5,639 results match your criteria Drowning


Potential Forensic Application of Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products (RAGE) as a Novel Biomarker for Estimating Postmortem Interval.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, 31538, Republic of Korea.

Studies which estimate the postmortem interval (PMI) based on diatoms or bacterial communities have been well-conducted. However, predicting the PMI based on microorganisms has limited accuracy. The objective of this study was to discover specific biomarkers for estimating the PMI for drowning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14063DOI Listing

Exploring the impact, response and preparedness to water-related natural disasters in the Barisal division of Bangladesh: a mixed methods study.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 4;9(4):e026459. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: To investigate the impact of natural disasters on communities in the Barisal division of Bangladesh, exploring community approaches to disaster preparedness and mitigation.

Setting: Communities in all districts of the Barisal division of Bangladesh.

Participants: Quantitative data were collected through a cross-sectional household survey (n=9263 households; n=38 981 individuals). Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02645
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026459DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation treatment in a low-volume and geographically isolated cardiothoracic centre.

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Cardiothoracic Surgery, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment is generally offered in large tertiary cardiothoracic referral centres. Here we present the indications and outcome of venovenous-ECMO (VV-ECMO) treatment in a low-volume, geographically isolated single-centre in Iceland, a country of 350 000 inhabitants. Our hypothesis was that patient survival in such a centre can be similar to that at high-volume centres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aas.13367DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Developing drowning prevention strategies for rivers through the use of a modified Delphi process.

Inj Prev 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: Internationally, rivers are a leading drowning location, yet little evidence exists evaluating river drowning prevention strategies. This study aims to use expert opinion to identify strategies more likely to be effective.

Methods: Using a modified Delphi process, a virtual panel of 30 experts from 12 countries considered, grouped and prioritised strategies for river drowning prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043156DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Tuberculosis Surveillance in Taiwan Forensic Autopsy Cases: A Retrospective Analysis of 71 Cases From 2012 to 2017.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most important public health issues worldwide, and global efforts have altered the TB epidemic. This study analyzed 71 cases of TB at autopsy notified via Taiwan Medical Examiner Surveillance for Lethal Infectious Disease (Taiwan Med-X) between 2012 and 2017 and applied immunohistochemistry to formalin-fixed lung tissue. Tuberculosis was present in 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000477DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Diving-related fatalities: multidisciplinary, experience-based investigation.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Research Group on Clinical Anatomy, Embryology and Neuroscience (NEOMA), Department of Medical Sciences, University of Girona, Girona, Spain.

To describe the technical characteristics of fatal diving mishaps and to elucidate the causes of death using a sequence analysis and a multidisciplinary investigation of diving-related fatalities. All cases of diving deaths recorded on the coast of Girona (Spain) between January 2009 and May 2018 were analyzed. Most data were obtained from the police technical reports and the forensic pathology service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-019-00109-2DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A comparative digital morphometric study of lung tissue in saltwater and freshwater drowning.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 12;298:157-160. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

University Center of Legal Medicine Lausanne-Geneva, Rue Michel-Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.

Acute pulmonary emphysema (APE) is describedin cases of drowning and can be considered as a sign of vitality. In our experience, however, APE is not very evident in cases of saltwater drowning. The present study aims at investigating whether APE is present in both fresh and saltwater drowning by means of digital morphometric analysis of lung tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Potentially preventable trauma deaths: A retrospective review.

Injury 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia; National Trauma Research Institute, Victoria, Australia; Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Reviewing prehospital trauma deaths provides an opportunity to identify system improvements that may reduce trauma mortality. The objective of this study was to identify the number and rate of potentially preventable trauma deaths through expert panel reviews of prehospital and early in-hospital trauma deaths.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of prehospital and early in-hospital (<24 h) trauma deaths following a traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest that were attended by Ambulance Victoria (AV) in the state of Victoria, Australia, between 2008 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Characteristic Changes and 3D Virtual Measurement of Lung CT Image Parameters in the Drowning Rabbit Model.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb 25;35(1):1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai 200063, China.

Objectives: To use virtual anatomy technique in the analysis of post-mortem characteristic changes of CT images in the experimental drowning rabbit model and the related parameters in 3D virtual model, so as to explore its application value in the diagnosis of drowning in forensic pathology.

Methods: A model of drowning rabbits was established, with animal models of hemorrhagic shock and mechanical asphyxia as the controls. CT scan was performed on the experimental animals, and the differences in imaging features between the groups were compared by morphological reading of the tomographic images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2019.01.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Analysis of 13 Cases of Abnormal Death after Drinking.

Authors:
C Y Wang L P Yang

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Jun 25;34(6):648-649. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Wujin District Branch of Changzhou Public Security Bureau, Changzhou 213100, Jiangsu Province, China.

Objectives: To investigate the common causes of death after drinking and the precautions for forensic identification.

Methods: By reading alarm records, visiting investigations, on-site investigation transcripts, medical examination records and identification documents, the sex, age, corpse examination, toxic (drug) analysis and cause of death in 13 cases of post-drinking death were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: In 13 cases of post-drinking abnormal death, the causes of death were mainly drowning after drinking and asphyxia induced by stomach contents reflux. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.06.015DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Complexity in Implementing Community Drowning Reduction Programs in Southern Bangladesh: A Process Evaluation Protocol.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 18;16(6). Epub 2019 Mar 18.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, 311-312, Third Floor, Elegance Tower, Plot No. 8, Jasola District Centre, New Delhi 110025, India.

Living and geographical conditions in Bangladesh expose children to a high risk of drowning. Two programs operating in the Barishal Division of Bangladesh aim to reduce drowning risk through the provision of crèches (Anchal) and swim and rescue classes (SwimSafe). Anchal provides a safe environment with early childhood education to children aged 1⁻5 years old, while SwimSafe teaches children aged 6⁻10 years old basic swimming and rescue skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060968DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Sudden Unexpected Death and the Mammalian Dive Response: Catastrophic Failure of a Complex Tightly Coupled System.

Authors:
Frank F Vincenzi

Front Physiol 2019 19;10:97. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

In tightly coupled complex systems, when two or more factors or events interact in unanticipated ways, catastrophic failures of high-risk technical systems happen rarely, but quickly. Safety features are commonly built into complex systems to avoid disasters but are often part of the problem. The human body may be considered as a complex tightly coupled system at risk of rare catastrophic failure (sudden unexpected death, SUD) when certain factors or events interact. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fphys.2019.00097
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6389676PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Seasonal variation in childhood mortality.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Mar 26:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

b Institute of Health and Society , Newcastle University , Newcastle upon Tyne , United Kingdom.

Aim: This ecological study was carried out to determine the cyclic trends in the rate of perinatal and infant mortality and among children aged under 15 years who died in traffic accidents or from drowning, respiratory disease or cancer.

Methods: Monthly data on the numbers of live births, perinatal and infant deaths, and deaths from respiratory disease, cancer, traffic accidents, accidental drowning, and submersion in children aged under 15 years were obtained from the Hungarian nationwide population register. The data were aggregated over the study period and cyclic trends were investigated using the Walter-Elwood and negative binomial regression methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1594765DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Microplastics in the marine environment: Current trends in environmental pollution and mechanisms of toxicological profile.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Mar 8;68:61-74. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina Viale Ferdinando Stagno d'Alcontres 31 98166, S Agata, Messina, Italy. Electronic address:

The global plastics production has increased from 1.5 million tons in the 1950s to 335 million tons in 2016, with plastics discharged into virtually all components of the environment. Plastics rarely biodegrade but through different processes they fragment into microplastics and nanoplastics, which have been reported as ubiquitous pollutants in all marine environments worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2019.03.001DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Prevention of Drowning.

Pediatrics 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Phoenix Children's Hospital, University of Arizona College of Medicine.

Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related death in children. In 2017, drowning claimed the lives of almost 1000 US children younger than 20 years. A number of strategies are available to prevent these tragedies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-0850DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Trends in cause-specific mortality among children aged 5-14 years from 2005 to 2016 in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico: an analysis of nationally representative mortality studies.

