of this article was to quantitatively characterize white matter microstructural abnormalities in pediatric anoxic brain injury from nonfatal drowning and investigate the correlation with motor function.

    Materials And Methods: Whole-brain T1-weighted and diffusion-weighted MR imaging datasets were acquired in 11 children with chronic anoxic brain injury and 11 age- and sex-matched neurotypical controls (4-12 years of age). Read More

    The Diagnostic Value of Quantitative Assessment of Diatom Test for Drowning: An Analysis of 128 Water-related Death Cases using Microwave Digestion-Vacuum Filtration-Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy.
    J Forensic Sci 2017 Feb 15. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhongshan 2nd Road 74, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, 510080, China.
    The value of diatom test for the diagnosis of drowning remains controversial. The conventional forensic diatom test with low sensitivity is not a useful tool to provide accurate information about diatom in the tissues and organs. To improve the sensitivity of the diatom test, we developed a novel method called the Microwave Digestion-Vacuum Filtration-Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy (MD-VF-Auto SEM) method which resulted in a high recovery of diatoms. Read More

    Fatal Drownings in Fiji.
    Asia Pac J Public Health 2017 Jan;29(1):28-34
    2 University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.
    Drowning is a newly comprehended public health concern in Fiji. Defined as "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersions or immersion in liquid," drowning has been identified as one of Fiji's 5 leading causes of death for those aged 1 to 29 years. The aim of this article was to develop the most parsimonious model that can be used to explain the number of monthly fatal drowning cases in Fiji. Read More

    Neurologic complications of acute environmental injuries.
    Handb Clin Neurol 2017 ;141:685-704
    Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:
    Environmental injuries can result in serious neurologic morbidity. This chapter reviews neurologic complications of thermal burns, smoke inhalation, lightning strikes, electric injury, near drowning, decompression illness, as well as heat stroke and accidental hypothermia. Knowing the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of such injuries is essential to proper management of primary and secondary medical complications. Read More

    The quality of a newly developed infant chest compression method applied by paramedics: a randomized crossover manikin trial.
    Kardiol Pol 2017 Feb 2. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw.
    Background: The etiology of sudden cardiac arrest in infants is different from that in adults, with respiratory failure, sudden infant death syndrome, and drowning being the primary causes in the former. According to the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) recommendations, the quality of chest compressions (CC) is a key element affecting the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The current ERC and AHA guidelines recommend the 'two-finger technique' (TFT) or 'two-thumb encircling hands technique' (TTHT) for external CCs during infant CPR. Read More

    Crystallization techniques in wastewater treatment: An overview of applications.
    Chemosphere 2017 Apr 18;173:474-484. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    National Engineering Research Center of Industry Crystallization Technology, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tianjin, 300072, China. Electronic address:
    As a by-product of industrial or domestic activities, wastewater of different compositions has caused serious environmental problems all over the world. Facing the challenge of wastewater treatment, researchers have begun to make use of crystallization techniques in wastewater treatment. Crystallization techniques have many advantages, such as high efficiency, energy saving, low costs, less space occupation and so on. Read More

    Can surf-lifeguards perform a quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation sailing on a lifeboat? A quasi-experimental study.
    Emerg Med J 2017 Jan 27. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    CLINURSID Research Group, Nursing Department, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    Purpose: Drowning is a high-priority public health problem around the world. The European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015 put special emphasis on special environments like open waters. Stopping the drowning process as soon as possible and starting an early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improve survival. Read More

    Possible central nervous system oxygen toxicity seizures among US recreational air or enriched air nitrox open circuit diving fatalities 2004-2013.
    Brain Inj 2017 Jan 27:1-4. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    a Divers Alert Network , Durham , NC , USA.
    Background: The first diver certification programme for recreational 'enriched air nitrox' (EAN) diving was released in 1985. Concerns were expressed that many EAN divers might suffer central nervous system (CNS) oxygen toxicity seizures and drown.

