44,531 results match your criteria Domestic Violence


The role of co-occurring intimate partner violence, alcohol use, drug use, and depressive symptoms on disciplinary practices of mothers involved with child welfare.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 12;90:76-87. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, United States.

Background: Evidence suggests intimate partner violence (IPV), substance use, and depression adversely affect the disciplinary practices of caregivers involved with child welfare; however, it remains uncertain whether the combined effects of these conditions are syndemic.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the (1) associations between IPV, problematic drug use, problematic alcohol use, and depressive symptoms and self-reported disciplinary practices among a sample of mothers with child welfare contact; and (2) effect of co-occurrence of these conditions on child disciplinary practices.

Participants And Setting: We used data from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Women's attitude and reasons toward justifying domestic violence in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Afr Health Sci 2018 Dec;18(4):1255-1266

University of Gondar, Nursing.

Background: Domestic violence (DV) is a global public problem that touches all levels of society and socio-economic status. Identifying women's attitudes towards domestic violence is an important first step in the prevention and control of its consequence. Thus, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed: (i) to synthesize women's reasons for justifying domestic violence and (ii) to determine the pooled prevalence of women's attitude towards domestic violence in Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i4.47DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354873PMC
December 2018

A Comprehensive Review of Quality of Life Surveys for Trauma-Affected Communities.

Perspect Health Inf Manag 2019 1;16(Winter):1e. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Health Information Management at the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, PA.

Research shows that exposure to community and domestic violence leads to psychological trauma from childhood through adulthood, which can lead to poor health and early death. A team of health information management (HIM) professionals reviewed existing surveys to determine their suitability for assessing the quality of life (QoL) of people in trauma-affected communities (TACs). Keywords were used to search for papers describing validated QoL surveys. Read More

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January 2019

LAWS RELATED TO THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN'S HEALTH IN JAPAN.

Med Law 2015 Sep;34(1):635-643

The protection of the health of women, who share the basic role of giving birth to and raising children, is important in all societies. This protection also has a tremendous influence on the development of the next generation. The primary legislation with regard to protection of the health of women in Japan is the Maternal and Child Health Act. Read More

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September 2015

Understanding Economic Abuse Through an Intersectional Lens: Financial Abuse, Control, and Exploitation of Women's Productive and Reproductive Labor.

Authors:
Sundari Anitha

Violence Against Women 2019 Feb 13:1077801218824050. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

1 University of Lincoln, UK.

Financial abuse refers to men's control over money, assets, and women's education or paid work. As a corrective to existing undertheorization of men's (and their family's) abuse of and control over women's unpaid (domestic) labor, this article proposes a new conceptualization of economic abuse. Drawing upon life-history interviews with 41 South Asian women from the United Kingdom and India, this article explores control and abuse in relation to financial resources and women's paid work as well as unpaid work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801218824050DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effects of Dissociation on Analogue Trauma Symptoms After Trauma Processing Among Women With Varying Histories of Lifespan Victimization.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 13:886260519829273. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

2 Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, USA.

Research has identified two subtypes of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); the traditional form that includes hyperarousal reactions, and the other involving ongoing dissociation. Dissociation has been reflected in the new diagnostic criteria for PTSD with the dissociative specification focused on the experience of high levels of depersonalization and/or derealization. PTSD that presents with ongoing dissociation appears to characterize complex cases of PTSD for individuals exposed to protracted trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519829273DOI Listing
February 2019

Determinants of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing and Acquisition Among Female Victims of Intimate Partner Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 13:886260519827662. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

5 Florida International University, Miami, USA.

The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing and acquisition among female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). Data were abstracted from intake and HIV/STI testing forms from a family justice center, to identify the socioeconomic and abuse characteristics associated with requesting and obtaining an HIV/STI test ( n = 343) and acquisition of HIV/STIs ( n = 111). Multiple logistic regression using forward selection was used to identify predictors of HIV/STI testing and acquisition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519827662DOI Listing
February 2019

Falling for the Ones That Were Abusive: Cycles of Violence in Low-Income Women's Intimate Relationships.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 13:886260519829771. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

1 Washington State University, Pullman, USA.

This study examines low-income women's cycles of lifelong violence victimization. A qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with 24 low-income women living in Eastern Washington State illustrates the complexity of abusive interpersonal relationships, and the decision-making processes that abused women utilize to escape violence. The data illustrate patterns of a discursive process of normalization, wherein early experiences of violence socialized women to treat abuse as a normal and expected component of adult intimate unions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519829771DOI Listing
February 2019

The Lived Experience of Child Marriage in the United States.

Soc Work Public Health 2019 Feb 12:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

b Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Institute for Health and Social Policy , McGill University , Montreal , Canada.

Despite international and domestic calls to end child marriage, 48 U.S. states permit the marriage of minors younger than age 18 as of August 2018. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19371918.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2019.1575312DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A new role for imaging in the diagnosis of physical elder abuse: results of a qualitative study with radiologists and frontline providers.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 10:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

d Department of Radiology , Massachusetts General Hospital , Boston , MA , USA.

Pediatric radiologists play a key role in the detection of child abuse through the identification of characteristic injury patterns. Emergency radiologists have the potential to play an equally important role in the detection of elder physical abuse; however, they currently play little to no part in this effort. We examine the reasons behind this limited role, and potential strategies to expand it, by interviewing attending faculty from Emergency Radiology, Geriatrics, Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Radiology, and Pediatrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2019.1573160DOI Listing
February 2019

The Impact of Stalking-Related Fear and Gender on Personal Safety Outcomes.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 10:886260519829280. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

1 University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.

Research has consistently found that more women worry about their personal safety and feel vulnerable to most every crime compared with men suggesting there is a gender fear gap. Environmental risk and prior victimization history impact concerns about personal safety. However, few studies include stalking as part of the victimization history. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519829280DOI Listing
February 2019

"It Doesn't Freak Us Out the Way It Used to": An Evaluation of the Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation Program to Inform Practice and Policy Screening for IPV.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 10:886260519827161. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

3 Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

The Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation (DOVE) intervention used in the Perinatal Nurse Home Visiting Intervention Enhanced With mHealth Technology (RCT: R01HD071771) is a nurse-lead evidenced-based intervention that has been shown to decrease violence overtime. This summative mixed-methods impact evaluation is intended to provide insight to enhance the DOVE IPV protocol for screening and intervention by (a) identifying which core aspects of DOVE facilitated or inhibited its success and what was most critical to optimal IPV (intimate partner violence) screening and intervention practices, (b) informing how DOVE IPV screening and intervention were influenced by the experiences of home visitor (HV), and (c) identifying policy considerations and best practice recommendations for the DOVE protocol. Participants were HVs and managers ( N = 13) in rural/urban home visiting programs delivering DOVE across three states. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519827161DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Personality Disorder Traits, Trauma, and Risk in Perpetrators of Domestic Violence.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2019 Feb 8:306624X19826516. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1 University of Nottingham, UK.

Crimes committed against partners and family members have devastating effects on victims. Unfortunately, recidivism rates for offenders are high, and there is a need to establish risk factors that may be potential treatment targets. This study aimed to investigate childhood maltreatment, symptoms of trauma, and personality disorder (PD) traits in males convicted of domestic violence (DV) offences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19826516DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification and Management of Domestic and Sexual Violence in Primary Care in the #MeToo Era: an Update.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 8;21(2):12. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, 200 Berkeley Street, Carlton, Victoria, 3058, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: We discuss recent evidence around the identification and response to domestic and sexual violence in primary care for perpetrators and victims, in the context of feminist social media movements such as #MeToo.

Recent Findings: There is no recent research on identification and response to perpetrators in health settings. There is some limited recent evidence for how health settings can address domestic and sexual violence for female victims and their children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0991-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Coercive Control, Domestic Violence, and a Five-Factor Framework: Five Factors That Influence Closeness, Distance, and Strain in Mother-Child Relationships.

Authors:
Emma Katz

Violence Against Women 2019 Feb 7:1077801218824998. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

1 Liverpool Hope University, UK.

Some mother-child relationships become more strained and distant than others in domestic violence contexts, but the processes influencing this are little understood. Qualitative interviews with 15 mothers and 15 children were held to explore their experiences. Findings suggested that five interlinked factors influenced levels of closeness, distance, and strain in mother-child relationships: (1) perpetrator's/father's behavior toward children, (2) perpetrator's/father's use of domestic violence, (3) perpetrator's/father's undermining of mother-child relationship, (4) mother's ability to emotionally connect to children, and (5) children's views of mother and perpetrator/father. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801218824998DOI Listing
February 2019

Violence against Afghan women by husbands, mothers-in-law and siblings-in-law/siblings: Risk markers and health consequences in an analysis of the baseline of a randomised controlled trial.

PLoS One 2019 7;14(2):e0211361. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Gender & Health Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Violence by mothers-in-law, as well as husbands, is a recognised problem in many countries. It has been given little attention in research on violence and its importance as a health problem, and aggravator of husband violence, has not been well established. Our aim was to describe patterns and the frequency of mother-in-law and sibling-in-law/sibling physical violence in relation to physical violence from husbands, and to describe risk characteristics and associated health behaviours of women with different abuse exposures. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211361PLOS
February 2019
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Homicide in pregnant and postpartum women worldwide: a review of the literature.

J Public Health Policy 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

CNWL NHS Trust, St Mary's Hospital, London, London, UK.

We review the international literature on a neglected aspect of maternal mortality: maternal homicide. Reported rates range from 0.97 to 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41271-018-0150-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Perspectives on male partner notification and treatment for syphilis among antenatal women and their partners in Kampala and Wakiso districts, Uganda.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 6;19(1):124. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Infectious Diseases Institute, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Syphilis screening can be successfully integrated into antenatal clinics, and potentially avert significant morbidity and mortality to unborn infants. A minority of male partners report for testing and treatment, increasing the likelihood of reinfection. We conducted a qualitative study to understand factors influencing male partners to seek treatment after syphilis notification by their pregnant partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3695-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366113PMC
February 2019

Resilience and mental health problems in children and adolescents who have been victims of violence.

Rev Saude Publica 2019 Jan 31;53:17. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Departamento de Pediatria. Campinas, SP, Brasil.

Objective: To understand the process of resilience (social support and resources of the family environment) and the chance of mental health problems in children and adolescents (9-16 years) who have been victims of domestic violence, assisted in specialized services (Group 1 - G1) and in school services without reports of domestic violence (Group 2 - G2).

Methods: Various semi-structured instruments were applied to the pairs (guardian and child or adolescent): the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ); the Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA), including Scale I (SI - sense of control), Scale II (SII - relationship skills) and Scale III (SIII - emotional reactivity); the Social Support Appraisals; the Home Environment Resources Scale and a questionnaire created by the authors to characterize the population.

Results: There was no difference in the prevalence of resilience between G1 and G2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2019053000391DOI Listing
January 2019
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A Brief Report of Sexual Violence among Universities with NCAA Division I Athletic Programs.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Feb 4;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 4.

The Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.

Violence against women on college campuses continues to be a pervasive public health problem with approximately one in five women experiencing sexual assault and one in nine women experiencing rape while in college. The current study examined relationship and sexual violence among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I universities. Based on previous research, Division I universities seem to report higher rates of sexual assault, but within-group differences have yet to be examined. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2076-328X/9/2/17
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9020017DOI Listing
February 2019
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Readiness of newly licensed associated degree registered nurses to screen for domestic violence.

Nurse Educ Pract 2019 Jan 30;35:75-82. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

School of Social Sciences Ground Floor, Morven Brown Building, University of New South Wales, UNSW, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. Electronic address:

Lack of education and training have been identified as common barriers nurses experience in implementing domestic violence screening. The reasons for the barriers are poorly understood. Participants were interviewed to determine if and how they screen for domestic violence, which patients are screened, and how pre-licensure education and current workplace training has influenced this practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2018.12.010DOI Listing
January 2019

The Intersection of Men's Sexual Violence Perpetration and Sexual Risk Behavior: A Literature Review.

Aggress Violent Behav 2018 May-Jun;40:83-90. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Institutional Research and Decision Support, University of California, Merced.

According to the Confluence Model of Sexual Violence, men with a strong impersonal sex orientation (i.e., greater engagement in sexual activities with more casual sexual partners) are at increased risk of perpetrating sexual violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.04.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350826PMC
April 2018
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Vulnerabilities Relevant for Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children/Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: A Systematic Review of Risk Factors.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2019 Feb 3:1524838018821956. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

1 Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

The commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) and domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) occur across the United States, violating the rights and health of far too many children and youth. Adequate prevention efforts should seek to understand the factors that make minors vulnerable to sexual exploitation in order to properly design programs to prevent victimization. This review presents the identified risk factors collected via a systematic literature review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838018821956DOI Listing
February 2019

Intimate partner violence and temporomandibular joint disorder.

J Dent 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Institute of Applied Health Research, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, B152TT, United Kingdom.

Objective: To assess the relationship between Intimate partner violence (IPV) (a highly prevalent form of domestic abuse) with the subsequent development of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD).

Methods: A retrospective open cohort study using a UK primary care database was undertaken. 18,547 women exposed to IPV were matched by age to 74,188 unexposed women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019

The experience of intimate partner violence among older women: A narrative review.

Maturitas 2019 Mar 18;121:63-75. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

UCL Institute for Global Health, Mortimer Market Centre, Off Capper Street, London, WC1E 6JB, UK. Electronic address:

Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant public health issue globally. It has serious physical and psychological health consequences as well huge economic and social costs. With an ageing population globally, it is important to understand how older women experience IPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2018.12.011DOI Listing

Prevalence and factors associated with caregiver abuse of elderly dependents: The hidden face of family violence.

Cien Saude Colet 2019 Jan;24(1):87-96

Departamento de Estudos sobre Violência e Saúde Jorge Careli, Fiocruz. Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil.

This cross-sectional study was carried out in Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and aimed to identify the prevalence and factors associated with familial violence perpetrated by caregivers against elderly dependents. A sample of 135 pairs was evaluated using instruments to assess both caregivers (social support, alcoholism, burden, violence) and elders (depression, cognition, functional capacity). Statistical tests compared the percentages of reported violence according to the characteristics of caregiver and elders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232018241.34872016DOI Listing
January 2019
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The impact of intimate partner violence, depressive symptoms, alcohol dependence, and perceived stress on 30-year cardiovascular disease risk among young adult women: A multiple mediation analysis.

Prev Med 2019 Jan 26. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, United States of America. Electronic address:

Intimate partner violence (IPV), the physical, sexual, psychological abuse or control by a former or current intimate partner, affects almost one-third of women in the United States. IPV exposure can result in many negative outcomes including physical injury, increased stress, and depression. Currently, there is a small, but, growing body of literature examining the link between IPV victimization and increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among young adult women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.01.016DOI Listing
January 2019

[Postpartum depression: association with genetic polymorphisms of noradrenaline metabolic enzymes and the risk factors].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2019 Jan;39(1):57-62

Department of Anesthesiology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410013, China.

Objective: To investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms of norepinephrine metabolizing enzymes with postpartum depression and analyze the risk factors for postpartum depression in women following cesarean section.

Methods: A total of 591 Chinese woman of Han Nationality undergoing caesarean section were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis of postpartum depression was established for an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2019.01.09DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The health-related impacts and costs of violence against women and girls on survivors, households and communities in Ghana.

J Public Health Afr 2018 Oct 1;9(2):860. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

International Center for Research on Women, Washington DC, USA.

Past research on violence in Ghana primarily discusses domestic violence and some types of sexual violence, but lacks a comprehensive analysis of violence against women and girls (VAWG) and its wider costs and impacts. Our study on the social costs of VAWG is a unique contribution, which aims to fill that gap. Through indepth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with adult women and men, we explored the health impact of VAWG and the resulting social and economic consequences on survivors, their families and their communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2018.860DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325419PMC
October 2018

Imaging of Violence Against the Elderly and the Women.

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2019 Feb 13;40(1):18-24. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Radiology, SG Moscati Hospital, Aversa Caserta, Italy.

Emergency department assessment is a critical opportunity to identify elder abuse and violence against women, which represent a growing problem, requiring the attention of health care systems. Elder abuse is most frequently perpetrated by family members because of the higher levels of stress, burnout, and financial problems affecting the caregivers that can even lead to deadly consequences. Intimate partner violence is defined as physical, sexual, or psychological harm caused to another by a current or former partner or spouse, and can range from a single acute hit to chronic battering, varying in frequency and severity. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08872171183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sult.2018.10.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Family violence in Victoria, Australia: a retrospective case-control study of forensic medical casework.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Monash University, 65 Kavanagh Street, Southbank, Victoria, 3006, Australia.

Objective: To identify the risk factors and assault characteristics of family violence among victims referred for forensic medical examination in Victoria, Australia.

Methods: A retrospective 1:1 case-control study was conducted, comparing adult family violence victims and non-family violence victims examined by clinical forensic practitioners from the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, between July 2015 and June 2016. Data were extracted from victims' forensic medical casework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02000-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Rabies Outbreaks and Control during the Japanese Colonial Period in Korea.

Authors:
Myung-Sun Chun

Uisahak 2018 Dec;27(3):323-356

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea.

Rabies became one of the critical zoonoses in the modern urban environment since pet keeping culture became widespread in the Western countries in the 18th century. The sanitary policy against rabies was a forceful tool for the colonial rulers in the 19th century. This study describes the rabies outbreaks in the context of prevention methods, experts' engagement and the public response to the policies based on the statistics, regulations and newspaper articles on rabies in Korea during the Japanese colonial period. Read More

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http://medhist.or.kr/journal/view.php?doi=10.13081/kjmh.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13081/kjmh.2018.27.323DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Violence Against the Indigenous Women: Methodological and Ethical Recommendations for Research.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Jan 24:886260519825879. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

2 Inter-America Development Bank, Washington, DC, USA.

The importance of more countries contributing to precise and comparable statistics on violence against women (VAW) is undeniable. Methodological adaptation is a very important aspect to increase the probability of women disclosing violence and safeguard their integrity. Research on VAW adapted to ethnic populations is scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519825879DOI Listing
January 2019

Prevalence and Predictors of Violence Against Women in Pakistan.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Jan 23:886260518824652. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

1 University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, USA.

Violence against Pakistani women occurs at an alarming prevalence that reflects a significant risk to the health of women and families. Understanding violence against women in Pakistan comes with methodological and cultural complexities. Many of the studies examining prevalence and predictors of violence against women tend to utilize convenience samples contributing to the possibility of an inflated prevalence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260518824652DOI Listing
January 2019

The Validity and Reliability of Available Intimate Partner Homicide and Reassault Risk Assessment Tools: A Systematic Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2019 Jan 22:1524838018821952. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

1 School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

At least one in seven homicides around the world is perpetrated by intimate partners. The danger of intimate partner homicide (IPH) associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) has led to the development of numerous IPV reassault and IPH risk assessment tools. Using 18 electronic databases and research repositories, we conducted a systematic review of IPH or IPV reassault risk assessment instruments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838018821952DOI Listing
January 2019

An Integrative Review of Safety Strategies for Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2019 Jan 22:1524838018823270. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

1 Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent and a leading source of morbidity and mortality to women worldwide. Safety planning is a cornerstone of harm reduction and violence support in many upper income countries. Far less is known about safety strategies used by women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where the IPV support service infrastructure may be more limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838018823270DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A scoping review of 'think-family' approaches in healthcare settings.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

UCL-GOS- Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, UK.

Background: 'Think-family' child health approaches treat child and parent/carer health as inter-related. They are promoted within health policy internationally (also called 'family paediatrics' or 'whole-family', 'family-centred' approaches or 'child-centred' approaches within adult services).

Methods: We reviewed publications of think-family interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdy210DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Entomological and Cardiologic Evidence of Time Since Death in Short Postmortem Intervals.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 28, D-04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Estimating the time since death of the deceased is a main goal in forensic investigations, but this can be challenging due to contradictory results derived from different investigations at the scene of death. We present a case of a 78-year-old woman, found dead in a small forest with broad-leaved trees, whose husband had a history of domestic violence. Routinely performed investigations, such as postmortem rectal temperature and lividity, yielded inconsistent time since death results between only a few and longer than 20 h. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.14010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14010DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence Among Recently Married Dyads Residing in the Slums of Pune, India: Development and Rationale for a Dyadic Intervention.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Jan 18;8(1):e11533. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Social and Behavioral Research, National AIDS Research Institute, Indian Council of Medical Research, Pune, India.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is frequently experienced by women of low socioeconomic status in India. It is a human rights violation and associated with negative effects on physical and mental well-being, underscoring the need for effective prevention strategies.

Objective: This study aimed to develop a dyadic intervention for the primary prevention of IPV among newly married couples residing in slum communities in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11533DOI Listing
January 2019
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Violence from childhood to adulthood: The influence of child victimization and domestic violence on physical health in later life.

J Psychosom Res 2019 Jan 28;116:68-74. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

University Clinic of Medical Psychology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address:

Objective: Previous research has shown a detrimental effect of child victimization (CV) on physical disease and mortality. Additionally, individuals with adverse experiences in childhood frequently face domestic violence (DV) in later life. As DV has also been observed to harm physical health, a potential cumulative effect has been proposed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223999183067
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.11.019DOI Listing
January 2019
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Relationship Between the History of Abuse in the Childhood and Abusive Behaviour Towards Children. Itagüí, Colombia, 2012-2013.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2019 Jan - Mar;48(1):17-25. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia.

Introduction: One of the experiences that represent the biggest risk for any society is child abuse. Despite the consequences of this form of violence, it tends to be a hidden and little understood phenomenon. The reason why parents mistreat their children has been one of the issues that has raised the most interest in the investigation of this phenomenon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2017.05.014DOI Listing
June 2017
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Acquired Brain Injury in the Context of Family Violence: A Systematic Scoping Review of Incidence, Prevalence, and Contributing Factors.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2019 Jan 16:1524838018821951. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

1 Health Services Research Unit, Division of Health Services, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Brain injury is often a precursor to, or result of, family violence. Yet there is little research identifying the connection of these two phenomena. The health cost (personal or societal) of brain injury within the family violence context is difficult to ascertain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838018821951DOI Listing
January 2019
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A Validated Screening Instrument for Identifying Intimate Partner Violence in South Asian Immigrant Women.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Jan 15:886260518822344. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

5 La Rabida Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) for South Asian immigrants is prevalent and has many unique sociodemographic and cultural factors associated with it. Current screening instruments do not address the unique cultural factors associated with IPV in this population. The South Asian Violence Screen (SAVS) is a 14-item screening tool for IPV designed based on the specific demographic and cultural issues affecting South Asian immigrant women in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260518822344DOI Listing
January 2019

The Efficacy of a Health Promotion Intervention for Indigenous Women: Reclaiming Our Spirits.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Jan 15:886260518820818. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

1 The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Indigenous women globally are subjected to high rates of multiple forms of violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV), yet there is often a mismatch between available services and Indigenous women's needs and there are few evidence-based interventions specifically designed for this group. Building on an IPV-specific intervention (Intervention for Health Enhancement After Leaving [iHEAL]), "Reclaiming Our Spirits" (ROS) is a health promotion intervention developed to address this gap. Offered over 6 to 8 months in a partnership between nurses and Indigenous Elders, nurses worked individually with women focusing on six areas for health promotion and integrated health-related workshops within weekly Circles led by an Indigenous Elder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260518820818DOI Listing
January 2019
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Attention biases and social-emotional development in preschool-aged children who have been exposed to domestic violence.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Mar 11;89:78-86. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, 252 Bloor St. West, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1V6, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: School-aged children and adolescents exposed to domestic violence (DV) disproportionality attend to threatening and sad cues in their environment. This bias in attention has been found to predict elevations in symptoms of psychopathology. Studies have yet to explore attention biases using eyetracking technology in preschool-aged children with DV exposure. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01452134193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.01.001DOI Listing
March 2019
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[Abdominal gunshot wounds: experiences in the Emergency Department at the Hassan II University Hospital in Fes, Morocco].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 8;30:265. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Service de Chirurgie Digestive et Endocrinienne, CHU Hassan II, Fès, Maroc.

We report the case of a young couple, a 30-year old man and his 21-year old wife victim, after a family conflict, of shotgun shooting. Shotgun is allowed in Morocco during the game hunting season. Surgical exploration of both patients showed multiple lesions of the digestive tract as well vascular wound on the man's femoral artery causing hemorrhagic shock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.265.9133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317401PMC
January 2019

Psychogenic movement disorders in children and adolescents: an update.

Authors:
Susan R Harris

Eur J Pediatr 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 212 - 2177 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z3, Canada.

This short communication provides an update on childhood psychogenic movement disorders (PMD), focusing on descriptive studies and case reports from 2008 to 2018. Known also as functional movement/motor disorders, PMD diagnoses are relatively common in adults but less so in children. In group studies over the past decade, sample prevalence of childhood PMD ranged from 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-019-03317-8DOI Listing
January 2019
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The parent/caregiver involvement scale - Short form is a valid measure of parenting quality in high-risk families.

Infant Behav Dev 2019 Jan 7;54:66-79. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Educational, School, & Counseling Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, United States.

Measures of parenting quality that are valid among high-risk families are needed for research and program evaluation. This study investigates the functioning of the Parent-Caregiver Involvement Scale -Short Form (P/CIS-SF) in a high-risk sample. The P/CIS-SF measures several behaviors pertaining to both "amount" and "quality," as well overall "impressions" of parenting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2018.11.002DOI Listing
January 2019
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