2,478 results match your criteria Dislocation Foot


A rare case of recurrent medial dislocation of the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint in a professional athlete.

Foot (Edinb) 2021 Jan 29;47:101785. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Sportsmed Mumbai, India. Electronic address:

Dislocations of the first metatarsophalangealjoint are rare, and recurrent dislocations unique. A national-level Kabaddi player dislocated his right first metatarsophalangeal joint while playing a game bear footed. After self-manipulative reduction, the patient had multiple dislocations. Read More

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January 2021

Qualitative study of musculoskeletal tissues and their radiographic correlates in diabetic neuropathic foot deformity.

Foot (Edinb) 2021 May 3;47:101777. Epub 2021 May 3.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Musculoskeletal Section, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8131, St. Louis, MO 63110, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) with peripheral neuropathy (PN) results in foot deformity increasing ulceration, joint dislocation, and amputation risk. This study describes the frequency and severity of foot and ankle musculoskeletal abnormalities and their relationship to radiographic alignment in people with DMPN with (DMPN + MCD) and without (DMPN - MCD) medial column deformity (MCD) compared to age- and body mass index-matched controls without DMPN or MDC.

Methods: DMPN + MCD (n = 11), DMPN - MCD (n = 12), and controls (n = 12) were studied. Read More

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A case report with review of literature of a rare variant of midfoot dislocations (mid-Chopart dislocation): Combined naviculo-cuneiform and calcaneo-cuboid dislocation.

Foot (Edinb) 2021 Apr 20;47:101806. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Closed midfoot and Chopart dislocations are uncommon injuries. Moreover, a combination of these dislocations is extremely rare. A 30-year-old male presented to our emergency department with mid-Chopart dislocation (combined naviculo-cuneiform and calcaneo-cuboid dislocation). Read More

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Ankle fractures in patients over age 55 years: Predictors of functional outcome.

OTA Int 2020 Sep 27;3(3):e080. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

MetroHealth Medical Center, affiliated with Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

Objectives: To identify predictors of functional outcomes following treatment of ankle fracture in patients 55 years or older.

Setting: Level 1 Trauma Center.

Patients/participants: Four hundred twenty-nine patients with torsional ankle fractures (44A-C): 233 patients (54%) were ages 55 to 64, 25% were between the ages 65 and 74; 21% were 75 years or older. Read More

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September 2020

Predictors of Functional Outcome in Unstable Ankle Fractures Treated Surgically - A Prospective Cohort Study.

Malays Orthop J 2021 Mar;15(1):85-92

Department of Orthopaedics, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pondicherry, India.

Introduction: Unstable ankle injuries require anatomical reduction and stabilisation for optimal outcome. In spite of adequate care, a few patients have poor outcome. In this study, we assessed the risk factors that predict the clinical outcomes in surgically treated unstable ankle fractures. Read More

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[Indirect fixation of the third tarsometatarsal joint for high-energy Lisfranc injury].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;35(4):426-430

Department of Orthopedics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200065, P.R.China.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of indirect fixation of the 3rd tarsometatarsal joint in the treatment of high-energy Lisfranc injury.

Methods: Between February 2015 and February 2019, 15 patients with high-energy Lisfranc injury were treated. There were 12 males and 3 females with an average age of 44. Read More

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Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium abscessus infections in the foot and ankle in two immunocompetent patients.

Biomedicine (Taipei) 2020 1;10(4):52-56. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, Singapore.

Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections of the musculoskeletal system are commonly missed due to its rarity and the absence of systemic symptoms. A high clinical index of suspicion is required to recognize such infections as they may occur in immunocompetent hosts. We present two cases of foot and ankle NTM infections involving and in two such patients. Read More

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December 2020

Closed Reduction Percutaneous Pinning Management of a Cuboid Fracture-Dislocation in a 70-Year-Old Man: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 04 13;11(2). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Case: A 70-year-old man sustained a traumatic injury to his right foot after falling from a 3-foot height. Imaging demonstrated a cuboid fracture with inferomedial dislocation and associated nondisplaced midfoot fractures. Treatment consisted of closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) using Kirschner wire fixation. Read More

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Talus Fracture Dislocation Management With Crossed Kirschner Wires in Children.

