7,275 results match your criteria Disseminate and Recurrent Infundibular Folliculitis


A theory-based, task-oriented, outdoor walking programme for older adults with difficulty walking outdoors: protocol for the Getting Older Adults Outdoors (GO-OUT) randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 20;9(4):e029393. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Introduction: A theory-based, task-oriented, community walking programme can increase outdoor walking activity among older adults to optimise functional independence, social participation and well-being. The study objective is to determine if there is a difference in the change in outdoor walking activity from baseline to 10 weeks, 5.5 months and 12 months after receiving a 1-day interactive workshop and outdoor walking programme (Getting Older Adults Outdoors (GO-OUT)) compared with the workshop and weekly reminders (WR) in older adults with difficulty walking outdoors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029393DOI Listing

Simulation-based training for increasing health service board members' effectiveness: protocol for a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 20;9(4):e025170. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Bass Coast Health, Wonthaggi, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Research indicates that health service boards can influence quality of care. However, government reviews have indicated that board members may not be as effective as possible in attaining this goal. Simulation-based training may help to increase board members' ability to effectively communicate and hold hospital staff to account during board meetings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025170DOI Listing

Colonization and pathology of Borrelia afzelii in its natural hosts.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Studies of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in laboratory mice and humans have shown that spirochaetes disseminate from the site of infection (skin) to internal tissues, and cause various pathological effects. However, less is known about colonization and pathology of Lyme borreliosis spirochaetes in their natural hosts. In the present study, we assessed the colonization and manifestations during B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2019.03.017DOI Listing

Stable mutants of restriction-deficient/modification-proficient Bacillus subtilis 168: Hub strains for giant DNA engineering.

J Biochem 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Institute for Advanced Biosciences, Keio University, Nipponkoku, Daihoji, Tsuruoka-shi, Yamagata, Japan.

Bacillus subtilis 168 has been explored as a platform for the synthesis and transmission of large DNA. Two inherent DNA incorporation systems, natural transformation and pLS20-based conjugation transfer, enable rapid handling of target DNA. Both systems are affected by the Bsu restriction-modification system that recognizes and cleaves unmethylated XhoI sites, limiting the choice of target DNA. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jb/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jb/m
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jb/mvz031DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Trauma Surveillance and Registry Development in Mozambique: Results of a 1-Year Study and the First Phase of National Implementation.

World J Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Emergency Services, Ministry of Health, Maputo, Mozambique.

Background: Mozambique has had no policy-driven trauma system and no hospital-based trauma registries, and injury was not a public health priority. In other low-income countries, trauma system implementation and trauma registries have helped to reduce mortality from injury by up to 35%. In 2014, we introduced a trauma registry in four hospitals in Maputo serving 18,000 patients yearly. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00268-019-04947-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-019-04947-7DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

DeepClas4Bio: Connecting bioimaging tools with deep learning frameworks for image classification.

Comput Biol Med 2019 Apr 6;108:49-56. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science of University of La Rioja, Spain. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: Deep learning techniques have been successfully applied to tackle several image classification problems in bioimaging. However, the models created from deep learning frameworks cannot be easily accessed from bioimaging tools such as ImageJ or Icy; this means that life scientists are not able to take advantage of the results obtained with those models from their usual tools. In this paper, we aim to facilitate the interoperability of bioimaging tools with deep learning frameworks. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00104825193010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2019.03.026DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Oral vaccination with replication-competent adenovirus in mice reveals the dissemination of the viral vaccine beyond the gastrointestinal tract.

J Virol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Dept. of Immunology and Vaccinology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, FARAH, University of Liège, Belgium.

Since the 1970s, replication-competent human adenoviruses 4 and 7 have been used as oral vaccines to protect US soldiers against the severe respiratory diseases caused by these viruses. These vaccines are thought to establish a digestive tract infection conferring protection against respiratory challenge through antibodies. The success of these vaccines makes replication-competent adenoviruses attractive candidates for use as oral vaccine vectors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00237-19DOI Listing

Exploring the Use of Technology for Sexual Health Risk-Reduction among Ecuadorean Adolescents.

