2,126 results match your criteria Drooling


Treatment Strategies for Clozapine-Induced Sialorrhea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

CNS Drugs 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Metro South Addiction and Mental Health Service, Level 2 Mental Health, Woolloongabba Community Health Centre, 228 Logan Rd, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Clozapine is the most effective medication for treatment-refractory schizophrenia. However, it has a high burden of adverse events, including common adverse events such as sialorrhea. Sialorrhea can lead to severe physical complications such as aspiration pneumonia, as well as psychological complications including embarrassment and low self-esteem. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40263-019-00612-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Randomized controlled trial comparing botulinum vs surgery for drooling in neurodisabilities.

Neurology 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

From the Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (S.B., C.P.D., S.E.K., A.R.T.S., F.J.A.v.d.H.), Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen; and Departments of Rehabilitation (K.v.H.) and Paediatric Neurology (C.E.E.), Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Objective: To compare the effect of submandibular duct ligation (2-DL) and submandibular botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) for drooling in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disabilities.

Methods: A randomized, interventional, controlled, and partly single-blinded study was performed in which submandibular BoNT-A was compared with 2-DL to treat excessive drooling. Main outcomes included a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), drooling quotient (DQ), drooling severity (DS) scale and drooling frequency (DF) scale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000007081DOI Listing
February 2019

Glycopyrronium versus hyoscine for severe drooling.

Authors:

Drug Ther Bull 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Parr JR Drooling Reduction Intervention randomised trial (DRI): comparing the efficacy and acceptability of hyoscine patches and glycopyrronium liquid on drooling in children with neurodisability. 2017;103:371-6. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dtb.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/dtb.2019.000002
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/dtb.2019.000002DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Qualitative and quantitative scintigraphy in sialorrhea before and after botulinum toxin injection.

Laryngoscope 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Laboratório de Motilidade Digestiva e Imagem, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objectives/hypothesis: Sialorrhea is excessive saliva production and its usual escape of from the oral cavity. The use of botulinum toxin has been preconized, but its effectiveness until now has been unreliably measured. Our objective was to qualitatively and quantitatively determine the effectiveness of botulinum toxin injection in the reduction of saliva production by the parotid gland. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27826DOI Listing
January 2019

Effects of the neuromuscular bandage as rehabilitative treatment of patients with drooling and intellectual disability: an interventional study.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Background: The aim of this work was to assess the effect of neurological bandages (Kinesio Taping) for managing saliva flow in patients with drooling and intellectual disability.

Methods: Quasi-experimental study included 30 patients (20 male and 10 female participants) mean age of 15 years with intellectual disability and drooling [Public Special Education Centre in Cartagena (Murcia, Spain)]. Treatment consisted of the application of a strip of neuromuscular bandage applied in the suprahyoid area for a 3-month period. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12593DOI Listing
January 2019

Deep phenotyping of fourteen new patients with IQSEC2 variants, including monozygotic twins of discordant phenotype.

Clin Genet 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Sheffield Clinical Genetics Service, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

Whole exome sequencing has established IQSEC2 as a neurodevelopmental disability gene. The IQSEC2 variant phenotype includes developmental delay, intellectual disability, epilepsy, hypotonia, autism, developmental regression, microcephaly and stereotypies but is yet to be fully described. Presented here, are 14 new patients with IQSEC2 variants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/cge.13507
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cge.13507DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Combined Karapandzic-Abbé/Estlander/Stein flap for subtotal and total lower lip reconstruction.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Wilmslow Road, M20 4BX, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Background: Lower lip reconstruction remains a challenging task due to multi-functional and high aesthetic requirements that have to be achieved for successful outcome. This is particularly true to near-total lower lip defects, encompassing over 70% of lower lip loss due to cancer, trauma or burns. Despite the fact that numerous flaps and their modifications have been described over the past century, only a few valuable techniques and concepts withstood the test of time for sub-total lower lip defects, each having their own drawbacks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17486815183041
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2018.11.005DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads
1.474 Impact Factor

Update on treatments for nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease-an evidence-based medicine review.

Mov Disord 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

CHDI Management/CHDI Foundation, Princeton, NJ, USA.

Objective: To update evidence-based medicine recommendations for treating nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD).

Background: The International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society Evidence-Based Medicine Committee's recommendations for treatments of PD were first published in 2002, updated in 2011, and now updated again through December 31, 2016.

