7,033 results match your criteria Dissection Syndromes


Postpneumonectomy-like syndrome due to bronchial carcinoid: a unique case report.

BMC Pulm Med 2019 Feb 18;19(1):44. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

1st Respiratory Medicine Department, University of Athens, "Sotiria" Hospital, 152 Mesogeion Ave, 115 27, Athens, Greece.

Background: Postpneumonectomy-like syndrome is a rare condition resulting from unilateral lung disease with severe lung volume loss leading to excessive mediastinal shift and herniation of the healthy lung into the contralateral hemithorax, mimicking the mediastinal shift observed in postpneumonectomy syndrome after pneumonectomy. We report a unique case of postpneumonectomy-like syndrome caused by an atypical bronchial carcinoid completely occluding the left main bronchus.

Case Presentation: A 25-year-old woman presented with symptoms of chronic exertional dyspnea and productive cough. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-018-0767-5DOI Listing
February 2019

The role of thoracic endovascular repair in elective, symptomatic and ruptured thoracic aortic diseases.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Vascular Surgery, University Aortic Center of the Ludwig-Maximilian University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Objectives: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has emerged as a safe procedure in the treatment of a wide spectrum of descending thoracic aortic pathologies, with satisfactory results both in elective and urgent settings. We investigated the results of our elective, urgent and emergency TEVAR interventions.

Methods: A single-centre retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients undergoing TEVAR from 2010 to 2016 was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy482DOI Listing
February 2019

How can we make pregnancy safe for women with Turner syndrome?

Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Endocrinology Department, Saint Antoine Hospital, Centre de Référence des Maladies Endocrines Rares de la Croissance, Filière FIRENDO, ENDO-ERN, Paris, France.

Pregnancy is a crucial issue in patients with Turner syndrome (TS). Although natural pregnancies have been reported in 4-7% of TS patients, most women will need assisted reproductive technologies (ART) with oocyte donation. The main issue is the maternal mortality rate that is higher than in the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.31682DOI Listing
February 2019

An isolated aneurysm of the abdominal aorta in a patient with Marfan's syndrome - a case report.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade; School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

We present a case of successfully treated abdominal aortic aneurysm in a 24-year old patient with Marfan's syndrome. Following initial physical and ultrasound examination, the multislice computed tomography scan revealed infrarenal aortic aneurysm of 6 cm in diameter, 10 cm long, along with slightly dilated iliac arteries. However, dimensions of aortic root, aortic arch and descending suprarenal aorta were within normal limits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.11.019DOI Listing
February 2019

Constipation-induced pressor effects as triggers for cardiovascular events.

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan.

Constipation is associated with cardiovascular events. Changes to the intestinal microbiota by constipation can induce atherosclerosis, blood pressure rise, and cardiovascular events. Constipation increases with age and often coexists with cardiovascular risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jch.13489DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

How to prevent inadvertent emergency anticoagulation in acute type A aortic dissection: when in doubt, don't.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2018 Dec;8(6):805-810

Institute for Anesthesiology, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Inadvertent emergency anticoagulation in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) has been sparsely reported. There are case reports bringing this potential critical incident to attention, however, little is known about the number of undetected and unreported cases. We approach this issue based on a case report of inadvertent emergency anticoagulation in ATAAD and attempt to shed light on aspects that may have contributed to the critical incident: The challenge of distinguishing an ATAAD from an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and the potential underestimation of incidents of ATAAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/cdt.2018.10.13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6331368PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Aortic dilatation in complex congenital heart disease.

Authors:
Koichiro Niwa

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2018 Dec;8(6):725-738

Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, St Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

A bicuspid aortic valve and/or coarctation of the aorta (COA) are often associated with dilatation of the ascending aorta and para-coarctation. Congenital heart diseases (CHD), such as truncus arteriosus, transposition of the great arteries (TGA), tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), single ventricle with pulmonary stenosis/atresia and the Fontan procedure, are also associated with aortic root dilatation, aneurysm and rarely, dissection, which can be fatal and require aortic valve and root surgery. A significant subset of adults with complex CHD exhibit progressive dilatation of the aortic root even after repair due to aortic medial degeneration. Read More

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http://cdt.amegroups.com/article/view/23120/22178
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/cdt.2018.12.05DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6331370PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Genetic diversity and pathogenic variants as possible predictors of severity in a French sample of nonsyndromic heritable thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections (nshTAAD).