Ann Glob Health 2019 Apr 15;85(1). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Colegio de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, EC.

Background: There is a lack of sexual health knowledge and resource access among youth in Latin America, along with rising rates of teenage pregnancy and STD transmission.

Objective: To determine baseline sexual health knowledge and the acceptance of a technology based sexual health risk-reduction program among Ecuadorean adolescents.

Methods: We used mixed methods to determine the sexual health knowledge and practices, and technology use among 204 adolescents from two schools in Cumbayá and Lumbisí, Ecuador. Read More

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https://agh.ubiquitypress.com/articles/10.5334/aogh.35/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/aogh.35DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

An idiographic statistical approach to clinical hypothesis testing for routine psychotherapy: A case study.

Behav Res Ther 2019 Mar 27;118:43-53. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.

In order to develop more targeted, efficient, and effective psychotherapeutic interventions, calls have been made in the literature for greater use of idiographic hypothesis testing. Idiographic analyses can provide useful information regarding mechanisms of change within individuals over time during treatment. However, it remains unclear how clinicians might utilize idiographic statistical analyses during routine treatment to test clinical hypotheses, and in turn, guide treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2019.03.014DOI Listing

Lulling the Cancer Cell into an Eternal Sleep.

Cancer Res 2019 Apr;79(8):1756-1757

Division of Genetic Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

A hallmark of metastasis is the ability of cancer cells to undergo the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition to invade and disseminate to distal sites. More recently, the case has been made that the critical last step in metastasis is dependent on the ability to undergo reversion to an epithelial phenotype in a process known as the mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET). It is this transition in the metastatic cascade that researchers are focusing on clinically to treat disseminated disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-19-0853DOI Listing

Garcinol, a multifaceted sword for the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Neurochem Int 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Silchar, 788011, Assam, India. Electronic address:

Garcinol, the principal phytoconstituent of plants belonging to the genus, Garcinia, is known for its anti-oxidant as well as anti-inflammatory properties, which can be extended to its possible neuroprotective role. Recent reports disseminate the capacity of garcinol to influence neuronal growth and survival, alter the neurochemical status in brain, as well as regulate memory and cognition. The concomitant neuro-rescue property of garcinol may render it as an effective compound in Parkinson's disease (PD) therapeutics since it is capable of ameliorating the related pathophysiological changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuint.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Quality Improvement Initiative to Reduce Admissions for Nephrotic Syndrome Relapse in Pediatric Patients.

Front Pediatr 2019 29;7:112. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Division of Nephrology, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, United States.

Childhood nephrotic syndrome is frequently seen in pediatric nephrology practice and often requires patient hospitalization for management. Numerous complications of this disease can be managed in an outpatient setting if brought to the attention of the medical team in a timely manner. Outpatient management will reduce healthcare cost and improve patient safety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449647PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Infections Caused by Group C and G Streptococcus ( subsp. and Others): Epidemiological and Clinical Aspects.

Authors:
Gio J Baracco

Microbiol Spectr 2019 03;7(2)

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and Miami Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Miami, FL 33125.

Streptococci carrying serogroup C and G antigens, and in particular, subsp. (SDSE), are emerging human pathogens that are increasingly isolated from patients with a myriad of infections that range from mundane to life-threatening. SDSE is microbiologically similar to . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/microbiolspec.GPP3-0016-2018DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Accessory mammillary bodies formed by the enlarged lateral mammillary nuclei: cytoarchitecture.

Brain Struct Funct 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Neuroendocrine Organization Laboratory (NEO), Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, 1858 West Grandview Blvd, Erie, PA, 16509, USA.

Post mortem examination of the hypothalamus of a 79-year-old woman, deceased in cardiac arrest without recorded neurological symptoms, revealed well-defined spherical protrusions located rostro-laterally to the mammillary bodies that appear to be regular size when compared to normal. Cytoarchitectonically, these accessory mammillary bodies are formed by the enlarged lateral mammillary nucleus that is normally a thin shell over the medial. The mammillary nuclei appear to function synergistically in memory formation in rats; however, the functional consequences of the present variation are difficult to interpret due to lack of human data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00429-019-01847-3DOI Listing

Data Quality Assessment and Multi-Organizational Reporting: Tools to Enhance Network Knowledge.

EGEMS (Wash DC) 2019 Mar 29;7(1). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Center for Health Research, US.

Objective: Multi-organizational research requires a multi-organizational data quality assessment (DQA) process that combines and compares data across participating organizations. We demonstrate how such a DQA approach complements traditional checks of internal reliability and validity by allowing for assessments of data consistency and the evaluation of data patterns in the absence of an external "gold standard."

Methods: We describe the DQA process employed by the Data Coordinating Center (DCC) for Kaiser Permanente's (KP) Center for Effectiveness and Safety Research (CESR). Read More

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https://egems.academyhealth.org/articles/10.5334/egems.280/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/egems.280DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450241PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A Facebook Page Created Soon After the Amatrice Earthquake for Deaf Adults and Children, Families, and Caregivers Provides an Easy Communication Tool and Social Satisfaction in Maxi-Emergencies.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2019 Apr 10:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

3.Unit of Clinical Epidemiology,Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital IRCCS,Rome,Italy.

Although international and Italian conventions have issued numerous communication protocols to assist people with disabilities during earthquakes or other maxi-emergencies, no tailored strategies exist to create and disseminate information online to deaf people. On August 24, 2016, a devastating earthquake destroyed Amatrice in Central Italy. This natural disaster underlined the lack of information on disabled people possibly involved and the lack of tailored, online communication tools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X19000086DOI Listing

Evaluating Microbial and Chemical Hazards in Commercial Struvite Recovered from Wastewater.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Controlled struvite (NH4MgPO4·6H2O) precipitation has become a well-known process for nutrient recovery from wastewater treatment systems to alleviate the pressures of diminishing, finite rock phosphate reservoirs. Nonetheless, co-precipitation of potential microbial and chemical hazards is poorly understood. On the other hand, antibiotic resistance is a major global public health concern and wastewater is thought to disseminate resistance genes within bacteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b03683DOI Listing

Goal-directed versus outcome-based financial incentives for weight loss among low-income patients with obesity: rationale and design of the Financial Incentives foR Weight Reduction (FIReWoRk) randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 8;9(4):e025278. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Introduction: Obesity is a major public health challenge and exacerbates economic disparities through employment discrimination and increased personal health expenditures. Financial incentives for weight management may intensify individuals' utilisation of evidence-based behavioural strategies while addressing obesity-related economic disparities in low-income populations. Trials have focused on testing incentives contingent on achieving weight loss outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025278DOI Listing
April 2019
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First evidence of KPC-producing ST258 Klebsiella pneumoniae in river water.

J Hosp Infect 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, University Hospital for Infectious Diseases, Zagreb, Croatia; University of Zagreb Dental School, Zagreb, Croatia.

We report the first occurrence of KPC-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in river water, in Croatia. In total, four KPC-2-producing K. pneumoniae isolates were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Try to see it my way: exploring the co-design of visual presentations of wellbeing through a workshop process.

Perspect Public Health 2019 Apr 8:1757913919835231. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Administration Building, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK.

Aims:: A 10-month project funded by the NewMind network sought to develop the specification of a visualisation toolbox that could be applied on digital platforms (web- or app-based) to support adults with lived experience of mental health difficulties to present and track their personal wellbeing in a multi-media format.

Methods:: A participant co-design methodology, Double Diamond from the Design Council (Great Britain), was used consisting of four phases: Discover - a set of literature and app searches of wellbeing and health visualisation material; Define - an initial workshop with participants with lived experience of mental health problems to discuss wellbeing and visualisation techniques and to share personal visualisations; Develop - a second workshop to add detail to personal visualisations, for example, forms of media to be employed, degree of control over sharing; and Deliver - to disseminate the learning from the exercise.

