6,155 results match your criteria Drowning


Lung, Brain, And Spinal Cord Abscesses After A Near-Drowning Episode.

Am J Med 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA.

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Emergency Medicine Cases in Underwater and Hyperbaric Environments: The Use of Simulation as a Learning Technique.

Front Physiol 2021 21;12:666503. Epub 2021 May 21.

Environmental and Respiratory Physiology Laboratory and Master Level II in Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Padua, Italy.

Introduction: Hyperbaric chambers and underwater environments are challenging and at risk of serious accidents. Personnel aiming to assist patients and subjects should be appropriately trained, and several courses have been established all over the world. In healthcare, simulation is an effective learning technique. Read More

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Land-traffic crash leading to passenger vehicle submersion, drowning and other fatal injuries: A 44-year study based on records from the Finnish Crash Data Institute.

J Safety Res 2021 Jun 5;77:99-104. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Biomedicine, Forensic Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address:

Background: Land motor traffic crash (LMTC) -related drownings are an overlooked and preventable cause of injury death. The aim of this study was to analyze the profile of water-related LMTCs involving passenger cars and leading to drowning and fatal injuries in Finland, 1972 through 2015.

Materials And Methods: The database of the Finnish Crash Data Institute (FCDI) that gathers detailed information on fatal traffic accidents provided records on all LMTCs leading to drowning during the study period and, from 2002 to 2015, on all water-related LMTCs, regardless of the cause of death. Read More

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A scoping review of female drowning: an underexplored issue in five high-income countries.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 5;21(1):1072. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Drowning is a significant public health issue, with females accounting for one third of global drowning deaths. The rate of female drowning has not decreased within high-income countries and presentations to hospital have increased. This scoping review aimed to explore adult female unintentional drowning, including risk factors, clinical treatment and outcomes of females hospitalised for drowning. Read More

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The impact of horizontal violence on the individual nurse: A qualitative research study.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 May 16;54:103079. Epub 2021 May 16.

University of Calgary, Faculty of Nursing, 2500, University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada.

Aim: Horizontal violence (HV) is a familiar term used in nursing. Certain populations of nurses are more susceptible to HV than others. Graduate nurses (nurses within their first 12 months of practice) are widely considered a vulnerable population in the profession and thus more at risk for HV. Read More

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Mortality in tuberous sclerosis complex.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 Jun 1;121(Pt A):108032. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Saint Barnabas Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, United States; Department of Neurology, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, United States. Electronic address:

We studied mortality in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) by analyzing data from the Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance Natural History Database of 2233 patients from 18 United States TSC centers. Among 31 decedents with data; mean age of death was 29 years. Cause of death could be determined in 26 cases: 11 definitely related to TSC, 14 possibly related to TSC, and 1 unrelated to TSC. Read More

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The epidemiology of drowning among Saudi children: results from a large trauma center.

Ann Saudi Med 2021 May-Jun;41(3):157-164. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

From the Department of Population Health, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Drowning is the third leading cause of unintentional death among children worldwide. Although natural waters pose a risk of drowning in low-income countries, swimming pools are more prevalent in high-income countries. In Saudi Arabia, injuries and drowning are a significant threat to population health. Read More

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Trends of injury mortality during the COVID-19 period in Guangdong, China: a population-based retrospective analysis.

BMJ Open 2021 06 2;11(6):e045317. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

Objective: We aimed to ascertain the trends of injury mortality during the COVID-19 period in southern China.

Methods: We conducted a population-based retrospective analysis to compare the mortality changes of all-cause injury and transport injuries, poisoning, falls, fire/heat/hot substances, drowning, self-harm and interpersonal violence, which were further stratified by sex and age. Comparisons were made between the COVID-19 period (between January 2020 and June 2020) and control period (between January 2019 and June 2019) in Guangdong province. Read More

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Paediatric major trauma in the setting of the Irish trauma network.

Injury 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Midland Regional Hospital Tullamore, Ireland.

Background: The construction of a new tertiary children's hospital and reconfiguration of its two satellite centres will become the Irish epicentre for all paediatric care including paediatric trauma. Ireland is also currently establishing a national trauma network although further planning of how to manage paediatric trauma in the context of this system is required. This research defines the unknown epidemiology of paediatric major trauma in Ireland to assist strategic planning of a future paediatric major trauma network. Read More

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Does a short intervention with vibration foam roller recover lifeguards better after a water rescue? A pilot study.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 May 25;49:71-75. Epub 2021 May 25.

REMOSS Research group, Facultade de Ciencias da Educación e do Deporte, Universidade de Vigo, Spain.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a recovery program based on foam roller with and without vibration on blood lactate clearance and perceived fatigue after a water rescue.

Methods: A quasi-experimental crossover design was carried out to compare passive (PR) recovery and a short protocol of foam roller (FR) and vibration foam roller (VFR) recovery after a 100 m water rescue in 7 volunteer lifeguards. Blood lactate and perceived exertion were measured before and after the rescue, and also after the 5-min recovery intervention. Read More

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When Natural Hazards Intersect with Public Health: A Preliminary Exploration of the Impact of Bushfires and the COVID-19 Pandemic on Australian Coastal Drowning Fatalities.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 17;18(10). Epub 2021 May 17.

Beach Safety Research Group, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

Natural hazards combined with the COVID-19 pandemic have had significant global impacts to the community and the environment. This study explores the impact of the Australian 2019/20 bushfires followed by the COVID-19 pandemic on unintentional coastal drowning fatalities. Fatality data were collated using triangulation methodology. Read More

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Early application of non-invasive ventilation for children with pulmonary edema after drowning.

Pediatr Int 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Division of Pediatric Emergency Care, Department of Pediatrics, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) on the clinical course, oxygenation, need for invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), and outcomes for children with pulmonary edema after drowning.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review. Children who were referred to the pediatric emergency department due to drowning-related pulmonary edema and underwent NIV between May 2014 and October 2020 were included. Read More

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Radiographic changes in endodontically treated teeth submitted to drowning and burial simulations: is it a useful tool in forensic investigation?

J Forensic Odontostomatol 2021 Apr 30;1(39):9-15. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Public Health, Stomatology and Forensic Odontology. School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo - Brazil.

Dental radiographs, endodontic treatment and materials are a source of useful forensic data. The response of dental materials to death-related events are widely studied and provide forensic evidence for experts. This study aimed to analyze the radiographic images of endodontically treated teeth submitted to burial and drowning simulation, verifying its forensic feasibility, applicability and usefulness. Read More

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Rewarming From Hypothermic Cardiac Arrest Applying Extracorporeal Life Support: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 13;8:641633. Epub 2021 May 13.

Anesthesia and Critical Care Research Group, University of Tromsø (UiT), The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

This systematic review and meta-analysis aims at comparing outcomes of rewarming after accidental hypothermic cardiac arrest (HCA) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or/and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Literature searches were limited to references with an abstract in English, French or German. Additionally, we searched reference lists of included papers. Read More

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Angiotensin II for Near Drowning: A Case Series.

Crit Care Explor 2021 May 21;3(5):e0434. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, University of Georgia College of Pharmacy, Augusta, GA.

This case series describes the effect of angiotensin II administration on hemodynamics in patients with parenchymal lung injury due to submersion injury.

Case Summary: A 33-year-old female and a 72-year-old female were both brought to the emergency department after incidents of near drowning. Upon arrival to the emergency department, both patients were hemodynamically unstable and were eventually intubated for airway protection. Read More

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Forensic Pluralism and the Dead Body in Early 20th-Century China.

Authors:
Daniel Asen

Acad Forensic Pathol 2021 Mar 25;11(1):41-51. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Modern forensic medicine was introduced into China during the first decades of the 20th century. The members of China's first generation of medicolegal experts were soon advocating that medical expertise play a greater role in police and judicial officials' investigations of suspicious death and homicide cases. While forensic reform in China had parallels with developments in other contemporary societies in which physicians were pushing for a greater role in the law, this process unfolded in China in unique ways, against the backdrop of an older tradition of forensic science that had developed under the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Read More

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Analysis of fatal unintentional drowning in Australia 2008-2020: implications for the Australian Water Safety Strategy.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2021 Jun 24;45(3):248-254. Epub 2021 May 24.

Royal Life Saving Society - Australia, New South Wales.

Objective: To examine temporal trends in drowning in Australia against targets set in the Australian Water Safety Strategy (AWSS) 2008-2020 and to inform the development of the next iteration of the Strategy.

Methods: A national analysis of unintentional fatal drowning rates per 100,000 population over 16 years (2004/05-2019/20) was conducted. Baseline rates (three-year average 2004/05-2006/07) were compared to the current three-year average (2017/18-2019/20) by sex, age group, drowning location and jurisdiction. Read More

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Trace elements in forensic human lung: A new approach to the diagnosis of seawater drowning. A preliminary study.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 May 4;323:110815. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Legal and Forensic Medicine, Biomedical Research Institute (IMIB), Regional Campus of International Excellence "Campus Mare Nostrum", Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

The diagnosing of drowning remains one of the most challenging activities for the forensic pathologist. There is little information on the impact on the lung as a target organ in death by drowning. We aimed to investigate the concentration of trace elements in the lungs of people who had suffered different types of death to evaluate the discriminating ability of trace elements to identify seawater drowning (SWD). Read More

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Homicide Incidents Involving Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder as Victims Reported in the US News Media, 2000-2019.

J Autism Dev Disord 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Recent research indicates that children with autism are at increased risk of maltreatment. We examined news media reports on homicide incidents involving children with autism as victims in the United States between 2000 and 2019. Of the 52 victims studied, 47 (90. Read More

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Relationships influencing caring in first-line nursing leadership: A visual hermeneutic study.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.

Aim: To explore and interpret relationships that influence caring in nursing leadership, in the context of Nordic municipal health care, from first-line nurse managers' perspectives.

Design And Method: We chose a visual hermeneutic design. A three-stage interpretation process outlined by Drew and Guillemin, based on Rose, was used to analyse drawings and the following reflective dialogue from three focus groups, with a purposive sample of 11 first-line nurse managers. Read More

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Descriptive Epidemiology of Pediatric Drowning Patients Presenting to a Large Southern US Children's Hospital.

South Med J 2021 May;114(5):266-270

From the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, the Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and the University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama.

Objectives: Drowning is the leading cause of death for children ages 1 to 4, and it is among the leading causes of death for children of all ages. National data show disparities in drowning risk for certain racial groups. This study aimed to describe characteristics of patients presenting after a drowning event to guide focused drowning prevention outreach efforts. Read More

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Exploring a Hidden Epidemic: Drowning Among Adults Aged 65 Years and Older.

J Aging Health 2021 May 3:8982643211014770. Epub 2021 May 3.

10129Royal Life Saving Society - Australia, Broadway, Australia.

To explore trends in unintentional fatal drowning among older adults (65 years and older). Total population retrospective analysis of unintentional fatal drowning among people aged 65 years and older in Australia, Canada and New Zealand (2005-2014) was conducted. 1459 older adults died. Read More

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Behaviors and physical mechanism of ceftezole sodium de-agglomeration driven by ultrasound.

Ultrason Sonochem 2021 Jun 20;74:105570. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

National Engineering Research Center for Industrial Crystallization Technology, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), Tianjin 300072, China; School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Hainan University, Haikou 570208, China. Electronic address:

Ultrasound-mediated method, which can effectively disperse agglomerates or even eliminate agglomeration, has received more and more attentions in industrial crystallization. However, the ultrasound-mediated de-agglomeration mechanism has not been well understood, and no general conclusions have been drawn. In this study, the crystallization and de-agglomeration process of ceftezole sodium agglomerates under ultrasound irradiation were systematically investigated. Read More

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Mapping Trends in Drowning Research: A Bibliometric Analysis 1995-2020.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 16;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Newton, NSW 2042, Australia.

Drowning is public health issue requiring global, national and community responses. The multisectoral nature of drowning prevention reinforces the need for multidisciplinary research, which can play a key role in identifying patterns, factors and interventions and contributes to evidence-informed prevention. This study presents a biometric analysis of drowning research published in 1995-2020 and identifies temporal trends in research themes, journals, countries and authorship to assist in the planning of future research. Read More

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Epidemiology of unintentional fatal drowning among migrants in Australia.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2021 Jun 26;45(3):255-262. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Queensland.

Objective: This study aimed to describe the epidemiology and risk factors contributing to drowning among migrants in Australia.

Methods: A total population retrospective epidemiological study of unintentional drowning deaths in Australia between 1 July 2009 and 30 June 2019 of people born outside Australia (migrants). Cases were extracted from the National Coronial Information System. Read More

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