102,512 results match your criteria Domestic Violence


Healed impact trauma to a Neolithic cattle frontal bone: A posthuman perspective.

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Dec 3;24:197-200. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK. Electronic address:

Trauma associated with slaughter is identified occasionally archaeologically in the cranial remains of domesticated animals, with evidence for pole-axing occurring in Europe, especially from the Roman period onwards. The injury typically extends through the frontal bone and sinuses to penetrate the braincase, causing haemorrhage, loss of consciousness, brain damage, and death. Evidence for slaughter methods in the British Neolithic, however, is lacking. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Transmission dynamics of re-emerging rabies in domestic dogs of rural China.

PLoS Pathog 2018 Dec 6;14(12):e1007392. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute, Laboratory of Evolutionary and Computational Virology, Leuven, Belgium.

Despite ongoing efforts to control transmission, rabies prevention remains a challenge in many developing countries, especially in rural areas of China where re-emerging rabies is under-reported due to a lack of sustained animal surveillance. By taking advantage of detailed genomic and epidemiological data for the re-emerging rabies outbreak in Yunnan Province, China, collected between 1999 and 2015, we reconstruct the demographic and dispersal history of domestic dog rabies virus (RABV) as well as the dynamics of dog-to-dog and dog-to-human transmission. Phylogeographic analyses reveal a lower diffusion coefficient than previously estimated for dog RABV dissemination in northern Africa. Read More

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December 2018

Whole genome variant association across 100 dogs identifies a frame shift mutation in DISHEVELLED 2 which contributes to Robinow-like syndrome in Bulldogs and related screw tail dog breeds.

PLoS Genet 2018 Dec 6;14(12):e1007850. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States of America.

Domestic dog breeds exhibit remarkable morphological variations that result from centuries of artificial selection and breeding. Identifying the genetic changes that contribute to these variations could provide critical insights into the molecular basis of tissue and organismal morphogenesis. Bulldogs, French Bulldogs and Boston Terriers share many morphological and disease-predisposition traits, including brachycephalic skull morphology, widely set eyes and short stature. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

'I should not feed such a weak woman'. Intimate partner violence among women living with podoconiosis: A qualitative study in northern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom.

Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Research indicates that adults suffering from long term, disabling conditions are more likely to be victims of IPV due to the intersection of disease-associated stigma and discrimination. IPV in turn is known to worsen the overall health and wellbeing of those affected by it. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads
3.230 Impact Factor

National Health Care Spending In 2017: Growth Slows To Post-Great Recession Rates; Share Of GDP Stabilizes.

Health Aff (Millwood) 2018 Dec 6:101377hlthaff201805085. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Aaron Catlin is a deputy director in the National Health Statistics Group, CMS Office of the Actuary.

Total nominal US health care spending increased 3.9 percent to $3.5 trillion in 2017, slowing from growth of 4. Read More

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December 2018

High probability areas for ASF infection in china along the russian and korean borders.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center of Conservation Medicine & Ecological Safety, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, 150040, Heilongjiang province, P. R. China.

African swine fever (ASF) is a transcontinental, contagious, fatal virus disease of pig with devastating socioeconomic impacts. Interaction between infected wild boar and domestic pig may spread the virus. The disease is spreading fast from the west of Eurasia towards ASF-free China. Read More

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December 2018

BCG Vaccination for bovine tuberculosis; conclusions from the jersusalem one health workshop.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, IMRIC Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.

The global burden of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains poorly characterized, with spill-over impacts on multiple species. The "One Health" concept is especially relevant given the bidirectional risk of cattle infecting humans with Mycobacterium bovis and humans infecting cattle with M. tuberculosis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Programmatic implications of unmet need for contraception among men and young married women in northern Nigeria.

Open Access J Contracept 2018 8;9:81-90. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

UKAid/Nigeria MNCH2 Programme, Kano, Nigeria.

Purpose: The study was designed to provide programmatic recommendations for interventions to increase contraceptive prevalence in northern Nigeria. Family-planning use in North-East and North-West regions of Nigeria has remained very low, despite years of domestic and donor investments. We examine respondents' perceptions of their own need for contraception and specifically focus on young women because of their higher risk for maternal mortality. Read More

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November 2018

Industrial and agricultural ammonia point sources exposed.

Nature 2018 12 5;564(7734):99-103. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Service de Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Atmospheric Spectroscopy, Brussels, Belgium.

Through its important role in the formation of particulate matter, atmospheric ammonia affects air quality and has implications for human health and life expectancy. Excess ammonia in the environment also contributes to the acidification and eutrophication of ecosystems and to climate change. Anthropogenic emissions dominate natural ones and mostly originate from agricultural, domestic and industrial activities. Read More

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December 2018

A randomized, blinded, controlled trial to assess sand fly mortality of fluralaner administered orally in dogs.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 5;11(1):627. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

ISGlobal, Hospital Clínic - Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Leishmania infantum is the parasite responsible for the disease in humans known as zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL). Dogs are considered the main domestic reservoir of ZVL and sand flies are the proven vectors. The use of systemic insecticides in dogs has been studied as an alternative strategy to control ZVL in endemic areas. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Diversity of Salmonella serotypes from humans, food, domestic animals and wildlife in New South Wales, Australia.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 5;18(1):623. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Salmonella is an important human pathogen in Australia and annual case rates continue to increase. In addition to foodborne exposures, cases have been associated with animal and contaminated environment contact. However, routine surveillance in Australia has tended to focus on humans and food, with no reported attempts to collate and compare Salmonella data from a wider range of potential sources of exposure. Read More

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December 2018

MicroRNA characterization in equine induced pluripotent stem cells.

PLoS One 2018 3;13(12):e0207074. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

LIAN-CONICET, Fundación FLENI, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Cell reprogramming has been well described in mouse and human cells. The expression of specific microRNAs has demonstrated to be essential for pluripotent maintenance and cell differentiation, but not much information is available in domestic species. We aim to generate horse iPSCs, characterize them and evaluate the expression of different microRNAs (miR-302a,b,c,d, miR-205, miR-145, miR-9, miR-96, miR-125b and miR-296). Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Nutrition for Travel- from Jetlag to Catering.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2018 Dec 3:1-24. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

4 High Performance Sport New Zealand.

Domestic and international travel represents a regular challenge to high performance track and field athletes, particularly when associated with the pressure of competition or the need to support specialized training (e.g. altitude or heat adaptation). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Childhood trauma exposure and gun violence risk factors among victims of gun violence.

Psychol Trauma 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Southeastern Louisiana Veterans Health Care System.

Objective: Gun violence is a serious public health concern, yet risk factors for gun violence involvement remain understudied. Childhood trauma exposure, such as domestic violence (DV) and community violence (CV), may increase the risk for aggression, although this relationship has not been examined in the context of gun violence. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether different childhood trauma ecologies are related to increased gun violence involvement and gun violence risk factors among individuals hospitalized for a gun injury. Read More

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December 2018

Are endocasts good proxies for brain size and shape in archosaurs throughout ontogeny?

J Anat 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, USA.

Cranial endocasts, or the internal molds of the braincase, are a crucial correlate for investigating the neuroanatomy of extinct vertebrates and tracking brain evolution through deep time. Nevertheless, the validity of such studies pivots on the reliability of endocasts as a proxy for brain morphology. Here, we employ micro-computed tomography imaging, including diffusible iodine-based contrast-enhanced CT, and a three-dimensional geometric morphometric framework to examine both size and shape differences between brains and endocasts of two exemplar archosaur taxa - the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) and the domestic chicken (Gallus gallus). Read More

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December 2018

Social networks of unaccompanied women experiencing homelessness.

J Community Psychol 2019 Jan 12;47(1):34-48. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Florida State University.

