8,230 results match your criteria Disseminate and Recurrent Infundibular Folliculitis


Cell Monolayer Translocation Assay.

Authors:
Elsio A Wunder

Methods Mol Biol 2020 ;2134:161-170

Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA.

An essential property associated with leptospiral virulence is the pathogen's ability to translocate across host cells, enabling Leptospira to evade the host immune response, disseminate, and establish infection. Cell monolayer translocation assay allows for the quantification of Leptospira strain's competence to cross cell barriers while measuring the integrity of the polarized eukaryotic cell monolayer during this process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0459-5_15DOI Listing
January 2020

Tumor dormancy in bone.

Cancer Rep (Hoboken) 2020 Feb 29;3(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Vanderbilt Center for Bone Biology.

Background: Bone marrow is a common site of metastasis for a number of tumor types, including breast, prostate, and lung cancer, but the mechanisms controlling tumor dormancy in bone are poorly understood. In breast cancer, while advances in drug development, screening practices, and surgical techniques have dramatically improved survival rates in recent decades, metastatic recurrence in the bone remains common and can develop years or decades after elimination of the primary tumor.

Recent Findings: It is now understood that tumor cells disseminate to distant metastatic sites at early stages of tumor progression, leaving cancer survivors at a high risk of recurrence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cnr2.1156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7337256PMC
February 2020

Artificial intelligence and COVID-19: A multidisciplinary approach.

Integr Med Res 2020 Sep 27;9(3):100434. Epub 2020 May 27.

College of Engineering and Computer Science, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic is taking a colossal toll in human suffering and lives. A significant amount of new scientific research and data sharing is underway due to the pandemic which is still rapidly spreading. There is now a growing amount of coronavirus related datasets as well as published papers that must be leveraged along with artificial intelligence (AI) to fight this pandemic by driving news approaches to drug discovery, vaccine development, and public awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imr.2020.100434DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255319PMC
September 2020

Mobile genetic elements are the Major driver of High antibiotic resistance genes abundance in the Upper reaches of huaihe River Basin.

J Hazard Mater 2020 Jun 22;401:123271. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

MOE Key Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300350, China. Electronic address:

Rivers are considered a vital reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and are critical to disseminate ARGs. The present study delved into the ARGs pollution of the sediments in the upper reaches of Huaihe river, one of the seven longest rivers in China, by high-throughput quantitative PCR. Subsequently, the relationship between ARGs and the bacterial community/mobile genetic elements (MGEs) was determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123271DOI Listing

The Use of Social Media to Increase the Impact of Health Research: Systematic Review.

J Med Internet Res 2020 Jul 6;22(7):e15607. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Academics in all disciplines increasingly use social media to share their publications on the internet, reaching out to different audiences. In the last few years, specific indicators of social media impact have been developed (eg, Altmetrics), to complement traditional bibliometric indicators (eg, citation count and h-index). In health research, it is unclear whether social media impact also translates into research impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/15607DOI Listing

Quantifying scientific jargon.

Public Underst Sci 2020 Jul 6:963662520937436. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Montana State University, USA.

When scientists disseminate their work to the general public, excessive use of jargon should be avoided because if too much technical language is used, the message is not effectively conveyed. However, determining which words are jargon and how much jargon is too much is a difficult task, partly because it can be challenging to know which terms the general public knows, and partly that it can be challenging to ensure scientific accuracy while avoiding esoteric terminology. To help address this issue, we have written an R script that an author can use to quantify the amount of scientific jargon in any written piece and make appropriate edits based on the target audience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0963662520937436DOI Listing

The Potential of Tumor Debulking to Support Molecular Targeted Therapies.

Front Oncol 2020 18;10:801. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Klinikum Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany.

Tumors may consist of billions of cells, which in malignant cases disseminate and form distant metastases. The large number of tumor cells formed by the high number of cell divisions during tumor progression creates a heterogeneous set of genetically diverse tumor cell clones. For cancer therapy this poses unique challenges, as distinct clones have to be targeted in different tissue locations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.00801DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314947PMC

Prevalence and determinants of self-reported high blood pressure among women of reproductive age in Benin: a population-based study.

Clin Hypertens 2020 1;26:12. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Public & Environmental Health, School of Medicine & Allied Health Sciences, University of The Gambia, Kanifing, The Gambia.

Background: Addressing chronic diseases is a challenge for healthcare systems worldwide, which have largely developed to deal with acute episodic care, rather than to provide organized care for people with age-long conditions. Therefore, exploring the prevalence and identifying the risk factors is a major approach to prevention and control of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and factors associated with self-reported high blood pressure among women of reproductive age in Benin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40885-020-00145-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329466PMC

Fostering global primary care research: a capacity-building approach.

BMJ Glob Health 2020 Jul;5(7)

General Practice, University of Auckland Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Auckland, New Zealand.

The Alma Ata and Astana Declarations reaffirm the importance of high-quality primary healthcare (PHC), yet the capacity to undertake PHC research-a core element of high-quality PHC-in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC) is limited. Our aim is to explore the current risks or barriers to primary care research capacity building, identify the ongoing tensions that need to be resolved and offer some solutions, focusing on emerging contexts. This paper arose from a workshop held at the 2019 North American Primary Care Research Group Annual Meeting addressing research capacity building in LMICs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002470DOI Listing

Hospital affiliated long term care facility COVID-19 containment strategy by using prevalence testing and infection control best practices.

Am J Infect Control 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Chief Operating Officer, Memorial Regional Hospital, Memorial Healthcare System.

In a hospital affiliated long term care facility, we found an opportunity to interrupt a potential outbreak of COVID-19 using a point prevalence testing containment strategy and applying infection prevention and control best practices. Three serial point prevalence studies were conducted on all residents and employees in fourteen day intervals and percent positive was used as marker for effective infection control efforts. A multidisciplinary strike team from acute care was used to disseminate infection control education and support to long term care partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.06.215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7332435PMC

Development and validation of the VISAGE AmpliSeq basic tool to predict appearance and ancestry from DNA.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2020 Jun 20;48:102336. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Institute of Legal Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; Forensic Science Program, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Forensic DNA phenotyping is gaining interest as the number of applications increases within the forensic genetics community. The possibility of providing investigative leads in addition to conventional DNA profiling for human identification provides new insights into otherwise "cold" police investigations. The ability of reporting on the bio-geographical ancestry (BGA), appearance characteristics and age based on DNA obtained from a crime scene sample of an unknown donor makes the exploration of such markers and the development of new methods meaningful for criminal investigations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2020.102336DOI Listing

Chikungunya resurgence in the Maldives and risk for importation via tourists to Europe in 2019-2020: A GeoSentinel case series.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2020 Jun 30:101814. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France; Aix Marseille Univ, IRD, AP-HM, SSA, VITROME, Marseille, France; Laveran Military Teaching Hospital, Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne virus mainly transmitted in tropical areas by Aedes spp. mosquitoes. It has been responsible for small-to-large outbreaks in temperate areas including southern Europe and North America. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324928PMC

Language Matters - A Diabetes Canada Consensus Statement.

Can J Diabetes 2020 Jul 26;44(5):370-373. Epub 2020 May 26.

Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Language reflects and shapes our thoughts, feelings, behaviours and experiences and can have a profound impact on the lives of people with and at risk for diabetes. Inappropriate language has a negative impact on self-efficacy, well-being and confidence of people living with diabetes, can seriously undermine experiences with health-care providers and, more broadly, can contribute to diabetes stigma. To date, Diabetes Canada has had no formal position to facilitate positive and affirming attitudes towards diabetes, which is reflected by the use of more appropriate language around diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjd.2020.05.008DOI Listing

The Spatial Heterogeneity of the Gut Limits Predation and Fosters Coexistence of Bacteria and Bacteriophages.