Methods: Level I studies testing pharmacological, surgical, or nonpharmacological interventions for the treatment of nonmotor symptoms in PD were reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mds.27602DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Pioneering and Unknown Stereotactic Approach of Roeder and Orthner from Göttingen. Part II: Long-Term Outcome and Postmortem Analysis of Bilateral Pallidotomy in the Pre-Levodopa Era.

Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2018 16;96(6):353-363. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Neurology, Inselspital, University Hospital Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Before the advent of levodopa, pallidotomy was initially the most effective treatment for Parkinson disease, but it was soon superseded by thalamotomy. It is widely unknown that, similar to Leksell, 2 neurologists from Göttingen, Orthner and Roeder, perpetuated pallidotomy against the mainstream of their time. Postmortem studies demonstrated that true posterior and ventral pallidoansotomy sparing the overwhelming mass of the pallidum was accomplished. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495412
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495412DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

SATB2-associated syndrome (SAS) and associated dental findings.

Spec Care Dentist 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.

Objective: Identify, diagnose, and document oral clinical and radiographic evidence associated with the genetic condition known as special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2 (SATB2)-associated syndrome. Through identifying and publishing these common dental and behavioral findings, we hope to educate oral and medical healthcare providers to identify this condition in an attempt to develop meaningful comprehensive care to this patient population.

Methods: A total of 37 patients (19 female), ranging from ages 2 to 20 were evaluated at Arkansas Children's Hospital in Little Rock, Arkansas. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/scd.12340
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scd.12340DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Respiratory muscle testing in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a practical approach.

Minerva Med 2018 Dec;109(6 Suppl 1):11-19

Department of Neurorehabilitation Sciences, Casa di Cura Privata del Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), respiratory muscle weakness leads to respiratory failure and death. Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) appears to reduce lung function decline, thus improving survival and quality-of-life of patients affected by the disease. Unfortunately, clinical features and timing to start NIPPV are not well defined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.minervamedica.it/index2.php?show=R10Y2018S01A001
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4806.18.05920-7DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

The Treatment of Hypersalivation in Rett Syndrome with Botulinum Toxin: Efficacy and Clinical Implications.

Neurol Ther 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University Federico II of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Subjects with Rett syndrome (RS) develop invariably severe motor deterioration resulting in swallowing difficulties that may produce excessive drooling. Hypersalivation can cause discomfort due to hygienic problems and may complicate with oral and respiratory dysfunctions. The aim of this study is to evaluate the response to treatment with botulinum toxin (BTX) for hypersalivation and to identify possible benefits of saliva reduction on oral motor and respiratory disorders of patients with RS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40120-018-0125-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40120-018-0125-9DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Is sensory-level electrical stimulation effective in cerebral palsy children with dysphagia? A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Acta Neurol Belg 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Ankara Diskapi Training and Research Hospital, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, University of Health Sciences, Altindag, Ankara, Turkey.

Dysphagia is one of the common findings in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Electrical stimulation (ES) has been demonstrated to positively contribute to swallowing functions, particularly in adult patients with various neurological disorders. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the effects of sensory-level ES treatment combined with conventional dysphagia rehabilitation in pediatric age group CP patients who had any oropharyngeal dysphagia symptoms and/or findings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13760-018-01071-6DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Modiolar rotational cheiloplasty: Addressing the central oval in facial paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: Current static reanimation of the midface fails to provide adequate functional and aesthetic improvement; there is a need for more effective static correction of the ptotic midface. Our objective herein was to describe a novel method of static midface suspension that produces improved functional and aesthetic outcomes compared to previous techniques. Specifically, our goal was to describe the technique of alar and oral commissure repositioning via modiolar rotational cheiloplasty with alar base transposition, and gingivobuccal sulcoplasty. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27700DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Use of botulinum toxin in Parkinson's disease.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology, Keck/University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Botulinum toxin has emerged as an important therapeutic intervention within the realm of movement disorders, especially for focal and generalized dystonias. Botulinum toxin has additionally been used for a variety of symptoms associated with parkinsonism. In this review, we will specifically evaluate use of botulinum toxin in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Poor sleep quality and prevalence of probable sleep bruxism in primary and mixed dentitions: a cross-sectional study.

Sleep Breath 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

Purpose: To investigate the prevalence of probable sleep bruxism (SB) in the primary and mixed dentitions using non-instrumental approach and evaluate whether sleep quality is associate with probable SB in different age ranges.

Methods: School-based cross-sectional study with children aged 2-5 (primary dentition, n = 372) and 8-10 years old (mixed dentition, n = 563) enrolled in public schools at Florianopolis and their parents. The sleep characteristics, socioeconomic status, and presence of probable SB were assessed using questionnaires. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-018-1771-yDOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Sialorrhea & aspiration control - A minimally invasive strategy uncomplicated by anticholinergic drug tolerance or tachyphylaxis.

Authors:
Joseph E Dohar

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 24;116:97-101. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Voice Resonance and Swallowing Center UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Health & Rehabilitation, 4401 Penn Ave., Pittsburgh, PA, 15224, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: Sialorrhea complicated by aspiration is a primary source of morbidity and mortality in neurologically impaired children. Anticholinergics are an effective treatment option, but have traditionally been considered only adjuncts due to tachyphylaxis and drug tolerance. Similarly, Botox-A salivary gland injections are also considered adjunctive due to the need to repeat treatment every 3 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.10.035DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Lithium Treatment Is Safe in Children With Intellectual Disability.

Front Mol Neurosci 2018 22;11:425. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Henan Key Laboratory of Child Brain Injury, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Lithium is a widely used and effective treatment for individuals with psycho-neurological disorders, and it exhibits protective and regenerative properties in multiple brain injury animal models, but the clinical experience in young children is limited due to potential toxicity. As an interim analysis, this paper reports the safety/tolerability profiles of low-dose lithium treatment in children with intellectual disability (ID) and its possible beneficial effects. In a randomized, single-center clinical trial, 124 children with ID were given either oral lithium carbonate 6 mg/kg twice per day or the same dose of calcium carbonate as a placebo ( = 62/group) for 3 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnmol.2018.00425
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnmol.2018.00425DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262083PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

A Comparative Study of Early and Late Onset Freezing of Gait in Parkinson's Disease.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018 Oct-Dec;21(4):256-262

Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common and debilitating symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD); the pathogenesis and natural course of which has not been fully understood.

Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate patients with FOG in PD and ascertain factors contributing to an early onset of FOG in patients with PD.

Methodology: A chart review of 100 patients with PD (FOG [+] 50, FOG [-]: 50) was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_459_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238568PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Kinesio Taping Application in Dysphonic Singers.

J Voice 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Ent Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Introduction: Kinesio Taping (KT) application in speech therapy has been studied in a few works about dysphonia, facial nerve palsy, sialorrhea, atypical deglutition, postsurgical recovery after thyroidectomy and laryngectomy. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the possible role of KT in supporting speech therapy in singers complaining of dysphonia using singing voice handicap index (SVHI), fundamental frequency (F0), shimmer, jitter and harmonic to noise ratio (mean H/N).

Materials And Methods: We enrolled consecutive singers and singing students complaining of dysphonia and voice problems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.11.001DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

[Medicaments and oral healthcare. Systematic review of the -literature assessing the effect of drugs on the salivary glands].

Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd 2018 11;125(11):593-601

Evidence-based reviews of drugs causing medication-induced salivary gland dysfunction, such as xerostomia (sensation of oral dryness) and subjective sialorrhea are lacking. To compile a list of medicaments that influence salivary gland function, electronic databases were searched for relevant articles published up to June 2013. A total of 269 papers out of 3,867 records located satisfied the inclusion criteria (relevance, quality of methodology, strength of evidence). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5177/ntvt.2018.11.18203DOI Listing
November 2018

Onabotulinum Toxin A Injections Into the Salivary Glands for Spinal Muscle Atrophy Type I: A Prospective Case Series of 4 Patients.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec;97(12):873-878

From the Children's Specialized Hospital, Clifton, New Jersey (HAS); Touro College, Executive Office, New York, New York (EA); Cornell University Joan and Sanford I Weill Medical College, New York, New York (AH); New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York (XW, PT, RA, HK); and Blythedale Children's Hospital, New York, New York (XW, PT, RA, HK).

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of onabotulinum toxin A injection to the salivary glands under ultrasound guidance for the treatment of sialorrhea in patients with spinal muscular atrophy type I.

Design: Prospective case series with four patients with spinal muscular atrophy type I who received onabotulinum toxin A injection to parotid and submandibular glands for sialorrhea as part of clinical care. All four patients received validated surveys for measuring drooling, including objective measures of number of bib changes, and number of mouth wipes before injection and 4-6 wks after injection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000989DOI Listing
December 2018

Aesthetic and Functional Evaluation of Large Full-Thickness Vermilion and Lower Lip Defects Reconstruction.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Jan;30(1):e36-e39

Department of Stomatology, Sichuan Provincial Academy of Medical Sciences, Affiliated Hospital to School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital.

Background: It is hardly to reconstruct a huge defect of lower lip by using of partial flap which brings no mouth closing functional problem. In this study, we would like to introduce our experience in large full-thickness vermilion and lower lip/chin defects reconstruction, and also focus on the evaluation of the surgery effects.

Methods: The large lower lip and chin (include vermilion) reconstruction were performed in Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital (2012-2015). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001665-900000000-9527
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004952DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
0.680 Impact Factor

Pediatric Sialorrhea: Submandibular Duct Rerouting and Intraparotid Botulinum Toxin A Injection With Literature Review.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Oct 29:3489418808305. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives:: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of bilateral submandibular duct relocation and bilateral sublingual gland excision in combination with botulinum toxin A injection into the parotid glands in children with sialorrhea. Previously in the literature, either surgery or botulinum toxin injection but not their combination has been reported.

Methods:: Preoperative and at least 6-month postoperative assessments using the Drooling Severity Scale and Drooling Frequency Scale (Thomas-Stonell and Greenberg classification) and the Teacher Drooling Scale and by interviewing parents and caregivers face to face or via telephone were performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0003489418808305
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418808305DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

A Retrospective Multicenter Evaluation of Clozapine Use in Pediatric Patients Admitted for Acute Psychiatric Hospitalization.

J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2018 Nov 24;28(9):615-619. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

10 Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Objectives: Clozapine is the drug of choice for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. While pediatric clozapine use is not contraindicated, the literature describing its clinical application is limited. The primary objective of this study was to assess the use of clozapine in a child and adolescent population by characterizing the documented safety and clinical benefits of the medication. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/cap.2018.0036
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cap.2018.0036DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads
2.933 Impact Factor

A Lot to Choke on: Case of Adult Epiglottitis with Concurrent Peritonsillar Abscess in a Patient with a Sore Throat.

J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 17;55(6):841-844. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

University of California San Diego, San Diego, California.

Background: In the winter months, one often sees a large increase in the volume of patients presenting to emergency departments with acute pharyngitis. While most cases of acute pharyngitis are benign, a rare minority can be life threatening.

Case Report: We report a case of epiglottis with a concomitant peritonsillar abscess (PTA) in an adult who presented to the emergency department with a sore throat. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679183093
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.09.017DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Salivary lead concentration in dental caries among normal and children with cerebral palsy.

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2018 Oct-Dec;36(4):381-385

Department of ENT, Al Ameen Medical College and Hospital, Vijayapur, Karnataka, India.

Introduction: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurological disability the exact cause of which is not known. Exposure to toxic elements, environmental pollutants, and various teratogens such as lead, either prenatal or postnatal, can be a risk factor for this neurologic disability. CP children have poor neuromuscular coordination, exposing them to increased risk of oral diseases such as drooling of saliva, periodontal diseases, dental caries, and malocclusion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.jisppd.com/text.asp?2018/36/4/381/243451
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_200_16DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

[Salivary management in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis].

Rev Med Suisse 2018 Oct;14(621):1758-1762

Unité de phoniatrie, Service d'ORL et de chirurgie cervico-faciale, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne.

80 % of patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis present bulbar involvement and 50 % have salivary symptoms, which are often poorly managed. They present either with drooling or thick secretions. This elevates the risk of bronchoaspiration leading to pneumonia, second cause of death in this population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2018
4 Reads

Oral Sensory-Motor Intervention for Children and Adolescents (3-18 Years) With Dysphagia or Impaired Saliva Control Secondary to Congenital or Early-Acquired Disabilities: A Review of the Literature, 2000 to 2016.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Dec 8;127(12):978-985. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

7 Division of Speech and Language Pathology, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Functional Area Speech and Language Pathology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives:: Dysphagia and impaired saliva control are common in children and adolescents with congenital and developmental disabilities. The aim of the present review was to investigate the evidence base for oral sensory-motor interventions in children and adolescents with dysphagia or impaired saliva control secondary to congenital or early-acquired disabilities and to make recommendations regarding methods for intervention.

Methods:: A review of the literature from 2000 to 2016, including oral sensory-motor intervention studies for children and adolescents (3-18 years of age) with dysphagia or impaired saliva control secondary to congenital or early-acquired disabilities, was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418803963DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Staged lower lip reconstruction following gangrenous stomatitis in an immunosuppressed patient.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2018 Sep 20;19(3):222-226. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea.

A 70-year-old male with a history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and coronary stent insertion visited our hospital 7 days after biting his lower lip. Swelling and inflammation had worsened despite debridement and antibiotic treatment. On the 8th hospital day, fungal infection with Candida albicans and superimposed bacterial infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae were found on tissue culture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://e-acfs.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.7181/acfs.2018.019
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2018.01928DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177670PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Behavioural interventions to treat drooling in children with neurodisability: a systematic review.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2019 01 1;61(1):39-48. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

School of Allied Health and Centre for Disability and Development Research at the Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: To review the evidence for behavioural interventions to reduce drooling in children with neurodisability.

Method: A detailed search in eight databases sought studies that: (1) included participants aged 0 to 18 years with neurodisability and drooling; (2) provided behavioural interventions targeting drooling or a drooling-related behaviour; and (3) used experimental designs. Two reviewers extracted data from full-text papers independently. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14048DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Reconstruction of a subtotal upper lip defect with a facial artery musculomucosal flap, kite flap, and radial forearm free flap: a case report.

World J Surg Oncol 2018 Sep 28;16(1):194. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Oromaxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, No. 117, Nanjing North Street, Heping District, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110002, People's Republic of China.

Background: For reconstructive surgeons, massive midface defects, including large, full-thickness wounds on the upper lip, can be very challenging. Although there are many methods for reconstruction of upper lip defects, it is difficult to obtain satisfactory restoration of oral functions and good cosmetic results.

Case Presentation: This case report presents a man with massive midface defects, including upper lip, left nose, and cheek defects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-018-1492-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162940PMC
September 2018
12 Reads

[Endoscopic management of gastric volvulus in a 8-years old girl].

Cir Pediatr 2018 Aug 3;31(3):153-157. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Concepción. Chile.

Introduction: Gastric volvulus is a rare cause of acute abdomen in childhood, and it is usually a casual finding. We present the case of a girl with mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus, which was initially treated by endoscopic approach.

Clinical Case: 8 year-old patient, diagnosed of Down syndrome, who presented sudden and diffuse colic pain, associated with vomiting, sialorrhea and progressive compromise. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2018
1 Read

Misconceptions and traditional practices towards infant teething symptoms among mothers in Southwest Ethiopia.

BMC Oral Health 2018 Sep 21;18(1):159. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Public Health, St. Paul Hospital's Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: The assumption of a link between common symptoms such as febrile illness, diarrhea and the eruption of primary teeth has been established over many centuries. According to traditional beliefs in Ethiopia, diarrhea and fever at the time of milk teeth eruption may be due to a worm in the child's gums. Current medical observations show little more than restlessness, drooling, and finger sucking resulting from teething. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-018-0619-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151031PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Treatment of drooling with scopolamine in pediatric ICU: A case series report.

Spec Care Dentist 2018 Nov 20;38(6):362-366. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Division of Dentistry, Hospital das Clinicas, Medical School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Drooling is a condition that affects patients with difficulties in swallowing, being common in patients with mental, neurological or dysphagic deficiency. This condition is difficult to diagnose, as it is often confused with sialorrhea, and in many cases we have a hyposalivation scenario. Its diagnosis is subjective, which is why scales should be used for the standardization of the evaluation of the degree of drooling before and after the proposed treatment, as the Thomas-Stonell and Greenberg scale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scd.12326DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Honey can help in herpes simplex gingivostomatitis in children: Prospective randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical trial.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Nov - Dec;39(6):759-763. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Department, Minia University Hospital, Minia, Egypt.

Purpose: Herpes simplex gingivostomatitis (HSGS) in children is a common painful infectious disease. This study aims to examine the combined efficacy of honey with acyclovir suspension compared to acyclovir alone for treating HSGS in young children.

Material And Methods: This Randomized double blind placebo controlled study was conducted from June 2015 to September 2017 in a tertiary referral hospital. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01960709183058
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.09.007DOI Listing
February 2019
18 Reads
1.078 Impact Factor

Bell's palsy treated with photobiomodulation in an adolescent: Rare case report and review of the published literature.