Genet Med 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Hôpital Bichat, Département de Génétique, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.

Purpose: Heritable thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections (hTAAD) are life-threatening complications of well-known syndromic diseases or underdiagnosed nonsyndromic heritable forms (nshTAAD). Both have an autosomal dominant transmission and are genetically heterogeneous. Our objective was to describe the relevance of molecular diagnosis in these patients and the contribution of each gene in nshTAAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41436-019-0444-yDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
7.329 Impact Factor

Construction of genetic linkage map and genome dissection of domestication-related traits of moth bean (Vigna aconitifolia), a legume crop of arid areas.

Mol Genet Genomics 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Genetic Resources Center, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, 2-1-2 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8602, Japan.

The moth bean (Vigna aconitifolia), possibly the most primitive crop of the genus Vigna, is a highly drought- and heat-resistant legume grown in arid areas. Moth bean domestication involved phenotypic changes, including reduction of seed dormancy and pod shattering, increased organ size, and earlier flowering and maturity. However, the genetics of the domestication process in moth bean is not known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-019-01536-0DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Strengthened inputs from secondary motor cortex to striatum in a mouse model of compulsive behavior.

J Neurosci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Hyperactivity in striatum is associated with compulsive behaviors in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and related illnesses, but it is unclear if this hyperactivity is due to intrinsic striatal dysfunction or abnormalities in corticostriatal inputs. Understanding the cellular and circuit properties underlying striatal hyperactivity could help inform the optimization of targeted stimulation treatments for compulsive behavior disorders. To investigate the cellular and synaptic abnormalities that may underlie corticostriatal dysfunction relevant to OCD, we utilized the Sapap3 knockout (Sapap3-KO) mouse model of compulsive behaviors, which also exhibits hyperactivity in central striatum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1728-18.2018DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Short- and long-term outcomes of aortic root repair and replacement in patients undergoing acute type A aortic dissection repair: Twenty-year experience.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Objective: The study objective was to evaluate the perioperative and long-term outcomes of aortic root repair and aortic root replacement and provide evidence for root management in acute type A aortic dissection.

Methods: From 1996 to 2017, 491 patients underwent aortic root repair (n = 307) or aortic root replacement (n = 184) (62% bioprosthesis) for acute type A aortic dissection. Indications for aortic root replacement were intimal tear at the aortic root, root measuring 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.09.129DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

"Ultrasound guided incisionless carpal tunnel release using a hook knife: a cadaveric study".

PM R 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto.

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment mono-neuropathy of the median nerve. In comparison to open surgical and endoscopic carpal tunnel release, a new ultrasound guided hook knife carpal tunnel release (CTR) procedure was reported to have superior results in terms of reduced morbidity and early return to work.

Objective: To evaluate the reproducibility of the hook knife CTR procedure when performed by musculoskeletal ultrasound trained physicians without a prior experience in this technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12118DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cerebral pontine infarctions during pregnancy - A case report and review of the literature.

Case Rep Womens Health 2019 Jan 23;21:e00097. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

University of South Alabama, Children's and Women's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 251 Cox Street, Mobile, AL 36604, United States.

Cerebrovascular disease is not uncommon during pregnancy as a result of either venous or arterial occlusion, or a hemorrhagic event, resulting in ischemia. Pregnancy may alter the prognosis of these neurologic disorders, with increased risks of morbidity and mortality for the mother and the developing fetus. Etiologies of stroke during pregnancy and the postpartum period include preeclampsia, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), amniotic fluid embolism, postpartum angiopathy, postpartum cardiomyopathy, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), cerebral venous thrombosis, CNS infections, and maternal thrombophilia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crwh.2019.e00097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358547PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Case report: Acute cubital tunnel syndrome in a hemophiliac patient.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2019 16;7:2050313X18824814. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, VCU Medical Center, Richmond, VA, USA.