Lancet 2019 Mar 12;393(10176):1119-1127. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael's Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: With global survival increasing for children younger than 5 years of age, attention is required to reduce the approximately 1 million deaths of children aged 5-14 years occurring every year. Causes of death at these ages remain poorly documented. We aimed to explore trends in mortality by causes of death in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico, which are home to about 40% of the world's children aged 5-14 years and experience more than 200 000 deaths annually at these ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30220-XDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6418656PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Trends in the leading causes of childhood mortality from 2004 to 2016 in Qatar.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2018 1;7(1):334. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Ministry of Public Health, State of Qatar.

Introduction: Childhood mortality is an important health indicator that reflects the overall health status of a population. Despite the decrease in global childhood mortality rates over the past decades, it still remains an important public health issue in Qatar.

Methods: The data from 2004-2016 were extracted from the Qatar Ministry of Public Health Birth and Death Database. Read More

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http://cajgh.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/cajgh/article/view/334
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2018.334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393052PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for accidental deep hypothermia-current challenges and future perspectives.

Ann Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Jan;8(1):137-142

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

The incidence of accidental hypothermia (core temperature ≤35 °C) is difficult to estimate, as the affected population is heterogeneous. Both temperature and clinical presentation should be considered while determining severity, which is difficult in a prehospital setting. Extracorporeal rewarming is advocated for all Swiss Staging System class IV (hypothermic cardiac arrest) and class III (hypothermic cardiac instability) patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/acs.2018.10.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379186PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Cardiac Arrest in Special Circumstances-Recent Advances in Resuscitation.

Am J Ther 2019 Mar/Apr;26(2):e276-e283

Department of Emergency Medicine, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania.

Background: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in special circumstances includes the emergency intervention for special causes, special environments, and special patients. Special causes cover the potential reversible causes of cardiac arrest that must be identified or excluded during any resuscitation act. The special environments section includes recommendations for the treatment of cardiac arrest occurring in specific locations: cardiac surgery, catheterization laboratory, dialysis unit, dental surgery, commercial airplanes or air ambulances, playing field, difficult environment (eg, drowning, high altitude, avalanche, and electrical injuries) or mass casualty incident. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0000000000000927DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

A new enzymatic method for extracting diatoms from organs of suspected drowning cases using papain: Optimal digestion and first practical application.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Apr 13;297:204-216. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Legal Medicine, Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake-cho, Miyazaki, 889-1692, Japan. Electronic address:

Diatom analysis is very effective for positive diagnosis of water inhalation in drowning. However, conventional strong acid diatom testing is laborious and potentially dangerous. We propose a simple, fast, and safe protocol using inexpensive reagents such as papain, SDS, and 5 N HCl for extracting diatoms from lung, kidney, and liver tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.008DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Where to start? Injury prevention priority scores in Canadian children.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Surgery, Section of Pediatric Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Purpose: Given limited resources, it is essential to determine which Mechanisms of Injury (MOIs) to prioritize for injury prevention policy and research. We developed objective, evidence-based Injury Prevention Priority Scores (IPPSs) for Canadian children across three prevention perspectives: mortality, injury severity, and resource utilization.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all injuries in Canada in individuals aged 0 to 19 years old from 2009 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.030DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Drowning is never dry.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2019 Apr 5;13(4):313-315. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

c Department of Pediatrics , University of Washington School of Medicine , Seattle , WA , USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17476348.2019.1589373DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Risk factors associated with life jacket wear among adult canoeists and kayakers in the United States, 1999-2017.

Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2019 Feb 27:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

a JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc ., 44 Farnsworth St , Boston , MA , 02210.

Drowning is the most common cause of death in recreational boating. Life jackets prevent drowning, yet adult wear rates remain relatively low on most types of boats. Canoes and kayaks are among the least used boat types, yet maintain the third and first highest annual boating-related drowning rates in 2012, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17457300.2019.1576207DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The forensic spleen: Morphological, radiological, and toxicological investigations.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Apr 22;297:384-387. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Forensic Pathology, LabPLUS, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland 1148, New Zealand.

The spleen is only uncommonly investigated in the forensic setting. Thorough examinations are performed in some specific situations such as splenic trauma (including iatrogenic trauma from cardiopulmonary resuscitation attempts), anaphylaxis, drowning, and sepsis-related deaths. The aim of this review is to present the available literature focusing on a few selected splenic diseases as well as forensic investigations performed on the spleen in order to summarize the most frequent situations in which this routinely unexplored organ may merit more extensive examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.01.042DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Drowning in the desert: family denial of brain death.

