47,392 results match your criteria Domestic Violence


Drug prohibition and the criminalization of immigrants: The compounding of drug war disparities in the United States deportation regime.

Authors:
Sarah Tosh

Int J Drug Policy 2020 Jul 8:102846. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

The Graduate Center, City University of New York, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016 United States. Electronic address:

Background: While recent years have seen moderate progress toward more humanistic drug policy in the United States, the well-documented disproportionate incarceration of Black and Latino Americans continues largely unabated, and non-citizens are still frequently detained and deported based on drug-related crimes and violations. These processes draw from a long history of targeted drug enforcement that has served to scapegoat, punish, and exclude immigrants and native-born racial minorities, culminating in a modern War on Drugs intimately intertwined with processes of immigration and deportation. Drawing on the concept of "crimmigration"-which captures how the intertwining of criminal and immigration policy and enforcement enhances the punitive and exclusionary potential of both systems-this article examines the enduring effects of drug prohibition in the contemporary U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102846DOI Listing

From doubt to trust: Swedish mothers' and counsellors' experience testing a parenting programme for mothers exposed to intimate partner violence whose children have developed behavioural problems.

Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 Jul 10:1359104520931569. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Karlstad University, Sweden.

Many countries seek evidence-based interventions for children who have been exposed to domestic violence, and they frequently turn to interventions developed in the US and disseminated to Europe as a solution. Societal and cultural differences may, however, pose barriers to successful implementation. Project Support (PS), piloted in this study through social services agencies in Sweden, has shown positive effects in the US for families with children who have been exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359104520931569DOI Listing

What barriers prevent health professionals screening women for domestic abuse? A literature review.

Br J Nurs 2020 Jul;29(13):754-760

Independent Nurse Teacher, South East England.

Background: Domestic abuse is known to affect one in four women (although it is difficult to quantify) and has significant short- and long-term health implications. As people who often have regular contact with women in a variety of circumstances, including routine appointments, health professionals, particularly nurses and midwives, are in an ideal position to screen women for domestic abuse. However, it is recognised that there is a reluctance by some health professionals to undertake this important role. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2020.29.13.754DOI Listing

Domestic violence in the perceptions of university students in Poland and Belarus.

J Inj Violence Res 2020 Jul 10;12(2). Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Subdepartment of Social Medicine and Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Poland. Email:

Background: Domestic violence is a social phenomenon where a family member, husband, wife or another cohabiting person in the household tries to dominate, physically or mentally, the other partner, children, parents, grandparents, in-laws, etc., using their physical advantage, threats, blackmail, with the intention of harm. The aim of the study was find the perceptions of university students regarding the phenomenon of violence and to show similarities and differences in this respect between students from Poland and Belarus (PL and BY). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v12i2.1504DOI Listing

A Pilot Evaluation of an Intervention to Improve Social Reactions to Sexual and Partner Violence Disclosures.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 10:886260520934437. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate an intervention ( [SSS]) created to increase positive social reactions and decrease negative social reactions to sexual assault and partner violence disclosures among informal support disclosure recipients. Participants were 1,268 college students from a medium-sized New England university who completed an online baseline survey and were assigned to either the treatment or control condition. The SSS intervention trained potential informal supports on what to say and not to say to disclosure recipients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520934437DOI Listing

Experiences of Divorced Women Subject to Domestic Violence in Turkey.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 9:886260520927503. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

This study examines the experiences of divorced women who were subjected to domestic violence from their former spouses. The purpose of this study includes investigating violence in marital life and post-divorce, coping strategies for survival and external factors that empower/disempower women based on their life experiences. The study uses qualitative research methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520927503DOI Listing

Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health: Sex-Disaggregated Associations Among Adolescents and Young Adults in Uganda.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 9:886260520938508. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Washington University in St. Louis, MO, USA.

Experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization have well-established associations with poor mental health. There is also burgeoning evidence regarding the association between IPV perpetration and mental health in a small number of countries. However, there is a paucity of data about the gendered differences for these IPV experiences within sub-Saharan African. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520938508DOI Listing

Identifying Nonphysical Intimate Partner Violence in Relationships: The Role of Beliefs and Schemas.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 9:886260520938505. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

While substantial research has been conducted on intimate partner violence (IPV), comparatively little research has examined peoples' perceptions of which behaviors comprise this form of abuse. Early identification of IPV is critical to ending abuse, however, forms of IPV that typically occur earlier in a relationship (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520938505DOI Listing

The Connection Between Animal Abuse, Emotional Abuse, and Financial Abuse in Intimate Relationships: Evidence From a Nationally Representative Sample of the General Public.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 9:886260520939197. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

This article empirically examines the extent to which the co-occurrence of the maltreatment of companion animals and intimate partner violence (IPV) previously documented in samples of women accessing services from domestic violence shelters extends to a nationally representative sample of the general Canadian population, with a specific focus on emotional and financial abuse. Using data from the intimate partner victimization module of the 2014 Canadian General Social Survey ( = 17,950), the authors find that reporting one's intimate partner threatened or abused companion animals in the home increased the probability that one had experienced at least one form of emotional abuse or financial abuse by 38.6% ( ≤ . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520939197DOI Listing

Why place and space matter for intimate partner violence survivors' mental wellbeing and communities in Northeastern Uganda.

Women Health 2020 Jul 9:1-12. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University , New York, New York, USA.

The context of place matters for mental health. Employing a feminist framework, this study used key informant interviews and focus group discussions in May 2012 with 77 conflict-affected adults, children, and adolescents in Northeastern Uganda to understand the relation of place and the symbolic space of family to IPV survivors' mental wellbeing to shape intervention possibilities. Using Grounded Theory methods, narratives identified numerous negative mental health experiences, such as having a disturbed mind, associated with inhabiting a violent domestic space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2020.1784366DOI Listing

Comparison of Maxillofacial Trauma Patterns in the Urban Versus Suburban Environment: A Pilot Study.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2020 Jun 25;13(2):115-121. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Introduction: Assault appears to be the most frequent cause of facial fractures in certain urban trauma centers, possibly due to the ease of acquiring weapons and increasingly aggressive behavior. The objectives of this study were to identify specific demographic, socioeconomic, maxillofacial fracture, and assault patterns in urban versus suburban communities.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients who sustained maxillofacial fractures from August 2014 through August 2016 at one urban campus, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, and two suburban campuses, Einstein Medical Center Montgomery and Elkins Park. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1943387520910338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311833PMC

The Clustering of Adverse Childhood Experiences in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children: Are Gender and Poverty Important?

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 8:886260520935096. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

University College London, UK.

Previous research has demonstrated a graded relationship between the number of Adverse Childhood Experiences reported (an ACE score) and child outcomes. However, ACE scores lack specificity and ignore the patterning of adversities, which are informative for interventions. The aim of the present study was to explore the clustering of ACEs and whether this clustering differs by gender or is predicted by poverty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520935096DOI Listing

Interrelationship of Posttraumatic Stress, Hassles, Uplifts, and Coping in Women With a History of Severe Sexual Abuse: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 8:886260520935479. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.

Experiencing trauma, such as sexual abuse, increases the risk of a negative health outcome. The aim of the present study was to compare two groups of female survivors of sexual abuse, one group with a lower indication of posttraumatic stress disorder (L-PTSD) and one with a higher indication of posttraumatic stress disorder (H-PTSD). We hypothesized that, with a history of sexual abuse, higher levels of PTSD symptoms would be associated with more daily hassles, fewer daily uplifts, and more maladaptive coping strategies, and that there would be more reporting of severe types of sexual victimization, less resourceful socioeconomic conditions and a lower level of emotional stability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520935479DOI Listing

Risk and protective factors related to domestic violence against Brazilian adolescents.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 3;23 Suppl 1:e200003.SUPL.1. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Objective: To describe the factors associated with domestic violence against Brazilian adolescents.

Methodology: Descriptive analysis of the variables and calculation of the prevalence of intrafamily violence reported by the students was performed, followed by multinomial regression with calculation of the adjusted odds ratio to analyze the association between the variables and the outcome investigated.

Results: Black skin color (ORa = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200003.supl.1DOI Listing

Motivations for Police Support of Domestic Violence Response Team Implementation With Advocates.

Violence Against Women 2020 Jul 8:1077801220930821. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

In New Jersey, collaboration between police departments and advocates from domestic violence organizations is mandated by state policy, which requires law enforcement agencies to participate in domestic violence response teams (DVRTs). The purpose of this study is to examine factors that motivate police officers to implement DVRT. Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted with DVRT coordinators and domestic violence liaison police officers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801220930821DOI Listing

Transcendental Meditation for women affected by domestic violence: Study protocol of a pilot randomised, controlled trial.

Integr Med Res 2020 Dec 30;9(4):100432. Epub 2020 May 30.

Center for Social-Emotional Health and Consciousness, Maharishi International University, Fairfield, USA.

Background: Almost one in three women worldwide will be exposed to domestic and family violence some time in their life. This violence can contribute to physical, social, economic and psychological harm. Transcendental Meditation® (TM) may help to lessen the physical and emotional burden of domestic violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imr.2020.100432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327768PMC
December 2020

A Qualitative Study of Women's Lived Experiences of Conflict and Domestic Violence in Afghanistan.

Violence Against Women 2020 Jul 6:1077801220935191. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

UCL Institute for Global Health, London, UK.

This article empirically explores women's lived experiences of domestic violence and conflict in Afghanistan. A thematic analysis of 20 semistructured interviews with women living in safe houses produced three main themes about the relationship between conflict and domestic violence: (a) violence from loss of patriarchal support, (b) violence from the drug trade as an economic driver, and (c) violence from conflict-related poverty. We discuss the bidirectional nature of this relationship: Not only does conflict contribute to domestic violence, but domestic violence contributes to conflict through justifying armed intervention, separating women from economic and public life, and perpetuating patriarchy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801220935191DOI Listing

Coronavirus and Quarantine: Catalysts of Domestic Violence.

Violence Against Women 2020 Jul 6:1077801220935194. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, France.

The pandemic of COVID-19 has resulted in quarantines imposed all around the world; these and other restrictions could produce an increase in domestic violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801220935194DOI Listing

Experiences of Abused Muslim Women With the Australian Criminal Justice System.

Authors:
Nada Ibrahim

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 4:886260520935487. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.

The confidence of intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors/victims in the criminal justice system (CJS) is important to consider when exploring intervention and prevention strategies toward deterring IPV. Information on the experiences of IPV survivors/victims with the justice system is greatly lacking. This issue is even more so for IPV survivors/victims for minority communities such as Australian-Muslims. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520935487DOI Listing

Spotlight on child abuse and neglect response in the time of COVID-19.

Lancet Public Health 2020 07;5(7):e371

Global Health Innovations Laboratory, Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30143-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326432PMC

A Qualitative Study of Intimate Partner Violence Among Young Gay and Bisexual Men.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 3:886260520936365. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Public Health, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent among young gay and bisexual men (YGBM) and is associated with physical and mental health problems, as well as deleterious psychosocial conditions. Most previous studies of IPV among YGBM have been quantitative in nature and have not examined the numerous subtypes of IPV, the chronicity of IPV experiences, and how is IPV manifested in the context of these same-sex relationships. Thus, a qualitative approach may be useful in exploring these multidimensional and understudied experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520936365DOI Listing

The Prospective Influence of Perceived Social Norms on Bystander Actions Against Sexual Violence and Relationship Abuse: A Multiple Mediation Model.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 3:886260520933035. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Independent Consultant, Mount Shasta, CA, USA.

The present study assessed support for an innovative model of the direct and indirect paths through which perceived peer norms regarding the prevalence and acceptability of sexual violence (SV) and relationship abuse (RA) may influence the decisional process leading to bystander intervention. Analyses included baseline and 6-month follow-up data collected from a large sample of high school students ( = 2,303) across 27 schools in the Northeastern United States. Path analyses were conducted to test a multiple mediation model of the direct and indirect associations among the sequential predictors of perceived descriptive and injunctive norms, personal attitudes, abuse perceptions, risk recognition, and dependent measures of bystander behaviors at baseline and 6-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520933035DOI Listing

Community organisation-researcher partnerships: what concerns arise for community organisations and how can they be mitigated?

Authors:
Bridget Pratt

J Med Ethics 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3053, Australia

Universities and research funders' growing emphasis on community partnerships, engagement and outreach has seen a rise in collaborations between university researchers and staff of community organisations (COs) on research projects. What ethical issues and concerns are experienced as part of these collaborations has largely not been described, As part of a recent, broader qualitative study, several concerns arising during health research collaborations between COs and university researchers were captured during thematic analysis. The concerns were described in semistructured interviews by four staff of three COs that work with marginalised groups (ie, migrants and refugees, women who experience domestic violence, indigenous populations) in a high-income country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2018-105252DOI Listing

Obstetrician-gynecologist and patient factors associated with intimate partner violence screening in a clinical setting.

Women Health 2020 Jul 2:1-14. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington , Seattle, WA, USA.

Screening for intimate partner violence is recommended by the medical community. This study investigated obstetrician-gynecologists' intimate partner violence screening patterns and physician and patient factors associated with screening. Four hundred obstetricians-gynecologists completed the Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Survey between December 2014 and July 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2020.1784368DOI Listing

Exploring the knowledge translation of domestic violence research: A literature review.

Health Soc Care Community 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.

There is growing recognition of the links between knowledge translation, policy and practice, particularly in the domestic violence research area. A literature review applying a systematic approach with a realist lens was the preferred methodology. The review answered the following question: What are the mechanisms of change in research networks which 'work' to support knowledge translation? A search of eight electronic databases for articles published between 1960 and 2018 was completed, with 2,999 records retrieved, 2,869 records excluded and 130 full-text articles screened for final inclusion in the review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13070DOI Listing

Impact of COVID -19 on children: special focus on the psychosocial aspect.

Minerva Pediatr 2020 Jun;72(3):226-235

Department of Neuromedicine, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Although medical literature shows that children are minimally susceptible to 2019-Corona virus disease (COVID-19), they are hit the hardest by psychosocial impact of this pandemic. Being quarantined in homes and institutions may impose greater psychological burden than the physical sufferings caused by the virus. School closure, lack of outdoor activity, aberrant dietary and sleeping habits are likely to disrupt children's usual lifestyle and can potentially promote monotony, distress, impatience, annoyance and varied neuropsychiatric manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4946.20.05887-9DOI Listing

Physical and Emotional Intimate Partner Violence and Women's Health in the First Year After Childbirth: An Australian Pregnancy Cohort Study.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 1:886260520934426. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) can comprise physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, and is a widespread public health concern. Despite increasing recognition that women experience different types of IPV, the majority of research has focused on physical IPV. The present study aims to examine associations between different types of IPV (physical, emotional, physical, and emotional) and women's mental, physical, and sexual health by analyzing longitudinal data from a prospective pregnancy cohort of 1,507 first-time mothers in Melbourne, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520934426DOI Listing

Intimate partner violence crisis in the COVID-19 pandemic: how can radiologists make a difference?

Eur Radiol 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Institute of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine and Breast Center St. Anna, Hirslanden Klinik St. Anna, Lucerne, Switzerland.

Key Points: • The COVID-19 crisis resulted in a variety of physical and mental health issues beyond the viral infection itself, as indicated by an increase in domestic violence.• Radiologists should be aware of typical intimate partner violence (IPV) injury patterns, actively ask potential IPV victims about the cause of injury, and be familiar with support systems for IPV victims of their institutions.• Emergency and radiology departments should review their protocols for identifying and supporting IPV victims, and train their staff to work together to implement these measures during and beyond the COVID-19 crisis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-07043-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326304PMC

Occupational Deprivation Among Female Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence Who Have Physical Disabilities.

Am J Occup Ther 2020 Jul/Aug;74(4):7404345010p1-7404345010p7

Molly Freyer, PhD, is Project Director, School of Social Welfare, Stony Brook University, the State University of New York;

Importance: Women with disabilities face a heightened risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) compared with those without disabilities. The damaging impact of IPV compromises the ability of survivors with disabilities to competently and independently engage in daily occupations.

Objective: To examine the impact of occupational deprivation on survivors of IPV who have physical disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.038398DOI Listing

Transnational determinants of health for Central American migrants to the U.S.: Results of a qualitative study.

Glob Public Health 2020 Jun 30:1-16. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Anthropology, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

While some research on health determinants for immigrant/refugee populations has considered migration itself as a health determinant, much of this research employs constructs that focus on factors such as language, acculturation, norms, behaviours, beliefs, and social support, in a manner analogous to health risk factors for domestic U.S. populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2020.1779329DOI Listing

Custody Evaluation in High-conflict Situations Focused on Domestic Violence and Parental Alienation Syndrome.

Soa Chongsonyon Chongsin Uihak 2020 Apr;31(2):66-73

Department of Psychiatry, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.

In a divorced family, child-centered custody evaluation is essential to ensure the child's best interests and healthy adaptation. A mental health professional's role and involvement are required in gaining an in-depth understanding of various environments and dynamics surrounding the child and family. Domestic violence, including child abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV) or parental alienation syndrome (PAS), is often observed in cases of custody evaluation in high-conflict divorced families, sometimes accompanied by allegations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.200004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7289472PMC

The impact of the Great Recession on California domestic violence events, and related hospitalizations and emergency service visits.

Prev Med 2020 Jun 25;139:106186. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Health Promotion & Behavior, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, United States of America.

Objective: Explore the impact of the Great Recession on domestic violence (DV) related hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits in California.

Methods: Hospital and ED data were drawn from California's Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD). DV-related hospitalizations and ED visits in California were analyzed between January 2000 and September 2015 (53,596), along with total medical costs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315959PMC

COVID-19, domestic violence and abuse, and urgent dental and oral and maxillofacial surgery care.

Br Dent J 2020 Jun;228(12):923-926

Doughty Street Chambers, Director of the International Bar Association's Institute of Human Rights, UK.

Household isolation measures to reduce coronavirus transmission during the COVID-19 pandemic have resulted in increased risk of domestic violence and abuse (DVA). DVA physical injury most frequently involves the face. Dentists, dental care professionals, oral surgeons and oral and maxillofacial surgeons all have a critical part to play in identifying patients experiencing DVA, who present with dental and facial injury, and in making referrals to specialist agencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41415-020-1709-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319221PMC

Stalking Behaviors Presented by Ex-Intimate Stalkers: A Victim's Perspective.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 26:886260520934429. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

University of Roehampton, London, UK.

Stalking can be defined as a pattern of repeated, unwanted behaviors by one person to another. These behaviors may take the form of communicative intrusion, third-party contact, and physical or sexual assault. The individual stalking behaviors experienced by victims have been found to differ in every case, specifically dependent on their stalker-victim relationship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520934429DOI Listing

Predictors of Family Engagement in Child Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Screening Following Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 26:886260520933047. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Safe Horizon, New York, NY, USA.

Children's exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) has numerous negative short- and long-term impacts on children's development, mental health, physical health, and adult functioning. While community-based organizations have an array of interventions aimed to increase survivor safety and prevent the development of, or treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), many families experiencing IPV never enter the doors of community-based organizations. To address this gap, there is an increasing number of partnerships between community-based organizations and first responders to increase support to families experiencing IPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520933047DOI Listing

Effects of Parental Attitudes Toward Spousal Violence on Early Childhood Development and Learning Support Among Ghanaian Children.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 26:886260520934425. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

University of Cape Coast, Ghana.

The prevalence of condoning attitudes toward spousal violence (SV) is high in Ghana, yet much is not known about how the development of children is compromised in households where attitudes toward SV are tolerated. This study is premised on two objectives: (a) examination of the effect of parents condoning attitudes toward SV on early childhood development; and (b) investigation of the effect of parents condoning attitudes toward SV on the amount of learning support children receive from household members. Data on 2,740 children aged between 36 and 59 months were drawn from the 2011 Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey for the first objective and 1,595 households with children aged between 4 and 15 years were sourced from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey for the second. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520934425DOI Listing

The Prevalence of Sex Trafficking of Children and Adolescents in the United States: A Scoping Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2020 Jun 26:1524838020933873. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Topic: This scoping review investigated research regarding the magnitude of minor sex trafficking (domestic minor sex trafficking and/or commercial sexual exploitation of children) in the United States, summarizing estimates, methodologies, and strengths and weaknesses of the studies.

Method: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, peer-reviewed articles and the gray literature were accessed via databases searches, reference harvesting, and expert advice. Articles were included if they provided a count or prevalence proportion estimate of trafficked or at-risk minors across or within a region of the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838020933873DOI Listing

Domestic violence during COVID-19: the GP role.

Authors:
Jeremy Gibson

Br J Gen Pract 2020 Jul 25;70(696):340. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Derbyshire, and a named GP for safeguarding children in Derby city. Email:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3399/bjgp20X710477DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319696PMC

Social and economic development and pregnancy mental health: secondary analyses of data from rural Vietnam.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 26;20(1):1001. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Global and Women's Health, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 4, 553 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004, Australia.

Background: This study aimed to establish whether changes in the socioeconomic context were associated with changes in population-level antenatal mental health indicators in Vietnam.

Methods: Social, economic and public policies introduced in Vietnam (1986-2010) were mapped. Secondary analyses of data from two cross-sectional community-based studies conducted in 2006 (n = 134) and 2010 (n = 419), involving women who were ≥ 28 weeks pregnant were completed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09067-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318479PMC

Correlates of intimate partner violence among married women in Uganda: a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 26;20(1):1008. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Population Studies, School of Statistics and Planning, College of Business and Management Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: In Uganda, just like in many sub-Saharan countries, studies on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) among married women are limited. The aim of this paper was to determine the correlates of emotional, sexual, physical IPV and any form of IPV among married women in Uganda.

Methods: The 2016 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS) data was used, and a weighted sample of 6879 married women were selected from the Domestic Violence module. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09123-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318470PMC

Prevalence of physical and sexual violence and psychological abuse among adolescents and young adults living with HIV in Zambia.

PLoS One 2020 25;15(6):e0235203. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

Background: Little is known about violence against HIV-positive adolescents and young adults (AYA) in sub-Saharan Africa. This analysis examines experiences of violence victimization, and the perpetrators of this violence, among AYA living with HIV, aged 15-24 years, in Zambia.

Methods: We analyzed baseline data from 272 AYA (60. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235203PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316234PMC

Dimensionality of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms: Validation of the Chinese version of the posttraumatic diagnostic scale for DSM-5 across multiple trauma samples.

J Anxiety Disord 2020 Jun 15;74:102261. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

The Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale for DSM-5 (PDS-5) is an updated DSM-5 version of the PDS, a widely used measure for PTSD. The PDS-5 has recently been shown to possess sound psychometric properties and awaits cross-cultural validation. The present study aimed first, to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the PDS-5; second, to evaluate alternative factor models of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms with multiple trauma samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102261DOI Listing

Case 20-2020: A 7-Year-Old Girl with Severe Psychological Distress after Family Separation.

N Engl J Med 2020 Jun;382(26):2557-2565

From the Departments of Medicine (M.G.G.), Global Health (M.G.G.), Pediatrics (M.G.G., F.S.D.), and Psychiatry (J.A.H.), Massachusetts General Hospital, the Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital (M.G.G.), and the Departments of Medicine (M.G.G.), Psychiatry (J.A.H.), and Pediatrics (F.S.D.), Harvard Medical School - all in Boston; and the Department of Pediatrics, Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton, MA (M.G.G.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcpc2002413DOI Listing

Reduced hippocampal and amygdala volume as a mechanism underlying stress sensitization to depression following childhood trauma.

Depress Anxiety 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Background: Stressful life events are more likely to trigger depression among individuals exposed to childhood adversity. However, the mechanisms underlying this stress sensitization remain largely unknown. Any such mechanism must be altered by childhood adversity and interact with recent stressful life events, magnifying their association with depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.23062DOI Listing

Self-report of domestic violence and forced sex are related to sexual risk behaviors in a sample of juvenile detainees.

Health Justice 2020 Jun 23;8(1):15. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Henry Ford Health System, 1 Ford Place, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Background: Justice-involved youth have higher rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and a higher prevalence of the associated sexual risk behaviors. Sexual risk behaviors are also associated with alcohol and drug use. Research suggests that a history of trauma is an important predictor of alcohol and drug use in youth offenders, and therefore is a likely contributor to sexual risk behavior in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40352-020-00116-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313184PMC

Sharing reports about domestic violence and abuse with general practitioners: a qualitative interview study.

BMC Fam Pract 2020 Jun 23;21(1):117. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Bristol Medical School (Population Health Sciences), University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol, BS8 2PS, UK.

Background: Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is common and damaging to health. UK national guidance advocates a multi-agency response to DVA, and domestic homicide reviews consistently recommend improved information-sharing between agencies. Identification of patients experiencing DVA in general practice may come from external information shared with the practice, such as police incident reports and multi-agency risk assessment conference (MARAC) reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12875-020-01171-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313185PMC
June 2020
1.735 Impact Factor

The Link Between Adversity and Dating Violence Among Adolescents Hospitalized for Psychiatric Treatment: Parental Emotion Validation as a Candidate Protective Factor.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 23:886260520926323. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

University of California, Irvine, USA.

Adolescents are at risk for becoming victims or perpetrators for a variety of forms of dating violence, including cyber violence, physical violence, psychological abuse, and sexual abuse. Interestingly, a robust predictor of dating violence is adverse experiences during childhood; however, factors that could mitigate the risk of dating violence for those exposed to adversity have seldom been examined. Using the cumulative stress hypothesis as a lens, the current study examined severity of adverse experiences as a predictor of dating violence within a sample at risk for both victimization and perpetration of dating violence: An adolescent (12-17 years old;  = 137) sample who were receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520926323DOI Listing

Children Witnessing Domestic Violence in the Voice of Health and Social Professionals Dealing with Contrasting Gender Violence.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 21;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Department of Humanities, University of Naples "Federico II", 80138 Napoli, Italy.

Witnessing domestic violence (WDV) is recognized by the Istanbul Convention as psychological abuse that has dramatic consequences on the psychophysical health of children. Therefore, professionals who form the support network for WDV victims play a very fundamental role. In order to draw up useful guidelines for services dealing with WDV, and to give children more awareness of supportive settings, this study analyzes WDV in the perception of health and welfare professionals to enhance their skills and strategies for contrasting gender violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7344581PMC

COVID-19 and domestic violence against women.

Asian J Psychiatr 2020 Jun 15;53:102227. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Dept. of Psychiatry, Diamond Harbour Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7295494PMC