A 24-year-old right-hand dominant male with severe Hemophilia A presented with acute elbow pain, associated paresthesias, and weakness in the ulnar nerve distribution after upper body weight lifting. In the week prior, he missed three doses of Factor VIII replacement. After no improvement with conservative measures, he was taken to the operating room urgently for decompression and was noted to have a perineural hematoma in the cubital tunnel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X18824814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350128PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Managing patients with acute type A aortic dissection and mesenteric malperfusion syndrome: A 20-year experience.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Objective: To assess outcomes of endovascular reperfusion followed by delayed open aortic repair for stable patients with acute type A aortic dissection and mesenteric malperfusion syndrome (mesMPS).

Methods: Among 602 patients with acute type A aortic dissection who presented to our center from 1996 to 2017, all 82 (14%) with mesMPS underwent upfront endovascular fenestration/stenting. Primary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and long-term survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.11.127DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Neu Laxova syndrome.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2019 Jan-Mar;62(1):149-152

Department of Pathology, KLE University's Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.

NeuLaxova syndrome (NLS) is a rare congenital abnormality involving multiple systems. Until date, only 60 cases of this syndrome have been reported in the literature. A stillborn fetus from a 23-year-old female with bad obstetrics history and consanguinity marriage, presented at 41 weeks gestation and not appreciating fetal movements for the past 3 days. Read More

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http://www.ijpmonline.org/text.asp?2019/62/1/149/251249
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_351_17DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Activation of TGF-β signaling in an aortic aneurysm in a patient with Loeys-Dietz syndrome caused by a novel loss-of-function variant of .

Hum Genome Var 2019 18;6. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655 Japan.

Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is caused by variants of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-related genes and is characterized by aortic aneurysm and dissection. We report an LDS patient with a de novo missense variant of [c.1126A>G, p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41439-019-0038-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338757PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Alport's syndrome and intracranial aneurysm: mere coincidence or undiscovered causal relationship.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 29;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Nephrology, Deaconess Health System, Evansville, Indiana, USA.

A 44-year-old Caucasian man with a history of deceased donor renal transplant for end-stage renal disease from Alport's syndrome (AS), presented with a spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage and hydrocephalus. Following an external ventricular drain for the hydrocephalus, a CT angiography revealed a dissection of the left vertebral artery extending into vertebro-basilar junction necessitating a bypass between left occipital artery to left posterior inferior cerebellar artery. He had a posterior fossa Craniectomy, C1 laminectomy and coiling off, of the left vertebral artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228175DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Genes Involved in the Development and Physiology of Both the Peripheral and Central Auditory Systems.

Annu Rev Neurosci 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Unité de Génétique et Physiologie de l'Audition, Institut Pasteur, 75015 Paris, France; email: ,

The genetic approach, based on the study of inherited forms of deafness, has proven to be particularly effective for deciphering the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of the peripheral auditory system, the cochlea and its afferent auditory neurons, and how this system extracts the physical parameters of sound. Although this genetic dissection has provided little information about the central auditory system, scattered data suggest that some genes may have a critical role in both the peripheral and central auditory systems. Here, we review the genes controlling the development and function of the peripheral and central auditory systems, focusing on those with demonstrated intrinsic roles in both systems and highlighting the current underappreciation of these genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-neuro-070918-050428DOI Listing
January 2019

Medial pontomedullary junctional infarction presenting vertigo, ipsilateral facial paresis, contralateral thermal hypoalgesia and dysphagia without lateral gaze palsy, curtain sign and hoarseness: a case presentation of a novel brain stem stroke syndrome with sensory disturbance-based dysphagia and review of the literature.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2019 Jan 24;2019(1):omy121. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Uonuma Institute of Community Medicine, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Niigata, Japan.

