117,455 results match your criteria Drainage Peritonsillar Abscess


Long-term functional outcome after decompressive suboccipital craniectomy for space-occupying cerebellar infarction.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Dec 1;176:47-52. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: Suboccipital decompressive craniectomy (SDC) is considered the best treatment option in patients with space-occupying cerebellar infarction and clinical signs of deterioration. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term functional outcome in patients one year after SDC for space-occupying cerebellar infarction, and secondly, to determine factors associated with outcome.

Patients And Methods: All patients treated with SDC due to space-occupying cerebellar infarction between January 2009 and October 2015 were included in the study. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Spinal arachnoiditis ossificans: report of a quadruple triggered case.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico "G. Rodolico" University Hospital, Via Santa Sofia 86, 95123 - Catania, Italy.

Background: Arachnoiditis ossificans (AO) is a rare condition often associated with previous spine surgery. Here we describe a unique case of a patient affected by ankylosing spondylitis (AS), presenting with progressive neurological deterioration due to AO. We also review the literature on evaluation and management of patients suffering from AO. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Extensively thrombosed ectatic circumflex coronary artery fistula presenting as acute coronary syndrome.

Curr Cardiol Rev 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Cardiology, University Heart Center, University Hospital Zurich. Switzerland.

Background: Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an abnormal communication between the termination of a coronary artery or its branches and a cardiac chamber, a great vessel or other vascular structure. Symptomatic patients with large CAF should undergo surgical or percutanous closure of the fistula at the drainage site while still the debate on closing asymptomatic CAF and re-openening symptomatic occluded CAF is ongoing.

Case Summary: We are reporting a 30-year-old male patient with no previous medical history presented as non-ST segment elevation myocardial Infarction. Read More

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December 2018

External temperature control of lymphatic drainage of thermo-sensitive nanomaterials.

Biomater Sci 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, 7-105 Hasselmo Hall, 312 Church Street S. E., Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.

Nano-carrier-facilitated delivery of bioactive molecules into lymph nodes (LNs) has found application in the treatment and diagnosis of numerous immune-related diseases. Much work has focused on optimization of physicochemical properties of the nano-carrier to enhance lymphatic drainage passively, whereas active modulation of the quantity and timing of lymphatic delivery remains a significant challenge. Here, inspired by the success of thermo-modulation of tumor targeting, we have developed a simple external temperature control strategy to regulate the distribution of thermo-sensitive nanomaterials between the injection site and draining LNs. Read More

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December 2018

Life threatening polyserositis post oesophagectomy.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 15;26:42-44. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Great Western Hospital, Swindon, Marlborough Road, SN3 6BB, UK.

A 46 year old lady presented three weeks after an oesophagectomy for oesophageal carcinoma with increasing breathlessness and a large left-sided pleural effusion. Computed tomography (CT) scan of her thorax, abdomen and pelvis revealed a large left-sided and small right-sided pleural effusions, a pericardial effusion, ascites and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathy. The patient underwent both pericardial and pleural fluid drainage, however, unfortunately, deteriorated despite these interventions with increasing oxygen requirements requiring nasal high flow oxygen on the Intensive Care Unit. Read More

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November 2018

Participatory Action Research: Tools for Disaster Resilience Education.

Int J Disaster Resil Built Environ 2018 ;9(4-5):402-419

Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

Purpose: Participatory action research can improve scientific knowledge and community capacity to address disaster resilience and environmental justice. Evidence from the literature suggests that resident participation enhances assessment of environmental risks, raises awareness, and empowers residents to fight for equitable distribution of hazard and climate risk adaptations. Yet, risk assessment and urban planning processes still frequently operate within expertise-driven groups without significant community engagement. Read More

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January 2018

Pan-drug-resistant and biofilm-producing strain of : first report of melioidosis from a diabetic patient in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Int Med Case Rep J 2018 9;11:319-323. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia,

Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by , has recently gained importance as an emerging infectious disease in Indonesia. Reports of this infection in Indonesia are limited, although cases have been reported in Makassar, South Sulawesi. We report a case of cutaneous melioidosis caused by pan-drug-resistant, moderate biofilm-producer strain of in a diabetic patient. Read More

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November 2018

Antibody-mediated delivery of VEGF-C potently reduces chronic skin inflammation.

JCI Insight 2018 Dec 6;3(23). Epub 2018 Dec 6.

VEGF-C is an important mediator of lymphangiogenesis and has been shown to alleviate chronic inflammation in a variety of disease models. In this study, we investigated whether targeted delivery of VEGF-C to sites of inflammation and site-specific activation of lymphatic vessels would represent a clinically feasible strategy for treating chronic skin inflammation. To this end, we generated a fusion protein consisting of human VEGF-C fused to the F8 antibody (F8-VEGF-C), which is specific for the alternatively spliced, angiogenesis-marking extradomain A (EDA) of fibronectin. Read More

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December 2018

Seismic Stratigraphy of Pleistocene Deltaic Deposits in Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2014 Jun;86(2):649-662

Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía, CONICET, Bahía Blanca, Argentina.

The Bahía Blanca estuary (Argentina) has a morphological configuration resulting from hydrological and sedimentary processes related to Late Quaternary sea level changes. This estuarine system occupies a large coastal plain with a dense net of tidal channels, low-altitude islands and large intertidal flats. Little is known about the sedimentary units of the marine subbottom. Read More

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Post Dengue Fever Epidural Abscess With or Without Spondylodiscitis: A Case Series of Eight Patients in a Single Season in a Single Center: Does the Dengue Have a Predilection for the Neural Tissue?

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec;43(24):E1454-E1462

Aster MIMS Hospital, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Study Design: A retrospective case series.

Objective: The aim of this study was to report the immunosuppression and secondary bacterial infection after dengue viral infection and the predilection of these infections in the spine. This can trigger further research in to this fact. Read More

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December 2018

The rhinologist's role in the management of rathke's cleft cysts.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadephia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To review the recent literature regarding the growing role of rhinologists and otolaryngologists with neurosurgeons in the joint multidisciplinary team approach for managing patients with Rathke's cleft cysts (RCC).

Recent Findings: The transnasal endoscopic approach to the skull base has become relatively mainstream for surgical treatment of RCCs. Suprasellar lesions, especially those that are purely suprasellar, are associated with higher recurrence rates, though an extended approach may improve dissection and access and therefore aid in lesion removal. Read More

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November 2018

Indications and endonasal treatment of petrous apex cholesterol granulomas.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Rhinology, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Lesions of the petrous apex of the temporal bone can be challenging to access and approaches laterally through the mastoid as well as medially through an endonasal approach are utilized to access this region while preserving function of adjacent structures. Cholesterol granulomas of the petrous apex requiring surgery are marsupialized to prevent expansion of the inflamed cyst and relieve associated clinical symptoms. The endonasal approach to the petrous apex has in the past been limited to lesions medial to the internal carotid artery. Read More

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November 2018

Nasal septal abscess: a 10-year retrospective study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, No. 325, Cheng-Kung Road Section 2, Taipei 114, Taiwan, ROC.

Objective: Nasal septal abscess is an uncommon condition but it can cause potentially life-threatening intracranial complications and cosmetic nasal deformity.

Methods: We analyzed ten years of cases to determine the optimal diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. A retrospective review of case notes from Tri-Service General Hospital archives was performed. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Percutaneous drainage and management of fluid collections associated with necrotic or cystic tumors in the abdomen and pelvis.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Health, Shreveport, LA, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous drainage for palliation of symptoms and sepsis in patients with cystic or necrotic tumors in the abdomen and pelvis.

Materials And Methods: This is a single center retrospective study of 36 patients (18 men, mean age = 51.1 years) who underwent percutaneous drainage for management of cystic or necrotic tumors in the non-postoperative setting over an 11-year period. Read More

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November 2018

Cholangioscopy in the digital era.

Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 29;3:82. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Cholangioscopy allows direct visualization and subsequent therapeutic maneuvers of the biliary ductal system. With advances in endoscopic and imaging technology, cholangioscopy has become an important modality for the diagnosis of indeterminate biliary strictures and an essential therapeutic tool for difficult to remove biliary stones. Enhanced imaging and operability of the latest generation cholangioscopes have further expanded their clinical applications to include ductal tumor ablation, gallbladder drainage, access to difficult to reach branches of the biliary tree, and biliary foreign body manipulation. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of early and delayed EUS-guided drainage of pancreatic fluid collection.

Endosc Int Open 2018 Dec 23;6(12):E1398-E1405. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

 While endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage of pancreatic fluid collection (PFC) is recommended to be performed ≥ 4 weeks after onset of acute pancreatitis (AP), early (< 4 weeks) interventions are needed in some symptomatic cases. Despite feasibility of early percutaneous drainage, there have been few studies about early EUS-guided drainage of PFC.  Consecutive patients who received EUS-guided drainage (EUS-PCD) of infected or symptomatic PFC at the University of Tokyo were retrospectively studied. Read More

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December 2018

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy with a lumen-apposing metal stent through an uncovered metal duodenal stent.

Endosc Int Open 2018 Dec 23;6(12):E1395-E1397. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Hopital Avicenne, Department of Gastroenterology, Bobigny, France.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with a preexisting duodenal stent is particularly challenging and has a low success rate. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) has been increasingly used as an alternative to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage after failed ERCP. EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CD) and EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) have been reported to have similar efficacity. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Dental Infection Mimicking Dermatological Lesion: Three Case Reports of Cutaneous Fistulae and Sinus Tracts on Face.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):441-444

Department of Dental Surgery, North DMC Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, Malkaganj, New Delhi, India.

Cutaneous odontogenic fistulae or sinus tracts are commonly misdiagnosed and incorrectly treated, leading to unnecessary and excessive medications attributing to patient agony. An understanding of cutaneous sinus tracts and their drainage will guide to more appropriate treatment. The following clinical case reports present three patients with cutaneous sinus tracts on chin and jaw line, secondary to chronic periapical dental infection, which was misdiagnosed initially as dermatological lesion and was submitted to inappropriate dermatological treatment and antimicrobial therapy. Read More

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December 2018

Acute non-traumatic adrenal haemorrhage-management, pathology and clinical outcomes.

Gland Surg 2018 Oct;7(5):428-432

Endocrine Surgery Unit, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

Background: Acute adrenal haemorrhage is a rare medical emergency. The aim of the series was to study the clinical presentation and management of patients presenting with acute non-traumatic adrenal haemorrhage.

Methods: The records of patients presenting with an acute abdomen secondary to adrenal haemorrhage and treated in a tertiary endocrine surgical unit over a period of 6 years were reviewed. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Suction, No Suction or Passive Drainage for Pulmonary Oedema.

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2018 Dec 1;46(6):480-481. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.

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December 2018

Optimal management of postoperative parenchymal air leaks.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 32):S3789-S3798

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Queen Elizabeth II Hospital - Victoria Campus, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Air leaks are the most common complication after pulmonary resection. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs must be designed to manage parenchymal air leaks. ERAS programs should consider two components when creating protocols for air leaks: assessment and management. Read More

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November 2018

Forecasting pulmonary air leak duration following lung surgery using transpleural airflow data from a digital pleural drainage device.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 32):S3747-S3754

Division of Thoracic Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Prolonged air leak (PAL) is often the limiting factor for hospital discharge after lung surgery. Our goal was to develop a statistical model that reliably predicts pulmonary air leak resolution by applying statistical time series modeling and forecasting techniques to digital drainage data.

Methods: Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) modeling was used to forecast air leak flow from transplural air flow data. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Uniportal triportal video-assisted thoracic surgery in the treatment of primary pneumothorax-a propensity matched bicentric study.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3712-S3719

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A. Gemelli", Rome, Italy.

Background: The role of triportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is widely recognized for the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and the potential advantages of uniportal VATS (U-VATS) for the treatment of PSP compared with triportal VATS.

Methods: A total of 104 triportal (n=39) and uniportal (n=65) VATS procedures where performed for the treatment of PSP in two University hospitals. Read More

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November 2018

Impact of cannula design on packed red blood cell transfusions: technical advancement to improve outcomes in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5813-5821

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS - ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad alta specializzazione), Palermo, Italy.

Background: Technological improvement has contributed to making veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) safer and easier, spreading its use in acute respiratory failure (ARF).

Methods: This is a retrospective observational study carried out in the ECMO center at IRCCS-ISMETT, a medical center focused on end-stage organ failure treatment in Italy. We investigated the effect of different cannula designs on the amount of blood product transfused. Read More

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October 2018

X-ray indices of chest drain malposition after insertion for drainage of pneumothorax in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5695-5701

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, 1 Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Chest drain (CD) migration in the pleural cavity may result in inadequate drainage of pneumothorax. The aim of this study was to assess several parameters that might help in diagnosing CD migration on chest X-ray (CXR).

Methods: Patients with a CD inserted from the safe triangle with a subsequent supine CXR and CT scan performed less than 24 hours apart were assessed for CD foreshortening, angle of inclination of the CD, and CD tortuosity. Read More

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October 2018

Is abdominal drainage after open emergency appendectomy for complicated appendicitis beneficial or waste of money? A single centre retrospective cohort study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Dec 9;36:168-172. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

UCL Medical School, UCL, Research Department of Medical Education, Room GF/664, Royal Free Campus, Hampstead, London, NW3 2PR, UK.

Background: Appendicitis is a medical condition that causes painful inflammation of the appendix. For acute appendicitis, appendectomy is immediately required as any delay may lead to serious complications such as gangrenous or perforated appendicitis with or without localized abscess formation. Patients who had appendectomy for complicated appendicitis are more prone to develop post-operative complications such as peritoneal abscess or wound infection. Read More

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December 2018

Delayed bilhemia complicating percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage: Successful treatment with primary coil embolization.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Feb 27;14(2):269-272. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, 34098, Turkey.

Bilhemia is very rare and serious complication of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PBD). Bile leakage occurs into the bloodstream through a fistula between the biliary tree and the hepatic venous system. We report a case of a 45-year-old woman with bilhemia complicated by PBD. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

Giant simple biliary cyst infection treated with minimally invasive percutaneous drainage.

World J Nucl Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):293-295

Department of Interventional Radiology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.

We describe a minimally invasive alternative approach in a patient with infected hepatic cyst to stabilize the patient before definitive surgery. A 58-year-old man presented with fever and hypotension after 2 weeks of asthenia, chills, weight loss, slight abdominal pain, and a previous asymptomatic simple hepatic cyst. On ultrasound, a giant heterogeneous hepatic cyst with thick wall was noted. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Comparison of Minimally Invasive and Open Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 1;24:8693-8698. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This cohort study compared the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (Mis-TLIF versus Open-TLIF) for lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS From July 2016 to September 2017, we recruited 37 patients suffering from lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy. Seventeen patients underwent Mis-TLIF (Mis group) and 20 patients underwent Open-TLIF (Open group). Read More

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December 2018

Liposomal Cytarabine-Daunorubicin (CPX-351) Extravasation: Case Report and Literature Review.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6927-6930

Division of Hematology Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine and University of California, Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.

Background: Liposomal formulation of anthracyclines provide better systemic and organ-specific tolerance, with potential for less local tissue damage during extravasation. Several small series have reported that most liposomal anthracycline extravasations are consistent with irritant injury without tissue necrosis. There have been no reports published regarding the clinical effects of extravasation of liposomal cytarabine-daunorubicin (CPX-351). Read More

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December 2018

Management of Pleural Effusion After Mediastinoscopic Radical Esophagectomy.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6919-6925

Division of Digestive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background/aim: Trans-hiatal and -cervical approach mediastinoscopic radical esophagectomy (TMrE) for esophageal cancers is a less-invasive procedure and does not require for trans-thoracic approach management. However, some patients suffer from pleural effusion after TMrE. In the present study, we investigated the clinicopathological factors of patients needing drainage of pleural effusion (DPE) after TMrE. Read More

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December 2018

Iatrogenic limbal stem cell deficiency following drainage surgery for glaucoma.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 2;53(6):574-579. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe conjunctival epithelial overgrowth of the cornea after surgery for glaucoma.

Methods: This is a retrospective case series (setting: Moorfields Eye Hospital). Fourteen eyes of 13 patients with suspected limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) and corneal conjunctivalization after glaucoma drainage surgery. Read More

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December 2018

The long term effect of agricultural, vadose zone and climatic factors on nitrate contamination in the Nebraska's groundwater system.

J Contam Hydrol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588-6105, United States; Nebraska Water Center, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588, United States. Electronic address:

A four-decade dataset (1974-2013) of 107,823 nitrate samples in 25,993 wells from western and eastern parts of Nebraska was used to assess long-term trends of groundwater nitrate concentration and decadal changes in the extent of groundwater nitrate-contaminated areas (NO-N ≥ 10 mg N/L) over the entire state. Spatial statistics and regressions were used to investigate the relationships between groundwater nitrate concentrations and several potential natural and anthropogenic factors, including soil drainage capacities, vadose zone characteristics, crop production areas, and irrigation systems. The results of this study show that there is no statistically significant trend in groundwater nitrate concentrations in western Nebraska, in contrast with the increasing trend (p < . Read More

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November 2018

Clinical outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty in eyes with a glaucoma drainage device.

Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Netherlands Institute for Innovative Ocular Surgery (NIIOS), Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Melles Cornea Clinic Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Amnitrans Eye Bank Rotterdam, The Netherlands; NIIOS-USA, San Diego, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility and clinical outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in eyes with a glaucoma drainage device (GDD).

Design: Retrospective, interventional case series.

Methods: Clinical outcomes of 23 DMEK procedures for bullous keratopathy (52%), failed previous transplant (39%) or Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (9%) in 20 eyes (19 patients) with a GDD were retrospectively analyzed at two tertiary referral centers. Read More

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November 2018

Symptom Resolution and Volumetric Reduction of Abdominal Lymphatic Malformations With Sclerotherapy.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 4;233:256-261. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital Colorado, Vascular Anomalies Center, Aurora, Colorado; Division of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado.

Background: Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are congenital and arise from errors in vascular embryogenesis. LMs are categorized by cyst size as microcystic, macrocystic, or combined. Abdominal LMs are rare. Read More

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January 2019

Successful Treatment of a Late Diagnosed Esophageal Perforation with Mediastinitis and Pericardial Abscess.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Dec;28(12):972-973

Department of Cardiovascular, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey.

We herein report a case of late diagnosed thoracic esophageal perforation. A 60-year-old man was diagnosed as an esophageal perforation with mediastinitis and pericardial abscess by detailed history taking, chest computed tomography, esophagoscopy and inflammatory findings in his blood test. Surgical drainage of mediastinum and pericardium was able to effectively control infectious process and pericardial fibrosis. Read More

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December 2018

Antenatal intervention for congenital fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO): a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Dec 2:1-161. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

a Department of Neuroscience , Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry , School of Medicine , University of Naples "Federico II" , Naples , Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of antenatal intervention for the treatment of congenital lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) in improving perinatal survival and postnatal renal function.

Methods: Electronic databases were searched from their inception until May 2018. Selection criteria included randomized controlled trials and controlled nonrandomized observational studies including fetuses with ultrasound evidence of LUTO evaluating antenatal intervention for improving perinatal outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Permanent peritoneal ports for the management of recurrent malignant ascites: a retrospective review of safety and efficacy.

Intern Med J 2018 Dec;48(12):1524-1528

Palliative Care Services, Counties Manukau District Health Board, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

Large volume paracentesis is effective in relieving the symptoms of malignant ascites, but frequent procedures are often required. Permanent peritoneal ports are an alternative to repeated procedures. We describe our experience with the use of peritoneal ports in patients at Middlemore Hospital (Auckland, New Zealand) who had a port inserted for the drainage of malignant ascites. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Simulation Training for Operational Medicine Providers (STOMP): Impact of a Comprehensive Skills-Based Curriculum for Military General Medical Officers.

Mil Med 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Healthcare Simulation and Bioskills Training Center, Naval Medical Center, 620 John Paul Jones Circle, Portsmouth, VA.

Introduction: A standardized training curriculum designed for general medical officers (GMO) titled Simulation Training for Operational Medicine Providers (STOMP) was recently developed to educate and improve GMOs' procedural skills through directed feedback prior to assuming duties in an operational environment. This study aimed to determine the impact this novel curriculum had on GMOs'confidence levels in 21 core privileges covering eight different subspecialties while stationed at Naval Medical Center Portsmouth (NMCP).

Materials And Methods: A cohort study from 2015 to 2017 was designed to address our specific aim to examine if the implementation of the STOMP curriculum increased GMOs' confidence levels. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hydrodynamic Evaluations of Four Mock Femoral Venous Cannulas.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Sep-Oct;33(5):435-442

Department of Cardiology, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Objective: To report the results of four mock femoral venous cannulas and the hydrodynamical superiority of one of them, which is the completely punched (CP) model, upon the other three.

Methods: Four simulated femoral venous cannulas (single-stage, two-stage, multi-stage, and CP model) were designed from a 1/4" x 1/16" x 68 cm polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tubing line for testing. Holes on the PVC tubes were opened by a 5 mm aortic punch. Read More

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February 2018

Potentialities and limitations of agricultural use in soils of semi-arid region of the state of Bahia.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2018 Oct-Dec;90(4):3373-3387

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Embrapa Solos, UEP Recife, R. Antônio Falcão, 402, Boa Viagem, 51020-240 Recife, PE, Brazil.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the potentialities and limitations of the agricultural use of representative classes of semi-arid regions of the state of Bahia, based on the pedological and evaluation of their soil characteristics. Five areas were selected where trenches were opened to collect samples for the analyses: Eutric Haplustept which presents vulnerability to physical and chemical degradation due to poor drainage with risks of erosion, waterlogging, salinization and compaction but having good natural fertility; Abrupt Kandiustalf with high vulnerability to physical degradation due to the presence of gravel and pebbles which may limit the development of deep rooting plants and mechanization but also with good natural fertility; Typic quartzipsaments and Typic Eutrustalf with no limitations related to drainage as low risk of compaction but featuring limitation of low moisture-holding capacity and nutrients; and Arenic Haplustulf wose characteristics are high vulnerability to degradation due to the drainage limitation related to the Btx horizon cementing in addition to low natural fertility and therefore is not recommended to agricultural use. However, in general, they feature no serious impediments for agricultural use. Read More

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January 2018

Chromium(III) substitution inhibits the Fe(II)-accelerated transformation of schwertmannite.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0208355. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Southern Cross GeoScience, Southern Cross University, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia.

Schwertmannite is an Fe(III)-oxyhydroxysulfate which is common in acid mine drainage (AMD) and acid sulfate soil (ASS) environments. Natural schwertmannite is often enriched in Cr(III), yet the effects of Cr(III) substitution on schwertmannite transformation to more stable Fe(III) minerals has not been addressed. Here we examine, for the first time, the effects of Cr(III) substitution on the Fe(II)-accelerated transformation of schwertmannite. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical outcomes and recipient vessel selection for free flap transfer following arteriovenous malformation resection.

J Plast Surg Hand Surg 2018 Dec 5:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Plastic and Reconstructive, Aesthetic Surgery , Kyorin University School of Medicine , Mitaka-shi , Tokyo , Japan.

Background: Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare vascular lesion that is difficult to treat. Radical surgical resection followed by free flap transfer is currently one of the preferred treatments, and this study aimed to assess the selection of recipient vessels and clinical outcomes for free flap transfer after AVM resection to establish better surgical management.

Methods: Data from 22 consecutive patients who underwent free flap transfer after AVM resection were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

Prospective Comparison of Bleeding Complications Between Right and Left Approaches in Percutaneous Biliary Drainage.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Surgery, University of Buenos Aires.

Purpose: The present study aimed to determine whether the percentage of bleeding complications differs between the right and the left approaches in percutaneous biliary drainage (PBD) in adult patients.

Materials And Methods: This was a prospective, descriptive, nonrandomized comparative and longitudinal study. We included adult patients over 18 years of age who underwent a PBD. Read More

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December 2018

Imaging of Childhood Inflammatory Brain Diseases.

Top Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Dec;27(6):409-431

Diagnostic Imaging, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Brain has been considered as an immune-privileged site for centuries owing to the presence of blood-brain barrier, absent lymphatic drainage, and antigen-presenting cells. However, the present prevailing concept is of immune surveillance where brain is continuously surveyed by immune cells. However, the presence of immune cells in central nervous system (CNS) brings the risk of inflammation and autoimmunity involving both T and B cell mediated pathways. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Recurrent natural killer/T-cell lymphoma of the lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct in a 59-year-old Caucasian woman.

Orbit 2018 Dec 5:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Oculoplastic, Facial Cosmetic, and Orbital Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences , University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health , Madison , Wisconsin , United States.

A 59-year-old Caucasian woman with past medical history significant for Natural Killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma of the right nasal septum in remission for nine months presented after surveillance PET-CT imaging revealed increased metabolic activity in the right nasolacrimal duct. She also reported ipsilateral epiphora starting around this time. The lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal ductal mucosa were biopsied via an external approach. Read More

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December 2018

Can Alvarado and Appendicitis Inflammatory Response scores evaluate the severity of acute appendicitis?

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Nov;24(6):557-562

Department of General Surgery, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey.

Background: The Alvarado score (AS) and the Appendicitis Inflammatory Response score (AIRS) were developed to diagnose acute appendicitis (AA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the severity of AA using the AS and the AIRS tools.

Methods: Patients who presented between January 2016 and December 2017 and underwent surgery for AA and who had a preoperative AS and AIRS value were evaluated retrospectively. Read More

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November 2018

Radium in hydraulic fracturing wastewater: distribution in suspended solids and implications to its treatment by sulfate co-precipitation.

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Earth Sciences, Dartmouth College, HB6105 Fairchild Hall, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA.

High concentrations of barium (Ba), strontium (Sr) and radium (Ra) are present in both the liquid and suspended solid portions of wastewater produced from hydraulic fracturing. These high concentrations often require special treatment in which the solid and liquid portions are separated and then independently treated prior to disposal. The solids are typically disposed in landfills while the liquids are further treated, recycled for future hydraulic fracturing, or disposed via injection wells. Read More

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December 2018

Minimally invasive drainage of a giant ovarian mucinous cystadenoma associated with a mature cystic teratoma.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 30;2018(11):rjy322. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, The Cambridge Hospital, Cambridge, MA, USA.

A 26-year-old, otherwise healthy female presented to the Emergency Room for the evaluation of abdominal pain. It was immediately apparent that she had a massively distended abdomen. History revealed progressive abdominal distension over several years. Read More

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November 2018