    Methods: US fatalities on open-circuit scuba occurring between 2004-2013, where the breathing gas was either air or EAN, were identified. Read More

    Causes of Rapid Carrion Beetle (Coleoptera: Silphidae) Death in Flooded Pitfall Traps, Response to Soil Flooding, Immersion Tolerance, and Swimming Behavior.
    Environ Entomol 2017 Jan 24. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078
    Terrestrial insects in water can often delay or escape drowning by floating and swimming. However, we observed that flooding of pitfall traps baited with rotting carrion results in high overnight mortality of captured beetles and reasoned that this risk may be enhanced by microbial respiration. By assessing carrion beetle (Coleoptera: Silphidae) response to flooding, tolerance to immersion, and swimming behavior, we offer insights to this cause of death and beetle behavioral physiology. Read More

    Spatially integrative metrics reveal hidden vulnerability of microtidal salt marshes.
    Nat Commun 2017 Jan 23;8:14156. Epub 2017 Jan 23.
    University of Padua, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, Via 8 Febbraio, Padua 2-35122 Italy.
    Salt marshes are valued for their ecosystem services, and their vulnerability is typically assessed through biotic and abiotic measurements at individual points on the landscape. However, lateral erosion can lead to rapid marsh loss as marshes build vertically. Marsh sediment budgets represent a spatially integrated measure of competing constructive and destructive forces: a sediment surplus may result in vertical growth and/or lateral expansion, while a sediment deficit may result in drowning and/or lateral contraction. Read More

    Drones may be used to save lives in out of hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning.
    Resuscitation 2017 Jan 18. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine, Center for Resuscitation Science, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Drowning leading to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and death is a major public health concern. Submersion with duration of less than 10min is associated with favorable neurological outcome and nearby bystanders play a considerable role in rescue and resuscitation. Drones can provide a visual overview of an accident scene, their potential as lifesaving tools in drowning has not been evaluated. Read More

    Microbiota Composition and Pulmonary Surfactant Protein Expression as Markers of Death by Drowning.
    J Forensic Sci 2017 Jan 18. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    Department of Medical Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Korea.
    Pathological diagnosis of drowning remains a challenge for forensic science, because of a lack of pathognomonic findings. We analyzed microbiota and surfactant protein in the lungs for a novel diagnosis of drowning. All rats were divided into drowning, postmortem submersion, and control groups. Read More

    Epidemiology of Injury-Related Death in Children under 5 Years of Age in Hunan Province, China, 2009-2014.
    PLoS One 2017 11;12(1):e0168524. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
    Maternal and Children Health Care Hospital of Hunan Province, Changsha, China.
    Background: Injury is an important cause of childhood mortality in China. We described the epidemiology and trends of injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in Hunan province, and discussed several policy implications.

    Methods: Injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in 2009-2014 were identified from surveillance data. Read More

    Scedosporiosis in a Combined Kidney and Liver Transplant Recipient: A Case Report of Possible Transmission from a Near-Drowning Donor.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 13;2016:1879529. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
    Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University and New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.
    Scedosporium spp. are saprobic fungi that cause serious infections in immunocompromised hosts and in near-drowning victims. Solid organ transplant recipients are at increased risk of scedosporiosis as they require aggressive immunosuppression to prevent allograft rejection. Read More

    Asylum seekers alleging torture in their countries: Evaluation of a French center.
    J Forensic Leg Med 2017 Feb 27;46:24-29. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, 1 Rue Gaston Veil, 44035 Nantes Cedex, France; Unit of Forensic Medicine, Chu de Nantes, 1 Place Alexis Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes Cedex 1, France.
    Materials And Methods: Over a 6-year period, 570 survivors gave consent to this study and were examined by forensic medical doctors in academic French hospital. They evaluated with the aim of cataloguing the physical evidence of torture. Sociological data, declared violence (single physical altercation, repeated physical violence less than one year or more than one year, incarceration not more than one week or more than 1 week), and method of violence (blows by blunt object, crushing, burns, electrical shocks, attempted drowning, smothering, incision, or gunshot) were studied. Read More

    Characteristics, Classification, and Prevention of Child Maltreatment Fatalities.
    Mil Med 2017 Jan;182(1):e1551-e1557
    Department of Psychiatry, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814.
    Background: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Read More