In this report, we describe unilateral medial pontomedullary junction (MPMJ) syndrome as a novel brain stem stroke syndrome. A 68-year-old woman suddenly developed vertigo, ipsilateral facial paresis, contralateral thermal hypoalgesia (TH) and dysphagia without lateral gaze palsy, curtain sign and hoarseness. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed a small infarction at the right MPMJ. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/omcr/omy121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345094PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Systemic inflammatory activation in patients with acute coronary syndrome secondary to nonatherosclerotic spontaneous coronary artery dissection.

North Clin Istanb 2018 Sep;5(3):186-194

Department of Cardiology, Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Center, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Pathological studies have suggested that local inflammation, particularly eosinophilic infiltration of the adventitia, could be related to nonatherosclerotic spontaneous coronary artery dissection (NA-SCAD). However, the role of systemic inflammation in the pathogenesis of NA-SCAD remains unknown. Our aim was to investigate systemic inflammatory activation in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) secondary to NA-SCAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/nci.2017.59244DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323571PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy for Mirizzi syndrome: A report of a case.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Jan 19;55:32-34. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Surgery, Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Center, Chiba, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Mirizzi syndrome is a rare complication of gallstone disease. The purpose of this report is to describe the utility of laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy for Mirizzi syndrome.

Presentation Of Case: A 53-year-old female presented with dark urine and right upper quadrant pain. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.01.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351350PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Duplex Ultrasound Assessment and Outcomes of Renal Malperfusion Syndromes after Acute Aortic Dissection.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address:

Background: We investigated the feasibility of renal duplex ultrasound in the identification of renal malperfusion in acute aortic dissection, and evaluated whether intervention for renal malperfusion improved outcomes over best medical management alone METHODS: All patients with acute aortic dissections involving the renovisceral aorta who underwent a duplex ultrasound were included (2004-2016). We assessed duplex findings among patients who developed acute kidney injury (AKI; 50% increase in serum creatinine), and compared AKI, 30-day mortality, and overall survival among patients who underwent a procedure to treat malperfusion vs. those who did not. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.12.061DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Spontaneous coronary artery dissections and associated predisposing factors: a narrative review.

Neth Heart J 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Cardiology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) represents around 25% of cases of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in women aged 40-65 years who have few or no traditional cardiovascular risk factors. It is assumed that the incidence is underestimated, as the angiographic appearance of SCAD may often mimic atherosclerosis. This review aims to examine SCAD by focusing on the associated predisposing factors and precipitating stressors in this heterogeneous patient population, as well as the best treatment approach and the prognosis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12471-019-1235-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12471-019-1235-4DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

An integrative systems approach identifies novel candidates in Marfan syndrome-related pathophysiology.

J Cell Mol Med 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Charité University Hospital, Berlin, Germany.

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by mutations in the FBN1 gene. Although many peripheral tissues are affected, aortic complications, such as dilation, dissection and rupture, are the leading causes of MFS-related mortality. Aberrant TGF-beta signalling plays a major role in the pathophysiology of MFS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.14137DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Complicated by Right Coronary Artery Pseudoaneurysm.

Case Rep Cardiol 2018 23;2018:8014820. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

MU Internal Medicine Residency Program, Marshall University, 1249 15th Street, Huntington, WV 25701, USA.

Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder notable for rapidly progressive vascular aneurysmal disease and craniofacial defects. Patients are at an increased risk for aneurysm rupture and dissection at younger ages compared to other aneurysmal syndromes. Early surgical intervention is important for prevention of ruptures and/or dissection. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cric/2018/8014820/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8014820DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323534PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

C2-C3 spinal fracture subluxation with ligamentous and vascular injury: a case report and review of management.

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2019 16;5. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

1Department of Neurosurgery, Medstar Georgetown University Hospital, 3800 Reservoir Rd., PHC 7, Washington, DC 20007 USA.