Cell Host Microbe 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Bacteriophage, Bacterium, Host Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Institut Pasteur, Paris 75015, France; Sorbonne Université, Centre de Recherche St Antoine, INSERM UMRS_938, Paris, France. Electronic address:

The ecological dynamics underlying the coexistence between antagonistic populations of bacteria and their viruses, bacteriophages (phages), in the mammalian gut microbiota remain poorly understood. We challenged a murine synthetic bacterial community with phages to study the factors allowing phages-bacteria coexistence. Coexistence was not dependent on the development of phage-resistant clones nor on the ability of phages to extend their host range. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chom.2020.06.002DOI Listing

Similarities and differences in COVID-19 awareness, concern, and symptoms by race and ethnicity in the United States: A cross-sectional survey.

J Med Internet Res 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Behavioral, Social and Health Education Sciences, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, US.

Background: Existing health disparities based on race and ethnicity in the United States are contributing to disparities in morbidity and mortality in the COVID-19 pandemic. We conducted an online survey of American adults to assess similarities and differences by race and ethnicity groups with respect to COVID-19 symptoms, estimates of the extent of the pandemic, knowledge of control measures, and stigma.

Objective: Describe similarities and differences in COVID-19 symptoms, knowledge, and beliefs by race and ethnicity among adults in the US. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/20001DOI Listing

Goal-Aligned, Epidemic Intelligence for the Public Health Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am J Public Health 2020 Aug 2;110(8):1154-1156. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Denis Nash is with the Institute for Implementation Science in Population Health, City University of New York (CUNY) and the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, New York, NY. Elvin Geng is with the Center for Implementation and Dissemination, Institute for Public Health, and the Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis, MO.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305794DOI Listing

Changing the Conversation, Why We Need to Reframe Corruption as a Public Health Issue Comment on "We Need to Talk About Corruption in Health Systems".

Authors:
David Clarke

Int J Health Policy Manag 2020 Jun 1;9(6):257-259. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, Switzerland.

There has been slow progress with finding practical solutions to health systems corruption, a topic that has long languished in policy-makers "too difficult tray." Efforts to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) provide a new imperative for addressing the long-standing problem of corruption in health systems making fighting corruption at all levels and in all its forms a priority. In response, health system corruption should be classified as a risk to public health and addressed by adopting a public health approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2019.124DOI Listing

Ethical research engagement with Indigenous communities.

J Rehabil Assist Technol Eng 2020 Jan-Dec;7:2055668320922706. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Regina, Canada.

Introduction: Canada's colonial policies and practices have led to barriers for Indigenous older adults' access to healthcare and research. As a result, there is a need for Indigenous-led research and culturally safe practices. Morning Star Lodge is developing a training module to assist AgingTech researchers on ethical, culturally safe ways to engage Indigenous communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055668320922706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7309372PMC

The for Effective and Equitable Policies to Prevent Non-communicable Diseases: Co-Production Lessons From Stakeholder Workshops.

Int J Health Policy Manag 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Department of Public Health, Policy and Systems, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) account for some 90% of premature UK deaths, most being preventable. However, the systems driving NCDs are complex. This complexity can make NCD prevention strategies difficult to develop and implement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2020.99DOI Listing

Management of Fracture Risk in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Building a UK Consensus Through Healthcare Professional and Patient Engagement.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2020 15;15:1377-1390. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

NIHR Nottingham BRC Respiratory Theme, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, City Hospital Campus, Nottingham, UK.

Introduction: Osteoporosis and bone fractures are common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality. Current national guidance on COPD management recommends addressing bone health in patients, however, does not detail how. This consensus outlines key elements of a structured approach to managing bone health and fracture risk in patients with COPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S233398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311204PMC

Global PRoMiSe (Perioperative Recommendations for Medication Safety): protocol for a mixed-methods study.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 30;10(6):e038313. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Medication errors (MEs), which occur commonly in the perioperative period, have the potential to cause patient harm or death. Many published recommendations exist for preventing perioperative MEs; however, many of these recommendations conflict and are often not applicable to middle-income and low-income countries. The goal of this study is to develop and disseminate consensus-based recommendations for perioperative medication safety that are tailored to country income level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7328805PMC

Lymphatic vessels in tumor dissemination vs. immunotherapy.

Cancer Res 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Translational Cancer Medicine Program, Biomedicum Helsinki, University of Helsinki

During the growth of various cancers, primary tumors can escape anti-tumor immune responses of their host and eventually disseminate into distant organs. Peritumoral lymphatic vessels connect the primary tumor to lymph nodes, facilitating tumor entry into lymph nodes, systemic circulation, and metastasis. Lymph node metastases that occur frequently provide sites of tumor cell spread, whereas tumor antigen transfer into and presentation in tumor-draining lymph nodes induce activation of tumor-specific T-lymphocyte responses that can result in cytolytic targeting of the tumor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-0156DOI Listing

A benchmarking protocol for breath analysis: the peppermint experiment.

J Breath Res 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Centre of Analytical Science, Department of Chemistry, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND.

Sampling of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has shown promise for detection of a range of diseases but results have proved hard to replicate due to a lack of standardisation. In this work we introduce the "Peppermint Initiative". The initiative seeks to disseminate a standardised experiment that allows comparison of breath sampling and data analysis methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1752-7163/aba130DOI Listing
June 2020
4.631 Impact Factor

Recommendations for the Society for Epidemiologic Research to Further Promote Diversity and Inclusion at the Annual Meeting and Beyond.

Am J Epidemiol 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

Increasing diverse engagement in the Society of Epidemiologic Research (SER) will positively impact the field of epidemiology. SER has long been a pioneer in promoting diversity and inclusion as the largest and longest running epidemiologic society in North America. A recent survey of SER members, however, showed there is still room for improving diversity, inclusion, representation, and participation in the Society. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwaa110DOI Listing

Neurological Consequences of 2019-nCoV Infection: A Comprehensive Literature Review.

Cureus 2020 Jun 24;12(6):e8790. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Medicine, Windsor University School of Medicine, Cayon, KNA.

First identified in November 2019 in Hubei Province, the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 soon spread worldwide to become a global health pandemic. The COVID-19 preferentially damages the respiratory system that produces symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath. However, the infection often tends to disseminate to involve various organ systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317136PMC

Mass media exposure and maternal healthcare utilization in South Asia.

SSM Popul Health 2020 Aug 7;11:100614. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Department of Sociology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

Maternal mortality remains a major population health problem in the developing world due in part to inadequate healthcare before, during, and after childbirth. Mass media has the potential to disseminate information about maternal healthcare that can improve well-being for mothers and infants, particularly among women with limited educational attainment. This study examines the impact of mass media exposure (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306581PMC

Disseminated Leishmaniasis Due to Using Immunosuppression Drugs: A Case Report.

Iran J Parasitol 2020 Apr-Jun;15(2):278-281

Pediatric's Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Visceral leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease between humans and animals, transmitted by sandflies () in the Mediterranean countries, including Iran. The statistics have been reported less than real due to errors in the diagnosis and reporting of affected cases. In this report, we will present the symptoms and manifestations of this disease to reduce late detection and exacerbating factors. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311812PMC

Implementation of interventions targeting the uptake of genetic testing services for breast cancer risk: protocol for a systematic review.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 28;10(6):e031727. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9-10, 6700 Esbjerg, Denmark.

Introduction: The timely identification of breast cancer-related pathogenic variants can help to identify the risk of potential disease development and determine healthcare choices. However, the uptake rate of genetic testing services for breast cancer risk remains low in many countries. Interventions targeting the uptake of these services among individuals potentially at risk for inherited breast cancer are often complex and have multiple components, and are therefore difficult to implement, replicate and disseminate to new contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322324PMC

Primary care access barriers faced by immigrant populations in their host countries: a systematic review protocol aiming to construct a conceptual framework using root cause analysis to capture 'what leads to what'.

J Prim Health Care 2020 Jun;12(2):139-148

Department of Family Medicine, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 4N1, Canada; and Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 4Z6, Canada.

INTRODUCTION Understanding primary care access or health service utilisation challenges among immigrant communities is important for tailoring services to community needs, which is the core of precision population health. AIM We aim to inventory the primary care access barriers faced by immigrant communities through a comprehensive systematic review and develop a conceptual framework to explain the barriers, using a root cause analysis approach. METHODS Academic databases of primary research articles and grey literature will be searched using appropriate keywords. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/HC20006DOI Listing

Using Implementation Science to Disseminate a Lung Cancer Screening Education Intervention Through Community Health Workers.

J Community Health 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA.

National lung cancer screening with low dose computed tomography (LDCT) uptake is suboptimal. One factor contributing to slow uptake is lack of awareness. Trained Community Health Workers (CHWs) may be effective in increasing lung cancer screening awareness among disparate populations, however little is known about the processes necessary to scale an intervention for implementation by CHWs in a new area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00864-2DOI Listing

Community Calls: Lessons and Insights Gained from a Medical-Religious Community Engagement During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Relig Health 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Medicine for the Greater Good, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.

During the pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, public health instructions were issued with the hope of curbing the virus' spread. In an effort to assure accordance with these instructions, equitable strategies for at-risk and vulnerable populations and communities are warranted. One such strategy was our community conference calls, implemented to disseminate information on the pandemic and allow community leaders to discuss struggles and successes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-020-01057-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320249PMC

How the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Promotes Health Literate Health Care.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2020 Jun;269:313-323

Center for Evidence and Practice Improvement Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

This report traces the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) strategic approach to promote health literate health care delivery systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200046DOI Listing

Social media in academics and research: 21 century tools to turbocharge education, collaboration, and dissemination of research findings.

Histopathology 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Pathology, Duke University Hospital, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

The near-ubiquitous use of smartphones and the rapid emergence of free, widely used, social media platforms have combined to turbocharge dissemination of information at a scale and speed that would have been unimaginable just a few years ago. Increasingly, internet-savvy pathologists of all ages from every corner of the world are flipping the paradigm of traditional academia by posting educational content online free of charge, unencumbered by the limitations of traditional print media and educational conferences. These platforms are being used in innovative ways to not just disseminate research findings, but to create new knowledge through using them to empower research collaborations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/his.14196DOI Listing

Technology-Based Educational Approaches to Address Opioid Use Management by Advanced Practice Registered Nurses.

Issues Ment Health Nurs 2020 Jun 25:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Health and Community Systems, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Opioid overdose remains the leading cause of accidental death, with 64,000 deaths attributable to opioid-related overdoses in 2016 and a 20% increase in mortality since 2015. Advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) are now eligible to prescribe buprenorphine. The purpose of this project was to develop educational training materials regarding opioid use management; widely disseminate these materials; monitor reach and intervention efficacy in precipitating practice change; and to evaluate barriers and facilitators of buprenorphine prescribing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01612840.2020.1749917DOI Listing

Alcohol care teams: where are we now?

Frontline Gastroenterol 2020 14;11(4):293-302. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

British Society of Gastroenterology, London, UK.

Alcohol consumption affects the risks of approximately 230 three-digit disease and injury codes in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems-10th Revision. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals comprise 17 challenging goals with 169 targets, which the 193 Member States aim to achieve by 2030. Action to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, especially addressing global health inequalities, will contribute to achieving many of the health-related goals and targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/flgastro-2019-101241DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307041PMC

The Impact of Quarantine and Physical Distancing Following COVID-19 on Mental Health: Study Protocol of a Multicentric Italian Population Trial.

Front Psychiatry 2020 5;11:533. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania "L. Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

The COVID-19 pandemic and its related containment measures-mainly physical distancing and isolation-are having detrimental consequences on the mental health of the general population worldwide. In particular, frustration, loneliness, and worries about the future are common reactions and represent well-known risk factors for several mental disorders, including anxiety, affective, and post-traumatic stress disorders. The vast majority of available studies have been conducted in China, where the pandemic started. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290062PMC

Design of a cluster-randomized trial of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of metformin on prevention of type 2 diabetes among prediabetic Mexican adults (the PRuDENTE initiative of Mexico City).