Cureus 2021 Mar 10;13(3):e13801. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Trauma and Orthopaedics, University Hospitals of Derby and Burton NHS Foundation Trust, Burton-on-Trent, GBR.

Skeletal trauma accounts for 10% to 15% of all childhood injuries, with approximately 15% to 30% of these representing physeal injuries. Talus fractures are rare injuries in children with an estimated prevalence of 0.008% of all childhood fractures. Read More

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Hallux Valgus With Second Brachymetatarsia Discovered Accidentally: A Case Report.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Hallux valgus deformity is one of the most common foot and ankle diseases, while brachymetatarsia is a rare foot anomaly with pathological shortening of a metatarsal bone. We present a case of hallux valgus deformity possibly due to second brachymetatarsia. As the hallux valgus was associated with dorsal dislocation of the second toe that made it difficult to evaluate the length of the second toe, the patient was unaware of the second metatarsal shortening until the lengths of the toes compared by manual reposition of the second MTP joint. Read More

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Factors impacting the evidence-based assessment, diagnosis and management of Acute Charcot Neuroarthropathy: a systematic review.

J Foot Ankle Res 2021 Apr 7;14(1):26. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Holsworth Research Initiative, La Trobe Rural Health School, College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Australia.

Background: Acute Charcot Neuroarthropathy (CN) is a destructive condition that is characterised by acute fractures, dislocations and joint destruction in the weight-bearing foot. The acute phase is often misdiagnosed and can rapidly lead to devastating health outcomes. Early diagnosis and management of CN is imperative to attenuate progression of this condition. Read More

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Pure isolated medial talonavicular joint dislocation following low-energy trauma: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):3000605211004697

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Cheonan, Dongam-gu, Cheonan, Korea.

Midtarsal dislocations are relatively rare injuries secondary to high-energy trauma and are typically accompanied by disruption of ligamentous structures and fractures of the midfoot. We herein present a case of a pure isolated medial swivel dislocation of the talonavicular joint (TNJ) that was sustained following low-energy trauma without an associated fracture. A 78-year-old woman visited our emergency department with severe pain in the midfoot area of the right foot without neurovascular deficits. Read More

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Splinting vs temporary external fixation in the initial treatment of ankle fracture-dislocations.

Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Health Science University Gaziosmanpasa Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, 34433, Turkey.

Background: To compare the efficacy, functional outcome, and complication frequency of splinting and external fixation in the initial treatment of ankle fracture-dislocations.

Method: Ankles with poor soft tissue conditions who underwent temporary stabilization due to using a splint or external fixator due to an ankle fracture-dislocation between 2012 and 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. Ankles were divided into two groups as the splint (n=69) and external fixator (n=48). Read More

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Bilateral asymmetrical hip dislocations with acetabulum fractures; a case report.

Trauma Case Rep 2021 Apr 11;32:100453. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ruth K M Pfau Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan.

Bilateral hip dislocation is a rare injury and asymmetrical hip dislocations are even very rare entities. We are reporting two cases of bilateral asymmetrical hip dislocations with associated acetabulum fractures. Mechanism of injury in first case was fall from height and in other case road traffic accident. Read More

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Adding a First Metatarsal Pin to An Ankle Tubular External Fixator Does Not Reduce the Incidence of Early Reduction Loss.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Mar 6. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Foot and Ankle Surgeon, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

External fixation with a bilateral frame configuration (delta frame, DF) is a routine approach for treating ankle fractures and dislocations with severe soft tissue damage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate to what extent adding a first metatarsal fixation contributes to the stability of the fixation as evidenced by reduced frequency of early loss of reduction. A retrospective study was performed to compare the rate of early reduction loss in patients treated with a bilateral frame external fixation as part of a 2-stage treatment protocol for periarticular ankle fractures, in a level one trauma center between 2006 and 2016. Read More

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Calcaneal fracture with a concomitant unstable subtalar dislocation: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 19;81:105778. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Military General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Background: Traumatic dislocation of the subtalar joint is an infrequently occurring injury, first described by DuFaurest in 1811. They were later on classified by Broca as medial, lateral, posterior and anterior dislocations based on the direction of the dislocation.

