Clin Plast Surg 2021 Jul 8;48(3):407-417. Epub 2021 May 8.
Division of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 West Sunset Boulevard, Mailstop 96, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA; Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Division of Dentistry and Orthodontics, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:
Maxillary hypoplasia is a commonly seen dentofacial anomaly in patients with cleft lip and palate after surgical repair of the cleft anomaly. To facilitate large horizontal movements of the maxilla, distraction osteogenesis is used to slowly stretch the soft tissue envelope with the skeletal advancement preventing tissue recoil and skeletal relapse. Internal distraction devices have the advantage of reducing the amount of physical and psychological stress placed on patients, families, and caregivers. Read More