    Patients with preexisting psychiatric disorders admitted to ICU: a descriptive and retrospective cohort study.
    Ann Intensive Care 2017 Dec 3;7(1). Epub 2017 Jan 3.
    Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Réanimation Médicale, Maladies Infectieuses et Réanimation Médicale, CHU Rennes, 35033, Rennes, France.
    Background: While the psychiatric disorders are conditions frequently encountered in hospitalized patients, there are little or no data regarding the characteristics and short- and long-term outcomes in patients with preexisting psychiatric disorders in ICU. Such assessment may provide the opportunity to determine the respective impact on mortality in the ICU and after ICU discharge with reasons for admission, including modalities of self-harm, of underlying psychiatric disorders and prior psychoactive medications.

    Methods: ICU and 1-year survival analysis performed on a retrospective cohort of patients with preexisting psychiatric disorders admitted from 2000 through 2013 in a 21-bed polyvalent ICU in a university hospital. Read More

    An overview of geospatial methods used in unintentional injury epidemiology.
    Inj Epidemiol 2016 Dec 26;3(1):32. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
    Australian Collaboration for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, SMB Campus, PO Box 663, Ballarat, 3353, Australia.
    Background: Injuries are a leading cause of death and disability around the world. Injury incidence is often associated with socio-economic and physical environmental factors. The application of geospatial methods has been recognised as important to gain greater understanding of the complex nature of injury and the associated diverse range of geographically-diverse risk factors. Read More

    Death of a seven-month-old child in a washing machine: a case report.
    Int J Legal Med 2016 Dec 24. Epub 2016 Dec 24.
    Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Unit of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences "Antonio Fornari", University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
    The authors present a case which brings out a unique modality of child homicide by placing the baby in a washing machine and turning it on. The murder was perpetrated by the baby's mother, who suffered from a serious depressive disorder. A postmortem RX and then a forensic autopsy were performed, followed by histologic examinations and toxicology. Read More

    Cuticular body hairs mediate clumping of small Camponotus floridanus larvae.
    Arthropod Struct Dev 2017 Jan 3;46(1):108-115. Epub 2017 Jan 3.
    iBV, Université Nice Sophia-Antipolis, France. Electronic address:
    The body surface of insects usually carries cuticular hairs. Commonly, important functions of these structures are to prevent drowning and to defend against predators. Here, we report on our studies on hairs at the surface of larvae of the ant species Camponotus floridanus and Camponotus sericeiventris. Read More

    RADIOGRAPHIC APPEARANCE OF PRESUMED NONCARDIOGENIC PULMONARY EDEMA AND CORRELATION WITH THE UNDERLYING CAUSE IN DOGS AND CATS.
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2016 Dec 22. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, National Veterinary School of Alfort, University of Paris-Est, 94700, Maisons-Alfort, France.
    Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema is an important cause of respiratory disease in dogs and cats but few reports describe its radiographic appearance. The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to describe radiographic findings in a large cohort of dogs and cats with presumed noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and to test associations among radiographic findings versus cause of edema. Medical records were retrieved for dogs and cats with presumed noncardiogenic edema based on history, radiographic findings, and outcome. Read More

    Premature mortality of epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review from the Mortality Task Force of the International League Against Epilepsy.
    Epilepsia 2017 Jan 18;58(1):6-16. Epub 2016 Dec 18.
    Department of Neurosciences, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
    To determine the magnitude of risk factors and causes of premature mortality associated with epilepsy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We conducted a systematic search of the literature reporting mortality and epilepsy in the World Bank-defined LMICs. We assessed the quality of the studies based on representativeness; ascertainment of cases, diagnosis, and mortality; and extracted data on standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and mortality rates in people with epilepsy. Read More

    Burst Suppression in Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest Because of Drowning Treated with Targeted Temperature Management: A Case Report.
    Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag 2016 Dec 16. Epub 2016 Dec 16.
    1 Emergency Medical Center, Kagawa University Hospital , Miki, Kita, Kagawa, Japan .
    Outcomes of cardiac arrest (CA) because of drowning in children are generally poor, but some reports show that cases with post-CA hypothermia because of drowning exhibit good recovery when treated with targeted temperature management (TTM). However, because electroencephalogram (EEG) findings are not reported in those cases, a complete examination of brain damage has not been performed during TTM. Here we report a case of a 15-month-old boy with post-CA hypothermia recovery after treating with TTM, along with EEG findings. Read More