Case Report: We present a case of a 30 year old male who presented after a 5 m height fall and direct right foot trauma. Read More

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A novel asymmetric horizontal splitting fracture of the lumbar spine: pediatric case report of a lateral bending, flexion and distraction fracture.

Br J Neurosurg 2021 Mar 26:1-3. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Arnavutkoy State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: There are many lateral bending fracture cases presented in the literature that mostly involve facet dislocations or corpus collapse. In this report, we aim to describe a novel asymmetric lateral bending, flexion and distraction fracture, propose a mechanism, and delineate its clinical importance.

Case Description: A 13-year-old girl arrived at our trauma center 12 hours after a head-on truck collision. Read More

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"Hand As Foot" teaching method in developmental dislocation of the hip: From hip anatomy to Tonnis classification.

Asian J Surg 2021 May 22;44(5):768-770. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Inner Mongolia Medical University, Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, Huhehot North Street, Inner Mongolia, 010050, China.

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A false-pouch closure technique with an intact superior peroneal retinaculum for recurrent dislocation of the peroneal tendon.

J Exp Orthop 2021 Mar 18;8(1):22. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Matsukura Hospital, Nara, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of the false-pouch closure technique with an intact superior peroneal retinaculum (SPR).

Methods: From 2016 to 2020, 30 patients with recurrent dislocation of the peroneal tendon were treated with the current procedure. Clinical outcomes, including the time to resume running, the rate and time to return to sports, and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hind Foot score, were evaluated preoperatively and at the last follow-up. Read More

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[Minimally invasive fixation of distal fibular fractures with intramedullary nailing].

Oper Orthop Traumatol 2021 Apr 16;33(2):104-111. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

UniversitätsCentrum für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307, Dresden, Deutschland.

Objective: Minimally invasive osteosynthesis of distal fibula fractures serves as a biomechanically stable and soft-tissue-friendly fixation method in the case of an unstable fracture, poor bone quality, and/or critical soft tissue conditions with restoration of the length, axis and rotation of the distal fibula as well as stabilization of the ankle mortise. The goal is to reduce and stabilize the distal fibular fracture in a quick and stable manner that protects the soft tissues in ankle fractures.

Indications: Unstable malleolar fractures and fracture dislocations; fibular fractures in combination with distal tibia fractures; critical soft tissue conditions around the ankle. Read More

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A Rare Case of Fractured Posterior Facet of the Talus in Association With Open Medial Subtalar Dislocation.

Cureus 2021 Feb 8;13(2):e13224. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Orthopaedics, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chennai, IND.

Subtalar or peritalar dislocation is the loss of contact between the articular surface of the talus distally and the calcaneum and navicular. In this paper, a case of open medial type of subtalar dislocation associated with fractured posterior facet of the talus in a 27-year-old man with a history of road traffic accident was reported. Immediate wound irrigation and open reduction under general anesthesia at the emergency room operation theater was successful followed by cast immobilization. Read More

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February 2021

An orthodontic perspective on Larsen syndrome.

BMC Oral Health 2021 03 10;21(1):111. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Section of Orthodontics, Department of Oral Growth and Development, Fukuoka Dental College, 2-15-1 Tamura, Sawara-ku, Fukuoka, 8140193, Japan.

Background: Larsen syndrome (LS) is a rare disorder of osteochondrodysplasia. In addition to large-joint dislocations, craniofacial anomalies are typical characteristics. In this report, we performed orthodontic analyses, including skeletal and occlusal evaluations, to examine whether the craniofacial skeletal morphology leads to the craniofacial anomalies in LS. Read More

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Concomitant Lateral Ankle and Peroneal Tendon Instability Treated With Simultaneous Arthroscopic Broström and Tendoscopic Superior Peroneal Retinaculum Repair: A Case Report.