Int J Paediatr Dent 2018 Nov 14;28(6):658-662. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Clinic and Surgery, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil.

Background: Bell's palsy represents a peripheral unilateral facial nerve paralysis, being an acute, idiopathic disorder, which can affect children and adolescents. Some therapeutic approaches have been proposed including facial exercises, biofeedback, photobiomodulation, electrotherapy, massage, and thermotherapy. The present report documents a rare case of Bell's palsy in an adolescent successfully treated with a new protocol of photobiomodulation, consisting of a short-term treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ipd.12424DOI Listing
November 2018
20 Reads

Unsuspected Cause of Respiratory Distress: Unrecognized Esophageal Foreign Body.

Case Rep Pediatr 2018 19;2018:6283053. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Department of Emergency Unit, Mother and Child Hospital, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco.

Summary: Foreign bodies in esophagus are avoidable accidents that occur most often in children younger than 3 years. The most common presenting symptoms are dysphagia, drooling, and vomiting. Revelation by respiratory distress is a rare and unusual condition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripe/2018/6283053/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6283053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6120337PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

The Effectiveness of Botulinum Toxin Type A Injections in the Management of Sialorrhea.

Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jun 1;56(2):111-113. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Botulinum toxin type A by injecting in the submandibular and parotid glands on the frequency and severity of sialorrhea.

Methods: Pediatric patients who were referred to our department with sialorrhea were evaluated using their parents' frequency and severity scores of sialorrhea with visual analog scales before and after 3 months of botulinum toxin type A injections. Bilateral submandibular and parotid glands were injected with Botulinum toxin type A. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tao.2018.2411DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123118PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Management of common adverse effects of antipsychotic medications.

World Psychiatry 2018 Oct;17(3):341-356

Department of Psychiatry, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA.

The benefits of antipsychotic medications are sometimes obscured by their adverse effects. These effects range from relatively minor tolerability issues (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/wps.20567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127750PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Dihydroergotoxine mesylate for the treatment of sialorrhea in Parkinson's disease.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2018 Aug 30. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Neurology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210006, China. Electronic address:

Background: Many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) suffer from sialorrhea. Sialorrhea is often treated with anticholinergics and botulinum toxin, but some adverse effects have limited the use of these treatments. Dihydroergotoxine mesylate is an α-adrenergic blocking agents as well as some affinities to the dopaminergic and serotonin (5-HT) receptors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2018.08.022DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Submandibular duct transposition for drooling in children: A Casuistic review and evaluation of grade of satisfaction.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Oct 17;113:58-61. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

ENT Department, Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu, Portugal. Electronic address:

Introduction: Drooling of saliva is the unintentional loss of saliva from the mouth resulting in excess pooling of saliva in the anterior portion of the oral cavity. It is considered normal in infants and usually resolves itself by 15-18 months of age. It is a common problem in pediatric patients with cerebral palsy or other neurological disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.07.023DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

The phenotype of developmental and epileptic encephalopathy.

Neurology 2018 Sep 31;91(12):e1112-e1124. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

From the Department of Clinical Neurophysiology (E.G., S.B.), Danish Epilepsy Centre, Dianalund; Institute for Regional Health Services (E.G., K.M.J., R.S.M.), University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Neuroscience Department (C.M., R.G., M.M.), Children's Hospital A. Meyer, University of Florence; Department of Neuroscience (M.T., N.S., F.V.), Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy; Division of Neurology (M.P.F., I.H.), The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; Departments of Pediatrics and Neurology (M.P.F., I.H.), Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; Universitätskinderklinik Tübingen (M.A., M.W.), Germany; Department of Neurology (K.H.), Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne; Department of Paediatrics (K.H.), University of Melbourne; Australia Neurosciences Group (K.H.), Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia; Servizio di Neuropsichiatria Infantile (F.D., E.F.), Policlinico G.B. Rossi, Universita Degli Studi di Verona; Department of Child Neurology (S.S., G.A.), Ospedale Pediatrico G. Salesi-Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, Italy; Division of Clinical Neurophysiology (B.B.), Children's Research Center, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Switzerland; Brain and Behaviour Department (S.M.), University of Pavia; Department of Pediatric Neuroradiology (A.P.), IRCCS "C. Mondino" National Neurological Institute, Pavia, Italy; Department of Epilepsy Genetics (K.J., R.S.M.), Danish Epilepsy Centre Dianalund; Department of Child Neurology (B.J.), Danish Epilepsy Centre, Dianalund, Denmark; Cytogenetic and Molecular Genetic Laboratory (S.R., F.C.), Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milano, Italy; Department of Adult Neurology (G.R.), Danish Epilepsy Centre, Dianalund; University of Copenhagen (G.R.), Denmark; Struttura Complessa di Neurologia Pediatrica Ospedale Vittore Buzzi (P.V.), Milano; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Cliniche L. Sacco (P.V.), Università di Milano, Italy; Århus University (S.B.), Denmark; Department of Child Neurology (I.E.S.), University of Melbourne, Austin Health, Florey Institute; and Department of Child Neurology (I.E.S.), The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: To delineate the electroclinical features of infantile developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE13, OMIM #614558).