    Increasing the probability of surviving loss of consciousness underwater when using a rebreather.
    Diving Hyperb Med 2016 Dec;46(4):253-259
    Director, Haynes Marine Ltd, 12 Polbare Close Stonehaven, Aberdeenshire AB39 3LG, Scotland, UK.
    Re-circulating underwater breathing apparatus (rebreathers) have become increasingly popular amongst sport divers. In comparison to open-circuit scuba, rebreathers are complex life support equipment that incorporates many inherent failure modes and potential for human error. This individually or in combination can lead to an inappropriate breathing gas. Read More

    A systematic databasing of diatoms from different geographical localities and sites of Haryana for advancing validation of forensic diatomology.
    Data Brief 2017 Feb 24;10:63-68. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Department of Genetics, M.D. University, Rohtak 124001, Haryana, India.
    Verdict on tracing exact place of drowning is a part of medico-legal investigation. This question often stands when circumstances remain unclear about true drowning place. Usually, when a dead body rises from the bottom of drowning site, it will appear near to the point where it had actually disappeared but rapid current may carry a body to real distance from the exact place of death before any major obstruction. Read More

    Mortality at Music Festivals: Academic and Grey Literature for Case Finding.
    Prehosp Disaster Med 2017 Feb 8;32(1):58-63. Epub 2016 Dec 8.
    1Department of Emergency Medicine,University of British Columbia,Vancouver,British Columbia,Canada.
    Objective: Deaths at music festivals are not infrequently reported in the media; however, the true mortality burden is difficult to determine as the deaths are not yet systematically documented in the academic literature.

    Methods: This was a literature search for case examples using academic and gray literature sources, employing both retrospective and prospective searches of media sources from 1999-2014.

    Results: The gray literature documents a total of 722 deaths, including traumatic (594/722; 82%) and non-traumatic (128/722; 18%) causes. Read More

    Influence of a 100-M Simulated In-Water Rescue on Cardiopulmonary Parameters.
    Prehosp Emerg Care 2016 Dec 5:1-8. Epub 2016 Dec 5.
    Objective: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) after a drowning episode is performed under fatigue conditions. However, the characterization of CPR in this context is still unknown. Our purpose was to investigate the effect of a 100-m simulated in-water rescue on CPR and physiological parameters in trained certified lifeguards. Read More

    Extracorporeal life support use in pediatric trauma: a review of the National Trauma Data Bank.
    J Pediatr Surg 2017 Jan 28;52(1):136-139. Epub 2016 Oct 28.
    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address:
    Purpose: As the role of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) continues to evolve in the adult and pediatric populations, smaller studies and case reports have described successful use of ECLS in specific groups of pediatric trauma patients. To further define the role of ECLS in pediatric trauma, we examined indications and outcomes for use of ECLS in injured children using a large national database.

    Methods: All trauma patients ≤18years old were identified from the 2007 to 2011 National Trauma Data Bank. Read More

    Resuscitation attempts and duration in traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
    Resuscitation 2017 Feb 30;111:14-21. Epub 2016 Nov 30.
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Australia; Ambulance Victoria, Australia; School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia; Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.
    Background: This study aimed to understand factors associated with paramedics' decision to attempt resuscitation in traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and to characterise resuscitation attempts ≤10min in patients who die at the scene.