Authors:
Tun Hing Lui

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Feb 9. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Consultant, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, North District Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address:

Chronic lateral ankle instability is a prevalent condition, and it is commonly associated with other foot and ankle injuries. Among the associated injuries, peroneal tendon pathologies and anterolateral ankle impingement are frequently encountered. In this report, a case of concomitant chronic lateral ankle instability and dislocation of the peroneal tendons is described. Read More

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February 2021

High-Energy Achilles Tendon Rupture With Associated Medial Malleolus Fracture and Traumatic Peroneal Dislocation: A Case Report.

Foot Ankle Spec 2021 Feb 25:1938640021997285. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

UCHealth Steadman Hawkins Clinic, Denver, Colorado.

Fracture, Achilles tendon rupture, or traumatic dislocation of the peroneal tendons are often seen in isolation after a trauma or sports-related injury. However, in rare circumstances, a combination of these injuries can occur simultaneously. Multiple previous case reports describe a combination of 2 of these injuries. Read More

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February 2021

Current Concepts Review: Common Peroneal Nerve Palsy After Knee Dislocations.

Foot Ankle Int 2021 Feb 25:1071100721995421. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA.

Dislocation of the native knee represents a challenging injury, further complicated by the high rate of concurrent injury to the common peroneal nerve (CPN). Initial management of this injury requires a thorough neurovascular examination, given the prevalence of popliteal artery injury and limb-threatening ischemia. Further management of a knee dislocation with associated CPN palsy requires coordinated care involving the sports surgeon for ligamentous knee reconstruction and the peripheral nerve surgeon for staged or concurrent peroneal nerve decompression and/or reconstruction. Read More

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February 2021

Imaging patterns of lower extremity injuries in victims of intimate partner violence (IPV).

Emerg Radiol 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Trauma Imaging Research and Innovation Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: To describe the pattern and distribution of lower extremity injuries in victims of intimate partner violence (IPV).

Materials And Methods: A retrospective radiological review of 688 patients reporting IPV to our institution's violence intervention and prevention program between January 2013 and June 2018 identified 88 patients with 154 lower extremity injuries. All lower extremity injuries visible on radiological studies were analyzed. Read More

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February 2021

Reconstruction of acetabular defects greater than Paprosky type 3B: the importance of functional imaging.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Feb 20;22(1):207. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, London, HA7 4LP, UK.

Background: 3D Surgical planning has become a key tool in complex hip revision surgery. The restoration of centre of rotation (CoR) of the hips and leg length (LL) are key factors in achieving good clinical outcome. Pelvic imaging is the gold standard for planning and assessment of LL. Read More

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February 2021

Congenital Posterior Dislocation of Fibula with Pes Valgus Deformity.

Indian J Orthop 2021 Feb 31;55(1):219-223. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, CG India.

Congenital posterior dislocation of fibula with pes valgus deformity is a rare disorder in children and has not been reported in English literature. The parents recognize it when the child starts to bears weight as the foot appears normal non-weight bearing but on standing or bearing weight it goes into valgus. As the foot is manually correctable to neutral plaster correction does not suffice and surgery becomes essential. Read More

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February 2021

Rehabilitation of a Patient with Pirogoff Amputation and Two-year Follow-up: A Case Report.

Prog Rehabil Med 2021 27;6:20210004. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Showa University Fujigaoka Rehabilitation Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Pirogoff amputation is a calcaneal amputation invented by Nicolás Pirogoff that involves partial preservation of the calcaneus.

Case: A 59-year-old woman was diagnosed with left Lisfranc and Chopart joint fracture-dislocation 9 months after a fall. The patient underwent debridement together with Pirogoff amputation and surgery to place an Ilizarov external fixator. Read More

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January 2021

An Unusual Midfoot Dislocation Involving Naviculocuneiform and Calcaneocuboid Joint Following Low-Energy Injury: A Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2020 Sep;10(6):41-43

Department of Orthopaedics, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Midfoot injuries involving naviculocuneiform and calcanealcuboid joints are very rare. These injuries result from high-energy crushing trauma and most often causes dislocation of the midfoot in plantar direction.

Case Report: A 30-year-old female sustained an injury to the left foot after a fall from a very low height. Read More

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September 2020