5,604 results match your criteria Drowning


Analysis of false-positive results of diatom test in the diagnosis of drowning-would not be an impediment.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University & Guangdong Province Translational Forensic Medicine Engineering Technology Research Center, Zhongshan 2nd Road 74, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, 510080, China.

Diatom test has been a significant tool for the diagnosis of drowning. The reliability of the diatom test is still in strong dispute in the field of forensic science because of the false-positive results. This study was designed to quantitatively compare the numbers of the diatoms in false-positive cases and true drowning cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02021-4DOI Listing
February 2019

A new method for estimating time since death by analysis of substances deposited on the surface of dental enamel in a body immersed in seawater.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Histology and Developmental Biology, Tokyo Dental College, 2-9-18 Kanda-Misakicho, Chiyoda, Tokyo, 101-0061, Japan.

The present investigation was performed with the objective of developing a method to estimate how long a corpse had been immersed in water after death (the time since death). Accurate determination of the time elapsed since death may lead to identification of the place of drowning, and therefore, serves not only as a piece of information useful for determination of the cause of death but also leads to prompt identification of the body. The results showed that diatoms attached to the surface of dental enamel increased with prolongation of immersion time in water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02020-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Near-drowning: new perspectives for human hypoxic acute kidney injury.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Medicine D, Rambam Health Care Campus and Ruth & Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-IIT, Haifa, Israel.

Concepts regarding hypoxic acute kidney injury (AKI) are derived from widely used warm ischemia-reflow (WIR) models, characterized by extensive proximal tubular injury and associated with profound inflammation. However, there is ample clinical and experimental data indicating that hypoxic AKI may develop without total cessation of renal blood flow, with a different injury pattern that principally affects medullary thick limbs in the outer medulla. This injury pattern likely reflects an imbalance between blood and oxygen supply and oxygen expenditure, principally for tubular transport. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfz016DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Unexpected rip currents induced by a meteotsunami.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 14;9(1):2105. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

ISWS, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

A tragic drowning event occurred along southeastern beaches of Lake Michigan on a sunny and calm July 4, 2003, hours after a fast-moving convective storm had crossed the lake. Data forensics indicates that a moderate-height (~0.3 m) meteotsunami was generated by the fast-moving storm impacting the eastern coast of the lake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38716-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Characteristics of aquatic rescues undertaken by bystanders in Australia.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0212349. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Surf Life Saving Australia, Bondi Beach, New South Wales, Australia.

An issue of growing importance within the field of drowning prevention is the undertaking of aquatic rescues by bystanders, who sometimes drown in the process. The main objectives of this study were to describe characteristics of bystanders making rescues in different Australian aquatic environments, identify the role of prior water safety training in conducting bystander rescues and provide insights into future public education strategies relating to bystander rescue scenarios. An online survey was disseminated via various social media platforms in 2017 and gathered a total of 243 complete responses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212349PLOS
February 2019

The association between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions and drowning in Bangladesh.

J Water Health 2019 Feb;17(1):172-178

Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, House 162B, Road 23, New DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh.

The present study investigated associations between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) factors and fatal and non-fatal drowning events in Bangladesh. Here, we report findings from a large household survey (89,700) conducted in Barisal Division of Bangladesh. Univariate analyses showed that the use of surface water rather than piped water was associated with an increased risk of both fatal and non-fatal drowning events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wh.2018.243DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Severe head injury in elderly: 6-year comparison of treatment and outcome between southern Finland and Navarra (Spain).

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Accident and Emergency Department, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Health service of Navarra-Osasunbidea, 31011, Pamplona, Spain.

Purpose: To compare the profile, treatment and outcome of elderly patients with severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI) between southern Finland and Navarra (Spain).

Methods: Data collected from, 2010 to 2015, in the Major Trauma Registry of Navarra (MTR-N) and the Helsinki Trauma Registry (HTR) were compared. Patients with New Injury Severity Score (NISS) ≥ 16 and age ≥ 65 with isolated severe TBI were considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01091-8DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A review of children with severe trauma admitted to pediatric intensive care in Queensland, Australia.

PLoS One 2019 7;14(2):e0211530. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: The aim of this study is to review patient characteristics, injury patterns, and outcomes of trauma cases admitted to pediatric intensive care in Children's Health Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Methods: Routinely recorded data collected prospectively from the Children's Health Queensland Trauma Service registry from November 2008 to October 2015 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical characteristics of trauma cases in children under 16 years of age are described, and their association with age and mortality analyzed. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211530PLOS
February 2019
3 Reads

Colour stability of dental restorative materials submitted to conditions of burial and drowning, for forensic purposes.

J Forensic Odontostomatol 2018 Dec 1;2(36):20-30. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics. Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry - University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of earth and water on the colour stability of tooth-coloured dental restorative materials: composite resin (CR) and glass ionomer cement (GIC). Aiming to distinguish between one and another tooth-coloured material and to estimate the period in which they could be submitted to the factors earth and water, the proposed method may contribute to the proceedings of human identification of victims of burial and submersion in water. Forty bovine incisors were prepared (6 x 6 x 2mm) and restored with CR FiltekTM Z250 XT (3M ESPETM) and GIC KetacTM Fil Plus (3M ESPETM). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Epidemiological characteristics of injury mortality in Guangdong Province, China, 2015.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 1;19(1):142. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Director's office, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Center, Guangzhou, China.

Background: As the fourth leading cause of death, injury is an important public health concern in Guangdong Province, China. The epidemiological characteristics of injury mortality is changing along with the social development. This study described the epidemiological characteristics of injury mortality in Guangdong Province by analyzing the death surveillance data in a few areas in Guangdong Province in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6437-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359779PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Sailing Injuries: A Review of the Literature.

Authors:
Andrew Nathanson

R I Med J (2013) 2019 Feb 1;102(1):23-27. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Sailors are at risk for acute injuries, overuse injuries, environmental injuries, and sailing-related illnesses. Sailing-related injury rates vary from 0.29 to 5. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

Are there mortality risks for patients with epilepsy who use cannabis treatments as monotherapy?

Epilepsy Behav Case Rep 2019 3;11:52-53. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Swedish Epilepsy Center, 550 17th Ave suite 540, Seattle, WA 98122, USA.

Mortality associated with cannabis used for treatment of epilepsy is not well documented. We discuss two fatalities in the setting of epilepsy and self-determined therapy with cannabis (SDTC). One patient had probable sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, the second death was due to seizure-associated drowning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ebcr.2018.11.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348695PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Treatment of Hypothermic Cardiac Arrest in the Pediatric Drowning Victim, a Case Report, and Systematic Review.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota.

Objectives: Drowning is the second leading cause of death in children. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become the criterion standard therapy to resuscitate the hypothermic drowning victim in cardiac arrest. We present our own experience treating 5 children with hypothermic cardiac arrest in conjunction with a systematic review to analyze clinical features predictive of survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001735DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The association between disaster exposure and media use on post-traumatic stress disorder following Typhoon Hato in Macao, China.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2019 14;10(1):1558709. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Centre for Macau Studies, The University of Macao, Macao (SAR), People's Republic of China.

: Direct exposure to natural disasters and related losses are associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is less clear whether indirect media exposure is associated with PTSD. : This study investigated key exposure-related risk factors for PTSD and examined the effect of media exposure on the prevalence of disaster-related PTSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2018.1558709DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338284PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Youth Swimming Ability and Associated Factors in the United States, 2010-17.

Am J Health Behav 2018 Sep;42(5):32-42

School of Health Studies, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

Learning to swim is recommended for children to prevent drowning and to promote lifelong physical activity. Dissimilar US youth swimming ability rates by demographics have been reported. Our research purpose was to examine youth swimming ability by selected variables, and to compare with similar research in 2010. Read More

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https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.5.3DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

An Ultra-Shapeable, Smart Sensing Platform Based on a Multimodal Ferrofluid-Infused Surface.

Adv Mater 2019 Jan 28:e1807201. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, and Research and Education in Energy, Environment & Water (RENEW) Institute, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, 14260, USA.

The development of wearable, all-in-one sensors that can simultaneously monitor several hazard conditions in a real-time fashion imposes the emergent requirement for a smart and stretchable hazard avoidance sensing platform that is stretchable and skin-like. Multifunctional sensors with these features are problematic and challenging to accomplish. In this context, a multimodal ferrofluid-based triboelectric nanogenerator (FO-TENG), featuring sensing capabilities to a variety of hazard stimulus such as a strong magnetic field, noise level, and falling or drowning is reported. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/adma.201807201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201807201DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Potential forensic application of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) as novel biomarkers for diagnosis of drowning.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 17;62:56-62. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Medical Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam, 31538, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Drowning is the most common cause of unnatural death worldwide. There is no single biomarker to diagnose drowning, so the diagnosis of drowning is one of the most difficult tasks in forensic medicine. Especially, distinguishing a victim of drowning from a body disposed of in water following death remains a problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Global and regional child deaths due to injuries: an assessment of the evidence.

J Glob Health 2018 Dec;8(2):021104

Centre for Global Health Research, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.

Background: Injuries result in substantial number of deaths among children globally. The burden across many settings is largely unknown. We estimated global and regional child deaths due to injuries from publicly available evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7189/jogh.08.021104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317703PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Elevated Cerebrospinal Fluid Sodium and Chloride Levels in a Saltwater Drowning Death.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Departments of Forensic Pathology and.

To ascribe a cause of death from drowning in a body immersed in water can be difficult because of the absence of specific postmortem findings and unreliable ancillary tests. Postmortem vitreous biochemical analysis is documented to be a useful adjunct ancillary test to aid the diagnosis of saltwater drowning. A major confounding factor in using postmortem vitreous is the effect of electrolyte diffusion and water osmosis during immersion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000464DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Learning from the living to diagnose the dead - parallels between CT findings after survived drowning and fatal drowning.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional, and Pediatric Radiology, University Hospital Bern, CH-3010, Bern, Switzerland.

A case of survived drowning is presented where CT findings of the lungs were in keeping with several findings seen on post-mortem CT (PMCT) examination after fatal drowning. These findings include interlobular septal thickening, peribronichal cuffing, mosaic pattern ground glass opacities, and perivascular nodular ground glass opacities. The absence of confounding normal post-mortem changes allows for a discussion on subtle differences between findings related to aspiration and pulmonary edema after drowning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0081-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Leading Causes of Fatal and Nonfatal Unintentional Injury for Children and Teens and the Role of Lifestyle Clinicians: A Commentary.

Authors:
Susan Yeargin

Am J Lifestyle Med 2019 Jan-Feb;13(1):26-29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.

Unintentional injury and death as a public health concern has not been established in the pediatric population. This is a commentary on a review of epidemiological data of unintentional deaths and injuries with a focus on age, sex, and racial differences in this population. The review takes in-depth look at children aged 0-19 years in the US, followed by a discussion of strategies suggested to address mechanisms of these injuries/deaths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559827618805414DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311613PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome and associated mortality in a polytrauma population.

Trauma Surg Acute Care Open 2018 19;3(1):e000232. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: The incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has decreased in the last decade by improvement in trauma and critical care. However, it still remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. This study investigated the current incidence and mortality of ARDS in polytrauma patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tsaco-2018-000232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307585PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Forced Swim Reliability for Exercise Testing in Rats by a Tethered Swimming Apparatus.

Front Physiol 2018 19;9:1839. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Laboratory of Applied Sport Physiology, School of Applied Sciences, University of Campinas, Limeira, Brazil.

To assess the physical capacity of rats in forced swim tests, the animal should perform a continuous activity (CON) at the surface to avoid apnea. Bobbing movement (BOB), vigorous paddling known as climbing (CLI), and diving activity (DIV) are inadequate swimming patterns known to increase the exercise intensity variability, impairing the test reliability. Thus, the exercise work accomplished and related physiological variables, such as the blood lactate concentration, may be unreproducible in forced swim. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01839DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305944PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Impact of seizure-related injuries on quality of life.

Neurol Sci 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology Epilepsy Division, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Our aim is to assess the types and frequency of seizure-related injuries and to determine their effects on Quality of Life (QoL).

Methods: Fifty-seven patients with epilepsy were included to our study. The demographic and clinical data of all the participants were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-018-3697-3DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Homicide by drowning.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, J.B.Winsløws Vej 17 B, DK-5000, Odense C, Denmark.

In this paper we have reviewed the literature regarding homicidal drowning. Homicide of a child by drowning occurs occasionally, but it is much rarer that an adult is murdered in this way. When the victim is a child, there will often be few or no signs of violence due to the difference in size between the assailant and the victim, unlike the evidence of a struggle that is often found in adult victims of homicidal drowning, unless the victim was incapacitated by alcohol, drugs or physical weakness, or was unexpectedly pushed into or dragged under water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0065-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Trends of drowning mortality in Vietnam: evidence from the national injury mortality surveillance system.

Inj Prev 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

The George Institute for Global Health, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Objective: To describe the trends of drowning mortality in Vietnam over time and to identify socioeconomic characteristics associated with higher drowning mortality at the provincial level.

Methods: We analysed data from the Ministry of Health injury mortality surveillance system from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013. The surveillance covers more than 11 000 commune health centres in all provinces of Vietnam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2018-043030DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

What does 'Keep Watch' mean to migrant parents? Examining differences in supervision, cardiopulmonary resuscitation training and water familiarisation.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Collaboration for Evidence, Research and Impact in Public Health, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA, 6845, Australia.

Objectives: Drowning is a public health challenge. Children of migrants may be at increased risk as parents may be unaware of local water safety issues. This study explores differences between Australian-born and migrant parents in Western Australia for: (1) swimming ability; (2) supervision; (3) water familiarisation; and (4) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1197-0DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

The Potential Role of Context-Related Exposure in Explaining Differences in Water Safety Cue Utilization.

Hum Factors 2019 Jan 2:18720818814299. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Transport New South Wales, Australia.

Objective:: To examine whether differences in water safety-related cue utilization might be associated with differences in exposure to water-related recreational contexts.

Background:: A disproportionate number of incidents of drowning were attributable to recent visitors to New South Wales in the 2016-2017 summer swimming season. This was due to their assumed lack of exposure to the water-related recreational settings in which Australians engage and therefore, the absence of cues that are associated with danger. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018720818814299DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Postmortem computed tomographic features in the diagnosis of drowning: a comparison of fresh water and salt water drowning cases.

Jpn J Radiol 2019 Jan 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Division of Diagnostic Radiology, Akita University Hospital, 1-1-1 Hondo, Akita, Akita, 010-8543, Japan.

Purpose: To investigate the effectiveness of postmortem computed tomography in the diagnosis of drowning, focusing on the comparison of fresh water and salt water cases using three-dimensionally (3D) reconstructed data.

Materials And Methods: We examined features of drowning in 25 fresh water drowning cases (FWDCs; 13 men, 12 women; mean age 73.1 years; range 43-95 years), and compared these with 12 salt water drowning cases (SWDCs; 5 men, 7 women; mean age 66. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11604-018-0802-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11604-018-0802-8DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome in Children after Near-Drowning: Long-Term Outcome and Impact on the Families.

Neuropediatrics 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Clinic for Neuropediatrics and Neurorehabilitation, Epilepsy Center for Children and Adolescents, Schön Klinik, Vogtareuth, Germany.

Among 131 children admitted to our institution for early phase rehabilitation after freshwater near-drowning (ND) between the year 1986 and 2000, 87 were in unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) for at least 4 weeks after the accidents. An anonymous questionnaire was sent to the families after 0.5 to 15. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1676544
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676544DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Injury-related mortality among children younger than 5 years in China during 2009-2016: an analysis from national surveillance system.

Inj Prev 2019 Feb 19;25(1):60-66. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

National Office for Maternal and Child Health Surveillance of China, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

Background: Epidemiology in injury-related mortality among children younger than 5 years was unreported in China recently.

Methods: Data were obtained from China's Under 5 Child Mortality Surveillance System (U5CMSS) in 2009-2016. Injury-related mortality rates were calculated by residence, age-group, gender and major injury type (drowning, traffic injuries, suffocation, poisoning, falls). Read More

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http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/injurypre
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2018-042853DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Breathalysing and surveying river users in Australia to understand alcohol consumption and attitudes toward drowning risk.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 19;18(1):1393. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, 4811, Australia.

Background: Little is known about people's river usage, a leading drowning location. This study examines alcohol consumption patterns of river users and their attitudes to drowning risk.

Methods: A convenience sample of adult (18+ years) river users were surveyed at four river locations. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6256-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300037PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Calculating the economic burden of fatal drowning in Australia.

J Safety Res 2018 Dec 21;67:57-63. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Royal Life Saving Society - Australia, Broadway, NSW, Australia.

Background: Aquatic activities provide physical and social benefits, while the risk of drowning generates countervailing social costs. Drawing on estimates of fatal drowning gathered by Royal Life Saving Society - Australia, this paper outlines a method for estimating the economic burden attributable to fatal drowning.

Methods: This study estimated the burden of fatal drowning by combining Value of a Statistical Life Year (VSLY), hospitalization, productivity and emergency services costs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.09.002DOI Listing
December 2018

Tongue position and its relation to the cause of death and sequential stages of body decomposition observed during 608 forensic post-mortems.

Int J Legal Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Statistics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

The purpose of this study was to document tongue position and its relation to the cause of death and sequential stages of body decomposition, as observed during the routine forensic pathological examination of bodies. The sample of 608 included all bodies examined by the first and third authors during the period April 2016 to September 2016. Tongue position was recorded in all cases where position of the tongue could be visually determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-018-1981-7DOI Listing
December 2018

Estimating drowning mortality in Tanzania: a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing data sources.

Inj Prev 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Maternal Adolescent Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: The WHO advocates a 7-step process to enable countries to develop and implement drowning prevention strategies. We sought to assess, using existing data sources, the drowning situation in Tanzania as a first step in this process.

Methods: We searched for data on causes of death in Tanzania by reviewing existing literature and global datasets and by in-country networking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2018-042939DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A new look at survival times during cold water immersion.

J Therm Biol 2018 Dec 18;78:100-105. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Laboratory for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, 108 Frank Kennedy, Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3T 2N2.

This paper presents an expanded dataset for survival times during cold water immersion. In 1946, the first set of human data for cold water survival was derived from the US Navy medical reports during WWII. Although this is the largest and most widely used data source, it has only 23 data points and immersion times are less than 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2018.08.022DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Drowning in ethics for low-risk data: is this best for patients?

BJU Int 2018 Nov;122 Suppl 5

Department of Surgery, Austin Hospital and Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bju.14591DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads
3.533 Impact Factor

The complex contains a single gene that controls bristle development in the semi-aquatic bugs.

Proc Biol Sci 2018 Nov 28;285(1892). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institut de Génomique Fonctionnelle de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5242, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 46 allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon, France

The semi-aquatic bugs (Heteroptera, Gerromorpha) conquered water surfaces worldwide and diversified to occupy puddles, ponds, streams, lakes, mangroves and even oceans. Critical to this lifestyle is the evolution of sets of hairs that allow these insects to maintain their body weight on the water surface and protect the animals against wetting and drowning. In addition, the legs of these insects are equipped with various grooming combs that are important for cleaning and tidying the hair layers for optimal functional efficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2387DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283939PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Understanding the full burden of drowning: a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of fatal and non-fatal drowning in Australia.

BMJ Open 2018 Nov 24;8(11):e024868. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Royal Life Saving Society-Australia, Broadway, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: The epidemiology of fatal drowning is increasingly understood. By contrast, there is relatively little population-level research on non-fatal drowning. This study compares data on fatal and non-fatal drowning in Australia, identifying differences in outcomes to guide identification of the best practice in minimising the lethality of exposure to drowning. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02486
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024868DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254411PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Status of drowning in Nepal: A study of central police data.

F1000Res 2018 14;7:576. Epub 2018 May 14.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK.

:  Drowning is a serious and mostly preventable injury-related cause of death. Low-and-middle income countries represent over 90% of total drowning deaths worldwide. There is lack of epidemiological studies of drowning in Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.14563.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6113885.2PMC
May 2018
8 Reads

Fatal drowning in the Western Cape, South Africa: a 7-year retrospective, epidemiological study.

Inj Prev 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Violence, Injury and Peace Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council-University of South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa.

Introduction: Drowning is a neglected public health threat in low-income and middle-income countries where the greatest drowning burden is observed. There is a paucity of drowning surveillance data from low-resource settings, particularly in Africa. Understanding local epidemiological factors will enable the development of context-specific drowning prevention initiatives and the appropriate allocation of resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2018-042945DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Application of Specific Fragment Length Polymorphism of Algae rDNA in Identification of Drowning Cases.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct 25;34(5):516-519. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Institute of Criminal Science and Technology, Nanjing Public Security Bureau, Nanjing 210012, China.

Objectives: To identify the drop-off location of victims in drowning cases, and confirm whether it is a fatal drowning or the victim is thrown into the water after death by detecting part of 5.8S sequence and second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) (5.8S+ITS2) of diatom rDNA in water and organs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.05.016DOI Listing
October 2018
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Can pulmonary foam arise after postmortem submersion in water? An animal experimental pilot study.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;61:40-44. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Amsterdam Public Health Service, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

It is difficult to differentiate drowning from postmortem submersion. Pulmonary foam can be found in bodies retrieved from water. It is unknown whether foam is a result of drowning or if it also forms after postmortem submersion. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.004DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Pediatric and adolescent injury in aquatic adventure sports.

Res Sports Med 2018 ;26(sup1):20-37

a Injury Monitoring and Prevention , Divers Alert Network , Durham , NC , USA.

Drowning is a leading cause of death in children. Each year there are thousands of injuries in children, some fatal, associated with aquatic adventure sports. Personal water craft rapidly accelerate children to high velocities, as does being towed behind boats on skis or tubes, whereupon children have no control of their speed or direction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2018.1438281DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

The effect of bi-annual community-directed treatment with ivermectin on the incidence of epilepsy in onchocerciasis endemic villages in South Sudan: a study protocol.

Infect Dis Poverty 2018 Nov 14;7(1):112. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, Kinsbergen Centrum, Doornstraat 331, 2610, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: Nodding syndrome (NS) is a devastating epileptic illness of unknown aetiology mainly affecting children 5-15 years of age. Head nodding distinguishes NS from other forms of epilepsy. Other manifestations of the illness include mental and physical growth retardation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0496-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234538PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Effects of postmortem positional changes on conjunctival petechiae.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Mar 3;15(1):13-22. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, Asahi-machi 1-4-3, Abeno, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

The present study aimed to determine whether postmortem period, physical constitution, cause of death, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation are associated with positional changes in the postmortem appearance of conjunctival petechiae. We retrospectively investigated serial forensic autopsies from 6 h to 6 days postmortem (n = 442; male, 303; female, 139; median age, 62 years; range, 0-100 years). The causes of death were sharp instrument injury, blunt force trauma, fire, intoxication, asphyxia, drowning, hypothermia, hyperthermia, acute heart failure, and natural causes. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12024-018-0032-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0032-5DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads