49,377 results match your criteria Domestic Violence

Comparing recidivism rates among domestically violent men enrolled in ACTV versus Duluth/CBT.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2021 May;89(5):469-475

The Family Institute at Northwestern University.

The goal of the present study was to replicate and extend published preliminary evidence demonstrating that a relatively new treatment (Achieving Change through Value-Based Behavior [ACTV]) for men convicted of domestic violence significantly reduces recidivism compared to the standard treatment offered across the United States (the Duluth Model and/or cognitive-behavioral approaches). Men convicted of domestic assault (DA) and court-mandated to a Batterers Intervention Program [ = 725; = 34.9 years ( = 10. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Development and validation of the Domestic Violence during Quarantine Scale (DVQS).

Z Gesundh Wiss 2021 Jun 8:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Management, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Domestic violence is a common health problem that often affects women's mental health. Although domestic violence may not be reported during quarantine, it may increase due to increased restrictions. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to develop and validate the Domestic Violence during Quarantine Scale (DVQS) on a sample from Iran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Injury Patterns and Associated Demographics of Intimate Partner Violence in Older Adults Presenting to U.S. Emergency Departments.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 12:8862605211022060. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Riley Children's Hospital, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health issue and occurs in intimate relationships regardless of age or sexual orientation. Several studies, most of them relying on small-scale samples, have explored the prevalence and risk factors of IPV in older adults. Still, none have focused on the demographics and injury patterns in older adult victims. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

"The Day I Die Is The Day I Will Find My Peace": Narratives of Family, Marriage, and Violence Among Women Living With Serious Mental Illness in India.

Violence Against Women 2021 Jun 14:10778012211012089. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

University of Washington Tacoma, USA.

In India, there is limited research on the nature of familial relationships and domestic violence that women living with serious mental illness (SMI) experience. Using the self-in-relation theory and through 34 in-depth interviews, I explored narratives related to family, marriage, and violence in familial relationships among women living with SMI at a psychiatric institution in an urban city in India. These narratives are critical because they highlight how the presence of mental illness exacerbates the violence women experience. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The unheard parental cry of a stillbirth: fathers and mothers.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.

Purpose: Our objective was to compare the prevalence of depression, anxiety, stress, and domestic violence among parents after a stillbirth vs. livebirths and assessing of the need for psychological and pharmacological interventions for the affected individuals.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary care public sector hospital Northern India. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 crisis and increased risks of elder abuse in caregiving spaces.

Glob Public Health 2021 Jun 11:1-5. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Aging and Development Unit, African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya.

This paper discusses the potential abuse and mistreatment against older adults by informal caregivers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa. The COVID-19 pandemic has distorted many informal caregivers' roles, which require serious adjustment for reducing caregiving stress and burden. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has created challenging situations in caregiving spaces, which have the tendency to cause informal caregivers to abuse older adults. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

'The world somehow stopped moving': impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent psychiatric outpatients and the implementation of teletherapy.

Child Adolesc Ment Health 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic results in disproportional consequences for psychiatric patients. Due to restraints in physical contacts, providers switched from face-to-face contacts to teletherapy, but prior experiences were mostly limited. The study aimed at assessing symptom dynamics, potentially increased adversities and factors influencing a successful transition into teletherapy in adolescent psychiatric outpatients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnancy predict low birth weight differentially in male and female infants-findings from an urban pregnancy cohort in India.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

Purpose: This study examined the contributions of antenatal anxiety, depression, and partner violence to low birth weight (LBW) in infants and to sex-specific birth weight outcomes among mothers from a cohort in urban India.

Methods: Data from 700 mothers from the PRAMMS cohort (Prospective Assessment of Maternal Mental Health Study) were used. Pregnant women were assessed in each trimester-T1, T2 and T3, for symptoms of anxiety, and depression as well as partner violence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Successful Treatment of a Nail Gun Injury in Right Parietal Region and Superior Sagittal Sinus.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Jun;32(4):1297-1301

Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.

Background Introduction: Nail injuries are important causes of penetrating craniocerebral injuries. Theirs incidence is very low, but the injuries can be fatal. Since the nail gun was gradually popularized in 1959, the incidence of nail injuries has been increasing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Child physical abuse: awareness and practices of medical and dental doctors in Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Jun;71(6):1704-1708

Department of Community Health Sciences, Hamdard College of Medicine & Dentistry, Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the awareness and practices of doctors and dentists in detecting and reporting suspected cases of child physical abuse.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to June 2018 at the Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry, Karachi, and comprised doctors and dentists practising in public and private hospitals across Pakistan. Data was collected using a predesigned questionnaire to assess knowledge of the social indicators of child physical abuse, response to child physical abuse, and actions taken by the professionals when they believed a child abuse case had been detected. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and risk factors of violence against women and children during COVID-19, Germany.

Bull World Health Organ 2021 Jun 19;99(6):429-438. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Technical University of Munich, Richard-Wagner-Strasse 1, 80333 München, Germany.

Objective: To assess the prevalence and exacerbating factors of violence against women and children in Germany during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Methods: We conducted a representative online survey with partnered women (18-65 years) between 22 April and 8 May 2020, when participants had been under lockdown for a month. We determined the prevalence of several forms of violence within the previous month using both direct elicitation and a list experiment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First, Do No Harm: From Diversity and Inclusion to Equity and Anti-racism in Interpersonal Violence Research and Scholarship.

Emiko A Tajima

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun;36(11-12):4953-4987

University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

This article aims to support interpersonal violence (IPV) researchers in promoting diversity and inclusion in their research and scholarship and urges the IPV field to advance a racial equity, anti-oppressive, and justice-driven research agenda. The article discusses a range of factors to consider at each stage of the research process as researchers seek to be inclusive, responsive to diversity concerns, and seek equity. The researcher's perspective and positionality are discussed and the importance of critical self-examination of one's position in relation to the research is emphasized. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diversity in Interpersonal Violence Research.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun;36(11-12):4937-4952

Howard University, Washington, D.C., USA.

This article examines the role of diversity in interpersonal violence research as it relates to race and ethnicity. The importance and need for diversity in interpersonal violence research is discussed. Three phases of the research processed are discussed: conceptualization, implementation, and interpretation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

When "the Dream Dies" But the Ideal Persists: Representations of the Couple Relationship and Its Connection To Intimate Partner Violence Experiences.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211023484. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Aix Marseille Univ, LPS, Aix-en-Provence, France.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is now recognized internationally as a significant problem against which public action is being taken. However, victims commonly disclose little of this violence. The understanding of sociocultural factors that prevent women from talking about their male partner's violence towards them thus appears to be an important issue. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Rigor and Respect: Recruitment Strategies for Engaging Vulnerable Populations in Research.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211023497. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Engaging vulnerable populations in research is a critical focus for researchers seeking to find ways to improve safety and well-being for broader populations. Vulnerabilities often co-occur, meaning that individuals may experience vulnerabilities in multiple facets of their life (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Stalkers: Specialists Versus Generalists.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211023501. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Western Australia Crime Statistics and Research, Perth, WA, Australia.

AbstractIt is known that many domestic violence (DV) offenders also commit violent and nonviolent offences that are not domestic in nature. Stalking frequently evolves from DV contexts. The present study used police data to explore (i) the extent to which stalking offenders in Western Australia specialize in stalking, (ii) the frequency of involvement in DV offending by stalking offenders, and (iii) the types of offences that co-occur with stalking offences. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Discursive Constructions of Domestic Violence Among Iranian Instagram Users.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211021991. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

Domestic violence (DV) is a widespread social phenomenon, adversely impacting public mental and physical health. The abatement of such issue necessitates a priori social awareness and a posteriori social support. With that in mind, the present study aimed at disclosing dominant discursive constructions of DV among Iranian Instagram users. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Estimating the Influence of Incarceration on Subsequent Experience With Violence Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in the HPTN061 Study.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211021970. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are disproportionately incarcerated in the United States. Incarceration is a barrier to health equity and may be a risk factor for experiences of interpersonal violence. However, the effect of incarceration on experienced violence among BMSM is understudied. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Silencing by design: Lessons learned about child sexual abuse from a university sexual assault survey.

Womens Health (Lond) 2021 Jan-Dec;17:17455065211017062

Department of Psychology, Medical & Applied Sciences, CQUniversity Australia, Rockhampton, QLD, Australia.

Background: University students have been recognized as particularly being vulnerable to sexual victimization.

Purpose: With little research to date, and acknowledgement for the need of a better understanding of sexual violence, our study analysed the CQUniversity Sexual Assault Survey's qualitative responses. An open-ended qualitative question allowed students to provide information anonymously. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of elder abuse and victim-related risk factors during the COVID-19 pandemic in China.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 8;21(1):1096. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Law School, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan Province, P.R. China.

Background: With the accelerated aging of the Chinese population, elder abuse has become a serious social problem. As COVID-19 has had a very large impact on economic development and lifestyle in China, it has also affected elder abuse. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of elder abuse in China during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to identify changes in risk factors for elder abuse in the context of COVID-19. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trapped Between Two Pandemics: Domestic Violence Cases Under COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown: A Scoping Review.

Int Q Community Health Educ 2021 Jun 8:272684X211022121. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: As it is common with the most devastating events in the world, women always seem to be at the most disadvantage position. This situation manifested during the period of COVID-19 lockdown throughout the world and Africa in particular. The purpose of this study is to explore Domestic Violence (DV) cases in African during the COVID-19 lockdown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Domestic Mass Shooters: The Association With Unmedicated and Untreated Psychiatric Illness.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

From the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA Department of Psychiatry, The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY Adjunct Clinical Faculty, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine Law Office of Michael Laurence, San Francisco, CA.

Background: Given the relative lack of psychiatric information and data on the perpetrators of US mass shootings, the aim of our study was to understand who these "mass shooters" were and whether they had a psychiatric illness. If so, were they competently diagnosed, and if so, were they treated with appropriate medication for their diagnoses before the violence?

Methods: Because a prospective study of diagnosis and treatment could not, for obvious reasons, be carried out, we designed a retrospective, observational study of mass shooters, defined as those who killed 4 or more people with firearms between 1982 and 2012 or who killed 3 or more people with firearms between 2013 and 2019 in the United States. We used the Mother Jones database-a database of 115 persons identified as committing a mass shooting in the United States between January 1982 and September 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Police are Influenced by Anchoring and Risk When Allocating Resources for Scenario-based Intimate Partner Violence Cases.

Mark R Kebbell

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 7:8862605211021974. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Sixty-six police officers were given four intimate partner violence (IPV) scenarios to rate for risk of future violence. At the start of the experiment, participants were provided with either a low-risk or high-risk "anchor" scenario of police attending an IPV incident. Next, participants were given three counterbalanced scenarios: high, medium, and low risk. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of Adult Female Genital Trauma After Acute Sexual Assault: The Need for a Universal Definition of Genital Trauma.

J Forensic Nurs 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Author Affiliations:Department of Family Medicine, Western University Regional Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Treatment Centre, St. Joseph's Hospital Division of Paediatric Emergency Medicine, London Health Sciences Centre.

Background: Examination of the adult female genitalia after an acute sexual assault may reveal findings interpreted by the examiner as injuries, which may be linked to later legal outcomes. There is no consistent definition in the literature regarding what findings constitute genital trauma after sexual assault. We studied how the prevalence of genital trauma is impacted by the inclusion/exclusion of various genital findings reported in the literature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among trauma-exposed adolescents from low- and middle-income countries.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2021 Jun 5;15(1):26. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborgs Hospital Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.

Background: Exposure to traumatic events in childhood is associated with the development and maintenance of various psychiatric disorders, but most frequently with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the types of traumatic events experienced and the presence and predictors of PTSD symptoms among adolescents from the general population from ten low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Methods: Data were simultaneously collected from 3370 trauma-exposed adolescents (mean age = 15. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Unusual erythematous plaque with white scales, a case of acquired syphilis in a child and literature review.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 5;21(1):528. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Dermatology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, 155N. Nanjing Street, Shenyang, 110001, P. R. China.

Background: Syphilis in children is uncommon with the mode of infection for this rare condition likely being congenital or acquired. While most acquired cases of syphilis in children result from sexual abuse, children can also be infected with syphilis through kissing, breastfeeding, sharing of daily necessities or pre-chewed food. Here, we report a case of acquired secondary syphilis in a child due to consumption of pre-chewed-food and provide a review of the literature on the characteristics of acquired syphilis in preschool children. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Effect of an Intimate Partner Violence Against Women Training Program Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior on the Approaches of Nurses and Midwives: A Randomized Controlled Study.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 4:8862605211022064. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of intimate partner violence against women training program based on the theory of planned behavior on nurses' and midwives' approaches of violence. A randomized controlled trial was performed at nurses and midwives in Turkey, between December 2016 and August 2017. The participants were separated into an intervention group ( = 50) and control group ( = 49). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

I'll catch you when you fall: Social safety nets and housing instability in IPV-exposed pregnant women.

J Affect Disord 2021 Aug 18;291:352-358. Epub 2021 May 18.

Doctoral Student, Clinical Psychology University of Memphis Psychology Building, Room 356 Memphis, TN 38152, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has significant consequences for women's mental health, and it also compromises women's economic security and livelihood, including housing stability. There is a dearth of research, however, on protective factors in the link between housing instability and psychopathology in IPV-exposed women.

Methods: The current study examines the protective role of social support in the association between housing instability and mental health (depression, posttraumatic stress) in a sample of pregnant, IPV-exposed women (N = 137). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF