52,383 results match your criteria Domestic Violence

Adverse childhood experiences in offspring living with parental mental illness: a controlled study from China.

J Ment Health 2022 Jul 1:1-10. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Peking University Sixth Hospital, Peking University Institute of Mental Health, National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders, Beijing, PR China.

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) affect children's development, and their harm to health is pervasive throughout the life course.

Aims: To identify ACEs and their risk factors in Chinese household with or without parental mental illness.

Methods: A controlled study was conducted among 181 young adults with parental mental illness (positive group) and 201 demographically matched individuals without parental mental illness (negative group). Read More

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Development of nurse-led videoconference-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for domestic violence: Feasibility and acceptability.

J Adv Nurs 2022 Jun 30. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Mental Health, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Aims: Because of the COVID-19 lockdown, an internet-based adaption of a nurse-led cognitive behavioural group therapy (CGBT) was provided for perpetrators of domestic violence. The aim of this study was to describe the development of the therapy, examine the initial feasibility and impact on patient satisfaction of the programme and evaluate the associated patient-reported experiences.

Design: Programme development as well as testing its feasibility and acceptability using cross-sectional survey data. Read More

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Trends in maxillofacial fractures in Otago-Southland, New Zealand: 2009 to 2020.

N Z Med J 2022 Jul 1;135(1557):76-87. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Professor of Oral Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Faculty of Dentistry, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Aims: Fractures to the maxillofacial region can have a serious impact on quality of life. The over-representation of males in the occurrence of almost all types and mechanisms of these injuries has tended to divert attention away from maxillofacial fractures in females. This study aimed to describe trends in maxillofacial trauma in a New Zealand tertiary trauma centre over a 12 year period, with a particular focus on gender differences. Read More

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The Effects of COVID-19 Social Restrictions and Subsequent Informal Support Limitations on Intimate Partner Violence: An Opinion Piece.

Front Glob Womens Health 2022 13;3:829559. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

School of Psychology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia.

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Childhood trauma and schizotypy in non-clinical samples: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2022 29;17(6):e0270494. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, United Kingdom.

The association of early life adversities and psychosis symptoms is well documented in clinical populations; however, whether this relationship also extends into subclinical psychosis remains unclear. In particular, are early life adversities associated with increased levels of schizotypal personality traits in non-clinical samples? We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of associations between early life adversities and psychometrically defined schizotypal traits in non-clinical samples. The review followed PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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The relationship between family variables and family social problems during the COVID-19 pandemic.

PLoS One 2022 29;17(6):e0270210. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

This study examined the relationship between variables about family members co-residing during the COVID-19 pandemic and anxiety about COVID-19, domestic violence from spouse, child abuse anxiety, internet addiction, and mental health as social problems related to the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 220 parents (70 male and 150 female, age; M = 41.6, SD = 34. Read More

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Trends in attitudinal acceptance of wife-beating, domestic violence, and help-seeking among married women in Nepal.

J Biosoc Sci 2022 Jun 29:1-16. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Oregon State University, USA.

This study aimed to assess the nature and magnitude of perceptions of wife-beating among women and men in Nepal and experiences of domestic violence (DV) and help-seeking among DV victims. The Nepal Demographic Health Surveys (NDHS) (2001, 2006, 2011, 2016) included questions on whether women and men justify wife-beating and whether DV victims sought help (NDHS 2011 and 2016). Covariates in regression models were guided by the socioecological model. Read More

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Women's Formal Help-Seeking Before and After Their Abusive Partner Initiates Relationship Violence Treatment.

Violence Against Women 2022 Jun 28:10778012221088309. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

14701University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Intimate partner violence survivors ( = 122) reported on formal help-seeking before and after their male partners enrolled in a Relationship Violence Intervention Program (RVIP). At baseline, only 20% of survivors had ever received domestic abuse (DA) counseling. DA counseling was more common among survivors with more extensive partner abuse exposures, and for black women residing in suburban versus urban communities. Read More

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Technology-Based Responses to Technology-Facilitated Domestic and Family Violence: An Overview of the Limits and Possibilities of Tech-Based "Solutions".

Violence Against Women 2022 Jun 28:10778012221088310. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Independent Researcher.

It is increasingly common for domestic and family violence to have an element of technology-facilitated abuse (TFA). As a result, technology-based responses have emerged to address TFA. Using observations from several empirical research projects into TFA, it will be shown that technology-based responses are necessary without being sufficient, and that they have persistent limitations that need to be recognized. Read More

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The Evaluation of Depression Levels and Domestic Violence during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Soc Work Public Health 2022 Jun 27:1-11. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Faculty, Istanbul Yeni Yuzyil University, Istanbul, Turkey.

This study aims to compare the depression levels and the frequency of domestic violence cases with the parameters that can alter those levels and frequencies. Studies on people living in quarantine conditions at home during the Covid 19 Pandemic show that violence has increased. However, the literature shows lack of similar studies in Turkey. Read More

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Examining the Domestic Violence Crisis in Ventura County in the Wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am Surg 2022 Jun 26:31348221111509. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Department of Surgery, 25352Ventura County Medical Center, Ventura, CA, USA.

Background: Domestic violence (DV) worsened during COVID-19 and Family Justice Centers (FJCs) were, even more so than before, a critical part of providing services to DV victims. This study characterizes the clinical and sociodemographic features of the clients that come to the Ventura County FJC (VCFJC) and examines the effect of COVID-19, thus informing awareness of services available to victims of DV.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study utilizing the VCFJC database from 2019 to 2021. Read More

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Women demonstrate lower markers of stress and oxidative stress during active shooter training drill.

Compr Psychoneuroendocrinol 2021 May 8;6:100046. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

ALERRT Center, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, 78666, USA.

It has been well documented that police officers are frequently engaged in a variety of high stress situations during their normal daily tasks, such as civilian encounters where force is needed or domestic violence situations, that cause significant increases in a variety of physiological and psychological stress markers. Chronic exposure to stressors increases risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) progression. The purpose of this study was to compare male and female salivary and blood markers of stress in response to an active shooter training drill (ASD) to determine if acute stress differentially impacts men and women to better understand if interventions should be targeted. Read More

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Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) as a Public Health Crisis: A Discussion of Intersectionality and Its Role in Better Health Outcomes for Immigrant Women in the United States (US).

Cureus 2022 May 23;14(5):e25257. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Integrated Medical Science, Florida Atlantic University Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Boca Raton, USA.

Much of current work in providing care for intimate partner violence (IPV) in the United States (US) is centered around screening female patients. There is minimal work to tailor screening of IPV to marginalized patient populations such as immigrant women. This discussion explores the need for non-stigmatizing, intersectional perspective in medicine, especially in working with diverse immigrant populations and in facing the public health crisis of IPV. Read More

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Elder abuse and hospitalization in rural Malaysia.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(6):e0270163. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Practice, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Our study aims to describe and determine factors associated with hospitalization among victims of elder abuse and neglect (EAN) in rural Malaysia. A cross sectional study based on the baseline data of the Malaysian Elder Mistreatment Project (MAESTRO) collected from November 2013 until July 2014 involving 1927 older adults in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan was conducted. EAN was determined using the modified Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS) and hospitalization rates were determined based on self-report. Read More

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Female Homicide in Italy in 2021: Different Criminological and Psychopathological Perspectives on the Phenomenon.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 20;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Legal Medicine and Toxicology, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, 35121 Padova, Italy.

The intentional homicide of female victims, which is most commonly perpetrated by intimate partners or family members, has been recognized in recent years as a matter of grave public concern that needs to be addressed from the cultural and judicial perspectives. To allow an in-depth criminological and psychopathological evaluation of female homicide in Italy in 2021 to be conducted, the authors performed a newspaper report analysis of the phenomenon. All female homicides that occurred in Italy in 2021 ( = 119) were included in the study. Read More

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Are Child Domestic Workers Worse Off than Their Peers? Comparing Children in Domestic Work, Child Marriage, and Kinship Care with Biological Children of Household Heads: Evidence from Zimbabwe.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 16;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK.

Child domestic work is a hidden form of child labour driven by poverty and social norms. However, little is known about the situations of child domestic workers. This study aims to describe and analyse gender-specific working conditions, health, and educational outcomes among hidden child domestic workers (CDWs) living in third-party homes relative to married children, biological children, and other children in kinship care. Read More

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The Association between Differentiation of Self and Life Satisfaction among Chinese Emerging Adults: The Mediating Effect of Hope and Coping Strategies and the Moderating Effect of Child Maltreatment History.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 9;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Institute of Psychology, School of Public Affairs, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361000, China.

Background: Differentiation of self (DoS) is a core construct in Bowen family systems theory. At the interpersonal level, it represents the capacity to maintain rational thinking rather than reacting emotionally, especially while under stress. Previous studies have demonstrated the positive association between DoS and life satisfaction. Read More

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Elder Mistreatment Prevention Rounds in Nursing Homes.

Am J Nurs 2022 Jul;122(7)

Terry Fulmer is president of the John A. Hartford Foundation in New York City, Alice Bonner is senior advisor for aging at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement in Boston, and Shreya Chandra and Tim Le are graduate interns at the John A. Hartford Foundation. Contact author: Terry Fulmer,

This new prevention paradigm could benefit all. Read More

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[Regulatory disorders in early childhood: identification, prevention and treatment guidelines].

Andes Pediatr 2022 Apr;93(2):159-166

Comité de Lactancia Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría, Santiago, Chile.

Regulation disorders are defined according to current guidelines and classification systems as disor ders in the interaction between infants and their parents, being characterized by a symptomatic triad that includes aspects of the child, parental characteristics and parent-child interaction. This disorder may generate family imbalance and in the long term to be a risk factor for internalizing and externa lizing disorders, as well as child abuse. The proposed management includes working with the family system, anticipating its appearance, considering the parental conditions. Read More

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Measuring the diverse characteristics of county adult protective services programs.

J Elder Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 22;34(3):153-173. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences and School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, South Euclid, Ohio, USA.

Adult protective services (APS) programs vary markedly, yet few studies have quantified this diversity. In 2020, a survey of Ohio's 85 county-administered APS programs incorporated subsequent feedback from staff and described the programs in a systematic manner. This process resulted in a 100% response rate and illustrated an efficient approach to measuring organizational characteristics (e. Read More

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How childhood maltreatment links to labor values? The mediating role of moral competence and prosocial normative tendency.

BMC Psychol 2022 Jun 22;10(1):159. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

School of Elementary Education, Changsha Normal University, No. 9 Xingshateli Rd., Changsha, 410081, Hunan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Labor values are important components of the individual value system and considered to be among the most important values of an individual, especially in China. In studies of values, childhood maltreatment is considered to have an important influence on the formation of individual values. However, there is no previous research about the relationship between childhood maltreatment and labor values. Read More

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A Community-Based Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study of Elder Abuse Perpetration or Victimization Among Elders in Ethiopia, 2022.

Clin Interv Aging 2022 15;17:957-969. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Nursing, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Aman, South West Regional State, Ethiopia.

Background: Elderly abuse and comorbid problematic substance use, disability, and physical and mental illness have been major problems in low-income countries. In most countries, the elderly are the most neglected segment of the population, and there is insufficient information about elderly abuse perpetration or victimization in low-income countries like Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess elderly abuse perpetration or victimization among the elderly in Mizan Aman town, southwest Ethiopia. Read More

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Loneliness and coping skill mediate the association between child maltreatment and depression for rural males and females.

BMC Psychiatry 2022 Jun 21;22(1):413. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Centre for Health Management and Policy Research, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, 44 Wenhuaxi Road, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, China.

Background: Child maltreatment is a prevalent and notable problem in rural China, and the prevalence and severity of depression in rural areas are higher than the national norm. Several studies have found that loneliness and coping skills respectively mediated the relationship between child maltreatment and depression. However, few studies have examined the roles of loneliness and coping skills in child maltreatment and depression based on gender differences. Read More

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Some unusual cases of multiple-victim, multiple-offender child sexual abuse (1980-2020).

Mark Wi Webster

N Z Med J 2022 Mar 11;135(1551):115-120. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Cardiologist, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, NZ.

Aim: To assess the pattern of some unusual cases of child abuse, including their trial and subsequent appeal outcomes, over the last 40 years.

Method: Cases of multiple-victim, multiple-offender child abuse, occurring in a pre-school or similar setting, without physical evidence of abuse, from developed, English-speaking countries were collected.

Results: Thirty cases fulfilled the study criteria: 26 from the US and one each from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the UK. Read More

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Domestic Violence From a Child Perspective: Impact of an Immersive Virtual Reality Experience on Men With a History of Intimate Partner Violent Behavior.

J Interpers Violence 2022 Jun 21:8862605221106130. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

146245Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain.

Domestic violence has long-term negative consequences on children. In this study, men with a history of partner aggression and a control group of non-offenders were embodied in a child's body from a first-person perspective in virtual reality (VR). From this perspective, participants witnessed a scene of domestic violence where a male avatar assaulted a female avatar. Read More

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"The Average Counsellor Wouldn't Know": Exploring How General Health Practitioners Understand and Respond to Domestic Violence.

Can J Nurs Res 2022 Jun 20:8445621221107296. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Faculty of Applied Psychology, Centre for Research & Education on Violence Against Women and Children, 141667Western University, London, ON, Canada.

Background: Individuals experiencing and perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV) are frequently in contact with general health and mental health services. Health service providers, including nurses, thus have a key role in identifying and responding to initial indicators of IPV risk.

Purpose: The present study provides descriptive information about current assessment and intervention practices of health and mental health service providers when patients are presenting with concerns about IPV. Read More

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Alertes pour maltraitances d’adultes vulnérables : évolution pendant l’épidémie de COVID-19 en France.

Sante Publique 2022 ;33(6):997-1003

Aim: The COVID-19 outbreak is likely to affect both the occurrence and the reporting of abuse or neglect in vulnerable adults in a variety of ways. This study aims to explore such effects based on the alerts reported to the national system dedicated to these situations by the Ministry of Solidarity and Health in France.

Method: The main characteristics of the situations of abuse or neglect (age and gender of the victims, main type of abuse or neglect, persons considered as responsible, place of occurrence) reported to the national system from March to December 2020, since the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak, have been compared to those observed during the same months from 2017 to 2019. Read More

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Assurer l’accès aux droits sexuels et reproductifs en temps de crise sanitaire : le Planning familial en mouvement.

Sante Publique 2022 ;33(6):1033-1037

From the beginning of the first lockdown, Le Planning Familial, a feminist and SRHR delivery service organization, with its 70 local associations have come together to pursue its mission: to ensure access to SRHR and women's rights. The quarantine has had major consequences: it has increased gender-based violence including domestic violence, it has complicated women's lives (in accessing sexual health services, late-term abortions, abortion for minors, renewal of contraception, filing of complaints, etc.) and it has limited access to information and rights (presence of antichoice movements on the internet). Read More

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Exploring a Dance/Movement Program on Mental Health and Well-Being in Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence During a Pandemic.

Front Psychiatry 2022 26;13:887827. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Biobehavioral Sciences, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States.

Aims: The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility and benefits of a 12-session dance/movement program for intimate partner violence survivors' mental health and PTSD symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic. The specific purposes were fourfold: (1) To determine the feasibility of delivering a virtual dance/movement workshop program; (2) to examine the effects of the program on symptoms of PTSD and psychological distress; (3) to determine whether heart rate variability improves; and (4) to describe the individual and shared experiences of a subgroup of participants of the program.

Methods: Forty-five women ages 23-48 years were randomized to a 12-session virtual creative dance/movement program or a usual care control group, and completed questionnaires about PTSD and mental health symptoms, general health, physical activity, and underwent a brief measurement of heart rate variability. Read More

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