Introduction: Spinal cord injury is one of the leading causes of paralysis and permanent morbidity. High cervical spine injuries, in particular, have the potential to be fatal and debilitating due to injury to multiple components, including but not limited to, discoligamentous disruption, vascular insult and spinal cord injury. To date, no unifying algorithm exists making it challenging to guide treatment decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41394-019-0150-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335400PMC
January 2019
11 Reads

Coincidence of Andersen-Tawil syndrome and Marfan syndrome: A case report.

Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2019 Jan 23:e12624. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Congenital Heart Diseases, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland.

We report on a 44-year-old woman with coincidence of two genetic disorders: Andersen-Tawil syndrome and Marfan syndrome. In both, life-threatening arrhythmias could occur. A 44-year-old woman presented acute ascending aortic dissection with aortic arch involvement and chronic thoracic descending and abdominal aortic dissection. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/anec.12624
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anec.12624DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

[Headache and stroke].

MMW Fortschr Med 2019 Jan;161(1):62-66

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15006-019-0071-1DOI Listing
January 2019

Hybrid Approach of Ruptured Type B Aortic Dissection with an Aberrant Subclavian Artery in a Single Patient with Turner Syndrome: A Case Report.

Vasc Specialist Int 2018 Dec 31;34(4):121-126. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.

Turner syndrome, also described as 45, X, may present with most serious cardiovascular anomalies including risk of aortic dissection and rupture. In emergency situation, management for aortic dissection with complicated anatomy accompanying vascular anomaly is challenging. Here, we report a rare case of ruptured type B aortic dissection with aberrant subclavian artery and partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection in a Turner syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5758/vsi.2018.34.4.121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340697PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Loeys-Dietz syndrome: Intermediate-term outcomes of medically and surgically managed patients.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Feb 30;157(2):439-450.e5. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Aorta Center, Marfan Syndrome and Connective Tissue Disorder Clinic, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address:

Objectives: Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is an aggressive connective tissue disorder associated with increased risk of aortic dissection and aneurysm rupture at an early age and smaller aortic diameters. We report our experience with LDS to better understand its natural history and treatment outcomes and help establish treatment guidelines.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all patients with LDS who underwent medical or surgical treatment at Cleveland Clinic before April 27, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.03.172DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

pathogenic variants: risk for thoracic aortic disease and associated complications from the Montalcino Aortic Consortium.

J Med Genet 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background: Pathogenic variants in cause thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections, along with aneurysms and rupture of other arteries. Here, we examined differences in clinical presentation of aortic events (dissection or surgical repair of an aneurysm) with respect to age and variant type in an international cohort of individuals with variants.

Methods: Aortic status and events, vital status and clinical features were abstracted through retrospective review of medical records of 212 individuals with 51 unique variants, including haploinsufficiency (HI) and missense substitutions in the MH2 domain, as well as novel in-frame deletions and missense variants in the MH1 domain. Read More

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http://jmg.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/jmedgenet-2018-105583
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2018-105583DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Left main and triple vessel dissection 2 months postpartum.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. The majority of cases reported in the literature involve a single vessel; multivessel and left main (LM) coronary artery involvement is rare. We present a case of triple vessel and LM SCAD in a postpartum patient and review the literature regarding percutaneous coronary intervention in the setting of SCAD. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ccd.28046
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28046DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

In-hospital major adverse outcomes of acute Type A aortic dissection.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Feb;55(2):345-350

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, FuWai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Objectives: Acute Type A aortic dissection exhibits poor in-hospital outcomes after emergency surgery. Evaluation of risk predictors for in-hospital major adverse outcomes (MAO) is key to reducing the mortality rate and improving the quality of care.

Methods: We enrolled 70 patients who presented with postoperative MAO and 195 patients who recovered well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy269DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Preoperative dual antiplatelet therapy increases bleeding and transfusions but not mortality in acute aortic dissection type A repair.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objectives: Acute aortic dissection type A is a life-threatening condition, warranting immediate surgery. Presentation with sudden chest pain confers a risk of misdiagnosis as acute coronary syndrome resulting in subsequent potent antiplatelet treatment. We investigated the impact of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on bleeding and mortality using the Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection (NORCAAD) database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy469DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Therapies for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Acute Aortic Dissections.

