102,710 results match your criteria Domestic animal endocrinology[Journal]


Considering the relationship between domestic violence and pet abuse and its significance in the veterinary clinical and educational contexts.

N Z Vet J 2018 Dec 17:1-27. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences , University of Melbourne School , Werribee , Victoria , Australia 3030.

This thematic review examines the literature regarding the relationship between domestic violence (DV) and pet abuse (PA) particularly in the veterinary clinical and educational contexts. It examines the significance of this relationship for the veterinary profession including the veterinarian's role and associated legal and ethical obligations, and relevant current veterinary education standards, to identify future clinical and educational directions. Articles were sourced from online databases by searching the keywords without date restrictions. Read More

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December 2018

Detection of naturally occurring alloantibody by an in-clinic antiglobulin-enhanced and standard crossmatch gel column test in non-transfused domestic shorthair cats.

J Vet Intern Med 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Section of Medical Genetics (PennGen), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Blood typing for the A and B antigens is essential and crossmatching testing is generally recommended before transfusing blood to cats.

Objective: To evaluate 2 crossmatch (XM) tests.

Animals: Forty-nine healthy domestic shorthair cats that had not received a blood transfusion. Read More

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December 2018
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Benefit-cost analysis of the policy of mandatory annual rabies vaccination of domestic dogs in rabies-free Japan.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0206717. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Global Agricultural Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Japan is one of the few rabies-free countries/territories which implement the policy of mandatory vaccination of domestic dogs. In order to assess the economic efficiency of such policy in reducing the economic burden of a future canine rabies outbreak in Japan, a benefit-cost analysis (BCA) was performed using probabilistic decision tree modelling. Input data derived from simulation results of published mathematical model, field investigation conducted by the authors at prefectural governments, literature review, international or Japanese database and empirical data of rabies outbreaks in other countries/territories. Read More

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December 2018

Mental health and academic impacts of intimate partner violence among IHE-attending women.

J Am Coll Health 2018 Dec 17:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Institute on Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault, Steve Hicks School of Social Work , The University of Texas at Austin , Austin , TX , USA.

Objective: The study assesses the prevalence of physical, psychological, sexual, and cyber forms of intimate partner violence (IPV) among female college students, and associated mental health and academic outcomes.

Participants: Participants (n = 6,818) were randomly selected female students attending one of eight campuses of a University System in the Southwest. Their mean age was 25, and 45% identified as Hispanic/Latina. Read More

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December 2018

Legitimizing Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of Romantic Love and the Mediating Effect of Patriarchal Ideologies.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 17:886260518818427. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Aix Marseille Univ, LPS, Aix-en-Provence, France.

Romantic love in heterosexual relationships is recognized as an important aspect to be considered in relation to the psychosocial mechanisms associated with the persistence of intimate partner violence and the help-seeking barriers faced by female victims. However, few studies have explored the processes underlying the relationship between this form of love and attitudes toward this kind of violence. To do this, the current study aims to analyze the relationship between the adherence to romantic love and the legitimization of intimate partner violence (i. Read More

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December 2018

An Affront to Her Mana: Young Māori Mothers' Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 17:886260518815712. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

3 Katoa Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand.

Young Māori mothers in Aotearoa/New Zealand are disproportionately vulnerable to intimate partner violence (IPV) due to multiple intersecting factors, such as relationship dynamics during youth, pregnancy, and racialized Māori (Indigenous) identity. An enduring legacy of settler colonialism has resulted in Māori being overrepresented as victims and perpetrators of violence. IPV, in particular, leads to adverse social, mental, and health outcomes over time, including those specific to mothers (e. Read More

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December 2018

Human tularaemia associated with exposure to domestic dogs-United States, 2006-2016.

Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Dogs have been implicated in the zoonotic transmission of numerous pathogens. Whereas cats are known to transmit Francisella tularensis to humans via bite and other routes, the role of dogs in facilitating infection is much less understood. We reviewed tularaemia case investigation records collected through national surveillance during 2006-2016 to summarize those with dog involvement, characterize the nature of dog-related exposure and describe associated clinical characteristics. Read More

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December 2018

Coercive Control in Intimate Partner Violence: Relationship with Women's Experience of Violence, Use of Violence, and Danger.

Psychol Violence 2018 Sep 11;8(5):596-604. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Northwell Health Solutions, Office of Population Health Management, Hofstra Northwell Medical School.

Objective: The objective of this study was to better understand the experience of coercive control as a type of IPV by examining associations between coercive control and women's experiences of particular forms of violence, use of violence, and risk of future violence.

Method: As part of a larger research study, data were collected from 553 women patients at two hospital emergency departments who had experienced recent IPV and unhealthy drinking. Baseline assessments, including measures of coercive control, danger, and experience and use of psychological, physical, and sexual forms of IPV in the prior three months were analyzed. Read More

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September 2018

Dual exposure to smoking and household air pollution is associated with an increased risk of severe asthma in adults in Brazil.

Clin Transl Allergy 2018 10;8:48. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

5Programa para o Controle da Asma na Bahia (ProAR), UFBA - Centro de Saúde Carlos Gomes, Rua Carlos Gomes 270, 7° andar, Salvador, Bahia 40060-330 Brazil.

Background: The relationship between smoking, household pollution, dual exposure and severity of asthma in adults has not been sufficiently studied. We examined and compared the effects of cigarette smoking, domestic wood burning pollution and dual exposure (tobacco and wood burning) upon asthma severity in adults.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study performed with 452 individuals with mild to moderate asthma and 544 patients with severe asthma (previously untreated). Read More

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December 2018

Cost-effectiveness modelling studies of all preventive measures against rabies: A systematic review.

Vaccine 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Health Technology Assessment Postgraduate Program, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Road, Phaya Thai, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand; Social Administrative Pharmacy Excellence Research (SAPER) Unit, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Road, Phaya Thai, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand. Electronic address:

Rabies is one of the most feared infectious diseases worldwide, predominantly occurring in Asia and Africa where rabies is endemic in domestic dog populations. Whereas previous studies have demonstrated mass dog vaccination and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) as the most effective control strategies, successful rabies elimination has yet to be realized as these recognized effective interventions continue to face challenges of limited accessibility. In the light of new evidence towards improving programmatic feasibility and clinical practice in rabies control especially among endemic countries, a systematic review was undertaken to identify cost-effectiveness modelling studies of rabies preventive measures and to provide a critical review of published evidence through comparative evaluation and model quality assessment, and a synthesis of key findings based thereon. Read More

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December 2018

Should we use Palivizumab immunoprophylaxis for infants against respiratory syncytial virus? - a cost-utility analysis.

Isr J Health Policy Res 2018 Dec 17;7(1):63. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Shaarae Zedek Medical Center, Affiliated to the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: Passive immunization against RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) is given in most western countries (including Israel) to infants of high risk groups such as premature babies, and infants with Congenital Heart Disease or Congenital Lung Disease. However, immunoprophylaxis costs are extremely high ($2800-$4200 per infant). Using cost-utility analysis criteria, we evaluate whether it is justified to expand, continue or restrict nationwide immunoprophylaxis using palivizumab of high risk infants against RSV. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of Interpersonal Violence Among Latinas: A Systematic Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2018 Dec 16:1524838018806507. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV, USA.

Violence against women continues to be a great concern in today's society. In the United States, women experience high rates of interpersonal violence throughout their lifetime. Among Latinas, interpersonal violence is also highly prevalent however the wide variation of interpersonal prevalence rates among Latinas is problematic. Read More

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December 2018

Bacterial community activity and dynamics in the biofilm of an experimental hybrid wetland system treating greywater.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu, Estonia.

The objectives of this study were to determine the biofilm microbial activity and bacterial community structure and successions in greywater treatment filters and to relate the treatment efficiency to the bacterial community parameters. This 10-month study was performed in a newly established experimental system for domestic greywater treatment that consisted of three parallel vertical flow filters (VFs) followed by a horizontal flow filter (HF). A rapid increase in the bacterial community abundance occurred during the first 85 days of filter operations, followed by a short-term decrease and the stabilization of the 16S rRNA gene copy numbers at average levels of 1. Read More

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December 2018

Establishment and application of distant hybridization technology in fish.

Sci China Life Sci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

State Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Freshwater Fish, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, China.

Hybridization is widely used. However, for a long time, systematic theories and technologies related to hybridization in fish have been lacking. In this study, through long-term systematic research, we investigated and obtained the main rules regarding inheritance and reproduction related to fish distant hybridization. Read More

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December 2018
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Alkylphenolic compounds and risk of breast and prostate cancer in the MCC-Spain study.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Unit of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics in Infections and Cancer, IDIBELL, Catalan Institute of Oncology, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Alkylphenolic compounds are chemicals with endocrine disrupting properties that have been widely used in industry with important changes in their usage over time. Few epidemiologic studies have evaluated the effect of alkylphenolic compounds on human health.

Objectives: We investigated whether occupational exposure to alkylphenolic compounds is associated with breast and prostate cancer. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence of pandemic H1N1 influenza exposure in dogs and cats, Thailand: A serological survey.

Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Center of Excellences for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases in Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Influenza A virus causes respiratory disease in both humans and animals. In this study, a survey of influenza A antibodies in domestic dogs and cats was conducted in 47 animal shelters in 19 provinces of Thailand from September 2011 to September 2014. One thousand and eleven serum samples were collected from 932 dogs and 79 cats. Read More

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December 2018

Avian Toll-like receptor allelic diversity far exceeds human polymorphism: an insight from domestic chicken breeds.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17878. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Charles University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology, Viničná 7, Prague, 12843, Czech Republic.

Immune genes show remarkable levels of adaptive variation shaped by pathogen-mediated selection. Compared to humans, however, population polymorphism in animals has been understudied. To provide an insight into immunogenetic diversity in birds, we sequenced complete protein-coding regions of all Toll-like receptor (TLR) genes with direct orthology between mammals and birds (TLR3, TLR4, TLR5 and TLR7) in 110 domestic chickens from 25 breeds and compared their variability with a corresponding human dataset. Read More

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December 2018

Spatiotemporal decomposition and risk determinants of hand, foot and mouth disease in Henan, China.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 5;657:509-516. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100022, China. Electronic address:

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) remains an increasing public health concern. The spatiotemporal variation of HFMD can be represented from multiple-perspectives, and it may be driven by different dominant factors. In this study, the HFMD cases in children under the age of five years in each county in Henan province, China, from 2009 to 2013 were assessed to explore the integrative spatiotemporal patterns of HFMD and investigate their driving factors. Read More

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December 2018
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[The experience in the application of nikavir in the schemes of perinatal chemoprophylactics of HIV infection: evaluation of the immunological and virusological effectiveness.]

Vopr Virusol 2018 ;63(5):212-217

Academician Ye. A. Wagner State Medical University, Perm, 614000, Russian Federation.

Objectives: The goal of this work was to study the immunological and virological efficacy of the domestic antiretroviral drug nicavir (at the optimal dose, as proven by previous clinical studies) with lamivudine, in comparison with other drugs of the group of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in combination with kaletra in perinatal HIV chemoprophylaxis regimens.

Methods: 658 pregnant women aged 16-39 years and children born to them were examined. The first group (281 people) and the third group (66 people) received the nicavir (manufactured by AZT PHARMA KB LLC) with lamivudine in combination with calyx; the second (281 people) and the fourth (30 people) of the comparison group, stag and zidovudine, respectively, with lamivudine in combination with calyx. Read More

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January 2018

Re-emergence of genotype I of African swine fever virus in Ivory-Coast.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Animal Production and Health Laboratory, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400, Vienna, Austria.

In July 2014, an outbreak of severe hemorrhagic disease in a domestic pig population, was reported in San-Pedro, the second seaport city of Ivory-Coast. Animals of all age groups developed clinical signs consistent with African swine fever (ASF). Tissue and serum samples from dead pigs were sent to the laboratory for diagnostic confirmation and molecular characterization based on the partial B646L (p72), the full E183L (p54) gene and the central variable region of the B602L gene. Read More

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December 2018

Phylogenetic analysis of Spirocerca lupi and Spirocerca vulpis reveal high genetic diversity and intra-individual variation.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 14;11(1):639. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Background: Spirocerca lupi is a parasitic nematode of canids that can lead to a severe and potentially fatal disease. Recently, a new species, Spirocerca vulpis, was described from red foxes in Europe, suggesting a high genetic diversity of the Spirocerca spp. infecting canids. Read More

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December 2018
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Intra-epidemic genome variation in highly pathogenic African swine fever virus (ASFV) from the country of Georgia.

Virol J 2018 Dec 14;15(1):190. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Background: African swine fever virus (ASFV) causes an acute hemorrhagic infection in suids with a mortality rate of up to 100%. No vaccine is available and the potential for catastrophic disease in Europe remains elevated due to the ongoing ASF epidemic in Russia and Baltic countries. To date, intra-epidemic whole-genome variation for ASFV has not been reported. Read More

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December 2018

An Exploration of the Link Between Masculinity and Endorsement of IPV Myths in American Men.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 14:886260518818430. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

2 The University of Memphis, TN, USA.

Current research has established a connection between men's endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology and their perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) toward women. However, research has not yet identified the cognitive and affective pathways that link the endorsement of masculinity ideology and men's beliefs about IPV. The current study examined men's fear of intimacy, ambivalent (i. Read More

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December 2018

Apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma with perineural metastasis in a cat.

JFMS Open Rep 2018 Jul-Dec;4(2):2055116918815323. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Advanced Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Case Summary: A 15-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was presented for hyporexia and acute development of L4-Cd myelopathy (urinary incontinence, pelvic limb paresis with hyporeflexia and absent tail tone). Humane euthanasia was elected owing to the rapid neurological deterioration and necropsy was performed. Post-mortem examination identified a right-sided anal sac mass and medial iliac lymphadenopathy. Read More

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December 2018

Domestic Violence Between Childhood Incest and Re-victimization: A Study Among Anti-violence Centers in Italy.

Front Psychol 2018 28;9:2377. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

FISPPA Department, University of Padova, Padua, Italy.

The study focuses on a specific problem in the area of child sexual abuse (CSA), which is still under-researched: the relationship between incest and adult female re-victimization treatment within the ambit of domestic violence in Italian centers. About 112 anti-violence centers were contacted, but only 13 participated and only 16 psychologists were interviewed to reconstruct the biographies of 32 victims. The study aimed to examine if and how the service centers recognized and dealt with the problem of re-victimization among survivors based on psychologists' narrations. Read More

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November 2018

Experimental Metabolic Syndrome Model Associated with Mechanical and Structural Degenerative Changes of the Aortic Valve.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 13;8(1):17835. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, 55905, MN, USA.

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that an experimental high fat (HF) animal with metabolic syndrome results in structural degeneration of the aortic valve. Domestic pigs were divided (n = 12) and administered either a normal or HF diet. After 16-weeks, the HF diet group had increased weight (p ≤ 0. Read More

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December 2018

An International Analysis of Dialysis Services Reimbursement.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Nephrology Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; and.

Background And Objectives: The prevalence of patients with ESKD who receive extracorporeal kidney replacement therapy is rising worldwide. We compared government reimbursement for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis worldwide, assessed the effect on the government health care budget, and discussed strategies to reduce the cost of kidney replacement therapy.

Design, Setting, Participants, & Measurements: Cross-sectional global survey of nephrologists in 90 countries to assess reimbursement for dialysis, number of patients receiving hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, and measures to prevent development or progression of CKD, conducted online July to December of 2016. Read More

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December 2018
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Diversity of Rickettsia species in border regions of northwestern China.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 13;11(1):634. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Basic Medicine, School of Medicine, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Xinjiang, Uygur Autonomous Region, China.

Background: Rickettsia species belonging to the spotted fever group (SFG) cause infections in humans, domestic animals and wildlife. At least ten SFG Rickettsia species are known to occur in China. However, the distribution of rickettsiae in ticks and fleas in the border region of northwestern China have not been systematically studied to date. Read More

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December 2018

[Prevalence and associated factors of depression symptoms in fathers of children aged 6 months to 17 years in Québec].

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 13:706743718815882. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

2 Département de psychoéducation et de psychologie, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives:: In fathers, depression symptoms experienced during pregnancy and after childbirth represent a depression risk factor during the child first months. Since depression can have a huge impact on their subsequent involvement with the child, this issue is worrisome and requires consideration. Until now, however, few studies have dealt with paternal depression and its determinants beyond the perinatal period. Read More

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December 2018

Cost-effectiveness of adult spinal deformity surgery in a military healthcare system.

Authors:

Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E11

OBJECTIVEAdult spinal deformity surgery is an effective way of treating pain and disability, but little research has been done to evaluate the costs associated with changes in health outcome measures. This study determined the change in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and the cost per QALY in patients undergoing spinal deformity surgery in the unique environment of a military healthcare system (MHS).METHODSPatients were enrolled between 2011 and 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Neurodevelopmental outcomes in individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) with and without exposure to neglect: Clinical cohort data from a national FASD diagnostic clinic.

Alcohol 2018 Jun 12;76:23-28. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

School of Health and Society, University of Salford, Salford, England, United Kingdom.

Disentangling the relative developmental impact of prenatal alcohol exposure from postnatal neglect is clinically valuable for informing future service provision. In this study, developmental outcomes across groups are compared in a 'natural experiment'.

Methods: Clinical data from 99 persons with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnoses were audited. Read More

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Review of epidemiological risk models for foot-and-mouth disease: Implications for prevention strategies with a focus on Africa.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0208296. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Sciences (UREAR-ULiège), Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health (FARAH) Centre, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium.

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious transboundary disease that affects domestic and wild cloven-hoofed animal species. The aim of this review was to identify and critically assess some modelling techniques for FMD that are well supported by scientific evidence from the literature with a focus on their use in African countries where the disease remains enzootic. In particular, this study attempted to provide a synopsis of the relative strengths and weaknesses of these models and their relevance to FMD prevention policies. Read More

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December 2018
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Facilitators and constrainers of civilian-military collaboration: the Swedish perspectives.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Purpose: An increasing number of international and domestic armed conflicts, including terror attacks on civilians, along with constrained healthcare finance and resource limitation, has made a civilian-military collaboration (CMC) crucial. The purpose of this study was to identify facilitators and constrainers in CMC in a national perspective with a specific focus on medical aspects.

Method: A literature review of recently published papers about civilian-military collaboration, along with a short survey, was conducted. Read More

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December 2018

Assessing Financial Impacts of Subclinical Mastitis on Colombian Dairy Farms.

Front Vet Sci 2018 27;5:273. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, Universidad de La Salle, Bogota, Colombia.

Bovine mastitis is a dairy cattle disease with high economic impact. Subclinical mastitis (SCM) contributes to most of the financial losses. Colombia dairy sector accounts for 2. Read More

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November 2018

Genetic diversity of 21 experimental chicken lines with diverse origins and genetic backgrounds.

Exp Anim 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Avian Bioscience Research Center, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University.

The genetic characteristics and diversity of 21 experimental chicken lines registered with the National BioResource Project of Japan were examined using mitochondrial D-loop sequences and 54 microsatellite DNA markers. A total of 12 haplotypes were detected in the 500-bp mitochondrial DNA sequences of the hypervariable segment I for 349 individuals of 21 lines. The 12 haplotypes belonged to three (A, D, and E) haplogroups, out of the seven (A-H) common haplogroups in domestic chickens and red junglefowls. Read More

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December 2018

Anti-feline panleukopenia virus serum neutralizing antibody titer in domestic cats with the negative or low hemagglutination inhibition antibody titer.

J Vet Med Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Department of Veterinary Science, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University.

To evaluate the accuracy of hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test as the index of feline panleukopenia virus (FPV)-protective ability, sera from 153 FPV-vaccinated cats aged ≥7 months with HI titer of <1:10-1:40, were examined for serum neutralizing (SN) antibody. SN antibody was detected (≥1:10) in 33 (62.3%) of 53 HI antibody-negative cats, and ranged <1:10-1:160. Read More

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December 2018
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Canine Trypanosoma cruzi infection in the Bolivian Chaco.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 12;11(1):632. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Clinica, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Florence, Italy.

A cross-sectional study on Trypanosoma cruzi was carried out in 2013 to evaluate the role of dogs as possible source of infection for humans in two rural communities of the highly endemic Bolivian Chaco (Bartolo, Chuquisaca Department, n = 57 dogs; and Ivamirapinta, Santa Cruz Department, n = 48 dogs). Giemsa-stained thick and thin smears, rapid immunochromatographic test (ICT) (Chagas Quick test, Cypress Diagnostic, Belgium) and polymerase chain reaction for T. cruzi on dried blood spots were performed. Read More

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December 2018
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Differentiation of Trichinella species (Trichinella spiralis/Trichinella britovi versus Trichinella pseudospiralis) using western blot.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 12;11(1):631. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

European Union Reference Laboratory for Parasites, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Background: Trichinellosis is a meat-borne zoonotic disease caused by parasites of the genus Trichinella. To date, 12 taxa have been described. The identification of Trichinella species is crucial in order to identify the possible source of infection, the geographical origin of the parasite and to assess risk of infection for domestic pigs and humans. Read More

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December 2018

Mental health, violence and psychological coercion among female and male trafficking survivors in the greater Mekong sub-region: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 12;6(1):56. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Gender Violence and Health Centre, Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Human trafficking is a pervasive global crime with important public health implications that entail fundamental human rights violations in the form of severe exploitation, violence and coercion. Sex-specific associations between types of violence or coercion and mental illness in survivors of trafficking have not been established.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 1015 female and male survivors of trafficking (adults, adolescents and children) who received post-trafficking assistance services in Cambodia, Thailand or Vietnam and had been exploited in various labor sectors. Read More

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December 2018

Brucellosis seroprevalence in ovine and caprine flocks in China during 2000-2018: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Dec 12;14(1):393. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Animal Science & Veterinary Medicine, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, No.5, XinFeng Rd., Saertu District, Daqing City, 163319, Heilongjiang Province, China.

Background: Brucellosis remains one of the most common zoonotic diseases globally, with more than half million human cases reported annually. Brucellosis is an emerging and re-emerging disease in China since the 1990s. An infectious reservoir constituted by domestic animals with brucellosis, especially ovine and caprine herds, poses a significant threat to public health. Read More

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December 2018

Resistance of colostrum-deprived domestic lambs to infection with deer adenovirus.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2018 Dec 12:1040638718817508. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (Imus [nee Arnall], Woods).

Seven colostrum-deprived, 3-4-wk-old Rambouillet-Hampshire lambs were inoculated via the mucous membranes with deer adenovirus (DAdV) and monitored for clinical signs for 21 d post-inoculation at which time animals were euthanized and postmortem examinations were performed. Pre-inoculation and post-inoculation serum samples were tested for antibodies to DAdV, ovine adenovirus 7, bovine adenovirus 7, and goat adenovirus 1. Evidence for DAdV infection was determined by virus isolation, PCR tests, and histopathology with immunohistochemistry tests for DAdV. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of serologic testing of rams in the management of Brucella ovis in a domestic sheep flock.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2018 Dec 12:1040638718814591. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, Wyoming State Veterinary Laboratory, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.

Brucella ovis is a bacterial pathogen present in most major sheep-producing regions of the world. The pathogen is associated with ram infertility, decreased ewe conception rates, and premature lambs. Twenty ELISA seropositive or indeterminate rams were culled from a B. Read More

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December 2018

The Use of Victim Video Statements in Family Violence Cases Increases the Rate of Early Guilty Pleas.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 13:886260518817065. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

3 New Zealand Police's Safer Whānau, Wellington, New Zealand.

A natural experiment is used to determine the effect of victim video statements (VVS) on the rate of early guilty pleas in cases of domestic violence. Participants were part of a trial conducted in 2017-2018 by New Zealand Police, in Counties Manukau District, South Auckland. Cases that met the eligibility criteria but did not result in a VVS formed the control group with written statements taken. Read More

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December 2018

Molecular characterization of Peste des petits ruminants viruses in the Marmara Region of Turkey.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

University of Istanbul, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Virology, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey.

Recent outbreaks of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in the Marmara region of Turkey including the European part of Thrace is important due to its proximity to Europe (Greece and Bulgaria) and the potential threat of spread of PPR into mainland Europe. In order to investigate the circulation of PPRV in the region suspect clinical and necropsy samples were collected from domestic sheep (n=211) in the Marmara region of Turkey between 2011 and 2012. PPR virus (PPRV) genome was detected in 10. Read More

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December 2018
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Comprehensive characterization of horse genome variation by whole-genome sequencing of 88 horses.

Anim Genet 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute of Genetics, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, 3001, Bern, Switzerland.

Whole-genome sequencing studies are vital to gain a thorough understanding of genomic variation. Here, we summarize the results of a whole-genome sequencing study comprising 88 horses and ponies from diverse breeds at 19.1× average coverage. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of Intranasal Oxytocin Administration on Human-Directed Social Behaviors in Shelter and Pet Dogs.

Front Psychol 2018 16;9:2227. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de investigaciones Mdicas A Lanari, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

A wide variety of evidence has demonstrated that oxytocin is involved in socio-cognitive skills in domestic dogs (). The purpose was to evaluate the effect of oxytocin administration on socio-cognitive abilities in two populations of dogs with different levels of daily human contact: shelter and pet dogs. Additionally, the effect of different doses of oxytocin (i. Read More

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November 2018
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Influence of Intimate Terrorism, Situational Couple Violence, and Mutual Violent Control on Male Victims.

Psychol Men Masc 2018 Oct;19(4):612-623

Bridgewater State University, School of Social Work, Bridgewater, MA.

The goal of the current study is to test - among samples of men - some previous findings relative to Johnson's (2008) typology of partner violence (PV). Among samples of exclusively women, Johnson has found that the frequency and severity of PV - and victims' mental health - are worse for female victims of intimate terrorism (IT) than of situational couple violence (SCV). However, such findings have rarely been tested in male victims of PV. Read More

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October 2018

Pericytes in Veterinary Species: Prospective Isolation, Characterization and Tissue Regeneration Potential.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1109:67-77

Division of Developmental Biology, The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Although pericytes have long been known for their roles in blood vessel regulation, it was not until a decade ago that their tissue regeneration potential began to be considered, after studies showed that pericytes were the in vivo counterparts of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). The prospective isolation and culture expansion of pericytes brought great excitement as it opened the way to the therapeutic use of well-defined cell populations with known regenerative potential to overcome concerns associated with the use of traditional MSC preparations. Studies first in humans and later in the horse and other domestic species showed that indeed cultured pericytes had key characteristics of MSCs, namely, their immunophenotype and the abilities to grow clonally and to differentiate into mature mesenchymal cells both in vitro and vivo. Read More

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January 2018
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Age-Dependency of Blood-Brain Barrier Penetration by cis- and trans-Permethrin in the Rat.

Drug Metab Dispos 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Georgia

Permethrin (PER), a Type I pyrethroid, is the most widely used insecticide in domestic settings in the U.S. The overall objective of this study was to assess the efficiency of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) as an obstacle to the cis (CIS) and trans (TRANS) isomers of PER, and to determine whether its barrier function changes during maturation of the rat. Read More

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December 2018