J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 09 22;78(9):1609-1616. Epub 2020 Apr 22.
Chief, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA; and Chief, Division of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.
Purpose: An intracranial approach to the craniomaxillofacial skeleton can be effective for correcting complex craniofacial dystoses such as frontofacial hypoplasia, hypertelorism, and orbital dystopia. However, the significant morbidity resulting from the high complication rates has limited intracranial use. Given the need for intracranial approaches for certain clinical indications, the present study reevaluated intracranial frontofacial procedures to determine their safety and outcomes. Read More