Contemp Clin Trials 2020 Jun 21;95:106067. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Division of General Internal Medicine at San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA; UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Introduction: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global epidemic, and nations are struggling to implement effective healthcare strategies to reduce the burden. While efficacy studies demonstrate that metformin can reduce incident T2D by half among younger, obese adults with prediabetes, its real-world effectiveness are understudied, and its use for T2D prevention in primary care is low. We describe the design of a pragmatic trial to evaluate the incremental effectiveness of metformin, as an adjunct to a simple lifestyle counseling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2020.106067DOI Listing

Consensus statement on the problem of terminology in psychological interventions using the internet or digital components.

Internet Interv 2020 Sep 2;21:100331. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Frescati Hagvag 8, 114 19 Stockholm, Sweden.

Since the emergence of psychological interventions delivered via the Internet they have differed in numerous ways. The wealth of formats, methods, and technological solutions has led to increased availability and cost-effectiveness of clinical care, however, it has simultaneously generated a multitude of terms. With this paper, we first aim to establish whether a terminology issue exists in the field of Internet-delivered psychological interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100331DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305336PMC
September 2020

Building a Methodological Foundation for Impactful Urban Planetary Health Science.

J Urban Health 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Public Health Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM 10, Makassar, Indonesia.

Anthropogenic environmental change will heavily impact cities, yet associated health risks will depend significantly on decisions made by urban leaders across a wide range of non-health sectors, including transport, energy, housing, basic urban services, and others. A subset of planetary health researchers focus on understanding the urban health impacts of global environmental change, and how these vary globally and within cities. Such researchers increasingly adopt collaborative transdisciplinary approaches to engage policy-makers, private citizens, and other actors in identifying and evaluating potential policy solutions that will reduce environmental impacts in ways that simultaneously promote health, equity, and/or local economies-in other words, maximising 'co-benefits'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-020-00463-5DOI Listing

Size-dependent activity of silver nanoparticles on the morphological switch and biofilm formation of opportunistic pathogenic yeasts.

BMC Microbiol 2020 Jun 22;20(1):176. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science and Informatics, University of Szeged, Közép fasor 52, Szeged, H-6726, Hungary.

Background: Dimorphism and biofilm formation are important virulence factors of some opportunistic human pathogenic yeasts. Such species commensally colonize skin or mucosal surfaces generally in yeast form, but under particular circumstances, convert into virulent hyphae and disseminate internal organs or cause mucocutaneous infections. The yeast-to-hypha shape-conversion promotes the development of a biofilm, a thick extracellular matrix with sessile cells within. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12866-020-01858-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7309973PMC

How Much Support Is There for the Recommendations Made to the General Population during Confinement? A Study during the First Three Days of the COVID-19 Quarantine in Spain.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 06 18;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Murcia Health Service, 30800 Murcia, Spain.

Recommendations on lifestyles during quarantine have been proposed by researchers and institutions since the COVID-19 crisis emerged. However, most of these have never been tested under real quarantine situations or derive from older investigations conducted mostly in China and Canada in the face of infections other than COVID-19. The present study aimed at exploring the relationship between a comprehensive set of recommended lifestyles, socio-demographic, and personality variables and mood during the first stages of quarantine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124382DOI Listing

Collaboration among Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nurses: A Scoping Review of Practice Guidelines.

Nurs Res Pract 2020 2;2020:5057084. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Health, Wellness and Sciences, Georgian College, Barrie, Ontario, Canada.

Professional associations, nurse scholars, and practicing nurses suggest that intraprofessional collaboration between nurses is essential for the provision of quality patient care. However, there is a paucity of evidence describing collaboration among nurses, including the outcomes of collaboration to support these claims. The aim of this scoping review was to examine nursing practice guidelines that inform the registered nurse (RN) and registered/licensed practical nurse (R/LPN) collaborative practice in acute care, summarize and disseminate the findings, and identify gaps in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5057084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288032PMC

Finnish study of intraoperative irrigation versus drain alone after evacuation of chronic subdural haematoma (FINISH): a study protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 21;10(6):e038275. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland.

Introduction: Chronic subdural haematomas (CSDHs) are one of the most common neurosurgical conditions. The goal of surgery is to alleviate symptoms and minimise the risk of symptomatic recurrences. In the past, reoperation rates as high as 20%-30% were described for CSDH recurrences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311024PMC

Quality of reporting for randomised clinical trials published in Latin American and Spanish journals: A protocol for a systematic survey of three clinical specialities.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 21;10(6):e036148. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Santiago de Chile (USACH), Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Quality of reporting refers to how published articles communicate how the research was done and what was found. Gaps and imprecisions of reporting hamper the assessment of the methodological quality and internal and external validity. The CONsolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) are a set of evidence-based recommendations of the minimum elements to be included in the reporting of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to ensure a complete and transparent account of what was done, how it was done and what was found. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311006PMC

Measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella-zoster virus serology and infections in solid organ transplant recipients during the first year post-transplantation.

Clin Infect Dis 2020 Jun 21. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Viro-immunology Research Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Mumps, measles, rubella, and varicella-zoster viruses (MMRV) may cause severe infections in seronegative adult solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients but can be prevented by vaccination. We aimed to determine MMRV serostatus in adult SOT recipients before and one-year post-transplantation as well as evidence of MMRV infections in a large, prospective cohort of SOT recipients.

Methods: A prospective study of 1182 adult SOT recipients included in the Management of Posttransplant Infections in Collaborating Hospitals (MATCH) cohort from 2011 to 2017 with a one-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa824DOI Listing

''Evidence-based Tweeting'' in Vascular Surgery.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Medical School, Democritus University, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

The use of social media for academic or research purposes is still in infancy. However, the potential of dissemination of medical knowledge through these electronic platforms is dynamically increasing. We performed a search on Twitter® collecting tweets containing the keywords 'peripheral arterial disease' (PAD) and 'abdominal aortic aneurysm' (AAA) separately and including three types of emitters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.06.024DOI Listing

Perspective: Chaos in a Bottle-A Critical Evaluation of Beverage Categorization in Nutrition Research.

Adv Nutr 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University , Washington, DC, USA.

Beverage consumption is an important contributor to total daily calorie intake among children and adolescents. While associations between excess calories from beverages and development of obesity are well established, a standardized approach for beverage categorization does not exist. As a result, there is marked heterogeneity in assessment and categorization of beverage intake across studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa068DOI Listing

GlioM&M: Web-based tool for studying circulating and infiltrating monocytes and macrophages in glioma.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 18;10(1):9898. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Center for Immunology & Inflammatory Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, 02129, Massachusetts, USA.

Monocytes, macrophages and microglia make up a large part of the glioma environment and have an important role in maintaining and propagating glioma progression. Targeting these cells to inhibit their tumor-promoting effect and reprogramming them into an anti-tumor phenotype is a potential therapeutic approach for glioma. In this study we analyzed the transcriptomes of eight different monocyte subgroups derived from the brain and the blood of glioma-bearing mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66728-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303151PMC

Impact of Hospital Volume on Outcomes of Elective Pneumonectomy in the United States.

Ann Thorac Surg 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Laboratories, University of California, Los Angeles; Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles. Electronic address:

Background: Despite advances in surgical technique and perioperative management, pneumonectomy remains associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of annual, institutional volume of anatomic lung resections on outcomes following elective pneumonectomy.

Methods: We evaluated all patients who underwent elective pneumonectomy from 2005 to 2014 in the National Inpatient Sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.04.115DOI Listing

Evaluation of a Virtual Learning Collaborative to Integrate Palliative Care Into Routine Oncology Practice.

JCO Oncol Pract 2020 Jun 17:JOP1900254. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

ASCO, Alexandria, VA.

Purpose: The integration of palliative care into usual oncology care is a best practice, but implementation can be challenging.

Methods: We convened a virtual learning collaborative (VLC) of oncology practices with a focus on integrating palliative care. The entire program was virtual, with teams meeting via online Webinar and conference call and accessing content via an online portal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JOP.19.00254DOI Listing