Results:: Two design workshops were held in December 2017 and April 2018 with 13 and 12 experts-by-experience involved, respectively, including two peer researchers (co-authors) and two individual-carer dyads in each workshop, with over 50% of those being present in both workshops. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757913919835231DOI Listing

[A nationwide online questionnaire survey of the understanding and implementation of pulmonary rehabilitation at all levels of medical institutions in China in 2017].

Authors:
L J Gao H M Zhao

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2019 Apr;42(4):275-278

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Center of Respiratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital; National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases; Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100029, China.

To analyze the implementation and understanding of pulmonary rehabilitation in medical personnel at all levels of medical institutions nationwide. We used WeChat and e-channels to disseminate e-questionnaires including personal basic information and the implementation of hospital pulmonary rehabilitation (including the setting up of hospital rehabilitation, pulmonary rehabilitation-related treatment, and the composition of pulmonary rehabilitation teams), and awareness of pulmonary rehabilitation (including doctors' understanding of lung rehabilitation status, pathways, prospects, and obstacle factors). Finally, the analysis of the data was performed using SPSS 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-0939.2019.04.006DOI Listing

Menacing Mold: Recent Advances in Aspergillus Pathogenesis and Host Defense.

J Mol Biol 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Louis V. Gerstner Jr. Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, 10065, USA; Immunology Program, Sloan Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, 10065, USA; Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Hospital, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, 10065, USA. Electronic address:

The genus Aspergillus is ubiquitous in the environment and contains a number of species, primarily A. fumigatus, that cause mold-associated disease in humans. Humans inhale several hundred to several thousand Aspergillus conidia (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2019.03.027DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Time-resolved spread of antibiotic resistance genes in highly polluted air.

Environ Int 2019 Apr 3;127:333-339. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address:

Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have emerged as a global health concern. A large volume of work has already been devoted to ARGs in aquatic ecosystems. However, ARG dispersal patterns in air remain to be largely unknown despite of its greater role in transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Identification of common highly expressed genes of Salmonella Enteritidis by in silico prediction of gene expression and in vitro transcriptomic analysis.

Poult Sci 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-7040.

Chickens are the reservoir host of Salmonella Enteritidis. Salmonella Enteritidis colonizes the gastro-intestinal tract of chickens and replicates within macrophages without causing clinically discernable illness. Persistence of S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pez119DOI Listing

State-of-the-art review article. Atherosclerosis affecting fat: What can we learn by imaging perivascular adipose tissue?

J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Imaging and Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) surrounding the human coronary arteries, secretes a wide range of adipocytokines affecting the biology of the adjacent vascular wall in a paracrine way. However, we have recently found that PVAT also behaves as a sensor of signals coming from the vascular wall, to which it reacts by changing its morphology and secretory profile. Indeed, vascular inflammation, a key feature of vascular disease pathogenesis, leads to the release of inflammatory signals that disseminate into local fat, inducing local lipolysis and inhibiting adipogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcct.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Digital Presence of a Research Center as a Research Dissemination Platform: Reach and Resources.

JMIR Ment Health 2019 Apr 5;6(4):e11686. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Center for Technology and Behavioral Health, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, United States.

Background: Web-based platforms can be powerful tools for research dissemination. By leveraging the advantages of mass media and interpersonal channels of communication, Web-based dissemination platforms may improve awareness about, and subsequent adoption of, evidence-based practices (EBPs). Digital dissemination strategies can augment traditional dissemination models, improving stakeholder access to digestible and actionable information and promoting translation of EBPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11686DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

How Mixed-Effects Modeling Can Advance Our Understanding of Learning and Memory and Improve Clinical and Educational Practice.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Mar;62(3):507-524

Center for Childhood Deafness, Language, and Learning Research, Boys Town National Research Hospital, Omaha, NE.

Purpose A key goal of researchers, clinicians, and educators within the fields of speech, language, and hearing sciences is to support the learning and memory of others. To do so, they consider factors relevant to the individual, the material to be learned, and the training strategy that can maximize learning and retention. Statistical methods typically used within these fields are inadequate for identifying the complex relationships between these factors and are ill equipped to account for variability across individuals when identifying these relationships. Read More

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http://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-ASTM-18-0240
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-ASTM-18-0240DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Efficacy of carboplatin plus S-1 for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer: A protocol for a systematic review of randomized controlled trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15099

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Affiliated Hongqi Hospital of Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang.

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common lung cancer. Numerous clinical studies have reported that the combination of carboplatin and S-1 (CS) can be used to treat NSCLC effectively. However, no systematic review has been conducted to assess its efficacy and safety for NSCLC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015099DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Developing a Data Dashboard Framework for Population Health Surveillance: Widening Access to Clinical Trial Findings.

JMIR Form Res 2019 Apr 4;3(2):e11342. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Population surveillance sites generate many datasets relevant to disease surveillance. However, there is a risk that these data are underutilized because of the volumes of data gathered and the lack of means to quickly disseminate analysis. Data visualization offers a means to quickly disseminate, understand, and interpret datasets, facilitating evidence-driven decision making through increased access to information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11342DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Missouri Prevention Center: A multidisciplinary approach to reducing the societal prevalence and burden of youth mental health problems.

Am Psychol 2019 Apr;74(3):315-328

Department of Psychological Sciences.

The challenges presented by the growing prevalence, burden, and unmet service needs of youth mental health problems are formidable. During the past decade, scholars and other stakeholders of the Missouri Prevention Center (MPC) have been using a prevention and implementation science approach to develop, implement, evaluate, and disseminate recommended practices in promoting youth mental health in real world contexts. The purpose of this article is to describe the multidisciplinary contributions of MPC to improve the social, emotional, and behavioral health of youth, locally and nationally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000433DOI Listing

Optimising patient active role with a user-centred eHealth platform (CONCERTO+) in chronic diseases management: a study protocol for a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 2;9(4):e028554. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Family Medicine, Mc Gill University, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Introduction: Multimorbidity increases care needs and primary care use among people with chronic diseases. The Concerto Health Program (CHP) has been developed to optimise chronic disease management in primary care services. However, in its current version, the CHP primarily targets clinicians and does not aim to answer directly patients' and their informal caregivers' needs for chronic disease management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028554DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The Comparative Effectiveness of Mobile Phone Interventions in Improving Health Outcomes: Meta-Analytic Review.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019 Apr 3;7(4):e11244. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Communication and Media, University of Missouri-St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, United States.

Background: As mobile technology continues expanding, researchers have been using mobile phones to conduct health interventions (mobile health-mHealth-interventions). The multiple features of mobile phones offer great opportunities to disseminate large-scale, cost-efficient, and tailored messages to participants. However, the interventions to date have shown mixed results, with a large variance of effect sizes (Cohen d=-0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11244DOI Listing

Do preschoolers with adverse birth outcomes have more distress during dental examination?

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Dentistry Graduate Program, Department of Oral Health, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Av. Universitária Esquina com 1ª Avenida s/n, Setor Universitário, Goiânia, GO, 74605-220, Brazil.

Purpose: Studies assessing the influence of neonatal complications on children's dental behaviour are lacking. We aimed to investigate whether prematurity, birth weight, and history of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalisation are associated with distress during dental examination in children.

Methods: This preliminary longitudinal, retrospective study included 42 5- and 6-year-old children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-019-00438-4DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Horizontal Transfer of Antimicrobial Resistance Determinants Among Enteric Pathogens Through Bacterial Conjugation.

Curr Microbiol 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, 632 004, Tamil Nadu, India.

Multi-drug resistance and transfer of mobile genetic elements among enteric pathogens is being reported to have increased rapidly. Commensal Escherichia coli was previously known to acquire mobile genetic elements from other genus/species. E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-019-01676-xDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Adopting YouTube to Promote Health: Analysis of State Health Departments.

Perm J 2019 ;23

Georgia Southern University Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health, Statesboro.

Introduction: We describe videos posted to the YouTube video-sharing Web site by US state health departments (SHDs) and associated institutional factors.

Methods: YouTube channels from SHDs were identified, their data retrieved, and their videos saved to a playlist on January 10, 2016. Ten randomly sampled videos from each channel were manually coded for topics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7812/TPP/18-094DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380475PMC
January 2019

Bacterial isolation from internal organs of rats () captured in Baghdad city of Iraq.

Vet World 2019 Jan 22;12(1):119-125. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

Aim: Rats are accused in disseminating many zoonotic diseases. This study aimed to isolate and identify bacteria from internal organs of rats captured in Baghdad City, Iraq.

Materials And Methods: A total of 120 black rats () were trapped from different areas in Baghdad city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2019.119-125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431815PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Leveraging resources for obstetric venous thromboembolism prevention in a state safety collaborative.

Semin Perinatol 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 622 West 168th Street, PH 16-66, New York, NY 10032, United States.

In recent years, state obstetric quality and maternal safety initiatives have led efforts to reduce maternal risk and improve maternal safety. A priority of many of these collaboratives has been to disseminate and implement safety bundles focusing on leading causes of maternal mortality including venous thromboembolism. In 2013, the Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI), a quality improvement effort led by ACOG District II in New York State, began developing a VTE bundle reviewed available clinical evidence, practice guidelines, and protocols and assessed how hospitals with varying resources could implement standardized approaches to obstetric thromboembolism prophylaxis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01460005193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semperi.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Inferring rates of metastatic dissemination using stochastic network models.

PLoS Comput Biol 2019 Apr 1;15(4):e1006868. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

The formation of metastases is driven by the ability of cancer cells to disseminate from the site of the primary tumour to target organs. The process of dissemination is constrained by anatomical features such as the flow of blood and lymph in the circulatory system. We exploit this fact in a stochastic network model of metastasis formation, in which only anatomically feasible routes of dissemination are considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006868DOI Listing
April 2019
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Low awareness of influenza vaccination among pregnant women and their obstetricians: a population-based survey in Beijing, China.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

b Department of Child, Adolescent Health and Maternal Health, School of Public Health , Capital Medical University , Beijing , China.

Objective: We assessed how an awareness of influenza vaccination might influence both the willingness of pregnant women to be vaccinated and the readiness of obstetricians to recommend antenatal influenza vaccination in Beijing, China.

Methods: From March to April 2016, we surveyed pregnant women who were attending antenatal clinics at eight hospitals in Beijing, along with obstetricians at the same clinics. Demographic, attitudinal, and behavioral information regarding influenza vaccination were collected using structured questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2019.1596713DOI Listing
April 2019
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Intention to Quit among Smokers in Kazakhstan: Data from 2014 Global Adult Tobacco Survey.

Authors:
Qian Wang Komi Mati

J Epidemiol Glob Health 2019 Mar;9(1):23-28

Dobson DaVanzo & Associates, Vienna, VA 22180, USA.

Kazakhstan is one of the countries with higher-than-average smoking prevalence and tobacco-related mortality. Intention to quit is a key step toward smoking cessation, yet has not been studied in Kazakhstan. This study explored prevalence and correlates of intention to quit among smokers in Kazakhstan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.190212.002DOI Listing
March 2019
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Social Media Content Analysis of Public Diabetes Facebook Groups.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2019 Mar 31:1932296819839099. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

1 East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Introduction:: Relatively little is known about how Facebook groups are used to facilitate diabetes self-management support. This study provides a critical analysis of public diabetes Facebook groups and their content.

Methods:: Two trained researchers independently identified 34 public Facebook diabetes groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1932296819839099DOI Listing

[The Role of Pharmacists in Antimicrobial Stewardship].

Authors:
Yuichi Muraki

Yakugaku Zasshi 2019 ;139(4):557-564

Department of Clinical Pharmacoepidemiology, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been declared a global public health emergency, necessitating the involvement of the whole of society to address this increasingly serious threat. AMR causes prolonged illness, greater risk of infection spread, increased morbidity, and higher mortality rates, which result in increased expenses to the government, healthcare services, and individuals. Inappropriate use of antimicrobials has been indicated as the primary cause for the global expansion of AMR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/yakushi.18-00181-3DOI Listing

[Toward a "Choosing Wisely" Future in Medicine].

Authors:
Yuki Kaji

Yakugaku Zasshi 2019 ;139(4):547-550

School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo.

The "Choosing Wisely" campaign is an activity to promote conversations between patients and doctors about unnecessary examinations, treatments, or procedures. A "Top five list" published by a number of specialty societies consists of five evidence-based recommendations in their own fields. Choosing Wisely Japan was launched in 2016; the campaign soon became widespread among primary care physicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/yakushi.18-00181-1DOI Listing

Growing and Characterizing Biofilms Formed by Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1968:147-171

Wallenberg Laboratory, Division of Experimental Infection Medicine, Department of Translational Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

It is estimated that over 80% of bacterial infections are associated with biofilm formation. Biofilms are organized bacterial communities formed on abiotic surfaces, such as implanted or inserted medical devices, or on biological surfaces, such as epithelial linings and mucosal surfaces. Biofilm growth is advantageous for the bacterial organism as it protects the bacteria from antimicrobial host factors and allows the bacteria to reside in the host without causing excessive inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-9199-0_13DOI Listing
January 2019
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Primary tumor-induced immunity eradicates disseminated tumor cells in syngeneic mouse model.

Nat Commun 2019 03 29;10(1):1430. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Georgia Cancer Center, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Augusta University, 1410 Laney Walker Blvd. CN2136, Augusta, GA, 30912, USA.

Although clinically apparent metastasis is associated with late stages of cancer development, micro-metastatic dissemination may be an early event. However, the fate of these early disseminated tumor cells (DTC) remains elusive. We show that despite their capacity to disseminate into secondary organs, 4T1 tumor models develop overt metastasis while EMT6-tumor bearing mice clear DTCs shed from primary tumors as well as those introduced by intravenous (IV) injection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09015-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441000PMC

A qualitative study of the dissemination and diffusion of innovations: bottom up experiences of senior managers in three health districts in South Africa.

Int J Equity Health 2019 Mar 29;18(1):53. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Centre for Health Policy, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: In 2012 the South African National Department of Health (SA NDoH) set out, using a top down process, to implement several innovations in eleven health districts in order to test reforms to strengthen the district health system. The process of disseminating innovations began in 2012 and senior health managers in districts were expected to drive implementation. The research explored, from a bottom up perspective, how efforts by the National government to disseminate and diffuse innovations were experienced by district level senior managers and why some dissemination efforts were more enabling than others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-0952-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441208PMC

Evidence-Based Guidelines for EMS Administration of Naloxone.

Prehosp Emerg Care 2019 Mar 29:1-15. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

The opioid crisis is a growing concern for Americans, and it has become the leading cause of injury-related death in the United States. An adjunct to respiratory support that can reduce this high mortality rate is the administration of naloxone by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) practitioners for patients with suspected opioid overdose. However, clear evidence-based guidelines to direct EMS use of naloxone for opioid overdose have not been developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10903127.2019.1597955DOI Listing
March 2019
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Getting a Grip on Arthritis Online: Responses of rural/remote primary care providers to a web-based continuing medical education programme.

Can J Rural Med 2019 Apr-Jun;24(2):52-60

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Physicians are often challenged with accessing relevant up-to-date arthritis information to enable the delivery of optimal care. An online continuing medical education programme to disseminate arthritis clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) was developed to address this issue.

Methods: Online learning modules were developed for osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using published CPGs adapted for primary care (best practices), input from subject matter experts and a needs assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/CJRM.CJRM_10_18DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read