Sudan J Paediatr 2018 ;18(2):48-52

Al-Faisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Drowning continues to be a cause of childhood mortality that is associated with significant psychological distress to the affected families. The unexpected death due to such preventable injury causes excessive grieving responses in these situations. In the present report, we describe a case of a 3-year-old child who was a victim of drowning in a recreational pool, whose family went through severe denial phase following the establishment of brain death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24911/SJP.106-1537437446DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378574PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Barcoding for diatoms in the Yangtze River from the morphological observation and 18S rDNA polymorphic analysis.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Apr 2;297:81-89. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 211166, PR China; Key Laboratory of Targeted Intervention of Cardiovascular Disease, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cardiovascular Disease Translational Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 211166, PR China. Electronic address:

In forensic science, the determination of diatoms bears several goals, for example to estimate the post mortem interval (PMI), to determine the cause of death of a corpse found in water as well as to further locate the suspected drowning site. However, to identify diatoms using morphological method beyond the genus level is difficult and requires expert knowledge. During the last decade, a new concept of DNA barcode is becoming a promising approach to identify the taxa of diatoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.01.028DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Protocol for developing a mental imagery intervention: a randomised controlled trial testing a novel implementation imagery e-health intervention to change driver behaviour during floods.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e025565. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Psychology, Health Psychology and Behavioural Medicine Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Introduction: Drowning due to driving into floodwater accounts for a significant proportion of all deaths by drowning. Despite awareness campaigns such as 'If it's flooded, forget it', people continue to drive into floodwater. This causes loss of life, risk to rescuers and damage to vehicles. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02556
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398747PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Pattern of intentional drowning mortality: a total population retrospective cohort study in Australia, 2006-2014.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 19;19(1):207. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, 4811, Australia.

Background: While a downward trend in unintentional drowning deaths in Australia has been observed, little is known about intentional drowning mortality. Limited information on intentional drowning death impedes the planning, implementation, and evaluation of prevention strategies. This study aims to describe rates of intentional fatal drowning in Australia and compare these to other categories of drowning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6476-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381671PMC
February 2019

Analysis of false-positive results of diatom test in the diagnosis of drowning-would not be an impediment.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University & Guangdong Province Translational Forensic Medicine Engineering Technology Research Center, Zhongshan 2nd Road 74, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, 510080, China.

Diatom test has been a significant tool for the diagnosis of drowning. The reliability of the diatom test is still in strong dispute in the field of forensic science because of the false-positive results. This study was designed to quantitatively compare the numbers of the diatoms in false-positive cases and true drowning cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02021-4DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A new method for estimating time since death by analysis of substances deposited on the surface of dental enamel in a body immersed in seawater.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Histology and Developmental Biology, Tokyo Dental College, 2-9-18 Kanda-Misakicho, Chiyoda, Tokyo, 101-0061, Japan.

The present investigation was performed with the objective of developing a method to estimate how long a corpse had been immersed in water after death (the time since death). Accurate determination of the time elapsed since death may lead to identification of the place of drowning, and therefore, serves not only as a piece of information useful for determination of the cause of death but also leads to prompt identification of the body. The results showed that diatoms attached to the surface of dental enamel increased with prolongation of immersion time in water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02020-5DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Near-drowning: new perspectives for human hypoxic acute kidney injury.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Medicine D, Rambam Health Care Campus and Ruth & Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-IIT, Haifa, Israel.

Concepts regarding hypoxic acute kidney injury (AKI) are derived from widely used warm ischemia-reflow (WIR) models, characterized by extensive proximal tubular injury and associated with profound inflammation. However, there is ample clinical and experimental data indicating that hypoxic AKI may develop without total cessation of renal blood flow, with a different injury pattern that principally affects medullary thick limbs in the outer medulla. This injury pattern likely reflects an imbalance between blood and oxygen supply and oxygen expenditure, principally for tubular transport. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfz016DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Unexpected rip currents induced by a meteotsunami.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 14;9(1):2105. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

ISWS, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

A tragic drowning event occurred along southeastern beaches of Lake Michigan on a sunny and calm July 4, 2003, hours after a fast-moving convective storm had crossed the lake. Data forensics indicates that a moderate-height (~0.3 m) meteotsunami was generated by the fast-moving storm impacting the eastern coast of the lake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38716-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376005PMC
February 2019

Characteristics of aquatic rescues undertaken by bystanders in Australia.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0212349. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Surf Life Saving Australia, Bondi Beach, New South Wales, Australia.

An issue of growing importance within the field of drowning prevention is the undertaking of aquatic rescues by bystanders, who sometimes drown in the process. The main objectives of this study were to describe characteristics of bystanders making rescues in different Australian aquatic environments, identify the role of prior water safety training in conducting bystander rescues and provide insights into future public education strategies relating to bystander rescue scenarios. An online survey was disseminated via various social media platforms in 2017 and gathered a total of 243 complete responses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212349PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375621PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The association between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions and drowning in Bangladesh.

J Water Health 2019 Feb;17(1):172-178

Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, House 162B, Road 23, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh.

The present study investigated associations between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) factors and fatal and non-fatal drowning events in Bangladesh. Here, we report findings from a large household survey (89,700) conducted in Barisal Division of Bangladesh. Univariate analyses showed that the use of surface water rather than piped water was associated with an increased risk of both fatal and non-fatal drowning events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wh.2018.243DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Severe head injury in elderly: 6-year comparison of treatment and outcome between southern Finland and Navarra (Spain).

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Accident and Emergency Department, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Health service of Navarra-Osasunbidea, 31011, Pamplona, Spain.

Purpose: To compare the profile, treatment and outcome of elderly patients with severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI) between southern Finland and Navarra (Spain).

Methods: Data collected from, 2010 to 2015, in the Major Trauma Registry of Navarra (MTR-N) and the Helsinki Trauma Registry (HTR) were compared. Patients with New Injury Severity Score (NISS) ≥ 16 and age ≥ 65 with isolated severe TBI were considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01091-8DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A review of children with severe trauma admitted to pediatric intensive care in Queensland, Australia.

PLoS One 2019 7;14(2):e0211530. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: The aim of this study is to review patient characteristics, injury patterns, and outcomes of trauma cases admitted to pediatric intensive care in Children's Health Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Methods: Routinely recorded data collected prospectively from the Children's Health Queensland Trauma Service registry from November 2008 to October 2015 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical characteristics of trauma cases in children under 16 years of age are described, and their association with age and mortality analyzed. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211530PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366734PMC
February 2019
13 Reads

Colour stability of dental restorative materials submitted to conditions of burial and drowning, for forensic purposes.

J Forensic Odontostomatol 2018 Dec 1;2(36):20-30. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics. Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry - University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of earth and water on the colour stability of tooth-coloured dental restorative materials: composite resin (CR) and glass ionomer cement (GIC). Aiming to distinguish between one and another tooth-coloured material and to estimate the period in which they could be submitted to the factors earth and water, the proposed method may contribute to the proceedings of human identification of victims of burial and submersion in water. Forty bovine incisors were prepared (6 x 6 x 2mm) and restored with CR FiltekTM Z250 XT (3M ESPETM) and GIC KetacTM Fil Plus (3M ESPETM). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Epidemiological characteristics of injury mortality in Guangdong Province, China, 2015.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 1;19(1):142. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Director's office, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Center, Guangzhou, China.

Background: As the fourth leading cause of death, injury is an important public health concern in Guangdong Province, China. The epidemiological characteristics of injury mortality is changing along with the social development. This study described the epidemiological characteristics of injury mortality in Guangdong Province by analyzing the death surveillance data in a few areas in Guangdong Province in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6437-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359779PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Sailing Injuries: A Review of the Literature.

Authors:
Andrew Nathanson

R I Med J (2013) 2019 Feb 1;102(1):23-27. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Sailors are at risk for acute injuries, overuse injuries, environmental injuries, and sailing-related illnesses. Sailing-related injury rates vary from 0.29 to 5. Read More

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February 2019
6 Reads

Toxicological findings: A retrospective overview of medico-legal investigations in Parma (Italy).

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 18;62:92-96. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Institute of Legal Medicine, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy.

