44,899 results match your criteria Domestic Violence


Family violence laws: Traditional narratives and the (in)visibility of lesbian relationships and lesbian-parented families.

J Lesbian Stud 2019 Apr 17:1-26. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

a Faculty of Law , University of Tasmania , Tasmania , Australia.

Feminist advocacy and activism over the last 40 years broke historic ground in shining a light on "domestic" or "family" violence, traditionally conceptualized as male violence against female intimate partners and their children. This has resulted in a large body of research, particularly in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, and similar jurisdictions, around the gendered nature of family violence and violence within heterosexual relationships and heterosexual-parented families. As a consequence, the predominant narrative-in political, policy, and advocacy settings-is largely heteronormative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10894160.2019.1599241DOI Listing

How does childhood maltreatment influence ensuing cognitive functioning among people with the exposure of childhood maltreatment? A systematic review of prospective cohort studies.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 9;252:278-293. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 6875 boulevard LaSalle, Montreal, QC H4H 1R3, Canada; Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, QC Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Childhood maltreatment is closely related to normal cognitive development and ensuing adverse mental health outcomes and cognitive dysfunction. Our current comprehensive systematic review examines the relationship between childhood maltreatment and cognitive functioning focusing only on prospective studies, which allow us to draw inferences about the temporal relationships among the constructs and make causal inferences.

Methods: The databases, EMBASE, HealthStar, PsychoInfo, Medline, and Cochrane Library, were searched using a systematic methodology to identify prospective studies published up to December, 2017 to explore the relationship between childhood maltreatment and cognitive functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.026DOI Listing

Violence risk and mental disorders (VIORMED-2): A prospective multicenter study in Italy.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(4):e0214924. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Unit of Epidemiological and Evaluation Psychiatry, IRCCS Istituto Centro San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italy.

Background: The management of mentally ill offenders in the community is one of the great challenges imposed on community psychiatry.

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors and violent behavior in a sample of outpatients with severe mental disorders.

Method: This was a prospective cohort study with a baseline cross-sectional design used to provide a detailed analysis of patients' profiles, followed by a longitudinal design to measure aggressive and violent behavior during a 1-year follow-up. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214924PLOS
April 2019
2 Reads

Health Education for Women and Children: A Community-Engaged Mutual Learning Curriculum for Health Trainees.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Nov 3;12:10492. Epub 2016 Nov 3.

Instructor, Research Associate, and Program Director, Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine.

Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects the physical and psychological health of survivors and their children; however, to our knowledge, no comprehensive health curriculum exists for this population. As a partnership between a transitional housing program (THP) and an academic medical center, we developed a health education curriculum for female IPV survivors using the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR).

Methods: After partnering with a community-based organization, and recruiting participants (IPV survivors), the curriculum is then taught by health trainees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10492DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440431PMC
November 2016
1 Read

Gender Differences in the Relationship Between the Nature of Intimate Partner Violence and the Survivor's Help-Seeking.

Violence Against Women 2019 Apr 15:1077801219841440. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

1 Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

This study used the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey to examine how gender interacts with the nature of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the survivor's help-seeking. A total of 3,878 IPV survivors (869 male and 3,009 female) were included in the study sample. Dependent variables were help-seeking and the use of formal and informal sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801219841440DOI Listing

"My Husband Has to Stop Beating Me and I Shouldn't Go to the Police": Family Meetings, Patriarchal Bargains, and Marital Violence in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Authors:
Elena Moore

Violence Against Women 2019 Apr 15:1077801219840440. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

1 University of Cape Town, South Africa.

This article examines how women in South Africa, in challenging marital violence, navigate relations of patriarchal domination through appeals to the state, familial channels, or a combination of both. Using Kandiyoti's concept of "patriarchal bargains," the article describes how women during family meetings draw upon the state to challenge patriarchy within intimate partnerships and reassert control within their marriages. However, by drawing on the state for support, women have to navigate the patriarchal domination at the macro level as the state continues to act as an oppressive entity, particularly as it continues to constrain women's access to justice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801219840440DOI Listing

Editorial: New Perspectives on Domestic Violence: From Research to Intervention.

Front Psychol 2019 28;10:641. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447658PMC

A Cross-sectional Study of Gender-Based Violence against Men in the Rural Area of Haryana, India.

Indian J Community Med 2019 Jan-Mar;44(1):35-38

Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Science and Research, Ambala, Haryana, India.

Background: Research across the globe highlights rights violations and abuses experienced by women and seldom are channeled toward any atrocities being experienced by men. Objectives: To find the prevalence, characteristics, and sociodemographic correlates of gender-based violence against men.

Materials And Methods: It was a community-based, cross-sectional study using multistage random sampling in which a total of 1000 married men in the age group of 21-49 years were interviewed using modified conflict tactics scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_222_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437789PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Role of Social Support and Spouse Abuse in Low Birth Weight: A Case-control Study from Puducherry, India.

Indian J Community Med 2019 Jan-Mar;44(1):12-16

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In addition to medical/clinical risk factors, various socio-demographic factors also have an impact on birth weight.

Objective: The objective of the study is to determine the association of antenatal social support and spouse abuse during pregnancy with LBW in Urban areas of Puducherry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_114_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437797PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors Influencing Women's Attitude Toward Wife Beating in Ethiopia.

Authors:
Alemu A Mengistu

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 15:886260519842179. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

1 SolBridge International School of Business, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

This study used data from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) for a total of 42,054 women (15-49 years) from Ethiopia's 11 geographic/administrative regions using a stratified, two-stage cluster sample design to reflect the country's huge geographical, cultural, ethnic, and linguistic diversity. The study first identified the major socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing women's attitude toward wife beating in Ethiopia, and then provided some suggestions on what types of interventions are required to address the problems. Toward this effect, female participants were asked whether a husband is justified in beating his wife under five possible circumstances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519842179DOI Listing
April 2019
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Bullying Victimization Among Left-Behind Children in Rural China: Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 15:886260519843287. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

1 Renmin University of China, Beijing, China.

Bullying victimization among Chinese school-aged children has recently been recognized as a serious problem. However, studies on the prevalence and correlates of bullying victimization among left-behind children-whose parents live and work in urban areas while they remain at home in a rural area-have fallen far behind. We conducted a study based on one representative sample of 742 left-behind children in Grades 6 to 10 from rural China in 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519843287DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Longitudinal Fluctuations of National Help-Seeking Reports for Domestic Violence Before, During, and After the Financial Crisis in Cyprus.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 13:886260519843278. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

5 Association for the Prevention and Handling of Violence in the Family, Cyprus.

Although many studies generally agree that unemployment may affect domestic violence, little is known about these effects in small nations. The relationship between unemployment and domestic violence in large and small nations may be different. This is because small nations have more expensive public sectors and limited employment opportunities in comparison with larger nations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519843278DOI Listing
April 2019
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Sociodemographic Characterization and Psychiatric Symptoms of Patients With Medically Unexplained Symptoms in a Healthcare Institution in Medellin (Colombia).

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2019 Apr - Jun;48(2):72-79. Epub 2017 Nov 4.

Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia.

Introduction: Medically unexplained symptoms are defined as physical symptoms that have been present for several weeks and that an adequate medical evaluation has not revealed any disease that explains them; when these symptoms become persistent, they lead to comprehensive clinical investigations and multiple interventions. These patients have a greater or at least comparable commitment to physical functioning, mental health, and negative health perception than patients with multiple chronic medical conditions; have significantly more stressful life events (psychological, physical and/or sexual abuse) and are more likely to meet diagnostic criteria for anxiety and depression.

Objective: To characterize sociodemographic and psychiatric characteristics of a group of patients identified in primary care with medically unexplained symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2017.08.005DOI Listing
November 2017

Seasonal variation in seeking help for domestic violence based on Google search data and Finnish police calls in 2017.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819834098. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

2 University of Helsinki, Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, Finland.

Aims: Domestic violence is a major health concern and a largely hidden crime. It is estimated that authorities receive information in only a minority of cases. This study investigated seasonal patterns in seeking help for domestic violence by employing Google data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819834098DOI Listing

The Role of Illicit Drug Use in Family and Domestic Violence in Australia.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 11:886260519843288. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Drug use has been shown to interact in complex ways with the occurrence and prevalence of family and domestic violence (FDV), with illicit drug use being associated with an increased risk for FDV. The current study aims to extend upon the literature by investigating the role of illicit drugs in intimate partner violence (IPV), family violence (FV), and other violence (violence between people other than partners or family) within a representative Australian sample ( n = 5,118). Participants were recruited through an online survey panel and completed an online self-report survey assessing the role of alcohol and other drugs on violence, with a specific focus on FDV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519843288DOI Listing

Difficulties with emotion regulation as a transdiagnostic mechanism linking child maltreatment with the emergence of psychopathology.

Dev Psychopathol 2019 Apr 8:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology,Harvard University,Cambridge,MA,USA.

Childhood maltreatment is associated with increased risk for most forms of psychopathology. We examine emotion dysregulation as a transdiagnostic mechanism linking maltreatment with general psychopathology. A sample of 262 children and adolescents participated; 162 (61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579419000348DOI Listing

Understanding the experience of psychopathology after intimate partner violence: the role of personality.

PeerJ 2019 29;7:e6647. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Departamento de Educação e Psicologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Objectives: To fully understand the dynamics of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) it is necessary to understand the role of personality. The current understanding of which personality characteristics are associated with IPV victimization is, however, far from comprehensive. Given this gap in the literature, our objective was to examine the associations between the dimensions of the psychobiological model of personality and psychopathological symptoms in women who had experienced IPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6647DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445246PMC

Correction: Automatic Extraction of Mental Health Disorders From Domestic Violence Police Narratives: Text Mining Study.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Apr 5;21(4):e13007. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Kirby Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/11548.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/13007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Pilot Test of an Adapted, Evidence-Based Intervention for Preventing HIV for Women Residing in Domestic Violence Shelters.

Violence Against Women 2019 Apr 4:1077801219838329. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

3 Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

This pilot study examined whether an evidence-based intervention for preventing HIV that was adapted for women residing in domestic violence shelters improved residents' HIV knowledge and condom use self-efficacy. The intervention acceptability, feasibility, and fidelity were also assessed. Seven domestic violence shelter workers facilitated the intervention to 32 shelter residents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801219838329DOI Listing

A two-site survey of medical center personnel's willingness to share clinical data for research: implications for reproducible health NLP research.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2019 Apr 4;19(Suppl 3):70. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, 84108, USA.

Background: A shareable repository of clinical notes is critical for advancing natural language processing (NLP) research, and therefore a goal of many NLP researchers is to create a shareable repository of clinical notes, that has breadth (from multiple institutions) as well as depth (as much individual data as possible).

Methods: We aimed to assess the degree to which individuals would be willing to contribute their health data to such a repository. A compact e-survey probed willingness to share demographic and clinical data categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12911-019-0778-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448185PMC
April 2019
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Parsing clinical text using the state-of-the-art deep learning based parsers: a systematic comparison.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2019 Apr 4;19(Suppl 3):77. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

School of Biomedical Informatics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Background: A shareable repository of clinical notes is critical for advancing natural language processing (NLP) research, and therefore a goal of many NLP researchers is to create a shareable repository of clinical notes, that has breadth (from multiple institutions) as well as depth (as much individual data as possible).

Methods: We aimed to assess the degree to which individuals would be willing to contribute their health data to such a repository. A compact e-survey probed willingness to share demographic and clinical data categories. Read More

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https://bmcmedinformdecismak.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12911-019-0783-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448179PMC
April 2019
7 Reads

Coercive Control, Stalking, and Guns: Modeling Service Professionals' Perceived Risk of Potentially Fatal Intimate Partner Gun Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 4:886260519839419. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

2 University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.

Intimate partner homicides often involve coercive control prior to the murder while stalking following separation has been associated with control within the relationship as well as with lethal violence. The goal of the present study was to investigate how rural and urban community professionals who encounter intimate partner violence (IPV) victims perceive potential risk factors for intimate partner homicide related to firearms and coercive control. Criminal justice and victim service professionals ( N = 133) from one urban and four rural communities participated in structured key informant interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519839419DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mandating Inclusion: Critical Trans Perspectives on Domestic and Sexual Violence Advocacy.

Violence Against Women 2019 Apr 3:1077801219836728. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

3 Community advocate, Seattle, WA, USA.

In 2013, the Violence Against Women Act became one of the first federal laws to explicitly prohibit discrimination against transgender people, yet little is known about its impact in practice. This qualitative study draws on in-depth interviews with transgender people working in domestic and sexual violence advocacy organizations. Building on critical and intersectional perspectives, the findings suggest that the persistence of inequities for trans survivors are tied to the reliance on criminal legal responses, contingent access to gender-specific services, compliance-focused approaches to inclusion, operating theories of gender-based violence, and the diversion of responsibility to LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer) programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801219836728DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Alcohol use in family, domestic and other violence: Findings from a cross-sectional survey of the Australian population.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

Introduction And Aims: The link between alcohol and experience of violence is well-documented, but there is a paucity of empirical research on the role of alcohol specifically in family and domestic violence (FDV) in Australia. The aim of the current study was to describe the relationship between alcohol use and FDV in the Australian population, and to examine key differences between three different types of violence: family violence, intimate partner violence (IPV) and other violence.

Design And Methods: An online panel survey was conducted using a stratified random sampling design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12925DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Interventions for reducing and/or controlling domestic violence among pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2019 Apr 2;8(1):79. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Domestic violence (DV) during pregnancy is recognized as a global health problem associated with serious health consequences for both the mother and her baby. Several interventions aimed at addressing DV around the time of pregnancy have been developed in the last decade, but they are primarily from developed countries. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are facing both a mounting burden of DV as well as severe resource constraints that keep them from emulating some of the effective interventions implemented in developed settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-0998-4DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Intimate Partner Violence: A Multinational Test of Cultural Spillover Theory.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 3:886260519839421. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

3 University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA.

Cultural spillover theory asserts that the prevalence of socially legitimate violence to attain ends for which there is widespread social approval is part of the explanation for the prevalence of illegitimate violence. This study was a test of the cultural spillover theory as it applies to intimate partner violence (IPV). Based on data from the International Dating Violence Study (IDVS) in 32 countries, we tested the proposition that agreement with socially approved forms of violence "spills over" into violence against an intimate partner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519839421DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Exploring Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Attending Malaysian Primary Care Clinics.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 2:886260519839426. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

3 Ministry of Health, Malaysia.

Victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are frequent attendees at health care facilities. Although most literature on this subject focuses on developed or Western countries, there is a dearth of information from Asian countries. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of IPV among women attending urban primary care services in Malaysia and to identify the risk factors associated with IPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519839426DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence and related factors of postpartum depression among reproductive aged women in Ahvaz, Iran.

Health Care Women Int 2019 Mar 29:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

a Midwifery Department, Menopause Andropause Research Centre , Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz , Iran.

In this study authors aimed to identify the prevalence and related factors of postpartum depression in Ahvaz, Iran. A total of 505 women enrolled in this study from six public health centers in Ahvaz city, Republic of Iran. This study started in February and completed in September 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2019.1578779DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

IMPACT: Effects of an Online Capacity-Building Intervention for IPV Prevention Professionals.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 29:886260519838498. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

1 Sociometrics Corporation, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

IMPACT, an online, interactive, capacity-building intervention for professionals engaged in direct intimate partner violence (IPV) work, was evaluated for preliminary efficacy. The IMPACT intervention comprised 13 training modules developed using the Rotheram-Borus Common Factors approach to prevention program development. In total, 156 participants from a diverse range of organizational settings across the United States completed baseline assessments and were randomized to the IMPACT intervention or to the control condition. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260519838498
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519838498DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

What determines violence among female sex workers in an intimate partner relationship? Findings from North Karnataka, south India.

BMC Public Health 2019 Mar 29;19(1):350. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Like other women in India, female sex workers (FSWs) frequently experience violence from their intimate partners (IPs)-a reality that increases their risk of acquiring HIV or other sexually transmitted infections. Less is known about the nature of these intimate relationships or what aspect of the relationship increases the risk of IP violence (IPV). We measured the prevalence and determinants of IPV on FSWs in the context of north Karnataka, India, characterized by high HIV-prevalence and extreme poverty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6673-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440026PMC

Domestic violence against seniors in rural areas of West Pomerania, Poland.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2019 Mar 26;26(1):92-96. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

University of Szczecin, Poland.

Introduction And Objective: The study on domestic violence in rural areas of Western Pomerania (Poland), carried out in October 2017, aimed at determining the scale of domestic violence against the elderly, taking into account its 5 forms: psychological, physical, economic and sexual violence, as well as negligence.

Material And Methods: The research concept was implemented with the use of a representative sampling method by means of a questionnaire-based audit interview, and using research tools to measure the social scale of the phenomenon of domestic violence, the victims of which were the elderly from one of the rural communes of Western Pomerania.

Results: The basic results of the survey were as follows: 1) 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26444/aaem/92208DOI Listing

A drug court by any other name? An analysis of problem-solving court programs.

Law Hum Behav 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Legal Studies.

Beginning with the original drug court model, specialized court programs (SCPs) have expanded to address a variety of offense-related problems, such as domestic violence courts, mental health courts, veteran courts, and homeless courts. To date, there has been no empirical assessment as to whether these types of court programs share similar program characteristics with the drug court model. To address this gap, we used data from the 2012 Census of Problem-Solving Courts of 2,793 problem-solving court programs in the United States to examine differences between drug courts and other court types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000325DOI Listing

The Efficacy of Father Attachment Education on the Severity of Domestic Violence in Primegravida Women.

J Caring Sci 2019 Mar 1;8(1):61-67. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Midwifery, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

In addition to physical and psychological tension imposed on women through pregnancy, the stress of the spouses' violence can cause harmful effects on both the fetus and mother. In Iran, there are limited data on this subject. Thus, learning attachment skills may be effective in reducing adaptation and domestic violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/jcs.2019.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428165PMC

Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Pregnancy: A Body with Two Lives.

Malays J Med Sci 2018 Sep 30;25(5):151-157. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Neurosciences, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Traumatic brain injury is the major contributing factor in non-obstetric mortality in developing countries. Approximately 20% of maternal mortality is directly correlated to injuries. Road traffic accidents and domestic violence are the most common nonlethal injuries that can threaten either the maternal or foetal life, and such events occur in one out of every 12 pregnancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21315/mjms2018.25.5.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419882PMC
September 2018
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Housing Interventions for Intimate Partner Violence Survivors: A Systematic Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2019 Mar 26:1524838019836284. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

1 School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors are much more likely to experience housing insecurity or homelessness than those who have not experienced IPV. However, little comprehensive research has evaluated the effectiveness of interventions used to address IPV survivors' housing insecurity. To address this knowledge gap, our team conducted a systematic review guided by three questions: (a) What are current interventions for addressing IPV survivors' housing needs? (b) What are the methodological strengths and limitations of the research evaluating those interventions? (c) How effective are the identified interventions? We identified potentially relevant peer-reviewed and gray literature using variations of predetermined search terms and four search methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838019836284DOI Listing

Controlling Behavior and Lifetime Physical, Sexual, and Emotional Violence in sub-Saharan Africa.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 27:886260519835878. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 College of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Arcadia University, Glenside, PA, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV), commonly accompanied by controlling behavior, is a serious public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa. Data from women ( n = 37,115) aged 15 to 49 years who completed the Demographic Health Survey's (DHS) domestic violence module in eight countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo [DRC], Côte d'Ivoire, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Togo, and Zambia) between 2011 and 2015 were obtained. DHS questions assessed lifetime physical, emotional, and sexual violence (ever vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519835878DOI Listing

Victims of Severe Intimate Partner Violence Are Left Without Advocacy Intervention in Primary Care Emergency Rooms: A Prospective Observational Study.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 27:886260519837649. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 University of Helsinki, Finland.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a common cause of musculoskeletal injury. Although serious injuries are relatively rare, IPV is one of the leading causes of homicide. IPV victims seeking help in health care are known to be at specific risk of re-abuse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519837649DOI Listing

Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy in Turkey: Determinants From Nationwide Surveys.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 27:886260519837652. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Domestic violence has severe consequences for women, both psychologically and physiologically. Violence during pregnancy is even riskier, endangering women's lives and the lives of their fetuses. A nationwide survey in Turkey in 2014 revealed that 7% of women who have experienced a pregnancy were exposed to physical violence perpetrated by an intimate partner during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519837652DOI Listing

Reciprocate and nonreciprocate spousal violence: A cross-sectional study in Haryana, India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Jan;8(1):120-124

Department of VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Prevention of intimate partner violence is an important public health goal owing to its negative psychological and physical health consequence.

Objectives: Estimate the prevalence of reciprocate and nonreciprocate violence, severity of injuries, and related risk factors.

Materials And Methods: The present study was a community-based cross-sectional study using multistage random sampling in which a total of 880 currently married women in the age group 15-49 years were interviewed using modified conflict tactics scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_273_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396604PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The prevalence and predictors of domestic violence among pregnant women in Southeast Oromia, Ethiopia.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 25;16(1):37. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of psychiatry, Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Domestic violence is a common global health problem and relatively hidden and ignored form of violence against pregnant women. The magnitude of domestic violence among pregnant women is higher in low and middle-income countries including Ethiopia as compared with developed countries. Domestic violence is a violation of human right and associated with numerous adverse outcomes for mothers and the offspring. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0694-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434819PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Optimising Hepatitis C care in an urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care clinic.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Southern Queensland Centre of Excellence in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Primary Health Care, Queensland.

Objective: Describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) attending an urban Indigenous primary health clinic (IPHC) in Brisbane, Australia.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of sociodemographic characteristics, presence of liver disease and treatments, lifestyle behaviours and comorbidities in patients with a HCV infection was conducted between October 2015 and March 2016.

Results: One hundred and thirteen patients with confirmed HCV infection were aged between seven and 63 years; 66% were male, and 84% were Indigenous. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12888DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Implementation of an intimate partner violence screening program in a university health care clinic.

J Am Coll Health 2019 Mar 25:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

c College of Nursing , The University of Alabama in Huntsville , Huntsville , AL , USA.

Objectives: To examine whether an intimate partner violence (IPV) screening program is related to a positive change in health care providers' knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy of IPV screening.

Participants: Eleven health care providers at a university health care clinic participated in the IPV screening program.

Methods: A one-group pretest-posttest design was used to examine whether an IPV screening program was related to a change in health care providers' knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy of IPV screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2019.1577864DOI Listing

A Systematic Review of Trials to Improve Child Outcomes Associated With Adverse Childhood Experiences.

Am J Prev Med 2019 May 21;56(5):756-764. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Claremont Graduate University,School of Community and Global Health, Claremont, California.

Context: The purpose of this systematic literature review was to summarize current evidence from RCTs for the efficacy of interventions involving pediatric health care to prevent poor outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences measured in childhood (C-ACEs).

Evidence Acquisition: On January 18, 2018, investigators searched PubMed, PsycInfo, SocIndex, Web of Science, Cochrane, and reference lists for English language RCTs involving pediatric health care and published between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 2017. Studies were included if they were (1) an RCT, (2) on a pediatric population, and (3) recruited or screened based on exposure to C-ACEs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193003
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.030DOI Listing
May 2019
7 Reads

Progress and setbacks in socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health-related behaviours in Brazil: results from three cross-sectional surveys 2009-2015.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 23;9(3):e025338. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Postgraduate Programme in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Pelotas, Brazil.

Objectives: Despite some progress, Brazil is still one of the most unequal countries, and the extent of socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health is unclear. We assessed trends in socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent's health-related behaviours in Brazil between 2009 and 2015.

Design: We used cross-sectional data from the Brazilian National Survey of School Health carried out in 2009, 2012 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025338DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Adverse childhood experiences and the onset of chronic disease in young adulthood.

Prev Med 2019 Mar 20;123:163-170. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, United States of America.

This study examined the association of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with early-onset chronic conditions. We analyzed data from the 2011-2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), which included 86,968 respondents representing a nine-state adult population of 32 million. ACE questions included physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; substance use, mental illness or incarceration of a household member; domestic violence, and parental separation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.03.032DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Mental health of children exposed to intimate partner violence against their mother: A longitudinal study from Brazil.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Mar 19;92:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 1-5 Whiteladies Road Clifton, Bristol, BS8 1NU, United Kingdom.

Background: Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important adverse childhood experience, but there are few longitudinal studies in low and middle-income countries.

Objective: To investigate the consequences of exposure to IPV for a child's mental health.

Participants And Setting: 614 mother-child pairs were evaluated in a poor urban district in Recife, northeastern Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The impact of universal home visits with pregnant women and their spouses on maternal outcomes: a cluster randomised controlled trial in Bauchi State, Nigeria.

BMJ Glob Health 2019 8;4(1):e001172. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

CIET-PRAM, Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Introduction: Maternal mortality in Nigeria is extremely high. Access to quality antenatal and obstetric care is limited. In Bauchi State, we found maternal morbidity was associated with domestic violence, heavy work in pregnancy, ignorance of danger signs, and lack of spousal communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407530PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The Role of Social Support in Identity Processes and Posttraumatic Growth: A Study of Victims of Intimate Partner Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 21:886260519836785. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

1 Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius, Lithuania.

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of social support for posttraumatic growth (PTG) and identity processes in a sample of 217 women victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), recruited from women shelters, social support centers, and through counseling psychologists. The results of the study highlight the important role of social support in seeking positive personal resolutions after experiencing traumatic events of IPV. It indicates that social support, but not social nonsupport, predicts higher levels of PTG and the development of new positive identities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519836785DOI Listing

Disaggregating Violence: Understanding the Decline.

Authors:
Sara Skott

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 21:886260519838496. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

1 Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.

Although trends of violent crime have been examined for over a century, no previous study has examined the change of subtypes of violence over time. This study therefore aims to identify subtypes of violence in Scotland, where violence levels have decreased from one of the highest in Europe to one of the lowest, based on variables relating to the victim, offender, and incident, and to examine how these subtypes have changed over time. Four main types of violence were identified using multilevel latent class analysis on Scottish Crime and Justice Survey data: public no weapon, public weapon, work-related, and domestic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519838496DOI Listing

"Back Home You Just Go Talk to the Family": The Role of Family Among Women Who Seek Help for Intimate Partner Violence Pre- and Postresettlement to the United States.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 21:886260519835861. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

3 The International Rescue Committee, New York, NY, USA.

Gaps in knowledge remain regarding how and from whom women resettling to the United States as refugees seek help for intimate partner violence (IPV), and what happens when they do. This study examined ways in which women seek help for IPV across varied contexts and at different times both pre- and postresettlement. Researchers used a purposive sampling approach to recruit women who resettled to the United States as refugees ( n = 35). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519835861DOI Listing