Methods: Twenty-two patients, aged 19 months to 22 years, underwent electroclinical assessment.

Results: Sixteen of 22 patients had mildly delayed development since birth. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000006199DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Worster-Drought Syndrome Associated With Mutations.

Child Neurol Open 2018 2;5:2329048X18791083. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Department of Genetics, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Worster-Drought syndrome is a congenital, pseudobulbar paresis. There is no identified molecular etiology despite familial cases reported. The authors report a boy who was diagnosed with Worster-Drought syndrome due to longstanding drooling, dysphagia, and impaired tongue movement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2329048X18791083
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2329048X18791083DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077897PMC
August 2018
13 Reads

Validation of a drooling questionnaire in Indian children with cerebral palsy.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Sep 19;112:55-60. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

-Department of ENT, Christian Medical College, Vellore, 632004, India.

Background: Drooling of saliva is a common problem in children with cerebral palsy. In addition to causing impairment in articulation, drooling also affects socialization, interpersonal relationships and integration into society for these children. There are various methods to assess drooling which measure directly the amount of saliva drooled. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.06.029DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Circadian rhythms and influencing factors of xerostomia among Parkinson's disease patients.

Oral Dis 2018 Jul 20. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Centre of Dental Medicine, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany.

Objectives: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients suffer from xerostomia, but limited information exists regarding associations with dysphagia, drooling, daily habits, PD characteristics, or possible circadian rhythms.

Subjects And Methods: A questionnaire was administered, including (a) clinical characteristics (comorbidities, prescribed medications, levodopa equivalent daily dose [LEDD], disease duration); (b) self-assessment of dysphagia, xerostomia, drooling (10-cm visual analogue scale [VAS]); (c) 24-hr diary of motor impairment, dyskinesia, xerostomia, dysphagia, drooling, daily habits.

Results: Of 75 PD patients who completed the study, 67% reported dysphagia (mean ± standard deviation VAS 4 ± 2), 76% drooling (5 ± 2), 77% xerostomia (5 ± 2). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.12942DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

Effectiveness of submandibular duct relocation in 91 children with excessive drooling: A prospective cohort study.

Clin Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 9;43(6):1471-1477. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of submandibular duct relocation (SMDR) in drooling children with neurological disorders.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Academic Outpatient Saliva Control Clinic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13188DOI Listing
December 2018
23 Reads

Outcomes in Head and Neck Resections That Require Multiple-Flap Reconstructions: A Systematic Review.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Aug;144(8):746-752

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California.

Importance: Complex head and neck cancer defects that require multiflap reconstructions are technically feasible, but the morbidity and patient outcomes of such large-scale head and neck operations have yet to be systematically reviewed.

Objective: To systematically review existing literature to characterize the outcomes of large-scale head and neck resections that require multiple-flap reconstructions (defined as defects that require >1 flap [free, pedicled, or combinations thereof]).

Evidence Review: Two authors independently searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Review databases for English-only texts published on any date. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2018.0835DOI Listing
August 2018
16 Reads

Pediatric food impaction detected through point-of-care ultrasonography.

Clin Exp Emerg Med 2018 Jun 29;5(2):135-137. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatric Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

A previously healthy 1-year-old boy suddenly began coughing while eating a dried sweet potato. Because he continued gagging after vomiting a piece of the dried sweet potato, his mother brought him to our emergency room. Upon arrival, despite normal pulmonary findings, he was drooling and gagging. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.15441/ceem.17.236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039366PMC
June 2018
4 Reads