The aim of this study was to collect all available data from 2009 to 2016 focusing on the epidemiological, clinical and pharmacological issues only related to acute intoxication fatalities in the Unit of Legal Medicine of the Department of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Parma. All death certificates and autopsy reports were retrieved from the archives and evaluated to identify cases in which only acute intoxication from xenobiotics could be defined as the cause of death, however statistical and descriptive analyses were applied to all the data. A more comprehensive analysis on all causes of death showed that out of 1005 total cases the most common is haemorrhagic shock/traumatic shock (36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.011DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Are there mortality risks for patients with epilepsy who use cannabis treatments as monotherapy?

Epilepsy Behav Case Rep 2019 3;11:52-53. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Swedish Epilepsy Center, 550 17th Ave suite 540, Seattle, WA 98122, USA.

Mortality associated with cannabis used for treatment of epilepsy is not well documented. We discuss two fatalities in the setting of epilepsy and self-determined therapy with cannabis (SDTC). One patient had probable sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, the second death was due to seizure-associated drowning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ebcr.2018.11.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348695PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Treatment of Hypothermic Cardiac Arrest in the Pediatric Drowning Victim, a Case Report, and Systematic Review.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota.

Objectives: Drowning is the second leading cause of death in children. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become the criterion standard therapy to resuscitate the hypothermic drowning victim in cardiac arrest. We present our own experience treating 5 children with hypothermic cardiac arrest in conjunction with a systematic review to analyze clinical features predictive of survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001735DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The association between disaster exposure and media use on post-traumatic stress disorder following Typhoon Hato in Macao, China.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2019 14;10(1):1558709. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Centre for Macau Studies, The University of Macao, Macao (SAR), People's Republic of China.

: Direct exposure to natural disasters and related losses are associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is less clear whether indirect media exposure is associated with PTSD. : This study investigated key exposure-related risk factors for PTSD and examined the effect of media exposure on the prevalence of disaster-related PTSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2018.1558709DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338284PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Youth Swimming Ability and Associated Factors in the United States, 2010-17.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):32-42

School of Health Studies, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

Learning to swim is recommended for children to prevent drowning and to promote lifelong physical activity. Dissimilar US youth swimming ability rates by demographics have been reported. Our research purpose was to examine youth swimming ability by selected variables, and to compare with similar research in 2010. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.3DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

An Ultra-Shapeable, Smart Sensing Platform Based on a Multimodal Ferrofluid-Infused Surface.

Adv Mater 2019 Mar 28;31(11):e1807201. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, and Research and Education in Energy, Environment & Water (RENEW) Institute, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, 14260, USA.

The development of wearable, all-in-one sensors that can simultaneously monitor several hazard conditions in a real-time fashion imposes the emergent requirement for a smart and stretchable hazard avoidance sensing platform that is stretchable and skin-like. Multifunctional sensors with these features are problematic and challenging to accomplish. In this context, a multimodal ferrofluid-based triboelectric nanogenerator (FO-TENG), featuring sensing capabilities to a variety of hazard stimulus such as a strong magnetic field, noise level, and falling or drowning is reported. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/adma.201807201
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201807201DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Potential forensic application of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) as novel biomarkers for diagnosis of drowning.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 17;62:56-62. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Medical Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Drowning is the most common cause of unnatural death worldwide. There is no single biomarker to diagnose drowning, so the diagnosis of drowning is one of the most difficult tasks in forensic medicine. Especially, distinguishing a victim of drowning from a body disposed of in water following death remains a problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.007DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Global and regional child deaths due to injuries: an assessment of the evidence.

J Glob Health 2018 Dec;8(2):021104

Centre for Global Health Research, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.

Background: Injuries result in substantial number of deaths among children globally. The burden across many settings is largely unknown. We estimated global and regional child deaths due to injuries from publicly available evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7189/jogh.08.021104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317703PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Elevated Cerebrospinal Fluid Sodium and Chloride Levels in a Saltwater Drowning Death.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Departments of Forensic Pathology and.

To ascribe a cause of death from drowning in a body immersed in water can be difficult because of the absence of specific postmortem findings and unreliable ancillary tests. Postmortem vitreous biochemical analysis is documented to be a useful adjunct ancillary test to aid the diagnosis of saltwater drowning. A major confounding factor in using postmortem vitreous is the effect of electrolyte diffusion and water osmosis during immersion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000464DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads