73,055 results match your criteria Dislocation Elbow


Dual mobility cup in hip arthroplasty: an in-depth analysis of joint registries.

Artif Organs 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Laboratorio di Tecnologia Medica, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.

Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) has shown successful results, instability remains a major complication. In recent years, dual mobility cups (DMC) have gained interest among clinicians thanks to its low rate of dislocation and good clinical results. The main aim of this work was to describe the accuracy of data on DMC from national and regional joint registries (JRs) and the available worldwide literature. Read More

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Low trauma posterior native hip dislocation with acute longitudinal transverse myelitis due to SARS-CoV-2 - A case-report.

Trauma Case Rep 2021 Jun 16:100501. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic, Kings Mill Hospital, Sherwood Forest Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Mansfield Road, Sutton-in-Ashton NG17 4JL, United Kingdom.

Background: Native hip dislocations are most commonly seen after high energy trauma. While there are documented cases of hip dislocation with associated stroke, we present a case of posterior hip dislocation in the context of acute longitudinal transverse myelitis due to a rare presentation of SARS-CoV-2.

Case Report: A 60-year-old male presented with bilateral lower limb weakness with a shortened internally rotated left leg. Read More

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Adverse reaction to metal debris due to fretting corrosion between the acetabular components of modular dual-mobility constructs in total hip replacement: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

EFORT Open Rev 2021 May 4;6(5):343-353. Epub 2021 May 4.

Southland Teaching Hospital, Invercargill, New Zealand.

Modular dual-mobility (MDM) constructs can be used to reduce dislocation rates after total hip replacement (THR). However, there are concerns about adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD) as a result of fretting corrosion between the metal liner and shell. This systematic review reports outcomes following THR using MDM components. Read More

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Thumb CMCJ prosthetic total joint replacement: a systematic review.

EFORT Open Rev 2021 May 4;6(5):316-330. Epub 2021 May 4.

Epsom & St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust, Trauma & Orthopaedics, Carshalton, UK.

Thumb carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) arthritis is a common and painful condition. Thumb CMCJ prosthetic replacement aims to restore thumb biomechanics and improve pain and function. Early reviews demonstrated a lack of high-quality studies, but more recently a significant number of higher-quality studies have been published. Read More

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From Endoderm to Progenitors: An Update on the Early Steps of Thyroid Morphogenesis in the Zebrafish.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 4;12:664557. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Dipartimento di Malattie Endocrine e del Metabolismo, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

The mechanisms underlying thyroid gland development have a central interest in biology and this review is aimed to provide an update on the recent advancements on the early steps of thyroid differentiation that were obtained in the zebrafish, because this teleost fish revealed to be a suitable organism to study the early developmental stages. Physiologically, the thyroid precursors fate is delineated by the appearance among the endoderm cells of the foregut of a restricted cell population expressing specific transcription factors, including , , and . The committed thyroid primordium first appears as a thickening of the pharyngeal floor of the anterior endoderm, that subsequently detaches from the floor and migrates to its final location where it gives rise to the thyroid hormone-producing follicles. Read More

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Dislocated College Students and the Pandemic: Back Home Under Extraordinary Circumstances.

Fam Relat 2021 Jul 13;70(3):689-704. Epub 2021 May 13.

Ball State University.

Objective: This research examines college students' experiences of dislocation during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Background: Due to governmental stay-at-home orders during the pandemic, families with "dislocated" (compelled to return home) college students would likely encounter unique stressors while also being limited in their normal ways of coping.

Methods: Using an online survey, the current study sought to discover how diverse individual characteristics and family living situations of 323 dislocated students associated with varying homelife experiences (e. Read More

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Initial survival of the Isis® total trapeziometacarpal prosthesis with conical trunk threaded cups.

Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Unidad de Mano y Muñeca, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, España; Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, España.

Introduction: The treatment of trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis through the implantation of total trapeziometacarpal prostheses is in continuous expansion. The Isis® prosthesis is a trunk-conical threaded anchorage prosthesis. Our objective was to assess the functional results and survival of this implant for at least one year of follow-up. Read More

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Changes in the management of pediatric medial humeral epicondyle fractures with and without associated elbow dislocation.

Injury 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Urology, University Children's Hospital, University Hospital Tuebingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72070 Tuebingen, Germany.

Purpose The optimal management of medial humeral epicondyle fractures continues to be debated since decades. This single center study analyzes changes and optimizations of treatment over an observation period of 16 years and reports the results. Materials and Methods Retrospective analysis of all patients treated with a medial humeral epicondyle fracture between 2005 and 2020 at our institution. Read More

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Double plating - surgical technique and good clinical results in complex and highly unstable proximal humeral fractures.

Injury 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Diakovere Friederikenstift, Humboldtstraße 5, Hanover 30169, Germany.

Introduction: A stable fixation of highly unstable proximal humerus fractures remains challenging and complication rates, especially secondary varus dislocation, remains high. Different techniques of double plate osteosynthesis have been suggested for the treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures as they are well established for other fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate an operative technique using an angular stable lateral plate supported by a one-third tubular plate positioned anteriorly at the lesser tuberosity for unstable proximal humeral fractures. Read More

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Complications of laser-assisted keratomileusis.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Jul;69(7):1658-1669

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is one of the most commonly performed kerato-refractive surgery globally. Since its introduction in 1990, there has been a constant evolution in its technology to improve the visual outcome. The safety, efficacy, and predictability of LASIK are well known, but complications with this procedure, although rare, are not unknown. Read More

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Surgical treatment of anterior sternoclavicular dislocation associated with midshaft clavicle fracture: A case report.

Jt Dis Relat Surg 2021 11;32(2):560-565. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Landesklinikum Baden-Mödling, 2340 Mödling, Austria.

A combination of an anterior sternoclavicular (SC) joint dislocation with a midshaft clavicle fracture is an extremely rare injury. If left untreated, it can lead to severely impaired function of the shoulder with a high risk for complications. A 45-year-old male patient presented with pain and impaired range of motion (ROM) in the left shoulder after a mountain bike crash. Read More

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Neglected intrauterine bilateral congenital knee dislocation.

Jt Dis Relat Surg 2021 11;32(2):542-545. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Ordu Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Anabilim Dalı, 52200 Altınordu, Ordu, Türkiye.

Bilateral congenital knee dislocation is a rare deformity which may present with other musculoskeletal abnormalities. In the early period, conservative treatment options have a high chance of success. However, in later stages, surgical treatment is indicated in neglected or unresponsive cases to manipulation in the early period. Read More

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Comparison of anterior single- and standard two-portal techniques in arthroscopic Bankart repair.

Jt Dis Relat Surg 2021 11;32(2):437-445. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Anabilim Dalı, 46050 Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye.

Objectives: This study aims to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing a single anterior portal or a standard two-portal arthroscopic procedure for Bankart repair.

Patients And Methods: Between January 2015 and March 2018, a total of 71 consecutive patients (53 males and 18 females; mean age: 33.3±10. Read More

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Dissociated prismatic loop punching by bubble growth in FCC metals.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 18;11(1):12839. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Idaho National Laboratory, 2525 Fremont Ave, Idaho Falls, ID, 83402, USA.

Materials performance can be significantly degraded due to bubble generation. In this work, the bubble growth process is elaborated in Cu by atomistic modeling to bridge the gap of experimental observations. Upon continuous He implantation, bubble growth is accommodated first by nucleation of dislocation network from bubble surface, then formation of dissociated prismatic dislocation loop (DPDL), and final DPDL emission in [Formula: see text] directions. Read More

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The enigma of acute worsening after a latent interval in post-operative patients of craniovertebral junction instability.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Jun 8;207:106741. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. Electronic address:

Objective: For reasons that are poorly understood and still undocumented, few patients of craniovertebral junction (CVJ) anomalies with instability/atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) in our practice have been seen to suffer unprecedented acute neurological deterioration with respiratory compromise about 48-72 h post-surgery. This has been specifically observed after an uneventful, stable clinical condition in the immediate postoperative period. This study attempts to elucidate the factors and outcomes related to such latent worsening. Read More

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The Use of Computer Navigation in Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Associated with a Reduced Rate of Revision for Dislocation: A Study of 6,912 Navigated THA Procedures from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: The use of computer navigation has been shown to produce more accurate cup positioning when compared with non-navigated total hip arthroplasty (THA), but so far there is only limited evidence to show its effect on clinical outcomes. The present study analyzed data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry to assess the impact of computer navigation on the rates of all-cause revision and revision for dislocation following THA.

Methods: Data for all non-navigated and navigated primary THAs performed for osteoarthritis in Australia from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2019, were examined to assess the rate of revision. Read More

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[Research progress of different surgical approaches in treatment of acetabular both-column fractures].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jun;35(6):661-666

Department of Orthopedics, First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100853, P.R.China.

Objective: To review the research progress of different surgical approaches in the treatment of acetabular both-column fractures.

Methods: The domestic and foreign related research literature on surgical approaches for acetabular both-column fractures was extensively consulted. The anatomical characteristics, exposure ranges, advantages, disadvantages, and indications of various common surgical approaches for both-column fractures were mainly summarized. Read More

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The effect of proximal tibiofibular joint dislocation on knee mechanics: reduction and fixation matters.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Washington, 325 9th Ave , Box # 359798, Seattle, WA, 98102, USA.

Purpose: Proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) dislocations are under-investigated injuries. There is scant basic science or clinical evidence to direct management. The purpose of this study was twofold; first to investigate the pathomechanics of PTFJ dislocation on knee mechanics. Read More

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Old unreduced obturator dislocation of the hip: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Jun;9(16):3979-3987

Department of Orthopedics, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan Province, China.

Background: Obturator dislocation is a rare type of hip dislocation, accounting for about 2%-5% of all hip dislocations. The occurrence of old unreduced obturator dislocation is even more infrequent, with only 17 cases reported in nine studies, most of which were from the 1950s to 1980s in developing countries.

Case Summary: A 38-year-old woman from Hunan Province, China presented with stiffness of the left hip in abduction, flexion, and external rotation after falling from a 2-meter-tall tree onto her left knee 1. Read More

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Pelvic Fracture Associated with Intrapelvic Dislocation of Testis.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 Feb;11(2):90-94

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bombay Hospital, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Introduction: Intrapelvic testicular dislocation is rare injury with the possibility of missed or delayed diagnosis. Timely diagnosis of intrapelvic testicular dislocation can prevent iatrogenic testicular injury during surgery and its long-term sequel.

Case Report: A 30-year-old male after motorbike accident presented with a pelvic injury with intrapelvic dislocation of testis. Read More

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February 2021

Operative Intervention for a Chronic Fifth Carpometacarpal Dislocation: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 ;11(1):108-112

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Largo Medical Center, Largo, Florida, United States of America.

Introduction: Carpometacarpal (CMC) dislocations are infrequent hand injuries that are often missed in the acute care setting, resulting in inappropriate treatment and significant morbidity. CMC dislocations occur in a volar or dorsal direction, and volar dislocations are traditionally subclassified as either volar-ulnar or volar-radial. While various treatment methods and injury identification techniques have been reported in the literature, there remains a lack of standardization in the treatment of these injuries. Read More

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January 2021

Synovial Chondromatosis of Hip in a Young Patient Salvaged With Mini Arthrotomy Without Hip Dislocation - A Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 ;11(1):28-32

Department of Orthopaedics, Grant Government Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Synovial chondromatosis is a rare, benign disorder of the synovium, which leads to loose body formation due to metaplastic transformation. It presents as multiple cartilaginous bodies in the synovial joints, bursae and in tendon sheaths. The diagnosis often delayed in hip involvement due to insidious onset of symptoms. Read More

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January 2021

Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction: Use of All-Suture Anchors for Patellar Fixation and a Dynamic Femoral Attachment.

Arthrosc Tech 2021 May 26;10(5):e1345-e1350. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Badajoz, Badajoz, Spain.

The medial patellofemoral ligament is one of the most relevant structures preventing patellar dislocation. Numerous surgical techniques have been described to reconstruct this structure and patellar biomechanics. Complications after this procedure concern both patella and femur. Read More

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Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction Using a Quadriceps Tendon Autograft in a Patient with Open Physes.

Arthrosc Tech 2021 May 12;10(5):e1281-e1286. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Twin Cities Orthopedics. Edina-Crosstown, Edina, Minnesota.

Recurrent patellar dislocations are correlated with an elevated risk for further patellar dislocations. Chronic patellar instability is a disabling issue for some patients and may require surgical intervention for proper treatment. Risk factors for recurrent dislocations include medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) tears, patella alta, trochlear dysplasia, and increased tibial tubercle to trochlear groove distance. Read More

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Multiple Ligament Reconstructions of the Knee and Posterolateral Corner.

Arthrosc Tech 2021 May 12;10(5):e1269-e1280. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Twin Cities Orthopedics, Edina-Crosstown, Edina, Minnesota.

Injuries to the knee involving multiple ligaments occur in a variety of circumstances and require careful assessment and planning. A wide constellation of injuries can occur with causes sufficiently traumatic to produce bicruciate ligament deficiency, and this technical report will describe diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for a knee dislocation with lateral injury (KD-III-L on the Schenk classification). Reconstruction in the acute setting is preferred, with anatomic-based, single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and anatomic reconstruction of the posterolateral corner using two grafts for the 3 primary posterolateral corner stabilizers. Read More

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Medial Patellofemoral Reconstruction Using Quadriceps Tendon Autograft, Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy, and Sulcus-Deepening Trochleoplasty for Patellar Instability.

Arthrosc Tech 2021 May 12;10(5):e1249-e1256. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Twin Cities Orthopedics, Edina-Crosstown, Edina, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Recurrent patellar dislocations have been correlated with an elevated risk of further patellar dislocations, often requiring surgical treatment. Risk factors include medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) tears, patella alta, trochlear dysplasia, and an increased tibial tubercle-trochlear groove distance. Surgical management must be based on a patient's unique joint pathoanatomy and may require MPFL reconstruction with tibial tubercle osteotomy or trochleoplasty either alone or in combination. Read More

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Constrained tripolar liner in patients with high risk of dislocation - Analysis of incidence and risk of failure.

J Orthop 2021 May-Jun;25:288-294. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at DIAKOVERE Annastift, Hannover Medical School, Anna-von-Borries-Str. 1-7, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine number and type of failures and revisions after usage of a constrained tripolar acetabular liner in patients with high risk of dislocation. Potential correlations between these failures and the factors included were analyzed.

Materials And Methods: In this retrospective study 55 participants in 68 cases were included after treatment with constrained tripolar acetabular liner. Read More

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Usefulness of skyline view in the evaluation of acute patellar dislocation: A case study.

Authors:
Prince Gyimah

J Med Imaging Radiat Sci 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Skeletal Reporting Radiographer, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust. Electronic address:

Skyline view is routinely used for the evaluation of patellofemoral abnormalities in general practitioner, orthopaedic and rheumatology patients but rarely forms part of the trauma radiographic series. A 16-year-old male was referred for an x-ray of the right knee after patellar dislocation following a football injury. The lateral view showed an osteochondral lesion in the lateral femoral condyle and a skyline was suggested to be performed. Read More

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Do remote dialysis services really cost more? An economic analysis of hospital and dialysis modality costs associated with dialysis services in urban, rural and remote settings.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jun 17;21(1):582. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, 0810, Darwin, Australia.

Background: Rates of end-stage kidney disease in Australia are highest in the Northern Territory (NT), with the burden of disease heaviest in remote areas. However, the high cost of delivering dialysis services in remote areas has resulted in centralisation, requiring many people to relocate for treatment. Patients argue that treatment closer to home improves health outcomes and reduces downstream healthcare use. Read More

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3-D acetabular morphology of the neuromuscular hip: implications for preoperative planning.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California, USA.

Objective: The importance of precisely understanding the pathoanatomy of acetabular dysplasia prior to surgical treatment has long been recognized. Acetabuloplasties for neuromuscular hip dysplasia have typically aimed to improve the acetabulum by increasing posterior-superior coverage, as previous three-dimensional (3-D) computed tomography (CT) studies have shown that acetabular dysplasia in neuromuscular hips is primarily in the direction of posterior-superior subluxation or dislocation. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in 3-D morphology between normal hips and dysplastic neuromuscular hips, specifically to identify areas of acetabular deficiency to guide preoperative decision-making. Read More

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