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2019 Feb;39(2):126-136

Department of Pharmacological Sciences, Institute for Systems Biomedicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York (F.R.).

Thoracic aortic aneurysms that progress to acute aortic dissections are often fatal. Thoracic aneurysms have been managed with treatment with β-adrenergic blocking agents (β-blockers) and routine surveillance imaging, followed by surgical repair of the aneurysm when the risk of dissection exceeds the risk for repair. Thus, there is a window to initiate therapies to slow aortic enlargement and delay or ideally negate the need for surgical repair of the aneurysm to prevent a dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.118.310956DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Association of Mortality and Acute Aortic Events With Ascending Aortic Aneurysm: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Aug 3;1(4):e181281. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Importance: The natural history of ascending aortic aneurysm (AsAA) is currently not well characterized.

Objective: To summarize and analyze existing literature on the natural history of AsAA.

Data Sources: A search of Ovid MEDLINE (January 1, 1946, to May 31, 2017) and Embase (January 1, 1974, to May 31, 2017) was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324275PMC
August 2018
5 Reads

Classification of Hypoparathyroid Disorders.

Front Horm Res 2019 19;51:127-138. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

The term hypoparathyroidism encompasses a huge group of disorders all characterized by an abnormal mineral homeostasis determined by inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone. Postsurgical hypoparathyroidism is a complication of neck surgery (thyroidectomy, parathyroidectomy, lymph node, and cancer neck dissection), closely related to the extent of the surgical procedure and the experience of the surgeon. If lasting more than 6 months it is defined as chronic hypoparathyroidism, requiring life-long replacement therapy with active vitamin D metabolites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491043DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Acute type A aortic dissection and mesenteric malperfusion syndrome: Still a long way to go.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.12.009DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Vertebrobasilar artery dissection manifesting as Millard-Gubler syndrome in a young ischemic stroke patient: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Jan;7(1):73-78

Department of Neurology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

Background: Millard-Gubler syndrome (MGS) is caused by a lesion in the brainstem at the level of the facial nerve nucleus, and it is also a rare ventral pontine syndrome. Vertebrobasilar artery dissection (VAD) is an uncommon cause of ischemic stroke. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report on the coexistence of MGS and VAD in a young acute ischemic stroke patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v7.i1.73DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327127PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Fate of distal aorta after frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement for type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Aug 24. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China; Fu Wai Hospital and Cardiovascular Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The use of the frozen elephant trunk technique for type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome is limited by the lack of imaging evidence for long-term aortic remodeling. We seek to evaluate the changes of the distal aorta and late outcomes after frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement for type A aortic dissection in patients with Marfan syndrome.

Methods: Between 2003 and 2015, we performed frozen elephant trunk + total arch replacement for 172 patients with Marfan syndrome suffering from type A aortic dissection (94 acute; 78 chronic). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.07.096DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads
4.168 Impact Factor

Impact of extent of parotidectomy on early and long-term complications: A prospective multicenter cohort trial.

Head Neck 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: In this prospective nonrandomized multicenter trial, we analyze the incidence of early and late complications after parotidectomy in correlation to the extent of dissection.

Methods: A total of 148 patients underwent a parotidectomy for a benign lesion in the superficial lobe. The number of intraoperatively dissected main facial nerve branches was photo-documented and defined the extent of tissue dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25651DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Safety of radial coronary angiography with uninterrupted direct-acting oral anticoagulant treatment.

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2019 01;47(1):4-9

Department of Cardiology, Bahçeşehir University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: It is not known whether direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs), such as dabigatran, apixaban, and rivaroxaban increase the risk of bleeding complications during or after coronary catheterization. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety of uninterrupted DOAC treatment during diagnostic radial coronary angiography (CAG).

Methods: This study included 160 patients who underwent diagnostic radial cardiac catheterization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5543/tkda.2018.82830DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Post-partum Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: A Case Report.

Am J Med Case Rep 2018 7;6(10):218-221. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare illness often misdiagnosed, that accounts for up to 4% of cases of acute coronary syndrome in young women. Interestingly, SCAD is the most common cause of myocardial infarction related to pregnancy. Here, we present a case of a 35-year old postpartum patient who presented in cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation and was found to have a ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Read More

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http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajmcr/6/10/6/index.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajmcr-6-10-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322694PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Cervical artery dissection: fibromuscular dysplasia versus vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Blood Press 2019 Jan 9:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Division of Cardiology , Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain , Brussels , Belgium.

We report the case of a 42-year-old patient referred for suspicion of fibromuscular dysplasia in the context of a carotid artery dissection occurring after a minor trauma. Initial complaints included left hemicrania, lateral diplopia with left 6 cranial nerve palsy and pulsatile tinnitus. The work-up disclosed a large left carotid-cavernous fistula, as well as more proximal carotid lesions compatible with multifocal fibromuscular dysplasia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08037051.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08037051.2018.1557507DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Association of the PHACTR1/EDN1 Genetic Locus With Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2019 Jan;73(1):58-66

INSERM, Paris Cardiovascular Research Center, Paris, France; Faculty of Medicine, Paris-Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an increasingly recognized cause of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) afflicting predominantly younger to middle-aged women. Observational studies have reported a high prevalence of extracoronary vascular anomalies, especially fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) and a low prevalence of coincidental cases of atherosclerosis. PHACTR1/EDN1 is a genetic risk locus for several vascular diseases, including FMD and coronary artery disease, with the putative causal noncoding variant at the rs9349379 locus acting as a potential enhancer for the endothelin-1 (EDN1) gene. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07351097183903
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2018.09.085DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads
16.503 Impact Factor

Going beyond extracapsular dissection in cystadenolymphomas of the parotid gland.

Oral Oncol 2019 Jan 7;88:168-171. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential for reducing surgical invasiveness in parotid cystadenolymphomas by means of capsular dissection based on the experience made in our department and on various aspects of these lesions gained from the relevant literature.

Methods: All patients treated for cystadenolymphomas with extracapsular or capsular dissection at a tertiary referral center between 2000 and 2017 were examined retrospectively. A literature review of various aspects and of different treatment strategies for this lesion was also performed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13688375183045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2018.12.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Trends and outcomes of optical coherence tomography use: 877 patients single-center experience.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Institute of Cardiology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Optical-coherence-tomography (OCT) is an emerging invasive coronary imaging with still undefined clinical value. Recent data have underlined daily impact of such technique in several clinical settings such as acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) guidance. We aimed at assessing the trends and outcomes of OCT use in a high-volume percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI)-center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2018.12.017DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Galactorrhea, mastodynia and gynecomastia as the first manifestation of lung adenocarcinoma. A case report.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 4;26:146-149. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Thoracic Surgery Department, "Theagenio" Cancer Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Gynecomastia with mastodynia and galactorrhea as a paraneoplastic syndrome due to lung cancer with complete response after surgical excision is rare. A 62-year-old Caucasian male presented with mastodynia, galactorrhea and right breast enlargement. Chest x-ray revealed a left upper lobe tumor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307343PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Novel Anastomotic Technique for Uterine Transplant Using Utero-ovarian Veins for Venous Drainage and Internal Iliac Arteries for Perfusion in Two Laparoscopically Harvested Uteri.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology (Drs. Puntambekar, Telang, Kulkarni, Warty, Kade, Parikh, Bakre, Chate, and Tiruke).

Study Objective: To evaluate 2 cases of uterine transplant surgery that used utero-ovarian veins as outflow channels, internal iliac arteries for perfusion, and the organ harvest surgery performed laparoscopically.

Design: Case study (Canadian Task Force Classification III).

Setting: An urban, private, tertiary care hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2018.11.021DOI Listing
December 2018