    Methods: The Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry (VACAR) was used to identify all cases of traumatic OHCA between July 2008 and June 2014. We excluded cases <16 years of age or with a mechanism of hanging or drowning. Read More

    Unexplained Cardiac Arrest After Near Drowning in a Young Experienced Swimmer: Insight from Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
    Iran J Radiol 2016 Oct 1;13(4):e36779. Epub 2016 Aug 1.
    Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, Section of Diagnostic Imaging and Therapy-Radiology Division, "G. d'Annunzio" University, Chieti, Italy.
    Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) is a well-established noninvasive imaging modality in clinical cardiology. Its ability to provide tissue characterization make it well suited for the study of patients with cardiac diseases. We describe a multi-modality imaging evaluation of a 45-year-old man who experienced a near drowning event during swimming. Read More

    Potential use of pericardial cTnI, Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) in the forensic investigation of seawater drowning in Greece: An initial assessment.
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 2016 Nov 7;23:30-33. Epub 2016 Sep 7.
    1st Laboratory of Pharmacology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece. Electronic address:
    The investigation of drowning constitutes one of the biggest problems in forensic practice. Elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels in biological fluids have been associated with myocardial damage, whereas increased Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) levels were found in cases of seawater drowning. The aim of this study was to examine the diagnostic utility of postmortem determination of cTnI, Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) in the pericardial fluid, in differentiating between cases of seawater drowning related to myocardial injury and those brought about by other causes. Read More

    A study on the mortality patterns of missing and deceased persons with dementia who died due to wandering.
    Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi 2016 ;53(4):363-373
    Research Team for Human Care, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology.
    Aim: To clarify the mortality patterns derived from differences in the causes of death and to subsequently promote search activity and prevent the death of missing persons.

    Methods: The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) performed a mail survey using a self-administered questionnaire. The families of all 388 deceased dementia patients from among all of the missing persons reports involving dementia patients that were submitted to the police in 2013, and the 10,322 missing persons with dementia (or suspected cases) were the subjects of this survey. Read More

    [Diagnosis of drowning by detecting gyrB and 16S rRNA genes of Aeromonas hydrophila using PCR-capillary electrophoresis].
    Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2016 Nov;36(11):1550-1554
    College of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China.E-mail:
    Objective: To establish a method for diagnosis of freshwater drowning by amplifying gyrB and 16S rRNA genes of Aeromonas hydrophila using PCR coupled with capillary electrophoresis (CE).

    Methods: DNA samples were extracted from human, 18 planktons (including Candida albicans, Aeromonas hydrophila, and 16 species of algae), and 30 cases of tissue samples (including the lung, liver, and kidney, all examined with microwave digestion-vacuum filtration-automated scanning electron microscopy) from human cadavers, including 28 freshwater drowning victims and 2 with natural death. The DNA samples were amplified with the primer AH (for gyrB gene) and primer Ah (for 16S rRNA gene), and the products were analyzed with CE. Read More

    Development of a core outcome set for epilepsy in pregnancy (E-CORE): a national multi-stakeholder modified Delphi consensus study.
    BJOG 2017 Mar 16;124(4):661-667. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Women's Health Research Unit, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.
    Objective: To develop a set of core outcomes for studies on pregnant women with epilepsy.

    Design: Delphi consensus study.

    Population: Healthcare professionals, and patient representatives with lived experience of epilepsy in the UK. Read More

    Pattern of unnatural deaths among children: An autopsy study.
    Med Leg J 2016 Nov 11. Epub 2016 Nov 11.
    Department of Forensic Medicine, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, India.
    This study was conducted at the M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, between October 2007 and September 2009 to analyse the age and sex distribution of unnatural deaths in children, patterns and manner of death. Read More

    Medical versus non medical etiology in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest-Changes in outcome in relation to the revised Utstein template.
    Resuscitation 2017 Jan 5;110:48-55. Epub 2016 Nov 5.
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Introduction: The Utstein-style recommendations for reporting etiology and outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) from 2004 have recently been revised. Among other etiologies a medical category is now introduced, replacing the cardiac category from Utstein template 2004.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe characteristics and temporal trends from reporting OHCA etiology according to the revised Utstein template 2014 in regards to patient characteristics and 30-day survival rates. Read More

    Post-mortem computed tomography coaxial cutting needle biopsy to facilitate the detection of bacterioplankton using PCR probes as a diagnostic indicator for drowning.
    Int J Legal Med 2017 Jan 5;131(1):211-216. Epub 2016 Nov 5.
    Radiology Department, University of Leicester, Robert Kilpatrick Building, Leicester, LE2 7LX, UK.
    We report for the first time the use of coaxial cutting needle biopsy, guided by post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT), to sample internal body tissues for bacterioplankton PCR analysis to investigate drowning. This technical report describes the biopsy technique, the comparison of the needle biopsy and the invasive autopsy sampling results, as well as the PMCT and autopsy findings. By using this new biopsy sampling approach for bacterioplankton PCR, we have developed on previous papers describing the minimally invasive PMCT approach for the diagnosis of drowning. Read More

    Mortality in Dravet syndrome.
    Epilepsy Res 2016 Dec 26;128:43-47. Epub 2016 Oct 26.
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Epilepsy Research Centre, Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Austin Health, Australia; Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:
    We measured the mortality rate and the rate of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) in Dravet Syndrome (DS). We studied a cohort of 100 consecutively recruited, unrelated patients with DS; 87 had SCN1A mutations. Living cases had a median follow-up of 17 years. Read More

    Observed long-term mortality after 18,000 person-years among survivors in a large regional drowning registry.
    Resuscitation 2017 Jan 24;110:18-25. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, United States.
    Aim: Long-term outcomes beyond one year after non-fatal drowning are uncharacterized. We estimated long-term mortality and identified prognostic factors in a large, population-based cohort.

    Methods: Population-based prospective cohort study (1974-1996) of Western Washington Drowning Registry (WWDR) subjects surviving the index drowning through hospital discharge. Read More

    Varying Inundation Regimes Differentially Affect Natural and Sand-Amended Marsh Sediments.
    PLoS One 2016 27;11(10):e0164956. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences and Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States of America.
    Climate change is altering sea level rise rates and precipitation patterns worldwide. Coastal wetlands are vulnerable to these changes. System responses to stressors are important for resource managers and environmental stewards to understand in order to best manage them. Read More

    Lesions associated with drowning in bycaught penguins.
    Dis Aquat Organ 2016 Oct;121(3):241-248
    Laboratory of Wildlife Comparative Pathology (LAPCOM), School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 05508-270 SP, Brazil.
    Fisheries bycatch, the incidental mortality that occurs as a result of entanglement in fishing gear, is an important conservation threat to penguins and other seabirds. Identification of entanglement and drowning in beach-cast carcasses of seabirds remains a challenge, as it is still unclear what lesions are to be expected in a bycaught seabird. We necropsied 2 Magellanic penguins Spheniscus magellanicus that were entangled and drowned in gillnets. Read More

    Evidence of 2 populations of mephedrone abusers by hair testing. Application to 4 forensic expertises.
    Curr Neuropharmacol 2016 Oct 26. Epub 2016 Oct 26.
    X-Pertise Consulting, 84 route de Saverne 67205, Oberhausbergen, France.
    New psychoactive substances are conquering the drug scene. Among these substances, cathinone derivatives have been observed since late in the year 2000. At that time, an increasing use of the synthetic cathinone mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) started to be observed, particularly among night clubbers. Read More

    Epidemiology and outcomes of children with accidental hypothermia: A propensity-matched study.
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2017 Feb;82(2):362-367
    From the Florida Atlantic Univeristy (A.T.), Boca Raton, Florida; Division of Critical Care Medicine (M.L., F.B., K.M., A.R., B.R.T.), Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Miami, Florida; and the Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine (M.L., K.M., A.R., B.R.T.), Florida International University, Miami, Florida.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the epidemiology and outcomes of hospitalized children with a diagnosis of accidental hypothermia.

    Methods: The 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database, detailing discharge diagnoses in children admitted to US hospitals, was analyzed using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes to filter out relevant patients. Children ages 1 month to 17 years were included in the analysis. Read More

    Alcohol and its contributory role in fatal drowning in Australian rivers, 2002-2012.
    Accid Anal Prev 2017 Jan 20;98:259-265. Epub 2016 Oct 20.
    College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, 4811, Australia; Research School of Population Health, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia.
    Objective: Examine the prevalence of alcohol and its contributory role in unintentional fatal river drowning in Australia to inform strategies for prevention.

    Methods: Cases of unintentional fatal river drowning in Australia, 1-July-2002 to 30-June-2012, were extracted from the National Coronial Information System. Cases with positive alcohol readings found through autopsy or toxicology reports were retained for analysis. Read More

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