This study explored strengths, barriers, and role of social networks among unaccompanied women experiencing homelessness. Twenty women from two local shelters participated in semistructured, face-to-face interviews. A constant comparative analysis revealed 4 themes: support as a coping mechanism, loss of support as a path to homelessness, support as a drain, and support as a way to give. Read More

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January 2019

Women and academic careers in obstetrics and gynaecology: aspirations and obstacles among postgraduate trainees - a mixed-methods study.

BJOG 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Port Royal Maternity Unit, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, DHU Risks in Pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.

Objective: To examine the relationship between gender and a career in academic medicine.

Design: Mixed-methods study.

Setting: Obstetrics-gynaecology postgraduate training programme in Paris, France. Read More

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December 2018

Quantitative CT assessment of lung injury after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a porcine cardiac arrest model of different downtimes.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2018 Oct;8(9):946-956

Zengcheng District People's Hospital of Guangzhou, Guangzhou 511300, China.

Background: Utilize quantitative computed tomography (QCT) to detect and evaluate the severity of lung injury after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a porcine cardiac arrest (CA) model with different downtimes.

Methods: Twenty-one male domestic pigs weighing 38±3 kg were randomized into 3 groups: the sham group (n=5), the ventricular fibrillation (VF) 5 min (VF5) group (n=8), and the VF 10 min (VF10) group (n=8). VF was induced and untreated for 5 (VF5 group) or 10 (VF10 group) min before the commencement of manual CPR. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Empirical investigation of locally made biodiesel on the automobile properties of diesel engine.

MethodsX 2018 23;5:1456-1464. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Covenant University Canaan Land, Ota, Nigeria.

Research have been able to resolve the challenges of biodiesel production from whatever source. The ultimate use of locally made biodiesel for domestic automobile engine is the focus of the study. Biodiesel from palm biomass was made using proven laboratory techniques. Read More

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October 2018

Prevalence and characterization of hydatidosis in Najdi sheep slaughtered in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2018 Nov 9;25(7):1375-1379. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Zoology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Hydatidosis is considered to be one of the important zoonotic diseases and has a significant public health importance due to the difficulties of the diagnosis. Domestic animals act as intermediate hosts and the main reservoir for the disease in humans. The main purpose of this work therefore was to determine the prevalence of hydatidosis in Najdi sheep slaughtered in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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November 2018

Pollutant fate and spatio-temporal variation and degree of sedimentation of industrial- and municipal wastes in Chakbandi drain and River Chenab.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2018 Nov 21;25(7):1326-1331. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

This study's objective was to assess a seasonal impact of industrial and sewage waste disposal on water quality of the river upstream Trimu Head. Considering the significance of the river, drain wastewater was analyzed during the summer and the winter seasons from pre-determined locations. Water quality parameters were recorded higher than the maximum permissible limits prescribed by WHO for freshwater bodies. Read More

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November 2018

Rhode Island Domestic Violence Shelter Policies, Practices, and Experiences Pertaining to Survivors With Opioid Use Disorder: Results of a Qualitative Study.

Subst Abuse 2018 27;12:1178221818812895. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

The purpose of this study was to fill a gap in the existing research by exploring policies and practices of domestic violence shelters in one US state pertaining to clients with opioid use disorders (OUDs), as well as documenting some of their experiences providing services to those clients. We used semi-structured key informant interviews to gather information about Rhode Island shelter practices and policies pertaining to OUD-relevant topics and make meaning of shelter workers' experiences with clients with OUDs. One researcher conducted all 30-min, telephone interviews. Read More

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November 2018

Ethnic background and alcohol use of the spouse emerge as major risk factors for domestic violence: An observational study from Turkey.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1782-1786

Izmir Katip Celebi University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Izmir.

Objective: To assess the prevalence and risk factors of domestic violence in a multi-cultural region of Turkey.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted in Tepecik district of Izmir, Turkey, from February to June 2013, and comprised women aged 15 years or above. A 21-item questionnaire was used to collect data through interviews. Read More

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December 2018

Transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defects guided completely by transthoracic echocardiography: A single cardiac center experience with 152 cases.

Anatol J Cardiol 2018 Dec;20(6):330-335

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University; Fuzhou-China.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) guided completely by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE).

Methods: A total of 152 patients underwent transcatheter device closure of ASDs guided completely by TTE in our center from September 2014 to June 2017. We used routine delivery sheaths during the procedure and then closed the ASDs by releasing a domestic occluder. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Sequence and functional variability of Toll-like receptor 9 gene in equines.

Mol Immunol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

ICAR-National Research Centre on Equines, Sirsa Road, Hisar, 125001, Haryana, India.

Significant structural differences in the extracellular domain of toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) account for species-specific recognition of its ligand CpG-ODN sequences. TLR9 is extensively studied in human, mice and some domestic animals. The recognition ability appears to be utilized differently by various species and breeds, but so far no comprehensive study exists about the equine TLR9 gene. Read More

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November 2018

Trapping of plastics in semi-enclosed seas: Insights from the Bohai Sea, China.

Mar Pollut Bull 2018 Dec 31;137:509-517. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shandong, China.

Microplastics are abundant in semi-enclosed seas, presumably because of local trapping. To investigate this trapping effect, we confronted the SLIM plastic oceanography model with field data of the distribution of microplastics in the Bohai Sea, China. Seven source locations were selected to reveal the fate of plastic debris from industrial and domestic usages. Read More

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December 2018

The current status of oocyte banks: domestic and international perspectives.

Fertil Steril 2018 Dec;110(7):1203-1208

Bioethics Institute Ghent, Department of Philosophy and Moral Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Two major breakthroughs in the field of assisted reproduction-oocyte donation and oocyte vitrification-have joined forces to create the rapidly emerging phenomenon of commercial egg banks (CEBs). In this review, we examine the history of this concept, the operational models, the geographical variations, and the benefits and pitfalls of CEBs, including the ethical and legal dilemmas arising from gamete mobility. We highlight future directions in the brave new world of third-party reproduction. Read More

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December 2018

Retroperitoneal Abscess Associated With a Migrating Grass Awn in a Cat: Treatment With Omentalization and Grass Awn Removal.

Top Companion Anim Med 2018 Dec 29;33(4):97-99. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Companion Animal Clinic, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

An 18-month-old domestic short hair male castrated cat presented with a history of fever of unknown origin of 1-year duration. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a mixed echogenicity mass. Cytological examination of the fluid obtained through fine needle aspiration was consistent with a retroperitoneal abscess. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of Supplementation With Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Magnesium, and Zinc on Canine Behavioral Disorders: Results of a Pilot Study.

Top Companion Anim Med 2018 Dec 30;33(4):150-155. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

Recent discoveries have shown that the chances of a dog developing a behavioral disorder may depend upon a number of factors including nutrition. The current pilot study was designed to provide an assessment of the efficacy of a dietary supplement containing omega-3 fatty acids, magnesium, and zinc on some common behavioral disorders in a population of Iranian domestic dogs. In total, 48 dogs including 6 dogs without any behavior disorder (control group) and 42 dogs with at least 1 common behavioral disorder, namely excessive activity, inappropriate elimination, fearfulness, destructiveness, and aggression toward unfamiliar people and dogs (test group), were given daily oral dose of gelatin capsules of fish oil supplements containing 330 mg eicosapentaenoic acid and 480 mg docosahexaenoic acid. Read More

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December 2018

Mycobacterium genavense Infection in a Domestic Ferret (Mustela putorius furo).

Top Companion Anim Med 2018 Dec 10;33(4):119-121. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell'Emilia Romagna (IZSLER), 25124 Brescia, Italy.

Mycobacterium genavense infection was diagnosed in an adult ferret with ptosis of the left eye, a proliferative lesion of the conjunctiva of the nictitating membrane, conjunctival swelling, and tumefaction of the periorbital tissues with a watery ocular discharge and the presence of a retrobulbar mass. The diagnosis was based on characteristic cytology of the retrobulbar mass and left mandibular lymph node that revealed granulomatous inflammation. Ziehl-Neelsen staining showed the presence of positive acid-fast bacilli in the cytoplasm of the macrophages. Read More

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December 2018

Malignant Cutaneous Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumour with Rhabdomyosarcomatous Differentiation (Triton Tumour) in a Domestic Cat.

J Comp Pathol 2018 Nov 18;165:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Pathobiology and Population Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK.

Divergent differentiation is encountered frequently within human malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNSTs). The new component is often a rhabdomyosarcoma, but in animals this specific form of divergent differentiation within MPNSTs has only been reported once (in a dog). Incisional wedge biopsy of a locally extensive, ventral abdominal wall mass, which extended from the dermis to the subcutis, from a 12-year-old female domestic shorthaired cat, was performed. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Cost-Effectiveness of a Comprehensive Approach for Hypertension Control in Low-Income Settings in Argentina: Trial-Based Analysis of the Hypertension Control Program in Argentina.

Value Health 2018 Dec 30;21(12):1357-1364. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS/CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina; School of Public Health, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: A recent cluster randomized trial evaluating a multicomponent intervention showed significant reductions in blood pressure in low-income hypertensive subjects in Argentina.

Objectives: To assess the cost-effectiveness of this intervention.

Methods: A total of 1432 hypertensive participants were recruited from 18 primary health care centers. Read More

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December 2018

Liberation of lutein from spinach: Effects of heating time, microwave-reheating and liquefaction.

Food Chem 2019 Mar 3;277:573-578. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Electronic address:

Lutein, abundant in dark leafy vegetables, has been associated with several health promoting effects. Still, to what extent different preparation conditions and practices affect the liberation of lutein from food is not fully understood. Here, we compared a range of domestic methods under realistic conditions to prepare spinach, the most common lutein-rich vegetable. Read More

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Enzyme technology in food preservation: A promising and sustainable strategy for biocontrol of post-harvest fungal pathogens.

Food Chem 2019 Mar 3;277:531-532. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Population aging has reinforced the need for production of foods with high nutritional value, especially fresh fruits and vegetables. In general, due to their perishable nature, these foods are prone to spoilage by post-harvest microorganisms. For this reason, I aim to discuss in this article the alternative use of enzymes as biocontrol agents against fungal infections in post-harvest fruits and vegetables. Read More

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Human health risk assessment for some toxic metals in widely consumed rice brands (domestic and imported) in Tehran, Iran: Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis.

Food Chem 2019 Mar 19;277:145-155. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the contamination of widely consumed rice brands in Tehran, Iran with three heavy metals: arsenic, lead, and cadmium. To this end, 250 rice samples were collected and 90 samples out of them were analyzed using ICP-MS. Finally, human health risk assessment were performed. Read More

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[Efficacy of Decitabine Combined with Pre-Excitation Chemotherapy in the Treatment of Middle-Aged and Elderly MDS Transformed Acute Myeloid Leukemia].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;26(6):1713-1718

Department of Internal Medicine, The People's Hospital of Renhua County, Shaoguan 512300, Guangdong Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of domestic decitabine (D) combined with pre-excitation chemotherapy consisted of Ara-c, THP and G-CSF(CTG) in treatment of middle-aged and elderly patients with MDS-transformed AML and prognosis-related factors.

Methods: Seventy-six patients with MDS-transformed AML treated in our hospital from June 2013 to June 2015 were selected according to treatment regimens, 76 patients were divided into 2 groups: CTG group(36 cases) and D+CTG group(40 cases). The patients in CTG group received treatment with Ara-C, THP and G-CSF; the patients received the treatment with decitabine plus CTG. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the Needs and Lived Experiences of Racial and Ethnic Minority Domestic Violence Survivors Through Community-Based Participatory Research: A Systematic Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2018 Dec 3:1524838018813204. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Department of Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a methodological approach where community-academic teams build equitable relationships throughout the research process. In the domestic violence (DV) field, CBPR may be particularly important when conducting research with racial and ethnic minority DV survivors, as this group faces concurrent oppressions that inform their lived experiences. To our knowledge, no systematic review has synthesized articles using a CBPR approach to explore the needs and lived experiences of racial and ethnic minority DV survivors. Read More

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December 2018

Detection of scales and its thickness determination in industrial pipes using Compton backscattering system.

Rev Sci Instrum 2018 Nov;89(11):113117

Health, Safety and Environment Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, India.

The ability to detect and quantify scales in pipes has been an important yardstick for efficient transfer of fluids in domestic as well as in application related industries. Knowledge of different kinds of scales formed has become a precondition for trouble-shooting in operational lines. In this paper, collimated Compton backscattered gamma rays from a radioactive source have been used to inspect the scales by automatic scanning in steps along the axial direction of different pipes. Read More

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November 2018

The weWomen and ourCircle randomized controlled trial protocol: A web-based intervention for immigrant, refugee and indigenous women with intimate partner violence experiences.

Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, 525 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore MD-21205, USA. Electronic address:

Intimate partner violence (IPV), including homicides is a widespread and significant public health problem, disproportionately affecting immigrant, refugee and indigenous women in the United States (US). This paper describes the protocol of a randomized control trial testing the utility of administering culturally tailored versions of the danger assessment (DA, measure to assess risk of homicide, near lethality and potentially lethal injury by an intimate partner) along with culturally adapted versions of the safety planning (myPlan) intervention: a) weWomen (designed for immigrant and refugee women) and b) ourCircle (designed for indigenous women). Safety planning is tailored to women's priorities, culture and levels of danger. Read More

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December 2018

The transcriptomic landscape of yaks reveals molecular pathways for high altitude adaptation.

Genome Biol Evol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China.

Yak is one of the largest native mammalian species at the Himalayas, the highest plateau area in the world with an average elevation of more than 4,000 meters above the sea level. Yak is well adapted to high altitude environment with a set of physiological features for a more efficient blood flow for oxygen delivery under hypobaric hypoxia. Yet, the genetic mechanism underlying its adaptation remains elusive. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Factors associated with the use of waterpipe and other tobacco products among students, Brazil, 2015.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2018 Nov 29;21(suppl 1):e180006. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministério da Saúde - Brasília (DF), Brasil.

Objective: To identify the frequency and factors associated with the use of waterpipe and other tobacco products among Brazilian students.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the National Adolescent Student Health Survey. The sample consisted of 9th-grade students from elementary school. Read More

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November 2018

Diet and prey selection by snow leopards in the Nepalese Himalayas.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0206310. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Biodiversity Research, Global Change Research Institute CAS, Brno, Czech Republic.

Visual attractiveness and rarity often results in large carnivores being adopted as flagship species for stimulating conservation awareness. Their hunting behaviour and prey selection can affect the population dynamics of their prey, which in turn affects the population dynamics of these large carnivores. Therefore, our understanding of their trophic ecology and foraging strategies is important for predicting their population dynamics and consequently for developing effective conservation programs. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

[ANALYSIS OF MORBIDITY WITH TEMPORARY DISABILITY OF WORKERS IN THE ORE BENEFICIATION ON CHRYSOTILE PRODUCTION].

Georgian Med News 2018 Oct(283):104-108

Karaganda State Medical University, Scientific-research sanitary-hygienic laboratory, Kazakhstan; Azerbaijan Medical University, Department of Public Health and Health Organizations, Baku, Azerbaijan; Republican Scientific Research Institute for Labor Protection of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Karaganda, Kazakhstan.

This study is aimed at studying the morbidity with temporary disability (MTD) of employee working in ore beneficiation at chrysotile production of JSC "Kostanay Minerals" . It was found that the incidence of MTD is higher among male male workers than in men in the control group, and the incidence of MTD in the compared professional groups decreases with an increase in work experience. This is possibly due to the fact that the organism of the trained workers is more stable due to the formation of protective adaptive mechanisms to the current production hazards. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Measuring the road safety performance of Iranian provinces: a double-frontier DEA model and evidential reasoning approach.

Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2018 Dec 5:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Transportation, Faculty of Engineering , Imam Khomeini International University , Qazvin , Iran.

Road traffic accidents are critical public issue in developing countries, and they annually waste a significant amount of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In order to urgently consider how this problem is related to the current policies, a proper safety evaluation of regional programmes in crash reduction is fundamental to the governments. The current research aims to employ a double-frontier Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model to assess the productivity of Iranian regional safety programmes in reducing the number of road fatalities. Read More

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December 2018

"Leaving Was a Process, Not an Event": The Lived Experience of Dating and Domestic Violence in 140 Characters.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 5:886260518816325. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

3 Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA.

One of the most frequent refrains heard in the public discourse on intimate partner violence (IPV) is why do they stay? The literature has demonstrated that IPV victims face multiple barriers to safely exiting their relationships. Currently, there has been a limited examination of the role social media can play in elucidating the lived experience of IPV. With 25% of the population using Twitter, there are opportunities to examine its utility for deepening understandings of IPV. Read More

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December 2018

Parenting Adolescents in an Increasingly Diverse World: Defining, Refining, and Extending Theory and Research.

J Res Adolesc 2018 Sep;28(3):568-570

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

This introduction to the Special Issue on Parenting Adolescents in an Increasingly Diverse World explores how increasing population diversity may provide a context for changes in the parenting of adolescents. In this issue, authors (1) explore the context for asking questions about parenting adolescents and diversity, (2) consider parents, adolescents, and parenting in different diversity contexts, and (3) reflect on crosscutting themes. Two articles examine the parenting in an international context and within changing domestic demographics. Read More

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September 2018

Mesenchymal stem cell: Basic research and potential applications in cattle and buffalo.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Physiology & Climatology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly, UP, India.

Characteristic features like self-renewal, multilineage differentiation potential, and immune-modulatory/anti-inflammatory properties, besides the ability to mobilize and home distant tissues make stem cells (SCs) a lifeline for an individual. Stem cells (SCs) if could be harvested and expanded without any abnormal change may be utilized as an all-in-one solution to numerous clinical ailments. However, slender understanding of their basic physiological properties, including expression potential, behavioral alternations during culture, and the effect of niche/microenvironment has currently restricted the clinical application of SCs. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Is pricing of dolutegravir equitable? A comparative analysis of price and country income level in 52 countries.

J Virus Erad 2018 Oct 1;4(4):230-237. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, UK.

Objectives: Differences in marketed prices of antiretrovirals raises questions about the fairness of pricing medicines of significant public health importance such as dolutegravir (DTG). In view of the reduced prices of generically available efavirenz (EFV), there is a need to determine if previous conclusions on DTG's cost-effectiveness need to be re-assessed.

Methods: Lowest list prices of DTG were extracted from national drug price or reimbursement databases for 52 countries. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

First report of in coyotes in mainland North America.

Vet Rec 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Biology, Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada.

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December 2018

Species delimitation based on mtDNA genes suggests the occurrence of new species of Mesocestoides in the Mediterranean region.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 4;11(1):619. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria, Università di Sassari, Sassari, Italy.

Background: This study is the first contribution to the molecular taxonomy of Mesocestoides spp. from domestic and wild carnivores in the Mediterranean area. A total of 13 adult worms and 13 larval stages of Mesocestoides spp. Read More

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December 2018